\n¿Øm≥ Ign-bpw. ]t£, AXv F{X Ffp∏w \S°n- √ .

\ΩpsS cmjv { So- b - ° m- c n¬ ]e- c p- s Sbpw
]n≥hm-Xn¬ HØmi Ch¿°p-≠v. AXv sIm≠mWv
]ns∂bpw ]ns∂bpw Ah¿ X´n-∏p-ambn cwKØv
hcp- ∂ - X v . \sΩ hnUv V n- I - f m- ° m≥ t]menkv
Ct∏mƒ Ipd-®p-t]sc AdÃv sNbvsX∂p hcpw.
\Ω-fn-Xn√mw ad-°p∂ apd°v Ah¿ ]pdØv hcpw.
]pXnb he-Iƒ hoipw. ]pXnb Cc-Iƒ Ipcp-ßpw.
s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nwKv F∂mWv Cu X´n-∏p-Isf
s]mXpsh hnfn- ° p- ∂ - X v . AXn¬ Bfp- I ƒ°v
kwibw tXm∂p-tºmƒ ]e-hn[ t]cp-Iƒ Ch¿
D]-tbm-Kn-°pw. Ub-dIv‰v sk√nw-Kv, aƒ´n-se-h¬
am¿°-‰nw-Kv, Ub-dIv‰v am¿°-‰nwKv Cßns\ ]e
t]¿ Ch¿ D]-tbm-Kn-°pw. Hm¿°p-I, CsX√mw Htc
X´n-∏ns‚ ]e hnip≤ \ma-߃ am{X-am-Wv. Htc
Iº\n Xs∂ ]e t]cn¬ Ah-X-cn-°pw. Bwsh,
B¿.-Fw.-]n, \mt\m FIvk¬, _nk-b¿, B¿.-kn.Fw, tamUn-sI-b¿, tImWn-_tbm, Un.-FI
- vkv.F
- ≥
Kt\m-U¿a...-F-∂n-h-sb√mw Htc X´n-∏ns‚ ]e-t]cp-Iƒ am{X-am-sW∂v Hm¿Øp sh°p-I. Ch¿
Xs∂ C\nbpw ]pXnb t]cp-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°p-sa-∂pw.
]t£, Ah¿ C\nbpw hcpw
tkmfn-Um-cn-‰n-bpsS A\p-`hw sh®v Hcp Imcyw
]d- b - s ´. F{X ]d- ™ mepw, F{X tIkp- I ƒ
h∂mepw CØcw X´n∏v Iº-\n-Iƒ C\nbpw hcpw.
tImSn-I-fn-\nbpw X´n-°q-´pw. tkmfn-Um-cn‰n cq]o-Icn-°-s∏´ Imew apXte s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nw-Kn-s\Xnsc t_m[-h-XvI-c-Whpw ka-chpw \SØn hcp∂p-≠v. AXv tI´v Ipd®v t]sc-¶nepw c£-s∏-Spw.
]t£, Ipd®v Ign- b p- t ºmƒ ]pXnb Cc- I - s f
hogvØn Iº-\n-Iƒ ]ns∂bpw hf-cpw. Ah¿ {Kmaßfnepw \K-c-ß-fnepw he hncn-°pw. ImcWw?
Ah¿ BZyw DZv]m-Zn-°p-∂Xv B¿Øn-bm-Wv. \ap°p-≈n¬ ]W-tØm-Sp≈ B¿Øn DZv]m-Zn-∏n®
tijw B B¿Øn-bpsS hn]-W-\-amWv Ah¿ \SØp-∂-Xv. A[zm-\n-°m-sX, NpΩm IpSpw-_-Øn-

sebpw kplrZvheb-Øn-sebpw Ipd®v t]sc IÆn
tN¿Øv, Ffp∏w ]Ww h∂p tNcp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬
InS-°s´ F∂v \Ωƒ hnNm-cn-°pw. Aßns\ XpS°-Øn¬ \s√mcp XpI-bpsS sN°v h∂n-In-´ptºmƒ, lmbv, Fs¥mcp BÀm-Z-am-bn-cn°pw \ap°v! ]ns∂ \ap-°n-sXmcp Bth-i-am-Ipw. Hmtcm
kplr-Øns\ ImWp-tºmgpw, Hmtcm _‘p-hns\
ImWp-tºmgpw Chs\ Fßns\ CXn¬ tN¿°mw
F∂m- b n- c n°pw \mw Btem- N n- ° p- I . \mw
\sΩØs∂- b ßv ad- ° pw. ISn- ™ m¨ hn´
B¿Øn-°p-Xn-c-bmbn \mw amdpw. Aßns\ F√mw
ad∂v apt∂-dsh s]mSp-∂s
- \-sbmcp Znhkw F√mw
XI- c pw. Aßns\ Bfl- l Xy sNbv X - h - s c- { X.
PohnXw XI¿∂-h-sc-{X. am\-knI tcmKn-I-fm-b-hsc-{X.
\Ω-sf-¥n-\m-Wn-ßs\ PohnXw tlman-°p-∂-Xv?
A[zm-\n-°msX, Ffp∏w ]Ww kºm-Zn-°pI F∂Xv
Bscbpw tamln-∏n-°p∂ Bi-ba
- m-Wv. ]t£, AXv
\ap°v Zpc¥w am{Xta sIm≠p hcq. ImcWw
ssZhw AXv CjvS-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. \ΩpsS ka-bhpw
Btcm-Kyhpw _p≤nbpw ssZhw X∂ A\p-{K-l-ßfm-Wv. Bfp-Isf ]‰n-°m\pw hogvØm-\p-a√ AXv
D]-tbm-Kn-t°-≠-Xv. A[zm-\n-°m-\m-Wv. Bhp∂
sXmgn-ep-Iƒ sNbvXv am\y-ambn Pohn-°p-I. AXmWv
PohnX [¿Ωw. AXn-\-∏pdw Nn¥n-°p-tºm-gmWv
kzbw h©n-X-cm-hp-Ibpw a‰p-≈-hsc h©n-°pIbpw sNøp∂ s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nw-Kn-te°v \mw
t]mIp-∂-Xv. ]ns∂bpw ]ns∂bpw h©n-X-cm-hp-∂-,
Bfp-I-fpsS h©n®v Ah-cpsS im]-ta‰p hmßp∂
ZpjvS P∑-ß-fm-Im-\mtWm \ΩpsS Xocp-am\w?

tkmfn-Um-cn‰n

s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nwKv:

?
s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nwKv \S-Øp∂ ssS°q¨
F∂ Iº\n ASn-ta¬ s]mfn™ hm¿Ø ]{X-ßfn¬ h∂Xv Ign-™-bm-gvN. 370 tImSn cq]-bpambmWv AXns‚ Bfp-Iƒ apßn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
sXm´p-Ss\ _nk-b¿ F∂ as‰mcp Iº-\nbpsSbpw
X´n-∏p-Iƒ ]pdØv h∂p. Ah¿ ap°nb tImSn-Isf-{X, ]‰n® Bfp-I-sf{X F∂-Xns‚ IW-°p-Iƒ
hcm- \ n- c n- ° p- ∂ - t X- b p- ≈ q. \mt\m FIv k ¬
Fs∂mcp Iº\n Xriq¿ tI{μo-I-cn®v Bfp-Isf
]‰n®v hmcn-°q-´n-bXpw tImSn-Iƒ. Ch-sb-√mØ
thsdbpw Iº-\n-Iƒ ASp-Øn-sS-bmbn hm¿Ø-Ifn¬ h∂p.
F∂nt´m?

bqØvaqhvsa‚ v
www.solidarityym.org, solidarityym@gmail.com

\mw Cu hm¿Ø-I-sf-√mw hmbn-®v A¥w hnSpw.
Imiv t]mb-h-cn¬ \s√mcp iX-am\w am\-t°Sv

hnNm-cn®v an≠m-Xn-cn-°pw. `mcy-bpsS sI´p-Xmen
hn‰pw s\‰vh¿°n¬ AwK-ßf
- m-bh
- c
- p-≠m-Ipw. c≠p
\mƒ sIm≠v apX-em-fn-bm-bn-°-fbmw Ft∂m¿Øv
IqSn-b-Xm-Wv. ]t£ t]mbXv ]Whpw am\-hpw.
h©n-°-s∏-´-h-cn¬ Nne-sc-¶nepw t]meokv tÃj\n¬ ]cmXn sImSp-°pw. t]meokv B ]cmXn
hmßn sh°pw. ]cmXnIfpsS FÆw sh®v ]{Xß-fn¬ hm¿Ø-h-cpw. A{X Xs∂.
]ns∂tbm?
]ns∂- kw`-hn-°p-∂XmWv ck-Ic
- w. ]{X-ßf
- n¬
H∂p c≠v Znhkw hm¿Øm _l-fw. AXp Ign™v
\Ω-sf√mw Imcy-߃ ad-°pw. s\‰vh¿°v am¿°‰nw-Kns‚ Bfp-Iƒ kyq´pw tIm´p-an´v, ]©mc
hm°p- I ƒ ]d™v ]ns∂bpw Bsf- ∏ n- S n- ° pw.
tImSn-Iƒ ssI°-em-°pw. s]mfn-s™∂ hm¿Ø
ho≠pw hcpw. Ah¿ apßpw. ho≠pw AtX _lfw, hm¿Ø-Iƒ, t]meo-kv..-A-ßns\ t]mhpw.
kplr-sØ, F{X Ime-ambn tIc-f-Øn¬ Cu
\mSIw Bh¿Øn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p? \n›n-Xa
- mb
Hmtcm CS-th-f-I-fn¬ hºn® kmº-ØnI X´n-∏p-IfpsS F{X-sb{X hm¿Ø-I-fmWv \mw tI´-Xv. Xncph-\-¥-]p-cØv "tSm´¬ t^m¿ bp'F∂ -ÿm-]-\Øns‚ t]cn¬ i_co\mYv Fs∂mcp tImsfPv
]ø≥ F{X tImSn-I-fmbncp∂p Bfp-I-fn¬ \n∂v
ssI°- e m- ° n- b Xv ? \nt£] X´n- ∏ p- I - f p- s Sbpw
s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nwKv X´n-∏p-I-fp-sSbpw kz¿K-`qan-bmbn \ΩpsS tIcfw amdn-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.
AsX-¥p-sIm≠v?
ASn-°Sn _lp-tIm-Sn-If
- psS X´n-∏p-Iƒ D≠m-hp∂-sX¥p sIm≠mWv? ]e Imc-W-ß-fp-≠v. Hcp
Iº-\n-bpsS X´n∏v ]pd-Ømbn DS-a-Iƒ Imip-ambn
apßp-Itbm AdÃv sNø-s∏-Sp-Itbm sNøp-tºmƒ
\mw CØncn Pm{KX ImWn-°pw. ]t£ A¬]w
Ign™v thsdmcp Iº\n hcpw. Ah¿ hmIv hnkvab-ß-fn-eqsS, tlbv, R߃ Aßn-\sØ Iº-\nb√ tIt´m, Rß- f psS πm≥ thsd- b mWv

Fs∂ms°∏d™v \Ωsf hogvØpw. F∂p am{Xa-√, s]mfn™ GsX-¶nepw Iº-\n-bpsS coXn-I-sfSpØv, Ahsb hna¿in-°p-Ibpw Ah-bn¬ \n∂v
hyXy- k v X - a mbn X߃°p≈ {]tXy- I - X - I ƒ
FSpØp ]d-bp-Ibpw sNøpw Ah¿. Hm¿°pI;
CsX√mw X´n-∏m-Wv. IW-°p-Iƒ sIm≠v Ah¿
ambm-Pmew Im´p-I-bm-Wv.
tIkp-Iƒs°¥v ]‰n?
s\‰v h ¿°v am¿°- ‰ nwKv Iº- \ n- I ƒs°- X nsc
Ct∏mƒ _l-fß
- f
- psS Ime-am-Wv. Iptd tIkp-Iƒ
FSp-Øp. Iptd t]sc t]menkv s]m°n. Ch¿s°Xn-sc-bp≈ tIkp-Iƒs°-¥mWv kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv?
\Ω- f m- s c- ¶ nepw At\z- j n- ° m- d pt≠m? apºv
Cßns\ Iptd tIkp-Iƒ FSp-Øn-cp-∂-t√m. Ahbn¬ Iptd t]sc t]meokv AdÃv sNbvXn-cp-∂t√m. AXns‚sbms° Ct∏m-gsØ IY-sb-¥mWv?
\Ω-fm-sc-¶nepw/]{X-°m¿ Bsc-¶nepw At\z-jn°m-dpt≠m? C√. Hcp DZm-l-cWw ]dbmw: 2001
Unkw-_¿ 12\v s\‰vh¿°v X´n-∏nse cmPm-hmb
"Bwsh'bpsS sIm®n ssh‰n-e-bnse tKmUu¨
t]menkv sdbvUv sNbvXv D¬]-∂-߃ ]nSn-s®-SpØn-cp-∂p. B tIkn-s\¥p ]‰n? s\‰vh¿°v am¿°‰nw-Kn-s\-Xnsc Dds° ]d-bp∂ apJy-a{¥n Ct∏mƒ
AsXm∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°ptam? s\‰vh¿°v Iº-\nIƒs°-Xnsc CØcw \nc-h[n tIkp-Ifpw sdbvUpIfpw ap≥Im-e-ß-fn¬ \S-∂n-´p-≠v. Ah-sb√mw
ho≠pw ]cn- t im- [ n- ° m≥ k¿°m¿ k∂- ≤ - a mhptam? km[y-X-bn-√. AXv Xs∂-bmWv {]iv\-hpw.
Cu _lfw Ipd®v Znhkw \ne- \ n¬°pw.
t]menkpw ]{X-°mcpw bph-P\ kwL-S-\-Ifpw
Fs¥m-s°tbm sNøpw. ]ns∂ Bfp-Iƒ kzXth
F√m-aßv ad-°pw. X´n-∏p-ho-c∑
- m¿ ]ns∂bp-an-dß
- pw.
Bfp-Isf ]‰n°pw. ]ns∂bpw apßpw; s]mfn-bpw.
]ns∂bpw Ipsd H®-∏m-Sp-Iƒ. Iptd t]¿ IÆo¿
IpSn°pw. am\w sISpw. Nne-scms° Bfl-lXy
sNøpw.

