ASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION NEEDS FOR CTA’S PRODUCTS AND SERVICES IN AFRICAN, CARIBBEAN & PACIFIC (ACP) STATES – COUNTRY

STUDY: NIGERIA

Country Study: NIGERIA Final Report Prepared by: Professor Terry A. Olowu on behalf of the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA)

Project: 4-7-41-254-7/i

20/07/2008

ASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION NEEDS FOR CTA’S PRODUCTS AND SERVICES IN AFRICAN, CARIBBEAN & PACIFIC (ACP) STATES – COUNTRY STUDY: NIGERIA

Country Study: NIGERIA Final Report Prepared by: Professor Terry A. Olowu on behalf of the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA)

Project: 4-7-41-254-7/i

20/07/2008

Disclaimer This report has been commissioned by the CTA to enhance its monitoring of information needs in ACP countries. CTA does not guarantee the accuracy of data included in this report, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof. The views and opinions expressed in this report are those of the author alone and do not necessarily reflect the views of CTA. CTA reserves the right to select projects and recommendations that fall within its mandate.

(ACP-EU) Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) Agro Business Park 2 6708 PW Wageningen The Netherlands Website: www.cta.int E-mail: cta@cta.int

Acknowledgements
Completing a study such as this requires the cooperation and assistance of many people. Indeed, too many to mention. However, we wish to thank the chief executives and directors of all organizations for giving their approval for their respective institutional representatives to be interviewed and completing the questionnaire. Without their approval, getting responses would nave been impossible. Similarly, we appreciate the efforts of the institutional representatives for the interest they showed and time given for the interview. To members of the research team, Mr. Steve E. Agu (Abia State), Dr. Undiandeye (Borno State), Mr. Reuben T. Sonkop (Kaduna State), Mr. O. Olakulehin (Lagos State), and Mr. P.A. Eniolorunda (Plateau State) we acknowledge your guidance and resourcefulness throughout the study. Finally, we thank CTA for the opportunity to contribute to its developmental efforts. Professor Terry A. Olowu National Consultant

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List of Acronyms
ABU ADB ADENI ADP AFAN AGOA ALCC AMEREC ARCT ARMTI ATBU BCA BUK CAAPD CAN CANI CBA CBN CBNRMP CEDP CIDA CIMMYT CIRAD CMD CMD COWAN CRA CRIN CTA CUPP DORA ECOWAS ECWA EEC EED EU FACU FAO FAO FHI FIRO FRCN FRIN FUTO GDP GSM GSP Ahmadu Bello University Africa Development Bank Agricultural Development In Nigeria Agricultural Development Programmes All Farmers Association of Nigeria African Growth Opportunity Act Abundant Life Community Church Agricultural Media Resources And Extension Centre Agricultural Research Communication And Technology National Research And Management Training Institute Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Broadcasting Corporation Of Abia State Bayero University Kano Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Cashew Association Of Nigeria Computer For All Nigerians Initiative Commonwealth Broadcasting Association Central Bank Of Nigeria Community Based Natural Resource Management Project Cassava Enterprises Development Project Canadian International Development International Centre For Maize And Wheat Improvement (ICMWI Centre De Cooperative Intertionale En Recherché Agronomique Pour Le Development Cassava Mosaic Disease Centre For Management Development Community Women’s Association Of Nigeria Cattle Rearers’ Association Cocoa Research Institute Of Nigeria Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation Antibiotic Treatment Of Bovine Microplasma Infection Distribution of Reference Books on Agriculture Economic Community Of West Africans Evangelical Church For West African European Economic Community Evangelisher Entwicklungsdienst / Church Development Services European Union Federal Agricultural Coordinating Unit Food And Agricultural Organization Food and Agricultural Organisation Family Health International Federal Institute Of Industrial Research Federal Radio Corporation Of Nigeria Forestry Research Institute Of Nigeria Federal University Of Technology Owerri Gross Domestic Product Global System for Mobile Generalized System Of Preference

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IAEA IAR IAR&T ICAT ICM ICRISAT ICT IDRC IEC IFAD IFDC IFEE IFS IITA IITA ILO ILRI ILRI ILTAB IMF IOI IOL IPGRI IPGRI JHU KSACA LCRI LCRI MOUAU MTP MTRMs NABDA NACGRAB NACRDB NAERLS NAFDAC NAN NAPEP NAPRI NARSP NCAM NCEMA NCRI NDDC NDIC NESG NFDP NFP NIFFR NIFOR NIHORT

International Atomic Energy Agency Institute For Agricultural Research Institute Of Agriculture, Research And Training Ibadan International Centre For Tropical Agriculture Information And Communication Management International Crops Research Institutes For The Semi Arid Tropics Information, Communication Technology International Development Research Centre Information, Education And Communication International Fund For Agricultural Development International Federal Development Centre International Foundation For Entrepreneur Education International Foundation For Science International Institute Of Tropical Agriculture International Institute Of Tropical Agriculture International Labour Organization International Livestock Research Institute International Livestock Research Institute International Laboratory For Tropical Agric Bio Technology International Monetary Fund International Ocean Institute International Oceanography Commission International Plant Genetic Resources Institute International Plant Genetic Resources Institute John Hopkins’ University Kaduna State Action Committee On AIDS Lake Chad Research Institute Lake Chad Research Institute Michael Okpara University Of Agriculture Umudike Management Training Plot Monthly Technology Review Meetings National Biotechnology Development Agency National Centre For Genetic Resources And Biotechnology Development Nigerian Agricultural Credit And Rural Development Bank National Agricultural Extension Research And Liaison Services National Agency For Food, Drug, Administration And Control News Agency Of Nigeria National Poverty Eradication Programme National Animal Production Research Institute National Agricultural Research Support Programme National Centre For Agricultural Mechanization National Centre For Engineering And Agricultural Mechanization National Cereals Research Institute Badeggi Niger Delta Development Commission Nigerian Deposit Insurance Cooperatives Nigeria Economic Summit Group National Fadama Development Programme National Fadama Programme National Institute Of Fresh Water Fisheries Research Nigeria Institute For Oil Palm Research Nigeria Horticultural Research Institute Ibadan
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NIOMR NIPOST NITR NPC NPFS NRCRI NRCRI NSPRI NUJ NVRI OAU OFAR OIE OSIWA PAN PANVAC PCU PIDOM PROSAB QAS RTEP RTEP RTEP RTEP SDI SFH SIWES SMEDAN SNR SP SPAT SPFS SPFS SSCP TCA UI UNAAB UNDP UNICEF UNIMAID UNN USAID USIS VRI VSAT VSO WECAMAN WHO WTO

Nigeria Institute Of Oceanography Nigerian Postal Services Nigerian Institute For Trypanosomiasis National Population Census National Programme For Food Security National Root Crops Research Institute Natural Root Crop Research Institute Nigerian Storage Product Research Institute Nigeria Union Of Journalist Natural Veterinary Research Institute Obafemi Awolowo University On-Farm Adaptive Research Office International Episoptic Open Society Initiative For West Africa Poultry Association Of Nigeria Pan African Centre For Vaccine Project Coordinating Unit Presidential Initiative On Doubling Maize Production In Nigeria Programme In Sustainable Agriculture In Borno State Question And Answer Service Root And Tubers Expansion Programme Presidential Initiatives On Root And Tuber Expansion Programme Root And Tuber Expansion Programme Root And Tuber Expansion Programme Selective Dissemination of Information Society Of Family Health Students Industrial Works Experience Scheme Small And Medium Enterprise Development Agency Of Nigeria Strengthening Nigeria Response Sustainability Project Small Plot Adoption Technique Special Programme On Food Security State Programme For Food Security Sub-Sahara Challenge Programme Technical Centre For Agriculture And Rural Corporation University Of Ibadan University Of Agriculture Abeokuta United Nation Development Programme United Nation’s Children’s Emergency Fund University Of Maiduguri University Of Nigeria United State Agency For International Development United State Information Service Veterinary Research Institute Very Small Aperture Terminals Voluntary Services Overseas West And Central Africa Maize Network World Health Organization World Trade Organization

Exchange rate: €1 = N175.450 as of 5/12/07

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Table of Contents
Acknowledgements...................................................................................................................i List of Acronyms ...................................................................................................................... ii Table of Contents.....................................................................................................................v Executive summary................................................................................................................ vii 1. INTRODUCTION ..............................................................................................................1 2. COUNTRY PROFILE........................................................................................................2 2.1 Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry and Livestock.............................................................2 2.1.1 Agriculture................................................................................................................3 2.1.2 Fisheries ..................................................................................................................3 2.1.3 Forestry .......................................................................................................................4 2.1.4 Livestock / Pastoralism ................................................................................................4 2.2 Brief Description of the Status of ICT Infrastructure and Recent Developments in the Sector..........................................................................................................................4 3. STATUS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION FOR AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT.........................................................................................................6 3.1 Institutional and Regulatory Policy Framework............................................................6 3.2 Operational Aspects ....................................................................................................6 3.2.1 Description of agricultural information and services .................................................6 3.2.2 Information sources ...............................................................................................10 3.2.3 Information products and services provided...........................................................13 3.2.4 Information and communication management capacity .........................................13 3.3 Interventions Supporting Information and Communication for Agriculture and Rural Development .............................................................................................................14 4. INSTITUTIONAL NEEDS ANALYSIS (STRENGTHS, MAIN BOTTLENECKS AND SHORTCOMINGS) ................................................................................................................16 4.1 Information Needs .....................................................................................................16 4.2 Capacity-building Needs (IC Policies & Strategies, Sensitisation, Networking, Skills, Training, Media, ICT, Equipment)..............................................................................28 4.3 Feedback on CTA’s Products and Services ..............................................................31 5. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ...............................................................33 5.1 Conclusions...............................................................................................................33 5.1.1 Information needs ..................................................................................................33 5.1.2 Capacity building needs .........................................................................................34 5.1.3 Overview of CTA’s products and services..............................................................35 5.1.4 Potential partners and beneficiaries .......................................................................35 5.2 Recommendations ....................................................................................................36 5.2.1 Information needs ..................................................................................................36 5.2.2 Capacity building needs .........................................................................................36 5.2.3 CTA’s products and services .................................................................................37 5.2.4 Potential strategic partner institutions ....................................................................37 6. PROPOSED CTA INTERVENTION STRATEGY AND ACTION PLAN .....................38 6.1 Intervention Strategy .................................................................................................38 6.2 Action Plan ................................................................................................................39 ANNEXES..............................................................................................................................42 ANNEX 1. TERMS OF REFERENCE ....................................................................................43 ANNEX 2. COUNTRY PROFILE- NIGERIA ...........................................................................50 2.1 General Agricultural Profile .......................................................................................50 2.1.1 Size of agricultural population (male/female/youth)................................................51 2.1.2 Farmed land, forest, and fishing areas ...................................................................52 2.1.3 Agricultural systems ...............................................................................................55 2.1.4 Agriculture in the economy.....................................................................................60 2.1.5 Main agricultural produce and secondary products ...............................................61 2.1.6 Main export markets..............................................................................................65 2.1.7 Trade agreements that include agriculture .............................................................68 2.2 Socio-economic Profile.................................................................................................68 2.2.1 Demographics........................................................................................................68
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2.2.2 Literacy level and languages..................................................................................71 2.2.3 Access to services .................................................................................................72 2.2.4 Rural-urban drift .....................................................................................................76 2.3 Media and Telecommunications ...................................................................................76 2.3.1 Newspapers, periodicals and broadcast media ......................................................76 2.3.2. Telecommunication services ...............................................................................122 2.3.3. Computers and the Internet ................................................................................126 ANNEX 3. PROFILE OF INSTITUTIONS.............................................................................132 Annex 3.1. List of Institutions in the agricultural sector .....................................................132 Annex 3.2. Select list of key institutions............................................................................199 ANNEX 4. LIST OF INSTITUTIONS/PERSONS INTERVIEWED ........................................267 ANNEX 5. BIBLIOGRAPHY .................................................................................................271

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Executive summary
Introduction
The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) was established in 1983 under the Lome Convention between the African, Carribean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States and the European Union Member States. Its mandate includes developing and providing services that improve access to information for agricultural and development and to strengthen the capacity of ACP countries to produce, acquire, exchange and utilise information in this area. CTA works through intermediaries organizations in meeting these goals. CTA intends to expand the number of intermediary organizations it works with as a way of reaching out to more beneficiaries and increasing its efficiency. This study is therefore an attempt at identifying these beneficiaries.

Objectives of the study
The objectives of the study are: providing an overview of main agricultural services and actors existing in the country (information supply side) in terms of their strengths, weaknesses and opportunities for collaboration with CTA; identifying agricultural information and ICM capacity building needs of key actors / key strategic partners for CTA products and services; identifying potential strategic partners for CTA activities and services (paying special attention to e.g. print media, editors, radio, TV and journalist networks); developing some baseline data on the status of ICM and ICTs in the country to facilitate subsequent monitoring and updating activities.

Methodology
A desk study collected available data on general agriculture and socio-economic profile as well as information on media and telecommunication. In addition, five states (Abia, Borno, Kaduna, Lagos and Plateau) were purposively selected based on two criteria (presence of agricultural research institute and relative media density index) from the five agricultural zones of Nigeria. From each selected state, a list of organizations that use CTA products and services was compiled. From this list at least 10% of the organizations were selected. In addition to this procedure, two institutions were purposively included from Oyo State for their national relevance. This procedure resulted in the selection of 28 organizations.The representative of each of the 28 selected organizations was then interviewed based on a questionnaire already prepared by CTA.

Expected results
The expected results of the study are: status of infrastructure, information services and ICM capacity of institutions involved in agriculture and rural development described and analysed; information and capacity building needs in the area of ICM identified for key institutions and potential CTA partners involved in agriculture and rural development;

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baseline data on the status of ICM and ICT in agriculture and rural development compiled for monitoring purposes and improved outreach.

Conclusions
The various organizations/institutions have specific mandates in Nigeria. Some are research focused and others extension. Further more, some provide informationbased services while many others give banking and financial services. Indeed, some provide a mix of services. In other words, the services provided by some are narrow in scope while others are broad based. The conclusions of this section are based on these considerations.

Information needs Rural Development Information
Farm problems are the priority in this category of information for most organizations. This is vital as farmers are the centre piece of all research, extension and community based activities.

Development and Funding Issues
Limited funds in meeting organizational objectives has brought about a resurgent in diversification of activities and sources of funding. Organizations therefore seek information on potential funding institutions especially through collaborative efforts.

Conferences and Meetings
Researchers and practitioners of agriculture and rural development desire to keep abreast of current developments in their various fields of specialization. Attendance of conferences and professional meetings, especially at the international level, is one of the avenues through which this desire can be satisfied.

Gender Issues
Gender issues need to be adequately addressed to unmask differences, roles play in agricultural and rural development.

Trade Fairs
The various roles trade fairs and exhibitions play and their potentials in agricultural development require that information on where and when they are mounted is made available to the various stakeholders.

Technical Information
Crop varieties Providing information on improved crops and livestock technologies is very essential to all organizations. The reduced yield obtained from the practice of planting seeds harvested from previous season’s crop as highlighted by a private company points to the importance of adoption improved crop varieties.

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Integrated pest management
Integrated pest management as a way of controlling pests and diseases is a practice that is currently been advanced in most developing countries including Nigeria. Its sustainability and environmental friendliness has recommended it to Nigerian farmers.

Grading Systems
Enforcement of grading systems can drastically reduce economic losses that accrue from lack of standardization of products and services amongst small scale farmers.

Packaging
Farmers generally lack information on adequate packaging of products. Providing them such information can enable them add-value to their products.

Economic Information
Market Information Market information pertaining to availability of markets, availability of products, potential buyers and prices are needed for demand-driven agricultural productivity and improved standard of living of stakeholders.

Credit and micro-credit
Information on credit and micro-credit available from relevant organizations are of immense importance to farmers.

Training Needs
Management of information within organisations Inadequate educational qualification of librarians and other ICM practitioners as well as managements’ lack of appreciation of the importance of ICM calls for training/retraining programmes for the former and sensitization workshops/seminars for the latter.

Application of communication technologies in extension services
The training of extension agents in the use of ICTs will greatly enhance their complementary use in disseminating agricultural and rural information.

Participative methodologies
Various organizations need to be familiar with and knowledgeable about participative methodologies for identifying field and farm problems that require quick fix.

Editing of reports
Editing reports is one skill required to effectively convey research findings and other messages to targeted groups. Mounting training in report editing is therefore essential for effective performance of various stakeholders.

Capacity building needs
Capacity building of information and communication in agriculture and rural development really exist. There are areas that need strengthening both in staffing and equipment requirements.

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There are some specialised units or departments that are responsible for information and communication activities in agriculture and rural development in Nigeria. This is especially the situation in research institutes and universities. The staff responsible for information and communication are inadequate in number and educational qualification. Most have obtained degrees in fields other than documentation and library studies/science, communication/mass communication information and archival studies. Most organizations need more computer systems, printers, scanners, photocopiers, digital cameras, multimedia projector, mobile video vans and other equipment that will facilitate information and communication activities A few organisations need to have Internet connectivity as well as websites for institutional use. Also some organisations that currently have Internet connectivity should broaden their accessibility beyond the reach of the chief executive. Internet connectivity is currently at very high subscription cost to the institutions. Alternate routes for such connectivity should be identified.

Overview of CTA’s products and services
Most organizations are aware of CTA’s products and services in Nigeria. Institutional receipt of its products and services is relatively low due to compounding factor of individual receipt of same publications and services without adequate acknowledgement of this officially. CTA’s products and services have considerably increased recipients’ knowledge of current agricultural and rural development practices. Universities and research institutes find it difficult to obtain journals while the other organizations have problems finding materials that are suitable for mass distribution.

Potential partners and beneficiaries
The 22 potential partners and beneficiaries belong to the following organizational types: Media Organizations. The findings of this study suggest that media organizations have very low awareness of CTA’s activities. However, the potentials of media organisations in spreading developmental information is enormous. This potential should be explored through partnership with such media organizations as Abia Newspapers and Publishing Corporation, New Nigerian Newspapers Limited, Plateau Publishing Company and The Guardian Newspapers. Also the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, Kaduna and Lagos State Radio Service (Owners of Radio Lagos & Eko FM) should be mobilised. Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) Many NGOs abound in Nigeria. Some of these NGOs such as Idea Builders, Centre for Women Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation, Ganty’s Aid for Widows, Orphans and the Needy and Community Development Foundation which are specific for agriculture and rural development should be mobilised to partner CTA’s in its mandate activities. Research institutes and universities Nigeria has several research institutes. Their mandate covers crops, livestock, fisheries, forestry and veterinary medicine. Six of these research
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institutes, National Root Crops Research Institute, Lake Chad Research Institute, National Animal Production Research Institute, National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services, Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research and National Veterinary Research Institute are potential partners for CTA’s activities and mandate. Similarly, three universities, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, University of Ibadan and University of Maiduguri, are potential partners. Others Others include All Farmers Association of Nigeria, Abia Chapter, Premier Seeds, Zaria and the Nigerian Agricultural, Cooperative and Rural Development Bank, Kaduna.

Recommendations
On the basis of the data obtained and conclusions outlined in section 4.1, the following recommendations are drawn:

Information needs
Spore magazine that is popular with researchers and practitioners alike should be used to address the top information needs. These are farm problems, development and funding issues, conferences/meetings, gender issues and trade fairs. Others are crop varieties, integrated pest management, grading systems and packaging. Market information, credit and micro-credit should also feature in Spore. Special editions should be produced to focus on specific issues. Special bulletins and briefs on these priority information needs should also be prepared in very simple-to-understand format for mass distributions to partnership organizations. The proposed newspaper, radio/television beneficiary organizations should publish feature articles and broadcast programmes focused on these information needs respectively. CTA in collaboration with the Federal Government of Nigeria should organize sensitization workshops for management of agricultural and rural development organizations in Nigeria on the importance of information and communication management in organizations. This is to address the current lack of interest that management places on ICM. CTA in partnership with the Federal Government of Nigeria should organize similar sensitization workshops for all personnel involved in information and communication activities in agricultural and rural development organizations.

Capacity building needs
To address the inadequacy in number and educational qualifications, CTA should organize a series of workshops on information and communication management covering topics that will enhance job performance. Also universities should revise their curricula and institutionalise training and learning processes that give adequate attention to IT and ICM. Organizations should be encouraged to employ only qualified personnel to be responsible for ICM in organizations.

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CTA should assist organizations in the acquisition of appropriate equipment such as computer systems, printers, scanners and others that will facilitate their information and communication management. In addition, the Federal Government of Nigeria needs to increase Nigerians’ awareness of its Computer for All Nigerians Initiative (CANI) to enhance their acquisition of computers and other accessories. Organizations that are currently not connected to the Internet should be encouraged and assisted by CTA in getting their institutions connected to the Internet. Those whose connectivity is restricted to their chief executives should broaden their access to most members of the organization through networking. Similarly, the Federal Government and CTA should encourage and assist organizations in designing their websites. The Federal Government of Nigeria should develop a national Information and Communication Management policy that will cater for the needs and operational prerequisites of information and communication activities in organizations. CTA in collaboration with the Federal Government of Nigeria should also organize a Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Application of Communication Technologies in Extension Services for extension agents. Two workshops, Participative Methodologies and Editing of Reports, should also be mounted. The former will be designed for researchers and extension agents while the latter will be for researchers, personnel of information and communication and extension agents.

CTA’s Products and Services
CTA’s products and services are rated highly by researchers and practitioners. However, its current institutional subscription is rather low. This is because of individuals within organizations also receiving CTA’s publications though not been accounted for at the institutional level. There is an urgent need therefore to harmonize individual and institutional subscription for proper accountability of services rendered. While individual subscription should continue, their organizational affiliation and approval may be sought before final allocation of credits. A list of such recipients should be maintained both at CTA and the institutions. Maintaining such a list of approved recipients at the organization/institution should increase accountability and reduce duplication of efforts.

Potential Strategic Partner Institutions
The University of Ibadan, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture and University of Maiduguri, should revise their curricula and institutionalise training and learning processes that give adequate attention to IT and ICM. Spore Readers Club should be established in each of these universities. The Guardian, The Nigeria Standard, New Nigerian and the National Ambassador should regularly publish feature articles on the activities, products and services of CTA. Similarly, Radio Lagos and Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, Kaduna should broadcast radio programmes that focus on the activities, products and services of CTA. NACRDB should be encouraged to sponsor these programmes.

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The National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS) should organize a post study Stakeholders Workshop for drawing up a Memorandum of Understanding on partnership with CTA. It should also mount sensitization workshops on the Importance of ICM in Agricultural Production for both management and staff of agricultural organizations in Nigeria. Other ICM-related workshops in the country shall be undertaken by NAERLS. NAERLS’ five zonal offices and all the proposed partners and beneficiary organizations should be equipped with CTA’s On-line and/ or CD-ROM databases to enable more individuals benefit from CTA’s activities, products and services.

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1.

INTRODUCTION

1. The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) was established in 1983 under the Lomé Convention between the ACP (African, Caribbean and Pacific) Group of States and the European Union Member States. Since 2000, it has operated within the framework of the ACP-EC Cotonou Agreement. 2. CTA’s tasks are to develop and provide services that improve access to information for agricultural and rural development, and to strengthen the capacity of ACP countries to produce, acquire, exchange and utilise information in this area. CTA’s programmes are organised around three principal activities: providing an increasing range and quantity of information products and services and enhancing awareness of relevant information sources; supporting the integrated use of appropriate communication channels and intensifying contacts and information exchange (particularly intra-ACP); and developing ACP capacity to generate and manage agricultural information and to formulate information and communication management (ICM) strategies, including those relevant to science and technology. 3. CTA’s activities are currently distributed among three operational programme areas / departments: Information Products and Services; Communication Channels and Services; Information and Communication Management Skills and Systems. 4. The Planning Corporate Services (P&CS) supports these three operational programmes. The current assessment of the information needs of CTA’s products and services in Nigeria, falls within the mandate of P&CS.

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2.

COUNTRY PROFILE

5. Nigeria has a population of about 140 million and is located in West Africa with a land area of 91 million hectares of which 70 hectares (76%) are cultivable. The climate is semi-arid in the north and humid in the south. The vegetation ranges from mangrove forest on the coast to desert in the far north. Nigeria’s economy is highly dependent on oil revenues and accounts for 90% of the total export and 70% of government revenue. However, agriculture still contributes about 40% of the gross domestic product with crops accounting for 80%, livestock 13%, forestry 3% and fishing 3% (Nigeria National Report, 2006). 6. The major arable crops grown and consumed in Nigeria include sorghum, millet, cowpea, maize, rice, cassava, yam and groundnut. Other crops include plantain/banana, cocoa, rubber, oil palm, gum Arabic, cashew, mango, citrus, pulse, pine apples and potatoes. Livestock population in Nigeria include cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and poultry. Smallholder farmers, who use simple production techniques and bush fallow and cultivate areas of one-half to two hectares each, contribute twothirds of farm production. 7. Nigeria has over 250 ethnic groups. However, the predominant groups are Hausa and Fulani (29%), Yoruba (20 %), Ibo (20%), Ijaw (6.5 %), Kanuri (4%), Ibibio (3.5 %), and Tiv (2.5%). The official language of Nigeria is English although most Nigerians communicate with each other through indigenous languages predominant in the particular state. Hausa is predominantly used in northern Nigeria, Yoruba in south western Nigeria and Igbo in Eastern Nigeria. Nigeria has a literacy rate of 68% for the population with the males having 75.7% literacy and the females recording 60.6% literacy (The World Fact Book, 2007). 8. Nigeria has to a number of social, educational and health facilities. While Nigeria has primary, secondary and tertiary health care facilities, about 86% of these facilities are primary health facilities. About 43% have access to safe water. There has been a steady increase both in the number of primary schools, secondary schools, polytechnics and universities in Nigeria as well as the number of pupils/students enrolled in them. Generally, more males than females are enrolled in these institutions. Electricity supply in Nigeria is basically erratic with frequent power cuts. Nigeria produced and consumed 19.06 billion and 17.1 billion kWh of electricity respectively in 2004. Its sources of production include fossil fuel (61.9%) and hydro fuel (38.1%). Electricity generation and distribution has defied several interventions by various governments. Improving on this basic service to the Nigerian populace will go a long way in ameliorating hardships experienced by Nigerians (World Energy Report, 2005).

2.1

Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry and Livestock

9. The Federal Government or State Governments are not directly involved in agricultural production in Nigeria. Production is carried out largely by small scale peasant farmers. Rural farms are generally small in size, varying from 0.1 – 6ha and farming is mostly under rain-fed conditions. Some large farms established by organizations and individuals are also involved in agricultural production. However, the production from the small farms accounts for about 95% of total agricultural output (Federal Ministry of Agriculture, 2005).
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10. The Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD) is the overall policy making body for agriculture and rural development. It ensures support for technology generation and dissemination, project and programme coordination and implementation, rural sector planning, monitoring and research. Agricultural and rural development policies and programmes are implemented through State Ministries of Agriculture and Rural Development. The Project Coordinating Unit (PCU) of FMARD has oversight responsibilities for programme implementation. It also coordinates the activities of the 36 state Agricultural Development Programmes (ADPs) including that of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). In addition to the ADPs, extension activities are performed by a variety of organisations including private sector, civil society and university-based institutions.

2.1.1 Agriculture
11. Agriculture contributed 37.4% of Nigeria’s gross domestic product estimated at US$50.2 billion in 2003. It also accounts for 90% of the agricultural output coming from the small holder sector (National Bureau of Statistics, 2005). Agriculture provides occupation for 30% of the economically active population of which 38% are females. Generally, agriculture contributes about 40% of the GDP with crops accounting for 80%, livestock 13%, forestry 3% and fishing 4%. The contribution of agriculture to Nigeria’s GDP shrunk from 65.7% in 1959 to 30.9% in 1976. This contribution increased 3.8% yearly between 1983 and 1988, and the percentage of export value in agriculture grew from 3% in 1983 to 9% in 1988. In 1993, it accounted for 38% of the GDP, declining to 29.66% in 2001 and then increasing to 31.46% in 2004 (National Bureau of Statistics, 2005). 12. About 90% of the rural population are involved in activities related to the crop sub-sector which provides the bulk of agricultural income. Similarly, the crop subsector supports the processing industry by providing raw materials. 13. Crop production in Nigeria follows a pattern that has emerged in response to local conditions. In the south where rainfall is heaviest the staples are root crops which include cassava, cocoyams and sweet potatoes. Tree crops include cacao, oil palm, and rubber. In the northern third of Nigeria which experiences long dry season, the staples are millet, cowpeas and sorghum. Others are maize and rice. Its commercial crops are cotton and groundnut. Whereas in the middle belt that lies between the arid north and the wet south, the staples are yams, sorghum, millet, cassava, cowpeas, maize and rice. The most important commercial crop is benniseed.

2.1.2 Fisheries
14. The fisheries sub-sector has 500,000 coastal and 200,000 inland primary producers and provides employment to an estimated three million people. The fishing industry provides employment to 100,000 people in various fields of engineering, vessel operations, distribution, marketing and management. In the early 1980s, the bulk of the fish catch was taken by small businesses using large canoes (some motorized) along the coast, smaller canoes in the creeks and lagoons, and similar small boats in freshwater areas. The modern commercial fishing fleet consisted of about 300 licensed craft ranging in size from 20 tons to more than 6,000 tons; about one-third were vessels under 265 tons that engaged in inshore fishing and shrimping. Aquaculture is practiced mostly by private commercial farms. Fish and fish products account for over 40% of the total animal protein intake in Nigeria. The fishery subsector contributes about 2.9% of the nation’s agricultural GDP.

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2.1.3 Forestry
15. Forestry sub-sector constitutes 12% of the land area in Nigeria. This is about 10.9 million hectares of land under woodland and forest cover. High forest reserves occur mostly in Ogun, Ondo and Oyo states in the south while savannah forest reserves are mainly in the northern states. The rate of deforestation is about 2.6% per year, which is considered one of the highest in Africa. As the largest wood producer in Africa, Nigeria harvests annually more than 100 million m3, which contributes between 1.3%and 3% of the country’s GDP and serves as a major source of energy, food and medicinal plants.

2.1.4 Livestock / Pastoralism
16. The livestock industry is second to crops in terms of its contribution to the agricultural sector. It contributes about 20% of Nigeria’s agricultural GDP. Apart from such contribution, livestock is the source of high quality protein, provided usually in the form of meat, milk and eggs. In addition, animal skins are consumed in Nigeria. Cattle are used for traction and transportation along with other large animals such as donkeys, camels and horses. The livestock industry is an important employer of labour and a source of capital for the farm household. It is estimated that there are 15 million cattle, 45 million sheep, 85 million goats, 6.3 million pigs, and 137 million poultry in Nigeria. Estimates for other livestock are, 1 million donkeys, 208,000 horses and 88,000 camels (Federal Department of Livestock, 2005).

2.2

Brief Description of the Status of ICT Infrastructure and Recent Developments in the Sector

17. Nigeria has numerous daily newspapers, monthly magazines, radio and television stations. Currently, Nigeria has at least 213 newspapers of which 191 are privately owned while 22 are owned by governments. Some of these newspapers such as the Guardian have regular agricultural columns on specific days of the week. Similarly, there are 90 magazines of which a majority (84) is owned by private enterprises and 6 are government owned (Nigerian Press Council, 2007). 18. There are 96 radio stations of which 79 are owned by either state or federal governments while 17 are privately owned. The same ownership pattern is exhibited for television stations. Of the 62 television stations, the federal/state governments own 48 while 14 are privately owned. Nigeria also has 36 cable television stations and 2 direct satellite stations. The National Broadcasting Commission (NBC) is the regulatory agency for the broadcast industry in Nigeria (NBC, 2007). 19. The vast number of print and broadcast media in Nigeria, therefore, presents ample opportunities for disseminating agricultural and rural development messages to Nigerians. Indeed, some radio and television stations already broadcast such messages to the Nigerian people. 20. The telecommunications industry is characterised by a mix of fixed, wireless and mobile telephones. Community telephony also features in the industry. The current major players providing mobile telephone services in the country are MTN Nigeria Communication Limited, Celtel Nigeria, Mobile Telecommunications Limited and Glo Mobile Limited. 21. Since its inception the growth of the telecommunications market in Nigeria has being at geometric rates, thereby sustaining the market as one of the fastest growing telecommunications markets globally. From about 2.3 million lines at the end of 2002, the number of connected telephone lines increased to about 4.04 million at the end of
4

2003 and 10.20 million in 2004. This represents an average annual growth rate of about 115% between 2002 and 2004. By December in 2006, it was 34 million. 22. Equally, the usage and penetration of Internet services witnessed commensurate growth. Internet users increased from less than half a million in 2002 to about 1.6 million in 2003 to 1.8 million in 2004, representing increase in penetration rates from 0.3 in 2002 to 1.3 in 2003 to 1.4 in 2004. These users are serviced by several Internet service providers at cybercafés located in mostly urban areas. These developments were due in part to the liberalization and privatization of the telecommunications industry. 23. The liberalisation and privation of the telecommunication industry in Nigeria with its attendant increase in the number of fixed and mobile lines has made the use of computers in the country more prevalent in different sectors of the economy. Nigeria has on the average 7.1 computers to 1000 persons. Computers are used in Nigeria in educational institutions for instruction as well as easy access to updated information. They are also used in the travels industry for monitoring travel schedules and bookings as well as governmental agencies and non-governmental organisations for general administrative purposes. Financial institutions are also actively involved in e-banking through the use of computers and Internet services. 24. Also Nigeria’s participation in the National Information and Communications Infrastructure (NICI) process, an extension of the United Nations’ Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), United Nations’ Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and International Development Research Centre (IDRC) motivated African Information Society Initiative (AISI), has provided the impetus for the development of an IT policy, which is an integral part of the NICI process. This made it possible for the Nigerian Information and Communication Technology Agency (NICTA) to start work with UNECA in 2000 and produced Nigeria’s National Policy for Information Technology which was approved by the Federal Executive Council in March 2001. This policy was officially launched on May 24 2001. The National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA) was established by the Federal Government on April 18 2001 to ensure the implementation of the policy as well as to coordinate and regulate the development of the Information Technology sector. Additionally, the National Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Strategic Action Committee was inaugurated on August 7 2003 as a critical step in the implementation of the National IT Policy. In August 2006, a Presidential Task Force on ICT Harmonization was set up to examine the duplication of efforts and absence of cross-sectoral convergence in government’s ICT strategies. 25. Other developments in the industry include launching of Nigerian Communications Sattelite-1 (NIGCOMSAT-1), part ownership of SAT-3 Submarine Cable, local manufacture of telecoms equipment and accessories and establishment of monthly Consumers Parliament.

5

3.
3.1

STATUS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION FOR AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Institutional and Regulatory Policy Framework

26. A National Mass Communication Policy was formulated in 1987 with specific philosophy and objectives related to the print and electronic media. Issues bordering on ownership, news coverage, support services and implementation strategy were delineated in the policy. The National Broadcasting Commission regulates the broadcasting industry and also oversees the implementation of the communications policy. 27. Similarly in 1998, a National Policy on Telecommunications was approved. This policy covered matters related to objectives, structure and competition policy. Others are restructuring and privatization, economic regulation, Internet and satellite communications, universal access, manpower development and research. The Ministry of Communications monitors the implementation of the policy while the Nigerian Communications Commission is the regulatory agency. 28. A third policy, National Policy for Information Technology (IT) was also formulated in 2001 with the National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA) as the regulatory body. 29. As regards agricultural libraries and documentation centres, the Agricultural Sciences Department of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD) is, among other functions, charged with the responsibility of generating and disseminating improved agricultural technologies through the Research, Extension and Training activities of 18 National Agricultural Research Institutes (NARIs). The Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (2005) states that to achieve this there shall be a maximum of 5 operational technical departments and 4 service departments which may include Administration, Finance and Supplies, Security, Planning and Services and an Information and Documentation (Library) Departments. It also adds that each research institute shall maintain a well equipped and functional library under the Information and Documentation Department. 30. Apart from the FMARD guideline, the other policies were not formulated specifically for agriculture and rural development. However, they provide institutional and regulatory framework within which agriculture and rural development efforts and interventions operate and are indeed given media coverage in Nigeria. The major strength of these policies is that the stakeholders and their varied functions have been clearly articulated. However, constraints such as erratic power supply, inadequate training of personnel, insufficient number of qualified staff, “unsellable” nature of agricultural information and low literacy level have punctuated the availability of agricultural information and communication channels.

3.2

Operational Aspects

3.2.1 Description of agricultural information and services
31. The main actors in information and communication in agriculture and rural development vary across the selected institutions (Table 1). The institutional arrangement of the actors in the organizations vary from a simple configuration
6

involving specific persons designated to perform the information and communication activities to a more complex configuration of departments/units or specialized units being responsible for those activities. In the simple configuration, specific persons not units are responsible for information and communication activities. The designated persons may be the secretary/president as in Farmers Associations (All Farmers Association), managers of non governmental organizations as in Idea Builders and secretary to the Chief Executive as in non governmental organizations (Community Development Foundation). In the more complex arrangement, Administration is generally involved in one form or the other in information and communication activities of the organisation. In addition, departments/units and specialized units are responsible for information and communication. They include Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Programmes in the Agricultural Development Programmes, Finance and ICT Directorate in Bank/Credit Institutions and Editorial Department and Computer/Internet Department in Publishing/Newspaper Organizations. Others are Information and Documentation Department in Research Institutes and Management and Information Systems in the Universities. Finally, there is a mix of both arrangements whereby the designated person’s activities are complemented by those heads of units. This arrangement is found in a non governmental organization (Community Development Foundation). 32. As regards libraries specifically, academic libraries are located in tertiary institutions (universities and polytechnics) as well as research institutes. Fifty-five universities with Faculties of Agriculture along with the three Universities of Agriculture and the 18 agricultural research institutes have libraries. For instance, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria and University of Ibadan, Ibadan, have a main library which is complemented with faculty and departmental libraries. The main libraries have several volumes of books and periodicals covering agriculture, veterinary medicine and several other disciplines. Additionally, these libraries have online and CD-ROM databases. The online databases include: AJOL (African Journals Online) and AGORA (Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture). The agricultural research institutes also have their main libraries that are stocked with volumes of books and periodicals of various agricultural disciplines. Like the universities, they have online and CD-ROM databases. The National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, and the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), for instance, have links to many information resources such as journals, statistical databases and early warning systems that are useful for research. A number of IITA’s popular publications can also be downloaded through access to its IITA publications link. 33. Also there are private libraries in the country though they are limited and not very developed, A few associations and professional bodies such as the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN) and the Agricultural Extension Society of Nigeria (AESON) have libraries and resource centres. AESON, for instance, has its resource centre located at the Agricultural Research and Management Training Centre (ARMTI) at Ilorin. 34. Most of the libraries in Nigeria currently have one form of online access or the other to several information resources. These have been earlier noted for IITA, ABU, UI and NVRI. To this extent, they could be regarded as virtual libraries. However, a full blown virtual library known as the National Virtual Library of Nigeria established by the National Universities Commission (NUC) and sponsored by the Educational Trust Fund (ETF) is operational in Nigeria. Its collection includes electronic books, journals, films, videos and tapes. The disciplines covered by this collection include Agriculture, Arts, Education, Medical Sciences, Social Sciences and Technology. Furthermore, the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) has an E-Library

7

referred to as Information Gateway. Through the e-library access is gained through links to: • • • • • • • • • AGORA (Access to Global Online research in Agriculture) Bioline International BLDS: British Library for Development Studies Bridge: Development and Gender Directory of Open Access Journals HINARI (Health Internet Work Access to Research Initiative) OARE (Online Access to Research in the Environment) World Bank Documents World Development Reports and many more.

Table 1: Main actors in information and communication in agriculture and rural development
Categories of Name of Organization Key Actors in Information and Organizations Communication Abia State Development • Extension Subprogramme Programme • Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Subprogramme • Library Unit • Administration Borno State Agricultural • Human Resources Unit (Library) Development Programme • Media Unit • Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Department Government Kaduna State Agricultural • Computer Unit (in Department of Department Development Project Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation) Lagos State Agricultural • Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Development authority • Extension Plateau State Agricultural • Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Development Programme Department • Personnel and Human Resources Development Department • Finance and Accounts Department All Farmers Association of • Secretariat (Secretary) Farmers Nigeria, Abia State Association Chapter Nigerian Agricultural, • Finance and ICT Directorate Bank/Credit Cooperative and Rural Institution Development Bank Publishing/ Abia Newspapers and • Editorial Department Newspaper Publishing Corporation • Computer Unit of Operations Department Organizations (Publishers of National • Administration Department Ambassador)

8

Categories of Name of Organization Key Actors in Information and Organizations Communication New Nigerian Newspapers • Computer Unit of Production Department Limited(Publishers of New • Editorial Department Nigerian) • Administration Department The Guardian Newspapers • Computer/Internet Department • Management and Information Services Department • Administration Department Plateau Publishing • Communication Section in Editorial Company(Publishers of Department The Nigeria Standard) • Administration Department Non Centre for Women • Heads of Departments (Youth, Governmental Empowerment and Poverty Administration, Vocational Skills and Alleviation Project Implementation Departments) Idea Builders • Manager and two Personnel Community Development • Administrative Unit Organizations Foundation • Research and Development Services Unit • Training Unit • Youth Enterprises Unit • Business Development Unit • Microfinance Unit • Secretary to Executive Director Ganty’s Aid for Widows, • Secretary/Legal Adviser Orphans and the Needy • President (GAWON) Premier Seed Nigeria • Research and Development Department Limited • Production Department • Marketing/Sales Department Private • Finance/Audit Department Enterprise • Human Resources Department Radio Nigeria, Maiduguri • Library Unit • Administration Programme Federal Radio Corporation • Archival Library of Nigeria, Kaduna • Reference Library Radio Stations • Administration Department Lagos State Radio Service • Automated Library (Owners of Radio Lagos • Administration Department and EKO FM) National Root Crops • Administration Division Research Institute • Information and Documentation(Library) • Computer Unit Lake Chad Research • Information and Documentation Institute Department National Agricultural • Administration Department Extension and Research • Extension and Agricultural Economics Liaison Services Programme Research Institutes National Animal Production • Publication and Information Unit Research Institute

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Categories of Name of Organization Key Actors in Information and Organizations Communication Nigerian Institute for • Extension Research and Liaison Service Oceanography and Marine • Library Unit Research • Administration Department National Veterinary • Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Research Institute Department University of Maiduguri • Management and Information System • Administration • Departmental Offices Michael Okpara University • Administration of Agriculture • Departments and • Colleges Universities University of Ibadan • Management and Information System in the Vice Chancellor’s Office • Departmental Offices and • Colleges Source: CTA Information Needs Survey (2008)

3.2.2 Information sources
35. The various categories of organizations obtain information on agriculture and rural development from several sources. The sources include organizations publications, electronic media and fairs and exhibitions (Table 2) 36. National organizations are predominant sources of information for the Agricultural Development Programmes. The organizations include PCU, NCRI, NIOMR, NRCRI. NIFOR, CRIN among others. The few international organizations that are sources are CTA, IITA and FAO. In the case of Farmers Associations their sources are mostly national organizations and the media. Bank/Credit Institutions have national financial institutions, (CBN and SMEDAN) and Internet as well as journals as sources. 37. Publishing/Newspaper Organizations have international institutions (WHO, OPEC, ILO, AFP) as sources. They also patronize national organizations and trade fairs as sources. Non governmental Organizations basically use a mix of international and national organizations, publications and the Internet. Private Enterprises have a similar pattern with NGOs. However, they have more international organizations (WARDA, ILRI, IITA, etc.) than NGOs. 38. Research Institutes and Universities patronize more diverse sources than all other categories of organizations. Their sources include conferences, workshops, seminars, international and national organizations as well as journals, newspapers and colleagues.

Table 2: Information sources of selected institutions
Categories Organizations of Name of Organization Main Actors in Information and Communication Abia State Development IITA, PCU, NRCRI, UNN, Programme FUTO,MOUAU, The Guardian, Vanguard Newspaper, Broadcasting Corporation of Abia State (Radio/Television) Borno State Agricultural LCRI, UNIMAID, PCU, Spore, Development CTA Books, Radio, TV, Trade
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Government Department

Categories Organizations

of Name of Organization Programme Kaduna State Agricultural Development Programme Lagos State Agricultural Development Authority

Farmers Associations

Plateau State Agricultural Development Programme All Farmers Association of Nigeria, Abia State Chapter

Bank/Credit Institutions

Publishing/Newspaper Organizations

Nigerian Agricultural, Cooperative and Rural Development Bank Abia Newspapers and Publishing Corporation (Publishers of National Ambassador) New Nigerian Newspapers Limited (Publishers of New Nigerian) The Guardian Newspapers

Main Actors in Information and Communication Fairs, Field Days IITA, FAO, CTA, NAERLS, IAR, ABU, UI, Radio, TV, Newspapers IAR&T, IITA, NIOMR, UNAAB, FIIRO, UI, OAU, NSPRI, NIFOR, CRIN, NIHORT, NCAM, NRCRI, PCU, FAO, Internet Universities of Agriculture, UNIJOS, ABU, ATBU, NVRI, CTA, Publications, Radio, TV. NRCRI, NCRI, NIFOR, NIHORT, MOUAU, Abia State University, Abia ADP, Abia State MANR, BCA, NTA, AFNAN HQs. ABU, NAERLS, Internet, Journals, CBN, SMEDAN. Abia State House of Assembly, Abia State Ministries, Correspondents of Ambassador, Internet, Radio. NNN’s correspondents, NAN, AFP, Internet, Amnesty International, IMF, WHO, OPEC, ILO. Institutions, Internet, Individuals, Universities, Research Institutes, Chambers of Commerce. Radio, TV, Newspapers, Journals, Magazines, Trade Fairs, Exhibitions. IITA, Ministry of Agriculture, Magazines, Radio, TV, Newspapers, Internet, Trade Fairs. Abia ADP, IITA, NRCRI, IAR&T, Internet. Field Contacts, Federal Government, CBN publications, Newspapers, Internet, Newsletters, Conferences/Workshops. Kaduna ADP, Ataya Community Bank, CBN, Government Hospitals, Newspapers, Magazines, Radio, Personal Contacts. IAR, IITA, ILRI, NCRI, IAR&T, ICRISAT, Ministry of

Plateau Publishing Company (Publishers of The Nigeria Standard) Centre for Women Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation Idea Builders Non Governmental Community Development Organizations Foundation

Ganty’s Aid for Widows, Orphans and the Needy (GAWON)

Premier Limited

Seed

Nigeria

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Categories of Name of Organization Organizations Private Enterprises

Radio Nigeria, Maiduguri

Radio Stations

Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, Kaduna

Research Institutes

Lagos State Radio Service (Owners of Radio Lagos and Eko FM) National Root Crops CTA, MOUAU, ADPs, IITA, Research Institute Spore, CTA, Publications, Newspapers, Radio, Television. Lake Chad Research CTA Publications, ICRISAT, Institute IITA, INTSOMIL, IAR, UNIMAID, Internet. National Agricultural NARIs, CTA, FAO, ADENI, Extension and Research WECAMAN, IAR&T, IITA, Liaison Services Spore, Update, Journals, Newspapers. National Animal CTA, ABU, NARIs, Regional Production Research Research Institutes, ILRI, Institute NACRDB, Community/Farmers Associations. Nigerian Institute for Ministry of Agriculture and Oceanography and Water Resources, ARCT, Marine Research Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, International Ocean Institute, UNAAB, CTA, NIFFR, FIIRO, NIFOR. National Veterinary CTA, NARIs, Poultry Research Institute Association of Nigeria, Cattle Rearers Association, Ministry of Agriculture, Radio, Television, Journals, Universities of Agriculture.

Main Actors in Information and Communication Agriculture, WARDA, Sasakawa Global 2000, Spore, ICAN Journal, Newspapers, Personal Contacts. NGOs, Ministry of Agriculture, Local Governments, Newspapers, University Bulletins, NTA, Internet. Internet, Newspapers, ABU, Kaduna ADP, Conferences/Seminars, UNICEF, IITA. Newsroom, Field Reporters, Internet, Radio, NAN, Newspapers

12

Categories Organizations

Main Actors in Information and Communication University of Maiduguri Ministry of Agriculture, ADPs, LCRI, NAPRI, IITA, ILRI, CTA, ICRISAT, Journals, Radio, TV, Newspapers and Colleagues. Michael Okpara Internet, ADPs, IITA, ILCA, University of Agriculture NCEMA, Journals, NARIs, Universities Workshops, Conferences, Seminars. University of Ibadan Workshops, Conferences, Seminars, Journals, Internet, NARIs, CTA, IITA, ILRI, Newspapers, Radio, TV, Magazines Source: CTA Information Needs Survey, 2008

of Name of Organization

3.2.3 Information products and services provided
39. The main actors in information and communication in agriculture and rural development provide products and services that are related to the type of organization they are located. • Governmental departments such as the Agricultural Development Programmes produce Extension Guides on crops, livestock, forestry and women-in-agriculture; Databases on market prices, cooperatives and employees; Highlights of ADPs; Quarterly and Annual Reports; Baseline Surveys Reports. • Bank/Credit Institutions produce Customers’ Guide and Newsletter. • Publishing/Newspaper Organizations have their daily and weekly/biweekly titles published in English. At least one of the newspapers, New Nigeria, publishes a Hausa edition (Gaskiya) of its title. • Non Governmental Organizations have products such as Brochures, Annual Reports, Quarterly Newsletters, Success Stories Series and Development Digest. • Private Enterprises provide Technical Production Guides and Periodic Reports (Monthly, Quarterly and Annual). • Radio Stations on the other hand produce and market CDs • Research Institutes have a number of products including Extension Guides/Bulletins/Leaflets, Periodic Reports, Quarterly Newsletters, Journals, National Agricultural Research Database and Technical Reports. • Universities of course produce Journals, Conference Proceedings, Project Reports, Theses and Dissertations, Occasional Papers, Inaugural Lecture Series and Staff database. This overview shows that the main actors produce mostly publications of different types and format for their respective audiences.

3.2.4 Information and communication management capacity
40. Generally, staffing of information and communication in agriculture and rural development is inadequate both in number and qualification. Such staff members have degrees in disciplines that are not relevant to information and communication management but have been on the job for 5 to 15 years. However, some staffers

13

have qualifications in Library Science/Studies and Mass Communication. There is therefore a need to employee individuals with appropriate qualifications in the social sciences with emphasis on Mass Communication, Communication, Management and Information System, Information and Documentation Science, Library and Archival Studies. On-the-job training in ICM will also go a long way in equipping them with necessary knowledge and skills in ICM. 41. All the actors in information and communication in agriculture and rural development have email addresses. Hopefully, this opens up communication with several stakeholders located in spatially diverse environments. Also most of the actors have Internet connectivity though a few of such connectivity is restricted to the office of the chief executive. About half of the actors, mostly in the universities and research institutes, have institutional VSATs for their Internet connectivity. They currently experience serious financial burden meeting their monthly/quarterly subscription dues. Alternative routes of Internet connectivity therefore need to be explored. 42. The actors are equipped with inadequate number of computer systems, printers, scanners and a few other accessories. Generally, their soft wares are also inappropriate for ICM while some of the computer systems are dated and need upgrading. As regards budgeting, no organization in agriculture and rural development in Nigeria currently has a budget specific for ICM. It is therefore not surprising that its staffing and equipment status indicates that much more needs to be done. Budgeting for ICM in agricultural and rural development must therefore become a mainstream issue in future development programmes.

3.3

Interventions Supporting Information and Communication for Agriculture and Rural Development

43. Main intervention programmes supporting information and communication for agricultural and rural development in Nigeria include: ICS-Nigeria: The Information and Communication Support for Agricultural Growth in Nigeria (ICS-Nigeria) programme aimed to strengthen the capacity of farmerassistance organizations in Nigeria by packaging and disseminating information to farmers in appropriate formats and thereby enhance information flow. It was envisaged that by facilitating farmers’ access to information, their use of agricultural technologies will be increased and this in turn will increase their productive capacity. One of the strategies of the project was to establish farmers’ resource centres. This project which was funded by USAID was implemented jointly by IITA, CFC, PCU and NAERLS. 44. Digital Bridge Institute (DBI) The Federal Government of Nigeria established the Digital Bridge Institute in Abuja to train world-class telecommunications professionals that handle various positions in the ICT sector. The institute is to develop competencies and provide opportunities for participants at its training to gain insights into how the ICT sector is administered. It runs courses in Telecommunications Engineering, Telecommunication Technology and Telecommunications Policy, Regulation and Law. This institute should be able to provide the much needed training in areas that staff lack competencies in telecommunications and related issues. 45. Sustainable Tree Crop Programme (STCP) is aimed at producing cocoa in a sustainable way by making the farmers themselves “experts” through the use of
14

farmers’ field school focusing on integrated pest management. The programme is being implemented by IITA and Sustainable Tree Crop Program (STCP). 46. National Rural Telephony Programme (NRTP) The National Rural Telephony Programme is to provide lines in the local government areas of Nigeria. This project should be able to address the issue of accessibility to rural areas to telephone lines and hopefully cut down the cost of connectivity. 47. Wire Nigeria (WIN) Project Essentially, this project intends to create awareness on the need to have transmission infrastructure in various parts of the country. To this end, Nigeria will be mapped with a view to making it more attractive for operating companies to install telecommunications infrastructure. It is a private-sector driven initiative. 48. Computer for All Nigerians Initiative (CANI) This initiative aims at making all Nigerians have access to computers through reduced cost of computer and accessories and financial assistance by banking institutions. 49. In 2001, the Federal Government of Nigeria inaugurated the Governing Board for the National Library of Nigeria. The body is responsible for articulating, formulating and enunciating policies for the development of the Library, enhancement of its service delivery and accentuation of professionalism. Similarly, the Government has inaugurated the Librarians’ Registration Council which is responsible for regulating the practice of Librarianship and Information Management in Nigeria. Also in 2004, the Educational Tax Fund (ETF) sponsored the Readership Promotion Campaign (RPC) aimed at sensitising Nigerians on the need to inculcate reading habits for sustainable development. 50. Important lessons learned are: • • • • Use of appropriate communication formats enhances dissemination of agricultural and rural development technologies. Specific budgetary allocation to information and communication in agricultural and rural development in Nigeria is essential for effectively reaching out to targeted clients. Engaging staff with appropriate and relevant educational qualifications and experience can facilitate attainment of the objectives of agricultural and rural development in Nigeria Creating an enabling ICT and telecommunications infrastructural base is fundamental for effective information and communication activities in agriculture and rural development.

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4.

INSTITUTIONAL NEEDS ANALYSIS (STRENGTHS, MAIN BOTTLENECKS AND SHORTCOMINGS)

51. Generally, organizations are aware of the types of information they require for effective performance of institutional mandates. The informational needs vary along their functional mandates. Organizations with broad mandates such as universities and agricultural development programmes require a broad spectrum of information needs that embrace the four categories. Others such as farmers’ organizations and newspaper organizations are concerned about narrower needs of value-addition of crops and utility of indigenous crops. However, meeting these varied needs require extension agents and other stakeholders having improved communication skills, reporting capabilities and knowledge of participative methodologies. Unfortunately, lack of materials that are suitable for mass distribution and appropriate journals to the stakeholders have not helped matters. Multi-organizational partnerships offer genuine opportunities for correcting the situation.

4.1

Information Needs

52. The information needs are presented in Table 3. Generally, there are four types of information needs. These are broad rural development information, technical information, economic information and training needs. The information needs of the selected organizations do vary according to their various mandates. However, there are certain overlapping needs across organizations. For instance, the selected universities require the four broad types of information. Their need for the four types of information is not unexpected as they offer several courses in Bachelor of Science, Master of Science and Ph.D. degree programmes in various fields. These fields include agriculture, botany, zoology, geophysics, rural sociology, education and many others. These programmes curricular’ cover diverse contents that embrace rural development, technical, economic and training issues. Consequently, staff of these universities will deem it essential to have books and other educational materials that discuss these issues to complement their teaching and research functions. 53. Plateau State Agricultural Development Programme, Nigerian Agricultural, Cooperative and Rural Development Bank (NACRDB) and The Guardian and Federal Radio Corporation are other organisations that require the four broad types of information. Plateau State Agricultural Development Programme has the statutory extension mandate of all farmers in the state. Meeting this mandate requires providing information on all practices that farmers engage in. In Nigeria, these farmers practice mixed farming. The type of information that will satisfy mixed farming, will of course, involve livestock, crops and other livelihood activities. Therefore the ADP will naturally seek information that covers these issues. The four broad categories of information provide ready sources of meeting these needs. Similarly, NACRDB provides loans to both small scale and large scale farmers. However, they need information on their production status in order to determine their eligibility for loans. They therefore need valid information on the different issues on agricultural and rural development. The Guardian and Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria are information-based organizations. The Guardian has a regular agricultural column, Agro-Care, in its Sunday Edition while the Federal Radio Corporation broadcast agricultural programmes. They both therefore need diverse agricultural and rural development content materials to sustain the column and radio programmes.
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54. Apart from the above, some specific needs of categories of institutions are now highlighted. In Government Departments, represented by the Agricultural Development Programmes, their major needs are farm problems. However, needs pertaining to communication skills, training for radio programme production, trainingthe-trainers skills, marketing information, information management and entrepreneurial skills deserve special attention. 55. In Farmers Organizations, value-addition especially in cassava, oil palm, maize, fruits, piggery and poultry as well as training in the use of ICTs are the information needs that should be addressed. While value addition can increase and improve the income base of the farmers, their efficient and competent use of ICTs can complement the efforts of extension agents in the dissemination of improved practices. 56. Publishing/newspaper organizations point out the need to provide information on some neglected but valuable crops and trees such as Moringa oleifera, Gliricidia sepium and Leucaena leucocephala that are beneficial to farmers and the general farming audience. In Nigeria where fertilizer supply and cost can be inhibitory in agricultural production, promoting the wide use of crops and practices that can increase soil fertility will go a long way in ameliorating farmers’ production practices. 57. Radio Stations’ information needs include networking information and information processing (Cisco and MCSE) along with training on ICTs and editing of reports. Editing reports is one need that cuts across several organizations. This is understandable as every organization prepares one form of report or the other. These reports provide insights into organizational performance and other vital information essential for their sustainability. The ability to prepare simple reports that convey appropriate and adequate messages can therefore not be over emphasised. Indeed, this study further highlights this need. 58. Research Institutes point out the need for crop production statistics, water management information, export prices, data analysis training and website development and management. Participative methodologies are also required in these institutions. Similar to editing of reports, participative methodologies is another information need that is common to several organizations. Researchers, journalists and other development partners require this skill in order to generate quick and reliable data on the field. Empowering them therefore with this skill will further enhance their performance on-the-job. 59. Private Enterprises draw attention to the need to enlighten farmers on the appropriateness in planting improved seeds. It has been observed that most farmers rather than purchase new seeds for planting after harvesting their crops at the end of the season, keep the seeds and use them to plant new areas in the subsequent season. This practice results in loss of viability of the seeds and consequently, low and unreliable yields. Apart from this need, these organizations are interested in accessing germplasm (breeder materials) from other countries. 60. Nongovernmental organizations desire to have information on training modules development, training on installation and maintenance of servers and Internet facilities. Other areas of need are localizing of computer programmes, writing of computer programmes for microfinance and having information on websites devoted to microfinance. The specific details on each organization’s information needs are given in Table 3.

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61. Generally, the organizations have found it difficult to acquire a variety of information formats. The common formats found difficult to obtain by these organizations include materials suitable for mass distribution, visual information, materials produced in appropriate indigenous languages and journals. A majority of the organizations comprising the Agricultural Development Programmes, Farmers Organizations, Private Enterprises, Newspapers, Finance Organizations, Non governmental Organizations and Radio Stations have difficulty in obtaining materials suitable for mass distribution. On the other hand, Research Institutes and Universities have difficulty in obtaining Journals. This pattern may not be unrelated to the characteristics of the target audience. Their level of education and literacy rates are important considerations in this regard.

Table 3: Information needs of selected institutions
Categories of Name of Institutions Institution Abia State Agricultural Development Programme Strengths Existence of a library, Collection of Baseline Reports, Implementation Completion Reports, Annual Reports and Quarterly Reports Information Needs Extension Inadequate methods, computer improved seeds, hardware, processing Inappropriate agricultural software, produce, crop Unfavourable livestock attitude towards and computer literacy, diseases, Lack of trained improved staff in ICM production technologies. management, No budgetary allocation for ICM, Low staff morale, High staff turnover, Irregular power supply. Lack of budgetary Farm problems, issues, allocation for gender conferences, ICM, Lack of trained meetings, trade fairs, staff for ICM, development and Inadequate funding computer hardware and programmes, networks. inappropriate All economic and software technical types of information, communications skills, training for developers of radio training programmes, training-oftrainers skills for Weaknesses

Government Department

Borno State Agricultural Development Programme

Existence of a library, Database on market prices, number of cooperative groups and employees, A Unit, the Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Unit is responsible for data collection, storage and dissemination.

