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What Every SAP Customer Now Needs to Know About the New SAP General Ledger (G/L)
Stuart Paradies Odyssey Business Consulting Services
© 2008 Wellesley Information Services. All rights reserved.
In This Session …
Key considerations for implementing the new SAP G/L new G/L functionality How do additional ledgers support multiple reporting needs? How can you use segments to achieve International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) requirements? What has replaced the reconciliation ledger in CO? What is document splitting and how do you use it to generate fully balanced financial statements? Functionality changes as a result of the new G/L What has changed in Profit Center Accounting (PCA)? How is cost of sales accounting managed? What enhancements have occurred in parallel accounting? How are allocations performed in the new G/L? What can I expect from planning and reporting in the new G/L?
In This Session … (cont.) • Migration to the new G/L What options are available High-level overview of the steps involved in using the migration toolset 3 .
What We’ll Cover … • • • • • Key considerations for implementation new G/L functionality Ledgers Segments Real-time integration Document splitting Changes to existing functionality Profit centers and cost of sales accounting Parallel accounting Allocations Planning and reporting Migration to the new G/L Wrap-up 4 .
0 Release support expiration New installation Full financial statements required below company code level Global/headquarter upgrade initiatives 5 .Reasons • Reasons for implementing mySAP ERP 2004/SAP ERP 6.
such as US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and IFRS? Is segmental reporting required to support Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings or IFRS? Are multiple parallel currencies required to support internal/ external reporting needs? Are fully balanced financial statements required at the business-unit level within a company code? Is transfer pricing or the use of statistical key figures for profit centers required? 6 .Scope • Scope of financial implementation Are multiple reporting principles required.
0/SAP ERP 6. ECC 6.ECC 5.0 (Support Package 10) These are available in SAP ERP 6.0: Transfer prices Statistical key figures Euro translation Audit Information System (AIS) Archiving Data retention tool There are limitations in the migration tools delivered as part of ECC 5.0 • • • Functionality not available in the new G/L with mySAP ERP 2004 – ERP Central Component (ECC) 5.0 vs.0 – ECC 6.0 7 .
so representation from all functional areas of the business is recommended Specific business financial expertise is required for the following: To identify business reporting needs/organizational structure To process and analyze key G/L processes To process and analyze Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable processes To validate migration of financial results for which migration tools are used 8 .Skills Required to Transition to New G/L • • • Transition performed as part of a project Transition impacts all business processes from a reporting perspective.
Skills Required to Transition to New G/L (cont.) • • Specific consulting expertise may be required for the following: Advice on best practices for implementing the new G/L Configure/assist with configuring the new G/L Perform/assist with performing any new G/L migration SAP will be required to participate with any migration (discussed in later topic) 9 .
Project Phases and Timelines • • Project planning required to identify design approach and implementation strategy What is the scope of the implementation? Is this a new install or will it be a migration of the existing database to the new G/L? Blueprinting facilitates the designing of the new processes and functionality How will the scope of the implementation impact current processes – change management assessment? Final blueprint of what needs to be implemented. including any technical development work to support the initiative 10 .
Project Phases and Timelines (cont.) • • • Realization phase of the project is where you can expect to spend most of the time Implementing the blueprint design Testing the processes being implemented Preparation for go-live Execute training plans and address other change management requirements Final system readiness for launch Go-live and support phase of the project continues until the system has stabilized Actual go-live “weekend” Ongoing system support to ensure stability from go-live is achieved (typically extends to first financial month-end or even quarter-end) 11 .
) • Approximate weighting of project time 10% 30% 40% 15% 5% Project Preparation Business Blueprint Realization Preparation for Go-Live Go-Live & Support 12 .Project Phases and Timelines (cont.
Technical Considerations • New tables and their interaction with existing FI tables The red-colored disks represent new tables Header Table BKPF BKPF_ADD Entry view for additional ledgers FAGLFLEXT Totals Table Line Item Table BSEG BSEG_ADD Entry view for additional ledgers FAGLFLEXA Line Items Table Planning Layouts FAGLFLEXP Planning Table 13 .
What We’ll Cover … • • • • • Key considerations for implementation new G/L functionality Ledgers Segments Real-time integration Document splitting Changes to existing functionality Profit centers and cost of sales accounting Parallel accounting Allocations Planning and reporting Migration to the new G/L Wrap-up 14 .
Ledgers – What Are They? • • • • • Ledgers are a specific view of a database table for reporting purposes Ledgers are now an integral part of the new G/L You can use any number of ledgers simultaneously with a single user interface Specific document number ranges can be defined for additional ledgers to support data entry Postings per specific ledger supported US GAAP ledger IFRS ledger Local GAAP ledger Fiscal variant ledger 15 .