AXn-\m¬
1. Hcmƒ°v Xmsg c≠v t]sc IÆn tN¿°p∂
am¿°-‰nwKv πm≥ kzoI-cn-°p∂ GXv Iº-\nbpw
aWn k¿°p-te-j≥ \nbaw ewLn-°p-Ib
- m-Wv. Cu
ASn-ÿm\w sh®mWv Bwsh Iº-\nsb B{‘
sslt°m-S-Xnbpw C.-Fw.-kn.Pn am¿°-‰nwKv enan-‰Uns\ a{Zmkv sslt°m-S-Xnbpw \ntcm-[n-®-Xv.
F∂n´pw Cu Iº-\n-Iƒ tIc-f-Øn¬ ]I¬ shfn®-Øn¬ {]h¿Ø\w XpS-cp-∂Xv \ΩpsS \nb-a-kwhn-[m-\-Øn\v \mW-t°-Sm-Wv. CØcw F√m Iº\n-Iƒ°p-sa-Xnsc t]menkv I¿i-\-ambn \S-]Sn
kzoI-cn-°W
- w F∂XmWv tkmfn-Um-cn-‰n-bpsS Bhiyw. s\‰vh¿°v X´n∏p \S-Øp∂ kIe am\y-∑mscbpw amXr-Im-]-c-ambn in£n-°-Ww. Aßns\
in£n-°-W-sa-¶n¬ \nb-a-Øns‚ apgp-h≥ ]gp-XpIfpw AS-°W
- w. 1978se Nn‰vkv ^≠vkv B‚ v aWn
k¿°p-te-j≥ BIv‰nse 2 (kn) hIp∏v {]Imcw
i‡-amb \S-]S- n-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°m≥ k¿°m¿ k∂≤-am-h-Ww.
2. s\‰vh¿°v X´n-∏p-Iƒ ]pdØv hcp-tºmƒ IÆn
tN¿°p∂ CS-\n-e°
- msc am{Xw {]Xn-tN¿°p∂ \S]Sn t]mcm. tImSn-Iƒ ap°nb bYm¿Y DS-a-Isf
]nSn-Iq-S-Ww. I\Ø in£ \¬I-Ww.
3. IDSA- Indian Direct Selling Association F∂
t]cn¬ X´n-∏p-Im¿ tN¿s∂mcp tZiob kwL-S\
cq]o-I-cn®v {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p-≠v. CXns\ \ntcm-[n°-Ww.
4. HmUn-t‰m-dn-b-ßfpw lmfp-Ifpw tlm´-ep-Ifpw
CØcw Iº-\n-I-fpsS ao‰nw-Kp-Iƒ°v hn´p-sIm-Sp°p-∂Xv \nb-ah
- n-cp-≤a
- m-sW∂v {]Jym-]n®v k¿°m¿
DØ-c-hn-d-°-Ww.
AXv am{Xw aXntbm?
C{Xbpw sNøp-∂-Xn-eqsS s\‰vh¿°v Iº-\n-IfpsS X´n-∏p-Iƒ apgp-h≥ Ah-km-\n-∏n-°m-sa∂v
R߃ ]d-bp-∂n-√. Hcp ]cn[n hsc XS™p

hnNm-cn®v an≠m-Xn-cn-°pw. `mcy-bpsS sI´p-Xmen
hn‰pw s\‰vh¿°n¬ AwK-ßf
- m-bh
- c
- p-≠m-Ipw. c≠p
\mƒ sIm≠v apX-em-fn-bm-bn-°-fbmw Ft∂m¿Øv
IqSn-b-Xm-Wv. ]t£ t]mbXv ]Whpw am\-hpw.
h©n-°-s∏-´-h-cn¬ Nne-sc-¶nepw t]meokv tÃj\n¬ ]cmXn sImSp-°pw. t]meokv B ]cmXn
hmßn sh°pw. ]cmXnIfpsS FÆw sh®v ]{Xß-fn¬ hm¿Ø-h-cpw. A{X Xs∂.
]ns∂tbm?
]ns∂- kw`-hn-°p-∂XmWv ck-Ic
- w. ]{X-ßf
- n¬
H∂p c≠v Znhkw hm¿Øm _l-fw. AXp Ign™v
\Ω-sf√mw Imcy-߃ ad-°pw. s\‰vh¿°v am¿°‰nw-Kns‚ Bfp-Iƒ kyq´pw tIm´p-an´v, ]©mc
hm°p- I ƒ ]d™v ]ns∂bpw Bsf- ∏ n- S n- ° pw.
tImSn-Iƒ ssI°-em-°pw. s]mfn-s™∂ hm¿Ø
ho≠pw hcpw. Ah¿ apßpw. ho≠pw AtX _lfw, hm¿Ø-Iƒ, t]meo-kv..-A-ßns\ t]mhpw.
kplr-sØ, F{X Ime-ambn tIc-f-Øn¬ Cu
\mSIw Bh¿Øn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p? \n›n-Xa
- mb
Hmtcm CS-th-f-I-fn¬ hºn® kmº-ØnI X´n-∏p-IfpsS F{X-sb{X hm¿Ø-I-fmWv \mw tI´-Xv. Xncph-\-¥-]p-cØv "tSm´¬ t^m¿ bp'F∂ -ÿm-]-\Øns‚ t]cn¬ i_co\mYv Fs∂mcp tImsfPv
]ø≥ F{X tImSn-I-fmbncp∂p Bfp-I-fn¬ \n∂v
ssI°- e m- ° n- b Xv ? \nt£] X´n- ∏ p- I - f p- s Sbpw
s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nwKv X´n-∏p-I-fp-sSbpw kz¿K-`qan-bmbn \ΩpsS tIcfw amdn-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.
AsX-¥p-sIm≠v?
ASn-°Sn _lp-tIm-Sn-If
- psS X´n-∏p-Iƒ D≠m-hp∂-sX¥p sIm≠mWv? ]e Imc-W-ß-fp-≠v. Hcp
Iº-\n-bpsS X´n∏v ]pd-Ømbn DS-a-Iƒ Imip-ambn
apßp-Itbm AdÃv sNø-s∏-Sp-Itbm sNøp-tºmƒ
\mw CØncn Pm{KX ImWn-°pw. ]t£ A¬]w
Ign™v thsdmcp Iº\n hcpw. Ah¿ hmIv hnkvab-ß-fn-eqsS, tlbv, R߃ Aßn-\sØ Iº-\nb√ tIt´m, Rß- f psS πm≥ thsd- b mWv

