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INDIRECT SPEECH: IMPERATIVES

Reported speech is often also called indirect speech. When we use reported speech, we are usually talking about the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. Imperative sentences use the base verb (bare infinitive) to ask a person to perform an action. Imperative sentences can be:
y y y y y

Commands/ orders: Directions: 710. Instructions: Requests/ invitations: Warnings:

Finish your work on time. Take the elevator to the seventh floor and go to Suite Complete the form in blue or black ink. Please sign in at the security desk. Don·t use the elevator in case of a fire.

INDIRECT SPEECH: SAY AND TELL
Say and tell have similar meanings. They both mean to communicate verbally with someone. But we often use them differently. The simple way to think of say and tell is:
y y

You say something You tell someone something

Personal object We usually follow tell with a personal object (the person that we are speaking to). We usually use say without a personal object:
y y y y

She told me that she loved John. She said that she loved John. He told everybody that he had to leave. He said that he had to leave.

Paola Sofia Escareño Rios