Coal use goes way up in China 1996-2010


2010: 2,666 million short tons

1996: 1,500 million short tons

Source: DOE/EIA, 1998, reference case

And Coal Carbon Emissions Double in China: 1996-2010

1212 Metric Tons

682 Metric Tons
Source: DOE/EIA, 1998, reference case

1990-2000: Annual global Hg emissions doubled from 1.2 metric tons Asian emissions increased 58%. from 705 to 1204 tons a year SOURCE: EPA .1 to 2.


. ‡ China contributes 500 Mg (1 Mg = 106 g = 1 metric ton) from small industrial furnaces and village-level coal burning. and China in particular. ALONE. is NOW the ³single largest source´ of mercury from human activity (Pacyna et al. Energy & Air Pollution in China ‡ Asia.Urbanization. 2002)..

and later detected the same mix of mercury and co-pollutants penetrating the west coast of the United States. near Shanghai. ‡ These measurements were able to discriminate between urban anthropogenic sources of mercury and background natural sources. .THE PACIFIC ³MERCURY PLUMES´ ‡ Measurements by aircraft in 2001 and 2002 tracked mercury from industrialized southeast China.

A. Trajectory calculations by N. .O. 2002. ending May 5.THE SHANGHAI PLUME (Moves up and down Pacific Coast) Lower urban mercury plume.A. 10-day traverse from South China Sea.

A. .A. ending May 5. five-day traverse of eastern China and North Pacific from Mongolian plateau origin region.THE ³MONGOLIAN´ PLUME Upper Central Asia mercury plume. 2002.O. Trajectory calculations by N.




The information on this map represents modeled exposure estimates rather than measured exposures .


Maine .Jacob Buck Pond.

1-175.Mercury accumulation rates in northeast US lakes during the 20th Century: 27.4±66. .4 mcg per square meter per year Peak values after 1970.3 mcg/m2/year. Actual accumulation rates from fallout alone: 10.

Ontario. Canada. last July were measured with instruments aboard a Twin Otter aircraft. .Mercury and Wildfires A smoking gun? Mercury emissions from this boreal forest fire near Hearst.

The EPA estimates that U. ‡ Fires are estimated to contribute 800 tons of mercury each year. ‡ Average acre of forest contains about 22 tons (10.The National Center for Atmospheric Research and the University of Washington ± Forest Fire Tests 2001 ‡ Mercury is ³picked up by surfaces --leaves or needles² and it stays there until those trees burn. or 25% of all anthropogenic sources. ‡ All samples released nearly all the mercury.´ ‡ Friedli and Radke conducted lab tests by burning forest samples from across the US -. Each acre of a fire can emit up to 71 grams of mercury.a nanogram is one trillionth of a gram.000 kg) of fuel. . coal-fired plants emit 41 tons Hg.5 ounces. ranging from 14 to 71 nanograms per gram of fuel -.S. or about 2.Sensors immediately detected mercury. which is 71 MILLION mcg.

of Forestry . Dept.11 of top 20 CA fires happened in the last 10 years SOURCE: Calif.

8 tons 2.228 *Estimate based on 22 tons of fuel burned per acre . FIRES ACRES MERCURY BURNED RELEASED* STRUCTURES DESTROYED 1995-2000 32.858 57.038 740.2 tons +16% +353% 7.110 +6% 860.260 +16% 67.YEARS No.049 2001-2005 % Increase 34.

One gram can pollute a 25-acre lake. Sweden and Switzerland now regulate mercury emissions from crematoria ‡ ‡ . This would likely rise by 2/3rds by 2020. Germany. Austria. making crematoria the biggest cause of mercury pollution.those 40 and above who are now dying with more teeth because of better dental care. Norway. Cremations now account for 3/4ths of UK funerals. The rise in mercury pollution from crematoria is caused by what dentists call the "heavy metal generation" .³Cremation costs to rise as tooth fillings poison the living´ 8th January 2007 ‡ ‡ ‡ Cremations now cause nearly 1/6th of all UK mercury emissions. Belgium. Holland. Millions of Britons have two to four grams of mercury in their mouths.

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