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Post Enucleation Socket Syndrome (PESS)
Ptosis Enophthalmos Deep upper Sulcus Slack lower lid
Associations of Vortex Keratopathy: ABCD
Arthritis (diclofenac) Breast Cancer (Tamoxifen) Cardiac (amiodarone) Dementia / Depression (Chlorpromazine) Enzyme deficiency (see F) Fabry's Disease
Features of Keratoconus: CONES
Central scarring & Fleischer ring Oil drop reflex / Oedema (hydrops) Nerves prominent Excessive bulging of lower lid on downgaze (Munson’s sign) Striae (Vogt’s)
Systemic associations of keratoconus: ABCDEF
Atopy Bones (osteogenesis imperfecta) Crouzon’s syndrome Down’s syndrome Ehler’s Danlos syndrome Fingers (Marfan’s)
Stromal dystrophies: Marilyn Monroe Always Gets Her Man in LA City
Macular dystrophy Mucopolysaccharide Alcian blue Granular Dystrophy
Hyaline material Masson's Trichrome Lattice Dystrophy Amyloid Congo Red
Secondary glaucoma: NIPPLES Neovascular Iridoschisis PXF Pigmentary Lens (phacolytic/phacomorphic) Iridocorneal Endothelial syndromes Seclusio pupillae (in iritis) +trauma (angle recession)
Iridocorneal Endothelial (ICE) Syndrome subtypes: ICE
Iris Naevus Chandler Syndrome Essential Iris Atrophy
Systemic Features of Sarcoid: FILLED BAGEL
Facial nerve palsy Infiltrates of lung parenchyma, Insufficiency of pituitary Lymphadenopathy (esp lung hilae) Liver & spleen enlargement Elevated ACE & calcium Dilated cardiomyopathy
Bone cysts Arthralgia Granulomata of skin Erythema nodosum Lupus pernio
Features of Behcet's Disease: ORAL UPSET
Occlusive periphlebitis Retinitis Anterior uveitis
Leakage from retinal vessels Ulceration (aphthous/genital) Pustules after skin trauma (Pathergy test) Scratching leaves lines (dermatographism) Erythema nodosum Thrombophlebitis
Clinical features of Reiter’s: FUCKING
Plantar Fasciitis Urethritis Conjunctivitis Keratoderma blenorrhagica Inflamed joints Nail dystrophy Gum ulceration
Ophthalmic features of TB: BCG GP
Busacca & Koeppe nodules on iris Choroiditis Granulomata in choroid Granulomatous uveitis (with mutton fat KP’s) Periphlebitis
Causes of cataract: DAMAGED
Diabetes Atopy Myopia / Myotonic dystrophy Anterior uveitis (chronic) Glaucomflecken Electricity / radiation / trauma Drugs / Dystrophies
Drugs causing cataract: ABCD
Amiodarone Busulphan Chlorpromazine Dexamethasone (po/g)
Causes of ectopia lentis: ECTOPIC M&M
Eye degeneration (phthisis) Choroidal tumours
Trauma Overstretched zonules (buphthalmos / megalocornea) AR with Pupil ectopy Isolated AR Cystathione beta-synthase deficiency (homocystinuria) Marfans Weill-Marchesani syndrome
Features of posterior scleritis: POST SCLER
Proptosis Ophthalmoplegia Swelling of disc Thickening of sclera (US/CT) & T sign (fluid in sub-Tenon’s space) Subretinal exudates Choroidal foLds Exudative RD Ring choroidal detachment
Differential Diagnosis of Drusen: AGEING
Alports Syndrome Glomerulonephritis Exudate (Hard) Inherited (Familial Dominant Drusen) North Carolina Dystrophy starGardts and fundus flavimaculatus
Suspicious Choroidal Naevi: To Find Small Ocular Melanoma
Thickness >2mm Fluid (subretinal) Symptoms Orange pigment (lipofuscin) Margin at optic disc
Classification of Retinoblastoma: ABCDE
SmAll (<3mm) Bigger (>3mm, macular, subretinal fluid) Contained Seeds Diffuse seeds (>3mm) Extensive (>50% globe, opaque media, NVI)
punctate) Swelling of disc & Star at macula Cardiac arrythmias (conduction defects) Rash (erythema migrans) Arthritis Palsies .Features of Weill-Marchesani syndrome: 6 S’s Short Stubby fingers Stupid Spherophakia Subluxed lens Shallow AC (?) Systemic features of Marfan syndrome: MARFANS Mitral prolapse Aortic dissection Regurgitant aortic valve Fingers long (arachnodactyly) Arm span>height Nasal voice (high arched palate) Sternal excavation Ocular features of Marfan’s: CLUMPS Cupping (glaucoma) Lattice Upward lens subluxation Myopia Cornea Plana Sclera blue Things to remember about Lyme Disease: TICK’S CRAP Tick-borne Iritis & intermediate uveitis Conjunctivitis Keratitis (subepithelial.
bloat and coke". All bacilli are gram negative except "L.Listeria D . Face bloat.Diphtheria A .DATTA" Quote: L .Tetani Clostridium T ..Actinomycetes T .bacteria) DIC/ Death Outer membrane TNF O-antigen X-tremely heat stable IL-1 Nitric oxide/ Neutrophil chemotaxis Acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis: classic presentation Quote: "Sore throat. Pi$$ coke": Sore throat: 1 week ago Face bloat: facial edema Pi$$ coke: coke-coloured urine · Alternatively.Anthrax bacillus ENDOTOXIN: Quote: Endothelial cells/ Edema Negative (gram.Microbiology Mnemonics Capsulated pathogenic organisms are Some Killers Have Pretty Nice Capsules Quote: S Streptococcus pneumoniae K Klebsiella pneumoniae H Haemophilus influenzae P Pseudomonas aeruginosa N Neisseria meningitidis C Cryptococcus neoformans Remeber..TB Mycobatcterium A . Staphylococcus aureus: diseases caused SOFT PAINS: Quote: Skin infections . short version: "Throat.
coli O157-H7 [undercooked meat. meat. custard] Clostridium perfringens [reheated meat] Vibrio vulnificus [seafood] Streptococcus pyogenes: virulence factors SMASHED: Quote: Streptolysins M protein Anti-C5a peptidase Streptokinase Hyaluronidase Exotoxin DNAses Streptococcus pyogenes: diseases caused NIPPLES: Quote: Necrotising fasciitis and myositis Impetigo Pharyngitis Pneumonia Lymphangitis Erysipelas and cellulitis Scarlet fever/ Streptococcal TSS Endocarditis: lab results suggesting it "High Tech Lab Results Point At Endocarditis": Quote: Hematuria Thrombocytopenia . esp. eggs] Vibrio parahaemolyticus [seafood] Bacillus cereus [reheated rice] Staphylococcus aureus [meats.Osteomyelitis Food poisoning Toxic shock syndrome Pneumonia Acute endocarditis Infective arthritis Necrotizing fasciitis Sepsis Food poisoning: bugs inducing "Eating Contaminated Stuff Causes Very Big Smelly Vomit": Quote: E. mayo. hamburgers] Clostridium botulinum [canned foods] Salmonella [poultry.
