PART A-CALCULATOR. SIDE
Time. Speed· Distance 2 4 5 9 11 , 12 . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. 12 14

PART B-WIND
The CR "Wind" Disc Addition - Subtraction

SIDE
30

Fuel Consumption Conversions .

. . . . . . . ..

32 33 3"7 41

Wind Solution on the CR . .

NOTE
The plastic components. of your computer may warp if exposed to excessive heat or sunlight .... 140°F or 60°C will do it.

Weight of Fuel and Oil Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. Densi ty Altitude True Altitude. True Air Speed The CR Cursor Mach Number Temperature Rise ... "Old" Method. True Air Speed Pressure Pattern Slide Rule Use ....

FLight Planning with Forecast Winds. Finding Winds in Flight True Course (Track) and Ground Speed , .. , , , . . ..

44 48 51 - 53 55

True Heading and True Air Speed . . . . . . . . . . .. Off-Course Correction Radius of Action Wind Components for Takeoff and Landing

_ _ 15 1"7 , , . , .. , 20

21 . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 , .. , .... , .. 25

Answers to Practice Problems Definitions........ Some Hints on the .. .. 57 58 60

Time and Distance to Station

.. , 28

eR .

J\$314294'E

Sanderson, Inc .. 1981. 1936, 1987. 1984 All Rights Res.rved S5 lnverness Drive EaSt. ,Englewood, CO 80112·.,198

Jeppesen

PART A-CALCULATOR

SIDE

CR-5 CR-2 and CR-3

o

o o

o o o

o

o
ii

Unit Index Cursor Hairline Recovery Coefficient 1.0 Nautical-Statute Conversion Arrows Calibrated Air Speed Window Time Index True Air Speed Windows Base Disc

a

41
G)

4D «D

o

Top Disc Temperature Conversion Scale Indicated Temperature Window Mach Number Window Temperature Rise Scale True Altitude Window Latitude for Pressure Pattern Scale

1

Example

Given: Find:

Ground speed Distance Time enroute

200 l\'IPH 300 Stat. Mi.

Fig. 1

Time
'Time, Computer

side. knecessarily

Given: Find:

n istance Ti me..
Ground speed

_.

•.... 21 0 Mi. _.50 M i11.

Speed problems

Distance

speed and distance in the conventional

are solved with the CR scales

manner ... using the outside

on the calculator the CR is 'knot

For the benefit at those 'knot so inclined,' knau tical' and you can get perfectly Let's run through is spoofing you. [he scales on the CR. Each figure can. which
Fig. 2

good answers in MPH and statute. so's you won't figure 'Ole Sharp' "First a word about reading raining

some quickies

on the outer scales of the computer
40, <100, etc. You must determine,

can stand for any number from the given problem,

the given digits. The point marked

'40' can stand for .4, 4,

value is correct." 2

To find distance ir you are given ground peed and time, pl~ce time index A_ opposite ground speed and read di tance on outside scale opposite Lime on inside scale.

