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Find more ideas, tips, and reviews about dog care at: DogCareJourney.com
© Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney.com | page 1
As dog owners, we worry about our dog’s health and safety. We know that our pets need us to take care of them and protect them from common dangers and other hazards. They also need us to know their health and nutrition needs and make sure they’re getting everything they need to stay well. This is a really big responsibility. When we decide to share our lives with a dog, we are committing to her for her entire life. We’re ultimately responsible for her well-being. We can’t simply return her or give her away when she becomes inconvenient. We have to take the time and make the effort to know how to care for her and meet her needs. This handbook is a collection of tips on caring for your dogs and how to keep her safe.
© Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney.com | page 2
so be very careful with this deadly poison.There are many substances in your house that can harm your dog. away from your dogs. It is a lot like taking care of a small child when it comes to “dog-proofing” your home.Basic Safety Measures While all dogs are not the same. If you drop a pill. make sure you use dog-safe antifreeze so your dogs won’t lap up leaked antifreeze. If you have rodents. including cocoa mulch and any insecticides. Medications . including tubes and bottles of creams or sprays. and insecticides are responsible for most cases of poisoning in dogs. If your dogs have access to the area where you park. can be poisonous to dogs.You probably already know that antifreeze is poisonous and that it has a sweet taste that appeals to animals. 1. Chocolate . So try and keep them away from your dogs. Only one teaspoon can kill a sevenpound dog.which so many of us just love.always keep medications. Chemicals . Household Dangers Poisons and Insecticides . all animals in our care require certain basic measures to keep them safe and healthy. find a way to trap them that isn’t dangerous to your dogs. mouse poisons.com | page 3 . make sure that they use products that won’t harm your dogs. take the time to find and dispose of it properly before your dog finds it. away from your dogs. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. Antifreeze . Let’s look at some of the basic precautions you should take to insure that your dog stays well and fit. If you have an insect service. even though they may be safe for humans under certain circumstances. Rat poisons.You should be careful to keep all household chemicals and lawn products.
do not cut X marks over the bite with a knife and try to suck out the venom. They can probably identify it for you. or if your dog can get into your garden. take a picture and send it to your local garden club. Snakebites If your dog is bitten by a snake.com | page 4 . © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. You can find a complete list at the Humane Society of the United States website. Instead. make sure you check out the poisonous plants and limit your dog’s access to them.2. If you have plants in your yard and you don’t know what they are. 3. Some of the varieties you need to know about include: • • • • • • dieffenbachia azaleas lilies geraniums mistletoe philodendron If you have plants in your home or yard. you need to get your dog to the doctor as quickly as possible. That will only delay your dog’s arrival at the vet. and they can tell you if it’s poisonous to animals. Poisonous Plants Over 700 plants have been found to be poisonous for companion animals.
which would be a very unwise thing to do. grass. snap a picture. head for the vet. keep your dog away from any place that you think “looks like” it might have snakes. and walk during the day whenever possible. Just as matter of practice. if you’re sure your dog was bitten. keep your dog away until you find out what’s “in there. Even if you don’t see one. take some precautions on walks. Keep in mind that if you’re hiking off the trail with a dog. call your dog to your side and stand still while you locate the snake. To protect your dog (particularly) from snake bits. If the bite is on your dog’s leg.com | page 5 . If you have a camera phone handy. Use your gut instinct on this. If you hear a rattle. wrap a piece of cloth around the leg above the bite. Try to walk on open paths. tightly but not so tight it will hurt. as well as the color of that pattern. and what kind of pattern it has. there may be more than one. how big it is. Any information you can provide about where you were and the kind of habitat (brush.Also do not attack the snake in anger. Keep your dog on a leash if he tends to roam. so be very cautious. where you’re not as likely to encounter snakes. In fact.” Avoiding snakes altogether is obviously the best strategy. And if your dog sees or hears something in the grass and wants to explore. but if your dog © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. water) will also help the vet identify the type of snake that bit your dog. and don’t let him poke his nose in holes in the ground or under flat rocks or logs. try to get your dog and yourself as far away from the snake as possible. Try to get a good look at the snake so you can identify it. This will help stop the venom from spreading. then move away slowly. You can help your vet by knowing if it has a rattle. Check your dog for bites. you are as likely to be bitten as your dog.