Clostridium Difficile causes explosive foul smelling diarrhea and is an anaeorbe (no air). eggs] Vibrio parahaemolyticus [seafood] Bacillus cereus [reheated rice] Staphylococcus aureus [meats. custard] Clostridium perfringens [reheated meat] Vibrio vulnificus [seafood] Meningitis: risk factors Quote: "Can Induce Severe Attacks Of Head PAINS": Cancer Immunocompromised state Sinusitis .Leukocytosis. mayo. meat. because it would smell and there would be no air in there. hamburgers] Clostridium botulinum [canned foods] Salmonella [poultry. Trichomaniasis: features Quote: · 5 F's: Flagella Frothy discharge Fishy odor (sometimes) Fornication (STD) Flagyl (metronidazole) Rx Nematodes: ones spreading by egg ingestion Quote: "ATE eggs": Ascaris Lumbricoides Trichuris trichuira Enterobius vermicularis spread by ingestion of eggs (vs skin invasion or insect bite) Food poisoning: bugs inducing Quote: "Eating Contaminated Stuff Causes Very Bad Smelly Vomit": E. esp. -penia Red blood cell casta Proteinuria Anemia Elevated ESR Clostridium difficile: disease caused Quote: "Difficult to be in a Closet with someone having explosive foul smelling diarrhea. coli O157-H7 [undercooked meat.
respiratory) Neurosurgical procedures Splenectomy Influenza infection: clinical manifestations Quote: "Having Flu Symptoms Can Make Moaning Children A Nightmare": Headache Fever Sore throat Chills Myalgias Malaise Cough Anorexia Nasal congestion Toxoplasma gondii: manifestations Quote: "My Cat Eats Mice": Mononucleosis-like illness Chorioretinits/ Congenital infection Encephalitis Myocarditis Urease positive organisms Quote: PUNCH: Proteus (leads to alkaline urine) Ureaplasma (renal calculi) Nocardia Cryptoccocus (the fungus) Helicobacter pylori AIDS pathogens (T-cell suppression) worth knowing Quote: "The Major Pathogens Concerning Complete T-Cell Collapse": Toxoplasma gondii M. esp.Age extremes Otitis Head trauma Parameningeal infection Alcoholism Infections (systemic. avium intracellulare Pneumocystis carinii Candida albicans Cryptococcus neoformans Tuberculosis .
..........so. endocarditis U= UTI D= (dermatological)Ecthyma gangrenosum O= otitis media M= meningitis ...String in pearls reaction...Southern blot is for DNA West in Gujarati is PASCHIM.protein BACILLUS Quote: Bombs Make PAGes Bombs-for Bacillus.Bamboo stick appearance Make-Macdyean reaction P-PLET medium A-Agar medium[medusa head] Ge-Gelatin stab S-Solid medium...rna south -dosa .CMV Cryptosporidium parvum different tricks to remember blot techniques Quote: South in Gujarati is DAXIN.Western Blot is for Protein and Northern is simply for M RNA(just to remember N with M) its how they eat north -roti ....simple.....dna west -pizza ....!!!! Neisseria Meningitidis Quote: Loafers Eat BMTC ticket Of Mahatma Gandhi in Chennai L-Lenticular colonies E-Exacting growth requirements B-blood agar[weak hemolysis] M-Muellar hinton agar T-Thayer martin agar C-Chocolate agar O-Oxidase positive MG-utilize Glucose and Maltose C-Catalase positive PSEUDOMONAS pathogenecity Remember "PSEUDOMONAS" for memorise pathogenesity of pseudomonas infection Quote: P= pulmonary infection S= septicemia E= eye infection...
cyclophosphamide H-H. "I HATE fertilised eggs" Hymenolepis nana and Hookworm Ascaris lumbricoides Trichuris trichura Enterobius vermicularis So the fertilised eggs of all the above float in saturated saline. Posted by ImedRx Comments (0) Labels: Microbiology. Mnemonics . Eggs that float in Saturated Saline Remember.Pregnancy.influenza infection Encephalitis: differential HE'S LATIN AMERICAN: Herpesviridae Enteroviridae (esp. coli Rabies/ Rubella Idiopathic Cryptococcus/ Candida Abscess Neoplasm/ Neurocysticercosis · Neurocysticercosis should be assumed with recent Latin American immigrant patient unless proven otherwise. Polio) Slow viruses (esp. Everything else sinks.Treated UTI C-Corticosteroid use .atypical mycobacteriae T-TB.Trauma.o= -------N= nail bed infection A= B= burns & bed sore S= sepsis PATCH for sterile pyuria Quote: P.Transplant rejection. prions) Syphilis Legionella/ Lyme disease/ Lymphocytic meningoencephalitis Aspergillus Toxoplasmosis Intracranial pressure Neisseria meningitidis Arboviridae Measles/ Mumps/ Mycobacterium tuberculosis/ Mucor E.Prostatitis A-acute febrile illness. JC.
an Oral Platelet Inhibitor (OPI). contraindications.Pharmacology Mnemonics HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins): side effects. cautions ABCDE: Asthma Block (heart block) COPD Diabetes mellitus Electrolyte (hyperkalemia) Clopidogrel: use CLOPIdogrel is a drug that prevents CLots. interactions HMG-CoA: · Side effects: Hepatotoxicity Myositis [aka rhabdomyolysis] · Contraindications: Girl during pregnancy/ Growing children · Interactions: Coumarin/ Cyclosporine Antiarrhythmics: class III members BIAS: Bretylium Ibutilide Amiodarone Sotalol Beta-blockers: main contraindications. Amiodarone: action. side effects 6 P's: Prolongs action potential duration Photosensitivity Pigmentation of skin Peripheral neuropathy Pulmonary alveolitis and fibrosis Peripheral conversion of T4 to T3 is inhibited -> hypothyroidism .