Fs∂ms°∏d™v \Ωsf hogvØpw. F∂p am{Xa-√, s]mfn™ GsX-¶nepw Iº-\n-bpsS coXn-I-sfSpØv, Ahsb hna¿in-°p-Ibpw Ah-bn¬ \n∂v
hyXy- k v X - a mbn X߃°p≈ {]tXy- I - X - I ƒ
FSpØp ]d-bp-Ibpw sNøpw Ah¿. Hm¿°pI;
CsX√mw X´n-∏m-Wv. IW-°p-Iƒ sIm≠v Ah¿
ambm-Pmew Im´p-I-bm-Wv.
tIkp-Iƒs°¥v ]‰n?
s\‰v h ¿°v am¿°- ‰ nwKv Iº- \ n- I ƒs°- X nsc
Ct∏mƒ _l-fß
- f
- psS Ime-am-Wv. Iptd tIkp-Iƒ
FSp-Øp. Iptd t]sc t]menkv s]m°n. Ch¿s°Xn-sc-bp≈ tIkp-Iƒs°-¥mWv kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv?
\Ω- f m- s c- ¶ nepw At\z- j n- ° m- d pt≠m? apºv
Cßns\ Iptd tIkp-Iƒ FSp-Øn-cp-∂-t√m. Ahbn¬ Iptd t]sc t]meokv AdÃv sNbvXn-cp-∂t√m. AXns‚sbms° Ct∏m-gsØ IY-sb-¥mWv?
\Ω-fm-sc-¶nepw/]{X-°m¿ Bsc-¶nepw At\z-jn°m-dpt≠m? C√. Hcp DZm-l-cWw ]dbmw: 2001
Unkw-_¿ 12\v s\‰vh¿°v X´n-∏nse cmPm-hmb
"Bwsh'bpsS sIm®n ssh‰n-e-bnse tKmUu¨
t]menkv sdbvUv sNbvXv D¬]-∂-߃ ]nSn-s®-SpØn-cp-∂p. B tIkn-s\¥p ]‰n? s\‰vh¿°v am¿°‰nw-Kn-s\-Xnsc Dds° ]d-bp∂ apJy-a{¥n Ct∏mƒ
AsXm∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°ptam? s\‰vh¿°v Iº-\nIƒs°-Xnsc CØcw \nc-h[n tIkp-Ifpw sdbvUpIfpw ap≥Im-e-ß-fn¬ \S-∂n-´p-≠v. Ah-sb√mw
ho≠pw ]cn- t im- [ n- ° m≥ k¿°m¿ k∂- ≤ - a mhptam? km[y-X-bn-√. AXv Xs∂-bmWv {]iv\-hpw.
Cu _lfw Ipd®v Znhkw \ne- \ n¬°pw.
t]menkpw ]{X-°mcpw bph-P\ kwL-S-\-Ifpw
Fs¥m-s°tbm sNøpw. ]ns∂ Bfp-Iƒ kzXth
F√m-aßv ad-°pw. X´n-∏p-ho-c∑
- m¿ ]ns∂bp-an-dß
- pw.
Bfp-Isf ]‰n°pw. ]ns∂bpw apßpw; s]mfn-bpw.
]ns∂bpw Ipsd H®-∏m-Sp-Iƒ. Iptd t]¿ IÆo¿
IpSn°pw. am\w sISpw. Nne-scms° Bfl-lXy
sNøpw.

AXn-\m¬
1. Hcmƒ°v Xmsg c≠v t]sc IÆn tN¿°p∂
am¿°-‰nwKv πm≥ kzoI-cn-°p∂ GXv Iº-\nbpw
aWn k¿°p-te-j≥ \nbaw ewLn-°p-Ib
- m-Wv. Cu
ASn-ÿm\w sh®mWv Bwsh Iº-\nsb B{‘
sslt°m-S-Xnbpw C.-Fw.-kn.Pn am¿°-‰nwKv enan-‰Uns\ a{Zmkv sslt°m-S-Xnbpw \ntcm-[n-®-Xv.
F∂n´pw Cu Iº-\n-Iƒ tIc-f-Øn¬ ]I¬ shfn®-Øn¬ {]h¿Ø\w XpS-cp-∂Xv \ΩpsS \nb-a-kwhn-[m-\-Øn\v \mW-t°-Sm-Wv. CØcw F√m Iº\n-Iƒ°p-sa-Xnsc t]menkv I¿i-\-ambn \S-]Sn
kzoI-cn-°W
- w F∂XmWv tkmfn-Um-cn-‰n-bpsS Bhiyw. s\‰vh¿°v X´n∏p \S-Øp∂ kIe am\y-∑mscbpw amXr-Im-]-c-ambn in£n-°-Ww. Aßns\
in£n-°-W-sa-¶n¬ \nb-a-Øns‚ apgp-h≥ ]gp-XpIfpw AS-°W
- w. 1978se Nn‰vkv ^≠vkv B‚ v aWn
k¿°p-te-j≥ BIv‰nse 2 (kn) hIp∏v {]Imcw
i‡-amb \S-]S- n-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°m≥ k¿°m¿ k∂≤-am-h-Ww.
2. s\‰vh¿°v X´n-∏p-Iƒ ]pdØv hcp-tºmƒ IÆn
tN¿°p∂ CS-\n-e°
- msc am{Xw {]Xn-tN¿°p∂ \S]Sn t]mcm. tImSn-Iƒ ap°nb bYm¿Y DS-a-Isf
]nSn-Iq-S-Ww. I\Ø in£ \¬I-Ww.
3. IDSA- Indian Direct Selling Association F∂
t]cn¬ X´n-∏p-Im¿ tN¿s∂mcp tZiob kwL-S\
cq]o-I-cn®v {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p-≠v. CXns\ \ntcm-[n°-Ww.
4. HmUn-t‰m-dn-b-ßfpw lmfp-Ifpw tlm´-ep-Ifpw
CØcw Iº-\n-I-fpsS ao‰nw-Kp-Iƒ°v hn´p-sIm-Sp°p-∂Xv \nb-ah
- n-cp-≤a
- m-sW∂v {]Jym-]n®v k¿°m¿
DØ-c-hn-d-°-Ww.
AXv am{Xw aXntbm?
C{Xbpw sNøp-∂-Xn-eqsS s\‰vh¿°v Iº-\n-IfpsS X´n-∏p-Iƒ apgp-h≥ Ah-km-\n-∏n-°m-sa∂v
R߃ ]d-bp-∂n-√. Hcp ]cn[n hsc XS™p

