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Y R A L U B VOC A
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS
◆ Health and Safety ◆ Car and Driver ◆ Responsible Citizenship ◆ Nutrition and Cooking
VOCABULARY in context
VOCABULARY iin nc o n te x t context
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS HISTORY MEDIA
GEOGRAPHY WORDS LITERATURE WORDS CAREER WORDS
MUSIC, ART, SCIENCE
Three Watson Irvine, CA 92618-2767 E-Mail: email@example.com Website: www.sdlback.com Development and Production: Laurel Associates, Inc. Cover Design: Elisa Ligon Interior Illustrations: Katherine Urrutia, Debra A. LaPalm, C. S. Arts Copyright © 2002 by Saddleback Educational Publishing. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without the written permission of the publisher. ISBN 1-56254-392-X Printed in the United States of America 07 06 05 04 03 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
........ 80 LESSON UNIT 2 Preview ........... 46 7 Vocabulary Stretch .......... 30 LESSON 1 Glossary ... 81 2 Reading Food Labels ......................... 31 2 Computers and Health ..... 21 5 Practicing Conservation . 105 109 3 .................. 15 5 Controlling Pests ............................. 56 2 Buying Life Insurance ..................................................... 71 7 Vocabulary Stretch ............... 102 5 A Gardening Project ............................. 87 4 Communities Against Graffiti ............... 4 UNIT 3 Preview ............... 12 4 Understanding Mass Mailings ......... 84 3 Tools and Tasks ..... 99 ▼ Unit 4 Review .................... 59 3 Megavitamins: A Good Idea? .......... 40 5 How to Paint a Room ....... 27 UNIT 4 Preview .........................................EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS CONTENTS ▼ Introduction ................... 90 1 Glossary ................... 43 6 Good Mental Health ........ 96 7 Vocabulary Stretch . ▼ Word List ................................. 65 4 Keep Your Cool! .... 18 6 A Car’s Safety Features ....... 24 ▼ Unit 1 Review ..................... 49 ▼ Unit 2 Review .............................................................................. 9 3 Beware of Telephone Scams ............................................................. 5 LESSON 1 Glossary .................... 77 7 Vocabulary Stretch ... 55 LESSON UNIT 1 Preview ................. 93 6 Safe Driving Quiz ............................................................................ 74 ▼ Unit 3 Review .................................... 37 4 Will You Lend a Hand? ... 6 2 Are You “Test-Wise”? ...... 52 ▼ End-of-Book Test ........................ 68 6 Washing Your Car ... 62 1 Glossary ............... 34 3 Easy Biscuits ..........................................
are included as reinforcement. Science and Technology. such as drawing conclusions and completing analogies. and Music. prefixes. you must incorporate the new words you learn into your everyday speech and writing. word roots. the vocabulary you use when you speak or write always significantly adds or detracts from what you have to say. grammatical word forms. In other words. The program was designed to enrich your personal “word bank” with many hundreds of high-frequency and challenging words. Media and Marketplace. These strategies include the study of synonyms and antonyms. Workplace and Careers.INTRODUCTION Welcome to VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT! A well-developed vocabulary pays off in many important ways. and the efficient use of a dictionary and thesaurus. VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT was written especially for you. History and Geography. And word power obviously increases your effectiveness as a communicator. Art. Follow-up exercises provide a wide variety of practice activities to help you unlock the meanings of unfamiliar words. Thinking skills. connotations. Each worktext presents topic-related readings with key terms in context. Think about it: As far as other people are concerned. A first-class vocabulary must be constantly renewed! In order to earn a reputation as a firstrate communicator. Better-than-average “word power” makes it easier to understand everything you read and hear—from textbook assignments to TV news reports or instructions on how to repair a bicycle. and Literature. your ideas are only as convincing as the words you use to express them. There are six thematic books in the series—Everyday Living. and suffixes. 4 . A word of advice: Don’t stop “thinking about words” when you finish this program.
4. _____ Gullible people are sometimes known as con artists. T 8. 6. Latin root a. 2. _____ It can be dangerous to recline your seat-back while you are driving. _____ Road rage is usually an effect of excessive stress. 1. T 2. 3. b 2. cide d. c 5 . Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. prefix 3. and skills you will study in this unit. _____ Pesticide is an antonym of insecticide. ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY Draw a line to match each item on the left with an appropriate example on the right. pronoun c. barnyard b. 1. part of speech 2. en- ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1. _____ Analogies are statements of relationship. d 3. TRUE OR FALSE Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. T 6. T ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY: 1. F 7. 7. 8. F 5. a 4.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS UNIT 1 PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. F 3. concepts. F 4. _____ Adjectives are words that describe adverbs. _____ Solicitors are important safety features in your car. _____ Soap and toilet paper are two staples that people keep in their homes. 5. compound word 4.
In this book. to examine it carefully ballot paper or card on which a voter marks his or her choice bank account money deposited in a bank where it is held ready for withdrawal by the depositor consumer person who buys products or services cultivate to prepare soil and grow crops detour route used when the regular route is blocked or closed to traffic entrée the main dish of a meal etiquette rules of proper conduct. good manners obligation a legal or moral duty or responsibility passage a section of a speech or a piece of writing pedestrians people who are walking instead of driving or riding prohibited describes something not allowed. a timetable staples common articles or food items kept in readiness for use thrive to grow in a strong.UNIT 1 Lesson 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical list of useful terms. often forbidden by law schedule a plan showing dates and times when parts of a project should be completed. academic having to do with formal schooling analyze to study something part by part. 2. 1. 6 . You show consideration for other people when you follow the rules of _________________________. glossary entries are drawn from the various activities of everyday life. healthy way WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the glossary to complete the sentences. Driving the wrong way on a one-way street is _________________________ by law.
10. Seedlings need plenty of sunshine and water if they are to _________________________. a crosswalk is provided for _________________________. 7.3. At most intersections. Your _________________________ history is an important part of your résumé. To _________________________ a garden plot. 4. a trowel. On an essay test. you might be asked to _________________________ the causes of America’s Civil War. 5. 8. A customer in a store can also be called a _________________________. 7 . you will need a shovel. you take on a legal _________________________. and a hoe. When you sign a contract. 12. When you arrive at a polling place. 9. 11. 13. Sugar and flour are _________________________ found in most people’s kitchen cupboards. you will be given a _________________________. 6. you must fill out a form and deposit some money. In order to establish a _________________________. Roast beef is the most popular _________________________ served at this restaurant.
______________________________________________________________ 6. ______________________________________________________________ b.14. 3. The noun form of academic is __________________________. 8 . 15. 2. drivers usually have to make a _________________________. ______________________________________________________________ 7. The adjective form of obligation is __________________________. Two different meanings of the word staples are: a. LOOK IT UP! Check a dictionary to find the information you need to complete the sentences. The noun form of prohibit is __________________________. The teacher asked Tim to read a _________________________ from Romeo and Juliet. ______________________________________________________________ b. The noun form of analyze is ____________________. The verb form of consumer is __________________________. 1. Two different meanings of the word passage are: a. 5. 16. 4. Check the bus _________________________ to see where you will have to transfer to another route. When roads are being repaired.
What five-letter verb in the reading means “to make a judgment without having enough facts to be certain”? _______________________ g r 3. 5. none of the above. After you answer the questions you know. If you still can’t answer a question. 1. answer all the questions. Budget your time. 4. • Try paraphrasing the question. try these strategies: • For a multiple-choice item. never. Allow most of your time for questions that are worth the most points. • If you have time. Underline key words and qualifiers such as all of the above. and so on. WORD SEARCH 1. noting the types of questions and the number of points each section is worth. Then try to recall some examples. Start with the easiest questions.UNIT 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 2 Are You “Test-Wise”? Here are some useful strategies to help you improve your performance on objective tests at school. Change an answer only if you have a good reason to do so. Read the questions and all possible answers carefully. Glance over the test. 2. What seven-letter adjective in the reading means “requiring the least effort”? _______________________ e 2. reread the questions you didn’t answer the first time. • If there is no penalty for guessing. eliminate those choices you know are not correct. 3. always. even if you have to guess blindly. What nine-letter adjective in the reading means “left over”? _______________________ 9 . check over the exam before you turn it in. Then choose among the remaining alternatives.
a. a. a. Then complete each analogy with a word from the reading. b m Affirm is to reaffirm as read is to __________________________. Skillful test-takers know how to budget their time. 4. check over your exam before you turn it in. 2. budget b. plan how to best use 4. studying during peak hours c.WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or phrase as it is used in each sentence. a. add check marks 3. If you have time. Adjective is to blind as adverb is to __________________________. reading it backward 5. 1. reading it aloud b. tutor 2. Find the relationship between the first two words. 3. One is to several as single is to __________________________. Never change a test answer unless you have a good reason for doing so. hiring a tutor to coach you Analogies are statements of relationship. techniques used to accomplish something ANALOGIES b. revise c. r Opinion is to fact as subjective is to __________________________. Paraphrasing a test question sometimes helps you to understand it better. justification c. Employing certain strategies can help you get better test grades. review b. work very quickly c. a. o 10 . equate time with money b. 1. restating it in your own words c.
1. reject 5.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. finalize 6. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. select 4. exams 8. The clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. upgrade 7. use each word in two original sentences. choices 10. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. important 2. begin SYLLABLES 9 S 7 8 T S A 10 R Find the two words in the crossword puzzle that have four syllables (word parts spoken with a single sound). ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11 . part 9. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. remember DOWN 3 K C C 4 E 5 I 6 1. On the lines below. ACROSS 1 2 3.
Never give a stranger any personal information.) Particularly. bank account number. or arrange for someone to pick it up?) WORD SEARCH 1. What seven-letter verb in the reading means “to cheat or trick someone for financial gain”? ______________________ s 2. or credit card number. simply hang up. What seven-letter verb in the reading means “disturbs or pesters in an annoying way”? ______________________ b s 3. 2. To avoid becoming a victim of telephone fraud. (This rule applies to any unknown persons seeking information in person or by mail as well as by telephone. 3. note the following details and include them in your report to the police: • the name or title the caller used to identify himself or herself • what the person said about the firm that he or she claimed to represent • what the caller promised or offered • what the caller told you to do (Give personal information? Mail money. do not reveal your address. If the call includes just about any promise of sudden riches. If a solicitor bothers you with requests for money or tries to argue. call the police.UNIT 1 Lesson 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Beware of Telephone Scams Some con artists swindle gullible people over the telephone. Social Security number. follow these tips provided by the police: 1. If you suspect the telephone offer is a fraud. What seven-letter verb in the reading means “to guess that something might be true”? ______________________ 12 .
1. Deceive is to mislead as cheat is to __________________________. c t r a a s 13 . sophisticated 3. to seek 5.ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Then complete the analogy with a word from the reading that shows the same relationship. 6. Climb is to climber as call is to _________________________. withhold 7 P ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. 5. Answer is to reply as ask is to __________________________. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. Identification is to identify as application is to __________________________. Explain is to clarify as debate is to __________________________. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. Write is to keyboard as speak is to __________________________. customer 7. 3. aggressor 6. public DOWN 5 G 2 U 3 A 4 V S 6 R 2. familiar 4. 2. 4. ACROSS 1 1.
LURE ________________________ ERCHIS ______________________ LUGBILEL ____________________ NOINIFORTAM ______________________ LUCYTARPRAIL ______________________ NUDSYLED _________________________ 1. specifically. innocent. __________________________ 3. data. especially. fraud bargain SYNONYMS reputable criminal convincing compassionate outsider nonacquaintance mentor unidentified trickery hoax opportunity scheme Unscramble the words from the reading. stranger sibling 3. fortune. __________________________ 14 . standard. __________________________ 4. wealth. 1. unexpectedly. Use a dictionary if you’re not sure of a word’s meaning. __________________________ 5. __________________________ 2. guideline. __________________________ 6. immediately. facts.DESCRIPTIVE WORDS Cross out two words that could not be used to describe each boldface item. Then write each unscrambled word next to its synonyms (words with similar meanings). inexperienced. con artists charming 2.
