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Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until

8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, July 8, 2011

USDL-11-1011

Technical information:
Household data:
(202) 691-6378 • cpsinfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/cps
Establishment data: (202) 691-6555 • cesinfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/ces
Media contact:

(202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov

THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION – JUNE 2011
Nonfarm payroll employment was essentially unchanged in June (+18,000), and the unemployment
rate was little changed at 9.2 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment
in most major private-sector industries changed little over the month. Government employment
continued to trend down.
Chart 1. Unemployment rate, seasonally adjusted,
June 2009 – June 2011

Chart 2. Nonfarm payroll employment over-the-month
change, seasonally adjusted, June 2009 – June 2011

Percent

Thousands
600

11.0

400
10.0
200
0

9.0

-200
8.0
-400
-600

7.0
Jun-09 Sep-09 Dec-09 M ar-10 Jun-10

Sep-10 Dec-10 M ar-11 Jun-11

Jun-09 Sep-09 Dec-09 M ar-10 Jun-10 Sep-10 Dec-10 M ar-11 Jun-11

Household Survey Data
The number of unemployed persons (14.1 million) and the unemployment rate (9.2 percent) were
essentially unchanged over the month. Since March, the number of unemployed persons has increased
by 545,000, and the unemployment rate has risen by 0.4 percentage point. The labor force, at 153.4
million, changed little over the month. (See table A-1.)
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (9.1 percent), adult women
(8.0 percent), teenagers (24.5 percent), whites (8.1 percent), blacks (16.2 percent), and Hispanics (11.6
percent) showed little or no change in June. The jobless rate for Asians was 6.8 percent, not seasonally
adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of persons unemployed for less than 5 weeks increased by 412,000 in June. The number
of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) was essentially unchanged over the
month, at 6.3 million, and accounted for 44.4 percent of the unemployed. (See table A-12.)
The civilian labor force participation rate was little changed in June at 64.1 percent. The
employment-population ratio decreased by 0.2 percentage point to 58.2 percent. (See table A-1.)
The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as
involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged in June at 8.6 million. These individuals were
working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time
job. (See table A-8.)
In June, 2.7 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, about the same as a year
earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted
and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not
counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
(See table A-16.)
Among the marginally attached, there were 982,000 discouraged workers in June, down by 225,000
from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not
currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.7
million persons marginally attached to the labor force in June had not searched for work in the 4 weeks
preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)
Establishment Survey Data
Total nonfarm payroll employment was essentially unchanged in June (+18,000). Following gains
averaging 215,000 per month from February through April, employment has been essentially flat for the
past 2 months. Employment in most major private-sector industries changed little in June, while
government employment continued to trend down. (See table B-1.)
Within professional and business services, employment in professional and technical services
increased in June (+24,000). This industry has added 245,000 jobs since a recent low in March 2010.
Employment in temporary help services changed little over the month and has shown little movement
on net so far this year.
Health care employment continued to trend up in June (+14,000), with the largest gain in ambulatory
health care services. Over the prior 12 months, health care had added an average of 24,000 jobs per
month.
In June, employment in mining rose by 8,000, with most of the gain occurring in support activities for
mining. Employment in mining has increased by 128,000 since a recent low in October 2009.
Employment in leisure and hospitality edged up (+34,000) in June and has grown by 279,000 since a
recent low in January 2010.
Employment in government continued to trend down over the month (-39,000). Federal employment
declined by 14,000 in June. Employment in both state government and local government continued to
trend down over the month and has been falling since the second half of 2008.
-2-

Manufacturing employment changed little in June. Following gains totaling 164,000 between
November 2010 and April 2011, employment in this industry has been flat for the past 2 months. In
June, job gains in fabricated metal products (+8,000) were partially offset by a loss in wood products
(-5,000).
Construction employment was essentially unchanged in June. After having fallen sharply during the
2007-09 period, employment in construction has shown little movement on net since early 2010.
The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls decreased by 0.1 hour to 34.3
hours in June. The manufacturing workweek for all employees decreased by 0.3 hour to 40.3 hours over
the month; factory overtime edged down by 0.1 hour to 3.1 hours. The average workweek for
production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls remained at 33.6 hours in
June. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)
In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls decreased by 1 cent to
$22.99. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 1.9 percent. In June,
average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees declined by 1
cent to $19.41. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)
The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised from +232,000 to +217,000, and
the change for May was revised from +54,000 to +25,000.

The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 5, 2011, at 8:30
a.m. (EDT).

-3-

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011

Change from:
May 2011June 2011

June
2011

Employment status
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...................... .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed................................................................... .
Employment-population ratio.......................................... .
Unemployed................................................................ .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

237,690
153,684
64.7
139,092
58.5
14,593
9.5
84,006

239,146
153,421
64.2
139,674
58.4
13,747
9.0
85,725

239,313
153,693
64.2
139,779
58.4
13,914
9.1
85,620

239,489
153,421
64.1
139,334
58.2
14,087
9.2
86,069

176
-272
-0.1
-445
-0.2
173
0.1
449

Unemployment rates
Total, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adult men (20 years and over)............................................. .
Adult women (20 years and over). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Teenagers (16 to 19 years). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Black or African American. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Asian (not seasonally adjusted)............................................ .
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........................ .

9.5
9.8
7.8
25.8
8.6
15.4
7.7
12.4

9.0
8.8
7.9
24.9
8.0
16.1
6.4
11.8

9.1
8.9
8.0
24.2
8.0
16.2
7.0
11.9

9.2
9.1
8.0
24.5
8.1
16.2
6.8
11.6

0.1
0.2
0.0
0.3
0.1
0.0

-0.3

Total, 25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Less than a high school diploma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High school graduates, no college. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Some college or associate degree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bachelor’s degree and higher. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.2
14.1
10.7
8.3
4.4

7.6
14.6
9.7
7.5
4.5

7.8
14.7
9.5
8.0
4.5

8.0
14.3
10.0
8.4
4.4

0.2
-0.4
0.5
0.4
-0.1

Reason for unemployment
Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Job leavers................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... .
Reentrants....................................................................... .
New entrants.................................................................... .

9,097
897
3,272
1,147

8,144
942
3,375
1,346

8,274
908
3,433
1,231

8,261
965
3,430
1,222

-13
57
-3
-9

Duration of unemployment
Less than 5 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 to 14 weeks................................................................... .
15 to 26 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27 weeks and over........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,779
3,138
2,209
6,691

2,691
2,907
2,006
5,839

2,664
2,892
1,984
6,200

3,076
2,972
1,836
6,289

412
80
-148
89

Employed persons at work part time
Part time for economic reasons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slack work or business conditions......................................... .
Could only find part-time work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part time for noneconomic reasons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8,631
6,172
2,123
17,963

8,600
5,689
2,480
18,282

8,548
5,834
2,473
18,468

8,552
5,806
2,401
18,470

4
-28
-72
2

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)
Marginally attached to the labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Discouraged workers... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,591
1,207

2,466
989

2,206
822

2,680
982


- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not
necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with
the release of January data.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)
Total nonfarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicles and parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temporary help services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health care and social assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

-192
65
0
6
-18
12
14
-1.4
-2
65
6.1
-12.5
10.5
-14
-12
43
18.6
27
18.4
23
-5
-257

217
241
43
11
4
28
21
2.4
7
198
7.2
64.1
6.2
1
1
45
-5.4
40
33.9
29
3
-24

25
73
3
9
-4
-2
12
-3.5
-14
70
6.6
-4.3
11.5
2
14
45
-1.7
18
28.0
-24
2
-48

18
57
4
7
-9
6
15
0.9
-9
53
7.1
5.2
3.6
0
-15
12
-12.0
0
17.4
34
5
-39

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES2
Total nonfarm women employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private women employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private production and nonsupervisory employees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

49.8
48.3
82.4

49.6
48.1
82.4

49.5
48.0
82.4

49.5
48.0
82.4

Category

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES
Total private
Average weekly hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average hourly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average weekly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

