The roles of Public Libraries in the Educational Development of the Nation

Public Library (LSE 402) Assignment
Rasheed Omolara Rukayat Matric No: 128343

Table of Contents
Title Title Page Table of contents Introduction Library Types of Library Development of Public Library in Nigeria The Roles Of Public Libraries In Educational Development Nationally Conclusion References Page 1 2 3 3 5 6 9 18 20

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organized. Public library services are provided on the basis of equality of free access. and as an essential agent for the fostering of peace and spiritual welfare through the minds of men and women (IFLA/UNECSO. or social status. culture and information. religion. language. race sex. The IFLA/UNESCO Public Library Manifesto believes in the public library as a living force for education. as book and pen or table and chair are interrelated. men and women continuously and assist in their self-improvement through an effective and prompt dissemination of information embodied in the resources. regardless of age. and managed by trained personnel to educate the children. Advanced definitions of Library however are as follows: (i) Islam (2004) described it as a learned institution equipped with treasures of knowledge maintained. 3 . (iv) A building that houses a collection of books and other materials. LIBRARY At the elementary stage library is referred to as: (i) a collection of literacy documents or record kept for reference or borrowing (ii) a depository house built to contain books and other materials for reading and studying (iii) A collection of standard programmes and subroutines that are stored and available for immediate use. 1994). depending on each other that cannot be separated. nationality. All have equal opportunity to access resources provided to the entire society. religion. Public libraries are wonderful institutions that play an important role to acquire educational information to its clients.INTRODUCTION Library and education are two related institutions.

and tapes. and dignifies his habit behaviour. 4 . and read by computer. and therefore the opportunity of interacting with the society·s wealth and accumulated knowledge. character. retrieved. images. available on the Internet or on CD ROM disks. taste. described digital collections as unlimited access to document surrogates: they extend to digital artifacts that cannot be represented or distributed in printed formats. encoded so as to be stored. It is the traditional/conventional physical library that provides a basis for the digital library. a library may be more than a building that houses a collection of books and other materials as the Internet has opened up an avalanche of online and electronic resources for accessing documents on various fields of interest. Furthermore. 1995. a means of knowledge and factual information. prints. Thesaurus and Encyclopedia described the library as a place in which literary and artistic materials. conduct. and the chemical steps for such a library may not have been tested. and recreational activities through reading. a centre of intellectual recreation. periodicals newspapers.(ii) Omojuwa (1993) described the library as an enabling factor to obtain spiritual. such as books. etc. reference. or lending. are kept for reading. attitude. inspirational. which can be decoded through passwords. (iii) Another definition of Library according to Islam (2004) is an instrument of self education. But the materials needed like journals are barred to a location. and a beacon of enlightenment that provides accumulated preserved knowledge of civilization which consequently enriches one·s mental vision. pamphlets. (v) Online Glossary defined digital library as a collection of texts. a digital library is a collection of documents in organized electronic form. (iv) The online Dictionary. In a digital sense. Another further development from the digital library is the advent of Virtual Library (VL). and outlook on life. The building blocks required for such a library may not exist. (vi) A web definition for virtual library is that which exists solely in electronic from or on paper. The Association of Research libraries (ASL) in a publication on 23 October. records.

for recreational studies. class. the following ones can be quoted: (a) It facilitates informal self-education of all people in the community. Among its broad based functions to perform in educating the general public as well as the children.. (c) Special library (d) Virtual Library. religion. all of which contribute to education and educational development in various different ways. e. in a democratic society operated for the people by the people that conserves and organizes human knowledge in order to place if freely in the service of the community without any distinction of occupation.c. It offers from the other types of libraries in that by offering opportunities of informal self-education it inculcates reading habit amongst all types of general readers and. viz: (a) Academic library (b)Public Libraries. creed. i. maintains a sizeable collection of newspapers. story books. It is a university of the people since it is maintained and financed by the people of the community who freely throng in this institution and acquire knowledge that they need in their day to day life.TYPES OF LIBRARY There are different types of libraries. as a result. and a children·s corner equipped with juvenile literature. 5 .. or ethnicity.t. fictions. Public Library This is often called ´peoples· Universityµ.e. light literature. (c) Meets the informational needs of all. novels. (b) Enriches and further develops the subject on which individuals are undertaking formal education. The scope or command of a public library that meets specific but general requirements of the public thus remains quite broader in its vision.

