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IS 4923 : 1997

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Indian Standard

HOLLOWSTEELSECTIONSFOR STRUCTURALUSE-SPECIFICATION
( Second Revision

ICS

77.140.75

OBIS 1997

BUREAU OF MANAK BHAVAN,


September 1997

INDIAN

STANDARDS
MARG

9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR NEW DELHI 110002

Price Group

Steel Tubes, Pipes and Fittings Sectional Committee, MTD 19

FOREWORD This Indian Standard (Second Revision) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards, after the draft finalized by the Steel Tubes, Pipes and Fittings Sectional Committee had been approved by the Metallurgical Engineering Division Council. This standard was first published in 1968 and was revised in 1985. In view of the recent developments in the use of hollow steel sections for structural use, the committee decided to revise this standard incorporating the following main modifications : a) Table 1 has been modified to cover sizes of square hollow sections presently being used. b) Table 2 has been modified to cover sizes of rectangular hollow sections presently being used in the country. c) References have been updated. d) Various clauses have been aligned with the present practice being followed. For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with IS 2 : 1960 Rules for rounding off numerical values (revised). The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.

IS 4923 : 1997

Indian Standard

HOLLOW STEEL SECTIONS FOR STRUCTURAL USE - SPECIFICATION


1 SCOPE 1.1 This standard covers the requirements for hot and cold formed square and rectangular hollow steel sections for structural use. 2 REFERENCES The following Indian Standards adjuncts to this standard: IS No. 228 are necessary 5 DESIGNATION 5.1 A hollow section shall be designated by its outside dimensions and its thickness in millimetres and shall be further classified into CF or HF depending upon whether it is cold formed or hot formed. Examples:

Title Methods of chemical analysis of pig iron, cast iron and plain carbon and low alloy steels General requirements for the supply of metallurgical materials (second revision) Mechanical testing of metals Tensile testing (second revision)

a) A hot formed square hollow section with


outside dimensions of 50 mm square and 2.90 mm thickness is designated as 50 x 50 x 2.90 HF SHS. A cold formed square hollow section with outside dimensions of 50 mm square and 2.90 mm thickness is designated as 50 x 50 x 2.90 CF SHS. A hot formed rectangular hollow sectional with outside dimensions of 40 mm depth, 25 mm breadth and 2.65 mm thickness is designated as 40 x 25 x 2.65 HF RHS.

b)

1387 : 1993

1608 : 1995

Cl

3 TERMINOLOGY 3.0 For the purpose of this standard, the following definitions shall apply. 3.1 Black Section Section as manufactured, subsequent surface treatment. 3.2 Exact Length Specified length of a single section as mentioned by the purchaser. 3.3 Random Length Normal manufacturing lengths which mayvary over a range of several metres. Alternatively, a length range agreed to between the manufacturer and the purchaser. 3.4 Section When used without qualification it refers to one length of square or rectangular hollow section covered by this specification.
SECTION 1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

6 MANUFACTURE

but without

any

6.1 The hollow sections shall be manufactured from steel made by any approved process which, shall show not more than 0.050 percent of sulphur and not more than 0.050 percent of phosphorus.
NOTEIhe copper bearing steel may be used in manufacturing the sections subject to mutual agreement between the manufacturer and the purchaser. Copper content to range between 0.20 to 0.35 percent.

6.1.1 The analysis of steel shall be carried out either by the methods specified in IS 228 and its relevant parts or any other established instrumental/chemical method. In case of dispute the procedure given in IS 228 and its relevant parts shall be the referee method. 6.2 Tubes for forming into square and rectangular hollow sections shall be manufactured by one of the following processes : a) Seamless, b) Hot finished welded, or c) Electric resistance or induction welded. 7 BASIS OF CALCULATION 7.1 For the purpose of the standard, the weights are calculated on the basis that steel weighs 0.785 kg/cm* per metre run. For calculating cross1