Accidental Falls Accidental falls pose a huge risk for our dogs. Make sure your dog wears a collar with an ID tag bearing your last name and home phone. Make sure your dog is never left alone on a balcony or terrace. get to the vet as quickly as possible. Also. You can buy these decals at your local pet store or through online pet catalogs. a dog thief could call your dog to him using the dog’s name. in case of a fire or other emergency. I. as well as your cell phone or work number. and get there as quickly as you can safely drive. for obvious reasons. 6. There is nothing you can do on site to help your dog. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. Tags ID tags are the cheapest.com | page 6 . 4. 5. Thousands of animals are injured or even die each year when they fall from high places.D. It’s usually best to not put your home address on the tag. "Dog Alert" Decals A dog alert decal lets emergency personnel know that you have dogs.is bitten. don’t put your dog’s name on the collar. Leave windows only partially open so dogs can’t knock the screens out and fall through. and easiest thing you can do to protect your dog. Check the screens on all your windows to make sure they fit snugly. Call ahead to let the vet know you’re coming.
These inexpensive stickers can literally save your dogs’ lives. rubbing it in thoroughly should offer sufficient protection against sunburn and skin cancer. To protect your dog from sunburn. Pretend you’ve got an eternal two-year. and indicate how many dogs of each type you have.old on your hands. waterproof sunscreen. but animals with more pink on their noses than black. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. The Most Important Safety Tip The best thing you can do. Dogs are as active and curious as toddlers. 7.Place one on each door in your home.com | page 7 . They can also eventually develop skin cancer. and the most important thing you can do for your dog’s safety. with a maximum SPF of 15. Rub it carefully into exposed areas. light-colored dogs. cropped fur can suffer sunburn. 8. is to treat your dog with the same caution you would treat a small child. and dogs with very short. use a non-toxic. Even if it gets licked off. Preventing Sunburn We don’t often think of sunburn as a danger to our dogs.
Insecticides and Lawn Products Be very careful with any flea products. and make sure you pick up dropped pills. spill or knock over could potentially be poisonous to an animal. Just knowing the basics of poison prevention and what to watch for can help you keep your dog safe. Make sure your dogs are out of the area for the required amount of time when using a house fogger or spray. and an extra-strength ibuprofen can cause stomach ulcers in a ten pound dog.com | page 8 . We do our best. Keep medications away from your dog. If you use fertilizers. including many that we don’t think of as being hazardous. Make sure you don’t leave chocolate out. 9. 10. but we may not think about everything that could be hazardous to a dog. Like humans. bug spray or any other treatments on your lawn. and can even be fatal in large quantities. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. While one dropped Tylenol® may not seem like a big deal. Chocolate is very appealing to dogs. Basic Poisoning Prevention It’s sometimes hard to know everything we should do to protect our dogs from poison.Protecting dogs from Poisoning Poisoning is a dog owner’s nightmare. but can cause very serious health problems. There are so many substances that are poisonous to dogs. Anything we drop. it could kill your toy breed dog. dogs have a hard time resisting chocolate. Cleaning up spills and searching for anything we drop and “lose” becomes essential when we have curious noses and mouths to watch out for.