3

gallollS per oj' g.a llons instead of miles on the outside scale and time Oil the inside scale. rui . 2..\L.\L. FUEL CONSUMPTION Problems ill volvi 1114 Iucl rnnsu m ptiou are worked ill the sallie manner as ume-speed-d istancc problems. 30 111 in.~ per hour the "SEC" . S. FT :\1 C1TRS . (kilometer') J?lIP. Si III pi Y pl. if YOll want to change: miles LO statute miles or kilometers to imperial galluns or liters 1I. nearJ-l (Ill inside sralc Ileal' 3{i Oil outside S 'i1 lc near I.mear II Oil hOlh scales near 13 on both scales 11ea r ·18 on both 5CI j es _ near 1·1 or1 outside scale LB KG.') on inside scale (kiln~ral11s) 5 .lcc )!.s. gallons meters Pounds to kilograms Or vice vcrsa-> L to F' Here's how: on inside and outside scales Note the Iollowing label ·d arrow" of the calcu la LOr side at the computer: NAUTICAL miles _ near r. (ili() Sla l. 4. :32 : 13 1:'10 ·180 kts 3.. . fi.lsolillC in I hr. IIIi.u. poull!I.llO k ts. 11. S. CONVERSIONS "Things aren't alway' will help what you want them to i>eBUL An aircr .E I~. G.li on both scales ncar 71i on both nca r 12011 bntl: 'Cales 'Cales STATUTE miles KM. gallons (gasoline) are heillg may be read 011 the outside scale opposite on the inside scale. For Find: Ga lions per hour a Ild poullds hOlil'. SJ)(~I'd Distance ~~ st. of miles pCI' hour wi l] he read opposite used. :311 r fiO naut. Gallons per hOllr instead the time index ~ . Nautical YOll chang'c them.nJlIllc/ 1 Titllt' I. mi. S. Hi!:! 1\ II)H 177 MPH 51!! lWlIL. fL has rousumed Example 105 lI._ Ll T.(See page 5 i for answers] Problems (.urow at ilh H U. C. 5. the CR in tance. S. III i.

Read temperature conversions directly from this scale. Fig.. It may not. miles (or . conversions. match se the same method lor all other quaruitv the ar rows i"ur the desired (i 1I. () nautical miles = 92 statute miles.S.. 38 SLaLUte miles = 33 n.6 7 . Celsius .1 n ti lies. Opposite 40 on outside scalc read 4& on inside scal . 2. statute miles. the rollowing method Illay be preferred: 6 <I series of (IU.. U.the and the the To convert between two different units of measure.de..lic.cuing is necessary lor it series because every quanriry 011 the outside scale reprcxerus nauri '.(lItiral miles. and liters.III' Fig. Example Example Convert 40 nautical miles to statute miles. This method may be used for converting among nautical miles.. if This method is especially good il you have a series of quantities Only aile .y instead rities. and among imperialgailons. to convert. simply find arrow for (he first unit of measure on one s ale of th computer place it opposite the arrow for the second unit of measure on other scale.1 miles (or kIlOl~) and the orresponding value in tau 11. Convert 40 naurica l miles to stature miles.. Read corresponding values opposite each other on two scales. reading suruue miles on the outside scale and na ut ira l III i Ies 011 the inside scale. CtC It would also have been possible LO match the STAT TE arrow 011 the outsiclc scale wit h the AUTICAL arrow on the inside ~{'. and kilometers. of Silllply When converting only one quaruit.\IPH) <Ire foulld OPPOSil' on the imide T.Fahrenheit A temperature conversion scale is located on the calculator side of the eR. gallons. be used to convert between feet and meters or pound and kilograms because all arrows for the latter conversions are on opposite scales.

Then. 12. 230 feet 3. 1 U. Example L 100 nautical miles 196 statute miles 90 statute miles 250 kilometers 53 U. 6. 3. approx . 4. 9. 21bs.500 meters meters feet meters feet Meters to Feet Are you perplexed because the constant pressure charts issued by the National Weather Service express altitudes in meters instead of feet? That is no trou ble at all. gal.S. This sets up the correct proportion of feet and meters.S. 10. mi. all values on tbe inner scale represent meters and those on the outer scale represent corresponding values in feet.Problems 2 Change 2.S. 4. 1.S. OF °c To check the "reasonableness" equals approximately 3. 1. gallons kilograms pounds 2.S. The CR makes the conversion by lining up the meters arrow near 44 on the inner scale and the feet arrow near 14 on the outer scale. approx. 5 naut. 8 WEIGHT OF FUEL AND OIL Want to know how much your fuel and oil weigh? Use the foUowing labeled arrows: FUEL LBS OIL LBS near 77 on outside scale at 96 on outside scale 9 .500 meters 82 feet 5. approx. 4 liters of your Problems 3 1 kg. gallons 80 imperial gallons 198 imperial gallons 140 liters 117 pounds 90 kilograms -20°C 50°F statute miles nautical miles Kilometers nautical miles imperial gallons U.3 feet. 11. 7. 1 imp. 8.. 2 U.500 meters to feet. 2. Fig_ 7 of your answer. remember that 1 meter To help in checking "reasonableness" answer. 3. approx. NOTE: 1 km. gallons liters U. 5. gal. gal.

