Pocket Guide

to CCTV
An installation
pocket guide
to closed circuit
television systems
INTRODUCTION
2
CONTENTS
Introduction Page02
CCTVBasics Page05
SystemComponents Page06
Applicationsmatrix Page16
EntryLevelSystemsKits Page18
IntermediateLevelSystemsKits Page28
DesignandBuildyourCCTV Page48
ApplicationExamples Page52
DataProtectionAct Page55
TheOperationalRequirement Page56
ReferenceInformation Page57
3
INTRODUCTION
WelcometotheCBC(Europe)PocketGuidetoCCTV
This is an installation guide for ever yone with an interest in closed
circuit television systems. It contains all the essential information
that is required by those wishing to become involved with these
systems, and for those who are already active, and is presented in an
easy to read format.
UsingtheGuide
The CCTV industr y and the application of components within it, is
extremely diverse. With this in mind the CBC (Europe) Pocket Guide
has been compiled to help the installer come to understand the basic
role and the functions of all of the components and equipment used
in traditional CCTV systems.
By referring to the applications matrix in the guide it becomes possible
to select a CBC (Europe) entr y level kit or an intermediate level kit to
be used for any mainstream CCTV application. This matrix also helps
the installer to appreciate the fundamentals of the selection process
in terms of the par ts being specified in any given kit.
In order to allow installers to select the most ef ficient components
for any CCTV role, and to ensure full compatibility between all of
the CCTV interconnected items, CBC (Europe) developed this range
of kits.
These kits are for general duties and include clearly defined
components. In view that they range from entr y level through to
intermediate level the installer can easily order a purpose designed
kit system that will truly satisf y any wide ranging but time honoured
monitoring application.
For those who would like to become involved at a higher scale
the guide covers how to Design and Build your CCTV that enables the
installer to produce a system custom designed for any CCTV activity.
For these more diverse system applications additional components
can easily be added to provide a wider range of functions.
Following on from the applications matrix the guide itemises the
various components used in the dif ferent kits and includes installation
criteria and applications hints.
The modular systems are represented in schematic form so that the
installer can easily determine what additional components may be
needed for the more involved CCTV scheme.
INTRODUCTION
4
This guide also contains application examples. These are ef fectively
installation considerations that apply to any CCTV system.
The typical examples shown give prompts to help the installer to
obtain the best possible results from the proposed system and to
avoid any pit falls in the installation process.
Information on the Data Protection Act and the Operational
Requirement have been included as the installer should have a basic
understanding of these issues and how they are applied in the CCTV
industr y.
A reference information section contains details of the handover and
maintenance policies that are required.
This helps the installer to appreciate the requirements for the
commissioning of the system, the techniques needed to present it to
the client and the ongoing maintenance policies.
A glossar y of terms is also provided.
Our highly trained technical depar tment of fers even greater levels of
help and advice on all aspects concerning the operation of our full
product range so as to provide a unique and comprehensive service.
For technical help on any of our products call 020 8732 3350/3353.
5
INTRODUCTION
CCTVBasics:CCTV–ASelfContainedSystem
As the term implies CCTV is a self contained system in that all of the
circuits contained within it are closed and directly connected.
This is unlike ‘broadcast television’ where the signals are accessed
by special receiving equipment that is tuned to collect signals from
across the airwaves.
Although CCTV has always had a high profile role to play in the
security industr y it is now also being increasingly used to great ef fect
in even more wide ranging monitoring and control applications.
Therefore the true potential of CCTV is becoming understood as it
expands its scope to aid both the operational surveillance practices
being employed by traditional organisations and those involved with
specialist surveillance.
Although ever y CCTV system exists as a self contained technique and
can be managed and controlled in its own right it can always play
an enhanced role by integrating it with other management systems
and networks. From this it follows that CCTV can play a principal role
in many wider networks even though it continues to retain its own
individual identity.
In practice the full range of component par ts used within the CCTV
industr y is extremely wide ranging and diverse. However by referring
to this guide and by using the selection processes that it contains will
enable the installer to select a kit, or the par ts to form your Design
and Build CCTV system, to satisf y any application. The installer will
cer tainly also be assured that the selection of components will be
fully compatible with each other and operate together to form a truly
ef fective system.
The general availability of versatile CBC (Europe) high quality
components for use within the industr y presents enormous
oppor tunities for all those personnel seeking to become involved
with CCTV and for those who are already active at ever y level.
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
6
TheEssentialDevices
Although the application of CCTV and the range of available
components is extremely diverse, we can say that in its most basic
form any system must consist of a number of essential devices.
These devices or components must be compatible and work together
in an ef ficient way if the CCTV is to be truly ef fective.
These essential devices are namely:
Camera
Lens
Cables
Recordingandmonitoringequipment
Illumination

In order to appreciate how CCTV systems actually operate an
overview of each of these essential devices is given in relation to the
products used within the CBC (Europe) systems covered by this guide.
These overviews contain ever ything that the installer needs to know
at foundation level, and reflect the fundamentals of CCTV.
By referring to these overviews the installer is able to understand why
par ticular products have been selected for use in the CBC (Europe)
entr y and intermediate level system kits.
They will also enable anyone specif ying Design and Build CCTV
systems to appreciate the roles of some of the wider functions of
these devices and the terminology that will be encountered.
7
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
Camera
The term ‘camera’ comes from the Latin ‘camera obscura’ which
means ‘dark room’. The principle duty of the camera is to project
an image onto dif ferent targets using light and lenses but which
by their ver y nature dif fer widely. There are many factors that have
an ef fect on camera selection including the working environment
and lighting levels and all of these variables need to be balanced
against the requirement to resolve fine detail in the picture.
The picTures will Therefore be referred To as sTandard
or high resoluTion.
Despite the enormous range of cameras and their functions and
at tributes we can provide a number of fundamentals that should be
understood.
MonochromeCameras
Black and white cameras are superior to colour cameras in low
lighting environments. Monochrome cameras can also be matched
to infra red (IR) illumination which is lighting that is invisible to the
human eye.
ColourCameras
These are superior in identif ying and tracking a target.
Colour/MonoCameras
These are ‘day’ and ‘night’ cameras. These provide high quality
colour images in normal light conditions. However when the light
levels become low the camera switches from colour to black and
white mode.
DomeCameras
An assembly containing a camera within the confines of a dome. With
all dome camera systems the observer does not know when they are
under surveillance.
IRColour/MonoCameras
These are an assembly consisting of a camera and lens, plus an
integral infra red (IR) light emit ting diode (LED) array assembly unit.
They provide around the clock optimum per formance in demanding
lighting conditions by switching from colour to mono in low light
and triggering the IR assembly unit. The ef fective range of the IR
illumination will be quoted in the camera data.
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
8
Lens
The lens is an optical device which is at tached to the camera.
It is used to gather light from the scene that is being viewed and to
focus this light from the front of the lens to the electronic pick-up
(imaging device) within the camera. Therefore the lens works in a
similar way to the human eye, which focuses the images of the things
that we see on the retina at the back of the eye.
when considering The lens iT is imporTanT To undersTand
The significance of The angle of view and The lighTing.
The angle of view or scene
The focal length of the lens is directly related to the angle of view or
scene. Shor t focal lengths give a wide angle of view.
As the focal length increases the view of the camera becomes
narrower. We tend to refer to a lens with a ‘normal’ angle of view as
similar to what is seen by the human eye i.e. an angle in the order
of 35°.



