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available GEAR LUBRICANT This specially prepared grease is recommended lubrication on manufacturing sewing machines.THE . NOTE: All of the above oils are 1 gallon and 5 gallon cans. TYPE F . tins. end 4 lb. ball bearing hangers etc. 7 1 ! TH~ SING~R MANUFACTURING *A hade Mark of THE SINGER MANUFACTURING COMPANY COMPANY I .20631 US~ SINGER· OILS and LUBRICANTS They insure freedom from lubricating Irl)ub/e give longer life 10 sewing equipment and ADJUSTERS MANUAL FOR SINGER* SEWING MACHINE TWO LOOPERS STITCH The following is the correct lubricant for the 134w. and plain bearings in power in 1 quart.MOTOR OIL For oil lubricated motors tables and transmitters. HEAVY GRADE OTHER SINGER the or needle leather fabrics LUBRICANTS TYPE E . Special attention is called to the lubricating instructions on pages 6 and 7.THREAD LUBRICANT For lubricating thread where of sewing a thread machines lubricont for is stilching required.OFF . Furnished in 1 lb. for gear BALL BEARING This pure LUBRICANT grease is specially and ball designed thrust for the lubrication of motors of power and tables.ARM TYPE D - MANUFACTURING MACHINE OIL. 152 and 231 Machines: 231.25 TWO NEEDLES AND TWO-THREAD CHAIN FEED . of boll bearings bearings electric transmitters.
1941 and 1948 by The Singer Manufacturing Company All Rights Reserved for All Countries pulley turns over . S. per depending When for the first two be driven up to its maximum on the nature the machine toward of 4300 and of the work is in operation. A. operator. the two-thread and other felling medium or an authorized SINGER fabrics. SINGER are used. U. The machine inch. A splash The needle from bar oiling so that suitable the for closing sleeve boys' shirt as the sleeves needles when are close the set to before the is closed. 1934. It is especially cuff is attached diagonally the cuff line. of The Singer Manufaduring on any machine agency DESCRIPTION MACHINE 231-25 chain tubular has two needles stitch work for lap in light seam and and two Call of which are duly Regis~ered repaired. as not even instructed to test on the until 7. shaft driving mechanism machine through a hollow ~he Manufaduring an oil reservoir aHention.TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: The improper placing or renewal Marks Trade of ~he Trade Marks) or al~ered Mark" SINGER" or Company ~ha~ has FEED-OFF-THE-ARM loopers boys' weight and shirts. a SINGER fadory reconditioned. pages SPEED Needles "FOR are NOT in Containers SINGER marked The machine 2 MACHINES" made needles. 6 and 1 in SINGER Machines Needles and their Containers are marked wi~h the Trade Mark "SIMANCO:" setting it has up. 1935. looper mechanism. in any way whatsoever is forbidden. it can should minute be driven at a speed or three speed not exceeding days. do not start been thoroughly the machine. can only be assured are available and mail orders a~ all will as ordered. CAUTION SINGER Needles These Company's should be used After speed. after revolutions the ability 4200 which per of the mach~ne SINGER revolutions minute.. oiled. makes pajamas 3 any other been outside of ~he Trade rebuilt. needle starts THE IMPORTANCE OF USING left hand the stitching SINGER" PARTS AND NEEDLES may be furnished in gauges from 3/32 to 1/4 IN SINGER The successful opar abion of and needles for MACHINES machines Supplies Trade. SINGER parts SINGER Shops if receive prompt system at the oils the feed is oiled pulley and end. the operator. the top of the Copyright.