18 U. corrected for nnnstanis affected by density Answer. gal oil Minutes to Seconds At 3fi on the inside scale is an arrow marked SEC..92. lh e weiglll of: ALTITUDE Altitude comes in assorted varieties. el match with the proper GAL.u· 3G on inside scale) read 81. 13V2 minutes 810 seconds. S. po ition. Problems 4 Find I. Aircraft performance altitude. using· the same method a in finding fuel weight.· On the inside scale and proceed as above. arrow at 96 on the outside scale . Density Altitude is pressure altitude dard temperature. altitude height of Example Find number of seconds in 13Y2 minutes. A True Alritud e is computed by correcting calibrated for nonstandard atmospberi e conditions. S. corrected for 35·. Ever wonder how high is "up?" No need for confusion if you remember the following points: lndicated Altitude is the altitude reading on the altimeter. PI" ssure altitude is an important factor for determining aircraft performance. It is th actual the aircraft above sea level. Opposite SEC arrow (ne. gal. To find the weight of imperial gallons. It show he approximate height of the aircraft above mean sea level (M L). and installation enol's. To convert minu res to seconds. To find the weight of oil. match [he FUEL LBS. <lHOI. assuming it is correctly set. is et to 29. 500 imp.\IP. gal. Place time index opposite J3V2. ]0 11 . gal. oil ~. of gasoline. use the OIL LBS. S. GAL. ga I. 'alibrat ed Altitude is the indicated altitude instrument. A Pressure Attitude is the reading on he altimeter when it. place the lime index opposite [he number of minutes and read reconds opposite SEC arrow.Example Find weight or 18 U. gasoline 3. ga oline 2. 50 imp. arrow with the I. arrow on the inside m scale.

Pressure Altitude True Air Temperature 1.9 Problems 5 Find density altitude for the following conditions.nd t37Stn on outside ICCIle. alL cbcve fJtound.000' 4. 10 3.200' Sea Level 1900' j\ Unknown 13 .mple Given: Near the center of the computer at the bottom left is the density altitude window. True Air Temp. True air temperature Density altitude . Greater accuracy can be obtained if you also know the altitude of the ground station giving your altimeter setting. Oppos:he cnl.000' Station luurde 4.OOO' 7.O()()' g. 3000' 25"C Find: Pressu re al u rude.. Calibrated altitude True air temperature Ground station altitude True a ILi tude 1O.000' 3.ono: 1..io-c Problems 6 To find the approximate true altitude. use calibrated altitude (or indicated if calibrated is not available) and true air temperature.stale 'fcad true aU.oon' -20"C 5. 25°C io-c -15 C D o-c Calibrated AI ti tude 11.DENSITY ALTITUDE Exa. 20. Fig.000' 2.000' 3. (4000') on Inslde ...400' 21. 0' 40 e 0 fig. 5.400' (j. 12 Find true altitude: Pressure Altitude Io. 7. Example Given: Find: Pressure altitude . 1500' 35"C 2. above qrau. 8000' TRUE ALTITUDE .