34.1
$ 22.57
$ 769.64
91.7
-0.2
98.7
-0.2

34.4
$ 22.93
$788.79
93.8
0.5
102.6
0.7

34.4
$ 23.00
$791.20
93.9
0.1
103.0
0.4

34.3
$ 22.99
$788.56
93.6
-0.3
102.7
-0.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
Total private
Average weekly hours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average hourly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Average weekly earnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over-the-month percent change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

33.4
$ 19.05
$ 636.27
98.7
0.1
125.6
0.2

33.6
$ 19.37
$650.83
100.7
0.2
130.3
0.5

33.6
$ 19.42
$652.51
100.7
0.0
130.7
0.3

33.6
$ 19.41
$652.18
100.8
0.1
130.7
0.0

65.2
66.7

54.1
51.2

53.4
52.5

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)5
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

55.2
51.2

1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
2 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing
industries.
3 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
4 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average
aggregate weekly payrolls.
5 Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance
between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
p Preliminary

Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates
Why are there two monthly measures of employment?
The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates of employment
and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey employment series has a smaller
margin of error on the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because of
its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically
significant in the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change in the
household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive scope than
the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural
workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household
survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?
It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However, neither the
establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal status of workers. Therefore, it
is not possible to determine how many are counted in either survey. The establishment survey does not
collect data on the legal status of workers. The household survey does include questions which identify
the foreign and native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign born.
Why does the establishment survey have revisions?
The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by incorporating
additional information that was not available at the time of the initial publication of the estimates.
The establishment survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding
2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated
seasonal adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.
On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that re-anchors
estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment insurance tax records.
The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information
on the annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.
Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?
Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business establishments with
fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is designed to maximize the reliability of the
total nonfarm employment estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?
Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for the net employment
change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment comes from an econometric model that
forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the
net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The

establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the survey is not
immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth
of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new
businesses to the survey twice a year.
Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment insurance
benefits?
No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households. All persons who
are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are included among the unemployed. (People
on temporary layoff are included even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or
question relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.
Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for work?
Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who want a job, including
those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs are available (discouraged workers). In
addition, alternative measures of labor underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and
other groups not officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.
How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?
In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes the 12th of the month.
Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid time during the pay period, including pay for
holidays, sick leave, or other time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but
not always, results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off
work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers, such as
those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment, employees have to
be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of all employees in the payroll survey have
a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay
period, even 1 hour, are counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the
effect of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.
In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that includes the 12th of the
month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-related events are counted as employed
whether or not they are paid for the time off. The household survey collects data on the number of
persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work the entire
week, due to bad weather. Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most
requested statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.

Technical Note
This news release presents statistics from two major
surveys, the Current Population Survey (household survey)
and the Current Employment Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey provides information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment
that appears in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD
DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics (BLS).
The establishment survey provides information on
employment, hours, and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables, marked
ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. The sample includes about
140,000 businesses and government agencies representing
approximately 440,000 worksites and is drawn from a sampling frame of roughly 9 million unemployment insurance
tax accounts. The active sample includes approximately
one-third of all nonfarm payroll employees.
For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a
particular week or pay period. In the household survey, the
reference period is generally the calendar week that
contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the
12th, which may or may not correspond directly to the
calendar week.

unemployed persons. Those not classified as employed or
unemployed are not in the labor force. The unemployment
rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the labor
force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the employed as a percent of the population.
Additional information about the household survey can be
found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.
Establishment survey. The sample establishments are
drawn from private nonfarm businesses such as factories,
offices, and stores, as well as from federal, state, and local
government entities. Employees on nonfarm payrolls are
those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are
counted in each job they hold. Hours and earnings data are
produced for the private sector for all employees and for
production and nonsupervisory employees. Production and
nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and
related employees in manufacturing and mining and
logging, construction workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.
Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal activity in accordance with the 2007
version of the North American Industry Classification
System. Additional information about the establishment
survey can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys
Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect
the entire civilian noninstitutional population. Based on
responses to a series of questions on work and job search
activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in
the labor force.
People are classified as employed if they did any work
at all as paid employees during the reference week; worked
in their own business, profession, or on their own farm; or
worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or
farm. People are also counted as employed if they were
temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.
People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of
the following criteria: they had no employment during the
reference week; they were available for work at that time;
and they made specific efforts to find employment
sometime during the 4-week period ending with the
reference week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting
recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The unemployment data derived from the
household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility for
or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.
The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and

Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological differences between
the household and establishment surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates derived from
the surveys. Among these are:

The household survey includes agricultural
workers, the self-employed, unpaid family
workers, and private household workers among the
employed. These groups are excluded from the
establishment survey.

The household survey includes people on unpaid
leave among the employed. The establishment
survey does not.

The household survey is limited to workers 16
years of age and older. The establishment survey is
not limited by age.

The household survey has no duplication of
individuals, because individuals are counted only
once, even if they hold more than one job. In the
establishment survey, employees working at more
than one job and thus appearing on more than one
payroll are counted separately for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment
Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor
force and the levels of employment and unemployment
undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These events may
result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays,
and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of such
seasonal variation can be very large.
Because these seasonal events follow a more or less
regular pattern each year, their influence on the level of a
series can be tempered by adjusting for regular seasonal
variation.
These
adjustments
make
nonseasonal
developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to
spot. For example, in the household survey, the large
number of youth entering the labor force each June is likely
to obscure any other changes that have taken place relative
to May, making it difficult to determine if the level of
economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the
establishment survey, payroll employment in education
declines by about 20 percent at the end of the spring term
and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because
seasonal employment changes at the end and beginning of
the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more
discernable. The seasonally adjusted figures provide a more
useful tool with which to analyze changes in month-tomonth economic activity.
Many seasonally adjusted series are independently
adjusted in both the household and establishment surveys.
However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most
major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are
computed by aggregating independently adjusted
component series. For example, total unemployment is
derived by summing the adjusted series for four major agesex components; this differs from the unemployment
estimate that would be obtained by directly adjusting the
total or by combining the duration, reasons, or more
detailed age categories.
For both the household and establishment surveys, a
concurrent seasonal adjustment methodology is used in
which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using
all relevant data, up to and including the data for the current
month. In the household survey, new seasonal factors are
used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are
used each month to adjust the three most recent monthly
estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated
seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year
revisions to historical data are made once a year.
Reliability of the estimates
Statistics based on the household and establishment
surveys are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error. When a sample rather than the entire population is

surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may
differ from the "true" population values they represent. The
exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the
particular sample selected, and this variability is measured
by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate
based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard
errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90percent level of confidence.
For example, the confidence interval for the monthly
change in total nonfarm employment from the
establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus
100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90percent confidence interval on the monthly change would
range from -50,000 to +150,000 (50,000 +/- 100,000).
These figures do not mean that the sample results are off by
these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within
this interval. Since this range includes values of less than
zero, we could not say with confidence that nonfarm
employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however,
the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then
all of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval
would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least
a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact,
risen that month. At an unemployment rate of around 5.5
percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household
survey is about +/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in
the unemployment rate it is about +/- 0.19 percentage point.
In general, estimates involving many individuals or
establishments have lower standard errors (relative to the
size of the estimate) than estimates which are based on a
small number of observations. The precision of estimates
also is improved when the data are cumulated over time,
such as for quarterly and annual averages.
The household and establishment surveys are also
affected by nonsampling error, which can occur for many
reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all
respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of
respondents to provide correct information on a timely
basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in
the collection or processing of the data.
For example, in the establishment survey, estimates
for the most recent 2 months are based on incomplete
returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive
revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered
final.
Another major source of nonsampling error in the
establishment survey is the inability to capture, on a timely
basis, employment generated by new firms. To correct for
this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an
estimation procedure with two components is used to
account for business births. The first component excludes

employment losses from business deaths from samplebased estimation in order to offset the missing employment
gains from business births. This is incorporated into the
sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting
sample units going out of business, but imputing to them
the same employment trend as the other firms in the
sample. This procedure accounts for most of the net
birth/death employment.
The second component is an ARIMA time series
model designed to estimate the residual net birth/death
employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance
universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.
The sample-based estimates from the establishment
survey are adjusted once a year (on a lagged basis) to

universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance
program. The difference between the March sample-based
employment estimates and the March universe counts is
known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough
proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also
incorporate changes in the classification of industries. Over
the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total
nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a
range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.
Other information
Information in this release will be made available to
sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone:
(202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1

Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, sex, and age

June
2010

May
2011

June
2011

June
2010

Feb.
2011

Mar.
2011

Apr.
2011

May
2011

June
2011

TOTAL
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Persons who currently want a job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

237,690
154,767
65.1
139,882
58.9
14,885
9.6
82,923
6,461

239,313
153,449
64.1
140,028
58.5
13,421
8.7
85,864
6,821

239,489
154,538
64.5
140,129
58.5
14,409
9.3
84,951
7,124

237,690
153,684
64.7
139,092
58.5
14,593
9.5
84,006
5,930

238,851
153,246
64.2
139,573
58.4
13,673
8.9
85,605
6,410

239,000
153,406
64.2
139,864
58.5
13,542
8.8
85,594
6,509

239,146
153,421
64.2
139,674
58.4
13,747
9.0
85,725
6,539

239,313
153,693
64.2
139,779
58.4
13,914
9.1
85,620
6,227

239,489
153,421
64.1
139,334
58.2
14,087
9.2
86,069
6,537

Men, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

115,102
82,669
71.8
74,148
64.4
8,521
10.3
32,432

116,156
81,956
70.6
74,441
64.1
7,515
9.2
34,200

116,250
82,757
71.2
74,848
64.4
7,910
9.6
33,493

115,102
82,000
71.2
73,385
63.8
8,614
10.5
33,102

115,907
81,720
70.5
74,122
63.9
7,598
9.3
34,187

115,988
81,674
70.4
74,108
63.9
7,566
9.3
34,313

116,067
81,684
70.4
73,973
63.7
7,712
9.4
34,382

116,156
81,989
70.6
74,177
63.9
7,811
9.5
34,168

116,250
81,966
70.5
74,014
63.7
7,952
9.7
34,284

Men, 20 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

106,522
79,201
74.4
71,773
67.4
7,428
9.4
27,321

107,566
79,223
73.7
72,427
67.3
6,796
8.6
28,344

107,668
79,324
73.7
72,427
67.3
6,897
8.7
28,344

106,522
79,094
74.3
71,329
67.0
7,765
9.8
27,428

107,292
78,795
73.4
71,954
67.1
6,841
8.7
28,497

107,381
78,764
73.4
71,959
67.0
6,805
8.6
28,617

107,469
78,856
73.4
71,939
66.9
6,917
8.8
28,612

107,566
79,193
73.6
72,137
67.1
7,056
8.9
28,373

107,668
79,104
73.5
71,937
66.8
7,167
9.1
28,564

Women, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

122,589
72,098
58.8
65,735
53.6
6,363
8.8
50,491

123,157
71,492
58.0
65,587
53.3
5,905
8.3
51,664

123,239
71,781
58.2
65,282
53.0
6,499
9.1
51,458

122,589
71,685
58.5
65,706
53.6
5,978
8.3
50,904

122,944
71,526
58.2
65,451
53.2
6,075
8.5
51,418

123,012
71,732
58.3
65,756
53.5
5,976
8.3
51,280

123,079
71,737
58.3
65,702
53.4
6,035
8.4
51,342

123,157
71,704
58.2
65,602
53.3
6,102
8.5
51,453

123,239
71,455
58.0
65,320
53.0
6,134
8.6
51,784

Women, 20 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

114,264
68,761
60.2
63,277
55.4
5,484
8.0
45,504

114,954
68,728
59.8
63,423
55.2
5,305
7.7
46,226

115,045
68,459
59.5
62,811
54.6
5,648
8.2
46,586

114,264
68,826
60.2
63,483
55.6
5,343
7.8
45,438

114,714
68,802
60.0
63,319
55.2
5,483
8.0
45,912

114,792
68,898
60.0
63,566
55.4
5,332
7.7
45,894

114,868
68,896
60.0
63,479
55.3
5,417
7.9
45,972

114,954
68,908
59.9
63,402
55.2
5,505
8.0
46,047

115,045
68,618
59.6
63,098
54.8
5,520
8.0
46,427

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16,904
6,806
40.3
4,833
28.6
1,973
29.0
10,098

16,792
5,498
32.7
4,177
24.9
1,320
24.0
11,295

16,776
6,755
40.3
4,891
29.2
1,864
27.6
10,021

16,904
5,764
34.1
4,279
25.3
1,485
25.8
11,140

16,845
5,649
33.5
4,300
25.5
1,350
23.9
11,196

16,827
5,744
34.1
4,339
25.8
1,405
24.5
11,083

16,809
5,669
33.7
4,255
25.3
1,413
24.9
11,140

16,792
5,592
33.3
4,240
25.2
1,352
24.2
11,201

16,776
5,698
34.0
4,299
25.6
1,399
24.5
11,078

1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1

Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, race, sex, and age

WHITE
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASIAN
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

