tiM Cudennli,cd Celebration. of the Town-

.ship, July





WlliCH Is Arl'"E:."'DEl>


BRm.' A!;lmn;:NTOF
tNG~ 'OF 'I'BE DAl."

'l'llIil GENERAL



., y,

W, AMES. PRI:t:;TElt. ~87e.

REV. :1;;. H. PRATT :Dear Si:r:-Having been highly entertained and IJTofitably instructed, upon the occasion of the last celebration of our National Independence, by that portion of the Centennial History of this town delivered by yourself.as historian selectee'): for the occasion i !lno understanding t'mt there is lIluciI more which wail undelivered, by reason of shortness oi time and length of other exercises, that is alike rich in incident and valuable as history i ami, knowing that many, beside ouraelvos and those who listened on that cecasion, would like copies of the whole in some form for perusal and distribution, we earnestly urge upon yon the publication of the Oenteunial History 4)f the Town, at your clIrliest convenience. Yours Respectfully, F. A_ Onoss, D. B. SACKET, L. O. WaODRUFF', JACOB BEnm'GER,



A. D. E. K.


J. B.
M. E,




'\V. 11[. J onssox.



SAlOE]:'f, JM10D


E~(,!., 110'1(. A. D. SoUA-W, and osh-

er&,Dear 8i1'8 :-1 wish the Historical Sketch which you solicit for publication was as satisfactory to me as my appreciation of your interest in it-a. paper prepared on hort notice and under hurrying circuaistances, The work ought to have been clone ina better manner" iUy first thought was to re-write the entireuarrative, but the necessury time can hardly be taken fJ'om the daily duties of the ministry. It might be DO better, if written Ii second time, althougli some facts worthy of specialrnention have doubtless been omitted. Hoping the reader will pardon whatever mistnkes may be discovered, and that l\S much pleasure will be found in its perusal as was enjoyed by the author in collecting the material, your request, is complied -with and the sketch given to the public. .And may I sllggesttbat a brief account of the Centennial exercises of the town be added to the history! Very Sincerely Yours,

E. R.
Jul:y 18, 1 76.




.r-~ __~'








This eounty was organized in 1805, when Thomas Jefferson was President, and very appropriately named after hun. The population of the entire nation did not then very greatly exceed the present nnmber of inhabitants in the single state of New York. On the 2 day of April, 1813, the existing boundaries of Jefferson County were established, and two yeal's later the adjoining islands were added. This whole region, of woods and wolves, was the grand hunting ground of the Oneida Indians.and ceded by them to the state only nine years before the first settler came UPOI,I the soil. The treaty was made in Fort Schuyler at Rome, formerly Fort Stan wi x, and the names of fonr squaws appeal' on the parcluneut which transferred the property. This old docnment may still. be seen at Albany, which, hy the same act, conveyed. the g'l'e«.ter portion of all their lands in the state te the state goverumenL The United States subsequently ratified the proceedings. The parchment is about two feetsquare, with a string of wampllln attached, that was " made of six rows of cylindrical white and blue beads, strung upon deer skin cords." In 1800 there was not a bridge 01' a road north of Lowville, The route betweeu Lowville and ·Watert.own was indicated by marked trees. There may have been five log huts between the two settlements. Oape Villcent was unknown; and we are told that when Moses Bacon settled in this northern wilderness, he brouglrt his first seed potatoes of a hundred pounds weight, 011 his back, a distance of not less than thirty miles, The next year, 1801, it took all the.able-bodied men in W·atertown, Hounsfield, and Brownville which extended to the S.t. Lawrence river at that time, to raise the first frame barn. It is not difficult to imagine the situation! K 0 road; no bridges, no satins or broadcloth, no .~Jllm puddings 01' ~Ol1~ but one vast primeval fOI'e,;;t with ~ler~

and there ~:t little cleill'fng tbickly grim with f-moking stomps, cowardly wolves tbatlnl'lde havo« in the sheep and pig clleJosnres, nil the fever and ~gl1e that could Ire J'tJflTHlged, and nhYflJs as much oddity of life as the strange combination of words here nsed to des(:rioe It-this made the new-eomera rel'y sick at heart fol' tile fi]'~t few dn,,}'s. It is no wonder that tile yOllng wife of -laceb Brown, afterwards the distillg'uislled gem,I'al, said 'to hel' husband with gon nine QuakeI' feeling tbe next mornl 116 after their arri.vnl (1:TlHl)at Bmwllville: " W(-'ll Jacoh, thee IHla got ns all here but thee liaS not a board to make us a eoffln nor a spade to dig us a grave." Self-denial at the first and then much comfort! The town of C,lpe "Vincent was ol'iginaJJy a part of the great Macomb Purchase. ·Then jt fell into the hands of 1Iih.. J... Ray e De OhalllUont,:1,1I educated li'rCllclt gentleman. When 1\11'. Le Hay became bll.1l1unpt-and tlris was the experience of Alexan del' Mncomb before him-ill! the land of this town ant! Jeffcrsou eouuty fell into the hand;:;. of his seu Vi1lcent, after whom the to'WII and vilhlge wereuamed, '. The. old Iand office of MI'. Le Ray is stili 6hl,nding all Broa.d way nearly cpposite the residence of ~fI'8. J!engllet', The territory of Brown ville then extended from the Black Ri vel' to th!'l St. ba;\'lTeltCe and the Lake. Lyme, indudillg Cape "Viucent, was cnt (iff from Hl'm,11 ville ill 181 ; and the Cnpe Yilltejrt townshi p was created hom Lyme jill 49. Carlton, Hl'el·1<ldiel'and Fox ielands also come within its limits.


Tlte ruins of Fort G-u'ltoll) nQW conspienous 011 the head of the island, stil) continuo to awaken in the millds ofevery visitor, the question of their origltll:llldimporllluce. The indieations are, that the fort was commenced by the French about 1760 and "lib.. feqaelltly finished andenla,J'gr~d iJy the ElIgli~h dlll'jllg tile period u·f the revolutionarj. Will'. Carlton isla lid may have been a frequent stopping' place much earlier than the date just given ; but it could hardly 11M'8 been g point ofany milirHI'Y imporrsnee pl'e,· vions to 1756 si nee an officer, (Ponehot) who took part ill the Frcllchand Illdian war of 1756-1760. II>lIdwho kept:t dial'Y of all he saw and did along the shores of Lake Olltal'iQ and the St.

La wrence, does nut mention allY III iIltary defenses on tile si te of the old ruins which now attract so much attention if a fort was commenced by the French it was connneneed vel'Y soon after the visits of this urilitary officer. It ..appears from some old Paris papers, still preserved in the docrnnentary history of K ew Y ork, that the gO\'el'nOr of Cannda in 1758, had a plan ill mind to build Ii fort at the head of this river which had been left unprotooted by the destruction of Fort Frontenac. Fort Fron tenac was destroyed by 001. Bradstreet in Angllst of 1758, and in N 0vern bel' of the same year th e goverllOl' had this plan of it new liarricade, 011 paper. The f'ort was to have magazines and barracks; certain shipwrights, whose names were given, were to be sent IIp . the river from Quebec; supplies Ior those engaged in the work were to be obtained at Ogdensbllrg, and tile necessity for some fortification at the outlet of Lake Outario was so lll'gcntiy pressed, that there is good reason to believe the first fort was comrnenced not fai' fro» l'j5g 01' 1'760. 'I'his is ·a hir deduction 11111ess Fl'ontenac stood on Carlton island, which is scarcely probable. If commenced by the French, it was not later than 1763 because the Dominion of Canada passed over to Gl'eat Britain Oil the 10 of Mtl,y 1763, by the treaty of Paris. Fort Oarlton was certainly occupied H hundred )'l'HI'S ago. A Canadian author makes this statement: "It (Carlton Islaud) \la,s a military and naval station during the American rebellion at which governl11ent vessels were built for Tl<wigatillg the lake, and possessed forritieations. Its name is derived from Guy Carlton, Esq.," who subsequently became Lord Dorchester. The Imilding of ships indicates a post of much importance ; and the origin of the old chimneys, the deep moat cut through the solid rock all the land side, the bnge wen • and other elaborate ruins 1I0W visible, will very likely be traced to the military recordsof the ,English, as indicated by tile forego• jllg facts. In 1796 Fort Carlton was defended by a small British guard and six pieces of cannon, III 1812, as soon as the news reached Cape Vincent. that a second war had been declared against Great Britain by the American Congress, Abner Hubbard, an old revolntiouary soldier living at Millen's B,ly,alltitorized himself and several of his neighbors to capture the post, They crossed over the 11 vel' in the night and demanded its snrrender. Two women and





f.l tilrcc invalitl 111811 surrendered. 1'IJO foUoll'iug duy the {(lIt was destroyed and the prisoners taken to Sacketts Harbor, III a letter reeei ved from Francis Parkman, the historian, regadillg the question whether Fort Fronteuac was or was Hot situatedon the Carlton island promontory, be BH}S: "Thore are several French maps, both manuscript and printed, in wliieh Fort Frontenac is laid down and several plans of it at different periods, from that of De NOll\'ille ill 1685 to that Wilde during the WUl' ef 1755. Many of these maps are in my possession. I have also the title deeds of neighboring lands, and of the place itself, iu La SAlle's time." [Fort Frouteunc was built in 1673. Not long after it was given to La Salle by the King of Fi-ance as a reward fOI' his explorations and valor, tt.)getllel' with a specified amount of land-c about twelve miles long on the shore and one and half miles deep-besides the adjacent islands.] "The impression," eontinuss Mr, .Parkm an ,"that the fort Oll Cm'ltoll island dates back 150 years, h; eertaiuly erroneous: There could not .have been a fortification hereof any COli seqn enee before the old French war. Even then I know of 110 mention of this 0)' neighboring islands as occnpied for urilitary pl1l'poses, except in one instanoe.when It gmn'd of twelve men is reported to have been stationed here. They were sent from Fort Frontenao. The remarkable WOl'kR of which the remains arc now so conspicuous l1111sthave been of a later date and of British origill, probably early in the revolutionary




When Carlton island was discovered by surveyors of this reg-ion, the nppcl' portion of the island WIlS cleared land. When Mr. F, R. Hassler surveyed itin 182'3, he found about thirty acres of old and Itighly improved soil on the south shore called the King's Garden, At this time, Feather Bed shoals, which are now entirely under water, were It stri P of land Oil which boys used to play ball and hunt gull's eggs, The Ol'ig'illru settlers were squatters. Then a large portion of the territory came into the possession of Ohnrles Smyth. But at the time of Mr. Hassler's survey many persons had become ~'esi(\e[~tfj and a large amount of busi-



nees Was doue, There was a post-offtce and a sclrool ; ,Jam '" Estes had a taveru ; four dwelling houses were standing around the old chimneys; Prof, lrumway was teacher and jllErt:rce of the peace 1 David Briggs had fL shoe shop' A bijal. Lewis.J ames Wood and MI', Shaw kept srores ; and sometimes tell or lifteen lumber vessels would be anchored ill the bays, Whell Abijah Lewis and A very. rnitli were engaged ill lum bering the population Humbered one hundred and fifty or t~I'O hundred persons,

This bouy of land is about tho size of Carl ton island and has a. most excellent harbor. John Mitchel was probably the first settiel', There i reason to suppose that Bason harbor was frequent. Iy visited by French explorers, more than a hundred years before tile settlement of the ruain land, 111 their journeys westward, During theexcitements of the WIll' of 1812, Richard M, Esselstyn sent his family around to Sacketts Harbor, and 0.11 the way the party atopI ed over night at Grenadier island. This water route was a common one from Cape Vincent to the Harbor and Water town,in those early days. But the most noticeable event connected with Grenadier island was the dlaasterous ex~edition of General Wilkinson; who went out from Sacketts Harbor with several thousand men, late in the fall of 1813, for the ultimate purpose of CllptllrilJg Montreal. It. was too IMe in the season for an undertaking of that. character, It was nearly dark 011 the 26 of October when the RrlllY pushed out u pan the lake, in scores upon SCOl'OS of opell boa tsr-sco WS, bateaux, eail boats sud Durham boatswith their flags flying in the breeze and their military bands thrilling the air with music and enthusiasm, Tbe surface of the water before the fleet, was like a, mirror, and all along the western horizon WOl' still seen the beautiful colors of the setting sun, Both the heavy and light artillery were afloat, and all had orders to rondeZV0118 at Grenadier island, All went prosperously until a little after midnight when a stiff breeze arose, which increased in two hours more, to a gale. The October weather was true to itself; and the result was the complete wreck of the :fI.eetand an immense loss of ammunition and supplies, It was four days beJ

fel'o all the armv that survived ~ reaehed Bason Harbor.


Some of

the boats h;ld been d ri \'CU to IV olfe i"i<WJ,SOllIB to lhauuiont Ray, others stood off for Kingstou after wol'ldllg out Into the luke, alit! the IIIOl'llill); of tho 27 revealed tho shores of the islands uud the umiulaud "strowil with iJrOI;:ClH and snuken boats." 011 the way to 'apl)"\ iucent from Greuadier, General "rilkiL.L 011 euCOILlLt!::I-ed similar difficulties. lIo had fl. small iight witl: the British Ileal' Claytou. Below )gdenslll1l'g,' there was another valneless battle, Aud then, wlint WH~ Idt or the flotilla, went iuto wi nl er quarters 011 the hanks of S"lmon 1'j\'E'I', Thi was II hun t tile middle of .1: 0\'0111 b=r and Ioutreal was IIOt frightoned. The blunders were partially due to the weather, partially to military gOll.el',d~, alld II1IH::h more to witi"ky, ,"Vhi:;ky is <:~ prof mnd hlessing! General Wilkillsoll was eorn't uuu-tialed and removed from eouunand.
TmBTl"J', roix'r.