()()()' .300C Find: True Air Speed From Mach Number and Temperature In aircraft having a Mach indicator it is possible to get true air speed from Mach Number and temperature. %5 k ts. unless otherwise stated. Example Given: Find: i\fach Number 1. Example MACH NUMBER In figure J2.(l()O' Ili. This value indicates that the aircraft is Hying at . Since Mach umber is dependent lipan the speed of sound. 1£ outside air temperature is not available it is possible to find true air speed by lIsing reported or estirna led air temperatu re (i n which case the result is only as accurate as the estimate) .78 times the speed of sound.\ir I lcr. read Ma h Number.ued . which varies only with temperature.. the same Mach Number represents different true air peeds at different temperatures. 15. at the pointer on the scale directly beneath the True Air Speed scale.'11\ 180 i\IPH 271i k ts.()()(l' 1"(. 5°C Fig. Given: Calibrated air speed Pressure altitude Indicated air temperature True air speed cIOO kts. 16 17 . 13 Prcssu re Al ti tude 5.5°C -15°(.OOO' 1().l tu re . Problems 7 lndic. 3.16 Indicated air temperature True air speed +lOoC Fig.0.78. 12 Find true aiv speed: Calibrated Air Speed I. . it is assumed that the recouery coefficient is the more common 1.In all problems in this book.

if your airplane is equipped with a conventional air speed indicator instead.. 18 Fig.55) to proceed as shown in Fig.500' _. 14 NOTE: The -40°C obtained in the above example is estimated true a ir temperature. However. 15. If your airplane is equipped with a Mach indicator..) In the small window below and left of computer center you will sec a two-directional arrow labeled Mach] ndex. -15°C Mach . Page 16) and find the Mach Number. simply read the indicated Mach Number. ee the following section for the best method of finding true air speed when true air temperature i available.: ::. -~ First place calibrated ail' speed opposite pressure altitude (as was done in Fig. . and proceed as shown below in Fig.True Air Speed From True Air Temperature Use of Double-ended Mach Index Arrow To find double-ended Mach Index arrow.000' Find: Estirna ted free air temperature 1 f .. The temperature of the "standard atmosphere" may be of assistance in estimating' outside air temperature. This is done as follows: Example Given: Calibrated Air Speed Pressure Altitude True Air Temperature Mach Number True Air Speed . set the 10 index (outer edge of top disc) ncar the 60 on the base disc. (This setting is made simply as a means of finding [he double-ended arrow quickly. _-t: -::::""- GO:. 12 and 13 make use oE indicated air temperature. 14. The methods of finding true ail' speed outlined in Figs.55 in the Mach Number window.. Now you have the necessary data (true air temp. 280 kts. The double-ended Mach Index arrow relates a "standard atmosphere" altitude with the standard temperature for that altitude.. . 12. and you know the true air temperature. and Fig.. 15 19 . -15°C Example Given: Find: Pressure altitude 28. it then becomes necessary to first determine the Mach Number. 15 below.

"OLD" METHOD . OOC 1. the Or .0 Find: An older method for finding true air speed consists of matching pressure altitude and true air temperature in the small true air speed window near the lower left center of the computer and reading true air speed on the outside scale opposite calibrated air speed on the inside scale. This method does not correct for temperature rise and compressibility and is not suited fa problems involving high-speed aircraft.0)" has been designed to reflect the temperature rise indicated by aCT 1.000' Indicated Air Temperature OOC -lODe 2. Today's jets are equipped with temperature probes which have recovery coefficients of 1.0)" scale is multiplied by .TRUE AIR SPEED 10. . 16 Problems 8 Find temperature rise and true air temperature: (eT 1.8.000' 17. 20 21 . Pressure Altitude 5.0. 350 kts. Example Given: Calibrated air speed Pressure altitude Indicated air temperature.8 cursor line is used and the value found on the "TEMPERA· TURE RISE CO (CT 1. .8.. Fig. . 1.TEMPERATURE RISE In flight. The scale near the center of the computer entitled "TEMPERATURE RISE CO (CT 1. .0) Calibrated Air Speed If the temperature rise is desired for a temperature probe with a 0T of . while many older ones have a coefficient of . The CR Computer is designed to correct for temperature rise using the two most popular recovery coefficients. an outside air temperature thermometer will read higher than the actual free air temperature because of friction and compression of air at the temperature probe. Recovery coefficient True air temperature 276 kts.000' .8. particularly at high airspeeds.0 temperature probe. 190 kts.