Circulation Librarian. (g) Provides children. In the 1946. Nigeria). civic. the very notable and first subscription library in Lagos was founded from the estate of Mr. (ii) keep abreast of progress in all fields of knowledge. Tom Jones and the oldest libraries are the present day high court library and the Federal Ministry of Justice library both of which were launched in 1900. which was donated to the Government by a Lagos citizen. There was the Lagos library. men and women opportunity to: (i) educate themselves continuously. 1993). Towards the end of the 1950s. which was a subscription library and which had a reference collection. and (iii) maintain freedom of expression and constructively provides a critical attitude to all public issues and world affairs. University of Ilorin Library. and the Tom Jones Library. replaced the Lagos library. and cultural activities of groups and organizations.. (f) Encourage wholesome recreation and constructive use of leisure time. Nnaji (1986) observes that before 1946. the development in public libraries was highly influenced by the colonial masters and the level of economic viability of the countries in Africa (Olanlokun & Salisu. U. Development of Public Library in Nigeria (According to Salihu. According to the writer. A travelling library scheme was also launched in Lagos the same year. The development of public libraries in Africa reflects the various library systems of the colonizing countries. the only libraries of importance were in Lagos. llorin.A.(d) Creates and further develops civic sense and habits of the citizens. the Lagos public library. young people. The Federal Government at the instance of West Africa Library Association (WALA) founded a federal library advisory committee "to advise the 6 . For instance. jointly owned by the Lagos Town council and British Council. (e) Supports educational.

language. To fulfill its purposes. United Nations Educational. Lagos. the public library must be readily accessible. age. created a favourable climate for library development in Nigeria. and no direct charge should be made to anyone for its services. With creation of states within the region in 1967. Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) later became involved in a pilot project with the Eastern Regional government to establish a Library Board in the area. The Mid-Western Region Library Board was established in February 1971 by the Mid-Western Board edict. had put forward different proposals for a national library service. status. This climate brightened up in 1976 with the introduction of Universal Primary Education Scheme in the country. as well as successive British council librarians. 151) Public library existed in the Western Region of Nigeria. many libraries were established especially in the state capitals of Oyo. The Eastern regional government established a Regional Library Board in 1955 to render library services to the people of the region. sex. 17. and its doors open for free and equal use by all members of the community regardless of race. educational attainment. the River State Library Board was established by Edict in 7 . and Ogun.Federal and Regional Governments and the Government of southern Cameroon on library and bibliographical policy and problems (Nnaji 1986). nationality. Mid-Western Region (later Bendel state and now Edo and Delta states) was created out of the old Western Region in 1963. (p. especially Ibadan the headquarters. colour. Since then Edo and Delta states Library Boards have been very active in the provision of library services in the two states. religion. The East central state Library Board was created in 1971 by Edict No. The crash education programme which worked out with some degree of success. There were also public libraries in some major towns in the region. Ondo. This committee. Some states were created out of the Eastern Region in 1967. Public libraries are founded wholly with government grants in the developing countries in agreement with the UNESCO public library manifesto (1972). which states that: a public library should be maintained by public funds.

Kaduna. information. Imo. The Northern Region was broken into six states in 1967 and subsequently into nineteen states in 1996. F. Akwa Abom. In a survey of public libraries in Nigeria. Each state inherited from these facilities. These libraries later formed the nucleus of library services in the various provinces. over fifty per cent of the states had established library boards with Edo. to education.1971. Since 1976. Sharr in his report recommended that. and Bayelsa states. Delta. Sharr to look into the problems of the library needs of the region. and consequently the Northern Region government appointed Mr. Cross-River. According to the arrangement. The aim was to help the Native Authorities in the region develop the Reading Rooms established during the Second World War into public libraries. qualified staff would come from the headquarters in Kaduna to supervise the work that was being done in the provincial libraries. Kano. Kwara. Rivers. These Boards were charged with the responsibility of providing library services to the people. there has been further restructuring and changes in the names of the states in this area. some of the historical circumstances that led to the establishment of public library services in Nigeria include: (a) efforts of some individual who donated buildings and collections which later formed the nucleus of public services in Nigeria. public library should be established in each of the thirteen provincial towns of the region.A. The Northern Regional government started its library services in 1952. Generally. research. Enugu. Imo. and the South-Eastern state Library Board was created by an Edict in 1973. Ebonyi. The government planned to purchase books and send them to the Reading Rooms. economy and national In summary. public library development in Nigeria still has a long way to go before it can contribute meaningfully development. New names are Anambra. Olanlokun (1993) noted that there was a substantial increase in the number of branches in some states (over the 1978 survey). All these states have library boards charged with the duty of providing library services to the citizens. This plan was far from being adequate. 8 . Anambra and Lagos maintaining a lead. For instance.

