153

NOZZLE EXTERNAL FORCES AND MOMENTS IN CYLINDRICAL VESSELS
Piping by the adjoining nozzles exert local stress in the vessel. The method, below, to determine the nozzle loads is based in part on the Bulletin 107 of Welding Research Council and represents a simplification of it. The vessels are not intended to serve as anchor points for the piping. To avoid excessive loading in the vessel, the piping shall be adequately supported.

To calculate the maximum force and moment, first evaluate /3 and y. Then determine a, L, and L1 from Figures 1, 2 and 3, for the specified /3 and y, substitute into the equations below, and calculate FRRF, MRcM and MRlM.

External Forces & Moments

/3 = .875

(~:)

y= Rm
T

Determine a, Land L1from Figures 1,2 and 3. Calculate Pressure Stress (oj.

If

a is greater

than Sa, then use Sa as the stress due to design pressure.

o~

Plot the value ofF RRF as F RF and the smaller ofMRCM and MRJM as MRM. The allowable nozzle loads are bounded by the area of F RF, 0, MRM.
MR.II

EXAMPLE: Determine Resultant Force and Moment R; = 37.5 T= .75" Sy= 31,500 psi @ 4600 r; = 15" P = 150 psi Sa = 17,500 psi

.875\Rm} = .875 \37.5)= .35 From Figure I, a = 440 From Figure 2, .1:= 1,070

/3=

{_raj

[15:\

y=

\T) - Ts-

{RmJ_37.5_

50

From Figure 3, L1= 340

154 NOZZLE EXTERNAL FORCES AND MOMENTS IN CYLINDRICAL VESSELS (continued) Calculate Pressure Stress
(J

=

2;0

m

-f)=

2(.~~0)~7.5_

'i5)=

14,850 psi <Sa=
MRIM

17,500 psi

Use (J = 14,850 in the equations for calculating FRRFand Calculate Allowable Forces and Moments

Rm2 FRRF= --a-(Sr2 M RCM = Rm roSr I

a) = 440 (31,500-14,850) =37.5 2

(37.5)2

= 53,214 lb.

(15)(31,500)=620984' 1,070 '

m.

-lb

M

RIM

= Rm ro (.S _ L1 r

1

(J")

/

= (37.5)2 (15) = (31 500-14

340

'

,

850-1

"

032973 in-lb

.

Plot for the value of

F RRF

as

FRF

and the smaller of 0, MRM•

MRcM and MRLM as MRM• The allowable nozzle loads

are bounded by the area of

FRF ,

o~

MR.If

= 620, 984 in-lb.

Therefore, a nozzle reaction of F = 20,000 Ibs. and M = 100,000 in. lbs. would be allowable (point A) but a nozzle reaction of F = 5,000 lbs. and M = 620,000* in. lbs. would not be allowable (point B). *Note: Use absolute values in the graph.

NOTATION: P ro

= Design Pressure, pounds per sq. in.
=

};

= =

Dimensionless Numbers Dimensionless Numbers Resultant Radial Force pounds*

Nozzle Outside Radius, inches Mean Radius of Shell, inches Shell Thickness, inches Yield Strength of Material at Design Temperature, pounds per square inch Stress Due to Design Pressure, pounds per square inch per square inch.

L1
FRRF

R; T S, a Sa

=

= Maximum

=
=

MRCu=' Maximum

Resultant Circumferentia Momentm , inch-pounds* Mo ment, inch-pounds*

=

MRI.JvF Maximum Resultant Longitudinal
FRF

= Stress Value of Shell Material, pounds
=

=
=

Maximum Resultant Force, pounds* Maximum pounds* Resultant Moment, inch

FRM

f3

r

Dimensionless Numbers

a

= Dimensionless Numbers = Dimensionless Numbers

*Use absolute values.

REFERENCES: Local Stresses in Spherical and Cylindrical Shells due to External Loadings, K. R. Wichman, A. G. Hopper and 1. L. Mershon - Welding Research Council. Bulletin 107/August 1965 - Revised Printing - December 1968. Standards for Closed Feedwater Heaters, Heat Exchange Institute, Inc., 1969.

155

NOZZLE LOADS Fig. 1

4

3 2

3

2

3 2

3 2

.45

.5

156

NOZZLE LOADS Fig 2

10"

9
8
7

6 5 4 3 2

E
IOJ 9
7

'

,

8 6 5 4 3 2

J02 9

lllllllllililiililillillillillilllllliillllilllillillllllliilil
3 2

JO

o

" .05

.J

.15

.2

.25

.3

.35

,4

.45

•.5

157

NOZZLE LOADS Fig. 3
10' 9

;11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111
3

2

S
4

3 2

~
10' 9 8 7 6 S
4

3 2

2

IO~~LL~Ltun~~~~~~U1IW~Lt~IL~~~~~Lt~Lt~
o
.05 .1 .IS

.2

.25

.3

.3S

.4

.45

.5

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