What eight-letter noun in the reading names a substance that stimulates the heart and nervous system? _______________________ c 15 . Responding quietly—instead of blowing your top—alters your breathing pattern and slows the damaging physical effects of stress. for example. Someone else may have “started it. Alcohol slows your thinking and spurs you to act out. Stop attracting trouble by tailgating. Don’t set yourself up for anger. And road rage—uncontrolled anger while driving—can be deadly. Ask yourself what mistake you are making. for example. and digestive problems. Here are some expert tips on how to “simmer down”: Be honest. and then practice new ways of behaving. Practice saying “Be my guest” if another driver cuts you off or gives you a rude gesture. Do you really want to give other people the power to make you upset? Try counting to 10 or taking deep breaths for a minute or two. Watch your intake of caffeine and alcohol. What ten-letter noun in the reading names the practice of driving too closely to the car ahead of you? _______________________ t 2. People who habitually yell and argue create much unhappiness and cause a lot of trouble. When you’re driving. and contribute to strokes. ulcers. trigger heart attacks. Distract yourself. do you follow other cars too closely? Work on it.” but that doesn’t excuse your own bad behavior. Decide to change your behavior.UNIT 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 4 Keep Your Cool! Anger affects your health. getting mad doesn’t solve problems. admit it. Such behaviors also raise blood pressure. If you have a problem with anger. Besides. Caffeine promotes anxiety and irritability. WORD SEARCH 1.
changes 6. elevate suggestions tension confess shout 6 D Y 8 E WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to complete the sentence or show the meaning of each boldface word or words. figurative language. Caffeine and alcohol can play a big part in uncontrolled anger. b. lethal 8. dull aches 2. chemical substances . c. results DOWN T 4 S 5 A 7 1.3. 4. Phrases such as “simmer down” and “blow your top” are examples of a. a. a. 5. 1. ACROSS 1 2 R A 3 2. open sores c. 7. Severe frustration and stress can result in stomach ulcers. formal speech. bad grammar. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “a motion made with some part of the body to express a feeling or idea”? _______________________ g 4. What eight-letter verb in the reading means “to divert or draw away one’s attention to something else”? _______________________ d SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. violent tremors b. legally prohibited c. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. 3. 3. food groups 16 b.
c. drowsy. Find the mystery words (reading from top to bottom) by filling in the blanks with words from the reading. expert. deny 7. 1. 3. 1. The adjective form of the noun behavior is ____________________. If you need help. 17 . polite ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 5. sure. 5. b. halt 8. bored. check a dictionary.4. dominant. uneasy. habitual. c. lethargic. 2. A person who is suffering from anxiety feels a. ____________________ is the noun form of the adjective digestive. ____________________ is the noun form of the verb alter. focus 6. Answer words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the clue words. destroy 2. agree ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ CHANGING PARTS OF SPEECH Complete each sentence with the correct form of the boldface word from the reading. distressed. deceitful 3. nervous. A behavior that is consistently repeated without thinking about it has become a. ANTONYMS b. confident. incurable. happy 4.
Don’t forget that ants. Using a pesticide spray should be your last resort. The first line of defense is cleanliness. That’s why ants are often found crawling around the bathroom sink and tub. ants come indoors to seek warmth. WORD SEARCH 1. Break up ant trails. What seven-letter noun names the long. What five-letter adjective in the reading could be used to describe a dripping faucet? 18 ______________________ ______________________ l . You can clean up ants with a vacuum or spray them with soapy water and wipe them up with a sponge. like any pests. To keep things dry as well as clean. need food and water. How do you get rid of ants? Try to control them with the least toxic products.UNIT 1 Lesson 5 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Controlling Pests Have you ever been surprised to see a long line of ants parading across your kitchen counter? When the outside temperature falls. And empty the kitchen trash can every day. If you must use an insecticide. What four-letter verb in the reading means “to go out in search of ”? ______________________ s 2. Remember that even small traces of pesticides washed down the sink drain into waterways and harm sensitive aquatic life. fix leaky faucets and pipes. Also make sure that food is stored in tightly sealed containers. Soap washes away the chemical trail that ants follow. choose the least toxic one. flat surface on top of your lower kitchen cabinets? ______________________ c s 3. Even tiny crumbs attract ants. That’s why you should wipe down counters thoroughly after preparing food. Ant baits are usually less toxic than sprays. What nine-letter adjective in the reading means “delicate or easily injured”? 4. Put the sugar bowl—and every other sweet thing—in the refrigerator.
____________________: scraps. ____________________: dabs.ANTONYMS Solve the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. reject 5. particles 2. carelessly 3 H T 7. short 8 7 6 C L R 6. ____________________: spigots. sizable DOWN C 5 4 T L 1. ITCOX ______________________ HARTS _____________________ CAUFTES MURBSC ______________________ _________________________ 1. foster 2. filthy SYNONYMS T Unscramble the words from the reading. ACROSS 1 2 4. attract 8. rubbish 4. poisonous 3. taps 19 . Then write each unscrambled word next to its synonyms (words with similar meanings). Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. ____________________: contaminating. loosely 3.
5. Then complete each analogy with a word from the reading that shows the same relationship. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. fall (verb) ______________________________________________________ fall (noun) ______________________________________________________ 2. Milk is to pitcher as sugar is to _________________________. An ____________________ is a poison especially formulated to kill insects. p k f b Attack is to offense as repel is to _________________________. 3. 3. 6. People who kill themselves commit the act of ____________________. 2. for example. 2. MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Use each of the boldface words in two sentences of your own. Drink is to water as eat is to _________________________.” Use words that end in cide to complete the sentences below. The root cide. 1. Tub is to bathroom as sink is to _________________________. means “kill. counter (noun) _________________________________________________ counter (verb) __________________________________________________ 20 . Welcome is to guest as unwelcome is to _________________________. 4. 1.ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. s THE LATIN ROOT cide Many English words are based on Latin roots. A ____________________ is a chemical substance used to kill a wide range of plant and animal pests. Any illegal killing of one human being by another is called a ____________________. 1. d Scrub is to brush as wipe is to _________________________. 4.
• prevent your ejection from the vehicle. 21 . including frontal. When worn correctly. When properly worn. a seat belt can prevent serious injury or death in a crash. be sure to adjust your front seats properly. Here are some important facts about airbags: • If you have a moderate to severe frontal collision. AIRBAGS Airbags supplement the protection that seat belts give to the torso and legs. seat belts: • keep you connected to the vehicle. • Airbags can be hazardous to children. Move both seats as far back as possible from the steering wheel and dashboard. • After inflating.UNIT 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 6 A Car’s Safety Features SEAT BELTS Seat belts are the single most effective safety device in your automobile. An inflating front airbag can strike with enough force to seriously injure—or even kill—a small child. the airbags will instantly inflate. They provide a cushion to help restrain and protect the head and chest. • help protect you in almost any type of crash. resulting in serious injury. keep adjustable seat-backs in an upright position. Reclining a seat-back too far can allow a person to slide under a seat belt in a crash. Whenever the car is moving. airbags deflate immediately. • hold you in the best position in case the airbags deploy. and rear impacts as well as rollovers. They won’t interfere with the driver’s visibility. side. WEAR SAFETY BELTS To get maximum protection from seat belts and airbags. • keep you from being thrown around the inside of the vehicle and against other occupants. • Most occupants of the vehicle will not realize that the airbags deployed until they see them lying deflated on their laps. This allows you to take advantage of the vehicle’s built-in safety features.
1. What six-letter noun in the reading means an “instrument” or “mechanism”? 2. What eight-letter verb in the reading means to “control” or “hold back”? 3. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “forced departure”?
d r e
Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words.
1. significant 5. activate
2. crash 3. trunk 4. power
Many words can be written in different forms to become different parts of speech. The noun danger, for example, can be rewritten as an adjective (dangerous) or a verb (endanger). On the lines below, write sentences of your own, using the word forms indicated.
1. noun form of the verb adjust ______________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
2. adjective form of the noun vision __________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. verb form of the noun inflation ___________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. verb form of the noun collision ____________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
First unscramble the boldface words from the reading. Then draw a line to match each word with its antonym (word with the opposite meaning).
1. NOTRALF 2. FIVEFECET 3. RIFTEENER 4. TRADEMOE
________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________
a. extreme b. assist c. rear d. useless
WORDS IN CONTEXT
Read the sentences. Then use words from the reading to complete the sentences.
1. When you drive, you and your passengers are ____________________ of the vehicle. 2. Your seat-back should be kept in an ____________________ position. 3. A safety device called an ____________________ can protect your head and chest. 4. A head-on crash into another car would be called a ____________________ collision.
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS
Get out your dictionary and thesaurus! The challenging words in this lesson were especially chosen to stretch the limits of your vocabulary.
LOOK IT UP!
Circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. Before selecting a word, (1) read the dictionary definitions of all the boldface words, and (2) check out the context clues in each sentence.
1. Some people who lose their jobs become ( indigent / impeccable ). 2. Brad’s solution to the problem may not be ( malleable / viable ). 3. Rita’s ( profligate / requisite ) spending makes us worry. 4. Steven’s ( austere / vapid ) remarks in class are annoying to the teacher. 5. In a materialistic society, ( decorum / avarice ) is common.
Now write sentences of your own, using the boldface words you did not use to complete the sentences above.
ACROSS DOWN F P 4 G 3. it is not a _______________________ for graduation. avarice 5 W WORDS IN CONTEXT Unscramble the words you studied on the previous page. 5. Loud laughter in the library shows a lack of _______________________. indigent 5. it is a very __________________________ material. 3. 25 . Then use one of the unscrambled words to correctly complete each sentence. 2. LAMEBALEL ____________________ MOREDUC ______________________ EASERUT _______________________ CAMPECLIBE ____________________ ETISIUQER ______________________ 1. Art class is optional at our school. Because copper can be easily hammered or reshaped. 4. If you need help.SYNONYMS 1 2 3 W Complete the crossword puzzle with synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the clue words. viable 2. Work that is faulty or imperfect in some way could never be called ______________________. vapid 4. profligate 1. check a thesaurus. Her ____________________ room has no decoration at all.
Amy made the all-star team by the seat of her pants. Would a friend try to lead you down the garden path? a. refrain from speaking d. _____ to pull up stakes 3. that cannot be understood literally. surprise you 26 . a. move to another place b. by warming the bench c. warned c. arrive early 4. disappoint you b. praised b. deceive you c.EVERYDAY IDIOMS Every language has idioms. scolded 2. Write a letter to match each idiom on the left with its meaning on the right. 1. That’s why understanding idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. hold your emotions in check c. or expressions. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. a. _____ to hold your tongue 2. in spite of falling 3. suddenly b. under pressure c. We decided to go out on the spur of the moment. a. Gary got raked over the coals by the shift supervisor. _____ to keep a stiff upper lip a. _____ to blow your own horn 4. 1. brag or boast about yourself IDIOMS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. by sheer luck and little skill b.
6. 1. An _________________________ i person cannot afford to buy groceries. Then complete the analogy with a word from the unit. Spreads is to widens as flattens is to _________________________. Jaywalking is _________________________ p on most city streets. 3. 5. 27 a c s d . ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. One _________________________ s for answering a multiple-choice question is to eliminate wrong answers first. Airbags can be _ i of 7. 4. Frustrated people should watch their _________________________ caffeine and alcohol. 8. 2. A t heart attacks. 3. Library is to libraries as strategy is to _________________________. 1. Soap washes away the _ h ________________________ to small children. _________________________ are words with opposite meanings. Uncontrolled anger can _________________________ c ________________________ trail left by ants. 4. Find the relationship between the first two words. Carrots are to rabbits as crumbs are to _________________________.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS UNIT 1 REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit! SENTENCE COMPLETION Use words from the unit to correctly complete the sentences. Device is to mechanism as crash is to _________________________. 2.
or diagonally. backward.HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE Find and circle the words in the puzzle. aquatic ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. intake _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. across. Check off each word as you find it. Words may go up. 1. down. deploy _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 28 . fraud __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. ___ OBJECTIVE ___ ALTERNATIVES ___ SWINDLE ___ DISTRACT ___ TOXIC ___ DEPLOY ___ GULLIBLE ___ INTAKE ___ EJECTION ___ AQUATIC ___ ANXIETY ___ FRAUD E J E C T I O N J H E A I S F O T F R I U E L Q N T R D R I C K P T B U T H O A O D O R E L I A A C U N C A U R M Z L T K D A E O F N E D A L I E S A R E A T X E Y U C M E W C T T H D I B G H O T L I M S Q F O E M D C I V X N H I O R Y T A W E L O O D U D E U A Y S M G T H E L X V R R L D E O U A I D E P L O Y E V I T C E J B O D Y L Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own. distract ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear.
1. swindle ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. ejection ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ CATEGORIES Cross out one word that does not fit in each category. objective _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. alternatives ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. toxic ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. words with suffixes average sensitive protection attendance 2. gullible ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10.6. words with four syllables pedestrians information identify irritability 29 . anxiety ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. compound words dashboard supplement airbags bathroom 3.
adverb a. F ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY: 1. d 4. F 3. noun 2. concepts. _____ The suffix -ology means “the study of. sly 30 ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1. 1. and skills you will be studying in this unit. _____ There are silent letters in the words mortgage and autumn. verbs 3. F 5. _____ The word volunteer can be used either as a noun or a verb. TRUE OR FALSE Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. T 4. crisis. F 6. 5. private.means “not.” 7. T 2. _____ A consortium is a partnership of groups making a joint effort. _____ Before baking biscuits. scraggly. yesterday. now b. 8. T 7.” ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY Draw a line to match each boldface item on the left with appropriate examples. T 8. 2. sensitivity. you must knead the flour. counsel. 4.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. belong. temporary. a . 1. c 3. engulf d. bereavement c. 6. adjective 4. _____ A tomato plant grows best if it is tied to a steak. lightly. _____ The prefix en. require. b 2. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. very. _____ A mentally healthy person always feels contentment. 3.
