SEMINAR ON SOCIOMETRY AND ANECDOTAL RECORD

SUBMITTED TO, MRS,SATHYA M.SC(N), LECTURER SUBMITTED BY, M.SHOBA M.SC(N) I YEAR

MASTER PLAN

Name of the students Teacher Name of the evaluator Name of the Subject Unit Topic Level of the students Number of students Method of Teaching Audiovisual Aides : : : : : :

: :

Ms . M . Shoba Mrs . Sathya M.sc (N) Lecturer.

Nursing Education V : Sociometry , Anecdotal Record M.Sc(N) I year 19 Lecture cum discussion Black board, chart, OHP, Flannel, Handout Pamplet : M.sc (N) I year class room

Class room

S.N o 1. 2.

Content Introduction Terminology 1. Sociometry. 2. Anecdotal record. Etymological meaning. Definition - (JACOB MOREND). Purposes Branches of socio metry:  Research socio metry  Applied sociometry

Page No

3. 4. 5. 6.

7. 8. i)

Moreno ‘s criteria for sociometric Test. Other Approaches & Software Pyschodrama  Psychological use

ii) iii)

Group psychotherapy Yalom’s Therapeutic Factors  Universality  Altruism  Institution of Hope  Imparting Information
 Correction Recapitulation of the

primary family experience  Development of Socializing Techniques  Initiative Behaviors

 Cohesiveness  Existential Factor  Catharsis  Interpersonal Learning  self understanding iv Gestalt Therapy  History  Objective  Notable Issues v) Change Play therapy  Indicate to whom? vi) Sanitary or sand box Therapy
 Therapy – procedure

vii) viii) ix) Play Back Theatre Drama Therapy Therapy  History x) xi) Attachment Therapy Criticism 1) ANECDOTAl RECORD Definition

2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15)

Meaning - Anecdotal Record Characteristics Merits Demerits Principles Descriptive Report Format for Anecdotal Anecdotal Notes Illustration for use of anecdotal notes Recommendation Conclusion Journal Abstract Bibliography AV . AIDS used  Chalk board  Over head projector  Chart  Pamplets Flannel board

BIBLIOGRAPHY: B.T. Basavanthappa (2003), Nursing Education”, 1st edition, New Delhi, Jaypee brothers, Pp: 359-384, 515-522.

Jean Barrette (2004), “Ward Management and Education”, 14th edition, komark publishers Pp: 357-368. K.P. Neeraj (2003) “Textbook of Nursing Education” 1st edition, Newdelhi, Jaypee brothers, Pp: 315-317. NET REFERENCE: www.wikiepeida.co.in

SOCIO METRY INTRODUCION : The realization of educational goals and objectives in the educative process is based on the accuracy of the judgments and in inferences made by at a good decision the test, measurements and evaluations are being used in all educational situations. The evaluation has become a part and parcel of every system of education to determine the achievement of goals by the students in a given period. SOCIOMETRY : Sociometry is a quantitative measuring social relationship. ETIOLOGICAL MEANING : The word derived from Latin word meaning companion “metrom” meaning measure . JACOB MORENO DEFINES: Sociometry as them. He goes on to write “ As the, science group organization if attacks the problem not from the outer structure of the group, the group surface, but from the inner structure. Sociometric explorations reveals the hidden structures that gives a group it forms; the alliances, the subgroups, the “The enquiry in to the evolution and organization of groups and the position of individuals with in “Socious” methods for

hidden

belief,

the

forbidden

agendas

the

ideological

agreements, the stars of the show. PURPOSE

It enables the teacher to get a comprehensive picture of the structure of social relationship in the entire class by means of certain instrument and methods of interpreting and applying the results obtained

 It is a special methods of obtaining the information

through oral questions written responses and analyzing the records in studying.
 It is a technique where by each member is asked to state

the kind of relationship. Which he holds towards other members these responses have been recorded graphically and represented in sociogram.
 The sociometric status , his relationship with other

members in a group perception will be revealed in sociometry.