If education is to have a greater share in the moulding and building of a happier individual and a better society. One cannot be separated from the other. and recreational activity through reading. ¶Education· and ¶Library· are two inseparable indivisible concepts. Library service is the service to the people of a community regardless of caste. Organizing a library to aid education calls for an atmosphere of friendliness and a useful collection.(b) establishment of regional reading rooms by colonial master which later transformed to public libraries. Library and education are sister services that cannot be taken out one from the other. (c) second world war which necessitated the establishment of libraries to disseminate (war) information. The library can be seen as an extension of education. both being fundamentally and synchronically related to and co-existent with each other. and therefore the opportunity of interacting with the society·s wealth and accumulated knowledge (Omojuwa 1993). language. Education facilitators should involve librarians in planning education programmes and learners should be given library instruction. age. the providers of education must go further than their roles as literacy facilitators to a more practical role of providing libraries for sustaining the newly acquired skills of adult learners. rather both of 9 . but go hand in hand. and (e) increase in number of students enrolment in schools. Library services are needed to keep the skills that have been acquired through literacy classes alive by the provision of good literature. inspirational. status of education and attainment. creed. sex. THE ROLES OF PUBLIC LIBRARIES IN EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NATIONALLY Education has been defined as a complex of social processes of acquiring knowledge and experience. (d) establishment of regional government and subsequent creation of states. Ogunsheye (1981) states that it involves the total apparatus used for the development of the individual. The library enables the individual to obtain spiritual. formally or otherwise. religion. None of them is an end in itself.

and the library is the most outstanding of such institutions. and the quencher of thirst for concrete. A school. A Good well equipped library is a sine qua non for the intellectual. In December 2002. A Web definition for Education Development is the process of improving the effectiveness of educational provision through an ongoing review of relevant factors at 10 . fathomless. moral. From the earlier definitions. This inter-relation. The Educational Policies and plans of UNESCO in the role of education and its development. is a prerequisite for education for sustainable development at all levels and in all modalities of education. It is an indispensable element of the absolute well being of the citizens and that of the nation at large. if you like. and spiritual advancement and elevation of the people of a community. and the challenges of new ICTs (library). poverty reduction. agencies. and circumstances of various stages of human life. museums and organizations. One dies as soon as the other perishes. the promotion of universal human values and tolerance. changes. ultimate knowledge! The concept of education for sustainable development and its relationship with Education for All (EFA) is a new vision of sustainable development programme by UNESCO. and enterprise of a society can never alone impart education. resolution 57/254 on the United Nations Decade of Education for sustainable Development (2005-2014) was adopted by the UN General Assembly and UNESCO was designated lead agency for the promotion of the Decade. People acquire education through certain institutions. each of them is dependant upon a library ² a centre of wholesome education.them together are a means to an ultimate end. a club. schools. One survives as long as the other exists. a goal of the library. the establishment of the concept on education for sustainable development and its relationship with Education for All (EFA) the United Nations Literacy Decade (UNLD) and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) clearly illustrate that quality education. welfare bodies. this dependence of one upon the other have been coming down from the birth of human civilization to the posterity through a process of evolution in accord with varied needs. education cannot exist alone in the absence of library and library has no meaning if it cannot impart education. co-existence. Indeed.

ideas and opinions (IFLA/UNESCO. And the most appropriate agency of continuing education for people of all ages is a public library. 2001). information and personal development including recreation and leisure. and the provision of mechanisms for progressive change. The primary purposes of the public library are to provide resources and services in a variety of media to meet the needs of individuals and groups for education. (Khanna. As long as the world exists. ‡ Sharing resources ‡ Sharing staff training ‡ Cooperative collection development ‡ Co-operative programming ‡ Co-ordination of electronic services and networks ‡ Co-operation in the development of learning tools ‡ Class visits to the public library ‡ Joint reading and literary promotion ‡ Programme of web-awareness for children ‡ Sharing of telecommunications and network infrastructures ‡ Jointly arranged authors· visits The reason for the foundation of public library is to act as an agent. An important institutional relationship for a public library is that with the local schools and the educational system in the service area. 2001). They have an important role in the development and maintenance of a democratic society by giving the individual access to a wide and varied range of knowledge. which provides access to knowledge in printed and other formats to support formal and informal or non-formal education as a whole. there will be an enormous development in various fields of education due to the ongoing research and development. 11 . Types of linkages and/or forms of cooperation include: (IFLA/UNESCO.all levels from teaching techniques and materials to institutional structures and policies.1994).