If you have a pest control service.com | page 9 . Also keep used rags and sponges away from dogs. call your vet or the emergency clinic at once. To protect your dog. Household Cleaners and Dogs Some household cleaners can cause acid or alkali burns and destroy tissue on contact. No household cleaner should be considered dog.safe. When you get a new service tech. These are the most common causes of dog poisoning. If your dog is exposed to. 11. If you must use insect or rodent baits. you may want to go around after he leaves and make sure he didn’t leave any baits where your dogs can get into them. Dogs. These insecticides and fertilizers can be harmful to dogs. make sure all cleaning supplies are kept out of reach. like to chew. or drinks household chemicals. Make sure you keep dryer sheets away from your dog. but it only takes one mistake to cause serious harm to your dog. make sure that your tech understands you have dogs. take a look around. make sure they’re inaccessible to your dog. These cloths may have residue of cleaning solution or furniture polish. Most insect control techs are very dependable in this respect.make sure you keep your dogs away from the area until the lawn is completely dry. and these items could be very harmful to your beloved friend. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. as these are very dangerous to them. as well. Pine oils (pine cleaners) and dishwasher tabs/detergents can be particularly dangerous for dogs. Just to be safe. especially. and can be fatal. and keep all cleaners sealed to prevent spills.
Less risk is always better.12. Make sure you keep these items away from your dog. so keep your dogs away from this “safer” antifreeze. Using the less toxic variety of antifreeze is a good idea. It’s impossible to overstate the danger of antifreeze to dogs.com | page 10 .. 13. For a dog. fluids and antifreeze away from dogs. Dogs often lick up antifreeze spills. Even a small amount of antifreeze can kill your dog. Antifreeze poisoning can cause both neurological and kidney damage. Even the “dog-safe” antifreeze can still cause neurological damage. Miscellaneous Items to Keep Away from Your Dog There are quite a few items you may not think of. only ½ teaspoon of ethelyne glycol per pound of body weight can be toxic. Why Antifreeze is So Dangerous Antifreeze (ethelyne glycol) poisonings are among the most common poisonings of small animals. But understand that it is still toxic. • • • • Pennies Mothballs Potpourri Oils © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. motor oil. can be fatal. If you park in the garage and your car leaks any fluids at all. that can be very harmful. keep your dogs out of the garage. Keep all automotive products. leaked from your car. Just a tiny amount of antifreeze. so be very cautious. as well. including gasoline.. so be very cautious with antifreeze around your dogs.
or you drop a penny. 14. but they can be very toxic to dogs. you’ll find it much easier to keep toxic substances away from your dog. if he likes it. If she occasionally gets a fabric sheet now. You probably keep batteries and cigarettes away from your dogs.com | page 11 . Fabric softener sheets? Most people don’t worry when they drop these on the way from the dryer to the bedroom. but coffee grounds? And certainly some people don’t think twice about giving their dog some beer now and then. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney.• • • • • • • • • Fabric softener sheets Dishwasher Detergent Batteries Homemade play dough Hand/foot warmers Cigarettes Coffee grounds Alcoholic beverages You probably never thought about dropping a penny as a danger to your dog. until now you had no idea this could be dangerous. Now that you know. you can do a better job of keeping these items away from your animals. Safety as a Habit Once you get in the habit of thinking about whether something is hazardous. It’s sobering to learn how many items we never think about that could pose a danger to our dogs.
com | page 12 . And that minute could be long enough for your dog. While your pet may think you’re a less fun parent than you used to be. you’re able to stop and pick up things that you might otherwise have let go for a minute. you’ll feel good knowing that you’re protecting your best friend from toxins. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney.But now that you know.
Allowing your dog to run loose. Even smart dogs are really just excited little kids. Fence Your Yard If your dog will live outside. and they’re also very active when they’re inside. Dogs naturally resist being chained. even in the country. Chaining a dog to a single. places your dog and other people in danger. rather than a chain. A fence to keep your dog in your yard protects your dog not only against running loose. and as a dog owner you can do a lot to keep them safe and well. Dogs instinctively run and have freedom. Many people feel they can’t afford a fence. Chaining a dog can turn a good dog into a problem dog. because they are trapped. If you absolutely cannot fence your dog. consider a “trolley runner” fastened between two posts or trees. They feel trapped. 15. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. Dogs often live or spend some time outside. it is essential that you fence the yard. or use a very good wireless fence and receiver on the dog’s collar. but against other dogs that run loose and might enter your yard and attack your dog.Safeguarding Your Dog There are some basic precautions you can take to keep your best friend safe. central post is rarely a good idea for more than a short time. or don’t have the right type of yard to fence their dog in. and chaining them goes against what they instinctively want to do. This is a good argument for a wood or wire fence rather than a wireless fence.com | page 13 . and more likely to run off and refuse to come when called. Chained dogs are more likely to bite.