As the focal length increases the angle of view becomes narrower.
Camera
Imaging
Device
Lens
Angle of view
to the scene
Focal Length 6mm
Camera
Imaging
Device
Lens
Angle of view
to the scene
Focal Length 12mm
9
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
From this we can come to understand the techniques associated with
the following types:
fixed focus lens
vari-focal lens
Zoom lens
FixedFocusLens
These have a fixed focal length and are used when the angle of view
is not intended to be altered or adjusted. It is the most basic form of
CCTV camera lens. These lenses are extremely cost ef fective and can
make the quote for a system highly competitive.
Vari-focalLens
This type of lens allows the focal length to be manually adjusted slightly
during the installation. It allows for the field of view or scene to be
altered to a small extent during set-up which allows a limited margin of
error.
Zoom(Telephoto)Lens
Has a long focal length to produce high magnification but a narrow
angle of view. The manual zoom lens of fers a wide adjustment at set-
up. The motorised zoom lens is used by an operator to automatically
change the field of view to zoom in and out on a target.
noTe: All of the kits covered by this guide use either fixed focus or Vari-
focal lenses depending on the specific application types. Zoom lenses are only
used in purpose design CBC (Europe) pan/tilt/zoom systems with automatic
control or telemetry but for the purposes of lens fundamentals should be
understood.
Remember
Pay at tention to the selection of lens with par ticular regard to the
angle of view and to the lighting at the scene at dif ferent times of
day. Practical hints are given throughout the sections in this guide
relating to the dif ferent kits. The ar tificial illumination used for
the lighting at the scene should also be referred to in the system
components section.
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
10
TheLighting
We know that the lens is used to gather light from the scene and
to focus this light onto the electronic pick-up device within the
camera. Therefore it follows that the quality of the final image will be
influenced to a great extent by the natural light available to the lens
at the scene, and by any ar tificial illumination that must be provided
when natural light is not available.
To give the best image quality it is absolutely vital that the correct
amount of light reaches the camera sensor via the lens. In practice
this is regulated by the lens iris. Therefore we need to appreciate the
fundamentals of the lens in relation to the operation of the iris.
ManualIrisLens
These are only used where the lighting levels remain constant and are
found typically in internal applications. The iris with this lens type
is set at the time of installation to suit the lighting levels generally
available.
AutoIrisLens
These automatically adjust to changes in the lighting levels so are
most prominent in external applications to compensate for fluctuating
lighting levels.
AsphericalLens
These have special optics and achieve bet ter sensitivity with cameras
used in low lighting installations. The aspherical lens gives increased
per formance when lighting conditions are poor, ef fectively giving a
sharper, clearer image at dusk and at daybreak.
IRCorrected(DayandNight)Lens
This lens type is used for night time surveillance with infra red
lighting. They provide a much more vivid picture when used at night
with colour/mono cameras.
11
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
Cables
The principal cable forms used in CCTV systems are co-axial cables
and Categor y 5 (Cat 5).
Co-axialCable
Co-axial cable is the traditional medium for carr ying the CCTV signals.
It features a centre copper conductor core which is insulated and then
screened by an outer shield or braid. Co-axial cable is terminated for
CCTV purposes with an appropriate form of BNC connector.
The CBC (Europe) kits come complete with a 1 metre long pre-wired
multi co-axial cable to form the link between the control equipment
and the power supply unit (PSU). This cable is colour coded and is
capable of connecting up to four individual cameras.
Cat5
Cat5 is actually a communications cabling form that has been adopted
by the CCTV industr y. It employs four pairs of cables that are twisted
along their full length. It is these twists that give the cable pairs
added protection against electrical inter ference being induced into
the wiring. Cat5 cable is also capable of carr ying the CCTV signals far
greater distances than co-axial cable.
Cat5 is a form of unshielded twisted pair (UTP)
cable but to more exacting requirements and
with par ticular characteristics. For these reasons
it should never be replaced by standard twisted
pair, multi core or screened cable as this will
have an ef fect on the system per formance.
CablingofKits
All CBC (Europe) entr y level and intermediate level system kits
come with factor y produced pre-wired cables and connectors where
appropriate.
These cables can be easily connected to the appropriate conver ter
boxes and PSU devices without any need to make up terminations at
the installation site.
Supplying pre-wired cables with the kits is an added assurance to all
installers that superior joints and terminations have been ‘made up’
in a high quality manufacturing environment.
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
12
All of the cables for use in the CBC (Europe) kit systems are supplied
and identified with unique par t numbers, to include the link cable
between the monitor and the control and monitoring equipment.
In practice the installer need only ensure that the cables are installed
as per the relevant standards for electrical wiring.
It should be noted that co-axial and Cat5 cabling can only work to
their design specifications when its rules for installation are adhered
to. In this respect excessive bending of the cable is to be avoided
together with stretching or crushing as these will alter the cable
characteristics.
Protection should be applied to cables where they could be subject to
mechanical damage or dif ficult environmental conditions.
In the area of the control equipment at tention should be given to the
security of the wiring to ensure that connections can not be put under
strain so that they could become detached from sockets etc.
RecordingandMonitoringEquipment
TheLogicofRecordingandMonitoring
In order to be able to view and also record the images from a
camera there is a need to have some form of control equipment.
This equipment must be capable of working in conjunction with the
monitor screen or screens on which the pictures are to be displayed.
We refer to such equipment as recording and monitoring equipment.
TheDevicesUsedforRecording
All of the CBC (Europe) kits and Design and Build CCTV systems
covered by this guide use a digital video recorder (DVR). This operates
as the main control equipment, carries out the recording practice and
transmits the images to the monitor.
DVR
The DVR is used to record and store the CCTV images digitally onto
a built-in hard drive from a number of cameras. The DVR is able
to control a given number of cameras and which are identified as
channels. These multiple images from the cameras can then be
transmit ted to a single monitor screen for viewing in a number of
dif ferent ways e.g. individually or on a multiscreen so that all images
can be displayed simultaneously. This becomes a requirement if more
than one camera is to be viewed, or recorded, and shown on a single
monitor screen.
13
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
The data that is stored can be replayed locally at the DVR through
a CCTV monitor or it can be connected into a PC network. The DVR
can be set to store 25 pictures ever y second to give an image that
is seen by the human eye as a moving picture with no flicker. This is
known as ‘real time’ and gives a picture similar to that of broadcast
TV. However to make a greater use of storage space the equipment
can be set to a time lapse mode. By using this technique the recording
hours can be changed so that less information (number of pictures)
will be stored. This can be set by the installer to suit the specific
application.
Remember:
The DVR takes on the role of both the switcher, multiplexer or
quad used in conjunction with a time lapse VCR that will be found
traditional analogue systems.
TheDevicesUsedForMonitoring
The devices used to view the image are monitor screens and may be
traditional CRT screens or new generation TFT LCD screens. Monitors
for CCTV applications are similar to television receivers except that
they do not have the tuning circuits. All monitors are available in
dif ferent sizes to suit the application.
They may be complemented by slave monitors so that the images
from the cameras may be viewed at more than one location. The
monitor has two BNC connectors. One is provided to accept the
signal from the camera or the recording equipment and the other is
to loop through to the slave if required. The correct size of monitor
depends on the number of images to be displayed at any given time,
the viewing distance and the available space.
TheNeedForFurtherControlEquipment
Alongside the camera control and recording equipment there may
be a need for telemetr y. This is ef fectively a signalling system used
to control functions at the camera head such as pan, tilt and zoom.
There may also be such features as wash/wipe to clear the camera
housing screen.
In order to carr y this out signals are generated at a controller
key pad or joystick which is sited close to the monitor.
The signals are sent to a receiver which is located adjacent to the
camera head. This provides information to the drive motors or similar
components which are used to carr y out the function.
Although telemetry does not actually form a part of the kits covered by this
guide, they may, in practice, be connected into such systems in a supporting
role in order that their images could be displayed on demand from a further
network.
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
14
Illumination
TheNeedForIllumination
As the camera can only gather light that is reflected from the scene
it follows that the quality and quantity of light is of vital impor tance.
Therefore we need to provide illumination when natural light is not
available. This is done by using either general over t lighting or Infra
red (IR) cover t illumination which is invisible to the human eye but
the black and white monochrome camera can ‘see’.
In the first instance we can overview over t illumination before looking
at the considerations of cover t lighting:
OvertIllumination
incandescenT lighTing
These use a filament such as those found in a general use electric light
bulb. This is heated to the extent that it produces a white glow.
GENERAL FILAMENT LIGHTING: Acceptable for internal applications
TUNGSTEN HALOGEN: Good colour rendering but uneconomic.
fluorescenT lighTing
These produce an emission of light as a result of a gas discharge.
Good colour rendering. More economic than incandescent lighting.
high inTensiTy discharge (hid)
Specialist lighting for reliable and consistent use over long periods
of time. Have star ting circuits. Star t up periods and re-strike periods
mean these illuminators should only be used with CCTV over extended
operating periods. Economic.
LOW PRESSURE SODIUM (SOX): The predominant source in urban street
lighting. It can not discriminate colours in CCTV systems.
HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM (SON): Respectable colour rendering in CCTV
systems.
METAL HALIDE (HPI): Gives good colour rendering.
HIGH PRESSURE MERCURY VAPOUR: An option to metal halide with adequate
colour rendering.
led illuminaTion
LED technology for both white light and infra-red illumination.
This type of lighting of fers low running costs and extremely long
life.
15
SYSTEM COMPONENTS
CovertIllumination
Infra red (IR) is illumination that can be used with the monochrome
camera. It is illumination that is designed with the camera in mind
and not for the human eye.
Infra red illumination lies in a bandwidth of the electromagnetic
spectrum that is not visible to the human eye. This means that we
can not see infra red light however it can be ‘seen’ by a monochrome
camera.
With IR systems the lens and angle of view are matched to the lens
and area of illumination of the lamp.
All CBC (Europe) kits employ IR colour/mono cameras for external use.
These assemblies contain a camera and lens plus an infra red (IR)
light emit ting diode (LED) assembly.
The lens and infra red LEDs provide around the clock optimum
per formance in demanding lighting conditions. These cameras have
an automatic trigger that comes on during low lighting and goes of f
during normal lighting levels. The max. distance of IR illuminators is
10m. We recommend a max. distance of 6m.
ApplicationHintsAndIllumination
Provide even illumination over the scene.
Do not let the camera view any light source direct – both natural and
ar tificial.
Do not create over exposure by using excess lighting levels.
Be aler t to the ongoing needs to avoid light pollution and think in
terms of energy management.
Remember that when natural light is not available, ar tificial light
must be provided since without light there can be no picture.
APPLICATIONS MATRIX
16
This matrix covers the following kits: Ref:
enTry level
Internal system kit 1 fixed E1
External system kit 2 fixed E2
Internal /external system kit 3 fixed E3
inTermediaTe level 1
Internal system kit (A) vari-focal IA
External system kit (B) vari-focal IB
Internal /external kit (C) vari-focal IC
inTermediaTe level 2
Internal system kit (2A) vari-focal I2A
External system kit (2B) vari-focal I2B
Internal /external system kit (2C) vari-focal I2C
There is a large overlap of systems due to the wide nature of the
applications that can use CCTV. The following matrix gives a provisional
indication of the use of the kits and the maximum installation distance
between the cameras & control point (DVR location).
17
APPLICATIONS MATRIX
CC1v AFFLICA1I0NS
kI1 S£L£C1I0N
50m max. inst. dist.
cameras to control point
50m max. inst. dist.
cameras to control point
200m max. inst. dist.
cameras to control point
£2
ext
£1
int
I8
int
IA
int
IC
int/
ext
I28
int
I2A
int
I2C
int/
ext
0FFIC£S
Monitoring of staff,
entry exit points and
key areas
Sh0FS
Monitoring of back store
areas, front shop areas
and ‘blind areas’
INßbS1kIAL bNI1S
Monitoring of
warehouses, offce
areas, entry/exits and
store areas
ß0C10k / ߣN1IS1
FkAC1IC£S
Monitoring of waiting
areas, surgeries and
drugs areas
k£SIߣN1IAL
F£kIM£1£kS
AFFk0ACh k0AßS
SCh00LS /
LI8kAkI£S
h0SFI1ALS
hICh S£CbkI1¥ kISkS
High resolution pictures
required for all
applications
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4
4
4
4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
4 4 4
£3
int/
ext
4
4
4
ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
18
EasyInstallation
The entr y level systems kits are available in three dif ferent formats
depending on the need for internal or external duty working or a mix
of both.
In view that these kits come complete with all of the necessar y
par ts and pre-wired cables they are easy to install. All lenses
are fixed focus so there are no complicated set up procedures.
In addition there can be no problems at the installation stage as the
operation of all of the components and the compatibility of the par ts
to work together as an ef fective system have been assured.
These entr y level systems kits are namely:
•EntryLevel:InternalSystemKit1Fixed
•EntryLevel:ExternalSystemKit2Fixed
•EntryLevel:Internal/ExternalSystemKit3Fixed
The following pages of the guide detail the:
ProductContentSpecifcation
This covers the component par ts forming the kit of the three
dif ferent types. Shows a breakdown of the par ts and an indication
of their roles.
SystemOverview
An illustration of the par ts working in conjunction with each
other and a system overview.
SystemConnections
Details the actual cabling and connection methods.
Illustrates the cabling points within the installed system.
ApplicationHints
Tips in regard to the system installation.
19
ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
InternalSystemKit1Fixed
Productcontentspecifcation
2x Colour mini dome cameras
2x Twisted pair conver ter kits
1x 4 channel DVR
1x Monitor 14” CRT
2x Power supplies 12V
1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre
* 2 additional cameras can be added
SystemOverview
This kit is the ideal selection for those installations intended for
internal locations. It uses stylish colour mini dome cameras with
fixed focus lenses and an angle of view of 87°. They have a maximum
working distance between the camera and the control point of
50m and can be used for monitoring activities in a wide range of
applications to include the following:
offices: Monitoring of staf f, Reception areas, entr y and exit
points and key locations.
shops: Monitoring of back store areas, front shop areas and
blind areas.
indusTrial uniTs: Monitoring of warehouse or of fice area,
entr y and exit points and store areas.
docTors / denTisT pracTices: Monitoring of waiting areas,
surgeries and drugs areas.
ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
20
SystemConnections
Connect the conver ter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable
and the power via the PSU supplied. At the camera end connect the
conver ter to the Cat5 cable. Connect the camera to this conver ter box
via the supplied lead. Power and video are then transmit ted across
the Cat5 cable max 50mtrs.
At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant conver ter
box using the cable supplied. Connect the monitor to the main output
of the DVR. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. Connect
monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on.
Convertor Box Link Cable Supplied
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 50m)
2 additional cameras can be added
External l/o
1
main call
DC in
4
3
2
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Convertor Box -
Connects to Cat 5 cable
for Power & Video
2 additional cameras can be added
21
ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
Af ter the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched
on together with the power supplies, it will conduct a self test and
then display all of the connected cameras.
ApplicationHints
• The views are classed as general observation. Ideal for
monitoring activity in the location
• The cameras can be easily located at the destination point
and directed at the scene. There are no complicated set up
procedures.
• Do not point the camera directly towards doors or
windows. This will af fect the picture quality.
• Always install all equipment and components on a secure
fixing. Ensure that the cameras are fixed to a secure point
and are not subject to vibration.
• Ensure that all connections are made correctly and are
secure in an appropriate junction box.
• Always use the supplied power supplies.
• The maximum distance between the control equipment
and cameras must not exceed 50m.
• The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable.
Do not use standard twisted pair, multi core or screened
cable.
• Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant
electrical standards for cable installations.
ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
22
ExternalSystemKit2Fixed
ProductContentSpecifcation
2x IR colour/mono cameras
2x Twisted pair conver ter kits
1x 4 channel DVR
1x Monitor 14” CRT
2x Power supplies 12V
1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre
* 2 additional cameras can be added
SystemOverview
This kit is the ideal selection for those installations intended for
external locations. It uses IR colour/mono cameras with a fixed focus
lens. They have a maximum working distance between the camera
and the control point of 50m. Their use includes:
offices: Monitoring of staf f in low light areas, reception areas,
entr y and exit gates and key locations, building perimeters.
Monitoring of car parking areas and assembly points.
shops: Monitoring of back exit doors, front shop area
externally and external loading bays.
indusTrial uniTs: Monitoring of low light warehouse areas,
loading bays and car park areas.
docTors / denTisT pracTices: Monitoring of external
entrances and car parking areas.

23
ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
SystemConnections
Connect the conver ter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable
and the power via the PSU supplied. At the camera end connect the
conver ter to the Cat5 cable. Connect the camera to this conver ter box
via the supplied lead. Power and video are then transmit ted across
the Cat5 cable max 50mtrs.
At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant conver ter
box using the cable supplied. Connect the monitor to the main output
of the DVR. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. Connect
monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on.
Convertor Box Link Cable Supplied
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 50m)
2 additional cameras can be added
External l/o
1
main call
DC in
3
2
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Convertor Box -
Connects to Cat 5 cable
for Power & Video
2 additional cameras can be added
4
ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
24
Af ter the system has been connected to the mains supply and
switched on together with the power supplies, it will conduct a self
test and display all of the connected cameras. Note that the cameras
will automatically switch to monochrome in low light conditions.
ApplicationHints
• The views are classed as general observation and are ideal
for monitoring external activity in the location.
• Always install the camera under a sof fit or in a sheltered
location that does not suf fer the full force of the rain.
These cameras are IP65 rated. .
• Do not point the camera directly towards sources of light
including street lights, floodlights or similar illumination
as this will af fect the picture quality.
• The ef fective range of the IR illuminator is 10m.
We recommend a max. range of 6m.
• Always install all equipment and components on a secure
fixing that are not subject to vibration.
• Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure
in an appropriate junction box. Always use the supplied
power supplies
• The maximum distance between the control equipment
and cameras must not exceed 50m.
• The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable.
Do not use standard twisted pair, multi core or screened
cable.
• Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant
electrical standards for cable installations.
25
ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
Internal/externalSystemKit3Fixed
Productcontentspecifcation
2x Colour mini dome cameras
2x IR colour/mono cameras
4x Twisted pair conver ter kits
1x 4 channel DVR
1x Monitor 14” CRT
4x Power supplies 12V
1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre
SystemOverview
This kit can be specified for those applications which require both
internal and external monitoring. It features a mix of stylish colour
mini dome fixed focus cameras with a lens angle of 87° and external
standard resolution IR colour/mono cameras with a lens angle of 61°.
They have a maximum working distance between the camera and the
control point of 50m. It can be used in a wide range of monitoring
activities such as:
offices, shops, commercial indusTrial and public
service secTors: To monitor those areas requiring both
internal and external cameras and to track individuals moving
between areas.
ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
26
SystemConnections
Connect the conver ter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable
and the power via the PSU supplied. At the camera end connect the
conver ter to the Cat5 cable. Connect the camera to this conver ter box
via the supplied lead. Power and video are then transmit ted across
the Cat5 cable max 50mtrs.
At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant conver ter
box using the cable supplied. Connect the monitor to the main output
of the DVR. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. Connect
monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on.

External l/o
1
main call
DC in
4
3
2
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Convertor Box -
Connects to Cat 5 cable
for Power & Video
Convertor Box Link Cable Supplied
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 50m)
27
ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
Af ter the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched
on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self test and
then display all of the connected cameras. Note that the external
colour/mono cameras will automatically switch to monochrome in
low light conditions.
ApplicationHints
• The views are classed as general observation and are
ideal for monitoring activity in the location. There are no
complicated camera set ups.
• Always install the external cameras under a sof fit or in a
sheltered location that does not suf fer the full force of the
rain. These are rated IP65.
• Do not point the cameras directly towards sources of
light including street lights and floodlights or similar
illumination as this will af fect the picture quality.
• The ef fective range of the IR illuminators is 10m.
We recommend a max. range of 6m.
• Install all equipment and components on a secure fixing
not subject to vibration.
• Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure
in an appropriate junction box. Always use the supplied
power supplies.
• The maximum distance between the control equipment
and cameras must not exceed 50m.
• The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable.
Do not use standard twisted pair, multi core or screened
cable.
• Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant
electrical standards for cable installations.
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
28
EnhancedInstallation
The intermediate level systems kits are available at two levels
classified as Level 1 and Level 2. There are three dif ferent formats
at each level.
These kits come complete with all of the necessar y par ts and pre-
wired cables and allow the installer to fit enhanced installations that
feature a wide range of functions.
In view that these systems are purchased in kit form this provides an
assurance to the installer of the compatibility of the par ts and their
ability to work as an ef fective system.
Vari-focal lenses are supplied with all kits. These allow the focal
length to be manually adjusted slightly during the installation so that
the field of view or scene can be altered to give the optimum picture
at the monitor.
These intermediate level system kits include high quality components
that are required to form enhanced systems with advanced features.
These kits are identified as:
•IntermediateLevel1:
InternalSystemKit(A)Vari-focal.
•IntermediateLevel1:
ExternalSystemKit(B)Vari-focal.
•IntermediateLevel1:
Internal/externalKit(C)Vari-focal.
•IntermediateLevel2:
InternalSystemKit(2a)Vari-focal.
•IntermediateLevel2:
ExternalSystemKit(2b)Vari-focal.
•IntermediateLevel2:
Internal/externalSystemKit(2c)Vari-focal.

29
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
Maximum working distance between the camera and the system
control point.
IntermediateLevel1Kits
Use cameras that are powered close to the system control
point i.e. DVR location. maximum working distance between
camera and control point 50m.
IntermediateLevel2Kits
Use cameras that are powered locally i.e. close to the camera
position. maximum working distance between camera and
control point 200m.