and set the level so that the oil will in the head. Then place set the arm to keep the with its arm rotary shaft perfectly mechanism not flood the needle bar driving the spirit level lengthwise of the machine machine level. 3 The two vibration dampeners A and B. 3. may be used either with a paralset-up using an idler pulley. Fig. Check the setting Fig. then locate and drill holes in the table and fasten the angle straps B of the dampeners to the table with 1/4 x 2-1/4 inch bolts.5 4 SETTING UP Unpack and clean the machine.02. Insert the two rubber cushions E. 2 are placed at the rear of the machine base and at the right of the bed extension as shown in Fig. 2 Fig. it is attached extension as shown in Fig. 2. 6. to the machine bed When an idler pulley is used. Belt Guard 139398. or with an oblique Fig. The cylinder arm cover of the machine should be levelled by placing shims under the rubber cushions or the vibration Place a spirit level crosswise machine dampeners. . on the flat cover plate and occasionally level. lel set-up. 2 into the holes in the base of the machine. Attach the straight straps C to the machine base and bed extension. Place the machine in position with the edge of the machine base in line with the edge of the table as shown below. on the flat arm cover plate. Attach the bed extension to the machine bed as shown in Fig 6. and see that the hole D for the presser bar lifter chain is in line with the hole in the table plank. Fig.
4 which lubricate idler pulley pulley. re- placing in the page shaft 23. Surplus at the rear or similar Fig. Fig. 3 underDO THIS the machine ABOUT ONCE A WEEK. Otherwise run the machine a few minutes before adding oil to this reservoir. 1. Fig. OIL DRAIN. top put a few of the drops starting Fig.6 . Fig. sold by Singer Sewing Machine Company. 6 and of the arm 22. 2. 0. Figs. These wells moy be kept empty out the oil with Oil which in the front NOTE: All of the oil is drained from the cylinder arm reservoir before the machine is shipped from the factory.6 7 OILING THE MACHINE TO GO BELOW THE HOlE AT THE CENTER OF THE ARM SHAFT. 5 to the top. Fig. Place in each bearings. Fig. arm the see reservoir instructions the wicking crank on G1. After the machine has been set up so that its cylinder arm cover is level. therefore it is absolutely necessary that the machine be thoroughly oiled according to the following instructions before it is started in operation: Use "TYPE 0" OIL. Hand G. Turn the machine pulley to bring the screw plug M. See "X-ray" view of machine on pages 12 and 13. Fig. add oil before starting. der the rotary be drained by removing at of the from thread arm. remove this plug and fill the reservoir practically to the top. 4 before the machine. for description of this oil. for Fig. and neath 6 on about 5 drops cups the of oil ball of the three and the J. 4 and fill the arm reservoir to the level of the mark on the gauge. THIS RESERVOIR SHOULD BE FILLED ABOUT TWICE A WEEK OR OFTEN ENOUGH TO KEEP THE OIL LEVEl UP TO THE MARK ON THE GAUGE. Run the machine a few minutes. Fig. getting accumulates bed unshaft shou Id plug oil of the out occasionally the screw to prevent on the bottom looper K. 4 in the to ke-up. 4 oil from the bearings in the head by soaking drains into the wells G 1. Fig. then wipe off the gauge and recheck the oil level. 5 of bar needle guide pin F. waste of the base material. 3. lift out the gauge L. see inside front cover of this book. in the cup N. NOTICE: When the machine is first set up. or after it has been idle for same oil in the time. If the oil is down to the bottom of this hole. THE OIL LEVEL IN THIS RESERVOIR SHOULD NEVER BE ALLOWED NOTE: If an excessive amount of oil should flow into 22.