18

Categories of Name of Strengths Institutions Institution Kaduna State Agricultural Development Project Internet connectivity, Current Windows software, Has a Resource Centre, Compilation of Monthly Progress Reports, Active Collaboration with other Institutions

Weaknesses

Lack of trained staff on ICM, No budget for ICM, Inadequate computers, Inadequate staff access to computers, Lack of intraconnectivity of computers, Low computer literacy of staff Irregular power supply, Lack of trained ICM staff, Inadequate computers, Virus infection of computer systems, No budget for ICM, Lack of training in maintenance of ICTs

Information Needs extension agents. New crops and livestock technologies, entrepreneurial skills, control of pests and diseases, transplanting of tree crops.

Lagos State Agricultural Development Authority

Databases on production, experimental results and farmers, Existence of a library, Extension Guides, Attendance of ICM training workshops, Internet connectivity, Current Windows softwares, Active collaboration with several institutions Plateau State Has a library, Agricultural Publishes Development quarterly Programme newsletter, Produces flipcharts and posters

Livestock, fisheries, processing of agricultural products, vegetable production, marketing information, communication skills, training on information management.

Lacks staff with ICM training, Poor computer literacy among staff, Inadequate number of computers, Inappropriate computer softwares, No budgetary allocation for ICM, Non payment of Internet

All types of rural development, technical, economic and training needs.

19

Categories of Name of Strengths Institutions Institution

Weaknesses

Information Needs

Farmers Associations

connectivity fee, Irregular power supply. data All Farmers Physical contact Manual collection Association of with farmers, procedure, Nigeria, Abia List of farmers No library facility, State Chapter Lack of GSM network signals in operation areas, Inadequate computer systems and software, Lack of trained ICM staff, Lack of Internet connectivity. Internet connectivity, Has its own VSAT, Existence of an ICT Directorate, Has a Library, Existence of a database, Current computer softwares, Institutional ICT Policy and Strategic Plan, Participation at a number of ICM trainings. Incomplete ICT networking of the bank, Inadequate funding and ICM staff lack formal training in ICM.

Value-addition of products (cassava, oil palm, maize, pig, poultry and fruits), processing and preservation of farm products, marketing and marketing potentials of products, training on use of ICTs.

Nigerian Agricultural, Banking/ Credit Cooperative and Rural Institutions Development Bank

Four broad types of information. Capacity building, credit and micro credit, commodity profiles, identification of markets. Training needs on participatory methodology, editing of reports, management of information.

Publishing/ Newspaper Organizations

New Nigerian Has a library, Newspapers Vernacular Limited Biweekly, Internet connectivity, Has an Agricultural desk,

Dated computer softwares, Inadequate number of computer systems, Frequent disconnection of the Internet, Virus attack of computer systems, Inadequate training of staff on ICM,

Information technology, economic, agricultural

and

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Categories of Name of Strengths Institutions Institution Plateau Publishing Company (Publishers of The Nigeria Standard) Internet connectivity and Regional coverage.

Weaknesses Power outage Staff do not have requisite qualification for ICM, No budget for ICM, Internet facility is not networked, Congestion in information gathering process, Inadequate computer systems, Dated computer softwares, Insufficient manpower, Lack of training in ICM, No Internet connectivity, Inadequate funding, Few computer systems, Lack of will of management to appreciate relevance of ICM, Staff lack requisite training in ICM.

Information Needs Credit and micro credit, application of communication technologies, management of information, editing reports.

Regional Abia coverage. Newspapers and Publishing Corporation (Publishers of National Ambassador)

Farm problems, workshops, conferences and rural development generally.

National coverage, Internet connectivity, Numerous computer systems, Current computer softwares, Newspaper has an agricultural column and Organization has a library. Centre for Regional coverage, Women Empowermen Grassroots t and Poverty operation, Collaborates with Alleviation several NGOs.

The Guardian Newspapers

Four broad types of information. Information on crops with diverse uses such as Moringo oleifera, Gliricidia sepium and Leucaena leucocephala),all ey farming

Lack of trained staff in ICM, Inadequate and dated computer systems, Dated computer softwares and Lacks Internet

Modern farming techniques suitable for women, gender issues, all technical and economic information,

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Categories of Name of Strengths Institutions Institution

Weaknesses connectivity.

Non governmental organizations

Ganty’s Aid for Widows, Orphans and the Needy

Strong managerial will for development efforts, Operates at the community level, Linkage with international agencies.

Lack of experience in ICM, Inadequate staff and Lack of Internet connectivity.

Community Development Foundation

National coverage, Networked Internet facility, Numerous computer systems, Linkage and support from Ford Foundation.

Cost of running generators, Purchase of software for each computer system, Maintenance of computer systems, Lack of computer “trade-in” policy, Supply of quality accessories, Lack of training in ICM

Idea Builders

Community involvement, Linkage and grants from IITA, Has a computer training laboratory,

No Internet connectivity, Staff lack training in ICM, No qualified staff to maintain ICTs.

Information Needs report writing of field data. Networking in agriculture/health, microfinancing/coopera tives, ICM, funding sources, marketing products, developments related to cassava, ginger and fishery, conferences and traini9ng information. Microfinance, websites on microfinance, market information, sourcing of funds, training modules development, training skills development, networking , localization of computer programmes, writing of computer programmes for microfinance Cassava, plantain/banana/p ine apple production and processing, Animal production, modern technologies on computers, training and installation of servers and Internet facilities, computer programming training,

22

Categories of Name of Strengths Institutions Institution

Weaknesses

Private Enterprises

National coverage, Produces farmers Premier Seed Production Guides, Nigeria Has Outgrowers Limited Schemes, Internet facility,

Inadequate number of computers, Lack of appropriate accounting software, Lack of networking between headquarters and field operations, Lack of training on database management.

Radio Nigeria, Maiduguri Radio Stations

National coverage, Qualified staff is responsible for ICM, Has agricultural programmes, Has a library and databases

No budget for ICM, Limited computer systems, No department or unit for ICM, An individual is responsible for ICTs.

Information Needs preservation techniques Enlightenment on the use of improved seeds, Grading system, post-harvest technology, access to germplasm (breeder materials) of other countries, crop varieties, packaging, credit and micro credit, identification of markets., application of communication technologies, management of information in organizations, participative methodologies Broad rural development information and technical information, editing of reports

Produce and Federal broadcast Radio Corporation of agricultural programmes in Nigeria, local languages, Kaduna Has Archival and Reference Libraries, Numerous computer systems, Internet facility.

Inadequate staff Four broad types with ICM of information. qualification, Upgrading of computers and software

VSAT, Staff lack training Broad technical Lagos State Internet facilities, in ICM and information, Radio Service Several computer Inadequate information on

23

Categories of Name of Strengths Institutions Institution systems and accessories, Automated library, Databases, Webcasting and broadcasting VSAT, Internet facilities, National Root Several computer systems and Crops softwares, Research Has a Library, Institute Produces newsletters, Research Annual Reports Institutes and Extension Bulletins, Collaboration with several international and national agencies.

Weaknesses funding.

Information Needs ICTs, training on ICTs, networking information and information processing (CISCO, MCSE) Crop production statistics, water management studies, plant diseases control, processing and utilization of roots and tuber crops, marketing and packaging of roots and tuber crops, export prices, data analysis training, computer appreciation, website development and management. Updates on research trends, improved crop varieties, integrated pest management, packaging (valueaddition), breeding and survey techniques, conferences, meetings, development and funding programmes, application of communication technologies, participative methodologies. Farm problems, gender issues, government and international regulations,

Staff lack training in ICM, Monthly subscription for Internet bandwidth is very expensive, Lack of exposure to website design and computer networking, Inability of scientists to subscribe to international ejournals.

Lake Chad Regional Research coverage, Institute Produces Extension Bulletins Guides.

Internet in Lacks connectivity, Staff lack training on ICM, and Inadequate number of computers and softwares

Internet facility, Produces a Journal, Guides on Production Techniques and

Inadequate number of computers and Dated softwares,

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Categories of Name of Strengths Weaknesses Institutions Institution National National Agricultural Animal Research Production Database Research Systems, Institute Has 5 staff with requisite ICM qualifications.

National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services

Has several information and communication resources: Publications, eresources (TEEAL, Agricola, CAB Abstract), human resource database and survey database. Also there is a library, resource centre, media centre and NAQAS. It also has several ICTs and sustained collaboration with CTA.

Distribution publications, Gathering information, Delay in coordinating publishing of NARIS materials.

Information Needs conferences and meetings, development and funding programmes, available agricultural/devel opment networks, packaging, equipment sourcing/availabili ty, industrial profiles, credit and micro-credit, market data, identification of markets, commodity profiles, livestock insurance system, application of communication technologies in extension services, management of information within the organization, editing of reports, participative methodologies. of Four broad types of information of needs

25

Categories of Name of Institutions Institution National Institute for Oceanograph y and Marine Research

Strengths Internet connectivity, Has 4 staff with requisite ICM qualifications, Produces Extension Guides, Has a library and databases.

Weaknesses Restricted access to Internet facility, Inadequate staffing, Work overload on few staff, Management’s lack of appreciation of the importance of ICM, Inadequate computer systems, Inappropriate computer softwares, Lack of coordination of computer activities. Inadequate staff to cope with demand, Staff do not have requisite qualification in ICM, Inadequate number of computers, Computer softwares are not easily available,

Information Needs Networking and collaborative research opportunities, training and retraining of officers in marine biology, zoology, geophysics and extension.

National Veterinary Research Institute

Has a library, Produces Extension Guides and Leaflets, Has Databases (landed property, human resources, livestock diseases, research findings and publications), VSAT, has a website, e-library and a cybercafé. Also has a GIS on livestock disease surveillance.

Farm problems, social development, gender issues, government and international regulations, conferences and meetings, trade fairs, development and funding networks, grading systems, grass varieties for grazing, packaging, equipment sourcing, transportation, water utilization, patents, industrial profile, market data, identification of markets, commodity profiles, livestock insurance system, application of communication technologies in

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Categories of Name of Strengths Institutions Institution

Weaknesses

Universities

Michael Has main library, Okpara college libraries, University of VSAT, Website, Agriculture Cybercafé, Numerous computers, and accessories,

Staff lack requisite training in ICM, Power outage, Payment of VSAT subscription, Manpower training in programming and system analyst and inadequate funding. Irregular power supply, Inadequate computers and Lack of trained ICM personnel as well as lack of training in computer application/appre ciation. Staff do not have training in ICM, power outage, low IT literacy among staff and students, high turnover of technical staff and resistance to change

Information Needs extension in livestock health, management of formation within the organization, editing reports, participative methodologies. Four broad types of information needs. Plus information on training on telecommunicatio ns, training on maintenance and repairs of VSAT structures

University Maiduguri

University Ibadan

of Has a main library for agriculture and veterinary medicine, a library for Arid Zone Studies, a Faculty Journal, Internet connectivity and a website, of Has main library,
Faculty of Agriculture Library, Publications, Databases, ICT Strategic Plan and a Management Information System Unit with an annual budget of about N3 million. Has a VSAT, Website and 2000 computer systems on the University network

Four broad types of information needs.

Four broad types of information needs.

Source: CTA Information Needs Survey, 2008

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4.2

Capacity-building Needs (IC Policies & Strategies, Sensitisation, Networking, Skills, Training, Media, ICT, Equipment)

62. Capacity building needs of institutions focus on staffing, equipment and funding requirements for meeting the information and communication activities of the institutions involved in agriculture and rural development. The needs have been identified on Table 4. Staff members responsible for handling information and communication activities in most of the organizations do not have the basic educational qualifications. There is therefore a need to retrain them on-the-job. In some cases, there is a need to engage ICM specialists. 63. Retraining programmes should cover topics such as: computer appreciation and use, use and maintenance of Internet facilities, use and maintenance of ICTs, data collection and processing and management, website development and use, networking and VSAT technology, application of banking application softwares and train-the-trainers on ICM and ICTs. Apart from the employees, management of organizations also need some training. Some members of management do not appreciate the importance of information and communication management in their organizations. Consequently, budgetary allocations are never made for these activities. Special sensitization workshops should therefore be organized and targeted specifically at management in agriculture and rural development organizations. 64. All the organizations interviewed have some computers and printers. However, the number of computers and other equipment does not adequately meet their information and communication activities. They therefore require more computers, printers, scanners, video cameras, digital cameras, photocopiers and multimedia projectors amongst others. While these are basic to most institutions, the universities also require e-learning platforms and Smart classrooms to enable on-line teaching and experimentation. 65. Most of the institutions have Internet connectivity and have developed their own websites. The few (3 ADPs, 1 farmers association, I newspaper organization, 3 NGOs and 1 radio station) that are currently not connected to the Internet should explores avenues of doing so. This will enable them remain linked with most stakeholders as well as obtain ready access to vital information for organizational growth. Payment of VSAT subscription puts a lot of financial burden on institutions presently connected through this means. Alternative means should be sought. Organizations without websites should also develop theirs to avail themselves of the potentials of expanding their operational horizons and tapping from global resources. 66. Organizations need to generally update their computer softwares in line with current developments of computer systems. However, for this to be attained there is a need to review the current license fee charged for software in developing countries and Nigeria in particular. Currently, there is no trade-in policy for computer systems in the country. Formulating such a policy will enable organizations to more easily upgrade their computer systems at a reduced cost.

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Table 4. Capacity-building needs of institutions interviewed
Categories of Name of Institution Institutions Abia State Agricultural Development Programme Capacity building needs Equipment-computers, printers, video cameras, photocopiers, scanners, Current computer softwares, Internet connectivity Training—computer appreciation; use & maintenance of Internet facilities Equipment—Computers, fax machines Internet connectivity Website development Training on use of ICTs Equipment-computers, printers, current computer softwares Training of computer operators, computer appreciation for all staff Equipment—computers, laptops, printers, digital cameras, camcorders, multimedia projectors, current computer softwares, power generator Training--ICM Specialist; training in the use and maintenance of ICTs, Equipment--Computers, printers, scanners Internet connectivity Website development Training--ICM specialist, training staff on use of ICTs and data processing Equipment--computers, printers, office space, power generator, GSM network in area of operation Telephone lines Internet connectivity Website development Training on website development and maintenance, ICM specialist Equipment- Computers, VSAT, LAN, security softwares, Training on IT Project management, Training in networking & VSAT technology,; on application of banking application softwares Equipment--computers, printers, web-offset machine, appropriate softwares Internet connectivity Website development Training in networking

Government Departments

Borno State Agricultural Development Programme Kaduna State Agricultural Development Project Lagos Agricultural Development Authority State

Plateau Agricultural Development Programme

State

Farmers Associations

All Farmers Association of Nigeria, Abia Chapter

Bank/Credit Organization

Nigerian Agricultural, Cooperative and Rural Development Bank

Abia Newspapers and Publishing Corporation (Publishers of National Ambassador) New Nigerian Equipment – computers, printers, Newspapers Limited scanners, power generator, computer-topress, current softwares Fluctuation of Internet connection Training of ICM staff on ICM and operation
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Publishing/ Newspaper Organizations

Plateau Publishing Company (Publishers of The Nigeria Standard) The Guardian

Idea Builders

Centre for Women Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation

Non Governmental Organizations

Ganty’s Aid for Widows, Orphans and the Needy (GAWON)

Community Development Foundation

Private Enterprises

Premier Seed Nigeria Limited

Radio Maiduguri Radio Stations

Nigeria,

Federal Radio Corporation, Kaduna

Lagos

State

radio

of computer-to-press machine. Equipment--computers, Networking of computers for improved access to Internet Website development Training--ICM specialists needed, training required for investigative reporting Managerial and administrative will to appreciate and support ICM Equipment--laptops, GSM handsets Training---train editorial staff on use of management type of software in building newspaper pages Equipment--computers, printers, scanners Internet connectivity Website development Training--ICM specialist needed, train-thetrainers in ICM and ICTs Equipment—computers, printers, scanners, digital cameras, power generator Internet connectivity Website development Training – ICM specialist, training of staff on ICM Equipment--computers, printers, laptops, multimedia projector, softwares (Accounting Peach 3, Microfilm Operational Manual, Staff Management Data Base Software) Internet connectivity Website development Training--ICM Specialist, training in ICM and ICTs. Equipment--maintenance of computers, supply of quality accessories, purchase of software for each computer, lack of trade-in policy for computers, power generator Training--ICM specialist needed Equipment--computers, scanners, laptops, accounting package (Pitche Tree) Training-in computer operation and data base management Equipment—Electricity supply, computers, CDs, vehicles Internet connectivity Website development Training on computer appreciation and usage. Equipment--Upgrading of computers and softwares, transform materials from analog to digital Training--ICM specialist, training in ICM, networking, hardware repairs and maintenance, softwares and programming Equipment--computer units enabled with
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encoders, sound blaster software Training in Internet technology and website development and maintenance Equipment--computers, laptops, high subscription dues for bandwidth, subscription for e-journals Training in website design and computer networking Lake Chad Research Equipment--computers, laptops, printers Institute Internet connectivity Website development Training in information sourcing National Animal Equipment--computers, laptops Production Research Training--Professional training for ICT staff Institute Research National Agricultural Training--Updating knowledge and skills Institutes Extension and on use of current ICTs Research Liaison Services Nigerian Institute for Equipment--computers, printers, scanners, Oceanography and appropriate softwares Marine Research Broader institutional access to Internet Website development Training--Training on importance of ICM for management, Coordinator needed for ICT activities. National Veterinary Equipment--computers, printers, softwares Research Institute (SAS, Eview, Genstat, Statistica, StatA) Training--ICM specialists needed Michael Okpara Equipment-computers, e-learning University of platforms, Proliant servers, reduction in Agriculture license for software, CD writers Training in ICM University of Ibadan Equipment--computers, laptops, scanners, digital cameras, mobile video vans, elearning platforms, Smart-classrooms, Universities optical fibre expansion, wireless system, power generation. Training--training on the importance of ICM for all staff. University of Equipment--Computers, printers, scanners Maiduguri Training--ICM specialist, training on computer appreciation and application CTA Information Needs Survey, 2008

Service (Owners of Radio Lagos & Eko FM) National Root Crops Research Institute

4.3

Feedback on CTA’s Products and Services

67. Feedback on CTA’s products and services will be discussed under awareness, receipt of publications and services and products and services received. 68. Generally, most organizations are aware of CTA’s activities. Indeed, there is very high awareness. However, there is very low awareness of CTA’s activities amongst radio and newspaper organizations. All the organizations currently not aware of CTA’s activities are in this category. Also only one of the seven interviewed
31

organizations in this category of organizations is currently aware of CTA’s activities. The need to purposively seek their collaboration and partnership therefore becomes very paramount as their involvement has tremendous multiplier potentials. 69. Institutional receipt of CTA’s publications and services is low. The institutions that currently receive CTA’s publications are the research institutions and universities. The products and services they receive are Spore Magazine, CTA’s publications (Update), SDI, DORA, CD-ROM and QAS. A few organizations have participated in Co-seminars and ICT Observatory. One organization, a research institute, has participated in all CTA’s activities. 70. While institutional receipt of CTA’s products and services has been low, individuals interviewed in most of the institutions have received CTA’s publications. They receive these publications based on the number of credits they have been allocated by CTA for that purpose. Therefore the low institutional receipt of CTA’s publications and services is beclouded by individual subscription and receipt. There is an urgent need therefore to harmonize individual and institutional subscription for proper accountability of services rendered. While individual subscription should continue, their organizational affiliation and approval may be sought before final allocation of credits. Maintaining such a list of approved recipients at the organization/institution may increase accountability and reduce duplication of efforts. 71. CTA’s publications and services have been adjudged very useful in performing their research and extension activities. Specifically, they have increased their knowledge of current developments in agriculture and rural development.

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5.
5.1

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Conclusions

72. The various organizations/institutions have specific mandates in Nigeria. Some are research focused and others extension. Furthermore, some provide informationbased services while many others give banking and financial services. Indeed, some provide a mix of services. In other words, the services provided by some are narrow in scope while others are broad based. The conclusions of this section are based on these considerations.

5.1.1 Information needs
Rural Development Information 73. Farm problems are the priority in this category of information for most organizations. This is vital as farmers are the centre piece of all research, extension and community based activities. 74. Development and Funding Issues Limited funds in meeting organizational objectives has brought about a resurgent in diversification of activities and sources of funding. Organizations therefore seek information on potential funding institutions especially through collaborative efforts. 75. Conferences and Meetings Researchers and practitioners of agriculture and rural development desire to keep abreast of current developments in their various fields of specialization. Attendance of conferences and professional meetings, especially at the international level, is one of the avenues through which this desire can be satisfied. 76. Gender Issues Gender issues need to be adequately addressed to unmask differences, roles play in agricultural and rural development. 77. Trade Fairs The various roles trade fairs and exhibitions play and their potentials in agricultural development require that information on where and when they are mounted is made available to the various stakeholders. Technical Information 78. Crop varieties Providing information on improved crops and livestock technologies is very essential to all organizations The reduced yield obtained from the practice of planting seeds harvested from previous season’s crop as highlighted by a private company points to the importance of adoption improved crop varieties. 79. Integrated pest management Integrated pest management as a way of controlling pests and diseases is a practice that is currently been advanced in most developing countries including Nigeria. Its sustainability and environmental friendliness has recommended it to Nigerian farmers.

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80. Grading Systems Enforcement of grading systems can drastically reduce economic losses that accrue from lack of standardization of products and services amongst small scale farmers. 81. Packaging Farmers generally lack information on adequate packaging of products. Providing them such information can enable them add-value to their products. Economic Information 82. Market Information Market information pertaining to availability of markets, availability of products, potential buyers and prices are needed for demand-driven agricultural productivity and improved standard of living of stakeholders. 83. Credit and micro-credit Information on credit and micro-credit available from relevant organizations is of immense importance to farmers. Training Needs 84. Management of information within organisations Inadequate educational qualification of librarians and other ICM practitioners as well as managements’ lack of appreciation of the importance of ICM calls for training/retraining programmes for the former and sensitization workshops/seminars for the latter. 85. Application of communication technologies in extension services The training of extension agents in the use of ICTs will greatly enhance their complementary use in disseminating agricultural and rural information. 86. Participative methodologies Various organizations need to be familiar with and knowledgeable about participative methodologies for identifying field and farm problems that require quick fix. 87. Editing of reports Editing reports is one skill required to effectively convey research findings and other messages to targeted groups. Mounting training in report editing is therefore essential for effective performance of various stakeholders.

5.1.2 Capacity building needs
88. Capacity building needs of information and communication in agriculture and rural development really exist. There are areas that need strengthening both in staffing and equipment requirements. 89. There are some specialised units or departments that are responsible for information and communication activities in agriculture and rural development in Nigeria. This is especially the situation in research institutes and universities. 90. The staff responsible for information and communication are inadequate in number and educational qualification. Most have obtained degrees in fields other than documentation and library studies/science, communication/mass communication information and archival studies.

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91. Most organizations need more computer systems, printers, scanners, photocopiers, digital cameras, multimedia projector, mobile video vans and other equipment that will facilitate information and communication activities 92. A few organisations need to have Internet connectivity as well as websites for institutional use. Also some organisations that currently have Internet connectivity should broaden their accessibility beyond the reach of the chief executive. Internet connectivity is currently at very high subscription cost to the institutions. Alternate routes for such connectivity should be identified.

5.1.3 Overview of CTA’s products and services
93. Most organizations are aware of CTA’s products and services in Nigeria. Institutional receipt of its products and services is relatively low due to compounding factor of individual receipt of same publications and services without adequate acknowledgement of this officially. CTA’s products and services have considerably increased recipients’ knowledge of current agricultural and rural development practices. Universities and research institutes find it difficult to obtain journals while the other organizations have problems finding materials that are suitable for mass distribution.

5.1.4 Potential partners and beneficiaries
94. The 22 potential partners and beneficiaries belong to the following organizational types: Media Organizations. The findings of this study suggest that media organizations have very low awareness of CTA’s activities. However, the potential of media organisations in spreading developmental information is enormous. This potential should be explored through partnership with such media organizations as Abia Newspapers and Publishing Corporation, New Nigerian Newspapers Limited, Plateau Publishing Company and The Guardian Newspapers. Also the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, Kaduna and Lagos State Radio Service (Owners of Radio Lagos & Eko FM) should be mobilised. 95. Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) Many NGOs abound in Nigeria. Some of these NGOs such as Idea Builders, Centre for Women Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation, Ganty’s Aid for Widows, Orphans and the Needy and Community Development Foundation which are specific for agriculture and rural development should be mobilised to partner with CTA in its mandated activities. 96. Research institutes and universities Nigeria has several research institutes. Their mandate covers crops, livestock, fisheries, forestry and veterinary medicine. Six of these research institutes, National Root Crops Research Institute, Lake Chad Research Institute, National Animal Production Research Institute, National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services, Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research and National Veterinary Research Institute are potential partners for CTA’s activities and mandate. Similarly, three universities, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, University of Ibadan and University of Maiduguri, are potential partners. 97. Others Others include All Farmers Association of Nigeria, Abia Chapter, Premier Seeds, Zaria and the Nigerian Agricultural, Cooperative and Rural Development Bank, Kaduna.

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5.2

Recommendations

98. On the basis of the data obtained and conclusions outlined in section 4.1, the following conclusions are drawn:

5.2.1 Information needs
99. Spore magazine that is popular with researchers and practitioners alike should be used to address the top information needs. These are farm problems, development and funding issues, conferences/meetings, gender issues and trade fairs. Others are crop varieties, integrated pest management, grading systems and packaging. Market information, credit and micro-credit should also feature in Spore. Special editions should be produced to focus on specific issues. 100. Special bulletins and briefs on these priority information needs should also be prepared in very simple-to-understand format for mass distributions to partnership organizations. 101. The proposed newspaper, radio/television beneficiary organizations should publish feature articles and broadcast programmes focused on these information needs respectively. 102. CTA in collaboration with the Federal Government of Nigeria should organize sensitization workshops for management of agricultural and rural development organizations in Nigeria on the importance of Information and Communication Management in Organizations. This is to address the current lack of interest that management places on ICM. 103. CTA in partnership with the Federal Government of Nigeria should organize similar sensitization workshops for all personnel involved in information and communication activities in agricultural and rural development organizations.

5.2.2 Capacity building needs
104. To address the inadequacy in number and educational qualifications, CTA should organize a series of workshops on Information and Communication Management covering topics that will enhance job performance. Also universities should revise their curricula and institutionalise training and learning processes that give adequate attention to IT and ICM. 105. Organizations should be encouraged to employ only qualified personnel to be responsible for ICM in organizations. 106. CTA should assist organizations in the acquisition of appropriate equipment such as computer systems, printers, scanners and others that will facilitate their information and communication management. 107. In addition, the Federal Government of Nigeria needs to increase Nigerians’ awareness of its Computer for All Nigerians Initiative (CANI) to enhance their acquisition of computers and other accessories. 108. Organizations that are currently not connected to the Internet should be encouraged and assisted by CTA in getting their institutions connected to the Internet. Those whose connectivity are restricted to their chief executives should broaden their access to most members of the organization through networking.
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109. Similarly, the Federal Government and CTA should encourage and assist organizations in designing their websites. 110. The Federal Government of Nigeria should develop a national Information and Communication Management policy that will cater for the needs and operational prerequisites of information and communication activities in organizations. 111. CTA in collaboration with the Federal Government of Nigeria should also organize a Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Application of Communication Technologies in Extension Services for extension agents 112. Two workshops, Participative Methodologies and Editing of Reports, should also be mounted. The former will be designed for researchers and extension agents while the latter will be for researchers, personnel of information and communication and extension agents.

5.2.3 CTA’s products and services
113. CTA’s products and services are rated highly by researchers and practitioners. However, its current institutional subscription is rather low. This is because of individuals within organizations also receiving CTA’s publications not been accounted for at the institutional level. There is an urgent need therefore to harmonize individual and institutional subscriptions for proper accountability of services rendered. While individual subscription should continue, their organizational affiliation and approval may be sought before final allocation of credits. A list of such recipients should be maintained both at CTA and the institutions. Maintaining such a list of approved recipients at the organization/institution should increase accountability and reduce duplication of efforts.

5.2.4 Potential strategic partner institutions
114. The University of Ibadan, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture and University of Maiduguri, should revise their curricula and institutionalise training and learning processes that give adequate attention to IT and ICM. Spore Readers Club should be established in each of these universities. 115. The Guardian, The Nigeria Standard, New Nigerian and the National Ambassador shall regularly publish feature articles on the activities, products and services of CTA. Similarly, Radio Lagos and Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, Kaduna shall broadcast radio programmes that focus on the activities, products and services of CTA. Nigerian Agricultural Credit and Rural Deevelopment Bank (NACRDB) should be encouraged to sponsor these programmes. 116. The National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS) should organize a post study Stakeholders Workshop for drawing up a Memorandum of Understanding on partnership with CTA. It should also mount a multimedia educational campaign on the Importance of ICM in Agricultural Production for both managerial and non managerial staff of agricultural organizations in Nigeria. Other ICM-related workshops in the country shall be undertaken by NAERLS. 117. NAERLS’ five zonal offices and all the proposed partners and beneficiary organizations should be equipped with CTA’s on-line and CD-ROM databases to enable more individuals benefit from CTA’s activities, products and services.

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6.
6.1

PROPOSED CTA INTERVENTION STRATEGY AND ACTION PLAN
Intervention Strategy

CTA’s intervention strategy shall be multidimensional consisting of: 118. A Post Study Stakeholders Workshop to brief strategic partners on the findings of the study as well as attaining a consensus on their roles. The objective is to increase strategic partners’ knowledge of CTA’s activities as well as have a clear definition of their roles through a one-day workshop. 119. Establishment of CTA’s on-line and CD-ROM Databases in the 22 recommended strategic partners’ organizations as a way of increasing stakeholders access to information on agriculture and rural development. 120. Production and distribution of Special Bulletins and Briefs on the identified information needs to increase stakeholders’ knowledge about the issues. 121. Translation of the Special bulletins and briefs of the identified information needs into local languages for increased stakeholders’ accessibility, understanding and utilization. 122. Organizing an educational campaign on the importance of information and communication management for managerial and non managerial personnel of agricultural and rural development organizations in order to increase their awareness and to create a favourable attitude towards ICM and consequently upgrade institutions ICTs, establish Internet connectivity, websites and other relevant equipment. This would involve seminars, radio and television broadcast, newspaper feature articles and handbills. 123. Train-the-Trainers Skills Workshop on Application of Communication Technologies to produce a core of ICT trainers who will train others in the application of ICTs. This will involve lectures, group discussions and hands-on experiences. 124. Mount a training workshop on Participative Methodologies to increase stakeholders’ knowledge and skills of participative methodologies for research and extension activities. Interactive sessions backed with group work and practical exercises shall be utilised at the training workshop. 125. Organize training workshop on Editing of Reports to increase participants’ editing skills through interactive sessions and hands-on experiences. 126. Publicity programme on radio, television and newspapers to increase stakeholders’ awareness and knowledge of CTA’s activities, products and services. 127. Review of university curricula with the objective of incorporating information and communication management contents into the curricula to facilitate the production of graduates knowledgeable in ICM.

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6.2

Action Plan

An Action Plan proposed to cater for the identified information needs as well as capacity building requirements is shown in Table 5.

Table 5. Proposed CTA action plan
Strategies
Post-study Stakeholders’ Workshop

Activities
Meeting Preparation of Agenda Presentation of study’s findings Draft of proposed roles

Objectives
To brief strategic partners on the findings of the study as well as attain a consensus on their expected roles in the partnership. To increase stakeholders access to information on agriculture and rural development.

Expected results
MOU document prepared. Roles clearly delineated

Persons responsible
CTA CTA National Consultant

Participants
CTA, 22 proposed strategic partners and national consultant

Duration
3 days

CTA

Establishment of CTA’s on-line and CD-ROM databases in proposed partners and beneficiary organizations

Supply of CDROMs and other accessories, Supply of Computers Installation.

Production and distribution of special bulletins and briefs for the identified information needs

Preparation of manuscripts, Production of Bulletins/Briefs and Distribution of Bulletins/Briefs .

To increase stakeholders’ knowledge and skills of the identified information needs.

Translation of special bulletins and briefs of the identified information needs to local languages.

Translation, Printing and Distribution.

To increase stakeholders’ accessibility and understanding of the identified information provided.

Databases established and several stakeholders have increased access to information on agriculture and rural development. Many copies of bulletins/briefs are produced and distributed to the 22 strategic partners for further dissemination to other stakeholders. Special Bulletins and Briefs translated into local languages and distributed to various stakeholders.

CTA

22 Strategic partners Strategic Partners

CTA, 22 Proposed Strategic Partners, Federal Government of Nigeria

1 year

CTA NAERLS

CTA Strategic Partners

and

3 years

22 Strategic Partners

NAERLS NAERLS 22 Strategic Partners

NAERLS 21 Other Strategic Partners Federal Government

1 year

39

Strategies
Multimedia educational campaign on the importance of ICM for managerial and non managerial personnel of agricultural and rural development organizations.

Activities
Seminars, Radio broadcast, Television broadcast, Newspaper articles and Handbills.

Objectives
To increase managerial and non managerial personnel’s’ awareness of the importance of ICM; To create favourable attitude towards ICM; and To encourage the upgrading of organizations ICTs, establish Internet connectivity and create websites

Expected results
Attendance of seminars, favourable attitude towards ICM created and increased knowledge of the importance of ICM. Also increased number of institutions that have current ICTs, Internet connectivity and websites.

Persons responsible
CTA, NAERLS, Lagos State Radio Service, Abia Newspaper and Publishing Corporation, (The Nigerian Ambassador), Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, Kaduna, Radio Nigeria, Maiduguri, Plateau Publishing Company (The Nigeria Standard), The Guardian Newspapers, New Nigeria Newspapers and University of Ibadan, CTA, NAERLS, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture and University of Ibadan. CTA NAERLS University Ibadan, Michael Okpara University Agriculture CTA, NAERLS, University Ibadan, Michael Okpara University Agriculture

Participants
CTA, Strategic Partners, Management of Institutions

Duration
One Year

Train-theTrainers Skills Workshop on Application of Communication Technologies

Training workshop on Participative Methodologies

Workshop Editing Reports

on of

Invitation of Participants, Preparation of Workshop Materials, Actual training and Evaluation of training Invitation of Participants, Preparation of Workshop Materials, Actual training and Evaluation of training Invitation of Participants Preparation of Workshop Materials Actual training Evaluation of training

To train individuals who will train others in the application of communication technologies.

Production of a core of ICT trainers

CTA, and the 22 Strategic Partners Institutions

Two weeks

To increase participants’ knowledge and skills of participative methodologies for research and extension activities To increase editing skills of participants.

Participants use increased number of participative methodologies in their research and extension activities. Increased knowledge and skills on editing reports.

of

CTA, Strategic Partners Institutions

One week

of

of

CTA, NAERLS, Other Strategic Partners

One week

of

40

Strategies
Publicity programme of CTA’s activities, products and services on radio, television and newspapers

Activities
Preparation of materials Arrangement for use of materials Actual broadcast

Objectives
To increase stakeholders’ awareness and knowledge of CTA’s activities, products and services.

Expected results
Increase in number of feature articles, radio and television broadcast in strategic partners’ media..

Persons responsible
CTA NAERLS Radio Nigeria, Maiduguri, Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, Kaduna, Lagos Radio Service, The Guardian Newspaper, New Nigeria Newspapers, The Nigerian Ambassador, The Nigeria Standard. National Consultant, University of Ibadan, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture

Participants
CTA, The Guardian, New Nigerian, The Nigeria Standard and The National Ambassador.

Duration
3 years

Review university curricula

of

Preparation of Position Paper on Need for Change, Administrative procedure for change in university followed, Change implemented

To increase knowledge and skills in ICM and production of graduates equipped to manage information and communication activities.

Incorporation of information and communication management courses into curricula and subsequent production of graduates knowledgeable in ICM.

CTA, Federal Government and Strategic Partner and Universities.

3 years.

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ANNEXES

42

ANNEX 1. TERMS OF REFERENCE
1. Introduction
The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) was established in 1983 under the Lomé Convention between the ACP (African, Caribbean and Pacific) Group of States and the European Union Member States. Since 2000, it has operated within the framework of the ACP-EC Cotonou Agreement. CTA’s tasks are to develop and provide services that improve access to information for agricultural and rural development, and to strengthen the capacity of ACP countries to produce, acquire, exchange and utilise information in this area. CTA’s programmes are organised around three principal activities: providing an increasing range and quantity of information products and services and enhancing awareness of relevant information sources; supporting the integrated use of appropriate communication channels and intensifying contacts and information exchange (particularly intra-ACP); and developing ACP capacity to generate and manage agricultural information and to formulate information and communication management (ICM) strategies, including those relevant to science and technology. These activities take account of methodological developments in cross-cutting issues (gender, youth, information & communication technologies – ICTs, and social capital), findings from impact assessments and evaluations of ongoing programmes as well as priority information themes for ACP agriculture. CTA’s activities are currently distributed among three operational programme areas / departments: Information Products and Services; Communication Channels and Services; Information and Communication Management Skills and Systems. These operational departments are supported by Planning Corporate Services (P&CS) which is charged with the methodological underpinning of their work and monitoring the ACP environment in order to identify emerging issues and trends and make proposals for their translation into programmes and activities. This current exercise, therefore, falls within the mandate of P&CS.

2. Background
Since 2003, CTA has been systematically conducting needs assessment studies across the Pacific, Caribbean and Africa regions – the regions it has been mandated to serve. These studies have been in direct response to calls for CTA, in various evaluations of its products, services and programmes, to be more strategic in its choice regarding the setting of its own agenda and reacting to demand. In putting together its Strategic Plan and Framework for Action 2001 – 2005, CTA took a pragmatic view and opted to develop a strategy combining the benefits of both approaches, whereby the need to address the expressed demands of its stakeholders and the potential long-term advantages of developing programmes that address future needs were combined.

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The Centre’s new strategic plan covering the 2007 – 2010 period places emphasis on: improving CTA’s efficiency and increasing the Centre’s outreach by addressing the major bottleneck of difficult or insufficient access to information in ACP countries; (ii) honing CTA’s profile and further defining the niche where the Centre has a comparative advantage. Consequently, reaching more beneficiaries and further strengthening CTA’s partnership networks is key as well as the thrust to make ICTs and ICM strategies more widely available.

3. Main issues
CTA works primarily through intermediary public and private partners (research centres, extension services, libraries, NGOs, farmers’ organisations, regional organisations and networks …) to promote agriculture and rural development. Under the new strategic plan, the organisations targeted will be extended to include print media, editors, radio, TV and journalist networks in order to further maximise outreach. Through these partnerships, CTA hopes to increase the number of ACP organisations capable of accessing and combining modern and conventional ICTs, generating and managing information and developing their own ICM strategies. The identification of appropriate partners is therefore of primordial importance, whilst bearing in mind issues such as geographical coverage, decentralisation, regionalisation, thematic orientation and transparent and objective criteria and procedures for partner selection.

4. Overall objective
Collaboration strategies with ACP agricultural organisations and relevance of CTA’s support to African ACP countries improved.

5. Scope of the study
The study will focus on: providing an overview of main agricultural services and actors existing in the country (information supply side) in terms of their strengths, weaknesses and opportunities for collaboration with CTA; identifying agricultural information and ICM capacity building needs of key actors / key strategic partners for CTA products and services; identifying potential strategic partners for CTA activities and services (paying special attention to e.g. print media, editors, radio, TV and journalist networks); developing some baseline data on the status of ICM and ICTs in the country to facilitate subsequent monitoring and updating activities. The study should assist CTA to improve and better target interventions and activities aimed at potential partners and beneficiaries (including women, youth, private sector and civil society organisations) to have a more informed picture of their needs and aid in the elaboration of a strategy and framework of action. The study should also highlight where there are specific needs for CTA’s products and services thereby enabling improvement in the delivery of the same.

6. Expected results
The expected results of the study are as follow: status of infrastructure, information services and ICM capacity of institutions involved in agriculture and rural development described and analysed;

44

information and capacity building needs in the area of ICM identified for key institutions and potential CTA partners involved in agriculture and rural development; baseline data on the status of ICM and ICT in agriculture and rural development compiled for monitoring purposes and improved outreach. The study should therefore also provide updated country profiles on the status agricultural information services, the status of ICM/T in the country, which will allow CTA to make informed decisions re type and mode of intervention as well as partner selection. This will be summarised in one (1) main report per country not exceeding 30 pages excluding annexes (cf. section 8 below).

7. Methodology
The consultant will use a combination of qualitative and quantitative rapid appraisal methods including: the desk review of available literature and information sources including the findings of programme evaluations; the conduct of face-to-face interviews with relevant stakeholders / concerned parties; the limited use of questionnaires. The rapid appraisal approach will allow a general overview of the key issues and company / organisational profiles on a per country basis and may give rise to more in-depth studies as and when needed in the future.

8. Reporting
The country reports will not exceed 30 pages (excluding annexes) and is broken down as follows:

Main report
Acknowledgements List of Acronyms Executive summary

1. Introduction 2. Country profile
2.1 Brief description of agriculture and recent developments in the sector: 2.1.1 Agriculture 2.1.2 Fisheries 2.1.3 Forestry 2.1.4 Pastorialism / Livestock (where applicable) 2.2 Brief description of the status of ICT infrastructure and recent developments in the sector

3. Status of information and communication for agriculture and rural development 3.1 Institutional, regulatory and policy framework
Status of national and/or other sectoral policies on information and communication for agriculture and rural development; definition of main

45

strategic focus and principal characteristics; opportunities and threats posed by the political, institutional and regulatory environment

3.2 Operational aspects
3.2.1 Description of agricultural information and services (main actors in the area of information and communication for agriculture and rural development) 3.2.2 Information products and services provided 3.2.3 Information and communication management capacity

3.3 Interventions supporting information and communication for agriculture and rural development
Examine the main interventions undertaken, planned or foreseen by the State, donor agencies, private sector (e.g. telecommunications sector) to respond to identified needs paying particular attention to the priorities and means mobilised. Lessons learnt should also be addressed in this section

3.4. Needs analysis (Main bottlenecks and shortcomings)
3.4.1 Information needs 3.4.2 Capacity building needs (IC policies & strategies, sensitisation, networking, skills, training, media, ICT, equipment)

4. Conclusions and recommendations
4.1 Conclusions 4.1.1 Information Needs 4.1.2 Capacity Building Needs 4.1.3 Potential Strategic Partners 4.2 Recommendations 4.2.1 Capacity Building Needs 4.2.2 Information Needs 4.2.3. Potential Strategic Partner Institutions

5. Proposed CTA Intervention Strategy and Action Plan
From the above analysis, establish a link between the needs which are not currently met or for which complementary actions are needed and CTA’s supply (products and services). This should lead to an overall and coherent strategy for CTA and an action plan in priorities are identified and an implementation schedule defined.

Annexes
1. Terms of reference 2. Country profile 2.1 General agricultural profile (from available documentation)
2.1.1 Size of agricultural population (male / female / youth) 2.1.2 Farmed land, forests, fishing areas 2.1.3 Agricultural systems 2.1.4 Agriculture in the economy (percentage GDP) 2.1.5 Main agricultural produce and secondary products 2.1.6 Main export markets 2.1.7 Trade agreements that include agriculture
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2.1.8 Sectoral policy related to agriculture, fisheries and forests

2.2 Socio-economic profile (from available documentation)
2.2.1 Total active population, demographic breakdown 2.2.2 Literacy level and languages 2.2.3 Access to services (health, schools, electricity) 2.2.4 Rural urban drift

2.3 Media and telecommunications (update / check)
2.3.1 Newspapers, periodicals, magazines, radio stations, television channels 2.3.2 Telecommunication services (fixed, mobile, etc.) 2.3.3 Computers and Internet access

3. Profile of institutions
3.1 List of all main institutions involved in agriculture and rural development activities, including private sector and civil society organisations, with name, contact details, type and role of institution 3.2 Select list of key institutions involved in agriculture and rural development, with extensive data and information on the institution, the problems faced and why it is considered a key actor

4. List of institutions / persons interviewed (to include full contact details) 5. Bibliography 9. Timing

The draft final report is to be submitted within three months after contract signature by CTA; the final report is due two weeks after receipt of comments from CTA.

10.

Expertise needed

The national consultant should have a university degree or equivalent by experience. In addition, he/she should have at least 10 years experience in field of agriculture, rural development or social / economic sciences. He/she must have indepth knowledge of the agricultural sector in his/her country and be able to identify key players and institutions / organisations active in this area. Some knowledge of information sciences would be an added advantage. The ability to communicate and write clearly in English is essential, while knowledge of at least one of the local languages for communication / interview purposes is an added advantage. In addition to the skills above, the regional coordinator is expected to be fluent in English, have some knowledge of the 9 countries forming the object of this study, have demonstrated experience in coordinating studies with several consultants and in producing synthesis reports. The overall coordination of the exercise will be carried out by Ms Christine Webster, Deputy Head, Planning and Corporate Services CTA.

11. Implementation schedule (CTA)
Preparation/Finalisation of ToR; Identification/ short-listing consultants; Call for offers: January – April 2007;
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of (potential)

Selection of consultants & contractual arrangements: May/June 2007 Briefing: July 2007 Start date of contract: June/July 2007 Contract implementation period: June 2007 – March 2008 End date of contract: March 2008.

12. Key documents to be made available to consultants
Documents include: Cotonou Framework Agreement Executive Summaries of previous evaluation reports including ITAD, OPM, etc. CTA’s Strategic Plan (2007-2010) Annual Reports Examples of reports of previous needs assessment studies Documents on products & services provided by CTA

13. Definition of roles and responsibilities
Regional Coordinator Respect the timeframe regarding submission of reports and deadlines Help identify/vet country consultants Attend pre-briefing and briefing meetings Review the terms of reference Finalise questionnaires1 and methodological approach after due consultation with CTA Team Finalise the briefing notes and guidelines2 for local consultants to ensure accurate and consistent application of the agreed methodology in data collection Answer queries (technical & otherwise) of local consultants During the studies, monitor and provide technical assistance/information to the local consultants Review preliminary country reports and findings and send comments back to local consultants Send edited draft final country reports to CTA for feedback Coordinate and ensure consistency of country reports Prepare the overall report taking into account the findings and recommendations of all the country reports (table of contents to be agreed).

Local Consultants
Respect the timeframe regarding submission of reports and deadlines Attend briefing meeting Familiarise themselves with background documents received from CTA; including the Terms of Reference Undertake desk study and prepare country profile, list of institutions involved in agriculture as well as preliminary list of select institutions. Undertake field visits in the country specified in the contract Conduct interviews and gather information in the country specified in the contract Draft preliminary country reports and send to Regional Coordinator for initial comments

1 2

The documents used in previous needs assessment studies are available and will need some slight modifications. See footnote above.

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Based on comments received from Regional Coordinator, revise country reports and send draft final report to CTA within the specified timeframe Finalise country reports based on comments and observations received from CTA and send final report back to CTA

Role of CTA
Draw up initial Terms of Reference and prepare relevant background documents Appoint the Regional Coordinator and the ACP Local Consultants Prepare and attend briefing meeting of consultants Invite the Regional Coordinator and Local Consultants for Briefing Meeting Provide input to the Regional Coordinator with regard to fine-tuning terms of reference, questionnaires, interview guide and reporting guidelines for the consultants Provide relevant background documents to the Local Consultants & Regional Coordinator Elaborate budget and discuss contractual obligations with the Team of consultants & Regional Coordinator Liaise with Regional Coordinator throughout the study Pay invoices for services rendered in a timely manner on condition that all payment conditions are fulfilled Overall responsibility for the supervision and implementation of the studies Bear the agreed costs of expenditure in respect of the study (economy class return tickets, hotel accommodation and subsistence allowances during briefing meeting, or during agreed and specified field visits) Provide feedback and comments on draft country reports to the Local Consultants Give feedback to the Regional Coordinator on the Overview Report.

_________________________________

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ANNEX 2. COUNTRY PROFILE- NIGERIA
2.1 General Agricultural Profile

Nigeria lies between 4o16’ and 13o53’ north latitude between 2o40’ and 14o41’ east longitude. It is located in West Africa and bordered in the west by the Republic of Benin, on the north by the Republic of Niger and on the east by the Republic of Cameroon. It is bordered to the south by about 800 kilometres of the Atlantic Ocean. Nigeria occupies a land area of 923,738 kilometres (91 million hectares) and the vegetation ranges from mangrove forest on the coast to desert in the far north (The World Fact Book, 2007). The total cultivable area is estimated at 70 million hectares, which is 76% of the total area of the country. Arable crops are planted in 28.2 million hectares while permanent crops occupy 2.6 million hectares of the cultivable land. About two-third of the crop area is in the north, with the rest being equally distributed between the middle belt and the south (National Bureau of Statistics, 2005). The climate is semi-arid in the North and humid in the South. Except for an ultrahumid strip along the coast with rainfall averages of over 2,000 mm/year, where it rains almost all year round, rainfall patterns are marked by distinct wet and dry seasons. The rainfall is also concentrated between June and September. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with the population of about 140 million (NPC, 2006) accounting for about one seventh of the total Africa population. It has a population density of 138 inhabitants / km2 with an annual growth rate of about 2.2 %. Approximately 52 percent of the population live in rural areas (NPC, 2006). Nigeria’s economy is highly dependent on oil revenues which accounts for about 90% of the total export and 70% of government revenue. The country’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2003 was estimated at US$ 50.2 billion with agriculture contributing 37.4% and about 90% of the agricultural output coming from the smallholder sector. Agriculture provides occupation for 30% of the economically active population while 38% of the agricultural workers are female. Generally, agriculture contributes about 40% of the GDP with crops accounting for 80%, livestock 13%, forestry 3% and fishing 4% (Nigeria National Report, 2006). Crop production sector is dominated by arable crops with more than 90% of the total output produced by peasant farmers with farm holdings less than 2 hectares under cropping. The major arable crops grown in Nigeria are sorghum, millet, cowpea, maize, rice, cassava, yam, and groundnut. Other crops include plantain/banana, cocoa, rubber, oil palm, gum arabic, cashew, mango, citrus, pulse, pineapples and potatoes. Forestry sub-sector constitutes 12% of the land area in Nigeria. This is about 10.9 million hectares of land under woodland and forest cover. High forest reserves occur mostly in Ogun, Ondo and Oyo states in the south while savannah forest reserves are mainly in the northern states. The rate of deforestation is about 2.6% per year, which is considered one of the highest in Africa. As the largest wood producer in Africa, Nigeria harvests annually more than 100 million m3, which contributes between 1.3% and 3% of the country’s GDP and serves as a major source of energy, food and medicinal plants (Federal Ministry of Agriculture, 2005).
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The livestock sub sector contributes about 20% to Nigeria’s agricultural GDP. Livestock is closely linked to socio-cultural lives of the rural people, and animal ownership plays a crucial role in ensuring rural livelihoods and economic stability, particularly among rural poor. The fisheries sub-sector has 500,000 coastal and 200,000 inland primary producers and provides employment to an estimated three million people. The fishing industry provides employment to 100,000 people in various fields of engineering, vessel operations, distribution, marketing and management. In the early 1980s, the bulk of the fish catch was taken by small businesses using large canoes (some motorized) along the coast, smaller canoes in the creeks and lagoons, and similar small boats in freshwater areas. The modern commercial fishing fleet consisted of about 300 licensed craft ranging in size from 20 tons to more than 6,000 tons; about one-third were vessels under 265 tons that engaged in inshore fishing and shrimping. Aquaculture is practiced mostly by private commercial farms. The fisheries subsector, has a lot of potentials though it is still under-developed (Federal Ministry of Agriculture, 2005). Despite enormous features that distinguish Nigeria as an agrarian nation, the country is yet to be agriculturally advanced. Nigeria is listed by FAO among those nations that are, at the moment, technically unable to meet their food needs due to rain-fed production with low levels of inputs. The current administration’s strategic programmes under the new Nigerian Agricultural Policy are aimed at ameliorating this unpleasant scenario.

2.1.1. Size of agricultural population (male/female/youth)
Nigeria has a population of 140 million people (NPC, 2006) with about 30% being involved in agriculture and related activities. A majority of the population live in rural areas (Table 2). While the Federal Agricultural Coordinating Unit (FACU) in 1986 estimated that 350,000 farm families were involved in agriculture, the FAO (2006) reported that between 34.7 million and 38.2 million Nigerians participated in agricultural activities between 1979 and 2004 (see Table 1). The proportion of male and female participating in agricultural activities varies with the prevailing farming system and socio-cultural context. However, the general trend is that more males are involved in agricultural production activities such as land preparation practices than their female counterparts that are predominant in processing and marketing. Youths also participate in agricultural production. For instance, Laogun et al (2000) reported that a high proportion of youths (90%) were found on farms after school hours and during holidays in south western Nigeria. Therefore the contributions of male, female and youth farmers to agricultural production in Nigeria are not in doubt. Harnessing their comparative advantages for increased and sustained agricultural production is therefore an imperative. The average farm family size varies from one agricultural zone to the other. While it is 8.1 in the North East Zone, it is 6.5 in the South West and 7.71 for major food producing rural areas, 5.79 for minor food producing rural areas and 6.33 for urban areas of the South East Zone respectively (NARSP, 1995).

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Table 1. Total and agricultural population (including forestry and fisheries) Total population (%) 1979-1981 64,311 1990-1992 86,038 1999-2001 114750 2003 124009 2004 127117 Source: FAO Year Book, (2005/2006) Table 2. Nigeria’s agricultural population Indicators Unit 19791981 Population 1000 people Rural / total Percent population Density % people/ km2 Agricultural labour force Agricultural labour Force/total labour 1000 people Force % 54 percent 43 33 32 31 30 14 327 14 639 15 159 15 183 15 178 15 159 71 94 126 133 136 --73 65 56 64311 19891991 86038 19992001 114750 120 911 54 53 52 124009 127117 2002 2003 2004 Agricultural population (1000) 34787 36999 38207 37977 37827

Sources: FAOSTAT, (2005)

2.1.2 Farmed land, forest, and fishing areas
Nigeria has a land area of 923,770 km2. Seventy million hectares which is less than 10% of the land area is cultivable. Arable crops are planted on 28.2 million hectares, permanent crops on 2.6 million hectares while pastures are cropped on 39.2 millions (Table 3)(FAO, 2004). Of the arable land, 99% is rain-fed while 1% is irrigated. As regards forestry, about 10.9 million hectares of land is under woodland and forest cover with high forest reserves occurring mostly in Ogun, Ondo and Oyo states in the south and savannah forest reserves mainly in the northern states. Nigeria also has

52

an exclusive economic zone extending 200 nautical miles from its coast (FAO, 2004). These waters include the continental shelf along more than 800 kilometres of its coastline, a large area of brackish lagoons and creeks, and freshwater rivers and inland lakes, including fish-rich Lake Chad and Kainji Reservoir, among other artificial bodies of water. It is therefore apparent that Nigeria has the potentials for increased agricultural production through appropriate exploitation of its natural resources. Table 3. Land use in Nigeria Arable land (1000 ha) 1980 91,077 27,850 1990 29,539 2000 28200 Source: FAO Statistical Year Book, 2004 Land area (1000 ha) Permanent crop (1000 ha) 2535 2535 2650 Pastures (1000 ha) 40000 40000 39200

Table 4. Estimated area harvested with major crops in Nigeria Crops Millet Guinea Corn / Sorghum Groundn uts Beans 5,583 Yams 2,606 Cotton 200 Maize 5,865 Cassava 4,269 Rice 1,250 Melon 387 Cocoyam 547 Plantains 261 255 259 Source: National Bureau of Statistics 2005 Note: na = not available 258 258 n.a 385 388 526 539 537 534 126 728 735 369 395 384 383 193 361 363 1,434 1,283 1,322 1,346 9,170 3,160 3,531 4,437 4,274 4,327 4,346 540 3,455 3,490 6,611 5,656 6,044 6,104 3,015 4,490 4,466 189 206 198 198 493 611 602 6,099 2,619 5,522 2,625 5,735 2,617 5,785 2,620 5,086 1,055 5,176 3,017 5,181 3,047 4,400 5,803 1996/ 97 1997/ 98 4376 5,910 1998/19 99 4,395 5,870 1999/20 00 4,390 5,861 2000/ 01 4,387 5,880 2001/ 02 5,268 6,480 na 2,486 2,542 2,546 2,525 2,536 2,514 2,782 2002/ 03 6,162 2003/ 04 6,099 7,659. 5 2,769

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Table 5. Capture fisheries and aquatic production in Nigeria (2004) (1000 tonnes) Freshwater & diad. fish Demersal marine fish Pelagic marine fish Marine fish 25 Crustaceans 29 Mollusc 3 Cephalopods 0 Miscellaneous. aquatic animals Source: FAO Statistical Year Book, 2005/2006 Table 6. Production of selected forest products (2004) 1 000 m3/ 1 000 tonnes Forest products Industrial roundwood Pulpwood, round and split Roundwood Log: saw & veneer Sawn wood Woodfuel Wood-based panels Wood charcoal Wood pulp Source: FAO Year Book, 2005/2006 Yield 9,418 39 70,270 7,100 2,000 60,852 19 3,421 23 111 115 226

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Table 7. Area of forest reserves and plantation by state State Area of forest reserve (HA) 8,700 10,011 31,857 32,457 840,280 n.a 60,175 582,820 610,129 78,506 n.a 482,047 n.a 8,524 n.a 1,525 92,000 613,484 77,702 245,100 340,289 540,360 460,350 12,579 n.a 756,906 273,118 337,336 86,057 336,563 402,500 25,000 602,631 10,011 Area of forest plantations (HA) 2,051 2,374 25,800 5,332 1,200 n.a 2,234 432,052 19,000 2,000 n.a 150,000 n.a 7,498 n.a 1,160 3,000 6,146 2,186 18,900 17,750 5,000 6,000 2,000 n.a 4,956 35,000 27,153 6,381 8,031 6,800 231 10,943 1,359 n.a n.a % of forest plantation to forest reserve 25 24 80 16 0 n.a 4 74 65 3 n.a 31 n.a 88 n.a 76 3 1 3 8 5 1 1 16 n.a 1 13 8 7 2 2 1 2 14 n.a n.a

Abia Adamawa Akwa Ibom Anambra Bauchi Bayelsa Benue Borno Cross River Delta Ebonyi Edo Ekiti Enugu Gombe Imo Jigawa Kaduna Kano Katsina Kebbi Kogi Kwara Lagos Nassarawa Niger Ogun Ondo Osun Oyo Plateau Rivers Sokoto Taraba Yobe

Zamfara n.a FCT n.a Source: National Bureau of Statistics, 2005 Note: na = not available

2.1.3 Agricultural systems
Crop production: Nigeria's climate permits the cultivation of a variety of crops in a pattern that emerged in earlier centuries in response to local conditions. As in other West Africa states, rainfall is heaviest in the south, where the forests and savannas benefit from abundant precipitation and relatively short dry seasons. The staples are
55

root crops, including cassava, yams, taro (cocoyams), and sweet potatoes. Tree crops--cacao, oil palm, and rubber--constitute the area's main commercial produce. Cocoa grows mostly in the southwest. Oil palms predominate in the southeast and are numerous in the south-central area. Rubber stands are common in south-central and south-eastern Nigeria. Smallholder farmers, who use simple production techniques and bush-fallow and cultivate areas of one-half to two hectares each, contribute two-thirds of farm production. In most areas, some non-cash crops such as sorghum, yams, cassava, cowpeas, millet, corn, cocoyams, sweet potatoes and rice, are grown. The northern third of Nigeria, which experiences a dry season of five to seven months, during which less than twenty-five millimetres of rain falls, lies mostly in the Sudan savannah and the arid Sahel zone. There, the staples are millet, cowpeas, and a drought-resistant variety of sorghum known as guinea corn. Maize is also cultivated, as well as rice in suitable lowland areas. The north's principal commercial crops are cotton and groundnuts (The Library of Congress Country Studies, 2007). Between the arid north and the moist south lies a Guinea savannah region sometimes referred to as the middle belt. This area produces staples such as yams, sorghum, millet, cassava, cowpeas, and maize, with rice an important crop in some places. The middle belt's southern edge represents the lower limits of the northern grain-dominated economy. The most significant commercial crop of the middle belt is sesame (or benniseed). Most Nigerians eat grains, but the production and consumption of sorghum (guinea corn) and millet are heavily concentrated in the savannah north. In 1980, the two grains accounted for 80 percent of Nigeria's total grain production. Maize production in the savannah middle belt benefits from heavier rainfall, which frequently permits two crops a year. Cocoa and groundnuts were Nigeria's two major exports until petroleum surpassed both in 1965 (The Library of Congress Country Studies, 2007) . Cocoa, cotton, groundnuts, oil palm products, and rubber were the principal export crops in the 1960s and early 1970s, but with export reorientation, only cocoa remained of any importance after 1975. Although Nigeria was the world's largest exporter of groundnuts in the early 1970s, groundnuts fell from the export list by the end of the 1970s as a result of the severe Sahel drought of 1972-74 and a viral disease in 1975. With assistance from the World Bank, the government restored cocoa production in the late 1970s and 1980s through replanting programs and producer price supports. The resulting increase in cocoa output (to 200,000 tons in 1988) kept Nigeria in third place among world cocoa producers, after Ivory Coast and Ghana (The Library of Congress Country Studies, 2007). The agricultural sector contributed about 38% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 1993. Arable/food crops accounted for about 80% of the annual agricultural GDP (AGDP) between 1988 and 1993 (Shaib et al, 1997). However, recent data put the contribution of arable crops at 33.05%, permanent crops 3.14% and others 63.84%. (The World Fact Book, 2005). Also 90% of the rural population are involved in activities related to the crop sub-sector which provides the bulk of agricultural income. Similarly, it supports the processing industry by providing raw materials. Livestock production: The livestock industry is second to crops in terms of its contribution to the agricultural sector. For instance, in 2003 it contributed 20% of
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Nigeria’s agricultural GDP (FAO, 2006). Apart from such contributions, livestock is the source of high quality protein, provided usually in the form of meat, milk and eggs. In addition, animal skins are consumed in Nigeria. Cattle are used for traction and transportation along with other large animals such as donkeys, camels and horses. The livestock industry is an important employer of labour and a source of capital for the farm household The UN Federal Department of Livestock estimated that in 2004 there were 15 million cattle, 45 million sheep, 85 million goats, 6.3 million pigs, and 137 million poultry in Nigeria. Estimates for other livestock are, 1 million donkeys, 208,000 horses and 88,000 camels (Shaib, et al, 1997). Cattle: Cattle are found throughout Nigeria, but they are most common in the northern two-thirds of the country. Almost half the total cattle population is permanently resident within the sub-humid zone were they are tended by the Fulani pastoralists. Traditionally, the Fulani pastoralists move their herds during the dry season to pasture in the moister Guinea savannah, returning northward when the rains began and danger from the tsetse fly increased. The expansion of cultivated areas and irrigation has seriously obstructed this migration by cutting off access to usual grazing routes. Humped zebu cattle are by far the most common, but limited numbers of Keteku, Muturu and Kuri cattle occur in the south-western, southern and north-eastern parts of the country, respectively (Federal Department of Livestock, 2005). Poultry: Poultry outnumbers all other forms of livestock in Nigeria, and, not surprisingly, is found throughout the country, wherever there is human settlement. Although pigeons, ducks, guinea fowl and some turkeys are also widely kept, chickens are by far the most common. Typically they are maintained under traditional, low-input, free-range systems of management but substantial numbers are also reared intensively on a commercial basis, particularly in the southern states (Federal Department of Livestock , 2005). Small ruminants: Small ruminants are almost as ubiquitous as poultry, though not so numerous. Goats generally outnumber sheep in Nigeria. Although some seasonal movement of pastoral sheep does take place, the great majority of small ruminants are sedentary village livestock and their patterns of distribution mirror those of human settlement Goats: There are three main varieties of goats in Nigeria: the West African Dwarf, the Sokoto Red and the Sahel. Goats are renowned for their hardiness and can survive in most environments: West African Dwarf goats are kept in the forest zones and in the Middle Belt; Sokoto Reds are kept throughout the north; and Sahel goats are restricted to a strip along the frontier with the Niger. Although pastoral Sahel goats are found in the northern semi-arid zone, most goats are kept in villages. The most common production system is that of seasonal confinement. Northern goats are markedly more productive than West African Dwarf goats, with lower ages at first kidding and shorter kidding intervals, although they produce fewer kids per kidding. Sheep: There are four main types of sheep native to Nigeria: the Balami, Uda, Yankasa and West African Dwarf. Balami and Uda are kept in the semi-arid regions, West African Dwarf sheep in the south and Yankasa throughout the country. Sheep are the second most numerous pastoral species, and small flocks accompany many cattle herds in the north and in the Middle Belt.