The following pages of the guide detail the:
ProductContentSpecifcation
This covers the component par ts forming the kit of the three
dif ferent types. The product content specifications show a
breakdown of the par ts and give an indication of their roles. It
will be noted that in these specifications there is a wide use of
dif ferent components for the dif ferent kit levels. These include
the use of dif ferent DVR control equipment and the monitors
used to view the final images. The monitors may be traditional
CRT or new generation LCD screens. MPEG4 DVR’s are capable of
generating TV quality images at a low bandwidth.
SystemOverview
An illustration of the par ts working in conjunction with each
other together with a system overview.
SystemConnections
Details the actual cabling and connection methods.
Illustrates the cabling points within the installed system.
ApplicationHints
Tips in regard to the system installation.
The application hints vari between the dif ferent levels.
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
30
InternalSystemKit(A)Vari-focal
Productcontentspecifcation.
2x Colour mini dome cameras Vari-focal
2x Twisted pair conver ter kits
1x 4 channel DVR
1x Monitor 14” CRT
2x Power supplies 12V
1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre
* 2 additional cameras can be added
SystemOverview
This kit is ideal for internal installations requiring compact stylish
colour mini dome cameras with a vari-focal lens and a high
specification. The angle of view can be selected to give a wide angle
or a relatively narrow field of view. They have a maximum working
distance between the camera and the DVR control point of 50m.
This kit can be used for monitoring activities in a wide range of
applications that require high resolution pictures with fine detail.
The vari-focal lens provides a margin of adjustment for the installer to
set the angle of view of the scene at the lens. In addition the camera
direction towards the scene can be easily adjusted using the pan, tilt
and rotate mechanism. The cameras are high resolution enabling the
fine detail of the scene to be displayed at the monitor.
31
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
SystemConnections
Connect the conver ter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable
and the power via the PSU supplied. At the camera end connect the
conver ter to the Cat5 cable. Connect the camera to this conver ter box
via the supplied lead. Power and video are then transmit ted across
the Cat5 cable max 50mtrs.
At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant conver ter
box using the cable supplied. Connect the monitor to the main output
of the DVR. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. Connect
monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on.
External l/o
1
main call
DC in
4
3
2
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Convertor Box -
Connects to Cat 5 cable
for Power & Video
2 additional cameras can be added
Convertor Box Link Cable Supplied
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 50m)
2 additional cameras can be added
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
32
Af ter the system has been connected to the mains supply and
switched on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self
test and then display all of the connected cameras.
ApplicationHints
• These systems use high resolution colour cameras so
at tention must be made to the local lighting levels within
the premises and the seasonal dif ferences at all times that
the cameras are operational.
• Do not point the camera directly towards doors or windows.
This will af fect the picture quality.
• Always install all equipment and components on a secure
fixing. Ensure that the cameras are fixed to a secure point
and are not subject to vibration.
• The dome camera has a manual pan/tilt /rotation mechanism
so it can be easily directed towards the actual target area
or the required scene.
• The focal length of the lens can be adjusted by a small
margin during the installation process and then set to give
the optimum angle of view at the monitor.
• Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure
in an appropriate junction box.
• Always use the supplied power supplies.
• The maximum distance between the control equipment
and cameras must not exceed 50m.
• The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable.
Do not use standard twisted pair, multi core or screened
cable.
• Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant
electrical standards for cable installations.
33
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
ExternalSystemKit(B)Vari-focal
ProductContentSpecifcation
2x IR vari-focal colour/mono cameras
2x Twisted pair conver ter kits
1x 4 channel DVR
1x Monitor 14” CRT
2x Power supplies 12V
1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre
* 2 additional cameras can be added
SystemOverview
This kit can be specified for those external installations that demand
the use of high resolution IR colour/mono cameras with a vari-
focal lens. The angle of view can be selected to give a wide angle
or a relatively narrow field of view. They have a maximum working
distance between the camera and the control point of 50m
This kit can be used for monitoring activities in a wide range of
applications that require high resolution pictures with fine detail.
The cameras operate in colour during the day and in monochrome
during low light conditions and provide pictures with fine detail at
the monitor. The vari-focal lens provides a margin of adjustment for
the installer to set the angle of view of the scene.
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
34
Systemconnections
Connect the conver ter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable
and the power via the PSU supplied. At the camera end connect the
conver ter to the Cat5 cable. Connect the camera to this conver ter box
via the supplied lead. Power and video are then transmit ted across
the Cat5 cable max 50mtrs.
At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant conver ter
box using the cable supplied. Connect the monitor to the main output
of the DVR. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. Connect
monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on.
External l/o
1
main call
DC in
3
2
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Convertor Box -
Connects to Cat 5 cable
for Power & Video
2 additional cameras can be added
4
Convertor Box Link Cable Supplied
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 50m)
2 additional cameras can be added
35
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
Af ter the system has been connected to the mains supply and
switched on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self
test and then display all of the connected cameras.
Note the cameras will automatically switch to monochrome during
low light conditions.
ApplicationHints
• Always install the cameras under a sof fit or in a sheltered
location that does not suf fer the full force of the rain. The
cameras are rated as IP65.
• Do not point the camera directly towards bright light
sources as this will af fect the picture quality.
• The ef fective range of the IR illuminators is 10m.
We recommend a max. range of 6m.
• Always install all equipment and components on a secure
fixing. Ensure that the cameras are fixed to a secure point
and are not subject to vibration.
• The focal length of the lens can be adjusted to a small
margin during the installation process and then set to give
the optimum angle of view at the monitor.
• Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure
in an appropriate junction box.
• The maximum distance between the control equipment
and cameras must not exceed 50m.
• The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable.
Do not use standard twisted pair, multi core or screened
cable.
• Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant
electrical standards for cable installations.
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
36
Internal/externalSystemKit(C)Vari-focal
Productcontentspecifcation
2x Colour mini dome Vari-focal cameras
2x IR vari-focal colour/mono cameras
4x Twisted pair conver ter kits
1x 4 channel DVR
1x Monitor 14” CRT
4x Power supplies 12V
1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre
SystemOverview
This kit is intended for those applications which require both internal
and external monitoring with vari-focal lenses and high specification
equipment. The angles of view of all the cameras can be adjusted to
give a wide angle or a relatively narrow field of view. The internal
cameras are compact colour domes. The external cameras are high
resolution IR colour/mono cameras. They have a maximum working
distance between the camera and the control point of 50m.
37
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS

Systemconnections
Connect the conver ter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable
and the power via the PSU supplied. At the camera end connect the
conver ter to the Cat5 cable. Connect the camera to this conver ter box
via the supplied lead. Power and video are then transmit ted across
the Cat5 cable max 50mtrs.
At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant conver ter
box using the cable supplied. Connect the monitor to the main output
of the DVR. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. Connect
monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on.
External l/o
1
main call
DC in
4
3
2
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Convertor Box -
Connects to Cat 5 cable
for Power & Video
Convertor Box Link Cable Supplied
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 50m)
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
38
Af ter the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched
on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self test and
then display all of the connected cameras. Note that the external
colour/mono cameras will automatically switch to monochrome in
low light conditions.
ApplicationHints
• These systems use high resolution colour cameras so
at tention must be made to the local lighting levels and
the seasonal dif ferences at all times that the cameras are
operational.
• Do not point the camera directly towards doors or windows
or sources of light including street lights and floodlights.
Avoid strong light sources in the picture.
• Always install the external cameras under a sof fit or in a
sheltered location that does not suf fer the full force of the
rain. These are rated IP65.
• The ef fective range of the IR illuminators is 10m.
We recommend a max. range of 6m.
• Always install all items of equipment and components on
a secure fixing that are not subject to vibration. Only use
the supplied power supplies.
• The focal length of the lens can be adjusted to a small
margin during the installation process and then set to give
the optimum angle of view at the monitor.
• Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure
in an appropriate junction box. Install the cabling in
accordance with the relevant electrical standards for cable
installations.
39
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
Level2:InternalSystemKit(2a)Vari-focal
ProductContentSpecifcation
2x Colour mini dome cameras Vari-focal
4x Twisted pair conver ter kits
1x 4 channel DVR
1x LCD
2x Power supplies 12V
1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre
* 2 additional cameras can be added

SystemOverview
This kit is the ideal for internal those applications which have a
requirement for compact stylish colour mini dome cameras with a vari-
focal lens and to a high specification. These kits feature an advanced
DVR (MPEG4) and a new generation LCD monitor. The cameras
are powered locally. The maximum working distance between the
cameras and the control point is 200m.
This kit can be used for monitoring activities in a wide range of
applications that require high resolution pictures with fine detail.
The vari-focal lens provides a margin of adjustment for the installer
to set the angle of view of the scene at the lens. The cameras are
high resolution enabling the fine detail of the scene to be displayed
at the monitor.
Of fices, shops, commercial and industrial areas together with public
buildings can all benefit from the use of the features included in this
intermediate level 2 kit.
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
40
SystemConnections
Connect the conver ter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable.
At the camera end connect the conver ter to the Cat5 cable. Then
connect the camera to this conver ter box and to the power via the
power supply and the supplied lead. Video is transmit ted across the
Cat5 cable system max 200mtrs.
At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant conver ter
box using the cable supplied. Connect the monitor to the main output
of the DVR. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. Connect
monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on.
External l/o
1
main call
DC in
4
3
2
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 200m) Convertor Box -
Connects to Cat 5
cable for Video
2 additional cameras can be added
Convertor Box Link Cable Supplied
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 200m)
2 additional cameras can be added
41
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
Af ter the system has been connected to the mains supply and
switched on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self
test and then display all of the connected cameras.
ApplicationHints
• These systems use colour cameras that are powered locally
at the camera head.
• At tention must be made to the local lighting levels and
the seasonal dif ferences at all times that the cameras are
operational.
• Do not point the camera directly towards doors or windows.
This will af fect the picture quality.
• Always install all equipment and components on a secure
fixing that are not subject to vibration.
• The dome camera has a manual pan/tilt /rotation mechanism
so that the camera can be easily directed towards the
actual target area or scene required of the application.
• The focal length of the lens can be adjusted to a small
margin during the installation process and then set to give
the optimum angle of view at the monitor.
• Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure
in an appropriate junction box.
• Always use the supplied power supplies.
• The maximum distance between the control equipment
and cameras must not exceed 200m.
• The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable.
Do not use standard twisted pair, multi core or screened
cable.
• Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant
electrical standards for cable installations.
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
42
Level2.ExternalSystemKit(2b)Vari-focal
ProductContentSpecifcation
2x IR vari-focal colour/mono cameras
2x Twisted pair conver ter kits
1x 4 channel DVR
1x LCD
2x Power supplies 12V
1x BNC lead 4 way 1 metre
* 2 additional cameras can be added
SystemOverview
This kit is the ideal selection for external installations that demand
the use of high specification IR colour/mono cameras with a vari-
focal lens. The system employs an advanced DVR (MPEG4) and a
new generation LCD monitor. The cameras are powered locally. The
maximum working distance between the cameras and the control
point is 200m.
This kit can be used for external monitoring activities in a wide range
of applications that require high resolution pictures with fine detail.
The cameras operate in colour during the day and in monochrome
during low light conditions so as to obtain the best possible resolution
of the picture at the monitor. The vari-focal lenses provides a margin
of adjustment for the installer to set the angle of view of the scene
at the lens. The cameras are high resolution and provide images with
fine detail at the monitor.
43
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
SystemConnections
Connect the conver ter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable.
At the camera end connect the conver ter to the Cat5 cable. Then
connect the camera to this conver ter box and to the power via the
power supply and the supplied lead. Video is transmit ted across the
Cat5 cable system max 200mtrs.
At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant conver ter
box using the cable supplied. Connect the monitor to the main output
of the DVR. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. Connect
monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on.
External l/o
1
main call
DC in
3
2
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 200m) Convertor Box -
Connects to Cat 5
cable for Video
2 additional cameras can be added
4
Convertor Box Link Cable Supplied
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 200m)
2 additional cameras can be added
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
44
Af ter the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched
on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self test and
then display all of the connected cameras. Note the cameras will
automatically switch to monochrome during low light conditions
ApplicationHints
• These systems use colour IR cameras that are powered
locally at the camera.
• Always install the cameras under a sof fit or in a sheltered
location that does not suf fer the full force of the rain.
• Do not point the camera directly towards bright light
sources as this will af fect the picture quality.
• Always install all equipment and components on a secure
fixing. Ensure that the cameras are fixed to a secure point
and are not subject to vibration.
• The focal length of the lens can be adjusted to a small
margin during the installation process and then set to give
the optimum angle of view at the monitor.
• Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure
in weatherproof junction boxes.
• The max. distance of IR illuminators is 10m. We recommend
a max. distance of 6m.
• Always use the supplied power supplies.
• The maximum distance between the control equipment
and cameras must not exceed 200m.
• The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable.
Do not use standard twisted pair, multi core or screened
cable.
• Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant
electrical standards for cable installations.
45
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
Level2:Internal/externalSystemKit(2c)
Vari-focal
ProductContentSpecifcation
2x Colour mini dome Vari-focal cameras
2x IR vari-focal colour/mono cameras
4x Twisted pair conver ter kits
1x 4 Ch Twisted pair conver ter
1x 4 channel DVR
1x LCD Monitor
4x Power supplies 12V
1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre

SystemOverview
This kit is an ideal choice for those applications which require both
internal and external monitoring with vari-focal lenses, external IR
colour/ mono cameras and high specification equipment. It features
an advanced DVR (MPEG4) and a new generation LCD monitor.
The cameras are powered locally. The maximum working distance
between the cameras and the control point is 200m. All cameras are
high resolution and provide images with fine detail.
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
46
SystemConnections
Connect the conver ter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable.
At the camera end connect the conver ter to the Cat5 cable. Then
connect the camera to this conver ter box and to the power via the
power supply and the supplied lead. Video is transmit ted across the
Cat5 cable system max 200mtrs.
At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant conver ter
box using the cable supplied. Connect the monitor to the main output
of the DVR. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. Connect
monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on.
External l/o
1
main call
DC in
4
3
2
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 200m) Convertor Box -
Connects to Cat 5
cable for Video
Convertor Box Link Cable Supplied
Pre-made lead
Cat 5 Cable (max 200m)
47
INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS
Af ter the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched
on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self test and
then display all of the connected cameras. Note that the external
colour/mono cameras will automatically switch to monochrome in
low light conditions.
ApplicationHints
• Always install the external cameras under a sof fit or in a
sheltered location that does not suf fer the full force of the
rain.
• Do not point the cameras directly towards sources of light
including street lights and floodlights and avoid strong
light sources in your picture.
• The max. distance of IR illuminators is 10m. We recommend
a max. distance of 6m.
• Always install all equipment and components on a secure
fixing that are not subject to vibration.
• Ensure that the cameras are fixed to a secure point and are
not subject to vibration.
• The focal length of the lens can be adjusted to a small
margin during the installation process and then set to give
the optimum angle of view at the monitor.
• Make sure that all connections are connected correctly and
secure in the supplied weather-resistant junction boxes
and the cabling is installed in accordance with the relevant
electrical standards for cable installations.
• Make sure that all connections are connected correctly and
secure and in an appropriate junction box.
• Only use the supplied cable as the system has been
designed to use Cat5 cable only.
• Do not use standard twisted pair, multi core or screened
cable. The maximum distance between the cameras and
control equipment must not exceed 200m.
DESIGN AND BUILD YOUR CCTV
48
ComponentSelection
The first par t of the selection process involves specif ying the cameras/
lenses and then determining what is the most ef fective DVR.
The flow char ts illustrate how an initial selection of par ts can be
made by using the working distance between the control point and
the cameras as a design guide which is based on the system size.
The flow char ts cover the camera, DVR and monitor selection plus
fur ther camera selection criteria.
Usethefollowingoptions:
InternalUse
DOME -
Vandal Resistant
ALL IN ONE -
Spot Cam
ExternalUse
SelecttheCamera
12V dc / 24V ac power source
required for cameras at camera end
Colour
Only
A local 230V ac supply required
for all external kits
Day / Night
no
Infra-Red
Night
Vision /
In Built
Infra-Red
SelecttheCable&Interface
Cat5Cable Co-axialCable
Max Distance
600 metres
Max Distance 300 metres
Max Distance
1,000 metres
RG59
Requires BNC connector
at each end
One cable per camera
(not supplied)
Camera End
Single Channel
Passive
Single Channel
Active
Control End - Up to 4 Cameras
4 Channel
Passive
4 Channel
Active
Control End - Up to 16 Cameras
16 Channel
Passive
16 Channel
Active
SelecttheDVR
4Channel 8Channel 16Channel
SelecttheMonitor
14”CRT
21”CRT
17”LCD
19”LCD
49
DESIGN AND BUILD YOUR CCTV
SelectionMatrix
CamerasInternal CamerasExternal
Internal Dome Colour only
Vandal Dome Day / Night no Infra-Red
All in one Night Vision
12v DC Power Supply 230v AC Power Supply
24v AC Power Supply
Cat5 - Short Distance Cat5 - Long Distance
Single Channel Passive Single Channel Active
4 Channel Passive 4 Channel Active
16 Channel Passive 16 Channel Active
DVR DVR
4 Channel DVR Select no more than 4 cameras
8 Channel DVR Select no more than 8 cameras
16 Channel DVR Select no more than 16 cameras
CRTMonitor LCDMonitor
14” Monitor 17” Monitor
21” Monitor 19” Monitor
Please
Tick
Please
Tick
DESIGN AND BUILD YOUR CCTV
50
ComponentDescriptions
Cameras
inTernal dome - High resolution Colour dome camera with 3-9mm
Vari-focal lens 12VDC or 24Vac internal use only
vandel resisTanT dome - High resolution vandel resistant Colour
dome camera with 3-9mm Vari-focal lens 12VDC or 24Vac internal
external use
all in one camera - High resolution Colour camera with 2.8-10mm
Vari-focal lens 12VDC or 24Vac internal use including cable managed
wall bracket
colour KiT - Pre built ext camera kit include high resolution colour
camera 2.8-12mm vari-focal auto iris lens Ext camera housing and
wall bracket
day/nighT KiT - Pre built ext camera kit include high resolution Day/
night camera 3.5-10.5mm vari-focal auto iris lens Ext camera housing
and wall bracket
nighT vision KiT - Pre built ext camera kit include high resolution
Day/night camera 3.5-10.5mm vari-focal auto iris lens Ext camera
housing and wall bracket and IR Illumation
Cables
single channel passive - Single channel inter face from camera
to Cat5 cable maximum distance 200 meters Passive device
4 channel passive - 4 channel inter face from Cat5 cable to control
equipment maximum distance 200 meters Passive device
16 channel passive - 16 channel inter face from Cat5 cable to
control equipment maximum distance 200 meters Passive device
single channel acTive - Single channel inter face from camera
to Cat5 cable maximum distance 600 meters Active device 12V dc
required
4 channel acTive - 4 channel inter face from Cat5 cable to control
equipment maximum distance 600 meters Active device 12V dc
required
16 channel acTive - 16 channel inter face from Cat5 cable to
control equipment maximum distance 600 meters Active device 12V
dc required
51
DESIGN AND BUILD YOUR CCTV
DVR
4 channel dvr - 4 Channel DVR c/w DVD writer and 160GB hard
Drive. Networkable and USB download.
8 channel dvr - 8 Channel DVR c/w DVD writer and 250GB hard
Drive. Networkable and USB download.
16 channel dvr - 16 Channel DVR c/w DVD writer and 500GB hard
Drive. Networkable and USB download.
Monitor
17” lcd / 14” crT - Ideal for 4-8 channel DVR
19” lcd / 21” crT - Ideal for 4-8-16 channel DVR or when larger
images are required
APPLICATION EXAMPLES
52
These application examples are ef fectively installation considerations
that apply to any CCTV system.
It is to be understood that a CCTV system is made up from a number
of components that themselves must be installed in accordance with
cer tain practices if the final system is to work as intended.
The typical examples shown in the application examples give prompts
to help the installer to obtain the best possible results from the
proposed system and to avoid any pit falls in the installation process.
They can be seen as do’s 4and don’ ts 8 in terms of the installation
practices to be carried out.
The Application examples are set out against the following:
Camera/lens
Cables
Recordingandmonitoringequipment
Illumination
Camera/Lens
8 Never point the camera at
windows, doors or strong sources
of light.
8 Don’t subject external cameras
to the full force of the rain.
8 Don’t forget to check with the
camera specification to establish
if it is to be powered locally at
the camera head or at the control
point using the system power
supply.
8 Never overlook the fact that
there is a need to make a record
of every camera position in the
system log and of the scenes.
4 Install the camera on a solid
surface which is not subject to
vibration.
4Beware of seasonal differences
in regard to bright sunshine.
4 Install the camera in a
sheltered location.
4 Use the supplied power
supplies, cables and connectors
to make up the connections to
the cameras.
4 Take time setting up and
adjusting the camera and always
confirm with the client what the
actual scene or target will be.
53
APPLICATION EXAMPLES
4 Do understand that all of the
components covered by these
systems have been designed
to work in conjunction with the
supplied cables and to a quoted
maximum working distance.
4Appreciate the reason for using
Cat5 which is a networking cable
and used to transmit the video and
power. This facilitates a fast and
easy installation. It is terminated
with RJ45 connectors.
4 Ensure that the cables are
secure and can not be disturbed
at the control point location.
4Install the cables in accordance
with relevant electrical standards
and wiring regulations.
8 Don’t use standard twisted
pair, multicore or screened cable
as an alternative to Cat5 cable.
8 Never stretch or bend any
cables excessively.
8 Don’t attempt to use different
wiring formats other than those
specified.
8 Never attempt to install
cabling longer than the maximum
distance specified for the system
i.e. the cables running between
the cameras and control point
DVR.
4Only use the supplied adaptor
and power cord for the DVR at the
control point.
4Pay attention to the connection
of the cameras (video sources)
when connecting them to the
video input terminals.
4 Pay attention to the
programming of the DVR. In
particular it is important to select
the most appropriate recording
mode and the quality of the
recording images.
4Use the External I/O for control
remotely by an external device or
control system such as a video
web server.
4 Ensure that the monitor
termination switch is correctly
set.
Recordingandmonitoringequipment
8 Don’t forget to allow for system
expansion when choosing the
DVR. Select the correct number of
video signal channels and always
plan ahead.
8 Never overlook the fact that
the brightness and contrast must
be set at the monitor so that the
viewer can see as many picture
details as possible.
8 Don’t assume that the client
is familiar with the operation of
the recording and monitoring
equipment – always check that
they are familiar!
Cables
APPLICATION EXAMPLES
54
4Understand that without light
there can be no picture.
4Provide even illumination over
the scene.
4 Recognise the quoted range
for external cameras with infra
red illumination.
4Ensure that artificial lighting is
installed for those periods when
natural light is not available.
4Try to use existing lighting if at
all possible.
Illumination
8 Never create over exposure by
using excess lighting levels.
8 Don’t let the camera view the
light source direct as this will
cause bright patches or light
spots.
8 Don’t use manual iris lenses
with installations which have
changing light levels. Specify
an auto iris lens as the correct
selection.
8 Never overlook light pollution
as when installing overt lighting
only true white light will allow
full colour definition.
8 Don’t neglect the need for
maintenance to cover any lighting
that forms an essential part of the
CCTV scheme.
55
DATA PROTECTION ACT
The Data Protection Act introduced in 1984 did not originally require
CCTV systems to be registered however the updated Act which came
into ef fect in 2000 did have an influence on the processing of CCTV
data in regard to a living individual. This is because of the rapid
development of CCTV and its ability to process data. Never theless not
all CCTV systems need to be compliant with the Act.
Therearethreemainconsiderations:
TrackingofIndividuals
Are the cameras operated remotely with a facility to pan,
tilt and zoom in order to track and observe individuals?
BehaviouroftheIndividual
Are the images from the CCTV to be used to observe the
behaviour of an individual for business purposes or to
assess the per formance of staf f ?
ThirdPartyUse
Will the CCTV images be given over to a third par ty other
than of ficial law enforcement par ties such as the police?
If the answer to all of the three main considerations is ‘no’ the CCTV
system would not be expected to fall within the scope of the Act.
However if the system is covered there is an obligation to process
the personal data fairly and lawfully. It also places a liability on the
installer to carr y out cer tain practices,
If the installation falls within the scope of the Act this means that the
installer must:
Fit appropriately sized signs in and around the areas where
the cameras are to be located in order to inform people of
the existence of the cameras and for what purpose they are
being used.
Include the name of the data controller and contact details.
Remember also that under the Human Rights Act cameras
must not target private dwellings or grounds.
Full details can be found at www.cbceurope.com.
THE OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENT
56
When set ting up your equipment and carr ying out surveillance under
Home Of fice guidelines there is a need to fulfil the ‘Operational
Requirement’. This is required for evidential purposes and relates
to the Monitoring, Detection, Recognition and Identification of the
target on the monitor screen.
Monitor
The target size of a target for
monitoring is generally 5% of the
monitor screen. Ideal for monitoring
human or vehicle traf fic flows.
Detect
To obtain best results for electronic
detection purposes the picture size
of the target should be no less than
10% of screen size.
Recognise
For recognition the picture size on
the monitor should be no less than
50% of the screen. This value can
be used to recognise a target such
as a ‘known person’.
Identify
It is recommended that the
target size should be 120% of the
screen size. This means for example,
the face and body of a grown
human to the knees but not the
full height inclusive of legs!
57
REFERENCE INFORMATION
HandoverandPreventativeMaintenance
As with all electrical installations there are a number of issues to
be upheld. These are in regard to the handover of the system to the
client and the establishing of a maintenance schedule.
TheHandoveroftheSystemInvolves:
Going through the system specification in detail
Identif ying the data in the documentation
Showing the location of ever y item of equipment
Indicating the view of ever y camera
Demonstrating the use of the system
Illustrating the recording procedures
Activating all equipment
If telemetr y is included demonstrating all aspects of its role
TheMaintenanceoftheSystemShould:
Be based on the BSIA Code of Practice 109
Be made within 12 months of the completion of the installation
(known as a Level 1 visit since it is a basic requirement)
Involve a check to verif y that the system complies with the system
specified at the original handover
Confirm that the quality of the image from ever y camera remains
satisfactor y.
Prove that environmental changes have not been made that can
have an ef fect on the system
REFERENCE INFORMATION
58
GlossaryofTerms
ambienT lighT General light level of a given area or scene.
analogue When discussed in video terms it is the
representation of a camera scene translated
into electronic terminology.
aperTure The area of the lens that collects or gathers
the light. Just as the human pupil dilates and
expands so does the iris of a lens, in ef fect
controlling the size of the aper ture and hence
the amount of light passing through.
aspherical lens Aspherical lenses have reduced the spherical
aberration that exists in all conventional
lenses. This allows a larger area of the lens
to be used, thus increasing the ef fective
aper ture.
auTomaTic iris A lens that automatically adjusts to the variing
lighting conditions to allow the correct amount
of light to fall upon the imaging device.
bacK focus The mechanical adjustment on a camera that
moves the imaging device in relation to the
lens to compensate for dif ferent back focal
lengths of lenses.
b.l.c. (bacK lighT compensaTion)
Electronically compensates for high lights
to enable silhouet ted scenes to give more
detail.
bnc Video connector used in CCTV installations.
camera housings A full range of housings is on of fer for cameras.
These provide protection against the
environment, par ticularly for externally
mounted devices, and for those applications
where vandalism can occur.
ccTv A Closed Circuit Television System which is for
private purposes only, and not for public or
general broadcasting.
59
REFERENCE INFORMATION
daTa cable Cable used for transmit ting low level signals
between system units.
depTh of field The propor tion of view that is in correct focus.
The depth of field decreases when the focal
length is longer or the object distance is
shor ter.
digiTal signal An analogue signal that has been conver ted
(A/D) to a digital format - binar y - in order
that it can be processed by a micro-processor
(for example used in multiplexing and video
transmission equipment).
duplex Used in multiplexing terminology whereby
two single (simplex) units are assembled in
one unit enabling the system to record and
display simultaneously.
dvr Digital video recorder. Used to store video
information in digital form as opposed to
analogue recording.
field of view The relationship between the angle of view
and the distance of the object from the lens.
focal lengTh The distance between the secondar y principal
point in the lens and the plane of the imaging
device. The longer the focal length, the
narrower is the angle of view.
frame Is the combination of two fields. 25 frames are
created ever y second. Television pictures are
made up of 25 frames per second.
hardwired Direct cables connected from one electronic
product to another. Of ten used in the simple
control of remote equipment.
illuminance The measurement of light in lumens per square
metre. The unit of which is the Lux.
infrared The range of radiated waves generally accepted
between 700nm (nanometres) and 1000nm. It
is light which is invisible to the human eye but
which the monochrome camera can ‘see’.
REFERENCE INFORMATION
60
infrared lighTing Lighting units which provide infrared
illumination for infrared sensitive cameras.
The energy is produced from LEDs or
incandescent lamps with the appropriate
filters to cut out the visible light. Typical pass
wavelength filters are 715 and 850 nm.
inTegral cameras Give high resolution per formance using a
compact camera/lens combination for sites
where the aesthetics of the camera is critical
to the interior design.
iris The mechanism within a lens that is adjusted
to vari the amount of light falling upon the
imaging device.
line powered A camera in which the power is supplied along
the same cable as the video information.
Tends to be used for small cable runs.
lux The unit of measurement of light. It is the
metric measurement of light striking a
sur face.
monochrome Only one colour. In CCTV this means a black
and white system.
mulTiplexer (Time division)
An electronic product that can accept a
number of camera inputs and record or/and
display them almost simultaneously (time
shared). These devices of fer a range of screen
displays. There are two main types:
simplex: Can record or playback. It is limited
to recording full screen images when viewing
live pictures in a screen layout.
duplex: A double unit as it can record and
display a multiscreen.
mulTiplexing The process by which two or more signals are
transmit ted over a single communications
link. Examples include time sharing (video)
and wavelength division.
61
REFERENCE INFORMATION
p. a.l. (phase alTernaTe line)
Colour television system used throughout
many countries of the world with a supply
voltage in the order of 200 - 250 Volts at a
frequency 50 Hz.
pan TilT and Zoom (pTZ) assemblies
A device that will move a camera horizontally
and ver tically from a remote control point.
These are fully functional assemblies which
enable a camera to be rotated and tilted and
also to zoom in and out on a target. Wash/
wipe for the camera housing screen may be
included.
pip (picTure in picTure)
Superimposes a reduced size picture from
one camera over the full screen picture of
another.
psu (power supply uniT)
Power supply units are normally used
to provide low voltage ac or dc stepped
down from 230 volts 50 Hz ac supplies.
Typically 12-24 volts.
Quad spliTTer A product that can display the views from 4
cameras simultaneously on one monitor. It is
also possible to select any individual camera
for full screen display on real time monitoring.
As its name suggests the quad allows four
cameras to be displayed simultaneously unlike
the switcher which only shows one camera
image on the monitor at any given time. The
screen display is formed into four quadrants.
reflecTed lighT Scene illumination multiplied by reflectance.
This is the amount of light returned to the
camera lens and determines the quality of the
picture.
remoTe swiTchers A video switcher to which the cables are
connected from the cameras. This unit may be
remotely connected to a desktop controller by
a single cable for each monitor.
REFERENCE INFORMATION
62
resoluTion Resolution is the measurement of the ability of
equipment and systems to resolve or produce
‘sharp’ pictures. It is specified as the number
of black and white transitions per picture
height measured horizontally across the
screen.
rs232 Computer terminology. It is a widely used
format for serial inter facing.
scarT A universal connector/adaptor. Produced as
a multi-pin it enables the employment of a
number of functions related to input /output
links.
scene illuminaTion The density of light measured in lux falling
upon the scene to be viewed.
screen spliTTer A term used for displaying to camera on
a single screen ver tically, horizontally or
inser ted into another.
sensiTiviTy Of a camera, usually specified in lux, should
be the amount of light falling upon an imaging
device to produce a full video signal.
simplex A term used in multiplexing techniques.
Has only one frame store which means the
equipment can record or play only.
svhs (super video home sysTem)
Higher resolution recording than standard
VHS.
swiTcher The switcher is a device that can display two
or more cameras by switching between them
for a pre-set period. It works to a sequence
with the rate of switching (adjustable dwell
time) between the cameras programmed
by the system installer or user. Therefore it
may be referred to as a sequential switcher.
It provides a high quality resolution picture.
TelemeTry Control equipment using transmit ter and
receiver to remotely control functions at the
camera.
63
REFERENCE INFORMATION
TerminaTion In CCTV the standard impedance is 75 Ohms.
Because ‘Z’ is the symbol for impedance,
some manufacturers refer to the 75 Ohms
termination on their equipment as Low Z.
Time lapse (vcr) A type of video recorder that can be set to
record continuously in time steps over long
periods (from 24 to 960 hours typically). This
is achieved by the tape mechanism moving
in steps and recording either one field or
one frame at a time. The domestic VCR is
not suitable for CCTV recording purposes.
However the time lapse device used for the
recording of CCTV pictures is similar but is
capable of operating continuously in a slow
mode. By using this technique it can record
a longer period of time on a standard E-180
VHS by taking a lesser number of pictures.