Ledgers – What Did You Have Before? • • • • Special Purpose Ledger (FI-SL) was typically used in previous versions of SAP for additional ledger reporting Separate document numbers would record postings from FI/CO into FI-SL Data entry in FI-SL required a different front-end entry screen compared to the classic ledger 0 Foreign currency translations performed in FI-SL. but require a separate monthly activity compared to ledger 0 Ledger 0 Local FI-SL FI-SL ledger 1 ledger 2 IAS US GAAP 16 .
.g. and versions are defined for all ledgers 17 .Predefined Scenarios in the New G/L • • • Delivered. customer fields (if any). predefined scenarios specify which posting data is transferred from different applications Cost center update Preparations for consolidation Business area Profit center update Segmentation Cost of sales accounting Custom scenarios are not possible Customer fields can also be defined (e. region/order) Scenarios.
Ledger Fields • Fields automatically filled through the various scenarios Cost center update Cost center Sender cost center Preparations for consolidation Trading partner Transaction type Business area Business area Trading partner business area 18 .
) Profit center update Profit center Partner profit center Segmentation Profit center Segment Partner segment Cost of sales accounting Functional area Partner functional area 19 .) • Fields automatically filled through the various scenarios (cont.Ledger Fields (cont.
One ledger is defined as the “leading ledger” Leading ledger typically reflects the accounting principle for consolidated reporting – the “main set of books” All company codes are assigned to the leading ledger automatically and cannot be deactivated Asset accounting book depreciation area (01) must post to the leading ledger
Leading Ledgers (cont.)
You can define up to two additional local currencies for the leading ledger over and above local currency 1: Local currency 1 Currency type 10 (company code) cannot be changed Local currency 2 or 3 Currency type 30 (group) Currency type 40 (hard currency) Currency type 50 (index-based currency) Currency type 60 (global company currency)
• • •
You can use non-leading ledgers to support parallel accounting Non-leading ledgers are activated by company code Each non-leading ledger is assigned currency type 10, but may also be assigned up to two additional local currency types Non-leading ledgers are assigned to a fiscal year variant by users, which may be different from the leading ledger Separate document types and number ranges can be defined for non-leading ledgers by users, to ensure continuity in ledger numbering
Z1 Nonleading ledger 22
) Fiscal year variant K4 (Calendar) Fiscal year variant Z4 (5-4-4) 0L Leading ledger Z1 Nonleading ledger 23 .Non-Leading Ledgers (cont.
processing is performed for all ledgers automatically Postings to additional ledgers (non-leading) are performed with reference to the ledger group 24 .. posting entries) Automatically defined for each ledger You may create a ledger group and assign ledgers to the group if collective processing is required If a ledger is not assigned to a group.g.Ledger Group • • • • • Combination of ledgers for the purposes of applying the functions of G/L accounting (e.
Representative Ledger • • • Must be defined for each ledger group The system uses the representative ledger to determine the posting period during posting Posting is then made to the assigned ledgers of the ledger group using the appropriate fiscal year variant for each individual ledger 25 .
Rollup Ledger • • • Similar functionality to that found in FI-SL Used to consolidate data from multiple ledgers Defined in configuration Associated to a summary table (FAGLFLEXT) Determine whether transaction currency should be used Could result in duplicate values Determine whether debit and credit amounts from the totals table should be stored separately or aggregated Identify whether quantities should be stored (activities) Results in increased data. if required Assign company codes to rollup ledgers 26 . thereby decreasing performance Define various versions for rollup.
Ledgers – Key Configuration Points • • • • • • • • Define ledgers Define non-leading ledgers Assign additional currencies to leading ledger Assign non-leading ledgers to company codes and fiscal year variant Assign scenarios in G/L accounting to ledgers Define Ledger Groups and assign Representative Ledger Define document types for postings to non-leading ledgers Define and assign number ranges to document types for non-leading ledgers 27 .
Ledger Configuration 28 .
What We’ll Cover … • • • • • Key considerations for implementation new G/L functionality Ledgers Segments Real-time integration Document splitting Changes to existing functionality Profit centers and cost of sales accounting Parallel accounting Allocations Planning and reporting Migration to the new G/L Wrap-up 29 .
Segments • • • Organizational unit that facilitates the production of financial statements for divisions within company codes US GAAP requires full balance sheet (except shareholders’ equity) at the segment level for segmental reporting Segment defined as sub-area of a company that generates revenues and expenses IAS and IFRS require segmental reporting for two key areas: Business segment Could be represented by segments in SAP Geographic segment Could be represented by customer field (region) in G/L accounting 30 .
