Jenny Dooley - Virgin,j;J

[vans

1IQt~
Express Publishing

Most ~ouns, foum their plurall

by

adldlng ·,s.

NOUlils ending in a consonant t-Y(:'!ir'ldtake ~i . in the p,lu!r(;ll. .

)I,

drop (he

~_:.

8,'

car
.,',

tWOCiil'/!'i!3
· .. hl -eh, .

~,
• ~ brush$.\3".

a 6trt$w/lerry
Noulits,endingl in .. at '~fQ. rop the 'or ... and f d fa
takel

fn thEq~'!Ura':
/!J:U$ •

Nouns e.ndill\9 iln ..,5,.4&"

~x~ 1ake,~s -0;,
~

~vesiln the

pl~ulial.

b'[l~es, dre$_$,' dres~~s" prusil

to(r;;1i1 ~

torc.heS',box·

boxes,

etc.

a tomato
B,uri
$pme
I)lQU~

a 1&8#
elidingl

four le8Vtf9 -a.

8.'

wolf

twa w()lv~e

in·.., tak,e

Qnli~(..s"

B.ut
Otlr~,'y

some nouns ena:iIR~lin ..1 or Mfa take i cllff~eliffs, etc.

raCliQ ~ ra€JI,'f:n;" piana . r:>iarJ('S, photo· phf).ft1s, rhino - rhYihoo" fnppo - hiPPe8., Video' - vid~ao8, etc.
NQuns eadi!ng ln a vowet
i"

roof - tooie, giraffe - gl'raffes
• Adjef!.ti\!es . do n~t take

r,

y take ..s

jo

the

pl'urrar.

'.os in Ute, plurat, .

pboy

1 l~fI\'\'DJjlI .,.,....
:}.

lemort5w.

2::: b.lJJJa; gaaGmr

· ... ·r-.-.' ..~·~~,·I··.:I·l·'·· .... ~ ~ · ',...., ~.,'," ·.~.~~·r·,r".·····
"_, +

4, Gmerry

'~.".!. .•...

"r" • ••••• ........ ·4

5~ ijQ<;tt' 6~

• ~ ".!. -. .~ "/\.:..

-_ "1:Jo" ••••

~".j.~~
,

("'*

~. '.~.'..!' '0 '!".;.,;. ••••••••••••

7 8 9 10 11 12

glass key piano potato ball book

•••••••••••

r •••••••

r•

·..... ~ ....... ~ ...... ..................... ·................ ~ ... ·................ ~ ...

.....................

..

=6'
r

I

PI
Wl'ite the-plural:.

S,Qmte.nouns are irreglulalf. 1F6r example:

chifd

ehii'dr(Jn

woms»

women

1 duck 2 ostrich 3 parrot turkey dolphin

,..

db/oks
;.".4
,. '" " ••••••.•

;,..,.

1 giraffe
.8 deer

•••••••••

~.

r ••••••

~

•..•••

•••• )'.· ...

,

... ~~ ~~ ~ ... ....... ... ~ ~ ... ..... ... ~
,

_-.. ~ .~••• __

~r

4 swan

s

.................... ...... ........ ~ ~ . ...
'

9 c.-alf 10 fox
112

,

... ~ ...............
- - .~ ...

:

-)

11 mouse ...................
hippo> ~ ...........

6 toatfit
wdP

••

1

••••••.••••

"

••

~._

..

uL
~ _':~I~ .. J'~~

"*'
..... '.,

Write the bol(.

WOl'ds, ili1l

plural in tHe correct

,Ii

'_~i
It'-

j...J ·
mm.l!)lJ

bioyeie, bus, cherry, Rniffie, man, gla;;s, cth\ildl; lrtow,s'S, apple, bo«, baby, balli" tomato. ferry. teat" to.oth, groose. radio. cliff:, dress, torch" dty, w~te= OX~, dee.", .. cal~, fox, giirafte, watch. parrot, lady, woJf, d1iSthl, bay. woman, melon, sheep, arrnchar

J)l1

'" II~,

~_.

-s

Jl
-es

-ies

1,1 sheel;l; ." !?heep .,.. 2' baby , . 3 child .., ,., ,_ .., ..' 4 green leail , . 5 old la€ll'£·, .
c

1J1 p&/'i~em8:rjl 1~ Ifa:slPbe~~y' ,
13, sandwitlil ..,.,

,..,.

,
,."
,

"
.
.

ts.