TwisTed pair A balanced cable transmission system that
consists of two conductors.
unbalanced signal A term used for coaxial cable transmission.
vari-focal A type of lens which enables the focal length
to be manually adjusted to produce dif ferent
picture views.
vhs (video home sysTem)
Common name given to the 1/2” casset te tape
used in video recorders. Lower resolution to
SVHS.
Zoom lens A lens with a long focal length giving a high
magnification but narrow angle (field) of
view. Sometimes referred to as a telephoto
lens.
7/8 Garrick Industrial Estate, Irving Way, London NW9 6AQ UK
sales: +44 (0)20 8732 3334/3324/3310 fax: +44 (0)20 8202 3387
sales: info@cbcuk.com web: www.cbceurope.com
Your local supplier is:

INTRODUCTION CONTENTS
Introduction Page 02

CCTV Basics

Page 05

System Components

Page 06

Applications matrix

Page 16

Entry Level Systems Kits

Page 18

Intermediate Level Systems Kits

Page 28

Design and Build your CCTV

Page 48

Application Examples

Page 52

Data Protection Act

Page 55

The Operational Requirement

Page 56

Reference Information

Page 57 

INTRODUCTION
Welcome to the CBC (Europe) Pocket Guide to CCTV
This is an installation guide for everyone with an interest in closed circuit television systems. It contains all the essential information that is required by those wishing to become involved with these systems, and for those who are already active, and is presented in an easy to read format.

Using the Guide
The CCTV industry and the application of components within it, is extremely diverse. With this in mind the CBC (Europe) Pocket Guide has been compiled to help the installer come to understand the basic role and the functions of all of the components and equipment used in traditional CCTV systems. By referring to the applications matrix in the guide it becomes possible to select a CBC (Europe) entry level kit or an intermediate level kit to be used for any mainstream CCTV application. This matrix also helps the installer to appreciate the fundamentals of the selection process in terms of the parts being specified in any given kit. In order to allow installers to select the most efficient components for any CCTV role, and to ensure full compatibility between all of the CCTV interconnected items, CBC (Europe) developed this range of kits. These kits are for general duties and include clearly defined components. In view that they range from entry level through to intermediate level the installer can easily order a purpose designed kit system that will truly satisfy any wide ranging but time honoured monitoring application. For those who would like to become involved at a higher scale the guide covers how to Design and Build your CCTV that enables the installer to produce a system custom designed for any CCTV activity. For these more diverse system applications additional components can easily be added to provide a wider range of functions. Following on from the applications matrix the guide itemises the various components used in the different kits and includes installation criteria and applications hints. The modular systems are represented in schematic form so that the installer can easily determine what additional components may be needed for the more involved CCTV scheme. 

The typical examples shown give prompts to help the installer to obtain the best possible results from the proposed system and to avoid any pitfalls in the installation process. These are effectively installation considerations that apply to any CCTV system. A reference information section contains details of the handover and maintenance policies that are required. This helps the installer to appreciate the requirements for the commissioning of the system. Information on the Data Protection Act and the Operational Requirement have been included as the installer should have a basic understanding of these issues and how they are applied in the CCTV industry. A glossary of terms is also provided.INTRODUCTION This guide also contains application examples. Our highly trained technical department offers even greater levels of help and advice on all aspects concerning the operation of our full product range so as to provide a unique and comprehensive service. the techniques needed to present it to the client and the ongoing maintenance policies. For technical help on any of our products call 020 8732 3350/3353.  .

In practice the full range of component parts used within the CCTV industry is extremely wide ranging and diverse. to satisfy any application. or the parts to form your Design and Build CCTV system. Therefore the true potential of CCTV is becoming understood as it expands its scope to aid both the operational surveillance practices being employed by traditional organisations and those involved with specialist surveillance. The general availability of versatile CBC (Europe) high quality components for use within the industry presents enormous opportunities for all those personnel seeking to become involved with CCTV and for those who are already active at every level. Although CCTV has always had a high profile role to play in the security industry it is now also being increasingly used to great effect in even more wide ranging monitoring and control applications. This is unlike ‘broadcast television’ where the signals are accessed by special receiving equipment that is tuned to collect signals from across the airwaves. Although every CCTV system exists as a self contained technique and can be managed and controlled in its own right it can always play an enhanced role by integrating it with other management systems and networks. From this it follows that CCTV can play a principal role in many wider networks even though it continues to retain its own individual identity.INTRODUCTION CCTV Basics: CCTV – A Self Contained System As the term implies CCTV is a self contained system in that all of the circuits contained within it are closed and directly connected. The installer will certainly also be assured that the selection of components will be fully compatible with each other and operate together to form a truly effective system. However by referring to this guide and by using the selection processes that it contains will enable the installer to select a kit.  .

These devices or components must be compatible and work together in an efficient way if the CCTV is to be truly effective.  . we can say that in its most basic form any system must consist of a number of essential devices. By referring to these overviews the installer is able to understand why particular products have been selected for use in the CBC (Europe) entry and intermediate level system kits. They will also enable anyone specifying Design and Build CCTV systems to appreciate the roles of some of the wider functions of these devices and the terminology that will be encountered. These overviews contain everything that the installer needs to know at foundation level.SYSTEM COMPONENTS The Essential Devices Although the application of CCTV and the range of available components is extremely diverse. These essential devices are namely: Camera Lens Cables Recording and monitoring equipment Illumination In order to appreciate how CCTV systems actually operate an overview of each of these essential devices is given in relation to the products used within the CBC (Europe) systems covered by this guide. and reflect the fundamentals of CCTV.

SYSTEM COMPONENTS Camera The term ‘camera’ comes from the Latin ‘camera obscura’ which means ‘dark room’. However when the light levels become low the camera switches from colour to black and white mode. With all dome camera systems the observer does not know when they are under surveillance. plus an integral infra red (IR) light emitting diode (LED) array assembly unit. Dome Cameras An assembly containing a camera within the confines of a dome. Despite the enormous range of cameras and their functions and attributes we can provide a number of fundamentals that should be understood. Colour Cameras These are superior in identifying and tracking a target. They provide around the clock optimum performance in demanding lighting conditions by switching from colour to mono in low light and triggering the IR assembly unit. IR Colour/Mono Cameras These are an assembly consisting of a camera and lens.  . The effective range of the IR illumination will be quoted in the camera data. The principle duty of the camera is to project an image onto different targets using light and lenses but which by their very nature differ widely. Monochrome cameras can also be matched to infra red (IR) illumination which is lighting that is invisible to the human eye. Colour/Mono Cameras These are ‘day’ and ‘night’ cameras. Monochrome Cameras Black and white cameras are superior to colour cameras in low lighting environments. The picTures will Therefore be referred To as sTandard or high resoluTion. These provide high quality colour images in normal light conditions. There are many factors that have an effect on camera selection including the working environment and lighting levels and all of these variables need to be balanced against the requirement to resolve fine detail in the picture.

SYSTEM COMPONENTS Lens
The lens is an optical device which is attached to the camera. It is used to gather light from the scene that is being viewed and to focus this light from the front of the lens to the electronic pick-up (imaging device) within the camera. Therefore the lens works in a similar way to the human eye, which focuses the images of the things that we see on the retina at the back of the eye. when considering The lens iT is imporTanT To undersTand The significance of The angle of view and The lighTing. The angle of view or scene The focal length of the lens is directly related to the angle of view or scene. Short focal lengths give a wide angle of view. As the focal length increases the view of the camera becomes narrower. We tend to refer to a lens with a ‘normal’ angle of view as similar to what is seen by the human eye i.e. an angle in the order of 35°.
Camera Imaging Device

Lens

Angle of view to the scene

Focal Length 6mm

As the focal length increases the angle of view becomes narrower.
Camera Imaging Device

Lens

Angle of view to the scene

Focal Length 12mm 

SYSTEM COMPONENTS
From this we can come to understand the techniques associated with the following types: fixed focus lens vari-focal lens Zoom lens

Fixed Focus Lens
These have a fixed focal length and are used when the angle of view is not intended to be altered or adjusted. It is the most basic form of CCTV camera lens. These lenses are extremely cost effective and can make the quote for a system highly competitive.

Vari-focal Lens
This type of lens allows the focal length to be manually adjusted slightly during the installation. It allows for the field of view or scene to be altered to a small extent during set-up which allows a limited margin of error.

Zoom (Telephoto) Lens
Has a long focal length to produce high magnification but a narrow angle of view. The manual zoom lens offers a wide adjustment at setup. The motorised zoom lens is used by an operator to automatically change the field of view to zoom in and out on a target. noTe:
All of the kits covered by this guide use either fixed focus or Vari-

focal lenses depending on the specific application types. Zoom lenses are only used in purpose design CBC (Europe) pan/tilt/zoom systems with automatic control or telemetry but for the purposes of lens fundamentals should be understood.

Remember
Pay attention to the selection of lens with particular regard to the angle of view and to the lighting at the scene at different times of day. Practical hints are given throughout the sections in this guide relating to the different kits. The artificial illumination used for the lighting at the scene should also be referred to in the system components section. 

SYSTEM COMPONENTS The Lighting
We know that the lens is used to gather light from the scene and to focus this light onto the electronic pick-up device within the camera. Therefore it follows that the quality of the final image will be influenced to a great extent by the natural light available to the lens at the scene, and by any artificial illumination that must be provided when natural light is not available. To give the best image quality it is absolutely vital that the correct amount of light reaches the camera sensor via the lens. In practice this is regulated by the lens iris. Therefore we need to appreciate the fundamentals of the lens in relation to the operation of the iris.

Manual Iris Lens
These are only used where the lighting levels remain constant and are found typically in internal applications. The iris with this lens type is set at the time of installation to suit the lighting levels generally available.

Auto Iris Lens
These automatically adjust to changes in the lighting levels so are most prominent in external applications to compensate for fluctuating lighting levels.

Aspherical Lens
These have special optics and achieve better sensitivity with cameras used in low lighting installations. The aspherical lens gives increased performance when lighting conditions are poor, effectively giving a sharper, clearer image at dusk and at daybreak.

IR Corrected (Day and Night) Lens
This lens type is used for night time surveillance with infra red lighting. They provide a much more vivid picture when used at night with colour/mono cameras.

10

multi core or screened cable as this will have an effect on the system performance. This cable is colour coded and is capable of connecting up to four individual cameras. The CBC (Europe) kits come complete with a 1 metre long pre-wired multi co-axial cable to form the link between the control equipment and the power supply unit (PSU). Cabling of Kits All CBC (Europe) entry level and intermediate level system kits come with factory produced pre-wired cables and connectors where appropriate. 11 . Supplying pre-wired cables with the kits is an added assurance to all installers that superior joints and terminations have been ‘made up’ in a high quality manufacturing environment. It is these twists that give the cable pairs added protection against electrical interference being induced into the wiring. It employs four pairs of cables that are twisted along their full length. Cat5 is a form of unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cable but to more exacting requirements and with particular characteristics. Co-axial Cable Co-axial cable is the traditional medium for carrying the CCTV signals. These cables can be easily connected to the appropriate converter boxes and PSU devices without any need to make up terminations at the installation site. It features a centre copper conductor core which is insulated and then screened by an outer shield or braid.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Cables The principal cable forms used in CCTV systems are co-axial cables and Category 5 (Cat 5). Co-axial cable is terminated for CCTV purposes with an appropriate form of BNC connector. Cat5 cable is also capable of carrying the CCTV signals far greater distances than co-axial cable. Cat5 Cat5 is actually a communications cabling form that has been adopted by the CCTV industry. For these reasons it should never be replaced by standard twisted pair.

In the area of the control equipment attention should be given to the security of the wiring to ensure that connections can not be put under strain so that they could become detached from sockets etc. This equipment must be capable of working in conjunction with the monitor screen or screens on which the pictures are to be displayed. In practice the installer need only ensure that the cables are installed as per the relevant standards for electrical wiring.g. Recording and Monitoring Equipment The Logic of Recording and Monitoring In order to be able to view and also record the images from a camera there is a need to have some form of control equipment. This becomes a requirement if more than one camera is to be viewed. carries out the recording practice and transmits the images to the monitor. DVR The DVR is used to record and store the CCTV images digitally onto a built-in hard drive from a number of cameras. and shown on a single monitor screen. The DVR is able to control a given number of cameras and which are identified as channels. We refer to such equipment as recording and monitoring equipment. This operates as the main control equipment.SYSTEM COMPONENTS All of the cables for use in the CBC (Europe) kit systems are supplied and identified with unique part numbers. individually or on a multiscreen so that all images can be displayed simultaneously. It should be noted that co-axial and Cat5 cabling can only work to their design specifications when its rules for installation are adhered to. In this respect excessive bending of the cable is to be avoided together with stretching or crushing as these will alter the cable characteristics. Protection should be applied to cables where they could be subject to mechanical damage or difficult environmental conditions. or recorded. to include the link cable between the monitor and the control and monitoring equipment. These multiple images from the cameras can then be transmitted to a single monitor screen for viewing in a number of different ways e. The Devices Used for Recording All of the CBC (Europe) kits and Design and Build CCTV systems covered by this guide use a digital video recorder (DVR). 1 .

