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Angel a Smi th

Ri chard Whi te
Kri sten Bal dwi n Deathri dge
Executive Summary
When the smoke cleared on January 3, 1863, the landscape
surrounding Murfreesboro, Tennessee, forever was changed. The
Battle of Stones River, where there were nearly 23,517Confederate
and Unions casualties in four days in one of the Civil War’s
bloodiest clashes, would secure a place for this small town in the
collective history and institutional memory of the nation. The dead
were soon buried, however, and the armies moved on, leaving a
desolate battlefeld on the miles of large and small farm tracts
where they had fought. By 1870, however, census records show
that several different African American families had settled in the
area – in their eyes it was a place of triumph because of the Union
victory and the willingness of the federal government to protect
them – and they established a community called Cemetery.
This study, a group project in Public History, examines land, tax,
and census records of one street in the Cemetery community,
Van Cleve Lane, to shed light on the residents of Cemetery and
their land ownership patterns. Drawing from census records, it is
clear that the community was predominantly African American
and grew until at least 1900, perhaps longer. The land would be
continually inhabited until the late 1920s and early 1930s when
the federal government began purchasing and condemning
land to create the Stones River National Battlefeld Park. Until
recently the focus of the park dealt with the momentous events
surrounding the Civil War, but now the Park Service has begun a
project to reevaluate the historic signifcance of the landscape.
The project follows up on that initiative with research that can
add not only historical but also cultural dimension to the body of
knowledge about that landscape.
Table of Contents
Executive Summary ………………………………………………1
Table of Contents …………………………………………………2
Introduction and General Methodology …………………………3
Findings ……………………………………………………………7
Deeds ………………………………………………………7
Tax Records …………………………………………… 14
Census Records ………………………………………… 15
Court Records ………………………………………… 18
Secondary Sources …………………………………… 19
Archelogy ……………………………………………… 20
Conclusions and Suggestions for Further Research …………… 23
Bibliography …………………………………………………… 26
Appendix ……………………………………………………… 27
A. Charts ………………………………………………… 28
B. Maps ………………………………………………… 35
C. Data Sheets ………………………………………… 42
D. Photos ……………………………………………… 67
E. Court Record Copies ………………………… attached
F. Deed Copies ………………………………… attached
Van Cleve Lane, Stones River Battlefeld Archive, Stones River Battlefeld, Murfreesboro, TN.
3
Introduction and General Methodology

When the smoke cleared on January 3, 1863, the landscape surrounding Murfreesboro,
Tennessee, forever was changed. The Battle of Stones River, where 23,517 Confederate and
Unions soldiers died in one of the Civil War’s bloodiest clashes, would secure a place for this
small town in the collective history and institutional memory of the nation. The dead were soon
buried, however, and the armies moved on, leaving the miles of large and small farm tracts
where they had fought a desolate battlefield and an unstable political climate as well. In her
dissertation, “The Politics of Memory: Remembering the Civil War in Rutherford County,
Tennessee,” Miranda Fraley discusses the difficult situation in which local African Americans
found themselves after the battle. If another battle broke out and the Union lost, they could lose
their newfound freedom or even their lives. Thus the safest strategy for the newly freed slaves
was to stay as close as possible to federal troops for protection. Given this dynamic, it is not
surprising that by 1870 an African American community called Cemetery developed near the
National Cemetery, which was controlled and maintained by the United States Government.
1

Census records show that several different African American families had settled in the area – in
their eyes a place of triumph because of the Union victory – and established the small
community. Drawing again from census records, it is clear that the community grew until at least
1900, perhaps longer. The land would be continually inhabited until the late 1920s and early
1930s when the federal government began purchasing and condemning land to create the Stones
River National Battlefield Park.

1
Miranda L. Fraley, “The Politics of Memory: Remembering the Civil War in Rutherford
County, Tennessee,” PhD Dissertation, Indiana University, 2004, 23.
4
Until recently the focus of the park dealt with the momentous events surrounding the Civil
War, but now the National Park Service has begun a project to reevaluate the historic
significance of the landscape. It was not until 1988 that the agency formally identified cultural
landscapes as part of its mission and began recognizing and preserving these important
resources.
2
The Park Service classified Stones River Battlefield as a historic site – “landscape
significant for its association with a historic event, activity, or person.”
3
The historic Cemetery
community is certainly a historic vernacular landscape, that is, one whose “use, construction, or
physical layout reflects endemic traditions, customs, beliefs, or values; expresses cultural values,
social behavior, and individual actions over time.”
4
The research undertaken here is a small
portion of the General Management Plan and Site Development that the Park Service plans to
pursue to reevaluate the landscape and add another layer of historic significance to the
battlefield. This research group, charged with tracing land ownership since the Civil War, found
the land along Van Cleve Lane changed hands frequently during the period in discussion. This
was surprising because we had assumed land ownership was fairly stable during this period.
People in general became more mobile, however, so that new transience might well have been
present around Cemetery, which could explain the unexpected property transfers. The land along
Van Cleve Lane appears, from preliminary research, to have been transferred occasionally from
Caucasians to African-Americans and vice-versa in the years following the Civil War until the
1930s.

2
Robert R. Page, Cathy A. Gilbert, and Susan A. Dolan, A Guide to Cultural Landscape
Reports: Contents, Process, and Techniques (Washington: US Department of the Interior, 1998),
7.
3
Ibid., 12.
4
Ibid.
5
Our group researched the parcels along Van Cleve Lane to determine the history of land
ownership since the Civil War. The lane, formerly called either Old Bowen Lane or McFadden
Lane, came to be called Van Cleve after the Civil War.
5
It apparently was named for Union
Brigadier General Horatio Van Cleve.
6
Van Cleve Lane was one of the main thoroughfares of the
so-called Cemetery community that sprang up on the Stones River Battlefield in the years after
the war. One goal was to examine the shift from Caucasian to African-American land ownership.
We also hoped to gain an understanding of when the community of Cemetery began. Also our
team was to write a plan for the archaeological investigation of the Cemetery community.
The group of MTSU graduate students in public history taking on this task included Richard
White, an MA student, and Angela Smith and Kristen Baldwin Deathridge, both in the PhD
program. White spent several days in the Tennessee State Library and Archives and the
Rutherford County Deeds Office researching the chain of deeds for the parcels along Van Cleve
Lane. Deathridge started with the same list of names and traced them through the tax records at
the Rutherford County Archives, as well as served as the group archeological expert. Smith
traced those names through U.S. Census records and court records; read the Center for Historic
Preservation’s files on the Cemetery community; conducted secondary resource research; and
created the digital images for this project. The three did a casual fieldwalk in the Van Cleve
vicinity at the national battlefield to get an idea of the parcel spacing and potential for
archaeological research. Each wrote up a section of this report on the line of inquiry we
completed. Smith compiled all of our data and organized it for submission. Deathridge composed
the archaeological plan for the Cemetery area. All group members worked on some of the other

5
Sean M. Styles, Stones River National Battlefield Historic Resource Study, ed. Mary O.
Ratcliffe and Robert W. Blythe (Atlanta, GA: National Park Service, 2004), 41.
6
Ibid.
6
sections of the report. We wrote the executive summary and conclusion together and each of us
reviewed this report for errors.
7
Findings

DEEDS
The following section contains a general summary of the deed trail on several properties
along Van Cleve Lane. While deeds exist to show how the government acquired several
properties around 1930, including the tracts of Ellis Anderson, William Waller, John Mason,
Giles S. Harding and Ed Orr, we were not able to uncover earlier property transfers of those
tracts.
7
Partial deed traces have been undertaken on the tracts known as Sam Gresham, Dora
Bowen, Golena Anderson, Mt. Olivet Baptist Church, J. A. Ransom and Overall, Working
People’s Labor and Aid Society, and G.H. Minter, and summaries are contained herein. The
Louis Hickman property is currently the only land that has been traced back to the time of the
Civil War. Research and information thus far gathered and undertaken has led to no discernible
pattern of land transfer. Both Caucasian and African-American inhabitants seem to have
transferred land rather freely and there does not seem to be a discernible pattern or period in time
for predictable land transfer. All dates referenced are the listed dates of registration with the
Rutherford County Deeds Office.

No Deeds Located Thus Far
Ellis Anderson, William Waller, John Mason, Giles S. Harding, and Ed Orr tracts


7
John Mason explained how he acquired the property in a deposition in 1932. See the Court
Records section of this report.
8
Partial Deed Traces

Golena Anderson:
Golena Anderson owned several properties in the Cemetery community, one bordering Van
Cleve Lane. Anderson sold the land to the government, United States of America being the
grantor, and registered into court June 5, 1929, for 2.3 acres.
8
Anderson received the same tract
of land on December 13, 1898, from H.H. Kerr; the earlier deed registered the land as containing
2.5 acres bordering Van Cleve Lane.
9
This is as far back as the deed has been traced. It is
interesting to note there are several court deeds that reference property Anderson conveyed. The
first appears as land conveyed to the United States through court action, the deed noting that this
property is the same conveyed by H.H. Kerr to William Waller in about 1881 and for which
there is no deed on record.
10
The next court deed references a 1-acre plot Anderson conveyed to
the government and notes that this property is the same tract sold by E.P. Leach to I.W.
Anderson.
11
The United States obtained another piece of property from Golena Anderson on July
7, 1934, noting it was the same tract owned by Margaret Lillard and mentioned in deed
conveying adjacent property from H.H. Kerr to Golena Anderson.
12
Anderson appears to have

8
Golena Anderson, grantor to USA, grantee, June 5, 1929, Rutherford County Deed Book
75, pgs. 85-86.
9
H.H. Kerr, grantor to Golena Anderson, grantee, December 13, 1898, Rutherford Country
Deed Book 39, pgs. 397-398.
10
Golena Anderson, grantor to USA, grantee, July 7, 1933, Rutherford Country Deed Book
78, pgs. 252-253.
11
Golena Anderson, grantor to USA, grantee, July 7, 1933, Rutherford Country Deed Book
78, pgs. 254-255.
12
Golena Anderson, grantor to USA, grantee, April 28, 1934, Rutherford County Deed Book
79, pgs. 130-131.
9
owned or managed several properties in the surrounding area, but the court deeds need to be
examined further to identify the properties and their changes in ownership.

Gresham Property:
Sam Gresham conveyed his property to the United States Government on April 28, 1934.
Gresham’s relatives owned adjacent properties, some bordering Van Cleve Lane and others not,
and he seems to have divided his property among his heirs.
13
Sallie Gresham Harlan conveyed
two tracts of land, both along Van Cleve Lane, one being 5.0 acres and the other 1.5 acres on
April 26, 1934, two days before Gresham’s transaction.
14
These are the only references located
to date for tracts of land bordering Van Cleve Lane. The appendix contains references to other
Gresham properties adjacent to these, but not bordering on Van Cleve.
15


The Working People’s Labor and Aid Society Property:
The Working People’s Labor and Aid Society conveyed its property, approximately 1.0
acres, to the government on April 26, 1934. The deed notes that this was same property
conveyed to the society by the Nashville, Murfreesboro and Shelbyville Turnpike Company,

13
Samuel Gresham, grantor to USA, grantee, April 28, 1934, Rutherford County Deed Book
79, pgs. 131-132.
14
Sallie Gresham Harlan, grantor to USA, grantee, April 26, 1934, Rutherford Country Deed
Book 79, pgs. 119-120.
15
A court action divided the Gresham estate among his children after Samuel Gresham died.
See the Court Record section of this report.
10
with no reference to the date of conveyance; the previous reference refers to Deed Book 47, and
either page 546 or 526, the number being indiscernible.
16


G.H. Minter:
G.H. Minter 11-acre tract, one of the largest along Van Cleve Lane, was conveyed to the
United States on July 8, 1933. The deed notes that this property is tract Number 1 of the W.T.
Henderson, Division A plat referenced in Book 54, page 250.
17
This property needs to be
addressed in greater detail as the Rutherford County Archives has a genealogical file on the
Minter family, and their son, Percy Minter, still resides in Murfreesboro and is the subject of one
of the oral history interviews.

Mount Olivet Missionary Baptist Church:
The Unites States obtained title to the property owned by Mount Olivet, January 20, 1931,
and the deed notes that this tract was the same land conveyed by H.H. Kerr.
18
It is interesting to
note at this point that Kerr appears to have been a land speculator involved in land purchases and
sales throughout Rutherford County. An interesting note on the deed lists Alec Malone as being
the head deacon; John Hugle, deacon; Georgia B. Tillage, secretary; and Nora Clark, the Mother
of the Church. The Mount Olivet Trustees acquired this land from H.H. Kerr on July 23, 1884.

16
WPLAS, grantor to USA, grantee, April 26, 1934, Rutherford County Deed Book 79, p.
125.
17
Rowena Minter, grantor to USA, grantee, July 8, 1933, Rutherford County Deed Book 78,
pgs. 259-260.
18
Mt. Olivet Missionary Baptist Church, grantor to USA, grantee, January 20, 1931,
Rutherford County Deed Book 76, pgs. 62-63.
11
The property was deeded to numerous trustees of the Church, however, and further research is
required to discern who previously deeded the property.

J.A. Ransom and R.F. Overall Property:
This land was not included in the original boundaries of the national park and no reference
was made to the land being acquired by the federal government. The two men appear to be
partners, and there are several deed references contained on data sheets in the appendix; at least
part of the large tract is traced back to 1898. The deeds are not referenced here in detail because
the government land did not acquire the land to be included in the original park boundaries.