1~.

mO~$e, , ,

,.,

-Yes,

6 radio 7 ox , 8 tall womam 9 knife 10 toy

. . ,., .

IDhpf0' 16; ~1iJf1f 1'l ~enl

,.. ' .,

"

. . .
",', ,.

18. watcinl 19 bi~cI~(i).t

20

niGe\~00~

""

,,"'"
~l • F ..

.

write th~""1 iA the COI'''e.ct • ..,,,,, '

Firs,",say' th~ WOfc:t,$

1'"thQ; pl~,,@lI.,tben

,~vl'wljI,R;I;!_ th~ nQYD) 1Wc:J~i1lI a~I1J m~ ip,i" IV O,1i IQt So. u.Qd.1 , IkJl, cllffs, J,QoRs,,s.holls; M.tis". mytlt8.l etc.
)~ ,«fi~,n

«:Iesk" church, app!,€h, d!i:l!Jl;It,lil'fli. chaj.~,;,at~ ~;a~.y' drElss, .. t:ijr~ Iba~i,I;)litf" b!i;l~, ~<?€Ii0"i,shi;Iif:,- ~1:J~;el"distil,l, roOO,1'i song, 'S~Tr~1 cherry, f<l;!lX', , bij@!" ~,!oeki gl~~~'1 J!l,tanjO'~ olilit0n, basket, bu~trI" f~iNr~L~·C!.Q,e_, ke,¥" I'il'ly-nt"l_" hu:s. tl~wer, \d:<y;.or,orange

Q4!ses, fox8,S,. Drush.as;tQre;h~ bl!iqges, (;Qses,. mir-a.9;es, ete.

1st, hksJ,.-I'II, ttfj'~/~" tz:/ or /JV: so,un,d.

the nell/In emds.lo a,{a}

• I~twb:ellt flte., uQyn f:jnds: inl amy ~tlaer souflc;i. /lQ€jJr,r;IS, /i't:Jys.-, ~ea.J'S~, l~t:f,Y,ftS:, amOFls, l
pi8f'1.0S,_

er{;~

l;z,1

f1pp/~a,

(\f.g; Que; fSgplel, fif~ apples, etc.) and cam blJ.l in, the" sr.nguia~- r' the· pl~ral. We, put o belore,IM !;leun in tl1~ sing~ar when!it '~ins with a eensonant sound (b, d, p, et._c:Jand, an when itlbegin&witlrl a vowel SQ~nd~(i;!,_p,li,o, u).

Countable noun. ,'are. nouns· wtilfd:h c·an be

oo~Q'

Ii

,Uhcounteble noun. are nouns whie:h cannot be Counted and they uSl!Jlai'liy 1rL~\leno' p,lurall. These nouns' inc,lude·: tOi>d: cheese; butter, meat, salt> pepper, bacon, tueea, chocolate, haney, jam" etc. Ilqul~.lcottee, miff<" water, tea, wine,. lemonade,
l'{Or:l'" silver, woo"'" paper, etc. ab8In3ctJlO1.ll1a: IDeatJo/,. Ibve, nap;piriess. etc. qthapl 'h-a:r~, money, news:, snow, f~rnifurel" weathe-r, advice, etc.

pf'itrel;

ou; ere.

matGrJ.I.: gold,

We usa 80me With uneountaale We alsa

alarr.

IiIQI!UlSl

and not,

.. floWlr

onlly 1.1iI the

US:E!1

p,IUril[

some wifh cC!)ttmmbJle> nQuns
0 _

but:
,

-'<

BOlfJlJafl4im6 "0"'.\-:8 tJhi:ieed

: 8'. :

Some I III neoontable nouns can :be made -CGuntable by u'Simg tbe:lfoJJowlng wbrCifs 'in front ot then:K'.lar,. botUe}

!Jowl, oan·lug, ance~tin, padkeJ.,.etc.

pIece, 10811 IDUp} bar, gl.~s! k .10) carton,

1 ~tlf11~ meat

2

.... 'Orange

;3 ...

:Ghocdla1e

a battle of,keef k.,-----=-~
~ 4 ",_."" jam
5 bulter
....-,
rx

...

08 p~ceofple

.. To",

'( ~I)
~~-~

~.-

..