hnNm-cn®v an≠m-Xn-cn-°pw. `mcy-bpsS sI´p-Xmen
hn‰pw s\‰vh¿°n¬ AwK-ßf
- m-bh
- c
- p-≠m-Ipw. c≠p
\mƒ sIm≠v apX-em-fn-bm-bn-°-fbmw Ft∂m¿Øv
IqSn-b-Xm-Wv. ]t£ t]mbXv ]Whpw am\-hpw.
h©n-°-s∏-´-h-cn¬ Nne-sc-¶nepw t]meokv tÃj\n¬ ]cmXn sImSp-°pw. t]meokv B ]cmXn
hmßn sh°pw. ]cmXnIfpsS FÆw sh®v ]{Xß-fn¬ hm¿Ø-h-cpw. A{X Xs∂.
]ns∂tbm?
]ns∂- kw`-hn-°p-∂XmWv ck-Ic
- w. ]{X-ßf
- n¬
H∂p c≠v Znhkw hm¿Øm _l-fw. AXp Ign™v
\Ω-sf√mw Imcy-߃ ad-°pw. s\‰vh¿°v am¿°‰nw-Kns‚ Bfp-Iƒ kyq´pw tIm´p-an´v, ]©mc
hm°p- I ƒ ]d™v ]ns∂bpw Bsf- ∏ n- S n- ° pw.
tImSn-Iƒ ssI°-em-°pw. s]mfn-s™∂ hm¿Ø
ho≠pw hcpw. Ah¿ apßpw. ho≠pw AtX _lfw, hm¿Ø-Iƒ, t]meo-kv..-A-ßns\ t]mhpw.
kplr-sØ, F{X Ime-ambn tIc-f-Øn¬ Cu
\mSIw Bh¿Øn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p? \n›n-Xa
- mb
Hmtcm CS-th-f-I-fn¬ hºn® kmº-ØnI X´n-∏p-IfpsS F{X-sb{X hm¿Ø-I-fmWv \mw tI´-Xv. Xncph-\-¥-]p-cØv "tSm´¬ t^m¿ bp'F∂ -ÿm-]-\Øns‚ t]cn¬ i_co\mYv Fs∂mcp tImsfPv
]ø≥ F{X tImSn-I-fmbncp∂p Bfp-I-fn¬ \n∂v
ssI°- e m- ° n- b Xv ? \nt£] X´n- ∏ p- I - f p- s Sbpw
s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nwKv X´n-∏p-I-fp-sSbpw kz¿K-`qan-bmbn \ΩpsS tIcfw amdn-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.
AsX-¥p-sIm≠v?
ASn-°Sn _lp-tIm-Sn-If
- psS X´n-∏p-Iƒ D≠m-hp∂-sX¥p sIm≠mWv? ]e Imc-W-ß-fp-≠v. Hcp
Iº-\n-bpsS X´n∏v ]pd-Ømbn DS-a-Iƒ Imip-ambn
apßp-Itbm AdÃv sNø-s∏-Sp-Itbm sNøp-tºmƒ
\mw CØncn Pm{KX ImWn-°pw. ]t£ A¬]w
Ign™v thsdmcp Iº\n hcpw. Ah¿ hmIv hnkvab-ß-fn-eqsS, tlbv, R߃ Aßn-\sØ Iº-\nb√ tIt´m, Rß- f psS πm≥ thsd- b mWv

Fs∂ms°∏d™v \Ωsf hogvØpw. F∂p am{Xa-√, s]mfn™ GsX-¶nepw Iº-\n-bpsS coXn-I-sfSpØv, Ahsb hna¿in-°p-Ibpw Ah-bn¬ \n∂v
hyXy- k v X - a mbn X߃°p≈ {]tXy- I - X - I ƒ
FSpØp ]d-bp-Ibpw sNøpw Ah¿. Hm¿°pI;
CsX√mw X´n-∏m-Wv. IW-°p-Iƒ sIm≠v Ah¿
ambm-Pmew Im´p-I-bm-Wv.
tIkp-Iƒs°¥v ]‰n?
s\‰v h ¿°v am¿°- ‰ nwKv Iº- \ n- I ƒs°- X nsc
Ct∏mƒ _l-fß
- f
- psS Ime-am-Wv. Iptd tIkp-Iƒ
FSp-Øp. Iptd t]sc t]menkv s]m°n. Ch¿s°Xn-sc-bp≈ tIkp-Iƒs°-¥mWv kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv?
\Ω- f m- s c- ¶ nepw At\z- j n- ° m- d pt≠m? apºv
Cßns\ Iptd tIkp-Iƒ FSp-Øn-cp-∂-t√m. Ahbn¬ Iptd t]sc t]meokv AdÃv sNbvXn-cp-∂t√m. AXns‚sbms° Ct∏m-gsØ IY-sb-¥mWv?
\Ω-fm-sc-¶nepw/]{X-°m¿ Bsc-¶nepw At\z-jn°m-dpt≠m? C√. Hcp DZm-l-cWw ]dbmw: 2001
Unkw-_¿ 12\v s\‰vh¿°v X´n-∏nse cmPm-hmb
"Bwsh'bpsS sIm®n ssh‰n-e-bnse tKmUu¨
t]menkv sdbvUv sNbvXv D¬]-∂-߃ ]nSn-s®-SpØn-cp-∂p. B tIkn-s\¥p ]‰n? s\‰vh¿°v am¿°‰nw-Kn-s\-Xnsc Dds° ]d-bp∂ apJy-a{¥n Ct∏mƒ
AsXm∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°ptam? s\‰vh¿°v Iº-\nIƒs°-Xnsc CØcw \nc-h[n tIkp-Ifpw sdbvUpIfpw ap≥Im-e-ß-fn¬ \S-∂n-´p-≠v. Ah-sb√mw
ho≠pw ]cn- t im- [ n- ° m≥ k¿°m¿ k∂- ≤ - a mhptam? km[y-X-bn-√. AXv Xs∂-bmWv {]iv\-hpw.
Cu _lfw Ipd®v Znhkw \ne- \ n¬°pw.
t]menkpw ]{X-°mcpw bph-P\ kwL-S-\-Ifpw
Fs¥m-s°tbm sNøpw. ]ns∂ Bfp-Iƒ kzXth
F√m-aßv ad-°pw. X´n-∏p-ho-c∑
- m¿ ]ns∂bp-an-dß
- pw.
Bfp-Isf ]‰n°pw. ]ns∂bpw apßpw; s]mfn-bpw.
]ns∂bpw Ipsd H®-∏m-Sp-Iƒ. Iptd t]¿ IÆo¿
IpSn°pw. am\w sISpw. Nne-scms° Bfl-lXy
sNøpw.