of other members, etc

 It is a method used to determine the degree to which

individuals are accepted [or]

rejected in a group and

group structure, sub divisions of the group / based on sex, age caste, family procession culture affinity etc. group positions [popular stars, leaders isolates, rejects etc and so on ].  The technique is simple in use and speedy in administrations.
 The curricular and co- curricular formation of groups,

choosing companions, partners for specific activities [or] occuasion can be drawn in sociometry. BRANCHES OF SOCIOMETRY:

 Research sociometry.  Applied sociometry. RESEARCH SOCIOMETRY: Research sociometry in actions research with groups the socio emotional networks of relationships using specified criteria [e.g ] . who in this group do you want to sit beside you at work? who in the group do you go to for advice in a work problem? who in the group do you se providing satisfying leadership in the pending project? sometimes called network explorations research sociometry is concerned with relational patterns in small {individual and small groups} and larger populations such as organization and neighbor hoods . APPLIED SOCIOMETRY: It utilize a range of methods to assist people and groups review, expand of develop their existing psycho - social network of relationship. Both fields of sociometry exist to produce through their application greater spontaneity and creativity of both individuals and groups . MORENO’S CRITRIA FOR SOCIOMETRIA TEST : In “sociometry”, experimental method and the science of society .An approach to a new political orientation . “ moreno describes the depth to which a group needs to go for the method to be “sociometry “ the form for him had a qualitative meaning and did not apply unless some group process. Criteria were met one of there is that there is

acknowledgement if the differences between process dynamics and the manifest content. To quote morena there is a deep discrepancy between the official and the secret behavior of members Moreno advocates that before any “ social program can be proposed, the sociometrist has to take in to account the actual constitution of the group . OTHER APPROACHES AND SOFTWARE : Other approaches were developed in last decades , such as social network analysis {or} socio mapping free ware as well as commercial software was developed for analysis of group and there structure such as pajek {or} in flow .All there approaches sociometry . Moreno’s criteria for a sociometric approach are not easily adhered to using software methods that are divorced from groups work .A sociogram is a graphic representation of social links that a person has sociograms were developed by Jacob . L moren to analysis choices[or} perferences with in a group . They can diagram the structure and patterns of groups interaction . A sociogram can be drawn on the basis of many differences criteria social relations channels of influence lines of communication etc. Those points on a sociogram who have many choices are called stars . Those with few or no choices are called isolates .Individuals who choose each other are know to have to have made a mutal choice one way choice refers to individuals who choose some one but the choice is not reciprocated . Cliques shave lot of their basic principles with

are groups of three {or} who all choose each other .

more people within a large group

Sociograms are the charts sociometry of a social space . Under the social

{or} tools used to find the model. Sociograms are

discipline

sometimes used to reduce misbehavior in a classroom environment. A sociogram is constructed after students answer a series of questions probing for social acceptance for misbehaving, are known as a friendship chart, often the most important person/ thing is in a bigger bubble most important and the smallest representing the least important. Different from their own role - playing also known as RP to some , is being in an improvisational drama {or} free form theater, in which the participate are the actors who are playing parts and the audience . People use the phase “role - playing” in atleast 3 distinct ways. To refer to the playing of roles generally such as in a theater{or} educational setting . To refer to a wide range of games including role - playing games , play by games and more . To refer specifically to role playing games . PSYCHODRAMA : Psychodrama is a form of human development which explors, through dramatic action , the problems , issues concerns drams and highest aspiration of people , groups systems and organizations. It is mostly used as a group work method , in which each person in the group can become a computer

therapeutic agent for each others in the group developed by Jacob L. Morenno.