LVlkii :
1•• ~,

':6

leaves

s loaf.Of bPead

r
~,

a.iJvp Qfooffe,t

,a1?!ilNJf(jhocow

,iii
7 ,. ·soup '9 _ ...... c:offee
iN bawl f).f 60l:lJl .ii

a kilo offl!1Mt

can .oflfuitjlJ/ct

a Jug :or orangs jaiG,t

10

.. elephant

n ....... " milk

a .~ cups ......

-M,at~1iItbe wo:rds ·as ~n the ·
e1Xa-rn;pJe;
15 .....".. doll

:ol1loe0'lat'B

'0 <iKe
Wrrite a~ an or some, Wl:lich nouns are ~ol!l'ntable/uncOuntable ? l:1t"ea(j

tertlonacfe
,oeaI'Ts

1 ...tiI ~i,scuit
s,

7 S

.... armchair'
· .... ~~~r. plate
.'... f'., ~'." •

2 3
4 5

• ~ ~ ••••

~ ~ ••

J'.

tea[ling

...... money 1\3 .~ 14 .J.- .. Wa:te'Mes

tea
-6r-a"til'ge juice

• • • r ••

~ :,.'

carrot i:;lr'elid

......
~ ••••

:;;.~"1
I •••

9 10 11

16 ............. ~alt : : .:: 1'I0r'l'ey ·.~ pepper '1'~_ o-at 17 'r Wate~ • 4·:1:~ ....:"~ ' ~•••

..

chaif

daRe
Goffe'e
Iwine

~.;.

••

: ••

"l:; ••

6

••••

r.y;>.

bo'xes 12

, • ~'t. ,;~,' •

dn:ss 18· .

~..,;;.:~

,

a~vi6e

s-eial"

'·9 ;. -.

.

WrUe

:how-

many y<tu Cain ise,e lir)l the

pictutes~
Do this .ac1ivil:Y'In pail'S. One @f Y01:1 the grocer ~s all'll I'\be other Is t~ :cus.tom'er. :Look at\h-e plctures ,and act eut similar di'aio.gues. e.g. SAo: S8: 1 .. tWo CUl'6 o-f otrJff~~;.. 2' ,, ,."'" , . S.A: S8: SA: S8: Hello'! ,Can I help you.? Yes 'p1ease. I Deed a 'kilo ·'of ,strawbe,.,ie-s and two 'kil(n cafrrots .. Anythirog e'l~e'? res. A i::afrton of 01a'l'lge jl!iice an'Q two -tins of beans.

0'

3

,"

,- .

4

"..

_.>

•••••••

, •••

,

.,

,. II'
.

Here yew are,
7:ha1'l.k

you.

onions 5 _ , .

6

1

0-:"

Make thje following

liIouns cou-n,table. olives

1 some Coke - twe f1la~$e5Ibbttlev!.can6,of. Coke2 5"@me bread -~hree' v ., ..•••••••••• 3 S0:'tr.re chocolate -·1a~fi . 4 SQtrIile water - five
n •••••••••

5 SO)lnech-ee$e - two 6 s.®me meat - three ..,_ .. _
7 Sgme wine - ei_ght

.
" . . You are having a pa,rty .. Ten friends are eoming. l'o'ok at the pictu:res in the oral aotivity, add your ow-n ideas and 'complete tile shopping ~ist for your

8 s.0rTI'e salmon- four
9 10
SGm,e SQrnl-e

"._
,.'.'

"
!

.
.
.

milk - ten .._ soap - fbur

party.

,Circlelhe

uhcounta' Ie nbun lin each

group.1 ~!.'1'fiitur~· crrah, table" desk 2. potato, carrot, fornato, soup 3 €u1ifee, cUP" ~Ijas;s)~l!.J.g 4!; sheep. meat, 6x, c~ff

5- cfpp1iel strawbsrry, CnElGolate, ch13rry 6~ gJJa-ss,bottle, cat\, slDda
7' lbaf\ slice, bread, r:1;~Q:e 8 wood, tree. I'eaf" fi'Qwe{

_'_

.......,~.' .'r ,

r

. ~~.

00.'_. • • • • ••

.!!':t ~
.;)1'··

~ ~.

r' .

1

.4WZ:=C

j

.mU!

10

We- ca""l:Ise;;srubj~:c,t per;sonalpron{:?JiJIl1$1_,before 8 v.erb,insJ~~d OJ the ..notlll or the.name of a p:e(sqn. l'hese arg; Sj!l9,Lt1ru: ya~ he, s'!le>, it
II

PIIlIJl_al we you tkrl'!Y

We use b,e for 81 man

or a b.ay.