AXn-\m¬
1. Hcmƒ°v Xmsg c≠v t]sc IÆn tN¿°p∂
am¿°-‰nwKv πm≥ kzoI-cn-°p∂ GXv Iº-\nbpw
aWn k¿°p-te-j≥ \nbaw ewLn-°p-Ib
- m-Wv. Cu
ASn-ÿm\w sh®mWv Bwsh Iº-\nsb B{‘
sslt°m-S-Xnbpw C.-Fw.-kn.Pn am¿°-‰nwKv enan-‰Uns\ a{Zmkv sslt°m-S-Xnbpw \ntcm-[n-®-Xv.
F∂n´pw Cu Iº-\n-Iƒ tIc-f-Øn¬ ]I¬ shfn®-Øn¬ {]h¿Ø\w XpS-cp-∂Xv \ΩpsS \nb-a-kwhn-[m-\-Øn\v \mW-t°-Sm-Wv. CØcw F√m Iº\n-Iƒ°p-sa-Xnsc t]menkv I¿i-\-ambn \S-]Sn
kzoI-cn-°W
- w F∂XmWv tkmfn-Um-cn-‰n-bpsS Bhiyw. s\‰vh¿°v X´n∏p \S-Øp∂ kIe am\y-∑mscbpw amXr-Im-]-c-ambn in£n-°-Ww. Aßns\
in£n-°-W-sa-¶n¬ \nb-a-Øns‚ apgp-h≥ ]gp-XpIfpw AS-°W
- w. 1978se Nn‰vkv ^≠vkv B‚ v aWn
k¿°p-te-j≥ BIv‰nse 2 (kn) hIp∏v {]Imcw
i‡-amb \S-]S- n-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°m≥ k¿°m¿ k∂≤-am-h-Ww.
2. s\‰vh¿°v X´n-∏p-Iƒ ]pdØv hcp-tºmƒ IÆn
tN¿°p∂ CS-\n-e°
- msc am{Xw {]Xn-tN¿°p∂ \S]Sn t]mcm. tImSn-Iƒ ap°nb bYm¿Y DS-a-Isf
]nSn-Iq-S-Ww. I\Ø in£ \¬I-Ww.
3. IDSA- Indian Direct Selling Association F∂
t]cn¬ X´n-∏p-Im¿ tN¿s∂mcp tZiob kwL-S\
cq]o-I-cn®v {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p-≠v. CXns\ \ntcm-[n°-Ww.
4. HmUn-t‰m-dn-b-ßfpw lmfp-Ifpw tlm´-ep-Ifpw
CØcw Iº-\n-I-fpsS ao‰nw-Kp-Iƒ°v hn´p-sIm-Sp°p-∂Xv \nb-ah
- n-cp-≤a
- m-sW∂v {]Jym-]n®v k¿°m¿
DØ-c-hn-d-°-Ww.
AXv am{Xw aXntbm?
C{Xbpw sNøp-∂-Xn-eqsS s\‰vh¿°v Iº-\n-IfpsS X´n-∏p-Iƒ apgp-h≥ Ah-km-\n-∏n-°m-sa∂v
R߃ ]d-bp-∂n-√. Hcp ]cn[n hsc XS™p

\n¿Øm≥ Ign-bpw. ]t£, AXv F{X Ffp∏w \S°n- √ . \ΩpsS cmjv { So- b - ° m- c n¬ ]e- c p- s Sbpw
]n≥hm-Xn¬ HØmi Ch¿°p-≠v. AXv sIm≠mWv
]ns∂bpw ]ns∂bpw Ah¿ X´n-∏p-ambn cwKØv
hcp- ∂ - X v . \sΩ hnUv V n- I - f m- ° m≥ t]menkv
Ct∏mƒ Ipd-®p-t]sc AdÃv sNbvsX∂p hcpw.
\Ω-fn-Xn√mw ad-°p∂ apd°v Ah¿ ]pdØv hcpw.
]pXnb he-Iƒ hoipw. ]pXnb Cc-Iƒ Ipcp-ßpw.
s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nwKv F∂mWv Cu X´n-∏p-Isf
s]mXpsh hnfn- ° p- ∂ - X v . AXn¬ Bfp- I ƒ°v
kwibw tXm∂p-tºmƒ ]e-hn[ t]cp-Iƒ Ch¿
D]-tbm-Kn-°pw. Ub-dIv‰v sk√nw-Kv, aƒ´n-se-h¬
am¿°-‰nw-Kv, Ub-dIv‰v am¿°-‰nwKv Cßns\ ]e
t]¿ Ch¿ D]-tbm-Kn-°pw. Hm¿°p-I, CsX√mw Htc
X´n-∏ns‚ ]e hnip≤ \ma-߃ am{X-am-Wv. Htc
Iº\n Xs∂ ]e t]cn¬ Ah-X-cn-°pw. Bwsh,
B¿.-Fw.-]n, \mt\m FIvk¬, _nk-b¿, B¿.-kn.Fw, tamUn-sI-b¿, tImWn-_tbm, Un.-FI
- vkv.F
- ≥
Kt\m-U¿a...-F-∂n-h-sb√mw Htc X´n-∏ns‚ ]e-t]cp-Iƒ am{X-am-sW∂v Hm¿Øp sh°p-I. Ch¿
Xs∂ C\nbpw ]pXnb t]cp-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°p-sa-∂pw.
]t£, Ah¿ C\nbpw hcpw
tkmfn-Um-cn-‰n-bpsS A\p-`hw sh®v Hcp Imcyw
]d- b - s ´. F{X ]d- ™ mepw, F{X tIkp- I ƒ
h∂mepw CØcw X´n∏v Iº-\n-Iƒ C\nbpw hcpw.
tImSn-I-fn-\nbpw X´n-°q-´pw. tkmfn-Um-cn‰n cq]o-Icn-°-s∏´ Imew apXte s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nw-Kn-s\Xnsc t_m[-h-XvI-c-Whpw ka-chpw \SØn hcp∂p-≠v. AXv tI´v Ipd®v t]sc-¶nepw c£-s∏-Spw.
]t£, Ipd®v Ign- b p- t ºmƒ ]pXnb Cc- I - s f
hogvØn Iº-\n-Iƒ ]ns∂bpw hf-cpw. Ah¿ {Kmaßfnepw \K-c-ß-fnepw he hncn-°pw. ImcWw?
Ah¿ BZyw DZv]m-Zn-°p-∂Xv B¿Øn-bm-Wv. \ap°p-≈n¬ ]W-tØm-Sp≈ B¿Øn DZv]m-Zn-∏n®
tijw B B¿Øn-bpsS hn]-W-\-amWv Ah¿ \SØp-∂-Xv. A[zm-\n-°m-sX, NpΩm IpSpw-_-Øn-