In psychodrama

has strong elements of theater often

conducted on a stage where props can be used the audience is fully involved with the dramatic action. Audience involvement is either through personal interest in the concerns of the leading actor, called the protagonist {or} through playing some roles of the drama which helps the protagonist {or} taking the form of some of the other elements of the drama which can give voice to the rest of our wide active engagement as an audience member. Psychodrama’s core functions is the raising of spontaneity in an adequate and functional manner, It is through the raising of spontaneity that a system, whether and internal human system {or} an organizational system, can begin to become creative life filled and develop new solutions to old and tired problems {or} adequate solution to new situations and concerns. A psychodrama is best conducted and produced by a person trained in the method {or} learning the method called a psychodrama director. There are many psychodrama training institutes in many countries around the world. {or} through

[Eg] Australian and New Zealand psychodrama association, the American society of group psychotherapy and psychodrama. Psychological use: Participants explore internal conflicts through acting out their emotions and interpersonal interaction on stage . A given psychodrama session {90min - 2 hrs} focuses principally on a single participate known as the protagonist . Protagonist examine their relationship by interacting with the other actors and the leader , known as the director . This is done using specific techniques including doubling role reversals , mirrors ,soliloquy and sociometry . Psychodrama attempts to create an internal restructuring of dysfunctional mindset with other people, and it challenge the participate to discover new answer to some situations. Become more spontaneous and independent there are over 10,000 practitioners internationally. It is one form of group psychotherapy a method of communication in which the communications express him/her themselves in action. Role playing is an important method in it widely used in business and industry. Psychodrama offers a powerful approach to teaching and learning as well as to training interrelationship skills.

The action techniques of psychodrama also offers a means of discovering and community information concerning events and situations in which the communications has been involved.

GROUP PSYCHOTHERAPY :  Is a form of psychotherapy in which one {or} more therapists treated a small group of clients together as a group  The term can legitimately refer to any psychotherapy including
-

form of format

when

delivered

in

a

group

Cognitive behavioral therapy. Interpersonal therapy.

-

But it is usually applied to psychodynamic group therapy where the-group content and group process is explicitly utilized as a mechanism of change by developing exploring and examining interpersonal relationship with in the group. The broader concepts of group therapy can be taken any helping process that takes place in a group including support group , skill training group {such as anger management, mindfulness and psycho education {programme} groups. Other specialized forms of group therapy would include non verbal expressive therapy, dance therapy music.

group therapy would include non verbal expressive therapy, dance therapy music. YALOM’S THERAPEUTIC FACTORS : UNIVERSALITY: The recognition of shaved experiences and feelings among group members and that there may be widespread {or} universal human concerns , serves, to remove a group members sense of isolation, validate their experiences and raise self esteem . AITRUSIM: The groups is a place where members can help each other and the experience of being able to give something to another person can lift the members self esteem and help developed more adaptive coping styles and skills. INSTILLUTION OF HOPE : In a mixed group has members of various stager of development {or} recovery a member can be inspired and encouraged by another member who less overcome the problems that they are still struggling with . IMPARTING INFORMATION : While this is not strictly speaking a psychotherapeutic process members often report that it has been very helpful to learn factual information from others members in the group for ex: Their treatment {or} about access to services. PRIMARY CORRECTIVE RECAPITULATION OF THE FAMILY EXPERIENCE : interpersonal

Members often unconsciously identify the group therapist and other groups members with their own parents and sittings in a process which is a form of transference specific to group psychotherapy , the therapist’s interpretations can help group members gain understanding of the impact of child experiences on their personality and they may learn to avoid unconsciously repeating un helpful past interactive parents in present day relationship .

DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIALIZING TECHNIQUES: The group setting provides a safe and supportive environment for members to take risks by extending their repertoire of interpersonal behaviour and improving their social skills. IMITATIVE BEHAVIORS : One way in which group members can develop social skills is through a modeling process observing and imitating the therapist and other group members for example sharing personal feeling, showing concern, supporting others. COHESIVENESS: It has been suggested that their is a primary therapeutic factor from which all other flow humans are hard animals with an instinctive need to belong to groups, and personal development can only take place in an interpersonal context. A cohesive groups is one in which all members feel a sense of belonging , acceptance validation. EXISTENTIAL FACTOR:

Learning that one has to take responsibility for one’s own life and the consequences of ones decisions. CATHARSIS: Catharsis is the experience of relief from emotional distress through the free and uninhibited expression of emotion. When members tell their strong to a supportive audience, they can obtain relief from chronic feeling of shame guilt.