In this book. join or cross lease agreement to use something for a certain amount of time and for a certain amount of money mortgage agreement in which a borrower gives the lender a claim to property as a pledge that the debt will be paid property a person’s belongings. comfort. or decoration agent someone. etc.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 1 GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical list of useful terms. permit. railroads. What three-letter abbreviation in the reading means “and so forth”? 2. etc. who takes care of business for you curriculum the course or plan of study in a school delegate one who officially represents others estimate a quoted price for goods or services inference a conclusion reached by careful reasoning interstate between or among the states of a federal government inventory a complete list of goods possessed. relevant to the point. law. especially land or real estate reimburse to pay back money owed for services. expenses. etc. glossary entries are drawn from various activities of everyday life. such as an insurance agent. loss. WORD SEARCH 1. electricity. stock on hand junction the place where highways. having to do with the subject being discussed restriction a limiting condition such as a rule revoke to cancel or repeal a license. utilities public services such as gas. water. etc. accessories extra things added for convenience. What five-syllable word in the reading names something provided by a public utility? ___________________________ e ___________________________ 31 e .
The company will _________________________ you for all of your out-of-pocket expenses. Is French included in your school’s _________________________? 6. Is there a _________________________ on pets in your apartment house? 2. 7. 3. What eight-letter noun in the reading has a silent letter? WORDS IN CONTEXT ___________________________ r ___________________________ m Use entry words in the glossary to complete the sentences. 8. 5. _________________________ payments on a car are usually less expensive than purchase payments. 1. 10. The judges may _________________________ that law if they decide it is unfair. Our warehouse workers are busily doing the end-of-year _________________________. 9. You can drive from Seattle to Boston on ________________________ 90. What eight-letter adjective in the reading is a synonym of pertinent? 4.3. What _________________________ can you draw from the broken door lock and the empty safe? 32 . That real estate _________________________ has sold three houses this month. Her scarf and pin are perfect _________________________ for her new suit. 4.
eliminate 6. The wealthy investor purchased a lot of TRYPROPE _________________________ along the coastline. 2. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. They qualified for a low interest rate on their GROMGATE _________________________ loan. topic 4. 3. nonessential 6 2. specific 5.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the glossary. Our LEADTEEG _________________________ to the United Nations is a former senator. The mechanic’s STEAMTIE _________________________ for overhauling the engine seems very high. crossroads 4. 1 ACROSS E 2 3 3. 33 . 1. 4. creditor P MYSTERY WORDS Unscramble the words from the reading to correctly complete the sentences. owned DOWN 4 J S C 5 L 1.
Have you ever heard of carpal tunnel syndrome? This painful condition is quite common. After two hours of computer use. Here are some preventive measures to help alleviate CVS: • Position the monitor to avoid glare from windows and other light sources.UNIT 2 Lesson 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Computers and Health Your computer can have adverse effects on your health. It is a consequence of working at a computer for long periods of time. Some may need special glasses designed for computer use. blurred vision. take a 15-minute break. • Make sure the monitor is positioned 20 to 28 inches away from your eyes. and difficulty in focusing. • Remember to blink. short breaks from staring at the computer screen. Using the same hand motions over and over again causes nerves in the wrist to swell and become pinched. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “a video device that displays data or images generated by a computer”? 34 _________________________ s _________________________ m . • Rest your eyes regularly. This one is called computer vision syndrome. Experts also recommend that people who work long hours on a computer should get more frequent eye exams. place a filter over the screen. Look out the window every 20 minutes. Most people blink less often when they are using a computer. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “a number of symptoms that occur together and make up a particular disease or condition”? 2. or CVS. CVS is a temporary condition. Symptoms include headaches. Computer users are now being warned about another computerrelated malady. It can be relieved by frequent. light sensitivity. If necessary. WORD SEARCH 1.
pleasurable 4. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. squeezed d. 1. experts 2. ACROSS 1 2. symptoms a. What three-word name in the reading describes a condition caused by repetitive compression of a nerve that passes through the wrist into the hand? ___________________ c ___________________ t ___________________ s 4. short 7. What nine-letter adverb in the reading means “happening often enough to form a kind of pattern”? _________________________ r ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. signs c. pinched 3.3. permanent 5. authorities 35 . movements b. motions 4. attract O 2 6. rarely 3. different DOWN T 3 P 4 A 5 6 A L 1. helpful 7 S SYNONYMS Draw a line to match each boldface word from the reading with its synonym (word with similar meaning).
1. ROSEDIP _________________________ • dots used to punctuate the end of statements _______________________________________________________________ • repeating cycles of time _______________________________________________________________ 3.) Then write sentences of your own. REKAB _________________________ • to split or crack into pieces _______________________________________________________________ • a recess or interruption _______________________________________________________________ 4.MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Some words have entirely different meanings when they’re used in different contexts. First unscramble the words from the reading. or extent of something _______________________________________________________________ • actions intended to bring about a desired result _______________________________________________________________ 2. SURESAME _________________________ • finds out size. amount. SLEWL _________________________ • to bulge or become larger _______________________________________________________________ • a very large rolling wave _______________________________________________________________ 36 . (Read the definitions for help. using the words as defined.
vegetable oil. Place on middle rack of oven. baking powder. EASY BISCUITS 2 cups flour 3 teaspoons baking powder 1 teaspoon salt until the mixture looks like meal. What ten-letter noun in the reading means “butter. Use a fork or a pastry blender to “cut in” shortening WORD SEARCH 1. Add shortening to the dry ingredients. What four-letter noun in the reading developed from the Old English word melu. knead lightly about six times.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 3 Easy Biscuits Years ago—before commercially made bread was widely available— many homemakers made biscuits every day. For biscuits with crusty sides. Stir in almost all the milk. Dough is just the right consistency when it is soft and puffy and will roll out easily. Mix well. /4 cup shortening 3 /4 cup milk 1 Heat oven to 450 degrees. place biscuits one inch apart. Serve piping hot.) Round up the dough on a lightly floured board. For biscuits with soft sides. and salt in a large bowl. roll dough until it is about 1 /2 -inch thick. Add a bit more milk if the dough isn’t pliable. place biscuits close together on an ungreased baking sheet. Cut biscuits close together with a 11/2-inch round biscuit cutter. and bake for 10 to 12 minutes. (Too much milk makes the dough sticky. The following recipe makes about 20 flaky biscuits. To ensure a fine texture. or another fat used in baked goods”? _______________________ s 37 . not enough makes the biscuits dry. Pressing gently with a rolling pin. meaning “coarsely ground grain”? _______________________ m 2.Combine flour.
smooth cylinder made of wood or some other material? _____________ _______________ r p SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. flexible 6. stir WORDS IN CONTEXT 7 C Notice the boldface words. Then circle a letter to show how each sentence should be completed. better than homemade. for sale in stores. 1. 38 . advertised on television. b. crisp DOWN 6 P 5 M F 1. delicate 7. What ingredient in the recipe contains baking soda and an acid that makes dough rise? _____________ _______________ b p 4. c. firmness 3. What tool named in the reading is a heavy. blend 4.3. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. 2 1 C C 3 4 ACROSS F 2. Commercially available foods are a. crumbly 5.
dense and rich. and squeezing it. p 2. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. pressing. c. Cross out the silent letters in the words below. m Sticky is to adhesive as stretchy is to _________________________. a 3. SILENT LETTERS Many English words have letters that are not pronounced when the words are spoken out loud. 6. 4. 1. The texture of a perfect biscuit should be a. Dry is to flour as wet is to _________________________. b. 5. Skillet is to fry as oven is to _________________________. Part is to whole as ingredient is to _________________________. t 39 . rolling. light and airy. The first one has been done for you. baking it homemade. rough and grainy. c. b. Then show the same relationship by completing the analogy with a word from the reading.2. biscuit receipt solemn nuisance science slick knee knead ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. allowing it to rise. 3. r Inch is to width as degree is to _________________________. The cook will knead the dough by a. b Soft is to crusty as together is to _________________________.
1. Bilingual a plus. PARTNERS IN READING needs one-on-one tutors for adults who read below eighth-grade level. BE A MENTOR Turning Point Counseling Center needs adult volunteers to counsel at-risk youth. What nine-letter noun in the reading names an unpaid worker? ___________________________ v b 2. ART LOVERS WANTED The Uptown Museum needs docents to give weekday tours to fourth and fifth graders. FOSTER HOMES FOR ANIMALS Can you care for puppies and kittens in your home until they reach adoptable age? The Humane Society provides volunteer training and covers food and medical expenses. and special fundraising events. The food bank is open from Mon. HAVE A HEART The American Heart Association needs volunteers to help with office work. A commitment of two hours per week for six months is required. health fairs. SUICIDE PREVENTION The Health Dept. Here’s a list of typical organizations and agencies that are looking for helping hands. Trainees must be over 21. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “sadness or loneliness as a result of loss or death”? ___________________________ 40 . HOSPICE VOLUNTEERS We need individuals to provide emotional and practical support to terminally ill patients and their families. through Sat.UNIT 2 Lesson 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Will You Lend a Hand? Do you have a little time to give to a worthy cause? There are many ways for volunteers to get involved in any community. The docent training workshop begins Sept. WORD SEARCH 1. Bereavement volunteers are also needed. FOOD BANK The Emergency Consortium needs assistance with warehouse and office activities. will train you to answer its crisis hotline.
3. optional 2. A NETARIE _________________________ is one who is being prepared to perform a task. 2. take 6.3. 1. What seven-letter word in the reading means “a homelike place where dying people are cared for and made comfortable”? 4. ACROSS 1 2 R P 3 A 3. What seven-letter adjective in the reading describes something that is “a true representative example of its kind”? ANTONYMS ___________________________ h ___________________________ t Use words from the reading to complete the crossword puzzle. A TREMON _________________________ is one who advises wisely. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. extraordinary 7. child 4. 41 . few DOWN 6 5 4 G O 1. closed WHO’S WHO? M Unscramble the words to correctly complete the sentences. useless 7 T 5. A TREELOVNU _________________________ is one who gives time freely.
adding the suffix -able. gift shop clerks c. promise or pledge c. cluster of apartment buildings 2. Someone you can always rely on is _________________________. 4. An explanation that can be understood is ________________________.” In the reading. 2. the word adoptable means “capable of being adopted. trumpet players 3. financial sponsors b. Docents are needed at the art museum. a. a. meeting of church officials c. The Downtown Housing Consortium works to provide shelter for the homeless.THE SUFFIX -able The suffix -able means “capable of being. private teachers c. 1. Hint: Some of the spellings are tricky! Check a dictionary before you write your answers. a. Tutors are needed to help people learn to read better. A project that can be managed is _________________________. 3. donate your money b. deserves help for good work 5. sign a binding contract 42 . 1.” Rewrite the boldface words below. a. I support the Food Bank because it is a worthy cause. tour guides and lecturers 4. You must make a six-month commitment to volunteer as a tutor. Something that has great value is _________________________. a. has very little funding b. WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase. maintenance workers b. is worth a fortune c. partnership of several organizations b.
The average plant—which spreads about three feet across and reaches about four feet in height— will yield a crop of about four pounds of tomatoes. yellow stems. Find a spot in your yard that gets an abundance of sunshine but is sheltered from gusting winds. After the last frost. Pinch off the top of a plant once it has grown four bunches of yellow flowers. Tomato plants bear delicious. plant each tomato in a large hole. These plants have been stuck in their pots for too long. That will allow the plant to stop growing taller and use its energy to ripen its fruit instead. Support each plant with a wire cage or a stake. WORD SEARCH 1. juicy fruit from early summer to early fall. The easiest way to get started is to buy young plants from a nursery. Before planting. What seven-letter noun in the reading names a store that sells seeds. Check the plant regularly as it grows.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 5 A Gardening Project Growing tomatoes is a good project for a beginning gardener. enrich the soil there with compost or well-rotted manure. Avoid buying plants with thin. and garden supplies? 2. scraggly. The plants should be about eight inches tall. Don’t let them dry out. seedlings. This will help flower and fruit production by keeping tomatoes off the ground and away from insects. Look for pot-grown tomatoes with healthy green leaves and no flower bunches. Be sure to give your plants a steady supply of water. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “a very great amount or supply of something”? ____________________ n ____________________ a 43 .
6. dark secrets. insect _______________________ 4. 4. 3. Sunny weather will ENRUSE ____________________ large attendance at the fair. or irregular”? ____________________ s PREFIX en- The prefix en.at the beginning of a word can mean: (1) “to put into or on” (enthrone—put on a throne). What eight-letter adjective in the reading means “uneven. PLURALS Write the plural form (names more than one) of each noun below.3. or (3) “in or into” (entangle—to tangle in). Police officers ENCROFE ____________________ the law when they issue speeding tickets. bunch ______________________ 3. (2) “to make” (enrich—to make richer). You ENRANES ____________________ an animal when you catch it in a trap. ragged. you give them new confidence and hope. What two seasons of the year are named in the reading? ___________________ ___________________ 4. 5. tomato ______________________ 44 . 1. You ENSURTT ____________________ only your closest friends with your deep. nursery _____________________ 2. Check a dictionary if you need help. When you ENGEAROUC ____________________ people. 2. A huge wave can easily ENFULG ____________________ a swimmer. Unscramble the words beginning with the prefix en-. 1.