Prerequisites for Segment Use
Segments are defined in configuration Profit center characteristic must be active in SAP to allow automatic determination from profit centers Segments can also be assigned through the use of Business Add-In (BAdI) FAGL_DERIVE_SEGMENT, where profit centers are not active Manual entry of segments during document entry is also supported Document splitting with zero balancing should be active to support financial statements at the segment level (discussed later)
Segments and Profit Centers
In order to achieve a segment derivation automation, it is recommended that profit centers be activated in the new G/L and segments be assigned to profit centers
Cost centers WBS elements Internal orders Other orders
Segments in Configuration
Segments defined in configuration
Segments – Key Configuration Points • • • • • • • Define segments Derive segments using BAdI/Rules Activate “Segmentation” scenario for all relevant ledgers Activate “Profit Center” scenario for all relevant ledgers Assign segments to profit center master records Maintain additional account assignments in the field status groups for accounts Maintain additional account assignments in the field status for posting keys 34 .
What We’ll Cover … • • • • • Key considerations for implementation new G/L functionality Ledgers Segments Real-time integration Document splitting Changes to existing functionality Profit centers and cost of sales accounting Parallel accounting Allocations Planning and reporting Migration to the new G/L Wrap-up 35 .
Real-Time Integration – What Is This? • • • Real-time integration of CO with FI replaces the reconciliation ledger All postings made in CO that result in changes to the values of predefined scenarios in the new G/L are reflected in FI in real time (typically through allocations) Changes to the following scenarios are affected: Cross-company code Cross-business area Cross-functional area Cross-profit center Cross-segment Cross-fund 36 .
g..Real-Time Integration • • • A variant is defined for real-time update in configuration and assigned to company codes Document type is defined for updates in FI Select which criteria cause real-time updates in FI You can select Business Add-Ins (BAdIs). but not recommended – use as an expert mode only By selecting the rules option. rules. or all CO documents (not recommended) for update criteria to FI Real-time update trace can also be set. you can define the circumstances under which documents are transferred from CO to FI (e. only certain business transactions) 37 .
) Real-time variant Document Type used for real-time update Scenarios under which document lines are selected for real-time updates from CO to FI 38 .Real-Time Integration (cont.
Real-Time Integration – Key Configuration Points • • • • • • Define variants for real-time integration Assign variants to company codes Do not assign unless new G/L is active Define rules for selecting CO line items Define inter-company clearing accounts Supports cross-company code allocations in CO Define account determination Define G/L account (P&L) to be used for CO postings Create an extended account determination using a substitution rule (if required) Transfer CO documents retrospectively Useful if real-time integration implemented after new G/L is activated 39 .
Your Turn! Questions? 40 .
What We’ll Cover … • • • • • Key considerations for implementation new G/L functionality Ledgers Segments Real-time integration Document splitting Changes to existing functionality Profit centers and cost of sales accounting Parallel accounting Allocations Planning and reporting Migration to the new G/L Wrap-up 41 .
Document Splitting • • • • • • Purpose is to create fully balanced financial statements below the company code level and support IFRS needs Document splitting allows you to display documents using a differentiated representation Line items are split according to selected dimensions Profit centers Segments Functional areas Business areas Document splitting is defined in configuration and is based on a set of rules SAP delivers predefined rules. or custom rules you can maintain Document splitting is activated by company code 42 .
Document Splitting Characteristics • Certain characteristics of the new G/L are relevant for splitting Each characteristic defined for splitting is assigned the following: Mandatory Field Selected field must be filled with a value after splitting Zero balance Characteristic will be zero-balanced in document Partner field Partner field for characteristic Available characteristics for splitting 43 .
.e. customer) 44 . asset.Defining Document Splitting • Item categories SAP predelivers item categories Identifies how line items are to be treated for splitting and derived from account types (i.
) • Business Transactions (BT) SAP predelivers business transactions Determines which line items may appear in a transaction and which can be modified 45 .Defining Document Splitting (cont.
) • Business Transaction Variant (BTV) Business transactions are assigned to a transaction variant Special versions of business transactions are possible See example in which BTV 0001 and BT 0300 require vendor 46 .Defining Document Splitting (cont.
Defining Document Splitting (cont.) • G/L accounts Each G/L account must be assigned to an item category This assignment determines how the account is to be interpreted during splitting 47 .
therefore.) • Document types Each document type used must be assigned to a business transaction Determines what type of transaction and.Defining Document Splitting (cont. which item categories are allowable with this document type Example: “DR” doc type is assigned to BT 0200 48 .
Document Splitting Methods • • • • Rules are maintained within a splitting method Combination of the business transactions and item categories forms a splitting method Splitting method 0000000012 is the standard delivered and is recommended to customers You can also maintain customer-defined methods 49 .