and makes them available to all sections of the community. Training of volunteers. Literacy tutorials. by keeping adequate stock of documents and other information materials. Concerts (live or recorded). hard or soft. the public library has to support and promote all types of education. 1994) also stated in its 12 . 1992). As an educational center. 2. formal. Formal courses. (Rath. Story hours. It should also provide opportunity for personal creative development being the social institution for lifelong learning and independent decisionmaking. It is a universal nature. non-formal.The roles of public libraries in the educational development of the country can be summarized as follows: 1. Cultural exhibits. Public libraries are best suited for post-literacy and continuing education programmes (Kumar. The most appropriate agency of continuing education for people of all ages is the public library. adult and life-long. The IFLA/UNESCO Public Library Manifesto 1994 (IFLA/UNESCO. The IFLA/UNESCO Public Library Manifesto 1994 (IFLA/UNESCO. Some of the facets relevant to the educational impact of public libraries are ² Book reviews/Book talks. plays a vital role in literacy activities and movements. ´supporting both individual and self conducted education as well as formal education at all levelsµ. being expanded its area in different fields of studies due to the progress of research and developments. Field trips. Nobody has enough resources for his/her formal education but needs to have free access to the resources of a library for improvement and expansion of his/her acquired education at all levels. Lectures. Film showing. Such libraries help literates and neoliterates to prosper their literacy developments by providing reading materials. Supporting Literacy Activities and Continuing Education Public libraries. Craft demonstrations. Self-education Center Education has no limits. Reading improvement classes. State or District Libraries. print or electronics.1994) stated in its missions as. Formal education alone is not sufficient for an overall development of one·s educational pursuits. Informal education or self-education is a lifelong process and public public library should supports the continuous self-education program by providing services to the people free of charge. 1996).

‡ Information services to the neo-literates related to their live and living. ‡ Group discussions and reading with neo-literates to develop reading habits among them. ´supporting and participating in literary activities and programmes for all age groups. wherever possible. and need to give them to achieve their full development as individuals and citizens. Adolescence is in a phase of building their personality and their interests are very varied and changeable. Developing Reading Habits The IFLA/UNESCO Public Library Manifesto 1994 (IFLA/UNESCO. 1994) stated in one of the missions of public library services as. ‡ A separate reading room for neo-literates. The recognition that children are the future of public library services and form the adult audience of the next generation has placed a greater emphasis on public library services to children in recent times (Stone. and initiating such activities if necessaryµ. ‡ Regular provision in the library budget for procurement of reading and audiovisual materials for neo-literates. ‡ Oral services to the neo-literates and illiterates to attract them to literacy and library activities. ´Adolescence needs special attention as many of them voluntarily stop reading at this stage of their lives. Librarians and professionals who understand the psychological and emotional growth of adolescents need to introduce them to reading through a wide range of books that are compatible with their changing interests. ‡ Competent staff with proper orientation to attend the needs of neo-literates. ‡ Close line with nearby literacy centers. 1999). It must 13 . The positive roles that should be played by public libraries in post-literacy programmes are: ‡ A good collection of reading and audio-visual materials related to the life and living of neo-literates. Library must encourage reading at all levels and for different purpose. This will help to attract the neoliterates to the regular library service. ´creating and strengthening reading habits in children from an early ageµ.missions as. with good and attractive collection of reading and audio-visual materials. 3. supplying reading materials to the neo-literates through these literacy centers at the initial stage.

Public libraries may serve with different priorities and qualities with special collections to the community to provide best reading materials to its clients. moral. aesthetic. social and political values. particularly to the young groups by serving them to have reading habits of their interests. and the library has the clearest view of this relationship being a social agency. parents and other contact persons to help new citizens acquire the necessary educational skills that will help them to manage their loves in the new context. 2) Stimulate lifelong learning through reading and libraries. literature and media culture ‡ Promoting and providing training in the use of computer technology ‡ Promoting awareness of new developments in the media market ‡ Helping people to find the information they need in the appropriate format ‡ Co-operating with teachers. and leisure need. Reading and writing are the two best means of communication techniques that can be carried out in promotion of reading habits and literacy programmes. 4) Provide instruments and skills for using information. a book represents a social relationship between writer and reader. 5) Provide collections and services for all the young adults in the community with the aim of addressing their educational. 3) Encourage the habit of reading for information and pleasure. and in the context of reading. information. 14 . It is a prerequisite to being an integrated and active member in the society. 2001) ‡ Promoting reading ‡ Providing appropriate materials for those with poor literacy skills ‡ Working with other agencies in the community involved in combating illiteracy ‡ Participating in campaigns to combat illiteracy and improve numeracy ‡ Organizing events to promote an interest in reading. The public library may support such activities to promote literacy activities by making the best use of modern technology. cultural.inculcate in the minds of individuals that reading is of far greater significance for the creation of intellectual. This can be achieved by: (IFLA/UNESCO. Services for adolescents should: 1) Facilitate the transition from children·s to adults· service.

