Free online resources on the Art of Improvisation : www.musilosophy.

com

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FREE online resources on the Art of Improvisation

(Piano) Improvisation Technique
by Musilosophy

www.musilosophy.com

Improvisation means real time composing.....

Copyright © 2006 Paolo Parrella.All rights reserved.

Free online resources on the Art of Improvisation : www.musilosophy.com

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“I know of knowing nothing” ( Socrates )

Music is based on harmony Harmony is based on chords and scales Melody and improvisation are based on chords and scales Accompaniment is based on chords and scales Chords are based on scales Scales are based on physics,mathematical principles and musical tradictions Musical tradictions are based on human perception,technology,economy,history,religion…

Copyright © 2006 Paolo Parrella.All rights reserved.

Free online resources on the Art of Improvisation : www.musilosophy.com

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SUMMARY

1. Keys
Key awareness Major Minor Scale harmonization

2.Chords
Major 7th Minor 7th Dominant 7th Half diminished 7th Diminished 7th Inversions Chord degrees

3.Other scales
Blues Whole tone Diminished Diminished/whole tone Pentatonic

Copyright © 2006 Paolo Parrella.All rights reserved.

Free online resources on the Art of Improvisation : www.Phrasing Beginning of phrase Ending of phrase Imitation 6.musilosophy.Practice… Practice… Practice… Generale practice Progressive drills Fondamental drills Greatest piano improvise Copyright © 2006 Paolo Parrella.Melody Melody building Chordal notes Turning note Passing note Leaning note Delaying note Anticipated note Chromatic note Double leaning note Mixed note “Wrong” notes 5.All rights reserved. .com 4 4.Rhythm Emphasizing offbeats and upbeats Syncopation Swing Polyrhythmics 7.

. outside “Free” improvisation What you have to avoid… Improvisation goals Copyright © 2006 Paolo Parrella.Free online resources on the Art of Improvisation : www.All rights reserved.musilosophy.com 77 About improvisation Intervals Improvisation with perfect fourths Analysis of solos Lydian chromatic concept Main chordal progressions Main used forms Improvisation tips Inside.

All rights reserved.com 78 About other music subjects COMPOSING EAR TRAINING ARRANGING ANALYSIS Copyright © 2006 Paolo Parrella.musilosophy. .Free online resources on the Art of Improvisation : www.

harmony | Lingua italiana | HELP ."..jazz improvisation techniques : music harmony : theory Home: jazz improvisation : pop blues | Pop music videos | Pop blues jazz albums | Jazz improvisation .htm (1 of 5)06/02/2007 7.. history. Melody and improvisation base on chords and scales. economy.37. Music bases on harmony. You have to practice so much so you can play right melodic lines with swing and without thinking about scales. Other resources on jazz improvisation You must learn to begin and finish melodic phrases from every point http://www.04 .. Scales base on physic.com/jazz-improvisation. Site menu Blues singer songwriter jazz pianist q Pop music videos q Jazz piano. Improvisation and music harmony : MIOP q Chords base on scales.. q q q q q q Jazz improvisation and music harmony : summary Music harmony concepts Scales.musilosophy. Music traditions base on human perception. Phrasing is the following step.. piano improvising. Improvisation means composing new ideas.FAQ | Introduction on the Art of Improvisation Jazz improvisation and music harmony : Summary q Piano improvisation technique : introduction q Jazz improvisation. rules. music harmony and theory MIOP means Musilosophy Improvisation Open Project. keys... Accompaniment base on chords and scales too. religion. technology. Then you must play all chord inversions and the building melody techniques... modes to improvise Blues improvisation Jazz melody and improvisation Swing jazz rhythm Jazz techniques : practice You need to know the following items to improvise and compose in a right and nice way: first you have to know all major and minor scales and relative keys and all chords in every keys. tutorial videos q Pop blues jazz albums q Jazz pianist music stores q Improvisation : MIOP donation q "Improvisation means real time composing. mathematical principles and music traditions.

voicing. The theory and harmonic concepts you have to learn are few and easy to understand but the fundamental concept is just one: to learn improvisation you have to play much and practice for a longtime! I used to compare improvisation with language.A jazz improvisation primer of measure. music harmony.jazz improvisation techniques : music harmony : theory q q . harmonization are other important and fundamental techniques to learn jazz improvisation and composing. 1. I have published also another site to learn music theory and harmony.htm (2 of 5)06/02/2007 7. Ear training.04 . as well as you have to study and practice a lot to learn English or French or Italian so you have to do the same with music improvisation.The world of jazz improvisation . So.musilosophy.com/jazz-improvisation. Chord charts http://www. Learning jazz improvisation is not simple. transcribing. concepts and emotions and sometimes much deeper than language. These techniques can give you the skill for express the music you have inside. Here in this site I offer free resources to learn this art but be patient if my English is not perfect. Improvisation is a language. you can express ideas. You do not need to understand difficult concepts but without doubts you must be patient. Music harmony : keys Key awareness Major Minor Scale harmonization 2.37. transposing.