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The pastoral animals are generally more productive than the village stocks. The productivity of West African Dwarf sheep is substantially lower than that of other breeds. All Nigerian sheep are used for wool, but they are rarely milked. In the north, they are eaten regularly and form part of the daily protein supply, but there is also a marked variation in demand coinciding with religious festivals. As a result, there are dramatic seasonal price fluctuations, and in some areas the household fattening of sheep for sale is a major economic activity (Federal Department of Livestock, 2005). Pigs: The traditional Nigerian black hairy pig is gradually being replaced by various exotic breeds, including the Large White, Landrace, Hampshire and Duroc. Pigs are generally kept under systems of seasonal confinement in the north and Middle Belt, but they are usually confined all year-round in the south, except in the Niger Delta region. Pigs are given supplementary feeds, and in village systems the lees of beer are often combined with household scraps for food. Intensive pig rearing is economically viable on the periphery of large cities because of the availability of industrial by-products, particularly brewers' grain. Units of between 50 and 200 pigs kept in concrete pens are common, especially in the densely populated regions of the south. Commercially managed piggeries with more than five breeding sows account for a small proportion of the total population of pigs in Nigeria (Bourn et al, 1994) Fish production: Nigeria is the largest consumer of fish and fish products in Africa. Fish is widely accepted in Nigeria and it provides valuable protein, minerals, vitamins and other vital nutrients for essential human and livestock development. Fish and fish products account for over 40% of the total animal protein intake in Nigeria. The fisheries industry also provides employment for approximately 5 million Nigerians. In 1993, the fishery sub-sector contributed 2.9% of the nation’s agricultural GDP (Shaib et al, 1997). In the mid-1960s, estimates indicated that Nigerian fisheries brought in 120,000 tons of fish per year and imported 180,000 tons, mostly air-dried fish. Domestic production through the 1970s ranged from 600,000 to 700,000 tons annually. Recent data from the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (2005) have shown that artisanal fishery (domestic) production has increased to 239 million tonnes in 2001 to 251 million tonnes in 2002 but declined to 227 million tonnes in 2004 for brackish waters (Table 9). Similar patterns are established for aquaculture and industrial production. Generally, imports have, after an initial increase, in 2002 gradually declined or remained as same level in 2004. The major fish species landed from the pelagic and semi-pelagic components of the coastal artisanal fishery are bonga (Ethmalosa fimbriata) and sardine (Sardinella species). Other species of economic importance include croakers (Pseudolithus and Sciae species) which are major dermasal species (Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, 2005). Forestry: Nigeria's forests can be divided into two principal categories: woodlands and forests of the savannah regions (four fifths of the country's forest area) that are sources of fuel and poles, and rainforests of the southern humid zone that supply almost all domestic timber and lumber, with fuelwood as a by-product. Nigeria's forests have gradually shrunk over the centuries, especially in the north, where uncontrolled commercial exploitation of privately owned forests began in the late nineteenth century. Toward the end of the 1800s, the colonial government began establishing forest reserves. By 1900 more than 970 square kilometres had been set aside. By 1930 this reserve had grown to almost 30,000 square kilometres, and by 1970 to 93,420 square kilometres, mostly in the savannah regions (The Library of Congress Country Studies, 2007).

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Through the 1950s, forest regeneration was largely by natural reseeding, although the government established some small plantations near larger towns for fuelwood and poles. In the early 1960s, the government began emphasizing the development of forest plantations, especially ones planted with fast-growing, exotic species, such as teak and gmelina (an Australian hardwood). By 1976 about 115,000 hectares had been planted. During the late 1970s and 1980s, state plantations became an important source of timber, paper pulp, poles, and fuelwood. Despite these developments, forestry's share of Nigeria's expanding GDP declined from 6 percent in the late 1950s to 2 percent in the late 1970s and 1980s. Earnings from the export of timber and wood products--6 percent of export income in 1960-- declined to 1 percent of export income in 1970 and virtually nothing in the late 1970s and 1980s, as domestic needs increased rapidly. The oil boom of the 1970s slowed exports further, as more and more wood was diverted to the domestic construction industry. In the 1980s, Nigeria's demand for commercial wood products (excluding paper pulp and paper) threatened to exhaust reserves before the year 2000. To reverse this process, especially in the northern savannah, the government needed to double the rate of annual plantings it set in the 1980s. Governmental interventions have been outlined in the National Forest Action Programme (NFAP) and other national development programmes. Table 8. Estimated population of domestic livestock in Nigeria Livestock Poultry Chicken Others Cattle 1996 Na Na 1997 Na 15,073,039 1998 na 15,088,112 1999 Na 15,103,200 2000 113,192,123 15,188,304 2001 124,618,191 15,133,422 2002 131,125,008 15,148,555 2003 137,681,258 15,163,704 Source: Federal Livestock Department, 2004 Note: na = not available Goats Na 73,669,423 75,511,158 77,398,937 79,333,911 81,317,259 83,350,190 85,433,945 Sheep Na 38,858,200 39,829,655 40,825,396 41,846,031 42,892,182 43,964,487 45,063,599 Pigs 4,292,680 4,464,387 4,642,962 4,828,681 5,021,828 5,874,829 6,111,824 6,356,297

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Table 9. Fish supply by sector in Nigeria (1000 tonnes) Sector 2001 2002 2003 2004 Artisanal Brackish 239,311 253,063 241,823 227,523 Inland river & lake 194,226 197,902 204,380 207,307 Fish 24,398 30,664 30,677 43,950 farm(Aquaculture) Industrial Commercial Trawlers Fish 15,792 16,064 17,542 16,063 Shrimps 12,380 12,797 11,416 12,469 Eel 206 1,230 4,924 1,889 Distant (Imports) 648,197 681,152 663,180 648,033 Total 1,134,510 1,192,872 1,173,942 1,157,234 Source: Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD), 2005

2.1.4 Agriculture in the economy
Nigeria’s economy is highly dependent on oil revenues and accounts for about 90% of the total export and 70% of government revenue. The country’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2003 was estimated at US$ 50.2 billion with agriculture contributing 37.4% and about 90% of the agricultural output coming from the smallholder sector. Agriculture provides occupation for 30% of the economically active population while 38% of the agricultural workers are female. Generally, agriculture contributes about 40% of the GDP with crops accounting for 80%, livestock 13%, forestry 3% and fishing 4%. While the above is an overview of the situation, the trend follows the dictate that as economic development occurs, the relative size of the agricultural sector usually decreases. Therefore, the contribution of agriculture to Nigeria’s GDP has shrunk from 65.7 percent in FY 1959 to 30.9 percent by 1976. The overall economic decline reversed this trend, and by 1988, 39.1 percent of GDP was derived from agricultural activity. The contribution of the agricultural sector increased 3.8 percent yearly between 1983 and 1988, and the percentage of export value in agriculture grew from 3 percent in 1983 to 9 percent in 1988, although much of this growth resulted from the fall in oil export receipts. Food production also increased rapidly during the 1980s, especially after exchange-rate reform restricted food imports in 1986 (Country Studies, 2007). In 1993, agriculture accounted for 38% of the GDP (CBN, 1994) declining to 29.66% in 2001 and then increasing to 31.46% in 2004 (NBS, 2004) (see Table 10). It appears therefore that as economic development progresses the relative contributions of the agricultural sector to the Nigerian economy will be reduced.

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Table 10. Percentage distribution of sectoral (Agriculture) contribution to gross domestic product (GDP) In real terms 2001-2004 Sector 2001 2002 2003 Agriculture 29.66 29.85 28.85 Oil and gas 32.65 29.75 33.44 Distributive 12.85 13.22 12.68 trade Manufacturing 4.33 4.62 4.41 Others+ 20.51 22.56 20.49 Total 100 100 100 Source: National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) in Poverty Profile, 2004 2004 31.46 32.56 13.12 4.59 18.27 100

Table 11. Current basic prices of agricultural sub-sector’s contribution to GDP Activity Sector N'm 2000 1000069.45 N'm 2001 N'm 2002 N'm 2003 N'm 2004 1337766.6 1576433.89 1787315.7 2155133.5 183202.17 202263.06 33186.13 40421.11 90431.17 106466.1 3519753.4 4811355 5403006.73 6947821 243887.47 51658.25 128285.42 5685997.8 8264962.4

Crop production Livestock 116393.38 154495.45 Forestry 22436.91 27462.61 Fishery 54010.26 75170.9 Others 3344727.21 3605274.3 GDP Constant basic prices 4537637.21 4685911.9 Source: Adapted from Nigeria Export Promotion Council, 2006

2.1.5 Main agricultural produce and secondary products
Nigeria produces a wide range of agricultural commodities, which could serve as raw materials for industrial production in Europe, Asia and Latin America. Top on the list of agricultural commodities in Nigeria are cocoa, cotton, Accha, soya beans, sorghum, maize, cassava, gum arabic, ginger, sesame seeds, shea-nuts, cashew nuts and cowpea. While the tree crops such as cocoa and cashew are produced in the southern part of the country, cereals such as soya beans, sorghum, maize, sesame seeds and cowpea are produced in the savannah belt in Nigeria. Also produced in the savannah belt are ginger, gum arabic and shea-nuts. With the Nigerian government's current efforts at increasing output in the agricultural sector, more volumes of agricultural produce are available for external trade. Below is a synopsis of the production areas and uses of the major agricultural products of Nigeria. Soya bean Soya bean (Glycine max) is a legume which is produced in the middle belt of the country of which Benue State is the largest producer in Nigeria. It produces about 48% of the total national output of 352,000 metric tonnes per annum. Soybean is an important source of high quality and inexpensive protein and oil. With an average protein content of 40% and oil content of 20%, soybean has the highest

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protein content of all food crops and is second only to groundnuts in terms of oil content amongst food legumes. The oil produced from soybean is highly digestible and contains no cholesterol. Soya beans is the largest single source of edible oil and accounts for roughly 50% of the total seed oil production worldwide. Nigeria has only one variety of soybeans which is yellow in colour. Soya beans is used for production of milk, edible oil and animal feeds. It is also useful in the treatment of malnourished children particularly in the sub-Saharan, Asian and Latin American countries. Cocoa Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) is the second major non-oil foreign exchange earner in Nigeria after leather. It is produced in 16 states of the federation namely, Ondo, Cross River, Oyo, Osun, Ekiti, Ogun, Edo, Kogi and Akwa Ibom. Others are Delta, Abia, Kwara, Ebonyi, Rivers, Taraba and Adamawa. Its annual production is 400,000 metric tones. However 98% of this is exported. It provides means of livelihood, sustenance and employment opportunities to over 5 million Nigerians. Cotton Cotton (Gossypium sp) is a major agricultural and industrial crop in Nigeria, providing employment and means of livelihood to about 2 million Nigerian families. A total of 24 states of the federation produce cotton. The states are Katsina, Zamfara, Gombe, Kaduna, Kano, Sokoto, Kebbi, Niger, Plateau, Jigawa, Yobe and Bauchi. Others are Borno, Adamawa, Kwara, Taraba, Nasarawa, Kogi, Benue, Ekiti, Oyo, Ondo, Osun and Ogun. The average annual production is about 250,000 metric tonnes against a total world production of 20.5 million metric tones. Cassava Cassava (Manihot esculentus (Euphorbiacea)) is grown in all the states of the federation with the current production level being about 45 million metric tonnes per annum; a figure expected to double by 2020. Nigeria is the leading cassava producer in the world, producing a third more than Brazil and almost double the production capacity of Thailand and Indonesia. Although it is the world leader in cassava production, 90% of the annual production in Nigeria is targeted for the domestic food market. Gum Arabic Gum Arabic (Acacia senegal) is grown in the Sahelian zone of the country, covering 14 states of the federation namely Borno, Yobe, Jigawa, Bauchi, Gombe, Taraba, Plateau, Adamawa, Sokoto, Kebbi, Katsina, Zamfara, Nasarawa and Niger with an estimated population of 4 million Nigerians engaged in its cultivation and trade. Gum arabic is a natural gum that exudes from the exterior of acacia trees in the form of dry, hard nodules. There are over 1,100 acacia species worldwide. However Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal are the most commercially exploited species. Nigeria has three grades of Gum Arabic, Acacia Senegal (grade 1) Acacia seyal (Grade 2) and Combretum (Grade 3).

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The major acacia species utilized for commercial gum arabic production in Nigeria are Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal. Ginger Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is produced in six states of the Federation namely, Kaduna, Nasarawa, Benue, Niger and Gombe with Kaduna as the major producer. Nigeria's production in 2005 was estimated at 110,000 metric tonnes (FAO, 2006). Out of this, 10% is locally consumed as fresh ginger while 90% is dried primarily for the export markets. The commodity is highly valued in international markets for its aroma, pungency and high oil and Aleo resin content. Nigeria is the third largest exporter of ginger in the world after China and India. Sesame seed Sesame seeds (Sesamum indicum) belong to the plant family Pedaliaceae. It is an important oilseed crop believed to have originated from tropical Africa. Twenty five percent of world’s sesame seed hecterage is planted in Africa and Nigeria is one of the major producers of sesame seed in Africa. It is found predominantly in Benue and Jigawa States in Northern Nigeria. It is one of the oldest food and cash crops in Nigeria. It is also produced in 21 states of the Federation. The commodity ranks second to cocoa in terms of volume of export and foreign exchange earnings. Global production in 2005 was put at 2.4 million metric tonnes with China and India as leading producers. Nigeria is the 5th largest producer of the commodity in the world with an estimated production of 120,000 metric tonnes annually. Sheanut The shea tree (Butyrospermum parkii) is a precious natural resource which grows in the wild across the Sudan-Sahelian region of Africa. The major producing countries are: Nigeria, Togo, Benin, Ghana, Uganda, Mali, Burkina Faso and Central African Republic. Nigeria is currently the leading producer of sheanut in the world and in 2004 Nigeria's production of the commodity was 414,000 metric tonnes with export value of US$61.04 million (FAO, 2006). Apart from its role as an important raw material, shea butter is used in the manufacture of chocolate and other confectioneries. It is also used in the cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries. Major destinations for Nigeria's sheanut are the EU and Japan while for the shea butter the destinations are Asia, Europe and the Americas. Cashew Cashew (Anacardium occidentale) is produced in 28 states of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). Other produce Other produce are maize (Zea mays), accha (Digitaria exilis), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench). These crops are grown in the

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savannah regions of Nigeria. Each crop has two varieties, white and yellow, although Accha varieties are white and brown. Accha (Digitaria exilis) Accha is grown in the Central and North Eastern parts of Nigeria. It is consumed mainly as a cereal. The grain tastes similar to rice. It may be consumed directly, cooked in porridges and four creams similar to grits and wheat cream. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) Cowpea is a grain legume largely grown in the northern part of Nigeria which has a savannah type of vegetation with light rainfall. Nigeria is the world's largest producer of cowpea, as it produces over 2.7 million metric tonnes of cowpeas with an average yield per hectare of 417 kg. It produces the white and brown varieties. Maize (Zea mays) Maize is grown in all parts of the country as it is a versatile crop that grows across a range of agro-ecological zones, though it is grown slightly more in the Northern part of the country. Two types of maize are grown in Nigeria, Yellow and White. Maize apart from being eaten as it is on the cob, it is also used as food in form of porridges, corn fakes and popped grains. However, more than 60% of Nigeria's production of maize is consumed by the industrial sector for production of flour, beer, malt drink, corn flakes, starch, syrup, dextrose and animal feeds. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench) Sorghum is a grass of East African origin, which is grown in the north of Nigeria. Sorghum is the 4th important cereal after wheat, rice and maize and is used as a maize substitute for livestock feeds because of their similar nutritional values. It is also used for distilled beverages, condiments, ethanol and alcoholic beverages. Table 12. Nigeria’s world ranking according to commodities
Commodity Cassava Citrus Fruit Cowpea dry Shea nut Mellon Seed Cocoyam Yam Green corn (Maize) Millet Okra Sorghum Game meat Groundnut in shell Indigenous goat meat Papaya Ranking 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 Commodity Sweet Potato Cashew nuts Cocoa beans Ginger Fresh Fruit Plantain Fresh Vegetable Onion shallow grain Pineapple Sesame Chilies & Pepper Green Natural Rubber Mango Spices Ranking 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 6 6 7 7 9 9

Source: FAOSTAT, 2005

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2.1.6 Main export markets
In the 1960s agriculture accounted for about 65-70 percent of total exports and declined to about 40 percent in 1970 prior to the oil boom. By 1996 agricultural export accounted for less than 2 percent of exports. Agricultural exports not only shrank from the traditional baskets of 12 to 15 commodities in the 1960s, when Nigeria was known to be among the leading producers of cocoa, palm produce, rubber, cotton and groundnut, it actually became a net importer of these commodities. In the earlier period mentioned above, the major agricultural commodities were cocoa, groundnuts, palm oil and palm kernels. These commodities earned more than the cost of merchandised imports. At this time, the demand for imports was low due to a number of factors: Nigeria’s low income, lack of industrialisation, limited use of foreign inputs in agricultural production and adherence to restrictions (www.geographic.org). Also, Nigeria remained a producer of primary products such as food, raw materials, minerals, and organic oils and fats but an importer of secondary products (chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment and other manufactured items used in the development of the country. Indeed, primary commodities comprised 98 percent of exports and 21 percent of imports in 1955, 92 percent of exports and 19 percent of imports in 1975, and 98 percent of exports and 24 percent of imports in 1985. Minerals (largely petroleum) accounted for an increasing proportion of exports through the 1970s, increasing from 13 percent in 1955 to 35 percent in 1965, to 93 percent in 1975, and then to 96 percent in 1985. The dependence on oil and a few other export commodities made Nigeria particularly vulnerable to world price fluctuations. Nigeria's overall commodity terms of trade (price of exports divided by price of imports) fell substantially, from a base of 100 (1980) to 83.8 (1984) and 35.5 (1986), before rising to 42.6 (1987) and then falling to 34.6 (1988). Meanwhile, export purchasing power (quantity of exports multiplied by the commodity terms of trade) declined from 100 (1980) to 48.3 (1984), 23.0 (1986), 23.1 (1987), and 20.4 (1988), a 79.6 percent reduction in the purchasing power of exports in eight years (www.geographic.org). Nigeria traded worldwide with about 100 countries, but the composition of trade by country had changed since the colonial period. During the colonial era, Britain was Nigeria's dominant trading partner. As late as 1955, 70 percent of Nigeria's exports were to Britain and 47 percent of its imports were from Britain. However, by 1976 Britain's share of Nigerian exports and imports dropped to 38 percent and 32 percent respectively. In the 1970s, Britain was replaced by the United States as Nigeria's chief trading partner. In 1988 the United States was Nigeria's best customer, buying more than 36 percent of its exports (primarily petroleum products); Britain was Nigeria's leading vendor, selling to the nation more than 14 percent of its imports. In 1990 Nigeria had associate status, including some export preferences, with the European Economic Community (EEC). As a result, it had a number of major EEC trading partners, including Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and the Netherlands. Nigeria also had an active trade relationship with some members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, notably the United States, Canada, and Japan. Trade with African countries, mainly neighbouring countries within the Economic Community of West Africa (ECOWAS--created in 1975), comprised only 3 to 4 percent of total trade. In the 1980s, trade with Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union constituted less than 1 percent of Nigeria's total.

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In recent times, for instance, in 2005, Nigeria imported about US$26 billion of goods. Conversely, in 2004 the leading sources of imports were China (9.4 percent), the United States (8.4 percent), the United Kingdom (7.8 percent), the Netherlands (5.9 percent), France (5.4 percent), Germany (4.8 percent), and Italy (4 percent). Principal imports were manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, and food and live animals. In 2005 Nigeria exported about US$52 billion of goods while the major destinations for exports in 2004 were the United States (47.4 percent), Brazil (10.7 percent), and Spain (7.1 percent). In the same year, 2004, oil accounted for 95 percent of merchandise exports, and cocoa and rubber accounted for almost 60 percent of the balance. In 2005 Nigeria made a US$26 billion trade surplus, corresponding to almost 20 percent of gross domestic product. In 2005 Nigeria achieved a positive current account balance of US$9.6 billion (www.wikipedia.org, 2007) Table 13 shows the earnings of some major Nigerian exports from 1996 to 2000. The table clearly shows that crude petroleum oil was a major export earner. However, in the following sections, spot light is placed on the contributions of specific export crops in more recent times. Table 13. Nigerian exports of major commodities (N’000) Products Cocoa Beans Cocoa Butter Other Cocoa Products Coffee, Green Roasted Palm Kernel Palm Oil Palm Kernel Oil Natural Rubber Latex, Gum Crustacea & Molluses Fresh/Froze n Crude Petroleum Oil Automotive Gas Oil Tin Ore & Concentrate s Hide & Skin Total Major 1996 77,156,772 613, 1997 363,912 220,746 246,327 1998 1,114,608 200, 015 38,108 1999 1,000,258 140,465 2,885 2000 204,253 6,311 5,950

48,132

n.a

19,273

n.a

n.a

1,277,842 13,362 7,462 10,487,011

62,584 73,152 24,480 259,237

16,774 25,707 -

3,285 1,136 67,175 16,903

1,808,628 2,273 28,907 15,247

1,274,175

115,269

113,571

949,768

97,636

764,238,60 7 7,229,011 15,826

744,230,44 3 11,514,273 61,582

468,402,64 5 9,087 n.a

1,543,319,04 1 32,247 n.a

2,735,049,62 6 5,780 n.a

531,246 793,697,69

236,182 757,199,96

77,748 469,979,42
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554,956 1,547,078,11

173,543 2,737,398,15

Exports 3 8 8 9 Total 801,653,16 784,506,31 483,193,57 1,559,299,52 Domestic 2 4 9 0 Exports Source: National Bureau of Statistics- Foreign Trade Statistics, 2006 Note: n.a = Not available

4 2,745,102,19 9

In 2005 alone, export revenue from the sale of cocoa amounted to US$136.7 million. Nigeria along with Cote d'lvoire and Ghana all in West Africa, account for about 70% of the world's cocoa production. Major market destinations for Nigeria's cocoa are: Netherlands, U.K., France, Germany, Spain, Italy, USA and Japan. Other markets being explored are the emerging economic powers of China and India. Stakeholders in the cocoa sub-sector in Nigeria are: Stanmark Nigeria Ltd, Olam Nigeria Ltd, Export Logistics Ltd, Nivik Investments Ltd and Multitrex Investments limited. Major market destinations for Nigeria's cotton are the European Union (EU), China, South Korea and Taiwan. Major stakeholders in the cotton sector in Nigeria are: Olam Nigeria Ltd, Nigeria Seed Cotton Ltd, West African Cotton Processing Company, National Seed Service and AFCOT Nigeria Ltd. Cotton has occupied a strategic position in the economic activities of Nigeria, providing both food and fibre for the rapidly expanding vegetable oil and textile industries in the country. Thus unlike cocoa, cotton has a strong backward linkage with domestic industries, which consume up to 50% of the total annual production. Nigeria earns about US$12 billion per annum from cassava and its by-products. Cassava has the potential to industrialize Nigeria more than any other product if its potentials are properly harnessed. Nigeria is the 2nd largest producer of Gum Arabic in the world after Sudan with an average production of 20,000 metric tonnes of all grades of Gum Arabic. In 2004, world production of Gum Arabic was put at 70,000 metric tonnes while Nigeria's production amounted to 18,935 metric tonnes with export earning of US$88.08 million, Due to the ability of the Gum Arabic tree to withstand adverse environmental conditions, it has become a potent weapon in the continued fight against desertification and environmental degradation in the Sahelian belt of the country. Gum Arabic is used as thickener, suspender, emulsifier, stabilizer, flavour carrier, binder and encapsulating material. In addition, it is used in confectionaries, food, beverages, pharmaceuticals and chemical industries. Major markets for the product are Belgium, China, USA, U.K and Japan. Ginger is an important Nigerian export crop. The major market destinations are the UK, USA, Japan, Canada, Belgium, Germany and the Middle East. The major stakeholders are Belphins Nigeria Limited, Goldchains International and Olam Nigeria Limited. Global export for ginger amounted to 900,000 metric tonnes while Nigeria exports about 80,000 metric tonnes annually valued at US$68.0 million. Major market destinations for Nigeria's sesame seed are: Japan, EU, Korea, China, Turkey and the Middle East. Nigeria exports about 80,000 tonnes annually valued at US $68.0 million. Sesame seed is used for oil, roasted seed, soup, spice, seed, and confectionary, industrial raw material for pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and soap among others.

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In 2004, Nigeria's production of cashew amounted to 60,660 tonnes out of which, 30,510 tonnes were exported at a value of US$22.27 million. With the present emphasis of the Nigerian Administration on the development of non-oil export programmes, cashew industry is experiencing a major turn around. Major stakeholders in the cashew industry in Nigeria are Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria (CRlN) Cashew Association of Nigeria (CAN), Olam Nigeria Ltd. Safari Trade Ltd, Abdulson Nigeria Ltd, Fagro Venture Nigeria Ltd, Asia Commodities Nigeria Ltd, Century Export Ltd, LMB O'sea Nigeria Ltd and Seacon Nigeria Ltd. The main export destination for Nigeria's cashew is India. Others are Vietnam, South Africa, U.K. and USA.

2.1.7 Trade agreements that include agriculture
Table 14 indicates that there are six major multilateral trade agreements that Nigeria has signed that have a significant agricultural component. These agreements cover the European Union, African Union, West African States, Africa, Caribbean and Pacific States and indeed, the United Nations. Table 14. Agricultural trade agreements S/N 1. 2. Agreements AGOA (African Growth Opportunity Act) Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAAPD) Lome Convention (Contonou Agreement) Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) World Trade Organisation (WTO) Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) Parties European Union African Union Year April 2004 2002

3. 4. 5. 6.

Africa, Caribbean April, 2003 and Pacific States West African May, 1975 States United Nations January 1, 1995 25 Nations 1971

2.2 Socio-economic Profile 2.2.1 Demographics
Nigeria’s current population is reported as 140 million (NPC, 2006). However, while this figure has been provided in the Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette of 2007, its proportional disaggregation based on gender, state and age was not provided. Subsequently, for a broader perspective on distribution of the population the 1991 census figures and their projections which are more readily available are used in this section. Table 15 shows that in 1991 the population was 88.9 million with a projected population of 146 million in 2005. Tables 16 and 17 indicate that males and females constitute about equal proportion of the population. The males make up 51% of the population while the females constitute the remaining 49%. Youths between the age bracket of 0-19 years comprise more than half of the total population with adults between 20 – 59 years and the elderly (60 years and above) constituting about 40% and 6% respectively (NBS, 2005).

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Table 15. Projected population of Nigeria by states State Base Year (1991 population) Abia Adamawa Akwa Ibom Anambra Bauchi Bayelsa Benue Borno Cross River Delta Ebonyi Edo Ekiti Enugu Gombe Imo Jigawa Kaduna Kano Katsina Kebbi Kogi Kwara Lagos Nassarawa Niger Ogun Ondo Osun Oyo Plateau 2,338,487 2,102,053 2,409,613 2,796,475 4,351,007 2,753,077 2,536,003 1,911,297 2,590,491 2,172,005 3,154,380 2,485,635 2,875,525 3,935,618 5,810,470 3,753,133 2,068,490 2,147,756 1,548,412 5,725,116 2,421,581 2,333,726 3,785,338 2,158,143 3,452,720 3,312,412 3,123,555 2,807,747 3,218,560 3,725,146 5,795,915 1,495,712 3,667,335 3,378,174 2,546,012 3,450,757 1,938,285 2,893,297 2,047,712 4,201,906 1,985,538 3,311,080 3,830,447 5,242,582 7,740,047 4,999,497 2,755,407 2,860,996 2,062,618 7,626,348 1,610,517 3,225,755 3,108,724 5,042,396 2,874,833 4,599,320 4,412,419 3,216,637 2,891,418 3,314,473 3,836,155 5,968,634 1,540,285 3,776,622 3,478,844 2,621,883 3,553,590 1,996,046 2,979,518 2,108,734 4,327,123 2,044,707 3,409,750 3,944,595 5,398,811 7,970,700 5,148,482 2,837,518 2,946,253 2,124,084 7,853,613 1,658,510 3,321,882 3,201,364 5,192,660 2,960,503 4,736,380 4,543,909 3,312,493 2,977,582 3,413,244 3,950,473 6,146,499 1,586,185 3,889,165 3,582,514 2,700,015 3,659,487 2,055,529 3,068,307 2,171,574 4,456,071 2,105,639 3,511,361 4,062,144 5,559,696 8,208,227 5,301,907 2,922,076 3,034,052 2,187,381 8,087,650 1,707,934 3,420,874 3,296,764 5,347,401 3,048,726 4,877,524 4,679,317 3,411,205 3,066,314 3,514,959 4,068,197 6,329,665 1,633,453 4,005,062 3,689,272 2,780,476 3,768,539 2,116,783 3,159,743 2,236,287 4,588,862 2,168,387 3,615,999 4,183,196 5,725,375 8,452,832 5,459,903 3,009,154 3,124,466 2,252,565 8,328,662 1,758,830 3,522,817 3,395,008 5,506,754 3,139,578 5,022,874 4,818,761 3,512,859 3,157,690 3,619,704 4,189,429 6,518,289 1,682,130 4,124,413 3,799,213 2,863,334 3,880,842 2,179,863 3,253,903 2,302,928 4,725,610 2,233,005 3,723,756 4,307,855 5,895,991 8,704,727 5,622,609 3,098,826 3,217,575 2,319,692 8,576,857 1,811,243 3,627,796 3,496,179 5,670,855 3,233,137 5,172,556 4,962,360 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

69

Rivers Sokoto Taraba Yobe Zamfara FCT TOTAL

4,309,557 4,470,176 1,512,163 1,399,687 371,674

5,740,701 5,954,660 2,014,331 1,864,503 2,764,185 495,102

5,911,774 6,132,109 2,074,358 1,920,065 2,846,558 509,856

6,087,945 6,314,845 2,136,174 1,977,283 2,931,385 525,049

6,269,366 6,503,028 2,199,832 2,036,206 3,018,740 540,696

6,456,193 6,696,818 2,265,387 2,096,885 3,108,699 556,809

88,992,220 130,412,118 134,298,399 138,300,491 142,421,846 146,666,017 Source: National Bureau of Statistics, 2006 Table 16. 1991 Population distribution in Nigeria by age and sex

Age group 0–4 5–9 10 – 14 15 – 19 20 – 24 25 – 29 30 – 34 35 – 39 40 – 44 45 – 49 50 – 54 55 – 59 60 – 64 65 – 69 70 – 74 75 – 79 80 – 84 85 + TOTAL

Males 7, 344, 454 7, 374 ,314 5, 812, 538 4, 528, 811 3, 314, 303 3, 304, 739 2, 808, 629 2, 206, 871 1, 971, 197 1, 355, 101 1, 388, 650 638, 375 898, 801 408, 540 492, 186 195, 455 258, 059 230, 585 44, 531, 608

In % 16.5 16.6 13.1 10.2 7.4 7.4 6.3 5.0 4.4 3.0 3.1 1.4 2.0 0.9 1.1 0.4 0.6 0.5 100.0

Females 6, 999, 435 7, 126, 144 5, 336, 143 4, 806, 977 4, 357, 267 4, 006, 932 3, 105, 298 2, 008, 062 1, 874, 721 1, 061, 602 1, 182, 149 481, 394 791, 573 387, 400 394, 116 156, 368 222, 627 194, 404 44, 492, 612

In % 15.7 16.0 12.0 10.8 9.8 9.0 7.0 4.5 4.2 2.4 2.7 1.1 1.8 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.4 100.0

Both sexes 14, 343, 889 14, 500, 458 11,148, 681 9, 335, 788 7, 671, 570 7, 311, 671 5, 913, 927 4, 214, 933 3, 845, 918 2, 416, 703 2, 570, 799 1, 119, 769 1, 690, 374 703, 040 886, 302 351, 823 480, 686 426, 989 88, 931, 320

In % 16.1 16.3 12.5 10.5 8.6 8.2 6.6 4.7 4.3 2.7 2.9 1.3 1.9 0.8 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.5 100.0

Source: National Population Commission HQTRS, Abuja in National Bureau of Statistics, Social Statistics in Nigeria, 2005

70

Table 17. 2005 Projected population distribution in Nigeria by age and sex Age group 0–4 5–9 10 – 14 15 – 19 20 – 24 25 – 29 30 – 34 35 – 39 40 – 44 45 – 49 50 – 54 55 – 59 60 – 64 65 – 69 70 – 74 75 – 79 80 – 84 85 + TOTAL Males 10,981,454 11,026,101 8,690,928 6,771,495 4,955,558 4,941,258 4,199,472 3,299,721 2,947,341 2,026,152 2,076,314 954,501 1,343,891 610,850 735,918 292,245 385,851 344,772 66,583,821 In % 16.5 16.6 13.1 10.2 7.4 7.4 6.3 5.0 4.4 3.0 3.1 1.4 2.0 0.9 1.1 0.4 0.6 0.5 100 Females 10,465,581 10,655,036 7,978,620 7,187,409 6,515,001 5,991,179 4,643,053 3,002,462 2,803,090 1,587,311 1,767,553 719,782 1,183,563 579,242 589,284 233,802 332,873 290,674 66,525,514 In % 15.7 16.0 12.0 10.8 9.8 9.0 7.0 4.5 4.2 2.4 2.7 1.1 1.8 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.4 100 Both sexes 21,447,035 21,681,137 16,669,548 13,958,904 11,470,559 10,932,437 8,842,525 6,302,183 5,750,430 3,613,463 3,843,868 1,674,283 2,527,453 1,190,092 1,325,202 526,047 718,723 635,445 133,109,335 In % 16.1 16.3 12.5 10.5 8.6 8.2 6.6 4.7 4.3 2.7 2.9 1.3 1.9 0.8 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.5 100.0

Source: National Population Commission HQTRS, Abuja in National Bureau of Statistics, Social Statistics in Nigeria, 2005

2.2.2 Literacy level and languages
Nigeria has over 250 ethnic groups. However, the predominant groups are Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 20 %, Igbo (Ibo) 20%, Ijaw 6.5 %, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5 %, and Tiv 2.5% (http://www.nipost.gov.ng). The official language of Nigeria is English although most Nigerians communicate with each other through indigenous languages predominant in the particular state. Hausa is predominantly used in northern Nigeria, Yoruba in south western Nigeria and Igbo in Eastern Nigeria. Literacy is used here as the ability of individuals 15 years and above to read and write. By this definition, in 2003 Nigeria was estimated to have a literacy rate of 68% for the population with the males having 75.7% literacy and the females recording 60.6% literacy (The World Factbook, 2007).

71

Table 18. Ability to read and write English Language by sector Yes 66.77 39.94 52.10 Source: Poverty Profile, 2004 No 33.33 60.06 47.90 Total 100.00 100.00 100.00

Urban Rural Total

Apart from the observed variation between gender in literacy rate, there is also literacy differential between those in rural and urban areas. Table 18 indicates that more Nigerians who reside in urban areas (66.77%) are literate than those in rural areas (39.94) (Poverty Profile, 2004). Availability and access to educational infrastructure and other facilities may be responsible for this difference.

2.2.3 Access to services
Table 19 shows general indicators of access to services in Nigeria. The table indicates that in 2003, 42% of Nigerians had access to safe water while the net primary school enrolment was 60.1% (NDHS, 2003). However, a survey of households in 2006 indicated that streams, ponds and rivers were the predominant sources of drinking and cooking water (30.4%) followed by borehole/hand pumps (24.6%) (Table 25). The survey indeed corroborates the findings of Table 19 as it also shows that about 42% of Nigerians could be regarded as having access to safe water. Table 19. Social indicators of Nigeria 1999 2003 1. Under-five mortality rate 168/1000 201/1000 2. Under-five mortality rate (Urban) 129/1000 3. Under-five mortality rate (Rural) 192/1000 4. Infant mortality rate 90/1000 100/1000 5. Stunting prevalence 30.0% 38.0% 6. Accessible to safe water 54.2% 42.0% 7. Literacy Rate 52.7% 60.4% 8. Contraceptive prevalence 8.6% 13.0% 9. Net primary school enrolment rate 56.8% 60.1% 10. Maternal mortality rate 704/100,000 11. Maternal mortality rate (Urban) 351/100,00 12. Maternal mortality rate (Rural) 828/100,000 13. Total fertility rate 5.2 5.7 Source: Combination of NDHS, MICS 1999, NDHS 2003, (NpopC) in Poverty Profile 2004 Pertaining to health facilities, Table 20 points to the fact that Nigeria has primary, secondary and tertiary health care facilities. In 2004, there were 23,641 health care facilities. Approximately 86% of these facilities were primary health care facilities while 13.97% and 0.25% were secondary and tertiary health care facilities respectively (Federal Ministry of Health, 2004). Also a majority of the health care facilities (61.78%) were owned by public or government agencies.

72

Table 20. Health facilities by ownership 2004 PHC SEC TERT State PUB PRV PUB PRV PUB PRV Abia 221 500 12 13 2 0 Adamawa 232 86 14 0 1 0 Akwa Ibom 344 1 45 148 1 0 Anambra 167 125 35 533 2 0 Bauchi 648 2 17 1 0 Bayelsa 142 10 6 1 0 Benue 531 583 20 35 1 0 Borno 388 13 34 17 2 0 C/River 406 72 21 43 2 0 Delta 259 248 25 11 1 0 Ebonyi 30 6 17 44 2 0 Edo 254 63 34 315 4 0 Ekiti 152 93 15 18 1 0 Enugu 176 327 10 200 3 0 Gombe 197 34 13 2 `1 0 Imo 220 368 14 302 1 0 Jigawa 412 0 11 0 1 0 Kaduna 719 1 1 0 1 0 Kano 637 0 27 15 2 0 Katsina 719 1 1 0 1 0 Kebbi 529 2 14 24 1 0 Kogi 722 10 83 88 1 0 Kwara 329 173 41 22 1 0 Lagos 386 625 30 164 4 0 Nassarawa 329 354 8 19 2 0 Niger 718 104 18 17 1 0 Ogun 397 131 52 88 3 0 Osun 467 202 53 129 2 0 Oyo 501 746 19 6 1 1 Plateau 471 436 29 11 1 0 Rivers 260 368 31 10 1 0 Sokoto 359 32 12 3 2 0 Taraba 413 194 2 1 1 0 Yobe 249 4 11 0 1 0 Zamfara 294 0 24 10 1 0 FCT 0 223 8 2 2 0 Grand 13703 6575 845 2458 59 1 Total Source: Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja in Poverty Profile, 2004
Key PRV = Private PUB = Public PHC = Public Health Care Sec = Secondary Health Care TERT = Tertiary Health Care TOT = Total

TOT PUB PRV 235 513 247 86 390 149 204 658 666 2 153 6 552 618 424 30 429 115 285 259 49 50 292 378 168 111 189 527 211 36 235 670 424 0 721 1 666 15 721 1 544 26 806 98 371 195 420 789 339 373 737 121 452 219 522 331 521 753 501 447 292 378 373 35 416 195 261 4 319 10 10 225 14607 9034

73

Tables 21 to 24 indicate that there has been a steady increase both in the number of primary schools, secondary schools, polytechnics and universities in Nigeria as well as the number of pupils/students enrolled in them. Generally, more males than females are enrolled in these institutions. For instance, in 2002, 3,713,854 males compared to 2,578,310 females were enrolled in secondary schools (Table22). Table 21. National summary of primary school statistics - 2001-2005 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Total schools 49,306 51,870 59,174 50,741 50,741 Total 19,263,534 19,861,681 25,772,044 20,037,480 20,951,818 enrolment Total male 10,805,722 11,070,610 14,433,764 11,141,614 11,712,479 enrolment Total female 8,457,812 8,791,072 11,338,280 8,895,866 9,239,339 enrolment Total 487,303 491,751 591,041 599,212 594,192 teachers Total male 0 0 0 295,121 293,286 teachers Total female 0 0 0 304,091 300,906 teachers Total class 80,515 110,889 139,098 193,096 193,096 rooms Teacher/Pupil 40 40 44 33 35 ratio Source: Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC), Abuja in NBS, 2005

Table 22. National summary of secondary school statistics - 2001-2005 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Total schools 6,319 6,305 9,221 10,913 11,010 Total 5,528,384 6,292,164 1,171,304 5,388,734 5,422,611 enrolment Total male 3,241,566 3,713,864 4,063,475 3,077,911 3,079,832 enrolment Total female 2,286,818 2,578,310 3,107,829 2,310,823 2,342,779 enrolment Total 143,315 163,348 180,278 154,021 156,635 teachers Total male 0 0 0 0 0 teachers Total female 0 0 0 0 0 teachers Total class 124,229 148,119 203,922 98,078 98,796 rooms Teacher/Pupil 38 39 40 35 35 ratio Source: Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC), Abuja in NBS, 2005

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Table 23. National summary of poly/monotechnic statistics - 2001-2005 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Total 163 172 176 178 178 institutions Total 348,016 518,421 521,889 577,327 237,708 enrolment Total male 0 0 0 0 0 enrolment Total female 0 0 0 0 0 enrolment Total 8,472 17,673 18,199 16,499 16,499 teachers Total male 0 0 0 0 0 teachers Total female 0 0 0 0 0 teachers Total 0 0 0 0 0 classrooms Teacher/Pupil 41 29 29 35 14 ratio Source: National Universities Commission, Headquarters, Abuja in NBS, 2005

Table 24. National summary of university statistics 2001-2005 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Total number 51 57 59 63 80 of universities Total 358,758 444,949 606,104 727,408 724,856 enrolment Total male 0 0 0 0 0 enrolment Total female 0 0 0 0 0 enrolment Total 18,867 18,426 22,046 23,871 23,535 teachers Total male 0 0 0 0 0 teachers Total female 0 0 0 0 0 teachers Total class 0 0 0 0 0 rooms Teacher/Pupil 19 24 27 30 31 ratio Source: National Universities Commission, Headquarters, Abuja in NBS, 2005

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Table 25. Percentage distribution of households in Nigeria by major sourcesof drinking and cooking water Pipe borne Pipe borne Borehole/ water water Hand treated untreated pump 12.7% 4.5% 24.6% Well/ Spring protected 7.7% Well/ Spring unprotd 17.4% Rain water Streams/P onds/Rive rs 30.4% Others

3.1%

1.2%

Source: NBS/CBN, Socioeconomic Survey of Nigeria, NBS, Abuja, 2006

Electricity supply in Nigeria is basically erratic with frequent power cuts. Nigeria produced and consumed 19.06 billion and 17.1 billion kWh of electricity respectively in 2004 (World Factbook, 2007). Its sources of production in 2001 were fossil fuel (61.9%) and hydro fuel (38.1%) (The World Factbook, 2007). Electricity generation and distribution has defied several interventions by various governments. Improving on this basic service to the Nigerian populace will go a long way in ameliorating hardships experienced by Nigerians. It could be concluded that while some basic services are available to a proportion of Nigeria, differential access was observed for gender and location.

2.2.4 Rural-urban drift
Rural-urban drift or migration is not a new phenomenon in Nigeria. The classification of urban and rural communities is usually based on the population of the community or level of infrastructural development. Initially, this classification was based on a population of 5000. However, this baseline figure was changed to 20,000 in 1952 (Okali et al., 2001). Consequently, over 2500 communities in Nigerian were reclassified. The distinction between rural and urban community dichotomy is becoming blurred for reasons of perception about the status of a community as well as the creation of states in Nigeria. The creation of states, suddenly transformed communities that were originally regarded as rural to urban communities, once they became headquarters of local government areas. Other reasons for rural-urban migration included inequality of opportunities for economic advancement, neglect of the infrastructural base of rural areas as well as shortage of farm land. While rural-tourban migration is the usual pattern, there is growing evidence that urban to rural migration is on the increase in Nigeria. This migration includes not only the retired people who formed the majority of earlier return migrants but also younger people (Okali et al, 2001). In addition to these two observed patterns of interaction, there is also rural to rural migration which is largely due to seasonality of labour requirements of some activities as well as shortage of farmland.

2.3 Media and Telecommunications 2.3.1 Newspapers, periodicals and broadcast media
Nigeria has numerous daily newspapers, monthly magazines, radio and television stations. According to a compilation by the Nigerian Press Council (2007), Nigeria has at least 213 newspapers of which 191 are privately owned while 22 are owned by governments (Table 26). Some of these newspapers such as the Guardian have agricultural columns on specific days of the week. Similarly, there are 90 magazines
76

of which a majority (84) is owned by private enterprises and 6 are government owned. Table 26 also shows most of the broadcast stations are owned by government agencies. Specifically, data obtained from the National Broadcasting Commission (2007) indicate that of the 96 radio stations, 79 are owned by either state or federal governments while 17 are privately owned. The same pattern is exhibited in the ownership of television stations. There are 62 television stations with 48 being owned by state/federal governments and 14 privately owned. Nigeria also has 36 cable television stations and 2 direct satellite stations. The National Broadcasting Commission (NBC) is the regulatory agency for the broadcast industry in Nigeria The vast number of print and broadcast media in Nigeria therefore presents ample opportunities for disseminating agricultural and rural development messages to Nigerians. Indeed, some radio and television stations already broadcast such messages to the Nigerian people. Table 26. Nigerian

magazines/newspapers according to states
Abia State Newspapers

1. 2.

Lumen National Ambassador

Private Governme nt

Weekly Daily (MondayFriday)

Catholic Diocese of Umuahia P.O. 99 Umuahia Abia Newspaper and publishing Cooperation. Nnamdi Azikiwe Secretariat Way Govt. New Station Layout P.M.B 7245, Umuahia Abianewpapers@yahoo.com

Tel: 23488220364 234803695578 2348035071398 2348045228009

Abia State Magazines
3 The Independent Voice Private Weekly Independent Voice Communications 107, Falolu Road, Surulere, Off Akerele Bus Stop, Lagos Independentvoice01yahoo.com Ronka Press Services (WA) Ltd

4

Ohafia Forum

Private

Weekly

Abuja Newspapers
5 Assembly Post Private Weekly No. 9, Plot 855 Oshogbo Close, Off Tafawa Balewa Way, Opp Le Meridien, Area II Garki, Abuja Assemblyposting@yahoo.com Abuja Free Press Ltd., 8A Umuoza Close Off Ladoke Akintola Boulevard, Garki, Abuja. Website: www.leadership Nigeria.com e-mail: leadershipnigeria@yahoo.com Newsweek Publication Ltd. Suite 304, His Glory Plaza,
77

6

The Leadership

Private

Weekly

234093147273 2348083712405 7 Fax: 234092341705 Tel: 234092345055 Fax: 234092345360

7

Abuja Newsweek

Private

Weekly

8

Abuja Today

Private

Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Weekly

9

The Abuja Inquirer

Private

10

Abuja Tempo

Private

11

The Star

Private

Weekly

12

The Times

Private

Weekly

13

The People’s Mandate Agribusiness Today

Private

Weekly

14

Private

Weekly

15

16

Federal Tenders Journal Abuja Newsweek

Governme nt Private

Monthly

Weekly

Adetokunbo Ademola Crescent, Wuse II Zone B Shopping Complex, Legislative Quarters Apo Gudu District. e-mail: abujatoday@yahoo.com Gazetta Communication Ltd. Plot 1707, Jos Street, Garki, Area 3, Abuja Theenquirerabuja@yahoo.co.uk Printed and published by Star Company Ltd, Suite 40 Mongal Plaza, Area II, Garki E-mail: Star-2005@yahoo.com Printed and published by Star Company Ltd, Suite 40 Mongal Plaza, Area II, Garki E-mail: Star-2005@yahoo.com Published by Times Media Company Suite 40 Mongal Plaza Area II Garki. Potential Development Ltd., Suit 40, Area 7 Cornershop, P.O. Box 9606, Garki Green Land Agro Consultant Ltd. APC Plaza Near Pioneer Hotel Off IBB way zone 4, P.O. Box 6931, Wuse e-mail: agribusinesstoday@yahoo.com E-mail: Enquiries@federaltendersjournal. info Newsweek Publication Ltd, Suite 304, His Glory Plaza, Adetokunbo Ademola Crescent Behind Standard Trust Bank Wuse II E-mail: newsweek1989@yahoo.com

Tel/Fax: 234092344757 2348033027995 23480347739

23480347739

2340923470905 2348027938347 2348036938155 234096710507 2348037865862 2348023608678 2348042154600

234092346355 2348033044545 2348035879194 Tel/Fax: 234095238592 23092220066

Abuja Magazines
17 Nigerian News World Private Weekly Publisher Dom Communication, 7 Banako Close, Zone 1, Wuse Abuja, E-mail: newsworld@newsworld.com Blunkbutfir@yahoo.com Website: www.nigeiranewsworld.com Ahmadu Bello Way, Apo Abuja e-mail: apoapartment@yahoo.com Website: www.proteahotel.com/apoapartm
78

Tel: 234095231650

18

Abuja Newsweek

Private

Weekly

Tel: 23409231123/4/ 5 Fax: 234092311027

ent

Adamawa State Newspapers
19 The Scope Private Daily (MondayFriday) Monthly Adamawa Press Limited, P.M.B 2280, Off Yola Road, Yola, E-mail: thescopenews@yahoo.co.uk News Now Communications Ltd., Sabon Dale complex, No. 2 Mohammed Mustapha Way, P.O. Box 1015, Jimeta – Yola e-mail: newsnowyola2000@yahoo.com Makwada Square Numan Adamawa State. 234075624211

20

News Now Published Monthly (Magazines)

Private

234075627651 2348035608798 2348036508541 2348032078077

21

Burto (Monthly Magazine)

Private

Monthly

Akwa Ibom State Newspapers
22 Pioneer Governme nt Daily (MondayFriday) Akwa-Ibom Newspaper Corporation Information Drive, Off Babangida Avenue LAGOS OFFICE 14 Ajose Adeogun Street, Victoria Island, Lagos ABUJA OFFICE Akwa-Ibom House, Plot 816, Ahmadu Bellow Way, Abuja FCT, P.M.B 1029 Uyo E-mail: pioneer newspaper AKNC@yahoo.com Fax/Tel: 234805203593 2340126101152 23401610115 23401613487

Anambra State Newspapers
23 Anambra News Private Daily (MondayFriday) Dokart Furniture Plaza, Km 10 Old Onitsha/Enugu Road Nkwelle Ogidi, P.O. Box 94 Ikenga Ogidi E-mail: anambranews2003@yaho.com Anambra Newspapers and Printing Corporation Former College of Education Permanent Site. P.M.B 5096 Awka 234046611154

24

National Light

Governme nt

Daily (MondayFriday)

234048553218 234048553219

Bayelsa State Newspapers
25 Delta Herald Private Daily (MondayFriday) Du-fran Communications 3, Over Comers Lane, Off Imgbi Road, Yenogoa, Bayelsa State RIVERS STATE OFFICE 29, Ikwerre Road, Mile 1 Dioubu, P.O. Box 12256, Port-Harcourt. E-mail: nigdeltaHerald@yahoo.com Harvey Global Communication
79

2348037106268 2348037442030

26

Izon Link

Private

Weekly

2348033651149

27

Independent Recorder

Private

Weekly

28

The Image

Private

Weekly

29 30

Dialogue The Light

Private Private

Weekly Weekly

31

Weekly Source

Private

Weekly

32

State Graphics Environment Watch

Private

Weekly

33

Private

Weekly

34

The Civilian

Private

Weekly

35

The Dispatch

Private

Weekly

36

The Advocate

Private

Weekly

Limited, 7 Azikoro Road, P.O. Box 1025, Ekeki, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State. E-mail: Izonlinknews2000@yahoo.com Ladein Communications Co. P.O. Box 1028 Yenagoa, Bayelsa State. RIVERS STATE OFFICE: California Estate Marine Base, P.H. Delta State Office Ekise Quarters Patani Town E-mail: ladeincommunication@yahoo.co m. Image Publications New Azikoro Road, Yenagoa, Bayelsa state. LAGOS OFFICE 2 Ademola Street, Off Adisa Akinloye Street, Ketu E-mail: imagenews@justice.com Newsright Publications, Communication House, Dangolo Jobokab Limited, 1, Overcomers Lane, Off Punch Road, Amarata, Yenagoa, Bayelsa state. E-mail: light2004info@yahoo.com Media Global Links in collaboration with Biekuro Memorial Foundation, NUJ Press Centre, Capt. Amagaba Road, opposite Police Headquarters, Yenogoa, Bayelsa State Garoda Publicity 23 Capt., Amangala Street, Yenagoa Environment Watch Communications Yenagoa Mbiama Road, Ekeki Yenagoa, Port Harcourt Office: 12A Azikwe Street, Mile 3 Diobu Port Harcourt Dei Communication (RC.073487) Old Azikoro Road, Opposite Shell Schools, Okaka, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State Crops Multi-Media, Opposite Sunku Supermarket, Azikoro Road, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State., Tuesday N. Ebiowei and Associates NUJ Press Centre, Capt. Amagala Road, Off Police
80

WARRI BRANCH 2348033651149

2348035088766 2348038825088

2348038964031 2348036775038

2348037509913 2348037428555

2348039491138

234807059117 2348037156620 2348037912495 234089490807 234089490830 234084483981 2348035723570 2348063339989

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37

Banners News

Private

Weekly

38

National Investigation

Private

Weekly

39

The Atlantic Express

Private

Weekly

40

The Moment

Private

Daily (MondayFriday) Weekly

41

Golden Pen

Private

42

New Waves

Governme nt Private

Weekly

43

Creek News Weekly News Net

Weekly

44

Private

Weekly

45

The Public Eye

Private

Weekly

46

The Reflection

Private

Weekly

H/QTRS Road, Yenagoa. E-mail: advocatenewapepr@yahoo.com Banner Printing and Publishing Company, Opp. Ekeki Motor Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, River State Office: 26, Urualla Street, P.O. Box 710, Port Harcourt E-mail: editor@bannernewsinfo Website: http://www.banner/news.info. Eastari Communications Limited, Domo House, Wetland Road, Behind Palen Clinic, Ekeki Epie, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State. Atlantic Express Printing and Publishing Company Ltd. (RC 427999) Old Azikoro Road Off Okaka Junction, P.O. Box 320, Yenagoa Bayelsa State. E-mail: theatlanticexpress@yahoo.com The Moment Communications Kpanisa-Epie Yenagoa, Bayelsa State. E-mail: miketayese@yahoo.com Goodman Communication Nigeria. 1 Arietalin Road, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State. Bayelsa State Newspaper Corporation, Yenagoa, E-mail: nwavesng@yahoo.com Creek News Communications, Yenagoa, E-mail: creeknews2004@yahoo.com Indof Enterprises Behind ICIMS Palace Hotel Onopa, Yenagoa Bayelsa State. E-mail: indof4love@yahoo.com. Magnbodo Communications Behind EBI Mechanic Amarata Yenagoa Bayelsa State. E-mail: thepubliceye2004@yahoo.com Divine Communications, 211, Mbiama/Yenagoa Road, Opposite House of Assembly complex Amarata, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State. Email:stevereflections@yahoo.co m Or Stevereflectionsnews@hotmail.c
81

2348032928124 2348032715754 2348035430637 2348036773253

2348036779788 2348030858898

2348036677689 4 2348035411835 234089490339

2348055074062 2348037474115

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47

Izon Apia

Private

Weekly

48

Niger Delta Society

Private

Weekly

om Dynamic Communication Igbogene Town Yenagoa, Bayelsa State. Sido Street, Warri, Delta state Email: ironapia@yahoo.com Dora Aghain Ltd., 9B, Eastern Bye-pass Ogbnabali, Port Harcourt, 23, Amangala Street, NUJ Office Ovom, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State. E-mail: nigerdeltasociety@yaho.com

2348043147414

2348036745759

Benue State Newspapers
49 50 The X-ray The Sentinel Private Private Weekly Weekly No. 9, Benue Street, Otukpo, Benue state 62, Old Otukpo Road, P.O. Box 1526, High Level, Makurdi, Benue State. E-mail: primenetechologies@yahoo.com Benue Printing and Publishing Corporation, No. 1, Jonahjang Crescent, P,M.B. 102365 The Spark No. 29, Railway Bypass, High Level Makurdi, E-mail: thesparknewspaper@yahoo.co.u k Sky Communication GP 333 Avenue Lobi Quarters, Makurdi, E-Mail: benueweekend@yahoo.com 2348055335554 234044534823 Fax: 234044534564

51

The Voice

Private

Weekly

234044532875 23404453592 2348063502715 2348045169265

52

The Spark

Private

Weekly

53

Benue Weekend

Private

Weekly

2348026070926

Benue State Magazines
54 55 SCAN The Target Private Private Monthly Monthly Scan Business Ventures 841, Benue Crescent, Benue State. No. 35, New Garage Makurdi, Benue state. E-mail: targetintenational@yahoo.com. 2348043171211 2348043371482 2348059272709

Delta State Newspapers
56 Sunday Pointer Governme nt Weekly Delta Printing & Publishing Company Ltd., 278, Nnebisi Road, Asaba, Delta state. P.M.B. 95061 E-mail: pointerdppcl@yahoo.com Delta Printing & Publishing Company Ltd., 278, Nnebisi Road, Asaba, Delta state. P.M.B. 95061 E-mail: pointerdppcl@yahoo.com
82

234056280921 Fax: 234056280921

57

Daily Pointer

Governme nt

Daily (MondayFriday)

234056280921 Fax: 234056280921

58

Weekend Pointer

Governme nt

Weekly

59

Niger Delta Standard

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

60

The Urhobo Voice

Private

Weekly

Delta Printing & Publishing Company Ltd., 278, Nnebisi Road, Asaba, Delta state. P.M.B. 95061 E-mail: pointerdppcl@yahoo.com 1st Floor Isokeh Plaza, 3, Effurun/Sapele Road, P.M.B. 4, Effurun, Warri, Delta state E-mail: editor@nigerdeltastandard.com. Uvoh Amroma International Ltd. 15 Effurun/Sapele Road, Opp. Mobil Filling Station, Enerhen Junction, Effurun, Warri, E-mail: uvonhamromah2003@yahoo.co m