This goes a long way in contributing positively to the educational development of a nation. 2001). The public library services can make fundamental contribution to daily survival and educational development by being directly involved in providing information to people in developing communities. in a variety of different media. Research is the basic principle of development expanding the horizons of knowledge that is carried out generally in educational institutions. 4. including the community·s own literature. etc. to a rich and varied store of knowledge and creative achievement. people need access to knowledge and work of the imagination. like collection of specialized reading materials. The contributions of a public library by collecting and disseminating information. To encourage them.There is a need to implement reading habits to the young adults for their educational and future livelihood. has been a unique and still a vital function rendered for the personal development of an information seekers. The public library networks must be designed in relation to national. AIDS awareness programmes. All men need to develop his own personal creativity and pursue new interests for his survival. and verify knowledge. A library is to providing opportunities for personal creative development (IFLA/UNESCO. The primary basic information for a research activity is information that can be mostly accessed in a library. to discover. 1994). library services can take different steps. regional. research and special libraries as well as libraries in schools. colleges and universities (IFLA/UNESCO. 5. for example. To achieve this. literary club. Nobody can access his information needs from his own resources but the public library can provide access. 1994). etc. Research Activities Research is an endeavor. adult education programmes. which individual cannot acquire on their own behalf (IFLA/UNESCO. environment awareness programmes. The local libraries can act as a center of personal creativity development to the local communities by giving education on different topics of their interests and local needs. symposia. The 15 . Personal Creativity Development Men are born free but in a limited way. organizing readers club.

Internet.(Gates. 9) providing cheap and rapid means of photocopying. facilitating the 16 . working with schools and other educational institutions to help students of all ages with their formal education (IFLA/UNESCO. The library offers many types of specialized services to help in the advancement of research in society. microfilms.1987. An individual scholar due to high cost or the other way may not acquire such documents. books. 5) conducting literature searches. and 11) extending the limitations of its own resources by interlibrary loan. namely. 2001). processing for use needed and pertinent materials speedily. secondary. tables of contents. One of the missions of the Public Library Manifesto reads that. and photocopies of excerpts. 4) maintaining highly specialized reference files and indexes. Research activities needs basic as well as correct information from various sources that may be in primary. 6) providing accurate.13). 10) providing quick reference and referral services. Such information may be available in various forms. 6. abstracts. 8) translating publications wholly or in part. 7) preparing bibliographies. such as: 1) identifying. accumulating. etc. 2) preparing and circulating list of latest additions. 3) evaluating and interpreting new documents and providing to the right users requisite information contained in them in the form of reviews. geographical sources. co-operative acquisitions and through such methods of bibliographical cooperation as union lists. A public library that serves the general public in various information materials added support to the research actions in various fields by providing their required information data. factual and relevant information to inquirers.public library supports lifelong learning. and tertiary to the scholars. Computer Literacy Skill and Electronic Networks The rapid development of information technology brought huge amount of information playing a key role for the promotion of library services in an electronic environment. journals. and catalogues and the exchanging of catalogues and bibliographies. but library serves the user to access their information needs in various forms.

a public library service to the cause of education is extended to the special user groups. 2005) can be overcome through the library services. Besides.development of information and computer skills (IFLA/UNESCO. digital library. such as. The library should provide access to the resources of the library and other information centers through effective electronic networks at all levels from local to international. IFLA/UNESCO Guideline for Development stated that. The library should. Library has no limit for its growth and services. being known today as library without walls.1994). The notion of library has been growing very fast. price escalation of library documents. Libraries. They may not come to the library to access their required information. automated library. Library co-operation. The world is facing a digital divide. ´Public libraries are instruments of equal opportunity and must provide a safely-net against alienation and social exclusion from technological advance by becoming the electronic doorway to information in the digital age (IFLA/UNESCO. 2001). Access to the internet/world wide web should be free to the public regardless of economic means to have access to information available in an electronic form. therefore. establish ways of making library materials and services accessible to these users. therefore. who are potential users may not use library services regularly but have right to access information through its services in one or the other. who have and have-nots or the information rich and the information poor. but library serves as a bridge by providing digital forms of information in its services to the community. Resource sharing or Internet resource sharing in the field of an education can be provided by libraries at local. regional. Since education has no end or limit. national or international level to access required information by the users. information explosion. The world·s facing problems of an information age. 17 . by giving electronic resources and computer literacy skills can greatly enhanced services to their users by providing them with access to the collection of other libraries or information centers. Those people. Electronic library. and virtual library. all men need to acquire education by one kind of educational means. but the library services may be extended to reach those persons so that they can avail equal opportunity with others. and increased cost of library documents (Sridevi.