INTERRPERSONAL LEARNING Group members achieve a greater level of self awareness through the process of interacting with other in the group who give feel back on the members behaviors and impact on others. SELF UNDERSTANDING This factor overlaps with interpersonal learning but refers to the achievement of greater levels of insight into the genesis of one’s problems and the unconsciousness motivations which underlie one’s behaviors. GESTALT THERAPY HISTORY Rose from its beginning in the middle of the 20 th century to rapid and widespread popularity during the deduce of the 1960’s and early 1970’s. During the 70’s and 80’s gestalt therapy training centers spread globally, but they were, for the most part, not aligned

with formal academic settings. As the cognitive revolution eclipsed gestalt therapy in psychology, many came to belief gestalt was an anachronism. In the hands of gestalt practitioners, gestalt therapy became an applied discipline in the fields of psychotherapy, organizations, development, and social action and eventually coaching until the concern of research to and so, largely ignored the need to utilize research to further developed. Gestalt therapy is methods of awareness by which perceiving feeling and acting are understand to be separate from interpreting explaining and judging using old attitudes. Gestalt therapy focuses more an process {what is happening} than content {what is being discussed}, the emphasis is on what is being done, thought felt at the moment rather than on what was, might be, could be {or} should be. This distinction between direct experience and indirect {or} secondary interpretations is developed in the process of therapy the client learns to become aware of what they are doing psychologically and how they can change it. By becoming aware of and transforming their process they develop sell acceptances and the ability to experience more in the “now” without so much interference from baggage of the past. OBJECTIVE: Helping the client overcome symptoms. Enable him / her become more fully and creatively alive and unfinished issues that may diminish,“ optimum satisfaction fulfillment and growth , thus it falls in the

Category of humanistic psychotherapies. NOTABLE ISSUES : Field theory, self is a phenomenological concepts and is a comparison with “other”, without other there is no self and how I experience self. The continuity of selfhood {personality functions } is some thing achieved rather then something inherent “ inside “ the person, and has own advantage & disadvantage. At one end of spectrum, there is not enough self continuity to be able to make meaningful relationship {or} to have a workable sense of who I am. The approach is not the self of the client being helped {or} healed by the fixed self of therapist, but the exploration of the here and now of the theory. There is not the assumption that the client act in al other circumstances as her {or} she does in the therapy. Rigid self definition in some area of functioning that denies spontaneity and makes deal with situation impossible experience of the therapist. Change: Has now become a “classic“ of gestalt therapy literature Arnold beisscr {1970} describe paradoxical the same. PLAY THERAPY :

Generally employed with children 3toll play provides a way for children to express their experience and feeling through a natural self guided. As children experience and knowledge are often

communicated through play it becomes on important vehicle for them to know and accept themselves and others. Play therapy is the systematic use of a theoretical model to establish on interpersonal process where on play therapists use the therapeutic powers of play to help clients prevent {or} resole psycho social Challenges and achieve optional growth and

development. A working definition might be a form of counseling {or} psychotherapy that therapeutically engages the power of play to communicate with and help people, especially children, to engender optimal integration and individuations. Play therapy is often used as tool of diagnose, a play therapist observes a client playing with toys { play houses, pets dolls etc } to determine the cause of the disturbed behaviors the objects and pattern of play a well as the willingness to interred with therapist can be used to understand the underlying rationale for behaviors both inside and outside the session according to the psychodynamic view, people {especially} children will engage in play behaviors in order to work through their interior obfuscation and anxieties an this way play therapy can be used as a self help mechanism, as long as children are allowed time for “free

play“ {or} “unstructured play“ from a developmental point of view, play has been determined to be an essential component of healthy child development play has been directly linked to cognitive development. Indicate to whom ? one approach to treatment is for play therapists use a type of systematic desensitization {or} less formal social settings. These processes are normally used with children but also applied to , Preverbal Non verbal {or] verbally impaired persons . Slow learners. Brain injured Drug affected Mature adults usually need much, “group permissions“ before indulging in the relaxed spontaneity of play therapy so a very skilled group workers is needed to deal with such guarded individuals. Many mature adults fined the “Child’s play” is so different and taboo, that most experienced group workers need specially tailored “play” strategies to reach them. Competent adults group workers will use there play strategies to enable more unguarded spontaneity to develop in the non - children student. relearning therapy to changes the distributing behavior either systematically {or} in

