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GCE O Level Chem Qualitative Analysis Notes

Green precipitate turns brown after reaction when left to stand.

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GCE O Level Chem Qualitative Analysis Notes

+aq NAOH in excess

White precipitate form, soluble in excess White precipitate form, insoluble in excess

7.

Pb

2+

+aq ammonia in excess

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GCE O Level Chem Qualitative Analysis Notes

(+)

Green precipitate turns brown after reaction when left to stand.

Gas Hydrogen

Formula H2

Colour X

Smell X

Litmus Paper Test Blue to red Red remains red X Blue turns red then get bleaches. Red get bleaches. Blue turns red Red remains red

Oxygen Chlorine

O2 Cl2

X Greenish

X Pungent

Confirmatory Test Extinguished lighted splint with a pop sound Relights a glowing splint X

Carbon Dioxide

CO2

i) White Precipitate is formed in lime water(Calcium Hydroxide) ii) Extinguishes lighted splint without any sound Turns moist red litmus paper blue Turns blue cobalt chloride paper pink i) Turns Orange dichromate(VI) green ii) Turns purple acidified paper potassium manganate(VII) colourless

Ammonia Water Vapour Sulphur Dioxide

NH3 H 2O SO2

X X X

Pungent X Pungent

Turns moist red litmus paper blue X Blue to red Red remains red

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GCE O Level Chem Qualitative Analysis Notes

Add dilute nitric acid, then add barium nitrate

*An alternative for sulphate test, add HCl(aq) and BaCl2(aq) *An alternative for iodide test, add HCl(aq) and PbCl2(aq)

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