.Document Splitting Rules • Rules determine which item categories will be split and what base will be used to determine splitting Splitting method (e.g... 30000 – revenue) Customer item category to be split based on either of these items 50 . 02000 – customer) Base item categories (e. 0000000012) Business transaction (e. 0200 – customer invoice) Item categories (e..g.g.g.
000 $3.000 $2.Working Example – Journal Entry • • • Four-line journal entry using segments as the splitting characteristic The following master data is relevant: Cost Center 1000 tied to Profit Center P1000 Cost Center 2000 tied to Profit Center P2000 Profit Center P1000 tied to Segment S100 Profit Center P2000 tied to Segment S200 Profit Center P3000 tied to Segment S300 The following entry is required: DR Supplies DR Supplies DR COS CR Accrual 510000 510000 400000 280000 Ctr 1000 Ctr 2000 Prctr P3000 $1.000 $6.000 51 .
000 $6.000 $2.000 Cost Center 1000 2000 Profit Center P1000 P2000 P3000 Segment S100 S200 S300 52 .Journal Entry: Data Entry View Display Document: Data Entry View Document Number Document Date Reference Currency 1000000000 31/12/2008 Doc Splitting EUR Company Code Posting Date Cross-CC DEMO 31/12/2008 Fiscal Year Period 2008 12 Posting Account Key (PK) 40 40 40 50 510000 510000 400000 280000 Description Supplies Supplies Cost of sales Accrual Amount $1.000 $3.
000 Cost Center 1000 2000 Profit Center P1000 P2000 P3000 Segment S100 S200 S300 S100 S200 S300 Note how account 280000 for $6.000 is assigned to each of the segments based on the offsetting entries 53 .000 $3.000 $2.000 $3.000 $2.000 $1.Journal Entry: G/L View Display Document: General Ledger View PK Account 40 40 40 50 50 50 510000 510000 400000 280000 280000 280000 Description Supplies Supplies Cost of sales Accrual Accrual Accrual Amount $1.
etc.Document Splitting Characteristics – Other Areas • Controlling Define additional characteristics to which document splitting is applied that may not be relevant for G/L accounting Applies to components that use documents transferred from FI CO account assignments are only transferred when the account has also been set up as a cost element Line items are divided up during the following G/L processes: Discounts on clearing of vendor/customer line items Rate differences on foreign currency valuations. 54 .
but.) • Post-capitalization of cash discounts to assets Cash discount applied in an asset-relevant invoice can be applied to the asset If selected. directly to the asset 55 .Document Splitting Characteristics – Other Areas (cont. instead. cash discounts are not posted against the cash discount account.
Zero Balancing • • • • • • Zero balancing facilitates the creation of balanced financial statements System checks whether selected characteristic is zero-balanced after splitting If not. system creates an automatic balancing entry using a predefined G/L clearing account Zero balancing is assigned to item category 01001 and uses account determination key 000 – defaults Posting keys are defined for zero-balancing purposes You can define multiple zero-balancing accounts for the same key when different charts of accounts are used 56 .
Defining Zero Balancing • Assign splitting characteristics to zero balancing • Assign G/L account for zero balancing 57 .
Document Splitting Constants • • • • Each characteristic assigned to zero balancing requires a constant Constants are defined within a default constant variant Fields are assigned to the constant variant. together with a default value Example SEGMENT – 9999 Where profit centers are defined for zero balancing. where both the new G/L and PCA are used in parallel 58 . a default profit center is assigned Note: It is recommended that you use the same profit center as the PCA dummy profit center.
Defining Constants Select “Assignment of Profit Center” to enter a default profit center Select “Assignment of Values” to enter a default segment 59 .
Document Splitting – Key Configuration Points • • • • • • • • • • • Assign G/L accounts to item categories Assign document types to business transactions Create G/L clearing account in chart of accounts Define zero-balance G/L account Define splitting characteristics for G/L Define splitting characteristics for CO Define post-capitalization for cash discounts to assets Define constants for non-assigned processes Change splitting rules as needed Activate document splitting Deactivate company codes not relevant for document splitting 60 .
Document Splitting 61 .
What We’ll Cover … • • • • • Key considerations for implementation new G/L functionality Ledgers Segments Real-time integration Document splitting Changes to existing functionality Profit centers and cost of sales accounting Parallel accounting Allocations Planning and reporting Migration to the new G/L Wrap-up 62 .
profit centers must be active in the new G/L Profit center master data supported in the new G/L includes: Profit centers Standard hierarchy Dummy profit center Alternative profit center hierarchies (groups) PCA in CO is still available. as tables GLPCT and GLPCA will no longer be developed Long-term parallel use of PCA is not recommended 63 .Profit Centers • • • • Profit centers are now defined as a characteristic of the new G/L and are represented as a scenario To use segments. but integration back to FI is not supported SAP recommends migration toward the new G/L for profit centers.