SANITARY {OR} SAND BOX THERAPY: Is a form of experimental workshop which allows greater exploration of deep emotional issues sand play therapy is suitable for children and adults and allows them to reach a deeper insight into and resolution of a range of issues in their lives such as deep anger, depression, abuse {or} grief.

Through a safe their world using a sand tray and a collection of miniatures. Accessing hidden previously unexplored arras is often possible using this expressive and creative way of working which does not rely on “lack“ therapy. THERAPY -PROCEDURE: Sand tray participants are invited to create a diorama {a story {or} miniature world by arranging toy people, animals, and other items in the sand tray. The therapist evaluates the participant’s choice and use of objects to draw various conclusions choice the subject psychological health. This non invasive method works especially well with those individuals who are young {or} have trouble comprehending and talking about difficult issues, such as domestic {or} child abuse, incest {or} death of a family member. PLAY BACK THEATRE: Is an original forms of improvisational theatre in which audience {or} group members tell stories from their lives and watch them enacted on the spot play back theatre is sometimes considered a modality drama therapy improvisation theatre in which the actors use improvisational acting

techniques

to perform spontaneously actors typically use

audience suggestions to guide the performance as they, create dialogue setting and plot extend courageously, improvisational theatre, performances tend to be comedy, although are not necessarily intended to be comedy. Many improvisational actors also work as scripted actors , and “improve” techniques are often taught in standard acting classes the basic skills of listening, clarity, confidence and performance instinctively and spontaneously are considered important skill for actors to develop. DRAMA THERAPY : Is an expressive therapy modality used in a wide variety of selling , including, hospital, schools, mental health centers, Prisons and business Drama therapy exist in many forms and can be applicable to individuals, couples, families and various groups. The use of dramatic process and theater as a therapeutic intervention began with psychodrama the field has expanded to allow many forms of theatrical interventions as therapy including role play theater games group, dynamic games mime, pupperty and other improvisational techniques often drama therapy is utilized to help a client.
o Solve a problem. o Achieve a catharsis. o Delve into truths about self. o Understand the meaning of personally images.

some

forms including play back theatre & theatre of the oppressed

o Explore

and

transcend

unhealthy

patterns

of

interaction. Drama therapy is extremely varied in its use based on the practioner, the setting and the client from fully fledged. Performance to empty chair role play, the sessions may involve many variables including the use of a troupe of actors THERAPLAY : Is a therapeutic approach that uses elements of play therapy with the intention of helping parents and children build better attachment relationship through attachment based play. Therapy is a therapeutic approach was developed in 1967 in Chicago by Ann. M .Jernburg. History: Ann Jernburg, PhD become 1967 the director pf psychological services for the new Chicago heed start program with one of her assistants Phyllis booth. She and her team were asked to identify children in need of psychological services and refer them to existing centre . However they were very few resources for children

mental health’s at the time , and the exiting ones could not possibly handle the hundreds of children identified as needing help. From that staring point Ann. Jernburg started to create her own program that would treat children at the head start centers rather than at outlying clinics and could use para -professionals supervised by mental health professional to do the actual work the result was a model based on healthy

parent infant attachment and interaction that borrowed elements from the attachments theory, developed by john bowl by, is the theoretical basis of there play.