and love to play. Dogs & Exercise Dogs need daily exercise. This means. not only does the dog have no protection. 16. but we often just put our dogs in the car with no seatbelt. inactive dogs can develop emotional problems. They want nothing more than for you to play with them. potentially injuring the © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. whether it’s going for a walk. Buy some fun toys and spend a few minutes each day exercising yourself and your best friend. they get very protective of the area within the chain. it’s fun to watch how excited they get. but the dog becomes a projectile. and may growl or bite people who enter their area. 17. or play catch in the backyard. You’ll both feel better. But aside from the physical effects of too little exercise. Take your dog out for a walk every day.Even a dog with a good temperament will be a little less happy and carefree when chained. in case of an accident. running around the backyard after squirrels. When you do play with them. and are more likely to develop destructive behaviors.com | page 14 . and your dog will love having more time with you. Because dogs are territorial. including depression. or playing catch. Dogs tend to get bored easily. we buckle up and make sure our kids are buckled. Dogs love to play and run. Dogs that don’t get enough exercise get bored. Use a Safety Harness in the Car When we get in our cars to go somewhere. Dogs who don’t get enough exercise have poor muscle tone and may gain too much weight.
If you have more than one dog. Balls are great for chasing and retrieving. dogs love toys. When it comes to chasing and retrieving. because getting to the tasty stuff is a fun challenge. Avoid squeaky toys. even though dogs love them. Hard rubber chew toys are great. In fact. Make sure the ball you buy is well-made and won’t fall apart (if it’s made of something other than solid rubber). dogs are very much like kids when it comes to their toys. and they can be picky about what they like. and the staff at the store can help you choose the right harness for your dog. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. Frisbees and tennis balls sewn into socks are fun chase tools.com | page 15 . Choosing Safe Dog Toys Like kids.people in the car as well as the dog. making sure that he’s safe in an accident. make sure that it will fit your dog and also that it will work well with the type of car you have. Dogs particularly love the ones that bounce oddly. of course make sure the ball is too big for any of them to swallow. don’t limit your dog to balls. 18. When you buy a harness. And make sure the ball is too big for your dog to swallow. A good car harness secures your dog in his seat. And the hard rubber toys you can hide a treat in are a big favorite with dogs. The insides could come out. It also helps agitated or excited dogs from jumping around and possibly hurting themselves or someone else while riding. They have favorites. we have to be careful to buy safe toys. and your dog could swallow them. Most dog stores have an assortment of dog car harnesses. And like with kids. too. because they require more ingenuity to catch. and dogs love them.
so your dog’s body won’t reject it. so you can be sure you’ll recover him if he’s lost. and your dog’s vaccination records. The database contains your dog’s name.” They’ll be able to read your dog’s microchip. Vets and animal shelters scan dogs who are brought into them as “lost. your name and contact information. is inserted into the loose skin on the back of your dog’s neck. The insertion is very simple and very similar to a vaccination. check the database. so you may want to consider a microchip.com | page 16 . and contact you to return your dog to you.19. But collars can come off or be taken off. which is entered into a national database. Identifying Your Dog Your dog should wear a collar with an ID tag bearing your last name and phone number. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. or when administering those vaccinations. Microchips are probably the most effective way to identify a lost dog. it won’t hurt your dog at all. Your vet can implant a microchip in your dog any time after he has had his final vaccinations. The microchip is permanent and will last your dog’s whole life. the size of a grain of rice. A microchip. The chip is encased in the same kind of biocompatible glass that’s used in pacemakers. Your dog’s microchip carries a unique number.