234056280921 Fax: 234056280921

234053251373 Fax: 234-053251373 2348035741731

Edo State Newspapers
61 Afemai Voice Private Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Numo Ventures (Nig) Ltd. No. 107, Igbehe Road, Auchi, Edo State. E-mail: afernaivoice@yahoo.com NEO Dream Communications, 33, 1st Akugbe Lane, Off Siluko Road, Benin City E-mail: edotimes@yahoo.com Merit Media Network. Merit Newspaper, 63, Uselu Lagos Road (2nd floor) Benin City, Edo State Savic Torina Enterprises NUJ Press Centre, GRA Box 7400, Benin City, Edo State E-mail: the catalyst1977@yahoo.com Edonelson Communications Limited, 21, Upper Sakpoba Road, Benin City, Edo state Buy Sell Hold Limited, 12, Aimure Avenue, Off Boundary/Ihama Roads, Opp. Ebenezer, Private Schools, GRA, Benin City Bendel Newspapers Company Limited, 24, Airport Road P.M.B 1334, Benin City. E-mail: nigerianobserver@yahoo.com Website: http://www.the/nigerianobservern ews.com Bendel Newspapers Company Limited, 24, Airport Road P.M.B 1334, Benin City.
83

234057200509 2348045056556 2348045056557 2348035818262 2348055966520

62

Edo Times

Private

63

Merit

Private

2348025349111 2348024638011 2348035763052 2348028806965 2348057430196

64

The Catalyst

Private

65

66

The Community Trumpet Newspaper The National Enquirer

Private

Weekly

2348028804898 2348055516062 2348027443485 2348023169656 2348033005517

Private

Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday)

67

The Nigerian Observer

Private

234052257492 234052257531

68

The Sunday Observer

Private

Weekly

234052257492 234052257531

69

The Weekend Observer

Private

Weekly

E-mail: nigerianobserver@yahoo.com Website: http://www.the/nigerianobservern ews.com Bendel Newspapers Company Limited, 24, Airport Road P.M.B 1334, Benin City. E-mail: nigerianobserver@yahoo.com Website: http://www.the/nigerianobservern ews.com

234052257492 234052257531

Edo State Magazines
70 Edo National Private Weekly NEO Dream Communications Ventures 33, 1st Akugbe Lane, Off Siluko Road Benin City E-mail: edonationalmag@yahoo.ocm Esan Magazine 19, Ikpokpan Street, GRA, Benin City. Website: www.Easnyouthmovemtn.org. Faith Family Communications Company, P.O. Box 5027,, Benin City, Edo state. E-mail: homerelationships@yahoo.com Catholic Charismatic Renewal Fellowship of Benin Cathedral, 53, Mission Road, P.O. Box 7035, Benin City, Edo State E-mail: ccr@uniben.edu Website: http//ccr-benbenin.faithweb.com 2348035818626 2348055966520

71

Esan Magazine

Private

Weekly

2348023397701 2348056609005

72

Family Relationship

Private

Monthly

2348037258581 2348037122600 2348037230066

73

The Saviour

Private

Weekly

Ekiti State Newspapers
74 Ekiti Now Private Weekly Fountain Newspapers and Publishing Company, KLM 4 Iworoko Ado Ekiti (Head Office) The Contact Communication Ltd., KLM 4, Iworoko Ado Ekiti (Head Office) Ile-Ise Kayegbo Communications, 17 Bdegbotega Street, Araromi Quarters, Suite 12, Christ Shopping Centre, Adebayo Estate, Ado Ekiti. 2348037116114

75

The National Contact Kategbo Express

Private

Weekly

2348036430857

76

Private

Weekly

2348032189284

Enugu State Newspapers
77 Daily Star Governme Daily Enugu State Printing and
84

234042253594

nt

(MondayFriday)

78

The Flame

Private

Weekly

79

The Pilgrim

Private

Weekly

80

The Republican

Private

Weekly

81

Independent Summit

Private

Weekly

Publishing Corporation, No 9, Works Road, PMB 01139, Enugu, E-mail: dailystarenugu@yahoo.com Catholic Diocese of Enugu, P.O. Box 302 Ogui, Enugu. E-mail: ricktonny@yahoo.com Our Saviour Press Ltd, No 84, Agbami Road/Enugu-Ukwu Street, Uwani, Enugu. E-mail: editorpilgrimnews@yahoo.com The Republican Communications Ltd, No.5, Umuleri Street, Uwani, Enugu. Email:therepublicationng@yahoo.c om Independent Communications, 4, Edinburgh Street, Enugu, Enugu state

234042258037

234042255579

Gombe State Newspapers
82 The Royal Heritage (Monthly but now weekly) Gombe Today (Monthly paper has not been in circulation for about four months) Private Weekly Bube Shongo Road, (Beside Bima Medical Centre, Near All Saints College) Federal Low Cost, P.M.B 0140, Gombe state Published by Viewpoint Media Consultants Head Office: KM 35 Kaduna Road, Zaria, Gombe Office: Secretariat, Opposite Central Prison, Gombe E-mail: gombetoday@yahoo.com 234803465111 234803427918 Fax: 234072223230 2348045119135 234072223940

83

Private

Monthly

Gombe State Magazines
84 The Jewel News Publication Gombe State Population and Development Newsletter Governme nt Governme nt Monthly Ministry of Information and Social Development, P.M.B 33 Gombe Printed by Lyde S/Line Gombe 234072220230

85

Quarterly

2348036051040 2348028434134

Imo State Newspapers
86 The Statesman Private Daily (MondayFriday) Imo Newspapers Ltd., P.M.B. 1095, Egbu/Owerri Road, Imo state. E-mail: statesman@yahoo.com
85

234083230116

87

Sunday Statesman

Private

Weekly

88

National Question

Private

Weekly

89

Announcer Express

Private

Weekly

90

Nigeria Newspoint New Republic

Private

91

Private

Daily (MondayFriday) Weekly

Imo Newspapers Ltd. P.M.B 1095, Egbu, Owerri Road, Imo state. E-mail: statesman@yahoo.com Legacy Infortech Ltd, Plot 267 Opp. Nigeria Airways Ikenegbu Layout, Owerri – Imo state. Email:infoquestion60@yahoo.co.u k Announcer Newspapers (Nig) Ltd, 7 Mann Street, Owerri, Imo state. E-mail: announcernewspaper@yahoo.co m Newspoint Communications, 2 Njemanze Street, Amaigbo, Imo State New Republic Publications, 29 Orji Street, Amaigbo, Imo State. Editor: Ekwenche.com.kwenu.com

234083230116

Jigawa State Newspapers
92 Jigawa Today Jigawa State at 10 Jigawa News week News Letter Governme nt Governme nt Private Governme nt Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Weekly Monthly Ministry of Information and Office of the Special Adviser on Media Relations Ministry of Information and Office of the Special Adviser on Media Relations Alisbuku Ventures, No 7 Maje Road Hadeja Jigawa State Jigawa Today State Printing Press, Ministry of Information 234064721127 234064721456 234064721127 234064721456 23406420168 234064721127 234064721456

93

94 95

Kaduna State Newspapers
96 New Nigerian New Nigerian Weekly Desert Herald Private Daily (MondayFriday) Weekly New Nigerian Newspapers Ltd., Ahmadu Bellow Way, P.O. Box 254, Kaduna New Nigerian Newspapers Ltd., Ahmadu Bellow Way, P.O. Box 254, Kaduna No. 6, North Road, Red Cross Premises, Opp. NEPA Abakpa District Office E-mail: deherald2005@yahoo.com Media Trust Ltd., No. 6, Sullubawa Close, Off Katuru Road, Unguwan Sarki GRA, Kaduna. E-mail: dailytrust@yahoo.com.uk 234062244864 2340622452201 2340622133778 234062244864 2340622452201 2340622133778 234062211850

97

Private

98

Private

Weekly

99

Weekly Trust

Private

Weekly

234062245916 Fax 234062242496

86

100

Insight Weekly

Private

Weekly

101

Speak Weekly

Private

Weekly

102

103

Abuja Nationwide Express The Market

Governme nt Private

Weekly

Or letters@weeklytrust.com Funom Communication Ltd., B21 & 2 Sardanna Crescent, near Unit Hospital, Kaduna E-mail: nearimpresion2005@yahoo.com AZ 53, Maiduguri Road Kaduna, P.O. Box 6750, Kaduna E-mail: speaknews2002@yahoo.com NUJ Press Centre Kaduna

234062244596 2348023098082

2348036009787

2348035505574

Weekly

Cavalet Publication Ltd No. 3, Danladi Mande, Off Isah Mohammed Street, Gwamna Road, Kaduna

Kaduna State Vernacular Newspapers
104 105 Gaskiya Ta Fi Kwabo Sawaba Private Private Weekly Weekly New Nigerian Ltd. 234062213778 2348034507165 234062241701 234062231040 234069335148

106

Al-Mizan

Private

Weekly

E-mail: almizan80@hotmail.com

Kaduna State Magazines
107 African Major Magazine Private Monthly GMT Media: No 10 Dar Pharmacy Complex Sheku Laminu Avenue, Ungumar Rimi GRA, Kaduna. E-mail: majormagz@yahoo.com Ministry of Information Yakubu Gowon Way Kaduna C/o NUJ Press Centre, Kaduna New Global Media 20 Lagos Street, Kaduna Cavalet Publication Ltd No. 3, Danladi Mande, Off Isah Mohammed Street, Gwamna Road, Kaduna E-mail: themarket@yahoo.com. Funom Communication Ltd., B21 & 2 Sardanna Crescent, near Unit Hospital, Kaduna E-mail: nearimpresion2005@yahoo.com P. Dutsinma Street Tuduwada, P.O. Box 7275, Kaduna E-mail: lawleg@sknnet.com 234803550746 2348035880013 2348028264481 234062211365

108

109 110 111

Kaduna State Newscope Image News Magazine New Global Magazine The Market

Governme nt Private Private Private

Weekly

Monthly Weekly Weekly

112

New Impression

Private

Weekly

234062244596

113

The Lawmaker

Private

Weekly

2340622316880

87

Kaduna State Religious Publication
114 The Cross News Private Daily (MondayFriday) Catholic Media Centre, No. 13 Independent Way Kaduna

Kano State Newspapers
115 Daily Triumph Private Daily (MondayFriday) Triumph Publishing Ltd., Gidan Sa’adu Zungur Kano, Kano State. E-mail: editor@triumphnewspaper.com Website: www.trimphnewspaper.com. www.triumphnewspaper.com./we ekend 116 Weekend Triumph Private Weekly Triumph Publishing Ltd., Gidan Sa’adu Zungur Kano, Kano State. E-mail: editor@triumphnewspaper.com Website: www.trimphnewspaper.com. www.triumphnewspaper.com./we ekend Triumph Publishing Ltd., Gidan Sa’adu Zungur Kano, Kano State. E-mail: editor@triumphnewspaper.com Website: www.trimphnewspaper.com. www.triumphnewspaper.com./we ekend Triumph Publishing Ltd., Gidan Sa’adu Zungur Kano, Kano State. E-mail: editor@triumphnewspaper.com 234064630060 Fax: 234064630060 Tel: 234064630273 Fax: 234064630273 234064630060 Fax: 234064630060 Tel: 234064630273 Fax: 234064630273

117

Sunday Triumph

Private

Weekly

234064630060 Fax: 234064630060 Tel: 234064630273 Fax: 234064630273

118

Albishir (Hausa Publication)

Private

Weekly

234064630060

119

120

Alfijir (A Hausa publication with Arabic alphabets) Jamhuriya (A Hausa publication)

Private

Weekly

234064630273

Private

Weekly

Kamfanin Century Research and Communication Ltd. 2nd floor, Hadiza House, Zariya/Zoo Road, Jummat Mosque, Kano E-mail: jaridadala@yahoo.com

2340644402686 2340645261507

Kano State Magazines
121 The Courier Governme Weekly Ministry of Information, Internal
88

234064660122

nt 122 TIE Private Weekly

123

National Review Concern

Private

Weekly

124

Private

Weekly

Affairs, Youths, Sports and Culture, Kano State Asab Ideal Communications, Mahes Building Tarauni Market Road, Kano State, E-mail: asabic@hotmail.com Media Review Publication No. 1 Bompai Road, by Tafawa Balewa Road Kano. Century Research and Publications Ltd. E-mail: concernmagazines@hotmail.com

234064664716 234064660945

234064663635

234064663635

Katsina State Newspapers
125 Katsina Gazette (Monthly) Fitilar Katsina (Monthly) Humma (Hausa publication in Arabic alphabet) Governme nt Governme nt Governme nt Monthly Director of Information, Culture and Home Affairs Director of Information, Culture and Home Affairs Director of Information, Culture and Home Affairs 234065312531

126

Monthly

234065312531

127

Weekly

234065312531

Kebbi State Magazines
128 Kebbi Bulletin (Monthly) Transformati on (Periodical) Equity (weekly) Governme nt Monthly Kebbi State Ministry of Information, Youth, Sports and Culture, Birnin Kebbi PMB 1053, Birnin Kebbi P.M.B 1053, Birnin Kebbi 234068320184 234068320779

129

Private

Quarterly

234068320184 234068320779 234068320184 234068320779

130

Private

Weekly

131

Rural Forum

Private

Weekly

132

The Highlight

Private

Weekly

133

The Digest Magazine

Private

Monthly

134

Mujallar

Private

Monthly

Kebbi State Ministry of Information, Youth, Sports and Culture, Birnin Kebbi PMB 1053, Birnin Kebbi Kebbi State Ministry of Information, Youth, Sports and Culture, Birnin Kebbi PMB 1053, Birnin Kebbi Kebbi State Ministry of Information, Youth, Sports and Culture, Birnin Kebbi PMB 1053, Birnin Kebbi Cheerak House Ltd., No 6, Bayaua Road, Rafin Atiku Area, Birnin Kebbi, P.O. Box 313, Birnin Kebbi. E-mail: digestmagazine@yahoo.co.uk Turakin Masama, 10 Murtala

234068320184 234068320779

234-068320184 234-068320779 234068321068 2348036180376

234068321068

89

Anuri 135 Kebbi Times Private Monthly

Muhamed Way, Tudun Wada, Birnin Kebbi. Ango Advert. And Publishing Company, 10, Liman Zangina Road Nassarawa Birnin Kebbi, P.O. Box 178, Birnin Kebbi

2348036180376 2348036252659

Kogi State Newspapers
136 People’s Defender Sunrise Private Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Publicity Enterprises of Nig. No. 7 Lugard Road behind township Stadium, Lokoja Sunrise Communication 2348034932806

137

Private

2348065335338 2348036065618 234058227998 2348046124027 2348036172307 2348035605697 2348039669741 2348036495914

138

139

140

The Confluence Express The Mandate Newspaper Nigerian Prime

Private

Peoples Liberation Media Network Services Ltd. 64, IBB way opposite Moremi House Mission Zenith Enterprises, Shalom Business Centre, No. 177 M/M Way opposite Nitel, P.O. Box 530, Lokoja, Kogi State Lafflane Communication Ltd. 95, IBB way Lokoja, E-mail: okunland@yahoo.com Relink Publishers Ltd. RC No. 179650, 97m Muhammed Way, Lokoja 2 Uofa Road, P.M.B 1496, E-mail: tb@tradebankplc.com Website:www.tradebankplc.com Kogi Printing & Publishing Corporation, 21, Olu of Oworo Road, P.M.B. 1089, Lokoja E-mail: graphicsnewspaper@yahoo.com

Private

Private

141

Search Lite

Private

2348035026304 2348065301351 2348034533519

142

Kogi Affairs

Private

143

The Public

Private

144

The Graphic

Private

Fax: 2340310223532 Tel: 2340310220062 Fax: 234058220736 Tel: 234058220251 2348035989267

Kogi State Magazines
145 146 National Image Kogi Watch Government Private Weekly Weekly NUJ Press Centre Lokoja Auta Printing & Publishing Co. Ltd., No.2, CAC Road, Lokoja, Kogi State Easies Communication Ltd. State Town Planning Shopping Arcade, P.O. Box 711, Adanakolo 2348034360120 2378053014220 2348036210908 2348033914512

147

Kogi Express

Private

Weekly

Kwara State Newspapers
148 The Herald Government Daily Kwara State Printing & Publishing
90

2348033588585

(MondayFriday)

149

National Pilot

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

Corporation new Yidi Road, Ilorin Kwara State, P.M.B. 1369, Ilorin E-mail: theheraldnews@yahoo.com Mandate International Publications (Nig) Ltd., 38, Stadium (Dele Abubakar) Road, Ilorin, Kwara state. E-mail: nationalpilotnews@yahoo.com

2348033489034

Lagos State Newspapers
150 Newswatch Private National & Weekly Newswatch Communications Ltd., 3 Billings way, Oregun Industrial Estate Ikeja, PMB 21499 Ikeja Lagos Tell Communications Ltd, Plot 26, Kudirat Abiola Way, Oregun, P.M.B. 21749, Ikeja, Lagos E-mail: newsroom@tellng.com Website: www.telling.com Independent Communications Network Ltd., Press House, 27, Acme Road Agidingbi, Ikeja, P.M.B. 21531, Ikeja, Lagos E-mail: editorthenews@aol.com Sub-saharan Press Ltd., 23 Adeniyi Jones, P.O. Box 11333 Ikeja. E-mail: theweekmag@yahoo.com theweekmag@hotmail.com Insider Communications Ltd, Agidingbi, P.M.B. 21773, Ikeja E-mail: insiderweeklymagazine@yahoo.c om.uk Sifa Publication 13 Adeniyi Jakande Close Off Adeniran Ogunsanya Street, Surulere, Lagos Summit Publications 30 Emina Crescent, Off Toyin Street, Ikeja, Lagos. P.M.B 21302, Ikeja, Lagos. E-mail: source magazine@yahoo.com DOM Communication Ltd. No. 4, Ikosi Street, Off Oregun Road, Ikeja Lagos Media Techniques Nigeria Ltd, 15, Akingbola Street, Off Kudirat Abiola Road, Oregun B/stop,
91

Tel/Fax: 234014960950

151

Tell

Private

National & Weekly

234014932497 234014932498 234017747910

152

The News

Private

National & Weekly

Tel/Fax: 234014922499 234014922983 234014925373 Tel/Fax: 234017756204 234014335078 2348023103382 Fax: 234014967792 Tel: 234017730817 Fax: 234012221030 234015852455 234015452456 248037874430 234014960289

153

The Week

Private

National & Weekly

154

Insider

Private

Weekly

155

The Voice

Private

Weekly

156

The Source

Private

Weekly

157

158

Nigeria News World (News magazine) City People (weekly since 1996)

Private

Weekly

2340104816435

Private

Weekly

234014707452

159

(Society Magazine) Global Excellence (Human Interest)

Ikeja Lagos Private Weekly Global Excellence Communication, 6 Sanyaolu street, Abiola Way, Oregun Ikeja Lagos. P.O. Box 5488, GPO Marina Lagos. E-mail: excellenceglobal@yahoo.com Encomium Ventures Ltd, May 14, House 23, Thomas Salako street, Off Ogba-Ijaiye Road, P.O. Box 14514 Ovation International Ltd., 15 Adekunle Fajuyi Crescent, Off Olufemi Olutoye Crescent, Ikeja, Lagos. London Office: Suite 224, Wickham House, 10/12, Cleverland Way, London E1 $ TR E-mail: info@ovationinternational.com Treasure-gate Communications Ltd., 48 Odusanmi Street, Off Wmepco Road, Ogbo Box 17183, Ikeja E-mail: publishertp@yahoo.co uk. True Tales Publication Ltd 2/4 Aromolaran Close, Off Shofola Street Ojodu Estate, Lagos. Kelani Links International P.O. Box 8045 Ikeja Lagos. E-mail: successrecipe@yahoo.co.uk Union Publication, 82, Demuring Street (opposite Mr. Biggs) Ketu Lagos. E-Mail: unionpub@yahoo.com Danesh Business Ventures. Email;laryyom2001@yahoo.com. Fame Publications Ltd, 16, Elewura Street Wemabod Estate. P.O. Box 14973, Ikeja Lagos. E-mail: fameweekly@hotmail.com Soul Publications Ltd, 42, Olowu Street, Ikeja, Lagos Forever Magazine 12, Olanrewaju Street, Off Oregun Road, Ikeja, Lagos. E-mail: forevermago5@yahoo.com. Sonia Publication Ltd, 55 Raymond Njoku Street, Off Awolowo Road, South-West,
92

234014707452

160

161

Encomium (weekly every Thursday) Ovation

Private

Weekly

234014705675

Private

National & Weekly

234012882332 234014936394/ 5 01717902424 0430681684

162

Treasure People and Life (bimonthly) Hints

Private

Bi-monthly

2348033150547

163

Private

Weekly

234014733178

164

165

Success Recipe (bimonthly) Single and Married (Monthly) Sweet Heart Fame

Private

Bi-monthly

234018951771

Private

Bi-monthly

2348034043853

166 167

Private Private

Weekly Weekly

2348028997384 234014961080

166 167

Hearts Forever

Private Private

Weekly Weekly

234014972964 234014977164

168

Geneviev

Private

Weekly

234012695867 2348033257606 2348023010473

169

Life (A pull out from Sunday Guardian)

Private

Weekly

Ikoyi Email:genevieenemag@linkserve.c om Guardian Newspapers Limited, Rutam House, Isolo, Lagos P.M.B. 1217, Oshodi, Lagos. E-mail: letters@ngrguardiannews.com Global Health Link Ventures 70, Mobolaji Bank Anthony Way, Ikeja Lagos. Email:healthlinkdoctor2004@yaho o.com Tina John Industries Ltd. 563, Ikorodu Road, Kosofe S/stop Mile 12, Lagos. E-mail: businessexpress@yahoo.com Adwal Innovatives, 62, Apata Street, Shomolu, Lagos. Speed Star Ltd, 107, Allen Avenue, Ikeja P.O. Box 3772, Oshodi, Lagos 35, Lawanson Road, Lawanson, Surulere, Lagos E-mail: justicewatchlawmag@yahoo.com Website: www.justicewatchmahazine.co Global Village Ltd, 10, Toyin Street, Lagos. E-mail: phamascope01@yahoo.com Complete Communications Ltd. Plot 3 Alhaji Adenekan Street, Okota, Isolo, Lagos. P.O. Box 51404 Ikeja, E-mail: completefootbal22@yahoo.com Geefaj Ventures Ltd, 90 Awolowo Road, S/W Ikoyi, P.O. Box 2480, Lagos Production Office: 40/42 Ago Palace Way, Okota, Lagos. E-mail: geefsj2003@yahoo.com Darren Lloyds Ltd., 71A Aba Johnson Crescent, Off Adeniyi Jones Ikeja, Lagos. E-mail:infor@darrenlloyds.com Real House Communications Ltd., 5, Ogundana Street, Off Allen Avenue, Ikeja
93

170

Health Link

Private

Weekly

234014524111, 234014529183 234014529184 Fax: 23401452080 234014931797 234018169224 2348023154749

171

Business Express (Every Tuesday) The Hairdresser Good Health Justice Watch

Private

Weekly

2348028363858

172 173

Private Private

Monthly Weekly

2348023248491 2348033259887

174

Private

Weekly

234018170518 2348034052951

175

Pharmasco pe

Private

Weekly

234018130956

176

Complete Football

Private

Weekly

234014528556

177

Market Place

Private

Weekly

2348033073886 234018043860 234018046499

178

Property Search

Private

Weekly

179

Castles (Weekly Consumer

Private

Weekly

234017931895 234017913661 Fax: 234013451798 234014702687 234018929107 234014700762

Magazine)

180

IT & Telecom Digest

Private

Weekly

181

Media Review

Private

Monthly

182

Position (Human Interest)

Private

Weekly

183

The Adviser

Private

Weekly

P.O. Box 7610 Lagos. E-mail: enquiries@castleweekly.com Belmang Ltd, Suite 339, Ikeja Plaza, Mobolaji Bank Anthony Way, Ikeja. e-mail: editorial@ittelecomdigest.com website: www.ittelecomdigest.com E-mail: it-digest@yahoo.com Diamond Publications Ltd, 9, James Robertson street, Surulere, Lagos. E-mail: mediareveiw@yahoo.com Website: www.diamondpublication.com Back Page Production, 13, Saidu Ajobowu Street, Off Toyin Street, Ikeja Lagos. Website: www.positionmagazine.com Lexam Media Service Ltd. Website:http://www.ngguardianne ws.com

Fax: 234013451392 2348033180808 2348033019989 2348023121375

234015851466

234014729048 2348033052279

184

Police

Private

Weekly

185 186 187

188

Success Digest Success Guide Exquisite Properties (Specialized ) Kingdom Profile End Time

Private Private Private

Weekly Weekly Weekly

Lacom Communication Ltd, 31 Ologun Agbaje Street, Off Adeola Odeku Street, Victoria Island, Lagos. Obazu Company Ltd Financial I.Q Media Expose Media, 12 Ezekiel Street, Off Toyin Street, Ikeja, Lagos. E-mail: editor@exposeltd.com http://www.exzproperties.com Destiny and Time E-mail: kingdomprofile@onebox.com Hosanna Media Incorporated E-mail: endtimeultimate@yahoo.co.uk

2348023022201 2348023195973 2348023147678 2348023715450 2348028441134 234014701737 234012624271 23401613243

2348023830884 234018964892

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Bi-monthly

2348023044464 2348023105433 2348023830884

189

Private

Bi-monthly

Lagos State Newspapers
190 The Guardian Private Daily (MondayFriday) Guardian Newspapers Ltd, Rutam House, Isolo Lagos. P.M.B 1217, Oshodi, Lagos E-mail: letters@ngrguardiannews.com Guardian Newspapers Ltd,
94

191

The

Private

Weekly

234014524111 234014529183 234014529184 Fax: 234014524080 234014931797 234014524111

Guardian on Saturday

192

The Guardian on Sunday

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Weekly

193

This Day

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

194

This Day on Saturday

Private

Weekly

195

This Day on Sunday

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Weekly

196

The Punch

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

197

Saturday Punch

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Weekly

198

Sunday Punch

Private

Weekly

199

Vanguard

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

200

Saturday Vanguard

Private

Weekly

Rutam House, Isolo Lagos. P.M.B 1217, Oshodi, Lagos Website: http://www.ngrguardian/news.co m Guardian Newspapers Ltd, Rutam House, Isolo Lagos. P.M.B 1217, Oshodi, Lagos Website: http://www.ngrguardian/news.co m Leaders & Company Ltd, Lagos. 35, Creek Road, Apapa, Lagos. P.O. Box 54749, Ikoyi Lagos. E-mail: editor@thisdayonline.com thisday@nova.net.ng Leaders & Company Ltd, Lagos. 35, Creek Road, Apapa, Lagos. P.O. Box 54749, Ikoyi Lagos. E-mail: editor@thisdayonline.com thisday@nova.net.ng Leaders & Company Ltd, Lagos. 35, Creek Road, Apapa, Lagos. P.O. Box 54749, Ikoyi Lagos. E-mail: editor@thisdayonline.com thisday@nova.net.ng Punch (Nig) Ltd., 1, Olu Aboderin Street, Onipetesi, Ikeja, Lagos. P.M.B. 21204, Ikeja – Lagos. E-mail: lagospunch@thepunch.com Website:www.punchng.com Punch (Nig) Ltd., 1, Olu Aboderin Street, Onipetesi, Ikeja, Lagos. P.M.B. 21204, Ikeja – Lagos. E-mail: satpunch@thepunch.com sateditor@the-punch.ocm Punch (Nig) Ltd., 1, Olu Aboderin Street, Onipetesi, Ikeja, Lagos. P.M.B. 21204, Ikeja – Lagos. E-mail: Sunday editor@thepucnh.com Website: www.punchng.com Vanguard Media Ltd, Vanguard Avenue, Kirikiri Canal, P.M.B 1007, Apapa, Lagos. E-mail: letters@vanguardngr.com Internet: www.banguardngr.com Vanguard Media Ltd, Vanguard Avenue, Kirikiri Canal, P.M.B 1007, Apapa, Lagos. E-mail: vanguard@linkserve.com.ng
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234014529183 234014529184 Fax: 234014524080 234014931797 234014524111 234014529183 234014529184 Fax: 234014524080 234014931797 234013203037 234013203038 2348022924721 Fax: 234013203032 234013203037 234013203038 2348022924721 Fax: 234013203032 234013203037 234013203038 2348022924721 Fax: 234013203032 234014920205 234014972815

234018940871 234018939406 234014923546 Fax: 234018939404 234017748080 Fax/Phone: 234014920205 234014972815/ 6

Tel/Fax (News) 234012880569 234012881726 2348022234651 Tel: 234015871200 Fax: (News) 234015877970

201

Sunday Vanguard

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Weekly

202

Daily Champion

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

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Saturday Champion

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Weekly

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Sunday Champion

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Weekly

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Sporting Champion

Private

Weekly

vanguard@nova.net Internet: http://www.vanguardngr.com Vanguard Media Ltd, Vanguard Avenue, Kirikiri Canal, P.M.B 1007, Apapa, Lagos. E-mail: vanguard@linkserve.com.ng; vanguard@infoweb.abs.net. Internet: http://www.vanguardngr.com. Champion Newspapers Ltd., Isolo Industrial Estate, 156/158, Oshodi/Apapa Express Way, Ilasamaja, Mushin, Lagos. P.O. Box 2276 Oshodi, Lagos. E-mail: letters@championnewspapes.co m Website: http://www.championnewspapers. com Champion Newspapers Ltd., Isolo Industrial Estate, 156/158, Oshodi/Apapa Express Way, Ilasamaja, Mushin, Lagos. P.O. Box 2276 Oshodi Lagos. E-mail: letters@championnewspapes.co m Website: http://www.championnewspapers. com Champion Newspapers Ltd., Isolo Industrial Estate, 156/158, Oshodi/Apapa Express way, Ilasamaja, Mushin, Lagos. P.O. Box 2276 Oshodi Lagos. E-mail: letters@championnewspapes.co m Website: http://www.championnewspapers. com Champion Newspapers Ltd., Isolo Industrial Estate, 156/158, Oshodi/Apapa Express way, Ilasamaja, Mushin, Lagos. P.O. Box 2276 Oshodi Lagos. E-mail:

Tel/Fax (News) 234015877204 234012880569 234012881726 2348022234651

234015425840 234014525983 Fax 234014526017 234014520424

234015425840 234014525983 Fax 234014526017 234014520424

234015425840 234014525983 Fax 234014526017 234014520424

234015425840 234014525983 Fax 234014526017 234014520424

96

206

Daily Sun

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

207

Saturday Sun

Private

Weekly

208

Sunday Sun

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Weekly

209

Weekend Soccer

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Weekly

210

The Comet

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Daily (MondayFriday)

211

The Comet on Saturday

Private

Weekly

212

Sunday Comet

Private

Weekly

letters@championnewspapes.co m Website: http://www.championnewspapers. com The Sun Publishing Ltd., 2 Coscharis Street, Kirikiri Industrial Layout, Apapa P.M.B. 21776, Ikeja, Lagos. E-mail: thesun@sunnewsonline.com http://www.sunnewsonline.com The Sun Publishing Ltd., 2 Coscharis Street, Kirikiri Industrial Layout, Apapa P.M.B. 21776, Ikeja Lagos. E-mail: thesun@sunnewsonline.com http://www.sunnewsonline.com The Sun Publishing Ltd., 2 Coscharis Street, Kirikiri Industrial Layout, Apapa P.M.B. 21776, Ikeja Lagos. E-mail: thesun@sunnewsonline.com http://www.sunnewsonline.com The Sun Publishing Ltd., 2 Coscharis Street, Kirikiri Industrial Layout, Apapa P.M.B. 21776, Ikeja Lagos. E-mail: thesun@sunnewsonline.com http://www.sunnewsonline.com Turning Point Newspapers Ltd., 27B, Fatai Atere Way, Matori, Lagos. P.M.B 12100, Marina Lagos. E-mail:mail@cometnews.com.ng Website:http://www.the/cometne ws.com Turning Point Newspapers Ltd., 27B, Fatai Atere Way, Matori, Lagos. P.M.B 12100, Marina Lagos. E-mail:mail@cometnews.com.ng Website:http://www.the/cometne ws.com Turning Point Newspapers Ltd., 27B, Fatai Atere Way, Matori, Lagos. P.M.B 12100, Marina Lagos. E-mail:mail@cometnews.com.ng Website:http://www.the/cometne ws.com
97

234013203229 234013203230 234013205754 Fax: 234017900632

234013203229 234013203230 234013205754 Fax: 234017900632

234013203229 234013203230 234013205754 Fax: 234017900632

234013203229 234013203230 234013205754 Fax: 234017900632

Tel: (Editor) daily 234014520849

Tel: (Editor) 234014521333

Tel: (Editor) daily 234014521333

213

Daily Times

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

214

Sunday Times

Private

Weekly

215

New Age

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

216

Newage Sports Express (Saturday)

Private

Weekly

217

Daily Independen t

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

Daily Times of Nig. Plc, 3/5 and 7 Kakawa Street, Lagos. Editorial Office: Lateef Jakande Road, Agidingbi, P.M.B. 21340, Ikeja E-mail: dtn newsroom@yahoo.com Website: www.dailytime of Nigeria.com Daily Times of Nig. Plc, 3/5 and 7 Kakawa Street, Lagos. Editorial Office: Lateef Jakande Road, Agidingbi, P.M.B. 21340, Ikeja E-mail: dtn newsroom@yahoo.com Website: www.dailytime of Nigeria.com Century Media Ltd, 217/219, Moshood Abiola Way, Iganmu, Lagos. P.O. Box 55719, Ikoyi Lagos. Email:centurymedia@hyperiacom. Website: www.newageonline.com Century Media Ltd, 217/219, Moshood Abiola Way, Iganmu, Lagos. P.O. Box 55719, Ikoyi Lagos. Email:centurymedia@hyperiacom. Website: www.newageonline.com Independent Newspapers Ltd, Block 5, Plot 7D Wempco E-mail: ifnor@independentng.com Website: www.independent.com Independent newspapers Ltd, Block 5, Plot 7D Wempco E-mail: ifnor@independentng.com Website: www.independent.com Independent newspapers Ltd, Block 5, Plot 7D Wempco E-mail: ifnor@independentng.com Website: www.independent.com Common interest Communications Ltd, Funmec House Plot 70B, ACME Road, Ogba, Ikeja, Lagos.
98

Tel/Fax 234013451484 234013453197 234013450597

Tel/Fax 234013451484 234013453197 234013450597

Tel: 234014723021 234017911032 Fax 234015458703

Tel: 234014723021 234017911032 Fax 234015458703

218

Saturday Independen t

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

219

Sunday Independen t

Private

Weekly

220

National Interest

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

Tel/Fax 2340104962138 /9 23401773348/9 Newsroom: 23401496213/6 Tel/Fax 2340104962138 /9 23401773348/9 Newsroom: 23401496213/6 Tel/Fax 2340104962138 /9 23401773348/9 Newsroom: 23401496213/6 Tel/Fax 2340134518159

221

National Mail

Private

Weekly

222

The Westerner

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

223 224

National Mirror PM News

Private Private

Weekly Daily (MondayFriday) (Evening newspaper) Weekly

P.O. Box 16369, Ikeja Lagos. E-mail: nationalinterest@yahoo.com Mentmore Publishers Ltd, 1 Balogun Street, Anifowose, Ikeja – Lagos. E-mail: nationalmailnewspapers@yahoo. com Western Publishing Co. Ltd, 1 Oregun/Opebi Link Road, Oregun, P.M.B. 21812, Ikeja, Lagos. E-mail: westernnews@westernerng.com Website: www.westernerng.com 2k, Obasa Close, Ikeja Lagos, Website: www.nationalmirror.com CVL Office Press House, 27 Acme Road, Agidingbi, P.M.B. 1531, Ikeja, Lagos. Website:www.thenewsng.com Millenium Harvest Ltd, 5, Iyalla Street, Alausa, P.M.B 21805, Ikeja – Lagos. Email:info@financialstandardnews. com Website:www.financialstandardn ews.com Business Day Media Ltd, 72, Amuwo Odofin Estate, Festac Link Road, Amuwo Odofin, Lagos. Email:mail@businessdayonline.co m Management Forum Ltd, Afala House, 20 Jogunosimi Street, Off Obafemi Awolowo Way, Alausa, Ikeja, Lagos Website: http://www.the/businesswekng.co m Blessed Communication Nig. Ltd., 24 Pade Odanye Close, Off Adeniyi Jones By Haco Bus Stop, Ikeja, Lagos. E-mail: the exclusive@yahoo.co.uk M2 Publications Ltd 36A Toyin Street, Ikeja Lagos http://www.M2online.biz
99

Tel: 234017222784 Fax: 234015543096

Tel: 234017228075 234017736576 234017912924 Fax: 234-017912925

234017939286 Fax 234014922983

225

Financial Standard

Private

234014934891 2344934494 2344934996 Fax 234013451035 234013451036

226

Business Day

Private

Weekly

2340134545003 Fax 234013454510

227

Business Week

Private

Weekly

Tel: 234014978625 Fax 234014978625

228

The Exclusive

Private

Weekly

Tel: 234014702031 Fax 234014721511

229

M2

Private

Weekly

234018906033

230

Moneywise

Private

Weekly

Media Partner Ltd, 704 Somide Odujirin Avenue Omole Phase 2, Isheri Berger, Lagos. E-mail: editor@moneywise www.moneywise-ng.com

234018969042

Nassarawa State Newspapers
231 Nigerian Newsday Private Daily (MondayFriday) Nassarawa Publishing Company, No. 11 Jos Road opposite New State Secretariat Laha, Nassarawa State. E-mail: newsday@premiernetng.net Fax: 234047220548 2348033142615

Niger State Newspapers
232 Newsline Newspaper T.P.M. Magazine Tauraruwa Government Daily (MondayFriday) Monthly Weekly Newspaper Division Niger State, Media Corporation, P.M.B. 10 Paiko Road, Minna Ahmed Lame Street, Off Niteco Road, Minna, Niger State Niger State Media Corporation Printing & Publishing, P.O. Box 10, Parko Road, Minna The Baseline Communications Ltd., Wachiko Building 2nd Floor, Bosso Road, P.O. Box 2929 Minna E-mail: The bridgepaper@yahoo.com Information Division of Ministry of Information, Culture, Minna 234066221873

234 235

Private Government

2348035860054 2348056382636 2340660221873

236

The Bridge Newspaper

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

2348035901085 2348036209779 2348036158857 234066221356

237

Press Bulletin (A magazine)

Government

Monthly

Ogun State Newspapers
238 Awori Vanguard Gateway Mirror The Beacon Ogun News Express Private Daily (MondayFriday) Weekly LEGEMEDIA Ltd., 285, Idiroko Road, Ota, P.O. Box 1444, Ota, Ogun State GLD Multilbix Ltd., 32, Tinubu Street, Oke Sokori, Ita-Eko, Abeokuta, Ogun State Broof Concepts 22, Ake Road, Ijemo Abeokuta Ogun News Express communication Ltd., Gateway Hotel Annex Office Complex, GRA, Ibara, Abeokuta 234018937528

239

Private

2348055372694 2348038463414 2348034711696 2348033309945 2348033633654

240 241

Private Private

Weekly Weekly

Ondo State Newspapers
242 The Hope Private Daily (MondayFriday) Weekly Owena Press Ltd, Ado Ekiti Road 234034242652

243

Weekend Hope

Private

Ijapo, Akure E-mail: owenapress@yahoo.com
100

244 245

Odua Voice Sunshine Express

Private Private

Weekly Weekly

246

Class News

Private

Weekly

247

Voice

Private

Weekly

Emdadeg Print, 33b, Oyemekun Road, Akure, Ondo State. 3B Hospital Road, Opp. High Court, Akure (Head office) 5, Hospital Road, Opp. High Court, Akure. (Corporate Office) Dandytexfareast2yahoo.com.uk Class News Communication, 28, Ajegunle Street, Lagos, Ajilosun Street, Ado Ekiti, E-mail: classnews2004@yahoo.co.uk Owo Made communication, No. 1 Kare Junction Owo, P.O. Box 328, Owo E-mail: voice2004@yahoo.com

2348033506359 234034240821 2348034277277 2348034746772

2348035757904

Oyo State Newspapers
248 Nigerian Tribune Private Daily African Newspapers of Nigeria PLC, Imalefalafia Street, OkeAdo, Ibadan, Oyo State E-mail: editornigeriantribune@yahoo.co m Website: www.tribune.com.ng Alleluyah Printing press, NW7/946 Adegboyega Crescent, Sango/Eleyele Road, P.O. Box 4171 U.I. Ibadan Forum Publishing Network communication, 17 Bateye, Street Off Imalefalafia Road, Near Odutola Factors, Oke Ado, Ibadan 23402231000 234022313410 Fax: 234022317573

249

Oodua News

Private

Weekly

234028109485 234028108737

250

The Forum

Private

Weekly

2348033829139 234023212684

Plateau State Newspapers
251 The Nigerian Standard New Crest Newspaper Government Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Joseph Gomwak House, P.M.B 2112 Jos, Plateau State. Nana House, No. 41, Old Airport Junction, Yakubu Gowon Way, Jos.

252

Private

Rivers State Newspapers
253 Highlight Private Daily (MondayFriday) Daily (MondayFriday) Monthly Mentors Media 100, Omoi Orosi, Rumuigbo, Port Harcourt, E-mail: Committee@yahoo.com Independent Monitor 26, Ikwerre Road, P.O. Box 1932, Port Harcourt, E-mail: indemonitor24@yahoo.ocm Jesus Christ Today, 8B Iriebe
101

2348037106388

254

Independen t Monitor

Private

234804573106

255

Jesus Christ

Private

2348033092190

Today

256

National Network

Private

Monthly

257

Niger Delta today Popular View

Private

258

Private

Daily (MondayFriday) Weekly

Street, D/Line, Port Harcourt. Email: Jesuschristtodaynewspaper@yahoo.com Network Printing & Publishing Co., No. 6 Udi Street, Mile 1 Diobu, Port Harcourt. E-mail: nnnewspaper@yahoo.com Cowries Communication Ltd., 11 Ikwere Road, Port Harcourt. KNOTSTAR Ltd., 77, Omoi Orosi (Psychiatric Hospital) Road, Port Harcourt. E-mail: popularnewspaper@yahoo.com. Ihuorie Communication Services, 11 Ikwerre Road, Port Harcourt The Argns News Company, Orosi house, 28, Forces Avenue, P.O. Box 1599, Port Harcourt. E-mail: eamungo@yahoo.com Advert Manger Ltd., 20 Bende Street Kumuomasi, P.O. Box 5028, Port Harcourt Website: http://www.theadvert.net/ E-mail: editor@theadvert.net The BEAM Productions Ltd., c/o No 64/66 Nsukka Street, Mile 1, Diobu, Port Harcourt. E-mail: Beamnews@yahoo.com Gorinda Press Ltd. 44, Ikwerre Road, Mile 1 Diobu, Port Harcourt. E-mail: beaconnewsph@yahoo.com Bewura Communications Ltd., 76 Ememke Street, Diobu, Port Harcourt. E-mail: bewura@yahoo.com Fourth Realm Communications Ltd., NUJ Building, Ernest Ikoli Press Centre, Moscon Road, Port Harcourt E-mail:Phtelegraph@yahoo.com Website:http://www/the/phctelgrp ah.com Rivers state newspaper Corporation, 4, Ikwerre Road. P.M.B. 5072, Port Harcourt, E.mail: contact@thetidenews.com
102

2348037091927

234803091366

2348033390449 2348035518631 2348037106672

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260

Port Harcourt Sunrise The Argns

Private

Weekly

2348033423730 2348057208565 2348033125188

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Weekly

261

The Advert

Private

Weekly

23484238367 23484488022 23484231687

262

The Beam

Private

Weekly

2348033387900

263

The Beacon

Private

Weekly

2348033133982

264

The Port Harcourt Spectator The Port Harcourt Telegraph

Private

Daily(Monday -Friday)

2348033069774 2348035080614 2348037805154 2348036002239 2348033125628

265

Private

Daily(Monday -Friday)

266

The Tide

Government

Weekly

234084230298 234084230299 Fax: 234084230298

267

The Weekend Tide

Government

Weekly

268

The Tide on Sunday

Government

Weekly

269

The Verite

Private

Weekly

270

Today’s Topnews

Private

Daily (MondayFriday)

271

Weekly Star

Private

Weekly

272

Niger Delta Standard

Private

Weekly

Website: www.thetidenews.cm Rivers state newspaper Corporation, 4, Ikwerre Road. P.M.B. 5072, Port Harcourt, E.mail: contact@thetidenews.com Website: www.thetidenews.cm Rivers state newspaper Corporation, 4, Ikwerre Road. P.M.B. 5072, Port Harcourt, E.mail: contact@thetidenews.com Website: www.thetidenews.cm Verite Company 68, Urualla Street, Mile 1, Diobu, Port Harcourt, E-mail: veritenewspaper@yahoo.com Strategic Initiative Ltd., 87, Aggrey Road, Port Harcourt, Rivers State E-mail: todaystopnews@yahoo.com Spider Press (Nig) Office E-mail: weeklystarnewspaper@yahoo.co m Mark Ross Company Ltd., 2, Obanaobaan Street, E-mail: editor@nigerdeltastandard.com. Website:www.nigerdeltastandard. com

234084230298 234084230299 Fax: 234084230298

234084230298 234084230299 Fax: 234084230298

2348033368229 2348037028756

234-084487079 2348033233029 2348037470168

2348038755676 2348037942995 23484240035 23484240034

Rivers State Magazines
273 Anu Meka Private Weekly Anu Meka Concepts Company Incorporated Port Harcourt, Rivers State. E-mail: anu_meka_mag@yahoo.com Heroes & Legends Ltd., 120A PH/Aba Express Road, Garrison Bus Stop, P.O. Box 13090, Port Harcourt, Rivers state. Email:heroeznlegends@yahoo.co m Alvess Ltd., 112A Aba Road, Port Harcourt, Rivers State. E-mail: outcomemagebs@yahoo.com ESPIELF & Tri – A12 Business Coy. 100, Omoi_Orosi Road, Port Harcourt, Rivers State E-mail: espielfbusiness@yahoo.com QualiHealth
103

2348056741785 2348022259403 2348037068303 2348037098644 2348033097675 234084488293 234084236509

274

Heroes & Legends

Private

Weekly

275

Outcome

Private

Weekly

276

Pro Business

Private

Monthly

2348038748901 2348023015412 23484484753 2348030949805 2348053262454

277

QualiHealth

Private

Monthly

234084235305

278

The Gist

Private

Monthly

279

The Hidden Knowledge

Private

Monthly

280

Unique

Private

Monthly

281

Cream Magazine

Private

Monthly

Toby Jug Media & Promotions Ltd., 61, Niji Road, GRA, Phase II, Port Harcourt, River State. E-mail: tjugmediapromo@yahoo.com WEHERE Foundation Surveillance Suite 30, Ikwerre Road, Mile 1 Diobu, P.O. Box 13459, GPO Port Harcourt E-mail: thehiddenknowledge@yahoo.co m Sidney Brown Books, 21, Mbonu street, D/line, Port Harcourt, Rivers state E-mail: uniquepple@yahoo.com Cream Magazine, First Floor, 15, Ebonyi/Oroasi Road, Rumuola, Port Harcourt. E-mail: creammagazinephng@yahoo.co m

2348033298096 2348036307567 2348033426562 2348056047089 2348037027969 2348033419961 2348023649515 2348028977712 2

2348055628738

2348037205927 2348038877254 2348037081566

Sokoto State Newspapers
282 The Path (Weekly) Private Weekly Sokoto Newspaper Ltd., Gushi Road, P.M.B. 2425, Sokoto 234060235934 234060235977 234060233852 234060236990 Fax: 060233822 234060235934 234060235977 234060233852 234060236990 Fax: 234060233822

283

Jagora (weekly in Hausa language)

Private

Weekly

Sokoto Newspapers Ltd, Gusan Road, P.M.B. 2425, Sokoto

Taraba State Newspapers
284 The Mirror (TM) Government Weekly Nigeria Union of Journalists Information Chapel, c/o Ministry of Information, P.M.B 1093, State Secretariat, Jalingo. MOJA Associates, 177 Hammaruwa Way, Jalingo, Taraba State., P.O. Box 370, Jalingo, Taraba State

285

News Pointer

Private

Weekly

234079222224

104

Yobe State Magazines
286 Newsray (Magazine) Private Monthly Newsray Communications Ventures Ltd., P.O. Box 172, No. 3 Bukar Abba Ibrahim Way, Damaturu, Yobe State. E-mail: Newsraymagazine@yahoo.com. Towers & Towers Communications Ltd, Gujba Road, P.O. Box 319, Damaturu, Yobe State E-mail: Towersdmark@yahoo.com 234-074522195 2340740522026 2348034390092 2348042159443 Tel/Fax: 234074522881 2348036161640

287

The Mark

Private

Monthly

Zamfara State Newspapers
288 The Weekly Legacy Government Weekly Zamfara State Printing and Publishing Company. The Legacy House, No. 23, Sani Abacha Way, Gusau, Zamfar, P.M.B. 01144, Gusau. Tel: 234063203800 Fax: 234063202453

Source: Nigerian Press Council, 2007 Table 27. Publicly owned radio and television stations

FRCN National Stations (Radio)
S/N 1 Radio stations FRCN Abuja National Station FRCN Enugu National Station: Ownership Government Broadcast hours 24Hrs Address Broadcasting House, Gwagwalada, PMB 71, Garki Abuja, Telephone Tel: 234098821065 Fax: 234098821040 Tel: 23442254371, 23442254400, 23442255590 Fax: 23442254137 Tel: 234022400660/3 Fax: 234022413930, 234022414857 Tel: 23462245390 Fax: 23462245392

2

Government

24Hrs

3

FRCN Ibadan National Station FRCN Kaduna National Station

Government

24Hrs

Broadcasting House, No 7 Onitsha Road PMB 1051 Enugu Email:edenugu@radionigeria.or g Broadcasting House, No, 1 Oba Adebimpe Road PMB 5003, Ibadan

4

Government

24Hrs

N0.7:Yakubu Gowon Way P.O. Box 250, Kaduna

105

5

FRCN Lagos National Station

Government

24Hrs

Broadcasting House. PMB 12504 Ikoyi.

Tel: 234012690301/3 234014807621 Fax: 234012693438, 234012690340

FRCN FM Stations
7 Pacesetter FM (103.5MHz) Lighthouse FM (101.5 MHz) Atlantic FM (104.5 MHz) Gateway FM (102.5MHz) Rainbow FM (101.5 MHz) Harvest FM (102.5 MHz) Peace FM (102.5 MHz) Paradise FM (99.5 MHz) Charity FM (104.4MHz) Unity FM (101.5MHz) Government 6AM-12AM Broadcasting House, Amakama, PMB 7101, Umuahia, Abia State Broadcasting House Bajabure, Yola, .Adamawa state Nsukara Offot, Uyo LGA Uyo, Akwa Ibom State Enugu Onitsha Express Road Awka LGA, Anambra State Tel: 234823118182, 234422581282, 2348052050225

8

Government

6AM-12AM

9

Government

6AM-12AM

10

Government

6AM-12AM

12

Government

6AM-12AM

Adjacent to Commissioners’ Housing Estate Yenagoa, Bayelsa State Km16, Makurdi Oturkpo Road, Adjacent Abiam LGA, Benue State Damboa Road, Maiduguri, Borno State Effanga Mkpa, Calabar Municipality, Cross River State Asaba, Delta State

13

Government

6AM-12AM

14

Government

6AM-12AM

15

Government

6AM-12AM

16

Government 6AM-12AM Government 6AM-12AM

17

Broadcasting House, PMB 0137, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State.

Tel: 23443300710, 23443300711, 2348023118167, 2348037756378

18

Bronze FM (101.5MHz) Progress FM (100.5 MHz) Coal City FM (92.85

Government 6AM-12AM Government 6AM-12AM

Aduwawa, Ikpoba Hill, Along Auchi Road, Edo State Iworoko Village, Along Iworoko Road Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State

19

20

Government 6AM-12AM

Enugu, Enugu State

106

21

MHz) Jewel FM (103.5MHz) Heartland FM (100.5 MHz) Horizon FM (100.5 MHz)

Government 6AM-12AM Government 6AM-12AM

Gombe by-pass, Off Dukku Road Gombe Broadcasting House, Azaraegbelu, Owerri North LGA Imo State Along Kujawa – Dutse Road Near the Kujawa Housing Estate, Dutse Jigawa State No 7 Yakubu Gowon Way Kaduna. Tel: 2348036751782

22

23

Government 6AM-12AM

24

25

Supreme FM (96.1 MHz). : Pyramid FM (103.5 MHz) Companion FM (104.5 MHz) Equity FM (103.5 MHz) Prime FM (98.1 MHz) Harmony FM (103.5 MHz) Solid FM (102.5 MHz) Precious FM (105.5 MHz) Paramount FM (94.5 MHz): Positive FM (102.5 MHz) Metro FM (92.93 MHz): Gold FM (95.5 MHz)

Government 6AM-12AM

Tel: 23462245390 Fax: 23462245392

Government

6AM-12AM

Kano Madobi Road, Madobi LGA, Kano State Along Katsina-Batsari Road, Near Batsari LG Secretariat, Katsina State Along Birnin Kebbi/Kalgo LGA, Birnin Kebbi Along Lokoja Ganaja Road Lokoja, Kogi State Along Ilorin Lokoja Highway, Idofian, Kwara State Along Akurba Shendam Road Lafia LGA, Nasarawa State Along Bida – Badegi Road, Niger State : Oke Mosan, Along Kobape Road, PMB 2160, Abeokuta, Ogun State Along Ondo-Akure Road, Oke Isikan Information Village, Akure, Ondo State Broadcasting House, Ikoyi, Lagos Off Iloko Road, By New IleshaAkure Expressway, Ilesha, Osun State Oba Adebimpe Road, Dugbe,
107

26

Government

6AM-12AM

27

Government

6AM-12AM

28

Government

6AM-12AM

29

Government

6AM-12AM

30

Government

6AM-12AM

31

Government

6AM-12AM

32

Government

6AM-12AM

Tel: 234803326799 2348044130884

33

Government

6AM-12AM

34

Government

6AM-12AM

Tel: 234012690301/5

35

Government

6AM-12AM

36

Premier FM

Government

6AM-12AM

Tel:

(93.5 MHz):

Ibadan. Oyo State

234022414093 Fax: 234022413930

37

38

Highland FM (101.5 MHz) Treasure FM (98.5 MHz) Royal FM (101.5 MHz) Gift FM (104.5 MHz) Sunshine FM (104.5 MHz). Pride FM (102.5 MHz) Kapital FM (92.9 MHz)

Government

6AM-12AM

NTA TV College Ray Field, Jos, Plateau State: NTA Compound, Choba Road Port Harcourt, River State Tel: 23484487029 2348033384386

Government

6AM-12AM

39

Government

6AM-12AM

40

Government

6AM-12AM

Off Sokoto - Gusau Road Premises of Sokoto River Basin Authority, Sokoto Jalingo GRA Bypass, Jalingo Taraba State Within NTA Grounds, Along Potiskum Road, Damaturu, Yobe State Within Federal College of Education, Gusau, Zamfara State Radio House, Garki, Abuja

41

Government

6AM-12AM

42

Government

6AM-12AM

43

Government

6AM-12AM

44

Voice Of Nigeria (VON)

Government

24Hrs

Headquarters, 6th Floor, Radio House, Area 8, Garki, Abuja

Tel: 234092349962, Fax: 234098821040 Tel: 234092344016, 23409234401 Fax: 234092346970, 234092346973

Federal Television Stations Nigerian Television Authority (NTA)
Television Stations National Television Authority( NTA) NTA Plus Ownership Government Broadcast Hours 24Hrs Address Headquarters Television House Area 11, Garki P.M.B. 13, Abuja Area 11, Garki Abuja Tejuosho Avenue, Surulere, Lagos. Telephone & Fax Tel: 234092345907, 234092345915 Fax: 234092345914 Tel: 234092345919, 234092341820 Tel: 234014704647, 234014704241

1

2

Government

18Hrs

3

NTA Channel 10, Lagos NTA-2 Channel 5, Lagos

Government

18Hrs

4

Government

18Hrs

Television House Ahmadu Bello Way Victoria Island, Lagos
108

5

NTA Channel 6 Aba

Government

18Hrs

Television House, Ikot Ekpene Road, Ogbor Hill P.M.B. 7126, Aba

6

NTA Channel 12, Abeokuta NTA Abuja NTA Akure NTA Bauchi

Government

18Hrs

Oke- Egunya P.M.B. 2190Abeokuta, Ogun State

Tel: 23482220922, 23482220534, 23482220916, 23482220394, 23482220753, 234822201507 Fax: 23482220922 Tel: 23439242971, 23439240551

7 8 9

Government Government Government

18Hrs 18Hrs 18Hrs

Old Parade Ground Opposite Radio House, Area 10, Garki Oba Ile P.M.B. 794, Akure, Ondo State Television House, Maiduguri Road P.M.B. 0146, Bauchi West Circular Road P.M.B. 1117, Benin City. Edo State.

10

NTA Benin Zonal Network Centre NTA Calabar 6 & 9: NTA Dutse

Government

18Hrs

Tel: 23434242439 Tel: 23477542353, 23477542748 Tel: 23452253458

11

Government

18Hrs

Murtala Muhammed Highway P.M.B. 1299, Calabar : Jigawa State, Kiyowa Road, P.M.B. 7073, Dutse, Jigawa State. Television House, Independence Layout P.M.B. 1530, Enugu

12

Government

18Hrs

13

NTA Enugu Zonal Network Centre NTA Ibadan Zonal Network Center NTA Ilorin

Government

18Hrs

Tel: 23487210238, 23487210366 Tel: 23464721144, 23487721145 Tel: 2344454902, 23442450626

14

Government

18Hrs

P.O. Box 1460, Ibadan

Tel: 234028104620 Fax: 234028108685 Tel: 23431224196 Fax: 23431221575 Tel: 23473462444, 2347346343 Fax: 23473462485 Tel: 23462246011 23462217376

15

Government

18Hrs

: P.M.B. 1478, Fate Road, Ilorin

16

NTA Jos

Government

18Hrs

Yakubu Gowon Way P.M.B. 2134, Jos E-mail: ntalighthouse@yahoo.co.uk No 7 Yakubu Gowon Way, P.O. Box 1347, Kaduna

17

NTA Kaduna Zonal

Government

18Hrs

109

Network Centre 18 NTA Channel 5 Kano: NTA Channel 8 Katsina NTA Lokoja Government 21 NTA Zonal Network Centre Maiduguri NTA Makurdi 18Hrs Government Government 18Hrs Television House Bompai Road P.M.B. 3343, Kano Television House Steel Rolling Mills Junction Dutsinma Road P.O. Box 2177, Katsina Mounti Patti Olu Owon Road, PMB1097, Lokoja Damboa Road, P.M.B. 148 Maiduguri Tel: 23464640072 23462635492 Tel: 23465432719 23465430757 Tel: 23458220986 Tel: 23476232045 23476232177 23476232010 Tel: 23444533510 23444533458 Fax: 23444533443 Tel: 23466222941 23466222552. Fax: 23466222552 Tel: 23484332140 23484331811 Tel: 23460233124 23460232868 23460238027 Tel: 2348023061692 2348033761716 2348028389627 Tel: 23475625401, 23475625480, 23475625329 Fax: 23475624749 Tel: 23479223111 Tel: 23472221329

19

Government

18Hrs

20

18Hrs

22

18Hrs Government

Ahmadu Bello Way, P.M.B. 102044, Makurdi. Benue State.