000' 10. mi. Example Given: DI Problems Find true air speed using the method Pressure Altitude 7. taken In the Northern Hemisphere if D~ . the "old" method for true air speed questions is recommended. 188 MPH True Air Temperature 480' D2 300' D istance tra veled between readings i'vIid-latitude.Example Given: Calibrated Air Speed Pressure Altitude True Air Temperature True Air Speed 166 kts. 41 0 1.D1 is positive. if you already know something about it. wind is Irorn the right. 2. However.000' 9 outlined above: Calibrated Air Speed 210 kts. wind is (rom the left.DJ is negative.I 50 naut. 5000' lOoC Find: ~I PRESSURE "Sometimes PATTERN is the shortest way home. here's how to find cross-wind component with the CR Computer. 22 O°C -20°C Find: Cross wind component 23 . D = radio altimeter reading minus pressure altimeter reading When taking FAA written examinations. These exams seldom require computations involving temperature rise. respectively." the longest way 'round Fig. 1£ D~ . DJ and D~ designate fir~t and second reading' with an intervening time interval. 17 See the Jeppesen CR Computer Manualy'Workbook or a good navigation text for further explanation of pre sure pattern navigation. _ _. In the Southern Hemisphere this rule i~ reversed.

Average Latitude 350N 20' 210' 605' 3. Flown Between Readings 130 naut. 18 Problems 10 Find crosswind component: D1 1. The 8" diameter CR·3 scales are equivalent to those of a 17" straight slide rule and the 3%" CR·S scales equal a 10" rule. with the unit index in these problems. A' Example: 28 x 15 Fig. mi. " Multiplication and division are performed on the calculator side of the CR in the same manner as on a straight slide rule. 125 naut. Be careful not to confuse the time index which stands for 80. mi.SLIDE RULE USE "The 4%" diameter CR·2 log scales are approximately equivalent to those of a 12" 'straight rule'. 24 440N 54°8 fig. D2 100' 380' 520' Dist. 11) 25 . 152 naut. mi. 2.

. 25 19 x 12 fig. 2.8 11 2.6 x 31 2m . 12..Example: 182.. may be done on the CR NOTE: It is necessary to estimate answer by replacing numbers in problem by numbers that arc dose in value but easier to multiply and divide . For instance. 22 Problems 1.5.g.14 by using the hairline Successive multiplication and division of the cursor. 3. The problem might be carried a step farther: 25 x 12 19 x 69 Example: Fi... Hence the answer above must be 15.. not 158 or 1. 21 26 27 . fig..20 Example. -+. Opposite unit indell: on Inside ~cale read 13 on outside so.58. the figures are similar .ol.8.15fi 32 x 18 25x 12.. in problem above. which equals 12.25 x 10 to --2-(-)~ .

Given: Find: 120 Knot ground speed 300 feet per nautical mile climb required Feet per minute climb rate required 1. bearings Find: 28 29 . Set speed index under groundspeed in knots Time to Station Distance to Station 2. Read climb in feet per minute over climb per nautical mile. Time to station Distance to station TIMf AND DISTANCf TO STA nON Time and distance to a tatiun using two VOR or ADF bearings may be computed on the CR by using the preceding multiplication and division process (see Slide Rule Use.Solution: Time to Station = Elapsed time (min.of hange Elapsed time (min. = 120 mph 0 0 Find: 1. This climb requirement. Opposite 60 (1 :00) on inside scale read answer on outside scale: Answer: 20 minutes Problems 12 Given: 1st bearing 280 at 8:26 2nd bearing 269 at 8:31 C.) x 60 Degrees of change ----g- 3x 60 On calculator side.) Degrees of change Example Given: First bearing taken at 10:15 Second bearing taken at 10:1 A constant heading is maintained Time to station 90° = 99° between CONVERTING CLIMB PER MILE TO CLIMB PER MINUTE Some IFR departure procedures require a minimum climb rate to assure proper obstruction clearance.S. set 3 on outside scale opposite 9 on inside scale. can easily be converted to feet per minute on a CR. Elapsed time (min_l X 60 Degree. stated in feet per mile. 25) with the following formulas: NOTE: These formulas are based on the aircraft flying a heading which is perpendicular to the [irs! bearing to the station. Pg. 2.