William Waller Estate:
While no deeds have yet been located for the property, the will of Golena Anderson
references the estate. Anderson apparently oversaw the estate as she makes reference to it,
leaving it to her two sons, Sam and J.D. Anderson, noting, “I have paid taxes on this land for
seventeen years.”
19


Dora Tharp Bowen:
The Bowen property was conveyed to C.N. Haynes from Dora Tharp Bowen, October 11,
1929.
20
It appears that Haynes then conveyed the property to the U.S. government. No deed has
been located thus far on this stage of the property conveyance, although there is a reference to

19
Golena Anderson, Will, January 13, 1930, Rutherford County Archive, Will Book 3, pg.
146.
20
Dora S. Bowen, grantor to C.N. Haynes, grantee, October 11, 1929, Rutherford County
Deed Book 74, pg. 501.
12
deed location.
21
It is interesting to note the federal Land Acquisition Map references Bowen as
transferring land to the government. More research is needed to determine why Haynes was
actually the conveyor to the United States.
FULL DEED TRACE
Louis Hickman Property:
The Hickman property was the most logical tract to begin tracing back in the deed index, as it
is bordered by the railroad and the National Cemetery, making the borders easier to discern in
the deed references. The property was conveyed to the United States government from Louis H.
Hickman on April 3, 1930, referencing it as the same tract owned by Nathan Mason.
22
The land
Hickman acquired came from an African-American named Nathan Mason. Mason acquired the
land from a Mrs. V.A. Henderson on February 8, 1911, she being the executrix of the last will
and testament of W.T. Henderson.
23
The deed references W.T. Henderson as the Rutherford
County deputy surveyor, noteworthy only because Henderson is supposed to be dead at the time
of sale; there are no references to this being a son or other relative. Another interesting side note
is that the Hendersons appear numerous times in the deed indexes. It is worthy of note that the
deputy county surveyor would be involved in land speculation all over the county. Several more
references are made to W.T. Henderson in the appendix. On January 4, 1894, Henderson
received title from W.F. Cooper to a tract of land containing 192 acres and bordered by the

21
C.N. Haynes, grantor to USA, grantee, Rutherford County Deed Book 75, pgs. 330-332.
22
Louis H. Hickman, grantor to USA, grantee, April 3, 1930, Rutherford Country Deed Book
75, pg. 83.
23
V.A. Henderson, grantor to Nathan Mason, grantee, February 8, 1911, Rutherford Country
Deed Book 53, pg. 468.
13
railroad and the National Cemetery.
24
The property conveyed at this point is much larger than the
tract acquired by the government; however, at least a portion is the same conveyed to establish
the park. The next reference has the aforementioned land being transferred by the sheriff, R.
Ransom. The property is the same in description and the previous deed made reference to this
deed. Further research is required to discern just how the sheriff ended up with the title; it was
possibly a legal matter that required the land to be turned over to the county. Sheriff Ransom
acquired the title from R.T. Tompkins, executor of the last will and testament of James M.
Tompkins, December 16, 1871 and the property borders the Nashville Turnpike, National
Cemetery and the railroad.
25
James M. Tompkins obtained the property bordered by the railroad
and the National Cemetery from Edward L. Jordan, the Assigner of E.B. Hunt, bankrupt, on May
14, 1868.
26
The deed makes reference to a court seizure of land because Hunt was bankrupt.
27

The deed references the boundaries as the railroad, turnpike, National Cemetery, and an oak
tree.
28
The deed books for the war years do not exist, and no references are made to E.B. Hunt in
previous indexes up to the war. The conclusion, therefore, is that E.B. Hunt owned the property
at the time of the Battle of Stones River. It makes sense that he was bankrupt, as most Southern
landowners had lost financial security by the close of hostilities. This completes the deed trail on

24
W.F. Cooper, grantor to W.T. Henderson, grantee, January 4, 1894, Rutherford County
Deed Book 35, pgs. 179-182.
25
R. Ransom, Sheriff, grantor to R.T. Tompkins, December 16, 1871, Rutherford County
Deed Book 20, pgs. 448-450.
26
Edward L. Jordan, Assigner of E.B. Hunt, Bankrupt to James M. Tompkins, May 14, 1868,
Rutherford County Deed Book 16, pgs. 137-138.
27
Ibid.
28
Ibid.
14
the Louis Hickman property with at least one confirmed African-American owner during the
period from 1865-1933.
TAX RECORDS
The tax record books for Rutherford County were reviewed, starting with the 1928 book for
taxes paid in 1929. The National Park Service acquired most of the land for the Stones River
Battlefield Park in 1929 and the years immediately following. In general, tax record books list
the name of the person who paid the taxes, acreage he or she paid for, and a listing of the
bordering properties to the north, south, east, and west. This can only be followed loosely as we
have not uncovered a record of how boundaries were recorded in the rolls. In a section following
the property tax listing, the books list those who paid the poll tax (usually – sometimes the poll
taxes of those who paid property tax are listed with the property, and sometimes Caucasian non-
landowning voters are listed among property taxpayers).
The names on the 1929 land acquisition map (see Appendix B) of the residents along Van
Cleve Lane provided the starting point for investigation. For the first few books, only properties
in District 9 were reviewed until it became clear that properties were being listed as borders to
those in the district but not included in it. Then searches of District 13 yielded results. One of the
most interesting is that Dora Tharp Bowen is never listed in the tax record books, but the
property listed for C. Bowen has the same boundaries. This, combined with the deed research on
the William Waller estate, indicates that someone often paid taxes on a property that continued to
be listed under a different name. Once our group understood that much of the property along Van
Cleve Lane had connections to H.H. Kerr, the Leach family, the Ransom family, and the Overall
family, notes were made of the acreage these people owned in many of the years from 1913
back.
15
The tax books do not go all the way back to the Civil War; the oldest is for 1877. That book
shows that Sam Gresham, listed as African-American, already was paying taxes on forty acres of
land within what became the Cemetery community. In addition, that book shows that Ellis
Anderson, John Mason, and Ed Orr registered to vote in 1885. That shows those four families to
be among the earliest African-American participants in voting and paying property tax in the
area of the Cemetery community. The books are inconsistent with labeling taxpayers as African-
American. On the table in Appendix A, a ‘c’ is listed by the names of taxpayers if it was so oted
even once in the books. This is based on the assumption that a Caucasian would rarely be
mistakenly identified as African-American. The continuity of family lines is significant for an
understanding of the character of the Cemetery community. As African-American property
taxpayers in the area increased, Caucasian ones decreased, but in 1929 it was not an exclusively
African-American community so far as land-ownership is concerned. However, one should
remember that land ownership and place of residence could be very different matters.
29

CENSUS RECORDS
The federal censuses taken between 1870 and 1930 provided additional evidence regarding
the people who lived along Van Cleve Lane in the Cemetery community. It is not useful for this
study to go back before 1870 because African American names were not generally listed. Slaves
were noted only by age and number owned by the head of household. By beginning in 1930 and
working back, we found several families were living in District Nine when the 1870 census was
taken. These records do not note exactly where the families lived or if they owned their property,
but from them we know they were in the vicinity.

29
Rutherford County Tax Record Books 1877-1914, 1917-1928.
16
The Anderson, Orr, Mason, and Gresham families had a presence in the district in 1870.
Walter Anderson, the husband of Golena Anderson who owned Plot 26 on the War Department’s
1929 plat map, was then four years old. Samuel Gresham was listed as a three-year-old living in
the home of his father, Henry Gresham, a farm laborer. A father and son, both named Ed Orr,
appeared in the 1870 census. John and Nathan Mason were 14 and 17, respectively, in a large
family. Their father’s occupation was farm laborer.
30

In the 1880 census, the same four families are present. Isaac W. (Walter) Anderson was listed
as 14 and mulatto. His father was a farm laborer, and he had one younger brother. At that time,
Ed Orr was married to Josephine and they had one son, Charley Orr. Samuel Gresham was a
blacksmith born about 1820 in Virginia, and married to M. Gresham, 39. They had eight children
at the time. John Mason, by 1880, was married and living with his in-laws. Nathan was not
present in the 1880 census, though he reappeared again in 1900.
31

The next census was taken in 1900, and it is oddly silent about some of the families present
in previous records. There are notes on the margins indicating streets, Dixie Highway families
are present, but Van Cleve is peculiarly missing, as are listings of the families that have lived
there (although they will show up again in the 1910 census). That said, there are some families
that appear for the first time in this census as heads of their households, including the Mason
families – brothers John and Nathan – and the William Waller family. One could make an

30
United States of America, Bureau of the Census, “District 9, Tennessee,” in Ninth Census
of the United States, 1870 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration,
1870), http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&db=1870usfedcen&recid=36017127
(accessed December 6, 2007).
31
United States of America, Bureau of the Census, “District 9, Tennessee,” in Tenth Census
of the United States, 1880 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration,
1880), http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&db=1880usfedcen&recid=15864587
(accessed December 6, 2007).
17
educated guess that the Anderson, Gresham, and Orr families were still present because they
appear again in the 1910 census.
32

The 1910 census revealed some significant change. By that time, Samuel Gresham, Ed Orr,
and Walter Anderson had died. John and Nathan Mason, Ellis Anderson, and Golena Anderson
were still present. The 1920 census listings are similar to those of 1910. Nathan Mason’s sale of
property to Louis Hickman is reflected in that sentence, Mason still lived in the district. Other
than that, the records mirror the same families. In 1930 the Minter family appears, while the
other families remain the same.
33

It is important to note the white families that owned land along Van Cleve lane do not live in
District 9. They live in District 13 or in Murfreesboro, and the land they own in District 9 is
farmland. They are not listed in any of the District 9 census listings. See Appendix A for a chart
depicting the District 9 census findings.

32
United States of America, Bureau of the Census, “Civil District 9, Tennessee,” in Twelfth
Census of the United States, 1900 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records
Administration, 1900), http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-
bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&db=1900usfedcen&recid=66115402 (accessed December 6, 2007).
33
United States of America, Bureau of the Census, “Civil District 9, Tennessee,” in
Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records
Administration, 1900), http://search.ancestry.com/cgi bin/sse.dll?db=1910USCenIndex&indiv=
try&h=27432342 (accessed December 6, 2007); United States of America, Bureau of the Census,
“Civil District 9, Tennessee,” in Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920 (Washington, DC:
National Archives and Records Administration, 1900), http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-
bin/sse.dll?db=1920USCenIndex&indiv=try&h=27432342 (accessed December 6, 2007); and
United States of America, Bureau of the Census, “Civil District 9, Tennessee,” in Fifteenth
Census of the United States, 1930 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records
Administration, 1900), http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=1930USCenIndex&indiv
=try&h=27432342 (accessed December 6, 2007);
18
COURT RECORDS
Several court cases yielded useful information for this study. As the War Department was
acquiring land, several owners did not have suitable deeds for their property. To sell, they they
had to petition the court and provide evidence and testimony to support their ownership of the
land. These records are useful for researchers to determine how land was acquired when deed
evidence was missing.
There are three court cases that shed light on property owners along Van Cleve Lane, the
John Mason property, Samuel Gresham Estate, and the Working Peoples Labor and Aid Society
case. John Mason testified in 1932 that although he did not have a deed, he came into possession
of the land in March 1902 when Margaret Lillard passed the land off to him. He lived and
worked on the land until the government purchased it.
34
The Samuel Gresham property was
divided among his children after his death in 1902, and it had to go through the court because he
did not have a will. This document notes that Sam Gresham bought the property from “Harry
Kerr a number of years ago.”
35
Finally, the Working Peoples Labor and Aid Society did not have
a deed, court records indicate how the organization acquired the property. Alex Malone,
president of the organization, noted in a 1933 deposition that he obtained the property in 1908
from J. H. Reed of the Murfreesboro/Shelbyville Turnpike Company.
36
See Appendix E for
partial copies of these court case records.

34
United States v. Golena Anderson, et al, 1932 in Free at Last exhibit files, Center for
Historic Preservation, Murfreesboro, TN, (2007).
35
John Gresham v. Lizzie Woodson, et al., judgement 3381-1/2, Rutherford County Archive,
(1908).
36
United States v. The Working Peoples Labor Aid Society, 1932 in Free at Last exhibit files,
Center for Historic Preservation, Murfreesboro, TN, (2007).