Tillbitts Poill.t, at the head of the St. J.. wrenco, took its name a from Capt, John 'l'ibbitt of Troy, who received a patent for six luuulrcd acree of laud nnd which WHS surveyed ill 1'799. The first Ilzht house and dwelling were bnilt in 1 27, The second towel', which is I~\V etuuding, Wtl, ... erected in 1 5{ and stuccoed Oil the outside ill 1870, Snpplics are furnished annually, The visibility of the light by JnClUlS of the Fresnel! leua is fifteen J1l'LU· tical miles. although the flame, ill very clear weather, may be @8M foil thirty miles, Th~ lamp burns about nine months in the year; and the number of vessels that hnve passed that point duriIlg the past fi ve )'\:-11,1'8 11118 averaged a little less than thirteen hundred fm' e.'lclL season of navigation. It; may be said, al 0, that the three acres of land attached to the lion e and towel', be~ ]ollg to the United tate as well as the light house, althougl; the state of New York has reserved the rigbts of criminal and civil jurisdiction therein, A_ J. Oratsenberg is the present keeper.

The mall who built the first leg house in Cape Vi IIcent on the mainland was Abijah Putnarn ; and it stood about two miles be· low the railroad depot. This was ill 1801. Some traces of the old site of the village which he founded and named Port Pus-

nsm, arc still visahle. In 1804 Mr. Putnam sold his property to J:ohn Mac6rnbs·fl-nd Peter Sternberg, from central New York, who made' improvements .immediately and: drew the plan of -it-prosperous town .. .One of the .original maps of Port Putnnm, -1I0W in the possession of. Mr. Williar» Esselstyn Cwho is the oldest man in the town boru on the soil) indicates that it was to be the form of it parallelogram with a public "quare of five 01' six acres and 'pulilie bnilclings standing on the upper side of it fncing the water, As it matter of curiosity the names of the streets may be given. Parallel with the river were vV::Itel' street, First, Second, 'I'hird,: FOllrth, Fifth, Sixth and Se\7entlt streets, Pleasant street was also laid down on two sides of the square. Intel'seeting these Itt right a'ngles· were Green, Montgomery, Herkimer, \Vashiugtol1; Jefi'erson, Olin ton and Hancock.' , TIre chief business of that day is made known by what Mef;srs; Macomhand Sternberg said of the advantages of Port Putnam over otlrertowns in this new region, To VAry the language of the Itilt'PIt little, they stated: That since it is the outlet of Lake Ont'fli'io it forms a natural place of deposit for the lake trade.Lumber of all kinds is rafted from this village on a large seale to Montreal and Quebec, and it takes only from nine tothirteen days tel make a trip. Besides, the Great Black River State road from JohI!stown, Montgomel'Y county, receiving in its conrsethe roads tr(jJJl LlU,}e Fans, Herkimer, Utica and Rome, funs through the middle of tl;is village and connects with Kingstown and Upper Canada by ferry. _ This site was nbseqnently abandoned through the influence of Mr. Le Ray, who caused a piece of gronnd to be surveyed, in 1811, on Gravelly POInt, where stood five 01" six: houses, and 'named it Cape Viuceut, after one- of his sons. Millen's Bay waf! then known as Hubbard's Bay; Olayton was called French Creek i Depauville, Cat Fish Falls; Dexter, Fish Island, and Oarthage, Long Falls; The 'original sarvey of Oape Vincent, however, was not followed when it 'was incorporated, April the 14, 185.3.



The settlers at Port Putnam and down the river from that point,. previous to the war of tSf2, are believed to have been the

persons already named=-Putnam, Macombs and ternberg-JotJ· athan Cummings, Daniel Spinning, Elnathan Judd, Xonrum "\V adworth, John :B. EsseJstyn, who caine in 1803 and was prominent in the town for many years, Eddy Cole, Caleb Lobdell, Avery Smith and another family of the same name, Mr. Phelps William Hollenbeck, Oharles Gillett, Orison and Zimrl Butterfield, Daniel Nicol, Almer Hnbbard.s--wbo never tried to tell as good a story as Barret H n board-Samuel Bi-ittain and a Mr. Dodd. As late as 1815 only seven houses could be found on the site of Cape Vincent village, and for many years the forest was left unbroken from II point just below the comer of William street to . Port Putnam. The settlers generally carne in by the state road and only a single cabin was built on the ]'011te between Chaumont and the St. Lawrence river fOT at least fifteen yeal's. Sometimes, when the road WRS bad, it would take thirteen or-fourteen hours to make the journey. Often it was impassable. This log cabin was occupied by Mr. Soper and his family, and wasa very Interpreter's house to the pilgrims coming into. the new country. In 1815 a most beautiful grove of eighteen or twenty elm trees was gl'OWiDg on the beach at the fi..ot at Point street, just beyond the euphonious" Toad Hole," An that bead) bas since been washed away. On the lot now owned by Mr. John Grapotte, and also on the lot of Ml·s.Pool, were two famous deer licks. The crack of many a hunter's rifle was heard in the vicinity of these licks sixty-fi ve years ago.. In connection with the nemes of the first settlers, the names ot those on the site of Oape Vincent village should ue given. They were : II olicb Peel ps, Rich· ard M. Esselstyn, John MathewI') Uncle Na 1, Eber Kel~eYt DI'. Ainsworth of Vermont, .Nathan Lake and one Proven whose other name cannot be recalled. These were here in 181.2.





A flour and grain mill was of prime consequence to the settlers and flue of the first things looked after. Jolin 13. Esselstya once carried a bushel of corn on his back to Chaumont, had it ground, and brought the meal home in the same manner. This· was not an uncommon feat when the road would not permit a:. ~1'i·fJ with a horse. The first mill H1 Oape Vi uceut was built 0"~




11 Greek. Negotiations were uegnn for a site as early as R. M. Esselsryn, who came as far as Ohaumont river in 1801. In a letter written to Mr. Esselstyn by MI'. La Ray I he was offered a H mill seat and t wenty-fi ve acres" of land at $4.00 pel' acre, unless during the year of erecting the mill, a town should spring np around it, when, added Le Ray, I should feel "at. liberty to break the present bargain." A mill was not built so early as this JeRt· 01' the next. The Esselstyn brothers and Hent'S Ainsworth were the only merchants here for many of the first years. Goods brought from New York in a month, so IILte as 1820, made a quick passage. Scruetirnes Mr. Esselstyn would go in a lumber wagon to Hudson, his wife accompanying him, and bring home such merchandise as had been' transported fat' him to that point on. a sloop, from the metropolis. During- one of these overland trips he carried a heavy bag of specie under some straw on the bottom of his wagon, Whenever he stopped for the night he would carelessly throw his harness over the straw and bag~1ther to disarm suspicion or else to teach our gell, €l'atien that the former times were better than these. o'n another occasion he wrote home of his splendid ride OIl the Clermont of Robert Fulton, (140 feet keel aud 16i- feet beam) the first steam packet that ever made a successful trip, in the universe. This boat, \Vi'ot€ Mr. Esselstyn with enthusiasm, ran at the marvellous speed of four miles an hour directly tlgainst the wind. And it was marvellous, in contrast with those trips by the Hudson river sloops when passengers would . spend a whole day, walking 'along the shore and picking berries to while away the time till the wind was favorable,
1803 by




Abont 1818 a number of educated Freneh families who weue obliged to leave their native land, having become involved in the reverses of N apolson the Fit'st, made Cape Vincent their place of residence. Among those whose names are now rsmembered by the old il' habitants were Peter Francis Real and his; son-in-law General Rolland, Camille Arnaun d, Jermanx and fjgeo~. Peter Real was a count apd the chief police ll;Q.Q!Of



N&polean, Pigeon was a secretary of Count Real: while lere anti all entlufsiastie student in astronomy. Some of the finest iustruments of that ngGO'f "deuce were brought to Cape Yilt ,;cent fI'OtY,[ 'France, ana rae boy who Was privileged to visit the ppper room in Count Rel'll's house where these instrumerrts, <all well as ethers, were kept, gazed ill perfect wonderat the display. The count lived about two years rn a hired honse and then built at the head of Gonvello street what was cl1I'rently known as' the " CllP ami lHLllC81' '-, dweHing, beesuse it resem vied thOBe two arbi€lIes of sewing society Clltllfort. It slwnld not he inf:el'1'ed, however, that it ,1'1<8 marle for sewing society purpose1t. On the other Land, th(Jreis ByeI'] reason to believe that a plan was laid by these Freneli residents to spirit Napoleon away from St. Helena and briug him trJC~lpe Yin~eut, with til€' eil}'l and S-1l11cgr house for a home, Bill Napoleon died in 1821, and for fIlii!! reason) er some other good one, OUI' town Just esesped a w{wld wide notorie ty. The aatronomieal instmments were taken baek to France when these exiles returned afteT the death of thecgTtlat chief. :Mr. Lanie Peugnct was also an offi'cm' ill Napoleon's army, Pigeon never wore fmything on his heml while ill Oape Vincent, summer VI' winter, because he 1\>\,(! made a vow to that effect to last so long as Napoleon was held a prisotrer on bis lonely island. And yet H story is te,k, ufhim, that while once watching the boys as they were Iucrrily skating on the river, he became ve:'y desirous of' learning the a:rt. Bnt the. falls and the bumps' To avoid any unnecessary coll ision, after the'.ka,ics were strapped 011 he tied It cushion aver his head and a pillow just below the middle of his body hehil1Ci,amd went out among 'the boys for Iris first SIHtting., How he succeeded tradltiou does not inform us,

The: most of the original settlers left tile town cllll'illg theNf1i'f of 1812-15. Not, Inilfof theolretUl'ned. 'rVarren Settlell'18f1t was a wilderness till 1825 when Shephel'd W arren and hia.broth,en, James and Asa,began a clearing. Ed win Tilftle, J oe1 TOl'rey and John Howard came soon after, 'I'b6! St. Lawrence regiull ·~as occupied still later than 1925· when Stephen Johnson (JaJ.t;l,~
~ 1,1; _.


from Depan vi l1e and. opened the first. st.ue. F orty-fi ve yea I',;' ago there were l10Clwlf a dozen calrins where the villnge of St. Lt\\'I'CIlCC now smnda. A :Nli8s Lawrence of New York owned !l large tract of territory in thi:; neip:hborhoorl, and when the postoffico was established ill 1848, Luwrouceville was sent on to 'Vn,sllingt:-.Il as al1 appropriute name, It was giveoll in reurem brance of this lndr, But it was tound that another office in the slate bore the same title :\Ild the Post Office Department therefore cilallg'tJd Lawrenceville to St. La'YI'eIlC~, which the inliahitants allowed to reruaiu. The vi1li1.g;e WRS called St, O(1I'S COI'uers ftt first. then Rogers Corners because Jumes Rogers hni1t. the first t:1VCI'Il, afterwards Gotlmm Corners, and finally Graue's Oui'nel's till the estahl islnnent of the mail mute. 'I'h!;)fl)llowingpm'sons were among the early settlers: .J.woh St. Om's, Silas Mosiel", Eli W ('tiley, Hordio Ilumphrey, Hamilton O. 'Wallace, Samuel Dillen, J erorrie W ethey, Daniel Corse, Chnrles Cummins, Dyer' Pierce, Curris, ,\Vlteeler, Campbell aru] Carpenter. . Thel'e is no available da!a t'01' sftyillf:!; .. nything positively in a I'eganl tn tho French Settlement .. (>~«~ept that tile origillal or-enpants "ere Americans of whnm the names of J acoli Van Nostraud, Aaron IYlJiteornb, Samuel :F. ~fills, Phineas and Asahel Po wers and Thomas Shaw are mentioned, Thomas Shaw came from }\,T ew Jersey and on Ilis way was offered a plot of' ground within the present upper limits of N ew·Y ork 'city fOI' $100 per IICI·e. Hu thought he could do better in .Iefferson county and did J10t purclmse, FIe al Wftys kept his stock till it died, never selling 01' killing an animal for forty venrs, In other parts of' the tAW)], !l"b9Ut 1820 and before, m igIrt have been found :Michael Van Schnick, Joll1'i Vincent, "Villiard Ainsworth, Joseph Oross, Dr, Saeket, D!', BI'CWstCl', Benjamin Estes, Captain Caton, and Captain Mei-ntt, Captain MC:ll'rltt sailed the schooner Appollonia from this port and on her last voyage she was struck hy lightning about thirty miles off Mexico Bay: She sunk so qniekly that the orew had barely time to get out the small boat and escape: The first large 8c11001181' built at Gape Vincent was the Mel'chant, the iron work being done by Samuel and J ohn Forsy tlr. This SdIOOl18I' made It t'l'ip to the head of Lake Ontario mid back in three days, with a cargo, Besides the names
} _J • • .;