.) The CR-5 is very similar 19 the CR-2 Computer except a few less frequently used [unctions were el irninated in order to mainlain readability with the reduced size. The basic solutions are the same wi h either scale . Your Jeppesen CR Computer is the finest instrument of its kind available at any price . 3% " dia.Part WIND SIDE B 4.. CR·S COMPUTER in the new. 2. Work each problem with "all small numbered scales" 07" "all in the large numbered scales. large the BW-2. even when solving problems where the wind velocity exceeds 100 knots.. (CR-3 Only) C lock wise ()O thru 3600 scale for ADF relative bearing solutions and other uses. 0° thru 1800 scales for grid navigation problems. (CR-3 Only) Dual. we sincerely hope that it will become your favorite "cockpit companion. corrections" for the more frequent types of application. The modern true ail" speed solution was slightly altered and the wind scale also somewhat reduced to permit this very small computer to [unction. The "2-value" scale system provides you with an easy way to make accurate calculations. 3_ 30 31 . Jeppesen CR Computer (3 and 4 above are more fully explained Manual/Workbook." THE CR "WIND" DISC I. adding and subtracting and other uses.. the only difference is that you have a choice of the scale best suited to the velocities involved in a particular problem." Minus (-) and plus {+l signs have been added to facilitate required .

29 on scale to the lefl ot 29 read . ir you're the a genius CR at mental take ari rh metic you ']] find it the work out of addition.. j ust set the magnetic opposi te the lind green scale OT£: To su btract 29 from 8·1... to let Computer mul t ipi ica lion a ncl d iv isi on. CR Computers carry the scale to the righ only as high as 30 on each side of the TC index.lc and this bnsi ne ss of 'AI 1Iy. On the CR-3 Computer 36()0 sea leca n be read as h igll as 1800 to the left and The smaller.Tvur the True course on sea it' on ei l her side a pplirable variation Course the Index • (see Fig..' can't mix 1ll. Example Add 8'1 and 29.. ]'111 sure you'll agrec [hat it's as simple a solution as you've ever used. 23 of a II let's always CR seu.Igllctic The true ally more than YOIl can oil and Computer !4"Cts yOIl over til is hump conuevsion by provirl i ng a Ntagnctic..ADDITION -SUBTRACTION "Even relaxin' su b tra rtion. ---_ WIND SOLUTION ON THE C R / -=:-:n "The 'wind' side of the CR to be shook-up IS a different about.' 32 . scale curving the TC index on the middle disc."el by airport towers) It vs. . and above index. Once luoking we've gismo. but this is nothing breezed through an illusrrarion.-::- -=-n "First ''\finds you oxygen. Fig. \:!tl) . scale of the [OP disc and using the outside either side of the lane)" t. locate ." and subtraction of numbers the black "Addition plished green lip to 3GO Gill be <lCC0111- on the wind side of the CR-3 Computer. YOll!' true course is autnnnuicall y lined lip opposite the true course TC index. arc givell (except in T'rue and beuuti fully.. 01.55. T'rue'.

~ I~ (he triangle that fits on the CR Compute!". any inaccuracy 35 .i me-honored .It the lap of the onginal tri<lngle. crab 'Ingles this i very cit-He to true. and you put bill the CR the CR in Fig. if you draw to a line lrom the end will "This diagram assumes th.Example G.iven: Find: !llagnetic course Variation True Course 281° 14"E Tailwind Component Crosswind Component TC-GS Fig.True Heading Ground Speed - - True AirSpeed Crab Angle Fig. your a t. "In in your pocket.u to you can add the tailwind com- of the TH·TAS line perpendicular the TC-GS line. you ponent LO the true air speed get ground speed.. and for small being lOO small have a small triangle 3'1 . 27 solves the triangle trigonometrically the wind triangle above. 25 "It's space. 26 fig .<1 insu rut ion but wind triangle it takes ((In both lime and You can't put pocket." "Remember the good old wind triangle? True Course . 24 "Thi.