Also make sure she has good flea and tick protection. Also keep playtime to cool times of day. If she can’t go in with you. she can get hot very quickly and her paw pads can burn. Don’t take your dog to the beach for the day. Summer In the summer. unless you know there will be shade and you have plenty of fresh water.Extreme Weather Tips Both hot and cold weather pose challenges for your dog if she lives outside. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. If she takes a dip in the ocean. A few ice cubes in her water will be very appreciated on hot days. leave her at home. rinse her off after. make sure she gets them during the summer. If your dog lives outdoors. even with the windows open and even in the shade. Older and overweight animals. These tips will help you care for your dog in extreme weather. 20. Dogs need lots of water when it’s hot. Limit walks to cooler times of day. make sure she has plenty of fresh water and a doghouse or other proper shade.com | page 17 . if your dog is not on year-round heartworm prevention medications. And always keep your dog cool.at those times everyone can get a rest. and those with snub noses. need extra care to make sure they stay cool and healthy during the summer. Keep your pup off hot asphalt. Never leave her alone in a vehicle. carry a gallon jug or thermos of cold water and a bowl for her to drink out of. except after a meal or when weather is humid . Any time you take her out. Hot cars can be fatal.
elevated temperature. When you bathe your dog in the winter. If you use sunscreen or insect repellent on your dog. buy her a turtleneck sweater or coat. Winter In the winter. try paper training inside. but she’ll look great and stay warm and cozy. particularly in a © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney.com | page 18 . 21. Take your dog in with you or leave her at home. give her more food in the winter. In addition to staying warm. don’t shave her to the skin in the winter.If your dog will be out in the summer sun. She may feel a little silly. And if she sleeps outdoors. it can be a refrigerator in the winter. don’t let her off the leash in snow. and they may not want to go outside in the winter to use the bathroom. For instance. Even if she normally gets a “shaving” at the groomer. make sure it’s labeled safe for dogs. If your dog is outdoors a lot. your dog has special safety needs in the winter. This will help her stay cool and not get overheated outside. and weakness. obviously your primary concern is keeping your dog warm. If you have a short-haired breed. She needs the extra fur to keep warm. let her dry completely before she goes outside. consider having her shaved to one. make sure she has a warm bed and blanket out of the wind so she can relax and stay snug at night.inch hair (she needs the hair for sun protection). Signs of overheating in your dog can include excessive panting and drooling. Just as a car can be an oven in the summer. If you’re having trouble housebreaking your pup during the winter. Puppies are very sensitive to cold. Don’t leave your dog alone in a car in the winter.
At the same time. Consider feeding twice a day. as the major authorities recommend. make sure you have a good relationship with your vet. Be prepared as your dog ages. wipe off his legs and stomach to make sure he doesn’t have any salt. instead of one large meal. Consult with your vet to determine the best food for your dog. rather than every year. obesity is a serious health condition in itself. Talk to your vet about having your dog vaccinated every three years. but don’t overdo it if she feels tired. make sure your dog doesn’t eat too much. and take your dog in at least twice a year for regular checkups. In snow. Keep your dog clean. and enjoy her. like glucosamine/chondroitin. If she suffers from arthritis. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. Brush your dog’s teeth every day and have them cleaned when your vet suggests to avoid infection and tooth decay. ask your vet about dietary supplements. and provide the best food you can afford. antifreeze or ice melting chemicals on her that she could ingest when she licks herself. spend time with your dog. Caring for the Older Dog Older dogs require special love and care.snowstorm. Most important of all. Take your dog out for exercise. Older dogs need very good nutrition.com | page 19 . and how to deal with them. If your dog is getting up in years. When your dog has been out in snow or ice. Learn what challenges your dog may face. dogs don’t have the same ability to find their way home by scent. and clean her bed and sleeping quarters frequently. 22. keep her safe and happy.
