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Mechanism of Roller Coaster

Mechanism of Roller Coaster

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Published by Sarthak Ahuja

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Published by: Sarthak Ahuja on Jun 27, 2011
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Mechanism Of Roller Coaster

By Sarthak


Topics ‡Mechanism involved in Roller Coasters ‡Potential Energy ‡Kinetic energy ‡Working of a roller coaster ‡Blocking .

. we have to understand two words from the glossary of physics.Mechanism involved in Roller Coasters Most riders of Roller coasters may not be aware that there is no engine for operation. They are potential energy and kinetic energy. Then how does a roller coaster work? Before actually understanding the mechanism of roller coasters.

. On the movement of an object from its position against a force. There are different types of potential energies like gravitational potential energy. Upon allowing the object to return to its original position the energy supplied is recovered. The best example here is the thing which has elasticity. chemical potential energy etc. Due to the elastic potential energy elastic materials regain their original position. energy is expended and a potential difference is created. elastic potential energy.Potential Energy Potential energy is defined as that energy that is inherent in a physical system in juxtaposition with conservative force acting on it.

which an object obtains because of its motion.Kinetic energy The additional energy. The kinetic energy so obtained by the cycle is used in facing the airfriction and the resistance of the road. If a dynamo is attached to the wheels of the cycle. . The common example of use of kinetic energy is the movement of cycle. is called kinetic energy. The rider of a cycle pedals the cycle to a certain speed and after that it moves with less pedaling on its own. then electrical energy is produced.

On the sliding down the slope the cycle uses the potential energy to come down.The kinetic energy so produced can be used for converting into other forms of energy. Extending the example of the cyclist. . it can be observed that the kinetic energy of the moving cycle on a steep rise will be converted in to a gravitational potential energy once the cycle reaches the top point.

With that the cars of the roller coaster system not only slide down but also move up the second peak. The cars attached to the roller coaster do not have self-powered motor. Instead they are pulled by one chained with the other to the first peak of the roller coaster track. On reaching the top of the first peak the kinetic energy with which the cars are pulled becomes the potential energy. This process is repeated in the subsequent peaks and finally the cars are brought to a stop with the application of brake run.Working of a roller coaster The roller coasters work on the principle of conversion of potential energy into kinetic energy. .

In the case of continuous circuit roller coasters. powered by hydraulic or pneumatic force.A well designed roller coaster will have enough energy to complete the entire course of the track and will come to an end on the application of brake run at the end. it moves forward and backward along the track until all the kinetic energy is released. Some enthusiastic riders want roll back to be performed in view of the thrills involved in it. Modern roller coasters have launch mechanisms. Roll back occurs when a launched train does not have enough potential energy to ascend the top of the first peak. Under the roll back the train comes back to the original launching place for re-launch. which kick off a ride with the high amount of acceleration by means of one or series of Linear Induction Motors and Linear synchronous Motors. After that it comes to a stop . when the kinetic energy is not enough for the train to complete the travel after descending from its highest peak point .

They use the block system under which the track system is divided in to several sections or blocks and only one train is allowed to enter in each block at a time. Sensors fixed on the block detect the movement of the trains and send signals to the computer system operating the mechanism. . A section of track at the end of the each block is used for stopping the train if necessary to avoid collision among the trains.Blocking Most large roller coasters use one or more trains at the same time.

They are the good examples of how peoples energy should be devoted for the benefit of the society as a whole. .Roller coasters work on the principle of the conversion of one form of energy in to another.

Thank You .

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