1 ACROSS C 3 2. rotted vegetable matter SYNONYMS 3.MATCHING WORDS AND MEANINGS Use the definitions to help you complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. bugs _______________________ 3. blowing suddenly and strongly 5. blossoms __________________ 6. describes fruits containing lots of liquid Y 8. protected __________________ 5. Write the correct word from the reading on each line. How many pounds of tomatoes might you get from three plants? ________ pounds 2. 1. farm product grown in the soil 4. decayed animal waste 2 C 4 P G 5 M 6 R 7 J 8 7. clusters ___________________ THINKING ABOUT THE READING 4. the amount of something produced DOWN 1. tasty ______________________ 2. location ___________________ 1. squeeze between thumb and forefinger 6. cone-shaped wire support for a plant 2. At what time of year does the “last frost” occur? ____________________ 45 . to mature The boldface words listed below are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of words from the reading.
UNIT 2 Lesson 6 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Good Mental Health There is no single definition of “good mental health” that everyone accepts. everyone else has strengths and weaknesses. So it isn’t surprising that there is no foolproof formula for good mental health. it means many things: feeling love. Awareness of others (understanding that. WORD SEARCH 1. But their realistic understanding of themselves and other people provides contentment most of the time. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “more than half ”? ___________________________ m 2. satisfaction. What nine-letter compound word in the reading means “troubling circumstances that are not easy to bear”? ___________________________ h 46 . and joy. freedom from worry or overwhelming hardships. that make contentment possible: 1. Their studies of mentally healthy people show four important causes. Mentally healthy people do have troubling emotions that cause them problems. and wants to feel worthwhile) The words “most of the time” are crucial. a majority of people would agree that a mentally healthy person feels content—most of the time. like you. Still. Psychologists tell us that contentment is a result rather than a cause. Generally speaking. simply having peace of mind. or conditions. Self-acceptance (admitting your own limitations as inescapable conditions of being human) 3. But even “being content” is hard to define. Self-respect (liking and honoring yourself as a good and worthy person) 2. Self-control (the ability to discipline your own emotions and behavior) 4.
Musicology is the study of ____________________. 1. A person shows self-control when _______________________________ ________________________________________________________________. 3. To me.” You will probably need a dictionary to help you find the correct words to complete the sentences. 4. 5. 2. A person shows awareness of others when ______________________ ________________________________________________________________. 1. “contentment” means ___________________________________ ________________________________________________________________. THE SUFFIX -ology The suffix -ology means “the science of” or “the study of. What seven-letter noun in the reading is a synonym for recipe? ___________________________ a f ___________________________ GIVING EXAMPLES Complete the sentences with appropriate examples of the boldface terms. A person shows self-respect when _______________________________ ________________________________________________________________. A person shows self-acceptance when ___________________________ _______________________________________________________________. meaning “the study of the mind. 47 .” For example.3. the Greek root psych (meaning “mind”) plus -ology creates the word psychology. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the power or skill required to do something”? 4.
The scientific study of crime and criminals is called _________________________. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of answer words. ACROSS 1. recognizes. only 4. A doctor who specializes in cardiology works with diseases of the _________________________. abides by DOWN 6 1 S 2 F 3 F 4 C 5 R 1. Paleontology is the study of _________________________. 5. astonishing 2. The study of animals is called _________________________. important. unfailing 3. liberty 5. Seismology is the study of _________________________.2. 4. actual D 7 A 48 . 6. one. 3. SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. critical 6. restraint or control 7. truthful.
You might ( mollify / encroach ) a barking dog by throwing it a bone. The ( acute / timorous ) kitten hid under the couch. you can see a ( paucity / myriad ) of stars in the sky. 2. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 7 VOCABULARY STRETCH WORDS IN CONTEXT Read the dictionary definitions of the ten boldface word choices. 5. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. They say that a robin is the ( harbinger / siege ) of spring. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. 1. using the boldface words you did not circle above. Then circle the word that best completes each sentence. 1. 3. 4. On a clear night. The senator’s opponents will try to ( stymie / embellish ) the passage of his bill. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 49 . Now write five original sentences.
2. ACROSS 2 3 1 H 3. stymie 2. myriad DOWN S F 4 F 1.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the clue words. She will ______________________ her speech with humorous stories. After a bloody ______________________. mollify 4. The ______________________ of their harvest was very disappointing. Use a thesaurus to find synonyms that fit. the troops captured the fort. They don’t want censors to ______________________ on free speech. We may be faced with an _____________________ shortage of gasoline. 4. Then use the unscrambled words to correctly complete the sentences. 3. 50 . timorous 5 P SENTENCE COMPLETION Unscramble the words you studied on the previous page. harbinger 5. 5. CHORENAC _____________________ BIMESHELL _____________________ CAUTIFPY ______________________ ESIGE __________________________ TUCEA _________________________ 1.
________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 51 . English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. earn as much money 3. over the campfire b. a. that cannot be understood literally. be as skillful and powerful b. a. using basic ingredients • Now use each of the above idioms in an original sentence. That rookie can’t hold a candle to the seasoned veteran. have confidence and trust in c. makes a mistake 4. in small towns b. That’s why understanding idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. 1. Some very successful people were born on the wrong side of the tracks. gets nervous b. she made that cake from scratch. • Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. a. a. to beat the odds 2. Make sure the context of your sentence makes the idiom’s meaning clear. with professional help c. We’ll be all right as long as no one rocks the boat. causes trouble c.IDIOMS IN CONTEXT All languages have certain expressions. 1. or idioms. Instead of using a prepared mix. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. into poverty c.
6. 5. 8. Tomato plants bought at a ____________________ should be about eight inches tall. 3. 4. 2. Psychologists say that contentment is a ____________________ rather than a cause.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you know about the material you studied in this unit. Volunteers are sometimes required to make a ____________________ for a certain time period. Your ____________________ bills may go up if there is an energy shortage. 1. compound words 2. many homemakers made ____________________ every day. 7. WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete the sentences with appropriate words from the reading. Computer vision syndrome (CVS) may include a ____________________ to light. Years ago. prefixes 52 -ibility hotline pre- sunshine un- crossword inter- bereavement . CATEGORIES u s b c n m r -a Cross out the item that does not fit in each category. Adding the suffix ____________________ can turn a verb or noun into an adjective. 1. The store manager must try to ____________________ the angry customer.
en. d l 4.3. d s 6. Buy is to rent as purchase is to _________________________. Then show the same relationship by completing the analogy with a word from the unit. across. s 2. m HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE Find and circle the words in the puzzle. Synonym is to thesaurus as definition is to _________________________. or diagonally. Hands are to keyboard as eyes are to ________________________.is to prefix as -ology is to _________________________. 3. Check off each word as you find it. Find the relationship between the first two words. 5. backward. Words may go up. down. Scrambled is to unscrambled as tencod is to _________________________. 1. people ANALOGIES -less stems delegates -ment lens introdeer -ance causes hospices mentors docents Analogies are statements of relationship. suffixes 4. ___ EMBELLISH ___ ADOPTABLE ___ REIMBURSE ___ CONSISTENCY ___ FOOLPROOF ___ CRUCIAL ___ ADVERSE ___ ACUTE ___ CRISIS ___ YIELD ___ CONTENT ___ COUNSEL C O N S I S T E N C Y A G B C R U C I A L K D H P E D H T Z P E P O X E Y N S G R W S D P L T F I S U R A N Y T T U T O E G Y P U E A F C J N O L P T O S B C A R G E R D O C U L R M N Q F T P A D V E R S E I S A N L O I L Y D I V B E W O O H A K T F S I S I R C O N T H S I L L E B M E F 53 . Single is to several as symptom is to _________________________. plural 5.
crucial ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 54 . reimburse _____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12.ORIGINAL SENTENCES Now use each word from the hidden words puzzle in a sentence of your own. foolproof ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. counsel ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. check a dictionary. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear. embellish ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. crisis __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. 1. yield ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. adverse ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. adoptable ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. If you need help. consistency ____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. content _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. acute __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6.
F 8. T 5. F 7. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. _____ The suffix -ant means “one who does something. 1. 8. concepts. T ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY: 1. TRUE OR FALSE Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. _____ Someone who does a heinous deed deserves punishment. and skills you will study in this unit. massave / massive ______________________ 3. 3. _____ The prefix mega.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS UNIT 3 PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. noun 4. _____ A customer’s regular payments to an insurance company are called premiums. vitamin. T 4. anully / annually ______________________ ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1. solicit.means “one thousand. massive. solicit / solisit ______________________ 2. 6. circle the correctly spelled word in each pair. 4. F 2.” 5. T 6. vitemin / vitamin ______________________ 4. verb 2. annually. 7. or adverb to show that word’s part of speech.” 2. adjective. Then write noun. 1. _____ One kind of megavitamin is called a chamois. adjective 3. _____ The word supplement can be used as a noun or a verb. verb. _____ The words feasible and unrealistic are synonyms. adverb 55 . ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY First. _____ The words reprocessed and recycled are antonyms. F 3.
Jennifer’s plan isn’t ______________________. stubbornly held opinions expunge to erase completely or remove lackluster dull. In this book. or teammates feasible possible. or forceful libel the crime of printing something that unfairly damages a person’s reputation net what is left after certain amounts have been subtracted nostalgia a wishing for something that happened long ago or is now far away nurture to care for. 2. narrowminded person with strong. glossary entries are drawn from the various activities of everyday life. firm. often secretly innate given by nature. that ability is ______________________. 56 . entire. seeming to have been born in a person jettison to throw away or get rid of WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the glossary to complete the sentences.UNIT 3 Lesson 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical index of useful terms. adamant not giving in easily. 1. interesting. to help someone or something grow and develop permeate to pass through or spread through every part roster a list naming members of a group. because it would cost too much. not bright. such as students. unyielding bigot a prejudiced. capable of being done under conditions as they are gross total. soldiers. You can’t teach someone to jump as high as Harry does. with nothing taken away hoard to collect and stow away.
5.3. If you ______________________ the seedlings. The outraged celebrity sued the newspaper for ____________________. 13. The famous actor’s performance was strangely ____________________. The congresswoman was ______________________ about her refusal to run for reelection. 6. My brother likes to ______________________ candy in a coffee can hidden under his bed. 15. 10. When remembering their youth. They had to ______________________ cargo to keep their sinking ship afloat. 8. Your ______________________ salary is also called “take-home pay. 11. The judge has the power to ______________________ the criminal record of a rehabilitated person.” 4. As the bread bakes. 12. 57 . Only a ______________________ would make such a hateful remark. As the campers entered the bus. the scoutmaster called roll from his ______________________. 14. a wonderful aroma will ______________________ the air. 9. older people may get carried away with ______________________. Sherry’s ______________________ salary is about 30 percent higher than her net pay. 7. your flowerbed will be filled with blooms.
neglect 6. libel. 3. distribute 7. The adjective forms of bigot and nostalgia are ____________________ and ______________________. Two different definitions of the word net are: • ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ • ______________________________________________________________ 58 . 2. brilliant 3. uncertain DOWN 5 4 J N 1. The condition or state of being a bigot is called ____________________. 4. salvage 6 H 7 A LOOK IT UP! Check a dictionary to find the information you need to complete the sentences. acquired 5. ACROSS 1 2 L I 3 E 2. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. 1.ANTONYMS Complete the puzzle with words from the glossary. The words nurture. and hoard can be used as _________________ as well as verbs. engrave 4.