19
SECONDARY SOURCES
A small number of secondary sources were discovered in the process of researching this
project, the most useful being an 1989 MTSU honors thesis by Janet H. Goodrum, Profile of
Black Landownership in Rutherford County During Reconstruction. The thesis, supervised by
Dr. David Rowe, is a wealth of useful information. Goodrum examined data on African
American heads of households between the 1870 census. Using statistical methodology, she
found that 10 percent of African Americans listed as head of household were also landowners.
Of the 2804 total household heads, 140 owned property in 1870.
37
Ninety percent of the black
landowners listed in the 1870 census lived in either the 9
th
, 13
th
, 18
th
, or 21
st
, civil districts.
38
She
provides a picture of the racial makeup of the Rutherford County, reflecting the striking
difference to the place we know today. The county was equally divided ethnically between white
and black in 1870, with the number declining to 45 percent in 1880, 24 percent in 1930, and 10
percent in 1980.
39

These statistics help create a picture of the county during the mid to late nineteenth century.
In 1850, Rutherford County had 11,978 slaves, and ranked sixth among Tennessee counties.
There were 16,476 blacks listed in the 1870 census. Of these households listed in the 1870
census, 90 percent were farmers or farm laborers. “Generally speaking, farmers owned property
and farm laborers did not,” she said. “Only 10 percent were employed outside the agricultural
sector, and 4% of these were blacksmiths.”
40
She explains that blacksmith made up 9 percent of

37
Janet Hudson Goodrum, “Profile of Black Landownership in Rutherford County During
Reconstruction,” Honors Thesis, Middle Tennessee State University, 1989, 5.
38
Ibid., 14.
39
Ibid., 8-9.
40
Ibid., 9-10.
20
the black land-owning population, while they were just 4 percent of the population at large,
reflecting the value to African Americans of having a marketable trade during the period.
41

Finally, her research revealed that the most common way African Americans purchased land was
to save money and buy with cash.
42

ARCHAEOLOGY
Some archaeological investigations have been made in the Stones River Park and into
non-park owned contributing structures.
43
Most of this investigation has been concerned with
structures used or noted during the actual battle. The purpose of future investigation should be to
help assess the use of land and memorialization done on the battle site before the park was
established.
The lands of the National Battlefield Park were expanded in the late 1980s and early
1990s.
44
Part of this expansion includes the land to the east of Van Cleve Lane. When
fieldwalking that area, one can clearly see the land is literally littered with debris. It must have
been used as a local garbage dump. One toy found on the surface bears a date of 1967 (see
Appendix C, plate 8174). Reviewing the 1929 War Department plat map in combination with the
information that the landowners on that side of the lane were Caucasian, leads us to conclude
that this area is of little value for archaeological investigation. Should oral histories reveal that
sharecroppers who also lived on the land farmed this land as well, perhaps this conclusion would
be revisited. Separating the 1960s refuse from the 1920s and earlier Cemetery community

41
Ibid., 12.
42
Ibid.
43
Styles, Stones River National Battlefield Historic Resource Study, 17.
44
Page, Gilbert, and Dolan, A Guide to Cultural Landscape Reports, 17.
21
evidence might yield little information about the community that cannot be gleaned elsewhere.
Therefore it would hardly be worth the time such an effort would require to investigate most of
the lands east of Van Cleve Lane. However, there are a few exceptions to. The plot marked "11"
on the 1929 map was used by the Working People's Labor and Aid Society and has already been
excavated. The tollhouse for the Dixie Highway is also believed to be on this property and it
would prove interesting to learn more about the transition of the property from one use to
another. The Historic Resources Study references a report done on the tollhouse site, noting that
archaeologists identified it positively as the tollhouse and that it was destroyed in the battle by
artillery fire.
45
Without looking at the report, there is no way to validate that conclusion or to
look at evidence for the Working People’s Labor and Aid Society structure. The property
belonging to Ellis Anderson, located between the railway and the Dixie Highway, should prove
worthy of investigation. Anderson was one of the earliest residents of the community, and
investigations of his property could yield information about prosperity of the residents as well as
to help resolve the question of how one family made use of their property. Did the five-acre plot
have a garden? Several home sites? Archaeology could answer those questions.
As for the properties to the west of Van Cleve Lane, many are worthy of investigation.
As one can see through a comparison of the 1938 aerial photograph and a more recent one from
GoogleEarth (Appendix B), the current park trail cuts through several of the properties. This
modern disturbance, although definitely impacting the information to be gleaned from
archaeological investigation, does not prevent meaningful evidence from being uncovered
archaeologically. The next steps in investigation would be to conduct a new survey of the land
acquired by the National Park Service in the late 1920s and early 1930s, and to establish a new

45
Styles, Stones River National Battlefield Historic Resource Study, 78.
22
permanent datum from which to plot GPS points. Once the datum is established and the
outermost limits of the community plotted, or perhaps before, an archaeological survey should be
conducted, working westward from Van Cleve Lane at thirty-yard intervals, from the railway to
Manson Pike. Archaeologists should undertake shovel tests every thirty yards as well as
photographing and sketching any structural evidence. On the basis of shovel test results, areas
should be chosen for further excavation. It is my suggestion that, regardless of test results, two or
three entire plots should be excavated to learn more about land use in the community over time
as well as to uncover artifacts to describe family life. As mentioned above, the Ellis Anderson
plot would be a solid candidate for this. Other options are the Working People's Labor and Aid
Society, either of the church properties, one or more of the smaller properties lining the two
interior roads for the community, and/or the Golena Anderson and John Mason properties.
Further documentary investigation should be made into the Virginia H. Earthman Estate and the
Hickman and Henderson properties. There is limited evidence from tax and census records that
one or more of the people associated with these properties were doctors. Presuming these were
medical doctors, investigation of their properties could generate significant evidence of the
character of the Cemetery community.
With a goal to learn more about the establishment, character, and evolution of Cemetery
community, archaeological investigation of the site could prove invaluable. If the artifacts on the
surface prove representative of those below, much can be learned about the habits of the
members of the community (see Appendix D for photos of surface finds from our fieldwalk).
However, all archaeological investigation within the parkland must subscribe to the standards of
23
the Secretary of the Interior, as noted in the Park Management Plan.
46
As a part of the National
Park Service’s goal to preserve the character of the battlefield for reflection and contemplation of
the actual Battle of Stones River, it is not suggested that any sort of reconstruction or restoration
of structures from the Cemetery community era of the parkland be undertaken.
47
Perhaps the best
way to interpret any findings of archaeological investigation would be to integrate them into the
interpretation of the park by any or all of the following: placing a case with interpretive notes in
the visitor center; integrating more discussion of the Cemetery community into the tours led by
park rangers and the self guided audio tour; and/or placing interpretive displays with information
about the community around the battlefield, either integrated into the current tour stops or as a
separate tour.

46
Janney, Elstner Associates Wiss and John Milner Associates, Stones River Battlefield
Cultural Landscape Report (Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Interior, 2007), 151.
47
Ibid., 150.
24
Conclusions and Suggestions for Further Research

The land ownership research exposed rich information that had not been uncovered
previously. That said, however, there is not enough information to reach many definitive
conclusions. We know African Americans generally inhabited the land along Van Cleve Lane.
Dixie Highway near the Van Cleve area had many white inhabitants, as well as African
Americans. The Van Cleve Lane lands that whites owned did not have dwellings on them, but
were farmland. These landowners lived in other districts. Some of the African Americans who
became homeowners by the time the War Department purchased their property between 1929
and 1932 were present as early as 1870, while most of the others appeared in the area by the
1910 census.
Additional research could yield more definitive answers. Additional deed research is slow
and tedious; agricultural census research would also produce land use information. This might
begin a process of determining the physical location of dwellings along Van Cleve Lane, as well
as to determine land use patterns. Expanding Janet Goodrum’s thesis on patterns of black
landownership research in census records through 1930 would also produce some interesting
results.
With all of the information available in Rutherford County concerning the Cemetery
community, it would be an interesting place to start with a study of sharecropping patterns. The
majority of the Cemetery community residents did not live on enough acreage to do much more
than subsistence farming. It also seems from preliminary research that at least a couple of the
Caucasian landowners in the area also had houses in town. It would be useful to track the
Caucasian landowner names through the other districts in the county to determine their places of
residence. It may also prove helpful to return to the tax books with the information gathered from
25
deeds or later tax book information. For example, it was not known until near the end of our
period of research that the John Mason property was sometimes listed in the tax rolls under
Margaret Lillard. This could explain the gap for the John Mason property, but until either deeds
or tax listings are checked, this solution remains an educated guess rather than a confirmed fact.
Another question for future researchers would be to explore why the government purchased
all the land at roughly the same time? Land was acquired for other battlefield parks, notably
Gettysburg, as it became available, not all at one time. It would be interesting to determine why
the government felt compelled to acquire all the Stones River land essentially at once. Did it
have anything to do with bias based on the dominance of African-American landowners there at
the time, or was it simply the best way to quickly establish a park without waiting long periods to
obtain land parcels? The Historic Resources Study notes that a commission reviewing proposed
park purchases in the 1920s said all of the structures from the community should be removed.
48

It was not deemed they had any relevance to commemoration of the battle.
Archaeological investigation may yield interesting information about the Cemetery
community. It could determine the roadbeds and historic fencerows for the community. There
would also be some evidence for structural footprints. The material culture uncovered with
archaeological investigation could shed light on the economic and cultural patterns of the
community.
From the research this group has completed to date, there appears to be no specific pattern
for the transference of landownership from Caucasian to African-American. Both owned land
near one another from the period just after the Civil War until the National Park Service
purchased the land. Whether or not they lived side by side remains to be discovered.

48
Styles, Stones River National Battlefield Historic Resource Study, 67.
26
Bibliography
Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations
Network, Inc., 2004. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Ninth Census of
the United States, 1870. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1870.
Ancestry.com. 1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations
Network, Inc., 2004. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Tenth Census of
the United States, 1880. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1880.
Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations
Network, Inc., 2004. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Twelfth Census of
the United States, 1900. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900.
Ancestry.com. 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations
Network, Inc., 2004. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Thirteenth Census
of the United States, 1910. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1910.
Ancestry.com. 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations
Network, Inc., 2004. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Fourteenth Census
of the United States, 1920. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1920.
Ancestry.com. 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations
Network, Inc., 2004. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Fourteenth Census
of the United States, 1930. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1930.
Fraley, Miranda L. “The Politics of Memory: Remembering the Civil War in Rutherford County, Tennessee.”
PhD Dissertation, Indiana University, 2004.
“Free at Last” Exhibit Files, Center for Historic Preservation, Murfreesboro, TN.
Goodrum, Janet Hudson. “Profile of Black Landownership in Rutherford County During Reconstruction.”
Honors Thesis, Middle Tennessee State University, 1989.
Page, Robert R., Cathy A. Gilbert, and A. Susan Dolan. A Guide to Cultural Landscape Reports: Contents,
Process, and Techniques. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Interior, 1998.
Rutherford County Tax Record Books 1877-1914, 1917-1928.
Stones River Battlefield Archive, Stones River Battlefield, Murfreesboro, TN.
Styles, Sean M. Stones River National Battlefield Historic Resource Study, ed. Mary O. Ratcliffe and Robert
W. Blythe. Atlanta, GA: National Park Service, 2004.
TSLA Map and Photo Collection, Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, Tennessee.
Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, and John Milner Associates. Stones River Battlefield Cultural Landscape
Report. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Interior, 2007.
APPENDIX
28-Appendix CHARTS
CHARTS
29-Appendix CHARTS
Present in District 9 in Census Year:
1930 1920 1910 1900 1880 1870
Anderson, Ellis
Anderson, Golena/Walter
Bowen, Dora Tharp
Grisham, Samuel
Harding, Giles S.
Hickman, Louis H
Mason, Nathan
Mason, John
Minter, G.H. /Rowena
Orr, Ed ,
Overall, R.F.
Ransom, J.A.
Waller, William
White
Black
Census data for residents along Van Cleve Lane
30-Appendix CHARTS
1
9
2
3
1
9
2
2
1
9
2
1
1
9
2
0
1
9
1
9
1
9
1
7
1
9
1
3
1
9
1
0
1
9
0
5
1
9
0
0
1
8
8
7
1
8
8
5
1
8
7
8
1
8
7
7
A
n
d
e
r
s
o
n
,

B
a
l
l
a
r
d

A
n
d
e
r
s
o
n
,

B
o
b
b
y

L
e
e

A
n
d
e
r
s
o
n
,

B
u
r
t
o
n

A
n
d
e
r
s
o
n
,

E
l
l
i
s






A
n
d
e
r
s
o
n
,

E
l
l
i
s
,

J
r
.




A
n
d
e
r
s
o
n
,

L
e
n
a

A
n
d
e
r
s
o
n
,

M
a
g
g
i
e

A
n
d
e
r
s
o
n
,

S
a
m







G
r
e
s
h
a
m
,

J
o
h
n

H
a
r
d
i
n
g
,

G
r
e
e
n


H
a
r
d
i
n
g
,

G
e
o
r
g
e

H
a
r
d
i
n
g
,

S
y
l
v
i
a

H
a
r
d
i
n
g
,

W
i
l
l


M
a
s
o
n
,

B
u
s

M
a
s
o
n
,

D
a
v
e

M
a
s
o
n
,

E
u
g
e
n
e


M
a
s
o
n
,

N
a
t
h
a
n


M
a
s
o
n
,

J
o
h
n



M
a
s
o
n
,

A
l
b
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r
t
a

M
i
n
t
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r
,

H
e
n
r
y

M
i
n
t
e
r
,

R
o
w
e
n
a


O
r
r
,

C
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a
r
l
i
e


O
r
r
,

C
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a
s


O
r
r
,

E
d





O
r
r
,

S
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.