4 SUPPLY OF MATERIAL 4.1 General requirements relating to the supply of steel hollow sections shall conform to IS 1387.

IS 4923 : 1997

sectional area and weight per unit length, corner radii have taken into consideration (see Annex A). 8 DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS 8.1 The standard sizes and weights of hollow sections with other geometrical properties shall be as given in Tables 1 and 2 (see pages 5 and 6). Sizes other than those given in Tables 1 and 2 may be supplied by mutual agreement between the supplier and the purchaser. 9 STRAIGHTNESS AND TWIST 9.1 The tubes shall be supplied either in finish straightened or mill straightened condition as agreed to between the purchaser and the manufacturer for which maximum deviation from straightness shall be as under. For tubes in finish straightened condition 1/6OOth of length at the centre of the length. For tubes in mill straightened condition l/ZlOth of any length at the centre of the length. 9.2 Twist shall be measured for square and rectangular sections as given in Fig. 1. The tolerances on twist shall be 2 mm plus 0.5 mm/m measured in accordance with the figure.

12 MARKING 12.1 Each hollow section shall have the name of the manufacturer and size designation suitably marked on it. Alternatively, a label containing the particulars may be attached to a bundle of hollow sections. 12.1.1 Other particulars required by the purchaser may be suitably-marked as mutually agreed. 12.2 BIS Certification Marking Hollow sections Standard Mark. may also be marked with the

12.2.1 The use of the Standard Mark is governed by the provisions of Bureau of Indian Standard Act, 1986 and the rules and regulations made there under the details of conditions under which the licence for the use of the Standard Mark may be granted to manufacturers or producers may be obtained from the Bureau of Indian Standards.
SECTION 2 SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR HOT FORMED SECTIONS 13 TOLERANCES

t r ma = Maximum permittedoutsidecomer radiusin mm. V = Total measuredtwistin millimetres. FIG. 1 MEASUREMENTOF TWISTOF SQUARE AND RECTANGULAR SECTIONS

10 OILING AND PAINTING 10.1 Hollow sections may be varnished painted or oiled externally, if so agreed between the purchaser and the supplier. 11 PACKING 11.1 Where hollow sections are to be bundled for transport, these shall, unless otherwise specified, be secured together by rope, soft wire or straps. If other packing is required, it shall be agreed to between the purchaser and the manufacturer. 2

13.1 The following tolerances shall be permitted on hot formed hollow sections : a) Thickness for all sizes f 10 percent 1) Welded tubes + 17.5 percent 2) Seamless tubes - 12.5 percent -tl percent of b) Outside dimensions of sides length of the side to be measured with a minimum of + 0.5 mm C> Weight + 10 percent 1) On individual length - 8 percent +- 7.5 percent 2) On lots of 10 tonnes Squareness of corner !Xl+2 d) 3 t, may where L 4 Radii of corners Outside is the thickness of section Length 9 1) Exact length &6mm 2) Random length This may be obtained bY arrangement between the purchaser and manufacturer 14 MECHANICAL TESTS
14.1 One tensile test shall be carried out for each

batch of 500 hollow sections.

IS 4923 : I!397
14.2 When tested in accordance with IS 1608, the tensile properties would be as shown in Table 3. Elongation on a gauge length of 5.65 fi (whereA is the cross-sectional area of test specimen) shall be as in Table 3. f)

Length 1) Exact length 2) Random length

Table 3 Tensile Properties of Hot Formed Sections


Grade Tensile
strength, Miin, MPa Yield SW Min, MPa Elongauon, percent,lu5l

+6mm These may be obtained by arrangement between the purchaser and themanufacturer

18 MECHANICAL TESTS 18.1 One tensile test shall be carried out for each of 500 hollow sections. 18.2 When tested in accordance with IS 1608, the tensile properties of cold formed sections and elongation percentage on a gauge length of 5.65 v=;T (where,4 is the cross I sectional area of the section) shall be as in Table 4.
NOTE - The tensile test piece should he taken excluding the side of the section on which the weld seam exists.

YSt 210 Yst 240 &St 310

330 410 450

210 240 310

20 15 10

NOTE - For welded tubes, the strip tensile teat specimen shall not include the weld.