June
2010

May
2011

June
2011

June
2010

Feb.
2011

Mar.
2011

Apr.
2011

May
2011

June
2011

191,979
125,761
65.5
114,782
59.8
10,979
8.7
66,218

192,877
124,608
64.6
114,989
59.6
9,618
7.7
68,269

192,989
125,335
64.9
114,995
59.6
10,340
8.2
67,654

191,979
124,964
65.1
114,176
59.5
10,788
8.6
67,015

192,601
124,237
64.5
114,330
59.4
9,907
8.0
68,364

192,688
124,497
64.6
114,706
59.5
9,791
7.9
68,191

192,771
124,650
64.7
114,652
59.5
9,998
8.0
68,122

192,877
124,811
64.7
114,785
59.5
10,026
8.0
68,066

192,989
124,493
64.5
114,358
59.3
10,135
8.1
68,496

65,412
74.8
59,941
68.5
5,471
8.4

65,416
74.3
60,472
68.7
4,943
7.6

65,360
74.2
60,355
68.5
5,005
7.7

65,366
74.7
59,573
68.1
5,793
8.9

64,919
73.9
59,860
68.1
5,059
7.8

64,864
73.7
59,850
68.0
5,014
7.7

65,032
73.9
59,903
68.1
5,129
7.9

65,335
74.2
60,168
68.3
5,167
7.9

65,203
74.0
59,943
68.0
5,261
8.1

54,721
59.7
50,700
55.3
4,022
7.3

54,709
59.5
50,956
55.4
3,753
6.9

54,429
59.1
50,471
54.8
3,958
7.3

54,877
59.9
50,977
55.6
3,900
7.1

54,677
59.5
50,816
55.3
3,860
7.1

54,950
59.8
51,184
55.7
3,766
6.9

54,971
59.8
51,138
55.6
3,833
7.0

54,912
59.7
50,999
55.5
3,914
7.1

54,633
59.4
50,775
55.2
3,858
7.1

5,628
43.6
4,141
32.1
1,486
26.4

4,483
34.9
3,561
27.8
922
20.6

5,546
43.3
4,168
32.5
1,377
24.8

4,722
36.6
3,626
28.1
1,095
23.2

4,641
36.1
3,654
28.4
987
21.3

4,683
36.4
3,672
28.6
1,011
21.6

4,646
36.2
3,610
28.1
1,036
22.3

4,563
35.6
3,619
28.2
945
20.7

4,657
36.3
3,640
28.4
1,017
21.8

28,685
17,960
62.6
15,157
52.8
2,803
15.6
10,725

29,063
17,705
60.9
14,867
51.2
2,838
16.0
11,358

29,093
17,966
61.8
14,993
51.5
2,972
16.5
11,127

28,685
17,745
61.9
15,020
52.4
2,725
15.4
10,941

28,976
17,865
61.7
15,124
52.2
2,741
15.3
11,112

29,005
17,836
61.5
15,067
51.9
2,769
15.5
11,169

29,035
17,849
61.5
14,966
51.5
2,882
16.1
11,186

29,063
17,750
61.1
14,870
51.2
2,880
16.2
11,313

29,093
17,733
61.0
14,855
51.1
2,877
16.2
11,360

8,107
69.8
6,717
57.8
1,390
17.1

8,024
67.7
6,618
55.8
1,406
17.5

8,155
68.7
6,793
57.2
1,362
16.7

8,054
69.4
6,654
57.3
1,401
17.4

8,053
68.2
6,745
57.2
1,309
16.2

8,119
68.7
6,758
57.2
1,361
16.8

8,113
68.6
6,731
56.9
1,382
17.0

8,056
68.0
6,645
56.1
1,411
17.5

8,111
68.3
6,736
56.7
1,375
17.0

9,098
63.1
8,035
55.7
1,063
11.7

9,041
61.9
7,868
53.9
1,172
13.0

9,011
61.6
7,760
53.1
1,251
13.9

9,054
62.8
7,987
55.4
1,067
11.8

9,185
63.1
7,993
54.9
1,192
13.0

9,050
62.1
7,923
54.4
1,127
12.5

9,054
62.0
7,836
53.7
1,217
13.4

9,056
62.0
7,847
53.7
1,210
13.4

8,953
61.2
7,718
52.8
1,235
13.8

756
28.4
405
15.2
351
46.4

640
24.6
380
14.6
260
40.6

799
30.8
440
16.9
360
45.0

637
23.9
379
14.3
258
40.4

627
23.9
386
14.7
241
38.4

668
25.6
387
14.8
281
42.1

682
26.2
398
15.3
284
41.6

638
24.5
378
14.5
260
40.7

669
25.8
402
15.5
267
39.9

11,210

11,350

11,379

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age — Continued
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1

Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, race, sex, and age
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

June
2010
7,315
65.3
6,749
60.2
566
7.7
3,895

May
2011
7,377
65.0
6,863
60.5
514
7.0
3,973

June
2011
7,384
64.9
6,881
60.5
504
6.8
3,995

June
2010

Feb.
2011






Mar.
2011






Apr.
2011






May
2011






June
2011












1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced
annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Seasonally adjusted1

Not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, sex, and age

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

June
2010

May
2011

June
2011

June
2010

Feb.
2011

Mar.
2011

Apr.
2011

May
2011

June
2011

33,662
22,724
67.5
19,922
59.2
2,802
12.3
10,938

34,311
22,642
66.0
20,124
58.7
2,518
11.1
11,668

34,391
22,884
66.5
20,241
58.9
2,643
11.5
11,507

33,662
22,677
67.4
19,867
59.0
2,810
12.4
10,986

34,079
22,519
66.1
19,912
58.4
2,606
11.6
11,561

34,155
22,676
66.4
20,105
58.9
2,571
11.3
11,479

34,233
22,798
66.6
20,110
58.7
2,688
11.8
11,435

34,311
22,739
66.3
20,025
58.4
2,715
11.9
11,571

34,391
22,816
66.3
20,164
58.6
2,653
11.6
11,574

12,965
82.7
11,500
73.4
1,466
11.3

12,940
81.5
11,636
73.3
1,304
10.1

13,004
81.7
11,731
73.7
1,273
9.8































8,700
59.0
7,741
52.5
958
11.0

8,799
58.5
7,820
52.0
979
11.1

8,861
58.8
7,852
52.1
1,010
11.4































1,059
32.7
681
21.0
378
35.7

904
26.6
668
19.7
236
26.1

1,018
29.9
658
19.3
360
35.4































1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release
of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Educational attainment

Seasonally adjusted

June
2010

May
2011

June
2011

June
2010

Feb.
2011

Mar.
2011

Apr.
2011

May
2011

June
2011

Less than a high school diploma
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................... .
Employed................ . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed........................................ .
Unemployment rate............................. .

12,330
46.3
10,727
40.3
1,603
13.0

11,669
46.0
10,072
39.7
1,597
13.7

11,672
46.1
10,141
40.0
1,531
13.1

12,046
45.2
10,348
38.9
1,698
14.1

11,317
45.5
9,749
39.2
1,568
13.9

11,652
46.1
10,059
39.8
1,593
13.7

11,567
45.5
9,876
38.9
1,691
14.6

11,442
45.1
9,757
38.5
1,685
14.7

11,392
45.0
9,768
38.6
1,624
14.3

High school graduates, no college1
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................... .
Employed................ . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed........................................ .
Unemployment rate............................. .

37,742
61.4
33,957
55.2
3,786
10.0

37,670
60.4
34,247
54.9
3,423
9.1

37,351
60.2
33,813
54.5
3,538
9.5

38,072
61.9
34,000
55.3
4,071
10.7

37,525
60.3
33,965
54.6
3,560
9.5

37,171
60.0
33,654
54.4
3,517
9.5

37,506
60.4
33,881
54.6
3,626
9.7

37,653
60.4
34,072
54.6
3,581
9.5

37,612
60.6
33,836
54.5
3,775
10.0

Some college or associate degree
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................... .
Employed................ . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed........................................ .
Unemployment rate............................. .

36,383
70.3
33,411
64.5
2,972
8.2

36,659
69.4
33,898
64.2
2,761
7.5

36,454
69.2
33,406
63.4
3,048
8.4

36,676
70.9
33,650
65.0
3,026
8.3

36,784
69.5
33,919
64.1
2,865
7.8

36,653
69.7
33,938
64.6
2,715
7.4

36,637
69.7
33,907
64.5
2,730
7.5

36,780
69.7
33,852
64.1
2,928
8.0

36,786
69.8
33,708
63.9
3,079
8.4

Bachelor’s degree and higher2
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate................................... .
Employed................ . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed........................................ .
Unemployment rate............................. .

45,911
76.7
43,868
73.3
2,043
4.5

46,778
77.2
44,766
73.9
2,012
4.3

46,633
76.2
44,590
72.9
2,044
4.4

46,219
77.2
44,174
73.8
2,045
4.4

46,591
76.9
44,588
73.6
2,003
4.3

46,919
76.9
44,843
73.5
2,076
4.4

46,897
77.0
44,789
73.5
2,109
4.5

46,925
77.5
44,807
74.0
2,118
4.5

46,963
76.8
44,894
73.4
2,069
4.4

1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
2 Includes persons with bachelor’s, master’s, professional, and doctoral degrees.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service,
and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Total
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service

June
2010

Men
June
2011

June
2010

Women
June
2011

June
2010

June
2011

VETERANS, 18 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

22,027
11,777
53.5
10,836
49.2
941
8.0
10,250

21,628
11,438
52.9
10,430
48.2
1,007
8.8
10,190

20,241
10,637
52.5
9,777
48.3
860
8.1
9,604

19,828
10,366
52.3
9,468
47.8
898
8.7
9,462

1,786
1,141
63.9
1,059
59.3
81
7.1
645

1,800
1,072
59.5
962
53.5
109
10.2
728

Gulf War-era II veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,124
1,744
82.1
1,544
72.7
200
11.5
380

2,387
1,955
81.9
1,695
71.0
260
13.3
432

1,764
1,490
84.5
1,330
75.4
161
10.8
274

1,980
1,683
85.0
1,456
73.5
227
13.5
296

360
254
70.6
214
59.6
39
15.5
106

407
272
66.7
239
58.6
33
12.1
136

Gulf War-era I veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,941
2,530
86.0
2,337
79.5
193
7.6
411

2,934
2,437
83.0
2,263
77.1
174
7.1
497

2,455
2,148
87.5
1,974
80.4
175
8.1
306

2,469
2,115
85.7
1,964
79.5
151
7.2
354

486
381
78.4
364
74.8
18
4.7
105

466
322
69.2
299
64.3
23
7.1
144

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11,042
3,985
36.1
3,712
33.6
274
6.9
7,057

10,461
3,648
34.9
3,364
32.2
283
7.8
6,814

10,663
3,875
36.3
3,607
33.8
268
6.9
6,788

10,122
3,539
35.0
3,264
32.2
275
7.8
6,583

379
110
29.0
104
27.6
6
5.0
269

339
109
32.0
100
29.4
9
8.0
231

Veterans of other service periods
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5,920
3,518
59.4
3,243
54.8
275
7.8
2,402

5,845
3,398
58.1
3,108
53.2
290
8.5
2,447

5,359
3,123
58.3
2,866
53.5
256
8.2
2,236

5,258
3,029
57.6
2,784
53.0
244
8.1
2,229

561
396
70.4
377
67.1
19
4.7
166

588
369
62.9
324
55.2
45
12.3
218

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

206,801
140,570
68.0
127,492
61.6
13,078
9.3
66,231

209,273
140,742
67.3
128,145
61.2
12,597
9.0
68,531

90,295
70,824
78.4
63,623
70.5
7,201
10.2
19,471

91,992
71,192
77.4
64,605
70.2
6,587
9.3
20,800

116,505
69,746
59.9
63,870
54.8
5,877
8.4
46,759

117,281
69,550
59.3
63,540
54.2
6,010
8.6
47,731

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S.
Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August
2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time
periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and
another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally
adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Persons with a disability
Employment status, sex, and age

June
2010

June
2011

Persons with no disability
June
2010

June
2011

TOTAL, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population...................................................... .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..................................................................... .
Employed............................................................................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed.......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate............................................................... .
Not in labor force....................................................................... .

