Developing solar power plant

00.purpose ‡ A 1 MW solar power plant generates 8000 KWH unit of electricity per day which can be sold at Rs 15 / unit giving an income of Rs 1. . ‡ The plant has a virtually zero running cost as all it needs is sunlight. inverters and trackers can be expected to last between 2535 years. Solar panel cleaning could be done either manually or with the help of automated solar panel cleaners. ‡ The Government of India not only offers to purchase the electricity generated at a higher tariff but institutions like IREDA can fund up to 80% of the project cost. A 1 MW plant by generating 8000 KWH x 300 sunny days = 24. ‡ Additional income could come from carbon credit trading. Some investments for plant security may be needed.20 lakhs per day.000 KWH which if traded for Rs 1 to another polluting steel or coal power generating company could fetch Rs 24 lakhs per annum as surplus income. The solar panels.

.36%. no bank funds any R&D project and since mine is a small company. despite various efforts we have been denied access to the funds. solar thermal power generation techniques are labor intensive. Since we need a fairly large quantity of solar panel trackers for this 1 MW plant and other MW scale solar plants we wish to build in India a tracker manufacturing plant is needed.. the heat from the sun is used to heat large amounts of water which is then used to drive turbines. The efficiency of solar photovoltaic (PV)systems range from 14% . In photovoltaic's certain semiconductors when exposed to light produce an electric current. Efficiency of solar thermal system is around 22%. .solution 1)Solar panel trackers are not manufactured in India and they are at the moment being imported from China.This R&D development will need funds worth Rs 1 crore. To create a tracker manufacturing infrastructure here in India we need funds worth Rs 25 lakhs. 2) Combined solar thermal & PV development .Solar energy is converted into electricity via 2 methods : photovoltaic's & thermal. In India.Also. In solar thermal. so more important for India which is capital scarce and labour surplus.. We wish to combine solar thermal & PV systems to take efficiencies to over 50%.

Introduction A Solar Power plant produces electricity by reflecting sunlight on to the central receiver A solar thermal plant consists of mirror reflectors called heliostats .

Heliostats ‡ They direct and concentrate the solar radiation onto a central receiver. Many parameters must be optimized. in the design of a solar thermal plant The parameters are Location Shading and Blocking .

blocks the reflected suns energy on its way to the receiver .Shading and Blocking ‡Shading occurs when a heliostat casts its shadow on another heliostat located behind it Blocking occurs when a heliostat in front of another heliostat.

Components & its working ‡Parabolic tough shaped mirrors are the sunlight receivers. ‡These parabolic receivers are in the particular angle . . they absorb the heat and is collected in special collectors. ‡This heat is transferred to the central receiver through these collectors.which reflect towards central receiver .

‡This liquid is pumped through a series of heat exchangers to produce super heated steam. ‡This stem is used to rotate turbines to produce electricity.Continued. Almost till (400°c to 750°c ).. ‡Collectors contain panels which have thermal transfer fluid which gets heated. .

Implementation .

Structure of 1 mw solar plant .

Working of a turbine generator .

Cost break up The cost break up of the solar plant is as under Single sun solar cells of 1 MW or 1000 KW .00 crore Grid feed Inverters (MPPT) 250 Kw x 4 .Varies greatly Plant site development & erection .Rs 5.50 crore .Rs 3.75 crore.Rs 2.helps prevent solar cell heating & ageing Land around 10-15 acres .Rs 2.75 crore .50 crore Double axis trackers costing approx .00 crore Special UV / IR Filter cover glass .00 crore Total : Rs 26.Rs 12. .Rs 1.

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