hearing impaired and visually impaired people ‡ Special materials for people with learning difficulties. and PSAT testing semi-annually.. ‡ Special transport. e..g. prisons and hospitals ‡ Special equipment and reading materials for those with physical and sensory disabilities. ACT. easy-to-read material and cassettes ‡ Services for immigrants and new citizens to help them to find their way within a different society and to provide access to media of their native culture ‡ Electronic communication. e. The utility of a public library in educational development can at once be felt and generalized particularly when we look into the educational revival programmes such as the U.g. The inability of parents to purchase valuable books for 18 . mobile libraries.B. Internet catalogues. y Public libraries should regularly host school visits and provide ongoing support for homeschoolers. e.. y A holiday reading programme helps children maintain reading skills over the holidays in public libraries.g. e.E. 2001). y y Public libraries should provide practice SAT.. book-boats and other forms of transport to serve those living in isolated areas ‡ Services taken to the home of those people who are housebound ‡ Services taken to the factories and industrial premises for employees ‡ Services for those confined in institutions..g. Other roles of public libraries in national Support for Education include: y An outreach programme provides rotating collections of books in daycare centers.Those services may include: (IFLA/UNESCO.g. The library·s online Learning Express database should provides practice tests and tutorial courses CONCLUSION It is evident from the aforementioned that the public libraries play a significant role in educating the citizenry of a nation subsequently leading to a sustainable national development. e.

music stores.their children can be checked with establishment of libraries ² school libraries for primary and secondary education to wage a ´warµ or campaign this great lack for which education has remained handicapped and limited. story hours. experiences and knowledge. Apart from this. phonorecords. The establishment of more schools. These aid mass education libraries also strengthen communication and collaboration between and among the research. viz. book weeks. provide services. displays. government and educational communities in the society and contribute to the lifelong learning opportunities of all Nigerians. business. and opportunities for citizens to become a part of the educational system and to give support to government educational policies and programmes such as the U.E. and the like. 19 . may not just be all without a commensurate programme to establish and upgrade libraries which are not merely conservers of past events. lectures. newsreels. materials. film strips. although. worthy efforts. book exhibitions. the public libraries render a yeoman service in the adult education through extension services and audio-visual aids.B. Undoubtedly. and motion pictures. but have essential roles and close bearing on advancement of education and nationhood. training of teachers and curricula improvements. the goals of the library are to promote literacy.

E. J. Krishan. 2007 ² 214.ifla. Ogunseye. (2004). (1999). New Delhi: Ess Ess Publications.1992. 1 (1) 2004. New Delhi: ShreePublishers and Distributors. Reading Association of Nigeria. Directions I Adult Literacy programming in Nigeria.M.1991 ² Jan. Rath. Pravakar (1996). S. F. Stone. The Impact of public library use on the educational attainment of primary school children. IFLA/UNESCO (2001). A. Public Library Finance. The Role of Libraries and Education. Munchen: K G Saur.(1992). (http://www.REFERENCES IFLA/UNESCO (1994). Omojuwa. Library and Society. Kumar.org/VII/s8/unesco/eng. J and Vyas. (7) pa. Macmillar Nigeria.2011.K. MA (Librarianship) Dissertation. A. Information society Today Vol. (1993). 20 . Library Herald. Sridevi. Publication. Library and Society. Unpublished. (2003). Literacy and Reading in Nigeria. Jul. Islam. Shalini (2005). Prospect for knowledge and information transfers manager in Nigeria in the new Millennium Education. Role of Public Libraries in the Promotion of Literacy. Public Library Manifesto 1994. The Public Library Service: IFLA/UNESCO Guidelines for Development. Khanna. R.04. Delhi: Pratibha Prakashan. Ibadan.htm) accessed on 30. 2nd ed. (1994). 30(2-4).K.

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