15 RETEST 15.1 Should any one of the rest pieces selected fail to pass the test specified under 14, two further samples shall be selected for testing in respect of each failure. Should the test pieces from both these additional samples pass, the material shall be deemed to comply with the requirements of the test. Should the test pieces from either of these additional samples fail, the material represented b; the test samples shall be deemed as not complying with this standard.
SECTION 3 SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR COLD FORMED SECTIONS

Table 4 Tensile Properties of Cold Formed Sections


(Cluuse 18.2)
Grade

Tensile Strength,
Min, mPa

Yield Stress,
Min, mPa

Elongation, percenf Min


/ b5.4 and for Sizes A

under yst210 Yst 240 Yst 310 330 410 450 210 240 310 12 10 8

IOver 25.4 20 15 10

16 CONDITION OF SUPPLY 16.1 The section shall be supplied in as welded condition. The section may also be stress relieved, annealed or normalized as agreed between manufacturer and purchaser. 17 TOLERANCES 17.1 The following tolerances shall be permitted on cold formed hollow sections : + 10 percent a) Thickness all sizes
NOTES I The measurement weld zone. of thickness should exclude the

%he value shall he applicable for the smaller side of the rectangular section.

18.3 If sections supplied in cold formed condition without any heat treatment are subjected to stress relieving, annealting, brazing, welding or similar heating, the mechanical properties may be reduced at the heated parts as follows :
Grade Tensile Strength, Min, MPa Yield Stress, Min, MPa

2 The height of the internal weld fin shall not exceed 60 percent of the wall thickness.

YSt 210 YSt 240 YSt 310 19 RETEST

230 310 350

140 170 240

b) Outside dimensions
of sides

+ 1 percent with a minimum of & 0.5 mm + 10 percent _ S nerCent f 7.5 percent 90*2 3 t, Max where t is the thickness of the section
3

C) Weight
1) On individual lengths
2) On lots of 10 tonnes Squareness of corner d) 2) Radii of corners Outside

19.1 Should any of the pieces selected fail to pass the test specified under 18, two further samples shall be selected for testing in respect of each failure. Should the test pieces from both of these additional samples pass, the material shall be deemed to comply with the requirements of the test. Should the test pieces from either of these additional samples fail, the material represented by the test samples shall be deemed as not complying with this standard.

IS 4923 : 1997

ANNEX A ( Clause 7.1 )


GEOMETRICAL DATA OF HOLLOW SECTIONS

SQUARE

SECTION

RECTANGULAR

l----e
incm2

SECTION

Area of cross-section Weight (kg/m) ForX-Xaais: Moment of inertia

= A

= 2t[(B-4f)

+ (D-4t)

+ sxr]

=w

= 0.785.4 in cm2

Elastic modulus Plastic modulus Radius of gyration For Y- Yaris :

I[

21,incm3
D t2 [9x(D-4t)+56t] incm3

=S x = r/2 (D-4Q2+t(B-4t)(D-f)+x

Moment of inertia
[MS Elastic modulus Plastic modulus - y] +3nt2 [9n (B;Z) +y2incm4

+ 1
= SY
= f/2(B-4t)2+t(D-4t)(B-t)+~[9x(B-4t)+56t]in~3

r !YRadius of gyration = Ry = v A in cm
NOTE - Letter symbols denoting various dimensions are the same as those used in Tables 1 and 2.

IS 4923: 1997 Table 1 Dimensions and Properties of Square Hollow Sections (Clause 8.1 and Note in Annex A)
Designation Depth W;:th Thickness Weight Area of Section cm2 (5) 2.16 2.53 2.68 3.17 3.75 2.88 3.42 4.07 3.20 3.81 4.55 3.51 3.86 4.19 4.62 5.03 3.72 4.45 4.91 5.35 4.24 4.67 5.09 5.63 6.77 5.19 6.28 7.58 1.45 8.29 10.10 8.54 10.47 12.31 8.93 10.95 13.12 11.95 14.67 15.85 12.32 15.14 17.85 14.95 18.36 21.63 19.10 20.28 2260 24.87 21.17 23.36 27.63 23.83 26.59 29.31 28.36 33.63 Moment of Inertia Radius of Gyration Elastic Modulus Plastic Modulus