Abner Hoger:;;, James Buckley, Oliver Pool, Jacob Bedford, /Pili_lip and Abnet' Ga~e, Fuller, Groen, Hassler, Oouverse, Pigsley, Holman, Mal' shall, V~1n Husen, Hoft'-but time would fail in an attempt to mention the uost of euterprislug men who made Cape Viucent the field of their achieve urents. Many of these persons mention ed were farmers; and it is the fal'll1ing elnss of the corumunity whose names are seldom seen or heard. from which the world gets its li,-illg. Stop l'ai~illg wheat and maklng butter and what 'Would become of the profeeeions ~

already gi ven wore Tnt Lladley, James Borland,

War was declared on the IR of June 1812. On the .26 of the same month Gen. Jacob Brown wrote to Gov. Tompkins that. in his opinion a "stl'ong detachment should at once b:l marched on to Cape Vincent' So as to keep Kingston, which Was well fortified and a point fJ'()[[I which nnlitary expeditions would bu sent out by the British ., in as much alai-m as possible." 1[1 less tlian three weeks after the declaration of the war, a detachment of troop from this conn ty and a considerable force nnder 001. Bellinger were 01) tho ground. John B.Essel ..tyn, who afterwards became Colone1, was in command of the militia. A Blig!J~ digression nla~: be allowed here to gi,'c a quotation from a let-tel' written by l[oss Kent, who represented this district in Oongress dut'lng those day.!> of conflict. Under date of September 22, 1814, he wrote from Washington to R. 11. Eeselstyn : H A nether resolution has this day been introd need offeL'ing the thanks or Oongresa to Genorale Brown, Scott and Gains for their brilliant victories on the Niagara frontier over a, superior British force. The resolution is postponed. for a f~w days. General Drown is here I the subject of the most extravagant praise and I believe that if Congress was to authorize the appointment of !I. Lieut. General he would be the man." Drafted militia, Rome from the Mohawk valley, were stationed at Cape Vincent; and also a body of riflemen belonging to the company of Onptain Benj Forsyth. Besides these, it will p~seen from a 8tatemm~t made on an?thcl' page, that a d~t~c4:

ment of) ight artillery ana drnzoou wore A.lIlong the defenders of this frontier, Dlll'il1!l the winter of 1812-1813 a line of sentinels was established along this shore and on the icc foru+oen miles in length. At this t.imc one Corporal Dean.went OVf~I' to "Volfe ialanrl, tell in love with a yOl1l1.~ lady by tile name of Bmton, snd like a brave soldier laid siege to her Iie~u'taud captured it, Button hH.Y IViU called 'after her father On a still night notlong atter the surrender of the fail' prisoner, a soldier of this line of sentinels called out ill loud tones: "BlI tton button, who has got the bntton?" nis comrade next. beyond evidently knew, for' he replied in the same loud vcice : "Oorporal Dean." And then for the whole senti'.)' stretch of fourteen miles, t01l1' above Oape Vincent and six below, tIle words were c:an_gbt Ilf' by the soldiers till the ail' fairly l'l\ng wltl; reverberations of buttons, Deans, and corporals, The soldiers' barracks stood one building on the corner of' J ames street and Broad w!!.)' (Mrs. H~l.sslel' to lot) and the other at the foot of' James street, (in the garden of Williard A ins~ol"tl1.) A building, now used for ,~ school-house on Murray street, was occupied as a hospital. The barracks, a store belong jng to HenrJ ... <\.inswOIth. another store 01' J. B. and R. M. Esselstyn, two 01' three small vessels that had been built here, the honse 01' :Major Esselstyn which stood below Port Putnam, several barns and considerable lumber were burned by the enemy at dlfferent times during the war. The house and bams of Dr • .A very AinsW01'thin Pleasant Vaney were also fired and destroyed by the Indians. Gen, Wilkinson's army .as well a1!lhe troops t encamped herevbumed a large quarrtitv of staves belollging to the Essel tyns, to cook their messes and keep tliemselves warrn. For this JOIlS of property Congress seems to have granted only partial remuneration In a letter dated J anuary 211 1 21, Mr. R. M. Esselstyn complained to the Bon. W. D. Ford ]11 Congress, that the losses should be met inasmuch as they could Dot have been averted by him at the time, He added: "I think I have proved to a demonstration (ana if I have not I call) in the ease of John B. and R. M. Essel tyn for losses sustained in the Imming of our warehouse and tbo property we had in it l that ~.he destenction wascaused by the enemy while the place watt.

"in the military oQcup:mey of the gO\'cnll1Wllt." The unsotth«] claim amounted to $630.2.5. Other persons also IHade application of a similar eliaracter. During the 81111l111el' of 1813 lvIl'. Ebcr Kdsc,Y went to Albany to look after payment fur" services dune and supplies fnrnished " our soldiers. G"n,,'l"IIol' Tompkins was not at the capital when this visit was' made, and Mr. Kelsey left' a pape.' tor him settir.g forth hrs claims, .Among the items spccitied is one "1'01" the use of'the schooner Neptune thirty-one daJS" ill the rransportatlou of troops anel rnuuiriuns of war. IIe stared in this paper that General Brown allowed him onlv two dollars PCI' <lay for thl~ :;;81","'1CI'8 of the schooner and he thought it onght to be increased to three dollars. In closing he reminded the governor that the schooner wcs the one ill which "sonr Excellency sailed from Sacketts Ha)'hor to OOiwego last fall "-the fall of 1812. Til ere is another, item fOl~ "fLll'ni!llling' lla,Y and other neoeesaries to It detachment @flight artillery,' as appeared from a. certificate (if Captain Sigel' an cl Lieut. Johnson, and ordered paid by Dol. ¥a(:otrl b. Aecol'ding to Oaptain 'Mead's certi ficate there is also a claill,l" for damage done by a detachment uf light dragoons," to the amount of "$71.00, HS apprised by John B. EsselstYll Esq. Elnathan Jl-ldd Esq. and :Mr. John Nll.sh." The piundering and burning of the warehouses referred to was , done on the sly by British gun boats; and these W!U' boats were frequently seen pailsing lip and down the river in front of the vmage; Marauding parties, however, sometimes came to grief, as the following incident illustrates: J nst at day light one morn iog a gun boat came up the river and stopped at the foot of JalMS street, (a little east of Mr. Buckley's planing: and shingle, mill) when the crew and soldiers leaped ashore and hurried into the nearest garden, where they began to plunder the small fruit and vegetables. But the boat had been seen through the grey light of' the coming day by a body of Forsyth's riflemen, as' it )1HtiSedPort Putnam, Snspecting that the BJ'ilish might land, the sharp shooters followed along the shore, through the woods, and .reached the g!lrden but a few moments later, They immedintely attack them (\.TIda skirmish ensued with the capture of !lollthe pInt)' except three or four. Several WCI'1!l wounded ana



three were killed, as til') matter is now rorneinbored by one who W!\'-; livi ng here at that t ime, The prisoners were sent to Green bush on the Hudson !'iVCI' and the dead buried at the comer ot' Broadway ant! MurrilY street. (The lotof Mr, G. A. Alnsworrh.) It may he remarked that only two A merican soldiers were killed at Cape Vincent, 01' neal' it.dur ing the Vl'ogl'Oss of this war of 1812, One was a llHU1 by the name of Draper who went over to Wolf island with a number of volunteers Iroin among the soldiers, to rout a party of Indians who were there watching fOI' opportunities of theft and sl!alping. The raid was poorly managed and Draper was left on the field, having been shot hy the enemy when carelessly exposillg himself, Some of the volunteers reo ceived tr.ifling- wounds. Tile other soldier was accidentally shot by a comrade who pointed and snapped a gun at him. supposing it to be unloaded. The dead man was buried SOUledistance back in the forest: and until a recent period these words might have been seen cut in the bark of a beech tree, to designate the spot near which he lay: "A.Ou~let' shot by J. Weaver." These burial-grounds of the woods, where all the American soldiers who died of disease were likewise buried, was in the rear of the M. E. church, and perhaps half way to William street. The Royal George, a British war ship of 24 guns and three masts, once stopped at Gape Vincent but withdrew without making ftlly demonstration. On the 23 of August 1813, Major EsselstYrl was taken prisoner Oil the state road near Chaumont while escorting several relatives and friends to a place of safety. He was 'removed to Oanada, held about two weeks and then ex" changed for a British officer of equal rank, The British fleet which attack Sacketts Harbor on the 29 of May 10813 was fitted ant at Kingston and on its way to the Harbor captured a boat loaded with flour, from Oape Vincent. It ",HI thus be seen that this town was a point of much interest during the period which we are considering, although no battles 01' other great events OC, Cl1 rrerl , to draw the attention of the. country at large, to it. This portion of the lristery should not be concluded without recording a most tlll'illing tragedy which happened in a private dwelling that stood near the corner of Broadway and J<.;sselstyn ctreets. (On the spot where Dr. W~bb~s house is now stalldingJ

, ,





It Rppelll'S titM. a Brittsl: old ier had left. his .Majesty" serv ice and taken his sword in behalf of the Unitr;\r1 States. Biq name was Moore, Sometime during the month of "1Lt.r 1813, a troop ~f BI'itish soldiers, havillg learned that Moore was at Oape Vincollt in command of a small body of A merieau soldiers, anrrouuded the house where he was stoppillg and demanded that he should go back to Canada with them, They waited a little time 011 the outside and ordered him ont of the house. He refused to como. Then several British soldiers went into the room where he had placed himself, but MOOl'a drew his sword and wonld not he taken, Stepping into a corner he asked for only a fail' fight-his sword blade against their bayeneta, His comrades had fled np stairs; and l'ingle handed 'he actually kept e.ery one of them at bay, till the order was given to shoot him down. It was a cowBrdly act and he lived long enough to call those up stairs, as wen as his assailants, cowards. The bullet, which passed throngll his body and bedded itself in tbe ceiling, wns found a few years ago when the house was taken down.


Respecting the excitement 0-£ the patnot movement in 1838 in this township and county, but little Heerl here be written, There is 110 occasion {QT discnseing the morit.s of the case, Some say the whole actien was a crime, other a delnsion, and none at the present honr, assume 01- attempt any jllstitieatlon for jt, One thing is certain. After the United States, as' wen as the State authorities, had pronounced strongly against aJIY action on American soil in aid of the Canfldiftns, whoever sympathised with thtl cause ought not to have used the protection of the still'S and stripes to secretly assist it', The sympathizers shonld have gone into the Dominion and not have stolen arms and held seeret meetings here . .Mauy who read these words will remember the hunter lodges, the mystel'ious language of signs among members of the lodges, the discussions that were in the night ail' about attacl;:ing Kingston, the robbery of the 1Vat"ertnwn arsenal, the burning of the Sir Robed Peel neal' Wells leland, the memorable trip of the United States across the lake and down this river, when the patriots gathered at Windmill Point and came to a quick and d\~
"''. .. . • j

astrous end, SOIil~ were. killed ill the tight and those who did Hot J'1l11away when the final stand was made at the mill. W81'e taken prisoners and placed in coufinement at .Kingston, Of the pi-isoners, some were banished to Van Dieman's Land. Dorephus Abbey of Wa,tel'towl'l, Daniel George of this village, Van Sehoults the talented exile from Poland, and others were exeeuted. A few were released. Strenuous efforts were exerted in this town and connty to-influence the Canadian authorities not to inflict the deathpenaltv upon the unhappy men, hilt ten were Illltlg, eighteen released, fifty-eight pardoned, sixty transported, three acquitted, four turned Qlleen's evidence, "and of ten," says the historian of J efferson county, "we have been unable to ascertain their fate." The penalty was too severe, considering the youth, the delusion, and the deception pl'~cticed upon the larger portion of those engaged in this melancholy a:fi'ail',

During the civil war the state of New York placed 426,000 men in the army and navy. Oape Vincent contributed of tlli.~ number her full quotas. The quota under the call of October 17 1863 was 44 j under that of February 1, 1864 it was 70; March 14,28; July 18, 56; December 19, 40. The guns which battered down Fort Sumpter in 1861 were scarcely cold before the loyal citizens of this town began to urge the necessity of saving the nation from the disgrace which that act was designed to bring npon it. On the 6 of A ugnst 1862 a permanent war committee was appointed at a meeting of the citizens which continued till 1865, In February of this year (1865) the comsnittee reported that $235,85 still remained in its hands unexpended, of the money raised to pay bounties. They were authorized and directed to use the balance at their discretion in providing for the families of the volunteers, A special town meeting was held on the 12 of January 1864 when it. was voted-263 against 52-to tax the town sufficiently to pay a bounty of $300 to each person who should thereaftet volunteer into the service of the U nited States and be credited to Cape Vincent. Previous to the appointment pE this war committee t4e volunteers received littl~ or no bonIlt~,.

20 l\Itltough small SIlIllS were gil"en them individuals as they left home, and they went under the stimulation of R. patriotlsm that no man could Jay to the chal'ge of greenbAck!:'_ N 01' must we f01'~et the meeting of the ladies on Thursday evening, the 21 of Allgnst 1862, when arrangernents were made for a nioll' estival, which was field a week later ill the Freight depot with gl'eat success, Several hundred dollars were there rni ed for the pnrpose of establishing It oldier s Relief Fund, and this 811m was increased from time to time by the Indies ,Is the families of soldiers here needed help, 01' l'eq nest were 1IJ11de to them for hospital supplies at. the front. At the preliminary iueetinc the committee of the villl'1ge WR., made to include two ladiefl from each school district of tLe tOWIi whose names arc gi\'en ill the report of the proceedtugs. It seems that eertain cmvs and heep had been do-nated to the Iadies for the benefit of the Iiclief Fund, a,lld onthe ocension of tho festi VAlthey were suld. If we had the names of the farmers who ga\-e tire stock they would be put in this place. During the years of the war, lal'gc meetings wCJ:e held in Ilfferent parts of the town-fOIlI' JH1.1'Seeams sometuues startingout t of the village of OH pe Vi ncent with banners and music, gfl.thering .audiences at Millells TIilY. St. Lawrence 01' around t he steps of the .ehnrch in French Settlement-s-when the citizens would sndea ..or to inspire one another with the vital responsi bilities of the hOI1I'. The meetings of this \'iJlage were ITsllall)' held in 11 1I11ock 11<111.(over the store of Levi Authony.) A hll'ge crowd once sonvcned ill the :passenger depot; a celebration W!lS held 011 the Fourth of J uly 1863 for Uuion funds ; and the energy displayed here through those anxious years of blood and ufferi ng those years when 60llS went from somW of 0111' homes never to return, those years wheu :it wns as much a glory and a martyrdom to sincerely :lightfol' the Iiberty of the nation ILl, ever characterized the land of the brave, those years which lUl.I'e made this centennial freedom possible, frOID the grand old river before our n!I'J' eyes JOWII to the great. Gulf-the war energy exerted h; Oape Vincent then In ust go 011 record as a consti tuent element of the county and the state w h ich made the town a loyal and patriotic 011e, A list of the soldiers


who went from this town tm~ of the last p::t~s:
,)l _


were credited toit


be found





Cape Vincent has suffered from fires of which the following' have been recalled : A store, hotel and barns [milt llIany years ago by Mr. Joseph Cr'OSS on the corner of GOLI vello and James street ; it saw and grist mill at the foot of Gouvello street Lelongjng to 'I'heophilus Peugnet ; the foundry of Mr. JO]H1 Forayth ill 1861; the railroad woodhcuse and It bl'ge quantity of wood; the Elevator on the 2(J of September 1863; tlie steamer \VatcrtOIYIl, September 9,1865, whenone life was loot; six 01' seven buildings comeriug all Broadway and Market street lind running east and north, iu the forenoon of February 7, 1806; the s!Jingle mill at the foot of Bro<ldw1Lj',NoVBllIhel' the 22· of tile same 'year; a most distressi ng accident, tifteen 01' eigh teen years ago at Kents Creek, w hen It block house was completely destroyed by tire and fL whole f,llllily by the name of Grill1::lltaw were unrrllJd with it beyoud reeognitiou ; find more sad tluui eVPII this and all other' disaster" combined, contrasted with which the loss of property bears no comparison, the i.Hll'uillg of tile Wisconsin off the shore or Grenadier islaud durillg tire night of May 21, :867. Last yeeLl' (1875) large stacks of grain belollg-iug to Mr. Albert Rice of St. Lawreuee, amonntiug to $l:1,OOU, were totally consumed 1>y fire which was caused hy the frictiou of some portion of the threshing machiue ellgaged in thl'eslrillg the graill at the time, ·When the ElenltOl' was lmrued 36,(100 hnshels of grail r were itl the bins, only ir\tlf of which were insured. A elweUjrrg house Ir<I·S saved froui tire flames a few j'8!l.J's ngo by ineessant SIlOW ball i ng. All llppel' cabin steamer named tile Oecan \Va\'e was burned near the Duck~ in 1853 and tweuty-three lives were lost.

