The Poison Tree

by William Blake 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. I I I I was angry with my friend: told my wrath, my wrath did end. was angry with my foe: told it not, my wrath did grow.

And I watered it in fears Night and morning with my tears, And I sunned it with smiles And with soft deceitful wiles. And it grew both day and night, Till it bore an apple bright, And my foe beheld it shine, And he knew that it was mine And into my garden stole When the night had veiled the pole; In the morning, glad, I see My foe outstretched beneath the tree.

5) Lines 11 and 12 are examples of: a) repetition b) assonance c) alliteration 12) What is the specific effect of the alliteration in lines seven? a) repeats a sound b) imitates the sound of the wind c) helps create a sneaky mood 13) Stanzas 1 and 2 use the words: ‘was’ ‘told’ ‘watered’ ‘sunned’. b) poet’s wants to poison his foe. What ‘part of speech’ are these? a) nouns b) verbs c) adjectives d) prepositions 6) Blake uses the apple tree image to make an allusion to: a) an apple a day keeps the doctor away b) when the apple is ripe it will fall (Irish phrase) c) tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Bible story about Adam and Eve) 14) Which word describes the way the anger is represented in this poem? a) it can control you b) it’s deadly c) it accumulates d) all of the above 7) Line 5 is an example of: a) simile b) metaphor c) personification 15) What does the word ‘wiles’ mean in line 8? a) sly tricks b) anger c) flattery 8) Line 10 is an example of: a) alliteration and metaphor b) alliteration and assonance c) alliteration and onomatopoeia . c) poet’s foe wants to poison him.PART A: Multiple Choice Circle the most appropriate answer (1 mark each) 1) How many stanzas does the poem have? a) one b) four c) five d) seven /15 marks 9) Line 14 is an example of: a) simile b) metaphor c) personification 10) Which of the following best describes what line 14 means? a) it was night and the foe carried a weapon b) the dark covered the evil crime c) the foe was Polish 2) What is the theme of the poem? a) poison tree b) anger can be eliminated by goodwill but if nurtured becomes a deadly poison c) don’t trust your enemies 3) How does the tone of the poem change? a) brooding to self satisfied b) happy to menacing c) wary to exhilarated d) contemplative to angry 11) The repetition in the first verse has the effect of: a) emphasising the message b) creating a contrast between speaking about anger and being silent c) emphasising how we treat our friends and foes differently d) all of the above 4) The third quatrain describes how the … a) poet’s anger can no longer be hidden.

fatal. (There are 4 more pairs) b) How does the use of contrasts/ opposites help reinforce the moral? /4 /2 a) The poem uses pairs of contrasts such as: day and night water and sunned tears and smiles grow and ‘end’/die b) These contrasts help reinforce the moral. The connection between water and tears.g. night + hiding c) Write a definition for onomatopoeia: Onomatopoeia is when a word imitates the sound it describes.g. Personification is using words to give human-like qualities to objects or animals. places. apple – temptation/ Adam + Eve) b) Write a definition for connotations: Connotations are the ideas associated with a word. 3) Write a definition for personification and describe the effect it creates. This is more likely to influence the reader in the future because such a dramatic and powerful visual image is difficult to forget. 2 or 3 marks each) /15 marks 1) a) Write a definition for allusion: Allusions are references to people.PART B: Short Answers Answer in full sentences in the spaces provided (1. E. It makes readers sympathise or relate to the object or animal as if it were a person. The contrasts help show the difference between expressing your anger (it ends) and harboring a grudge. The moral is that you should communicate openly about your anger or it will become destructive. The poem uses a metaphor to compare growing anger with a growing a poisonous tree. leading to murder. often beyond its literal meaning. It encourages the audience to look at unresolved anger in a new way by emphasizing how it can be deadly. They are a type of symbol calling up associations in the reader’s mind. 4) What effect is created in this poem by using metaphors? Give an example to prove your point. and the sun and the smiles make the growing anger more vivid. (it grows). (e. 2) a) List the pairs of contrasts in the poem. events and objects connected with the topic of the poem. This contrast is as opposite as day and night. /2 /3 . d) Write a definition for rhyme: Rhyme is when words have the same sound at the end. for example ‘friend’ and ‘foe’.