Keep in mind that dogs in pain may bite. These are the basics you may need in case of an accident or animal bite. Stock Milk of Magnesia or activated charcoal to absorb poison. But knowing some first aid may save your dog’s life. Getting a Sick or Wounded Animal to the Vet If your dog is agitated. but keep a first aid kit so that you can give basic care immediately. You should also have gauze for wrapping wounds or muzzling an injured animal. and tie behind the ears. Dog First Aid Kit You should put together a first aid kit for your home and car. 23. adhesive tape (the medical kind for wrapping bandages). then under the chin. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney.First Aid for dog Owners If your dog is ill or injured. She may not like this.com | page 20 . towels and rags. but do not use any treatment for poison until you’ve spoken to a vet. Here’s how to correctly muzzle a dog: Use a strip of soft cloth or a necktie. you may need to muzzle her for transportation to the vet. 24. Make sure the kit includes your vet’s phone number and the phone number of an emergency or after-hours vet. you can also use rope or a nylon stocking. You should wrap the muzzle around the nose. but she would understand if she could. Always contact your vet if your dog is injured or ill. nonstick bandages or gauze pads. you need to get to the vet as soon as possible. You’ll need a large eyedropper or needle-less syringe for administering medication. and hydrogen peroxide.
If your dog can walk. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. don’t release every couple of minutes to check the bleeding. If your dog is injured and cannot walk. Hold the pressure continually for at least 10 minutes. but do not use a tourniquet. and rinse it with saline or clean water if necessary. Call your vet and get the bite looked at as soon as possible.com | page 21 . on her right side (left side up). Bleeding Apply direct pressure until the bleeding stops. you should muzzle her. first check to see if she is choking on something. Do not use a tourniquet. A severe bite should be seen immediately. 25. Breathing Stops If your dog stops breathing. blanket or car floor mat to get her to the car and into the vet’s office. Wrap a large open wound to keep it clean.Never muzzle a dog that is vomiting. apply pressure. such as the floor or a table. Put her on a firm surface. because animals in pain react differently than normal. Bite Wounds If your dog is bitten. 27. Check the wound to see if it has any dirt or debris. you can make a stretcher from a door. board. let him walk to the car. Call your vet and get your dog to the vet as soon as possible. 26. If the wound is bleeding.
as water may activate the chemicals. wipe them off before applying water. behind the elbow of her left front leg. Your dog’s heart is located in the lower half of her chest. compress the heart 80-120 times per minute. Wrap ice packs in a towel or other covering. For large animals. and for smaller animals 100-150 per minute. Burns If your dog has a chemical burn and has large quantities of dry chemicals on her skin. 28. and then apply an ice pack for 15 to 20 minutes. running water for several seconds. Alternate breathing and heart massage. use the thumb and forefinger of one hand. Immediately flush the burn with cool.Check for a heartbeat by putting your ear to her chest where her elbow touches her chest.com | page 22 . Never apply an ice pack directly to burned skin. You will need to place one hand below the heart. If you hear a heartbeat. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. you will need to apply heart massage along with breaths. Repeat 12 to 15 times per minute. close her mouth and breathe directly into her nose (not the mouth) until her chest expands. If you do not hear a heartbeat. the other hand over the heart. but certainly try. but she’s not breathing. and compress gently. For smaller dogs and toy breeds. and have someone contact your vet and get your animal there as quickly as possible. Understand that resuscitation is often not successful.
do so.com | page 23 . keep in mind that she may be sore from diarrhea. Contact your vet. as you can make the situation worse. If you cannot pull the object out. get to the vet immediately. Make sure that you protect yourself and the dog by holding her in a blanket or other cover. don’t try to solve this on your own. but don’t try to set the fracture. Diarrhea If your dog has diarrhea. If your dog can still breathe some. withhold food (not water) for 12-24 hours. muzzle her and check her for bleeding. Get her to the vet as soon as possible. If you can control bleeding without injuring her further. or put her on her side and use the palm of your hand to strike the side of her rib cage several times. 31. If you can’t pull the object out without pushing it further in. Watch for shock. place your hands on both sides of her rib cage and apply firm. as well. Keep doing this until the object comes free or you arrive at the vet’s office. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. Fractures If you believe your dog has fractured a limb. Choking A choking animal may bite out of panic. Look into your dog’s mouth to see if you can spot the obstruction. and try to clear the airway using pliers or tweezers.29. If your dog is straining. sharp (quick) pressure. keep her calm and get her to the vet as quickly as possible. 30.