O
r
r
,

S
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s
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e

R
a
n
s
o
m
,

E
d

R
a
n
s
o
m
,

J
a
c
k

R
a
n
s
o
m
,

J
o
h
n

H
e
n
r
y

R
a
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s
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m
,

S
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m


W
a
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l
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s
,

E
d
w
a
r
d

&

w
i
f
e

Colored poll data for residents along Van Cleve Lane
31-Appendix CHARTS
district col. ?*
acres in
1928
name alter. & relatives w
same property 1928 1927 1926 1925 1924 1923 1922 1921 1920 1919 1918 1917 1914 1913 1910 1909 1908 1905 1904 1903 1900 1899 1898 1897 1895 1887 1885 1884 1878 1877
Anderson, Ellis
9 c 5 Elvis x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Anderson, Golena
9 c 3 Galena, Lena, Goldina x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Bowen, C**
13 42 Cephas x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Gresham, Sam
9 c 30 Grissom x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x--e x x x--e x--e x x x--e x--e x x x--e x x x x x x
Harding, G.S.
13 Giles, Giles S, x x x x x x x x x x x x x--e x x x x x x
Harding, G.S. Jr.
13 x
Harding, Lou
9 c x x x x
Harding, Will
9 c x
Hickman, Louis
9 10 Luie, Lima x x x x x x x x x x
Hickman, Dr. J.P
9 c x x
Mason, John
9 c
Margaret Lillard
(1908)
x x x x x x x
Mason, Nathan
9 c 10 x x x x x x x x x
Minter, G.H.
9 c 17 Rowena, Henry x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x
Orr, Ed
9 c Josephine, Josie x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Overall
9, 13 AM, LC, KD, ND,RF,etc x x x x x x x x
Ransom
WA, Sam, Jas H, GW x x
Ransom Bros
13 x x x x x x x
Ransom & Overall
9 100 x x x x x
Waller, William
9 3 x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x
e=estate
Property tax data for residents along Van Cleve Lane, part 1
32-Appendix CHARTS
district col. ?*
acres in
1928
name alter. & relatives w
same property 1928 1927 1926 1925 1924 1923 1922 1921 1920 1919 1918 1917 1914 1913 1910 1909 1908 1905 1904 1903 1900 1899 1898 1897 1895 1887 1885 1884 1878 1877
Anderson, Ellis
9 c 5 Elvis x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Anderson, Golena
9 c 3 Galena, Lena, Goldina x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Bowen, C**
13 42 Cephas x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Gresham, Sam
9 c 30 Grissom x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x--e x x x--e x--e x x x--e x--e x x x--e x x x x x x
Harding, G.S.
13 Giles, Giles S, x x x x x x x x x x x x x--e x x x x x x
Harding, G.S. Jr.
13 x
Harding, Lou
9 c x x x x
Harding, Will
9 c x
Hickman, Louis
9 10 Luie, Lima x x x x x x x x x x
Hickman, Dr. J.P
9 c x x
Mason, John
9 c
Margaret Lillard
(1908)
x x x x x x x
Mason, Nathan
9 c 10 x x x x x x x x x
Minter, G.H.
9 c 17 Rowena, Henry x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x
Orr, Ed
9 c Josephine, Josie x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Overall
9, 13 AM, LC, KD, ND,RF,etc x x x x x x x x
Ransom
WA, Sam, Jas H, GW x x
Ransom Bros
13 x x x x x x x
Ransom & Overall
9 100 x x x x x
Waller, William
9 3 x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x
e=estate
district col. ?*
acres in
1928
name alter. & relatives w
same property 1928 1927 1926 1925 1924 1923 1922 1921 1920 1919 1918 1917 1914 1913 1910 1909 1908 1905 1904 1903 1900 1899 1898 1897 1895 1887 1885 1884 1878 1877
Anderson, Ellis
9 c 5 Elvis x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Anderson, Golena
9 c 3 Galena, Lena, Goldina x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Bowen, C**
13 42 Cephas x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Gresham, Sam
9 c 30 Grissom x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x--e x x x--e x--e x x x--e x--e x x x--e x x x x x x
Harding, G.S.
13 Giles, Giles S, x x x x x x x x x x x x x--e x x x x x x
Harding, G.S. Jr.
13 x
Harding, Lou
9 c x x x x
Harding, Will
9 c x
Hickman, Louis
9 10 Luie, Lima x x x x x x x x x x
Hickman, Dr. J.P
9 c x x
Mason, John
9 c
Margaret Lillard
(1908)
x x x x x x x
Mason, Nathan
9 c 10 x x x x x x x x x
Minter, G.H.
9 c 17 Rowena, Henry x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x
Orr, Ed
9 c Josephine, Josie x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Overall
9, 13 AM, LC, KD, ND,RF,etc x x x x x x x x
Ransom
WA, Sam, Jas H, GW x x
Ransom Bros
13 x x x x x x x
Ransom & Overall
9 100 x x x x x
Waller, William
9 3 x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x
e=estate
Property tax data for residents along Van Cleve Lane, part 2
33-Appendix CHARTS
district col. ?*
acres in
1928
name alter. & relatives w
same property 1928 1927 1926 1925 1924 1923 1922 1921 1920 1919 1918 1917 1914 1913 1910 1909 1908 1905 1904 1903 1900 1899 1898 1897 1895 1887 1885 1884 1878 1877
Anderson, Ellis
9 c 5 Elvis x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Anderson, Golena
9 c 3 Galena, Lena, Goldina x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Bowen, C**
13 42 Cephas x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Gresham, Sam
9 c 30 Grissom x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x--e x x x--e x--e x x x--e x--e x x x--e x x x x x x
Harding, G.S.
13 Giles, Giles S, x x x x x x x x x x x x x--e x x x x x x
Harding, G.S. Jr.
13 x
Harding, Lou
9 c x x x x
Harding, Will
9 c x
Hickman, Louis
9 10 Luie, Lima x x x x x x x x x x
Hickman, Dr. J.P
9 c x x
Mason, John
9 c
Margaret Lillard
(1908)
x x x x x x x
Mason, Nathan
9 c 10 x x x x x x x x x
Minter, G.H.
9 c 17 Rowena, Henry x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x
Orr, Ed
9 c Josephine, Josie x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Overall
9, 13 AM, LC, KD, ND,RF,etc x x x x x x x x
Ransom
WA, Sam, Jas H, GW x x
Ransom Bros
13 x x x x x x x
Ransom & Overall
9 100 x x x x x
Waller, William
9 3 x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x
e=estate
district col. ?*
acres in
1928
name alter. & relatives w
same property 1928 1927 1926 1925 1924 1923 1922 1921 1920 1919 1918 1917 1914 1913 1910 1909 1908 1905 1904 1903 1900 1899 1898 1897 1895 1887 1885 1884 1878 1877
Anderson, Ellis
9 c 5 Elvis x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Anderson, Golena
9 c 3 Galena, Lena, Goldina x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Bowen, C**
13 42 Cephas x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Gresham, Sam
9 c 30 Grissom x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x--e x x x--e x--e x x x--e x--e x x x--e x x x x x x
Harding, G.S.
13 Giles, Giles S, x x x x x x x x x x x x x--e x x x x x x
Harding, G.S. Jr.
13 x
Harding, Lou
9 c x x x x
Harding, Will
9 c x
Hickman, Louis
9 10 Luie, Lima x x x x x x x x x x
Hickman, Dr. J.P
9 c x x
Mason, John
9 c
Margaret Lillard
(1908)
x x x x x x x
Mason, Nathan
9 c 10 x x x x x x x x x
Minter, G.H.
9 c 17 Rowena, Henry x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x
Orr, Ed
9 c Josephine, Josie x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Overall
9, 13 AM, LC, KD, ND,RF,etc x x x x x x x x
Ransom
WA, Sam, Jas H, GW x x
Ransom Bros
13 x x x x x x x
Ransom & Overall
9 100 x x x x x
Waller, William
9 3 x--e x--e x--e x--e x--e x x x x x x x x
e=estate
Property tax data for residents along Van Cleve Lane, part 3
34-Appendix CHARTS
d
i
s
t
r
i
c
t
c
o
l
.
?
*
a
c
r
e
s