25 105.000 MALE FEMALE 20–25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 11.24 14.68 34.75 30.43 28. Policies are non-cancelable as long as premiums are paid.06 46.12 93.000 MALE FEMALE $500.12 86.15 14. or amount of coverage desired.75 78.34 20.56 28.87 56.25 55.87 49.71 31.87 49.50 24.33 11.50 31.75 78.62 52.12 12.62 98.50 32.98 16.87 Other amounts available upon request.07 14.03 19. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the dried leaves of a plant prepared for smoking.62 30.71 31.75 117.71 24.19 20.15 18.06 31.31 67.94 12.12 56.43 28.68 19.87 105.90 30.56 50.77 11.27 31.71 17.07 14. POLICY NOT AVAILABLE IN ALL STATES WORD SEARCH 1.24 14.87 49.33 11.43 28.98 17. chewing.87 42.000 MALE FEMALE $250.94 11.59 11. Read the explanatory notes under the chart. semiannually.87 78.33 11.81 19.12 64.81 54.75 79.15 25.000.93 24.93 24.50 110.62 79.37 83.81 33.50 31.00 42.78 17.81 33.12 55.06 31.86 11. Premiums are based on applicant’s age at nearest birthday.87 105.06 31.87 105.75 136.12 55.86 11.18 39.51 14.87 42.71 17.81 48.00 56.43 56.75 78.68 15.81 18.00 58.75 78.06 31.42 17.74 16.37 62.93 25.90 20.03 12.25 56.62 60.57 19.03 19.000 MALE FEMALE $1.12 55.12 56.12 55.000.98 16.39 12.94 12.00 56.43 56.37 18.43 28.90 27. AFFORDABLE LIFE INSURANCE NON-TOBACCO RATES (MONTHLY) ISSUE AGE TOBACCO RATES (MONTHLY) FEMALE ISSUE AGE $101.75 106.43 56.37 62.46 19.24 14.43 28.77 11.87 49.50 77.75 108.37 32. or as snuff”? ________________________ t 59 .75 58.93 24.12 55.00 28.33 11.78 28.50 17.62 90.25 54.25 19.71 17.87 42.62 20–25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 16. Level death benefit to age 95.71 17.13 18.25 113.87 42.21 12.75 78.39 15.87 106.86 11.25 121.87 50.00 49.56 11.15 25.000 MALE FEMALE $500.000 MALE $101.04 15.71 17.24 14.21 18.33 11.93 32. (A no-cost medical exam may be required depending on age.33 11.43 56.33 11.07 17.24 11.25 19.86 11.31 43.96 55.87 49. Premiums may be paid by bank draft.03 19.50 11.00 77.62 81.87 49.03 19.86 11.33 14.03 26.000 MALE FEMALE $1.86 11.41 11.62 31.93 24.71 31.93 18.12 55.31 52.87 105.37 24.86 11.50 108.71 17.06 31.31 44.93 24.03 19.03 19.65 29.68 34.62 127.71 17.00 28.59 26.78 18.06 31.24 14.75 42.81 19.87 49.43 28.87 57.33 14.71 31.07 17.00 49.93 31.75 51.87 43.72 16. Premiums increase annually.71 31.06 31.25 17.56 35.37 32.98 16.77 11.71 17.93 31.25 19.43 42.) Above premiums are preferred rates.62 31.43 28.93 32.75 58.18 45.000 MALE FEMALE $250.62 60. or monthly.87 57.87 42.43 28. annually.33 11.50 17.24 14.87 29.24 11.UNIT 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 2 Buying Life Insurance How much do you know about the vocabulary of insurance? The chart below lists life insurance rates for people of various ages.43 56.12 49.31 29. health. All policies are issued and subject to underwriting by ABC Insurance Company.87 56.65 37.93 103.06 31.50 54.03 19.37 71.98 16.07 17.
Add -ant to the following verbs to show “one who” takes that action. one who immigrates ________________________ 4. One who applies. Does the chart list monthly premium rates for 15-year-olds? ______________ ______________ ______________ 5.2. one who serves ________________________ 60 3. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “regular payments made to keep an insurance policy in force”? READING A CHART ________________________ u ________________________ b p ________________________ Use information from the chart on the previous page to answer the questions. is an applicant. 1. non-smoking male pay for a $500. meaning “one who. What twelve-letter verb in the reading means “officially assuming liability to the amount of a specified sum”? 3. Are monthly life insurance rates higher for males or females? 4. non-smoking woman pay for a $250. How much more would the same woman have to pay each month if she were a smoker? 3. 1.000 life insurance policy? ______________ THE SUFFIX -ant The suffix -ant. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “payments made by an insurance company”? 4. What monthly rate would a 38-year-old. one who participates ________________________ 2.000 life insurance policy? ______________ 2. What monthly premium would a 30-year-old. one who assists ________________________ . for example.” is used to make a noun of a verb.
yearly 3. 61 . the date you were born. 1. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. 2. Hint: Pay attention to the boldface words. Check a dictionary if you need help. every two years. c. b. obtainable 6. sums 5. also called death benefits. prices charged per unit of coverage. Insurance rates are a. b. your age at death. one-half at a time. twice a year. inexpensive 6 4. your age when the policy is written. c. subject to underwriting. ACROSS 1 A 2 A 1.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. An insurance company considers your issue age to be a. closest 5 4 3 A D DOWN A 2. Payments made semiannually are paid a. wanted N WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show how each sentence should be completed. c. b. 3.
WORD SEARCH 1. Vitamins in an oral liquid form should be kept from freezing. The AMA warns that large doses should be taken only after a specific need has been identified by your doctor. What five-letter plural noun in the reading means “amounts of medicine to be taken at one time”? 3.UNIT 3 Lesson 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Megavitamins: A Good Idea? Have you read anything about megavitamin therapy ? Some people believe that taking massive doses (called megadoses) of vitamins can cure certain medical problems. They should be especially guarded if they: • are allergic to any prescription or nonprescription medicine. What ten-letter verb in the reading describes something that has been ordered for you by a doctor? 4. Studies by the American Medical Association. What four-letter adjective in the reading means “by mouth”? 2. however. • are pregnant or breastfeeding. have not proven this. What ten-letter verb in the reading means “pinpointed or detected”? 62 __________________________ o __________________________ d __________________________ p i __________________________ . • are currently using any other prescribed or over-the-counter (OTC) medicine. Outdated dietary supplements—or those no longer needed—should be promptly discarded. Heat or moisture can break down vitamin supplements. • have any other medical problems. People who do take dietary supplements without a prescription should read the precautions on the label carefully. Vitamins should be stored away from heat and direct light—and out of the reach of children.
A ______________________ of something has the explosive power of one million tons of TNT. tiny THE PREFIX mega- Literally.” If you need help. 63 . ACROSS 1 3 D 2 W L 4 3. 3. mega. Clues are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words. and so on has a mental disorder called ______________________. wealth. 4. invites 5. fresh 7.” In a figurative sense (nonliteral).ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. power. saved 2. use a dictionary to find the mega word that correctly completes each sentence. To describe a wealthy man.means “large.means “one million. or powerful. A person who has illusions of grandeur. you might use the slang expression: “That guy has ______________________!” 2. debunked 6 7 P 5 O 6. A ______________________ is a funnel-shaped device designed to greatly increase the sound of a person’s voice. solid 4. eventually DOWN P M 1. mega. great. 1.
WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the reading to complete the sentences. 3. The word GYLREAL _________________ is an Americanism that came into English from the NAMREG _________________ language. OTC ___________________________________________________________ 64 . Use context clues for help. The NAMREG _________________ word was coined from the ancient KEGER _________________ adjective allos. The quality of a vitamin supplement can be reduced by exposure to heat or ______________________. ABBREVIATIONS Write out the complete words represented by the abbreviations from the reading. The ______________________ on a dietary supplement usually lists certain precautions.” The combination was meant to give the ADIE _________________ of a reaction to a GORENIF _________________ substance. 1. 1. meaning “other. A manufacturer of vitamins does not know your personal medical history.WORD HISTORY Unscramble the words to complete the word history below. but your own ______________________ does. 4. 2. If you eat a well-balanced diet. your vitamin needs will be met without taking a ______________________. AMA ___________________________________________________________ 2.” and another KEGER _________________ word meaning “work” or “action.
STARMART CERTIFICATE VALID THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 10 10 OFF MERCHANDISE % 10 DAYS ONLY! ALL REGULAR-PRICED 003199105010 12-DIGIT Authorization Number Consumer: Present this certificate to the StarMart register operator for your 10% discount on eligible merchandise prior to processing your purchase. co-pay on prescriptions. gift certificates. State and local taxes due on StarMart purchases may not be discounted. No sales to dealers or distributors for purpose of resale. This promotion is limited to on-hand. 2001 © StarMart Corporation REGISTER OPERATOR: Ring purchase as an Associate Discount. deli foods. or alcoholic beverages. Quantities are limited. THIS COUPON REDEEMABLE AT STARMART LOCATIONS ONLY PREFERRED CUSTOMER SAVINGS m WORD SEARCH 1. the portrait studio. Enter the authorization number as the associate number. FEBRUARY 1 THROUGH SATURDAY. The 10% discount may not be applied to sale or clearance merchandise. tobacco. layaway purchases. Have you ever received a flyer like the one below? Read the details carefully to figure out the terms and conditions of this sales promotion. in-stock merchandise only.UNIT 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 4 Understanding Mass Mailings Retailers sometimes solicit business through a mass mailing. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “things that are bought and sold”? _________________________ 65 . or special order merchandise.
6. DOWN buyer seek restricted to buy S 6 L 1. ACROSS 1 3 Q 2 P C 4 5 D 3. The discount certificates are sent to preferred customers. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. numeral WORDS IN CONTEXT 7 P Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words. 7. colorfully illustrated b. a. a. regular buyers at the store b. in great numbers 2. What eight-letter adjective in the reading means “qualified for”? 4. 1. people who pay cash 66 . What nine-letter plural noun in the reading means “sellers of goods in small amounts to customers who will use them”? _________________________ r e 3. amounts 2. 5. previous 4. holiday specials c.2. Retail stores often send out mass mailings. What six-letter noun in the reading means “part of a printed ad that gives the holder certain rights”? SYNONYMS _________________________ _________________________ c Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. credit card shoppers c.
purchasable b. The register operator will ring up your purchase. bedding items such as sheets Complete the chart. charged on a debit card c. to be paid in full at a later date WORD FORMS b. 1. authorization b. operations manager 6. Write either the noun form or the verb form of the boldface words. repair person b. sales clerk c. business 4. On this certificate. This sales promotion does not provide a discount on tobacco products. VERB FORM NOUN FORM _________________________ solicit _________________________ _________________________ authorization _________________________ distributors promotion UNDERSTANDING THE READING Use information from the reading to help you complete the sentences. You can get your picture taken at the _______________________ _________________________. An item put on layaway is not eligible for the 10 percent discount. the word delicatessen has been shortened to _________________________. a. 67 .3. in effect 5. The discount coupon is valid only until February 10. a. 2. a. campaign c. a. legal c.
WORD SEARCH 1.500 gallons of water to produce one pound of meat. Eat more vegetables. 1. • Insulate doors and windows. They also cool buildings naturally—saving the energy required for air conditioning.) If you’re watching TV. use drought-resistant plants. Here are some simple steps you can take to create a sustainable future. Drive less. Each gallon of gas your car burns creates 20 pounds of a gas called carbon dioxide— which contributes to global warming. recycle. 2. or use public transit instead.UNIT 3 Lesson 5 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Practicing Conservation As the world’s population grows. 6. 3. • Set your thermostat at 68 ° maximum. Eat fewer meat and dairy products. (A dim light in the living room will keep you from running into things. reuse. • Turn down your refrigerator and hot water heater settings to the lowest recommended temperature. Reduce. What nine-letter compound word in the reading means “to make a piece of ground more attractive by adding trees. Buy in bulk. When you landscape. Use non-toxic cleaning and garden products. Walk. Plant more trees. Compost organic waste. Be “energy smart” at home. Buy only what you need. carpool.”? _______________________ l 68 . Protect and save water. so does the need for conservation—the wise use of Earth’s resources. Producing one pound of beef consumes up to 30 times more energy than producing one pound of vegetables. Look for recyclable and minimal packaging. Don’t dump waste into storm drains. 4. Trees do more than provide oxygen. 5. • Light only the room you are using at the moment. and purchase used goods when you can. etc. It takes 16 pounds of grain and 2. shrubs. Sleep with socks on. • Use energy-efficient light bulbs and appliances. bike. don’t leave the light on.
byproducts of synthetic chemicals 69 . bright 2. What six-letter noun in the reading names a clear gas that has no odor and is a chemical element? ANTONYMS ________________________ r ________________________ p o ________________________ Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. maximal 5. more 1. Decayed organic waste can be used to improve the soil in your garden. a. highest 5 4 L G 6 L WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words. dirt. cellophane wrapping. production of energy c. etc.2. Excessive carbon dioxide contributes to the greenhouse effect and global warming. Clue words are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words. 1. a. sand.? 4. What nine-letter noun names a category that includes things like cardboard boxes. What eight-letter adjective in the reading describes something that has been reprocessed to be used again? 3. etc. worldwide increase in temperatures b. b. leftover rocks. comfortably warm weather conditions 2. artificially 4. local 6. unwanted plant and animal matter c. ACROSS DOWN 1 3 D 2 N M 3.
seal cracks to prevent drafts 4. INRAG _______________________________ 4. lessen f. a. a _____resident Unscramble the words from the reading. carefully clean and paint c. a. which word sounds right—unviolent or nonviolent? (Nonviolent is the correct word. For example. suggested 70 . you reduce waste and save money.” How do you know which one to use? Often. _____cooked foods 3. When you buy in bulk. hosiery e. TORPTEC ____________________________ 5. a _____fatal heart attack 2. Then draw a line to match each word with its synonym (word with similar meaning). SCOSK _______________________________ 2. your ear will tell you.) If you’re still not sure after saying the words aloud.AND un- b. 1.and un. Your house will be more energy-efficient if you insulate your doors and windows. cereal b. very bulky items THE PREFIXES non.3. MODERNMEDEC ____________________ a. 1. an _____confirmed appointment 6. check a dictionary. safeguard d. large amounts of something c. ECRUDE _____________________________ 6. a _____fiction book 5. feeling _____welcome SYNONYMS 4. multiple small packages The prefixes non. PEELS _______________________________ 3. replace wood with steel b. slumber c.both mean “not.