{fum, .. he • We
USf!

0ey
~maml

··-he
,4 , ..

_she to,r a

OJ' iii 9""1.

5"

.

6,

_-

'Woman- fihe • We use H: for 8.i th~ng or aDI annnal wtren~we do, nat ~nQw i:ts se:l(~. henl we,talk abeut our W pets or arniiil'\;flsWli 0$& sex, Vole know· we'qpn

u_s:e-;he'or she'.,

7

......... e .....

8, ..:

..

9

.

2:
cal'''' rI'
• In the pl!Ulra'lwe. us plants a:nd! thililgs.

WriJe h~, stie, if, we, you or tb~y.
.".·.,..:,·ntt ....... .
......... '._ •• F ....... ~ •••• ~,~, ••

r lfQl'l~,
e:they fCLlrpaople; anjm~ls. 2~ reice. 31 ri"mgr 4t Ar;)nal
6. cars; Z'
l1i1afi11

9' ~ary a:mrdlyou 10: wdman
'.'

•••

,','

••

41~

.... ...... . ',."
~,.'
."d

u •• ',.

~ ••,._. ••••

,._, •••••r

1I1J M'r sAdl Mrrs-S'ljr'litill 11~ Ei!i~he;!:i.
1:3' J'8ili'tlil)§ .~ ~,'-'

~••".......

,.'0 .....

~.. ",. 0,. ~

...... u~l..." .-.'.......~ '\"i" -~ ....
~~'.~' '.'~'

51 Ham am;d I'll .. " .. ,...... _....

......~ ,._.

..

..
.~~

'.'

...'~"..'..... ~ ~ .... ..
4 •••• ' •• ~ •• ~ ••• ~.

t4 mGlMS;

..... ~~...-... ...-.;. ~~'-' ... ...-.,
~. "«' • '.' •• ',,' •• '.~,""-~

.

••••

t5~ eJepha.:mI

msn and woman ., :they

8; maO$,

•••~~•• '.'1-

•••• ".-.~-.' •••

nt qru~1/i

.-.• ~-.~ ~.~.' ·'····~r·'· ..... .....

A:' A.~e"you from England? B: N.o, we aren'f We,'re from China.

lht;,y are friends,

He's Torn and.sne's

~el;en.

lam

You are Hie is, She, is It is We are You are They are

'I'm You're He's She's We're You're They're

~am not

I,t's

You are no.t He is not S,f."le not is It is not We are not You Eirenot They are not

I'm not You aren't He isn't She isn't It isn't

Am 11
Are you?

We

aren't

You aren't
They aren't

~she,? Is she? Is jt!'? Are we? Are you? Are they?

3
2'

li,.,o.okAt tbe p,lc,tu.res ~nd fUi in J1etshftlit is: Qr they are.

1 ..,.. Hq.:/e>" .. a postman, .., , ,." ..,.,. doctors. 3, ", " .. .,,, ..•.. a ca~. " 4. , a hairdresser.

5 '".'''''''''''''','''
6 '7 " ..""

brushes.
,,. a, baker.

",,,""" a,tennis ball.

8

,

a singec

~1 :~
..

First answer t_he followJ!i19 questions about yourseJ,f. Then, In pairs, a(;t Qut, the diialogue with the booksolqsed.

~: Wqo.. 4\11'i?~qlf7
"1

B:
•••• ~. "I" •••• ,~ •••••••••••••••••••••••

A~ Vl(,helie,~.r~n'.Ql:! f[o",m1';? ~:
B:

from •................ ,
, "

.
.

. • ,

: 12

5

.FI.U,I the 'g.a:ps in
ILCYlilg

as (j,n the ·example.

Wr:ite '\IqQesti.c01S affd tbe ·elf-ampJe-.

'a'ns.wer,s

'as 11'1

iforJilJ

2 We 3 He

1 J .... am..,.a slt!alenl.

~1'Om SlPaJiJTl.

:stu~le·rt\l. ,We ..- '... trcrn ;Spai I1t
He -.-.·.·.· .•-.., ;a -dtllot-0Y.

I .. .. a "t!'~.,

.•Are :they' 'sil'ffi!et6?
.,N'O;they.aren't: ....

not a doctGf ..

'.'..rh8J/r~ @,anGets.