26,330
5,713
21.7
4,889
18.6
823
14.4
20,617

27,665
5,903
21.3
4,903
17.7
1,000
16.9
21,762

211,361
149,055
70.5
134,993
63.9
14,061
9.4
62,306

211,825
148,635
70.2
135,226
63.8
13,409
9.0
63,189

Men, 16 to 64 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..................................................................... .
Employed............................................................................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed.......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate............................................................... .
Not in labor force....................................................................... .

2,646
36.7
2,218
30.8
428
16.2
4,559

2,758
36.2
2,252
29.6
507
18.4
4,852

76,396
83.8
68,508
75.2
7,888
10.3
14,753

75,997
83.3
68,873
75.5
7,124
9.4
15,231

Women, 16 to 64 years
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..................................................................... .
Employed............................................................................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed.......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate............................................................... .
Not in labor force....................................................................... .

2,291
30.8
1,951
26.3
340
14.8
5,140

2,262
29.4
1,838
23.9
425
18.8
5,436

66,892
71.7
61,030
65.5
5,862
8.8
26,346

66,556
71.3
60,647
64.9
5,909
8.9
26,822

Both sexes, 65 years and over
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..................................................................... .
Employed............................................................................. .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed.......................................................................... .
Unemployment rate............................................................... .
Not in labor force....................................................................... .

776
6.6
720
6.2
55
7.1
10,918

882
7.1
814
6.6
69
7.8
11,474

5,766
21.4
5,455
20.2
312
5.4
21,207

6,083
22.3
5,707
21.0
376
6.2
21,136

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing
even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition;
has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or
shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Total
Employment status and nativity

June
2010

Men
June
2011

June
2010

Women
June
2011

June
2010

June
2011

Foreign born, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

36,155
24,688
68.3
22,541
62.3
2,148
8.7
11,467

36,323
24,294
66.9
22,260
61.3
2,034
8.4
12,029

18,165
14,689
80.9
13,404
73.8
1,285
8.7
3,475

18,132
14,495
79.9
13,345
73.6
1,150
7.9
3,637

17,991
9,999
55.6
9,136
50.8
863
8.6
7,992

18,191
9,799
53.9
8,916
49.0
884
9.0
8,392

Native born, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Participation rate..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Employment-population ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unemployment rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not in labor force.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

201,535
130,079
64.5
117,342
58.2
12,737
9.8
71,456

203,166
130,244
64.1
117,869
58.0
12,375
9.5
72,922

96,937
67,980
70.1
60,743
62.7
7,237
10.6
28,957

98,119
68,262
69.6
61,503
62.7
6,759
9.9
29,856

104,598
62,099
59.4
56,599
54.1
5,500
8.9
42,499

105,048
61,982
59.0
56,366
53.7
5,616
9.1
43,066

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or
one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the
United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated
population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Category

CLASS OF WORKER
Agriculture and related industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wage and salary workers1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated. . . . . . . . .
Unpaid family workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonagricultural industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wage and salary workers1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private households........................... .
Other industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated. . . . . . . . .
Unpaid family workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME2
All industries
Part time for economic reasons3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slack work or business conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Could only find part-time work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part time for noneconomic reasons4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonagricultural industries
Part time for economic reasons3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slack work or business conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Could only find part-time work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part time for noneconomic reasons4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seasonally adjusted

June
2010

May
2011

June
2011

June
2010

Feb.
2011

Mar.
2011

Apr.
2011

May
2011

June
2011

2,311
1,401
854
56
137,572
128,339
21,026
107,312
697
106,616
9,123
110

2,315
1,435
850
31
137,713
128,822
20,690
108,132
799
107,333
8,812
79

2,419
1,507
875
36
137,711
128,883
20,139
108,744
766
107,977
8,752
76

2,118
1,280
811

136,876
127,915
21,177
106,823

106,184
8,865

2,255
1,340
889

137,443
128,664
20,933
107,681

106,965
8,688

2,251
1,423
835

137,738
128,800
20,858
107,946

107,251
8,773

2,087
1,245
818

137,595
128,840
20,726
108,186

107,510
8,650

2,243
1,391
822

137,551
128,803
20,309
108,505

107,727
8,655

2,217
1,383
829

137,035
128,437
20,318
108,209

107,511
8,543

8,867
6,004
2,380
16,847

8,270
5,646
2,396
18,656

8,738
5,660
2,570
17,355

8,631
6,172
2,123
17,963

8,340
5,630
2,415
18,220

8,433
5,595
2,332
18,417

8,600
5,689
2,480
18,282

8,548
5,834
2,473
18,468

8,552
5,806
2,401
18,470

8,734
5,924
2,355
16,504

8,144
5,547
2,382
18,313

8,600
5,570
2,537
16,983

8,482
6,080
2,098
17,694

8,248
5,558
2,383
17,835

8,265
5,504
2,305
17,984

8,475
5,581
2,457
17,967

8,400
5,731
2,444
18,126

8,400
5,704
2,341
18,151

1 Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
2 Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the
entire week.
3 Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions,
inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
4 Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training,
retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during
the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of
the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Characteristic

Seasonally adjusted

June
2010

May
2011

June
2011

June
2010

Feb.
2011

Mar.
2011

Apr.
2011

May
2011

June
2011

AGE AND SEX
Total, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

139,882
4,833
1,554
3,279
135,049
13,087
121,962
94,137
30,232
30,714
33,192
27,825

140,028
4,177
1,203
2,974
135,850
12,868
122,983
94,088
30,617
30,402
33,069
28,895

140,129
4,891
1,554
3,337
135,238
13,289
121,949
93,441
30,463
30,170
32,808
28,509

139,092
4,279
1,378
2,886
134,813
12,714
122,164
94,192
30,164
30,750
33,278
27,972

139,573
4,300
1,311
3,000
135,274
12,954
122,245
93,764
30,412
30,409
32,943
28,481

139,864
4,339
1,326
2,990
135,525
13,021
122,479
93,949
30,538
30,605
32,806
28,530

139,674
4,255
1,247
2,989
135,419
12,978
122,423
93,690
30,354
30,441
32,895
28,733

139,779
4,240
1,249
2,982
135,539
12,970
122,641
93,919
30,627
30,302
32,989
28,722

139,334
4,299
1,358
2,945
135,035
12,911
122,175
93,505
30,416
30,197
32,892
28,670

