Adolescent is a period of Storm and Stress? Discuss. Introduction:- Adolescence is a time of “storm and stress”.

Adolescence is a period of time between childhood and adulthood. This is the age when one can either make something of his life or destroy it all, this is the time when a person makes those friends who changes the how he looks at life and how he faces it. An adolescent's main goal these days is to fit in and not be different from their peers. In this paper I will explore the probabilities of the following grievances experienced by the adolescent youth which are drugs, suicide, and homelessness. Adolescence is the developmental stage between childhood and adulthood; it generally refers to a period ranging from teen years through 20s. As now life is growing more complex, however, adolescents are increasingly cut off from the activities of their elders, leaving most young people with education as their sole occupation. Inexorably, this has isolated many of them from the adult world and has prolonged their adolescence. Now almost all over the world the adolescent years have become marked by violence to an alarming degree. The phenomenon of teenage suicide has become particularly disturbing, but risktaking behaviors of many sorts can be observed, including alcohol and drug abuse. Adolescents only want to have fun and go to parties. They get addicted to drugs and start to revolve their lives around drugs. Some get arrested and others encounter death. Adolescents need to hear stories and be able relate themselves with the stories. Major stress includes parent discord, being physically or sexually abused and alcohol or drug abuse. Many adolescents try to commit suicide than who actually succeed, and the methods used may be unfledged. There is a propensity to treat alleged minor attempts as attention seeking, theatrical and of no importance.


In this view. 3. Even though the notion that adolescents would have a despondent temper is (cautiously) supported – adolescents experience slightly more negative emotionality than children. the increase of internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors in this developmental stage indicates that the idea of adolescence as a tumultuous and on occasion miserable period. adolescence is characterized as an inevitably turbulent process.From a biological perspective. the despondent moods adolescents endure can be clarified by the bodily changes they go through. 1.Adolescence being a period of ‘storm and stress’ – a perspective which was introduced by Hall (1904) and supported by the psychoanalytic tradition (Freud. Reasons for this discomfort were introduced by different scientific disciplines. cannot just be discarded. Definition of Adolescence as a time of identity crisis – was popular for most of the 20th century. It was also determined that for most adolescents. 2004). Another observation consists that could add to 2 . Even though the direct effects of changes in behavior-activating hormones (such as testosterone) are often referred to as the number one explanation. cognitive and social indicators that is most referred to in this case. a problematic relationship with parents and risky behavior. accompanied by negative moods. Biological-emotional development Cognitive development Social conditions Biological-emotional development:. including delinquency (Deković & Buist. 2. the relationship with parents does not become troubled. It is more specifically the interaction between biological-emotional. 1958) and Erikson’s (1968). Despite these findings. 1.

These cause the individual to simultaneously experience a heightened sensitivity for stress and a lowered susceptibility for rewards. 3. 1939. Furthermore. 1939).It acquires abilities such as memory or problem solving skills. They also obtain the capacity to combine and generalize different factors in search for an explanation of the matters they are confronted with. Social conditions:. In daily life. in this way exercising logic-deductive reasoning (Lehalle. such as a lack of money or a lack of authority. 2. 2006). Adolescents acquire the ability of abstract and hypothetical thinking. 1977.This is the process were adolescents grow out of their childhood years and aspire the status of an adult person. Lewin. 2002). undergo a vast evolution during adolescence. A strong desire for independence is thus created (Greenberg. Furthermore. their time perspective broadens which makes them able to contemplate their own future – and they are able to discuss conceptual constructs (Steinberg. His adevelop the ability to consider the ideas and lso conditions of others.this incomplete explanation consist of the late maturation of the prefrontal cortex (PFC). adolescents are encouraged to act mature. Cognitive development:. Moffitt. 1993). but are not yet able to put them in the right context (Lewin. drastic changes in the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin reason and self emotional stimuli in the limbic system of the brain occur during adolescence. They can picture situations that did not (yet) occur – for instance. but at the same time still lack the capacity to distinguish between what they think. ‘childish behavior’ is frowned upon. adolescents become more aware of events in their surroundings. Expectations of significant others amplify these aspirations. 3 . most decisions are still taken by others (in most cases by parents). This desire however sharply contrasts with the restrictions that adolescents experience in reality.

1037/0003-066X. October) Vol 54(5). Homeless Families with Children NCH Fact Sheet #7. doi: 10. A. the individual does not obtain full access to an adult position. New York.Hence. However. New York. An Outreach division of the Attorney General of the State of Arkansas. NY: The Bobbs-Merrill Company. The Canadian Journal of CME [Internet]. (1969).mentalhealth.5. Fort. NARSAD Research Newsletter [Internet]. M. (1996).ag. American Psychologist.state. M.317 4 .54. Therefore peer-relations can also be a source of stress in adolescence. May 1999. HTTP: http://www.asp National Coalition for the Homeless (1998. Joel (1969). Cohen. [Internet].html. Miller. HTTP: http://www. NY: McGraw Hill Book Company.mhsource. HTTP: http://www. (1995 May). S. Jeffrey Jensen (1999). Reference Blackman. but lingers between child and adult status. (1996). Arnett. Adolescent storm and stress. reconsidered. The Pleasure Seekers. Brown. for some of them acceptance by peers is difficult to The Drug Dilemma.

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