i
n

1
9
2
8
n
a
m
e

a
l
t
e
r
.
&

r
e
l
a
t
i
v
e
s

w

s
a
m
e

p
r
o
p
e
r
t
y
1
9
2
8
1
9
2
7
1
9
2
6
1
9
2
5
1
9
2
4
1
9
2
3
1
9
2
2
1
9
2
1
1
9
2
0
1
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35-Appendix MAPS
MAPS
36-Appendix MAPS
1878 Beers Map
37-Appendix MAPS
1938 aerial photo from Stones River Battlefeld archives
38-Appendix MAPS
1929 War Department Platt Map
39-Appendix MAPS
1929 Digital Platt Map
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40-Appendix MAPS
Current map from Google Earth
41-Appendix MAPS
Google Earth map overlay of 1938 aerial map
42-Appendix Data Sheets
DATA SHEETS
43-Appendix Data Sheets
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Data sheet reference map
44-Appendix Data Sheets
Name: Census info
Virginia H. Earthman estate
Name: Vernon K Stephenson Earthman
Spouse: Virginia Henderson
Birth: 25 Feb 1872 - Attala, MS
Death: 8 Aug 1944 - Murfreesboro, Rutherford, TN
Marriage: 22 May 1892 - Rutherford, TN
1900 Census
Virginia Henderson
Home in 1900: Civil District 13, Rutherford, Tennessee; Age: 50; Estimated birth year: abt 1850; Birthplace:
Tennessee; Relationship to head-of-house: Head; Race: White
Household Members:
Virginia Henderson 50; Will Henderson 17; Harrold Henderson 15; Katurah Henderson 13; Matt Henderson 10
Virginia Earthman 22; Harrold Earthman 1.12; Ed Whitaker 37; Amanda Windrow 17; Malissa Oden 52; Pleasant
T Henderson 83
1910 census
Vernon is listed as a physician in 1910 census, living on Maple Street.
Virginia Earthman; Age in 1910: 31; Estimated birth year: abt 1879; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to Head of
House: Wife; Father's Birth Place: Tennessee; Mother's Birth Place: Tennessee; Spouse's name: Vernon K; Home
in 1910: Murfreesboro Ward 4, Rutherford, Tennessee; Marital Status: Married; Race: White; Gender: Female
Household Members:
Ada B Hyde 53; Katie R Bell 49; Sarah G Bell 8; Vernon K Earthman 38; Virginia Earthman 31; Harold Earthman
10
1920
They are living in Dallas, Texas, Vernon is a major in the US army
Virginia M Earthman; Home in 1920: Justice Precinct 1, Dallas, Texas; Age: 40 years ; Estimated birth year: abt
1880; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to Head of House: Wife; Spouse's name: Vernon K; Father's Birth Place:
Tennessee; Mother's Birth Place: Tennessee; Marital Status: Married; Race: White; Sex: Female; Able to read:
Yes; Able to Write: Yes
Vernon K Earthman 47
Virginia M Earthman 40
Harold H Earthman 19
-------
Ancestry.com. U.S. Army Historical Register, 1789-1903, Vol. 2 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The
Generations Network, Inc., 1997. Original data: Heitman, Francis B.. Historical Register and Dictionary of the United
States Army, 1789-1903. Vol. 2. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1903.
pg. 208 *Earthman, Vernon K., 1 lt asst surg 4 Tenn inf.
--------
Vernon files for pension in 1928
noted on form: son, Harold registered while in college at Southern Methodist
1910 Census
Harold H. Henderson was 25 years old and a real estate agent in Jefferson Co. /Birmingham Alabama. He lived on
16th avenue with wife, Mattie, and William R. Major, 28.
1930 Cenus
He is still in Birmingham, now 45 and lives on Cliff Road.--now president realty and insurance company.
Harold M Henderson
Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to Head of House: Head; Spouse's name: Mattie; Race: White; Harold M
Henderson 45; Mattie Henderson 42; Martha Henderson 19; Griffin Henderson 14
45-Appendix Data Sheets
Name: Census info
Ed Howard
1930 Census
1930 United States Federal Census; about Edd Howard; Name: Edd Howard; Home in 1930: District 9, Rutherford,
Tennessee; Age: 65; Estimated birth year: abt 1865; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to Head of House:
Father-in-law; Race: Negro (Black); Bracy Tillage 36; Bertha Tillage 38; Sammie Tillage 16; Preston Tillage 10;
Edd Howard 65; ; View; Original; Record;
Name: Census info
Evelyn H. Jordan
Social Security Death Index
about Evelyn H. Jordan
Name: Evelyn H. Jordan
SSN: 408-16-9075
Born: 4 Dec 1912
Died: 15 Feb 1990
State (Year) SSN issued: Tennessee (Before 1951 )
Note: Not sure if Mamie Jordan is related to Evelyn Jordan. Mamie lives on Lebanon Road in District 9. In 1910
census she is listed as childless.
1920 United States Federal Census; about Mamie Jordan; Name: Mamie Jordan; Home in 1920: Civil District 9,
Rutherford, Tennessee; Age: 51 years ; Estimated birth year: abt 1869; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to Head of
House: Wife; Spouse's name: Rufus; Father's Birth Place: Tennessee; Mother's Birth Place: Tennessee; Marital
Status: Married; Race: White; Sex: Female; Able to read: Yes; Able to Write: Yes; Image: 111; Neighbors: View
others on page; Household Members: ; Name Age; Rufus Jordan 60; Mamie Jordan 51
1910 United States Federal Census; about Rufus L Jordan; Name: Rufus L Jordan; Age in 1910: 50; Estimated
birth year: abt 1860; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to Head of House: Head; Father's Birth Place: Virginia;
Mother's name: Locky; Mother's Birth Place: Tennessee; Spouse's name: Mamie C; Home in 1910: Civil District 9,
Rutherford, Tennessee; Marital Status: Married; Race: White; Gender: Male; Neighbors: View others on page;
Household Members: ; Name Age; Rufus L Jordan 50; Mamie C Jordan 41; Locky Jordan 79
Name: Census info
Nannie Bell Black
1880 Census Information
Nannie L. Black; Home in 1880: District 9, Rutherford, Tennessee; Age: 6M; Estimated birth year: abt 1879;
Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to head-of-household: Daughter; Father's name: W. N.; Father's birthplace:
Tennessee; Mother's name: Rosy R.; Mother's birthplace: Tennessee; Neighbors: View others on page; Marital
Status: Single; Race: White; Gender: Female; ; W. N. Black 33; Rosy R. Black 24; Wm. I. Black 1; Nannie L.
Black 6M;
1900 Census Information
V Nannie Black; Home in 1900: Civil District 9, Rutherford, Tennessee; Age: 20; Estimated birth year: abt 1880;
Birthplace: Tennessee; Relationship to head-of-house: Daughter; Father's name: N William; Mother's name: J
Rossie; Race: White; ; N William Black 53; J Rossie Black 43; J William Black 21; V Nannie Black 20; L Lucy
Black 16; E Evie Black 12; A Lockie Black 6
father is a farmer.
Not sure if these are the same folks--could Nannie Bell Black be white?
46-Appendix Data Sheets
Name: Census info
Eliza Avent
1880 Census
Eliza Avent Home in 1880: District 9, Rutherford, Tennessee Age: 23 Estimated birth year: abt 1857 Birthplace:
Tennessee Relation to head-of-household: Wife Spouse's name: Andy Father's birthplace: Virginia Mother's
birthplace: Virginia Neighbors: View others on page Occupation: Keeping House Marital Status: Married Race:
Black Gender: Female
Andy Avent 25
Eliza Avent 23
George Avent 3
James W. Avent 2M
Does not appear in district 9 for other census'
Andy Avent Voting Record in 1891
State: TN County: Rutherford County Township: Dist. 9 -Male Voters- Year: 1891 Page: 235 Database: TN 1891
Voters List
1870 Census
Name: Andy Avent Estimated birth year: abt 1853 Age in 1870: 17 ; Home in 1870: District 9, Rutherford,
Tennessee Family and neighbors: View Results Race: Black
Name: Census info
Elnora Peyton
1880 Census
Could Elnora Edwards be Elnora Peyton? She could have married someone--and Peyton could be her married
name.
1880 United States Federal Census; about Elnora Edwards; Name: Elnora Edwards; Home in 1880: District 9,
Rutherford, Tennessee; Age: 6; Estimated birth year: abt 1874; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to
head-of-household: Granddaughter; Father's birthplace: Tennessee; Mother's birthplace: Tennessee; Neighbors:
View others on page; Marital Status: Single; Race: Mulatto; Gender: Female; Cannot read/write:; ; Blind:; ; Deaf
and dumb:; ; Otherwise disabled:; ; Idiotic or insane:; ; View image; Household Members: ; Name Age; Mary
Rankin 56; Fanny Edwards 20; Grant Edwards 30; Elnora Edwards 6; Joseph Edwards 5; Golissa Edwards 3;
Name: Census info
Isabella Burke
1920 Census
1920 United States Federal Census; about Isabelle Burke; Name: Isabelle Burke; Home in 1920: Murfreesboro
Ward 3, Rutherford, Tennessee; Age: 60 years ; Estimated birth year: abt 1860; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to
Head of House: Head; Father's Birth Place: Tennessee; Mother's Birth Place: Tennessee; Marital Status: Widow;
Race: Black; Sex: Female; Home owned: Rent; Able to read: Yes; Able to Write: Yes; Image: 291; Neighbors:
View others on page; Household Members: ; Name Age; Isabelle Burke 60; Florence Tilford 28; Lewis Burke 21;
Thaddeus Cowan 56; ; View; Original; Record; ; View original image;
47-Appendix Data Sheets
Name: Census info
Golena Anderson
1910 censuses
She was head of household, widowed in with 6 children and the youngest is 2.
-working as farmer and able to read and write.
1910 Census data:
Dolena Anderson[Golena Anderson]
Age in 1910: 34; Estimated birth year: abt 1876; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to; Head of House: Head;
Father's Birth Place: Tennessee; Mother's Birth Place: ; Tennessee; Home in 1910: Civil District 9, Rutherford,
Tennessee; Marital Status: Widowed; Race: Mulatto; Gender: Female
Dolena Anderson 34
Samuel Anderson 16
Bob Anderson 10
Fannie M Anderson 8
Golena Anderson 6
Bruce Anderson 4
Jinnie Anderson 2
1920 Census data:
Golena Anderson
Home in 1920: Civil District 9, Rutherford, Tennessee; Age: 45 years ; Estimated birth year: abt 1875; Birthplace:
Tennessee; Relation to Head of House: Head; Father's Birth Place: Tennessee; Mother's Birth Place: Tennessee;
Marital Status: Widow; Race: Black; Sex: Female; Home owned: Own; Able to read: Yes; Able to Write: Yes;
Image: 112
Golena Anderson 45
Sam Anderson 25
Fanny M Anderson 17
Golena Anderson 15
Bruce Anderson 13
Duncan Anderson 11
1880 Census (golina's husband) He died before 1900
Name: Isaac W. Anderson; Home in 1880: District 9, Rutherford, Tennessee
Age: 14; Estimated birth year: abt 1866; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to head-of-household: Son; Father's
name: Sam'l; Father's birthplace: Tennessee; Mother's birthplace: Tennessee; Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Farm Laborer; Marital Status: Single; Race: Mulatto; Gender: Male
Sam'l Anderson 41
Mary Anderson 40
Isaac W. Anderson 14
William B. Anderson 12
1870 Census-Walter Anderson
Name: Walter Anderson; Estimated birth year: abt 1866; Age in 1870: 4; Home in 1870: District 9, Rutherford,
Tennessee; Race: Black; Gender: Male
Isaac Walter Anderson may have died between 1908 and 1910 because the youngest child was born in 1907-08 and
Galena is a widower by 1910.
48-Appendix Data Sheets
Name: Census info
Harold M. Henderson
1910 Census
Harold H. Henderson was 25 and a real estate agent in Jefferson Co. /Birmingham Alabama. He lived on 16th
avenue with wife, Mattie, and William R. Major, 28.
1920 Census-live on 12th Ave.--- works in Real Estate
H M Henderson; Home in 1920: Birmingham, Jefferson, Alabama; Age: 34 years; Estimated birth year: abt 1886
Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to Head of House: Head; Spouse's name: Mattie; Father's Birth Place:
Tennessee; Mother's Birth Place: Tennessee; Marital Status: Married; Race: White; Sex: Male; Home owned:
Own; Able to read: Yes; Able to Write: Yes
H M Henderson 34
Mattie Henderson 32
Martha Henderson 8
1930 Cenus
He is still in Birmingham, now 45 and lives on Cliff Road.--now president realty and insurance company.
Harold M Henderson
Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to Head of House: Head; Spouse's name: Mattie; Race: White; Harold M
Henderson 45; Mattie Henderson 42; Martha Henderson 19; Griffin Henderson 14; Elsie Evins 37
SS Death Index
died June 1969 in Birmingham
Birth: April 25, 1885
Registered for the draft
Harold Madison Henderson
Name: Census info
William Waller
1900 United States Federal Census
about William Waller
Name: William Waller
Home in 1900: Civil District 9, Rutherford, Tennessee
Age: 49
Estimated birth year: abt 1851
Birthplace: Tennessee
Relationship to head-of-house: Head
Spouse's name: Fannie
Race: Black
Occupation: View image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Waller 49
Fannie Waller 49
Duncan Waller 17
L Robert Waller 12
Porter Waller 8
49-Appendix Data Sheets
Name: Census info
Robert Avent, et al
1920 Census
Name: Robert Avent Home in 1920: Civil District 9, Rutherford, Tennessee Age: 25 years Estimated birth year:
abt 1895 Birthplace: Tennessee Relation to Head of House: Brother-in-law Father's Birth Place: Tennessee
Mother's Birth Place: Tennessee Marital Status: Single Race: Mulatto Sex: Male Able to read: Yes Able to Write:
Yes
Albert Smith 25
Mary Smith 23
Joe W Smith 5
Cassie Smith 4
Robert Smith 1 3/12
Robert Avent 25
Roewena Avent 20
1930 Census
Robert Avent Home in 1930: District 9, Rutherford, Tennessee Age: 33 Estimated birth year: abt 1897 Birthplace:
Tennessee Relation to Head of House: Head Spouse's name: Maidie Race: Negro (Black)
Robert Avent 33
Maidie Avent 30
Mary Belle Avent 9
Arthur Avent 6
Robert Avent 3
Name: Census info
John Swift
1880 Census
1880 United States Federal Census; about John Swift; Name: John Swift; Home in 1880: District 9, Rutherford,
Tennessee; Age: 38; Estimated birth year: abt 1842; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to head-of-household: Self
(Head); Spouse's name: Bettie; Father's birthplace: Tennessee; Mother's birthplace: Tennessee; Neighbors: View
others on page; Occupation: Farm Laborer; Marital Status: Married; Race: Black; Gender: Male; Cannot
read/write:; ; Blind:; ; Deaf and dumb:; ; Otherwise disabled:; ; Idiotic or insane:; ; View image; Household
Members: ; Name Age; John Swift 38; Bettie Swift 27; Joseph Swift 13; John Swift 7; Lee Swift 5; Violette Swift
3; Thomas Swift 8M; Charity Blackman 70
50-Appendix Data Sheets
Name: Census info
Sallie Bass
1920 Census
Sallie Bass Home in 1920: Civil District 9, Rutherford, Tennessee Age: 44 years Estimated birth year: abt 1876
Birthplace: Tennessee Relation to Head of House: Wife Spouse's name: Percy Father's Birth Place: Tennessee
Mother's Birth Place: Tennessee Marital Status: Married Race: Black Sex: Female Able to read: Yes Able to
Write: Yes
Percy Bass 43
Sallie Bass 44
Mary Wade 65
1910 Census
Name: Sallie Bass; Age in 1910: 27; Estimated birth year: abt 1883; Birthplace: Tennessee Relation to Head of
House: Wife Father's Birth Place: Tennessee Mother's Birth Place: Tennessee Spouse's name: Percy ; Home in
1910: Murfreesboro Ward 4, Rutherford, Tennessee Marital Status: Married Race: Black Gender: Female
Percy Bass 31
Sallie Bass 27
1900 Census
in district 7
Name: Sallie Bass Home in 1900: Civil District 7, Rutherford, Tennessee Age: 23 Estimated birth year: abt 1877
Birthplace: Tennessee Relationship to head-of-house: Daughter Parent's Name: Millie Race: Black
Millie Bass 56
Sallie Bass 23
Henry Bass 17
Millie Bass 15