More music scales Blues Whole tone Diminished Diminished/whole tone Pentatonic 4.jazz improvisation techniques : music harmony : theory Major 7th Minor 7th Dominant 7th Half diminished 7th Diminished 7th Inversions Chord degrees 3.37.04 .htm (3 of 5)06/02/2007 7. Melody and improvvisation lesson Melody building Chordal notes Turning note Passing note Leaning note Delaying note Anticipated note Chromatic note Double leaning note Mixed note Wrong notes http://www.musilosophy.com/jazz-improvisation.

Music rhythm and jazz swing Emphasizing off beats and upbeats Syncopation Swing Polyrhythmic 7.04 . http://www. or any concepts I try to explain.37. send me an email. I suggest also to visit this site on piano jazz improvisation.musilosophy. Musical phrase Beginning of phrase Ending of phrase Imitation 6.jazz improvisation techniques : music harmony : theory ^ TOP More resources on music harmony and piano jazz improvisation 5.htm (4 of 5)06/02/2007 7. Practice and improvisation techniques General practice Progressive drills Fundamental drills Greatest piano improvisors If you have troubles to understand what I write.com/jazz-improvisation.

04 . many others. All rights reserved http://www. Charlie Parker.com/jazz-improvisation. Pat Metheny.37. ©2005-2007 Paolo Parrella.. Remember to listen the greatest improvisers : Keith Jarrett. I think is one of the greatest. Bill Evans.jazz improvisation techniques : music harmony : theory ^ TOP Learning jazz improvisation and piano improvising You can learn to improvise...musilosophy. Miles Davis and many.. Sonny Rollins.and do not forget that Music must be pleasant. important Art.htm (5 of 5)06/02/2007 7. If you know music harmony and you practice on your instrument one hour per day learning improvisation is easy. .

musilosophy.com/music-phrasing.htm (1 of 3)06/02/2007 7.FAQ | How to compose a melody Jazz melody and improvisation Jazz phrasing : imitation technique q Music phrasing q Music theory and mistakes q q Music phrasing in jazz improvisation Practice to end the phrase on the different tones of a chord and to make the action I propose.Close the You Jazz Style Rock. modes to improvise q Blues improvisation q Jazz melody and improvisation q Swing jazz rhythm q Jazz techniques : practice Practice to begin and to end the phrase in every point of the measure B = Beginning tone E = Ending tone AVOID this bad habit : (Same beginning and ending points ) ^ TOP Ending of a phrase Practice to end a phrase on different tones of a chord: Tone 1 phrasing 2 Effect Rest .38 . Pop phrasing Action You have to begin a new You have begin the following phrase from that note Tension and unbalance http://www. The fundamental element to build a good phrasing is that every phrase must be connected with the Site menu q Blues singer songwriter jazz pianist q Pop music videos q Jazz piano. 1.harmony | Lingua italiana | HELP .music phrasing : jazz improvisation : music phrasing Home: jazz improvisation : pop blues | Pop music videos | Pop blues jazz albums | Jazz improvisation . Remember to vary the beginning and ending of a phrase: Improvisation and music harmony : MIOP q Jazz improvisation and music harmony : summary q Music harmony concepts q Scales.37. tutorial videos q Pop blues jazz albums q Jazz pianist music stores previous ones.

com/music-phrasing.music phrasing : jazz improvisation : music phrasing 3 Rest and strong determination Tension.musilosophy. unbalance and suspension Rest and neutral A bit of tension and coloured tone A bit of tension and determination Any style Jazz.37.38 . Blues Any style Jazz.htm (2 of 3)06/02/2007 7. E-mail Contact © 2005-2007 Paolo Parrella All rights reserved http://www. Pop Jazz. Blues Pop No particular action Begin from that note and solve it to the tone below No particular action I suggest to begin the following phrase from that note No particular action 4 5 6 7 This aspect of improvisation is very important ^ TOP Music phrase : phrasing development Practise to end the phrase on the different tones of a chord and to make the action I propose. Na = no particular action T = Tension Ba = Begin again S = Solving tone Another example containing a wrong ending tone ( Tension is not solved or begun again).

com/music-phrasing.htm (3 of 3)06/02/2007 7.music phrasing : jazz improvisation : music phrasing me http://www.38 .37.musilosophy.