D
mm (1) 25.0 x 25.0 25.0 x 25.0 30.0 x 30.0 30.0 x 30.0 30.0 x 30.0 32.0 x 32.0 32.0 x 32.0 32.0 x 32.0 35.0 x 35.0 35.0 x 35.0 35.0 x 35.0 38.0 x 38.0 38.0 x 38.0 38.0 x 38.0 38.0 x 38.0 38.0 x 38.0 40.0 x 40.0 40.0 x 40.0 40.0 x 40.0 40.0 x 40.0 45.0 x 45.0 45.0 x 45.0 45.0 x 45.0 45.0 x 45.0 45.0 x 45.0 49.5 x 49.5 49.5 x 49.5 49.5 x 49.5 63.5 x 63.5 63.5 x 63.5 63.5 x 63.5 72.0 x 72.0 12.0 x 12.0 12.0 x 72.0 75.0 x 75.0 75.0 x 75.0 75.0 x 75.0 88.9 x 88.9 88.9 x 88.9 88.9 x 88.9 91.5 x 91.5 91.5 x 91.5 91.5 x 91.5 100.0 x 100.0 100.0 x 100.0 100.0 x 100.0 113.5 x 113.5 113.5 x 113.5 113.5 x 113.5 113.5 x 113.5 125.0 x 125.0 125.0 x 125.0 125.0 x 125.0 132.0 x 132.0 132.0 x 132.0 132.0 x 132.0 150.0 x 150.0 150.0 x 150.0 x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 2.6 3.2 2.6 3.2 4.0 2.6 3.2 4.0 2.6 3.2 4.0 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.6 4.0 2.6 3.2 3.6 4.0 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.6 4.5 2-9 3.6 4.5 3.2 3.6 4.5 3.2 4.0 4.8 3.2 4.0 4.9 3.6 4.5 4.9 3.6 4.5 5.4 4.0 5.0 6.0 4.5 4.8 5.4 6.0 4.5 5.0 6.0 4.8 5.4 6.0 5.0 6.0 mm (2) 25.0 25.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 32.0 32.0 32.0 35.0 35.0 35.0 38.0 38.0 38.0 38.0 38.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 45.0 45.0 45.0 45.0 45.0 49.5 49.5 49.5 63.5 63.5 63.5 72.0 72.0 72.0 75.0 75.0 75.0 88.9 88.9 88.9 91.5 91.5 91.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 113.5 113.5 113.5 113.5 125.0 125.0 125.5 132.0 132.0 132.0 150.0 150.0 mm (3) 2.6 3.2 2.6 3.2 4.0 2.6 3.2 4.0 2.6 3.2 4.0 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.6 4.0 2.6 3.2 3.6 4.0 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.6 4.5 2.9 3.6 4.5 3.2 3.6 4.5 3.2 4.0 4.8 3.2 4.0 4.9 3.6 4.5 4.9 3.6 4.5 5.4 4.0 5.0 6.0 4.5 4.8 5.4 6.0 4.5 5.0 6.0 4.8 5.4 6.0 5.0 6.0 kg/m (4) 1.69 1.98 2.10 2.49 2.94 2.26 2.69 3.19 2.51 2.99 3.51 2.75 3.03 3.29 3.63 3.95 2.92 3.49 3.85 4.20 3.32 3.66 3.99 4.42 5.31 4.07 4.93 5.95 5.85 6.51 7.93 6.71 8.22 9.66 7.01 8.59 10.30 9.38 11.52 12.44 9.67 11.88 14.01 11.73 14.41 16.98 14.99 15.92 17.74 19.53 16.62 18.33 21.69 18.71 2B.88 23.01 22.26 26.40 cm4 (6) 1.72 1.89 3.23 3.62 3.97 4.02 4.54 5.02 5.43 6.18 6.93 7.14 1.68 8.18 8.76 9.26 8.45 9.12 10.45 11.07 12.47 13.45 14.41 15.57 17.74 18.37 21.42 24.64 44.35 48.55 57.00 66.32 79.03 90.31 75.53 90.19 104.82 142.83 170.97 182.57 156.49 187.57 215.68 226.35 271.10 311.47 372.88 393.31 432.58 469.81 505.83 552.62 640.89 634.39 700.11 762.98 9S2.12 1145.91 0.89 0.86 1.10 1.07 1.03 1.18 1.15 1.11 1.30 1.27 1.23 1.43 1.41 1.40 1.38 1.36 1.51 1.48 1.46 1.44 1.71 1.70 1.68 1.66 1.62 1.88 1.85 1.80 2.44 2.42 2.38 2.79 2.75 2.71 2.91 2.87 2.83 3.46 3.41 3.39 3.56 3.52 3.48 3.89 3.84 3.79 4.42 4.40 4.38 4.35 4.89 4.86 4.82 5.16 5.13 5.10 5.89 5.84 cm3 (8) 1.38 1.51 2.15 2.41 2.64 2.51 2.84 3.14 3.10 3.53 3.96 3.76 4.04 4.30 4.61 4.87 4.22 4.86 5.22 5.54 5.52 5.98 6.40 6.92 7.88 7.42 8.66 9.% 13.97 15.29 17.95 18.42 21.95 25.09 20.41 24.05 27.95 32.13 38.46 41.07 34.21 41.00 47.14 45.27 54.22 62.29 65.71 69.30 76.23 82.79 80.93 88.42 102.54 %.12 106.08 115.60 130.95 152.79 cm3 (9) 1.76 1.98 2.68 3.08 3.50 3.11 3.59 4.11 3.81 4.42 5.11 4.51 4.97 5.34 5.80 6.22 5.12 6.01 6.53 7.01 6.64 1.25 7.83 8.55 9.99 8.93 10.60 12.47 16.65 18.36 21.93 21.80 26.32 30.49 23.19 28.76 33.92 37.85 45.85 49.23 40.24 48.79 56.77 53.30 64.59 75.10 77.33 81.81 90.55 98.96 94.84 104.10 121.87 112.69 125.02 136.98 152.98 179.88