Ellen Bass 2
1870 United States Federal Census
Name: Sallie Bass Estimated birth year: abt 1870 Age in 1870: 2/12 Home in 1870: District 9, Rutherford,
Tennessee Family and neighbors: View Results Race: Black Gender: Female Value of real estate: View image
Post Office: Murfreesboro
Name: Census info
Thadeus Cowan
1920 Census
1920 United States Federal Census; about Thaddeus Cowan; Name: Thaddeus Cowan; Home in 1920:
Murfreesboro Ward 3, Rutherford, Tennessee; Age: 56 years ; Estimated birth year: abt 1864; Birthplace:
Tennessee; Relation to Head of House: Brother; Father's Birth Place: Tennessee; Mother's Birth Place:
Tennessee; Marital Status: Single; Race: Black; Sex: Male; Able to read: Yes; Able to Write: Yes; Image: 291;
Neighbors: View others on page; Household Members: ; Name Age; Isabelle Burke 60; Florence Tilford 28; Lewis
Burke 21; Thaddeus Cowan 56
1880 Census
1880 United States Federal Census; about Thadeious Cowan; Name: Thadeious Cowan; Home in 1880: District 9,
Rutherford, Tennessee; Age: 14; Estimated birth year: abt 1866; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to
head-of-household: Son; Father's birthplace: Tennessee; Mother's name: Elizabeth; Mother's birthplace:
Tennessee; Neighbors: View others on page; Occupation: Farm Laborer; Marital Status: Single; Race: Mulatto;
Gender: Male; Cannot read/write:; ; Blind:; ; Deaf and dumb:; ; Otherwise disabled:; ; Idiotic or insane:; ; View
image; Household Members: ; Name Age; Elizabeth Cowan 40; Thadeious Cowan 14; Isablla Cowan 16; Louisa
Cowan 3
51-Appendix Data Sheets
Name: Census info
Ellis Anderson Estate
1920 Census
Ellis Anderson; Home in 1920: Civil District 9, Rutherford, Tennessee; Age: 63 years ; Estimated birth year: abt
1857; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to Head of House: Head; Spouse's name: Addie
Father's Birth Place: Tennessee; Mother's Birth Place: Tennessee; Marital Status: Married; Race: Black; Sex:
Male; Home owned: Own; Able to read: Yes; Able to Write: Yes; Image: 96
Ellis Anderson 63
Addie Anderson 56
Burton Anderson 20
Augusta Bell Anderson 18
Maggie Anderson 5/12
Richard Anderson 13
Sallie Mary Coldwell 18
Evalina Coldwell 8/12
Huston Quarles 8
1910 Census
Ellis Anderson; Age in 1910: 50; Estimated birth year: abt 1860; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to Head of
House: Head; Father's Birth Place: Tennessee; Mother's Birth Place: Tennessee; Spouse's name: Addie; Home in
1910: Civil District 9, Rutherford, Tennessee; Marital Status: Married; Race: Mulatto; Gender: Male; Neighbors: ;
Ellis Anderson 50
Addie Anderson 46
Ellis Anderson Jr 22
Bob L Anderson 19
Everlina Anderson 17
Bertin Anderson 10
Sallie M Anderson 8
Alexander Anderson 3
1880 Census
Ellis Anderson; Home in 1880: District 9, Rutherford, Tennessee; Age: 20; Estimated birth year: abt 1860
Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to head-of-household: Self (Head); Father's birthplace: Tennessee; Mother's
birthplace: Tennessee; Neighbors: View others on page; Occupation: Farm Laborer; Marital Status: Married;
Race: Black; Gender: Male; Cannot read/write:
Ellis Anderson 20
Adline Anderson 18
Frank Anderson 2
Tennessee Census, 1810-91
Name: Ellis Anderson
State: TN; County: Rutherford County; Township: Dist. 9 -Male Voters-
Year: 1891
Page: 209
Database: TN 1891 Voters List
52-Appendix Data Sheets
1929-Golena Anderson Census info
‚
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1930 Golena Anderson will
Jan. 13, 1930
Will book 3, page 146
Rutherford County Archive
Left to sons, Sam Anderson, and J.D. Anderson the Waller Estate. "I
have paid the taxes on this land for 17 years."
To Sam Anderson, Bruce Anderson, Walter Anderson, J.D.
Anderson, I.W. Anderson, and my daughter Fannie Mary Manson
the tract of land known as the I.W. Anderson place."
Witnesses: Rowena Minter, and Maggie R. Minter
She knows the government is buying her land. She notes the money
first goes to pay debts and funeral arrangement, the rest goes to her
daughter, Golena.
Court Deed: USA from Golena Anderson
Book 75, pg. 85-86; June 5, 1929 2.3 acres (same tract)
Court deed: Anderson from H.H. Kerr
Book 39, pg. 397-398; Dec. 13, 1898, 2.5 acres
Court Deed: USA from Golena Anderson
Book 78, pg. 252-253; July 7, 1933, 3.2 acres
-Notes that it is same tract of land sold by H.H. Kerr to William
Waller in about 1881 for which no deed is recorded.
Court deed: USA from Golena Anderson
Book 78, pg. 254-255; July 7, 1933, 1.0 acres
-Notes that it is the same tract of land sold by E.P. Leach to I.W.
Anderson as shown in Book 73, pg. 492
Court deed: USA from G. Anderson
Book 79, pg. 130-131; April 28, 1934
-notes same track owned by Margaret Lillard and mentioned in deed
conveying adjacent property from H.H. Kerr to Golena Anderson
Book 39, pg. 397
Deed: USA from Galena Anderson
Book 75, pg. 85-86; April 4, 1930
-same tract conveyed by H.H. Kerr-- Book 39, pg. 397
Deed: G. Anderson from H.H. Kerr
Book 39, p. 397-398; Dec. 13, 1898
-no previous reference
Tax information: 3 acres
Golena Anderson paid taxes in 1928, 1927,
1926, 1925, 1924, 1923, 1922, 1921,1920,
1918, 1917,
1910 censuses
She was head of household, widowed in with
6 children and the youngest is 2.
-working as farmer and able to read and
write.
1910 Census data:
Dolena Anderson[Golena Anderson]
Age in 1910: 34; Estimated birth year: abt
1876; Birthplace: Tennessee; Relation to;
Head of House: Head; Father's Birth Place:
Tennessee; Mother's Birth Place: ;
Tennessee; Home in 1910: Civil District 9,
Rutherford, Tennessee; Marital Status:
Widowed; Race: Mulatto; Gender: Female
Dolena Anderson 34
Samuel Anderson 16
Bob Anderson 10
Fannie M Anderson 8
Golena Anderson 6
Bruce Anderson 4
Jinnie Anderson 2
1920 Census data:
Golena Anderson
Home in 1920: Civil District 9, Rutherford,
Tennessee; Age: 45 years ; Estimated birth
year: abt 1875; Birthplace: Tennessee;
Relation to Head of House: Head; Father's
Birth Place: Tennessee; Mother's Birth
Place: Tennessee; Marital Status: Widow;
Race: Black; Sex: Female
Home owned: Own; Able to read: Yes; Able
to Write: Yes; Image: 112
Golena Anderson 45
Sam Anderson 25
Fanny M Anderson 17
Golena Anderson 15
Bruce Anderson 13
Duncan Anderson 11
53-Appendix Data Sheets
1929-Gresham Census info
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no Gresham in Rutherford County will book
Court Deed: USA from Lucy Gresham Fowler
Book 78, pg. 249-252
(2 deeds)
Deed: USA from Sallie Gresham Harlan
Book 79, p. 119-120
April 26, 1934
-two tracts, both along Van Cleve
5.0 acres + 1.5 acres
Deed: USA from Lucy Gresham Fowler & Elizabeth Gresham
Woodson
Book 79, p. 129-130, April 28, 1934
-Two tracts, not sure they border Van Cleve (Richard's note)
USA from Samuel Gresham
Book 79, pg. 131-132, April 28, 1934
1880 Rutherford County, district 9 census,
Samuel Gresham-original property owner,
listed as a blacksmith
born about 1820 in Virginia
Father birthplace-Virginia
Mother's Birthplace-Virginia
married to M. Gresham, 39;
children:
John Gresham, 19; Rufus Gresham, 14;
Rebecca Gresham, 13; Daniel Gresham, 18;
Lucy Gresham, 10; Lizzie Gresham, 9; Mary
Gresham, 7; Martha Gresham, 4; Sallie
Gresham 2; Samuel A. Gresham 10M.
1880 death index-
Paul Gresham, son of Samuel
18 years old
farm laborer who died from typhoid fever;
born in TN, mother born in Miss. and father
was born in Virginia.
Doctor listed: Dr. J.E. Manson
1870 Civil District 9, RC Census
Henry Gresham, 33, farm Laborer,
Hannah, 32; Marcha, 21 female; Les?, 19
male; Ada, 13; Miller, 11, female; Isham, 9,
male, Sam, 3, Hannah, 1
54-Appendix Data Sheets
1929-Giles S. Harding Estate Census info
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1920 Census, Civil District 13, RC
Giles S. Harding, 65, born in TN
Larena Harding, wife, 57
able to read and write
white
son, Medicus, 28, single,
general farmer
All were born in TN.
Owned home
Cephas and Dora Bowen lived on one side and
Thomas Burris on the other
1910 Census, Civil District 13, RC
Giles S. Harding, 55, born in TN
Larena Harding, wife, 47
Jessie Harding, 23
Lalah M. Harding, 20
Madiens Harding, 18
Giles G. Harding, Jr. 5
1900 Census, Civil District 13, RC
Giles Harding, 45,
Larena, 37
Jessie Harding, 14
Lallah M. Harding, 10,
Madicus Harding, 8
Does not appear in same are in 1880, though
another Giles Harding appears in Warren county
around McMinnville. The ages don't match up.
55-Appendix Data Sheets
1929-Hickman Census info
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Mrs. V.A. Henderson is buying and selling
land all over Rutherford County prior to
being executrix of estate.
-she is referred to as executrix in 1903.
When did this guy die?
1920 Census, RC Murfursboro Ward 2
Louis Hickman, 40, mulatto, Illi., Ill., Ill.,
Jammie Hickman, 35, TN, TN, TN
1930 US Census, District 9, RC
Nathan Mason, 70, TN,TN,TN
widowed, 21 when married,
negro, owned home
1920 US Census, District 9, RC
Nathan Mason, 60, TN,TN,TN
Isabella, 48,
Eugene Mason, 20,
negro, owned home
able to read and write
1910 US Census, District 9, RC
Nathan Mason, TN,TN,TN
widowed, 21 when married,
negro, owned home
Oscar Mason, 17; Eugene Mason, 14;
Alberta Mason, 6;
1870 US Census, District 9, RC
Nathan Mason, 14, TN,TN,TN
Richard Mason, 40, black
Caroline, 30,
John, 17
Nathan, 14
Miney, 6,
Mandy, 3
Jack 15
Bill 16
Louis M. Hickman
1. Deed: USA from Louis H. Hickman
Book 75, pg. 83, April 3, 1930
-notes same property conveyed by Nathan Mason in Book 59, pg.
445
2. Deed: Louis H. Hickman from Nathan Mason
Book 59, pg. 445, Sept. 17, 1917
-same land conveyed by Mrs. V.A. Henderson
references book 53, pg. 468
3. Deed: Nathan Mason from V.A. Henderson
Book 53, pg. 468, Feb. 8, 1911
-V.A. is executrix of last will and testament of W.T. Henderson (will
have to look in index for W.T.)
-note on release of debt in book RR pg. 86
-no leads from here, need to find W.T. Henderson.
-W.T. Henderson is Deputy County Surveyer in 1911; don't
understand because he is supposed to be dead; may be a different
person, but there is not junior; can't tell if he is the same person.
4. W.T. Henderson from W.A. Ransom & Others
Sept. 18, 1891; 32/585
5. W. T. Henderson from Chattanooga Brewing Company
April 5, 1892 or 93; 33/433
-referenced as same property conveyed to W.M. Perry and wife from
Standard Oil Company as in book 32/445
? can't discern, couldn't find the previous reference.
6. WT Henderson from W. F. Cooper
January 4, 1894; 35/179-182
-bordered by RR & National Cemetery, contains 192 acres; says
same conveyed by R.T. Tompkins and Peter Lowry; I think this is
land based on boundaries.
7. R.T. Tompkins from R. Ransom, Sheriff
Dec. 16, 1871; 20/448-450
-bordered by Turnpike & Cemetery, same tract conveyed by N.C.
Collier
-Tompkins is executer of James M. Tompkins
8. N.C. Collier from James M. Tompkins
July 10, 1868; 16/145-146
9. James M. Tompkins from Edward L. Jordan, Assigner of E.B.
Hunt, Bankrupt
May 14, 1868; 16/137-138
-court seized and sold land, Hunt bankrupt; prop. borders Turnpike;
think it is the same, reference culp?, oak in previous deeds.
- it appears E.B. Hunt owned property at time of war.
56-Appendix Data Sheets
1929-John Mason Census info
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Court Record
District Court of the US for the Nashville Division of the Middle
District of Tennessee
[found in Center for Historic Preservation files on Cemetery]
No. 2108-October 18, 1932
H.L. Doak, Clerk
US vs. Golena Anderson, et al.
Depositions of John Mason and Nathan Mason, July 1932
Q. State your name, age, and residence.
A. John Mason, aged 79, I reside on the Asbury Lane, near the
National Cemetery.
Q. Do you know the property described in the pleadings in this case,
which is said to belong to the heirs of Margaret Lillard?
A. Yes, I do. In the year of the big flood, in 1902, I went onto this
place. It was right after that big rain, and the ground was still
covered with water. I had to ride a horse to get to it. I went onto this
place and took possession of it.
Q. What work have you done on this place, and when?
A. Right after I went there in 1902, I began to get up rocks off of the
place, and I took these rocks and built a fence all around it. It took
me two or three years, working at odd times, to build this fence. I
would get up the rocks, and roll them to the place in a wheelbarrow,
and then build them into the fence.
Will Harding was also interviewed in this document.
Q. State your name, age, and residence.
A. Will Harding, I was born the year after the Stones River fight
[1864]. I live at the Cemetery.
Q. Do you know the property claimed by John Mason, and how long
have you known it?
A. Yes, I know it. I have lived there at the cemetery all my life.
Q. Do you know when John Mason first went upon this place?
A. Yes it was right after the flood in 1902. About the first of April.
Q. Did you know Margaret Lillarde family or children?
A. Yes, I knew her and her two oldest children. They used to live on
that place, but they left there before he moved onto it. They have not
been seen or heard from since, that I know of, any how they have
never been back to the Cemetery.
There is a John Mason 9th district near
Golena Anderson in the 1910 census.
He is a 58 year old black man with a son,
daughter and grandson that lives in in the
same dwelling. He has a border, Mary
Anderson, aged 72.
The affidavit would confirm this is the same
John Mason. Nathan Mason was also
interviewed for the court case. He is 72 and
resides near the National Cemetery. He
confirms John Mason's story about his
acquisition of the land.
In the same lawsuit record appears this
narrative: "And it appearing to the court from
the proof that the tract of land described in
the pleadings in this cause was deeded to
Margaret Lillard by H.H. Kerr and wife at
some date prior to March, 1902 and that said
deed was never put to record but is
mentioned in another deed of record in book
39, page 397, RO for Rutherford County,
Tennessee, conveying certain property to
Golena Anderson. And it further appearing to
the court from the proof that the said
Margaret Lillard on or about March, 1902 by
parol gave said tract of land to John Mason
and the the said John Mason on or about the
first day of April, 1902 entered upon said
tract of land and proceeded to occupy the
same as his own..."
Margaret Lillard shows up in 1880 RC district
9 census; Age 24, born about 1856;
husband: John W. Lillard, 22; child: John
Lillard; also in dwelling: Quil Wade, 26
-lives next door to John Mason
In 1900 census, found a widowed Margaret
Lillard living in Nashville with a white family,
the Baskette's, as a cook. She has one
child, a son, Walter. Could John W. be John
Walter?
57-Appendix Data Sheets
1929-People’s Labor and Aid Society Census info
ll
WPLAS to USA
Book 79 (?) p. 125
April 26, 1934
-referenced as same property sold by Relief Union of America
Lodge No. 1 to Nashville, Murfreesboro and Shelbyville Turnpike
Company
Book 47, p. 546 or 526
58-Appendix Data Sheets