V. Classical pop progressions are I . Modes to improvise q Blues improvisation q Jazz melody and improvisation q Swing jazz rhythm q Jazz techniques : practice q Here are the major and minor scales with their chords http://www.IV . ^ TOP Major key chord chart Major key has two major seventh chords on I and IV degrees. Pay attention to IV degree (Major with augmented 4th ) Improvisation and music harmony : MIOP q Jazz improvisation and music harmony : summary q Music harmony concepts q Scales. and V are the most used chords.FAQ | Chords and music harmony q q q q q q q q Music harmony.V or I .III . tutorial videos q Pop blues jazz albums q Jazz pianist music stores q Improvisation : MIOP donation You must know and play them. Every scale can be harmonized. II or IV. there are minor seventh chords on II.II . in music you can find every combination of all these chords.htm (1 of 8)06/02/2007 7. Half diminished chord is on the VII degree of major key.com/chord-charts. but western music bases above all on major and minor scales' harmonization.musilosophy. I. Harmonic.chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys Home: jazz improvisation : pop blues | Pop music videos | Pop blues jazz albums | Jazz improvisation . However. III and VI degrees while dominant 7 chord is on V. Here are all chords of each Major and Minor (Natural.40 . chord families Chord charts and keys Learn chord charts Major seventh Dominant chord chart Minor seventh chords Half diminished chords Diminished chord Chord charts in all major and minor scales Musical chords derive from the scale's harmonization: it means superimposing notes over a scale's degree by thirds.harmony | Lingua italiana | HELP .VI .39. Melodic ) key Site menu q Blues singer songwriter jazz pianist q Pop music videos q Jazz piano. Music bases (above all) on these chords.

musilosophy.39.htm (2 of 8)06/02/2007 7.com/chord-charts.40 .chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys http://www.

chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys ^ TOP Harmonic minor key chord charts Harmonic minor key is the classical minor scale.40 .39.htm (3 of 8)06/02/2007 7. diminished 7 on VII and minor seventh is on fourth one.musilosophy. there are major chords on III and VI. half diminished chord is on the second degree. I think it is the true minor scale because the natural minor ones is similar to the major scale while melodic minor scale is less used.com/chord-charts. Dominant seventh chord is on V and it has also minor ninth and minor sixth! q Here is the harmonic minor chord chart http://www. This scale has minor major seventh chord on the first degree.

com/chord-charts.musilosophy.chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys http://www.40 .htm (4 of 8)06/02/2007 7.39.

htm (5 of 8)06/02/2007 7. Pay attention to IV degree ( seventh chord with augmented 4th) and to II degree (min 7th ) q Melodic minor chord chart http://www.40 .musilosophy.39.chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys ^ TOP Melodic minor key chord chart Melodic minor scale is less used than natural and harmonic scales but it is important.com/chord-charts.

it has the same major scale's chords but they have different position. classical and jazz tunes. For example. dance.chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys Pay attention to II degree ( half diminished ) and to VII degree ( diminished seventh ) ^ TOP Natural minor key chord chart Natural minor scale is much used in pop.39.com/chord-charts. C7 is on the VII degree while in F major key it is on V degree. It has a catchy sound and many people love it! However.40 . Pay attention to V degree ( Minor 7th) and to VII degree (7th chord) q This is the natural minor chord chart http://www.htm (6 of 8)06/02/2007 7.musilosophy. in D natural minor key.

40 .htm (7 of 8)06/02/2007 7.musilosophy.39.chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys http://www.com/chord-charts.

the third.S. from J.chord charts : scale harmonization : major : minor keys These chord charts are the harmonic base of classical. Besides they may determine. to what key it belongs and then from what scale's degree is produced. ^ TOP Considerations on seventh chords and their key Seventh chords are complete chords. You can learn everything about improvisation reading articles. watching tutorial videos and listening solos published on the Web.All rights reserved http://www. In my pop blues music.com/chord-charts.40 . the fifth and the seventh (said "chorda notes") does understand the key and the type of a chord. comparing with the chords near. I use nearly only seventh chords that have a complex but non too dissonant sound. Bach but also other great classical composers.39. above all.musilosophy.htm (8 of 8)06/02/2007 7. The fundamental. They derive. jazz and pop music. in the sense that they have the main notes that determine the harmony of a chord. theory and improvisation but the best resource is your passion for this art! ©2005-2007 Paolo Parrella . Internet offers you a great resource to learn music harmony.