IS 4923 : 1997 Table 2 Dimensions and Properties of Rectangular Hollow Sections (Clause 8.1 and Note in Annex A)
Designation Depth Width Thick- Weight of of ness Section I Section D B mm (2) x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 2.9 3.2 2.9 2.9 3.6 4.5 2.9 3.2 4.0 2.9 3.2 4.0 3.2 4.0 4.8 3.2 4.0 3.6 4.5 5.4 3.6 4.6 x 4.8 x 5.4 x 4.8 x 5.4 50.0 50.0 60.0 66.0 66.0 66.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 96.0 %.O %.O 100.0 100.0 122.0 122.0 122.0 127.0 127.0 145.0 145.0 172.0 172.0 mm (3) 25.0 25.0 40.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 48.0 48.0 48.0 50.0 50.0 61.0 61.0 61.0 50.0 50.0 82.0 82.0 92.0 92.0 mm (4) 2.9 3.2 2.9 2.9 3.6 4.5 2.9 3.2 4.0 2.9 3.2 4.0 3.2 4.0 4.8 3.2 4.0 3.6 4.5 5.4 3.6 4.6 4.8 5.4 4.8 5.4 Kg/m (5) 2.98 3.24 4.12 4.07 4.93 5.95 4.12 4.50 5.45 5.03 5.50 6.71 6.71 8.22 9.66 7.01 8.59 9.67 11.88 14.01 9.34 11.69 15.92 17.74 18.71 20.88 Area of Moment of Inertia About Radius of Gyration Elastic ModUIU.5 Plastic Modulus

section

About

A_ x-x
cm* (6) cm4 (7)

mm (1) 50.0 50.0 60.0 66.0 66.0 66.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 96.0 96.0 96.0 100.0 100.0 122.0 122.0 122.0 127.0 127.0 145.0 145.0 172.0 172.0 x x x x x x x x x x x x
x