10 threads The tension screw page thread. when using needles TO OPEN THE LEFT LOOPER GATE-With the forefinger of the left hand. 18 and needles to be used pass thread should freely is used. the 15. the 14. open THE LOOPER GATES of the loopers or for adjustments at the end the looper gates as instructed below.8 9 TO OPEN NEEDLES Needles and are made for Machine in sizes 231-25 are of Class and 19. with the thumb. NOTE: Play in the looper gates may be removed by adjusting the small lock spring on the inside of each gate. 7 fig. the leiter x. 8. Orders SIZE number. 149 x 1 Needles" results Machine will be obtained Company. 8 "100 The best sold by Singer stitching Sewing No. The following for If rough through wh ich must or uneven through or if it passes the eyes of the needles. pull out the gate P in the direction of the arrow as shown in Fig. pull out the gate Q in the direction of the arrow as shown in Fig. TO SET THE NEEDLES Turn the machine moves needle they ward up to its highest clamp. 7 and. with the thumb. 16. swing the gate out to the right to the locking position shown in Fig. the needles the single the two over and toward loosen you vntil the needle clamp as far n~edle bar in the as to- the two groove set screws in each up into the needle set screws. be determined the cannot eyes by of with stitch Variety 149 x 1 To thread the cylinder arm. 10. continuous tighten TO REGULATE THE TENSIONS nuts goods. turn the gate down to the locking position shown in Fig. difficulty perfectly. you.9 fig. Fig. 14. with pulley point. The tension on the needle threads is regulated by the thumb above the tension discs at the top of the mcichine. . 17. The size of the the size of the thread. the machine needles must specify the QUANTITY required. The needle require sufficient tension to set the stitch properly in the fig. 9 and. 11. then Place will go. at the front threads on the looper of the looper for more should have threads thread tension only is regulated tension enough plates tension by turning 010. 17. the needles. to the right or to the left for less tension. separated the by and the CLASS and VARIETY numbers is an example of an intelligible order: fig. to control The looper TO OPEN THE RIGHT LOOPER GATE-With the forefinger of the right hand.
through A9. bring spool the thread from the hole the left A 1. through B7. through the take-up and the rear thread through guide A 14. through the front 12 in the thread the wire tension guide discs guide as shown. Fig. eyelets Pass AS.10 11 THREADING Turn position. then down down through through each A2 in A3. down A 12 in the front to back spring behind the wire A 13. through the eyes of the " to commence Fig. 11 on the unwinder. down eyelet from under the front B14 B15. Fig. 12 in the thread through eyelet A6. through B8. eyelet eyelet B6. eyelets in the thread 13 and retainer down guides the A 10 and rear eyelet from A 11. 12 the thread A4 and thread of the as shown. through front eyelets guides through guide needle in the thread and Bl0. the discs guide Fig. Fig. 13 and the retainer down the the take-up spring behind eye and thread down Bll B12. Fig. the eyelet A8. under take-up. 11 on the unwinder. front to back through the wire right of the Draw needles with about which two inches of thread sewing. Fig. and B13 in the take-up. around straightener between the rear tension A7. the machine pulley THE NEEDLES until the needle bar IS at its highest TO THREAD THE LEFT NEEDLE. then down down B2 B3. around B9. 11 Fig. the bethe in the thread B4 and thread tween through straightener each of the eyelets Pass B5. through Fig. guide bar. 13 . and the eye of the left needle TO THREAD THE RIGHT NEEDLE. bring ond spool the thread through from the the sechole Bl. guide bar.
12 13 ~. f I r .25 . "X-ray'l View of Machine 231.