jazz techniques : improvisation : general music practice Home: jazz improvisation : pop blues | Pop music videos | Pop blues jazz albums | Jazz improvisation ..htm (1 of 5)06/02/2007 7.42. Begin to improvise just using the chordal notes Improvise only on a chord and using just the four chordal notes http://www. chord types.). Analyze melody and write the harmonic role of every note (Chordal note.. play for 2 and 4 octaves with both hands Learn all chords of every key Play the chords of every key with right hand then with both hand Site menu Blues singer songwriter jazz pianist q Pop music videos q Jazz piano.FAQ | Rhythm and swing Jazz techniques : practice Music techniques : coming soon articles q Art of improvisation project q General improvisation tips q Music studying : general tips q q Jazz techniques and practice for improvisation General jazz practice I suggest these progressive exercises: Learn all major. modes to improvise q Blues improvisation q Jazz melody and improvisation q Swing jazz rhythm q Jazz techniques : practice Learn to analyze music Practice to analyze every music style with scores or if you want by ear.09 . minor and .harmony | Lingua italiana | HELP .. then with both hands. passing note.com/jazz-techniques.. degrees of the chords. tutorial videos q Pop blues jazz albums q Jazz pianist music stores q Improvisation and music harmony : MIOP q Jazz improvisation and music harmony : summary q Music harmony concepts q Scales.. modulations (key changing) on the scores.. Arpeggiate all chords Arpeggiate all 7th chords with right hand (but not only) in their four inversions.. Write keys. turning note.musilosophy.blues scales First play the scales for an octave just with the right hand.

Besides. these techniques are the same of composing songs or any other music style. http://www.09 . many hours of playing but it is amusing and you can feel what creating music means. However I will suggest you some easy techniques to 'correct'some melodic 'errors'.com/jazz-techniques. sixteenth notes. For pianists : improvise on a song using just the four chordal notes.jazz techniques : improvisation : general music practice ( also out of time ) Improvise just using continuous eighth notes.htm (2 of 5)06/02/2007 7. (You have to play this chord around C4 and moving the notes less possible when you change the chord ) Improvise using a melodic item one at time Practice a melodic item out of time and just on a chord Improvise using the suggestions on musical phrase Practice a phrasing item out of time and just on a chord Some important considerations Mastering these jazz techniques needs many.musilosophy. Sometimes many new and interesting ideas come from so called harmonic 'errors'.42. eighth-triplet notes. moving the melody up and down the whole keyboard and playing the chord with the left hand. Composing is easier than improvising because you can correct your mistakes.

analyze it! http://www.jazz techniques : improvisation : general music practice ^ TOP Improving jazz practice and techniques Ear training Use this free tool .Powerful! Select your best songs or solos and transcribe them on paper using your piano or keyboard.musilosophy.Functional ear trainer Transcription . I think this is the MOST IMPORTANT AND POWERFUL DRILL TO LEARN IMPROVISATION Transposing Transpose some phrases in all keys Singing Sing the notes you are improvising Search www.09 . then transpose them in all keys.htm (3 of 5)06/02/2007 7.musilosophy.com/jazz-techniques.42. Web com ^ TOP Listening great artists to analyze jazz techniques Listening Every musical style but good music. that is great artists When you listen to music.

com/jazz-techniques..42. http://www. Improvisors Other instruments: Miles Davis ( Trumpet ) Charlie Parker ( Alto Sax) John Coltrane ( Tenor Sax ) Pat Metheney ( Guitar ) ^ TOP Resources and jazz practice on the Art of improvisation So.htm (4 of 5)06/02/2007 7.09 .jazz techniques : improvisation : general music practice Piano improvisors Listen to these masters of piano improvisation: Bill Evans Keith Jarrett Herbie Hancock Chick Corea Ahmad Jamal Oscar Peterson Bud Powell McCoy Tyner Many others.musilosophy. you need to work following several directions: studying music harmony. listening great artists and above all playing many hours on your instrument: remember to play correct harmonic and melodic notes and above all do not play random sounds.. developing your hearing.

09 .jazz techniques : improvisation : general music practice © 2005-2007 Paolo Parrella All rights reserved http://www.com/jazz-techniques.htm (5 of 5)06/02/2007 7.musilosophy.42.

be/ welcome to www.miles.miles.be probably the best FREE ear training resource on the internet Homepage of Alain Benbassat table of contents http://www.miles.be/ (1 of 3)06/02/2007 7.43.05 .http://www.