4 You .,.•., , .. . ,..,·a Singer,. 5 Slhe ,.am actress,
6 lit 8I "., '.. "

Ynu Stile Tiheo/

_ ' ,.-'a sinQer. , an.;iltrifres'S.
,a w.atdh.

a watch.
not tall.

It , "._ _ ·

7 They

.,Tiiolpairn·N;i!rs.

"

" painters.
-.'.i •.

II ..... -... ,.-.· ,,, .. ,,·.< .. ,....

tall.

Singul~r
lam

Pillra, "We-ate

.......",

a 'waliU!n?

You are
He/Sham is

You ,are
Tt;)ey,are

••••

~ •• ~ •••• -~. ~ ••••••

~ ~ ••••

~ ••••

,-.r •..... ~.-• .r,:.':.r. i..

..............................
11

appleS?
'-:;"~•••

She is a girl,

.. .Thdyare qlr(s.,,,.

• ••••••••

~ ••••

~ •••••••••

r •••••••.•••••

1.'1 •

9 You are a chUd. 10 It i'$ a box,

2 He is a teactter, '3 lit is a deer, 4 II aim ,a boy. 5 She is 'a policewoman 6 It isa gim.ffe; '7 I am a: baker. 6 He IS 'a mall.

..

.

'
,.,r

.,

.
..

.

t6IiT1at'ees.

..

.,.., ', ,.' ""

.

.. .. .

.. .
r-r-r-

,

'
..

. . .. ,a fbifGl.

Short a~swe-fs are -ansWers to questipns 'whie,h begin w'ifl1 the verb forifi isj;ife. In short answers we do not repeat tilE! wholE! questfi:m. We oMly ~se Yes or No, the subject prolloun and' tM verb form is (isn't) I ere (aren't). ¢.g; Are ydU British? No.

5

,

"I , .• ' ..••

<,.•.•.••..

:a ,t'€iadh~'t?
>r,!. "

................ a

",IA"Ct' (] 0gFa,~J;ler. ~,•.. I'l'

I'm ,not.
Ye-s. 'I affl

A·_ . - .... myou. 1

!Weare,

No, r'm riot/We aren't,

Yes, tielsiffi;fitis,.
NQl he/sheftt isn-'f. Are' they ,_,1 'res,. Ui~'i§r@: ......_t\I~,lHeY8Jen't,

_J

6

f,low.ers?

....... ~
om.

~ ~~ .. ..
~ ••• 41';.

_

~~ ..

•• ~ ••••••••

ft•••

J

••••

r. ~..... ~... ~~.. ~~

____

rb
8
Pal,Jl Rosa ('Il Look attlhe table and answer the questions. Enlg1i-q.nd Italy China China 2 Greg and Bob . naval officers . . " at home now? No, . ................................... at work.

34 30 25
'25

writer
actress teacher teacher

Chin Mei

o

3 George

a busi. . rich.

Where is Paul/Rosa from? How old IS he/s'he? What is hlis/her ~ob?

Where are Chin and
Mei'from? How old are they? What are their jobs?

(iil Now, fill in is/fsn'ti ate/aren't. 1) Paull .. Iei: from England.. He He 34 .years- old. He 2) Rosa ""'" ." from Italy. She She 30 years old. She Stl€ -a writer,
from China.

a writer. 15 year,s Old. an actress ..

= \ "
,

!

nessman ............... poor? No, ...............................

,

.

,

.

r

4 This a musical instru ment. , . ...................... a trumpet? No, . ..................... a saxophone.

LoC!)lt at the pictures and write qllu;:!s:liiDnsnd answers as in the a e~arnp.les.

3) Chin and Mei from C.hina. They .' from Ita'ly,.They .....,' 25 years old, They ...... teachers. Now, write about yourself: 11 " ,.,.,..

ri!f::.r

.......

,

,

-, .. ",

,"'"."

~'<z.~

9
1 2 3 4 5

Corre,ct the mistakes.

Sarah and I am sisters. Ben and Tim is at school. Horses and cows is animals. England are a country Tim are from America,

"

10 .....

LOOkat the pictures and fill in is/isn't, are/aren't and the correct personal prohoun he. she. it or they. 1 Alice is a teacher, Is she old? NO,she ~nl. Sh~ is young.

11 (ne.w(ald:}

..No" it i6/1"t nt:w,
..It is old,
2 (ugly/beautiful)

,.if) it new?