Be sure to use a quality liquid or paste wax. or soft cloth. Some strong cleaners and chemical solvents can damage the paint. Here are some helpful dos and don’ts about the proper way to wash and wax your car. • First.) • If water doesn’t form into beads or droplets on the car’s surface. (Letting it air-dry will cause dulling and water spots. • Wash the car in a shady area rather than in direct sunlight. dry the car with a chamois or soft towel. • Check the car for road tar. working from the top down. • Use only solvents and cleaners recommended in your car’s Owner’s Manual. air pollution. and so on. and plastic on your car.UNIT 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 6 Washing Your Car Cleaning your car frequently helps preserve its beauty and protect your investment. Even if the rest of the car does not need waxing. WORD SEARCH 1. protecting it from damage by exposure to sunlight. move it into the shade so it can cool down before you start. If the car has been parked in the sun. use cool water to rinse the car thoroughly (from the top down) to remove loose dirt. metal. • After rinsing the whole exterior. tree sap. Rinse frequently. remember to rewax these areas. What seven-letter noun in the reading names a piece of soft leather used as a polishing cloth? ________________________ 71 c . A wax coats the finish. etc. it’s time to wax the car—including the metal trim. and rinse off immediately. Remove these stains with turpentine. Wash the car. using this solution and a soft-bristle brush. and follow the directions on the container. sponge. • Fill a bucket with cool water and add a mild detergent (such as dishwashing liquid).
The ______________________ on a brush may come from animals or be artificially made. ACROSS 4 1 F 2 B 3 C L 2. Soap is made from fats and lye. What ten-letter noun in the reading names a colorless oil made from tree sap that’s used as a paint remover? 3.2. certain DOWN 5 1. promptly 6. permitting WORDS IN CONTEXT I 6 S Complete the sentences with words from the reading. package 4. 72 . For help. but ______________________ is made from chemicals. often 2. use context clues (hints given by the other words in the sentence). 3. droplet 3. Liquid wax usually comes in a bottle. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. pail 5. 1. What eight-letter plural noun in the reading means “substances that can be used to dissolve another substance”? SYNONYMS ________________________ t ________________________ s Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 2. but ______________________ wax comes in a can.
OTERIXER ________________________ 4. sunny d. Write an original sentence for each definition given. GLUDNIL 2. 5. brightening ____________________________ 3. finish (a type of surface) _________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 73 . 1. 6. DAYSH ________________________ a. Then draw a line to match each unscrambled word with its antonym (word that means the opposite). finish (to complete) _____________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 4. EVMORE ________________________ MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Some words have entirely different meanings when they’re used in different contexts. You protect your ______________________ in your car when you maintain its appearance. Daily ______________________ to blazing sunshine can fade your car’s paint. solution (answer to a problem) __________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2.4. interior c. apply b. Tree sap and road tar can put ______________________ on your car’s finish. 1. solution (liquid combination of substances) _______________________ _________________________________________________________________ 3. ANTONYMS First unscramble the words from the reading.
LOOK IT UP! Read the dictionary definitions of the ten boldface words. 1. Ricky was frightened. using the boldface word choices you did not use to complete the sentences above. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 74 . Then circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. Making the All-Star team was the ( gamut / acme ) of Katy’s softball career. 1. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. 4. his confident appearance was only a ( façade / enigma ). Samantha tried to ( cajole / inundate ) her brother into doing some of her chores.UNIT 3 Lesson 7 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS VOCABULARY STRETCH Get out your dictionary and thesaurus! The challenging words in this lesson were especially chosen to stretch the limits of your vocabulary. The mountain climber had a ( heinous / precarious ) foothold on the steep slope. Carl had to successfully ( exhort / refute ) his opponent’s argument. Now write sentences of your own. 5. 2. 3. use context clues. Hint: For additional help. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. To win the debate.
The Holocaust is a NUOSHIE ______________________ chapter in human history. 7. (Answers are words you studied on the previous page. The coach will THROXE ______________________ the players to try harder in the second half.) 1. from joy to grief. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. 2. 3. 5. 6. flatter 7 P WORDS IN CONTEXT Unscramble the boldface words to correctly complete the sentences. 3. 75 . The location of the stolen painting is still an NIMAGE ______________________. We hope the teacher doesn’t NUTNADIE ______________________ us with homework this weekend. urge 5. wicked overwhelm peak unsecure 1.5. That actor can portray the TAGUM ______________________ of emotions. 4. ACROSS DOWN H 3 5 6 I 4 E C A 2. disprove 4. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ SYNONYMS 1 2 R Complete the crossword puzzle with some of the words you studied on the previous page.
_____ to walk a tightrope 3. _____ to bark up the wrong tree 2. Hint: Use context clues for help. acme 4. holy All languages have certain expressions. poultry was were ruined enhanced roasted 3. proceed very cautiously d. 1. cajole 3. heinous 2. berate c. future was c. have many responsibilities c. 1. split the charge cards paying check equally 2. ask the wrong person. or idioms. That’s why understanding common idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. with close of attention mood friends 76 . a. improve what doesn’t need improvement b.ANTONYMS Draw a line to match each boldface word with its antonym (word that means the opposite). 1. _____ to gild the lily 4. Write a letter to match each idiom on the left with its meaning on the right. When we eat at an expensive restaurant. my friends and I always go Dutch. use our b. make the wrong choice Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. that cannot be understood literally. If you need help. precarious EVERYDAY IDIOMS a. a. Bob’s goose was cooked the day he insulted the boss. take turns c. in a good c. the center b. firm d. _____ to wear more than one hat IDIOMS IN CONTEXT a. check a dictionary. Tricia isn’t happy unless she’s in the limelight. a. nadir b. prospects b. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions.
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS
Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit!
WORDS IN CONTEXT
Complete the sentences with words you studied in Unit 3. Use context clues for help.
1. A ______________________ is a group of letters added at the end of a word to change its meaning. 2. Life insurance rates are higher for people who use ______________________ than for people who don’t. 3. Massive doses of vitamins are called ______________________. 4. If you have a ______________________ that entitles you to a store discount, you will save money. 5. As the world’s population grows, so does the need for ______________________ of Earth’s resources. 6. To keep drafts out and heat in, you should ______________________ your doors and windows. 7. It takes 16 pounds of ______________________ to produce one pound of beef. 8. Car wax comes in two forms—______________________ and ______________________.
SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS
Unscramble the words to correctly complete each sentence.
1. An antonym of acquire is SNOITTEJ _________________________. 2. A synonym of precaution is ARNWING _________________________. 77
3. An antonym of enter is TIXE _________________________. 4. An antonym of interior is REXRIOTE _________________________. 5. A synonym of pail is TECKUB _________________________.
Analogies are statements of relationship. Find the relationship between the first two words. Then complete the analogy with a word from the unit that shows the same relationship.
1. More is to less as gross is to _______________________. 2. Child is to children as bigot is to _______________________.
HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE
3. Premium is to benefit as life is to _______________________. 4. “Again” is to reas “not” is to _______________________.
Find and circle the words in the puzzle. Words may go up, down, across, backward, or diagonally. Check off each word as you find it.
___ NONTOXIC ___ ENERGY ___ APPLICANT ___ THERAPY ___ ELIGIBLE ___ BULK ___ INSURANCE ___ EXPOSURE ___ REFUTE ___ FAÇADE ___ WAX ___ CONSUMER
A N O N T O X I C E R X
Y P A R E H T C X U T I
G B P C M A P P A P N B
R F G L Y J O B W S O C
E E Z V I S K M U A P O
N D W B U C L R E S E N
E A R R O K A D R D T S
O C E A L N L N Y F U U
L A J S C B O U T E F M
I F H E L I G I B L E E
F M X R P V C E P U R R
Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear.
1. nontoxic _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
2. consumer ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. bulk ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. insurance ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. eligible ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. wax ____________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. exposure _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. energy _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. applicant ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. refute __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. façade _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. therapy ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
Her ____________________ recording contract made her wealthy. T 2. 3. F 7. 6. 2. T 5. I crossed out the ____________________ words in my paragraph. 4. Speeding is a ____________________ factor in auto accidents. F 8. _____ Two multiple-meaning words are saw and coat. lucrative 3. 7. redundant 80 . ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1. WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete each sentence with a word from the box. T 6. _____ You will need a drill to repair a leaky faucet. Repair projects usually require ____________________ measurements. _____ Every language has exactly the same idioms. concepts. T WORDS IN CONTEXT: 1. _____ The abbreviation mg stands for milligram. 3. prevalent 4. _____ The words indispensable and essential are synonyms. tenacious prevalent lucrative inclement negligible precise redundant multitudinous 1. F 3. 1. _____ Cheese and lettuce are two popular condiments used in sandwiches. 2. _____ The words vandal and tagger are antonyms. 8. Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. 4. F 4. 5. precise 2. Use context clues to help you select the right word.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. _____ Most traffic fatalities occur on Friday and Saturday nights. and skills you will study in this unit.
1. very harmful or poisonous waive to give up a right. state or condition tangible real. money given in return for some service inclement rough or stormy liability the condition of being obliged by law to pay physique the form or shape of a person’s body recipient a person or thing that receives something redundant unnecessary. care in what one says or does divulge to reveal or make known efficiency the quality or fact of accomplishing a task with the least waste of time. solid. In this book. more than enough status rank or standing. glossary entries are drawn from the various activities of everyday life. etc. corroborate to confirm or add proof to a supposed fact discretion prudence. able to be touched or felt transaction task or piece of business carried out or completed veteran someone who has served in the armed forces veto to prevent or forbid something to be done virulent deadly. 2. 81 . or privilege of some kind WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the glossary to correctly complete the sentences. claim. effort. gratuity a tip. The president’s ____________________ kept that bill from becoming law. ____________________ weather could spoil their plans for an outdoor wedding.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 1 GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical index of useful terms.
Every debt must be considered a ____________________. 15.3. 82 . It’s wise to use ____________________ when dealing with strangers. Will the suspect ____________________ his right to call a lawyer? 8. 10. a belt is ____________________. Mrs. Joe appreciated everyone’s thanks. 14. 13. Will you track the ____________________ of my rush order? 6. As the ____________________ of a Nobel prize. 4. Barry’s ____________________ was greatly improved by long hours of exercise and lifting weights. AIDS is a ____________________ disease on the African continent. Jonathan’s dad is a ____________________ of the Vietnam War. 9. Can anyone ____________________ your whereabouts on June 10? 5. 11. Currier leaves a generous ____________________ when she gets especially good service. 12. If you’re wearing suspenders. Melissa wouldn’t ____________________ her secret. The ____________________ was finalized when all parties signed the contract. her boss is impressed with her ____________________. 16. 17. No matter how much we begged her. 7. Charlene never wastes materials. that scientist soon became a celebrity. but he had hoped for a ____________________ reward.
withhold 7. How many syllables are in the word recipient? _____________________ When recipient is pronounced.ANTONYMS 1 V Complete the puzzle with words from the glossary. What crossword puzzle answer can be used as either a verb or a noun? _____________________ _____________________ 83 . wholesome 8 3. approve LOOK IT UP! R If you need help. disprove 5. use a dictionary to find the information you need to answer the questions. What is the noun form of the adjective virulent? ____________________ 4. donor DOWN D 6 7 V W 1. 1. ACROSS 2 C 3 R 4 I 5 2. the accent is placed on which syllable? 5. What four verbs are used as answers in the crossword puzzle? ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ 2. What are the two silent letters in the word waive? __________________ 3. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. necessary 4. fine 6. claim 8.
CORN SYRUP. spices. Some familiar condiments are pepper. (566g) SATISFACTION 100% GUARANTEED 1 qt.000 calorie diet.000 calorie diet. DO NOT FREEZE. INGREDIENTS: DISTILLED VINEGAR AND WATER. Calories 100 Calories from Fat 100 % Daily Values* INGREDIENTS: soybean oil. These are the seasonings. TURMERIC. mayonnaise. Study the product labels below to learn more about the ingredients and nutritional value of three condiments. HIGH FRUCTOSE CORN SYRUP. SALT. and calcium disodium EDTA added to protect flavor QUALITY COMMITMENT If not 100% satisfied. dressings. 84 .5g 8% Cholesterol 10mg 3% Sodium 85mg 4% Total Carbohydrate 0g 0% Protein 0g *Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2. Calories 0 % Daily Values* Total Fat 11g 17% Saturated Fat 1. distilled vinegar. KETCHUP Nutrition Facts Serv. egg yolks. 4g Fiber 0g Sugars 4g Protein 0g 1% 0% Sodium 190mg 8% Vitamin A 6% • Vitamin C 0% • Calcium 0% • Iron 0% INGREDIENTS: TOMATO CONCENTRATE MADE FROM RED RIPE TOMATOES. Total Fat 0g Sodium 65mg Total Carb. DISTILLED VINEGAR. NATURAL FLAVORING 40 oz. ONION POWDER. (1. ketchup. (946 ml) REFRIGERATE AFTER OPENING. whole eggs. Size 1 Tsp (5g) Servings About 113 Amount Per Serving *Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2. water. and other sauces. return unused product to your store for a prompt and cheerful refund. 1 GRADE MUSTARD SEED. Amount/serving %DV* Amount/serving %DV* Total Fat 0g Sat. lemon juice. salt.000 calorie diet. 0 *Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2. sugar. Size 1 Tbsp (14g) Servings Per Container 64 Amount Per Serving MUSTARD Nutrition Facts Serv. 0g Protein 0g 0% 3% 0% 20 oz.13kg) MAYONNAISE Nutrition Facts Serv. PAPRIKA.UNIT 4 Lesson 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Reading Food Labels Most of us use condiments every day. NO. Fat 0g Cholest. 0mg 0% 0% 0% Total Carb. SALT. Size 1 Tbsp (17g) Servings about 66 Calories 15 Fat Cal. mustard. or relishes we use to make foods taste better. SPICE.
your body needs to stay healthy. 4. that help move waste products through the intestines”? ______________________ f ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. or roughage. DOWN delayed subtracted boil strange 8 C 7 D R 2. or content. green partial artificial irritable nightly 9 F SYNONYMS Unscramble the words from the reading to complete the sentences. Notice that the italicized word in each sentence is a synonym (word with similar meaning) of the scrambled word. 6. 7. What seven-letter noun in the reading names a sour. 1. Clues are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words. Bran muffins contain the BRIFE ____________________. 85 . 2. such as cereals. What five-letter verb in the reading means “to examine for the purpose of learning”? 2. 3. Customers who are not SIDEFASTI ____________________. ACROSS 3 1 P 2 R W 4 5 N A 6 1. with a product can return it for a refund. What five-letter noun in the reading means “coarse foods. 5. fermented liquid used to flavor or pickle foods? ______________________ s ______________________ v 3. 8.WORD SEARCH 1. 9.