Men, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

74,148
2,375
748
1,627
71,773
6,747
65,026
50,425
16,358
16,664
17,404
14,600

74,441
2,013
579
1,435
72,427
6,764
65,663
50,480
16,698
16,475
17,308
15,183

74,848
2,421
775
1,646
72,427
7,051
65,376
50,269
16,666
16,386
17,217
15,108

73,385
2,056
628
1,433
71,329
6,480
64,846
50,258
16,282
16,649
17,327
14,588

74,122
2,168
668
1,495
71,954
6,715
65,179
50,247
16,627
16,477
17,143
14,932

74,108
2,149
688
1,454
71,959
6,731
65,207
50,241
16,677
16,481
17,083
14,966

73,973
2,033
582
1,441
71,939
6,712
65,193
50,107
16,557
16,428
17,123
15,087

74,177
2,040
594
1,446
72,137
6,756
65,448
50,358
16,747
16,421
17,189
15,090

74,014
2,077
646
1,451
71,937
6,754
65,193
50,096
16,607
16,365
17,124
15,097

Women, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

65,735
2,458
806
1,652
63,277
6,340
56,937
43,712
13,874
14,049
15,788
13,225

65,587
2,164
625
1,540
63,423
6,104
57,320
43,608
13,920
13,927
15,761
13,712

65,282
2,471
779
1,691
62,811
6,238
56,573
43,172
13,797
13,784
15,591
13,401

65,706
2,223
749
1,453
63,483
6,234
57,318
43,935
13,882
14,102
15,951
13,383

65,451
2,132
644
1,506
63,319
6,239
57,065
43,517
13,785
13,931
15,800
13,549

65,756
2,190
638
1,537
63,566
6,290
57,272
43,708
13,862
14,124
15,723
13,564

65,702
2,222
665
1,548
63,479
6,266
57,230
43,584
13,798
14,014
15,772
13,646

65,602
2,200
654
1,537
63,402
6,214
57,193
43,561
13,880
13,881
15,800
13,631

65,320
2,222
713
1,494
63,098
6,157
56,982
43,409
13,809
13,833
15,768
13,573

MARITAL STATUS
Married men, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Married women, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women who maintain families. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

43,397
34,211
8,929

43,124
33,894
8,930

43,096
33,449
9,038

43,341
34,359

42,957
34,496

42,880
34,236

42,987
34,062

42,998
33,826

43,004
33,676

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS
Full-time workers1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part-time workers2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

113,856
26,026

112,618
27,410

113,255
26,875

112,510
26,796

112,660
26,878

112,775
27,087

112,484
27,088

112,342
27,418

111,907
27,631

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS
Total multiple jobholders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Percent of total employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6,899
4.9

7,084
5.1

6,861
4.9

6,912
5.0

6,764
4.8

6,746
4.8

6,775
4.9

6,939
5.0

6,880
4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT
Self-employed workers, incorporated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5,254
9,977

5,232
9,661

5,155
9,627


9,676


9,577


9,608


9,468


9,477


9,372

1 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
2 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated
population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic

Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)

Unemployment rates

June
2010

May
2011

June
2011

June
2010

Feb.
2011

Mar.
2011

Apr.
2011

May
2011

June
2011

AGE AND SEX
Total, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years................................... .
18 to 19 years................................... .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years................................... .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over............................ .

14,593
1,485
570
913
13,108
2,297
10,877
8,770
3,444
2,613
2,713
2,079

13,914
1,352
520
838
12,562
2,236
10,327
8,239
3,140
2,514
2,585
2,082

14,087
1,399
535
869
12,688
2,190
10,573
8,378
3,231
2,547
2,600
2,142

9.5
25.8
29.3
24.0
8.9
15.3
8.2
8.5
10.2
7.8
7.5
6.9

8.9
23.9
28.8
21.5
8.3
15.4
7.6
7.9
9.4
7.4
7.0
6.4

8.8
24.5
29.0
22.5
8.2
15.0
7.4
7.8
9.1
7.2
7.1
6.5

9.0
24.9
31.4
22.2
8.3
14.9
7.6
8.0
9.5
7.3
7.1
6.5

9.1
24.2
29.4
21.9
8.5
14.7
7.8
8.1
9.3
7.7
7.3
6.8

9.2
24.5
28.2
22.8
8.6
14.5
8.0
8.2
9.6
7.8
7.3
7.0

Men, 16 years and over.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years................................... .
18 to 19 years................................... .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years................................... .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over............................ .

8,614
850
310
539
7,765
1,404
6,413
5,209
2,089
1,494
1,626
1,204

7,811
755
271
488
7,056
1,259
5,765
4,632
1,808
1,338
1,486
1,133

7,952
785
285
502
7,167
1,239
6,010
4,710
1,842
1,442
1,425
1,301

10.5
29.2
33.0
27.3
9.8
17.8
9.0
9.4
11.4
8.2
8.6
7.6

9.3
25.9
28.5
24.8
8.7
16.4
7.9
8.1
9.5
7.5
7.3
7.1

9.3
26.2
28.5
25.3
8.6
16.4
7.8
8.0
9.3
7.2
7.6
6.8

9.4
28.1
32.7
26.4
8.8
16.1
7.9
8.2
9.9
7.2
7.7
6.9

9.5
27.0
31.3
25.2
8.9
15.7
8.1
8.4
9.7
7.5
8.0
7.0

9.7
27.4
30.7
25.7
9.1
15.5
8.4
8.6
10.0
8.1
7.7
7.9

Women, 16 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 to 17 years................................... .
18 to 19 years................................... .
20 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 to 24 years................................... .
25 years and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 to 34 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35 to 44 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45 to 54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55 years and over1 .......................... .

5,978
635
260
374
5,343
893
4,464
3,561
1,355
1,119
1,087
912

6,102
597
248
350
5,505
977
4,562
3,606
1,332
1,176
1,099
876

6,134
614
249
367
5,520
951
4,562
3,668
1,389
1,104
1,175
897

8.3
22.2
25.8
20.5
7.8
12.5
7.2
7.5
8.9
7.4
6.4
6.5

8.5
21.8
29.1
17.8
8.0
14.2
7.2
7.7
9.2
7.4
6.6
5.7

8.3
22.7
29.5
19.7
7.7
13.5
7.1
7.5
9.0
7.1
6.5
5.8

8.4
21.8
30.1
17.9
7.9
13.7
7.3
7.7
9.1
7.5
6.5
5.4

8.5
21.3
27.5
18.6
8.0
13.6
7.4
7.6
8.8
7.8
6.5
6.0

8.6
21.6
25.9
19.7
8.0
13.4
7.4
7.8
9.1
7.4
6.9
6.3

MARITAL STATUS
Married men, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Married women, spouse present. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Women who maintain families1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3,171
2,136
1,228

2,696
2,072
1,303

2,821
1,999
1,325

6.8
5.9
12.1

5.8
5.4
13.0

5.9
5.7
12.3

6.0
5.7
11.7

5.9
5.8
12.7

6.2
5.6
12.8

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS
Full-time workers2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Part-time workers3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12,734
1,824

12,073
1,833

12,093
1,972

10.2
6.4

9.5
6.5

9.4
6.3

9.6
6.4

9.7
6.3

9.8
6.7

1 Not seasonally adjusted.
2 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
3 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time
jobs.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of
the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Reason

June
2010

May
2011

Seasonally adjusted

June
2011

June
2010

Feb.
2011

Mar.
2011

Apr.
2011

May
2011

June
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On temporary layoff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not on temporary layoff........................... .
Permanent job losers........................... .
Persons who completed temporary jobs. . . . . .
Job leavers............................................ .
Reentrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New entrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8,769
1,213
7,556
6,297
1,258
847
3,628
1,642

7,885
1,004
6,881
5,566
1,315
869
3,477
1,190

7,940
1,097
6,843
5,500
1,343
923
3,836
1,710

9,097
1,403
7,694
6,392
1,302
897
3,272
1,147

8,334
1,270
7,064
5,671
1,393
898
3,352
1,337

8,209
1,197
7,013
5,625
1,388
896
3,262
1,360

8,144
1,251
6,894
5,480
1,414
942
3,375
1,346

8,274
1,214
7,060
5,653
1,407
908
3,433
1,231

8,261
1,251
7,010
5,606
1,405
965
3,430
1,222

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION
Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On temporary layoff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not on temporary layoff........................... .
Job leavers............................................ .
Reentrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New entrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