llll.less than AO knots 01' \\1 PH." However.J 'Flighl CR Planning' Icg~ so that Computer.Iglltti( (. ca I (rrom 0 to l(jll) i! the wind j more than RO. provided the poi Oll I' proposed in two problem. lise the smail .\ f PH Irom I (l()O T'rue . ("0111 dcuronstra or unit oj YOllr Eilher the k nmx wind chosen measure i. used cousistcut ly throughout proiJlun. it so of tll'awing :UI'O\. OI1('e you ha I'C chosen the desired scale.\IPH I·IW· I (J0 \ V ·1O .'" on your computer. sam pie matter a simple addit ioual be explained l.(JlI rse [ Va ria t ion __ .\ir Spccd :-. . \ V i IId . ." NOTE: Two wi lid scales on the horizontal and vertical lines rarl ia ti ng.from the CCIHer of the computer make the CR especially Hcxible tor different types of aircraft.uer "Instead essary arrow. __ .l \\T tackle 11L.u indicates then [( I' :IC('UHtCY. IKO . YOli . laking rarr not to mix the two scales within the s. usc it 1h rOllghollt th problem. the accurarv.uuc )11'01. lor cr. .~ wind tc certain ~I PH of ('(111 thing first IIigh l will he used be ill adv:lmages (I l'rorn 11I00tle . . Given: 'Trut.tll tluu is necaround is to place lind a dot at the spot the end 01' the wind i\ l ake the dOl sma II for YOll Gill d raw a circle it again when look it. ICIlI. FLIGHT PLANNING WITH FORECAST WINDS "Lcrs .I Computer give.liJ angles with step The will or 10° or more additional the CR step [hal III .11H.\ '" to bother about.~l. se the large scale (frolll () to SO) i[ the wind i." Leg No. th. Solution: (Sel' Fig_ ~H) index 1.__ . handles problem. Set the true air speed ! TAS 011 IX (IHII :-'II'H)..

Let's assume the following: Given: True air speed True course . J 2-+no 27()O ~9{)O 30 . 30 J\I PH (True) Direction 180 MPH 175 160 144 MPH 0 0 r.. 3. You know how fast and where you're going (ground also the heading that's geLling you there but without accurate wind information you can't re. 20 kts. You must hold a I OT£: LO 0 He sure to lise Effective True Air Speed opposite involving a crab black <Ingle different heading from that originally estimated.nd: Actual wind direction True Air Speed Variation (i°E SoW Wind Velocity SO k ts..\IPH :5500 110E and velocity ·10 41 . in order to make good your course. after you get upstairs. peed and true course) . [0 or tailwind must be applied rue Air Speed.._ True heading Ground speed Fi. behaving as the weather-guesser you find the wind is not said it would. 2. 'Wind =s!« uiagnetir J\fagnetic Course ~5-lo 130 0 headinv. section left of TAS arrow for all problems In thi .a e. lG5 kts. 310kts. Hence you need to determine the actual wind direc ion and velocity." ground speed.. (true heading) . and you are crossing check points ahead of or behind planned time. Effective True" Air Speed rather Problems Find crals 13 estimate the legs ahead. headwind t ha n to or 10 or greater.FINDING WINDS IN FLIGHT Fig 29 "Quite often.

