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Groundwater Pollution

Groundwater Pollution

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Published by: SudharsananPRS on Jul 01, 2011
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08/04/2011

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How to avoid and deal with groundwater pollution?

Experiences from the US and Germany
Prof. Dr. Manfred Koch Department of Geohydraulics and Engineering Hydrology University of Kassel
http://www.uni-kassel.de/fb14/geohydraulik/Welcome.html

Overview

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Introduction: European directives on the protection of water resources Overview of groundwater contamination in the US EPA Drinking water standards Source categories of groundwater contamination Hydrogeological background Basic aspects of contaminant transport processes Theory of contaminant groundwater flow and transport processes Public domain software Understanding risk of groundwater pollution Assessment of a contaminated site Remediation strategies for contaminated sites Case studies: Florida, Germany

The EU Water Framework Directive

The EU Water Framework Directive

The EU Water Framework Directive

Overview of groundwater contamination in the US

EPA drinking water standards

Source categories of groundwater contamination

Hydrogeological background

Aquifers and aquitards

Pathways of pollution and residence times

Basic aspects of contaminant transport processes

Movement of a miscible contaminant tracer

Movement of a LNAPL

Movement of a DNAPL

Theory of groundwater flow and contaminant transport
Darcy‘s law

Groundwater flow equation

Solute transport equation with

Adsorption isotherms

Freundlich Isotherm (a = F) , ( p= c)

Effects of adsorption and decay on contaminant transport

Hydrophobic theory of adsorption

Important in the analysis of leaching potential of a contaminant

Public domain contaminant (solute) flow and transport models

MODFLOW/MODPATH/MT3DMS

MOC MOCDENSE
SUTRA SEAWAT-2000 HST3D

BIOPLUME CHEMFLO MOFAT PESTAN RITZ VLEACH

Understanding Risk of Groundwater Pollution

Groundwater Vulnerability and Source Protection Zones

Assessment of contaminated sites

http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/gracos/

Assessment of a contaminant site

Assessment of a contaminant site

Remediation strategies for contaminated sites
Principle of pump and treat containment

Florida case study: Chloride pollution from a landfill

Florida case study: Pollution from river effluents of a paper factory (no action)

Florida case study: Pollution from river effluents of a paper factory (no action)

Modflow modeling

Analytical particle tracking

Florida case study: Pump and treat clean-up of shallow contaminated aquifer

Florida case study: Radon groundwater pollution due phosphogypsum mining

Florida case study: Saline intrusion from coastal canals and modeling of management strategies for remediation

German case study: Saline intrusion from river effluents from Potassium mining

German case study: Upconing of saline formation waters due to groundwater pumping

SUTRA modeling of upconing saltplume

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