): Timolol Pindolol Hismolol Naldolol Propranolol Antiarrhythmics: classification I to IV MBA College· In order of class I to IV: Membrane stabilizers (class I) Beta blockers Action potential widening agents Calcium channel blockers Enoxaprin (prototype low molecular weight heparin): action. fibrillation Supraventricular tachycardia Hypertension · Alternatively: "CHASM": Cererbral vasospasm / CHF Hypertension Angina Suprventricular tachyarrhythmia Migranes Beta-blockers: nonselective beta-blockers "Tim Pinches His Nasal Problem" (because he has a runny nose.Beta blockers: members "The NEPAL Prime Minister": Timolol Nadolol Esmolol Pindolol Atenolol Labetalol Propranolol Metoprolol Ca++ channel blockers: uses CA++ MASH: Cerebral vasospasm/ CHF Angina Migranes Atrial flutter.. monitoring ..
Monitor Xa concentration. H-hydralazine. N-nifedipine.EnoXaprin only acts on factor Xa. L-labetalol.... CHIEF SURGERY IN EMERGENCY Quote: Mr......H. Saurav Ganguly HELP Quote: S-sodium nitroprusside G-GTN H-hydralazine E-esmolol L-labetalol P-phentolamine Anticholinergic side effects "Know the ABCD'S of anticholinergic side effects": .L --Quote: M-methyl dopa. drowsiness O = oedema..... = Acute MI chief = Acute CHF Surgery = maintain hemostasis during surgeries emergency = hypertensive emergencies antihypertensives used in emergencies. rebound HTN Y = psYchological upset D = dry mouth..... rather than APTT anti hyprtensive safe for pregnancy are--My N. methyldopa Quote: M = mental retardation E = electrolyte imbalance T = tolerance H = headache/ hepatotoxicity. orthostatic hypotension P = Parkinsonism A = Anemia [+ve coomb's test] sodium nitroprusside clinical uses: MR.
Benzodiazepenes: drugs which decrease their metabolism "I'm Overly Calm": Quote: . action "Inhibits Parasympathetic And Sweat": Quote: Ipratropium Pirenzepine Atropine Scopolamine _Muscarinic receptors at all parasympathetic endings sweat glands in sympathetic.Quote: Anorexia Blurry vision Constipation/ Confusion Dry Mouth Sedation/ Stasis of urine Antimuscarinics: members. Aspirin: side effects ASPIRIN: Quote: Asthma Salicyalism Peptic ulcer disease/ Phosphorylation-oxidation uncoupling/ PPH/ Platelet disaggregation/ Premature closure of PDA Intestinal blood loss Reye's syndrome Idiosyncracy Noise (tinnitus) Benzodiazapines: ones not metabolized by the liver (safe to use in liver failure) LOT: Quote: Lorazepam Oxazepam Temazepam Benzodiazepenes: antidote Quote: "Ben is off with the flu": Benzodiazepine effects off with Flumazenil.
Scotty": Quote: Beta blockers: Esmolol Atenolol Metropolol Botulism toxin: action. Cholinergics (eg organophosphates): effects If you know these.Isoniazid Oral contraceptive pills Cimetidine _ These drugs increase calming effect of BZDs by retarding metabolism. you will be "LESS DUMB": or SLUDGE Quote: Lacrimation Excitation of nicotinic synapses Salivation Sweating Diarrhea Urination Micturition Bronchoconstriction Delerium-causing drugs ACUTE CHANGE IN MS: . related bungarotoxin Quote: Action: "Botulism Bottles up the Ach so it can't be the released": Related bungarotoxin: "Botulism is related to Beta Bungarotoxin (beta-. Benzodiazepines: actions "Ben SCAMs Pam into seduction not by brain but by muscle": Quote: Sedation anti-Convulsant anti-Anxiety Muscle relaxant Not by brain: No antipsychotic activity. Beta selective blockers "BEAM ONE up. not alphabungarotoxin--alpha has different mechanism).
Ipratropium: action Atropine is buried in the middle: iprAtropium. lidocaine) Urinary incontinence drugs (anticholinergics) Theophylline Ethanol Corticosteroids H blockers Antiparkinsonian drugs Narcotics (esp. ciprofloxacin) Cardiac drugs (digoxin. so it behaves like Atropine. mepridine) Geriatric psychiatric drugs ENT drugs Insomnia drugs NSAIDs (eg indomethacin. Lead poisoning: presentation ABCDEFG: Quote: Anemia Basophilic stripping Colicky pain Diarrhea Encephalopathy . make it MoonSHINE. naproxin) Muscle relaxants Seizure medicines Direct sympathomimetic catecholamines DINED: Quote: Dopamine Isoproterenol Norepinephrine Epinephrine Dobutamine Inhalation anesthetics SHINE: Quote: Sevoflurane Halothane Isoflurane Nitrous oxide Enflurane _ If want the defunct Methoxyflurane too.Quote: Antibiotics (biaxin. penicillin.
bulemia] Imagined illnesses [hypochondria] Social phobias _ Listed in decreasing order of importance. Methyldopa: side effects METHYLDOPA: Quote: Mental retardation Electrolyte imbalance Tolerance Headache/ Hepatotoxicity psYcological upset Lactation in female Dry mouth Oedema Parkinsonism Anaemia (haemolytic) Monoamine oxidase inhibitors: members "PIT of despair": Quote: Phenelzine Isocarboxazid Tranylcypromine _ A pit of despair. Morphine: effects MORPHINES: Quote: . tied to polyuria] Tremor/ Teratogenesis Hypothyroidism MAOIs: indications MAOI'S: Quote: Melancholic [classic name for atypical depression] Anxiety Obesity disorders [anorexia. since MAOs treat depression. _ Note MAOI is inside MelAnchOlIc.Foot drop Gum (lead line) Lithium: side effects LITH: Quote: Leukocytosis Insipidus [diabetes insipidus.
neostigmine LMNOP: Quote: . benserazide) Amantadine Dopamine postsynaptic receptor agonists (bromocriptine. ophenadrine) L-Dopa + peripheral decarboxylase inhibitor (carbidopa. pergolide) Phenytoin: adverse effects PHENYTOIN: Quote: P. _ Important clinically to treat narcotic overdose. benzhexol.interactions Hirsutism Enlarged gums Nystagmus Yellow-browning of skin Teratogenicity Osteomalacia Interference with B metabolism (hence anemia) Neuropathies: vertigo. lisuride. Parkinsonism: drugs SALAD: Quote: Selegiline Anticholinenergics (trihexyphenidyl. headache Physostigmine vs.Miosis Orthostatic hypotension Respiratory depression Pain supression Histamine release/ Hormonal alterations Increased ICT Nausea Euphoria Sedation Morphine: effects at mu receptor PEAR: Quote: Physical dependence Euphoria Analgesia Respiratory depression Narcotic antagonists Quote: The Narcotic Antagonists are NAloxone and NAltrexone. ataxia.