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1929-Minter Census info
G. H Minter= George Henry Minter
Rowena's husband
son=Percy Minter, still alive and oral history group is scheduling an
interview.
John Lodl has file of genealogical info at the Rutherford County
Archive.
Deed research
USA from Rowena Minter
Book 78 p. 259-260, July 8, 1933
11.0 acres (notes it is tract no. 1 of the W.T. Henderson Division A
platt referenced in Book 54, p. 250
1930
Rowena Minter-negro, 44, female, with 3
daughters and a son, plus 2 grandchildren in
district 9, ancestry.com.
59-Appendix Data Sheets
1929-Mt. Olivet Missionary Baptist Church
Census info
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USA from Mt. Olivet
Book 76 p. 62-63
January 20, 1931
same tract sold by H.H. Kerr, Book 27, p. 378
Mt. Olivet Trustee from H.H. Kerr
Book 27, p. 378
July 23, 1884
-no further reference, property deed to several trustees of church
NOTE: separate reference Mt. Olivet from W.A. Hopkins
Book 76, p. 163-164 March 11, 1931
*not sure how this relates.
[Alec Malone, head deacon; John Hugle, deacon; Georgia B.
Tillage, sec.,' Nora Clark-Mother of the Church]
60-Appendix Data Sheets
1929-J.A. Ransom & R.F. Overall Census info
@$7$HWdiecH$<$El[hWbb

