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Lung Cancer

By: Emily Bruce

What is Lung Cancer? ‡Cancerous cells that form in the lining of the lungs ‡ It can be in one or both of the lungs ‡ Can form cancerous tumors which can spread .

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390 people will die from lung cancer this year.Statistics The leading cancerous death Second most common cancer About 200.000 cases annually An estimated 159. .

Risk Factors Tobacco (cigar tt s oke) is t e # ca se í ccounts for % of all cases í % is from second-hand smoke Radon Asbestos exposure Pollution Family history Age .

Types of Lung Cancer Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Most common type About 80-85 are NSCLC Grows more slowly Small Cell Lung Cancer Spreads more quickly and aggressively Accounts for 15 of cases Found mostly in heavy smokers .

Symptoms ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Chest pain Wheezing Fatigue Loss of appetite Continuous cough Coughing up blood Shortness of breathe .

Diagnoses and Treatments ‡ Biopsy ‡ CT scan ‡ X-Ray ‡ Surgery ‡ Chemotherapy ‡ Radiation therapy .

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Stages and Treatment for NSCLC Stage Stage I Stage II Description Tumor of any size is found only in the lung Tumor has spread to lymph nodes associated with the lung Tumor has spread to the lymph nodes in the tracheal area. including chest wall and diaphragm Tumor has spread to the lymph nodes on the opposite lung or in the neck Tumor has spread beyond the chest Treatment Options Surgery Surgery Stage III a Chemotherapy followed by radiation or surgery Stage III b Combination of chemotherapy and radiation Chemotherapy only Stage IV .

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Stages and Treatments of SCLC Limited Stage The cancer is confined to one area of the chest Include nearby lymph nodes Treated with radiation therapy and chemotherapy Extensive Stage A tumor has spread beyond the lung Accounts for 70 of SCLC Treated with chemotherapy only .

.Research and Studies ‡ Clinical trials are taking place ‡ Many ongoing studies to try find new treatments and improve the current method of treatment ‡ Smokers with lung cancer that quit smoking can lessen the chance of having their cancer return ‡ Over 10.000 people are cured each year.