But this community never hadiutenser feelings or more sym" pathetic hearts than was manifested when the propeller VviscotlSill W,lS hurncd and twentyfour pC1'6<) 1IS went slidden]y into the, presence of God. Tile last body taken from tlie water was that of Andrew F, Morrison the engineer, six weeks after the disaster. _ The Wisconsin '>1'IlS a steamer belong-jllg to the Northerll Transportation Company and was 011 her third trip Louud for Chicago. Ab!)n~ one hundred ?erSOIlS, ineluding the CI'B;W and the five pn~~ . ,

. ellg-OJ';; \\',11Icb g-ut on lit Oape "\ iucout, made IlfJ tht: compilll)'. he left the wharf- not fILl' from half after tell in the evening. The night Was dark, a drizzling rain was falling, nearly all. the passengers were in their berths, an half hour later and many were asleep when-" Fire! the boat is 011 fire!" rang through the cabins with that shrillness and horror such as only terror could give the CI·Y· Men and women hurried out of their rooms half dressed or in their night clothes, to find the flames bllrstillg .through the hurricane deck sud crowding up around the smoke stack like the tOllgnes of fiery snakes, and gOl'ging the hatchway near the engine as if mad that it had so little freedom. No description of that terrible night can be adequately gi ven, Captai n Townsend immediately gave orders to head the Wisconsin for Grenadier 'islaud and to clear away the yawls. Only the big yawl seems to have been of much service, and when that was hronght abreast (If the rail, pal) ie stricken men and women rushed into it without a consideration RB to the load it would boar. Seeing the confusiOI1 the captain ordered the yawl lowered to the water and in that position it remained till the steamer was beached, Thus fastened to the side of the propeller and q uite ont of sight from the deck, they rushed on together, side by side into the inky darkIICSS leaving behind them a lurid stream of flames and cinders, and uttering more than aile beseeching cry 10 God for the shore. Jnst as the steamer struck the beach some perBon ill the forward prllt of the yawl cut the rope which held her fast, the stern I'ope still being secured, when she instantly turned bottom upwards and eighteen or twenty persolls were thrown" into the water. Some might even then have been saved, as they were only fifty UI' sixty feet from land. but the wheel was running at full speed 80 that ever! person was drawn under by the swell and perished. J 11m ping 0 vel' the bow of tit tl pro pel Ier; th e steward 0. II ,.Dodge -all honor to his name-swam ashore with a rope, the osd of which he fastened securely and then went back and remained in the water to as 1st the rernai !ling passengel's to reach the island and save their lives More than one, in his efforts to shove himself along over the rope dropped, off and was picked up by Cortland H. Dodge. It is believed that no one was lost who re~n.ained. on the )Vi.scollsin and used this rope as a mean . of l'elf:


23 cue, On the IIDxt mornillg' \'el'y e:11'Iy. the stoamcr 'iVat.crtowII, hearing of the lJl1l'1lillg wreck, went 11p to the scene of dcat.h Illlt! SOOIl after returned to the ':ilbtgo with fourteen bodies. They \\'CI'e placed side b'y side ill the freight house, l~ corouor's inquest was held iu the hotel of tile p.lssellgel' depot. aud nearly all the bodies were buried in the olel cemetol'Y all Market street. The loss of .Nh: Hobert Ohishohn's wife and fonl' children, and the utter wreck of his fortune and hopes, can never be forgotten oy this generatioll. TOil other bodies were found from time to time as they washed ashore. NOI' must it be forgotten to record the special efforts of the Trausportation Oompauy ill beal'ing the expenses which the accident occasioned, and especially the kindness of the islanders und residents of this village, in furnishing food, clothing and money, so fur as it was required fIJI' the immediate necessities of the survivors. All those who were saved returned to this viUage on the following day.


The first religious services were conducted by Mr. Richard M. Esselstyn in his OWlI house. The meetings were held each Sabhath when the Episcopal service and a sermon were read by him, followed by an extempore prayer from Deacon Kindall who was Il BaptIst. These were the days when a good old Scotchman from Wolf island would attend the primitive worship and hring his family. The row across the river, especially in the warm days of Jnly, developed a tendancy to sleep during the reading of the sermon, and this restful feeling was universally indulged. The boys then, as it sometimes happens now, were always ready- for the closing doxology aud eagerly watched for the vigcrous shaking of nncle Coclrrnne's foot. because that shaking not only indicated the breaking up of the good man's nap, hut 'a18,o the near end of the services, Previous to 1820 missionaries came into the settlement and the names of aMI', Avery and a MI'. Flintal'e atHi remembered. There is still preserved the original draft of a paper stating that the first Sabbath school was started on the 80 day ofJnly, 1820, with J. B. Esselstyn and Bnel Fuller as managel's, R, M, Esselstyn superintendent, and Mr, Ellis teacher. Thereia also the draft ef the first constitntion that formed the


[; AliXilifll'Y Female Mis8iollfll"Y Society vi Capo Vincellt-'l This organization was bal'cre that of any church and not far from the date of start inu the first tOWl1 Bible Society, ~




The Presbyteriau church begall its formal existence 011 the second day of Mill"ch, 1 23, at the homo of Oliver Lynch. Rev, NOHh ]l,L 'Nel Is of ]31'0\\'11 ville moderated the meeting and probId.ly drew the conf sion of faith aud the covenant which were then adopted. TIle following ehrht persons constituted the' original memhership : Oliver Lynch, Abl'aham MOITOW, Matilda LYlich. Jalle Forsyth, Mary Forsyth, Oynthi!L Roger!', Hezekiah 11, Smith, and AtrlllHrillis Mills. At this meeting Jedediah Mills was received ou protessleu and Oliver LYlH:h and Ahralnun Monol';" were <:1I05ell elders Ilmi deacons. MI'. Lynch soon after moved to the west, On tIle 25 of tile next June the ehureli was received into the Presbytery of St, Lawrence 011 th~ same day when Ohsrles G, Finney, who became the eminent revivalist, was taken under its care as a candidate fOI" the gospellllinistry. 111.1824 It l,u'ge meeting of this ecclesiastical body was held iu our .. Biage, The first services \\"CI'O begnp in a school house that stood near the old cemetery; afterwards in n hatter's shop Oil Broad way; then in the ball room of the Rath bnn house ; next in a wheelwl'igbt hop; and la.ter still, in a hotel bnilding at the foot of J a Illes street tlnl.t was burned lllallY years ago. 011 the 13 of February, 1832, the' First Presbyterian Society" was organized with Simon Howard, Henry Ainsworth, Miehael Myerf', R. T. Lee arid James Buckley as trustees. The ch urch bniidiug> was commenced the same yea]' 400 and the lot having been given by MI', Le Ray towards the project. It was occupied the next yea l' by the use of temporary seats, and continued in an unfinished state till about 1840, when the inside was completed. Rev. Jedediah Burchard was the first minister, who came in 1824, and during the two years of his ministry inereased the membership to more than fifty persons. There were large accessions in 1850. In 1852. the year when the hell was pill'· chased, the ehurch murnbered 135 members.





~1Jc \\lIeeh\'l'igllt shop whero the early services were !teld \\';-fS \rithOllt much nndel'pitlllilig and stood two or three feet above the groulld, Olle Sabbath while 1ft', Burchard was preaching very earnestly all the willingness of dohlg w hate vel' God calls upon us to de, he was greatly !tllllO,yed by half a dozen pigs that grunted and rooted around beneath the shop floor. Neither did it please the cougregation. Suddenly grace and patience ga ve wnj'~ when Mr, Burchard stopped short ill his diseourse and called out i "UnlDph Shepherd, dri ve out those llogs."

As ah'ell.dy intItc<i1ed the tir::;t ]'digiollS services WEre Episcot?alitlll ami c'0lldndcd by Ric!ulI'c! Esselstyn. These services were continued wit.h more til' less frequency, sometimes at Cape Yin" cet~t and 15mnetitrles at :MilIell'i:I Bay, till St. John's pn.!~j~h was ol'galli2:cd '(Ill tll'e.il5 of ,Tallllal'Y 1841, while Rev. John Noble was rector. jolla n,ES5~!~tj'n and Nelson B. Wi!liamswel'c then chosen wardens; fl,nd Neisun Potte!', Otis P. Starkey, Robert Bartlett, Calvin Pool, Jntlah T. Ainsworth, Robert Moore, Wce Parish, aud WiIlinll1 Esseh;tyn; vestrymen, The lot UpOli which the elrurch building' stands was dIe gift of Mr, Starkey and contained an acre of land, The tit'st hit'E\l'mellt in the parish cemetery was the boo}' of Jonathan Howland, who died the same yem' of the OJ'ganiJ'];ation,at the age of 60 years. The building was erected in 1841 arid consecrated on the second day of June 1842, with the approbation of Bishop Del.ancey. A neat parS01tAge was built not long after the church edifice. At the present time, and this has been the case £01' several years past, the rectorof St. J ohu's parish holds preaching services every oth er Sabbath afternoon at Millen's Bay, Them is a geod bnilding at the Bay which was completed in 1872 by the union efforts of the Episcopalians alia the Methodists of that place, The Methodist Class there is connected with the charge at; St: Lawrence and has it regular service on alternate Sabbaths.

Although the Methodist church was organized several years 11ft!'!' those already }. named, it was r' yet this denomination whieh •

maintained the first. tated preachillg. A class was formed not fn!' from 1820 and the TInt conference appointment was that of Seth Green in 1 2i. Fro:n 1827 to thepresent time preaching has been given, directly ill accordance with the plans of the eonIerenee or else under the rnauagement of the presiding elders. Dnring tl:e eft}'ly history of the field, which embraced the northern territory of Jefferson County, the quarterly meetings were very largely attended by people who lived InaDY mHes away hom the place of gathering. The church in the "mage oi Cape Yil!>lcent was legally organized on the 14 dny of October 1851, nuder the m~nistl'y of Rev. William Jones and with a membership of fifty-five persons, twelve of whom were probationers. The names of the original trastees were Wi]jialU ICing, George Akerline, William EsselstY.l • .Pbiletns Judd, Asa S. Jones, John Ilollcuheck, and John Nims.. It is stated that the property of the society, twenty-five yeam ago consisted of a good cooking stove with its necessary pi-pe nlill furniture. Sabbatll services were held in the stone school building on Point street, until the erection of the church in 1&55. 1111854 a Methodist SundaY'Bchool was organized with tl~irty sclrolars, and this was after the school established on the North 8[101·e. 'I'l e parsouage belonging to this society was completed two years ago, a portion of the present bouse having bC'JlI purchased fe)' tlmt plU'pose previous to lS74. Until this year (1876) the church has received aid from the Misl!.ioO!U'ySociety, bnt it is now self-supporting. THe first religious services in the St. Lawrence region of the town were under the direction of Elder "\,y arner, a preacher of the Ohrietian denomiuntion. This order flouriehcd f01" several years, and when it began to wane, the first Methodist class was formed with Morris Cornwell nnd wife, Christopher Tread well and wife, and Mrs. J eremiah Newville as the original mem bel'S. This class was. organized later than 18::10 and continnod till the 17 of August 1868, when the "Secund Methodist Episcopal Church of the to\'VJIof Cape Vincent" was begun, and the following trustees elected : Samuel Dillen, Edward R. Farr, Alonzo 'Vall'ath for three years; Albert E. Rice, and Alanson Abby, for two years; and Samuel Swartwout and Rnssel Wright for ~IH) lear. f.p~e house of worship was erected ill the. ummcr rvf


1869 and dedicated on the.15 of the following December, Previ~ns to the organization of the church, St. Lawrence was only a preaching station, The hugest revival, probably ever known in the vicinity, blessed the congregation dllring the winter of 1814 and 1875, and vel'S large accessions were made to the membership.

It is a matter of regret that records concerning the Roman Catholic elmrehes, oath of French Settlement and the village, are not at hand £01' the purpose of II h istorical narrative. The church at the Settlement was built by J\{l'. Le Ray and given to the people. The church in the village was dedicated inJune 1858 with. Bishop McOloskeyofficiating.