Lipid soluble Miotic Natural Orally absorbed well Physostigmine _ Neostigmine. the CIA is after me": Quote: Clomipramine . use Quote: Succinylcholine gets Stuck to Ach receptor. AmPHETamine: Fat": Quote: Morphine overdose: pupils constricted (fine). and drug is used for intubation. then Sucks ions in through open pore. is: Water soluble Used in myesthenia gravis Synthetic Poor oral absorption Pupils in overdose: morphine vs. amphetamine "MorPHINE: Fine. on the contrary. You Suck stuff in through a mouth-tube. Serotonin syndrome: components Causes HARM: Quote: Hyperthermia Autonomic instability (delirium) Rigidity Myoclonus Sodium valproate: side effects VALPROATE: Quote: Vomiting Alopecia Liver toxicity Pancreatitis/ Pancytopenia Retention of fats (weight gain) Oedema (peripheral oedema) Appetite increase Tremor Enzyme inducer (liver) Succinylcholine: action. Amphetamine overdose: pupils dilated (fat). Tricyclic antidepressants: members worth knowing "I have to hide.
the DNDis also after me: Desipramine Norrtriptyline Doxepin Tricyclic antidipressents (TCA): side effects TCA'S: Quote: ThrombocytopeniaCardiac (arrhymia. etc) Seizures Vigabatrin: mechanism Vi-GABA-Tr-In: Quote: Via GABA Transferase Inhibition Antibiotics contraindicated during pregnancy MCAT: Quote: Metronidazole Chloramphenicol Aminoglycoside Tetracycline Busulfan: features ABCDEF: Quote: Alkylating agent Bone marrow suppression s/e CML indication Dark skin (hyperpigmentation) s/e Endrocrine insufficiency (adrenal) s/e Fibrosis (pulmonary) s/e Metabolism enzyme inducers "Randy's Black Car Goes Putt Putt and Smokes": Quote: Rifampin Barbiturates Carbamazepine Grisoefulvin Phenytoin Phenobarb Smoking cigarettes . urinary retention. stroke) Anticholinergic (tachycardia.Imipramine Amitrptyline _ If want the next worth knowing. MI.
receptor location "You have heart and lungs": Quote: Beta.are therefore primarily on heart.primarily on lungs.vs Beta. Beta. beta ABCD: . Hepatic necrosis: drugs causing focal to massive necrosis "Very Angry Hepatocytes": Quote: Valproic acid Acetaminophen Halothane Adrenoceptors: vasomotor function of alpha vs.Morphine: side-effects MORPHINE: Quote: Myosis Out of it (sedation) Respiratory depression Pneumonia (aspiration) Hypotension Infrequency (constipation. urinary retention) Nausea Emesis Therapeutic index: formula TILE: Code: TI = LD / ED Zero order kinetics drugs (most common ones) "PEAZ (sounds like pees) out a constant amount": Quote: Phenytoin Ethanol Aspirin Zero order _ Someone that pees out a constant amount describes zero order kinetics (always the same amount out) Asthma drugs: leukotriene inhibitor action Quote: zAfirlukast: Antagonist of lipoxygenase zIlueton: Inhibitor of LT receptor Beta.
Pindolol and Carteolol have high and moderate ISA respectively. cautions ABCDE: Quote: Asthma Block (heart block) COPD Diabetes mellitus Electrolyte (hyperkalemia) Beta-blockers: nonselective beta-blockers "Tim Pinches His Nasal Problem" (because he has a runny nose. making them acceptable for use in some diabetics or asthmatics despite the fact that they are non-seletive beta blockers. Beta blockers with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity Quote: Picture diabetic and asthmatic kids riding away on a cart that rolls on pinwheels. Beta-blockers: main contraindications.Quote: Alpha = Constrict. Quote: H-H2blockers O-opeoids S-sedatives-antianxiety A-anticholenergic N-neuroleptics A-antiemetics simple and sobar anti epeleptic drugs Dr.BHAISAB's New PC.. Quote: .. Beta = Dilate.): Quote: Timolol Pindolol Hismolol Naldolol Propranolol PREANASTHETIC MEDICATION HOSANA this is a christian word.
..barbiturates H. cyclic gaba analogues adverse effects of tetracyclins-KAPIL DEV Quote: K kidney toxicity A antianabolic effect P phototoxicity I inc ICP L liver toxicity D diabetes insipidus E enamel problems V vestibular toxicity GENERAL TOXICITY OF ANTICANCER DRUGS SHaLi's BF Ghoghari Gautam is Chor.... for clinical uses of beta blockers......Phenyltriazines C.BZD's N..... 'melbourne cricket authority has high funds though players get minor amount' .....succinimides B. Quote: S-skin H-hyperurecemia L-lymphoreticular tissue B-bone marrow F-Foetus G-gonads G-git C-carcinogenecity 6 H s and 8 H s of adverse effects of thaizide diuretics and loop diuretics respectively.. Drugs causing pulmonary fibrosis: Quote: BAB like in baba (father) Bleomycin Amiodarone Busulfan .. aliphatic carb acids I... newer drugs P.hydantoin A..D.....iminostilbenes S.deoxy barbiturates B......