0 3KEI no longer available in mySAP ERP 2004 Automatic derivation of profit center values should be performed in FI using substitution rules or BAdIs Dummy profit center in PCA Routine for derivation will no longer run if document splitting is active 64 .Changes to Classic Profit Center Accounting • • • Adjustment entries with document splitting active F.50 P&L adjustment no longer available 1KEK transfer receivables and payables no longer available Additional balance sheet and P&L assignments 3KEH and 3KEI no longer available in SAP ERP 6.5D balance sheet adjustment no longer available F.
7 due to inconsistencies Foreign currency valuation F.) • • Transfer of fixed assets 1KEI no longer available as of V4.Changes to Classic Profit Center Accounting (cont.05 no longer available for both FI and PCA when new G/L is activated New transaction code supports foreign currency valuations See SAP Note 826357 for more details on PCA functionality in the new G/L 65 .
Profit Centers – Key Configuration Points • • • • • Profit center scenario active in new G/L Define profit center standard hierarchy Specify time-dependent fields for profit centers Segment field can be made time-dependent Activate Changes Possible to Segment in profit center master record To allow changes to be made to segment field in profit centers Dummy profit center/constant profit center PCA derivation tables are no longer supported Periodic transfer postings are no longer supported 66 .
Cost of sales accounting is represented in the new G/L as a scenario Functional areas are defined in configuration as part of the new G/L and activation occurs at the company code level 67 .Cost of Sales Accounting • • • Facilitates the matching of revenue in the P&L to related functional costs Manufacturing Sales and Distribution Marketing. etc.
Cost of Sales Accounting Functional Areas • • Functional areas can be added to the following master data elements as was the case before: G/L accounts Cost elements Cost centers Orders Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) element Networks They must be activated as an additional account assignment object in Asset Accounting (FI-AA) 68 .
g.Determining Cost of Sales Accounting Functional Areas • • • Functional areas are derived as follows: Assigned object during data entry (e. cost center) G/L account or cost element master record (overwrites functional area derived from object above) FI substitution rules using event 0006 (overwrites all previously determined functional areas) Functional areas are not determined in these cases: Postings to balance sheet accounts Entry of statistical key figures in CO Reporting on functional areas can now be performed out of the new G/L 69 ..
Functional Areas – Key Configuration Points • • • • • • • • Cost of sales scenario active in new G/L Define functional areas Activate cost of sales accounting Define functional areas per cost center category Maintain functional areas in G/L accounts Mass maintenance option available Maintain functional areas in cost elements Maintain functional areas in cost objects Cost of sales accounting substitution supported through call-up point 0006 in FI 70 .
What We’ll Cover … • • • • • Key considerations for implementation new G/L functionality Ledgers Segments Real-time integration Document splitting Changes to existing functionality Profit centers and cost of sales accounting Parallel accounting Allocations Planning and reporting Migration to the new G/L Wrap-up 71 .
additional local currencies support parallel accounting 72 . which works in conjunction with the additional ledgers method to support parallel accounting As was the case in previous releases.0 and ECC 6.Parallel Accounting • • • SAP supports multiple accounting principles through the employment of various methods Additional accounts Additional ledgers Additional company codes (not discussed here) New in ECC 5.0 is the introduction of Accounting Principles.
some form of migration will be required Specific accounts (US/local) Specific accounts (HGB) Common accounts (IFRS/group) 73 .) • Additional accounts Separate set of accounts maintained in the chart of accounts to support specific reporting needs (local vs.Parallel Accounting (cont. group) Could result in a large set of accounts in the chart Where customers have already implemented this approach and choose to implement the ledgers method.
Parallel Ledgers • • • • • • • Data recorded in the general ledger may be recorded in multiple ledgers in parallel Data for consolidated financial statements could be recorded in the leading ledger All other accounting principles could be supported by additional “non-leading” ledgers Postings to non-leading ledgers driven by the assignment of accounting principles/valuation areas SAP recommends this approach if the “account-based” approach would result in a large chart of accounts Standard reporting is supported for all ledgers This approach results in an increased amount of data 74 .