Two noteworthy visits were made 00 thi-s town by .Mormon elders. The first one was in 1833 and the last one about 1848. They assumed to work miracles, j,leai the sick by miraculous power; and Patton sud Parish, who were the first visitors. claimed the ability" to interpret any language that man could apeak." Crosby and Bt'Ownwho f~nowed these, fiftee·n years [ater, attempted all msuraer of wonderful works except to raise the dead, The raising of a dead man they prudently never at·tempted. Sometimes they would baptize-and always by immersion-in the night. To give a wierd character to the performance, one of the young converts was baptized in a large well, Meetings were held St. Lawrence and Wilson Settlement, and during 1833 in this village. In some instances whole families went over to Mormonism and all grew merry as a m:uriage bellfor the more marriage the better-till challenges were issued for a public debate with any one who believed they had no l'ight to 8S many wives as Abraham, or as much di vine power as Paul. It happened in 1833 that Rev, William Moore, but a short time in this country from Ireland, was supplying the pulpit of the Presbyterian church. He belonged to the Methodist denomination. At one of their Mormon meetings Patton boldly advop~~~l snpernatural gift of tougnes, and challenged any pel'so~ ~is


_ ""z _


in the house to rlispnte t.he claim Ot' the doctrines 01' the J\lfof'liflff religion. But this WIlS the rope thnt hung them. 1YII".MooI'€! quietly arose in his scat and accepted tlle challenge. The time 0I the debate was at once al'l'f1TL0:ec1 nnd 'when the evening came, the house was crowded at an earlyIiour. Mr .. Moore llllcl agreerT to speak first and beg'nn with trlese words hom the Bihle : "0 full of subtiltv, find all mischief, thou child of the r1e~il, thou enemy of righteousness, win thou not cease to pervert the ]'ight wavs of the L01"9.1' (Acts 1 g; 10.) He spoke abont an hOI1l', showed the difference hetween the miracles of the SCI'ipt11l"cS nnr] those of these Mormon advocates. nnd closed hy calling: attention to Patton's elai m, pu hliclv anrl andnclflllRTy Jl"I 11 de, that he could 'interpret allY lang-linge under the snn. Then tnl'llln£!, to Patton lie repented the ApoRtles Creed' in gennlPe Irish nnd told him t(.'l interpret the same, TInt not n wort] could he get. from TI11T1 or the ot lier Mormon. 'I'hev 'H'J"e Side 'rhe ("on!!'regatlol1 and MI'. Moore waited towards fill how', hnt not one worrT was iteRI'd ill replv, Persons ill the cona:reg-atlol1 arose nl'ld ndd"oi'se({ them ~ and fL listener said, that tlie Methodist preacher finnllv told 1"1',,, Patton that he dare not undertake to speak those II'ish words fOJ' if he did it won Id crack Iris ]tw.s. The." left town soon after. Croshj: and BrO\\'l\ at St. Lawrence, about 1848'.. came tn an end equally nneorufortahle. This was rlone bv a sermon fl'O'11 :'t Baptist min ister' still liVing in this countv. Thev invited Eldet' Blount to preach on the promise of Christ to give miraculous power to his followers flnd, to show wlty it might. not he fulfilled in their case, He flnally neeepted the invitation. At the ap-' pointed time all the nBlg:1IllOl"llOod were present. J3]'nWIl and Crosby 111\1J I'cry eal'n8sfTy declared that the.>, had ('111"8<1 l'L sick chiD TIY prnycr and the Ll\'lllg" Oil hands; hat Elder 13lonnt inquired how it. happened tliat the hoy tinall.Y died, if lie was healed by them? These twO' SOI'ceYer'S had also stated, and t1teir followers con fi rrned titei l' sta teuren t, t.hat they freq nen t tv removed distress] ng headaches by eli vi ne iuflneuces ; hnt t."B EIder asked why it was, then, that thev secretly g-a\'e 11 ronsinjr emetic? 'Pel'haps they intended to throw the headache out of the month. The Apostle James speaks of annoiuting the sick ;,.itll oil and ~rayiTl£? O\"(~I' them" .... The }ImlI10lls deelared d).a~





they had- done tllllt \-ery thing in the ease of rheumatic individuals with iustantaueous effed; hilt the Baptist minister; who had !;lyly ueen instructed ill the details of the aunointiug, proved to the audience that they nearly skinned the back of oue poor fellow hy rubbing it with turpentine a'lIe! then applyillg' a hot shovel. This kind of debating soon chocked the religious wiekoduess and nonseuseraud the next spring Crosby aud Brown, with a few adherants, went hack to Nanvuo.

The first ferry was established by Abij;th Putumn, the founder' of Port Pntn<l,IIl, and it extended from that village across the big bay to Wolf island. About 1809 tile second ferry was started from Gravelly Poi nt to Ilim:kley's Poi nt of the same island. Eber Kelsey ferried from this side for lIlany years, and SarnuelHinckley fJ'om the other. ]'01' tell yearE Peter Sternberg controlled a ferry from Cl1,l'ItOIl island to WaIf island. Row boars and scows were nsed until 1847 when a small steamer tailed the Farmer made trips from and to Killgston, being governed by the demands of freighl and passengers as to the freqnclIcy of her trips. The year after the railroad was completed to Cape Vincent, die Wolf Island Canal was cut by a stock com'PaIlY, ill whieh the railroad and the city of Kiugston were inter ested, as well as private individuals, The Lady (If thl;j Lake was used as a ferry boat by the Cape Vincent and Rome railroad durillg 1852 while the John Oounter was being built especlally for the route, The Juhn Counter was owned and managed by the aforesaid stock company and designed to run through the canal, but Was found too lal'ge. She was used, however, during the fall of 1853 and the spring of 1854, l1~al\ill~ trips around the head of the island, until sold to parties in Montreal, The Star took her place during the remainder the season. UeOl'ge W. Ot'eightoll \1'H8 captain (If both the J ohu Counter and the Star. III 1855 the steamer Sir Charles Napier, formerly owned by the American lake aud steam boat compan,)', was purchased by Captain Creighton und eoiurnanded by him until the spring of 1858, when Kinghorn and Hinckley organized a company, putting the Pierrepont 011 the line and fo1l0\\'illg: 11131', at a later date, with


30 the Watel'towll. III 1873 .Messrs. l;'olgel' Bros, and Nickle PUI'chased these steamers, Captain Il inckley still retaining [ris interest. The f n€ steamers Maud and euevs are 110W lWlkil)g regulal' trips uetween Cape Vincent and Kingston, The master of the Maud is Captain Theodore Hinckley, and of the Geneva, Oaptain Coleman Ilillekley, Jr. Tile first ferry boat from Clnyton was a little steamer called tlre Wren, which COIllHl{lrH:C elf] ilS tri ps ill llS68 and rail two S€IlS011S. The Midge took her place ir.1 1870, Tllaking the same trip asthe 'Wren, and also going frOtH Clayton to Guuauoqne each afternoon. The Wren was run L,YS, D. Jolurstou, and the Midge by Jolrn JUI'1l1'(lIlI, In 1873 the J. II. Kelly took the route from Alexancll'i,t Buy tu Cape Vincont, making two round trips pel' day, Site was sncceeded last year (1875) by the T, S. Faxtoll nuder the e0I111mtlJd of Captain Holt-and hell' whistle is blow ing the announcement of her arrival at the wharf with passeagers for the mOI'nlllg train, as these words are written.

The custom-house District of Cape Vincent was organized on the 18 of Apri! 1818, Previous to this date Ospe Vineent was only 11. port of entry in charge of a deputy, with Backetts Harbor as the headquarters. It is now the point where the chief ofticer is stationed and comprises -the entire coast of J efferson county, Sacketts Harbor having been con olidated with the Ospe Vincent Di~tdet MaI'ch 3, 1863. .Thel'e are ten ports of entry, During the period of the non-intercourse laws and the embargo, smuggling was a very animated bnsinesa, without much injury to the consciences of the people since they firmly believed that those regulations were wrong all well as unnecessary. For m!lt])' yeal's it was an unsettled question whether Oarlton island belonged to the United States or the Dominion. A quantity at goods was seized on that tC1'I'itOI'Y d nrillg the administration of John Qlli ney Adams, and more than one cabinet meeting was held at Wash· illgton to det rmine wliat disposition should be made of the seielues. Tn June 1812 Elijnl. Fields JI'., a deputy colleetor atutionnt '\lpC Vincent, seized t\~O schooner' and their cal'eoes-t~~,


31 .

"Niagal'fL ai1tl

the'Olltal'iu~l1ildel' the belief that they were engaged ill smnggling. After fill examination of the case -the Ontario was released for want of sufficient evidence, hut the Niclgn~ ra and her land were sold, The first collector WHS Jolin R E,;· selstyn, who served the government more than f0111' yea I'" before ally salaJ'Y was eshtb]islled, and this was atarted at tile extravagant figure of $250 pel' annum. The exports were comparative ]y of no ('onseqnenL'e before tile uuildillg of the railroad ; and 110 record of exports is made ill tile quarterly report which W;I!;drawn np just before the 1'1l1l11il1g' of the regular trains. Til;; next report had the item of exports set down at tj;20,OO(), TheJ'C' are fcrty-five vessels owned ill the Distl'iet of Cape Vincent, of which thirty-one are sail vessels and fourteen steam. The ton 1II1ge of the former is 4,538 and of the latter 598. The number of vessels entered and cleared are about a thousand a year. The exports of American manufactures through the District of Cape Vir.went for the Iast ten 'ye~lJ'shave been about $550,000 annunlly, of which $250,00 are expOl·ts in bond, The imports for tile same time have been about $500,000 annually. The imports iu the fur trade wel:e $112,000, and thepounds of fresh fish from Canada were 700,000 pounds, for the year 1875.

The first thoroughfare was the state road whieli was completed from Brownville to Port Putnam in 1803. The turnpike was made several years later ; and in 1832, a mack River company was organized with legal authority to build either fL cMlal Dr railroad, from Rome to Cape Vincent, Sacketts Harbor or Ogdensbnrg. But this company did not breathe vel'y long. Irr ] 846 another act of the legislature grail ted the right of construct ing the Rome and Cape Viucent railroad which likewise failed after a few months of stl'llggle. .Nine years later the matter vas ugain agitated with more capitalwithiu reach, more meetings in Kingston, Oape Viueeut and Watel'towll, and in 184-8 work was commenced at Rome, and -the last rail laid to' the shore of the St. Lawrence in the spring of 1852. The first, trail! appeared in April of that year amid great rejoicing and hearty cheers. :ileg~Ilar trains beFan to run in the following May, The Rome, Wa~

tertown and 0i!'ch~llSIJlll'!! ('.4)]l1pnn)', "'hil'h also controls the 1.<1\,11 Outa ri« Shore road tu 1",illgH'm ']'!I'CI', IIOW oll'lring and successfully 1Il1l1l1lgillg the roilte, have :Jon() feet uf 1\"hi1l'fHge 011 1110 81101'c of the I'illng-c, Tho fl'l!igtlt house is 000 feet long, and the passenger depot, ilJl~lllllillg the liote], is 200 I),)'50 feet. No cars are r lin 011 the Sabbath, IlO »ccideuts of ,UI} 1l10111ellt have ever OCCll),led to its trains, no road ill the Eilipil'e state, except the Central," is believed tu be IIIoJl'~ prosperous, \\'Idle none (Ire better equipped. Twenty two yefl.rs ago ti v e propel Iors connected the Cape Vinc-ent and Rome railroad with the Michigan Central fit Detroit, hy means of wliich imruenee quantities of height were transported to and from this port. The llHlgnifi(Jellt Ontario steamers Bay State and New York, touched here every day iu their trip be tween Odgensburg and Lewiston. ABd the ferry line to King, ston brought the tOWIl into direct communication with another steamboat route, which extended to all the prineipalIandiugs on the Canadian side of the Lake. As a result of thi8 general traffie all branehss of local business were greatly stimulated in Cape , Vincent, and the prospects of a large town were veryflatteriug. For some reason which the historian is not able to discuss, some of this commercial business started twenty-five yeare ago, wassoon divert.ed to other channels. The place is seriously affected by the "hard tirues' that are just lIOW burdening the people everywhere. And yet a new source of growth is opening which might be made a matter of permanent advantage. It is no exagel'atioll to say, that the gl'andenr and comfort and health of the magnificent St. Lawrence, is gaining the attention of the entire world. A few days or weeks o-f summer recreation has become a fixed habit of the American people, so that there is no place for an al'gnmentagainst the belief that the pleasure travel to this vicinity, will continue to increase from year to yea I', for several years to come, Who ever came to these shores and expressed any dissatisfaction with its glories, its refreshing air, its grander sense of life, such as can be secured under no other; circumstances ~ Once here is more than twice Lel'e,with two or three friends in addition, It has heen estimated hy ten or twelve men, independ-

O\ltly o'f caclQ other and not counting the increasiug number who stop hem, that 1I{) less than SCI"CIt lmudrod passengers went through our depot each day dnring the pleasure season of last year. This average estimate is certainly low enough. J3ttt this travel lias don bled within three years ; and fi ve years !l'Y01 there were probably not seven hundred pleasure travelers dtuing the entire summer, Of course forty or 1ifty thonsandpeople coming to the bauks of the St. Lawrence at this point is of tl"iftiug benefit town rds the growth of the population, in itself considered; but what IIUIU or woman can forget the place, when tL.e first sight of the clear, majestic rivor, was out of the cal' window as they came into the Cape Vincent depot 1 1'lte situation is a. gl'and one. And if capitalists, ),JOW strangers to [1S. call he iud need ou recognizing the fact to settle here, the traveling population becomes at last ~ permanent 'One. The city of Saratoga wa lJllilt up ill this way of acquaintance from the outside, earnestly ClUJ persistently encouraged by the residents. For this reason it was said that It uew source of business and grewth is opening hereof which advantage may be gladly taken. But these last words exceed the province of the historian and the sketch is heee ended with two verses from a poem by 13. .F. Taylol':
Ah, beautiful river, Flow "011 ward forever 1 Thou art grander than AVQn, and sweeter than


If a tree has been shaken, If a star has been taken,

In tby bosom we look-bud

and Pleiad

are there I

pure and dear river) Make music forever In the Gardens of Paradise, hard by the throne! For Oil thy far shore, Gently drifted before) "rV ~ may find the lost blossoms that once were om' own.





