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Turkish

Turkish

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Published by: miaterry89 on Jun 28, 2011
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05/31/2014

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The present continuous tense in English would be 'I am.....ing'. To form this tense, you must add the
present progressive suffix '-(i)yorum' to the verb and then add the appropriate ending depending on
vowel harmony.

There are 4 different endings that can be used;

if the last vowel in the verb is -

e/i - the suffix will be - '-iyorum'

a/ı - the suffix will be - '-iyorum'

o/u - the suffix will be - '-uyorum'

ö/ü - the suffix will be - '-üyorum'

If the last letter in the verb is already either 'i/ı/u/ü', just add '-yorum'. If the last letter in the verb is
either 'e/a/o/ü', change it to 'i/ı/u/ü' depending on vowel harmony .

For example; 'yemek' = 'to eat'. 'I am eating' = 'yiyorum'.

'okumak' = 'to read'. 'I am reading' = 'okuyorum'.

Personal suffixes for the present progressive tense

-iyorum = i am ...ing

-iyorsun = you are ...ing (singular/familiar)

-iyor = he/she/it is ...ing

-iyoruz = we are ...ing

-iyorsunuz = you are ...ing (plural/polite)

-iyorlar = they are ...ing

Examples

To come = Gelmek

I am coming = Geliyorum

You are coming = Geliyorsun

He is coming = Geliyor

We are coming = Geliyoruz

You are coming = Geliyorsunuz

They are coming = Geliyorlar

Using other words with their suffixes, we can now make sentences.

I am walking to my house = Ev-im-e yürüyorum

I am coming from the bank = Banka-dan geliyorum

You are staying at my house = Ev-im-de kalıyorsun

What are you doing? - Ne yapıyorsun?

Where is he going? - Nereye gidiyor?

Why are they coming? - Niye geliyorlar?

Negative present progressive tense

To turn a verb into the present progressive tense, for example 'I am not going', simply add the
negative suffix '-me/ma- after the verb. Then you must change it according to vowel harmony so that
it becomes either -mi/mı/mu/mü-, then add the appropriate ending.

Examples

I am not coming - Gelmiyorum

You are not staying - Kalmıyorsun

He/she/it is not thinking - Düşünmüyor

They are not asking - Sormuyorlar

etc

Asking questions in the present progressive tense

Examples

Am I staying? - Kalıyor muyum?

Are you coming? - Geliyor musun?

Is he/she/it going? - Gidiyor mu?

Are we learning? - Öğreniyor muyum?

Are you walking? - Yürüyor musunuz?

Are they thinking? - Düşünüyorlar mı?

(for 'they', the question marker always comes at the end after the personal suffix).

Negative questions follow the same formula;

Are you not staying? - kalmı yor musun?

Is he not coming? - gelmiyor mu?

etc

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