4 (weak/strong)

. ..
5 (slow/fast)

3 (short/tall)

(sad/happy)

14

5ubi
The tea,cher cnooses a leader. The leader chooses a job from the pictures and writes it on a piece of paper. Tile of her students ask questions to find out what he/she is. The student who guesses correctly becomes the leader. e.g. (The leader chooses "porter")

t

ro

un

Reat;! the information about the two people below. Theil, fill in the missing words In the shoR: texts. Name: Pierre Surname: Delon

Age: 17
Job: Student College Nationality: French
81 Martin's

S1: Are you a doctor? S2: Are you a teacHer? S3: Are you a poner?

Leader: No, rm not. Leader: No, I'm not. L-eader: Yes, , am.

, jr':' ~~

~\

;.. ..
~,

Name: ~ora Surname: Milton

Age: 49
Job: Secretary, Star TV
Channel

Nationality: Canaaian policeman doctor
nurse teacher

A .~~~

.................

Pierre Delon. He is 17. He is a
"n", •

.

at Sf' Martin's College. He is
porter

..,
waitress
painter

.................. Oanactan .

Nora Milton. She is She

She is a .

secretary at Star TV

Now complete the information Name:

about yourself.

Surharoe: Put your photo

he're
postman

Age:
Job: Nationality:

singer

cook

Now write about yourself:

athleTe

..

I am

.

dance;

. l~ : .

FI,rst say" then wrUe

a. qr an.

The indefinite arUcl~~ aial1is usedbe10re sin,gular countable nouns. We use a before nouns wh~Q" begin with a consonant sound be10re nouns which begin with a

8"

11,.•13 ..... leopard

2

astronaut

vowel sound.

a dolphin
a lmiversity (consonant sound) a fllOl1se (consonant sound) an umprelfa (vowel sound)

3 ..

>0

...

rabbit

4

old house

an neur (h- is

si,len1)

5
witb singular countable nQun~swilen, we want to ,say what .$~omebody/something is or what serneone's job is. 0ItrS

herlicopter

6

owl

7 ." aeroplarre ....•

8

....... pineapple

She is a, doctor. IFi'rst make sure you know the names of the things hi the' pictures. Then, look at the· pictures for one: minute. Finliilly. close your Book and name as man.y fhi'ng:s as possible. uslng,a/an.

wJth uliJeaunfabJe
SOll\e'1nstead~

Of

plv.tTaJ,liIf)un,$". We can use
some;e.ggs

i'nlfronf,afan adje'ctive when there ts no noun atte:r- it. 8'1..11' when, the'~~ i~ al nOOI1 ",fter the acljet::tive, we)w:~e ,ft /Dr adj'ecfi'les whi,oh begilil witl'l ai CGli'Ison'ant\ 80 1!1 m::11 enIDr adjectives anfd whi'chJbegi~ wfffr, a v0we,1 SClHiIJet Ii is: a. Gat, It is f;a.st It is a; fast, car. lt'is a/se' an expensive

cet:
L :•· l-tJJ

·

-- _.---<~~
....
".

.".?

Dogs are clever animal's. Dogs run fast

The d(jg tn the picture ·is bl,g. The 0Jorl's name ~. is BurJdy.

The definite] article

:the

'S used

witlfi slngulaJoli

p~ilJr:alnouns.

e.~g.the

gir~,the

men, lhe house

with nouns when weare talkin~labout something specific; for example when fhe noun is mentioned f'Or a second time or Is already known. lm' other words, when we can answer Ihe question "Who?" or "Whicb?'·., I een see a eat. Phe ear

wit:liti plural neuas Wffe'h we 'ta"lkcalaout 'them An
general.

Lion~ are wild animals. !(.WihtG'frI :iiG"l!l?~A"U Items'in general.)
before proper

is red. (Whlc:h cat? The' specific Calf which W~ s'es in the pioture,.)

nouns.

'f'
',.
,

. 'tr , '"

This is Jane.

with "Olins whi!ch are uniq,u,e.
the eaffh" the sky, the sun, the Parthenon, the Tai Manal
• before the names. of rivers, seas/oceans; mountain ranqes, deserts and .groups of islands/stategi. before names of meals (b'reaidast, Ltundh, dinneJi, etc.) andi games7sports '(golf, tenrnlis., basketbal~, etc.).