Seizures If your dog does not have epilepsy. stop cooling when rectal temperature reaches 103 degrees Fahrenheit. call for instructions on what to do. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. like oil or paint. gently soak her with a garden hose. and get her to the vet. wet towels. Move your dog away from anything she could harm herself on. Heatstroke If your dog suffers heatstroke. 35. as you could be hurt. contact your vet immediately. but do not restrain her. Poisoning If your dog swallows something toxic. Shock If your dog goes into shock due to an injury or serious fright. keep her gently restrained. Do not induce vomiting.com | page 24 . 33. But be careful not to over cool. and elevate her lower body while you get her to the vet. 34. and put a blanket around her. Time the seizure. or wrap her in cool. write down what and how much she swallowed. If your dog gets something on her skin or fur. put her in a tub of cool water. which will probably last only two or three minutes. and call your vet or poison control center immediately.32.
© Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. If the vomiting is severe.36. contact your vet immediately. you should always take an ill or injured dog to the vet. 37. hold back food for 12 to 24 hours. then gradually increase food and water over 24 hours. give her ice cubes for two hours. Get to the Vet Remember.com | page 25 . or if you see traces of blood. but taking preliminary first aid measures on the way may save your dog. When the vomiting stops. Vomiting If your dog is vomiting.
When you interview the clinic. and schedule vaccinations another day. 39. Choosing a Vet One of the best ways to find a veterinarian is to ask your friends who have dogs of the same breed. You should also find out what blood work and tests are done in-house. as well as how many technicians and other staff work for the practice.com | page 26 . You know these vets care for the kind of dog you have and are reputable and caring. and that the location and parking are convenient for you. and which are referred out to specialists. ask if the clinic has such a specialist? Find out how far in advance you will need to make an appointment. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. make sure that the facility is clean and wellorganized. Find out how many veterinarians are in the practice. and how emergencies are handled. When selecting a vet.Your Veterinarian Your vet is your dog’s other best friend. On your first visit. you will get a feeling for whether the staff is caring and calm (the calm part will be important to your dog). 38. If you need a vet with a specialty such as geriatrics. that cats and dogs are housed in separate areas. so it’s important that you make this choice wisely. Also check to make sure that the fees are in line with your budget. Annual Vaccinations and Wellness Checks Your dogs should go to the vet at least once a year for a wellness checkup and any necessary vaccinations. Some vets offer discounts for senior citizens and multi-dog households. you may want to just have the checkup. and before you need emergency help.
Regular Medication Dogs should have regular heartworm medication. 41. so try to keep them calm and help them feel comfortable. Be grateful when you find a great vet who takes excellent care of your dogs. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. You probably also want to drive to the emergency clinic to make sure you know how to get there. Dogs will tend to be a little nervous on visits to the vet.com | page 27 . Treasure Your Vet Vets work long hours to save our dogs. and make sure you keep all prescriptions up to date. Emergency Vet Care Make sure you have the phone number of an emergency vet clinic where you can find it when you need it. 40. and should receive flea and tick treatments if they go outside.so your dogs can meet their doctor and get acquainted. 42. Talk to your vet about what regular treatments your dog needs.