ATTACHMENT THERAPY : Is originating in the work of john browl by, is a psychological, evolutionary and etiological theory that provides a descriptive & explanatory frame work for understanding interpersonal relational between human beings attachment theorist consider the humans infant to have a need for a secure relationship with adult caregivers, without which normal social & emotional development will not occur, however different relationship experience can lead to different developmental outcomes. With in attachments theory infant behaviors associated with attachment is primarily a process of proximity seeking to an identified attachments figure in stressful situation, for the purpose of survival infants become attached to adults to are sensitive and responsive in social interaction with the infant, and who remain as consistent care givers for some months during the period from about 6 months - 2 yrs age. During the later part of this period, children beg in to are attachment figures (familiar people) as a secure base to explore from and return to parental responses lead to the development of patterns of attachments which in turn lead to internal looking models which will guide the individuals feelings, thoughts & expectations in later relationships separation anxiety {or} grief following serious loss are normal and natural responses in an attachments infant. An extreme deficit in appropriate parenting can lead to a lack of attachment behaviour in a child and may result in the rare disorder known as reactive attachment disorders.

Developmental psychologist many attachments theory, developed a theory

Farnsworth

an

important figure in the formulation and development of of a number of attachment pattern (or) styles in infants in which distinct characteristics were identified :b these were,  Secure Attachment  Avoidant attachment  Anxious attachment  Disorganized attachment Other theorist subsequently extended attachments theory to adults methods axist for measurement of attachment in middle childhood is problematic, in addition to care seeking by children. One may construe other interaction as including some components of attachments behaviors these include peer relationship of all ages romantic and sexial attraction and response to the cave needs of infants (or) sick (or) elderly adults. In order to formulate a comprehensive theory of early attachments, bowl by explored a range of fields. Including evolution, by natural selection object relations theory (psychoanalysis) control systems theory evolutionary biology & the fields of ethnology and cognitive psychology. In early days academic psychologist Criticized bowl by and the psychoanalytic community ostracized him, attachment theory has become the dominant approach to understanding early social development and given rise to a great surge of empirical research into the information of children’s close relationship these have been significant

modification as a result of empirical research but attachments concepts have become generally accepted . CRITICISM : Theory has been sporadic Some of it relating to an early precursor hypothesis called (maternal deprivation) More recent criticism relates to the complexity of social relationship within family pattern for classification. There are current efforts to evaluate a number of intertextures and treatment approaches that are based on applications of attachments theory. ANECDOTAL DECORD : Anecdotal record is a record of some significant item of conduct a record of an episode in the life of student, a word picture of the students in action a word snaps hot at the moment of the incident, any narration of events in which may be signified about his personality. Randall. Anecdotal record, as the name implies, involves setting down an anecdote concerning some aspects of students behaviors which seems significant to the observer. -Tandler. MEANING : An anecdotal record is a running description of actual examples of behaviors of a students as observed by teacher and the counselor it is followed by his comments these are setting & limitation of discrete

descriptive accounts of episodes (or) occurrences in the daily life of the student.

CHARACTERISTICS : These are records of specific incidents, factual description of import ant and meaningful event (or) behaviors of students on informal occasions each event (or) behaviors is described shortly after it occurs. They should contain a factual description of what happened, when it happened and under what circumstances that behaviors occurred. The interpretations and recommended actions should be noted separately from the description each anecdotal record should contain a record of a single incident. The incident recorded should be that is considered to be significant example. MERITS: These records help in clinical service practices if properly used they provide a factual record of our observations of a simple, significant incident in the student behaviors. They stimulate teacher to use the records and contribute in them. They record critical incident of spontaneous behaviors in natural setting. They provide the teacher with objective description. to the students growth and development of

They are very good for young children, who are unable to use paper pencil test. They direct the teacher’s attention to single student. They provide cumulative record of growth & developments They can be used by the counselor as a information for giving evidence. They provide specific and exact description of personality and minimizes generalization. They provide more complete description of behaviors better suited to understanding and guiding student than the other observational stools available can be used as a supplement to quantitative tool. They new members may use these records and acquaint themselves with the students. DEMERITS : They tend to be less reliable than other observational tool as they tend to be les formal & systematic. They are time consuming to write It is difficulty for the observes to maintain objectively when he / she record the incident observer. When incidents are noted and read out of context they may lose their meaning. The observer tends to record only undesirable incidents and neglect the positive incidents They present only a verbal description of the incident they do not reveal causes. PRINCIPLES : source of