T:fmnls )s 'an exc'iting
,sport.

the Nile, ·the Medifelrlanean, the Atlantii;;~ the Alps, the Sahara, the' BaHamas,the USA
• before

the names of musi:cal instruments.
with tbe wOrds this/that Itfleselthbse. thiS' car,

tile ineno, the guitar, tHe violin
before naUoli'lallities and names o~ famrnes.

those

bicycles

NOrr: Tf;tJ$~e 'rcrar

UTe Chinese, the italians, the Smiths, the Btowns
• before Ute

wolds morning, attemoor:l" evenfnQI.

with th.e words school, church, bed" 11~S[P:ital, p'ri'son, home' whef'li we ref~fllto Uie pu'rp'Ose fO'r wt!:iclfl ttlley' exist. John' goes to schoof at 8:30 in the morniflg.

I go to school in the mornillg~

(=John is a student)

T7fJe.. ~~IlI'Ql'1pt,mQed[1qo./ b:ef~r:e·wQjd.s.-whitt) begin w_itt!'l @_coIilSQma!'rt o~nd (th~; gla6.~~ s tp.e,Qab¥l
r-Ite. is ~rQ.l1o~uneed1/·at_l ~.efQlie,wor.d$i wt;ltehr begin wilh a vQweJ_ s.QIJ...od I (t/')e. eg_{!f;, th~ apple).

1 .Jaflle is an painter:. 2: I have got an unitorrn. 3 He~en isn't at tmle home. 4 Tt'le-Pymmiqs are iO the Egypt 5 It tS a'hourglass. 6 Tt.'te Mark ls a ~.ttJ:dent. I have got a miilk.. It is an house .. 9 .An earth is a planEH. 7

2.
~

F,iirsl putl t~e nouns in the. corrEct box; th~p r!adl the,.,. o~J.

a

'110 They have g;ota Q,~dcar.

can, .. r-0Q_t. oliJi@J1l, ~i.rl, ~QQ.~,. Glx.,. C\G'tf~§,s,,. B,\J~, 'key, alR~,I~ Qt;'an@Et. el€l:~t:JaA,t., ~f1llfe, l.J;rli1t),H:~,1J~~ !(<a:tG.~)0wl V

~y,;.""

.4 ••.• 4···

••

4 ••

';"

:

~.

~I~

WrUtt·the where" necessary"

1 =; horses are IO\le!y animals. 2 ehasse is in , fridg:e, 3 'We usuall¥ gO to , Spain 1aofour sum.mer holi.dal)"'s." "Really? Wie Ilik,€!to sJay ~n eng:land.." 4 '). water is vert dirrty. You can'! sw.irm ~r,e. 5 "W~ere are ,.'" ct'lu/drsn?'" "m.ey are playIng in"'.""""" gq_rden."

1iI .._,_the .. A(f;la;z0n

j
• 'T' ., ••~ ~ .• I-, ~. .', .r...... ~.~,
'L~

~Vl.i1aF' -fiLl.r;ks, temlllisJ

4~

,'._

.....

~

••

,I

,

••

5:

........... ...... SabraJia
,

ea,.t;f}1l 6 ........ ~Pacific 7 ·~ B ........... sky .. ~9.'. ·.... ~ ~ lunch 10 ·..~ ~ US~, .... ..
••• ~•• ',' 'I' •

1
2'

.",l11e DQGW in
",
S:€ra'

the, pi"et!:lrie; is;.re.d! is': bj'(!Je-~

3~ ." ,, "••Mil{(e: is a'@~Q:€I1 sJI!l t1Ie.nf%. 4: ;; ., Missis,SiH':J!lL Is'a-Itm~ niiler iOIl'ir;ne:r-ica. fu .. "'..''' I:b"as~'e,tb.alt a; mip::e:g'ame~" is

a Jim is ti~om 11) .-'.,.-:-::':.••.. Scotland. He"s got 2} ,. two brothers and 3:), sister .. They live with theilf mother and fatli'ie·r in 4} ", " brg house in 5} ..•.......... eoun,tr;yside. jlim has Ilots 01 hobbies. He llikes 6) " focteeltand he plays· 7} _.guitar. He, has 8) '.' red 'b.fcycl;e.,Every day Ilie fati<;es his dog for 9) -.. walk: 1m10l' - ". p_ar~. Hls'dag's. name· 1'5- f1} , - Spot.
b Cla're, I'ives, ih 1} " ,.

(5~
Z

Fill in:

a)

an. or,the wh~l:e' necessary.

