Origin and Evolution of river rill, gullies and stream flow

Si bv

w n ngev

n« `

Lv Xj ov v Rj cÖZ cv Dcb` x w vRKv ef w wwLv Mi Z cj j cv Lv

m©j b` x w c c-ebf ~ v w g Ak¦ zvw n« ¶i K ` « Zi K « u b` x g~cÖZKev i L vw a
Á nbv gv

mei v w g b` x

Rj v ~ fw g e-Øc x

River is any natural stream of water that flows in a channel with defined banks - George Harry Dury, Department of Geography, University of Sydney. River is a large, natural stream of water that flows overland within a channel. Most rivers begin in mountains or hills. A river ends where it flows into another river, desert basin, ocean, or lake. -David S. McArthur, Ph.D., Professor of Geography, San Diego State University. A stream is a flow of running water, large or small, and a river is a large stream of water.
-Marie Morisawa(Streams).

Rbve Gg GBP ‚P ayix (XvKv) Zvui cÖvK«wZK f~ÁMvj cy¯²ÁK b`xi msÁ vq eÁjÁQb-ÒDPuy ce©Z ev gvjf~wg ‚_ K eÄwó, cÖmªeY, wngevn ev eid Mjv cvwb Z mÄó ‚Kvb cvwb aviv hLb ga¨vKl©b kw³i cÖfv e f~wgi Xvj eivei cÖevwnZ n q mgf~wg I wbg f~wgi Dci w` q e q wM q Ae k l ‚Kvb wekvj Rjvkq ev n«` A_ev mgy `ª cwZZ nq ZLb

Aeevw nKv

Marie Morisawa Zvui Stream bvgK cy¯²

ÁK b`x AeevwnKv m¤úÁK© eÁjb- A river basin represent the area drained by a stream and its tributaris . It is bounded by a divide, which separates it from adjacent watersheds. p 152.

gvZvgyûix ‚fjx

mv½y Áfjx

b`xMVÁbi ch©vqÁKI wZbfvÁM fvM Kiv nq| ‚hgbK.cÖv_wgK Ae¯¶v; L ‚h eb ev cwibZ Ae¯¶v I M. eva©K¨ Ae¯¶v| b`x mvavibZ wZb aiÁYi Kvh© KÁi _vÁK-¶ q, enb I mÂq| b`xMVÁbi ch©vq I Kvh©cÖbvjxi gÁa¨ m¤úK©K.cÖv_wgK Ae¯ v- q I enb | L ‚h eb ev cwibZ Ae¯ v - q I enb | M. eva©K¨ Ae¯ v- mÂq| b`x LvZ MVÁbi weeZ©Ábi Kvh©cÖbvjx wZbwU welÁqi Dci AvewZ©Z nq| 1. MfxwiKiY; 2. cÖk¯ xKiY I 3. b`x `xN©KiY|

cÖv_wgK Ae¯¶v;

cÖv_wgK Ae¯¶v;

‚h eb ev cwibZ Ae¯¶v

‚h eb ev cwibZ Ae¯¶v

e j `k
z i k `
ei

i

`

kj i
ei `

`

`

j

ajk ¦ i

`

i `

eva©K¨ Ae¯¶v

eva©K¨ Ae¯¶v

eva©K¨ Ae¯¶v

eva©K¨ Ae¯¶v

ÁUKbv d

b`x b·v
Drainage pattern

DrcwË, AvK wZ I ÖewkÁó¨i Dci wfwË KÁi AeevwnKvq b`x LvZ cÖevn web¨vm ev b`x b·v ‚K KÁqK fvÁe fvM Kiv hvq| Áhgb1| eÄ mv`Äk¨ wb® vkb b·v, 2| Rvdix mv`Äk¨ wb® vkb, 3| mgv ²ivj wb® vkb b·v, 4| AvqZKvi wb® vkb b·v, 5| ‚K¾`ª wegyL wb® vkb b·v, 6| ÁK¾`ª gyLx wb® vkb b·v, 7| A yix mv`Äk¨ wb® vkb b·v I 8| wekćLj wb® vkb b·v|
x fj ¸ ‚ s mv