Impact of Using Parallel Ledgers • FI Reclassification and sorting of receivables and payables New program posts by sort method and valuation area Changes to reconciliation accounts are considered Foreign currency valuation New valuation program posts by valuation area Currency translation New translation program posts by valuation area Accruals Calculations and posting of manual accruals by valuation area simultaneously Provisions and manual postings May be performed simultaneously or to separate accounting principles 75 .
period. account group. and affiliated company. where multiple ledgers are used: Collects data by fiscal year. and creates a collective document Reduces the amount of data being posted to the G/L 76 .Impact of Using Parallel Ledgers (cont.) • FI-AA Manage parallel accounting through the use of depreciation areas Depreciation area 01 posts to all parallel ledgers Leading ledger MUST be assigned to depreciation area 01 New wizard in configuration to assist with the assignment of parallel valuation in FI-AA Posting Acquisition and Production Costs (APC) differences is an option for posting to the G/L periodically (program RAPERB2000).
Impact of Using Parallel Ledgers (cont.) • CO CO allocations creating shifts between segments or functional areas can be transferred to all ledgers Calculations of WIP and results analysis are performed using different valuation methods Define different versions for results analysis based on principles Assign accounting principle to posting rules for the results analysis version All CO-relevant values in the leading ledger are transferred to CO Postings updated exclusively in non-leading ledgers are NOT transferred to CO 77 .
) • Materials Management (MM) Differences between current stock value and stock value determined during valuation using balance sheet valuation procedures are issued in a report Manual entries can then be made to parallel ledgers Postings cannot be made automatically due to price changes To create automatic postings to parallel ledgers. you can use alternative valuation run Price fields on the material master can be used to manage alternate valuations Tax-based price field Commercial-based price field 78 .Impact of Using Parallel Ledgers (cont.
Features of Using Parallel Ledgers • • Ledger group Ledger-specific postings can be updated to all ledgers in that group simultaneously Ledger selection Where no ledger or group is specified. postings are made to ALL ledgers Manual postings made to individual ledgers by assigning the ledger group in the document header Postings created through automatic valuations. contain the account assignment accounting principle Accounting principles are assigned to ledger groups in configuration SAP recommends a separate document type for specific ledger updates 79 . such as foreign currency valuation and translations.
in turn. are assigned to accounting principles Assignment of translation postings are managed by valuation areas to facilitate various accounting principles 80 .Accounting Principles • • • • • • • Accounting principles are defined in configuration You can combine different principles for performance reasons (IAS/IFRS) Accounting principles assist in managing various valuations for reporting purposes and results stored in additional ledgers Assigned to a ledger group that has already been defined Valuation methods for foreign currency are defined and assigned to valuation areas Valuation areas.
Parallel Accounting – Key Configuration Points
• • • • • • • • • • •
Define ledgers for parallel accounting Define currencies for leading ledger Define and activate non-leading ledgers Define ledger groups Define accounting principles Assign accounting principles to ledger groups Define document types for one ledger Define valuation areas Assign valuation areas to accounting principles Define versions for results analysis Assign versions to accounting principles
Journal Entry with Multiple Ledgers/Parallel Accounting
What We’ll Cover … • • • • • Key considerations for implementation new G/L functionality Ledgers Segments Real-time integration Document splitting Changes to existing functionality Profit centers and cost of sales accounting Parallel accounting Allocations Planning and reporting Migration to the new G/L Wrap-up 84 .
number of employees) can be used as tracing factors for periodic allocations Only available in SAP ERP 6.Allocations • • • • • • • Similar to FI-SL..0 ECC 6.g.0 Sender values determined on the following basis: Posted amounts Fixed amounts Fixed rates 85 . allocations can now be carried out in the new G/L G/L characteristics can be allocated through assessments and distributions SAP recommends performing overhead allocations in CO Actual and plan data can be allocated Allocations are managed within a cycle Statistical key figures (e.
Allocations (cont.) • • Receiver values determined on the following basis: Variable portions Fixed amounts Fixed percentages Fixed portions SAP recommends splitting allocations in various cycles Performance – run time increases the segments involved Reasons specific to allocation – easily rerun cycles 86 .
0 87 .0 ECC 6.Allocations – Key Configuration Points • • • • Define field usage for: Distributions Assessments Define account determination for allocation Zero-balance clearing account Check settings for allocation Tools available to check configuration for allocations Define statistical key figure master data Only available in SAP ERP 6.
Allocations – Menu Path Allocations for new G/L under the General Ledger section 88 .
What We’ll Cover … • • • • • Key considerations for implementation new G/L functionality Ledgers Segments Real-time integration Document splitting Changes to existing functionality Profit centers and cost of sales accounting Parallel accounting Allocations Planning and reporting Migration to the new G/L Wrap-up 89 .
and can be integrated with Microsoft Excel 90 .Planning • • • • • • • Similar to planning in FI-SL. this is now possible in the new G/L Two options for entering plan data: Total amounts that are distributed to planning periods Period amounts Specific periods can be defined to allow planning The FI periods for actual postings do not have to be open to facilitate planning updates Planning versions facilitate various “what-if” scenarios You can maintain distribution keys to distribute plan amounts Planning layouts are created based on summary table FAGLFLEXT.
