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D2S1 Prabhu Presentation

D2S1 Prabhu Presentation

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New Thinking on Water Governance: A Regional Consultation Workshop on Improving Water Governance.Workshop on New Thinking on Water Governance: A Regional Consultation Workshop on Improving Water Governance. The Institute of Water Policy, one of the Asia-Pacific Water Forum Knowledge Hubs, defines water governance broadly as the set of water laws, policies, programs and projects adopted by a country or a State to develop and manage its water resources to meet the current and future needs of its population. Good water governance implies that these laws, policies, programs and projects are effective, efficient, equitable, sustainable, and are consistent with the Dublin Principles."
New Thinking on Water Governance: A Regional Consultation Workshop on Improving Water Governance.Workshop on New Thinking on Water Governance: A Regional Consultation Workshop on Improving Water Governance. The Institute of Water Policy, one of the Asia-Pacific Water Forum Knowledge Hubs, defines water governance broadly as the set of water laws, policies, programs and projects adopted by a country or a State to develop and manage its water resources to meet the current and future needs of its population. Good water governance implies that these laws, policies, programs and projects are effective, efficient, equitable, sustainable, and are consistent with the Dublin Principles."

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Published by: adbwaterforall on Jul 01, 2011
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01/18/2015

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The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect

the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

WATER GOVERNANCE – NEW THINKING

Suresh S Prabhu Regional Chair, GWP-SAS India

GOOD WATER MANAGEMENT
Good water management can provide clean drinking water and sanitation, the basics of good health, Good water management can bring hydroelectric power to homes and industry, irrigation for agriculture, and improve the economy, Good water management allows water for wildlife to maintain biodiversity, and provides opportunities for recreation and tourism, Good water management can result in harmonious and mutually beneficial water agreements with neighbouring countries,

POOR WATER MANAGEMENT

Poor water management can increase disease and suffering.

Poor management can mean lack of power, desiccated crops, floods and famine.

Poor management can result in parched ground, dried-up lakes and silted harbors.

Bad management can trigger tensions and conflict.

In short, good water management brings tangible benefits to a country.

INDIA – A BIGGER PICTURE
Water Resource Endowments
16 % of the world’s population Only 4 % of its water resources Erratic Rainfall (100mm to 11000mm) Temporal Rainfall (only 3 months rain) Utilizable water resource -1,132 BCM

Water Stresses
In 1947 1.8 Lacs cu ft available annually per head, 2001 only 90K cu ft. In the Last 3 decades increase in the levels of suspended solids in rivers by a factor of 4.

INDIA – A BIGGER PICTURE
National Water Resource Development
National Commission for Integrated Water Resources Development Plan (NCIWRD) -13th September 1996. Aims :
Maximise the conversion of available water of 1000 BCM to utilizable water. Optimise the use of utilizable water to yield maximum benefits. Prevent the resource from being rendered unfit for use through pollution control.

INDIA – A BIGGER PICTURE
Role of Science & Technology
Integrated Mission for Sustainable Development (IMSD) Projects- 175 Districts Water Shed development Plans R&D Areas identified by NCIWRD

1992

1998
Dense vegetation - 1992 - 50.72 ha Sparse vegetation - 1992 - 69.12 ha Dense vegetation - 1998 - 803.68 ha Sparse vegetation - 1998 - 1058.08 ha

1992

1998

Dense vegetation - 1992 Sparse vegetation - 1992 Dense vegetation - 1998 Sparse vegetation - 1998

- 523.26 ha - 246.12 ha - 1326.81 ha - 481.87 ha

INDIA – A BIGGER PICTURE
Support of S & T in policy decision implementation
1)

Maximisation of available water to utilizable water:
Assessment of water resources. Rejuvination of surface waterbodies Locating Water Harvesting Structures Artificial Groundwater Recharge

2)

Optimise the use of utilizable water to yield maximum benefits
Landuse Planning Interbasin Transfer

3)

Prevent the resource from being rendered unfit for use through pollution control
Agriculture Industrial Domestic sector Land Management Groundwater contamination & Salinity ingression

WATER LAWS IN INDIA – NATIONAL WATER POLICY 2002
Water Resource Planning Water Allocation priority Ground Water development Irrigation Participatory Management Conservation of water Drought-prone area development Water Sharing / Distribution amongst the States Approach to Water Resources

PROJECTS AND ACHIEVEMENTS IN INDIA
Conservation of natural resources
National Lake Conservation Plan Seva Mandir approach Restoration of lakes - HUDA

Rain Water Harvesting Initiatives
HUDA and Govt of TN

Integrated Water management
Integrated Wastewater recycling project Decentralised Wastewater Treatment Wastewater recycling Dual piping system

CONCLUSION
“If the public leads, politicians will surely follow.” -Time Magazine

“Water is a resource to be managed and a service to be delivered”

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