Amantadine “Homan to Dean” In case you haven’t heard. in viral infection).hypersensitivity I. only loathe (this is used to treat severe infections such as endocarditis). If you “use” this anatomically correct man doll.. insomnia...Gray baby syndrome ampicillin uses UR GMCS BeST Quote: UTI Respi Gonorrhoea Maningitis cholecystitis septicemias bacillary dysentry sabe typhoid misch Acyclovir “I see clover” I see a three-leaf clover (this is a prodrug that gets converted into a triphosphate – it resembles dNTP and inhibits DNA Polymerase)... bone marrow depression H. Dr. stage 2. feelings of detachment.... slurred speech.irritative effects S. dizziness.. Homan is our new SOM dean.. Other interesting facts about him: he can pee for 12 hours straight! (The half-life is 12h and it’s excreted unchanged in the kidney .ADRS OF CHLORAMPHENICOL smart boys in girls hostel B. he will give you pelvic inflammatory disease (This drug is indicated for URI and PID). you can’t love.. Cephalothin “…Loathing” If your heart is infected. His new policy: he won’t let us come to school without our white coats (this drug blocks uncoating. ataxia. and inability to concentrate (these are some of the adverse effects) Cephachlor “Chlorine” – as in swimming pools You swim and get water up your nose and in your ears (this drug treats sinusitis and OTITIS media)..) Dr. Cephamandole “…Man doll” You have to inflate your man doll and you get an upper respiratory infection.. Imagine putting clovers over herpes sores and genital warts (this is used to treat those)... Cephadroxil “Drop rocks” While you are peeing you drop rocks (This drug treats UTIs).superinfections G. Homan can’t take the pressure of being a new dean so he becomes a nervous drunk with depression.. He’s also so real that he bleeds!!! (Adverse effect: It affects Vit-K dependent clotting function) .
fragilis infections).). Clindamycin “Clean the mice” You’re cleaning the mice because they are covered with ticks (this drug is used to treat Lyme Disease). inhalational corticosteroids Bed Bug Flew To Florida Quote: B-BECLOMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE B-BUDESONIDE F-FLUTICASONE PROPIONATE T-TRIAMCINALONE F-FLUNISOLIDE Succinylcholine: action. Cephoperazone “…Opera zone” Going to the opera makes me want to get drunk to the point of illness. (This is used to treat oral and esophageal candidiasis in AIDS patients).Cephazolin “…Soul in” You want to keep your soul in and not die if you go to surgery (this drug is used prophylactically for surgery).) Cephotaxime “…Tax time” IRS is hard to kill off – they are MULTIPLE DRUG RESISTANT (Use this drug against MDR strains. Also. affecting alcohol metabolism (you end up with increased acetaldehyde – a DISULFIRAM-LIKE REACTION). and drug is used for intubation Cholinergics (eg organophosphates): effects If you know these. You Suck stuff in through a mouth-tube. Foscarnet “Fox cARRR net” If you catch foxes in a net. then Sucks ions in through open pore. You’re going to put the foxes into a car that’s made out of bones instead of metal (this drug binds to bones and decreases Ca2+ and Mg2+). expect to see some blood! (This affects Vit-K dependent clotting function. you will be "LESS DUMB": . Fluconazole “Flu cone” Imagine an emaciated AIDS patient eating an ice cream cone made of the flu and he gets an oral and esophageal fungal infection. if you see Phantom of the Opera. These drugs. a foxy lady is HOT (this drug will cause a fever) and never wear fox urine to hunt (this is excreted in the kidney and causes renal insufficiency). Also. ARRR… it inhibits RNA polymerase and Reverse transcriptase to block Reproduction. use Quote: Succinylcholine gets Stuck to Ach receptor. You have to use SOS kitchen cleaner to clean the mice (SOS = 50 S ribosomal unit – where this drug acts). when mixed with ethanol interfere with ALDH. Richard Gere likes to put mice in “where the sun don’t shine” and this is a very FRAGILE procedure (Clindamycin may cause Pseudomembranous enterocolitis and it’s also used to treat B. they won’t reproduce (this drug is a stage 3 inhibitor).
Quote: Lacrimation Excitation of nicotinic synapses Salivation Sweating Diarrhea Urination Micturition Bronchoconstriction Steroids: side effects BECLOMETHASONE: Quote: Buffalo hump Easy bruising Cataracts Larger appetite Obesity Moonface Euphoria Thin arms & legs Hypertension/ Hyperglycaemia Avascular necrosis of femoral head Skin thinning Osteoporosis Negative nitrogen balance Emotional liability Methyldopa: side effects METHYLDOPA: Quote: Mental retardation Electrolyte imbalance Tolerance Headache/ Hepatotoxicity psYcological upset Lactation in female Dry mouth Oedema Parkinsonism Anaemia (haemolytic) Sodium valproate: side effects VALPROATE: Quote: Vomiting Alopecia .
tied to polyuria] Tremor/ Teratogenesis Hypothyroidism Opioids: effects BAD AMERICANS: Quote: Bradycardia & hypotension Anorexia Diminished pupilary size Analgesics Miosis Euphoria Respiratory depression Increased smooth muscle activity (biliary tract constriction) Constipation Ameliorate cough reflex Nausea and vomiting Sedations Ca++ channel blockers: uses CA++ MASH: Quote: .Liver toxicity Pancreatitis/ Pancytopenia Retention of fats (weight gain) Oedema (peripheral oedema) Appetite increase Tremor Enzyme inducer (liver) Captopril (an ACE inhibitor): side effects CAPTOPRIL: Quote: Cough Angioedema/ Agranulocystosis Proteinuria/ Potassium excess Taste changes Orthostatic hypotension Pregnancy contraindication/ Pancreatitis/ Pressure drop (first dose hypertension) Renal failure (and renal artery stenosis contraindication)/ Rash Indomethacin inhibition Leukopenia/ Liver toxicity Lithium: side effects LITH: Quote: Leukocytosis Insipidus [diabetes insipidus.
" . your pupils dilate so you can see Atropine use: tachycardia or bradycardia "A goes with B": Atropine used clinically to treat Bradycardia Reserpine action Reserpine depletes the Reserves of catecholamines [and serotonin] Sodium channel blockade: Procainamide. aggression) Adults are dosy (sedation. Mexiletine. tocainide "Philadelphians Like Salty Mexican Tacos. fibrillation Supraventricular tachycardia Hypertension · Alternatively: "CHASM": Quote: Cererbral vasospasm / CHF Hypertension Angina Suprventricular tachyarrhythmia Migranes Pupils in overdose: morphine vs. Phenytoin. drowsiness Atropine: origin tells action or vice versa Atropine causes your pupils to dilate. Quinidine. Disopyramide "Quaker Preachers Discussed Sobriety.Cerebral vasospasm/ CHF Angina Migranes Atrial flutter. amphetamine MorPHINE: Fine.Sodium channel blockade: Lidocaine. irritability. AmPHETamine: Fat "Morphine overdose: pupils constricted (fine) Amphetamine overdose: pupils dilated (fat) Phenobarbitone side effects Children are annoying (hyperkinesia. insomnia. dizziness." Quaker-Quinidine Preachers-Procainamide Discussed-Disopyramide Sobriety-Sodium channel blockade Class IB . and it came from nightshade [belladona]In the night or in shade.