16. Fig. Open the right looper gate as instructed on page 9. Pass the thread through the ferrule at the end of the thread tube C6. 14 and tension plates DID. Pass the thread through the ferrule at the end of the thread tube D6 and out through the hole at D7. into the front slot D15 and under the wire guard. bring the thread from the right-hand spool Dl. under the of the front looper. through the hole in the casting into the wire guide D12. pass the thread through the upper horizontal tube C9. as shown. down through the hole C2 in the thread Fig. through the hole D19 in the heel guide bar. through the front eyelet Dll. 14 in the thread straightener as shown. Fig. also open the cover plates on the front and top of the horizontal arm. on the unwinder. Fig. into the guide D14. then from the hole at C8 through the lower ferrule of the thread tube. . Fig. The thread will automatically slip through the spiral slot into the tube. down behind the thread retaining plate D16. then between the first and secFig. Fig. 16. through the rear hole C19 in the looper thread guide. In the same way. 15 take-up stripper D13. 16 Fig. through the hole C20 in the heel of the rear looper and from front to back through the eye C21 of the looper. Fig. through the front hole D18 in the looper thread guide. through the hole at C7. C4 and C5. Fig. TO THREAD THE REAR LOOPER. into the guide C15. 15. down behind the thread retaining plate Fig. through the thread tube C18. In the same way. bring the thread from the spool Cl. 11 on the unwinder. D4 and D5. under the take-up stripper C14. as shown in Fig. Draw about two inches of thread through the eye of each looper with which to commence sewing. down through the hole D2 in the thread guide bar. pass the thread through the lower horizontal tube D9. then downward through each of the eyelets D3. 14 in the thread straightener. through the hole in the casting into the wire guides C12 and C13. into the rear slot C16 and under the wire guard. through the rear eyelet C 11. 11. 15. 17. TO THREAD THE FRONT LOOPER or the one nearest the operator.14 15 THREADING THE LOOPERS Turn the machine pulley until the needle bar is at its lowest point to bring the loopers into position for threading. then pass it from the hole at D8 down through the lower ferru Ie of the thread tube. pClge 11. Fig. allowing the thread to slip through the spiral slot into the thread tube. 17. as shown in Fig. between the second and third tension plates C 10. through the thread tube D17. and from front to back through the eye 020 of the looper. 17 C17. then downward through each of the eyelets C3.
25 in the lower belt pulley. the lower shaft must be timed by loosening the two set screws and the cap screw Yl and Xl. which projects beyond the body of the eccentric. In this position. Fig. at the same time that the needle bar is at its lowest point. 26 bear against a flat on the shaft. 19 TO TIME THE NEEDLE-AVOIDING MOTION OF THE LOOPERS produced by the lower shaft. The loopers should be at the end of their backward stroke. with the points farthest from the needles. Fig.16 17 TO REGULATE THE PRESSURE ON THE MATERIAL TO TIME AND SET THE LOOPERS IN RELATION TO THE NEEDLES The pressure of the presser foot on the material should be heavy enough so that the feed will move the work evenly. and loosen this lock screw. Fig. First turn the machine pulley to bring the lock screw W. The on their forward on the backward The sidewise or needle-avoiding motion is eccentric at the right of the feed eccentric. 20 Fig. and should clear the front of the needles . If the belt has been removed or disturbed. turn the wing nut S downward. Fig. Tighten the lock screw Wand replace the screw plug. Fig. 18 TO REGULATE THE LENGTH OF STITCH needle. the point of the front looper should be about 9/64 inch from the center of the front Fig. which may be adjusted by removing the screw plug V. 20. to the left or outward for a longer stitch. then the two set screws. and turning the lower shaft until the loopers are correctly timed with the needles. The looper timing is set by having the first (when turning toward the operator) of the two set screws in the looper eccentric ZI. Fig. on the loopers should just clear the back of the needles stroke. The loopers may be moved to this position after loosening the clamping screw Y. turn the wing nut S upward. or to the right for a shorter stitch. The length of the stitch is controlled by the feed eccentric. 19 u nderneath the hole. Then turn the large screw X. Tighten the cap screw Xl first. 18 in the front of the bed cover. To increase the pressure. To decrease the pressure.