) • • Characteristics.Planning (cont. and entry screen view are identified within the layout A planner profile is defined and assigned to the layout 91 . key figures.
only transfer data from closed periods To transfer plan data.Planning and Other Components • • You can copy plan data to the G/L from: Cost Center Accounting (CO-CCA) Profitability Analysis (CO-PA) Online data transfer should be performed only when no other postings are being made In other cases. the following prerequisites exist: CO: CO and G/L plan version must share the same name CO plan version must have “plan integration” indicator set G/L: Plan version for ledger must be unblocked Activate “line items for planning” if line items are to be transferred Assign company codes to non-leading ledgers if used 92 .
Planning – Key Configuration Points • • • • • • • • • Define plan periods Define plan versions Same as CO-CCA if online transfer is required Assign plan version to fiscal year and activate Activate line items for planning (if required) Define user-defined distribution keys (if required) Define planning layout Define and assign planner profile Define document types for planning Define number range for planning document types 93 .
Reporting • • • • • • G/L reports available that introduce new characteristics based on active scenarios (such as segment. and financial statements Custom reports created using Report Painter Drill-down capability Report outputs allow for: Classic drill-down reporting Object lists (more than one lead column) Graphical report output New menu path exists for running reports for the new G/L: Accounting Financial Accounting General Ledger Information System General Ledger Reports (New) 94 . profit center) New transaction codes available to support reporting of G/L balances. line items.
such as debt/equity ratio Derived from the financial statement version debt and equity sections 95 .Key Figure Reports • • With constants Allow evaluations on non-financial statement data. such as number of employees or square feet You can restrict constants to any of the following. or maintain different values for each different: Company code Business area Fiscal year Period Without constants Calculates financial statement items without constants.
G/L Account Balance Reports • • Previous FS10N is still available for classic view New FAGLB03 reports on any of the new scenarios Dynamic selections allow additional selection parameters 0001 Filter by range of segments 96 .
) 0001 Filter options available for additional segmentation Balances displayed by company code and any additional characteristics selected 97 .G/L Account Balance Reports (cont.
G/L Line Item Reports • • Previous FBL3N is still available for classic view New FAGLL03 reports on any G/L scenario 0001 new G/L line item display Additional selections available for G/L line items 98 .
) 0001 new G/L line item display with characteristics as columns 99 .G/L Line Item Reports (cont.
G/L Account Balance and Financial Statements • G/L account balances (trial balance) Previous S_ALR_87012277 produces the classic view New S_PL0_86000030 new account balances report 0001 100 .
G/L Account Balance 0001 Drilldown by different characteristics is possible through the navigation option 101 .
G/L Account Balance and Financial Statements • Financial statements Previous S_ALR_87012284 produces the classic view New S_PL0_86000028 new G/L financial statements Notes to the financial statements are also possible 0001 102 .
Financial Statements Drilldown by different characteristics is possible through the navigation option 103 .
Reporting – Key Configuration Points • • • • • Define balance display Interactive characteristics Create/change forms for new G/L reports Report Painter Create/change reports for new G/L Characteristics Variables Define constants Enter constant values 104 .
Account Balance Reporting 105 .
What We’ll Cover … • • • • • Key considerations for implementation new G/L functionality Ledgers Segments Real-time integration Document splitting Changes to existing functionality Profit centers and cost of sales accounting Parallel accounting Allocations Planning and reporting Migration to the new G/L Wrap-up 106 .
Migration to the New G/L • • Two options available to existing customers: New customer install Migration New customer install Install SAP as if converting from another legacy system Creates a “fresh start” for existing customers Data conversions required (data extracts and loads) Data is split and posted to new G/L when loaded to new system Migration may occur at any point throughout the fiscal year 107 .
) • Migration Involves migrating existing data from classic ledgers to the new G/L SAP provides migration tools to perform the migration Migrations must be performed within a project SAP is required to be involved with migrations and provide back-office support (SAP Note 812919) Migration must occur over a fiscal year There are strategies to deal with organizations that have multiple company codes in the same instance and have different fiscal year ends 108 .Migration to the New G/L (cont.
0 with Support Package 10 109 .0 (ECC 6.Services for Migration to the New G/L • • • Services that SAP offers with new G/L migration include: Validation of migration scenarios Scenario-based migration programs Preconfigured migration settings for the migration Consistency check of the migration customizing settings Technical consistency check of the migrated data Support throughout the duration of the migration project through the new G/L Migration Back Office SAP ERP 6.0) offers simulation tools to further aid with the migration process The migration tools have been back-ported to mySAP ERP 2004 ECC 5.