" Flea-Flecainide Encrusted-Encainide Prophets-Propafenone Class II .Prolong repolarization: Amiodarone. American-Amiodarone Soaps-Solatol Class IV ... Diltiazem "Calligraphist's Verbal Dilemma. Bought To Preserve Little Money.Calcium channel blockade: Verapamil. Bretylium." A-1a B-1b C-1c 1a-A: .Beta-adrenergic blockade: Propranolol "Betting Professionals. Propafenone "Flea Encrusted Prophets." Britain-Bretylium Repossessed-Repolarization is prolonged.Sodium channel blockade: Flecainide. Solatol "Britain Repossessed American Soaps..Philadelphians-Phenytoin Like-Lidocaine Salty-Sodium channel blockade Mexican-Mexiletine Tacos-Tocainide Class IC .. Encainide. Can Fabricate Enough Problems." Calligraphist-Calcium channel blockade Verbal-Verapamil Dilemma-Diltiazem Antiarrhythmic agents: "A Dubious Quality Product." Betting-Beta-adrenergic blockade Professionals-Propranolol Class III .
taste. dupuytrens / vit D def. ↓concentration / coma. impotence. cleft lip. exfoliation of skin & Stevens Johnson’s. depression / drowsy / diplopia Cholinergic OD side Effects . Renal impairment. leucocytosis Anti-epileptic side Effects ABCDEFGH Ataxia. ACEI. Potassium (↑K+). GI upset / gum hypertrophy. Side Effects CAPTOPRIL Cough. orthostatic ↓BP.D-Disopyramide Q-Quinidine P-Procainamide 1b-B: T-Tocainamide P-Phenytoin L-Lidocaine M-Mexiletine 1c-C: F-Flecainamide E-Encainamide P-Propafenone Mnemonics For Side Effects. behavioural disturbance. anaphylaxis. blood dyscrasia. palpitations. Fits. hepatitis / hairy Barbiturate side Effects ABCD Ataxia.
Miosis / muscle weakness. . Others Steroids Side Effects HIGH COMPACT IMPS Hypertension. abdo pain.low MAOI side Effects 3Hs Hepatocellular jaundice. Withdrawal. Immunosuppression. halo. Hyperthermia. hypertension. xanthopsia CNS – depression. ulcers Eyes – blurring. salivation / sweating Cyclosporin Side Effects 4HRT 4H . confusion. bronchorrea Bradycardia. Urination. Overdose. Gastric Ulcer (bleeding). hairy R – Renal toxicity T .DUMB BELS Diarrhoea. emesis. Neuro.Hyper K+. hypertension TCAD side Effects CAN WOO Cvs. lacrimation. hallucinations Cardiac – ANY arrhythmia K . gum hypertrophy. delirium.Tremor Digoxin S/E GECCKO GIT – n&v. Anticholinergic.
Thin skin Increased appetite.Heartburn Cataract. septum. Cushingoid. Myopathy (prox) / muscle wasting (prox) Cushingoid / Cataract. Depression Posted by ImedRx Comments (0) Labels: Mnemonics. Obesity / Osteoporosis / Oedema. Path # / Psychosis. Immunosuppression / Insomnia. papillary muscle) Aneurysm (ventricle) Pericarditis Infaction (a second one) Death/ Dressler's syndrome Deep venous thrombosis: diagnosis DVT: Dilated superficial veins/ Discoloration/ Doppler ultrasound Venography is gold standard Tenderness of Thigh and calf MI: complications . Acne / Altered Glucose. Glycosuria. Myopathy. skin thin (bruising). Striae. stress response reduced AM CUSHINGOID Acne. VT. VF) Congestive cardiac failure Tamponade/ Thromboembolic disorders Rupture (ventricle. poor wound healing. Hypertension / hairy. Pharmacology Pathology Mnemonics MI: post-MI complications ACT RAPID: Arrhythmias (SVT. Osteoporosis. Ulcers. Muscle weakness. Infection.
HAS CRAPPED: Heart failure/ Hypertension Arrhythmia Shock Cardiac Rupture Aneurysm Pericarditis Pulmonary Emboli DVT Heart failure causes "HEART MAy DIE": Hypertension Embolism Anemia Rheumatic heart disease Thyrotoxicosis (incl. pregnancy) Myocardial infarct Arrythmia Y Diet & lifestyle Infection Endocarditis Cardiovascular risk factors (Framingham) FRAMINGHAM: Family history Running (exercise) Adiposity (obesity) Marlboros (tobacco) Insulin resistance (diabetes) Non-regulated lipids (dyslipidaemia) Georgie Pie (high fat diet) Hypertension Age Male Thrombosis and thrombocytopenia PARTNER together: Quote: Platelet count low Anemia (microangiopathic hemolytic) Renal failure Temperature rise Neurological deficits ER admission (as it is an emergency) Nephritic syndrome: glomerular diseases commonly presenting as nephritic syndrome Quote: PARIS: Post-streptococcal .
Alport's RPGN IgA nephropathy SLE · Alternatively: PIG ARMS to include Goodpasture's [one cause of RPGN]. Membranoproliferative [only sometimes included in the classic nephritic list]. chronic disease Quote: TIBC levels at the: Top=Iron deficiency. Bottom=Chronic disease Macrocytic anaemia: differential Quote: FAT RBC: Fetus (pregnancy) Alcohol Thyroid disease(ie hypothyroidism) Reticulocytosis B12 and folate deficiency Cirrhosis and chronic liver disease Hypokalaemia: clinical features Quote: TIMID CHIMP: Tetany Increases paralytic ileus (aggravates) Muscle weakness Increases possibility of hepatic encephalopathy Digoxin toxicity Cardiac arrythmias Hypotonia Increases P-R interval. T wave and prominent U wave Muscle cramps Polyuria Renal failure (chronic): consequences Quote: ABCDEFG: Anemia -due to less EPO Bone alterations -osteomalacia -osteoporosis -von Recklinghausen Cardiopulmonary -atherosclerosis -CHF -hypertension -pericarditis D vitamin loss Electrolyte imbalance -sodium loss/gain -metabolic acidosis -hyperkalemia Feverous infections -due to leukocyte abnormalities and dialysis hazards . Anemia: TIBC finding to differentiate iron deficiency vs.
