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conversion of a two winding transformer to an autotransformer

conversion of a two winding transformer to an autotransformer

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Published by Abhishek topno

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Published by: Abhishek topno on Jun 26, 2011
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04/05/2014

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Conversation of a Two-Winding Transformer to an Autotransformer

Figure (1) shows a conventional two-winding transformer with its polarity markings. It can be converted to a step-up autotransformer by connecting the two windings electrically in series with addetive or subtractive polarities. With additive polarity between the high voltage and low-voltage sides, a step-up transformer is obtained. Let us consider a conventional 24kVA, 2300/230 V transformer to be connected in autotransformer configuration.

y Additive Polarity
Figure (2) shows the series connection of the windings withadditive polarity. The circuit is redrawn in figure (3) showing terminal of the autotransformer at the top.figure(4) shows the same circuit with common terminal at he bottom. Since the polarity is additive, Vh =2300+230=2530 V and Vl=2300, the transformer act as a step-up autotransformer.

y Subtractive Polarity
Figure (5) shows the series connections of the windings with subtractive polarity. The circuit is redrawn in figure(6) with common terminal at the top. Figure (7) shows the same circuit with common terminal at the bottom. Since the polarity is subtractive Vh=2300-230=2070V,the transformer acts as a step-down autotransformer.

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