sebpw kplrZvheb-Øn-sebpw Ipd®v t]sc IÆn
tN¿Øv, Ffp∏w ]Ww h∂p tNcp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬
InS-°s´ F∂v \Ωƒ hnNm-cn-°pw. Aßns\ XpS°-Øn¬ \s√mcp XpI-bpsS sN°v h∂n-In-´ptºmƒ, lmbv, Fs¥mcp BÀm-Z-am-bn-cn°pw \ap°v! ]ns∂ \ap-°n-sXmcp Bth-i-am-Ipw. Hmtcm
kplr-Øns\ ImWp-tºmgpw, Hmtcm _‘p-hns\
ImWp-tºmgpw Chs\ Fßns\ CXn¬ tN¿°mw
F∂m- b n- c n°pw \mw Btem- N n- ° p- I . \mw
\sΩØs∂- b ßv ad- ° pw. ISn- ™ m¨ hn´
B¿Øn-°p-Xn-c-bmbn \mw amdpw. Aßns\ F√mw
ad∂v apt∂-dsh s]mSp-∂s
- \-sbmcp Znhkw F√mw
XI- c pw. Aßns\ Bfl- l Xy sNbv X - h - s c- { X.
PohnXw XI¿∂-h-sc-{X. am\-knI tcmKn-I-fm-b-hsc-{X.
\Ω-sf-¥n-\m-Wn-ßs\ PohnXw tlman-°p-∂-Xv?
A[zm-\n-°msX, Ffp∏w ]Ww kºm-Zn-°pI F∂Xv
Bscbpw tamln-∏n-°p∂ Bi-ba
- m-Wv. ]t£, AXv
\ap°v Zpc¥w am{Xta sIm≠p hcq. ImcWw
ssZhw AXv CjvS-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. \ΩpsS ka-bhpw
Btcm-Kyhpw _p≤nbpw ssZhw X∂ A\p-{K-l-ßfm-Wv. Bfp-Isf ]‰n-°m\pw hogvØm-\p-a√ AXv
D]-tbm-Kn-t°-≠-Xv. A[zm-\n-°m-\m-Wv. Bhp∂
sXmgn-ep-Iƒ sNbvXv am\y-ambn Pohn-°p-I. AXmWv
PohnX [¿Ωw. AXn-\-∏pdw Nn¥n-°p-tºm-gmWv
kzbw h©n-X-cm-hp-Ibpw a‰p-≈-hsc h©n-°pIbpw sNøp∂ s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nw-Kn-te°v \mw
t]mIp-∂-Xv. ]ns∂bpw ]ns∂bpw h©n-X-cm-hp-∂-,
Bfp-I-fpsS h©n®v Ah-cpsS im]-ta‰p hmßp∂
ZpjvS P∑-ß-fm-Im-\mtWm \ΩpsS Xocp-am\w?

tkmfn-Um-cn‰n

s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nwKv:

?
s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nwKv \S-Øp∂ ssS°q¨
F∂ Iº\n ASn-ta¬ s]mfn™ hm¿Ø ]{X-ßfn¬ h∂Xv Ign-™-bm-gvN. 370 tImSn cq]-bpambmWv AXns‚ Bfp-Iƒ apßn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
sXm´p-Ss\ _nk-b¿ F∂ as‰mcp Iº-\nbpsSbpw
X´n-∏p-Iƒ ]pdØv h∂p. Ah¿ ap°nb tImSn-Isf-{X, ]‰n® Bfp-I-sf{X F∂-Xns‚ IW-°p-Iƒ
hcm- \ n- c n- ° p- ∂ - t X- b p- ≈ q. \mt\m FIv k ¬
Fs∂mcp Iº\n Xriq¿ tI{μo-I-cn®v Bfp-Isf
]‰n®v hmcn-°q-´n-bXpw tImSn-Iƒ. Ch-sb-√mØ
thsdbpw Iº-\n-Iƒ ASp-Øn-sS-bmbn hm¿Ø-Ifn¬ h∂p.
F∂nt´m?