45. Crates Make sure you have travel crates for all of your dogs. and that are the right size for your dog.com | page 28 . Buy crates before a disaster. and be prepared to show vaccination records if you need to check into a hotel with your dog.Disaster Planning for Dog Owners Disasters can happen anytime. in case you can’t be reached at home. Consider adding your cell phone number. You need crates that can be loaded into your car. 43. tornado or flood. Your house may burn. Collar and ID All of your dogs should wear collars with ID tags. or there could be a weather-related disaster such as a hurricane. Make sure the phone number on the tags is current. Make sure that vaccinations are up to date. and store them where you can get to them in a hurry. particularly rabies shots for your dog. You’ll need a crate for each dog in case of an emergency. Vaccinations and Medical Records Keep your dogs’ vaccination records and medical records with all your other vital papers. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. 44. Thinking in advance about what you and your dogs will do makes it easier if and when the time comes.
If you need to go somewhere safe. including Red Cross shelters. Be ready to go at any time.com | page 29 . Make sure you know where you can go. Home Emergency Location Decide on a place within your home that your dogs can go in case of a storm or other “non-evacuation” emergency. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. as long as it is a safe place you can put your dogs for an extended period of time. An Updated Disaster Plan Every six months. without leaving home. or the home of a friend or family member outside your immediate area. your dogs will need to listen and walk with you. and make preparations for staying a few days. will not be able to take dogs because of laws and regulations covering their operations. and know where you’ll go and what you’ll do. go over your disaster plan to make sure everything is current. many shelters. Where to Go in Emergency If you have to evacuate your home. This may be a hotel that takes dogs. and make sure your dogs will walk on a leash and obey your commands. and that you have everything you might need. 49. 47. This could be a basement or a bathroom. 48. that the place you intend to go is still available. Scout out a place in advance. Leash Have a leash for each dog.46.
Finding Lost dogs Dogs get lost sometimes. Always muzzle dogs. keep in mind that any animal will bite if it is frightened enough. They will usually try to answer questions about lost dogs by email. The tips here will help you deal with either situation. what should you do? Create flyers with a picture of your dog.the mail carrier. is injured and in distress. Restraining Frightened Animals If one of your dogs. even when we do our best.com | page 30 . Show your dog’s picture to anyone who might have seen her . Post them on street corners and at busy intersections. But assuming that your dog does get lost. neighbors. Find the animal shelter nearest you and visit at least once a day. especially if you’ll offer them a few dollars as a reward. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. You should visit for at least two weeks if you do not find your dog. Right now would be a good time to fit your dog with a collar and ID tag. 51. or a strange animal. Another danger is losing your own animal. anyone who is regularly in your neighborhood. 50. Kids who visit each others’ homes are a good source for help finding your dog. joggers.Lost Animals and Rescuing Animals Animals that are not yours can pose a real hazard. Wear heavy gloves if you can. but the best way to know for sure is to visit.
but if you do.com | page 31 . put an ad in the lost and found section of your paper. be as careful and conservative as possible.Walk your neighborhood several times a day searching for your dog. Be Careful In all situations. and after twelve hours. Hopefully you will never lose your beloved dog. Many people will take an injured animal to a vet for care. © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. to avoid any problems with your dog or another animal. Also call all the local vets. following these recommendations will help bring her home safe again. 52.
In most things we do. Taking care of a dog should not be a job. If you found anything in this guide confusing or have any questions. Now go give your dog a hug. or a treat. please talk with your vet about your dogs’ specific needs and whether you need to make any changes in their routines.com | page 32 . If you learned something from this guide. And always talk with your vet about any concerns you may have and any problems your dog is experiencing. and you’re obviously doing a great job. It’s easy to get a little preoccupied and worry about whether you’re doing the best you can to care for your dog and meet her needs. right? Best. and spend some time enjoying each other’s company. and you’re continuing to do the best you can. Omar Reyes © Omar Reyes | DogCareJourney. But by giving you the basic information that you need to take care of your dog. we can always do a little better. But you have done the best you can until now. After all. and give you some food for questions for your vet. please share that with other dog owners you know who may be able to use your lessons with their own dogs. You spend more time with your dog than you may realize.In Summary It is impossible to cover every possible piece of information in a guide such as this. because she’s safe and healthy now. that’s why you got a dog. know what to watch for and focus on. my hope is to help you understand the issues. and I hope you did.
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