23

NTA Minna Government

18Hrs

P.M.B. 79, Minna

24

NTA Port Harcourt NTA Zonal Network Centre Sokoto NTA Uyo

18Hrs Government 18Hrs Government

Choba Road, P.M.B. 5797, Port Harcourt Garba Muhammed Road, P.M.B. 2351, Sokoto

25

26

18Hrs Government

Television House, Aka Etinan Road, P.M.B. 1180, Uyo

27

NTA Yola

Government

18Hrs

No. 43 Ahmadu Bello Way P.M.B. 2197, Yola

28

NTA Jalingo Government

18Hrs

29 30 31

NTA Gombe NTA Damaturu NTA Channel 10 Dutse Government Government

18Hrs 18Hrs 18Hrs Government

Television House, Mount Jalingo P.M.B. 1102, Jalingo Kilometre 8, Bauchi Road, Gombe. Damaturu, Yobe State General Manager: Idris Bello Sani Abacha Way, Dutse P.M.B. 7073, Jigawa State

Tel: 2346472144 23464721145

110

32

NTA Yenagoa NTA Oshogbo NTA Ile Ife

Government

18Hrs

Azikoro Road, Ekeki Yenagoa Bayelsa State New State Secretariat, PMB 4315, Oshogbo Mokuro Road, off Moore Road Ile Ife Apitipiti, GRA PMB 1107, Oyo

33 33 34

18Hrs Government 18Hrs Government

35

NTA Oyo

Government

18Hrs

36

NTA, IjebuOde

18Hrs Government

Erunmu Road, GRA, Ijebu Ode

Tel: 23489490584 2348036775041 Tel: 23490410706, 2348034544018 Tel: 2348023283636 234833010251 Tel: 2348035709355 23438241955 Tel: 23437432695 23437431403 2348034004551

37

NTA, Umuahia NTA, Abakaliki NTA, Owerri

Government

18Hrs

38

Government

18Hrs

Kilometre 123, Enugu-Port Harcourt Expressway, Umuahia, Abia State Abakiliki/Enugu Express Road, Ebonyi State. No. 1, Bank Road, Owerri, Imo State (Administrative Office) New Owerri Road, near Concord Hotel. Owerri (Studio). Zaria Road, P.O. Box 1108, Samaru, Gusau TV House, Okpanam Road TV House, Bola Ige Drive, by Iyin/Ilare Road, Oke-Ila, Ado Ekiti Edo State

39

Government

18Hrs

Tel: 2348037727438 2348033135474 Tel: 23483234214

40 41 42

NTA Gusau NTA Asaba NTA AdoEkiti NTA Iruekpen NTA, Saki

Government Government

18Hrs 18Hrs 18Hrs

Tel: 23463200

Government Government 18Hrs

Tel: 2348034703707

43

44 45

18Hrs Government 18Hrs Government

P.O.Box 383, Oke Ado Ogun State

NTA, Imeko

Tel: 2348033047537 Tel: 2348023052469 Tel: 234803109229

46

NTA, Ogbomosho NTA, Patigi NTA, New Bussa]

Government

18Hrs

PMB 3505, Oja Titun, Ogbomosho Kwara State New Bussa, Niger State

47 48

Government Government

18Hrs 18Hrs

111

State-owned Broadcasting Stations (Radio)
Radio Stations Aso FM Ownership Broadcast Hours 18Hrs Address Katampe Hill P.O. Box 4941 Garki, Abuja Broadcasting House, New Station Layout P.M.B. 7276, Umuahia Abia State Email:bcanigera@bcanigeria.c o Website: : www.bcanigeria.com Broadcasting House Complex Hore Ladde Layout Mbamba, P.M.B. 2123, Yola Telephone & Fax Tel: 234093140317 234093140318 Tel: 23488220411

1

Government 2 Broadcastin g Corporation of Abia State Government 18Hrs

3

Adamawa Broadcastin g Corporation

18Hrs Government

4

Akwa Ibom Broadcastin g Corporation Anambra Broadcastin g Service (Radio) Bauchi Radio Corporation Bayelsa State Broadcastin g Corporation Benue Radio

Government

18Hrs

No. 2, Udo Udoma Avenue Road P.M.B. 1122, Uyo

5

Government

18Hrs

Enugu/Onitsha Express Road, P.M.B. 5070, Awka Ugwuawovu Enugu-Ukwu Njikoko LGA, Anambra State Broadcasting House, Ahmadu Bello Way, Bauchi.

Tel: 23475634225 234754709 2347524781 Fax: 23475634781 Tel:: 23485200117 23485200197 2348023061691 2348022243102 Tel: 23448550318 23448550185

6

18Hrs Government

7

18Hrs Government

Radio Bayelsa P.M.B. 56, Ekeki, Yenagoa

Tel: 23477542278, 23477542099, 23477542429 Tel: 23489490404 23489490359

8

18Hrs Government

P.M.B. 102202, Makurdi

9

Borno State Radio

Government

18Hrs

Broadcasting House Shehu Laminu Way P.M.B. 1020,Maiduguri Broadcasting House, IBB Way, P.M.B 1035, Calabar E-mail: crbc@skannet.com
112

10

Cross River State Broadcastin

. Government

18Hrs

Tel: 23444532900, 23444533275, 23444533978 Tel: 23476231485, 23476232046, 23476232127 Tel: 23487232435, 23487232276,

g Corporation

11

12

Cross River State Broadcastin g Corporation: Delta State Broadcastin g Service (Asaba)

Government

18Hrs

Broadcasting House Opposite Metro Hotel, Ikom

23487232227, 23487230396 Fax: 23487235102 Tel: 23487670193, 2348037213839

Government

18Hrs

Voice of Delta Broadcasting House Off Okpanam Road P.M.B. 5032 Asaba, Delta State

Tel: 23456282530-2: Fax: 2345682573

13 14

Melody FM Edo State Broadcastin g Service

Government Government

18Hrs 18Hrs

P.M.B. 1026 Warri, Delta State Benin Auchi Road Aduwawa, P.M.B. 1012 Benin City

15

Broadcastin g Service of Ekiti State

Government

18Hrs

Okeyinmi Street, Ilokun Road, Old Ado L G Secretariat , P.M.B. 5342, Ado-Ekiti

Tel: 23453320283 Tel: 23452255736, 23452253889 Fax: 23452253889 Tel: 23430250264, 23430250754, 23430250559 Tel: 23442454455, 23443454456 Tel: 23443220191

16

17

Enugu State Broadcastin g Service (ESBS) Ebonyi Broadcastin g Service (EBBS) Gombe Media Corporation

Government

18Hrs

Broadcasting House P.M.B. 01600, Enugu

18Hrs Government

18

18Hrs Government

Ebonyi Television, Abakaliki C/o Ministry of Information and Culture Government House Annex P.M.B. 098 Abakaliki, Ebonyi State Broadcasting House Buhari Estate Road, GRA, P.M.B. 074, Gombe

19

Imo Broadcastin g Corporation (IBC) Jigawa State Radio Kaduna State Media Services

18Hrs Government

Egbu Road P.M.B. 1129, Owerri, Imo State E-mail: ibc@wananet.net

Tel: 23472223226, 23472222293, 23472220247 Fax: 23472222291 Tel: 23483232674, 23483230263

20

18Hrs Government 18Hrs Government

Broadcasting House Sani Abacha Way, Dutse Broadcasting House No 1.Wurno, Off Rabah Road, P.M.B. 2013, Kaduna
113

Tel: 23464721058 Tel: 23462319390, 234629393

21

22

Kano State Radio Corporation Katsina State Radio Service. Kebbi Broadcastin g Corporation (Radio): Kogi Broadcastin g Corporation Radio Kwara Lagos State Broadcastin g Corporation Nasarawa Broadcastin g Service Niger Media Broadcastin g Corporation Crystal FM Minna Ogun State Broadcastin g Corporation.

Government

18Hrs

No 3 Ibrahim Taiwo Rd, Kano.

23

Government

18Hrs

Radio House, Ibadan Street, Sabon Layi, Katsina

Fax: 23462218392 Tel: 23464669306 Fax: 23464645927 Tel: 23465431316

24

Government

18Hrs

KM 8, Kalgo Road P.M.B. 1059, Birnin Kebbi

25

18Hrs Government

1, Danladi Zakari Road P.M.B. 1095 - GRA Lokoja

Tel: 23460322695, 2348043115021 Fax: 23460322695 Tel: 23458220672

26

. Government Government

18Hrs

Broadcasting House, Police Road, PMB1345, Ilorin LSDPC House Lateef Jakande Road Agidingbi, Ikeja, Lagos

27

18Hrs

Tel: 23431220352 234-31-220353 Tel: 234017740730 234014970849 Tel: 2344721267 2344721880 Tel: 23466220102 23466222172 23466222511 Tel: 23466220102 Tel: 23439240441, 23439242794 Fax: 23439242794 Tel: 23434242964 23434241385 Tel: 23435240676 23435242019

28

Government

18Hrs

: State Secretariat Shendam Road, P.M.B. 97 Lafia Radio House: Ibrahim Babangida Street P.M.B. 88, Minna. Broadcasting House, Maitumbi, PMB 88, Minna, Niger State. Ibara Housing Estate, Abeokuta PMB 2084 Sapon, Abeokuta E-mail: rockcityfm@yahoo.com, ogunradioam@yahoo.com Broadcasting House Oba Ile P.M.B. 739, Akure

29

Government

18Hrs

30

Government

18Hrs

31

. Government

18Hrs

32

Ondo State Radiovision Corporation Osun State Broadcastin g Corporation Broadcastin g

Government

18Hrs

33

18Hrs Government

Ile Awiye Oke Baale P.M.B. 4425, Osogbo. Osun State

34

18Hrs Government

P.M.B. 1, Agodi Post Office, Ile Tel: Akede, Orita Bashorun, Ibadan 23402810660
114

35

Corporation of Oyo State (BCOS) Plateau Government Radio Corporation

18Hrs

No. 5, Joseph Gomwak Road P.M.B. 2042, Jos

36

37

Taraba State Broadcastin g Service (TSBS) AM & FM) Rivers State Broadcastin g Corporation

18Hrs Government

Broadcasting House 39, Barde Way P.M.B. 1078, Jalingo

Tel: 23473453285 23473454035 23473465991 Fax: 23473453285 Tel: 23479222504, 23479222555

18Hrs Government

4, Degema Street P.M.B. 5170, Port Harcourt.

Tel: 23484232551 23484330246 2348033085133

Private-Owned Broadcasting Stations (Radio)
Radio Stations Cool FM (96.9MHz FM) Ownership Private Broadcast Hours 24 Hours Address Steam Broadcasting & Communications Limited (Cool FM), 267A, Etim Inyang Crescent Victoria Island, Lagos E-mail: coollagos@coolfm.us Website: www.steamgroup.us STEAM Broadcasting AIM Plaza, Plot 592, Independence Avenue, South City Centre, P.M.B. 51, Abuja. E-mail: coolabuja@coolfm.us Glass House Airport Road, Benin City. Telephone & Fax Tel: 234012623051/5 4 Fax: 234012610393 234012614779 Tel: 234092340075 Fax: 2340902340079

1.

2

Cool FM (96.9 MHz FM)

Private

24 Hours

3. Independent Radio ( 92.3 MHz FM) 4. Jeremi Radio (95.1 MHz FM)

Private

Tel: 23452252119 23452250242

Private

No. 54, Effurun/Sapele Road Eco Bank Building (5th Floor) Effurun-Uvwie LGA Warri, Delta State Email: jfmradio@skannet.com Radio Vision Plaza, Minaj Drive
115

Tel: 23453255932 23453255933 Fax: 23453255932 Tel: 23446486532

5.

Minaj Systems

Private

Radio (89.4 MHz FM) 6. Raypower I and II FM (100.5MHzF M) Raypower I (100.5 MHz) Private

Mike Ajegbo Road Obosi, Anambra State Email: obosi@minaj-hq.com Daar Communications Ltd AIT Road, Ilapo Village Alagbado, Lagos Daar Communications Ltd AIT Drive, Kpaduma Hill Asokoro District, Abuja

23446486528 23446486849

Tel: 234012644814-7 Fax: 234012644817 Tel: 234092347572 Fax: 234092347242 Tel: 23484574111 2348033104600

7.

Private

8. Rhythm 93.7 FM

Private

Silverbird Communications Limited, 10 Force Avenue, By Govt. House Drive Old GRA, Port Harcourt Email: radio@rhythm937.com Silverbird Communications Ltd 17A, Commercial Avenue Yaba. Lagos Hilltop, Karu. Abuja. Email: radio@rhythm937.com (Murhi International) MITV Plaza Obafemi Awolowo Way Alausa Secretariat, Ikeja, Lagos

9.

Rhythm 93.7 FM

Private

Tel: 234017740511 234017740510/4 Tel: 234092348556

10

Rhythm 94.7 FM

Private

11.

Star FM 101.5

Tel: 234014972846, 234014972847 Fax: 234014931272 234014926209 Tel. 234062371508

12.

Nagarta Radio (747KHZ) Crowther Communica tions (FM) (104.5 MHz FM) Brilla FM (Sports) (88.9 MHz FM)

Private

13.

Private

Kaduna-Zaria Express way Katabu-Mararaban Jos, Kaduna. Email: nagarta03@yahoo.com No. 26, Tamale Street By Mathematical Centre Wuse Zone 3, Abuja

Tel: 234095241504 2340952341505 234093140862 2348044181456 Tel: 2348022906278, 2348022906279 Fax: 234014923077 Tel: 234014932663

14.

Private

Eleganza 634 Adeyemo Alakija House Victoria Island, Lagos

15.

UNILAG FM

Private

University of Lagos Akoka, Lagos
116

(Academic) 16. Private 6. Ceuna Communica tions. (Cosmo FM) (105.5 MHz) Freedom Private Radio (99.5MHz FM) Plot 18, Pocket Estate Independence Layout, Enugu.

234017741872 Tel: 23442300219

17.

Plot 33, Sarki Dikko, Off Ibrahim Sani Abacha Road, Gyadi-Gyadi, Kano

Tel: 23464660565.

Source: National Broadcasting Commission, 2007 Table 28. Privately owned television stations Private Broadcasting Stations (Television)
1 Murhi International Television Private 24Hrs M.I.T.V Plaza Obafemi Awolowo Way, Alausa Secretariat Opposite NEPA Lagos Zonal Headquarters Ikeja, Lagos Lagos Super Screen CITI Trust Plaza 9/11 Catholic Street, Lagos 376, Ikorodu Road, Maryland, Lagos E-mail: info@channelstv.com Tel: 234014922241 234015557102/7 Fax: 234014926209 Tel: 234012635631 234012645380 234012664165 Tel: 234014934298 234012881825 Fax: 234012881825

2

Universal Broadcasting Services Limited Channels Television

Private

24Hrs

3

Private

24Hrs

4

Channels Television

Private

24Hrs

5

Desmims Independent

Private

24Hrs

6

Galaxy Television

Private

8Hrs

. C/o MG Communications Wuse zone1, Abuja E-mail: info@channelstv.com Sheik Ibrahim Arab Broadcasting House No. 4A, Sokoto Road, GRA, Kaduna Television Television House, POBOX 37321 Dugbe, Ibadan. Oyo State E-mail: galaxy@hyperia.com

Tel: 23462241701 23462245055 Tel: 234022410897 234022410899 234022414701 2348042105457 2348056542079

7

Galaxy Television

Private

24Hrs

25 Community Road, Off Bamishile Road, Off Allen 234-1-5557511-2 Avenue, Ikeja Lagos E-mail:galaxy@hyperia.com.

117

8

Degue Broadcasting

Private

24Hrs

9

Independent Television

Private

12Hrs

Network (DBN-TV) No. 65, Awolowo Road P.O. Box 51162, Ikoyi, Lagos Glass House,Airport Road, P.M.B. 1703, Benin City

10

Minaj Broadcast International Minaj Broadcast International

Private

24Hrs

130/132 Ladipo Street Matori, Mushin, Lagos Minaj Radiovision Plaza Minaj Drive, P. O. Box 494, Obosi Communication Village Ray Power Drive Ilapo Village Alagbado, Lagos . Daar Communications Ltd AIT Drive, Kpaduma Hill, Asokoro District Abuja

11

Private

24Hrs

12

Africa Independent Television (AIT)

Private

24Hrs

Tel: 234012690051 234017740289 Tel: 23452250242 23452252119 23452602727 23452602565 Fax: 23452251881 23452251504 Tel: 234014528499 234014529203/4 Tel: 23446486532 23446486528 23446486849 Tel: 234012644814 234014974749 Tel: 234092347572 Fax: 234092347242

13

Africa Independent Television (AIT)

Private

24Hrs

Direct To Home Television(DTH) Satellite Re-Transmission Station Cables Stations (Using M.M.D.S. Channels)
1 Multichoice Nigeria Limited Private 24Hrs 1379 Tiamiyu Salvage Street, Victoria Island, Lagos Email: africacallcentre@multichoice.co .za Website: www.multichice.co.za CTL Emporium Plot 57, Woji Road, G.R.A. II, Port Harcourt E-mail: info@trendtv.tv Website: www.trendtv.tv No. 192B, Jide Oki Street, Off Ajose Adeogun Street, Victoria Island, Lagos Gidan Abbas MG No. 12, Sultan Road P.M.B. 2235, Kaduna Tel: 234017740147 234012622133 Fax: 234012610360 234012619429 Tel: 23484461361/90 2348055235908 Fax: 23484231691 Tel: 234012701440 Tel: 23462237729 23401237732 23401237735 23401237735 Tel: 23460231670 23460231253

2

Trend TV Ltd

Private

24Hrs

3

Frontage Television

Private

24Hrs

4

MG Communication Systems Limited

Private

24Hrs

5

MG Communication Systems Limited

Private

24Hrs

Giginya Hotel Western Bypass, Sokoto.

118

6 7

MG Communication Systems Limited Disc Engineering Limited

Private Private

24Hrs 24Hrs

8

Transmit Network Limited

Private

24Hrs

Beside NUJ Secretariat Sokoto Road, Gusau Alhaji Lateef Jakande Road Agidingbi, Ikeja, Lagos P.O. Box 52669, Falomo, Lagos C/o Disc Engineering Agidingbi, Ikeja, Lagos No. 143, Ibrahim Taiwo Road P.O. Box 4560, Ilorin, Kwara State Wing B, Ground Floor, ORC House No. 80, Effurun/Sapele Road Effurun, Warri, Delta State

23460231455 Tel: 23460201694 Tel: 234014932641/6 234014923696 Tel: 234013453090 Fax: 234014923696 Tel: 23431222251 Fax: 23431223389 Tel: 23453251973, 23480372288442 348024315148 Fax: 234-53 25193 Tel: 23482231564 23482227128 23482227128 Fax: 23482233667 Tel: 23484237808 23484236754 Fax: 23484237809: Tel: 234014976493 234014976500 Tel:: 23485201838, 2348023147129

9

10

Delta Telecommunications & Electrical Services Limited Worldlink Network Limited

Private

24Hrs

Private

24Hrs

11

Modern Communications Limited

Private

24Hrs

45, Tenant Road, Aba Email:mcomltd@yahoo.com

12

Communication Trends Nigeria Limited (CTL. TV)

Private

24Hrs

13

Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Communication Trends Nigeria Limited

Private

24Hrs

14

Private

24Hrs

15

Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Communication Trends Nigeria Limited

Private

24Hrs

16

Private

24Hrs

17

Private

24Hrs

CTL House, 206/208, Aba Express way. P.O. Box 6100, Port Harcourt Email:comtrends@supernet300 .com Don Etiebet House, Maryland, Lagos Email: comtrends@supernet300.com 55 Brooks Street, Uyo. E-mail: comtrend@supernet300.com Website: www.supernet300.com 6th Floor, Broking House 1, Jimoh Odutola Road, Dugbe Ibadan E mail: comtrends@supernet300.com 2C Aba Road, Umuahia Abia State E-mail: comtrends@supernet300.com 4, Oguta Road, Onitsha, Anambra State E-mail: comtrends@supernet300.com
119

Tel: 23488223416

Tel: 23446214829

18

19

Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Communication Trends Nigeria Limited West-Midlands Communication

Private

24Hrs

Private 24Hrs

20

Private

24Hrs

21

Private

22

Private

24Hrs

23

Bauchi Satellite/Cable Limited

Private

24Hrs

50, Zik Avenue, Uwani, Enugu E-mail: comtrends@supernet300.com 30 Wetheral Road, Owerri E-mail: comtrends@supernet300.com Warri, Delta State E-mail: comtrends@supernet300.com Sakponba Road, Benin city E-mail: comtrends@supernet300.com Providence House 6, Beckley Street Off Adeyi Avenue Old Bodija Estate, Dugbe, Ibadan No. 1, Hospital Road P.O. Box 566, Bauchi State

Tel: 23442259696 Tel: 23483230613

Tel: 2348033481715

Tel: 234028104268, 234028012206

Tel: 23477543301 Fax: 23477521363 Tel: 23452602700 23452602727 Tel: 23464633814

24

IBW Cable/Satellite

Private

24Hrs

Glass House Airport Road, Benin City

25

Hash-Tronics Satellite Communications Limited ABG Communications Limited

Private

24Hrs

No. 2, Tamandu Road Off Audu Bako Way P.O. Box 1019, Kano

26

Private

24Hrs

ABG Avenue, Road D3 Ungwan Muazu P.O. Box 502, Kaduna E-mail: abg@abgcom.net

Tel: 23462235946 23462235948 23462237679 23462235385 234622325501 Fax: 23462235950

27

ABG Communications Limited ABG Communications Limited

Private

24Hrs

10, Rwang Pam, Jos, Plateau State

Tel: 23473459076

28

Private

24Hrs

No. 1 Baga Road Opposite NEPA Office, Maiduguri

120

29

ABG Communications Limited

Private

24Hrs

Transmitting Site Yola International Hotel Office No. 107 Atiku Abubakar Road Jimeta, Yola Bompai Road, Kano E-mail: abgkano@abgcom.net

Tel: 23475625635

30

ABG Communications Limited

Private

24Hrs

Tel: 23464636421 Fax: 23464647078 Tel: 23465434843

31

ABG Communications Limited Minaj Cable Network Bauchi Satellite Cable Limited

Private

24Hrs

IBB Way, Katsina

32 33

Private Private

24Hrs 24Hrs

45 Aguleri Street Independence Layout, Enugu No. 1, Hospital Road P.O. Box 566 Bauchi State 1 Cable Mission Television Network (CMTV) 202 Aba Road P.O. Box 6477, Port Harcourt E-mail: multimesh@yahoo.com Web site:http://www.multimeshc.com

Tel: 23442459085 Tel: 23477543301

34

Multimesh Communication Limited

Private

24Hrs

Tel: 23484232466 23484232467 2348032034028 Fax: 23484230849

35

Entertainment Cable Television

Private

24Hrs

C/o DISC Engineering Ltd Alhaji Lateef Jakande Road Agidingbi, Ikeja, Lagos Television House Nsugbe Hills, Abakaliki

Tel: 234013453090 234014976500 Tel: 23443220784 23443221683 Tel: 23487236703 Fax: 23487236771

36

Ebonyi Cable Television (ECTV)

Private

24Hrs

37

Digital Entertainment Television (DET Cable TV)

Private

24Hrs

State Housing Post Office 1 Broadcast Plaza, Akin Close, State Housing Estate P.O. Box 1234, Calabar E-mail: eenodet.bell atlantic.net,

38

Savannah Cable Communication Ltd

Private

24Hrs

No. 2, New Market Road P.O. Box 1552, Gombe

Tel: 23472223514 2347222375

Direct Satellite Stations (DBS)
121

1

AFRICAN INDEPENDENT TELEVISION(AIT)

Private

24Hrs

Communication Village Ray Power 100 Drive Ilapo Village, Alagbado, Lagos

Tel: 234012644814 234014974749 23401264418 Tel: 234014528499 234014529203/4 4

2

MINAJ BROADCAST INTERNATIONAL

Private

24Hrs

130/132 Ladipo Street Matori – Mushin, Lagos

Source: National Broadcasting Commission, 2007

2.3.2. Telecommunication services
The Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) is the regulatory authority for the telecommunications industry in Nigeria. Its major role is to facilitate private sector participation in communication services delivery, co-ordinate and regulate activities of the operators to ensure consistency in availability of service delivery and fair pricing (NCC, 2007). The telecommunications industry is characterised by a mix of fixed, wireless and mobile telephones. Community telephony also features in the industry. Mobile telephone services started in Nigeria in 1993 with a national service operated by NITEL and a smaller Lagos service operated by Mobile Telecommunications Services (MTS). The current major players providing mobile telephone services in the country are MTN Nigeria Communication Limited, Celtel Nigeria, Mobile Telecommunications Limited and Glo Mobile Limited. Since its inception the growth of the telecommunications market in Nigeria has being at geometric rates, thereby sustaining the market as one of the fastest growing telecommunications market s globally. From about 2.3 million lines at the end of 2002, the number of connected telephone lines increased to about 4.04 million at the end of 2003 and 10.20 million in 2004. This represents an average annual growth rate of about 115% between 2002 and 2004. By December in 2006, it was 34 million (Table 32). Equally, the usage and penetration of Internet services witnessed commensurate growth. Internet users increased from less than half a million in 2002 to about 1.6 million in 2003 to 1.8 million in 2004, representing increase in penetration rates from 0.3 in 2002 to 1.3 in 2003 to 1.4 in 2004 (NCC, 2007). These users are serviced by several Internet service providers at cybercafés located in mostly urban areas (Table 31) The market growth of the telecommunications market in Nigeria has been sustained essentially by a number of factors, primary amongst which has been the continued cooperation of the Federal Government of Nigeria with the Board of the Nigerian Communications Commission in ensuring virile competition among the operators (see Table 29) through transparent, fair and firm policy and regulatory actions. Through the regulatory decisions taken in 2002, the increase in the number of active players in the industry gave impetus to increased competition in service provision, resulting in higher value-for-money to the end users, without compromising the return on investment to the operators (NCC, 2007). The potentials of the telecommunications industry are enormous in Nigeria. For instance, the potentials of handsets in providing agricultural and market information to farmers and other end-users have been explored in programmes such as ICSNigeria, Nigeria Agricultural Market Information Service (NAMIS), Cassava
122

Enterprise Development Programme (CEDP) and Promoting Sustainable Agriculture in Borno State (PROSAB).

123

Table 29. Telephone and mobile service providers in Nigeria

Digital Mobile
Name Address Cost of 3 Min local call N126 (€0.72) No. of individual subscribers 12,281,000 Coverage

MTN Nigeria Communications Ltd

Churchgate Towers, 30, Afribank Street, V/I, Lagos Celtel Nigeria Plot 1678, Limited Olakunle Bakare Close, Off Sanusi Fafunwa Street, Victoria Island, Lagos No. 3, M-Tel Mobile Telecommunications Street, Wuse II, Abuja. Limited (Formerly NITEL Limited)

Country-wide

N118.50 (€ Not Available 0.68) (peak) N70.20 (€0.41) (Off-Peak) Not Available

Country-wide

Country-wide

Glo Mobile Limited (Formerly Globacom Limited)

1, Mike Adenuga Close, Victoria Island, Lagos

N126 (€0.72)

9,000,000

Country-wide

Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
XS Braodband Ltd (Formerly UBA Capital & Trust Ltd) 22 Idowu Taylor Street, Victoria Island, Lagos. Cross River, Rivers, Delta, Ebonyi, Imo, Lagos, Ekiti, Osun, Kaduna, Abuja, Kogi, Kwara, Niger, Gombe, Bauchi, Borno, Adamawa, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara, Jigawa, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto Kaduna, Kano, Plateau, Abuja, Nasarawa

Startech Connection Ltd

Rainbownet Ltd

Rivers State Office Building (Ground Floor), Plot 83, Ralph Shodeinde Street, Central Area, Abuja. Plot 4, Pocket
124

Abia, Anambra,

Odua Telecoms Ltd (Formerly Odua Investment Company Ltd)

Musty Digital & Security System Ltd Cyberspace Ltd

Estate, Independence Layout, Enugu 12th and 13th Floor, Cocoa House Complex, Oba Adebimpe Road, Dugbe, Ibadan. Jigawa, Niger

Ebonyi, Imo

Ekiti, Ondo, Osun, Ogun, Oyo

1, Ologun Agbaje Street, Victoria Island, Lagos IPNX Nigerian Ltd 4, Balarabe Musa Street, Victoria Island, Lagos Wideways Nigeria 2nd Floor, Ltd Bookshop House, 50/52 Broad Street, CMS, Lagos. Modern Telecom Ltd 21 Ologun Agbaje Street, P.O. Box 70861, Victoria Island, Lagos Mega Tech 14C Durbin Engineering Ltd Katsina Road, Bompai, Kano Megatech Telkoms 13 Alhaji Kanike Ltd (Formerly Close, Off Megatecch Software Awolowo Road, Ltd) SW Ikoyi, Lagos Gold-Jay 2 & 4, Bauchi Enterprises Ltd, Road, Apapa, Lagos. Choffan 228, Muri Communications Ltd Okunola Street, Victoria Island, Lagos. BIG Addis Ababa Communications Ltd Crescent, Wuse Zone 4, Abuja Global Plot 26 Admiral Communications Way, Lekki Network Ltd Phase 1, Victoria Island, Lagos Prime Global Suit D6, Zuma Services Ltd Hall, Plot 602 Ndola Square, Off Michael Street, Wuse
125

Delta, Lagos

Bayelsa, Abuja

Enugu

Rivers

Kano

Akwa Ibom, Plateau, Kano

Edo

Anambra

Benue

Bayelsa

Akwa Ibom

Zone 5, Abuja Sirius Wireless Ltd 18 Keffi Street, Ikoyi, Lagos African 10 Balarabe Telecommunications Musa Crescent, Network Ltd Victoria Island, Lagos. Bentel Networks Ltd Horizon Broadcasting & Telecommunications Ltd North West Communications Ltd Swift Networks Ltd (Formerly Izaga Networks Ltd) Kano Foundation Building, 15 BUK Road, Kano 8 Louis Solomon Close, Victoria Island, Lagos. 8b, Fabac Close, Off Ligali Ayorinde Avenue, Victoria Island, Lagos Plot 1261c, Bishop Kale Close, Off Saka Tinubu Street, V/I, Lagos 57, Airport Road, Benin City 231, Adeola Odeku Street, Victoria Island, Lagos 27, Durban Street, Wuse II, Abuja Rivers Nassarawa

Benue Kano

Lagos

Lagos

Starcomms Limited

600,000

Lagos , Ibadan,Port Harcourt, Abuja

Prest Cable & Satellite TV Systems Limited, Multi-Links Telecommunications Limited Multi-Links Telecoms, Giselle Wireless Limited Source: NCC, 2007

Edo

Lagos , Ibadan,Port Harcourt, Abuja

2.3.3. Computers and the Internet
The liberalisation and privatization of the telecommunication industry in Nigeria with its attendant increase in the number of fixed and mobile lines has made the use of computers in the country more prevalent in different sectors of the economy. The World Bank (2002) reported that Nigeria had on the average 7.1 computers to 1000 persons. This is about average for sub-Saharan Africa except South Africa. Generally, the number of Internet users has steadily increased from 107,194, 153,350 and 420,000 in 2000, 2001 and 2002 respectively to 1,613,258 and 1,769,661 in 2003 and 2004 respectively (NCC, 2006). A majority of these users access the Internet at cyber cafes made available through Internet service providers located at various parts of urban Nigeria. Computers are used in Nigeria in educational institutions for instruction as well as easy access to updated information, in the travel industry for monitoring travel schedules and bookings as well as governmental agencies and non-governmental
126

organisations for general administrative purposes. Financial institutions are also actively involved in e-banking through the use of computers and Internet services. Table 30. Computer and internet availability and cost data Number of computers per 1000 7.1 Number of Internet Subscribers 1,769,661 Cost of 10 hours dial-up Internet per Celtel month Globacom = N7000 (€39.89) MTN =60k per kilobyte (€0.34) Stacomms = N4,650 (€26.57) Multilinks =N10,000/month (€57.14) O’Net = N15,000/month (€85.71) Cost of ADSL/month N5250/month (€30) for 2or 3 systems N10500/month (€60) for more than 3 systems Name of Internet service providers See Table 31 Source: CTA Information Needs Survey, 2008

Table 31. Internet service providers in Nigeria S/N Name of provider Address & website Telephone and fax 1. 21st Century Technologies Plot 249A Muri Okunola Street, Tel: Limited Victoria Island Annex, Lagos. 234012621195 website: http://www.21ctl.com 234014708888 234014709696 Fax: 234012621194 Centre Tel: 2. Accelon Nigeria Limited FABAC 3B Ligali Ayorinde Street 234012709000 Victoria Island Fax: Lagos. 234012705781 website: www.accelonafrica.com 3. Adesemi Nigeria Ltd Website: iccsphere.com 4. Africa Online Nigeria Ltd 220 Herbert Macaulay Way, Yaba, Lagos 5. Cobranet Limited Plot 8, Rafiyu Babatunde Tinubu, Off Admiral Way, Lekki Peninsula, Lagos Website: cobranet.org 6. Cyberspace Limited 12 Ologun Agbaje, Victoria Island, Lagos www.cyberspace.net.ng 7. Direct On PC Plot B, Block 1 Tel: Ilupeju Industrial Estate 234012701700 Ilupeju Lagos, Nigeria Fax: (Near Zenith Bank) 234014930958 website: http://www.directonpc.com 8. Electronic Connections limited 8A Race Course Road, Kano, Tel: Nigeria 234064640693/94/95 Email: info@ecnx.net 234064640695 Website: http://www.ecnx.net/ 234064641815
127

9.

Fairlawn Technologies Ltd

10.

Galaxy Information Technology and Telecommunications Limited

11. 12.

General Data Engineering Services Limited (SKANNET) GS Telecom Nigeria Limited

13.

Hyperia

14.

Inet

Global

Services

Ltd.

Crusader House, 12th Floor, 16a Commercial Avenue Sabo, Yaba, Lagos Website: www. Wavecircuit.com Abuja Head office 22 Adetokumbo Ademola Crescent Wuse II Abuja Nigeria email: info@galaxyitt.com websitehttp://www.galaxyitt.com Bodija, Ibadan Website: www.skannet.com 46, Saka Tinubu Street, Victoria island, Lagos Website: www.gstelecom.net Plot 1684, Sanusi Fafunwa Street, Victoria Island, Lagos website:http://www.hyperia.com 2, Ali Akilu (Ladon House) Kaduna, Kaduna State. E-mail:webmaster@inet-global.com website:http://www.inet-global.com

Tel: 234095233897 234095235044

Tel/Fax: 234028105156

Tel:

234012620726

Tel: 23462243002 234-62-218795

15.

16.

Limited NCWS House (1st Floor), PC 14 Ahmed Onibudo Street, Victoria Island P.O. Box 54777, Falomo, Ikoyi, Lagos Nigeria. E-mail: sales@infoweb.abs.net http://www.infoweb.com.ng Integrated Telekom & 62a Opebi Road (2nd floor), Ikeja, Lagos Networks Limited e-mail: mails@itelekom.net website: http://www.itelekom.net

InfoWeb

Tel/Fax: 234012623474 234012624256/57

Tel: 234017603265 234017612961 234018755477 234018901412 Tel/Fax: 23484232266 2348033091447

17.

International Marketing

18.

Internet Limited

19.

IPNX

Technology 4c Okorodo St. Behind NITEL, Associates Garrison, D/Line P.O. Box 11874 . Port Harcourt Rivers State Nigeria Email: supportwwl@bukeda.com Solutions Nigeria Suite 17, Eko Hotel Complex, 1, Ajose Adeogun, Victoria Island, Lagos www.nova.net.com Nigeria Limited No. 4, Balarabe Musa Crescent Victoria Island Lagos website: http://www.ipnxnigeria.net

.

Tel: 234014619943/6 Fax: 234012614633

20.

IT

Networks

Limited 3RD 3,

Floor, Isoken Warri-Sapele
128

Plaza Tel: Road, 2348033415006

21.

Laro Wireless Computers Linkserve

Enerhen Junction, Delta State 2348033214932 Email: info@networks.l-p.com 2348037081757 c/o Laro 61-63 Old Aba Road Port Harcourt , Limited Rivers State, Nigeria Limited Plot 308 Adeola Odeku Street Victoria Island, Lagos, Nigeria Email: info@linkserve.net URL: http://www.linkserve.net Networks 147b, Murtala Mohd. Way, P.O Box 12178, Kano website:http://www.megatechnet.com Tel: 234012623900 Fax: 234012623906 Tel. 234064200200 234064200201 234064200202. 2348036079235 6/F South Atlantic Petroleum Towers Tel: 7, Adeola Odeku Street 234012718888 Victoria Island, Lagos Nigeria 234014611234 website: http://www.netcomng.com/ 234012718890 Fax: 234014611235 5, Idowu Taylor Street, Victoria Island, Lagos Website: nigerianet.com Stallion house (13th floor) Tel: 2, Ajose Adeogun Street 234012624823 Victoria Island, Lagos. 234012625075 website: http://www.nigol.net.ng 234017742322 Fax 234012624807 2 Bissau Street Tel: Off Herbert Macaulay Way 234095233031 Wuse Zone 6 234095234554 Abuja e-mail: md@nigtel.com 48, Sobo Arobiodu Street, GRA, Ikeja Website: oneworldng.com 5th Floor, Buffalo House Tel: 2 Allen Avenue, Ikeja, Lagos 234014707355, website: http://www.pinet.com.ng 234017949159 Fax: 234014707355 Plot 4 Ebeano Estate Tel:23442300304/7 Independence Layout, Enugu, Nigeria. Website: http://www.rbow.net

22.

23.

Megatech

24.

Netcom

25.

Nigeria Net

26.

Nigeria

On-Line

Limited

27.

Nigerian Telecommunications Limited (NITEL)

28.

One World Communications Ltd Pinet Informatics Ltd

29.

30.

Rainbownet Limited

31.

32.

Limited Plot 138B,Adetokunbo Ademola Crescent Wuse II, P.O Box 73266, Abuja email: info@rosecom.net Website: http://www.rosecom.net SignOnAfrica Communications 77b Evo Road, GRA II, 169, Aba
129

Roseccom

Nigeria

Tel: 234094131845 Fax: 234094131845

Ltd 33. Siotel

34.

Stallionet

Road, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Website: gxc24.com Limited 5a Karimu Kotun Street, Victoria Island, Lagos. 5a Karimu Kotun Street, Victoria Island, Lagos. website: http://www.siotel.com Plot 14, C-Line, Ubium Street Ewet Housing Estate, Uyo Akwa Ibom State Email: info@stallionet.net

Tel: 234014617679/82 234014617679/82

Tel: 234 085203802 234085203070 234085203180

35. 36.

Steineng Limited Swift Networks

14, Kudeti Avenue, Ibadan Website: www.steineng.com Limited 31B Saka Tinubu Street Tel. Victoria Island 234012700198/9 Lagos, Fax Website: http://www.swiftng.com/ 234012700197 6 Broad Street, Lagos Website: www.metrong.com

37. 38. 39.

Tara Systems Ltd

40.

VSAT Nigeria http://www.jidaw.com/vsat.html Web Access Resources Suite A10 Falomo Shopping Limited Complex, Awolowo Road, Ikoyi, Lagos Website: webaccessng.com Webcom Limited 58, Toyin Street, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria E-mail: info@webcomng.com webcom_ng@yahoo.com website : http://www.webcomng.com

Tel/Fax: 234014966562 234014970473 2348033045670 2348033265489 2348033265488 2348023418045 2348023002550

41.

73 Ogunu Road, Warri, Delta State www.webonian.com 42. World Web Limited 11, Ali Akilu Road, Tel: Opposite Challenge Bookshop, 23464234210 P. O. Box 2162, 23464238464 23464238357 Kaduna E-mail: daniel@wwlkad.com Fax: 23464238357 website: http://www.wwlkad.com Source: Internet Service Providers Association of Nigeria (ISPAN), 2007, www.ispan.org.ng/members.htm of 21/09/07; www.jidaw.com/isp.html of 21/09/07

Webonian Nigeria Limited

130

Table 32. Total connected lines and teledensity 2001-Jan 2007 OP FD MB Tot Dec 01 600,321 266,461 866,782 Dec 02 702,000 1,569,050 2,271,050 Dec 03 872,473 3,149,472 4,021,945 Dec 04 1,027,519 9,174,209 10,201,728 Dec 05 1,223,258 18,587,000 19,810,258 15.72 Dec 06 1,687, 972 32,322, 202 34,010, 174 24.29 Dec 07 1,704,722 33,603,761 35,308,483 25.22

TD 0.73 1.89 3.35 8.50 Source: NCC, 2007, www.ncc.gov.ng/index2_e.htm Key
OP = Operator FD = Fixed MB = Mobile

TD = Teledensity Tot = Total

131

ANNEX 3. PROFILE OF INSTITUTIONS
Annex 3.1. List of Institutions in the agricultural sector

Governmental agricultural/rural development institutions/organisations 1 Name: Federal Ministry of Agriculture And Rural Development (FMA&RD) Postal Address: Federal. Capital Territory Office Complex Block A, Area 11 (Eleven) P.M.B. 135, Garki, Abuja, FCT Tel: 23409231931 Fax: E-Mail: Website: www.ministryofagric.gov.ng Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Ministry of Agriculture and natural Resources, State Secretariat, Umuahia, Abia State Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website: Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, State Secretariat, Yola, Adamawa State Tel: 23407524721 Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 22 Oron Road, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State. Tel:234085201762 Fax: E-Mail Website:www.akwaibomstategov.com/ministry_agric.ht ml Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Ukwa. Anambra State Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Bauchi, Bauchi State Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Yenagoa, Balyesa State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website GOV PP

2

GOV

PP

3

GOV

PP

4

GOV

PP

5

GOV

PP

6

GOV

PP

7

GOV

PP

132

8

9

10

12

13

14

15

16

17

Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Makurdi, Benue State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Maiduguri, Borno State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Murtala Mohammed Way, Calabar, Cross River State Tel: 234087220209 Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Asaba, Delta Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture. & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Benin City, Edo State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Enugu, Enugu State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Poster Address: Secretariat Complex, Abuja. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website

GOV

PP

GOV

PP

GOV

PP

GOV

PP

GOV

PP

GOV

PP

GOV

PP

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Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Gombe, Gombe State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Imo State Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Okigwe Road, Owerri, Imo State Tel:234083230295 Fax: E-Mail Website: www.imostate.gov.ng/ministries.html Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Dutse, Jigawa State Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Control Service, Mando Road,, Kaduna, Kaduna State. Tel: 234062215959 Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Maigatan Road,, Kano, Kano State Tel: 064650186 Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Ministry of Agricultural and Natural Resources, Nagogo Road, Katsina, Kastina State Tel: 23406530001 Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex Birni – Kebbi, Kebbi State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Lokoja, Kogi State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website

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Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Jebba Road, Ilorin, Kwara State Tel: 234031221760 Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Cooperative (MAC) Postal Address: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperative, State Secretariat, Alausa, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23401901500 Fax: E-Mail Website: www.lagosstate.gov.ng/ministryofagric Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Lafia, Nasarawa State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Mamman Kantagora Road, Minna, Niger State Tel:234066221226 Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ibadan Road, Kolopo, P.M.B. 2148, Abeokuta, Ogun State. Tel:234039231041 Fax: E-Mail Website: www.ogunstate.gov.ng.ministry_agriculture.htm Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Ondo, Ondo State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website: www.ondostategovernment.com/minagricutlture.html Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Osogbo, Osun State Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry Of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, State Secretariat, Ibadan, Oyo State. Tel: 23402240010 Fax: E-Mail Website

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Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, P.M.B. 2702, Jos. Plateau State. Tel: 23407852405 Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture& Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 15/17 Emenike St., Port Harcourt, Rivers State. Tel: 234084300270 Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Sokoto, Sokoto State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Jalingo, Taraba State Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address State Secretariat Complex, Damaturu, Yobe State Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources (MANR) Postal Address: Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, P.M.B. 2109, Sokoto, Sokoto State Tel: 234060200013 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development (MA&RD) Postal Address: State Secretariat Complex, Gusau, Zamfara State Tel: Fax: E-Mail Website Name: Abia State Agricultural Development Programme ( ASADEP) Postal Address: Km. 3, Umuahia-Okigwe Road, P.M.B 7235, Umuahia, Abia State. Tel: 234088220466, 234088-222899, 234088222295 Fax: E-Mail: abiadep@infoweb.abs.net Website:

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Name: Adamawa State Agricultural Development. Programme, ( ASADEP) Postal Address: 77 Lamido Road, P.O. Box 956, Yola, Adamawa State Tel: 234076634123, 234076634907 Fax: E-Mail Website: Name: Akwa-Ibom State Agricultural Development Programme, Postal Address:122 Uyo Unamah Street, P.M.B. 1089, Uyo, Akwa-Ibom State Tel: 234085203262, 2348023050526, 23408561234 Fax: E-Mail Website: Name: Anambra State Agricultural Development Programme Postal Address: P.M.B. 5051 Onitsha Road, Awka, Anambra State Tel: 234048554391, Fax: E-Mail: asadepa@yahoo.com Website: Name: Bauchi State Agricultural Development Programme ( BSADEP) Postal Address: Gidan Gona, Dass Road, P.M.B. 080 Bauchi, Bauchi State Tel: 234077543403, 234077542670, 234077543532 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Bauchi Cooperative Financing Agency (BCFA) Postal Address: 125 Ahmed Abdul Kadir Way, P.M.B. 125, Bauchi, Bauchi State Tel: 234077543185, 234077542646, 234077543532. Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Bayelsa State Agricultural Development Programme Postal Address: P.M.B. 34, Yenagoa Tel: 234089490373 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Benue Agricultural Development Authority (BNARDA), Postal Address: P.M.B. 102125, Makurdi, Benue State Tel: 234044523293 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Borno State Agricultural Development Programme, Postal Address: 2 Shehu Laminu Way, P.M.B. 1452, Maduguri, Borno State Tel: 234076233857 Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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Name: Cross River State Agricultural Development Programme ( CRSADEP) Postal Address: IBB Way, Opp. Calabar International Airport, P.M.B.1178, Calabar, Cross River State Tel: 234087220751, 234087233211, 234087223095, 234087220597, 234087223094 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Delta State Agricultural Development Programme, (DSADEP) Postal Address: Ibusa-Asaba Road, P.M.B.1006, Ibusa, Delta State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Ebonyi State Agricultural Development Programme, ( ESADEP) Postal Address: Onuebonyi, Km 8 Abakaliki-Ogoja Highway, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State Tel: 234043221904 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Edo State Agricultural Development Programme, (ESADP) Postal Address: Oko Village, Ogba Road, P.M.B. 1698, Benin City, Edo State Tel: 234052450382, 2348034036512 Fax: E-Mail Website: Name: Ekiti State Agricultural Development Programme, ( ESADEP) Postal Address: Km. 32 Omuo Road, P.M.B.5016, Ikole-Ekiti, Ekiti State Tel: 234030440659 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Enugu State Agricultural Development Programme, Postal Address: No. 1 Garden Avenue, P.M.B. 01146, Enugu, Enugu State Tel: 234042253463,2348023567669 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: FCT Agricultural Development Programme ( FCTADEP) Postal Address: Block 602, Phase I, P.M.B.165, Gwagwalada, Abuja, FCT Tel: 2340988214489; 2348044103353 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Gombe State Agricultural Development Programme, Postal Address: P.M.B.0046, Gombe, Gombe State. Tel: 234072223779 Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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Name: Imo State Agricultural Development Programme, (ISADEP) Postal Address: Okigwe Road, Secretariat, Owerri, Imo State Tel: 23483234089, 2348033263901 Fax: E-Mail: imo-adp@yahoo.com Website: Name: Jigawa State Agricultural Development Authority, Postal Address: P.M.B.7024, Dutse, Jigawa State Tel: 234064721338 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Kaduna State Agricultural Development Programme, Postal Addressp.M.B.2269, Kaduna. Tel: 234062210156, 234062248212 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Kano State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority, Postal Address: Km 9 Hadejia Road, Yankaba, P.M.B. 3130, Kano, Kano State Tel: 234064311705, 234064649224, 2348023045781 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Katsina State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority Postal Address: 4 Km Kano Road, P.M.B.2006, Katsina, Katsina State Tel: 234065431794, 234065432534 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Kebbi State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority Postal Address: Kaigi Junction, P.M.B.1039, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State Tel: 234068321762, 234068321864 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Kogi State Agricultural And Rural Development Programme Postal Address: Lokoja-Abuja Road, Felele, P.M.B.1067, Lokoja, Kogi State Tel: 234058220536, 2348034037625 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Kwara State Agricultural Dev. Programme Postal Address: Jebba Road, P.M.B. 1383, Ilorin, Kwara State. Tel: 234031220760, 2340312201518; Telex: 23403133185, 2348033737363 Fax: E-Mail: Website: www.kwaraproject.org

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Name: Lagos State Agricultural Development Programme, Postal Address: Old Abeokuta Motor Road, Oko-Oba. P.O. Box 3845, Agege, Lagos, Lagos State Tel:234017756203, 2348033531882 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Nasarawa State Agricultural Development Programme Postal Address: Opposite Revenue Office, P.M.B. 36, Lafia, Nasarawa State. Tel: 234047220565, 234047221593 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Niger State Agricultural Development Programme Postal Address: Maitumbi-Shiroro Road, P.M.B. 132, Minna, Niger State Tel: 23406622383, 2348034510301 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Ogun State Agricultural Development Programme, (OGADEP) Postal Address: Olabisi Onabanjo Way, Idi-Aba Abeokuta, P.M.B. 2122, Abeokuta, Ogun State Tel: 2348033194604 Fax: E-Mail Website: Name: Ondo State Agricultural Development Programme Postal Address: 88 Ibrahim Babangida Avenue, Alaogbaka Quarters, P.M.B. 622, Akure, Ondo State Tel: 234034231598, 2348034077554 Fax: EMail: Website: Name: Osun State Agricultural Development Programme Postal Address: P.O.Box 724, Iwo, Oyo/Awe Road, Iwo, Osun State Tel: 23402950820, 234950821, 234950822, 234959825, 2348033891065 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Oyo State Agricultural Development Programme Postal Address: Liaison Office Quarters 804, Agodi GRA P.O. Box 7300, Secretariat Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: 234028104364, 2348023268998 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Plateau Agricultural Development Programme Postal Address: P.M.B. 2119, Dogon Dutse, Jos, Plateau State Tel: 234073456452, 23480370081 Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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Name: Rivers State Agricultural Development Programme Postal Address: Okoro-Odo, Obio, P.M.B. 5169, PortHarcourt, Tel: 234084489877 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Sokoto State Agricultural Development Programme, Postal Address: Abdullahi- Fodo Road, P.M.B.2245, Sokoto, Sokoto State Tel : 234060236727, 234060232418 Fax: EMail: Website: Name: Sokoto State Agricultural And Community Development. Project, (SSA&CD) Postal Address: Block 4 Shehu Kangiwa Street, P.M.B.2353, Sokoto, Sokoto State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website Name: Taraba State Agricultural Development Programme Postal Address: P.M.B.1037, Jalingo, Taraba State Tel: 23407922133, Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Yobe State Agricultural Development Programme Postal Address: Maiduguri Road, P.M.B.1038, Damaturu, Yobe State. Tel: 234076522535-7; Fax:234076-522536 E-Mail: Website: Name: Zamfara State Agricultural Development Programme Postal Address: P.M.B.1020, Gusau Zaria Road, Gusua, Zamfara State. Tel: 234063204681, 234063204683 Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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Non-governmental Agricultural/Rural Development Organisations 80 PRV Name: Alheri Seeds Nigeria Limited Postal Address: 5, Sokoto Road (GRA), P.O. Box 472, Zaria, Kaduna State. Tel: 234069370877, 2348037016371, 23408057746362 Fax: Email: Website: PRV Name: Olam Nigeria Limited Postal Address: Plot 2, Block K, Ilasamaja Industrial Estate, Apapa-Oshodi Expressway, P.O.Box 18165, Ikeja, Lagos. Tel: Fax: Email: alum@rbow.net Website: PS-S

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Name: Abia Essence Projects Postal Address: 66 St. Michael’s Road, P.O. Box 67, Ubakala, Umuahia, Abia State Tel: 23482223618 Fax: Email: abiaessence@yahoo.com Website: Name: Anne’s Agro-Processing Company Limited Postal Address: Abakaliki, Ebonyi State. Tel: 2348037861053, 2348052541572 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Savannah Seeds and Livestock Postal Address: Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) Postal Address: Seventh Day Adventists Church Compound, Lagere Road, P.M.B. 5571, Ile-Ife, Osun State. Tel: 234036232952 Fax: 234036232952 Email: adrangr@infoweb.abs.net Website: www.adra.org Name: Afro Centre for Development, Peace and Justice (AFRODEP) Postal Address: 43 Rwang Pam Street, P.O. Box 1431, Jos, Plateau State Tel: 234073452150 Fax: 234073460006 Email: Website: Name: Agape Foundation for Literacy and Rural Development Postal Address: 14, Ogoja Road, P.O. Box 627, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State Tel: 23404320519, 23404321280 Fax: 23404320519 Email: agape@infoweb.abs.net, enquire@agapefoundation.org Website: Name: Agbeloba CMS Ltd, Ado-Ekiti Postal Address: Fagbohun Estate, Ado-Ikere Road, P.O. Box 266, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State. Tel: 234030250975 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Akpabuyo Bakassi Green Movement (ABGREMO) Postal Address: 24 Ikot Ewa Village, Opposite Community Secondary School, Ikot Ewa, Along Calabar Ikang Road, Akpabuyo, Cross River State Tel: 2347607086401 (Ext. 6990) Fax: Email: abgremo@yahoo.com Website:

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Name: Alheri Women Multi-Purpose Development Association (ALCO) Postal Address: C/o Bida Local Government Secretariat, P.O. Box 778, Bida, Niger State Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Association for Community and Economic Development Postal Address: 14, Lagos Road, Lafenwa, Abeokuta, Ogun State Tel: 234039240194 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Association for Grassroots Development (AGD) Postal Address: 29, Ayetoro Road, Kabiotire, Lafenwa, P.O. Box 2820 Sapon, Abeokuta, Ogun State Tel: 234039240531, 234039241081 Fax: Email: bright-yom@yahoo.com Website: Name: Association for Rural Development (ASRUDE) Postal Address: 22, Second Avenue, Trans Ekulu, P.O.Box 2173 Enugu, Enugu State Tel: 234042552703 Fax: Email: ugwu@yahoo.com Website: Name: Banaa (Mothers) Development Association Postal Address: Hasken Rai Baptist Church, Bakin Kogi-Kafanchan, Zangon Kataf LGA, Kaduna State Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Biakwan Light Postal Address: Km. 29, Ikom-Obudu Road, Biakwam, Boki LGA, P.O. Box 64, Ikom, Cross River State. Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Business Improvement Group Multi-Purpose Cooperative Society Postal Address: c/o Ken Moore Co., No 4 New Market Lane, Owerri, Imo State Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Care and Action Research NGO (CARE NGO) Postal Address: Giddan Jan-Block, Koghurna Close, (Near G.S.S. Sabon-Tasha, GPO Box 2233, Kaduna, Kaduna State. Tel: 2340625106060 Fax: Email: care-ngo@wwckad.com Website: Name: Catholic Institute for Development, Justice and Peace (CIDJAP) Postal Address: 3, Ikwuato Street, Uwani, P.O. Box 302, Enugu, Enugu State Tel: 234042252727 Fax: 234042257004 Email: cidjap@infoweb.abs.net Website:

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Name: Centre for Community Development (CENCOMDEV) Postal Address: Block 6, Plot 6, Lane 6, Oluyole Extension/Adabeji, Off Victoria International Church, Oluyole Extension, G.P.O Box 17091, Ibadan, Oyo State. Tel: 234022311199 Fax: 234028102644 Email: cencomdev@skannet.com Website: Name: Centre for Development and Civic Education (CECODEC) Postal Address: 29, Mushin Road, Isolo, P.O. Box 8476, Ikeja, Lagos State Tel: 234012880785 Fax: Email: cecodec@gacom.net, cecodec@wangonet.org Website: Name: Centre for Gender, Governance and Development (CEGGAD) Postal Address: Trinity Estate, Amuda Ojere Bus Stop, Km 155, Ojoo Express Road, Iwo Road Junction, P.O. Box 19997, UI Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State. Tel: 234028101618 Fax: 234028101618 Email: adekanye@ibadan.skannet.com.ng Website: Name: Centre for Indigenous Knowledge, Environment Research and Rural Development (CIKERD) Postal Address: 17, Constitution Crescent, Aba, Abia State Tel: 234082227738 Fax: Email: cikerd-ng@yahoo.com Website: Name: Centre for African Studies, Adult Education and Rural Development (CASAERD) Postal Address: Amauzu-Amorji Okue, P.O. Box 12, Ishiagu, Ivo LGA, Ebonyi State Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Centre for African Settlement Studies and Development (CASSAD) Postal Address: 3, Ayo Adekunle Close, New Bodija Estate, P.O. Box 20775, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: 234028102726 Fax: 234028104536 Email: cassad@infoweb.abs.net, centreafrican@infoweb.abs.net Website: Name: Centre for Agriculture and Rural Development (CARD) Postal Address: 164 Ikot Ekpene Road, P.O. Box 2429, Uyo Road, Akwa Ibom State Tel: Fax: 234085201081 Email: udong@beta.linkserve.com Website:

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Name: Church of Christ in Nigeria (COCIN) Postal Address: 5, Noad Road, Behind Central Bank, P.M.B. 2127, COCIN, Jos, Plateau Tel: 234073453679 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Community Conservation and Development Initiatives (CCDI) Postal Address: 4A, Ademola Street, Ikoyi, P.O. Box 56492, Ikoyi, Lagos State. Tel: 234012673260-61 Fax: 234012673261 Email: ccdi@hyperia.com Website: Name: Community Development Foundation (CDF) Postal Address: 19, Isaac John Street, GRA, P.O. Box 1003, Ikeja, Lagos State Tel: 234014774508, 234014974882 Fax: 234014974507 Email: cdf@infoweb.abs.net Website: Name: Community Development Partners (CODEP) Postal Address: 15, Rumuibekwe Road, Rumuibekwe Housing Estate, P.M.B. 5277, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Tel: 234084611147 Fax: 234084230406 Email: codep@mail.zoom-ng.com Website: Name: Country Associates Network (CANET) Postal Address: Suite 11 Annex, Bataiya Plaza, Plot 1271 Area 11 Garki, Abuja Tel: 234098023123820 Fax: 234092340628 Email: canetnig@yahoo.com Website: Name: Country Women Association of Nigeria (COWAN) Postal Address: 7, Awosika Crescent, Ijapo Housing Estate, P.M.B. 809, Akure, Ondo State Tel: 234034244489, 2340342441945 Fax: 234034244489 Email: cowanhoney@infoweb.abs.net Website: Name: Development Information Network (Devnet) Postal Address: 3rd Floor, NCWS House, PC 14, Ahmed Onibudo Street, Off Adeola Hopewell Street, Victoria Island, P.O. Box 9524, GPO, Marina, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23401618953, 234014617093 Fax: 234014618953 Email: Devnet@infoweb.abs.net, devnetng@yahoo.com Website: Name: Development Initiatives (DEVIN) Postal Address: 8, Rumuokoro Street, Off Market Junction, Rumuomasi, P.O. Box 13836, Port Harcourt, River State Tel: 23408023024641 Fax: Email: devinitiatives@yahoo.com Website:
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Name: Development Policy Centre (DPC) Postal Address: 5, DPC Road, Oba Akinyele Street, Behind Former UNICEF Zonal Office Secretariat, Agodi, P.O. Box 30733 Secretariat, Ibadan, Oyo State. Tel: 234028102797, 234028103181 Fax: 234028103280 Email: dpc@skannet.com Website: Name: Development Research Bureau (DRB) Postal Address: 28, Arigidi Street, Bodija Estate, U.I. P.O. Box 19377, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: 234028101191 Fax: 2348101215 Email: drbureau@skannet.com Website: Name: Diocesan Development Services (DDS) Postal Address: D.D.S. Office, Bishop’s Road, P.O. Box 114, Idah, Kogi State Tel: 234058800567 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Edo State NGO Action Committee Postal Address: c/o Charilove Centre, Opposite Central Hospital, P.O. Box 1199, Benin City, Edo State Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Environmental Damages Grassroots Enlightenment (EDGE) Postal Address: 44 Addis Ababa Crescent, Sheraton Cornershops, Wuse Zone, P.O. Box 2436, Garki, Abuja, FCT Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Family Unity for Sustainable Development Foundation (FUSDF) Postal Address: 1, Arometa (Sitaga House), Sitaga Bus Stop, Arometa Poly-Eleyele Express Road, P.O. Box 36150, Agodi, Ibadan, Oyo State. Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Food Basket Foundation International (FBFI) Postal Address: 46, Ondo Street, Old Bodija Estate, U.I. P.O. Box 4127, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: 234028105859 Fax: 234028105272 Email: fbasket@skannet.com Website: Name: Foundation for Human Development Postal Address: 6/6a Emekuku Street, D/Line, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Tel: 234092310081, 234092341437 Fax: 234093141687 Email: Website:

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Name: Friends of The Environment (FOTE) Postal Address: 106/110 Lewis Street, P.O. Box 10627, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234012633988, 234012647435 Fax: 234012647435 Email: fote@gacom.net Website: Name: Grassroots Women Foundation (GWF) Postal Address: 19/21, Abakaliki Road, GRA, P.O. Box 3532, Enugu, Enugu State Tel: 234042252260, 234042258050 Fax: 234042251868 Email: guf@infoweb.abs.net Website: Name: Green Globe Consults Postal Address: 129, Zik’s Avenue, Uwani Enugu, Enugu State Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Group for the Advancement of Sustainable Rural Development (GASURD) Postal Address: N3/692, Near St. Stephen’s Anglican Church, Inalende, P.O. Box 11878, GPO, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: 234022411578 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Imo Self Help Organisation Project (ISHO) Postal Address: Plot 99B Ikenebgu Extension, P.M.B. 1058, Owerri, Imo State Tel: 234083232547 Fax: 234083232547 Email: Website: Name: International Centre for Youth Development (ICYD) Postal Address: B110, Lady Aguiyi Ironsi Shopping Arcade, Opposite Aba Park, Umuahia, Abia State Tel: 234088221389 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Justice, Development and Peace Movement (JDPM), Catholic Diocese of Abeokuta Postal Address: Catholic Shopping Complex, Adatan Road, Isale Ake, P.O. Box 206, Ibara, Abeokuta, Ogun State Tel: 234039240415 Fax: Email: jdmabeokuta@yahoo.com Website: Name: Lagos State Catfish and Allied Farmers’ Association (LASCAFAN) Postal Address: c/o Lagos State Agricultural Development Programme, Agege, Lagos Tel: Fax: Email: Website:

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Name: Lift Above Poverty Organisation (LAPO) Postal Address: Plot 6, SandT Road, Opposite Uselu Market, P.M.B. 1729, Benin City, Edo State Tel: 234052600756 Fax: 234052600756 Email: lapo@fordwalinkserve.org Website: Name: Living Earth Nigeria Foundation (LENF) Postal Address: 11 Orogbum Crescent, GRA Phase 11, Port Harcourt, River State Tel: 234084230970 Fax: 234084231741 Email: lenf@phca.linkserve.com Website: Name: Mangrove Forest Conservation Society of Nigeria (MFCSN) Postal Address: 22 King Amachree Road (Former Club Road), P.O. Box 8884, Port Harcourt, River State Tel: Fax: Email: mfcsn@yahoo.com Website: Name: Nalt-United Self-Help Organisation (NALTNUSHO) Postal Address: 2, Obollo Road, (Close to First Bank, Ovoko), Igbo Eze South LGA, Via Nsukka, P.O. Box 441, Nsukka, Enugu State Tel: 234042770406 Fax: 234042770406 Email: nusho_ng@onebox.com Website: Name: National Farmers Association of Nigeria (NAFAN), Osun State Chapter Postal Address: 204, Sabo Junction, P.O. Box 1635, Osogbo, Osun State Tel: 234035241749 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Natural Resources Development Motivators (NARDEM) Postal Address: 11 Mbono Street Aladinma Housing Estate, Owerri, Imo State Tel: 234083233426 Fax: Email: nardem2000@yahoo.com Website: Name: Niger Delta Wetlands Centre (NDWC) Postal Address: Plot 100, GRA Phase 1, P.O. Box 7390 Federal Secretariat, Port Harcourt, River State Tel: 234084234042 Fax: 234084234042 Email: Website: Name: Niger Delta Women Forum (NDWF) Postal Address: 17 Omatsola Crescent, P.O. Box 2975, Warri, Delta State Tel: 234053253378 Fax: Email: codep@zoom.ng.com Website:

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Name: Niger Delta Youth Movement (NDYM) Postal Address: Anton Clinic, NTO Ukara, Ika LGA, P.O. Box 77, Urua Inyangs P.A. Ika LGA, Akwa Ibom State. Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Nigerian Union of Journalists (NUJ) Postal Address: NUJ Secretariat, Area 2, P.O. Box 4350, Garki Abuja, FCT Tel: 234093143016 Fax: 234093143116 Email: Website: Name: Nigeria Association of Women Journalists (NAWOJ) Postal Address: c/o News Department, Gombe State Television Corporation, Buhari Estate Road, Gombe, Gombe State Tel: 234072223226 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Nigerian Conservation Foundation (NCF) Postal Address: Km 19 Lagos-Epe Expressway, Lekki, P.O. Box 74638, Victoria Island, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234012642497 Fax: 234012642497 Email: ncf@hyperia.com Website: www.ncf-nigeria.org Name: Nigerian Environmental Society (NES) Postal Address: 3/5 Adeyemo Alakija Street, NUJ Lighthouse, Victoria Island, P.O. Box 10748, Marina, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234012881213 Fax: Email: environ_nes@yahoo.com Website: Name: Nigerian Environmental Study/Action Team (NEST) Postal Address: 1, Oluokun Street, Off Awolowo Avenue, Bodija, U.I. P.O. Box 22025, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel:234028105167 Fax:234028102644 Email: nesting@nest.org.ng Website: Name: Nigeria Integrated Rural Accelerated Development Organisation (NIRADO) Postal Address: 17, Ogunmodede Street, Off Allen Avenue, P.O. Box 18075, Ikeja, Lagos State Tel: 234014936542, 234014936559 Fax: 234014936542 Email: nirado@alpha.linkserve.com Website: Name: Nigeria Network of Non-Governmental Organisations (NNNGO) Postal Address: 15, Military Street, Onikan, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234012635158 Fax: 23401265158 Email: nnngo@hotmail.com Website:

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Name: Non-Governmental Organisations’ Guide 2000 Postal Address: Second Floor, Gidan Abbas MG, 12 Sultan Road, GRA, P.M.B. 2235, P.O. Box 9689, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel: 234062247729, 234062247732 Fax: 234062249985 Email: Ngo2000@excite.com Website: Name: Organisation for Research into Human Welfare and Development (HUDRAW) Postal Address: H22, Senior Staff Quarters, University of Maiduguri, P.O. Box 8030, Maiduguri, Borno State Tel: 234076234469 Fax: Email: sokafor@unimaid.edu.ng Website: Name: Pastoralist Development Initiative (PDI) Postal Address: Suite 45, Neighbourhood Centre, Sudan Street, Wuse Zone 6, P.O. Box 10399, Garki, Abuja, FCT Tel: 234095234779 Fax: 234095234504 Email: pdi@mail.wangonet.org Website: www.wangonet.org/poli Name: Peasants Dragnet (D-NET) Postal Address: 11a Ajegunle Street, Ofin, P.O. Box 220, Sagamu, Ogun State Tel: 234037640488, 234037640054 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Poverty Alleviation and Development Centre (PADC) Postal Address: 1C, College Road, Kurmin Mashi New Extension, P.O. Box 1772, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel: 234062410149, 234062415727 Fax: 234062235048 Email: habiniyat@yahoo.com Website: Name: Poverty Alleviation Crusaders (PAC) Postal Address: 1 Dada Bello Close, Off Iju Road, Ifako Agege, Lagos State Tel: 234017741425, 2348023118687 Fax: 234014920998 Email: povalcrus@yahoo.com Website: Name: Rural Environment Protectors (RU-ENPORT) Postal Address: 39 Hart Street, P.O. Box 1536, Calabar, Cross River State Tel: 234087237279 Fax: 234087235861 Email: nee@cyberspce.net.ng Website: Name: Rural Family Development Organisation (RUFADO) Postal Address: 34 Catholic Hospital Road, Oluyoro, Oke Ofa, P.O. Box 28806, Agodi, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: 23402716071 Fax: Email: rufadoog2@yahoo.com Website:

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Name: Rural Organisation for Development Action (RODA) Postal Address: c/o UNDP Assisted Community Skills Development Centre, P.O. Box 177, Abagana, Njikoka LGA, Anambra, Anambra State Tel: 234048571085 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Rural Women and Youth Development (RWYD) Postal Address:c/o Abudu Yusuf, NACB Building, By Pass Road, Gidan Dare, P.O. Box 2840, Sokoto, Sokoto State. Tel: 234060234987 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Society for Poverty Alleviation in African Rural Communities (SPAARC) Postal Address: 11 Bassey Duke Street, & 45 IBB Way, Calabar, Cross River State Tel: 234087235866, 234087231580 Fax: Email: spaarc@unical.anpa.net.ng Website: Name: Society for Shelter, Education, Food and Agricultural Development in Africa (ASSEFAD) Postal Address: 565, Ikorodu Road, Kosofe-Ketu, P.O. Box 2331, Ikeja, Lagos Tel: 23401476225 Fax: Email: assefadcouncil@acdf-assefad.org Website: www.acd-assefad.org Name: Sustainable Community Development Crown Volunteers (DCROWN VOLUNTEERS) Postal Address: Alhaji Muili Adesokan House, Caterpillar Bus Stop, Monatan, Iwo Road, P.O. Box 12182, General Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: Fax: Email: lerelaolu@yahoo.com Website: Name: United Farmers Association of Nigeria Limited Postal Address: 1, Adatan Road, Isale Ake, Abeokuta, Ogun State Tel: 234039244732 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Women and Children Development Action (WACDA) Postal Address: 1 & 2 Okpara Avenue, GRA Umuahia, Abia State Tel: 234088221566 Fax: 234088221566 Email: tessymadu@yahoo.co.uk Website: Name: Women and Development Movement (WADEM) Postal Address:5, Fola Falana Close, Opposite Osun Capital Hotel, Iwo/Ibadan Road, Dada Estate Area, Osogbo, Osun State Tel:234035243945 Fax: 234035243205 Email: wademosogbo@yahoo.com Website:

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Name: Women Development Club (WDC) Postal Address: 1 Conakry Crescent, Matali Housing Estate, P.O. Box 5205, Kawo-Malali, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel: 234062313911 Fax: Email: aishasuleiman@yahoo.com Website: Name: Women Development Initiative (WDI-Gidauniyar Mata) Postal Address: Kano Foundation Building, BUK Road, Kano, Kano State Tel:234064668982 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Women Economic Empowerment Action (WEEMA) Postal Address: 48/50 Ishag Road, Surulere, P.O. Box 52797, Ikoyi, Lagos Tel: 234014702856, 234015845156 Fax: Email: wema78@hotmail.com Website: Name: Women Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation (WEPA) Postal Address: Block B, No. 02, Murtala Mohammed Square, P.O. Box 1766, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel: 234062512335 Fax: Email: wepa1985@yahoo.co.uk Website: Name: Women Entrepreneurs Association of Nigeria (WEAN) Postal Address: Pentagon Plaza, 67, Babs Animashaun Road, Surulere, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234018044432 Fax: Email: weannass@hotmail.com or weanass@yahoo.com Website: Name: Women Farmers Advancement Network (WOFAN) Postal Address: Plot 18, Yahaya Gusau Road, NNDC Quarters, P.O. Box 22 9gyadi), Kano, Kano State Tel: 234064662199, 234064665487 Fax: Email: wofan@ecnx.net, wofan@mega.bw Website: Name: Women In Mobilisation Activities (WIMA) Postal Address: Old Marafa Club, Marafa Estate, Off Force Road, P.O. Box 802, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel:234062210201 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Women In Nigeria (WIN) Postal Address: 12 Yovi Street, Off Wegbo Street, Iwaya, Yaba, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23401867086 Fax: Email: womeninnigeria@yahoo.com Website:

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Name: Women Society and Progress (WSP) Postal Address: Eze Igwe’s Compound, Gbugbu-Ugwu Na Agbo-Ndem Road, Barracks Road, Nsukka, Enugu State Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Nigerian Agricultural, Cooperative and Rural GOV Development Bank (NACRDB) Postal Address: No. 1, Yakubu Gowon Way, P.M.B. 2155, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel: 234062245013, 234062245017, 234062246647 Fax: 234062244612 Email: info@nacrdb Website: www.nacrdb.com Agricultural research institutes Name: Agricultural Rural Management Training Institute (ARMTI). Postal Address: Km. 18, Ilorin - Lokoja Highway P. M. B. 1343 Ilorin, Kwara State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: www.armti.org Name: Institute for Agricultural Research (IAR) Postal Address: P.M.B. 1044, Samaru, Zaria Tel: 23469550571-4 Fax: Email: iar.abu@kaduna.rcl.ng.com Website: Name: Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan (CRIN) Postal Address: P.M.B. 5244, Idi-Ayure, Ibadan, Oyo State. Tel: 23452410040 Fax: E-Mail: Website: www.crin.gov.ng Name: Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria (FRIN), Ibadan, Oyo State Postal Address: P.M.B. 5054, Jericho Ibadan, Oyo State Tel:23452414073 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS) Postal Address: P.M.B. 1067, Samaru, Zaria Tel: 23469551435 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Lake Chad Research Institute (LCRI) Postal Address: P.M.B. 1293, Maiduguri, Borno State Tel: 234076231188, 234076233075 Fax:23407692344, 234076923442 Email: Website: GOV

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Name: Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, (IAR&T) Postal Address: P.M.B. 5029, Moor Plantation, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel:234022312523, 234022311728 Fax: 234022316857 E-Mail: Website: Name: National Animal Production Research Institute, Zaria Postal Address: Ahmadu Bello University, P.M.B. 1096, Sika, Zaria Tel:2346950596 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: National Centre For Agricultural Mechanization (NCAM) Postal Address: P.M.B. 1525, Ilorin Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: National Cereal Research Institute, (NCRI) Postal Address: P.M.B. 8, Bida, Niger State Tel: 234066461233, 234066461233 Fax:234066462172 E-Mail: Website: Name: National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT) Postal Address: P.M.B. 5432, Idi-Ishin, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: National Institute For Fresh Water Fisheries Research (NIFFR) Postal Address: New Bussa Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) Postal Address: P.M.B.7006, Umuahia, Abia State. Tel:234088220188, 234088440237 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI) Postal Address: P.M.B. 1, Vom, Plateau State Tel:23407380911/2 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Nigerian Institute For Oceanography And Marine Research (NIOMR) Postal Address: Wilmot Point Road, Bar Beach, Victoria Island, P.M.B. 12729, Victoria Island, Lagos, Lagos State. Tel:23401613903 Fax: 23401619517 E-Mail: Website:

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Name: Nigerian Institute For Oil Palm Research (NIFOR) Postal Address: P.M.B. 1030, Benin City, Edo State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Nigerian Stored Products Research Institute (NSPRI) Postal Address: Nigerian Stored Products Research Institute, Ilorin, Kwara State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Rubber Research Institute Of Nigeria (RRIN) Postal Address: Iyanomo, Km 19 Benin-Sapele Road, P.M.B. 1049, Benin City, Edo State Tel:2315241190 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Rural Agricultural and Industrial Development Scheme (RAIDS), Postal Address: Moor Plantation, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) Postal Address: Ibadan Oyo State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: www.iita.gov.ng

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Educational institutions with Faculty of Agriculture 192 Name: Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University (ATBU) Postal Address: Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Bauchi State Tel: 23477543500-543501 Fax: 23477542065 E-Mail: vc@atbunet.org , Website: http://www.atbu.edu.ng/ Name: Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) Postal Address:Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State Tel: 234069552517, 234069550691 Fax:234069550022 E-Mail:vc@abu.edu.ng Website: http://www.abu.edu.ng/ Name: Bayero University (BUK) Postal Address:Bayero University, Kano, Kano State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.buk.edu.ng/ Name: Federal University Of Technology Yola. (FUTY) Postal Address: Federal University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State Tel: 234075624532, 234075625532. Fax: E-Mail: info@futy.edu.ng Website: http://www.futy.edu.ng/ EDU TR

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Name: Federal University of Technology (FUTA). Postal Address: P.M.B. 704, Akure, Ondo State. Tel: 2340342434904 Fax: E-Mail: info@futa.edu.ng or vc@futa.edu.ng Website: http://www.futa.edu.ng/ Name: Federal University of Technology (FUT) Postal Address: Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.futminna.edu.ng Name: Federal University of Technology (FUTO) Postal Address: Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.futo.edu.ng/ Name: Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture (MOUA) Postal Address: Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.moua.edu.ng/ Name: National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) Postal Address: National Open University of Nigeria, Victoria Island, Lagos, Lagos State. Telephone:234018188849, 234014820720, 234014820721, 234014820722 , 234 012712664, 2348052592478, Fax: 234012712665 Email: registrar@nou.edu.ng, centralinfo@nou.edu.ng Website: http://www.nou.edu.ng/ Name: Nnamdi Azikiwe University (NAU) Postal Address: Nnadi Azikiwe, University, Awka, Enugu State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.unizik.edu.ng/ Name: Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU) Postal Address: Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State. Tel: 234036230290 Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.oauife.edu/ Name: University of Abuja (UA) Postal Address: University of Abuja, Gwagwalada, Federal Capital Territory. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.uniabuja.edu.ng/ Name: University of Agriculture (UNAAB) Postal Address: P.M.B 2240, Abeokuta, Ogun State Tel: 234030244749 Fax: 23439243045 E-Mail: Website: http://www.unaab.edu.ng/ Name: University of Agriculture (UAM) Postal Address: University of Makurdi, Makurdi, Benue State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.uamakurdi.edu.ng/

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Name: University of Benin (UNIBEN) Postal Address: University of Benin, P.M.B. 1154, Benin City, Edo State. Tel:234052602121 Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.uniben.edu.ng/ Name: University of Calabar (UNICAL) Postal Address: University of Calabar, Calabar, CrossRiver State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.unical.edu.ng/ Name: University of Ibadan (UI) Postal Address: University of Ibadan, Oyo Road, Ibadan, Oyo State. Tel: 234022003608 Fax: 23428103043 E-Mail: vc@mail.ui.edu.ng Website: http://www.ui.edu.ng/ Name: University of Ilorin (UNILORIN) Postal Address: P.M.B 1515, Ilorin, Kwara State, Tel: 234031221691-4 Fax: 234031221937 E-Mail: registra@unilorin.edu.ng Website: http://www.unilorin.edu.ng/ Name: University of Jos (UNIJOS) Postal Address: University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.unijos.edu.ng/ Name: University of Maiduguri (UNIMAID) Postal Address: University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.unimaid.edu.ng/ Name: University of Nigeria (UNN) Postal Address: University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.unn.edu.ng/ Name: University of Port-Harcourt (UNIPORT) Postal Address: University of Port Harcourt, PortHarcourt, River State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.uniport.edu.ng/ Name: University of Uyo (UNIUYO) Postal Address: 1, Ikpa Road, P.M.B. 1017, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State Tel: 23485200303, 23485202 696 Fax: 23485202694 E-Mail: Website: http://www.uniuyo.edu.ng/ Name: Usman Danfodiyo University (UDUSOK) Postal Address: Usman Danfodiyo, University, Sokoto, Sokoto State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.udusok.edu.ng/

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Name: Abia State University (ASU) Postal Address: Abia Sate University, Uturu, Abia State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Adamawa State University Postal Address: Adamawa State University, Mubi, Adamawa State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.nuc.edu.ng/pages/ www.adamawastateuni.net Name: Adekunle Ajasin University (AAU) Postal Address: Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba, Ondo State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Akwa Ibom State University (AISU) Postal Address: Akwa Ibom State University, Uyo, Akwa-Ibom State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Ambrose Alli University (AAU) Postal Address: Km 10 Benin-Auchi Road, P.M.B 14, Ekpoma, Edo State Tel: 234054340719 Fax: 234054340719 Fax: E-Mail: info@aauekpoma.edu.ng Website: http://www.aauekpoma.edu.ng/ Name: Anambra State University of Science & Technology (ASUTECH) Postal Address: Anambra State University of Science and Technology, Awka, Anambra State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name Benue State University (BENSU) Postal Address: Benue State University, Makurdi, Benue State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Cross River State University of Science and Technology (CRSTUTECH) Postal Address: Cross River State University of Science and Technology, Uyo, Cross River State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Delta State University (DELSU) Postal Address: Delta State University, Abraka, Delta State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Ebonyi State University (ESU) Postal Address: Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website:
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Name: Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ENSUTECH) Postal Address: Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Enugu State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Gombe State University (GSU) Postal Address: Gombe State University, Gombe, Gombe State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University (IBBU) Postal Address: Ibrahim Badamasi University, Km 3, Minna Road, Lapai, Niger State. Tel:234066670292, 234066670293 Fax: E-Mail:ibbulapai@yahoo.com Website: Name:Imo State University (IMOSU) Postal Address: Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website:http://www.imsu.edu.ng/ Name: Kaduna State University (KADSU) Postal Address: Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Kaduna State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Kano State University of Technology (KASUTECH) Postal Address: Kano State University of Technology, Wudi, Kano State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Katsina State University (KATSU) Postal Address: Katsina State University, Katsina, Katsina State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Kogi State University (KSU) Postal Address: Kogi State University, Anyigba, Kogi State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Postal Address P.M.B 4000, Ogbomoso Oyo State Along Ibadan/Ilorin Road, Ogbomoso Tel: 2348067624977, 2348067624952 Fax: E-Mail Website http://www.lautech.edu.ng/ Name: Nasarawa State University Postal Address: Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website:
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EDU 236 Name: Niger Delta University (NDU) Postal Address: Niger Delta University, Yenagoa, Balyesa State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Olabisi Onabanjo University (OOU) Postal Address: Olabisi Onabanjo University, AgoIwoye, Ogun State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website:http://www.oou-ng.com/ Name:Osun State University (OSU) Postal Address:Osun State University, Ilesa, Osun State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Plateau State University (PSU) Postal Address: Plateau State University, Bokkos, Plateau State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Rivers State University Of Science & Technology (RSUTECH) Postal Address Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, P.M.B. 5080, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.rsust.edu.ng/ Name: Tai Solarin University of Education (TASUD) Postal Address: Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: University of Ado-Ekiti (UNAD) Postal Address: University of Ado-Ekiti, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website:http://www.nuc.edu.ng/pages/www.unadportal. com Name Abti-American University Of Nigeria (AAUN) Postal Address Lamido Zubairu Way, Yola Township, P.M.B. 2250, Yola, Adamawa State Tel:234 8052000703, 2348052002962 Fax: Email: admissions@aaun.edu.ng aaun.admissions@gmail.com Website http://www.abti-american.edu.ng/ Name: Ajayi Crowther University Postal Address:Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo, Oyo State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Bowen University Postal Address: Bowen University, Iwo, Osun State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: http://www.bowenuniversity-edu.org/
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EDU Name: Crawford University Postal Address: Crawford University, Igbesa, Ogun State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: EDU Name: Joseph Ayo Babalola University Postal Address: Joseph Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji, Osun State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Colleges of Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries

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Name: Federal College of Agriculture Postal Address: Federal College of Agricultural, Akure, Ondo State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Federal College of Agriculture Postal Address: Federal College of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Federal College of Animal Production Technology Postal Address: Federal College of Animal Production Technology, Jos, Plateau State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology Postal Address: Federal College of Animal Health and Production, Ibadan, Oyo State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: www.fcapt.gov.ng Name: Federal College of Fisheries and Marine Technology (FCFMT) Postal Address: Federal College of Fisheries and Marine Technology, Lagos, Lagos State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: www.fcfmt.gov.ng Name: Federal College of Forestry Postal Address: P.M.B. 5054, Jericho Ibadan Oyo State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: www.fcf.gov.ng Name: Federal College of Veterinary Medical Laboratory and Technology Postal Address: Federal College of Veterinary Medical Laboratory and Technology, Vom, Plateau State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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Name: Federal College of Wildlife Management Postal Address: Federal College of Wildlife Management, New Bussa, Niger State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: www.fcwm.gov.ng Name: Federal Soil Conservation School Postal Address: Federal Soil Conservation School, Owerri, Imo State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Federal Soil Conservation School Postal Address: Federal Soil Conservation School, Kuru, Jos Plateau State. Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Lagos State Polytechnic, Postal Address: Lagos State Polytechnic, P.M.B. 249, Ikorodu, Lagos State Tel: Fax: Email: Website: www.lapotech.com

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National radio stations Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) 259 Name: FRCN Abuja National Station (Radio Nigeria, Abuja) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Gwagwalada, P.M.B. 71, Garki, Abuja, FCT Tel: 23498821065 Fax: 23498821040 Email: Website: Name: FRCN Enugu National Station (Radio Nigeria, Enugu) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, No. 7, Onitsha Road, P.M.B. 1051, Enugu, Enugu State Tel: 23442254371, 23442254400, 23442255590 Fax:23442254137 Email:edenugu@radionigeria.org Website: Name: FRCN Ibadan National Station (Radio Nigeria, Ibadan) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, No. 1, Oba Adebimpe Road, P.M.B. 5003, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: 23422400660-3 Fax:23422413930, 23422414857 Email: Website: Name: FRCN Kaduna National Station (Radio Nigeria Kaduna) Postal Address: No. 7, Yakubu Gowon Way, P.O. Box 250, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel:23462245390, Fax:23462245392 Email: Website: GOV IN

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Name: FRCN Lagos National Station (Radio Nigeria, GOV Lagos) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, P.M.B. 12504, Ikoyi, Lagos State Tel:23412690301-3, 23414807621 Fax: 23412693438 Email: Website: Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) FM stations (Federal Government Owned) Name: Pacesetter FM (103.5Mhz) GOV Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Amakama, P.M.B. 7101, Umuahia, Abia State Tel: 234823118182, 234422581282, 2348052050225 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Lighthouse FM (101.5 MHz) GOV Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Bajabure, Yola, Adamawa State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Atlantic FM (104.5 MHz) GOV Postal Address: Nsukara Offot, Uyo, Uyo LGA, Akwa Ibom State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Gateway FM (102.5Mhz) GOV Postal Address: Enugu Onitsha Express Road Awka LGA, Anambra State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Rainbow FM (101.5 MHz) GOV Postal Address: Adjacent To Commissioners’ Housing Estate Yenagoa, Bayelsa State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Harvest FM (102.5 MHz) GOV Postal Address: Km 16, Makurdi Oturkpo Road, Adjacent Abiam LGA, Benue State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Peace FM (102.5 MHz) GOV Postal Address: Damboa Road, Maiduguri, Borno State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Paradise FM (99.5 MHz) GOV Postal Address: Ikot Effanga Mkpa, Calabar Municipality, Cross River State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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Name: Charity FM (104.4 MHz) Postal Address: Asaba, Delta State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Unity FM (101.5 MHz) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, PMB 0137, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State. Tel:23443300710, 23443300711, 2348023118167, 2348037756378 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Bronze FM (101.5 MHz) Postal Address: Aduwawa Ikpoba Hill, Along Auchi Road, Edo State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Progress FM (100.5 MHz) Postal Address: Iworoko Village, Along Iworoko Road Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Coal City FM (92.85 MHz) Postal Address: Enugu, Enugu State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Jewel FM (103.5 MHz) Postal Address: Gombe By-Pass, Off Dukku Road Gombe, Gombe State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Heartland FM (100.5 MHz) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Azaraegbelu, Owerri North LGA, Imo State Tel: 2348036751782 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Horizon FM (100.5 MHz) Postal Address: Along Kujawa – Dutse Road, Near The Kujawa Housing Estate, Dutse, Jigawa State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Supreme FM (96.1 MHz). Postal Address: No 7 Yakubu Gowon Way, Kaduna. Tel: 23462245390 Fax: 23462245392 E-Mail: Website: Name: Pyramid FM (103.5 MHz) Postal Address: Kano Madobi Road, Madobi LGA, Kano State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Companion FM (104.5 MHz) Postal Address: Along Katsina-Batsari Road, Near Batsari LGA Secretariat, Katsina State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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Name: Equity FM (103.5 MHz) GOV Postal Address: Along Birnin Kebbi/Kalgo LGA, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: GOV Name: Prime FM (98.1 MHz) Postal Address: Along Lokoja Ganaja Road, Lokoja, Kogi State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Harmony FM (103.5 MHz) Postal Address: Along Ilorin Lokoja Highway, Idofian, Kwara State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Solid FM (102.5 MHz) Postal Address: Along Akurba Shendam Road, Lafia LGA, Nasarawa State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Precious FM (105.5 MHz) Postal Address: Along Bida – Badeggi Road, Niger State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Paramount FM (94.5 MHz) Postal Address: Oke Mosan Along Kobape Road, P.M.B. 2160, Abeokuta, Ogun State Tel: 234803326799, 2348044130884 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Positive FM (102.5 MHz) Postal Address: Along Ondo-Akure Road, Oke Isikan Information Village, Akure, Ondo State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Metro FM (92.93 MHz) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Ikoyi, Lagos State Tel: 2340126903015 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Gold FM (95.5 MHz) Postal Address: Off Iloko Road, By New Ilesha-Akure Expressway, Ilesha, Osun State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Premier FM (93.5 MHz) Postal Address: Oba Adebimpe Road, Dugbe, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: 234022414093 Fax: 23422413930 E-Mail: Website: GOV

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Name: Highland FM (101.5 MHz) Postal Address NTA TV College, Ray Field, Jos, Plateau State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Treasure FM (98.5 MHz) Postal Address: NTA Compound, Choba Road, Port Harcourt, River State Tel: 23484487029, 2348033384386 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Royal FM (101.5 MHz) Postal Address: Off Sokoto - Gusau Road, Premises of Sokoto River Basin Authority, Sokoto, Sokoto State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name :Gift M (104.5 MHz) Postal Address: Jalingo GRA Bypass, Jalingo, Taraba State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Sunshine FM (104.5 MHz). Postal Address: Within NTA Grounds, Along Potiskum Road, Damaturu, Yobe State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name :Pride FM (102.5 MHz) Postal Address: Within Federal College of Education Gusau, Zamfara State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Kapital FM (92.9 MHz) Postal Address: Radio House, Garki Abuja Tel: 23492349962, Fax: 23498821040 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Voice of Nigeria (VON) Postal Address: Headquarters , 6th Floor, Radio House Area 8, Garki, Abuja, FCT Tel: 234092344016, 234092344017 Fax: 234092346970, 234092346973 E-Mail: Website: Federal television stations Nigerian Television Authority (NTA)

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Name: National Television Authority( NTA) Postal Address: Headquarters, Television House Area 11, Garki, P.M.B. 13, Abuja, FCT Tel: 23492345907, 23492345915 Fax: 23492345914 E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Plus Postal Address: Area 11, Garki Abuja, FCT Tel: 23492345919, 23492341820 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Channel 10, Lagos Postal Address: Tejuosho Avenue, Surulere, Lagos, Lagos State Tel:23414704647, 23414704241 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name:NTA-2 Channel 5, Lagos Postal Address: Television House, Ahmadu Bello Way, Victoria Island, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23412700202 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name :NTA Channel 6, Aba Postal Address: Television House, Ikot Ekpene Road, Ogbor Hill, P.M.B. 7126, Aba, Abia State Tel: 23482220922, 2348220534, 2348220916, 2348220394, 2348220753, 23482201507 Fax: 23482220922 E-Mail: Website: Name :NTA Channel 12, Abeokuta Postal Address: Oke- Egunya, P.M.B. 2190, Abeokuta, Ogun State Tel: 23439242971, 23439240551 Fax: E-Mail: Website: NTA Abuja Postal Address: Old Parade Ground, Opposite Radio House, Area 10, Garki, Abuja, FCT Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Akure Postal Address: Oba Ile, P.M.B. 794, Akure, Ondo State Tel: 23434242439 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Bauchi Postal Address: Television House, Maiduguri Road, P.M.B. 0146, Bauchi, Bauchi State Tel: 23477542353, 23477542748 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Benin Zonal Network Centre Postal Address: West Circular Road, P.M.B. 1117, Benin City, Edo State Tel: 23452253458, Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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Name: NTA Calabar 6 & 9 Postal Address: Murtala Muhammed Highway, P.M.B. 1299, Calabar, Cross River State Tel: 23487210238, 23487210366 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Dutse Postal Address: Kiyowa Road, P.M.B. 7073, Dutse, Jigawa State. Tel: 23464721144, 23464721145 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Enugu Zonal Network Centre Postal Address: Television House, Independence Layout, P.M.B. 1530, Enugu, Enugu State Tel: 23442454902, 23442450626 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name:NTA Ibadan Zonal Network Centre Postal Address: P.O. Box 1460, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: 23428104620 Fax: 23428108685 E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Ilorin Postal Address: P.M.B. 1478, Fate Road, Ilorin, Kwara State Tel: 234-31-224196 Fax:234-31-221575 E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Jos Postal Address: Yakubu Gowon Way, P.M.B. 2134, Jos, Plateau State Tel: 23473462444, 23473463438 Fax: 234-73462485 E-Mail: ntalighthouse@yahoo.co.uk Website: Name: NTA Kaduna Zonal Network Centre Postal Address: No 7 Yakubu Gowon Way, P.O. Box 1347, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel: 23462246011, 23462217376 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Channel 5 Kano Postal Address: Television House, Bompai Road, P.M.B. 3343, Kano, Kano State Tel:23464640072, 23464635492 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Channel 8 Katsina Postal Address: Television House Steel Rolling Mills Junction Dutsinma Road P.O. Box 2177, Katsina, Katsina State Tel: 23465432719, 430757 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Lokoja Postal Address: Mounti Patti, Olu Owon Road, Lokoja, Lokoja State Tel: 23458220986 Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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Name: NTA Zonal Network Centre Maiduguri Postal Address: Damboa Road, P.M.B. 1487, Maiduguri, Borno State Tel: 23476232045, 23476232177, 23476232010 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Makurdi Postal Address: Ahmadu Bello Way, P.M.B. 102044, Makurdi, Borno State Tel: 23444533510, 23444533458 Fax:23444533443 E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Minna Postal Address: P.M.B. 79, Minna, Niger State Tel: 23466222941, 23466222552. Fax: 23466222552 E-Mail: Website: NTA Port Harcourt Postal Address: Choba Road, P.M.B. 5797, Port Harcourt Tel: 23484332140, 23484331811 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Zonal Network Centre Sokoto Postal Address: Garba Muhammed Road, P.M.B. 2351, Sokoto, Sokoto State Tel: 23460233124, 23460232868, 23460238027 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name:NTA Uyo Postal Address: Television House, Aka Etinan Road, P.M.B. 1180, Uyo, Akwa_ibom State Tel: 2348023061692, 2348033761716, 2348028389627 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Yola Postal Address: No. 43, Ahmadu Bello Way, P.M.B. 2197, Yola, Adamawa State Tel: 23475625401, 23475625480, 23475625329 Fax: 23475624749 E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Jalingo Postal Address: Television House, Mount Jalingo, P.M.B. 1102, Jalingo, Taraba State Tel: 23479223111, Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Gombe Postal Address: Kilometre 8, Bauchi Road, Gombe, Gombe State Tel: 23472221329 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Damaturu Postal Address: NTA Damaturu, Yobe State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website:
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Name: NTA Channel 10 Dutse Postal Address: Sani Abacha Way, P.M.B. 7073, Dutse, Jigawa State Tel: 2346472144, 23464721145. Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Yenagoa Postal Address: Azikoro Road, Ekeki Yenagoa Bayelsa State Tel: 23489490584, 2348036775041 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Oshogbo Postal Address: New State Secretariat, P.M.B. 4315, Oshogbo Tel: 23490410706, 2348034544018 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Ile Ife Postal Address: Mokuro Road, Off Moore Road, Ile Ife, Osun State Tel:2348023283636, 234833010251 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Oyo Postal Address: Apitipiti, GRA, P.M.B. 1107 Oyo, Oyo State Tel: 2348035709355, 23438241955 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA, Ijebu-Ode Postal Address: Erunmu Road, Gra, Ijebu Ode, Ogun State Tel:23437432695, 23437431403, 2348034004551 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA, Umuahia Postal Address: Kilometre 123 Enugu-Port Harcourt Expressway, Umuahia, Abia State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA, Abakaliki Postal Address: Abakiliki/Enugu Express Road, Ebonyi State. Tel:2348037727438, 2348033135474 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA, Owerri Postal Address: No. 1 Bank Road, Owerri, Imo State (Administrative Office), New Owerri Road, Near Concord Hotel, Owerri (Studio), Anambra State Tel:23483234214 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Gusau Postal Address: Zaria Road, P.O. Box 1108, Samaru, Gusau, Zamfara State Tel: 23463200694 Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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Name: NTA Asaba GOV Postal Address: TV House, Okpanam Road, Asaba, Delta State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Ado-Ekiti GOV Postal Address: TV House, Bola Ige Drive, - By Iyin/Ilare Road, Oke-Ila, Ado-Ekiti, Ado-Ekiti State Tel: 2348034703707 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA Iruekpen GOV Postal Address: NTA Iruekpen, Iruekpen, Edo State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: GOV Name: NTA, Saki Postal Address: P.O. Box 383, Oke Ado, Oyo State Tel: 2348033047537 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA, Imeko GOV Postal Address: NTA Imeko, Ogun State Tel: 2348023052469 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA, Ogbomosho GOV Postal Address: P.M.B. 3505, Oja Titun, Ogbomosho, Oyo State Tel: 234803109229 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: NTA, Patigi GOV Postal Address: NTA Patigi, Kwara State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: GOV Name: NTA, New Bussa Postal Address: NTA New Bussa, New Bussa, Niger State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: State-owned radio stations

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Name: Aso FM Postal Address: Katampe Hill, P.O. Box 4941,Garki, Abuja, FCT Tel:23493140317, 23493140318 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Broadcasting Corporation of Abia State ( BCA) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, New Station Layout P.M.B. 7276, Umuahia, Abia State Tel:23488220411 Fax: E-Mail: bcanigera@bcanigeria.co Website: : www.bcanigeria.com

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Name: Adamawa Broadcasting Corporation( ABC) Postal Address: Broadcasting House Complex, Hore Ladde Layout Mbamba, P.M.B. 2123, Yola, Adamawa State Tel:23475634225, 23475634709, 23475624781 Fax: 23475634781 E-Mail: Website: Name: Akwa Ibom Broadcasting Corporation( AIBC) Postal Address: No. 2, Udo Udoma Avenue Road, P.M.B. 1122, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State Tel: 23485200117, 23485200197, 2348023061691, 2348022243102 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Anambra Broadcasting Service (Radio) ( ASBS) Postal Address: Enugu/Onitsha Express Road, P.M.B. 5070, Awka Ugwuawovu, Enugu-Ukwu Njikoko LGA, Anambra State Tel: 23448550318, 23448550185 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Bauchi Radio Corporation Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Ahmadu Bello Way, Bauchi, Bauchi State Tel: 23477542278, 542099, 542429 Fax E-Mail: Website: Name: Bayelsa State Broadcasting Corporation( BSBC) Postal Address: Radio Bayelsa, P.M.B. 56, Ekeki, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State Tel: 23489490404, 23489490359 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Benue Radio Postal Address: P.M.B. 102202, Makurdi, Benue State Tel: Tel: 23444532900, 23444533275, 23444533978 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Borno State Radio( BSR) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Shehu Laminu Way, P.M.B. 1020, Maiduguri, Borno State Tel: 23476231485, 23476232046, 22347632127 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Cross River State Broadcasting Corporation(CRBC ) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, IBB Way, P.M.B 1035, Calabar, Cross River State Tel: 23487232435, 23487232276, 23487232227, 23487230396 Fax:23487235102 E-Mail: crbc@skannet.com Website: Name: Cross River State Broadcasting Corporation( CRSBC) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Opposite Metro Hotel, Ikom, Cross River State Tel: 23487670193, 2348037213839 Fax: E-Mail: Website:
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Name Delta State Broadcasting Service (DSBS) Postal Address: P.M.B. 5032, Voice of Delta Broadcasting House, Off Okpanam Road, Asaba, Delta State Tel: 2345628253032: Fax: 23456282573 E-Mail: Website: Name: Melody FM Postal Address: P.M.B. 1026, Warri, Delta State Tel: 23453320283 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Edo State Broadcasting Service( ESBS) Postal Address: Benin-Auchi Road, Aduwawa, P.M.B. 1012, Benin City, Edo State Tel: 23452255736, 23452253889 Fax:23452253889 E-Mail: Website: Name :Broadcasting Service of Ekiti State( BSES) Postal Address: Okeyinmi Street, Ilokun Road, Old Ado L G Secretariat, P.M.B. 5342, Ado-Ekiti, Ado-Ekiti State Tel: 23430250264, 23430250754, 23430250559 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Enugu State Broadcasting Service Postal Address: Broadcasting House, P.M.B. 01600, Enugu, Enugu State Tel: 23442454455, 23442454456 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Ebonyi Broadcasting Service (EBBS) Postal Address: Ebonyi Television, Abakaliki, c/o Ministry of Information And Culture, Government House Annex P.M.B.098, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State Tel:23443220191 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Gombe Media Corporation ( GMC) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Buhari Estate Road, GRA, P.M.B. 074, Gombe, Gombe State Tel:23472223226, 23472222293, 23472220247 Fax: 23472222291 E-Mail: Website: Name: Imo Broadcasting Corporation (IBC) Postal Address: Egbu Road, P.M.B. 1129, Owerri, Imo State Tel: 23483232674, 23483230263 Fax: E-Mail: ibc@wananet.net Website: Name: Jigawa State Radio( JSR) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Sani Abacha Way, Dutse, Jigawa State Tel:23464721058 Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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Name: Kaduna State Media Services ( KSMS) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, No 1.Wurno, Off Rabah Road, P.M.B. 2013, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel: 23462319390, 23462319393 Fax: 23462218392 E-Mail: Website: Name Kano State Radio Corporation( KSRC) Postal Address: No 3 Ibrahim Taiwo Rd, Kano, Kano State Tel: 23464669306 Fax: 23464645927. E-Mail: Website: Name: Katsina State Radio Service. ( KSRS) Postal Address: Radio House, Ibadan Street, Sabon Layi, Katsina, Katsina State Tel: 23465431316 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Kebbi Broadcasting Corporation (Radio) ( KBC) Postal Address: Km 8, Kalgo Road, P.M.B. 1059, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State Tel:23460322695, 2348043115021 Fax:23460322695, E-Mail: Website: Name: Kogi Broadcasting Corporation( KBC) Postal Address: 1, Danladi Zakari Road, P.M.B. 1095, GRA Lokoja, Kogi State Tel:23458220672 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Radio Kwara Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Police Road, P.M.B.1345, Ilorin, Kwara State Tel: 23431220352, 23431220353 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Lagos State Broadcasting Corporation( LSBC) Postal Address: LSDPC House, Lateef Jakande Road, Agidingbi, Ikeja, Lagos Tel: 23417740730, 23414970849 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Nasarawa Broadcasting Service( NBS) Postal Address: State Secretariat, Shendam Road, P.M.B. 97 Lafia, Nasarawa State Tel: 2344721267, 2344721880 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Niger Media Broadcasting Corporation (NMBC) Postal Address Radio House, Ibrahim Babangida Street, P.M.B. 88, Minna, Niger State Tel:23466220102, 23466222172, 23466222511 Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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Name: Crystal FM Minna Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Maitumbi, P.M.B. 88, Minna, Niger State. Tel: 23466220102 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name : Ogun State Broadcasting Corporation. ( OGBC) Postal Address: Ibara Housing Estate, P.M.B. 2084 Sapon, Abeokuta, Ogun State Tel: 23439240441, 23439242794 Fax: 23439242794EMail: rockcityfm@yahoo.com, ogunradioam@yahoo.com Website: Name: Ondo State Radiovision Corporation Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Oba Ile, P.M.B. 739, Akure, Ondo State Tel: 23434242964, 23434241385 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Osun State Broadcasting Corporation Postal Address: Ile Awiye, Oke Baale, P.M.B. 4425, Osogbo. Osun State Tel: 23435240676, 23435242019 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Broadcasting Corporation of Oyo State (BCOS) Postal Address: P.M.B. 1, Agodi Post Office, Ile Akede, Orita Bashorun, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: 23428106605 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Plateau Radio Corporation Postal Address: No. 5, Joseph Gomwok Road, P.M.B. 2042, Jos, Plateau State Tel: 23473453285, 23473454035 & 23473465991 Fax: 23473453285 E-Mail: Website: Name: Taraba State Broadcasting Service (Am & Fm) Postal Address: Broadcasting House 39, Barde Way, P.M.B. 1078, Jalingo, Taraba State Tel: 23479222504 & 23479222555 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Rivers State Broadcasting Corporation Postal Address: 4, Degema Street, P.M.B. 5170, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Tel:2348432551, 23484 30246, 2348033085133 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Sokoto State Media Corporation Postal Address: Rima Radio, P.M.B. 2156, Sokoto, Sokoto State Tel: 23460232272 Fax:23460237437 E-Mail: Website:

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Name: Yobe Broadcasting Corporation Postal Address: Km 6, Gujba Road, P.M.B. 1044, Damaturu, Yobe State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name : Zamfara State Radio Service Postal Address: Mal. Yahaya Secretariat, Off Zaria Road, Gusau, Zamfara State Tel:23463201686, 201687 Fax: E-Mail: Website: State-owned television stations

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Name: Broadcasting Corporation of Abia State Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Government Station Layout, P.M.B. 7276, Umuahia, Abia State Tel: 23488220411 Fax: E-Mail: bcanigeria@bcanigeria.com Website: www.bcanigeria.Com Name: Adamawa Television Corporation Postal Address: Bajabure Satellite Town, P.M.B. 2060, Yola, Adamawa State Tel: : 23475624656, 23475624252 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Akwa Ibom Broadcasting Corporation Postal Address: No. 2, Udo Udoma Avenue Road, P.M.B. 1122, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State Tel:23485200117, 23485200197, 2348023061691, 234802224310 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Anambra Broadcasting Service( ABS) Postal Address: Enugu/Onitsha Express Road, P.M.B. 5070, Awka Ugwuawovu, Enugu-Ukwu Njikoko LGA, Anambra State Tel:23448550318, 23448550185 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Bauchi State Television Corporation Postal Address: Wunti Dada - Jos Road, P.M.B. 0166, Bauchi, Bauchi State Tel: 23477542642, 23477541425 Fax:23477542266 E-Mail: Website: Name: Borno State Television Corporation Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Shehu Lamido Way, P.M.B. 1020, Maiduguri, Borno State Tel: 23476231485, 23476232046, 23476232127 Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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Name: Cross River State Broadcasting Corporation( CRBC) Postal Address: Broadcasting House Cross-River, Calabar Tel: 234-87-232435, 232276, 232227, 230396 Fax E-Mail: crbc@skannet.com Website: Name: Cross River Broadcasting Corporation ( CRBC) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Old Government Field, Opposite Metro Hotel, Ikom, Cross River State. Tel:23487670193, 234803713839 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name :Delta State Broadcasting Service Postal Address: Broadcasting House Off Okpanam Road P.M.B. 5032 Asaba, Delta State Tel:2345628253032 Fax:23456282573 E-Mail: Website: Name: Delta State Broadcasting Service Postal Address: P.M.B. 1026, Warri, Delta State. Tel: 23453255576, 23453251031 Fax: 23453320283, 23453320378 E-Mail: Website: Name: Edo State Broadcasting Service Postal Address: Benin Auchi Road Aduwawa, P.M.B. 1012, Benin City. Edo State. Tel:23452255736, 23452253889, 23452253085 Fax: 23452253889 E-Mail: Website: Name: Broadcasting Service of Ekiti State Postal Address: TV Ilokun Road, P.M.B. 5342, AdoEkiti Ekiti State. Tel: 23430250264,23430250754, 23430250559 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Enugu State Broadcasting Service Postal Address: Broadcasting House P.M.B. 01600, Enugu Tel: 234-42-454455, 454456 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Gombe Media Corporation Postal Address: Broadcasting House, Buhari Estate Road, P.M.B. 074, Gombe. Gombe State Tel: 23472223226, 23472222293, 23472220247 Fax: 23472222291 E-Mail: Website: Imo Broadcasting Corporation Postal Address: Egbu Road, P.M.B. 1129, Owerri, Imo State Tel:23483232674, 23483230263 Fax: 2348323432026 E-Mail: Website:

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Name: Kaduna State Media Services (KSMS) Postal Address: Broadcasting House, No.1 Wurno, Off Rabah Road, P.M.B. 2013, Kaduna. Kaduna State Tel:234-62-319390, 319393,218392 Fax: 234-62-241985 E-Mail: kstvkaduna@hotmail.com Website: Name: Kano State Television Broadcasting House( KSTV) Postal Address: Maiduguri Road, Hotoro, P.O. Box 1009, Kano, Kano State Tel: 23464632232, 23464632022, 23464632322 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Katsina State Television (KSTV) Postal Address: Television House Former SDP Building, Baisari Road, Dutsima, P.M.B. 2163, Katsina, Katsina State Tel:2346531316, 2346531317 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Kebbi Television( KTV) Postal Address: Emir Haruna Road, Birnin-Kebbi, Kebbi State Tel:23468320667 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Kwara State Television( KSTV) Postal Address: Television House, Akpata Yakuba, P.M.B. 1520, Ilorin, Kwara State. Tel:23431223983, 23431225981 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Lagos State Television (LTV/LWT) Postal Address: Lateef Jakande Road, Agidingbi, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel:23418133905 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Nasarawa State Television (NSTV) Postal Address: State Secretariat, Shendam Road, P.M.B. 97 Lafia, Nasarawa State. Tel:2344721880 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Gateway Television(OGTV) Postal Address: Km 9, Olabisi Onabanjo Road, P.M.B. 2239, Sapon, Abeokuta. Ogun State Tel:23439244101, 23439244122, 2348045045757, 2348037175279, 2348034298724, 2348033728138 Fax: : 23439244101, 23439244122 E-Mail: ogtv25uhf@yahoo.com Website: Name: Ondo State Radiovision Corporation (OSRC) Postal Address: Broadcasting House Oba Ile, P.M.B.739, Akure, Ondo State. Tel: 23434242964, 23434241385 Fax: E-Mail: Website:

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TE Name: Osun State Television (OSTV) Postal Address: Ile Awiye, Oke Baale, P.M.B. 4425, Osogbo Osun State Tel: 234352309 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Broadcasting Corporation of Oyo State (BCOS) TE Postal Address: P.M.B. 1, Agodi Post Office Ile Akede, Orita Bashorun, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel:23428106605 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Plateau State Radio Television Corporation TE Postal Address: No. 5, Joseph Gomwalk Road, P.M.B. 2042, Jos, Plateau State Tel:23473453285, 23473454035,23473465991 Fax: : 23473-453285 E-Mail: Website: Name: Taraba Television Corporation TE Postal Address: 39, Barde Way, P.M.B. 1078, Jalingo, Taraba State Tel:234-79-222601 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Rivers State Television TE Postal Address: RSTV Complex, Old Refinery Road, Elelenwo, P.M.B. 5139, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Tel:234-84-572262, 572263, 234-8033170505 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Sokoto State Media Corporation TE (RimaTelevision) Postal Address: P.M.B. 2156, Sokoto, Sokoto State Tel: 23460237005, Fax:23460237437 E-Mail: Website: Name: Yobe State Television TE Postal Address: Gashua Road, P.M.B. 1092, Damaturu, Yobe State Tel: 23474522466, 23474522644 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Zamfara State Television Service TE Postal Address: Mall. Yahaya Secretariat, Off Zaria Road. Gusau, Zamfara State Tel:234-63-201687 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Freedom Radio PRV Postal Address: Plot 33, Sarki Dikko, Off Ibrahim Sani Abacha Road, Gyadi-Gyadi, Kano, Kano State Tel: 23464660565 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Private Radio Stations

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Name: Cool FM (Steam Broadcasting) Postal Address: Aim Plaza, Plot 592, Independence Avenue, South City Centre, P.M.B. 51, Abuja, FCT Tel:23492340075 Fax: 23492340079 E-Mail: coolabuja@coolfm.us Website: Name: Independent Radio Postal Address: Glass House, Airport Road, Benin City, Edo State Tel:23452252119, 23452250242 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Jeremi Radio Postal Address: No. 54, Effurun/Sapele Road, ECOBank Building (5th Floor), Effurun-Uvwie LGA, Warri, Delta State Tel: 23453255932, 23453255933, 2345323480 23453243151532 Fax:23453255932 E-Mail: jfmradio@skannet.com Website: Name: Minaj Systems Radio Postal Address: Radio Vision Plaza, Minaj Drive, Mike Ajegbo Road, Obosi, Anambra State Tel: 23446486532, 23446486528, 23446486849 Fax: E-Mail: obosi@minaj-hq.com Website: Name: Ray Power I & II FM (in Lagos , Abuja, Kano & Port Harcourt) Postal Address: Daar Communications Ltd, AIT Road, Ilapo Village, Alagbado, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23412644814-7: 23412644817 Fax E-Mail: Website: Name: Rythmn 93.7 FM (Silverbird Communications Limited) Postal Address: 10 Force Avenue, By Govt. House Drive, Old GRA, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Tel: 23484574111, 2348033104600 Fax: E-Mail: radio@rhythm93.7.com Website: Name: Rhythm 93.7 FM Postal Address: Silverbird Communications Ltd, 17a, Commercial Avenue, Yaba, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23417740511, 23417740510-4 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Rhythm 94.7 FM Postal Address: Hilltop, Karu. Abuja, FCT Tel: 234092348556 Fax: E-Mail: radio@rhythm93.7.com Website:

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Name: Star FM 101.5 (Murhi International) Postal Address: MITV Plaza, Obafemi Awolowo Way, Alausa Secretariat, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23414972846, 23414972847 Fax: : 23414931272 & 23414926209 E-Mail: Website: Name: Nagarta Radio Postal Address: Kaduna-Zaria Express Way, KatabuMararaban, Jos, Kaduna Tel:234062371508 Fax: E-Mail: nagarta03@yahoo.com Website: Name: Aso FM Postal Address: Katampe Hill, P.O. Box 4941, Garki, Abuja, FCT Tel: 234093140317 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Joy FM Postal Address: Joy Road High Level, Makurdi, Benue State Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Pacific FM Postal Address: No. 100 Oregun Road, Ojota, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234014972580 Fax: Email Website: Name: Zuma Radio FM Postal Address: No. 1, Waziri Ibrahim Crescent, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel: Fax: Email: Website: Name: Brilla FM (Sports) Postal Address: Eleganza 634 Adeyemo Alakija House, Victoria Island, Lagos, Lagos State Tel:2348022906278, 2348022906279 Fax:234014923077 E-Mail: Website: Name: University Of Lagos Postal Address University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23414932663, 72341741872 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Cosmo FM (Cosmo Communications) Postal Address: Plot 18, Pocket Estate, Independence Layout, Enugu, Enugu State Tel: 23442300219 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Freedom Radio Postal Address: Plot 33, Sarki Dikko, Off Ibrahim Sani Abacha Road, Gyadi-Gyadi, Kano, Kano State Tel: 23464660565 Fax: E-Mail: Website:
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Private Television Stations 440 Name: Murhi International Television Postal Address: M.I.T.V Plaza, Obafemi Awolowo Way, Alausa Secretariat, Opposite NEPA Lagos Zonal Headquarters, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23414922241, 23415557102-7 Fax: 23414926209 E-Mail: Website: Name: Universal Broadcasting Services Limited Postal Address: Superscreen Citi Trust Plaza, 9/11 Catholic Street, Lagos, Lagos State Tel:23412635631, 23412645380, 23412664165 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Channels Television Postal Address: 376, Ikorodu Road, Maryland, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23414934298, 23412881825 Fax: 23412881825 E-Mail: info@channelstv.com Website: Name: Channels Television Postal Address: c/o Mg Communications, Wuse, Zone1, Abuja, FCT Tel: Fax: E-Mail: info@channelstv.com Website: Name: Desmims Independent Television, Postal Address: Sheik Ibrahim Arab Broadcasting House, No. 4a, Sokoto Road, GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel: 23462241701 Fax E-Mail: Website: Name: Galaxy Television Postal Address: Galaxy Television House, Oke Are, P.O. Box 37321, Dugbe, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: 23422410897, 23422410899, 23422414701 2348042105457, 2348056542079 Fax: E-Mail: galaxy@hyperia.com Website: Name: Galaxy Television Postal Address: 25 Community Road, Off Bamishile Road, Off Allen Avenue, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23415557511-2 Fax: E-Mail: galaxy@hyperia.com. Website: Name:Degue Broadcasting Network (DBN-TV) Postal Address: No. 65, Awolowo Road, P.O. Box 51162, Ikoyi, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23412690051, 23417740289 Fax: E-Mail: Website: PRV IN

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Name: Independent Television Postal Address: Glass House, Airport Road, P.M.B. 1703, Benin City, Edo State Tel: 23452250242, 23452252119, 23452602727, 23452602565 Fax: 23452251881, 23452251504 E -Mail: Website: Name: Minaj Broadcast International Postal Address: 130/132 Ladipo Street, Matori, Mushin, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23414528499, 23414529203-4 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Minaj Broadcast International (MBI) Postal Address: Minaj Radiovision Plaza, Minaj Drive, P.O. Box 494, Obosi Tel:23446486532,23446486528, 23446486849 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Africa Independent Television (AIT) Postal Address: Communication Village, Ray Power Drive, Ilapo Village, Alagbado, Lagos, Lagos State Tel:23412644814, 23414974749, 2341264418 Fax:

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E-Mail: Website: Name: Africa Independent Television (AIT) PRV Postal Address: Daar Communications Ltd, AIT Drive, Kpaduma Hill, Asokoro District, Abuja, FCT Tel: 23492347572 Fax: 23492347242 E-Mail: Website: Name: Silverbird Television PRV Postal Address: 17A Commercial Avenue, Sabo-Yaba, Lagos, Lagos State Tel:23417740510-4 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Direct To Home Television (DTH) Satellite Re-Transmission Station Cables Stations (Using M.M.D.S. Channels)

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Name: Multichoice Nigeria Limited PRV Postal Address: 1379 Tiamiyu Salvage Street, Victoria Island, Lagos, Lagos State Tel:23417740147, 23412622133 Fax:23412610360, 2619429 Email: Africacallcentre@multichoice.co.za Website: www.multichice.co.za Name: Trend TV Ltd PRV Postal Address: CTL Emporium, Plot 57, Woji Road, G.R.A. II, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Tel: 23484461361-90, 2348055235908 Fax: 23484231691 E-Mail: info@trendtv.tv Website: www.trendtv.tv

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PRV Name: Frontage Television Postal Address: No. 192b, Jide Oki Street, Off Ajose Adeogun Street, Victoria Island, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23412701440 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: MG Communication Systems Limited Postal Address: Gidan Abbas Mg, No. 12, Sultan Road, P.M.B. 2235, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel:23462237729, 23462237732, 23462237735 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Mg Communication Systems Limited Postal Address: Giginya Hotel, Western Bypass, Sokoto, Sokoto State Tel: 23460231670, 23460231253, 23460231455 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: MG Communication Systems Limited Postal Address: Beside NUJ Secretariat, Sokoto Road, Gusau, Zamfara State Tel: 23460201694 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Disc Engineering Limited Postal Address: Alhaji Lateef Jakande Road, Agidingbi, Ikeja, P.O. Box 52669, Falomo, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23414932641-6 Fax: 23414923696 E-Mail: Website: Name: Transmit Network Limited Postal Address: C/O Disc Engineering, Agidingbi, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23413453090 Fax: 23414923696 E-Mail: Website: Name: Delta Telekommunications & Electrical Services Limited Postal Address: No. 143, Ibrahim Taiwo Road, P.O. Box 4560, Ilorin, Kwara State Tel: 23431222251 Fax:23431223389 E-Mail: Website: Name: Worldlink Network Limited Postal Address: Wing B, Ground Floor, Orc House, No. 80, Effurun/Sapele Road, Effurun, Warri, Delta State Tel: 23453251973, 2348037228844, 23480243151484 Fax:234-53 25193 E-Mail: Website: Name: Modern Communications Limited Postal Address: 45, Tenant Road, Aba, Abia State Tel: 23482231564, 2348227128, 23482227128 Fax: 23482233667 E-Mail: mcomltd@yahoo.com Website: PRV

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Name: Communication Trends Nigeria Limited (CTL. TV) Postal Address: CTL House, 206/208, Aba Express Way, P.O. Box 6100, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Tel: 23484237808, 23484236754 Fax: 23484237809 E-Mail: Website: comtrends@supernet300.com Name: Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Postal Address: Don Etiebet House, Maryland, Lagos, Lagos State Tel:23414976493, 23414976500 Fax: Email: comtrends@supernet300.com Website: Name: Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Postal Address: 55 Brooks Street, Uyo, Cross River State Tel:: 23485201838, 2348023147129 Fax: E-Mail: comtrend@supernet300.com Website: www.supernet300.com Name: Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Postal Address: 6th Floor, Broking House, 1, Jimoh Odutola Road, Dugbe, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: Fax: EMail: comtrends@supernet300.com Website: Name: Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Postal Address: 2c Aba Road, Umuahia, Abia State Tel: 23488223416 Fax: E-Mail: comtrends@supernet300.com Website: Name: Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Postal Address:4, Oguta Road, Onitsha, Anambra State Tel: 23446214829 Fax: E-Mail: comtrends@supernet300.com Website: Name: Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Postal Address: 50, Zik Avenue, Uwani, Enugu, Enugu State Tel: 23442259696 Fax: E-Mail: comtrends@supernet300.com Website: Name: Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Postal Address: 30 Wetheral Road, Owerri, Imo State Tel: 23483230613 Fax: EMail: comtrends@supernet300.com Website: Name: Communication Trends Nigeria Limited, Postal Address: Warri, Delta State Tel: 2348033481715 Fax: E-Mail: comtrends@supernet300.com Website:

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Name: Communication Trends Nigeria Limited Postal Address: Sakpoba Road, Benin City, Edo State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: comtrends@supernet300.com Website: Name: West-Midlands Communication Postal Address: Providence House, 6, Beckley Street, Off Adeyi Avenue, Old Bodija Estate, Dugbe, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: 23428104268, 23418012206 Fax: EMail: Website: Name: Bauchi Satellite/Cable Limited Postal Address: No. 1, Hospital Road, P.O. Box 566, Bauchi, Bauchi State Tel: 23477543301 Fax: 23477521363 E-Mail: Website: Name: IBW Cable/Satellite Postal Address: Glass House, Airport Road, Benin City, Edo State Tel: 23452602700, 23452602727 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Hash-Tronics Satellite Communications Limited Postal Address: No. 2, Tamandu Road, Off Audu Bako Way, P.O. Box 1019, Kano, Kano State Tel: 23464633814 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: ABG Communications Limited Postal Address: ABG Avenue, Road D3, Ungwan Muazu, P.O. Box 502, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel: 23462235946, 23462235948, 22346237679, 23462235385, 2325501 Fax: 234-62-235950 E-Mail: abg@abgcom.net Website: Name: ABG Communications Limited Postal Address: 10, Rwang Pam, Jos, Plateau State Tel: 23473459076 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: ABG Communications Limited Postal Address: No. 1 Baga Road, Opposite NEPA Office, Maiduguri, Borno State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: ABG Communications Limited Postal Address: Transmitting Site, Yola International Hotel Office, No. 107 Atiku Abubakar Road, Jimeta, Yola, Adamawa State Tel: 23475625635 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: ABG Communications Limited Postal Address: Bompai Road, Kano, Kano State Tel: 23464636421 Fax: 23464647078 E-Mail: abgkano@abgcom.net Website:

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Name: ABG Communications Limited Postal Address: IBB Way, Katsina, Katsina State Tel: 23465434843 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Minaj Cable Network Postal Address: 45 Aguleri Street, Independence Layout, Enugu, Enugu State Tel: : 23442459085 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Bauchi Satellite Cable Limited Postal Address: No. 1, Hospital Road, P.O. Box 566, Bauchi, Buachi State Tel: 23477543301 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Multimesh Communication Limited Postal Address: 1 Cable Mission Television Network (CMTV), 202 Aba Road, P.O. Box 6477, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Tel: 23484232466, 23484232467, 2348032034028 Fax: 23484230849 E-Mail: multimesh@yahoo.com Website: http://www.multimeshcom.com Name: Entertainment Cable Television Postal Address: c/o Disc Engineering Ltd Alhaji Lateef Jakande Road, Agidingbi, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23413453090, 23414976500 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Ebonyi Cable Television (ECTV) Postal Address: Television House, Nsugbe Hills, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State Tel: 23443220784, 23443221683 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Digital Entertainment Television (Det Cable TV) Postal Address: Broadcast Plaza, Akin Close, State Housing Estate, P.O. Box 1234, Calabar, Cross River State Tel: 23487236703, 23487236771 Fax: E-Mail: eenodet.bellatlantic.net. Website: http//www.det.com Name: Savannah Cable Communication Ltd Postal Address: No. 2, New Market Road, P.O. Box 1552, Gombe, Gombe State Tel: 23472223514, 23472223754 Fax: Email: Website: Nigerian Monthly Magazines

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Name: Newswatch PRV Postal Address: Newswatch Communications Ltd, 3, Billings Way, Oregun Industrial Estate, Ikeja, P.M.B 21499, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234014960950 Fax: E-Mail: info@ovationinternational.com Website: www.ovationinternational.com

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Name: Tell Postal Address: Tell Communications Ltd, Plot 26, Kudirat Abiola Way, Oregun, P.M.B 21749, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23414932497, 23414932498, 23417747910 Fax: E-Mail: newsroom@telling.com Website: www.telling.com Name: The News Postal Address: Independent Communications Network Limited, Press House, 27, Acme Road, Agidingbi, Ikeja, P.M.B 21531, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 23414922499, 23414922983, 23414925373 Fax: E-Mail: thenews@aol.com Website: Name: The Week Postal Address: Sub Saharan Press Limited, 23, Adeniyi Jones, P.O.Box 11333, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234017756204, 234014335075, 08023103382 Fax: 14967792 E-Mail: theweekmag@yahoo.com, theweekmag@hotmail.com Website: Name: Insider Postal Address: Insider Communication Limited, Agidingbi, P.M.B, 21773, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234017730817, Fax: 234012221030 E-Mail: insiderweeklymagazine@yahoo.com.uk Website: Name: The Voice Postal Address: Sifa Publication, 13, Adeniyi Jakande Close, Off Adeniran Ogunkoya Street, Surulere, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 2345852455, 2345452456, 2348037874430 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Ovation Postal Address: Ovation International Limited, 15, Adekunle Fajuyi Crescent, Off Olufemi Olutoye Crescent, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234012882332, 234014936394-5, 23401717902424 Fax: E-Mail: info@ovationinternational.com Website: www.ovationinternational.com Name: Hints Postal Address: Hint True Tales Publication Limited, 2/4 Aromolaran Close, Off Shofola Street, Ojodu Estate, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234014733178 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Health Link Postal Address: Global Health Link Ventures, 70, Mobolaji Bank Anthony Way, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234018169224, 2348023154749 Fax: E-Mail: healthlinkdoctor2004@yahoo.com Website:
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Name: Business Express Postal Address: Tina John Industries Limited, 563, Ikorodu Road, Kosofe Bus Stop, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234028363858 Fax: E-Mail: businessexpress@yahoo.com Website: Name: Good Health. Postal Address: Speed Star Limited, 107, Allen Avenue, Ikeja, P.O.Box 3772, Oshodi, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 2348033259887, Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Pharmascope Postal Address: Global Village Limited, 10, Toyin Street, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234018130956 Fax: E-Mail: pharmascope01@yahoo.com Website: Name: Justice Watch Postal Address: 35, Lawanson Road, Lawanson, Surulere Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234018170518, 2348034052951 Fax: E-Mail: justicewatchlawmag@yahoo.com Website: www.justicewatchmahazine.co. Name: The Adviser Postal Address: Lexam Media Services Ltd, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 2348023022201, 2348023195973 Fax: E-Mail: Website: www.ngrguidiannews.com Name: The Independent Voice Postal Address: Independent Voice Communications, 107, Falolu Street, Surulere, Off Akerele Bus Stop, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: idependentvoice@yahoo.com Website: Name: Newsray Postal Address: Newsray Communication Ventures Limited, P.O.Box 172, No 3, Buka Aba Ibrahim Way, Damaturu Yobe State Tel: 234074522195, 234074522026, 2348034390092 Fax: E-Mail: newsraymagazine@yahoo.com Website: Name: Taraba Echo Postal Address: Slaj Communication, 76, Barde Way, Jalingo. P.O.Box 32, Jalingo, Taraba State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: tarabaecho@yahoo.com Website:

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Nigerian daily/weekly newspapers 509 Name: The
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Postal Address: Guardian Newspapers Limited, Rutam House, Isolo Expressway, P.O. Box 1217, Oshodi, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234524111 Fax: 234521982 E-Mail: letters@ngrguidianlinks.com Website: www.ngrguidiannews.com Name: The Guardian On Saturday Postal Address: Guardian Newspapers Limited, Rutam House, Isolo Expressway, P.O. Box 1217, Oshodi, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234524111 Fax: 234521-982 E-Mail: letters@ngrguidianlinks.com Website: www.ngrguidiannews.com Name: The Guardian On Sunday Postal Address: Guardian Newspapers Limited, Rutam House, Isolo Expressway , P.O. Box 1217, Oshodi, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234524111 Fax: 234521-982 E-Mail: letters@ngrguidianlinks.com Website: www.ngrguidiannews.com Name: This Day Postal Address: Leaders and Company Limited, 35 Creek Road, Apapa, P.O. Box 54749, Ikoyi, Lagos, State Tel: 23413203037, 23413203038, 2348022924721 Fax: 23413203032 E-Mail: editor@thisdayonline.com, thisday@nova.net.ng Website: Name: This Day On Saturday Postal Address: Leaders and Company Limited, 35 Creek Road, Apapa, P.O. Box 54749, Ikoyi, Lagos, State Tel: 23413203037, 23413203038, 2348022924721 Fax: 23413203032 E-Mail: editor@thisdayonline.com, thisday@nova.net.ng Name: This Day On Sunday Postal Address: Leaders and Company Limited, 35 Creek Road, Apapa, P.O. Box 54749, Ikoyi, Lagos, State Tel: 23413203037, 23413203038, 2348022924721 Fax: 23413203032 E-Mail:editor@thisdayonline.com, thisday@nova.net.ng Website : Name: The Punch Postal Address: Punch (Nig) Ltd., 1, Olu Aboderin Street, Onipetesi, Ikeja,. P.M.B 21204, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234014920205, 234014972815 Fax: 23401014920205, 234014972815 E-Mail: lagospunch@thepunch.com Website: www.Punchnigeria.Com Name: Saturday Punch Postal Address: Punch (Nig) Ltd., 1, Olu Aboderin Street, Onipetesi, Ikeja Lagos. P.M.B 21204, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234014920205, 234014972815 Fax: 234014920205, 234014972815 E-Mail:
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satpunch@thepunch.com Website: www.punchnigeria.com Name: Sunday Punch Postal Address: Punch (Nig) Ltd.,1, Olu Aboderin Street, Onipetesi, Ikeja, P.M.B 21204, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234014920205, 234014972815 Fax: E-Mail: sundayeditor@thepunch.com Website: www.punchnigeria.com Name: Vanguard Postal Address: Vanguard Media Limited, Vanguard Avenue, Kirikiri Canal, P.M.B. 1007, Apapa, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234012880569, 234012881726, 234802223465 Fax: E-Mail: letters@vanguardngr.com Website: www.vanguardngr.com Name: Saturday Vanguard Postal Address: Vanguard Media Limited, Vanguard Avenue, Kirikiri, Canal. P.M.B. 1007, Apapa, Lagos, Lagos State. Tel: 234012880569, 234012881726, 234802223465 Fax: E-Mail: vanguard@linkserve.com.ng Website: www.vanguardngr.com Name: Sunday Vanguard Postal Address: Vanguard Media Limited, Vanguard Avenue, Kirikiri, Canal. P.M.B. 1007, Apapa, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234012880569, 234012881726, 234802223465 Fax: E-Mail: vanguard@linkserve.com.ng Website: Www.Vanguardngr.Com Name: Daily Champion Postal Address: Champion Newspapers Limited, Isolo Industrial Estate, 156/158 Oshodi Apapa Express Way, Ilasamaja, Mushin Lagos, P.O.Box 2276, Oshodi, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234015425840, 234014525983 Fax: 234014526017, 234014520424 E-Mail: letters@championnewspapers.com Website: www.championnewspapers.com Name: Saturday Champion Postal Address: Champion Newspapers Limited, Isolo Industrial Estate, 156/158 Oshodi Apapa Express Way, Ilasamaja, Mushin, Lagos, P.O.Box 2276, Oshodi, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234015425840, 234014525983 Fax: 234014526017, 234014520424 E-Mail: letters@championnewspapers.com Website: www.championnewspapers.com Name: Sunday Champion Postal Address: Champion Newspapers Limited, Isolo Industrial Estate, 156/158 Oshodi Apapa Express Way, Ilasamaja, Mushin, Lagos, P.O.Box 2276, Oshodi,
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Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234015425840, 234014525983 Fax: 234014526017, 234014520424 Name: Daily Sun Postal Address: The Sun Publishing Limited, 2, Coscharis Street, Kirikiri, Apapa. P.M.B, 21776, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234013203229, 234013203230, 234013205754, Fax: 234017900632 E-Mail: thesun@sunnewsonline.com Website: www.sunnewsonline.com Name: Saturday Sun Postal Address: The Sun Publishing Limited, 2, Coscharis Street, Kirikiri, Apapa. P.M.B, 21776, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234013203229, 234013203230, 234013205754, Fax: 234017900632 E-Mail: thesun@sunnewsonline.com Website: www.sunnewsonline.com Name: Sunday Sun Postal Address: The Sun Publishing Limited, 2, Coscharis Street, Kirikiri, Apapa. P.M.B, 21776, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234013203229, 234013203230, 234013205754, Fax: 234017900632 E-Mail: thesun@sunnewsonline.com Website: www.sunnewsonline.com Name: The Comet Postal Address: Turning Point Newspapers Limited, 27b, Fatai Atere Way, Matori, Lagos, P.M.B 12100, Marina, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234014520849 Fax: E-Mail: mail@cometnews.com.ng Website: www.cometnews.com Name: The Comet On Saturday Postal Address: The Sun Publishing Limited, 2, Coscharis Street, Kirikiri, Apapa. P.M.B, 21776, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234013203229, 234013203230, 234013205754, Fax: 234017900632 E-Mail:thesun@sunnewsonline.com Website: www.sunnewsonline.com Name: Sunday Comet Postal Address: The Sun Publishing Limited, 2, Coscharis Street, Kirikiri, Apapa. P.M.B, 21776, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234013203229, 234013203230, 234013205754, Fax: 234017900632 E-Mail: thesun@sunnewsonline.com Website: www.sunnewsonline.com Name: Daily Times Postal Address: Daily Times of Nigeria Plc., 3,5 & 7, Kakawa Street Lagos. P.M.B 2134, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State
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Tel: 234013451484, 234013453197, 234013450597 Fax: E-Mail: dtmnewsroom@yahoo.com Website: www.dailytimesofnigeria.com Name: Sunday Times Postal Address: Daily Times of Nigeria Plc., 3,5 & 7, Kakawa Street Lagos. P.M.B 2134, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234013451484, 234013453197, 234013450597 Fax: E-Mail: dtmnewsroom@yahoo.com Website: www.dailytimesofnigeria.com Name: Daily Independent Postal Address: Independent Newspapers Limited, Block 5, Plot 7d, Wempco, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234014962138-9, 234017733489 Fax: 234014962138-9, 234017733489 E-Mail: infor@independentng.com Website: www.independent.com Name: Saturday Independent Postal Address: Independent Newspapers Limited, Block 5, Plot 7d, Wempco, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234014962138-9, 234017733489 Fax: 234014962138/9, 234017733489 E-Mail: infor@independentng.com Website: www.independent.com Name: Sunday Independent Postal Address: Independent Newspapers Limited, Block 5, Plot 7d, Wempco, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234014962138-9, 234017733489 Fax: 234014962138/9, 234017733489 E-Mail: infor@independentng.com Website: www.independent.com Name: New Age Postal Address: Century Media Limited, 217/219, Moshood Abiola way, Iganmu Lagos. P.O.Box 55719, Ikoyi Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234014723021, 234017911032 Fax: 234015458703 Email: www.newage-online.com Website: Name: Westerner Postal Address: Western Publishing Company Ltd., 1, Oregun/Opebi Link Road, Oregun, P.M.B 21812, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234017228075, 234017736576, 234017912924

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Fax: 234017912925 E-Mail: westernnews@westerng.com Website: www.westernng.com Name: Financial Standard PRV Postal Address: Millennium Harvest Limited, 5, Iyalla Street, Alausa, P.M.B 21805, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234014934891, 234014934494, 234014934996 Fax: 234013451035, 3451036 E-Mail: info@financialnews.com
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Website: www.financialstandardnews.com Name: Business Day Postal Address: Business Day Media Limited, 72, Amuwa – Odofin Festac Link Road, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234013454500-3 Fax: 234013454510 E-Mail: mail@businessdayonline.com Website: Name: National Mail Postal Address: Mentmore Publishers Ltd., 1, Balogun Street, Anifowose, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: Tel:234 017222784 Fax:234 015543096 E-Mail: nationalmailnewspapers@yahoo.com Website: Name: National Mirror Postal Address: 2k, Obasa Close, Ikeja-Lagos. Tel: Fax: Email: Website: www.nationalmirror.com Name: PM News Postal Address: CVL office Press House, 27, Acme Rd., Agidingbi PMB21531, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234017939286 Fax:234014922983 Email: Website: www.thenewsng.com Name: Nigeria Patriot Postal Address: Ebonyi State Newspapers and Printing Corporation, Newspaper House, 2, Waterworks Road, Abakalaliki, Ebonyi State. Tel: 234043221211 Fax: EMail: nigeriapatriot@yahoo.com Website: Name: Ebonyi Voice Postal Address: Mosco Media Services, P.O. Box 323, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State Tel: 234043222160 2348033155569 Fax: Email Website: Name: Nigerian Voice Postal Address: Mosco Media Services, P.O. Box 323, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State Tel: 234043222160 2348033155569 Fax: Email Website: Name: National Ambassador Postal Address: Abia Newspaper and Publishing Cooperation, Nnamdi Azikiwe Secretariat Way, Government New Station Layout, P.M.B. 7245, Umuahia, Abia State. Tel: 2348032695575, 08035071398 Fax: E-Mail: abianewspapers@yahoo.com Website: Name: The Nigerian Observer Postal Address: Edo State Newspaper Corporation, 24, Airport Road, P.M.B 1334, Benin City, Edo State Tel: 234052257492, 234052257531 Fax: E-Mail: nigerianobserver@yahoo.com Website: www.thenigerianobservernews.com Name: The Sunday Observer
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Postal Address: Edo State Newspaper Corporation, 24, Airport Road, P.M.B 1334, Benin City, Edo State Tel: 234052257492, 234052257531 Fax: E-Mail: nigerianobserver@yahoo.com Website: www.thenigerianobservernews.com Name: Independent Monitor Postal Address: Independent Monitor, 26, Ikwerre Road. P.O.Box 1932, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Tel: 23480457310 Fax: E-Mail: indemonitor24@yahoo.com Website: Name: The Tide Postal Address: Rivers State Newspaper Corporation, 4, Ikwerre Road, P.M.B 5072, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Tel: 234084230298, 23484230299 Fax: 234084230298 E-Mail: contact@thetidenews.com Website: www.thetidenews.com Name: The Weekend Tide Postal Address: Rivers State Newspaper Corporation, 4, Ikwerre Road, P.M.B 5072 Port Harcourt, Rivers State Tel: 234084230298, 234084230299 Fax: 234084230298 E-Mail: contact@thetidenews.com Website: www.thetidenews.com Name: The Tide On Sunday Postal Address: Rivers State Newspaper Corporation, 4, Ikwerre Road, P.M.B 5072 Port Harcourt, Rivers State Tel: 234084230298, 234084230299 Fax: 234084230298 E-Mail: contact@thetidenews.com Website: www.thetidenews.com Name: The Confluence Express Postal Address: People’s Liberation Media Network Library Ltd, Lokoja, Kogi State Tel: 234058227998, 23408036172307 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: The Graphic Postal Address: Kogi Printing & Publishing Corporation, 21, Olu of Oworo Road, P.M.B 1089, Lokoja, Kogi State Tel: 234058220251, 2348035989267 Fax:234058220736 Email: graphicsnewspaper@yahoo.com Website: Name: Agribusiness Today Postal Address: Greenland Agro Consultant Limited. APC Plaza Near Pioneer Hotels, Off IBB Way, Zone 4, P.O.Box 6931, Wuse, Abuja, FCT Tel: 2348023608676 Fax: E-Mail: agribusinesstoday@yahoo.com Website: Name: New Waves Postal Address: Bayelsa State Newspaper Corporation,
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Yenagoa, Bayelsa State Tel: 234089490339 Fax: Email: nwavesng@yahoo.com Website: Name: Daily Triumph GOV Postal Address: Triumph Publishing Limited, Gidan Sa’adu Zungur, Kano, Kano State Tel: 234064630060 Fax: 234064630060 E-Mail: editor@triumphnewspaer.com Website: www.triumphnewspaper.com Name: Weekend Triumph GOV Postal Address: Triumph Publishing Limited, Gidan Sa’adu Zungur, Kano, Kano State Tel: 234064630060 Fax: 234064630060 E-Mail: editor@triumphnewspaer.com Website: www.triumphnewspaper.com Name: Sunday Triumph Postal Address: Triumph Publishing Limited, Gidan Sa’adu Zungur, Kano, Kano State Tel: 234064630060 Fax: 234064630060 E-Mail: editor@triumphnewspaer.com Website: www.triumphnewspaper.com Name: New Nigeria Postal Address: New Nigeria Newspapers Limited, Ahmadu Bello Way, P.O.Box 254, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel: 234062244864, 234062245220/1, 23406221377 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: New Nigeria Weekly Postal Address: New Nigeria Newspapers Limited, Ahmadu Bello Way, P.O.Box 254, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel: 234062244864, 234062245220/1, 23406221377 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: New Nigeria Sunday Postal Address: New Nigeria Newspapers Limited, Ahmadu Bello Way, P.O.Box 254, Kaduna, Kaduna State Tel: 234062244864, 234062245220-1, 23406221377 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Daily Star Postal Address: Enugu State Printing and Publishing Corporation, 9, Works Road. P.M.B 01139, Enugu, Enugu State Tel: 23404225394 Fax: EMail: dailystarenugu@yahoo.com Website: Name: The State Man
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Postal Address: Imo Newspapers Ltd., P.M.B 1095, Egbu Owerri Road, Owerri, Imo State Tel: 234083230116 Fax: E-Mail:stateman@yahoo.com Website: Name: Sunday State Man Postal Address: Imo Newspapers Ltd., P.M.B 1095, Egbu Owerri Road, Owerri, Imo State Tel: 234083230116 Fax: E-Mail: stateman@yahoo.com Website: Name: The Nigerian Standard Postal Address: Joseph Gomwak House, P.M.B 2112, Jos, Plateau State Tel: Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: The Voice Postal Address: Benue Printing and Publishing Corporation, No 1 Jonahjang Crescent, P.M.B. 102365, Makurdi, Benue State Tel:234 044- 532875 234044- 53592 Fax: Email: Website: Name: Nigerian News Day Postal Address: Nasarawa Publishing Company. 11, Jos Road, Opp. New State Secretariat, Laha, Nasarawa State. Tel: 234047220548 Fax: E-Mail: newsday@premiernetng.net Website: Name: The Path Postal Address: Sokoto Newspaper Limited, Gushi Road, P.M.B 2425, Sokoto, Sokoto State Tel: 234060235934, 235977 Fax: 234060233822 E-Mail: Website: Name: The Weekly Legacy Postal Address: Zamfara State Printing and Publishing Company, The Legacy House, 23 Sanny Abacha Way, Gusau. P.M.B 01144, Gusau, Zamfara State Tel: 23406320380 Fax: 234063202453 E-Mail: Website: Name: Pioneer Postal Address: Akwa Ibom Newspaper Corporation, Off Babaginda Avenue, P.M.B. 1029, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Tel: 2340805203593 Fax: E-Mail: pioneernewspaperaknc@yahoo.com Website: Name: Jigawa Today Postal Address: Ministry of Information and Office of Special Adviser on Media Relations. Tel: 234064721127, 234064721456 Fax: E-Mail: Website: Name: Daily Pointer
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Postal Address: Delta Printing and Publishing Company Ltd. 278, Nebisi Road, P.M.B. 95061, Asaba, Delta State Tel: 234056280921 Fax: 234056280921 E-Mail: pointerdppcl@yahoo.com Website: Name: Sunday Pointer Postal Address: Delta Printing and Publishing Company Ltd. 278, Nebisi Road, P.M.B. 95061, Asaba, Delta State Tel: 234056280921 Fax: 234056280921 E-Mail: pointerdppcl@yahoo.com Website: Name: Weekend Pointer Postal Address: Delta Printing and Publishing Company Ltd. 278, Nebisi Road, P.M.B. 95061, Asaba, Delta State Tel: 234056280921 Fax: 234056280921 E-Mail: pointerdppcl@yahoo.com Website: Name: Anambra News Postal Address: Dokart Furniture Plaza, Km 10, Old Onitsha Enugu Road, Nkwele Ogidi, P.O.Box 94, Ikenga, Ogidi, Anambra State Tel: 234046611154 Fax: E-Mail: anambranews2003@yahoo.com Website: Name: The Herald Postal Address: Kwara State Printing and Publishing Corporation, New Yidi Road, Ilorin. P.M.B 1369, Ilorin, Kwara State Tel: 23408033588585 Fax: E-Mail: theheraldnews@yahoo.com Website:

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Key
Type institution AS-F NGO AS-W of Farmers organizations Non governmental organization Women’s associations Church-based group Educational institution Government department Private enterprise Regional organization Other Role organization EX FS IN OT PP PS-P PS-S RD RU TR of Extension Financial services Information services Other Policy planning Producer Supplier Research development Rural development Training &

CHU EDU GOV PRV REG OT

&

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Annex 3.2. Select list of key institutions
Name of institution: Abia Newspapers and Publishing Corporation Objective/ mission statement To publicize Abia State Government and the state’s activities adequately To inform, educate and entertain Abia citizens about the activities of Abia State government Field of specialization: It has two titles on its stable. These are their bimonthly newspapers: • National Ambassador and • National Ambassador on Sunday Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Total = 49 Editorial = 20 Commercial = 25 Operations = 4 Branches, other sites: Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): Recurrent = N70, 900, 000 (€405,142.86) Capital = N32, 000, 000 (€182,857.14) Total = N132, 000, 000 (€754,285.71) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors Subvention from Abia State Government and Advertisements and copy sales Programme / projects undertaken: Publication of bimonthly newspapers and advertisements Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): Abia State government, Abia State citizens and as well as citizens of Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bayelsa, Enugu, Ebonyi, Imo, Cross River and Rivers States Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: Institution is not aware of CTA nor received publications from CTA. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services Not applicable as institution has not interacted with CTA yet. Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): • Nigeria Union of Journalists (NUJ): Collaboration is through sourcing of information and news from the Nigeria Union of Journalists. • Abia State Agricultural Development Programme provides the institution with agricultural news, events and stories. • United States Information Service (USIS) provides the institution with journals, periodicals and magazines • News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) also provides news items to the institution National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: National policy on ICT has not had any impact on the institutions use of ICTs. How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: Information needs of the institution are currently met through: • Abia State House • Abia State Ministries
199

Name of institution: Abia Newspapers and Publishing Corporation • National Ambassador’s correspondents in the different states • Radio and • Internet Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): • Rural Development Issues • Farm problems and • Information on workshops and conferences focused on ICTs Information materials that are difficult to obtain are materials suitable for mass distribution and those in appropriate languages (indigenous). Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: • Lack of Internet connectivity in the organization • Obsolete computers and printers • Erratic electricity power supply • Inadequate transportation facilities and • Lack of adequate funds Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) Lack of training in information and communication management Why institution was selected as a key: The institution was chosen as it is the only newspaper publishing institution in Abia State. Additionally, its circulation covers the south eastern and south-south states of Nigeria. Therefore it has potentials for mobilizing a wide range of citizens in southern Nigeria especially the southeast. Other observations: N/A

Name of institution: Abia State Agricultural Development Programme Objective/ mission statement • To disseminate low-cost labour saving information messages to farming communities in order tom upgrade their knowledge and skills for increased productivity • To design, supervise and control all the engineering activities needed to enable small-scale farmers in food production for improvement of their living standards • To provide relevant and appropriate production technologies and quality – planting materials in crops, Women in Agriculture, livestock, fisheries, agroforestry and land management for increased productivity Field of specialization: • Dissemination of improved agricultural practices and innovations • Training of farmers • Identification of problems and solutions of farmers • Rural infrastructural development Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professional = 360 Technical = 130 Administrative = 67

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Name of institution: Abia State Agricultural Development Programme Branches, other sites: • Abia State ADP, Aba Zone, Opposite Fire Service, Aba • Abia ADP, Umuahia Zone, Ministry of Agriculture, Umuahia. • Abia ADP, Ohafia Zone, Amekpu, Ohafia Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): Budget for 2007 is: • Recurrent = N239,713,203.6 (€1,369,789.73) • Capital = N747,302,502 (€4,270,300.01) • Total = N987,015,705.6 (€5,640,089.75) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors • Federal Government of Nigeria • Abia State Government • International Funds for Agricultural Development (IFAD) • United States Agency for International Development (USAID) • Arab Bank Programme / projects undertaken: • Root and Tuber Expansion Programme (RTEP) • National Fadama Development Programme III (NFDPIII) • National Programme for Food Security (NPFS) • Community-Based Natural Resources Management Project (CBNRMP) • Sustainability Project (SP) Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Small-scale farmers in rural communities of Abia State • Processors of food crops in Abia State Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: Individual staff members are aware of CTA’s Spore Magazine. They also subscribe to Spore. However, the institution does not subscribe to any of CTA’s publications. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services The individuals that read and subscribe to Spore find it very valuable. Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): Collaboration is with the following organizations: • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) in the supply of new crop varieties, training of staff and subsidizing of technologies for farming • National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) Umudike assisting in training of ADP staff especially in extension methods and production at Monthly Technology Review Meetings (MTRMs) • Michael Okpara University of Agriculture assisting with training of ADP staff at MTRMs as well as joint participation in On-Farm Adaptive Research • Other State ADPs exchange information and ideas with Abia State ADP. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: The state policy on ICTs has increased ownership of computers/laptops amongst staff members and consequently increased computer literacy of staff.

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Name of institution: Abia State Agricultural Development Programme How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: Sources of information include: • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan • Projects Coordinating Unit (PCU), Abuja • National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI), Umudike • University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN) • Federal University of Technology, Owerri (FUTO) • Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike (MOUAU) • Newspapers (Guardian and Vanguard) • Radio – Broadcasting Corporation of Abia State (BCA) • Television—Broadcasting Corporation of Abia State (BCA) Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): Agricultural advances to raise productivity • Extension methods • New improved seeds • New methods of processing agricultural produce • Control of diseases in livestock and crops • Improved technologies for production Generally, information materials that are suitable for mass distribution and those in appropriate indigenous languages are difficult to obtain for extension agents and farmers. Getting journal articles, briefings and summaries as well as abstracts for the organization’s subject matter specialists is also difficult. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The main problems are: • Inadequate number of functional computers • Unfavourable attitude towards computer literacy and • Lack of current computer softwares Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) Why institution was selected as a key: Abia State Agricultural Development Programme has the mandate for agricultural Extension in the state. Its organizational set up enables it to effectively and efficiently reach out to all categories and scales of farmers. Other observations: N/A

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Name of institution: All Farmers Association of Nigeria, Abia State Chapter Objective/ mission statement • To serve as the apex body of all farmers associations in Abia State. Its role are primarily coordinative, facilitative, supervisory, regulatory, and liaison. AFAN shall endeavour to unite all farmers in Abia State so that they can have a common voice on matters that affect their welfare, general agricultural development and food security of the state. • To engage in, facilitate, assist and promote the business of farming and general development of agriculture and allied matters in broad terms • Closely monitor, assess, supervise and where possible influence the way state agriculture and food policies and programmes are developed and implemented • Defend the interest of farmers and do whatever is necessary to guarantee their performance and enhance their income through increased / improved productivity Field of specialization: This is an umbrella organization for commodity associations and farmers in Abia State. It however undertakes mobilization of farmers, their training in relevant commodity crops/livestock as well as production of food crops. Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Administrative = 6 Professional = 4 Technical = 2 Branches, other sites: Each local government areas of Abia State has a branch Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): Recurrent =N4,000,000 (€22,857.14) Capital = N6,000,000 (€34,285.71) Total = N10,000,000 (€57,142.86) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors • Membership dues • Revenue from training and workshops • Sales of improved seedlings and ornamentals • Donations from governmental and non governmental agencies Programme / projects undertaken: • Training of farmers in poultry production, beekeeping, catfish production, cassava production/value-addition, snailry and agricultural business management. • Organization and mobilization of farmers into groups and commodity organizations • Liaise between farmers and government and non governmental agencies in identification and solving of problems/needs • Organize farmers’ shows and exhibitions Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): Farmers in Abia State Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: Some members are aware of and subscribe to CTA’s Spore Magazine. The organization is however currently not subscribing to any of CTA’s publications. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services The members that subscribe to Spore Magazine evaluate it as very informative.

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Name of institution: All Farmers Association of Nigeria, Abia State Chapter Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): • AFAN collaborate with the following institutions: • National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) Umudike trains AFAN members in cassava improved production technologies • Ministry of Agriculture, Umudike provides an office space for AFAN as well supplies its members with farm inputs • Abia State Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) collaborates in training of farmers and dissemination of improved technologies and practices • Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike partakes in training of farmers • Abia State University, Uturu, also provides training to AFAN members • Chambers of Commerce, Umudike and Export Promotion Council are involved in assisting AFAN members in marketing and exhibition of their products • National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP), National Directorate of Employment and Nigerian Agricultural Credit and Rural Development Bank, (NACRDB) assist in the provision of micro-credit. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: AFAN is a beneficiary of Abia State Government’s supply of computers to organizations. The state government donated two computers to the organization. How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: AFAN sources for information from the following: • National Root Crops Research Institute, Umudike (NRCRI) • National Cereals Research Institute, Badeggi, (NCRI) • Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research, Benin City, (NIFOR) • National Horticultural Research Institute, Ibadan, (NIHORT) • Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, (MOUAU) • Abia State University, Uturu • Abia State Agricultural Development Programme, (ADP) • Abia State Ministry of Agriculture • All Farmers Association of Nigeria, Headquarters, Abuja • Newspapers • Radio stations –Broadcasting Corporation of Abia (BCA) and • National Television Authority (NTA) Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): • Value-addition of cassava, oil palm, maize, pig, poultry and fruits • Processing and preservation of farm products • Marketing and marketing potentials of cassava, oil palm, maize, pig, poultry and fruits. • Improved varieties of crops and breeds of animals • Training on ICTs AFAN finds it difficult to obtain materials that are suitable for mass distribution and those in pictorial formats.

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Name of institution: All Farmers Association of Nigeria, Abia State Chapter Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: • Inadequate office space • Tedious data collection procedure (requires physical contact in spatially disperse areas) • Lack of GSM network signals in AFAN’s areas of operation and • Irregular power supply Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc)

Why institution was selected as a key: AFAN is a network organization for all farmers and commodity organizations in Abia State. It can reach out and mobilize farmers and their commodity organizations through its network of local government area chapters. Similarly, it is connected with the Headquarters of AFAN thereby providing an indirect national outreach. Other observations: N/A

Name of institution: Idea Builders Objective/ mission statement • To build the capacity of people, and foster community development partnerships. • The objectives are: • To build skills and enhance micro-enterprise opportunities for people to make a living through secure livelihood and MSME projects • To foster the creation of community wealth by mobilizing initiatives that address the needs of the poor and effect lasting community renewal • To promote smart growth and liveable communities by generating social interest and economic opportunities within the community • To improve the quality of life and opportunities for positive change in communities by mobilizing and leveraging philanthropic capital, investment capital, social capital and natural resources in a responsible and equitable manner Field of specialization: • Micro Enterprise Development • Capacity building • Community Renewal and • Advocacy Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Administration = 3 Technical = 3 Professional = 5 Casual Support Staff = 3

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Name of institution: Idea Builders Branches, other sites: Head Office 5th Floor, Suites 540-541, NIPOST House, Obalende, Lagos Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): The 2006/2007 budget is: Recurrent = N1,500,000 (€8,571.43) Capital = N2,000,000 (€11,428.57) Total = N3,500,000 (€20,000) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors • Grants from International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and Abia State Agricultural Development Programme • Voluntary donations from community members Programme / projects undertaken: • Piggery • Cassava Production • Plantain and Banana production • Capacity Building • Computer Skill Acquisition and • Cooperative Development Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): Women, men and youth farmers in Abia and Akwa Ibom States. Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: Some staff members are aware of CTA’s activities. However, the organization does not currently subscribe to any of CTA’s publications. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services This is not applicable as the organization has not received any of CTA’s products or services. Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): Idea Builders collaborates with these organizations in the following ways: • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), through On-Farm Adaptive Research for IITA’s cassava processing equipment (Demonstration) • National Root Crops Research Institute, Umudike (NRCRI) through joint training of farmers, supply of improved cassava cuttings and processing of cassava products • Abia State Agricultural Development Programme organizes training for Idea Builders Staff and community members on improved agricultural practices • Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO) provides special professionals to assist the organization in the implementation of its activities • Presidential Initiative on Doubling Maize Production in Nigeria (PIDOM) carries out joint research activities on maize seeds with Idea Builders. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: There has been no impact. How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: Idea Builders obtains information from: • Abia State Agricultural Development Programme • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) • National Root Crops Research Institute, Umudike, (NRCRI) • Institute of Agriculture, Research and Training, (IAR&T), Ibadan and • Internet
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Name of institution: Idea Builders Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): Main information needs are: • Cassava Production, Processing and Marketing • Training and installation of servers and Internet facilities • Training in computer programming (JAVA, PASCAL) • Plantain, banana and pine apple production and • Preservation techniques Idea Builders does not easily have access to materials that are suitable for mass distribution. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The major problems are: • Lack of qualified staff to maintain ICTs and • Lack of training on the use of updated softwares Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) Over 1000 women have been trained in income generating activities. It has also provided services to over 4000 secondary beneficiaries. Why institution was selected as a key: Idea Builders is located in a peri-urban-rural that makes its services readily available to the grassroots as well as some urban poor. Also it is already collaborating with an international organization (IITA) which is a likely indication of its viable and reliable status. Other observations: Idea Builders is well equipped with several computers that will enhance its capacity building mandate. Indeed its infrastructural base will provide enabling environment for training and documentation purposes.

Name of institution: Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Objective/ mission statement The university has a mission to develop and set up an administrative structure in line with the technical advice proffered by eminent scholars and administrators as well as the articulated academic brief of the university. The objectives include: • Developing and offering academic and professional programmes leading to the award of diplomas, first and higher degrees • Producing socially mature graduates with capacity to contribute to the scientific transformation of agriculture in Nigeria with particular emphasis on the tropical rainforest and derived savannah zones of the south east agroecological zone of Nigeria. Field of specialization: • Training • Research • Community Service Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: • Academic = 296 • Non academic (Senior staff) = 325 • Non academic (Junior staff) = 550
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Name of institution: Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Branches, other sites: None Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): Budget for 2007 is: • Recurrent = N1,226,351,846 (€7,007,724.83) • Capital = N224,350,000 (€1,282,000) • Total = N1,450,701,846 (€8,232581.98) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors • Federal Government • Endowment Funds (Banks & Development agencies) • Internally generated funds from agricultural production Programme / projects undertaken: • B.Sc. Agriculture • B. Agric Business • B.Sc. Engineering • M.Sc. Agriculture • Ph.D. Agriculture • PGD Agriculture Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): Youths and students in Nigeria Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: Institution is aware of CTA’s services. It receives Spore Magazine and other CTA publications. However it has not participated in CTA’s seminars or training programmes Appreciation of CTA’s products and services The institution found CTA’s Spore Magazine and other publications very useful in teaching and research. Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): The university collaborates with the under listed institutions in the following ways: • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan: joint participation in research projects, training and sourcing of funds. • State Agricultural Development Programmes are provided research findings of the university as well as given back-up training in relevant agricultural production areas. • Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC): The university collaborates with NDDC in disseminating improved agricultural technologies to rural farmers. • National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI): The university collaborates with NRCRI in provision of research and extension back-up to state Agricultural Development Programmes. The two institutions jointly use research and teaching facilities. Researchers of NRCRI also serve as part time lecturers in the university. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: The Computer for All Nigerians Initiative (CANI) has created awareness of ICTS amongst staff and has also spurred staff to become computer literate.

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Name of institution: Michael Okpara University of Agriculture How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: Sources of information include: • Internet • International Institute of Agriculture (IITA) Ibadan • International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) • National Centre for Engineering and Agricultural Mechanization (NCEMA), Ilorin • State Agricultural Development Programmes • Journals • Conferences • Seminars • Workshops and • Publications Publications not easily available are journals, abstracts, briefings and summaries. Also materials suitable for mass distributions are not available. Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): • Information that will enable the university keep abreast with innovations in agricultural development. • Information on training on telecommunication • Maintenance and repairs of VSAT structures Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: • Payment of VSAT subscription (N80,000/quarter) • Lack of manpower training in Programming and System Analyst • Lack of regular electricity supply Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) The university has domesticated some wildlife species like grass cutters and monitor lizard. Additionally, it has model farm centre for testing of improved technologies and demonstration to farmers. Why institution was selected as a key: The institution is an agricultural university that has a regional mandate for the rainforest and derived savannah zones of the agro-ecological zone of south eastern Nigeria. Other observations: N/A

Name of institution: National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) Objective/ mission statement To provide the necessary environment for the production, processing and marketing of value-added products of root and tuber crops towards national food security, income generation, gainful employment and rapid industrial development.

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Name of institution: National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) Field of specialization: • Research into the genetic improvement of root and tuber crops • Research into the entire farming systems of southeast agroecological zone of Nigeria • Execute agricultural extension services in liaison with relevant federal and state agencies and • Provide technical/vocational training for farmers, students and agro-based industrialists Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professional = 64 Technical = 73 Administrative = 496 Branches, other sites: • Kuru, Plateau State, North Central Nigeria • Otobi, Benue State, North Central Nigeria • Igbariam, Anambra State, South East Nigeria • Nyanya, Federal Capital Territory, Abuja • Gassol, Taraba State, North Central Nigeria • Kachia, Kaduna State, North Central Nigeria Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): The budget for 2005 was: Recurrent = N701,228,317 (€4,007,018.95) Capital = N114,362,379 (€653,499.31) Total = N815,590,696 (€4,660,518.26) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors The main sources of funds are: • Federal Government of Nigeria and • Grants from other agencies Programme / projects undertaken: • Genetic improvement of cassava • Agronomy and soil fertility studies in cassava • In-country germplasm collection of sweet potato • Plant protection studies in sweet potato • Characterization, classification and conservation of sugar beet and other root crops of economic importance in Nigeria • Response of hybrid yam to minisetting and planting geometry Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Farmers in southeast agroecological zone • Agricultural Development Programmes (ADPs) in the 9 states of southeast and south-south zones of Nigeria • Industries Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: The Institute is aware of CTA’s activities. It also receives Spore Magazine, CTA publications and SDI. One institute staff attended CTA’s Workshop on Advanced Website Design organized in Ghana in 2005. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services The institute highly appreciates CTA’s publications.

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Name of institution: National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): The institute collaborates with the following organizations: • World Bank • International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture • International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) • International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Cali, Colombo • International Laboratory for Tropical Agricultural Biotechnology (ILTAB) • International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna • National Centre for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology Development (NACGRAB), Abuja • National Biotechnology Development Agency (NABDA), Abuja • Shell Development Corporation • Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) • State Agricultural Development Programmes (ADPs) • Federal/State Universities in the southeast • Presidential Initiatives on Root and Tuber Expansion Programme (RTEP) • Special Programme on Food Security (SPFS) • Pre-emptive Project on East African Cassava Mosaic Disease (CMD) and • Cassava Enterprises Development Project (CEDP) The areas of collaboration are: • Funding of project • Joint implementation of projects • Provision of equipment and chemicals • Provision of germplasm to the institute and • Training of institute staff National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: The impact has been on increased communication through hand sets among institute staff. How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: Sources include: • CTA • Michael Okpara University of Agriculture • State Agricultural Development Programmes • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) • Newspapers • Radio and • Television

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Name of institution: National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): • Crop production statistics • Water management studies • Plant disease control • Processing and utilization of root and tuber crops • Storage of root and tuber crops • Marketing and packaging of root and tuber crops • Export prices • Data analysis • Computer appreciation • Website development and management It is difficult to obtain information from Journals due to inability to pay their subscription dues. Also obtaining information from foreign language publications is problematic. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: • Internet facilities especially subscription for bandwidth is very expensive (N80000/month) • Insufficient computers and laptops • Scientists inability to subscribe to international e-journals • Lack of exposure to website design and computer networking Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) The institute has released 17 varieties of cassava to farmers. In collaboration with IITA, the institute has also developed and released 7 yam hybrids to farmers. Why institution was selected as a key: Root and tuber crops are major staples in Nigeria. NRCRI has a mandate to research and extend improved technologies and practices of these staples. Therefore its economic importance as well as scope of coverage in Nigeria makes it a key institution for agricultural development. Other observations: N/A

Name of institution: Borno State Agricultural Development Programme Objective/ mission statement The objectives of the Programme are: • To improve agricultural extension strength for regular agronomic, livestock, fisheries and regular advice to small-scale farmers through extension agents • To establish agricultural inputs supply unit for efficient distribution of seeds, fertilizers, agrochemicals and other farm inputs all over the state • To construct rural feeder roads to enhance rural communication in the areas and • To provide water for small-scale irrigation, human and livestock consumption through the drilling of boreholes, tube wells, wash boreholes, cement well and livestock ponds.

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Name of institution: Borno State Agricultural Development Programme Field of specialization: Dissemination of improved agricultural and rural development practices and technologies and Training of farmers Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Administrative/clerical = 79 Technical = 744 Professional = 30 Branches, other sites: Zone 1 Headquarters, Biu, Borno State Zone II Headquarters, Bama, Borno State. Zone III Headquarters, Kukawa, Borno State Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): Recurrent = N272,000,000 (€1,554,285.71) Capital = N150,000,000 (€857,142.86)) Total = N422,000,000 (€2,411,428.57) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors • State Government (N342,000,000) • Federal Government (N40,000,000) • International Fund for Agricultural Development • African Development Bank (ADB) Programme / projects undertaken: • Formation of radio groups • Dissemination of improved practices • Promoting Sustainable Agriculture in Borno State (PROSAB) in 4 local government areas • National Food Security Programme in 9 local government areas • IFAD Community-based Agricultural Programme • Fadama Development Project • Conventional Extension Programme based on visitation to farmers on demand and • HIV awareness campaign Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Farmers in Borno State • Fish farmers • Livestock farmers • Youth groups and • Nomadic farmers Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: Organization is aware of CTA’s activities. However, it is currently not subscribing for its publication. Individuals within the organization do subscribe to Spore Magazine and other publications based on credits allocated to them individually.

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Name of institution: Borno State Agricultural Development Programme Appreciation of CTA’s products and services The individuals who subscribe to Spore and other publications noted that they are very informative and useful in the discharge of their extension duties. Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): The ADP collaborates with the following organizations: • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture collaborates in establishment of trials and sharing of information. • Other institutions such as University of Maiduguri, Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), University of Ibadan (UI), Lake Chad Research Institute (LCRI), Agricultural Research and Management Training Institute (ARMTI), National Agricultural Extension Research and Liaison Services (NAERLS) and Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, provide training for members of staff of the ADP. • Other state ADPs share information with Borno State ADP National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: None How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The sources of information are: • Projects Coordinating Unit (PCU) • University of Maiduguri • Lake Chad Research Institute (LCRI) • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture • National Agricultural Extension Research and Liaison Services • University of Ibadan • Veterinary Research Institute, Vom • Spore Magazine • CTA’s publications • Radio • Television • Trade Fairs and • Field Days Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): Main information needs are: • Farm problems • Gender Issues • Conferences and Meetings • Trade Fairs • Development and Funding Programmes • Communication skills • Training for developers of radio training programmes • Train-the-trainers skills for extension agents Generally, journals and publications in appropriate languages are difficult to obtain. Materials suitable for mass distribution are also not easy to come by.

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Name of institution: Borno State Agricultural Development Programme Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: Main problems encountered are: • Irregular electricity supply • Obsolete and few computers • Low computer literacy among staff and • Lack of Internet connectivity Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) The organization quantifies attained annual performance targets. This includes number of farm families, number of extension agents, number of MTRMs and FNTs conducted, radio programmes and television programmes aired as well as OFAR and certified seeds produced. Its mobilization potentials are enormous. Why institution was selected as a key: The coverage of Borno ADP is state wide. Its target audience also is very extensive including male, women, youths and adults focusing on agricultural and rural development. Other observations: N/A

Name of institution: Lake Chad Research Institute Objective/ mission statement Its mission is “Research for development”. The objectives are: • The genetic improvement of wheat, millet and barley. • Investigation of the problems of production of all agricultural food crops grown in the broad ecological zone covered by Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States and more recently, Bauchi and Gombe States, with emphasis on farming systems including livestock, tree crops and agroforestry. • Conduct agricultural extension and research liaison services with the relevant federal and state ministries, primary agricultural producers, industries and other users of research in collaboration with National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS) • Provide laboratory and other technical services to farmers, agro-based industries and others needing these services Field of specialization: Research, training and extension services in agricultural and rural development. Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Total = 236 Professional = 24 Technical = 22 Administrative = 190 Branches, other sites: It has outstations at Baga, Mallam-Fatori and Ngala in Borno State Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): The 2007 budget was: Recurrent = N187,289,304 (€1,070,224.59) Capital = N18,862,240 (€107,784.23) Total = N205,597,878 (€1,174,845.02)
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Name of institution: Lake Chad Research Institute Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors • Federal Government • Revenue generated from sale of commodities (seeds) Programme / projects undertaken: • Collection and maintenance of pearl millet germplasm • Improvement of elite pearl millet hybrid parental lines of DM resistance in Nigeria • Improvement of elite pearl millet cultivars to Striga resistance in Nigeria • Identification of sources of resistance to millet stem borer and headminer • Calibration of level of resistance to DM in Nigerian pearl millet cultivars • Determination of the optimum rates of N and P for pearl millet hybrids • Wheat germplasm maintenance • High temperature bread wheat yield trial • Semi-arid wheat yield trial • High rainfall wheat yield trial • Elite spring wheat yield trial • Barley germplasm maintenance • Early maturing barley yield trial • Hull-less barley yield trial • On-farm pre-release evaluation of hybrid millet for adaptation • On-farm pre-release evaluation of wheat varieties for adaptation under rain fed and irrigated conditions • On-farm pre-release evaluation of promising barley varieties for adaptation under rain fed and irrigated conditions • Diagnostic survey of parasitic weed species and losses in N.E. zone • Pilot production of wheat and barley for industries • Small scale production of malted barley and malt extracts and quality tests with industries • Preliminary studies on the production of couscous from the different millet hybrids and open pollinated cultivars • Physico-chemical analysis on the couscous market acceptability and shelf life • Development of new product from millet and wheat • Physico-chemical analysis on the tsari flour and Akamu (dried) and determination of the shelf life • End-use quality determination for new varieties of millet, wheat and barley • Agroforestry community based nurseries • Fisheries development for production of fingerlings Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Farmers in Borno, Yobe, Bauchi, Adamawa and Gombe States • Breweries in Borno, Yobe, Bauchi, Adamawa and Gombe States • Pharmaceutical industry in Borno, Yobe, Bauchi, Adamawa and Gombe States • Beverage industry in Borno, Yobe, Bauchi, Adamawa and Gombe States • Confectionaries industry in Borno, Yobe, Bauchi, Adamawa and Gombe States Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: The institute is aware of CTA’s activities. It is a recipient of CTA’s Spore Magazine and other publications, DORA and QAS.

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Name of institution: Lake Chad Research Institute Appreciation of CTA’s products and services The institute obtains information and facts that are relevant to its research mandate from CTA’s publications. Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): The institute interacts with the following organizations: • International Centre for Maize and Wheat Improvement (CIMMYT) provides LCRI with germplasm of wheat and barley. • International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) provides LCRI also with germplasm as well as capacity building of LCRI’s staff • Sassawa 2000 collaborates with LCRI in joint wheat trials through on-farm and on-station research. • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) provides cowpea seeds to LCRI and also conducts joint trials with LCRI with the latter supplying the technical staff component of these trials. • Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR), Zaria provides the seeds in their joint trials of sorghum, groundnut and cowpea. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: None How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: Sources of information are: • CTA’s publications • ICRISAT Annual Reports • IITA Annual Reports • INTSOMIL Annual Report • Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) • University of Maiduguri • Internet Publications in foreign languages are considered as difficult format from which to obtain information. Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): Information needs are: • Integrated pest management • Value-addition (Packaging) • Breeding Survey techniques and • Current agricultural research directions Materials that are difficult to obtain are journals, abstracts and briefings and summaries. Also materials that are suitable for mass distribution are difficult to obtain. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The main problems are: • Lack of training in information sourcing and • Lack of connectivity to the Internet

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Name of institution: Lake Chad Research Institute Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) The institute has released the following improved varieties to farmers: • Wheat: Seri M82 in 1997, Cettia and Linfen in 2005 • Millet: SOSAT-C88 released in 2000, Hybrid millet (LCICMH-1) released in 2005 • The institute also offers soil analysis, pest control services, computer and data processing services and establishment and pilot production projects (micro-mill) Why institution was selected as a key: The institute was chosen because of the importance of its mandate crops coupled with its regional coverage (North Eastern) of Nigeria. Other observations: N/A

Name of institution: Radio Nigeria, Peace FM 102.5, Maiduguri Objective/ mission statement To be an impartial, credible, proactive broadcast medium in the forefront of Nigeria’s national development, unity and progress. Field of specialization: Information dissemination. Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Administration = 1 Technical = 9 Professional = 7 Branches, other sites: It is a state FM station of the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): N6,000,000 (€342,857.14) excluding salary paid by Federal Government Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors The main sources of funding are: • Federal Government of Nigeria and • Internally generated revenue from commercials and advertisements Programme / projects undertaken: • Agricultural programmes (E.g. Akoma Goma) • Sports programmes • Health-related programmes (E.g. Health Tips in Hausa/Kanuri) • Educational programmes (E.g. Children’s Time) • Women’s programmes (E.g. Mata Kume Gida) • Current Affairs Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Farmers (Youths, male and women) • All Nigerians Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: Organization is not aware of CTA’s activities Appreciation of CTA’s products and services Not applicable

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Name of institution: Radio Nigeria, Peace FM 102.5, Maiduguri Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): • University of Maiduguri sends bulletins as well as provides guest speakers to the station • Commonwealth Broadcasting Association (CBA) sends information on training courses to the station • Borno State Agricultural Development Programme collaborates in the production of agricultural programmes broadcast by the station. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: None How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: • Non governmental agencies • Ministry of Agriculture • Local Government Councils • University of Maiduguri Bulletin • Newspapers • Nigeria Television Authority and • Internet Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): • Editing of reports • Farmers problems and • Technical information The materials that are difficult to obtain are those that are suitable for mass distribution and those in appropriate languages (indigenous). Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The major problems are: • Lack of connection to the national electricity grid • Inadequate vehicles for news gathering and administrative logistics • Insufficient computers and • Inadequate recording machines and CDs Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc)

Why institution was selected as a key: The station has state wide coverage and broadcast agricultural programmes in local languages. Other observations: N/A

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Name of institution: University of Maiduguri Objective/ mission statement To be a first class institution committed to impacting knowledge and to extending its frontiers using the best of MAN and MACHINE. Field of specialization: • Training of students in different academic disciplines • Research and • Community Service Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: N/A Branches, other sites: None Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): N1,920,660,623.11 (€10,975,203.56) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors Sources of funds are: • Federal Government • Internally generated revenue • Grants from external agencies Programme / projects undertaken: • First Degree Programmes (B.Sc and B.A) • Master of Science Degree Programmes • Post Graduate Diploma Programmes • Doctor of Philosophy Programmes Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Students • Teachers • Researchers • Farmers Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: The University is aware of CTA’s activities. While individual staff members subscribe to Spore Magazine and other CTA publication, there is no institutional subscription. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services Individual staff members who subscribe to CTA’s publication find them useful in teaching and research activities.

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Name of institution: University of Maiduguri Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): • Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) provides funds for the Programme on Sustainable Agriculture in Borno State (PROSAB) in which the university is a collaborator • United States Agency for International Development (USAID) provides grants to the Faculty of Agriculture • Lake Chad Research Institute: The university provides resource persons to the institute in their training programmes • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture provides funds for the Drought Tolerant Maize in Africa Programme of the Faculty of Agriculture • Federal Ministry of Agriculture funds the Dairy Goats Project of the North East Zone • Borno State Agricultural Programme: The Faculty of Agriculture trains staff of the state ADP and participates in its extension activities. • Silsoe College collaborates with the university in the training of the latter’s staff members. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: The Computer for All Nigerians Initiative (CANI) of the Federal Government of Nigeria and the Skye Bank’s subsidy for purchase of computers through instalmental payment have facilitated more staff members’ acquisition of computers in the university. How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The sources of information are: • Ministry of Agriculture • Agricultural Development Programme • Lake Chad Research Institute (LCRI) • National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI) • International Institute of Agriculture (IITA) • International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) • ICRISAT • CTA publications • Journals • Radio • Television • Newspapers and • Colleagues Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): As a university its needs are broad based. Therefore information needs are in the following broad areas: • Farm problems • Rural development • Technical and • Training information Publications that are difficult to obtain are journals and abstracts.

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Name of institution: University of Maiduguri Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: Main problems encountered are: • Irregular power supply • Lack of space for expansion • Inadequate funding and • Lack of training in computer appreciation and application Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) None Why institution was selected as a key: University of Maiduguri is a Federal institution with a national mandate but located in the north eastern zone of Nigeria. Its covers a diverse group of audience that provides multiplier effects in several folds. Other observations: N/A

Name of institution Centre for Women Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation Objective/ mission statement To attain a poverty-free society Field of specialization: Capacity building, advocacy and community development Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professional = 2 Administrative = 3 Volunteers = 8 Branches, other sites: • No 45 Seriki Street, Kaltungo, Gombe, Gombe State • No 43 Low Cost Housing Unit, Minna, Niger State Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): 2006 budget was: N14,000,000 (€80,000) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors Main sources of funds are: • Grants • Consultancy Fees • Board Donations • Sale of finished goods and • Levies from groups Programme / projects undertaken: • Capacity building for community-based organization and non governmental organizations • Reduction of the impact of HIV/AIDS • Micro-credit to women farmers • Training on processing of agricultural products and • In-School programmes on reproductive health for schools children

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Name of institution Centre for Women Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Women farmers • Women traders • Market women • Out-of-school youths • Community men Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: The organization is aware of CTA’s activities. However, it has neither received its publications nor attended its seminars and training programmes. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services This is not applicable as it has not received its services or products. Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): The organization has had collaborative training activities with International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, (IITA), OXFAM, Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA), Kaduna State Action Committee on AIDS (SACA) and Strengthening Nigeria Response to HIV/AIDS (SNR). It received family planning materials from Family Health International (FHI) while the Society for Family Health (SFH) and John Hopkins’s University (JHU) provide it with information, education and communication (IEC) materials. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: The national policy has made it possible for the organization to communicate more effectively with key stakeholders through use of Global system for mobile communication and the Internet. How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The sources of information are: • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) • Ministry of Agriculture • Magazines • Radio • Television • Newspapers • Internet and • Trade Fairs Publications in foreign languages are considered as difficult formats from which to obtain information. Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): Information needs are: • Modern farming techniques appropriate for women in rural communities • Gender gaps • Report writing of field data • Marketing information and • HIV/AIDS information Materials for mass distribution and those in appropriate languages are difficult to obtain. Similarly, pictorial information is not easily available.

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Name of institution Centre for Women Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: Major problems encountered are: • Dependence on personal generator for electricity supply • Loss of documents and information due to “crashing” of computers • Lack of trained staff in information and communication management (ICM). Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc)

Why institution was selected as a key This organization is relevant as it focuses on women and youths in three states of northern Nigeria. Its scope of activities which includes agriculture and health issues is very germane as the latter have major economic consideration on agricultural productivity. The organization is located in an area that is easily accessible in Kaduna Other observations The organization is located in an area that is easily accessible and within reach of other rural and agricultural development agencies.

Name of institution Kaduna State Agricultural Development Project Objective/ mission statement The objectives are: • To increase food production, farm incomes, living standard of rural populace in the state • Provision of rural infrastructure such as roads, water, farm inputs • Provision of extension services Field of specialization: • Agricultural production • Rural development • Dissemination of improved agricultural technologies • Extension services Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professional = 153 Technical = 320 Administrative = 74 Branches, other sites: Kaduna State ADP Maigana Zone Kaduna State ADP, Lere Zone Kaduna State ADP, Samaru Zone Kaduna State ADP, Birnin Gwari Zone Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): Its budget is as follows: Capital: N1,718,000,000 (€9,817,142.86) Recurrent: N1,517,200,000 (€8,669,714.29) Total = N3,235,200,000 (€18,486857.14)

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Name of institution Kaduna State Agricultural Development Project Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors Main sources of funding are: • Kaduna State Government • Development Partners (International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), World Bank) • Federal Government of Nigeria Programme / projects undertaken: • Root and Tuber Expansion Programme in 5 local government areas of the state • National Programme on Food Security in all local government area of the state • National Fadama Development Programme in all local government areas and • New Rice for Africa (NERICA) Project in 4 zones of the ADP • Community-based Agriculture and Rural Development Project in 9 local government areas of the state. Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Root and Tuber Programme is for cassava farmers • Food Security Programme is for all crop farmers • NERICA is for rice farmers • Community-based programme is for all rural populace Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: Kaduna ADP is aware of CTA’s activities. It is a recipient of Spore magazine. However, it has neither sent a staff member to attend CTA’s seminars nor benefited from CTA’s training programmes. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services Articles read in Spore Magazines have increased their knowledge on agricultural production. Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): The organization collaborates within these organizations in the following ways: • United States Agency for International Development (USAID) assist with training on livelihood activities • Department for International Development (UK) (DFID) trains staff on collection of commodity prices • International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) assist with funding of the Root and Tuber Expansion Programme (RTEP) • World Bank assist with the funding of the Fadama programme • African Development Bank (ADB) provides funds for the Community-based Agricultural and Rural Development Project • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture collaborates in the training of staff in new technologies of cereals and root crops • National Agricultural Extension Research and Liaison Services (NAERLS) also assist with training as well as provision of relevant extension publications • Institute of Agriculture (IAR): The ADP collaborates with IAR in establishing On-Station trials of seeds as well as On-Farm trials to outgrowers. IAR similarly provides the ADP with publications. • Ahmadu Bello University, University of Ibadan and Agricultural Research and Management Training Centre (ARMTI) are all involved in the training of ADP staff and farmers.

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Name of institution Kaduna State Agricultural Development Project National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: None How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: Sources of information are: • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) • Technical Centre for Agriculture and Rural Cooperation (CTA) • National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS) • Institute of Agriculture (IAR) • Radio • Television • Newspapers Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): • Living standards • New technologies of crops, livestock and fisheries • Entrepreneurship skills • Pests and disease control and • Transplanting of tree crops Journals, briefings and summaries, materials suitable for mass distribution are difficult to obtain. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: Main problems encountered are: Lack of adequate funds and Computer operators’ lack of training in current operation skills Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc): None Why institution was selected as a key: Kaduna ADP is the organization with the statutory mandate for extension activities. It therefore has content scope that covers rural and agricultural development with focus on a variety of audiences. However, its special programme on Women-in-Agriculture provides a veritable forum for reaching out to this sub category. Other observations: N/A

Name of institution: Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, Kaduna National Station Objective/ mission statement: To reposition Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria Kaduna to maintain its lead as the best of the FRCN National Stations by being commercially viable, technologically driven, educationally and culturally relevant Field of specialization: Information dissemination

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Name of institution: Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, Kaduna National Station Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Technical/Engineering = 81 Administrative/clerical = 74 Programmes = 156 Management = 10 Branches, other sites: None Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): Budget is at the headquarters Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: • Federal Government and • Internally generated revenue from commercials Programme / projects undertaken: • Current Affairs • News Programme • Sports Programme • Let’s Go Farming (Agric Programme) • Hausa Agricultural Programme • Society Today • Science World • Enviro-Watch • Drama (English and Hausa) and • Health Programme Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): Nigerians Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: Radio station is not aware of CTA’s activities Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: Not Applicable Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): Collaboration with institutions is in the following ways: • Resources persons are obtained from Ahmadu Bello University, Kaduna Polytechnic and National Institute of Trypanosomiasis Research. • Sources of Information: NAERLS and IAR provide the radio station with relevant information. • Participation in Programme: The United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) participates in the Station’s children’s programmes. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: The introduction of Computer for All Initiative by the Federal Government of Nigeria has assisted towards making staff computer literate.