bqØvaqhvsa‚ v
www.solidarityym.org, solidarityym@gmail.com

\mw Cu hm¿Ø-I-sf-√mw hmbn-®v A¥w hnSpw.
Imiv t]mb-h-cn¬ \s√mcp iX-am\w am\-t°Sv

\n¿Øm≥ Ign-bpw. ]t£, AXv F{X Ffp∏w \S°n- √ . \ΩpsS cmjv { So- b - ° m- c n¬ ]e- c p- s Sbpw
]n≥hm-Xn¬ HØmi Ch¿°p-≠v. AXv sIm≠mWv
]ns∂bpw ]ns∂bpw Ah¿ X´n-∏p-ambn cwKØv
hcp- ∂ - X v . \sΩ hnUv V n- I - f m- ° m≥ t]menkv
Ct∏mƒ Ipd-®p-t]sc AdÃv sNbvsX∂p hcpw.
\Ω-fn-Xn√mw ad-°p∂ apd°v Ah¿ ]pdØv hcpw.
]pXnb he-Iƒ hoipw. ]pXnb Cc-Iƒ Ipcp-ßpw.
s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nwKv F∂mWv Cu X´n-∏p-Isf
s]mXpsh hnfn- ° p- ∂ - X v . AXn¬ Bfp- I ƒ°v
kwibw tXm∂p-tºmƒ ]e-hn[ t]cp-Iƒ Ch¿
D]-tbm-Kn-°pw. Ub-dIv‰v sk√nw-Kv, aƒ´n-se-h¬
am¿°-‰nw-Kv, Ub-dIv‰v am¿°-‰nwKv Cßns\ ]e
t]¿ Ch¿ D]-tbm-Kn-°pw. Hm¿°p-I, CsX√mw Htc
X´n-∏ns‚ ]e hnip≤ \ma-߃ am{X-am-Wv. Htc
Iº\n Xs∂ ]e t]cn¬ Ah-X-cn-°pw. Bwsh,
B¿.-Fw.-]n, \mt\m FIvk¬, _nk-b¿, B¿.-kn.Fw, tamUn-sI-b¿, tImWn-_tbm, Un.-FI
- vkv.F
- ≥
Kt\m-U¿a...-F-∂n-h-sb√mw Htc X´n-∏ns‚ ]e-t]cp-Iƒ am{X-am-sW∂v Hm¿Øp sh°p-I. Ch¿
Xs∂ C\nbpw ]pXnb t]cp-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°p-sa-∂pw.
]t£, Ah¿ C\nbpw hcpw
tkmfn-Um-cn-‰n-bpsS A\p-`hw sh®v Hcp Imcyw
]d- b - s ´. F{X ]d- ™ mepw, F{X tIkp- I ƒ
h∂mepw CØcw X´n∏v Iº-\n-Iƒ C\nbpw hcpw.
tImSn-I-fn-\nbpw X´n-°q-´pw. tkmfn-Um-cn‰n cq]o-Icn-°-s∏´ Imew apXte s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nw-Kn-s\Xnsc t_m[-h-XvI-c-Whpw ka-chpw \SØn hcp∂p-≠v. AXv tI´v Ipd®v t]sc-¶nepw c£-s∏-Spw.
]t£, Ipd®v Ign- b p- t ºmƒ ]pXnb Cc- I - s f
hogvØn Iº-\n-Iƒ ]ns∂bpw hf-cpw. Ah¿ {Kmaßfnepw \K-c-ß-fnepw he hncn-°pw. ImcWw?
Ah¿ BZyw DZv]m-Zn-°p-∂Xv B¿Øn-bm-Wv. \ap°p-≈n¬ ]W-tØm-Sp≈ B¿Øn DZv]m-Zn-∏n®
tijw B B¿Øn-bpsS hn]-W-\-amWv Ah¿ \SØp-∂-Xv. A[zm-\n-°m-sX, NpΩm IpSpw-_-Øn-

sebpw kplrZvheb-Øn-sebpw Ipd®v t]sc IÆn
tN¿Øv, Ffp∏w ]Ww h∂p tNcp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬
InS-°s´ F∂v \Ωƒ hnNm-cn-°pw. Aßns\ XpS°-Øn¬ \s√mcp XpI-bpsS sN°v h∂n-In-´ptºmƒ, lmbv, Fs¥mcp BÀm-Z-am-bn-cn°pw \ap°v! ]ns∂ \ap-°n-sXmcp Bth-i-am-Ipw. Hmtcm
kplr-Øns\ ImWp-tºmgpw, Hmtcm _‘p-hns\
ImWp-tºmgpw Chs\ Fßns\ CXn¬ tN¿°mw
F∂m- b n- c n°pw \mw Btem- N n- ° p- I . \mw
\sΩØs∂- b ßv ad- ° pw. ISn- ™ m¨ hn´
B¿Øn-°p-Xn-c-bmbn \mw amdpw. Aßns\ F√mw
ad∂v apt∂-dsh s]mSp-∂s
- \-sbmcp Znhkw F√mw
XI- c pw. Aßns\ Bfl- l Xy sNbv X - h - s c- { X.
PohnXw XI¿∂-h-sc-{X. am\-knI tcmKn-I-fm-b-hsc-{X.
\Ω-sf-¥n-\m-Wn-ßs\ PohnXw tlman-°p-∂-Xv?
A[zm-\n-°msX, Ffp∏w ]Ww kºm-Zn-°pI F∂Xv
Bscbpw tamln-∏n-°p∂ Bi-ba
- m-Wv. ]t£, AXv
\ap°v Zpc¥w am{Xta sIm≠p hcq. ImcWw
ssZhw AXv CjvS-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. \ΩpsS ka-bhpw
Btcm-Kyhpw _p≤nbpw ssZhw X∂ A\p-{K-l-ßfm-Wv. Bfp-Isf ]‰n-°m\pw hogvØm-\p-a√ AXv
D]-tbm-Kn-t°-≠-Xv. A[zm-\n-°m-\m-Wv. Bhp∂
sXmgn-ep-Iƒ sNbvXv am\y-ambn Pohn-°p-I. AXmWv
PohnX [¿Ωw. AXn-\-∏pdw Nn¥n-°p-tºm-gmWv
kzbw h©n-X-cm-hp-Ibpw a‰p-≈-hsc h©n-°pIbpw sNøp∂ s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nw-Kn-te°v \mw
t]mIp-∂-Xv. ]ns∂bpw ]ns∂bpw h©n-X-cm-hp-∂-,
Bfp-I-fpsS h©n®v Ah-cpsS im]-ta‰p hmßp∂
ZpjvS P∑-ß-fm-Im-\mtWm \ΩpsS Xocp-am\w?

tkmfn-Um-cn‰n

s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nwKv:

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s\‰vh¿°v am¿°-‰nwKv \S-Øp∂ ssS°q¨
F∂ Iº\n ASn-ta¬ s]mfn™ hm¿Ø ]{X-ßfn¬ h∂Xv Ign-™-bm-gvN. 370 tImSn cq]-bpambmWv AXns‚ Bfp-Iƒ apßn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
sXm´p-Ss\ _nk-b¿ F∂ as‰mcp Iº-\nbpsSbpw
X´n-∏p-Iƒ ]pdØv h∂p. Ah¿ ap°nb tImSn-Isf-{X, ]‰n® Bfp-I-sf{X F∂-Xns‚ IW-°p-Iƒ
hcm- \ n- c n- ° p- ∂ - t X- b p- ≈ q. \mt\m FIv k ¬
Fs∂mcp Iº\n Xriq¿ tI{μo-I-cn®v Bfp-Isf
]‰n®v hmcn-°q-´n-bXpw tImSn-Iƒ. Ch-sb-√mØ
thsdbpw Iº-\n-Iƒ ASp-Øn-sS-bmbn hm¿Ø-Ifn¬ h∂p.
F∂nt´m?

bqØvaqhvsa‚ v
www.solidarityym.org, solidarityym@gmail.com

\mw Cu hm¿Ø-I-sf-√mw hmbn-®v A¥w hnSpw.
Imiv t]mb-h-cn¬ \s√mcp iX-am\w am\-t°Sv

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