58.9
8.1
50.8
5.7
24.4
11.0

58.8
7.5
51.3
6.5
25.9
8.9

55.1
7.6
47.5
6.4
26.6
11.9

63.1
9.7
53.4
6.2
22.7
8.0

59.9
9.1
50.7
6.4
24.1
9.6

59.8
8.7
51.1
6.5
23.8
9.9

59.0
9.1
49.9
6.8
24.4
9.8

59.8
8.8
51.0
6.6
24.8
8.9

59.5
9.0
50.5
7.0
24.7
8.8

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE
Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Job leavers............................................ .
Reentrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New entrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5.7
0.5
2.3
1.1

5.1
0.6
2.3
0.8

5.1
0.6
2.5
1.1

5.9
0.6
2.1
0.7

5.4
0.6
2.2
0.9

5.4
0.6
2.1
0.9

5.3
0.6
2.2
0.9

5.4
0.6
2.2
0.8

5.4
0.6
2.2
0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Duration

June
2010

May
2011

June
2011

Seasonally adjusted
June
2010

Feb.
2011

Mar.
2011

Apr.
2011

May
2011

June
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
Less than 5 weeks.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 to 14 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15 weeks and over................................... .
15 to 26 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27 weeks and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3,409
2,848
8,627
2,207
6,420

2,664
2,356
8,401
2,235
6,166

3,808
2,698
7,903
1,845
6,058

2,779
3,138
8,900
2,209
6,691

2,390
3,094
8,172
2,179
5,993

2,449
2,914
8,078
1,957
6,122

2,691
2,907
7,845
2,006
5,839

2,664
2,892
8,184
1,984
6,200

3,076
2,972
8,125
1,836
6,289

Average (mean) duration, in weeks1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Median duration, in weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

32.8
21.6

41.2
23.8

38.0
19.3

34.8
25.5

37.1
21.2

39.0
21.7

38.3
20.7

39.7
22.0

39.9
22.5

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION
Less than 5 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 to 14 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15 weeks and over................................... .
15 to 26 weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27 weeks and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

22.9
19.1
58.0
14.8
43.1

19.8
17.6
62.6
16.7
45.9

26.4
18.7
54.8
12.8
42.0

18.8
21.2
60.1
14.9
45.2

17.5
22.7
59.8
16.0
43.9

18.2
21.7
60.1
14.6
45.5

20.0
21.6
58.4
14.9
43.4

19.4
21.0
59.6
14.4
45.1

21.7
21.0
57.3
13.0
44.4

1 Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see
www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employed
Occupation

Total, 16 years and over1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management, professional, and related occupations. . . . . . . . . . . .
Management, business, and financial operations
occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and related occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service occupations................................................. .
Sales and office occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sales and related occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Office and administrative support occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
occupations........................................................ .
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction and extraction occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations............ .
Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations........................................................ .
Production occupations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and material moving occupations............. .

Unemployed

Unemployment
rates

June
2010

June
2011

June
2010

June
2011

June
2010

June
2011

139,882
51,414

140,129
52,120

14,885
2,644

14,409
2,598

9.6
4.9

9.3
4.7

20,940
30,475
25,024
33,754
15,623
18,131

21,605
30,515
25,432
32,874
15,322
17,552

1,055
1,589
2,653
3,325
1,620
1,704

1,037
1,561
2,710
3,340
1,639
1,701

4.8
5.0
9.6
9.0
9.4
8.6

4.6
4.9
9.6
9.2
9.7
8.8

13,508
1,091
7,556
4,861

13,068
1,092
7,194
4,782

2,391
180
1,676
534

1,872
139
1,312
422

15.0
14.2
18.2
9.9

12.5
11.3
15.4
8.1

16,182
8,138
8,044

16,635
8,023
8,612

2,201
1,122
1,079

2,136
1,096
1,040

12.0
12.1
11.8

11.4
12.0
10.8

1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2011 data, occupations reflect the
introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is
derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2011 are not strictly comparable with
earlier years.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted

Industry and class of worker

Total, 16 years and over1 ............................................................... .
Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction.................................... .
Construction.......................................................................... .
Manufacturing........................................................................ .
Durable goods..................................................................... .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale and retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ .
Professional and business services............................................... .
Education and health services..................................................... .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............... .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers......................... .
Government workers................................................................... .
Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers. . . . . . . . . . . . .

Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)

Unemployment
rates

June
2010

June
2011

June
2010

June
2011

14,885
11,568
64
1,785
1,519
1,002
517
1,900
434
291
631
1,465
1,339
1,609
532
176
966
534

14,409
10,733
46
1,317
1,405
952
453
1,995
504
245
607
1,349
1,228
1,483
553
144
1,232
589

9.6
9.7
8.2
20.1
9.9
10.4
9.1
9.3
7.2
8.8
6.9
10.3
6.2
12.3
8.5
11.7
4.4
5.0

9.3
9.0
5.2
15.6
9.2
9.7
8.3
9.7
8.2
7.9
6.8
9.1
5.8
10.9
8.7
9.0
5.8
5.7

1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Not seasonally adjusted
Measure

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as
a percent of the civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-2 Job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian
labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the
civilian labor force (official unemployment
rate). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers,
as a percent of the civilian labor force plus
discouraged workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers,
plus all other persons marginally attached to
the labor force, as a percent of the civilian
labor force plus all persons marginally attached
to the labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons
marginally attached to the labor force, plus
total employed part time for economic reasons,
as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all
persons marginally attached to the labor
force................................................. .

Seasonally adjusted

June
2010

May
2011

June
2011

June
2010

Feb.
2011

Mar.
2011

Apr.
2011

May
2011

June
2011

5.6

5.5

5.1

5.8

5.3

5.3

5.1

5.3

5.3

5.7

5.1

5.1

5.9

5.4

5.4

5.3

5.4

5.4

9.6

8.7

9.3

9.5

8.9

8.8

9.0

9.1

9.2

10.3

9.2

9.9

10.2

9.5

9.4

9.5

9.5

9.8

11.1

10.0

10.9

11.0

10.5

10.3

10.4

10.3

10.7

16.7

15.4

16.4

16.5

15.9

15.7

15.9

15.8

16.2

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are
available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a
job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for
full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Total
Category

June
2010

Men
June
2011

June
2010

Women
June
2011

June
2010

June
2011

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE
Total not in the labor force............................................ .
Persons who currently want a job. . . . ............................. .
Marginally attached to the labor force1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Discouraged workers2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other persons marginally attached to the labor force3 . . . .

82,923
6,461
2,591
1,207
1,384

84,951
7,124
2,680
982
1,698

32,432
3,069
1,406
793
613

33,493
3,333
1,391
549
841

50,491
3,392
1,185
414
771

51,458
3,791
1,289
432
857

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS
Total multiple jobholders4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Percent of total employed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary job full time, secondary job part time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary and secondary jobs both part time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary and secondary jobs both full time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hours vary on primary or secondary job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6,899
4.9
3,406
1,810
301
1,331

6,861
4.9
3,584
1,781
291
1,154

3,477
4.7
1,895
614
219
728

3,400
4.5
1,976
625
160
619

3,422
5.2
1,512
1,196
82
604

3,461
5.3
1,608
1,156
131
534

1 Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week,
but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
2 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling
or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation
problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
4 Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted
Industry

Total nonfarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Seasonally adjusted

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

130,908
108,178
18,020

131,072
108,478
17,775

131,703
109,197
18,023

132,079
110,037
18,311

129,981
107,258
17,763

130,974
108,823
17,999

130,999
108,896
18,002

131,017
108,953
18,006

Change
from:
May2011 June2011p
18
57
4

Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil and gas extraction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining, except oil and gas1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coal mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Support activities for mining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

709
50.1
658.7
159.8
207.8
80.3
291.1

759
44.2
714.6
169.1
207.6
84.7
337.9

777
45.8
731.1
171.9
215.0
86.5
344.2

795
46.6
748.8
174.7
220.0
87.2
354.1

704
50.2
653.5
158.1
202.6
80.5
292.8

770
47.6
721.9
170.4
210.4
85.2
341.1

779
47.2
731.3
171.5
212.7
86.6
347.1

786
46.5
739.3
172.2
213.5
86.6
353.6

7
-0.7
8.0
0.7
0.8
0.0
6.5

Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction of buildings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential building. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonresidential building. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heavy and civil engineering construction. . . . . . .
Specialty trade contractors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Residential specialty trade contractors. . . . . . .
Nonresidential specialty trade contractors. . . .