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Name of institution: Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, Kaduna National Station How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The information sources are: • Ahmadu Bello University • Kaduna Polytechnic • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) • United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) • Internet • Newspapers • Conferences and • Seminars Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): The information needs are: • Farm problems • Social development information • Conferences, meetings • Trade Fairs • Gender Issues • Credit and micro-credit and • Application of communication technologies Materials suitable for mass distribution and those in appropriate languages are difficult to obtain. Visually aided materials are also not easily available. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The main problems are: • Inadequate funding • Inadequate staff • Transformation of materials from analogue to digital formats and • Lack of training in information and communication management Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) The radio station is usually supplied agricultural programmes by state agricultural development programmes as well as by NAERLS. Why institution was selected as a key: The radio station is one of the four FRCN national radio stations. It has a national coverage and a long tradition of broadcasting agricultural programmes both in English and local languages. Other observations: N/A

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Name of institution: Ganty’s Aid for Widows, Orphans and the Needy Objective/ mission statement: Replacing tears of sorrow with tears of joy within society. The objectives are: • Economic empowerment through advancement of interest free micro-credit • Creating awareness on dreaded diseases like HIV/AIDS, their prevention and treatment/management • Equipping members with modern agricultural methods such as tree cropping/animal husbandry • Fighting and sustaining the rights of members through provision of free legal aid. Field of specialization: Community development, empowerment, advocacy and agricultural production. Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professional = 4 Technical = 3 Administrative = 8 Unskilled = 19 Total = 34 Branches, other sites: C 122T, Rukuba Road, Jos, Plateau State Majamia Road, Sabon Yelwa, Sabotancha, Kaduna State. Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): 2007 budget is: Recurrent = N5,000,000 (€28,571.43) Capital = N13,600,000 (€77,714.29) Total = N18,600,000 (€106,285.71) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: • Founder’s contribution through Ganty’s Ventures Limited • Sale of products and income generating activities Programme / projects undertaken: • Ginger Seed Multiplication Programme • Cassava Production and Processing • Fish Farming and Marketing • Cattle Rearing/Fattening • HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment Programme • Orphans and Vulnerable Children’s Development Programme • Micro-financing and Cooperative Activities Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Widows • Orphans • Children and • Physically challenged (needy) Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: Some members of staff of the organization are aware of CTA’s activities. However, neither individuals nor the organization is currently a recipient of CTA’s publications. Also they have not attended CTA’s seminars or training programmes. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: Not applicable as they have not received CTA’s products or services.

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Name of institution: Ganty’s Aid for Widows, Orphans and the Needy Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): These organizations collaborate in the following ways with GAWON: • International Centre for AIDS Care and Treatment Problem, University of Colombia, New York, provides testing kits and materials as well as provides financial support in terms of payment of some staff salaries • Grace Fellowship Community Church, San Francisco, USA, has collaborated in training of staff and provision of literature • Youth Abundant Life Community Church (ALCC), Pasadena, USA, donated the organization’s Computer Centre • International Foundation for Entrepreneur Education (IFEE), California, USA, has sponsored GAWON’s staff’s participation at their seminars • Fantsuam Foundation, Kafachan has supplied computers to GAWON Foundation. • ECWA Widow School, Samaru, Kataf, provides resource persons for GAWON’s training programmes as well as trains participants (widows) from GAWON Foundation. • Nowa Computers Ltd, Kafachan provides subsidized computer and Internet services to GAWON Foundation. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: The national policy on computers has increased awareness and the need for ICTS. Also the use of global system for mobile communication has eased information search and dissemination. How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: • Kaduna Agricultural Development Programme • Ataya Community Bank • Central Bank of Nigeria • Government Hospital, Kafachan • Newspapers • Magazines • Radio • Personal contact with target groups Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): The main information needs are: • Information on networking in agriculture, health, micro-financing, cooperatives and ICM • Funding sources • Marketing of products • Recent developments/findings and technologies in cassava and ginger production as well as fisheries • Conferences and trainings Journals, abstracts and materials suitable for mass distribution are difficult to obtain. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The major problems are: • Lack of accessibility to Internet facilities • Lack of experience in information and communication management • Isolation of community from major cities and • Inadequate staff

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Name of institution: Ganty’s Aid for Widows, Orphans and the Needy Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) Why institution was selected as a key: GAWON is a unique non governmental organization with its focus on widows, youths and the needy. It is located in a rural setting that affords it the opportunity of reaching out to the rural populace. Its coverage of agricultural and health related problems provides an integrated approach for rural and community development. Also its linkage with some granting bodies gives it sufficient leverage for furthering its activities based on established performance record. Other observations: N/A

Name of institution: National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services Objective/ mission statement: To develop, collate, evaluate, disseminate agricultural technologies and conduct research in agricultural extension methodologies and policy: and to enhance capacity building through training so as to meet the present needs and future challenges of the country. Field of specialization: Agricultural Extension, training and policy Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Academic (professional) = 44 Technical = 22 Clerical = 45 Branches, other sites: • Northwest Zonal Office, NAERLS, P.M.B. 1067, Zaria, Kaduna State • Northeast Zonal Office, c/o Lake Chad Research Institute, P.M.B. 1293, Maiduguri, Borno State • Middlebelt Zonal Office, c/o National Cereals Research Institute, P.O. Box 770, Bida, Niger State • Southeast Zonal Office, c/o National Root Crops Research Institute, P.M.B. 1006, Umudike, Umuahia, Abia State • Southwest Zonal Office, c/o Moor Plantation, P.M.B. 5029, Ibadan, Oyo State. Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): The 2007 budget is: Capital = N19,900,900 (€113,714.29) Recurrent = N17,400,000 (€99,428.57) Total = N37,300,000 (€21,142.86) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: Federal Government Granting agencies

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Name of institution: National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services Programme / projects undertaken: • Extension systems research • Extension communication research • Adoption process research • Policy performance and impact assessment • Sustainable development research • Monitoring and evaluation of agricultural performance • Capacity building and empowerment of clientele • Print and media services provision Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Agricultural Development Programmes • Research Institutes • Farmers Organizations • Water Users Associations • Local Governments • State governments • Federal Government • Private farms/companies • Financial institutions • Artisans/Fabricators • Farm produce processors and marketers • Agricultural producers (crops, livestock, fisheries, fruits/vegetables) • International donors and partners • Non governmental organizations • Media houses • Journalists • Students/researchers • Policy makers • Consumers and consumers associations • Paravets and regulatory service providers and • Farm tools and machinery operators/managers Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: NAERLS is very aware of CTA’s activities. It has received: • Spore Magazine • CTA’s publications • DORA • SDI • CD-ROM and • QAS. It has also participated in: • CTA Annual Seminars • Co-seminars and • CTA training programmes Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: The institute has used CTA’s products and services in radio and television production, administration of a Question and Answer Service, training of participants of various programmes and production of agricultural publications.

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Name of institution: National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): The under listed organizations collaborate with NAERLS in these capacities: sharing of information, conducting annual review meetings, staff training and conducting of surveys. • Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) • Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IAR & T) • National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI) • National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI) • Nigerian Institute of Freshwater Fisheries Research (NIFFR) • Projects Coordinating Unit (PCU) • National Cereals Research Institute (NCRI) • National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) • Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria (CRIN) • Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria (FRIN) • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) • Centre de Cooperation Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Developpement (CIRAD) • West and Central Africa Maize Network (WECAMAN) • University of Agriculture Abeokuta (UNAAB) • Bayero University Kano (BUK) • University of Agriculture Makurdi National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: The national policy on communication has enabled NAERLS to have easier access to information. How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The sources of information are: • National Agricultural Research Institutes • CTA • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) • Agricultural Development in Nigeria (ADENI) • West and Central Africa Maize Network (WECAMAN) • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) • CTA’s publications (Spore, Update) • Journals • Newspapers Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): Given the mandate of NAERLS its information needs are broad based. Essentially it requires information in these categories: • Rural development information • Technical information • Economic information and • Training information. NAERLS has difficulty having materials in appropriate languages, journals and materials suitable for mass distribution.

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Name of institution: National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: Major problems include: • Financial backing for publication of bulletins • Distribution of publications due to postage and transportation constraints • Difficulty in information collection • Delay in publication of NARIs findings and materials due to poor funding Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) NAERLS has e-resources under it Question and Answer Services. These include TEEAL, Human Development Library, Food and Nutrition Library, AGRICOLA and CAB Abstract. It also has Human Resource Database and Survey Data base. Why institution was selected as a key: NAERLS has a national mandate and its scope of operation is country-wide both in administrative set up as well as operational schedules. Other observations: NAERLS is very well equipped with ICTS. It has several extension publications and has organized training programmes on ICM and ICTs.

Name of institution: National Animal Production Research Institute Objective/ mission statement: Our vision is to be a world rated Research Institute of excellence in the development of appropriate technologies for livestock production and utilization. To achieve this, we promote improved animal production, through appropriate research to improve sustainable livelihoods of livestock producers and consumers, through developmental and extension activities in Nigeria and beyond. Field of specialization: Animal production, research and extension services. Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professionals = 44 Technical = 70 Clerical(Administrative and Finance)=10 Branches, other sites: • Talata Mafara, Zamfara State – For Beef cattle development; • Gwada, Niger State—For Poultry breeding and research • Otukpo, Benue State—For Swine development and research • Ubiaja, Edo State – For West African Sheep and Goat development and research Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): N756,503,000.00 for 2008= (€4,322,874.29)) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: Federal Government

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Name of institution: National Animal Production Research Institute Programme / projects undertaken: Applied research on food animal species, forage and to develop appropriate technologies in breeding and reproduction, nutrition and management with the ultimate aim of improving the productivity of the animals for milk, meat, eggs, traction power, etc. Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Pastoralists • Commercial livestock farmers • Extension workers in government and private establishments Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: The Institute is aware of CTA’s activities. It is a recipient of CTA’s Spore and publications. However, it has not benefited from CTA’s seminars and training workshops. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: Spore Magazine and other CTA publications are informative and educative. Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): • International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada – Funded project on a) Ethnoveterinary practices of pastoralists and on-farm supplementation trials; b) Evaluation of dairy potentials of Sahel and Red Sokoto Goats • International Foundation for Science (IFS), Sweden – Funded a project on germ plasma identification. • International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya & Ethiopia – Collaboration on Peri-Urban Dairy Production and other crop-livestock systems projects. • International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) – collaborated on-farm crop-livestock research on low input cereal and legume/crop production. • International Federation Development Centre (IFDC) - Collaboration on SubSaharan Challenge Programme (SSCP)/Kano/Katsina/Maradi (KKM) Pilot sites. Finance through the International Fund on Agricultural Development (IFAD) • International Federation on Agricultural Development (IFAD) - Supply of proven improved sheep and goats to upgrade smallholder flocks of IFAD collaborating farmers. • Linkage with Fulbright Foundation in the training and capacity building of staff • Linkage with McArthur Foundation in biotechnology National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: Government policy has not impacted on the Institute. The Institute has partnered with the public sector to provide laptops for staff who acquire them on hire purchase with the Institute ensuring payment from salaries of staff.

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Name of institution: National Animal Production Research Institute How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The information sources are: • CTA • Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) • Ministry of Agriculture • National Agricultural Research Institutes (NARIs) • International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) • Commodity and Farmers Associations and • Agricultural Development Bank (ADB) Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): The information needs are in the following categories: 1. Broad rural development information • Farm problems • Gender Issues • Government and international regulations • Conferences and meetings • Development and funding programmes • Available agricultural/development networks (regional and international) 2. Technical information • Packaging • Equipment sourcing/availability • Industrial profiles 3. Economic information • Credit and micro-credit • Market data • Identification of markets • Commodity profiles • Livestock insurance system 4. Training needs • Application of communication technologies in extension services • Management of information within organization • Editing of reports • Participative methodologies Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: Major problems are: • Library is not on-line • Need to develop a functional virtual library and • Internet connectivity Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) N/A

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Name of institution: National Animal Production Research Institute Why institution was selected as a key: The institute has a national mandate for animal production research. Its contribution to the growth of the nation’s economy through improved livestock practices and technologies is very significant. This significance becomes more glaring as the livestock sub sector is second only to the crop sub sector in its contribution to Nigeria’s gross domestic product. Other observations: N/A

Name of institution: New Nigeria Newspapers Limited Objective/ mission statement: To publish newspapers that will: • Disseminate information • Serve as means of public enlightenment • Educate for the growing literate population of Nigerians • Act as a watch dog of the public and • Defend the sovereignty of the nation Field of specialization: Dissemination of information Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professional = 310 Technical = 16 Non professional = 21 Branches, other sites: It has news reporters in all states of the federation. Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): Recurrent = N550,000,000 (€314,285.71) Capital = N670,000,000 (€3,828,571.43) Total = N1,220,000,000 (€6,971,428.57) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: The sources of funds are: • Sale of newspapers and • Advertisements Programme / projects undertaken: • Publication of daily newspaper (The New Nigeria) • Publication of two weekly newspapers (Saturday and Sunday) • Publication of one vernacular newspaper (published twice a week) Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): General public of Nigeria and beyond Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: The organization is not aware of CTA’s activities and has not received any of CTA’s products and services. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: Not Applicable

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Name of institution: New Nigeria Newspapers Limited Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): New Nigeria collaborates with the following organizations: • Washington Post through subscription to news • National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS) provides articles in Hausa and English for publication. • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) sends research findings and other write-ups to New Nigeria. Also members of staff of the organization attend training workshops at ITTA. • News Agency of Nigeria provides news to the organization • Chinese News Agency also provides news to New Nigeria. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: New Nigeria has been able to purchase more computers due to the liberalization and privatization policy of federal government of Nigeria. There is also increased Internet accessibility. How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The sources of information are: • Correspondents of New Nigeria in different parts of Nigeria • News Agency of Nigeria • AFP • Internet • Amnesty International • International Monetary Fund (IMF) and • World Health Organization (WHO). Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): As an information supply organization it is in need of the broad categories of agricultural and development information. These include: Rural Development, Technical, Economic and Training. The organization does not easily acquire materials that are suitable for mass distribution, pictorial publications and those written in appropriate languages (indigenous). Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The major problems are: • Disconnection of the Internet • Dated software • Virus attack (infection) • Power outage and • Inadequate training of staff on ICM Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) None Why institution was selected as a key: The circulation of the newspaper is national. In addition it has an indigenous edition through which the grassroots can be reached. Other observations: N/A

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Name of institution: Nigeria Agricultural, Cooperative and Rural Development Bank Objective/ mission statement: Providing affordable financial and advisory services to the farm and non-farm enterprises of the national economy using well-trained and highly motivated staff, backed by appropriate technology, thereby fostering accelerated agricultural and rural development. Field of specialization: Financing through macro and micro-credits. Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Total 2199 Branches, other sites: NACRDB Plaza, Kaduna Road, Off Ahmadu Bello Way, PMB 132, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Tel: 234-077-542920 NACRDB Plaza, Plot 31/34 New City Centre, PMB 3397, Kano, Kano State. Tel: 234064-666657 NACRDB Plaza, Central District Area, PMB 5041, Abuja. Tel: 234-09-2346168 and 234-0902346169 NACRDB Plaza, 5B Total Garden, Secretariat Rd, Ibadan, Oyo State. Tel: 234-028103933, 234-02-8103793 NACRDB Plaza, Independence Layout, PMB 1564, Enugu, Enugu State. Tel: 234042-450149, 234-042-451141 NACRDB Zonal Office, Obasanjo Road, PMB 5644, Port Harcourt, Rivers State. Tel: 234-084-483241. Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): Recurrent = N2,813,058,058 (€16,074,617.47) Capital = N17, 300,000,000 (€98,857,142.86€) Total = N20,113,058.058 (€114931.76) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: • Federal Government of Nigeria (Ministry of Finance Incorporated and Central Bank of Nigeria) • Loans from donor agencies (National Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC) • Collaborators • Investment on payments Programme / projects undertaken: • Direct Credit Scheme • On-lending Scheme • Savings Scheme • Capacity Building Services – Cooperative Development, Marketing, Agricultural Inputs, Extension and Advisory Services Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): Farming Populace Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: The organization is not aware of CTA’s activities. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: Not applicable

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Name of institution: Nigeria Agricultural, Cooperative and Rural Development Bank Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): • Centre for Management Development (CMD) Lagos • Financial Training Centre • Central Bank of Nigeria is a regulatory body and audits the accounts of NACRDB • Ministry of Agriculture • Ministry of Finance • Ministry Women Affairs • Nigeria Economic Summit Group (NESG) • Nigerian Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC) • International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) • United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) • International Labour Organization (ILO) These organizations collaborate with NACRDB in two broad areas: training and funding. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: The national policy has impacted positively as it has resulted in easier intra and inter organizational communication. How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: Sources of information include: • Ahmadu Bello University • National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS) • Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) • Small and Medium Enterprise Development Agency of Nigeria (SMEDAN) and • Journals. Materials suitable for mass distribution, materials published in appropriate languages and virtual information are not easily available. Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): While the organization needs information in the four broad areas, some specific information needs are: • Capacity building • Credit and micro-credit • Commodity profiles • Identification of markets • Participatory methodology • Editing of reports and • Management of information. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: Major constraints are: • Delay in getting approval to implement IT programmes • Lack of training of IT staff in such areas as Project Management in networking and VSAT technology and application of Banking Application Software. Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) The organization has a database of its clients and their credit performance records.

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Name of institution: Nigeria Agricultural, Cooperative and Rural Development Bank Why institution was selected as a key: The organization deals with agricultural and rural development. Its scope of operation is national with headquarters at Kaduna and six zonal offices located across the country. Other observations: The headquarters is networked and most personnel have access to computers systems and the Internet.

Name of institution: Premier Seed Nigeria Limited Objective/ mission statement: Helping farmers for increased productivity and profitable farming. Premier Seed specializes in the production, processing and marketing of improved, high-yielding, high-quality hybrid maize seeds. Other Premier improved seeds are rice, soyabean, cowpea, sorghum, cotton, groundnut etc and a wide range of vegetables (local and exotic) Field of specialization: Production and marketing of improved seeds of maize, rice, soyabean, cowpea, sorghum, cotton, groundnut and vegetables. Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Technical =35 Administrative = 15 Total = 50

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Name of institution: Premier Seed Nigeria Limited Branches, other sites: North-East 1 Zonal Office 10N, Dogon Dutse Road, Near Primary Education Board, Jos. North-East 2 Zonal Office Shop 12, Block 5B, Jimeta Shopping Complex, Abuja Street, Jimeta-Yola North-West 1 Zonal Office 55, Hadejia Road, Kano North-West 2 Zonal Office Shop No 1 Opposite State Medical Store Complex, Near Zamfara Agric Development Programme, Gusau. North-West 3 Zonal Office No. 2, Gidan Bokane, Opposite Hamson International Hotel, Kantagora North-Central Zonal Office 17, Benin Street, Off-Jos Road, Kaduna Middle-Belt Zonal Office Block a, Suit 3, Anyison Wodi Shopping Complex, Kaduna-Lokoja Express Way, Gwagwalada, Abuja. South-West 1 Zonal Office 8, Magazine Road, Jericho, Ibadan South-West 2 Shop No. 12, Agric-Zango Road, Opposite Total Filling Station, Ilorin South-East -1 Zonal Office 3, Kingsway Road, Enugu. South-East 2 Zonoal Office c/o Right Time family Limited, 1, Ajoku Street, Opp. Old Stadium, Owerri.

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Name of institution: Premier Seed Nigeria Limited Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): Budget for 2006 was: Recurrent = N70,000,000 (€400,000) Capital = N15,000,000 (€85,714.29) Total = N85,000,000 (€485,714.29) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: Production and sale of products Programme / projects undertaken: • Production of maize (4 varieties) • Production of open pollinated varieties of maize, sorghum, cowpea, soyabean, groundnut, cotton, rice and vegetables • Multiplication and production of foundation seeds of maize • Marketing and sale of maize, sorghum, cowpea, soyabean, groundnut, cotton, rice and vegetables • Maintenance of varietal lines of maize, sorghum, cowpea, soyabean, groundnut, cotton, rice and vegetables • Field demonstrations and trials nationally Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): Farmers in Nigeria Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: Premier Seed is aware of CTA’s activities and is a recipient of Spore Magazine. However, its staff members have not attended CTA’s seminars and training programmes. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: Spore Magazine was evaluated as having very educative and practical contents. Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): Premier Seed collaborates with other organizations in three major activities: • Workshops and Training with Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR), National Cereals Research Institute (NCRI), Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IAR&T) and International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). • Technical Research (On-Farm Adaptive Research (OFAR) with Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR), Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) and Training (IAR&T), International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) Sasakawa Global 2000 (SG 2000), and Kaduna Agricultural Development Programme • Exchange of germplasm with Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) and International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: The national policy has facilitated easier access to communication facilities.

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Name of institution: Premier Seed Nigeria Limited How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The sources of information are: • Organizations such as Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR), International Institute of Tropical Research (IITA), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), National Cereals Research Institute (NCRI), Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IAR&T), International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Development Programmes and Sasakawa Global 2000. • Publications: Spore Magazine, Journals and Newspapers. • Electronic media including radio, television and the Internet • Trade Fairs and agricultural shows The organization finds extracting information from journals difficult. Additionally, obtaining information from the Internet is difficult due to lack of browsing skills. Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): The information needs are: • Grading systems • Post harvest technology • Access to germplasm (breeder materials) of other countries of the same ecological zone • Crop varieties • Packaging • Credit and micro-credit • Market data • Identification of markets • Enlightenment on the use of improved seeds • Application of communication technologies • Management of information in the organization and • Participative methodologies The organization does not have easy access to materials suitable for mass distribution. It has difficulty also accessing journals and abstracts. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The major constraints are: • Inadequate number of computers • Insufficient laptops • Unavailability of an accounting package such as Pitche Tree • Need for more scanners Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) The organization produces high quality seeds and has over 1000 distributors in different parts of the country. Why institution was selected as a key: The organization is involved in the production of crops that are of national interest while its coverage and distributive networks are also broad based covering the different ecological zones of the country. Other observations: N/A

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Name of institution: Community Development Foundation Objective/ mission statement: To be an enabling Foundation supporting institutions that facilitate the socioeconomic development and self reliance of the poor in Nigeria. The specific objectives are: • To provide client organizations with loans and loans guarantees for their credit and enterprise programs and operations. • To provide institutional capacity-building services to enhance the credit and enterprise activities of our clients • To promote linkages between our clients and formal financial institutions • To conduct research on issues relating to micro-enterprise development and finance Field of specialization: Financing of grassroots organizations, capacity building and advocacy. Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professional = 13 Technical and Administrative = 13 Total = 26 Branches, other sites: Its operations are zoned with managers assigned to cover the operations of specific zones. Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): N38,749,000 (€221,422.86) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: The sources of funds are: • Donors (Ford Foundation, Evangelisher Entwicklungsdienst) • Services (consultancies and training fees) and • Interest from revolving Funds Programme / projects undertaken: • Youth enterprise development • Advocacy • Business development services (Financial and advisory) • Training in enterprise development (micro-finance and HIV/AIDS) • Research and development and • Micro-finance services Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Women • Youths • Rural finance development institutions • Cooperatives • Credit Unions • Community development associations Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: Community Development Foundation is aware of CTA’s activities but not a recipient of its services or products. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: Not applicable

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Name of institution: Community Development Foundation Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): Community Development Foundation collaborates with these organizations: • Ford Foundation is a funding agency of CDF’s activities • Evangelisher Entwicklungsdienst/Church Development Services (EED) of Germany is a funding partner • Department for International Development (DFID) collaborated with CDF in setting up its library • Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) collaborates with CDF on micro-finance policy as well as provides information to the centre. • Ministry of Agriculture assist with matters related to extension and rural development • Projects Coordinating Unit also collaborates on issues pertaining to extension and rural development • Ministry of Women Affairs provides CDF with list of women groups and gender related issues. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: None How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The sources of information are: • Field observations and reports • Federal government • Central Bank of Nigeria’s publications • Newspapers • Internet • Newsletters and • Conferences/Workshops Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): The information needs are: • Micro-finance information • Website links on micro-finance • Marketing information • Sourcing for funds (donors) • Training modules development • Training skills development • Networking with other institutions • Localization of computer programmes for Nigeria and • Writing of computer programmes for microfinance Obtaining publications with information suitable for mass distribution and those with visual or pictorial information is difficult. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: Major constraints are: • Lack of trade-in computer policy • Irregular power supply • Cost of running power generators • Inadequate sources of quality computer accessories and • Purchase of software for each computer in the organization.

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Name of institution: Community Development Foundation Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) None Why institution was selected as a key: Community Development Foundation operates through a zonal structure covering the entire country. It also deals with groups mostly women and youth groups involved in economic activities. Other observations: The CDF is domiciled in its own building with administrative, training and accommodation facilities.

Name of institution: Lagos State Agricultural Development Authority Objective/ mission statement: Promoting sustainable food production in a healthy environment through efficient service delivery. Field of specialization: Agricultural and rural development and extension delivery services. Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professional and Technical = 156 Administrative = 107 Branches, other sites: Zonal Offices are: Western Zone Opposite VW Complex, Agric Bus Stop, Lagos-Badagry Express Way, Ojo- Lagos. Eastern Zone, Imota Farm Settlemant, Ikorodu-Epe Road, Ikorodu Far Eastern Zone, Beside Lagos State College of Primary Education (LASCOPED) Noforija, Epe-Ijebu-Ode Road, Epe Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): 2006 budget was: Recurrent = N69, 240,129 (€395,657.88) Capital = N7, 550,500 (€43,145.71) Total = N76,790,629 (€438,803.59)

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Name of institution: Lagos State Agricultural Development Authority Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: • Subvention from State Government • Federal Government • International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) • World Bank The last three sources provide funding for special programmes such as RTEP (Root and Tuber Expansion Programme) and SPFS (State Programme for Food Security) Programme / projects undertaken: • Dissemination of information on agricultural development • Linking farmers to sources of credit • Linking farmers to markets and sources of inputs • Root and Tuber Expansion Programme (RTEP) • State Programme for Food Security (SPFS) Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): Small-scale farmers (fishing, livestock, crops, and agribusiness) in Lagos State Large-scale farmers (fishing, livestock, crops, and agribusiness) in Lagos State Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: Lagos State Agricultural Development Authority is aware of CTA’s activities. However it has never received CTA’s services or products. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: Not applicable. Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): The authority collaborates with the following organizations: • Agricultural Media Resources and Extension Centre (AMREC), University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, does testing of improved varieties of tomato and soyabean in its adaptive research. • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) collaborates in perfecting of cassava processing • Federal Institute of Industrial Research (FIIRO) collaborates with the authority in carrying out adaptive research on smoking kilns. • Nigerian Institute of Oceanography and Marine Research (NIOMR) provides fisheries technologies (Chokor Oven etc) to the agency • Agricultural Development in Nigeria (ADONI) collaborates on micro-finance for farmers • Community Women’s Association of Nigeria (COWAN) also assist with microfinance for farmers • Radio Lagos collaborates through presentation and broadcasting of the authority’s agricultural programmes. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: None

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Name of institution: Lagos State Agricultural Development Authority How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The sources of information are: • Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IAR&T) • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) • Nigerian Institute of Oceanography and Marine Research (NIOMR) • University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, (UNAAB) • Federal Institute of Industrial Research (FIIRO) • University of Ibadan (UI) • Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU) • University of Ado-Ekiti • Nigerian Storage Products Research Institute (NSPRI) • Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR) • Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria (CRIN) • National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT) • National Centre for Agricultural Mechanization (NCAM) • National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) • Projects Coordinating Unit • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) • South-South Cooperation • Root and Tuber Expansion Programme (RTEP) • International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) • Internet Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): The information needs are: • Fisheries production • Livestock production • Processing of agricultural products • Vegetable production • Market information • Updates on agricultural research findings • Training in communication skills and • Training on information management Formats difficult to find are materials suitable for mass distribution. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: • Irregular power supply (electricity) • Lack of trained ICM staff and • Virus infection of computer systems Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) None Why institution was selected as a key: This organization has the statutory function for agricultural extension delivery in Lagos State and it is networked with other state ADPs through the Projects Coordinating Unit. Other observations: N/A

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Name of institution: Lagos State Radio Services Objective/ mission statement: To give inspiration to the nation in an exciting and captivating manner. Field of specialization: Broadcasting, entertainment and information dissemination Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professional = 10 Technical = 50 Administrative = 340 Branches, other sites: None Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): The 2007 budget was: Recurrent = N350,800,000 (€2,004,571.43) Capital N1,000,000,000 (€5,714,285.71) Total = N1,350,800,000 (€7,718,857.14) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: Lagos State Government Internally generated revenue Programme / projects undertaken: Lagos State Radio Service has two radio stations: Radio Lagos (107.5FM) and Eko 89.75FM) • Music programmes • Agricultural programmes • Children’s programmes • News Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): Radio Lagos is targeted at the general Yoruba speaking listeners (Nigeria/Diaspora) in Lagos, Ogun, Osun, Oyo and Ekiti States. Eko89.75FM targets the upwardly mobile adults in Lagos, Oyo, Ogun, Ondo, Ekiti, Kwara, Edo, Delta, Parts of Rivers, Bayelsa, Niger, Kogi, Benue and Part of Republic of Benin. Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: This Radio Service is not aware of CTA’s activities neither has it received or participated in CTA’s services or products. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: Not applicable Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): It collaborates with: • Lagos State Agricultural Development Authority in the production and broadcast of agricultural programmes • United Nation’s Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) produces enlightenment programmes with the service • Lagos State Cooperative Federation provides enlightenment on cooperative affairs through Lagos State Radio Service • MTN sponsors community-based programmes on Radio Lagos. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: None

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Name of institution: Lagos State Radio Services How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: • Field Reporters • Newsroom • Internet • Radio • News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) and • Newspapers Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): • Agricultural information • ICT information • Training on ICTs • Networking and Information processing (CISCO and MCSE) Generally, materials suitable for mass distribution are also difficult to acquire. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The major constraint of the Radio Service is funding. Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) None Why institution was selected as a key: Lagos Radio Service was chosen because of its wide operational coverage and broadcast of agricultural programmes through collaborative efforts with Lagos State Agricultural Development Authority. Other observations: The Service is highly computerized with an automated library. It is currently involved in webcasting further increasing its area of coverage.

Name of institution: Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research Objective/ mission statement: NIOMR is charged with the responsibilities to conduct research into the resources and physical characteristics of the Nigerian territorial waters and the high seas beyond. Field of specialization: Oceanography and marine research and extension Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Research Officers (Professionals) = 50 Technologists = 28 Administrative/Support staff = 158 Total = 236

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Name of institution: Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research Branches, other sites: NIOMR sub station Burutu Delta State NIOMR sub station Buguma Rivers State Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): N29,964,990 (€171,228.51) for capital budget was the only provided figure. Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: • Federal government subvention • Internally generated revenue from consultancies and training workshops • Grants from International Ocean Institute (IOI) and International Oceanography Commission (IOC) Programme / projects undertaken: • Provision of the scientific basis for the sea decree of 1971 • Identification of shrimps resources, execution of a tuna survey in Nigeria’s EEZ which confirmed sufficient abundance in commercial quantities • Identification of key species of Demersal resources • Genetic improvement of catfish through acquisition of germplasm of prosing strains from different ecological zones in Nigeria • Development of mass production techniques for fingerlings of Clarias garienpinus and the hybrid of Clarias sp and Heterobranchus sp. • Small scale artisanal fishing gear for increase in fish production Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Fishing industry • Artisan fishermen • Private fish farmers • Women fish farmers • Women fish processors • Oil companies • Environmentalists Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: NIOMR is aware of CTA’s activities. Indeed, it is recipient of: Spore Magazine CTA publications Question and Answer Service (QAS) However, it has not attended CTA’s seminars and training programmes. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: CTA’s publications have been very helpful in updating knowledge.

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Name of institution: Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): These organizations collaborate with NIOMR in the following ways: • International Oceanography Commission (IOC) exchanges information on ocean dynamics with NIOMR • International Oceanography Commission (IOC): NIOMR is the regional centre of IOC’s activities in West African sub-region • Agricultural Research for Communication Technology (ARCT) collaborates on fish feed formulation and fisheries policy • Lake Chad Research Institute (LCRI): NIOMR is a supervisory institute of LCRI • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) exchanges information with NIOMR • Federal Institute for Industrial Research (FIIRO) commercializes NIOMR’s technologies (especially fish smoking kilns). National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: The national policy on ICTs has increased staff members’ desire to be computer literate. How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: Sources of information are: • Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources • Agricultural Research for Communication Technology (ARCT) • Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (Paris) • International Ocean Institute (Malta) • CTA • National Institute for Freshwater Fisheries Research (NIFFR) • Federal Institute for Industrial Research (FIIRO) • Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR) Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): Main information needs are: • Collaborative institutions on fisheries technology, oceanographic information and data collection • Training and re-training of research officers in marine biology, zoology, geophysics, extension and communication management (areas of specialization) Information formats not easily available are journals and material suitable for mass distribution. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: Problems faced are: • Lack of computer and other hard wares • Lack of appropriate soft wares and • Inadequate coordination of computer activities Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) None Why institution was selected as a key: NIOMR is a major research institute for the fisheries sub sector. Its activities are also national in scope.
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Name of institution: Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research Other observations: N/A

Name of institution: The Guardian Newspapers Objective/ mission statement: THE Guardian is an independent newspaper, established for the purpose of presenting balanced coverage of events, and of promoting the best interests of Nigeria. It owes allegiance to no political party, ethnic community, religious or other interest group. Its primary commitment is to the integrity and sovereignty of the Federation of Nigeria, and beyond that to the unity and sovereignty of Africa. The Guardian is a liberal newspaper, committed to the best traditions and ideals of republican democracy. It believes that it is the responsibility of the state not only to protect and defend the citizen, but also to create the conditions, political, social, economic and cultural, in which all citizens may achieve their highest potential as human beings. It is committed to the principle individual freedom, but believes that all citizens have duties as well as rights. The Guardian does not, in principle, object to the ideology of free enterprise, since this would be inconsistent with its commitment to individual liberty and freedom. But it believes that the state must intervene judiciously in the economic life of the nation, in order to minimise the adverse effects of free enterprise. Without prejudice to the right of individual citizens to exploit labour and capital for their own benefit, The Guardian believes it is the duty of the state to ensure that less privileged citizens have reasonable and fair access to the basic necessities of life. The Guardian will at all times uphold the need for justice, probity in public life, equal access to the nation’s resources, and equal protection under the laws of Nigeria for all citizens. The Guardian believes that Nigeria is a legitimate member of the international community, but holds that she can best fulfill her international obligations only if her own security and integrity are assured. Field of specialization: Information services Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: *Total = 800 Professional = 300 Technical = 80 Administration/Clerical = 420 *These are the pre-industrial action figures. There was an industrial action by the workers in most of November and early December 2007. Branches, other sites: Reporters in all states of the federation Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): Total = N3,000,000,000 (€17,142,857.14) Capital = N2,000,000,000 (€11,428,571.43) Recurrent = N1,000,000,000 (€5,714,285,.71)

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Name of institution: The Guardian Newspapers Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: • Sale of newspapers (publications) • Advertisements in newspapers Programme / projects undertaken: Publication of the following titles: • The Guardian • The Guardian on Saturday and • The Guardian on Sunday Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Policymakers • Intelligentsia • Government • General public Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: The Guardian does not receive CTA’s Spore or other publications and services. However, some individuals in the organization receive CTA’s publications. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: At the organizational level, CTA’s products and services can not be evaluated. However, those individuals who receive Spore say it is a very informative source for their stories and articles. Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): • Federal Government of Nigeria on policy related issues • State Governments in Nigeria on policy related issues • National Agricultural Research Institutes (NARIs) in Nigeria as sources of information and assisting in disseminating information of their improved technologies to the general public. • Agricultural Development Programmes in Nigeria as sources of information and covering/reporting of their activities • International Research Institutes (IITA, IFRI, ICRISAT, FAO, and OIE) on food policy research, as well as socioeconomic studies. They also serve as sources of information. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: None How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The organization sources information from various sources. They include: • Researchers/Individuals • Institutions • Internet • Universities • Research Institutes (National and International) • Chambers of Commerce Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): Since the organization deals with a mass public it needs information in the four broad areas. However, it needs information on some common but valuable crops and trees (e.g. Moringa oleifera, Gliricidia sepium and Leucaena leucocephala).

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Name of institution: The Guardian Newspapers Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The main problem is managerial in nature. This borders on lack of appreciation of the relevance of information and communication management (ICM) in the organization. There is therefore lack of will on the part of management to support the development of ICM. Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) There is no data base available in the organization. Why institution was selected as a key: The Guardian is one of the foremost newspapers in Nigeria. It has a national circulation and carries a regular agricultural column (Agro-Care) in its Sunday edition (The Guardian on Sunday). It is also a privately-owned newspaper out fit. Other observations: The Guardian recently acquired new computer systems and most of its production is now automated. Apart from this, The Guardian regularly publishes serious articles on various aspects of national development.

Name of institution: Plateau State Agricultural Development Programme Objective/ mission statement: The objectives are: • To improve the standard of living and ensure food security by increasing food crop production and income of small-scale farmers in Plateau State • To procure and distribute inputs to farmers in Plateau State • To fashion out a flexible phased approach to development Field of specialization: Agricultural and rural development and extension service delivery Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professional/Technical = 235 Casuals/Others = 342 Administrative = 41 Total = 618 Branches, other sites: Northern Zone Office Bukuru Central Zone Office PMB 01, Mangu. Southern Zone Office PMB 03 Shendan Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): The 2006 budget was: N290,000,000 (€1,657,142.86). Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: • Plateau State Government • Federal Government • Donor agencies (IFAD,FAO,ADB)
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Name of institution: Plateau State Agricultural Development Programme Programme / projects undertaken: • Root and Tuber Expansion Programme (RTEP) • Special Programme for Food Security (SPFSS) now National Programme for Food Security (NPFSS) • Special Rice Programme (Presidential Initiative on Rice Production (R-BOX) • Management Training Plot (MTP) • Community Seed Programme • Small Plot Adoption Technique (SPAT) • On-Farm Adaptive Research on Maize Doubling. Presidential Initiative on Doubling Maize • Collaborative Research with IAR, Zaria on Striga resistant varieties • On-Farm Beekeeping • Pilot Site for Livestock Development • Women Activities involving Fortification of Cereals and Legume Products • Major Promoter of Coffee Production Development in Plateau • Processing of various crops (value-addition to indigenous crops) • Road Rehabilitation and Construction • Water Supply and Sanitation in Different Forms (wash holes/boreholes and tubewells) • Youth Programmes involving Industrial Training (SIWES) • National Fadama Programme (NFP II) Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Farming audience in Plateau State • Women farmers • Youths • Students • Large scale farmers Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: The ADP is aware of CTA’s activities. It is a recipient of Spore Magazine and other CTA publications. However, it has not attended CTA’s seminars or training programmes. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: The publications have been very educative and informative Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): The ADP collaborates with: • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture on varietal trials especially of maize • Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) on two varietal trials of maize (midattitude varieties and Striga) • National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT) on integrated pest management of vegetables (cabbage) • National Cereals Research Institute (NCRI) on sourcing of resource persons for monthly technological review meetings (MTRMs) • National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI) on sourcing of resource persons for livestock topics • National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) on sourcing of improved root crops technologies • Federal Ministry of Agriculture on the implementation of Conservation of Agriculture, Sheet Erosion Control.

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Name of institution: Plateau State Agricultural Development Programme National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: Individuals have personal handsets that they use to communicate freely with farmers and ADP field staff. Some directors are also provided with handsets by the institution. How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The sources of information are: • Universities of Agriculture • University of Jos • Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University (ATBU) • National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI) • CTA publications • Radio • Television Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): The institution requires information in the four broad areas of: Technical, Economic, Rural Development and Training. This is because of its generalist approach to agricultural production and development. Materials adequate for mass distribution are not very easily available. So also are pictorial materials for extension purposes. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The major problems are: • Insufficient trained manpower in ICM • Need to update those on-the-job on ICM Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) None Why institution was selected as a key: Plateau State ADP has the mandate for agricultural extension in the state. It is also administratively linked to other state ADPs via the Projects Coordinating Unit. Other observations: N/A

Name of institution: Plateau State Publishing Company Objective/ mission statement: To be a voice of the voiceless especially of the middle belt region of Nigeria. Field of specialization: Information services. Publishers of the Nigeria Standard a weekly newspaper. Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professional = 150 Technical = 20 Administrative = 59 Others (unskilled) = 41 Total = 270 Branches, other sites: None

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Name of institution: Plateau State Publishing Company Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): Income= N12,500,000 (€71,428.57) Overhead = N79,000,000 (€451,428.57) Capital = N400,000,000 (€2,285,714.29) Total = N491,000,000 (€2,805,714.29) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: Plateau State Government Programme / projects undertaken: • Publishing of the Nigeria Standard • Property Development • Commercial Activities (exercise books, calendars) Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): General public in the middle belt of Nigeria (Niger, Abuja, Plateau, Benue, Nassarawa, Kaduna, Gombe, Taraba and part of southern Borno) Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: The organization is not aware of CTA’s activities neither has it received Spore Magazine nor attended seminars or training programmes. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: Not applicable. Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): The organization collaborates with The Federal Ministry of Information and the State Ministry of Information. The collaboration is through both ministries playing supervisory roles to the company. National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: None How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The sources of information are: • Radio • Television • Newspapers • Magazines • Journals • Trade Fairs and Exhibitions Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): Though the company will like to obtain information in the four broad categories some specific information needs are: • Credit and micro-credit • Application of communication technologies • Management of information • Editing of reports Information suitable for mass distribution is not easily available to the company. It also finds it difficult to use abstracts, journal articles and publications in foreign languages. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The Internet facility is not networked hence it is not accessible to all the departments of the company. This therefore results to congestion in the information gathering process.

259

Name of institution: Plateau State Publishing Company Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) None Why institution was selected as a key: The company was chosen as it is the only newspaper publishing company in Plateau State and its circulation is targeted at the south eastern zone of Nigeria. Other observations: N/A

Name of institution: National Veterinary Research Institute Objective/ mission statement: To be the foremost veterinary research institute in Africa, producing international quality vaccines and offering services for the identification, control, and eradication of economically important livestock diseases, through best practices, research excellence, and apply modern technology, with highly trained, experienced and personnel. The objectives are: • To conduct research into all aspects of animal diseases, their treatment and control • To develop and produce animal vaccines, sera and biological to meet the national demand • To provide surveillance and diagnosis of animal diseases • To introduce exotic stock for improved egg, meat and milk production • To provide extension services to poultry and livestock farmers • To train intermediate manpower in veterinary laboratory technology, and animal health and production technology Field of specialization: Research, training, production and extension Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professional = 133 Technical = 193 Administration = 596 Total = 922 Branches, other sites: The institute’s Epidemiology Department has 5 Zonal laboratories and 15 State laboratories. The Zonal Laboratories are: • Southwest Zone (Akure) • North-Western Zone ( Birnin Kebbi and Kano) • South South Zone (Calabar) • North East Zone (Yola) The state laboratories are located in Abuja, Bauchi, Benin, Etinam, Ikire, Ilorin, Kaduna, Katsina, Lagos, Makurdi, Maiduguri, Oji-River, Umudike, Sokoto and Shenda. Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): Capital = N624,000,000 (€3,565,714.29) Recurrent = N1,300,000,000 (€7,428,571.43) Total = N1,924,000,000 (€10,994,285.71)

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Name of institution: National Veterinary Research Institute Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: • Federal Government • Internally generated revenue • Grants ---FAO, World Bank, Office International Episoptic (OIE) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (training of staff) Programme / projects undertaken: • Vaccine Development (Marek, Foot and Mouth Disease Vaccine, Lumpy Skin Disease Vaccine, Sheep and Goat Pox, Egg Drop Syndrome Vaccine, Inactivated Cell Culture Vaccine, Thermostable Newcastle Disease Vaccine • Research on Avian Influenza Virus • Antibiotic Treatment of Bovine Microplasma Infection (CVPP) • Development of Rapid Diagnostic Tool for African Swine Fever Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Livestock farmers • Large animal rearers (sheep, cattle and goats) • Poultry farmers Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: • The institution is aware of CTA’s activities. • It is not a recipient of CTA’s publications. • Staff members have not attended CTA’s seminars or training programmes Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: Not applicable Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): The institution collaborates with: • FAO through exchange of research findings, exchange of technical experts and funding of some programmes/training. • Office International Episoptic (OIE) is also involved in exchange of research findings, exchange of technical experts and funding of programmes/training. • Pan African Centre for Vaccine (PANVAC) is involved in quality control of NVRI’s vaccines • NAFDAC is a regulatory body of NVRI’s activities. At the national level, it collaborates with, the under listed organizations in research and extension services: • Nigerian Institute for Trypanasomiasis Research (NITR) • National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI) • University of Ibadan (UI) • University of Nigeria (UNN) • Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) • University of Maiduguri UNIMAID) • Agricultural Development Programmes of Benue, Kogi, Nassarawa, Plateau, Sokoto, Zamfara, Kaduna, Bauchi, Adamawa and Taraba States National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: The computer acquisition scheme of the Federal Government has brought about increased ownership of laptops by staff members.

261

Name of institution: National Veterinary Research Institute How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: The sources of information include: • Journals • Ministry of Agriculture • Radio • Television • CTA • Universities of Agriculture • National Agricultural Research Institutes • Poultry Association of Nigeria (PAN) • Cattle Rearers Association (CRA) Generally there is difficulty in finding journal articles, materials suitable for mass distribution and materials in appropriate languages, Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): Information needs are: • Farm problems • Social Development • Gender issues • Government and international Regulations • Conferences and meetings • Networks • Grading systems • Grass varieties for grazing • Equipment sourcing • Transportation • Packaging • Waste utilization • Patents • Industrial profile • Market data • Identification of markets • Commodity profiles • Livestock insurance scheme • Application of communication technologies in extension livestock health • Management of information within the organization • Editing of reports and • Participatory methodologies Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The major problem is that the soft wares needed to run programmes such as SAS, Eview, Genstat, Statistica and StatA are not easily available. Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) None Why institution was selected as a key: The institution plays a major role in the livestock subsector of Nigeria’s economy. While it is national in scope of operation, it has developed sufficient organization frame work to handle its country-wide mandate.

262

Name of institution: National Veterinary Research Institute Other observations: The institution is well equipped with ICT infrastructure to facilitate intra and inter institutional communication.

Name of institution: University of Ibadan Objective/ mission statement: To expand the frontiers of knowledge and transform the society through innovation Strategic objectives are: • To re-awaken all staff and students to the need for rebuilding the university and consequently, inducing a drastic attitudinal change towards achieving the goal, by way of more commitment, greater loyalty and diligence on the part of all concerned • To make a more determined effort to generate funding for the university, and so to make it less dependent on government funding. • To ensure that any amount of money received is optimally utilized • To significantly improve the conditions of learning and research within the institution • To increase substantially, and in virtually all disciplines, the number of highlyrated academics in Ibadan. Particular attention will be paid to Science and Science-related subjects, which have suffered worst neglect over the years. • To make University of Ibadan more responsive to the needs of the country, other universities and our graduates. • To update and modify our curricula for relevance to both national needs and global demands • To overhaul our recruitment process, and thereby ensure that only the best available hands are employed. The university will not allow extraneous factors like ethnic origin, race, and religion to stand in our way of appointing the best candidate in any given situation. Recruitment will, however, be as gendersensitive as possible. • To ensure that we do not admit more students than we can cope with, taking into consideration the number of available people who can benefit from our services, the university will pursue vigorously the provision of long distance learning opportunities. • To have a campus where there is peaceful coexistence, and in which members of staff of different disciplines and classes socialize with one another without inhibition, and staff and students alike relate and enjoy an environment conducive to the promotion of sound scholarship. Field of specialization: • Education (Training) • Research • Community Service

263

Name of institution: University of Ibadan Number of staff professional, clerical, technical, etc; permanent/temporary: Professional (academic) = 1156 Administration = 1480 Technical = 2012 Total = 4648 Branches, other sites: None Annual budget: (in local currency with Euro equivalent): N5,624,558,012 (€32,140,331.49) Source of funding, inc. main donors/ sponsors: • Federal Government • Grants • Internally generated revenue Programme / projects undertaken: • B.Sc. Degree Programmes • B.A. Degree Programmes • M.Sc. Degree Programmes • M.A. Degree Programmes • M.Phil. Degree Programmes • Ph.D. Degree Programmes Target audience (plus number, actual or estimate): • Students • Staff of other universities • Workers All these in Nigeria and beyond. Extent of interaction with CTA – Spore Magazine, SDI, QAS, DORA, seminars, consultants, publications, training: In 1991 CTA set up a database in agriculture in the Kenneth Dike Library of the University. CTA also donated to the library an IBM 286 Computer along with a CD ROM Drive and CAB abstract. The Library also receives CTA’s Spore Magazine from time to time. However, the Library has not formally subscribed to CTA for publications. Appreciation of CTA’s products and services: The materials have been very useful to its readers.

264

Name of institution: University of Ibadan Extent of collaboration / interaction with other institutions (name, nature): The University of Ibadan collaborates with the following institutions and agencies: 1. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA in staff/students exchange/collaborative research. 2. National War College, Abuja in Strategic Studies 3. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville in Staff/student exchange/collaborative research. 4. Kennesaw State University, Georgia in Staff/student exchange, exchange of rare materials and distance learning. 5. Penn State University, USA in collaborative research in Engineering, Science and staff/student exchange 6. Mortenson International Library Centre, USA in library automation/staff training and exchange of books/materials. 7. University of Florida in Distance learning education, Engineering/staff/student exchange and collaborative research. 8. Columbia University, New York in collaborative research on socio-linguistics and staff/student exchange. 9. University of Wale, Swansea, U.K. in exchange of rare books, cooperative research and exchange of scholars/undergraduate and postgraduate students 10. The Medical Research Council Laboratories, Gambia in cooperative research in high quality medical education. 11. University of South Africa (UNISA) in Distance Learning Education programmes. 12. Northwestern University, USA in an Alliance to control HIV/AIDS (REACH) Social Sciences, Access to Justice Project (Law) and Entrepreneurship in Agribusiness (Agric & Forestry). 13. Stanvager University, Norway in collaborative research in Engineering/staff & student exchange. 14. National Action Committee on AIDS/ECOBANK Nig. Plc. in the establishment of Youth Friendly Centre to combat HIV/AIDS pandemic 15. The International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), Nairobi, Kenya in postgraduate training in insect science, pest and vector management, staff and student exchange and collaborative research in relevant fields. 16. Njala University, Sierra Leone in collaborative research, mounting of split-site programmes, curriculum development and staff/student exchange/sabbatical/teaching assignments. 17. Moi University, Kenya in staff/student exchange, exchange of academic materials, development of internationalized curricular, credit transfer and collaborative research. 18. University of Nairobi, Kenya in collaborative research, staff/student exchange and credit transfer. 19. IEEE Foundation (Spectrum) donated computers and telecommunication equipment. 20. Training Collaboration Arrangements (ICA) collaborates with the Department of Chemistry. 21. The United Nations Institute for Training and Research collaborates with Department of Geography. 22. Visionary Technology in Library Solutions, Blacksburg, USA collaborates with Kenneth Dike Library. 23. Universite Nancy 2, France collaborates with the Department of Computer Science. 265 24. University of Turin, Italy collaborates with the College of Medicine 25. National Biotechnology Development Agency (NABDA), Abuja collaborates with Faculties of Science, Basic Medical Sciences and Agriculture and Forestry. 26. Florida International University collaborates with the Department of

Name of institution: University of Ibadan National / sectoral policies impacting ICT use / information and communication within the institution: Government’s support for computer manufacturers under the Computer for All Nigerians Initiative (CANI) has lowered the cost of acquisition of computer systems. Consequently, more staff and students now have computer systems. How information needs are currently met, and from where and by whom: • Journals • Books • Theses/Dissertations • Conferences/Workshops • Seminars • Exchange Programmes with Foreign universities • Newspapers • Television • Research Institutes (national and international) • Ministries (federal and state) • Non Governmental Organizations Main information needs not satisfied (including types and format of information): As a university the four broad categories are essential for research and teaching. Successes / main problems faced in terms of information and communication management: The constraints are: • Cost of implementing IT initiatives • Low IT literacy of staff and students • High turn over of technical staff • Resistance to change and • Power outage Successes / main problems faced in terms of knowledge (e.g. availability list of organizations / clients using your products, databases, etc) Availability of databases (staff, students, alumni and other stakeholders) that are essential for institutional use. Why institution was selected as a key: The university was chosen as it has the first Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry in Nigeria. It also serves as a major training institution of staff of other Nigerian universities. In addition, it is a federal institution with its catchment area spread across Nigeria. Other observations: The University has approved the establishment of a university radio station that will facilitate its community and extension services.

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ANNEX 4. LIST OF INSTITUTIONS/PERSONS INTERVIEWED
Institutions 1. Abia Newspapers and Publishing Corporation Abia State Agricultural Developme nt Programme All Farmers Association of Nigeria, Abia Chapter Idea Builders Amannagwu , Arochuckwu LGA, Abia State Persons Designations interviewed Mr. Ikolo Editor John – Ikolo Contact Address

2.

Mr. Steve E Director, Agu Planning, Monitoring Evaluation Chief Amanze Israel Chairman

3.

Along Nnamdi Azikiwe Secretariat Road, PMB 7254, Umuahia, Abia State Tel: 2348032695578 Email: abianewspapers@yahoo.com Kilometre 3, Umuahia-Okigwe Road, & PMB 7235, Umuahia, Abia State Tel: 234088220466 Email: abiaadp@yahoo.com c/o Ministry of Agriculture, Library Avenue, Umuahia, Abia State Tel: 2348035255406 Email: afanabia@yahoo.com 1 Ideal Builders Drive, Opposite Abia State College of EducationTechnical (ASCETA), P.O. Box 15, Amannagwu, Arochukwu Local Government Area, Abia State Te: 234080664587566 Email: info@ideabuilders.org Kilometre 8, Umuahia-Ikot Ekpene Road, PMB 7006, Umuahia, Abia State Tel: 2340802440237 Email: nrcriumudike@yahoo.com nrcriumudike@nrcri.org Along Ikot-Ekpene Road, PMB 7267, Umuahia, Abia State Tel: 2340824440555 2340824441595 Email: vicechancellor@mouau.org Shehu Laminu Way, Opposite BRTV Broadcasting House, PMB 1452, Maiduguri, Borno State Tel: 234076232797 Email: ifadborno@excite.com Along Gamboru-Ngala PMB 1293, Maiduguri, State Te: 238076960300 Along Damboa Road, Federal Road Road, Borno

4.

Mazi Nwaka Programme Ezuma, Manager Nwaka

5.

Ven. Dr. National Root Crop O.C. Aniedu Research Institute, Umudike Dr Ray P.A Michael Unamma Opara University of Agriculture, Umudike Borno State Agricultural Developme nt Programme, Maiduguri Lake Chad Research Institute, Maiduguri Radio Nigeria,

Head Planning, Monitoring Evaluation

&

6.

Head of Unit, Exchange and External Relations Unit

7.

Mr. Joshua Director of M. Mshelia Agriculture and Technical Services

8.

9.

Dr Sakari Head, Turaki Farming Systems Research Department Mallam News Babagana Producer
267

Behind Safety

Institutions Maiduguri

10 .

11 .

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13 .

14 .

15 .

16 .

17 .

Commission, PMB 1320, Maiduguri, Borno State Tel: 234076970503 234076393954 Email: peacefm@radionigeria.net University of Prof Dean, Faculty Along Bama Road, PMB 1069, Maiduguri, Abubakar of Agriculture Maiduguri, Borno State Maiduguri Kibon Tel: 234076231730 Fax: 234076231639 Email: jdamin33@yahoo.com Block B, No 2, Murtala Centre for Mrs. Fema Executive L Agera Director Mohammed Square, P.O. Box Women 1766, Kaduna, Kaduna State Empowerm Tel: 2348035991048 ent and Email: wepa985@yahoo.com Poverty Alleviation, Kaduna Mr. Ruben Monitoring 11 Race CourseRoad, PMB 2269, Kaduna T Sankop Officer Kaduna, Kaduna State State Tel: 23406221618 Agricultural 234062214431 Developme nt Project, Kaduna T.A President 33 Kaura Road, Manchok, Kaura Ganty’s Aid Elder Local Government Area, for Widows, Shamancy PMB 1028, Kafachan, Kaduna Orphans State and the Tel: 2348034519965 Needy, 2348034538046 Kafachan, Email: gawonfound@gmail.com Kaduna Eng. Hamza Acting Zonal 7 Yakubu Gowon Way, P.O. Box Federal Mohammed Director 250, Kaduna Radio Tel: 234062245394 Corporation Email: kns@radionigeria.net of Nigeria, Kaduna Zubairu E. Extension NAERLS, Ahmadu Bello National Omenesa Specialist University, PMB 1067, Zaria, Agricultural Kaduna State Extension Tel: 23406955186 and Email: director@naerls.org Research Liaison Services, Zaria Prof C.A.M Ruminant Along Zaria-Sokoto Road, National Lakpini Nutritionist Ahmadu Bello University, PMB Animal 1096, Skika, Zaria, Kaduna State Production Tel: 2340695501509 Research 234069550435 Institute, Email: Shika, Zaria napriabushika@yahoo.com New Nigeria Tukur Editor Ahmadu Bello Way, Newspapers Abdulraham P.O. Box 254, Kaduna, Kaduna
268

Persons Designations interviewed Mohammed

Contact Address

Institutions Limited, Kaduna

Persons Designations interviewed

Contact Address

18 .

19 .

20 .

21 .

22 .

23 .

24 .

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State Tel: 234062234864 234062234365 Email: nnnstories@yahoo.co.uk Mr A.E Head, 1, Yakubu Gowon Way, PMB Nigerian Ayanbisi Planning and 2155, Kauna, Kaduna State Agricultural Research Tel: 234062245013 Cooperative Department Email: headoffice@nacrdb.com and Rural Developme nt Bank Prof A.O Director, Chikaji Industrial Estate, PMB Premier Ogungbile Technical and 1673, Zaria, Kaduna State Seed Commercial Tel: 234069334804 Nigeria Services Email: supercrops@premierLimited, Zaria seeds.com 1, Kayode Odusola Crescent, Plot Miss Edna Senior Community 5 CMD Road, GRA Residential Jones Manager, Developme Research and Scheme, Ikosi, Lagos nt Development P.O. Box 11003, Ikeja, Lagos Foundation, State Lagos Tel: cdf@infoweb.com F.O Head, Project Along Old Abeokuta Motor Roa, Lagos State Mr. ADP Bus Stop, Oko-Oba, Lagos Otujirin Monitoring Agricultural P.O. Box 3845, Agege, Lagos, and Developme Lagos State Evaluation nt Agency, Tel: 234018980561 Lagos 234018980562 Email: lagosada@yahoo.com Lagos State Anthony Head of Radio House, 13, Jakande Road, Radio Ashomoh Engineering Agidigbi, Ikeja, Lagos Service PMB 21048, Ikeja, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 2348034914646 Email: ekofm@infoweb.com Mrs. Mabel Ass Chief 3, Wilmot Point Road, Off Nigerian Research Ahmadu Bello Way, Victoria Institute for Yarhere Officer Island, Lagos Oceanograp PMB 12729, Lagos, Lagos State hy and Tel: 2348023261588 Marine Email: jideayinla@yahoo.com Research, Lagos Plateau Mrs. Emily Administrative The Nigeria Standard Publishing Joseph Staff Manager 5, Joseph Gomwak Road, PMB Company, 2112, Jos, Plateau State Jos Tel: 23407355010 23407353872 Email: nigeriastandarddailynewspaper@ yahoo.com Plateau Luka Ketas Director, Dogun Dutse, State Technical PMB 2119, Dogun Dutse, Jos, Agricultural Services Plateau State
269

Institutions Developme nt Project, Jos. National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State The Guardian Newspapers , Lagos

Persons Designations interviewed

Contact Address Tel: 234238073

26 .

Dr J.J Director, Molokwu Planning

PMB 01, Vom, near Jos, Plateau State Tel: 234073281453 Fax: 234073460006 & 234073281452 Email: nvri1924@yahoo.com Ruttam House, Oshodi-Apapa Express Way, Isolo , Lagos PMB 1217, Oshodi, Lagos, Lagos State Tel: 234014529186 234014931793 Email: letters@ngrguardiannews.com Oyo Road, Ibadan University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State Tel: 234028103168 234028102462 Fax: 234028103043 Email: vc@mail.ui.edu.ng

27 .

Dr Olukayode Oyeleye

Senior Corresponden t

28 .

University of Prof Ayo Chairman, Ibadan, Oluleye Information Ibadan and Communicati on Technologies Unit

270

Annex 5 Bibliography
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