Uve"lPo~1. -5:h.-e: is;2}

.

secretal:}f. She wonks iriJ 31

1 ...,. 11'Ie:,o, AG:tb'PJD'II~;is in' ..:;::-;- Alh:e:r;J5;. ....
I lii'cwel9ptj ._, :-ummTe11a. .. .... 3, ... '.eo .. &UIP.tilia, i~ fn,~ri"r ....... ,.... Ital»-~.. ",. ','.' ItaI)ruls' afe . riliie-ff'.peowle: 4' Mh Smi,~ljJis' ." taacher., IH~; isum ··." classroom

..._,." 0'ffic8;. Sb:e @.aes to. .....
wOl1k

il'l,4) ....,..".-0. m~m~/il@'.. Stile; starts, WOfil1. at 9.0.0

S' 6·

rn~. ,, _ _ $:allff" is' __ a-ct~e.&s:.S:lf1es .. is,.~. NewfY:·oJ:~-is·ib!..._.,,.I!JGA. ...

' go,m.d actress,

and she 9MS' 5) ..,- ~ no!li'le a~ 5.0(jf in 6~ .. ".>0." .. e~efl'im!Y'. SNe Tilkes. hell' job oeoaUse! her D1:J8& i's 7) ., " kihe! man.

:alfa.

IFill 'in ihts Js" ~fhBt ;is, 'these 'a',r.eI"'or ;tf.)os'S

k

These ,fJower:s a·fie 107' '1G4, MiSs..

08: rha!;)kyob', T0m.. c:' And this ~p'ple is W'( yOlft 'MIss . .8:" 'Oil, ·thanks, Kim.

~,r."'~!SI. 4: An(j 'What are
·tfuos.e?

B: .1t~s ii farm:f:loJJs·e.

-3 ,'''''''''' ,,.""..". lDallonj!'lls-.

4

.... ", ...•.n.; my hat, "....• ·

8.: They'rfJ..cows.. if'bey :giv.e m'ilk.
ThlslThese 111re used to talk about/point to ~eople.; arlIilfla~Sbr' thiNgs: wlTich are near US.

-5 ..,

;. palm t'ree-s.
Fill lin 't!he :ga,ps with ,1t~, ;they'r& 'or
W'hat~~

ThiEit/Thoseare us-etil to talk about/poil1t to peqple .. animals or things which are far away from us.
Note: are'fhese1?/ What's fhat?'lWhat ale those? we answer If flt's~ Or They are (They're). ~.I). What's fh'iSffhat?_,~'s an ambfeiia. When we'

ask Wliat:s lhis?tWh11t

is

Nor; Th!c{ffls:ls an ulfuiretla. What ate- ine~-e/ifiese:;> TheY're 'Fiats, NOT; T,I;;Q:~~["''''''~''are halts,

18:1/, .

silly.

LO~d'kDacil! 1) , ~at'g," ... that?
2)

Dad: Billy:

very
AnGi

a:

scorpion.

Scorpions

are

danliJe~€il:JS:. earnels.

15 this-a -camera?
A"te these sungias$~s?
-Is that a ,helicopter?

wh~ila:re-tliose? Da€!: Tlitrse? 3) ',." ,," : Billy: 4) ,n.>? tMt?
,'-!

Yes, lheyare,}NC); fheyarenl

Dati:

I:mry:

5) Irs

,horrible) Ana 'Nfto are those' tne a~sert.
, ",;\

I•..••

'''.'!''..'.''''''

a "Snake.

people

over

Yes, it Is./No\ ,it isn't.

thele? ba€i; 6)
Ih

~edo'uin.-riley Ili~ ~f\~ents

-Are those binds?

Billy: THey look strange!

19 i

.. .

"mil in the spee.ch bub~les witlUhis, th'lti'~he~e or-thQ~e and' 0IJ~ of,the words
from tl;le.,fjst.

fibwers, oI'oo~, man cak.e,tihoes. car
J

li:b.e fBtpwns ·are ,showing ph.oto:gratp'hs trol'l1 their' trd.li~ys'r.bu:tid lhe world to a friend. I'n pairs; l.oO:k at the ptetures, ·Askand ansYier questions usirng Wbat:s :this!?lWl:la.t ,are these''?,as in t'h'0 eX'ample, e.g. 'SA: ,What~ this? 5B: It's !lhe Colosseum.

2

the Elffe1 Ttlwer

.3 IheStatue of ,Liberty

4 gondolas

'5

.'8

castle

o

a 'Windmill

a
:

fbe 'Pyramids

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