The signals are sent to a receiver which is located adjacent to the camera head. 1 . They may be complemented by slave monitors so that the images from the cameras may be viewed at more than one location.SYSTEM COMPONENTS The data that is stored can be replayed locally at the DVR through a CCTV monitor or it can be connected into a PC network. The correct size of monitor depends on the number of images to be displayed at any given time. In order to carry this out signals are generated at a controller key pad or joystick which is sited close to the monitor. be connected into such systems in a supporting role in order that their images could be displayed on demand from a further network. However to make a greater use of storage space the equipment can be set to a time lapse mode. Remember: The DVR takes on the role of both the switcher. All monitors are available in different sizes to suit the application. tilt and zoom. One is provided to accept the signal from the camera or the recording equipment and the other is to loop through to the slave if required. The Devices Used For Monitoring The devices used to view the image are monitor screens and may be traditional CRT screens or new generation TFT LCD screens. This is known as ‘real time’ and gives a picture similar to that of broadcast TV. The monitor has two BNC connectors. By using this technique the recording hours can be changed so that less information (number of pictures) will be stored. The Need For Further Control Equipment Alongside the camera control and recording equipment there may be a need for telemetry. Monitors for CCTV applications are similar to television receivers except that they do not have the tuning circuits. This provides information to the drive motors or similar components which are used to carry out the function. in practice. the viewing distance and the available space. There may also be such features as wash/wipe to clear the camera housing screen. This can be set by the installer to suit the specific application. they may. The DVR can be set to store 25 pictures every second to give an image that is seen by the human eye as a moving picture with no flicker. This is effectively a signalling system used to control functions at the camera head such as pan. Although telemetry does not actually form a part of the kits covered by this guide. multiplexer or quad used in conjunction with a time lapse VCR that will be found traditional analogue systems.

high inTensiTy discharge (hid) Specialist lighting for reliable and consistent use over long periods of time. It can not discriminate colours in CCTV systems. Economic. LOW PRESSURE SODIUM (SOX): The predominant source in urban street lighting.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Illumination The Need For Illumination As the camera can only gather light that is reflected from the scene it follows that the quality and quantity of light is of vital importance. HIGH PRESSURE MERCURY VAPOUR: An option to metal halide with adequate colour rendering. Start up periods and re-strike periods mean these illuminators should only be used with CCTV over extended operating periods. In the first instance we can overview overt illumination before looking at the considerations of covert lighting: Overt Illumination incandescenT lighTing These use a filament such as those found in a general use electric light bulb. This is done by using either general overt lighting or Infra red (IR) covert illumination which is invisible to the human eye but the black and white monochrome camera can ‘see’. HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM (SON): Respectable colour rendering in CCTV systems. METAL HALIDE (HPI): Gives good colour rendering. More economic than incandescent lighting. GENERAL FIL AMENT LIGHTING: Acceptable for internal applications TUNGSTEN HALOGEN: Good colour rendering but uneconomic. led illuminaTion LED technology for both white light and infra-red illumination. Good colour rendering. 1 . This is heated to the extent that it produces a white glow. fluorescenT lighTing These produce an emission of light as a result of a gas discharge. Have starting circuits. Therefore we need to provide illumination when natural light is not available. This type of lighting offers low running costs and extremely long life.

Remember that when natural light is not available. These assemblies contain a camera and lens plus an infra red (IR) light emitting diode (LED) assembly. Infra red illumination lies in a bandwidth of the electromagnetic spectrum that is not visible to the human eye. These cameras have an automatic trigger that comes on during low lighting and goes off during normal lighting levels. This means that we can not see infra red light however it can be ‘seen’ by a monochrome camera. Do not let the camera view any light source direct – both natural and artificial. Application Hints And Illumination Provide even illumination over the scene. The lens and infra red LEDs provide around the clock optimum performance in demanding lighting conditions. It is illumination that is designed with the camera in mind and not for the human eye. artificial light must be provided since without light there can be no picture. Be alert to the ongoing needs to avoid light pollution and think in terms of energy management. All CBC (Europe) kits employ IR colour/mono cameras for external use. Do not create over exposure by using excess lighting levels. distance of 6m.SYSTEM COMPONENTS Covert Illumination Infra red (IR) is illumination that can be used with the monochrome camera. The max. distance of IR illuminators is 10m. We recommend a max. With IR systems the lens and angle of view are matched to the lens and area of illumination of the lamp. 1 .

The following matrix gives a provisional indication of the use of the kits and the maximum installation distance between the cameras & control point (DVR location).APPLICATIONS MATRIX This matrix covers the following kits: enTry level Internal system kit 1 fixed External system kit 2 fixed Internal/external system kit 3 fixed E1 E2 E3 Ref: inTermediaTe level 1 Internal system kit (A) vari-focal External system kit (B) vari-focal Internal/external kit (C) vari-focal IA IB IC inTermediaTe level 2 Internal system kit (2A) vari-focal External system kit (2B) vari-focal Internal/external system kit (2C) vari-focal I2A I2B I2C There is a large overlap of systems due to the wide nature of the applications that can use CCTV. 1 .

entry/exits and store areas DOCTOR / DENTIST PRACTICES Monitoring of waiting areas. dist.APPLICATIONS MATRIX CCTV APPLICATIONS KIT SELECTION 50m max. dist. front shop areas and ‘blind areas’ INDUSTRIAL UNITS Monitoring of warehouses. 200m max. surgeries and drugs areas RESIDENTIAL PERIMETERS 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 APPROACH ROADS 4 4 SCHOOLS / LIBRARIES 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 HOSPITALS 4 4 4 4 4 4 HIGH SECURITY RISKS High resolution pictures required for all applications 4 4 4 1 . inst. office areas. entry exit points and key areas SHOPS Monitoring of back store areas. cameras to control point cameras to control point cameras to control point E1 int E ext E int/ ext IA int IB int IC IA IB int/ int int ext IC int/ ext OFFICES Monitoring of staff. inst. 50m max. dist. inst.

System Overview An illustration of the parts working in conjunction with each other and a system overview. In addition there can be no problems at the installation stage as the operation of all of the components and the compatibility of the parts to work together as an effective system have been assured. System Connections Details the actual cabling and connection methods. These entry level systems kits are namely: • Entry Level: Internal System Kit 1 Fixed • Entry Level: External System Kit 2 Fixed • Entry Level: Internal/External System Kit 3 Fixed The following pages of the guide detail the: Product Content Specification This covers the component parts forming the kit of the three different types. In view that these kits come complete with all of the necessary parts and pre-wired cables they are easy to install. 1 . Shows a breakdown of the parts and an indication of their roles. All lenses are fixed focus so there are no complicated set up procedures. Illustrates the cabling points within the installed system.ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS Easy Installation The entry level systems kits are available in three different formats depending on the need for internal or external duty working or a mix of both. Application Hints Tips in regard to the system installation.

Reception areas. entry and exit points and key locations. It uses stylish colour mini dome cameras with fixed focus lenses and an angle of view of 87°. They have a maximum working distance between the camera and the control point of 50m and can be used for monitoring activities in a wide range of applications to include the following: offices: Monitoring of staff. docTors / denTisT pracTices: Monitoring of waiting areas. surgeries and drugs areas.ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS Internal System Kit 1 Fixed Product content specification 2x Colour mini dome cameras 2x Twisted pair converter kits 1x 4 channel DVR 1x Monitor 14” CRT 2x Power supplies 12V 1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre * 2 additional cameras can be added System Overview This kit is the ideal selection for those installations intended for internal locations. 1 . shops: Monitoring of back store areas. entry and exit points and store areas. indusTrial uniTs: Monitoring of warehouse or office area. front shop areas and blind areas.

At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant converter box using the cable supplied. Power and video are then transmitted across the Cat5 cable max 50mtrs.ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS 2 additional cameras can be added Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Pre-made lead Link Cable Supplied Convertor Box System Connections Connect the converter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable and the power via the PSU supplied. Externa l l/o 1 2 3 4 main call DC in 2 additional cameras can be added Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Pre-made lead Convertor Box Connects to Cat 5 cable for Power & Video 0 . Connect the camera to this converter box via the supplied lead. At the camera end connect the converter to the Cat5 cable. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. Connect monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on. Connect the monitor to the main output of the DVR.

There are no complicated set up procedures. multi core or screened cable. • Do not point the camera directly towards doors or windows. • Always use the supplied power supplies. • Always install all equipment and components on a secure fixing. 1 . Do not use standard twisted pair. it will conduct a self test and then display all of the connected cameras. Ideal for monitoring activity in the location • The cameras can be easily located at the destination point and directed at the scene. • The maximum distance between the control equipment and cameras must not exceed 50m. • Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant electrical standards for cable installations. • Ensure that all connections are made correctly and are secure in an appropriate junction box. This will affect the picture quality. Application Hints • The views are classed as general observation.ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS After the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched on together with the power supplies. • The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable. Ensure that the cameras are fixed to a secure point and are not subject to vibration.

They have a maximum working distance between the camera and the control point of 50m. building perimeters. Monitoring of car parking areas and assembly points.  . docTors / denTisT pracTices: Monitoring of external entrances and car parking areas. Their use includes: offices: Monitoring of staff in low light areas. shops: Monitoring of back exit doors. indusTrial uniTs: Monitoring of low light warehouse areas. entry and exit gates and key locations. It uses IR colour/mono cameras with a fixed focus lens. loading bays and car park areas.ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS External System Kit 2 Fixed Product Content Specification 2x IR colour/mono cameras 2x Twisted pair converter kits 1x 4 channel DVR 1x Monitor 14” CRT 2x Power supplies 12V 1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre * 2 additional cameras can be added System Overview This kit is the ideal selection for those installations intended for external locations. reception areas. front shop area externally and external loading bays.

Connect the monitor to the main output of the DVR. At the camera end connect the converter to the Cat5 cable. Externa l l/o 1 2 3 4 main call DC in 2 additional cameras can be added Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Pre-made lead Convertor Box Connects to Cat 5 cable for Power & Video  . Connect the camera to this converter box via the supplied lead. Power and video are then transmitted across the Cat5 cable max 50mtrs.ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS 2 additional cameras can be added Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Pre-made lead Link Cable Supplied Convertor Box System Connections Connect the converter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable and the power via the PSU supplied. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant converter box using the cable supplied. Connect monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on.

• Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure in an appropriate junction box. multi core or screened cable. Note that the cameras will automatically switch to monochrome in low light conditions. • Do not point the camera directly towards sources of light including street lights. • Always install all equipment and components on a secure fixing that are not subject to vibration. These cameras are IP65 rated.ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS After the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched on together with the power supplies. • The effective range of the IR illuminator is 10m. Do not use standard twisted pair. Always use the supplied power supplies • The maximum distance between the control equipment and cameras must not exceed 50m.  . Application Hints • The views are classed as general observation and are ideal for monitoring external activity in the location. • Always install the camera under a soffit or in a sheltered location that does not suffer the full force of the rain. We recommend a max. . • The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable. • Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant electrical standards for cable installations. range of 6m. it will conduct a self test and display all of the connected cameras. floodlights or similar illumination as this will affect the picture quality.

It features a mix of stylish colour mini dome fixed focus cameras with a lens angle of 87° and external standard resolution IR colour/mono cameras with a lens angle of 61°. They have a maximum working distance between the camera and the control point of 50m. shops. It can be used in a wide range of monitoring activities such as: offices.ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS Internal/external System Kit 3 Fixed Product content specification 2x Colour mini dome cameras 2x IR colour/mono cameras 4x Twisted pair converter kits 1x 4 channel DVR 1x Monitor 14” CRT 4x Power supplies 12V 1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre System Overview This kit can be specified for those applications which require both internal and external monitoring.  . commercial indusTrial and public service secTors: To monitor those areas requiring both internal and external cameras and to track individuals moving between areas.

At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant converter box using the cable supplied. Power and video are then transmitted across the Cat5 cable max 50mtrs. At the camera end connect the converter to the Cat5 cable. Connect monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on. Connect the camera to this converter box via the supplied lead.ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Pre-made lead Link Cable Supplied Convertor Box System Connections Connect the converter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable and the power via the PSU supplied. Externa l l/o 1 2 3 4 main call DC in Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Pre-made lead Convertor Box Connects to Cat 5 cable for Power & Video  . Connect the monitor to the main output of the DVR. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided.

Do not use standard twisted pair.  . • Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure in an appropriate junction box. • The maximum distance between the control equipment and cameras must not exceed 50m. • Install all equipment and components on a secure fixing not subject to vibration. range of 6m. Always use the supplied power supplies. • The effective range of the IR illuminators is 10m. • Do not point the cameras directly towards sources of light including street lights and floodlights or similar illumination as this will affect the picture quality. multi core or screened cable. There are no complicated camera set ups. Application Hints • The views are classed as general observation and are ideal for monitoring activity in the location. • Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant electrical standards for cable installations. • The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable. We recommend a max. Note that the external colour/mono cameras will automatically switch to monochrome in low light conditions. • Always install the external cameras under a soffit or in a sheltered location that does not suffer the full force of the rain.ENTRY LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS After the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self test and then display all of the connected cameras. These are rated IP65.

These intermediate level system kits include high quality components that are required to form enhanced systems with advanced features.  . • Intermediate Level 2: Internal/external System Kit (2c) Vari-focal. There are three different formats at each level.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS Enhanced Installation The intermediate level systems kits are available at two levels classified as Level 1 and Level 2. These allow the focal length to be manually adjusted slightly during the installation so that the field of view or scene can be altered to give the optimum picture at the monitor. • Intermediate Level 2: External System Kit (2b) Vari-focal. • Intermediate Level 1: Internal/external Kit (C) Vari-focal. These kits come complete with all of the necessary parts and prewired cables and allow the installer to fit enhanced installations that feature a wide range of functions. In view that these systems are purchased in kit form this provides an assurance to the installer of the compatibility of the parts and their ability to work as an effective system. • Intermediate Level 2: Internal System Kit (2a) Vari-focal. Vari-focal lenses are supplied with all kits. • Intermediate Level 1: External System Kit (B) Vari-focal. These kits are identified as: • Intermediate Level 1: Internal System Kit (A) Vari-focal.

 . Intermediate Level 1 Kits Use cameras that are powered close to the system control point i.e. System Connections Details the actual cabling and connection methods. It will be noted that in these specifications there is a wide use of different components for the different kit levels. The following pages of the guide detail the: Product Content Specification This covers the component parts forming the kit of the three different types. MPEG4 DVR’s are capable of generating TV quality images at a low bandwidth. Intermediate Level 2 Kits Use cameras that are powered locally i.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS Maximum working distance between the camera and the system control point. maximum working distance between camera and control point 50m. The monitors may be traditional CRT or new generation LCD screens. Application Hints Tips in regard to the system installation. System Overview An illustration of the parts working in conjunction with each other together with a system overview. DVR location. maximum working distance between camera and control point 200m. close to the camera position. These include the use of different DVR control equipment and the monitors used to view the final images. Illustrates the cabling points within the installed system. The product content specifications show a breakdown of the parts and give an indication of their roles.e. The application hints vari between the different levels.

In addition the camera direction towards the scene can be easily adjusted using the pan. The angle of view can be selected to give a wide angle or a relatively narrow field of view. tilt and rotate mechanism. This kit can be used for monitoring activities in a wide range of applications that require high resolution pictures with fine detail. 0 . The cameras are high resolution enabling the fine detail of the scene to be displayed at the monitor.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS Internal System Kit (A) Vari-focal Product content specification. The vari-focal lens provides a margin of adjustment for the installer to set the angle of view of the scene at the lens. They have a maximum working distance between the camera and the DVR control point of 50m. 2x Colour mini dome cameras Vari-focal 2x Twisted pair converter kits 1x 4 channel DVR 1x Monitor 14” CRT 2x Power supplies 12V 1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre * 2 additional cameras can be added System Overview This kit is ideal for internal installations requiring compact stylish colour mini dome cameras with a vari-focal lens and a high specification.

