Grid Computing ± A Step Into the Future

IBM, Wachovia, and PayPal:
Grid Computing Makes it Easier and Cheaper

Vipul Mehta Vishad Dubey Vishal Gagrai Yogesh Kumar Sudipta Mandal Vikas Temani

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consistent.´ .Sun Microsystems ‡ ‡ Enables the virtualization of distributed computing and data resources Simultaneously applies the resources of many computers in a network to tackle a single problem that requires a great number of computer processing cycles or access to large amounts of data Harnesses unused processing cycles of all computers in a network for solving problems too intensive for any stand±alone machine The size of a grid may vary from small (network of computer workstations within a corporation) to large (public collaborations across many companies and networks) Should not be confused with other forms of computing such as Autonomic.What is Grid Computing? ³Grid Computing is a computing infrastructure that provides dependable. cloud computing etc. pervasive and inexpensive access to computational capabilities. ‡ ‡ ‡ . clientserver model.

hosting.Characteristics ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Relies on complete computers connected to a network by a conventional network interface such as Ethernet Can solve larger.´ aggregating.htm . offering service across the world for the benefit of mankind. more complex problems in a shorter time Easier to collaborate with other organizations Makes better use of existing hardware and idle resources Grid environments are much more modular and don't have single points of failure ³Grid computing is all about sharing.

IBM ‡ IBM is building a database of digital images which will enable faster and accurate diagnosis and treatment of cancer patients Researchers at the Cancer Institute of New Jersey have digitized CAT scans.5 million grant to help different cancer institutes pool all their digital images into one central database so that the doctors can compare different images to diagnose cancer better The database will help in customizing treatment for cancer patients IBM has also teamed up with Mayo Clinic to use Cell Chip in a medical imaging system which will make imaging systems a lot faster ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ . MR s using a high performance system and computational time on the World Community Grid (WCG) NIH has provided $2.

senior VP Wachovia has eight applications running on its grid that are used in internal transactions ³Transaction applications can grow and contract as needed´ ± Jamie Bernardin (CTO.Wachovia ‡ Has switched from dedicated servers to 10.000 CPU resource pool spread across cities of US and London Grid computing allows Wachovia to avoid dedicated hardware costs and make better use of underutilized hardware ³Dedicated server will cost three times the cost and people to support processes in absence of grid computing´ ± Tony Bishop. DataSynapse) System provided resources on demand and the performance has improved fivefold on transactions ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ .

PayPal ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Linux grid: Power behind the payment system at PayPal Processed $1571 worth transactions per second in 17 different currencies in 2006 Total of $37.6 Bn in transactions Payment system operated on about 4000 servers running Red Hat Linux Cheaper and easier to grow the grid as compared to mainframe Unnecessary features of Linux removed and propriety extensions added as per requirement PayPal¶s engineers develop solutions faster as they¶re working on the target environment .

Fiuka Pharma and Healthcare ‡ ‡ Genomics: Institute for Genomic Research Modeling drug variability: Cognigen .Applications IT Engineering and Design ‡ High performance computing power: Infosolve Technologies. Rising Sun Pictures Educational resources: School Specialty Engineering and Design ‡ ‡ Ship building: Flensburger (Germany) Automobile: Audi. Genworth Media and Information ‡ ‡ Visual effects/Animation: Digital Dimension. Callidus Software Finance ‡ ‡ ‡ Increasing transaction speeds for traders: BNP Paribas Computing large amounts of data for regulatory compliance: HSBC Quantitative analysis: Merrill Lynch.. III Offshore Advisors. Virtual Compute Corp.

Volunteer Based Network ‡ Advantages: ‡ ‡ ‡ Lowers the cost of computing infrastructure Makes efficient use of unused computing time and critical funds Supports research and projects that benefit humanity ± Genome Comparison. AfricanClimate@Home The results of the research are made public to the global research community ‡ ‡ Disadvantages: ‡ ‡ ‡ Dependent on volunteers¶ participation Reliability and security may be an issue Volunteered computers may experience abnormalities and decrease in system performance .

Benefits to SMEs ‡ Easy and cheap to implement ‡ Provides great returns by reducing costs ‡ Can be scaled up very fast ‡ Helps in getting information to the clients faster ‡ Environment friendly .