7°W. Magnetic heading Variation _ Wind . in addition.1 T"_ 31 and 32) Fig. . Looking at the outer scale. Thcrclorc rouuc the LOp disr 1. Find the magnetic heading. Locate the wind dot by finding the 180 line Oil the !{reen scale and marking the point where [hi line intersect the green ·10 1I1PH circle. et it 5. . . 0 4. be leh oj the true course." Given: True air speed.10 to the left (rrnuucr rlock wisc) un ril the ~8~" true heading is over 1·[ on the IJIa(k ~(_<lIt:. to know where you're going (either reported or and how fast.. find 39 and opposite it read 1-10 crab angle. 4& 3. . Since the wi nd I~ lrom the IdL the true heilding nrux.. . ·15 44 . You now have the true heading (282°) rather than true course under the.: moved <IRaIl ~() th. index.. . Solution: (See Figures 1. Set the 2. 156 MPH 2890 7°W 40 MPH from 1800 True Find: True course and ground speed. 31 index on 156 MPH. . This setting is only a temporary one to give an approximate crab angle the • index poil1t~ to ~~Ilio. The lOp disc wi!l Ill. on the green scale and . 289°.to me ill determining the actual true course. :'\<11" opposite the variation. Reading directly Lip [rom the wind dot we sec that there is a left crosswind component 0[' 39 Mf'H. . TRUE COURSE (TRACK) AND GROUND SPEED "Sometimes it s mighty interesting If. you have some wind information forecast) you can easily find true course and ground speed.1 L the true course is II rider the i index. Your ail' speed and heading are usually available in night.

47 .\.dnd K<l di recti y to the I-igh l of it com po· groLlnd the vert lea I Add Ie tha L there is a 17 . 86~ 3150 3. nd speed __169 . ]\1 PH Fig. directly above the wind dot after the above 11l00'C.HIJUSUll(.!II" . )I)U now fi nd that crab the crosswind angle 0 COlli pOllen Oil t has cha nged [0 31i . Looking instead si re ita adjustment 2~5 o.6. making is the course ppears a true that course 1 he li L>1 crab 0 a nglc of I·J" was I made is still too m uch Therefore.II1d directly 8.\ I PH of 39 ]\1PH.lLer . Wind True Air Speed J. back off 1 of tile reading rha t in step of ihe A ghlllcC at !hccrosswind 36: so this and had t rumponeru !-inal shows crosswind c:omp'. Lora te 3(i 01 13°. above read the effective dot. would add the 7. 2.! index.ti. However.1 L the . H the since Fi nd crab angle less rha n 1no you [0 tailw ind componen angle the nile a ir speed. 80 kts. :'IIPH = 169 illPH 295° groLlnd speed. note true speed.'11t fnr the problem. Answer: th is to the effective 152 ~IPH True Groll course + I. 10°. the outer sea le and f nd oppo· :1 1L now 5. 550 kts. 220 j\!PH 133 kts. i. grou rul speed. the true been directly in this black is 2950.\IPH 35 k ts. the crab 130 Oil problem is grell tel" than necessa ry to use l'IJer{i7lf Irue air speed in finding the short . True Heading fi2° Wind Velocity (True) Direction 20 . 32 Problems 15 Find iruc course and grrnmd speed. speed. Look ing agai n on . P H tai Iw inti air speed to give nent. TilS sea Ie to the lei t of [he 1 rue . 152 1\ IPH.

s.. original Then beading ["\\'0 of a homing !lOl pigeon.. index opposite 40 (miles 50 .. some day youll find yourself on alii This need until be disrressing if yOu a recognizable i les flown to take and )11 continue you reach check poin r. 170 :'IIPH Wind Velocity 30 kr . 570 kts.\Iiles off course. 2.. 60° . On wind side of computer flown) .~.\1 i les Hown 40 .. easy (om purer adjustments your heading will give the 16 speed. :J..El!eotivQ True Air Speed 186 Ill.. Wind you the nu rnlx-r shortest route ot degrees to correct d IlIIe hcading an d /1"1IC air to your de dilation.\[iles to destination 160 Degrees correction (See Fig... 5 ..- Off-COURSE CORRECTION "Unless Fig. 33 0\1 have the instinct oil course. Problems Fin you r distance ofT call rse.. (True) Direction Given: . L. :\1easure miles to destination. 580 323 0 Find: LO headi ng to reach destination di recrly.J) place TAS I.JO i\IPH Solution: 1....." True COLI Ground rse Speed 220 kts. 95 kts... 51 .. 3..