Connect the monitor to the main output of the DVR. Connect the camera to this converter box via the supplied lead. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant converter box using the cable supplied. At the camera end connect the converter to the Cat5 cable. Externa l l/o 1 2 3 4 main call DC in 2 additional cameras can be added Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Pre-made lead Convertor Box Connects to Cat 5 cable for Power & Video 1 . Power and video are then transmitted across the Cat5 cable max 50mtrs.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS 2 additional cameras can be added Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Pre-made lead Link Cable Supplied Convertor Box System Connections Connect the converter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable and the power via the PSU supplied. Connect monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on.

multi core or screened cable. Ensure that the cameras are fixed to a secure point and are not subject to vibration. • Always use the supplied power supplies. • The focal length of the lens can be adjusted by a small margin during the installation process and then set to give the optimum angle of view at the monitor. • Do not point the camera directly towards doors or windows. • The maximum distance between the control equipment and cameras must not exceed 50m. • Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure in an appropriate junction box. Application Hints • These systems use high resolution colour cameras so attention must be made to the local lighting levels within the premises and the seasonal differences at all times that the cameras are operational. • Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant electrical standards for cable installations. Do not use standard twisted pair. This will affect the picture quality. • The dome camera has a manual pan/tilt/rotation mechanism so it can be easily directed towards the actual target area or the required scene. • The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable. • Always install all equipment and components on a secure fixing.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS After the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self test and then display all of the connected cameras.  .

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS External System Kit (B) Vari-focal Product Content Specification 2x IR vari-focal colour/mono cameras 2x Twisted pair converter kits 1x 4 channel DVR 1x Monitor 14” CRT 2x Power supplies 12V 1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre * 2 additional cameras can be added System Overview This kit can be specified for those external installations that demand the use of high resolution IR colour/mono cameras with a varifocal lens. They have a maximum working distance between the camera and the control point of 50m This kit can be used for monitoring activities in a wide range of applications that require high resolution pictures with fine detail. The vari-focal lens provides a margin of adjustment for the installer to set the angle of view of the scene. The angle of view can be selected to give a wide angle or a relatively narrow field of view. The cameras operate in colour during the day and in monochrome during low light conditions and provide pictures with fine detail at the monitor.  .

At the camera end connect the converter to the Cat5 cable. Power and video are then transmitted across the Cat5 cable max 50mtrs. Connect the monitor to the main output of the DVR. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS 2 additional cameras can be added Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Pre-made lead Link Cable Supplied Convertor Box System connections Connect the converter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable and the power via the PSU supplied. Externa l l/o 1 2 3 4 main call DC in 2 additional cameras can be added Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Pre-made lead Convertor Box Connects to Cat 5 cable for Power & Video  . Connect monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on. At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant converter box using the cable supplied. Connect the camera to this converter box via the supplied lead.

• Do not point the camera directly towards bright light sources as this will affect the picture quality. • The focal length of the lens can be adjusted to a small margin during the installation process and then set to give the optimum angle of view at the monitor.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS After the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self test and then display all of the connected cameras. multi core or screened cable. Note the cameras will automatically switch to monochrome during low light conditions. range of 6m. Do not use standard twisted pair. • The effective range of the IR illuminators is 10m. • Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant electrical standards for cable installations. • The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable. • Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure in an appropriate junction box. We recommend a max. • The maximum distance between the control equipment and cameras must not exceed 50m.  . Application Hints • Always install the cameras under a soffit or in a sheltered location that does not suffer the full force of the rain. • Always install all equipment and components on a secure fixing. Ensure that the cameras are fixed to a secure point and are not subject to vibration. The cameras are rated as IP65.

The internal cameras are compact colour domes. The angles of view of all the cameras can be adjusted to give a wide angle or a relatively narrow field of view.  . The external cameras are high resolution IR colour/mono cameras. They have a maximum working distance between the camera and the control point of 50m.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS Internal/external System Kit (C) Vari-focal Product content specification 2x Colour mini dome Vari-focal cameras 2x IR vari-focal colour/mono cameras 4x Twisted pair converter kits 1x 4 channel DVR 1x Monitor 14” CRT 4x Power supplies 12V 1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre System Overview This kit is intended for those applications which require both internal and external monitoring with vari-focal lenses and high specification equipment.

At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant converter box using the cable supplied. Connect the monitor to the main output of the DVR. At the camera end connect the converter to the Cat5 cable. Externa l l/o 1 2 3 4 main call DC in Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Pre-made lead Convertor Box Connects to Cat 5 cable for Power & Video  . Connect the camera to this converter box via the supplied lead. Power and video are then transmitted across the Cat5 cable max 50mtrs.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS Cat 5 Cable (max 50m) Pre-made lead Link Cable Supplied Convertor Box System connections Connect the converter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable and the power via the PSU supplied. Connect monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided.

Only use the supplied power supplies. Note that the external colour/mono cameras will automatically switch to monochrome in low light conditions. Install the cabling in accordance with the relevant electrical standards for cable installations. • The effective range of the IR illuminators is 10m. • Always install all items of equipment and components on a secure fixing that are not subject to vibration. • Do not point the camera directly towards doors or windows or sources of light including street lights and floodlights. We recommend a max. range of 6m. Application Hints • These systems use high resolution colour cameras so attention must be made to the local lighting levels and the seasonal differences at all times that the cameras are operational. Avoid strong light sources in the picture. These are rated IP65.  . • Always install the external cameras under a soffit or in a sheltered location that does not suffer the full force of the rain. • Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure in an appropriate junction box.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS After the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self test and then display all of the connected cameras. • The focal length of the lens can be adjusted to a small margin during the installation process and then set to give the optimum angle of view at the monitor.

The cameras are high resolution enabling the fine detail of the scene to be displayed at the monitor. The cameras are powered locally.  . commercial and industrial areas together with public buildings can all benefit from the use of the features included in this intermediate level 2 kit. The vari-focal lens provides a margin of adjustment for the installer to set the angle of view of the scene at the lens.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS Level 2: Internal System Kit (2a) Vari-focal Product Content Specification 2x Colour mini dome cameras Vari-focal 4x Twisted pair converter kits 1x 4 channel DVR 1x LCD 2x Power supplies 12V 1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre * 2 additional cameras can be added System Overview This kit is the ideal for internal those applications which have a requirement for compact stylish colour mini dome cameras with a varifocal lens and to a high specification. Offices. The maximum working distance between the cameras and the control point is 200m. These kits feature an advanced DVR (MPEG4) and a new generation LCD monitor. This kit can be used for monitoring activities in a wide range of applications that require high resolution pictures with fine detail. shops.

At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant converter box using the cable supplied. Externa l l/o 1 2 3 4 main call DC in 2 additional cameras can be added Cat 5 Cable (max 200m) Pre-made lead Convertor Box Connects to Cat 5 cable for Video 0 .INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS 2 additional cameras can be added Cat 5 Cable (max 200m) Pre-made lead Link Cable Supplied Convertor Box System Connections Connect the converter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable. Connect monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on. At the camera end connect the converter to the Cat5 cable. Then connect the camera to this converter box and to the power via the power supply and the supplied lead. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. Video is transmitted across the Cat5 cable system max 200mtrs. Connect the monitor to the main output of the DVR.

Do not use standard twisted pair. multi core or screened cable. Application Hints • These systems use colour cameras that are powered locally at the camera head. 1 .INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS After the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self test and then display all of the connected cameras. • Do not point the camera directly towards doors or windows. • Attention must be made to the local lighting levels and the seasonal differences at all times that the cameras are operational. • The maximum distance between the control equipment and cameras must not exceed 200m. • Always use the supplied power supplies. • The dome camera has a manual pan/tilt/rotation mechanism so that the camera can be easily directed towards the actual target area or scene required of the application. • Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure in an appropriate junction box. This will affect the picture quality. • The focal length of the lens can be adjusted to a small margin during the installation process and then set to give the optimum angle of view at the monitor. • Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant electrical standards for cable installations. • Always install all equipment and components on a secure fixing that are not subject to vibration. • The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable.

The maximum working distance between the cameras and the control point is 200m. The vari-focal lenses provides a margin of adjustment for the installer to set the angle of view of the scene at the lens. This kit can be used for external monitoring activities in a wide range of applications that require high resolution pictures with fine detail.  . The cameras operate in colour during the day and in monochrome during low light conditions so as to obtain the best possible resolution of the picture at the monitor.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS Level 2. External System Kit (2b) Vari-focal Product Content Specification 2x IR vari-focal colour/mono cameras 2x Twisted pair converter kits 1x 4 channel DVR 1x LCD 2x Power supplies 12V 1x BNC lead 4 way 1 metre * 2 additional cameras can be added System Overview This kit is the ideal selection for external installations that demand the use of high specification IR colour/mono cameras with a varifocal lens. The cameras are powered locally. The system employs an advanced DVR (MPEG4) and a new generation LCD monitor. The cameras are high resolution and provide images with fine detail at the monitor.

Externa l l/o 1 2 3 4 main call DC in 2 additional cameras can be added Cat 5 Cable (max 200m) Pre-made lead Convertor Box Connects to Cat 5 cable for Video  . At the camera end connect the converter to the Cat5 cable. Then connect the camera to this converter box and to the power via the power supply and the supplied lead. Connect the monitor to the main output of the DVR. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant converter box using the cable supplied. Connect monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on. Video is transmitted across the Cat5 cable system max 200mtrs.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS 2 additional cameras can be added Cat 5 Cable (max 200m) Pre-made lead Link Cable Supplied Convertor Box System Connections Connect the converter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable.

• The max. distance of 6m.  . We recommend a max. • Always install all equipment and components on a secure fixing.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS After the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self test and then display all of the connected cameras. • Always install the cameras under a soffit or in a sheltered location that does not suffer the full force of the rain. • Ensure that all connections are made correctly and secure in weatherproof junction boxes. multi core or screened cable. • The focal length of the lens can be adjusted to a small margin during the installation process and then set to give the optimum angle of view at the monitor. • Do not point the camera directly towards bright light sources as this will affect the picture quality. Ensure that the cameras are fixed to a secure point and are not subject to vibration. • The system has been designed to work on Cat5 cable. Note the cameras will automatically switch to monochrome during low light conditions Application Hints • These systems use colour IR cameras that are powered locally at the camera. Do not use standard twisted pair. • Always install the cabling in accordance with the relevant electrical standards for cable installations. • Always use the supplied power supplies. • The maximum distance between the control equipment and cameras must not exceed 200m. distance of IR illuminators is 10m.

All cameras are high resolution and provide images with fine detail. external IR colour/ mono cameras and high specification equipment. It features an advanced DVR (MPEG4) and a new generation LCD monitor. The maximum working distance between the cameras and the control point is 200m. The cameras are powered locally.  .INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS Level 2: Internal/external System Kit (2c) Vari-focal Product Content Specification 2x Colour mini dome Vari-focal cameras 2x IR vari-focal colour/mono cameras 4x Twisted pair converter kits 1x 4 Ch Twisted pair converter 1x 4 channel DVR 1x LCD Monitor 4x Power supplies 12V 1x BNC Lead 4 way 1 metre System Overview This kit is an ideal choice for those applications which require both internal and external monitoring with vari-focal lenses.

At the control DVR connect the camera inputs to the relevant converter box using the cable supplied. Connect the DVR to the power supply provided. Externa l l/o 1 2 3 4 main call DC in Cat 5 Cable (max 200m) Pre-made lead Convertor Box Connects to Cat 5 cable for Video  . Connect monitors and all power supplies to the mains supply and switch on. Video is transmitted across the Cat5 cable system max 200mtrs.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS Cat 5 Cable (max 200m) Pre-made lead Link Cable Supplied Convertor Box System Connections Connect the converter box at the control location to the Cat5 cable. Then connect the camera to this converter box and to the power via the power supply and the supplied lead. Connect the monitor to the main output of the DVR. At the camera end connect the converter to the Cat5 cable.

The maximum distance between the cameras and control equipment must not exceed 200m.  . distance of 6m. • Do not use standard twisted pair. Application Hints • Always install the external cameras under a soffit or in a sheltered location that does not suffer the full force of the rain. • The focal length of the lens can be adjusted to a small margin during the installation process and then set to give the optimum angle of view at the monitor. We recommend a max. • Do not point the cameras directly towards sources of light including street lights and floodlights and avoid strong light sources in your picture. Note that the external colour/mono cameras will automatically switch to monochrome in low light conditions. • Only use the supplied cable as the system has been designed to use Cat5 cable only. • The max. • Always install all equipment and components on a secure fixing that are not subject to vibration. • Ensure that the cameras are fixed to a secure point and are not subject to vibration. • Make sure that all connections are connected correctly and secure in the supplied weather-resistant junction boxes and the cabling is installed in accordance with the relevant electrical standards for cable installations. • Make sure that all connections are connected correctly and secure and in an appropriate junction box. distance of IR illuminators is 10m. multi core or screened cable.INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SYSTEMS KITS After the system has been connected to the mains supply and switched on together with the power supplies it will conduct a self test and then display all of the connected cameras.

000 metres Camera End Single Channel Single Channel Passive Active Control End . The flow charts illustrate how an initial selection of parts can be made by using the working distance between the control point and the cameras as a design guide which is based on the system size. The flow charts cover the camera. Use the following options: Select the Camera Internal Use DOME Vandal Resistant ALL IN ONE Spot Cam Colour Only External Use Day / Night no Infra-Red Night Vision / In Built Infra-Red 12V dc / 24V ac power source required for cameras at camera end A local 230V ac supply required for all external kits Select the Cable & Interface Cat5 Cable Max Distance 600 metres Max Distance 1.Up to 4 Cameras 4 Channel 4 Channel Passive Active Control End . DVR and monitor selection plus further camera selection criteria.Up to 16 Cameras 16 Channel 16 Channel Passive Active Co-axial Cable Max Distance 300 metres RG59 Requires BNC connector at each end One cable per camera (not supplied) Select the DVR 4 Channel 8 Channel 16 Channel Select the Monitor 14” CRT 21” CRT  17” LCD 19” LCD .DESIGN AND BUILD YOUR CCTV Component Selection The first part of the selection process involves specifying the cameras/ lenses and then determining what is the most effective DVR.

DESIGN AND BUILD YOUR CCTV Selection Matrix Cameras Internal Please Cameras External Tick Internal Dome Colour only Please Tick Vandal Dome Day / Night no Infra-Red All in one Night Vision 12v DC Power Supply 24v AC Power Supply 230v AC Power Supply Cat5 .Short Distance Single Channel Passive Cat5 .Long Distance Single Channel Active 4 Channel Passive 4 Channel Active 16 Channel Passive 16 Channel Active DVR 4 Channel DVR DVR Select no more than 4 cameras 8 Channel DVR Select no more than 8 cameras 16 Channel DVR Select no more than 16 cameras CRT Monitor 14” Monitor 21” Monitor LCD Monitor 17” Monitor 19” Monitor  .