05 . using fake e-mail addresses.. It's exactly what we practiced a lot at Berklee but I've never come across an application like this..43.miles.be/ Ear Training Products Download Functional Ear Trainer . Copyright © 2004 . transcribe. please do not open it and delete it! Such e-mails are not sent by me. If you receive an e-mail from miles." Ear Training Articles Ear Training: A Direct and Logical Path (by John Mark Piper) The Most Important Skill That Most Players Don't Have (by Tom Hess) Contextual Ear Training (by Paula Telesco) Transcribe.be with an attachment.miles. transcribe! (by Ron Gorow) The 'Charlie Banacos' Exercise (by Frank Singer) "Oh you'll hear it" (by Peter Sprague) Perfect Pitch? (by Chris Aruffo) Making a Living as a Guitar Music Transcriber/Arranger (by Dale Turner) Ear Training Books Books I Like Bird Song Ear Training Guide About Me Who Am I? Who the Hell is Miles? My Music Links Important note: a lot of virusses are spreading themselves by e-mail.http://www.Advanced BETA2 (freeware) Functional Ear Trainer on Linux? Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) "This is a great and very useful tool.be/ (2 of 3)06/02/2007 7.Alain Benbassat http://www.Basic (freeware) Download Functional Ear Trainer .

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The Home Page of Alain Benbassat welcome to www.be/~abenbass/fet.29 .43.miles.scarlet.html (1 of 5)06/02/2007 7.be probably the best FREE ear training resource on the internet Homepage of Alain Benbassat Back to table of contents Ear Training Products http://home.

43.29 .be/~abenbass/fet.The Home Page of Alain Benbassat http://home.html (2 of 5)06/02/2007 7.scarlet.

29 .43.Advanced http://home.html (3 of 5)06/02/2007 7.scarlet.The Home Page of Alain Benbassat Functional Ear Trainer is a critically acclaimed ear training suite containing two programs: s s Functional Ear Trainer .be/~abenbass/fet.Basic Functional Ear Trainer .

really works. User Comments "Great program. The help page describes a method to learn to hear this resolution to the nearest tonic...43..2 December 2002 Independent Review Functional Ear Trainer got the rating 5 out of 5 from the emagazine Cyberfret. It will NOT run on Mac. If you want to support me. How? Every note has its own function within the key and wants to resolve to the nearest tonic.The Home Page of Alain Benbassat Both programs are different from the traditional ear training programs where you typically have to guess intervals. (approx. Functional Ear Trainer presents an original and very effective way to learn to recognize notes in the context of a key. Functional Ear Trainer Basic and Advanced are FREEWARE.scarlet. consider making a donation.Minimum 10MB free disk space . and rhythms.29 . scales.5MB) Functional Ear Trainer .. it helps me a lot for my hearing test at school!!! Thx man !" read more.Advanced Principle Based on the enormous success of Functional Ear Trainer Basic. followed by a random note. 1. Then <click image to enlarge> http://home. <click image to enlarge> System Requirements .be/~abenbass/fet.Soundcard or MIDI device License FREEWARE Current Version Version 1.Basic Principle The program establishes the key or tonality by playing a chord sequence. More info.Basic. The user has to answer 3 questions: 1) What was the first note? 2) What was the second note? 3) What is the interval both notes form? The missing link between interval training and note-in-key ear training! How? Try to hear how the two notes resolve to the nearest tonic using the method you learned in Functional Ear Trainer ..Minimum 64MB of RAM . the idea was expanded by playing two notes after the key or tonality has been established. with a little bit of effort.Windows 98/ME/NT/2000/XP .html (4 of 5)06/02/2007 7.1 .. and so know which note was played. This is a proven method that. However.. chords. Functional Ear Trainer is only available as a Microsoft Windows executable. it runs fine on Linux using Wine. Download Now right-click and select Save Target As.. The user has to guess what note was played. Functional Ear Trainer . read more.

This is a "classic" way to learn to recognize ascending and descending intervals. (approx. Many settings possible. Download Now right-click and select Save Target As.29 . HARDER THAN YOU THINK! System Requirements .43.Minimum 10MB free disk space . Donation of $10 Donation of $15 Donation of $20 BONUS: Generous people who make a donation of $20 will receive a computer program I wrote to learn intervals by associating each one with the beginning of a well-known song. consider making a donation through PayPal (secure payment). Thank YOU! Top http://home.2 December 2003 Options The two notes can be played one after the other (melodically) or simultaneously (harmonically).scarlet.be/~abenbass/fet.. 2.5MB) Support Functional Ear Trainer If you like Functional Ear Trainer.Minimum 64MB of RAM .html (5 of 5)06/02/2007 7..0 BETA2 .The Home Page of Alain Benbassat determine the interval between the two notes.Soundcard or MIDI device License FREEWARE Current Version Version 1.Windows 98/ME/NT/2000/XP .

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