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AB = Diameter Must pass through the centre of the circle. The Diameter is equal to twice the radius. OC = Radius The radius is a line segment that begin from the centre and touches any point on the circle. ED = Chord The chord joins any two points on a circle. FG = Tangent A line with one point common to the circle. EHD = Arc Only the portion of the circle that is between two points on the circle. ADB = Semicircle Also considered to be an arc that is exactly half of the circle. OCB = Sector The area between two radii and the arc. COB = Central Angle Fromed by two radii.

The circumference of a circle is the actual length around the circle which is equal to 360°. Pi (T) is the number needed to compute the circumference of the circle. T is equal to 3.14. Pi is greek and has been around for over 2000 years! In circles the AREA is equal to 3.14 (T) times the radius (r) to the power of 2. Thus the formula looks like: A= Tr2. In circles the circumference is 3.14 (T) times the Diameter. Thus the formula looks like: 2Tr or Td.

Shapes Formula Rectangle: Area = Length X Width A = lw Perimeter = 2 X Lengths + 2 X Widths P = 2l + 2w Parallelogram Area = Base X Height a = bh Triangle Area = 1/2 of the base X the height a = 1/2 bh Perimeter = a + b + c (add the length of the three sides) .

14) More about circles. (Pi = 3. The distance around the circle is a circumference. The radius (r) is the distance from the center to a point on the circle.Trapezoid Perimeter = area + b1 + b2 + c P = a + b1 + b2 + c Circle Try the Online tool. The distance across the circle is the diameter (d). d = 2r c = Td = 2 Tr A = Tr2 .

T=3. The areas of the triangular faces will have different formulas for different shaped bases.14) Rectangular Solid Volume = Length X Width X Height V = lwh Surface = 2lw + 2lh + 2wh Prisms Volume = Base X Height v=bh Surface = 2b + Ph (b is the area of the base P is the perimeter of the base) Cylinder Volume = Tr2 x height V = Tr2 h Surface = 2T radius x height S = 2Trh + 2Tr2 Pyramid V = 1/3 bh b is the area of the base Surface Area: Add the area of the base to the sum of the areas of all of the triangular faces. .

Cones Volume = 1/3 Tr2 x height V= 1/3 Tr2h Surface = Tr2 + Trs S = Tr2 + Trs =Tr2 + Tr Sphere Volume = 4/3 Tr3 V = 4/3 Tr3 Surface = 4Tr2 S = 4Tr2 .

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