Single channel interface from camera to Cat5 cable maximum distance 200 meters Passive device 4 channel passive .5-10.5mm vari-focal auto iris lens Ext camera housing and wall bracket nighT vision KiT .High resolution Colour dome camera with 3-9mm Vari-focal lens 12VDC or 24Vac internal use only vandel resisTanT dome .8-10mm Vari-focal lens 12VDC or 24Vac internal use including cable managed wall bracket colour KiT .High resolution Colour camera with 2.Single channel interface from camera to Cat5 cable maximum distance 600 meters Active device 12V dc required 4 channel acTive .16 channel interface from Cat5 cable to control equipment maximum distance 600 meters Active device 12V dc required 0 .Pre built ext camera kit include high resolution Day/night camera 3.DESIGN AND BUILD YOUR CCTV Component Descriptions Cameras inTernal dome .5-10.Pre built ext camera kit include high resolution colour camera 2.High resolution vandel resistant Colour dome camera with 3-9mm Vari-focal lens 12VDC or 24Vac internal external use all in one camera .Pre built ext camera kit include high resolution Day/ night camera 3.4 channel interface from Cat5 cable to control equipment maximum distance 200 meters Passive device 16 channel passive .4 channel interface from Cat5 cable to control equipment maximum distance 600 meters Active device 12V dc required 16 channel acTive .8-12mm vari-focal auto iris lens Ext camera housing and wall bracket day/nighT KiT .5mm vari-focal auto iris lens Ext camera housing and wall bracket and IR Illumation Cables single channel passive .16 channel interface from Cat5 cable to control equipment maximum distance 200 meters Passive device single channel acTive .

Networkable and USB download. Networkable and USB download.16 Channel DVR c/w DVD writer and 500GB hard Drive.DESIGN AND BUILD YOUR CCTV DVR 4 channel dvr .Ideal for 4-8 channel DVR 19” lcd / 21” crT .Ideal for 4-8-16 channel DVR or when larger images are required 1 .8 Channel DVR c/w DVD writer and 250GB hard Drive. Monitor 17” lcd / 14” crT .4 Channel DVR c/w DVD writer and 160GB hard Drive. Networkable and USB download. 8 channel dvr . 16 channel dvr .

It is to be understood that a CCTV system is made up from a number of components that themselves must be installed in accordance with certain practices if the final system is to work as intended. 4 Beware of seasonal differences in regard to bright sunshine. The typical examples shown in the application examples give prompts to help the installer to obtain the best possible results from the proposed system and to avoid any pitfalls in the installation process. 8 Never overlook the fact that there is a need to make a record of every camera position in the system log and of the scenes. They can be seen as do’s 4 and don’ts 8 in terms of the installation practices to be carried out. 4 Take time setting up and adjusting the camera and always confirm with the client what the actual scene or target will be.  . 8 Don’t forget to check with the camera specification to establish if it is to be powered locally at the camera head or at the control point using the system power supply. 4 Install the camera in a sheltered location.APPLICATION EXAMPLES These application examples are effectively installation considerations that apply to any CCTV system. doors or strong sources of light. The Application examples are set out against the following: Camera/lens Cables Recording and monitoring equipment Illumination Camera/Lens 4 Install the camera on a solid surface which is not subject to vibration. 4 Use the supplied power supplies. 8 Don’t subject external cameras to the full force of the rain. cables and connectors to make up the connections to the cameras. 8 Never point the camera at windows.

4 Ensure that the monitor termination switch is correctly set. 8 Don’t assume that the client is familiar with the operation of the recording and monitoring equipment – always check that they are familiar!  . 8 Don’t forget to allow for system expansion when choosing the DVR. multicore or screened cable as an alternative to Cat5 cable. 4 Install the cables in accordance with relevant electrical standards and wiring regulations.e. Recording and monitoring equipment 4 Only use the supplied adaptor and power cord for the DVR at the control point. Select the correct number of video signal channels and always plan ahead. 4 Pay attention to the programming of the DVR.APPLICATION EXAMPLES Cables 4 Do understand that all of the components covered by these systems have been designed to work in conjunction with the supplied cables and to a quoted maximum working distance. the cables running between the cameras and control point DVR. 8 Never stretch or bend any cables excessively. 8 Don’t attempt to use different wiring formats other than those specified. 4 Pay attention to the connection of the cameras (video sources) when connecting them to the video input terminals. It is terminated with RJ45 connectors. 4 Use the External I/O for control remotely by an external device or control system such as a video web server. 4 Appreciate the reason for using Cat5 which is a networking cable and used to transmit the video and power. In particular it is important to select the most appropriate recording mode and the quality of the recording images. This facilitates a fast and easy installation. 4 Ensure that the cables are secure and can not be disturbed at the control point location. 8 Never overlook the fact that the brightness and contrast must be set at the monitor so that the viewer can see as many picture details as possible. 8 Don’t use standard twisted pair. 8 Never attempt to install cabling longer than the maximum distance specified for the system i.

APPLICATION EXAMPLES Illumination 4 Understand that without light there can be no picture. 4 Recognise the quoted range for external cameras with infra red illumination. 4 Provide even illumination over the scene. 4 Try to use existing lighting if at all possible. 8 Never overlook light pollution as when installing overt lighting only true white light will allow full colour definition. 8 Don’t neglect the need for maintenance to cover any lighting that forms an essential part of the CCTV scheme. 8 Don’t let the camera view the light source direct as this will cause bright patches or light spots. 8 Don’t use manual iris lenses with installations which have changing light levels. Specify an auto iris lens as the correct selection. 8 Never create over exposure by using excess lighting levels. 4 Ensure that artificial lighting is installed for those periods when natural light is not available.  .

It also places a liability on the installer to carry out certain practices. However if the system is covered there is an obligation to process the personal data fairly and lawfully. Nevertheless not all CCTV systems need to be compliant with the Act. There are three main considerations: Tracking of Individuals Are the cameras operated remotely with a facility to pan. tilt and zoom in order to track and observe individuals? Behaviour of the Individual Are the images from the CCTV to be used to observe the behaviour of an individual for business purposes or to assess the performance of staff? Third Party Use Will the CCTV images be given over to a third party other than official law enforcement parties such as the police? If the answer to all of the three main considerations is ‘no’ the CCTV system would not be expected to fall within the scope of the Act. Full details can be found at www.cbceurope.com. Remember also that under the Human Rights Act cameras must not target private dwellings or grounds. Include the name of the data controller and contact details. This is because of the rapid development of CCTV and its ability to process data. If the installation falls within the scope of the Act this means that the installer must: Fit appropriately sized signs in and around the areas where the cameras are to be located in order to inform people of the existence of the cameras and for what purpose they are being used.DATA PROTECTION ACT The Data Protection Act introduced in 1984 did not originally require CCTV systems to be registered however the updated Act which came into effect in 2000 did have an influence on the processing of CCTV data in regard to a living individual.  .

Recognition and Identification of the target on the monitor screen. the face and body of a grown human to the knees but not the full height inclusive of legs!  . This means for example. Detect To obtain best results for electronic detection purposes the picture size of the target should be no less than 10% of screen size. Recognise For recognition the picture size on the monitor should be no less than 50% of the screen. Ideal for monitoring human or vehicle traffic flows.THE OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENT When setting up your equipment and carrying out surveillance under Home Office guidelines there is a need to fulfil the ‘Operational Requirement’. This value can be used to recognise a target such as a ‘known person’. This is required for evidential purposes and relates to the Monitoring. Monitor The target size of a target for monitoring is generally 5% of the monitor screen. Identify It is recommended that the target size should be 120% of the screen size. Detection.

The Handover of the System Involves: Going through the system specification in detail Identifying the data in the documentation Showing the location of every item of equipment Indicating the view of every camera Demonstrating the use of the system Illustrating the recording procedures Activating all equipment If telemetry is included demonstrating all aspects of its role The Maintenance of the System Should: Be based on the BSIA Code of Practice 109 Be made within 12 months of the completion of the installation (known as a Level 1 visit since it is a basic requirement) Involve a check to verify that the system complies with the system specified at the original handover Confirm that the quality of the image from every camera remains satisfactory.REFERENCE INFORMATION Handover and Preventative Maintenance As with all electrical installations there are a number of issues to be upheld. Prove that environmental changes have not been made that can have an effect on the system  . These are in regard to the handover of the system to the client and the establishing of a maintenance schedule.

The area of the lens that collects or gathers the light.  . in effect controlling the size of the aperture and hence the amount of light passing through. Aspherical lenses have reduced the spherical aberration that exists in all conventional lenses.REFERENCE INFORMATION Glossary of Terms ambienT lighT analogue General light level of a given area or scene. A lens that automatically adjusts to the variing lighting conditions to allow the correct amount of light to fall upon the imaging device. Just as the human pupil dilates and expands so does the iris of a lens. When discussed in video terms it is the representation of a camera scene translated into electronic terminology. particularly for externally mounted devices. thus increasing the effective aperture. ccTv A Closed Circuit Television System which is for private purposes only. aperTure aspherical lens auTomaTic iris bacK focus b. This allows a larger area of the lens to be used. and for those applications where vandalism can occur.l. The mechanical adjustment on a camera that moves the imaging device in relation to the lens to compensate for different back focal lengths of lenses. (bacK lighT compensaTion) Electronically compensates for high lights to enable silhouetted scenes to give more detail. and not for public or general broadcasting. camera housings A full range of housings is on offer for cameras. These provide protection against the environment. bnc Video connector used in CCTV installations.c.

Television pictures are made up of 25 frames per second. It is light which is invisible to the human eye but which the monochrome camera can ‘see’. Direct cables connected from one electronic product to another. The longer the focal length.in order that it can be processed by a micro-processor (for example used in multiplexing and video transmission equipment). The measurement of light in lumens per square metre. An analogue signal that has been converted (A /D) to a digital format . Digital video recorder. Used in multiplexing terminology whereby two single (simplex) units are assembled in one unit enabling the system to record and display simultaneously. The unit of which is the Lux. depTh of field digiTal signal duplex dvr field of view focal lengTh frame hardwired illuminance infrared  . The range of radiated waves generally accepted between 700nm (nanometres) and 1000nm. the narrower is the angle of view. 25 frames are created every second. The proportion of view that is in correct focus. Often used in the simple control of remote equipment. The distance between the secondary principal point in the lens and the plane of the imaging device.REFERENCE INFORMATION daTa cable Cable used for transmitting low level signals between system units.binary . Is the combination of two fields. The depth of field decreases when the focal length is longer or the object distance is shorter. Used to store video information in digital form as opposed to analogue recording. The relationship between the angle of view and the distance of the object from the lens.

In CCTV this means a black and white system. Typical pass wavelength filters are 715 and 850 nm. These devices offer a range of screen displays. The energy is produced from LEDs or incandescent lamps with the appropriate filters to cut out the visible light. Only one colour. iris The mechanism within a lens that is adjusted to vari the amount of light falling upon the imaging device. line powered lux monochrome mulTiplexer (Time division) An electronic product that can accept a number of camera inputs and record or/and display them almost simultaneously (time shared). duplex: A double unit as it can record and display a multiscreen. A camera in which the power is supplied along the same cable as the video information. Examples include time sharing (video) and wavelength division. 0 . It is limited to recording full screen images when viewing live pictures in a screen layout. It is the metric measurement of light striking a surface. inTegral cameras Give high resolution performance using a compact camera/lens combination for sites where the aesthetics of the camera is critical to the interior design.REFERENCE INFORMATION infrared lighTing Lighting units which provide infrared illumination for infrared sensitive cameras. Tends to be used for small cable runs. The unit of measurement of light. mulTiplexing The process by which two or more signals are transmitted over a single communications link. There are two main types: simplex: Can record or playback.

(phase alTernaTe line) Colour television system used throughout many countries of the world with a supply voltage in the order of 200 .REFERENCE INFORMATION p. The screen display is formed into four quadrants.l. This is the amount of light returned to the camera lens and determines the quality of the picture.250 Volts at a frequency 50 Hz. pan TilT and Zoom (pTZ) assemblies A device that will move a camera horizontally and vertically from a remote control point. Typically 12-24 volts. pip (picTure in picTure) Superimposes a reduced size picture from one camera over the full screen picture of another. Scene illumination multiplied by reflectance. These are fully functional assemblies which enable a camera to be rotated and tilted and also to zoom in and out on a target. psu (power supply uniT) Power supply units are normally used to provide low voltage ac or dc stepped down from 230 volts 50 Hz ac supplies. Wash/ wipe for the camera housing screen may be included. As its name suggests the quad allows four cameras to be displayed simultaneously unlike the switcher which only shows one camera image on the monitor at any given time.a. This unit may be remotely connected to a desktop controller by a single cable for each monitor. reflecTed lighT remoTe swiTchers A video switcher to which the cables are connected from the cameras. 1 . Quad spliTTer A product that can display the views from 4 cameras simultaneously on one monitor. It is also possible to select any individual camera for full screen display on real time monitoring.

TelemeTry  . A term used in multiplexing techniques. It is a widely used format for serial interfacing. Control equipment using transmitter and receiver to remotely control functions at the camera.REFERENCE INFORMATION resoluTion Resolution is the measurement of the ability of equipment and systems to resolve or produce ‘sharp’ pictures. Produced as a multi-pin it enables the employment of a number of functions related to input/output links. Has only one frame store which means the equipment can record or play only. It is specified as the number of black and white transitions per picture height measured horizontally across the screen. usually specified in lux. It works to a sequence with the rate of switching (adjustable dwell time) between the cameras programmed by the system installer or user. should be the amount of light falling upon an imaging device to produce a full video signal. It provides a high quality resolution picture. rs232 scarT scene illuminaTion The density of light measured in lux falling upon the scene to be viewed. Therefore it may be referred to as a sequential switcher. Computer terminology. A universal connector/adaptor. Of a camera. swiTcher The switcher is a device that can display two or more cameras by switching between them for a pre-set period. horizontally or inserted into another. sensiTiviTy simplex svhs (super video home sysTem) Higher resolution recording than standard VHS. screen spliTTer A term used for displaying to camera on a single screen vertically.

Sometimes referred to as a telephoto lens.  . However the time lapse device used for the recording of CCTV pictures is similar but is capable of operating continuously in a slow mode. By using this technique it can record a longer period of time on a standard E-180 VHS by taking a lesser number of pictures. Lower resolution to SVHS.REFERENCE INFORMATION TerminaTion In CCTV the standard impedance is 75 Ohms. vhs (video home sysTem) Common name given to the 1/2” cassette tape used in video recorders. Time lapse (vcr) TwisTed pair A balanced cable transmission system that consists of two conductors. unbalanced signal A term used for coaxial cable transmission. Because ‘Z’ is the symbol for impedance. This is achieved by the tape mechanism moving in steps and recording either one field or one frame at a time. some manufacturers refer to the 75 Ohms termination on their equipment as Low Z. A type of video recorder that can be set to record continuously in time steps over long periods (from 24 to 960 hours typically). Zoom lens A lens with a long focal length giving a high magnification but narrow angle (field) of view. vari-focal A type of lens which enables the focal length to be manually adjusted to produce different picture views. The domestic VCR is not suitable for CCTV recording purposes.

cbceurope. Irving Way.com Your local supplier is: . London NW9 6AQ UK sales: +44 (0)20 8732 3334/3324/3310 fax: +44 (0)20 8202 3387 sales: info@cbcuk.7/8 Garrick Industrial Estate.com web: www.

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