• Write your response on page 7. metaphors or personification to make the poem effective? • Make sure you give examples from the poem. Part A Q2 I found the poem a little threatening because the poet describes the anger as all consuming. and to treat your enemies the same as you would friends. Especially in line 15 where he/she is ‘glad’ about the death of the foe. • Quote an example. Rhythm is slow and even making the ‘I’ in the poem seem more calculating because it implies he/she hold the grudge and calculates revenge slowly and deliberately. • Describe how it makes the poem more effective. assonance) to make the poem effective? • Identify the device. 1a • Metaphors • Allusions • Contrasts M S N/A Alliteration: Line 10 (Part A Q8) Rhyme: even rhyme helps create a nursery rhyme mood where it is a moral tale. • Quote an example. N/A N/A Copied from Part B – Question 4 + 2. • Identify the device. onomatopoeia. This would help achieve the purpose – a warning about anger. • Describe how it makes the poem more effective. emphasizes the contrasts – we all have a choice. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ . alliteration. Repetition: First stanza. The tone changes from brooding to self-satisfied. Movement/Rhythm Sounds • How does the poet use sound devices (rhyme. which made it creepy. • Use the planner below to plan your response. just like the ‘I’. Part A Q3 • C S S L I see SLIMS below Structure Language Imagery • How did the poet use similes.PART C: Extended Response Analyse the poem using the SPECS / SLIMS guide on the planner below. SPECS / SLIMS Notes / Bullet Points • • /15 marks S P E Subject Matter • Who wrote the poem? • What is the poem about? Purpose/Theme/Message • What message do you think the poet wants to communicate Emotions/Mood/Tone • What is the main emotion or mood in the poem? Does it change? • What is the attitude of the poet towards the topic? • How do you think the poet expects the audience to react to the poem? Craftsmanship/Technique Summary • Sum up your analysis of the poem William Blake How unresolved anger can lead to murder • • • to convince readers not to let anger control them or grow out of proportion.

Especially in line 15 where he/she is ‘glad’ about the death of the foe. (it grows). and to treat your enemies the same as you would friends. The tone changes from brooding to self-satisfied. TASK: NOW you have a go at changing the notes from the planning sheet into a paragraph! . The poem uses a metaphor to compare growing anger with a growing a poisonous tree. as well as ‘grow’ and ‘end’/’die’. ‘day’ and ‘night’. ‘tears’ and ‘smiles’. I found the poem a little threatening because the poet describes the anger as all consuming. It emphasises how tempting it is to want to get revenge on your enemies. fatal. ‘water’ and ‘sunned’. This would help achieve the purpose – a warning about anger. These contrasts help reinforce the moral. An allusion is used with the words ‘bore an apple bright’ because it refers to the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Bible story about Adam and Eve). The connection between water and tears. The message is that anger can be eliminated by goodwill but if nurtured becomes a deadly poison. which made it creepy. This contrast is as opposite ands day and night. It encourages the audience to look at unresolved anger in a new way by emphasizing how it can be deadly.Analysis of ‘The Poison Tree’ ‘The Poison Tree’ by William Blake is about how unresolved anger can lead to murder. This is more likely to influence the reader in the future because such a dramatic and powerful visual image is difficult to forget. The moral is that you should communicate openly about your anger or it will become destructive. leading to murder. The poet wants to convince readers not to let anger control them or grow out of proportion. and the sun and the smiles make the growing anger more vivid. The poem uses pairs of contrasts such as: ‘friend’ and ‘foe’. The contrasts help show the difference between expressing your anger (it ends) and harboring a grudge.

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