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A dual completion oil producer offshore Malaysia had been having CaCO3 scale build up problems since it was put on production in 2004. By mid 2008, the scale had accumulated severely in the short string of the well, almost choking oil production. The 3-1/2x9.2 lbs/ft tubing internal diameter had been reduced from 2.992 to approximately 1.50 all the way to the end of tubing. Due to the scale, Q oil from the short string had been reduced from an average of 2,000 bbl/day to almost 70 bbl/day.

Mechanical milling of the scale by coiled tubing was not an option due to the limited deck space and crane capacity on the platform. The operator chose milling on electric wireline utilizing a combination of the Well Tractor and Well Miller with a customized 2.70 outer diameter scale milling bit because of a permanent minimum restriction of 2.813 in the well. During the scale milling operation, the well was being flowed with a choke size of 22/64 equivalent to a flow rate of approximately 120 bbl/day to flow the debris to surface as well as for heat dissipation purpose at the mill bit.

Well Parameters
End of tubing of short string: 8,350 ft MD Max. deviation: 61.08 at 4,300 ft MD Min. restriction in string: 2.813 @ X-Nipples Bottom hole temperature: 241 F Scale thickness: Approx. 0.1 0.7


A total of 5,350 ft CaCO3 scale interval was milled (vertical scrapping and rotational milling) Total time from rig up-rig down: 14 hours Time savings: approx. 4 days (compared to coiled tubing) A path with an internal diameter of 2.70 was obtained Increased oil production: 36 bbl/day (Immediate additional gain post scale milling)

The open path enabled further slickline operations such as tubing broaching to scrap remaining scale in the tubing or maintain the open path for the remaining production life of the well followed by changing out the gas lift valve. Q oil is expected to be further increased by another 300 bbl/day after changing out the gas lift valve.

Tools applied for this operation: Well Miller Well Tractor