SOUle of the best f'aruis ill Jtlifel'SOll county IlIHy he fuund in Cape Vincent. Much of the lowland, which was once considered of little value, has been drained and made very productive. The commercial. and genel'al bnsiuess of the town cOlllpare well with • others of its .size,-:md still opportunity fOr improvement, The telegrapl, business, for the last tell years, has avenlgcd from three to four thousand dollars pel' yea I'. Tho express linsiness has averaged $25,000 for tell years past; and last ypar, it reached $35,000. The propellers of the N orthei-n Transit Company, ruuning from O<rdensbllrg to Chicago, touch at this port, and have secured it. business of $10,000 or more, each )'eal', for the same length of time. At the prese-nt time, more than 800,000 pounds of fresh fish are annually shipped from Cape Viucent to different parts of the state. About two huudred men and about seventy-five boats arc employed ill collecting and shipping the fish, Collections for duties on imports fit tile Custom II ouse, since 1860, have averaged about $100,000 auunally, The railroad business has not fallen below $80,000 per ye~rl', for the same time, and bas run beyond 8100,000, ill some iustauces, The present Elevator WIlS bnilt ill 1864" fwd hils a capacity of two hundred thousand bushels, of which the yearly business has been about four hundred thousand bushels, III connection with this trade are the two fi lie sehoouers=-the L. S. II amruond and the Pully Roger... The fermer is commanded 1.1)' Ca.ptalll Riehlll'd Sauuders, and the lntter, u,Y Captain Jasepll Sanuders. The Elevator and the vessels are owned by E, K. Burnham, Esq. OE~(ETERIE6,.-The first cemetery was on the farm of John B. Esselstyn, (the Hassler farm) of which there is now no tnlCe. The graves have been plowed over. III 1820 there were not tweuty-five graves in the "j1Jage cemetery, It is IIDW nearly full, which is also true of the burial grounds at Warren Settlement. Ou the 13 of Septem bel', 1875, a stock company was formed under

the title of the Riverside Cemetery Association, with the following stockholders: F. A. C1'(1S8, Gilbert Robbins, John Robbins, WilJal'd .A lnsworth, Philip Mal'I,El, Levi Anthony, 1. T. C1'OSS, George and William Grant, Norman Roes, Charles P. Morrison, John Buckley, William Anthony, and William Esselstyn. WilIian: Esselstyn, Francis A. Cross, Willard Ainsworth, Norman Ross, Gilllel't Robbins, and Levi Anthony were chosen trustees. The grouuds are about half a mile below the limits of the corporation and are beautiful for situation. NEWSl'APERs.-The Cape Vincent Gazette was started by Paul A. Leach, and the first number was dated .May 8, 1858. It was succeeded by the Frontier Patriot, May the 10, 1862, with P. H. Keenan editor and proprietor, !h. Keenan entered the army in 1862, when the name of Robert Mitchel appeared as editor, and P. H. Keenan as proprietor, III the fall of 1862, Mitchel absented hi tuself to buy a new stock of paper, and has not yet returned. The Cape Vinceut Eat;le appeared 011 the 18 of April, 1872 and is still continued a flourishing local paper. W. W. Ames is editor and proprietor. MI'. Frank Potter hits a complete tile of all the papers that have been published ill this town, from the first issue of the first volume. TELE~RAP.H.-The first telegraph line to Cape Vincent was built in 1856, and the money was chiefly raised in this town by 611 bseription. It was soon after abandoned. Mr. Joseph Owen built another line in 1864, assisted very materially by A. F. Smith. This was Bold to the Provincial Telegraph Company, in J nly 1865, and became a part of their line to Oswego and Canada. The Montreal company bought out the Provincial company in March, 1867, which has continued unchanged till the present year. C. C. BrowIl is the present manager, and has been in tlie office since 1872. The Dominion Telegraph Oompany opened an office in thia village October 9, 1872. Sidney Block, operator.


The following names of soldiers, who enlisted fromthis town, were credited to it, during the civil war of 1861-1866, have been chiefly taken from a list made ont for official purposes.

About twenty-five other names have been sdded, and it .is hoped that the uauies below will be found to make lip 11 complete list:
. 130 INF.-H. F. Rogers; 14 INF.-lH. B, Lmld; 12 lNP·o-Robert Percy; 16 ART.-Samuel White; 138 INF.-James ~'fcKee; ~5 C.no-James Brown; 122 INF, -J. G. Roseboom; 104lNF.-Hemy Huck. 15 C-&v.-Johll Cleene; 106 INF.-Jacob Miller; 9 H. ART.-Joseph Hibbard; 103 .INF.-Joseph Majo, wounded; 11 OAv.-ThomllS Hudsou ; 24 INF.-Albert Lee, re-enlisted in 2 N. Y. Artillery; 102 L'{F.-John O'Connorvre-onlisted ; E. Brooker; 5 hT.-SulllueI Hubbard; H. 111.Downey; NAVY.-,J. F. Aekerliue ; Patrick Ryan; 34chu·.-John H .. Moore, lost leg; WillinmCary, transferred; 24 INF.-Patrick Ryan, re-enlisted; William Barup, severely wounded; 14, AUT.-James Baehlorri ; Alex. Dehnars : John Rinagle ; 185 I.tor.-A. G. Rogers j Lorenzo Dodge; Fraueis Bailey; 1 L. AUT.-John Miller ; George Darby; Nelson Swartwout; L.Bwartwout; Joseph Zerou ; 6 WIS.-O. Stowell; 2 Iu.. L. ART.-Frnnk Goulding : 57 M_-I.8S.- Jabez Bullis j 39 ILL. A. Hurlburt; 81Uo.-Sidney Air sworth, Lieut. 1931NE.-J. B. Esselstyn ; R W. King; er; Sid ney Ainsworth, captain, re-enlisted; Ulan RO~9, ord, s, Horace Smith ~ Joseph AlbeckB. R Offin ; Peter Hose; N 01'-

35 INF.-William Betts, 2 Lieut., re-enlisted ~ James Rachlord.: B. Hor· rington; A. D. Shaw, corp., special agent, commissioned col. of 39 N. G. l865; Thomas Cameron, re-enlisted, 186 INF.-Erasmus Watkins; John Wh:iting; A. Pettet; Peter Delmars ; R. Chapman; Joseph Chapman; H. D. Chapman; ~·ierrit Sperry ; A. K. Tuttle; G. W. Pratt; ]i!. B. Ladd ; Orrin Rice; Philip Gates; F. B. Smith; James Knight; W. H. Powers ; Ale". Ladd, Lieut.; Alonzo Walrath; Watson Walrath; Joseph Whit". . !O CA.\r.-C. R. Roblnsou ; F. Wbittemore;William Betts; John nor; Charles A. Briggs, 1 Lieut. j Andrew :Miller, ord, serj.: Chas. Phillip ~I()nroc, wounded; Thomas Maloney i Wtlllmn Warren; Fish; T. E. Briggs, II. or 111.Perego; John Beff ; Jude Loilst ; Faker; Andrew Fuker ; John Wool:1ver; Sebastian Gregorj Welcb. O'ConClark; Orville George Joseph

94 brF.--.J. G\a!;a.m; E. F. Morrison ; A. Morrison; Peter Sheldon, wounded at second battle of Bull Run; Ransom Campbell, wounded; Delos Arnold ; I. Griffin; Ausrin Horr, captain; Austiu M. Horr : Ed. Garland, wounded; Louis Mentz ; James Webber; Joseph Bedford; Robert Can-lgan; Charles Elsworth i Don A. Frceman ; J. N. Forton; Sweet-in Miller; Richard E. Keys; Johu Bharcuran ; Louis Lafleur ; Bruce Cough; William Karuey ; Mekendry William j Marshall S. B. Pringle; William Hill; James. Rutican ; Samuel Blair j 'I'homas Connely; Patrick Scheedy; Joseph Trimble; Jnmes Wall; Jethro Worden; Jehu Tlair j James Griffin i Peter Carrol; (jeorge Frasier; Howard Roseboom, '

10 AnT. -John Shaffer corp.; Henry Zhnmerman ; James Easterly ; FreJ. G. Bha.tIcT; Goo. Montney; U. M. Burnett; Isaac T. Cross, 2 Lieut.; B.F. Cross; Joseph Loven; Z. P. Briggs; J. W. Pool, corp.; John O'Conner; Charles A. Briggs, re-enlisted ; Albert Briggs; Robert Burgisa ; John ~rmstrong, eaptain ; Jacob Bassa ; John D. Clarki O.Olark; Henry Bechut George Jondeo ; W. 'I'nnson : George Doty , W. E. Franklin; Joseph Rouse; Gilbert Ohapman ; G. W. Pratt, re-enlisted ; James P. Rector; George Lince ;J. P. Liuce; '\'V'. S. Carlisle; George Rinagle i Michrol Reff; Frank Fanic, lost arm, wounded. in leg; E. Dezong.remel; Augustus Roats ; William Anthony, corp.; Oharles Judd, transferred to Navy; A. Hollenbeck i John Smitling; Charles Warren; Timothy Farlick, W. A. Farliak; E. Comwell ; Arthur White; Horace Ingersoll; 'I'houias Cameron ; Horace Dodge j B. B. Braun; O. B. Cadwell; Louis Ruso ; Benjamin Akin; Carl Britzki ; W~ H. Bush; Amasa Bass ; ElishaL. Dodge; John Donahue ; E. Dngal; Jacob Folen; Frank F'avry ; J acob Fyrle j David Forton j Barney Hazer; Louis P, Jodwiue ; E. Lawrence; Asn Lanfier : James Lnwreneo ; Fred. }IarK's; N. McCarty; Ira O. Nicols; Albert Percy i Alfred Pluche ; G. H. Rende; Henry S. Simmollil; B. L. Secley ; Samuel Woolaver.

as far ns aseertaiued

: 18G Iuf -Ge01'ge "Warrell from effects of wouuds ;' George Ohapmau ; Albert Dillon (:orp. killed. ·30 Wis. Inf.-Jflmes Garland. 94 Inf.-.Tahu Pel'cgo; WtlliHln Allen killed; James D. Uongh. 5 l11f.-Asclwl Gloyd. 76Inf.-Juo. l1yde supposed died ill rebel prison. 14111.-Gane.t Niles cor-


14 IIlf.-G.

L. Roseboom; A. U. Drape!'.

147 Inf.-

Ellston. 2-:1: Inf.-David Lodi killed fit South Mountnin, 59 llIf.-Allmmn. Navy-Peter Beff. 10 AI't.-Mol'J'il:l 1If. Pool died of sumll pox ; William 1Veav!;ll'; Ileury Lince from wounds j G. S. Esselstyn of small pox; Elnathan J ndd from accidental wonnd ; Benjamin T .. J udd shot in rifle pit ill front of Petersburgh.
W. Saunders. 18 IIlf.--Geurge

The following list does HOt, claim to be complete of the soldiers lIOW lil'illg in tOWIl, who were living elsewhere at the time of enlistment : 184Irlf.-John Schram; 35 ltd.-A. r. Cratseuberg ord, serj -,TIe-enlisted ill 14: 1-I. Art. Lost arm at battle of Cole Harbor. 1 Art.-John Heyser corp.; 81 Inf.-W. H. Schram, also 20. cavalry. 11 Inf', regular service,-R. A. Davis. 16 Inf.-Charles 1. Gfll'doer,serj.; lost an arm at South .1'1ountaiu. 1 L. Art.-J!:Zl'll. D. Hiltz, corp.; lost arrq fJ.t Willamshurg;




Duane Il'ilts served three yeal's. 10 Al't~.-j olin Lleut.ipromoted captain. 20 Cav.-Joseph Lewis. Paul DeJ ourdan,


us Inf.-


REV. S. 1. MJ;;RRELL resigned his chMgC of the Presbyterian chureh in this village, ill JllJle 18(H, aud entered the 35 Infantry <\, c;hil] lain. He served his fnll term of eulistment.
REV. O. P .. Prrenzn, 1I0W pH to I' of the :M. E. Ohurch, was Bflgaged ns a missionary HIIlQIlg the soldiers, under the au pices of the Christian COIll m ission and the Y. O. A. of W aslii ngtoll.

DR. :ThtIARTIN Ih~AuN wus asst. surgeon in the 4- Cavalry, according to eullstment, but acti ng snrgeon d lll'ing the most of his service .
.AUGUSTUS DU l<'ORT was midshipman under Commodore Perry, and in the famous battle of Lake Erie, all the 10 of Septem bel'

This list of soldiers is specially honored, by the additionalname of GENERAL D. B. SACKET, who zraduated at West Point ill 1845 and ellgaged ill the Mexicnn war under General 'I'aylor, in 1846. A. horse was shot under him ollJ'ing this couflict ; he was engaged in three buttles with the hlexicalls, and for gallant conduct was made Bvt, Fil'st Lieur., May the 9, 1 46. 11e was also Asst. In. structor of Cavalry Tactics at the Military Academy, for more thau four y~a1'S; saw service among the Indians aud was at Fort Arbuckle, I. 1'" as Major of 1 Oavalry when the civil war broke ant in 1861. From December 1861 to January 1 63, he was Lnspector-Geueml of the anllY of the Potomac; was also 011 the staff of MeClella.1I and Burnside i and was prosent at several hatties durlug the rebellion. A record of General Sacker's military career, from w hicli this brief tatemant is made, may lie found ill Cnllum's Biographical Heg-istel' of the West Point officers and gradnates. After indl<:ating his promotious-c-Lient., Captain, Major, Lient. Col., CuI. Staff, Bvt. 13rig.-Gellel'al-it closes with these lines : BY·l'. ~1A.TOR-GENERAL, U. S, AlllrY,
For Fuithful Mar. 13, 1865, und Meritorion Services during the Rebellion.



.LIST of tile uaures of those pel';;ollS who were mustered into the U. S . service between February 9, 186:1-,and April 5, 1865, hy the Provost Marshal! of 20 District of New York, nnd credited to the tOWIl of Cilpe Vincent :
Thomas P. Cameron, William Fralich, Lewis Gandell, Jacob Zimmerman, Thoa, Taylor, David Seeley, Nicholas Rhode, Timothy Rnnde.Fredrick R. Forayth, John Hood, John Dobbs, Robert Burgess, WiIlitlln Cameron, William Flynn, Andrew Leary, George A. Webst.ei·, Albert L. Briggs, George Lents, Henry Lents, AlbetE. Ingalls, Zemnl Briggs, Byron F. Cross, Benjamin Barney, Charles H. Belcl-er, Timotby Fralich, Albert Ryan, Peter Hose, Norman Ross, Samuel G. Hadley, Horace Smith, William H. Ely, Benjamin Offen, John Thompson, James B. Butterfield, John B. Esselstyn, Eli Barny, William n. King, William Gaddis, Jnhn Hunt, Daniel C. Barny, George A. Landon, George Remer, Jacob Allbecker, Lewis Il.auimond, Thomns Dillon, Michael WlcGinnis, Samuel Mnrvin, Nicholas LeRoy, David A. Chitister, William Weyers, James McKee, Thomas McCarty, Wm. Teel.