Migration Dates • • Migration date The start of the fiscal year for which migration is performed Activation date Date new G/L is activated Old Fiscal Year Fiscal Year End New Fiscal Year Phase 0 Design and configuration Classic General Ledger Migration date Phase 1 Closing and migration Classic General Ledger Activation date Phase 2 Activation and use new General Ledger 110 .
10. 8. 7. 6. Posting periods must be closed for prior year Start the migration Create worklists Create splitting information (if relevant) for open items Create splitting information (if relevant) for documents Post open items to new G/L Post documents to new G/L Post balance carry forward to new G/L 111 .Migration Process 1. Set up customization of the migration 3. Set up customization of new G/L 2. 9. 5. Perform year-end closing operations 4.
) 11.. End migration 14. Activate new G/L 13. Deactivate classic G/L after transition period 112 . perform manual reposting of balance carry forward to dimensions not contained in classic G/L (e. profit center) 12.g. If applicable.Migration Process (cont.
G/L accounts) flagged as OPEN on the migration date are included in the worklist System performs splitting on these items and updates them to the new G/L (if document splitting is activated) All other non-open line items included in documents that have open items are not transferred to the new G/L through this process 113 .Key Migration Activities • Open items All items (customers. vendors.
) • • Balance forward All other G/L accounts (non-open items) are transferred to the new G/L using period zero totals from GLT0 Additional repostings may be required to assign amounts to dimensions not contained in GLT0 (e..g.Key Migration Activities (cont. profit center or segment) Current year documents All documents created since the migration date and before the activation date are included in a separate worklist These documents are split and posted to the new G/L in their entirety 114 .
etc.Points to Consider When Migrating • • Timing of migration Migration should occur shortly after the year-end is concluded Minimizes number of documents to migrate Reduces risk of errors occurring with current postings Scenarios Consideration given to the type of scenarios Alternate ledgers Document splitting on multiple characteristics. Different fiscal year-ends in the same migration plan 115 .
) • • Company codes Consider company codes included in migration plans Is document splitting required in the post-migration environment? Are there cross-company documents between company codes? Clearing open items Consider cleaning up long-outstanding open items prior to migration Reduces risk of potential errors Improves performance of migration (less data to migrate) 116 .Points to Consider When Migrating (cont.
What We’ll Cover … • • • • • Key considerations for implementation new G/L functionality Ledgers Segments Real-time integration Document splitting Changes to existing functionality Profit centers and cost of sales accounting Parallel accounting Allocations Planning and reporting Migration to the new G/L Wrap-up 117 .
Resources • • • SAP training course AC210 – “New General Ledger” Extensive training course on the new G/L offered by SAP SAP Service Marketplace – http://service. phases of the migration process. parallel accounting. parallel accounting and currencies.com * General information notes on the new G/L SAP Note 826357 – Profit Center Accounting SAP Note 779251 – Parallel Accounting SAP Note 927241 – FAQ new G/L accounting On your take home CD: More detail on document splitting. migration scenarios. and lessons learned 118 * Requires login credentials to the SAP Service Marketplace .sap.
Summary of key changes in mySAP ERP 2004 Odyssey Business Consulting Online www.com/pdf/TheOdysseyQuarterlyJanMar2007.sap.odysseybcs.) • • • SAP Help online http://help.com/saphelp_erp2005vp/helpdata/en/2d/830e405 c538f5ce10000000a155106/frameset.htm Details of the new functionality available in the new G/L Financials Expert Gary Fullmer. February 2005). “What’s Happened to Your R/3 Functionality in mySAP ERP 2004?” (Financials Expert.pdf Highlights of the new G/L functionality 119 .Resources (cont.
Document splitting enables the creation of fully balanced financial statements for any predefined characteristic of the new G/L 120 .7 Key Points to Take Home • • • • Additional ledgers can assist with multiple reporting requirements. simplifying data entry. and reducing the number of accounts required for parallel accounting Segments are a new organizational object that can facilitate segmental reporting and support financial statements below the company code level Real-time integration between CO and FI has replaced the reconciliation ledger. reducing the risk of CO and FI being out of balance. It creates real-time updates for any COrelated postings that cross G/L characteristics.
You can customize reports with Report Painter/Writer.) • • • Allocations can be performed in the new G/L on any characteristic. but any such initiative requires support from SAP’s migration team 121 . actual reporting directly from the G/L. Planning can be performed in the new G/L.7 Key Points to Take Home (cont. Migration tools are provided by SAP to support the migration from the “classic” to the new G/L. Assessments or distributions can be carried out on any G/L account. enabling plan vs.
Your Turn! How to contact me: Stuart Paradies email@example.com 122 .
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