4. or spices. tsp _________________________ Use information from the labels on page 84 to answer the questions. _________________________ 6. g __________________________ COMPARING LABELS 5. tbsp ________________________ 8. Why is a form of calcium added to mayonnaise? ____________________ SPELLING 1. ml _________________________ 2. kg __________________________ 3. milligram kilogram gram quart megaliter milliliter ounce teaspoon quantity tablespoon grain ozone 1. 1. What is another acceptable spelling of ketchup? ____________________ 2. People use GINSASENOS ____________________. Hint: You will not use all the words in the box. Which of the three condiments has a small vitamin content? ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ 3. to make their foods tastier.3. How is the plural form of tomato spelled? 86 ____________________ . oz. qt. Packaged food labels provide INRUINTOT ____________________ facts about your body’s daily requirements for nourishment. Which condiment has the highest number of calories per serving? Which has the lowest? 2. mg _________________________ 4. __________________________ 7. ABBREVIATIONS Choose the word from the box that matches each abbreviation.
When you need more power. putting up shelves). Screwdrivers Both a standard and a Phillips-head screwdriver are necessary for most assembly work as well as for tightening loose screws. Tape measure Few projects can be accomplished without precise measurement. A 10-foot tape measure is fine for most basic projects. Needle-nose pliers are best for gripping small items or fitting in tight spots. WORD SEARCH 1. bolt. What sixteen-letter noun in the reading means “obligations or duties”? __________________________ r 87 . You’ll need more than a bed and a few groceries to be self-sufficient. Who will do simple building projects and fix things that break? Every young adult—male and female alike—should be prepared to deal with simple household tasks. a circular saw is your best option. because it works for any size nut. Drill A handheld drill is perfect for drilling holes in wood or metal. or piece of pipe or wood. Most drills come with screwdriver bits. loose doorknobs) as well as for everyday projects (hanging a picture. Pliers Reach for the pliers to get a firm grasp on a nut. But independent living carries new responsibilities as well as new freedoms.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 3 Tools and Tasks Most young people look forward to moving out on their own. from fixing leaks to adjusting a toilet seat. Saws An old-fashioned hacksaw is great for cutting through pipe and plastic. Adjustable wrench This basic tool is indispensable for many projects. Following is a list of essential tools that everyone should own and learn how to use: Hammer A basic claw hammer is a necessity for most projects from hanging pictures to tacking down loose carpet. You’re going to require some basic tools for routine repairs (leaky faucets.
tasks. or undertakings”? ANTONYMS ___________________________ Write an antonym (word that means the opposite) of each boldface word from the reading. Then circle the compound words. What eight-letter plural noun in the reading means “organized activities. Hint: You will make both marks on two words.2. Make sure the word’s meaning is entirely different in each sentence. What four-letter noun in the reading names a heavy metal. threaded pin used with a nut to hold parts together? ___________________________ b p 3. and underline the words that have a silent letter. Write two sentences for each boldface word from the reading. nut nut ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ bits ______________________________________________________________ bits ______________________________________________________________ ANALYZING WORDS Study the words in the box. more / ______________________ MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS 3. 1. household screwdriver people everyday simple wrench independent doorknob 88 . new / _______________________ 2. male /_______________________ 4. best / _______________________ Many words have entirely different meanings when they’re used in different contexts.
a tool like small pincers. uncomplicated DOWN 5 4 P 1. grip 2. 7. exact 5. If you’re trying to put together the parts of something. The solid metal head on a REMAHM ____________________ can be used to shape metal. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. you will have to use a PEAT RUESAME ___________ ___________________. choice 6. to bend wire. 89 . ACROSS E 3 T 4. 3. you are doing SALYMEBS ____________________ work.SYNONYMS 1 G 2 Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. indispensable 3. To tighten a loose doorknob. 4. 1. jobs WORDS IN CONTEXT 6 O S Unscramble the words from the reading to correctly complete the sentences. A plumber usually uses a CHEWRN ____________________ to hold and turn a pipe. A WAKCASH ____________________ has a narrow blade and fine teeth. 5. 2. You can use RESLIP ____________________. 6. To find out exactly how big a room is. you will need to use a REDWERCVIRS ____________________.
walls. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the smallest amount possible or allowed”? 90 ____________________ ____________________ m v . Like all vandals. street signs. A minimum of 66 weekend hours removing graffiti. Many communities are demanding harsher penalties for those who commit graffiti vandalism. One large city in California has come up with a program called Tag. They are multiplying their efforts at surveillance. Juvenile offenders are now required to complete more community service hours than ever.UNIT 4 Lesson 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Communities Against Graffiti Some young people make a sport of defacing structures like buildings. If they don’t yet have a license.” They go on “bombing runs” with the express purpose of putting their tag names on both public and private property. This program mandates the following new penalties for taggers who have been caught in the act: 1. A second offense will impose 132 hours of graffiti cleanup. 3. Graffiti vandals can lose their driver’s licenses for one year. WORD SEARCH 1. taggers will be held responsible for restitution to property owners. and fences. Enforcement teams are now being made up of police officers and community volunteers. Enforcement team members are hopeful that the tougher penalties will deter taggers from taking the risk. investigation. 2. their eligibility to get one will be delayed for one year. These “graffiti artists” usually work together as a “tagging crew. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “the deliberate destruction of property”? 2. 4. and apprehension. First time offenders—and their parents—are required to attend a class taught by a police officer. You Lose.
e. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “the condition of being qualified for something”? 4. i. adult / ____________________ 3. Use information from the entry to answer the questions. Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word with the opposite meaning). enhancing / ____________________ 4. EVILJUNE _____________________ EDGAFNIC _______________________ EYELADD ______________________ TRAPVIE _________________________ 1. public / ___________________ 2. unscramble the words from the reading. 1. win / L ___ S ___ LOOK IT UP! Look up graffiti in the dictionary. u) to write a word from the reading next to its antonym listed below. advanced / _____________________ • Now add vowels (a. less / M ___ R ___ 7. apart / T ___ G ___ T H ___ R 6. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “the act of paying back for what has been lost or damaged”? ANTONYMS ____________________ e ____________________ r • First. rarely / ___ S ___ ___ L L Y 8. o.3. From what foreign language have English speakers borrowed the word graffiti? 2. What is the singular form of the word? ____________________ ____________________ 91 . 5.
graffiti artists 3. determine c. take into consideration b. increasing 4. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Fear of being caught will deter some vandals from striking. lay on as a burden 92 . ACROSS 1 S 2 T 3 M 4 5 H A 1. fully informed of his rights 2. a. arrest 6. a. punishments DOWN 6 2. terrify 3. The police kept the suspect under surveillance for several nights. 1. suggest to a jury c. A judge could impose a high fine on taggers. being repeatedly questioned b. more punitive P WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words. watched over closely c. game 5. a. discourage b.
square section. If necessary. Clean to remove dirt and dust. Then roll across the V to fill in the section. Paint trim and woodwork last. 1. Paint the ceiling first. area in one coat. Fill cracks and holes with spackling paste to smooth uneven areas. Do not place objects on windowsills or shelves for 30 days (until paint is cured). 5. apply a second coat. 7. Then use your roller and the V technique to finish the job. Paint the walls. 6. Roll from dry areas into wet. Use a scrub sponge to thoroughly clean paint trays and brush handles. 3. Roll a V over a 2-ft. Then fill a lint-free roller with paint. Mix paint thoroughly. Sand lightly to brush off loose paint and dull any shine on the surface. Prepare the surface. Wait to decorate. Allow the paint to dry four hours between coats. What six-letter noun in the reading is a unit of measurement meaning “four quarts”? ______________________ g 93 . 2. Clean up. and sides of one wall. A full roller should cover a 2-ft. bottom. Use a 2-inch brush. Begin by brushing a 3-inch border around the edges. sand and cover repairs with a primer. It is important to follow the directions in order. but do not thin. Wash your hands and tools with warm. 8. WORD SEARCH 1. soapy water. Go on to the other walls. Use the V technique to finish painting the ceiling. Stir. Use a nylon scrub brush to remove paint from brush bristles. When dry. Brush a 3-inch border around the top. by 2-ft.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 5 How to Paint a Room The following instructions appear on a one-gallon can of paint. 4.
special paint used for a first coat c. things like picture frames 3. b. uneven /_____________________ 94 3. cool /________________________ 2. After spackling. one at a time b. Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word with the opposite meaning). What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the top part of a room opposite the floor”? ______________________ c WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase. a. window moldings. paint the woodwork. chronologically 2. wooden workbench c. etc. first quality wall paint Unscramble the words from the reading.2. Use spackling paste to fill cracks and holes. doors. a. special lubricating compound c. 1. a. liquid glue or adhesive ANTONYMS b. After painting the walls. sand and cover the area with a primer. flour-based paste that sparkles b. patching substance made of powder and water 4. a. Follow the directions in order. PYPAL ________________________ OTHMOS ______________________ SHIFIN ___________________________ RAWM ___________________________ 1. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “a method or procedure for rendering art or carrying out an operation”? ______________________ t 3. begin /_______________________ 4. remove / _____________________ . alphabetically c.
Foot is to pedal as hand is to _________________________. to dilute 5. Prepare is to verb as shelf is to _________________________. ACROSS 1 2 1.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. 3. to complete 7. p 5. 6. Baker is to bake as painter is to _________________________. r h 95 . eradicate 6. Placement is to place as removal is to _________________________. 1. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. directions 8. Then show the same relationship by completing the analogy with a word from the reading. First figure out the relationship between the first two words. implements ANALOGIES H Analogies are statements of relationship. c 4. n h 2. Inches are to feet as minutes are to _________________________. crevices 8 4. Outside is to roof as inside is to _________________________. required 3. cavities DOWN 6 4 3 5 T N C R F I 7 T 2.
how many miles should you plan to drive in a single day? A Under optimum driving conditions. Don’t allow a driving trip to become a mad rush. About three in every ten Americans will be involved in an alcohol-related crash at some time in their lives. Q Who has the right-of-way when two cars approach an intersection at the same time? A No one has the right-of-way! According to the law. If you back the car up.6% of all accidents.M. If you go forward. alcohol contributed to 38. and driver exhaustion. unexpected road conditions. Q What’s the most dangerous time of the week to drive? A Saturdays. and between midnight and 4 A. Speeding was the second most prevalent factor.M. but the law doesn’t give the right-of-way to anyone. you may obstruct traffic and cause an accident. When you reach an intersection. stay put. Most serious accidents occur during two blocks of time: between 8 P. on Saturdays.UNIT 4 Lesson 6 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Safe Driving Quiz Here’a a quick quiz to test your “safe driving” knowledge. you might hit a pedestrian crossing behind you. The following factors must always be taken into account: bad weather. Q If the light changes while you’re in a crosswalk. the driver on the left should yield. what should you do? A If you can’t avoid getting caught in a crosswalk. If you must drive late at night. be sure to wear your seat belt and stay alert! Q When you’re taking a trip. plan to drive about 350 miles. and midnight on Fridays. More than 18% of all fatal accidents occur on this first day of the weekend. Q Which contributes more to accidents—alcohol or speeding? A In a recent review of traffic fatalities. it’s best to be prepared to yield—regardless of your position. Your courtesy and caution may prevent a collision. 96 .