Turner syndrome: components Code: CLOWNS: Cardiac abnormalities (specifically Coartication) Lymphoedema Ovaries underdeveloped (causing sterility. amenorrhea) Webbed neck Nipples widely spaced Short Fragile-X syndrome: features Code: DSM-4: Discontinued chromosome staining Shows anticipation Male (male more affected) Mental retardation (2nd most common genetic cause) Macrognathia Macroorchidism Whipple's disease: full features Code: WHIPPLES: Weight loss Hyperpigmentation of skin Infection with tropheryma whippelii .GI disturbances -haemorrhagic gastritis -peptic ulcer disease -intractable hiccups Aneurysm types Quote: MAD SCAB: Mycotic Atherosclerotic Dissecting Syphilitic Capillary microaneurysm Arteriovenous fistula Berry Necrosis: the 4 types Code: "Life Can Get Complicated": Liquifactive Coagulation Gangrene Caseous · 'Life' used since necrosis is 'death'.
Fever: thermometer. Conjunctival. oral erythema: red eyes.PAS positive granules in macrophage Polyarthritis Lymphadenopathy Enteric involvement Steatorrhea CREST sydrome: components Code: CREST: Calcinosis Raynaud's phenomena Esophageal dysmotility Sclerodactyly Telangectasia Edwards' syndrome: characteristics Code: EDWARDS: Eighteen (trisomy) Digit overlapping flexion Wide head Absent intellect (mentally retarded) Rocker-bottom feet Diseased heart Small lower jaw Fragile X syndrome: features Code: FEMALES FMR1 gene Exhibits anticpation Macro-orchidism Autism Long face with large jaw Everted eyes Kawasaki disease: features Disease name: a Kawasaki motorcycle. epidemic in Japan: Japanese child rides the motorcycle. . Erythema of palms. soles. mouth. soles: red palms. Usually young children.
often unilateral) Mucosal involvement (erythema or fissures or crusting) To have Kawasaki disease you must have fever for greater than 5 days plus 4 of the above. Kawasaki Disease Criteria "Be careful when riding a Kawasaki motorcycle. Treat with aspirin: aspirin headlight. >5 years old. Second most common casue of genetic mental retardation. Conjunctivitis (non-exudative) Rash (polymorphous non-vesicular) Edema (or erythema of hands or feet) Adenopathy (cervical. Vasculitis of arteries: inflammation arrows on arteries. Cervical lymphadenitis: enlarged cervical nodes with inflammation arrows.Generalized rash: rash dots. 5 out 6 criteria for diagnosis: Conjuctivitis (bilateral) . Kawasaki disease: diagnostic criteria CHILD: 5 letters=5 days. Cardiovascular sequelae [20%]: inflammation arrows on cardiac arteries. you might getCREAMed.
Pituitary hormones Quote: FLAGTOP: Follicle stimulating hormone Lutinizing hormone Adrenocorticotropin hormone Growth hormone Thyroid stimulating hormone Oxytocin Prolactin Alternatively: GOAT FLAP with the second 'A' for Anti-diruetic homone/vasopressin · Note: there is also melanocyte secreting homone and Lipotropin. the negative angle hemisphere is on the half of the triangle drawing that has all the negative signs. For reference axes. convenient since adrenal glands are atop kidney). LA (left arm). but they are not well understood. Inner hair cells are sensory afferents that actually pick up the sound. · See diagram. Inner cells are Into the brain": Outer hair cells are motor efferents to amplify signal.Hyperthermia (fever) >5 days Idiopathic polymorphic rash Lymphoadenopathy (cervical) Dryness & redness of (i)lips & month (ii)palms & soles [2 separate criteria] Physiology Mnemonics Cochlea: inner vs. LL (left leg). outer hair cell function Quote: "Outer cells are Out of the brain. Sum of number of L's of any 2 corners tells the name of the lead [eg LL-LA is lead III]. Number of L's at a corner tell how many + signs are at that corner [eg LL is ++]. Einthoven's Triangle: organization Quote: Corners are at RA (right arm). Make Good Sex": · Layers: Glomerulosa Fasiculata Reticulata · Respective products: Mineralcorticoids Glucocorticoids Sex hormones · Alternatively for layers: GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate. Adrenal cortex layers and products Quote: "Go Find Rex. . positive angle hemisphere contains only positive signs.
Progesterone: actions Quote: PROGESTE: Produce cervical mucous Relax uterine smooth muscle Oxycotin sensitivity down Gonadotropin [FSH. MI ASs!" (uses MItral instead of BIcuspid Compliance of lungs factors Quote: COMPLIANCE: Collagen deposition (fibrosis) Ossification of costal cartilages Major obesity Pulmonary venous congestion Lung size Increased expanding pressure Age No surfactant Chest wall scarring Emphysema · All but L/A/E decrease compliance. LH] secretions down Endometrial spiral arteries and secretions up Sustain pregnancy Temperature up / Tit development Excitability of myometrium down Hyperthyroidism: signs and symptoms Quote: .Heart valves: sequence of flow Quote: TRIPS BIAS: TRIcuspid Pulmonary Semilunar BIcuspid Aortic Semilunar Alternatively: "TRIPS.
Stored blood is SOS: · Stored blood Hb binds to Oxygen Strongly because of decrease in 2. but then blocks its effect Nipple development Sex drive increase Uterine contractility increase oXytocin sensitivity increase Electrical conductivity of tissues Quote: "Be Careful To Shock My Best Nerve": In order of least conductive to most conductive: Bones Cartilage Tendon Skin Muscle Blood Nerve Potassium: causes of potassium leaving cells A$$E$ Acidosis: H+ ions move in. Myoglobin binding strength is MOM: · Myoglobin binds Oxygen More strongly than Hb.THYROIDISM: Tremor Heart rate up Yawning [fatigability] Restlessness Oligomenorrhea & amenorrhea Intolerance to heat Diarrhea Irritability Sweating Musle wasting & weight loss Hemoglobin and myoglobin: binding strengths. Oestrogen: functions Quote: OESTROGEN SUX: Organ development (sex organs) Endocrine: FSH and LH regulation Secondary sex characteristics development Tropic for pregnancy Receptor synthesis (of progesterone. LH) Osteoporosis decrease (inhibits bone reabsorption) Granulosa cell development Endocrine: increases prolactin secretion. 2. Exercise: catabolism of cells. so Oxy-Hb dissociation curve shifts to left. Starvation: catabolism of cells.3 BPG. sites Quote: "ABC" of glycosylated Hb (Hb1c): · Glucose binds to Amino terminal of Beta Chain. "HbF binds Forcefully": · HbF binds oxygen more forcefully than HbA. Stress: catabolism of cells (postoperative). Sodium chloride lost: K+ replaces it and is then excreted. .3 BPG binding site is BBC: · BPG binds to Beta Chain of Hb. oestrogen.