Y-Y cm4 (8) 3.60 3.80 13.11 9.12 10.52 11.93 7.72 8.24 9.42 17.11 18.41 21.49 33.28 39.32 44.55 37.95 44.95 78.83 93.78 107.03 52.05 62.46 228.50 250.59 346.91 381.74

x-x
cm (9) 1.70 1.68 2.17 2.29 2.25 2.20 2.38 2.37 2.31 2.82 2.80 2.75 3.40 3.55 3.30 3.55 3.50 4.34 4.29 4.24 4.37 4.31 5.23 5.20 6.20 6.17

Y-Y (;:I 0.97 0.96 1.58 1.33 1.29 1.25 1.21 1.20 1.16 1.63 1.62 1.59 1.97 1.94 1.90 2.06 2.03 2.35 2.49 2.45 2.09 2.05 3.36 3.33 3.82 3.79 4.37 4.65 8.25 8.28 9.66 11.10 8.52 9.15 10.64 12.72 13.74 16.20 20.54 24.49 27.99 22.46 26.83 38.13 45.73 52.60 35.76 43.52 76.57 84.26 106.64 117.73 2.88 5.72 3.04 6.14 6.56 10.25 5.53 10.59 6.37 12.56 7.23 14.77 5.14 11.07 5.49 11.98 6.28 14.20 8.56 16.07 9.21 17.46 10.74 20.91 13.87 25.85 16.30 31.21 18.56 36.13 15.18 28.20 17.98 34.10 25.84 47.71 30.75 57.85 35.09 67.29 20.82 45.95 24.98 56.66 55.73 94.93 61.12 105.07 75.41 132.08 82.99 146.55 3.48 3.73 7.73 6.49 7.66 8.94 6.04 6.51 7.66 9.88 10.72 12.77 15.91 19.14 22.08 17.37 20.93 29.42 35.56 41.22 23.70 29.04 63.93 70.66 85.61 94.86

x
x

x x x x x x x
x

x x x

25.0 25.0 40.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 48.0 45.0 48.0 50.0 50.0 61.0 61.0 61.0 50.0 50.0 82.0 82.0 92.0 92.0

3.80 10.93 4.13 11.63 5.25 24.74 5.19 27.33 6.28 31.87 7.58 36.64 5.25 29.82 5.73 32.04 6.95 37.23 6.41 50.87 7.01 54.94 8.55 64.79 8.54 98.61 10.47 117.54 12.31 134.35 8.93 112.29 10.95 134.14 12.32 232.61 15.14 278.94 17.85 320.83 11.89 227.08 14.89 276.33 20.28 555.16 22.60 610.85 23.83 917.13 26.59 1012.47

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of Indian Standards

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NO. 1 DECEMBER 1998 TO IS 4923 : 1997 HOLLOW STEEL SECTIONS FOR STRUCTURAL USE - SPECIFICATION ( SectndRevision) (Page 2, Fig. 1) - Substitute the folIowing figure. for the existing figure:

AMENDMENT

Mu
v

= Maximumpermittedoutsideaxncr mdius in mm. = TotaJ measuredhvist in milJJmetrcs.

FIG. 1

MEASUREMENTOF TWISTOF SQUAWANDRECTANGULAR SECTIONS

(MlD19)
Reprography Unit, BIS, New Delhi, India

NO. 2 MAY 2005 TO IS 4923:1997 HOLLOW STEEL SECTIONS STRUCTURAL USE SPECIFICATION (Second Reviswn )
( Page 5, Table 1 ) Inse tt the following at the end:
Table 1 Dimension

AMENDMENT

FOR

and Properties of Square Hollow Sections

(Clause S.1 and Note in Annex A)

r_
180x 180x4 180X180X< 180x 180x5 180x li30x[

l.

. .; E
Ll&gnation Depth
lMckness WIC% D mm (2) 180 mm (3) 4 5 6 180 180 180 8

weight

Area of Seetion cm2 (5) 27.9 34.6 40.83 54.1 ~

Moment Radioa of of Inertia Gyration cm4 (6) 1434 1755 2036 2633 cm (7) 7.17 7.12 7.06 6.98

Elastic Modulus

Plastic Moduha

kglm (4) 27.2 32.05 42.5 21.9

cm3 (8) 159 195 226 293

cm3 (9) 184 226 280 346

( MTD 19)
Reprography Unit, B[S. New Delhi, ln&a