Hanson tried to (pursue) ____________________ a conversation with her nosy neighbor. An (ancient) ____________________ weather report predicted fair weather for this coming weekend. 97 . NECTER _______________________ DIOVA ________________________ LATER ____________________________ FELT _____________________________ 1. What nine-letter compound word in the reading means “a lane marked off for people to use while crossing a street”? 3.WORD SEARCH 1. 2. What ten-letter noun in the reading names a person who is traveling around town on foot? 2. When you’re looking at a map. west is on the (right) ____________________ side. What ten-letter plural noun in the reading means “deaths”? _________________________ p c f _________________________ _________________________ ANTONYMS First unscramble the words from the reading. 4. Then complete each sentence by writing an unscrambled word next to its boldface antonym (word that means the opposite). Mrs. 3. An (inattentive) ____________________ person rarely misses out on a good opportunity.
managed to avoid c. fatigue 3. Alcohol contributed to almost 39 percent of all car accidents. common 2. tallied. a. added up c. be prepared to yield the right-of-way. without sending regards b.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. a. perilous 5. played a part in 98 . 1. A recent review of fatalities listed the main causes of deadly traffic accidents. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. ideal WORDS IN CONTEXT 5 F Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase. weighed and considered b. deadly DOWN 4 D 1. commentary c. impede 4. gave money to b. ACROSS 1 3 2 P E O 3. a. examination 3. in spite of c. Several factors must be taken into account before you decide to keep driving. Regardless of your position. criticism b. written in a ledger 4. in regard to 2. a.
rambling story was not very ( sporadic / coherent ). Brittany’s explanation of the problem was quite clear and ( voracious / succinct ). Now write sentences of your own. The big crowd at the championship game was unusually ( raucous / emaciated ). 5. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 99 . 1. Think about the definitions. His ( tenacious / furtive ) behavior should have aroused our suspicions. 2. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. Then circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. look up the ten boldface words in your dictionary. Hector’s long. Hint: For additional help. That ( impetuous / lucrative ) boy often takes dangerous risks. using the boldface word choices you did not use to complete the sentences above. 3.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 7 VOCABULARY STRETCH Get out your dictionary and thesaurus! The challenging words in this lesson were especially chosen to stretch the limits of your vocabulary. 1. LOOK IT UP! First. use context clues. 4. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4.
sensible 5. sly. sporadic 100 a. ACROSS DOWN S 4 F 5 1. 1. robust c. The ____________________ teenagers asked for more pizza. Kelly’s business has grown and become ____________________. The frightened child had a ____________________ grip on his mother’s hand. constant.SYNONYMS 1 2 C 3 R Complete the crossword puzzle with words you studied on the previous page. determined 2. ____________________ bursts of laughter could be heard from the playground. brief. bewildering. sneaky I 6 T WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete the sentences with some of the words you studied on the previous page. 4. 1. rowdy. ongoing b. emaciated 2. clear. wordy . hasty 6. Over the years. The faces of the starving people were pitifully ____________________. persistent. noisy 3. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. plump. ANTONYMS Draw a line to match each boldface word with its antonyms (words with the opposite meaning). 3. concise 4. Use context clues for help. rash. coherent 3. 2. 5.
we could see the writing on the wall. speak frankly and intimately d. that cannot be understood literally. _____ to breathe down someone’s neck 2. _____ to blow the whistle on 3.EVERYDAY IDIOMS All languages have certain expressions. read about it in the paper c. your little sister said b. giving you a secret signal b. teasing 101 . a. fooling around. watch someone closely c. a. a prophet predicted 2. _____ to climb on the bandwagon IDIOMS IN CONTEXT a. A little bird told me that I could find you here. knew what was coming b. Even before the lay-offs. Bob was pulling your leg when he told you that wild story. Write a letter to match each idiom on the left with its meaning on the right. Hint: Use context clues for help. a. prefers a flat. That’s why understanding common idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. Sandy never lets any grass grow under her feet. or idioms. join others in supporting someone or something b. 1. doesn’t stop. keeps moving c. not believe what we heard 4. smooth surface 3. _____ to let your hair down 4. learned from a secret source c. a. report someone’s wrongdoing Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. keeps her yard well-mowed b. 1. wanted you to follow him c.
5. 1. 4. must make restitution for the damage they’ve done. Paint the ____________________ of the room before you paint the walls. Nearly one-third of all Americans will one day be involved in an ____________________-related car accident. 6. Information about a canned food’s ____________________ value can be found on the label. The adjective form of the noun necessity is ______________________. check a dictionary! 1. 7. That patient’s ____________________ has recently been upgraded from poor to fair. Taggers. 3.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit! WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words you studied in Unit 4 to complete the sentences. WORD FORMS s n p v c a c t Complete the sentences with different forms of the boldface words. His fingerprints were ____________________ evidence that he had been in that room. If you need help. You can grip a very tiny item with needle-nosed ___________________. 8. Art’s ____________________ explanation of the water cycle earned him an A in science. 2. 102 . like all ____________________.
c d d a Find and circle the words in the puzzle. HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE 3. The plural form of the noun fatality is ______________________. 1. Words may go up. Confirm is to corroborate as reveal is to _________________________. ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship.2. _____ PREVALENT _____ GRAFFITI _____ ASSEMBLY _____ PROMPT _____ TANGIBLE _____ DISCRETION _____ ELIGIBILITY _____ WAIVE _____ OBSTRUCT _____ IMPOSE _____ WRENCH _____ FIBER E L I G I B I L I T Y D S A D Y J Q S D X L I P D W C P T C U R T S B O T E Q S W U P Z C G H T A S C D O R O R A J A N N O W A S S E M B L Y E G P X A P T U N Z E D L I M R F I B E R C W S A B I B O S V Y G O H F V L X N H M J E F P S G E E C U G A P T H P D N R G R A F F I T I E F C P 103 . or diagonally. 4. The noun form of the verb impose is ______________________. The noun form of the adjective tenacious is ______________________. 6. across. The verb form of the noun transaction is ______________________. down. 4. 5. Check off each word as you find it. Apprehension is to apprehend as deterrence is to _________________________. Ham is to meat as mustard is to _________________________. backward. Sandpaper is to remove as roller is to _________________________. 2. The adverb form of the adjective prompt is ______________________. Then complete the analogy with a word from the reading to show the same relationship. First figure out the relationship between the first two words. 3.
waive __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. fiber ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. wrench ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. 1. obstruct _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 104 . graffiti _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. prompt ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear. eligibility ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. discretion _____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. assembly _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. check the dictionary definitions. tangible _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8.Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own. prevalent ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. impose ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. To get ideas.
1. 3. ACROSS P R 3 4 A 5 N A 6 1. 6.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS END-OF-BOOK TEST WORD FORMS 1 2 Complete the crossword puzzle with a different form of each boldface word from the readings. 8. 4. frost ADJECTIVE: __________ NOUN: HOMONYMS First. analyze NOUN: __________ VERB: 7. never wave your right to see an attorney. Hint: Check the Word List to find the homonyms. relevant NOUN: __________ ADJECTIVE: necessity ADJECTIVE: __________ NOUN: 5. Answer words are the part of speech shown. If you’re accused of a crime. Then rewrite the sentence. DOWN promotion VERB: __________ NOUN: V abundance ADJECTIVE: __________ NOUN: 7 F vandalize NOUN: __________ VERB: sensitive NOUN: __________ ADJECTIVE: 8 S 2. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. cross out the incorrect word in each sentence. Should you paint the sealing before or after you paint the walls? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 105 . replacing the crossed-out word with its homonym.
_________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 4. prevalent / prevelant 5. just ask for it. Who will council me about which classes to take next year? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ COMPOUND WORDS Write a compound word to complete each sentence. If you knead more writing paper. utilities / utilitys . restaraunt / restaurant 6. To be a safe driver. you must not ____________________ the driver in front of you. Hint: Answer words combine one word from Box A and one word from Box B. you can put that coat on ____________________. 3. The brochure claims that the assembly instructions are so easy they’re ____________________. 4. bereavement / bereavment 2. Stop if you see a pedestrian entering the ____________________. 6. If you don’t have the whole purchase price. Our country’s ____________________ are endangered by chemical pollutants. 2. SPELLING Circle the correctly spelled word in each pair. 1.3. curicculum / curriculum 106 4. BOX A BOX B ways work gate away proof walk cross fool lay tail water wood 1. Paint the trim and ____________________ after you paint the walls. 5. strategys / strategies 3.
Hospice volunteers support ( terminally / habitually ) ill patients and their families. deflate / _____________________ 5. Even small ( formulas / traces ) of insecticide can harm aquatic life.SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS Find and circle the hidden words. backward. ragged / ____________________ 2. permanent / _________________ 4. ___ TOXIC ___ TEMPORARY ___ PLIABLE ___ DETER ___ ROSTER ___ WORTHY ___ THRIVE ___ OPTIMISM ___ REFUTE ___ SCRAGGLY ___ PROMPT ___ INFLATE T H R I V E A S R G O O S P O M N C H E P B X C U T E I E T T O S I R O C V L R I E G Y C A T E B O M S D R H H G M A A I R P A H T W G I N S N A R L C R O L N M I X O O A A O P Y F Q C P N M M P W O O L O M Y D P O U M R C A E R O S T E R P S N T C L U N V B S H A E E T U F E R D O D SYNONYMS ANTONYMS 1. disprove / ___________________ 3. wither / _____________________ Circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. punctual / ___________________ WORDS IN CONTEXT 1. 2. Check off each word as you find it. undeserving / ________________ 3. healthful / ___________________ 6. list / ________________________ 4. 107 . or diagonally. Words may go up. write each word next to its synonym or antonym. 1. When you have circled all the words. prevent / ____________________ 6. Use context clues for help. pessimism / __________________ 2. across. down. flexible / ____________________ 5.
WORD: ______________________ 1: SENTENCE __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ SENTENCE 2: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ 108 . tenacious inference organic resort cajole etiquette desert precarious 1. Psychologists say that ( contentment / vandalism ) is a result rather than a cause. 6. using each word in two different ways. Your car’s airbag will ( encroach / deploy ) if you have a collision. 5. 8. Your insurance ( gratuities / premiums ) may increase annually. try to ( distract / inundate ) yourself by taking deep breaths. 7. When you’re angry. Then write four original sentences. MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Find two multiple-meaning words in the box.3. 4. Some telephone ( solicitors / applicants ) may be clever con artists. WORD: ______________________ 1: SENTENCE __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ SENTENCE 2: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ 2. Everyone should know how to use a few ( viable / essential ) tools.
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST Abbreviation abundance academic accessories acme acquired acute adamant adjustable adverse affects agencies agent aggressor allergy alleviate alter alternatives analyze anxiety applicant apprehension aquatic artificial assembly austere authorization avarice average awareness Ballot bandwagon behavior benefits berate bereavement bewildering bigot bilingual biscuits bolt bristle budget Caffeine cajole campaign carbohydrate ceiling certificate chamois chemical chronologically coherent collision commercially commitment community compost compression concise conclusion condiments consequence conservation consistency consortium consumer contentment corroborate counsel coupon crevice crosswalk crucial crusty cultivate curriculum cylinder Debunked deceitful decorum defacing deflated delegate deploy deter detergent detour digestive discard discipline discount 109 .
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST discretion disprove divulge docents Efficiency ejection eligibility eligible eliminate emaciated embellish encroach enforce engulf enigma enrich ensnare ensure entangle enthrone entrée entrust essential estimate etiquette exhort exposure expunge exterior fatalities feasible fiber filter firm flatter foolproof forerunner formula foster fraud frequent frontal frost fructose furtive hinder hoard hospice Identify impact impeccable impetuous impose inclement independent indigent indispensable inference inflated ingredients injury innate insecticide insulate insurance intake intersection interstate inundate inventory investment irritability Gamut gesture graffiti grain grasp gratuity gross gullible gusting Habitually hacksaw hammer harbinger hardships heinous Jettison junction justification juvenile Façade factor familiar 110 .
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST Ketchup knead Nadir necessity negligible net nontoxic nostalgia nursery nurture nutritional Lackluster layaway lease liability libel limitations lucrative Objective Majority malady malleable mandate manure marital mass massive maximum megadose megavitamins mental mentor merchandise moderate mollify monitor mortgage multitudinous myriad obligation obstruct occupants offense optimism optimum organic overwhelming policy precarious precautions precise premium prescribed prevalent preventive primer production profligate profusion prohibited promotion prompt property prudence psychologists punitive Paraphrase particularly passage pastry paucity pedestrian pedestrians penalty permeate pesticide physique pliable pliers Raucous realistic reasoning recall recipient recline recommend redundant refute regardless reimburse relevant repeal 111 .
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST repetitive requisite responsibilities restitution restrain restriction résumé revoke right-of-way robust roster roughage routine Salvage scam schedule scraggly seasonings self-acceptance self-control self-respect self-sufficient sensitive severe shortening siege solicit solicitor solution solvents sophisticated spackling paste sporadic spurs staples status strategies stymie succinct suicide supplement support surveillance suspenders sustainable swindle symptoms syndrome turpentine tutors typical Ulcers underwriting upright utilities Vandalism vapid vehicle veteran veto viable vinegar virulent visibility volunteer voracious Tagger tailgating tangible technique temporary tenacious terminally texture therapy thrive timorous torso toxic traces trainee transaction transit trigger Waive waterways wax whereabouts woodwork worthwhile worthy wrench wrongdoing Yield 112 .
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