Cape Vincent was It part of Lyme: J01m B. Esselstyn 1822-25: Jere Carrier (Alexandria) 1829; 0 tis P. Starkey 1836. From the town of Cape Vincent have been, Oharles Smith 1853; Truman Fish 1859; Albert D. Shaw 186"7. Mr. Shaw is now United States Consul at Toronto.

VVatson M. Rogel's M. Esselstyn



A. Oross 1861-1864. 1813.


A BANKING BUSINESS was carried ou for mallY years, by Otis P. Starkey, who was succeeded by L. S. Hammond. The town has been without a bank since the panic of 1873. A TOWN

was formed

in the spl'ing

of 1850, which floru-ished fUl' several years. lts rules allowed persons living ill Clayton, Lyme, and Wolf island to compete for
premiums, at Cape Villcent village: R.M. Esselstyn, tilJ his for a period uob known; John Duvillard 184:1-45; Otis P. Starkey 1815-4~ ; AugustLls Ainsworth 1849-53; Jacob Beringer 1853-61; Zebulon Converse, 1861-65 ; J'ohn Moore is the present postmaster and began Lis dnties in 1865. The office at ST. LAWRENCE was established in 1848 with Dyer E. Pierce as postmaster 1848-·50; ,G. 'V. Fairman 1S57 ;


ill 1822; Henry Ainsworth

40 K P. Tuttle j D.E. Pierce re-appointed 1 '59-65; W. Johnson 18615; Truman Rice, September J, 1865-67; W. 11. Ghdge 1867; Samuel Dillen 1868; A. P. IJ~tdd, A ugust ] 2, HW8-72; G . .A. Swar twont, 1872-74' the present postmaster is H. W. Reed who WIIS appointed in Jan1lary 1874:. The office at Millen's BHy has been discontinued, without adding to the convenience of the people. SIIIPI'ING.-The following list of vessels, built at Oape Vincent, is copied from the valuable history of Jefferson ounty by Dr. Franklin Hough. The names of the first masters, when known, are given in italics:
Schooners: Henry, John Vavis; V. J..eRay, M.; Laiayette,.Mastin,· Aina· worth, J. BeU8le; Hannah, Peter IIl(Jallsj O. P. Starkey. do.; L. Golcr,Luca8,' Victor, Ripley,' Free Trade, Shatt~w'k; Chief Justice Marshall, Bdie; bng, :i.\lercbant, T. Pheatt; schooners, Henry Crevolin, B6liile; John E.Hunt, P. In(JaU8; Napoleon, OrouiJl,)' Merchant, J. Harris; .Amelia., ffhattuck; Roscoe, do•. Potomac, do; brig, Iowa; sloop, Elizabeth Goler, OUJTbminga; ; brig, Patrick: Henry, IV, ./G. Ingalls,. schooner, Montezuma,8mith; Troy; AllauWI.ck; Globe, Goler; propeller, St. Nicholas, Litt.z,. schooner, Ch-is. Smith, W. It. Ingalls; Algomnh, Reid ; Silas Wright, li1rtller ; Port Henry, J. Ja,rvia.

The '1'. H. Camp, a steam tng, was built last spring (1876) by Luther Reed of Henderson, for Horton Brothm:s & Ainsworth. Walter Horton, master.
THX MASONIC LODGE No. 344 F. and A. M., was Instituted July 10, 1822, by Isaac Lee installing officer. A petition was made to the Gralld Lodge of the State of New York in Decem ber, 1821 and was signed by sixteen reeidents, among whose names was that of Connt Real. The masters of the Lodge, until 1831 were as follows : J. R Esselstyn, elected 1822; Z. C(mverse, 1823: Phillip P. Gaige, 1825; D. W. Sloculll1826' G. S. Sackett, 1827; Zebulon Converse, 1828; O. Wright, 1830. The last meeting of this lodge was held Ma'y 26,. 1831. Lodge No .. 293 was formed ou the 28 of July 1853, with tell charter members. The masters have been: Zebulon Converse, elected 1853; .A. J. Smith, 1859; Z. Converse, 1862; D. B. Owen, 1864:; S. Bick· ford, 1866; B.. A. Honse, 1868; G. R. Starkey, 1873; L. O. Woodrnff, 1875. The present lodge has an active membership of about sixty-eight p )'50118. The present offi('{'I'" an.': L 0

\VOOdl'llff, \V. M.; J. A•.Seabell,S:W.; L. R. Dezengremel, J.W. ; P. Judd/I'reas ..; W. J. Grant, Sec·y.; R.. S. Seobsll, S. D.; W ..l'.

'I'iler. The officers are auuually chosen, and some of the masters, as seen abov~, have been continued 111 office several suoceesive years ..

n. Millen,

J.D.. j Thos. Masson, S. M.U.; Albert Leunou, J. M. U.; A.




was instituted on .

lire fl4 of .August 1866. The regular meetings have been BIl!!' pended, but the charta:!" still remains in tlie hands of the society, Previous to this organizatieu the S01.lS of Temperance liada lodge fUl' several years, Fer town of Lyme, living at Oape Viuesnt, Ricl..Ilud M. Ei!lse!styn 1818--2::.1· John n Esselstyn 1823; ; Wmud Ai.llsworth. lSJM.-Sg; Otis P. Starkey 1833 i Jere Oar- . riel' 1884:-85 ; Roswell T. L-ee 1831) i TllE!ophiiu6 Peugent 1845:. Cape Vincent elected iu 1859. First t(l\\1I1. meeting held at hotel of Jacob Bel·jugel· 011 the 15 of May of that yea!:'~ Labin It.. Ai1l8WOl'tll, 0.. P. Starkey and Benjamin Webstet' presidingl wIth J'. L. Folger clerk. First supervisor Fredrick A. Folger, 1849 ~ Rohert O. Bal'cleU 1850-51; Ch-ades Smith 1852; Otis P. Starkey 1853-54 j. Oalvin Flefcher 1855-56; William Estes 1857 j Chas, Smith lS5S-61; William D Fuller IH62-63; William Van Nos· trand 1864; George Ii', Ual'tlett 1865; John H. Roseboom 1866 ~ George F. Bartlett 1867-68; Henry A. House 1869; Hugh MeCandie 1870-71; Henry A. House 1872. The present snpervisor is Lloyd 0 . Wood ru if and the prosen t town. clerk Ward E. Ingalls, who have served since 1873.. John Armstrong, Horace F ..Stoel andLorenzo Kelsey are assessors. Ezra D. Hilts, ,VilStw~n.VISOIUS: Were

Ham EsteOl,.Edwin peace. lation

Gray and

M~lSOIl RLadd

are justices of the

THE V ILLAG-E was incorporated Juno 14,. 1853, with a pOptt·



ere Carrier, Judah T. Ain.sworeh,J

ames L. Fol-

gel', .Theophilne Peugnet, and L. II. Ainsworth were the first

trustees. The presidents the village since that date have been follows ; Jere Cal'rier 1854; J ohnH. Roseboom 1855; Otis P. Starkey 1856; Zebulon Oonverse 1857; Calvin Fletcher 1858; Alfred Fox J 81}9i Gideon S. Sackett 1860 i Oharses SmitH 1861.


~6il i A .. F. Smith 1865; ,John II. Hoseboom 1866; Sldney Ainsworth 1867; John B. Gl'apotte 1MB; 011.91·les Smith 1869 ; Levi Antholly1870; U. \,V. Warrell 1871-72; John II. Roseb00l11 1873; W. :M. Johnson 1874; John B. Gl'apotte 18'75. The officers of the village at the preseut time are John D. @nlpotte president, John F .. Brunut, 11.. b-. Ilurnlrsm, and Philip Ma.rks trustees, :M. E. Lee has served, since 1860', as clerk and attorney of the viHa.ge. , .

R.A.ILROAD.-Lmnber and timber are brought to this port for • transportation over the railroad, chiefly hom places Oil the Buy of Quinte and the Ilidean canal. Until the present .. hard times/' sa iron ore train ]'fin' 1<I]toCape Viuceut every day. CfinadJau goods arc sltipped from this point, by rail, direcb for Europe. Th'e Agents ltlwe beee : W. Rogel'S, J. S. Nicols, F.W .. Dcnr-, ing, Sidney Bickford, 0, C. Oalle, E .. N. Moore, Seth Dickinson, and J. W. Brown. Richard WaU has been ill the fl'eigllt house since the completion of tlle railroad. The present ageilt is William 11'1. J ohnsou, who entered npon his duties October 24, 1'872. Alvin Hall has been ticket ·agent since 1868. On this branch of the road Casey Eldred hae been engineer since 1857 am"! Christy DeLaney since 186!B. TllOLDill! Oooper has-been eonductor for fourteen years; and the three last named men have been connected with the road in some cap~city, from the beginning of it. John ~IcQanley is also conductor, which positiou he has held six 01' eight ylt!ll's. The passeIJger trains the present summer season (Uno) leave Cape Vincen] depot at 9:50 A. M., 4::00 and 5;4;1) 1<1., and arrive at !h23 A. M., 3:00, 5:00 and 9.16I'.M. P. A palace C61'''I'UllS thl'Ollgli to Niagara F!tlls without change ..


'I'M]] CUSTOM HOUSE was established in 1818, and the collectors have been: John B. Esselstyn 1818-29; Jere Carrier 1829-41 j Judah '1'. Ainsworth 1841-11:3; Peleg Burchard 1843-49; G. S. Sackett 1849-53; Alhed Fox 1853-57; 'I'heophilns Pengnet 1857-61 j John W. Ingalls 1861-65; William llrl.TltingtOI~ actjng collector for a few months ; John B. Carpenter 1866-67; David Owen 186.7-71. The present officers are Sidney Oooper, colle£tOl', 1871; Oharles Gardner, special colleetor ; Charles Burnham, dc]mty; David Forton, O. R Cooper .and William

43 Grant, inspectors. JnmesL, Cline is inspector at Millen's


P"~STORS OF 'l'llE PRESBYTJ£lU.A.N CIllHwrr.-Jedediall Buehad was the pastor 1824-25. Services fOI' several years after depended npou 11 noertain finances. David Smith and Lneius Foote were here before 1 30. Revs. Chittenden, Robins, and Leonard preached before 1839. T. C. Hill 1840 ; H. H. Morgan 1842; Hugh Carlile 1845; F. J. JHeksolll849; A. Crocker, Jr. 1854; Gevrge Rwhie 1856; Samuel L ..Me1Ol'e1l1857; II. 11. HiIl1863 j J. B. Preston 1 05. The present Pastor, E. H. Pratt, came in Jann~1I'y, 1871. The p!'eseu t elders are Ro well '1'. LE::e, .Austin Rogers, and James Howard. The first two are also deacons. The trustees are Willard Ainsworth, W. O. Horton, William Grant, James Howard, and Edgal' Vincent.

CLEROYME. OJ~ ST. JOlIN's On Rell ]UH e been N. Watkins 184:1 j Samuel II. N ortou 1 46; Ricbard S. Adams 1580 ; John Abererombie 1 52; Edward Moyses 1855; Edward Kennedy 1857; A. M. Lewis 1 60; W. H. Lord 1864; N. F. Whiting n n 1865; J..13. Linn 1869. The present rector is Rev. G. G. Perrine; W. M. J ohnsou and E. O. Kelsey, wardens ; Judah T. Ainsworth, E. K. Bumliam, O. O. Brown, G. A. Ainsworth, L. O. W oodrnff, John Al'll1stl'Ollg, J. A. Seobell, and G. R. Starkey, vestrymen.
LIST OF THE :Ml!:TilODIST PREACHh'RS.-Revs. Sodon, Ercanbssk, Goodrich, White, Dyton, and Wj]]iams were here before 1827 as occasional supplies. Seth Y Ollllg 1827 j E.lisha Dewey 1828; H. Shepherd !MId F .. fl. Stanton 1830; R. Everdale 1833; F. H. Stanton 1834; II. Shepherd and J. Irvine 1835; Enoch Barnes and A. E. Munsen 1836,; Orra Squires 1 37-8; William 'l'ripp 1839-40; Benjamin Phillips 1841-2; S. SInter 1843 j L. Dikins aud G. W. Plank 1845; J. R. Lewis and 'r. B. Brown 1846; T. B. Brown 1849; William Jones 1851; J. B. Van Petten 1853; A. J. Clmrch 1 5,1; O. Holmes 1855; G. M. Pierce 1PS6; J. F. Dayan 185a-church dedicated 1859; A. T. Copeland 1860; E.

E. Kellogg 1861; A. N. Damon 1863; J. D. 1I1cOuUOllgh 1866; G. P. Kenny 1868; C. E. DOl')' 1870; A. M. Fradenburgh 1871.
The present pastor is' O. P. Pitcher j class leader, WHliam Esselstyn; trustees, W. W. Shelley, Norman ROBS,. J. B.Esselstyn, E.