• Alternatively: "Noone Likes My Educational Background". Tie this to it being a neutrophil nucleus by arranging the 5 lobes into a capital N for Neutrophil.Pituitary: anterior pituitary products: acidophilic vs basophilic Quote: • Acidophilic: GPA: Growth hormone Prolactin Acidophilic • Basophilic: B-FLAT Basophilic FSH LH ACTH TSH Erythropoiesis stages Quote: "Powerful Businesses Pollute Our Reeling Environment": Proerythroblast Basophilic erythroblast Polychromatic erythroblast Orthochromatophilic erythroblast Reticulocyte Erythrocyte Neutrophil's 2 distinctive physical features Quote: 1: There's up to 5 lobes of the nucleus joined by thin appendages. • Alternatively: "Never Let Mamma Eat Beans". White blood cell relative concentrations Quote: "Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas": From greatest to least: Neutrophils (65%) Lymphocytes (25%) Monocytes (6%) Eosinophils (3%) Basophils (1%) • Alternatively: "Nine Little Monkeys Eating Bananas". 2: the chicken leg (Barr Body) sticking out. Say it out loud: chick-N. The chick-N leg is for Neutrophil. .
Eosinophils are "Easy-on-me-phils" because they counteract our allergic reactions. Basophil morphology Quote: Basophil has Big Blue Balls (granules).• Can remember that Eosinophils is 3%. Leukocytes: granulated and agranulated Quote: "BEN Loves Money": • Granulocytes: Basophil Eosinophil Neurophil • Agranulocytes: Lymphocytes Monocytes • Alternatively: Granpa BEN. These one vowels match up to their one letter names: DArk band is the A band.. by the mirror image of E is 3. LIght band is the I band. Muscle sarcomere: A vs.." to keep the granulated group straight. I as light or dark Quote: There is only one vowel in "dark" and one vowel in "light". Z disc location Quote: . His Hepes Causes Choking & Gagging!": Mast = Mast cell His = Histamine He= Heparin C = Chymase Ch = Chemotactic factor for eosinophils Gag = GAGase Basophil vs. Mast cell primary granule contents Quote: "Master. Muscle sarcomere: H line vs. eosinophils: effect for allergic persons Quote: Basophils are "Bad-o-phils" because they contribute to our allergic reactions.
Also.4mg of iron in each gram of hemoglobin. so nuclei are at periphery. so usually only 1 nucleus per heart muscle cell. so have many nuclei per long fibre. Heart muscle is in the middle of body.34 cm3 of oxygen is carried by a gram of hemoglobin. Muscle cells: cardiac vs. Muscle fiber: types Quote: • Type 1: "1 slow fat red ox": -slow twitch -lipid accumulation -red fibers -oxidative • Type 2: "2 fast skinny white breasts": -fast twitch -low lipid -white fibers. working inward.4 lobes per neutrophil. remembering symmetry: Z I A H M H A I Z.HAZI (Hazy): H line is in A-band. • Alternatively: "Zoe Is A Horny Momma". Z disc is in the I band. Muscle sarcomere bands Quote: "Zee Intelligent Animal Has Muscle": • From the Z disk. like chicken breasts Haematology: key numbers Quote: 3 and 4 are key in in haematology: 1. There's an average of 3. you have 1 heart. so heart muscle has nucleus in middle. Macrocytic anemia: causes Quote: ABCDEF: . skeletal's nuclei location/number Quote: Nuclei location mirrors where the muscle is located in human body. Skeletal muscles are at periphery of body. but have many skeletal muscles. There's 34mg bilirubin from each gram of hemoglobin. There's 3.
Intrinsic vs. 2.3 BPG binding site is BBC: • BPG binds to Beta Chain of Hb. Myoglobin binding strength is MOM: • Myoglobin binds Oxygen More strongly than Hb. extrinsic pathway tests Quote: "PeT PiTTbull": PeT: PT is for extrinsic pathway. carotid body function Quote: . sites Quote: "ABC" of glycosylated Hb (Hb1c): • Glucose binds to Amino terminal of Beta Chain . Al-Ca-loss": There is loss of K+ (hypokalemia) and Ca++ (hypocalcemia) in state of alkalosis.Alcohol + liver disease B12 deficiency Compensatory reticulocytosis (blood loss and hemolysis) Drug (cytotoxic and AZT)/ Dysplasia (marrow problems) Endocrine (hypothyroidism) Folate deficieny/ Fetus (pregnancy) Alkalosis: metabolic changes in alkalosis Quote: "Al-K-loss. "HbF binds Forcefully": • HbF binds oxygen more forcefully than HbA. Carotid sinus vs. so Oxy-Hb dissociation curve shifts to left. PiTTbull: PTT is for intrinsic pathway.3 BPG. Hemoglobin and myoglobin: binding strengths. Stored blood is SOS: • Stored blood Hb binds to Oxygen Strongly because of decrease in 2.
acidosis: directions of pH and HCO3 . carotid bO2dy measures O2. Tricuspid. Alkalosis vs. Aortic.carotid SinuS: measures preSSure. Heart valves: closure sequence Quote: "Many Things Are Possible": Mitral. Pulmonic Pituitary: anterior hypophysis hormones Quote: FLATPiG: FSH LH ACTH TSH Prolactin ignore GH Electrical conductivity of tissues Quote: "Be Careful To Shock My Best Nerve": In order of least conductive to most conductive: Bones Cartilage Tendon Skin Muscle Blood Nerve Compliance of lungs factors Quote: COMPLIANCE: Collagen deposition (fibrosis) Ossification of costal cartilages Major obesity Pulmonary venous congestion Lung size Increased expanding pressure Age No surfactant Chest wall scarring Emphysema • All but L/A/E decrease compliance.
PCO2 is up (Acidosis). • pH is low. PCO2 is down (Alkalosis). • pH is low.Quote: ROME: Respiratory= Opposite: • pH is high. Metabolic= Equal: • pH is high. HCO3 is low (Acidosis) . HCO3 is high (Alkalosis).
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