Restrict observation to those aspects of behavior which can’t be evaluated by other means. Concentrate on only one - 2 behaviors observation should be selective. An observation blue print (or) guide should be prepared in advance. Record should be complete. They should be kept by all teachers and not only by the students teachers. Record the incident (or) action as soon as possible after it has happened. They should be complied and filed. They should have an interpretative value they must be available to specified school (or) college personnel. They should be emphasized as an educational resources. They should not be confined to recording negative behavior pattern. They should be regardless of the directions of behaviors. They teacher’s should have practice and training observation & writing anecdotal records. Anecdotal record is a brief account of a critical incident. Anecdotal records of critical incidents that occur during a clinical experience quite useful provided focus is an incidents that reflect effective behavior and in effective behaviors both incident recorded clearly.
1) The first part of an anecdotal record should be

in main

factual, simple and clear name of student unite / ward / department date and time brief report of what happened.
2) Second part include additional comments, analytic

and

conclusion

based

on

interpretations

and

judgments. The first part answer who was involved where did it take place when did occurred what happened 2nd part how and why the behaviors occurred follow “ABC record. rule“ in writing anecdotal

A B C

- ACCURACY - BREVITY - CLARITY.

DESCRIIPTIVE REPORTS : The instructor writes a brief report on students nurses performance over a given period. There reports are quite useful it instructor highlights student’s strengths & weakness in a systematic way. Instructor decides what to include in a report and she

may quite in consistent unless she is guided by some kind of a structure otherwise these types of reports than out to be subjective assessment. FORMAT FOR ANECDOTAL RECORD Name of the school/ college Name of the student observed class subject Name of the observer Date and place Objective Description Comments of the observer Signature of the observer : : : : : : :

ANECDOTAL NOTES : Mostly used in inuring education about students practice and Reliability . The concerns expressed relate to the format of the note, the system of collecting the notes, and the use made of the information collected. Perhaps some teacher’s expect too much from anecdotal notes simply because they don’t understand fully their function. Learner’s activities & behaviors during a particular performance of short duration it is a vignette of the learner’s practical experience. Written informally without modifying expressions & contains only data that clarity the image of the event. Some individuals enlarge the scope of the anecdotal note by including an interpretations of it (or) by making inferences from the event this approach detracts from the principles functions of anecdotal notes. When behavioral objective has identified for clinical practice teacher should take decision how to be evaluated. Some behaviors should selected & should followed for all the students. Illustration for use of anecdotal notes :

Uses auscultation in there cut of 4 observation technique accurately recorded on anecdotal notes, the students use auscultation note accurately criteria for evaluation
o Identify the proper landmark. o Use stereoscope properly. o Distinguish should properly.

Carryout the procedure in time based on it teacher & learner evaluate recorded behavior according to stated criteria this process is most effective in formative evaluation. Recommendation: These supplement other records and should not be considered as substitutes. The objective descriptions of the behaviors should not mixed up with the subjective comments. Any significant behaviors of the students should be recorded, inferences, guesses (or) assumptions must be avoided unless it signifies. The facts presented in all the anecdotes must be shifted and arranges so that they may be studied in relations to one another. The record should be regarded as confidential it should not fall into irresponsible hands words and phrases are employed that are definable in terms of things rather than other words concrete statements are preferred to abstract ones. CONCLUSION:

From this I understand about socio metric evaluation. Its importance how to apply to the students. Assure that will help us to impale the interpersonal relationship between students. BIBLIOGRAPHY
 B.T

: (2003), “Nursing Education“ Ist

Basavanthappa

edition, published by Jaypee brothers, New Delhi. Pp No: 515 - 522.
 Jean Barrette (2004), “Ward Management and

Education”, 14th edition, komark publishers Pp: 357-368.
 K.P. Neeraja , ( 2003 ) “ vText book of Nsg education “ Ist

edition , by Jaypee brothers , New Delhi , Pp No : 315 317 . NET REFERENCE: www.wikiepeida.co.in

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