D. Hilts, Philip Mm'ks, Wm, Lanfear and William Wheeloe:k .
.A'i' ST. LA\\'RENCli:: D, W. Aylesworth 18G8-70; C. Manson 1811; S. P. Kenvon 1872 j"William Merl'ifield 1873-74. Tile present pastor is W. P. ILl]], who heg; n his la.uol's ill 1875. L18'f OF MEMBxRS OF TIlE FIRST MrsSIONAIlY SOCIETY OF GAI'I-;

. Cl<U'iSS~.L :FOI'S,Ytll, Ihllllah Aiusworth, Sally T. Rogers. Delia Esselstyn, Cynthia Rogel's, Clf)l'ibSIl Esselstyn, Lydia W. Brewster, Hannah P. Esselstyn, M'l's. Oorehran, Rebeeoa JOhUSOII, Abigllil SllJitll, J~IH':Y Kelsey, 'I'ryphcuu Buckley, Slllly Fuller, JetuiUHI. Merreitr, Lydill Lake, Lueiudr Ohapman, Jalle Pator; Lois Illlblli1I'~, MIll',}' Hubbard, Laura O. Kelsey, Sarah 8. Kelsey, Emily 1Jfukll'(l, Phebe Green. This Female Missionar,}' Society was (ll'gHlli.zeu not fllr from the year

VrNClilNT.-Chfll·jty Esselstyn,

Besides those persons already mentioned who are now engaged ill lin ·iIlC!;S at Oape Viueent are tltc:fol]owinK: ._ ,.
F>.ryn'e!l' AUlnlt andagent of N. To 00.- IV. Buckle". D1'U[J8 aaul Grorerie!l-L. O. Woodruff, Bushnell & Kelsey. (hocer1e!l-WU1. L. Huntington, J. B. Grnpotte, Willllim Anthony. 1I1'1f Goods and Grocerid$-Brnnclle &; MosthiSllI' (Rosiero), So Block, G. A. Ainsworth, Levi Aut1wny, Perker Brothers, F. A. Cross. Wholesale Fiil~ Ilea le'1'8-lIortou Bros. & Ain sworth, :McPborson Bro s, &; Van Doren, Henry Pea, J. R-. 'I'rumpour & o. Hotels-St. Lawrence, Rathbun, H. L. Fox; Jerome Hotel, C. A. Jerome; Batlron.d House, G. P. Ferren; Union House, A. Islen; Riverside Hotel, F. H. Dodge; Ontario House, George Stumpf; Broadway House, John B. Rousse. Pn'ysioialls-Thomas Masson, MarCin Braun, A. S. Smith, H. N. Bushnell, Dr. Loucks, Philip Cole. La1oyers-Ezra n, TInts, M. E. J.ec. JOlIJeUer--Jflcoo Beringer. Millinery-Mrs. James E. IiOW::II'd, 1\1iss·Cllrl'i.e Millen, Mrs. Whittier. Boots and l:iltOf:ll -Peter Garlach, Oharles Towuscnd, Peter Fl·Y. Painters-« Willam Ebbs, R. A. Davis. Butcl!cI'8-Heul'y Earl, Charles Morrison. Shingle Ma-nujactQ1'y-John Bnekley, Alfred. BUl'ollSUI. Blaclc.tmitlls·-Jo.hn Forsyth, George Kelley, George Allen. BakenJ-Johu MeHeul'Y. Boat LiveI'lJ-_l\.ustin Horr, Lumkr-Philip Marks, Bushnell & Kelsey, Easton Brothers. Malatcrs and Bl'ewllrl-Scobcll &; Kinghorn . .Barber---J. A. Theobald. D:1'e3=al.~ing-MrIil. R. Driggs, Misses Dunning. Mrs. Samuel Borland. Iusurtmee A~lci~--C. 1. GArdner, ,C. O. Brown, Carlos Kelsey. CaliiruJtand Wagan Makillg- William Barbour. 1'((i1or8P. Walsh, J. Ronillon. Stlnftll7lil Timmre-John G. Roseboom. Ilarness M(lkin(/~Chnrles Wright, Abner Millen. 8asl~ I'n(Z .Blind~EugeM D. Howard, James Arnokl. Cool-Phllip Marks, A. G. Bumhnm, OoopcrsJoh.n Lince. .Iacoh Lil\CfJ,. (frin (J,n,d Ji'iourinu Milk-Alfl'ed Burnham, R.
r • _. • • ' _





Dezougremel, Wagon Mak~r·--Alfred Bcobell, W. E. Ingulls, Rogers. Produce Dcal!l1'8-Albert

The fellowing

parties are



busiuess fit St. Law-

rence :
Dry Goods and GroCBries-H. W. Reed, A.. P. Ladd & Juo. Thompson. Hotel-H. E. Wallitce. PlllysrooW7I8-D. E. Pierce, M. B. Ladet Black8mithJohn C. Bowles. Carriage .Maker-Nathaniel Coffee. Cooper-Thomas "Kyes. Boots (end Shoes-Benjamm Vincent. i\fason-Samuel Dillin. Paintel':__Ral'vtoy Ingerson, At Wtlrren Settlement: Stwm Mill-Thomas E. Riley. 'Wagon Maker and Blacksm,itlL-Henry Ohavoustie.

At Cape Vincent J nly 4th, 1876, the Centennial Anniversarjof American Indepeudeuce was celebrated with appropriate eeremonie , in a manner and to all extent befitting the occasion. Premptlj' at twelve o'clock midnight of the 3d, the Village was alive with wide-awake citizens, young and old, WLf), from that time nutil bI'OfU] daylight, kept np an incessant noise. Steam whistles shrieked, all kinds of horns blew, church bells, dinner bells, tea bells, and sleigh bells chimed in their mixed melodies. Tin pans and til! pans, brass kettles and brass gongs assisted ill the 1!1l1Sic of their appropriate parts. AI together it was snclr-nn ushering in of the "Glorion Fourth" as the Revolutionary Adams WI'Gte to his wife, immediately after the signing of the Deelaration, would be appropriate, At sunrise, the big brass gnll tJ'311S.


ported from the barracks at Sacker's Harbor especially for the
occasion, belched forth her thirteen notes=-s salute ill honor ot' the original Thirteen States, Early ill the day, upon all kinds of land and water convevauces, and on foot from the immediate country, came flocking in, men and women, boys and gids, the oldest and the youngest alike. full of enthusiasm to "celebrate" the first, and ill all IIIIIII all probabilitiea, to them the last CENTID<NIAL. Long before 10 o'clock, il.. :i\I" the h01l1' advertised for stat'ting the proeession, the traius and steamboats having arrived and poured out their crowded loads to swell tile ali-eady gathered multitudes,

the Stl'CCtS and vpnblie places of Cape Vincent were literally thronged. At 10 o'clock, as advertised, and ill the order named ill the bills, the procession formed, by the direction of G, "\V. Warren, Mal'tihal of tile Day, and under his lead aided hy IISsi tants Davis, DeSalil1, find Bishop, proceeded to the railroad depot; the.main portion marching dowu and filling the traveled thoroughfare of Broadway; the two other poctions each. accompanying, marehiug down and filling the broad pavement on the sides of the street. TIle depot, with capaclty to seat three thousand people, Wlifl filled to overflowing long before the pI'OCf'Ssion could get in, The exercises at tile depot were opened by a few very appropriate and well timed introductory remarks made by the President of the Day, Brev't, Mnjor-General D. B. Sacket, The Rev, G. G. Pen-ina, pastor of the Episcopal church at Oape Vincent, then led in prayer. The prayer concluded, the Uautennial choir under the leadership of Charle I. Gardner, flBsistcd by F, C, Brann !It the organ, and the voices of 1\'11'S, Gardner, Perrine, Eichlebergher, the Misses Buckley Il oward, Moore and Il inckley, Messrs. Howard, VanSchai.ek, HfC)" and Hilts, fn vored the vast audience with [I. disti net mid i ntelligent sensible rendering of the N Miona1 song, The Declaration of Independence \\'IIS then read by R. WO. lliggille, Esq., of Chaumont in a very able and eloquent manner, and to tho entire satisfaction of the most critical listeuer III that Luge audience of deeply interested hearers, A t the close the He,tdel' was warmly applauded, This was followed by the Oape Villcent Bmss Band's playing the Natiotifll ail'S. The Oration was then delivered by M, E. Lee, Esq. of Oape Vineent, The expression of thought in it was suited to the Oentsunial Celebration, find the orator dwelt largely upon the achievemeuts of our Forefathers in the great work of the Revolution, and during the fonnative period of the Amorienn Republic, giving them also full credit for the results as enjoyed by UB at the end of the Oemury. Thoy had planted the seed, nourished and fer tilized it ill its incipient growth; their descendent had culti vated the Cl'Op and were enjoying therich products of their sowing awl early husbandry. The immensity of the yield after only II century of advancement was pointed ant by the orator, The


bright prospects of the golden harvest before 118 if we continue wise hnabandmen, was bl'iefly adverted to. 'I'he orator dosed by sayiug: "While we have all this glory yet to win, we w ill never forget, fellow-citizens, that 0111' forefathers have left ns so much to hold." At the close of the Oration the Oenteuuial cho"il'sang the natioual unthern ".America." At the request of the President of the Da.y and in accordance with the 1))'ograIll1D8, nil the assemblage that could sing joined with the choir. Immediately upon qhe close of the singing, the foregoing Centennial History of the Town was read by the Historian appointed fur the occasion, Rev. E. II. Pratt, pnstor of the First Presbyterian Ohurch at Oape Vincent. Thongh the exercises IIp to this point of time had been lengthy, and somewhat wearisome as evidenced by the teOd81lCYto uneasiness on the part of some in the crowd) the related incidents of the History so deeply interesting to a large part of the audienee, soon put the assemblage at ease and in good humor, eager to listen to the" well told tales" which the historian had so apt. ly compiled into a Centennial histsry of their own 'I'own. The memories of the aged were quickened to "ye olden times,' and the ears of the ,younger were anxiously opened to heal' of what the fathers had done. From the "symptoms" when the historian concluded to stop in Ids delivery it was apparent the audience would have gladly beard the whole. After the History l music; a generous vote of thanks to the Reader, Orator and Historian; and then to close, benediction by Rev. 0.. P. Pitcher, pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Ohurch at Oape Vincent. The big gun boomed out Fedeml and Nat.ional salutes. The procession reformed and marched to public sqnare for dinner. The afternoon was spent in n yacht regatta and athletic sports, with yachts from the Dominion as well as northern New ork. At sun down was tired from the big gUll a National Sainte, The day of celebrating the Centennial Anniversary of American Independence was closed at a late hour in the night by the finale of a grand display of fire-works. This celebration W!lS arranged and carried out by the foUo\yiug committees:

Co~ml'r'rJ.tt~ OF .AR.R.ANGlt.r.IKNTS,-tTohn B.- Grapotte, L;, O. ,VOOdrllff, W .. l\1. Johnson, John .F. B!'1l1l0t, Henry Caufield, Philip Mlnks, N. Bushnell, S. K. Bishop, R. S. Seobell, L. Dezongremel, .1011ll Buckley, GCOI'ge P. Ferren, James nates, Waltel' Gray, Euglebert Solar.


COMMIT'fEE ox BOATB.-'r. M. Brewster, Coleman Hinckley} D. F. Harris, Austin IIOl'l', Henry Peo,. Linns Oollins, A. l\{cPherson, Wi 11fl,t11 n. Main) Oliver Hewitt, George Offord, James i

WilSOll, Robert .Makin6.

Kelsey, Augustus


D. F. Hnrris, S. K.. Ditilwp.

G Kelsey,

SpoRT8.-0IHidcs Charles Dezongrernel,

P. Mcnisson, 'Walter Gray,
James Bates.


OFP'IOlilR8 OF 'l'IlE DAY.-PI'esident:,_Gen. D, B. Saeket ; Vice· Presidente=-S. Cooper, W. III. Johnson, J ohn R Grapotte, E. IL Burnham, Jacob Putnam, A. J. Dewey, Welcome Wilcox, D.'E. Pierce i 1vIal'sbal-Geol'ge "IV. Warren; Assistant MarshaliOliarlea Smith, Carlos Kelsey, Isaac T. Cross, S. K. Blshop, E. D. FoxJ R. A. Dltvis. ~-4


Insures llesideuce Property Only.

X0 Bufer Company



in Existence. -.

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J. 111.ADAMS, Sec.

. Gnsh Assets .n",l?/l i '76,





w.m)m~@m~ RATHBUN HorrELS,
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The Hotels so long and favorably known to the tourists am6ngebe celcI,nted 'r_llonsaud Islands, hll"6 been consolidated under one management find having undergone extensive i1IIl!.Tovemenf$, now combine. all the reqnisites of Eirst-class houses. .. . 'I'ho bnss aud muscalonge fishing at'tl1is "point unrivaled. TQthosl' who desire 'I cool and dehghtful elirnate during the summer seesen, this plnce will ge found the besf 6f roty· along the frontier on account 01 it!! ·positjon at the foot of Lake On1Jal'io, where 8. fresh lind invi~(,)l'!ltillg !Ill'iSl1lways to he obfnined. The UINl'IIHI. 13l'lUI!Wi; are but Ii Ehart di£tance a.wav. Beautiful arid ietl resque doves, croquet ~rounds. summer It9U8Cffl., lawn", and swrugs 101" children, batbtcg hfoli~l1.$ on' the $h(lre of (he r.iveP &e.; &c .. ~o~eth[Jr with the modeJ'llte elfal'ges, llla.k,e this ane of toe ·p1ellit!llqOOst.of summer reSOl:ts. N(~ e-iflJJ't ~m ll& apar~d towatd repaE!-~g tb~ ~J of '!tlests 11Jousant, Ji()ll:le-l~ke·ani!!- iltt:~\llJ~ti:Xl3i· .

Agricultural Insur~nce Comp.311YJ.

TO'J.'.-l.E ~ A!,!SE71S.


III5 IN .TI1·UTib~ isyne OTthe oid landmarks of Je'frevsoil ConnIT, haV'U1g' been Pl'gltllHlud a:l:!outa qUlll'tG)J' Qf a Oenllury,ltgo. .Comcd I'USIDP.-S with a Nomina] Cll:pl"t\l1.bf$100,OOO and DOW 'lms Qitsb All-'" , <c:y tnvested of over $1,000, OOlljand ·a~ jf. irisul'es Mthing but; F'nnn Pr !' v an 1 Private Resir'Bn.ces; is unaellbtedly ne ('if til'IHilfes.t insurllilce p :. ~ {loin,; business ill this ~(,)ullt'ry. I .. LAC M:r~SO~. See. .TQHN C. COOFER, Pres.



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