Robert Floyd Overall died Oct. 28, 1941 with a will-
Will book, Book 3, page 470, Rutherford County Archive
It is a short will that left everything to 3 nephews, Robert, John, and
Jesse Overall
Deed: J.A. Ransom to Overall & Avent et. all
Book 74, pg 424, July 1, 1929
Deed: Albert M. Leach to J. A. Ransom
Book 73, pg. 529, March 30, 1929
Deed: E.P. Leach & wife to Albert M. Leach
Book 50, pg. 121, December 1, 1908
Deed: C. B. (Charlie) Hill to E. P. Leach
Book 39, pg. 411, December 12, 1898
1850 slave census, Rutherford County at
Wilkinsons Crossroads
Isaac Overall-slave owner
23 slaves, 12 females and 11 males
11 of them are 16 and under
61-Appendix Data Sheets
1929-William Waller Estate
Census info
½
M
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M
Wbb[h;ijWj[
1930 Golena Anderson Will
Jan. 13, 1930
Will book 3, page 146
Rutherford County Archive
Left to sons, Sam Anderson, and J.D. Anderson the Waller Estate. "I
have paid the taxes on this land for 17 years."
62-Appendix Data Sheets
Tax Information
Stones River Research Project—Group 1
Land Ownership along Van Cleve Lane
Kristen Baldwin Deathridge
1929 plots along Van Cleve, according to USPS map:
Anderson, Ellis (plot 2)
Anderson Golena (plot 26)
Bowen, Dora Tharp (plot 38)
Gresham estate (several plots)
Harding estate
Hickman, Louis (plot 1)
Mason, John (plot 27)
Minter, G.H. Estate (plot 10)
Mt. Olivet Missionary Baptist Church* (plot 21)
Orr, Ed estate (plot 33, 39)
Waller, William estate (plot 20)
Working People’s Labor and Aid Society* (plot 11)
Overall, RF & Ransom, JA (plot 12)
*these are not included in the below information
1928 tax book (taxes paid in 1929)
Anderson, Ellis—5 acres
Anderson, Golena—3 acres
Bowen, Dora Tharp—not listed, though listed as border for Ransom and
Overall; need to go back and check district 13
Gresham estate—30 acres; says Johnson is Western border
Harding estate—not listed
Hickman, Louis H—10 acres
Mason, John—not listed
Minter, G.H. estate—listed as Minter, Rowena, 10 acres; Minter, Brother
listed in colored polls
Orr, Ed estate—listed as Orr, Josephine estate, paid by Charlie Orr, 17
acres
Waller, William estate—3 acres
Ransom & Overall—100 acres
1927
Anderson, Ellis—5 acres
Anderson, Golena—3 acres
Gresham estate—30 acres
Harding, Giles, S.—listed as border but not as payer
Hickman, Louis, H—10 acres
Mason, John—not listed
Minter, G.H. estate—same as 1928, without payer info—hwy, Anderson,
rd, Huddleston (overlooks Waller estate which is between minter
and Anderson)--Minter, Henry on colored polls
Orr, Ed—listed as Orr, Josephine estate—7 acres: Avant, Grissam, rd,
Cowan (overlooks burke & black, plots 31 & 32)--10 acres: RR,
hwy, cemetery, Henderson (not on our map??)
Ransom & Overall—100 acres
Waller, William estate—3 acres—rd, rd, rd, church—same as 28 (leaves
out where Mt. Olivet should be)
district 13
Bowen, C—42 acres—overall, pike, pike, rd
1926
Anderson, Ellis (c)--5 acres—leach, hwy, Gannon, rd
Anderson, galena—2 acres, listed as Lena
Gresham estate—34 acres
Harding, Giles, s—still not listed but listed as border to Gresham
Hickman, Louis h—10 acres
mason, john (c)--1 acre—Anderson, rd, rd, Anderson
Minter, G.H. estate (c)—listed under Rowena—11 acres, Henderson,
Anderson, rd, Howard—Minter Rowena & Roberta in colored polls
Orr, Ed—listed under Josie—10 acres: RR, hwy, cem., Henderson—7
acres: Avent, Gresham, rd, Cowan
Ransom & Overall—100 acres—hwy, Bowen, tedder, rd
Waller, William estate—3 acres—church, rd, rd, church
district 13
Bowen, C. 42 acres—each, pk, Fite, lane (van Cleve?)
1925
all the same as 1926
made note of Hickman borders—RR, hwy, rd, cemetery
possible year of death for G.H. Minter
1924
Overall, Sam—130 acres—bell, Washington, rd, creek
Mason, John—1 acre—no boundaries listed
Minter, Henry—same boundaries as 23 and 25
All others same
1923
Hickman, luie—8 acres—RR, hwy, Anderson, cemetery
mason, john—not listed
minter, Henry—10 acres—hwy, reed, rd, earthman
Orr, Josephine—10 acres, Gordon, johns, Murphy, Sullivan
Orr, Ed estate (handwritten)—7 acres (+3 from 1922)—boundaries not
listed
overall, Sam, n.—130 acres—bell, Washington, rd, creek
col. Polls
Anderson, Ellis
Anderson, Lena
District 13
Harding, m.r. at al—280 acres—pk, overall, smith, hunter
40 acres—Harlan, pk, rd, Harrison
Harding, Mrs. G.S.—no land listed
63-Appendix Data Sheets
1922
Anderson, Ellis—5 acres—RR, pk, Gannon, Hickman
Anderson, galena—3 acres—Waller mason, RR, wade
Gresham, Sam—34 acres—Orr, Hardin, pk, Kirk
Manson, john—1 acre—Anderson, Orr, pk, Anderson
Minter, Henry—11 acres—pk, Rankin, pk, Henderson
Orr, Ed estate—10 acres—RR, pk, cem, wade
4 acres—Avent, Gresham, pk, Cowan
overall, Sam n—130 acres—Washington, bell, pk, bond
Waller, wm—3 acres—leach? church?, rd, lane, church---*earliest record
Hickman, L—8 acres, cemetery, pk, RR, pk
colored polls
Anderson, Sam
Harding, Sylvia
Mason Eugene
Mason Alberta
Minter Rowena
Wallers, Edward and wife
District 13
Bowen, c—42 acres—leach, pk,_____ , rd
Harding G.S.—400 acres—Harrison, creek, smith, Gresham
1921
Anderson, Ellis, c—5—RR, pk, Gannon, Hickman
Anderson, galena—3—Waller, mason, RR, wade
Gresham, Sam—34—Orr, Harding, pk, hurt
Hickman, l—8—cem, pk, RR, pk
Manson, john—1—Anderson, Orr, pk, Anderson
Minter, Henry—11—pk, Rankin, pk, Henderson
Orr, Ed estate—10—RR, pk, cem, wade
4—Avent, Gresham, pk, Cowan
*death year?
Overall, Sam—130—bell, Washington, pk, bond
White polls
Harding, Sylvia
Mason, Eugene
Colored polls
Anderson, Ellis
Anderson, Maggie
Anderson, Sam
Minter, Rowena
Orr, Chas
Orr, Susie
District 13
Bowen—same
Harding, G.S.—400 acres—Harrison, creek, smith, Gresham
1920
Anderson, galena—3—ward, mason, rd, rd
Anderson, Ellis—5—lane, dannon, rd, pike
Gresham, Sam—34—Orr, rd-rd-Hardin
Hickman, Lima—8—cem, rd, rd, pk
Mason, john—2—Anderson, lane, rd, Anderson
Minter, Henry—11—pike, Huddleston, rd, earthman (G.H. = Henry?)
Orr, Ed—10—wade, cem, rd, pike
4—hutch, Gresham, Manson, Anderson
colored polls
Anderson, Ellis
Orr, Chas
ransom, Sam
district 13
Bowen, Cephas—42 acres—leach, pk, Fite, rd
Harding, Giles—360 acres—pk, Hoover, jetton, rd
1919
Anderson, Ellis, col–same as 1918
Anderson, Gallna–same as 1918
Gresham, Sam, col.–same as 1918
Harding, Will, col–2 acres–smith, lane, pk, lane
Hickman, Dr. J.P.–same as 1918
Mason, Nathan, col–same as 1918
Minter, Henry–same as 1918
Orr, Ed–same as 1918
colored polls
Anderson, Ellis, Jr
Anderson, Burton
Anderson, Sam
Mason, Dave
Orr, Charlie
Ransom, John Henry
District 13
Bowen, C.–42 acres–leach, pk, Fite, hardy
Harding, GS (p)–same as 1918
Overall & –same as 1918
Overall, AM–430 a– rd, jakes, rvr, rd
70–___, rd, Sanford, Harris
Overall, SN Admr (p)–13 a–Odom, rd, Alex, Odom–“error”
Overall, KD–44 a–rvr, rd, Harrison, overall
47–hard-, rd, Hoover, buoy
Overall, LC–13–Thompson, rd, ____, Covington
Ransom Bros & Co–same as 1918
1918
Anderson, Ellis col.—5—Malone, Gannon, RR, pk
Anderson, gallna—2—ward, mason, rd, rd
Gresham, Sam col.—40—Orr, Selph, rd, Bagwell
Hickman, dr. j.p. col.—10—pk, Henderson, earthman, Henderson
Mason, Nathan col.—3—pk, lane, crutch-, Crouse
Ditto marks for Nathan mason, but Louis Hickman written in—10—RR,
pk, rd, cem
Minter, Henry col.—11—lane, rd, pk, Huddleston
Orr, Ed col.—4—Anderson, _____, rd, Manson
64-Appendix Data Sheets
10—Henderson, cemetery, RR, pk
dist. 13
Harding, g.s.—300—pk, Hoover, Gresham, jetton
ransom bros & co—2—pk, Harrison, black, rvr
1—Thompson, pk, RR, shearin
Overall & Avant—town lots 6, 1
1917
Anderson—both same as 1918 but n border for Ellis is lane instead of
Malone
Mason, Nathan col—3—pk, lane, Crutcher, Crouse
10—RR,pk,rd,cem
Orr—same as 1918
colored polls
Anderson, Ely
Anderson, Sam
Mason, bus
District 13
Bowen—same as 1920
Harding, gas—365—pk, Hoover & o, Bagwell, Gresham
Ransom bros & co—2—pk, Harrison, love rvr, _____
1—Thompson, pk, RR, shearin
*gap until 1914
1914
Anderson, Elvis (col)--5 acres—rd, wade, RR, pike
Grissom, Sam estate—40 acres—Orr, Selph, rd, Manson
Orr, Ed (col)--10 acres—RR, pike, cemetery, Henderson
district 13
Bowen, C—42 acres
Ransom Bros—2 acres: pike, Harrison, love, river—1.5 acres: Thompson,
pike, pike, shearin
1913
Anderson, Golena c–2–rd, Manson, rd, wade
Anderson, Ellis c–5–mason, pk, RR, pk
Gresham, Sam estate–40–Orr, Selph, leach, Manson
Orr, Ed–15–Anderson, ok–gr, rd–RR, pk-bagwell
Colored Polls
Orr, Ed
District 13
Bowen, C.–42–leach, overall, Fite, Harding
Harding, GS AGENT–40–Harding, Harding, Harding, Harding
Harding, GS–360–Selph, Hoover, overall, Gresham
Overall, AM–485 & 150
Overall, LC–134
Overall, KD–50–10–70
Overall, Jesse col.–1 town lot
Overall, ND–45–75–14
Overall, AM & RF–4 lots in king ragland addition
1910
Anderson, Ellis col.–5–RR, n pike, wade, rd
Anderson, Goldina col.–2–Waller, Lillard, rd, wade
Gresham, Sam col.–40–Orr, self, rd, ransom
Harding, Lou col.–1–Henderson, Kerr, Avent, Howard
Orr, Ed col.–5–Anderson, Gresham, rd, Kerr
Waller, wm–2–Henderson, Anderson, rd, church
Colored polls
Anderson, bobby lee
Anderson, Ellis Jr.
Gresham john
Harding will
Harding green
Minter, Henry
Orr, Ed
Ransom, Ed
District 13
Bowen, C–42–leach, m pike, Fite, Harding
Harding, GS–360–m pike, overall, overall, Gresham
Overall, ND–68–2–10–10
Overall, KD–25–8–5
Overall, KD & BF–50 (same as KD alone in 1913)
Overall, KD & ND–25–20–8–50
Overall, LC–234
Overall, AM–450--150–same as 1913
Overall, Miss Eudie–1 town lot
Overall, JH–125
Ransom, Jim–1 town lot
Ransom Bros–12,5
1909
Anderson, Ellis c–same as 1910
*Golena not listed*
others same as 1910
District 13
Bowen, Cephas–43–leach, m pk, Fite, lane
1908
Anderson, Ellis c–same as 1910
Gresham, Sam c estate–same as 1910
Harding, Lou c–same as 1910
Kerr HH estate–14–hend-, Howard, Howard, Manson
Leach EP & Anthony–72
Leach EP–30–172
Leach, GI–165
Mason, John c–1–and-, Orr, leach, and- --handwritten note “see Margaret
Lillard” she has c and same acreage and border info–taxes only
paid once
Orr, Ed–same as 1910
Waller, Wm c–same as 1910
65-Appendix Data Sheets
District 13
*no Bowen
1905
Anderson, Boyd c–4–Scruggs, muse, Atkinson, sikes
Anderson, Ellis & Wade, Quill (sp?) C–7–leach, pk, hazen mnmt,
Henderson
Anderson, CW–12–miles, stockard, stockard, miles
Anderson, Walter c–3–Waller, Lillard, rd, wade
Gresham, Sam estate c–40–rd, Harding, rd, Manson
Harding, Lou c-1-henderson, Rankin, Kerr, Kerr
Kerr, HH–32–Henderson, Orr, rd, Manson
Leach, EP–180–river, leach, river, rd
Leach, GL & AM–72–Henderson, wade, pk, rd
Leach, GL–165–Leach, RR, river, rd
Leach, AM–125–early, freeman, river, freeman
Mason, Nathan c–2–burrus, rd, crutcher, Crouse
Orr, Ed c–5–Anderson, Gresham, rd, Cowan
Waller, William–2–Henderson, Anderson, rd, Kerr
Colored Polls
Anderson, Ballard
Harding, Green
Harding, Will
Orr, Sol.
Ransom, Jack
District 13
Harding GS–460–Gresham, hill, overall, overall
Nashville, Murfreesboro & Shelbyville Turnpike Co (gates) 2
Overall, ND–70–90–210
Overall, AM–22–1068
Overall, Walter C–1 town lot
Overall, Albert–1 town lot
Ransom & Bilbro–Mill property–1 acre
1903
Anderson, Ellis col & Wade Quill col–7–leach, ph, h. mnmt, Henderson
1903
*no Ellis Anderson
Anderson, Boyd–same as 1905
Gresham, Sam c–40–Orr, self, rd, Manson
Kerr HH–32–Henderson, Orr, rd, Manson
Leach EP–65–30
Leach, EP & LJ–117
Leach, GL & AM–72
Leach, AM–125
Mason, Nathan c–2–burrus, syer, rd, Crouse
Orr, Ed–same as 1905 except for the north is n. Blackman
Waller, Wm c–3–church, Anderson, rd, church
1900
Grisham, Samuel estate—40 acres—arr (Orr?), selph, rd, Manson
Mason, Nathan (col)--2 acres—burrus (?), leoman, rd, leoman
Orr, Ed (col)--5 acres—Blackman, Gresham, rd, leoman
Colored polls:
Anderson, Ellis
Orr, Solomon & Orr, Charlie
Ransom, Sam
District 13
Bowman, Wm—1/2 acre
Harding, G.S. Estate—40 acres: Harding, Harding, wood, Harding—90
acres: pike, Harding wood, Gresham—70 acres: pike, arnall (?), arnall
(?), wood—60 acres: wood, Gresham, arnall (?), Gresham
Ransom, W.A., Sr.--20 acres, ½ acre, 1 acre
Ransom, Sam—40 acres—rimfox (??), rd, rRR audmay (?)
Ransom, Jas. H.--3/4 acre: pike, Hudson (?), ransom, ransom—36 acres:
pike, Harrison, pike, hill
1899
Mason, Nathan c–2–burrus, rd, Crutcher, course
Orr, Ed c–5–Blackman, Gresham, rd, Cowan
Waller, Wm c–3–ch, Blackman, rd, ch
1898
Mason, Nathan col–same as 1899
Orr, Ed col–same as 1899
Waller, Wm col–same as 1899
1897
*no Mason, Orr, or Waller
1895
Gresham, Sam col–40–Cowan, leach, rd, Kerr
Kerr, HH–80–cooper, collier, selph, Manson
Leach, GL–165
Leach, EP & TA–117
Leach, AM–12
Leach, AM & GL–72
*no Mason, Orr, or Waller*–this is what sent me to books 1899, 98, &
97–I only looked for those names in those books because
Gresham was essentially the same
Ransom, Jas A–30–pk, leach, leach, leach
District 13
Harding, GS estate–40–Harding, Harding, wood, Harding
Harding, GS, Jr–90–pk, Harding, wood, Gresham
70–pk, overall, overall, wood
60 wood, Gresham, overall, Gresham
1890
Gresham, Sam col—40—no boundaries listed this year for any property
Kerr, H.H.—80
Leach, AM & JA—53
Leach, AM—40
Leach, EP—63
Leach, Geo L—149
66-Appendix Data Sheets
Leach, EP & JA—117
Leach, EW—57
Ransom, Jas A—30
Ransom, Geo—52
Ransom, Jas A & Bro—40
Colored Polls
Anderson, Ellis
Mason, John
Mason, Nathan
Orr, Ed
Orr, Solomon
District 13
Harding GS Sr—40
Harding GS Jr—90, 70, 60
1889—same as 1890
1888—same as 1890 except:
District 13
Harding, GS—70 (no Jr)
1887
Gresham, Sam (col)--40 acres—Cowan lands, Manson, p. road, Kerr
Ransom, James A—30 acres—pike, collier, collier, collier
Ransom, JA & Bro—40 acres—pike, hill, McKnight, collier
Ransom, GW—52 acres—leach, Mcuin, Maney, Leach
Colored Polls
Anderson, Ellis
Harding, George (?)
Mason, John
Orr Solomon & Orr, Edward
District 13
Bowman (T or F). W.J.--1.5 acre—ransom, ransom, pike, ransom (later
became Bowen??)
Harding, Giles S.--363 acres—pike, Gresham, Lytle, Gresham
1885
Gresham, Sam—40—no boundaries listed for any properties
Kerr, HH—80
Ransom, JA—30
Ransom, JA & Bro—40
Colored Polls
Anderson, Ellis
Anderson, Sam
Mason, John
Mason, Nathan
Orr, Ed
Orr, Solomon
District 13
Harding GS—362
1884
*no Gresham
Kerr HH—120
Several Leachs
1878
Leach JT—116
Leach, George
Colored Polls
Anderson, Samuel
Mason, John
Orr, Ed
Orr, Solomon
District 13
Harding GS—363
1877
District 13
Harding, GS—363
67-Appendix PHOTOS
PHOTOS
68-Appendix PHOTOS
Caption on back of photo: #4 of article, The Battle of Stone’s River one black woman and two children on steps of cabin.
Stones River Battlefeld Archive, Stones River Battlefeld, Murfreesboro, TN.
Nashville Pike out of Murfreesboro, looking north-west toward the rise of ground which was the site of Fortress Rosecrans, con-
structed after the withdrawl of Bragg, from a photograph in 1884.
Stones River Battlefeld Archive, Stones River Battlefeld, Murfreesboro, TN
69-Appendix PHOTOS
Van Cleave Lane just across the
RR tracks
WPA Work
O.E. Camp
Spring
“Van Cleve Lane, across
from the railroad tracks,”
Murfreesboro, TN, Stones
River Battlefeld Archive,
70-Appendix PHOTOS
Stones River Battlefeld Archive, Stones River Battlefeld, Murfreesboro, TN.
71-Appendix PHOTOS
Stones River Battlefeld Archive, Stones River Battlefeld, Murfreesboro, TN.
72-Appendix PHOTOS
Stones River Battlefeld Archive, Stones River Battlefeld, Murfreesboro, TN.
73-Appendix PHOTOS
Stones River Battlefeld Archive, Stones River Battlefeld, Murfreesboro, TN.
74-Appendix PHOTOS
Stones River Battlefeld Archive, Stones River Battlefeld, Murfreesboro, TN.
75-Appendix PHOTOS
Stones River Battlefeld Ar-
chive, Stones River Battle-
feld, Murfreesboro, TN.
76-Appendix PHOTOS FIELD PHOTOS
77-Appendix PHOTOS
78-Appendix PHOTOS
79-Appendix PHOTOS
80-Appendix PHOTOS
81-Appendix PHOTOS
82-Appendix PHOTOS
83-Appendix PHOTOS
84-Appendix PHOTOS
85-Appendix PHOTOS
86-Appendix CD Directory
DataSheets:
Census info:
.DS_Store
1929 map.pdf
csearthman.pdf
csEHoward.pdf
CSEJordan.pdf
cseliza Avent.pdf
CSEPeyton.pdf
csganderson.pdf
cshenderson.pdf
csIBurke.pdf
csNBBlack.pdf
csRAvent.pdf
csSBass.pdf
csSwift.pdf
csTCowan.pdf
CSWCole.pdf
csWWaller.pdf
edorrestate.pdf
ellisAnderson.pdf
golenaanderson.pdf
gresham.pdf
hardingestate.pdf
hickman.pdf
johnmason.pdf
labor&aid.pdf
minter.pdf
mtolivetbaptistchurch.pdf
ransom-overall.pdf
wallerestate.pdf
Deed info:
1929 map.pdf
edorrestate.pdf
ellisAnderson.pdf
golenaanderson.pdf
gresham.pdf
hardingestate.pdf
hickman.pdf
johnmason.pdf
labor&aid.pdf
minter.pdf
mtolivetbaptistchurch.pdf
ransom-overall.pdf
wallerestate.pdf
from CHP fles:
1831NewsJnl.pdf
Cemschool.pdf
CHPnotes.pdf
Courtcasecopies.pdf
courtcasecopies2.pdf
Deeds Offce - Book 78 Page 249-264.pdf
ERobertsinterview.pdf
facts.pdf
LWashessay.pdf
NRegsection.pdf
SRflesnotes.pdf
from Linebaugh Library:
1930-phonebook.pdf
from Newspaper Research:
Atlanta Constitution:
AConst1887.pdf
AConst1888.pdf
AConst1899.pdf
AConst1909.pdf
New York Times:
NYT1865(2).pdf
NYT1865(3).pdf
NYT1865.pdf
NYT1867(2).pdf
NYT1867.pdf
NYT1881.pdf
newspapers-MTSU 1800s:
Daily Rebel Banner 1-2-1863.tif
Minitor 8-28-1868.tif
MurfWKNews 4-30-1880 -2.tif
MurfWKNews 4-30-1880 -3.tif
MurfWKNews 4-30-1880 -4.tif
MurfWKNews 7-30-1880 -1.tif
MurfWkNews4-30-1880.tif
Rebel Banner 11-12-1862.tif
The Daily Rebel Banner 11-12-1862.tif
The Monitor 3-13-1868.tif
TheMurfNews 11-19-1875-2.tif
TheMurfNews 11-19-1875.tif
WashingtonPost:
WP1900.pdf
WP1916.pdf
WP1953.pdf
from RC Archive:
1863topomap.jpg
from SR Battlefeld archive:
.DS_Store
1884 bridge over overall’s creek.jpg
1884NashvillePike.jpg
1938_aerialcropped.jpg
1938_battlefeldaerial.jpg
1938_blowupVanCleeve.jpg
1938_largerfeldaerial.jpg
28cabinbyhazen.jpg
34gasstation.jpg
34gasstationongreshamlane.jpg
34hazen.jpg
34Vanclevelance.jpg
cabin3blacks.jpg
courtnhouse.jpg
dr.russellresidence.jpg
greshamhouse.jpg
mitchelllogcabin.jpg
Murfreesboro 1870s?.jpg
roadtocrump’s landing.jpg
from TSLA:
1860s map.jpg
1916ruthorfordcomap.jpg
1916topomap.jpg
1924SoilMap.jpg
1939TNhwaymap.jpg
Artillery Monument.jpg
battlefeldsign.jpg
battlefeldsign30s.jpg
braggshequarterssign.jpg
cobbsbatterysign.jpg
confederatememorial.jpg
CowanHouse.jpg
dam.jpg
gareschefellhere.jpg
Gresham House.jpg
greshamhouse.jpg
Hazen Monument.jpg
Map THS.jpg
map-fencegroundcover1961.jpg
mapSoilgeology67.jpg
McFadden’s Ford.jpg
nationalcemetary.jpg
nationalcemeterysign.jpg
parkentrance2.jpg
parkentrance3.jpg
ParkEntrance30s.jpg
parkentrance4.jpg
partofbattlefeld.jpg
RansomMill.jpg
redoubt brannan.jpg
redoubt.jpg
Regulars Monument.jpg
Rostrum.jpg
SR RR sign1.jpg
SR RR sign2.jpg
StoneRiver acquisition map.jpg
StonesRiverSign2.jpg
VanCleve Artillery Lot.jpg
vanclevelane.jpg
vanclevelane2.jpg
SR feldwork photos:
.DS_Store
IMG_8062.JPG
IMG_8063.JPG
IMG_8064.JPG
IMG_8065.JPG
IMG_8066.JPG
IMG_8067.JPG
IMG_8068.JPG
IMG_8069.JPG
IMG_8070.JPG
IMG_8071.JPG
IMG_8072.JPG
IMG_8073.JPG
IMG_8074.JPG
IMG_8075.JPG
IMG_8076.JPG
IMG_8077.JPG
IMG_8078.JPG
IMG_8079.JPG
IMG_8080.JPG
IMG_8081.JPG
IMG_8082.JPG
IMG_8083.JPG
IMG_8084.JPG
IMG_8085.JPG
IMG_8086.JPG
IMG_8087.JPG
IMG_8088.JPG
IMG_8089.JPG
IMG_8090.JPG
IMG_8091.JPG
IMG_8092.JPG
IMG_8093.JPG
IMG_8094.JPG
IMG_8095.JPG
IMG_8096.JPG
IMG_8097.JPG
IMG_8098.JPG
IMG_8099.JPG
IMG_8100.JPG
IMG_8101.JPG
IMG_8102.JPG
IMG_8103.JPG
IMG_8104.JPG
IMG_8105.JPG
IMG_8106.JPG
IMG_8107.JPG
IMG_8108.JPG
IMG_8109.JPG
IMG_8110.JPG
IMG_8111.JPG
IMG_8112.JPG
IMG_8113.JPG
IMG_8114.JPG
IMG_8115.JPG
IMG_8116.JPG
IMG_8117.JPG
IMG_8118.JPG
IMG_8119.JPG
IMG_8120.JPG
IMG_8121.JPG
IMG_8122.JPG
IMG_8123.JPG
IMG_8124.JPG
IMG_8125.JPG
IMG_8126.JPG
IMG_8127.JPG
IMG_8128.JPG
IMG_8129.JPG
IMG_8131.JPG
IMG_8133.JPG
IMG_8134.JPG
IMG_8135.JPG
IMG_8136.JPG
IMG_8137.JPG
IMG_8138.JPG
IMG_8139.JPG
IMG_8141.JPG
IMG_8143.JPG
IMG_8144.JPG
IMG_8145.JPG
IMG_8146.JPG
IMG_8147.JPG
IMG_8148.JPG
IMG_8149.JPG
IMG_8150.JPG
IMG_8151.JPG
IMG_8152.JPG
IMG_8153.JPG
IMG_8154.JPG
IMG_8155.JPG
IMG_8156.JPG
IMG_8157.JPG
IMG_8158.JPG
IMG_8159.JPG
IMG_8160.JPG
IMG_8161.JPG
IMG_8162.JPG
IMG_8163.JPG
IMG_8164.JPG
IMG_8165.JPG
IMG_8166.JPG
IMG_8167.JPG
IMG_8168.JPG
IMG_8169.JPG
IMG_8170.JPG
IMG_8171.JPG
IMG_8172.JPG
IMG_8173.JPG
IMG_8174.JPG
IMG_8175.JPG
IMG_8176.JPG
IMG_8177.JPG
IMG_8178.JPG
IMG_8179.JPG
IMG_8180.JPG
IMG_8181.JPG
IMG_8182.JPG
IMG_8183.JPG
~Final Report:
Project.pdf
Projectsm.pdf
Stones River Project CD Contents