1. A string is attached to the rear-view mirror of a car. A ball is hanging on the other end of the string.

The car is driving along a circular path, at a constant speed. Which of the following lists gives all of the forces directly acting on the ball? Tension and gravity 2. Block 1, of mass m1 = 1.0 kg, is connected over an ideal (mass less and frictionless) pulley to block 2, of mass m2 = 0.25 kg, as shown. Assume that the blocks accelerate as shown with an acceleration of magnitude a, and that the coefficient of kinetic friction between block 2 and the plane is = 0.20. The velocity of each block at this moment is in the same direction as its acceleration. The angle of the incline is = 30.0°. What is the magnitude of the acceleration, a? 6.5 m/s2 3. A concrete highway with a curve of radius 70.0 m is banked at a 15° angle. A car of total mass 1400 kg drives around this curve at a constant speed of 21 m/s. It has rubber wheels, and they do not slip. What is the magnitude of the force of static friction on the car? 5000 N 4. Three identical balls slide on a table and hit a block that is fixed to the table. In the figures we are looking down from above. In each case the ball is going at the same speed before it hits the block. Each collision takes the same amount of time. Rank the magnitudes of the forces exerted on the block by each ball. F1 > F2 > F3 5. On a frictionless horizontal air table, puck A (with mass mA = 0.25 kg) is moving directly toward puck B (with mass mB = 0.40 kg), which is initially at rest. Initially, puck A is to the left of puck B. After the collision, puck A has velocity 0.13 m/s, to the left, and puck B has velocity 0.65 m/s to the right. How much energy is lost from the system during the collision? 0.017 J 6. Two forces, of magnitudes F1 and F2, act in opposite directions on a block, which sits atop a frictionless surface, as shown in the figure. Initially, the centre of the block is at position xi. At some later time, the block has moved to the right, and its centre is at a new position, xf. What is the change in the kinetic energy, K, of the block as it moves from xi to xf? (F1 í F2)(xf í xi) 7. Here is a complete python code: What is the output of this code? 0,1,2 8. A ping pong ball is a spherical shell, for which the moment of inertia is given by (2/3) MR2. A particular ping pong ball is rolling without slipping along the floor at a speed of 1.0 m/s. Its mass is M = 0.0027 kg and its radius is R = 0.020 m. What is the total kinetic energy (rotational plus linear) of the ball as it rolls, in milli-Joules [mJ]? 2.3 1. A 75 kg package of food and medical supplies is dropped from an airplane. The package is shapedlike a sphere of radius 18 cm. Estimate terminal speed of this package. Do not neglect air resistance for this problem. 175m/s 2. A window washer of mass M is sitting on a platform suspended by a system of cables and pulleys as shown . He is pulling on the cable with a force of magnitude F. The cables and pulleys are ideal (massless and frictionless), and the platform has mass, m. What is the magnitude of the minimum force F that allows the window washer to move upward? [(M+m)g]/3 Problems 3 and 4 both refer to the following situation: Two cars, both of mass m, collide and stick together. Prior to the collision, one car had been traveling North at speed 2v, while the second was traveling East at speed v. Neglect horizontal outside forces on the cars, such as friction from the road on the cars. 3. Immediately after the collision, what is the speed of the joined cars? (sqrt5)/2*v 4. What is the ratio, Kf/Ki, of the final to initial kinetic energy of the system just after and before the collision? 1/2 5. In each of the four elevators in the tower of the Physics building is mounted a spring scale with a 0.750 kg mass hanging from it. As preparation for the 4th Practical¶s Session, you were advised to take a ride on the elevator and observe the reading on the spring scale. Assume that when the elevator was stationary, you observed the reading on the spring scale to be 7.35 N. You then pressed the ³B´ button to go down to the basement, and just before reaching the basement, as the elevator was slowing down, you observed the reading on the spring scale to be 8.35 N. What was the acceleration of the elevator at the moment you made this second observation? 1.33 m/s2, up 6. A massive ball on a mass less string is moving in a vertical circle as shown. Air resistance is negligible. Three points A, B and C on the circle is shown. At which of the three points is the magnitude of the tangential acceleration of the ball, at, the largest? B 7. A concrete highway curve of radius 70.0 m is banked at a 15° angle. What is the magnitude of the force of static friction on a 1500 kg rubber-tired car traveling at 23 m/s around this curve without slipping? 7100 N 8. You drop a rock from the observation deck of the CN tower. Neglect air resistance. Which one of the following four statements most correct? The kinetic energy of the rock increases by equal amounts in equal distances as it falls. 1. You measure the heart-rates of 17 of your coworkers and make a histogram with 5-BPM bins, as shown (BPM = ³beats per minute´). You fit the histogram to a Gaussian function, as shown as a smoothly curved line. From this plot, what do you estimate is the standard deviation of the distribution? 8BMP 2. A rocket, initially at rest on the ground, accelerates straight upward from rest with constant acceleration, a. The acceleration period lasts for time t1 until the fuel is exhausted. After that, the rocket is in free fall. What is the maximum height ymax reached by the rocket? Ignore air resistance and assume a constant acceleration due to gravity, ±g, while in freefall. 3. A block of mass 0.85 kg lies on a horizontal table. The coefficient of static friction between the block and the table is s = 0.60. The coefficient of kinetic friction is k = 0.25. Suppose you push horizontally with precisely enough force to make the block start to move, and you continue to apply the same amount of force even after it starts moving. What is the magnitude of the acceleration, a, of the block after it begins to move? 3.4m/s^2 4. Wilma, queen of the drag strip, is racing her Corvette Z06. She has a pair of fuzzy dice of mass m hanging from the rear view mirror. Assume Wilma is accelerating at a constant rate a. The dice reach a steady state where they are not hanging straight down, but making an angle with the vertical, as shown. What is ? tan^-1(a/g) 5. You drop a glass barometer from the top of McLennan Physical Labs. A short time later, before the barometer hits the ground, you drop a bottle of scotch. Assume air resistance is negligible. As they fall, the distance between the barometer and bottle. Increases 6. Shown is the motion diagram for a particle. Four equally spaced time intervals are shown, t1, t2, t3 and t4, which are representative of the smooth motion of this particle. The y-axis is also shown, including y = 0. Assume that y increases upwards. What are the signs of the y-components of the position, velocity and acceleration for the particle in the time between times t1 and t4? Position- Velocity- Acceleration + 7. The Earth has a radius of 6.37 × 106 m, and, of course, rotates at a rate of one revolution every 24 hours. The centripetal acceleration, in m/s2, of a person standing at the equator is closest to: 0.034 8. A box of canned goods slides down a ramp from street level into the basement of a grocery store with acceleration 2.7 m/s2 directed down the ramp. The ramp makes an angle of 35° with the horizontal. What is the coefficient of kinetic friction between the box and the ramp? 0.36 9. A 200.0 m wide river has a uniform flow speed of 1.1 m/s toward the east. An explorer wishes to leave a small clearing on the south bank and cross the river in a powerboat that moves at a constant speed of 4.0 m/s with respect to the water. There is a clearing on the north bank 82 m west of a point directly opposite the clearing on the south bank. The skillful driver points the boat in the direction necessary to travel in a straight line and land in the clearing on the north bank. How long does the boat take to cross the river and land in the north clearing? 63s 10. Consider three vectors which satisfy the equation: The magnitudes of these vectors are the letters without the arrows on top: C, A and B. If A > B, which of the following must always betrue? 11. A constant net force is applied to an object, causing it to accelerate with acceleration of magnitude a. What will the magnitude of the acceleration be if the force is doubled and the object¶s mass is halved? 4a

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