below it and turning their pulley Fig. 22 TO SET THE NEEDLE The function needles on their springing forward of the stroke. the through or lowered in either slots HEIGHT the full in the throat is at its highest practically by turning the stitch take-up For some the differences it will be necessary different twist. cover app")ars ci. from that elasticity. Fig. 22 the 1/16 top needle thread is usually inch below bar. 20. distance they may clamping the eccentric of the needles so that adjustment. needles loopers alignment each The raised ing the other. the on points the the needle inch and will of the of the be the eyes they upward bar. from screw be moved the eyes on the looper loosening Y. . should below the reach centers until one of the two set screws so that set screw under not quarter-turn. 21 The up 01. threads OF THE AUXILIARY thread take-up high after bar enough the finishes THREAD TAKE-UP the shed front up the the stroke of the slack needle and M 1. 22. needle guard into the path GUARD Z. takeset Fig. to set the auxiliary required etc. the factory. needle Fig. Fig. by others. TO SET THE NEEDLE THREAD TAKE-UP Fig. the screwdriver in the slot to hold desired same strokes. loosen this of the remove screw eccentric the arm about a TO SET THE NEEDLE BAR When loopers needles of the 1/8 points.18 19 stroke. loosen the set screw B 1. turn the mathe hole leaving score the loosen while on it inthe stroke eyes about the needles sideways looper of the of the fect pass the eccentric. shaft the and shaft Bring the other to obtain loopers backward after the the the hole. needle clamping bar after may be Ql. the thread cutter Fig. come setting A change closer is required To adjust in the timing from different when for of the eccentric the needles sizes the machine and leaves will make therefore This and the loopers a different eccentric is To remove screws THREAD CUTTER blade for honing. ADJUSTMENT The auxiliary machine of the loops and should needle as is set. 26. 20 is to prevent when the loopers should be set as close the are as so that is about top of its clamp the of the loopers guard of the The needle possible to the needles without touching them. the feed teeth dog dog should may of the The feed project be raised AT THE CORRECT point. it will under the surface leave the forward To bring side of the bearing. To set the needle guard. be in perwhen or lowered loosen- screw Fig. in finish. thread owing to the eccen- at a height tric pin El. 21. Fig. 21 underneath the end of the cylinder arm and move the needle guard to lhe correct position. take out the two to or farther of needles. Fig. set for size 17 needles chine M2. 22 at so that loopers its have be set threads the needle it takes downward TO SET THE FEED DOG When depth plate. 21 a part of a turn direction. Fig.
tension is partially released RJ . then the upper pulley. \ ~ffi ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ \:. 18 shou. or if the . looper eccentric The needle thread eyelet U. Fig. To set the needle thread eyelet.d be set so that when the loopers are shedding the needle loops on their backward stroke. If the tension releaser does not release the threads when the presser I I I I start their backward or loop-shedding motion. Take out the two screws which hold the belt guard cover and remove the cover. 23 and turn the shaft R1 to the right or left until the correct adjustment is obtained. Fig. loosen the set screw Fig. then tighten the set screw. or retarded to draw less thread. screw in the hub of the take-up. loosen the two set screws in the machine pulley belt groove. TO REMOVE AND REPLACE THE ARM SHAFT CONNECTION BELT TO TIME THE LOOPER thread The straight between part of the take-up the take-up stripper THREAD TAKE-UP Remove the needles to prevent damage while the needles and loopers are out of time. 23 51. and 26 in the feed eccentric to the should bear TO SET THE NEEDLE THREAD EYELET The feed lifting eccentric is connected is timed as instructed on page 19. 25 .20 21 TO ADJUST THE NEEDLE THREAD TENSION RELEASER The function of the needle thread tension releaser is to release the ten s ion on the needle threads when the presser foot is raised. Fig. so that the loopers on their forward stroke will just draw the thread taut or pull a small amount of thread. it is best to start it in a low position and continue raising it until the loopers back out of the needle loops with a little tension on the thread. 24 should touch the wires T1 just as the loopers El55£2 Fig. The belt may be easily slipped off the lower belt pulley. more thread during the after loosening the set &/It. Unscrew the machine pulley oil reservoir from the shaft. 24 Fig. and remove the machine pulley.. TO TIME THE FEED The set screw N2. the thread will not snap off the points of the loopers nor be drawn through the tension discs with enough tension to break the thread. The take-up may be advanced to draw back stroke. Fig.__ -"""-------down. C'5SIJ when the presser foot is . The take-up acts also as a thread pull-off and should draw most of the thread through the tension discs on the backward stroke of the loopers. U1. foot is raised. against the flat on the shaft. .