5,703
1,264.1
594.0
670.1
871.9
3,566.9
1,531.2
2,035.7

5,384
1,187.9
544.2
643.7
825.1
3,371.1
1,413.4
1,957.7

5,568
1,213.5
558.3
655.2
872.3
3,482.2
1,481.3
2,000.9

5,732
1,252.0
580.5
671.5
898.8
3,581.5
1,518.6
2,062.9

5,511
1,231.2
573.9
657.3
823.4
3,456.6
1,470.6
1,986.0

5,526
1,222.1
564.2
657.9
849.7
3,453.8
1,450.6
2,003.2

5,522
1,217.2
559.5
657.7
848.2
3,457.0
1,459.9
1,997.1

5,513
1,215.3
558.0
657.3
846.4
3,451.7
1,451.5
2,000.2

-9
-1.9
-1.5
-0.4
-1.8
-5.3
-8.4
3.1

Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11,608

11,632

11,678

11,784

11,548

11,703

11,701

11,707

6

Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wood products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary metals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metal products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer and electronic products1 . . . . . . . . . .
Computer and peripheral equipment. . . . . . .
Communication equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Semiconductors and electronic
components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic instruments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical equipment and appliances. . . . . . . . .
Transportation equipment1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicles and parts2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture and related products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7,111
353.4
382.5
363.3
1,285.6
997.0
1,099.9
159.5
118.6

7,226
337.0
369.6
379.0
1,337.2
1,033.1
1,120.5
169.9
118.9

7,259
338.3
375.6
383.1
1,349.5
1,039.1
1,119.6
169.9
117.9

7,326
339.6
381.7
386.4
1,366.0
1,050.0
1,128.3
172.2
119.1

7,079
347.4
373.0
363.8
1,286.6
996.1
1,099.5
160.6
118.1

7,253
339.4
371.0
380.7
1,347.4
1,036.8
1,123.0
170.6
119.2

7,265
336.5
372.2
383.8
1,356.6
1,042.5
1,121.5
170.0
118.3

7,280
331.4
371.4
385.1
1,364.4
1,046.6
1,123.5
172.4
118.1

15
-5.1
-0.8
1.3
7.8
4.1
2.0
2.4
-0.2

370.3
406.4
360.2
1,338.7
681.8
365.1
565.6

382.4
403.2
367.1
1,360.7
699.3
348.6
573.3

382.8
401.4
368.8
1,358.5
697.2
353.5
573.4

386.3
403.3
372.2
1,368.1
701.9
355.5
577.9

370.5
405.1
359.2
1,327.3
674.6
360.1
565.9

383.0
403.9
369.3
1,360.5
697.4
350.1
575.1

383.8
401.9
370.0
1,354.9
693.9
351.7
575.7

384.0
402.0
370.7
1,357.2
694.8
351.5
578.2

0.2
0.1
0.7
2.3
0.9
-0.2
2.5

Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Beverages and tobacco products. . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile mills. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile product mills. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Apparel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather and allied products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper and paper products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing and related support activities. . . . . . . .
Petroleum and coal products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4,497
1,456.4
185.5
120.5
120.5
159.1
27.8
399.7
490.6
117.9
788.4
630.4

4,406
1,424.7
177.1
122.2
115.6
156.3
29.2
396.4
469.8
111.6
775.5
628.0

4,419
1,429.3
182.1
122.5
116.3
156.0
29.2
395.1
469.2
113.7
775.0
630.2

4,458
1,444.3
189.6
124.0
116.9
156.8
29.2
399.7
469.3
115.2
781.1
632.0

4,469
1,452.7
182.3
119.8
119.9
156.5
27.6
397.5
489.1
114.4
783.6
625.6

4,450
1,455.3
181.7
122.3
116.4
156.4
29.2
398.2
472.2
112.8
777.8
628.0

4,436
1,447.9
183.1
122.0
116.1
155.9
29.1
396.1
469.2
112.5
775.8
628.7

4,427
1,440.0
185.1
122.8
115.8
155.3
29.0
397.2
466.9
112.1
776.4
626.2

-9
-7.9
2.0
0.8
-0.3
-0.6
-0.1
1.1
-2.3
-0.4
0.6
-2.5

Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

90,158

90,703

91,174

91,726

89,495

90,824

90,894

90,947

53

Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

24,643

24,680

24,835

24,974

24,587

24,870

24,883

24,900

17

Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic markets and agents and brokers.. .

5,480.5
2,723.2
1,944.6
812.7

5,516.8
2,756.7
1,946.9
813.2

5,542.4
2,771.9
1,954.8
815.7

5,578.3
2,792.3
1,965.5
820.5

5,450.7
2,712.3
1,930.1
808.3

5,529.8
2,767.6
1,947.3
814.9

5,536.4
2,774.2
1,946.6
815.6

5,543.5
2,779.9
1,946.0
817.6

7.1
5.7
-0.6
2.0

Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motor vehicle and parts dealers1 . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automobile dealers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture and home furnishings stores. . . . . . .

14,414.6
1,636.5
1,008.1
432.1

14,389.7
1,664.6
1,032.1
428.7

14,479.8
1,678.1
1,039.8
429.1

14,558.9
1,688.2
1,045.7
430.7

14,408.5
1,619.5
1,002.4
437.6

14,536.3
1,665.8
1,034.0
435.6

14,532.0
1,670.1
1,038.7
436.3

14,537.2
1,669.6
1,039.8
436.6

5.2
-0.5
1.1
0.3

See footnotes at end of table.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
— Continued
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted

Seasonally adjusted

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

Change
from:
May2011 June2011p

Electronics and appliance stores. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building material and garden supply stores.. .
Food and beverage stores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health and personal care stores. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline stations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clothing and clothing accessories stores. . . . .
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music
stores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General merchandise stores1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Department stores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous store retailers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonstore retailers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

483.9
1,176.7
2,827.3
983.1
824.5
1,352.1

495.7
1,169.9
2,807.4
965.7
810.8
1,383.0

491.5
1,188.3
2,829.6
971.2
822.8
1,384.3

494.3
1,177.7
2,856.5
972.1
830.9
1,400.5

493.6
1,123.9
2,806.8
979.5
815.5
1,376.1

501.5
1,131.2
2,833.2
971.5
817.1
1,422.5

501.1
1,122.6
2,829.8
971.9
820.3
1,425.0

501.9
1,121.1
2,832.5
969.2
821.9
1,426.8

0.8
-1.5
2.7
-2.7
1.6
1.8

583.5
2,944.7
1,459.5
762.1
408.1

578.5
2,930.6
1,454.2
752.1
402.7

579.4
2,933.2
1,451.9
766.5
405.8

576.9
2,956.3
1,461.5
771.0
403.8

601.0
2,974.3
1,493.0
759.6
421.1

597.6
2,983.4
1,495.9
763.0
413.9

596.7
2,977.7
1,491.0
764.0
416.5

595.0
2,981.9
1,489.5
765.9
414.8

-1.7
4.2
-1.5
1.9
-1.7

Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rail transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Truck transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transit and ground passenger
transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pipeline transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scenic and sightseeing transportation. . . . . . . .
Support activities for transportation. . . . . . . . . . .
Couriers and messengers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warehousing and storage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4,193.0
465.7
214.8
65.1
1,255.5

4,224.1
471.8
222.1
62.7
1,256.9

4,261.5
475.3
223.2
64.3
1,272.4

4,281.7
470.6
222.8
65.0
1,297.8

4,175.8
463.7
214.4
63.1
1,241.9

4,252.4
469.7
221.8
64.0
1,275.3

4,263.9
472.9
222.8
64.1
1,278.3

4,267.5
468.9
223.0
63.2
1,282.7

3.6
-4.0
0.2
-0.9
4.4

425.7
42.1
34.1
544.4
517.6
628.0

460.8
43.2
23.6
553.6
508.1
621.3

463.8
43.1
31.5
552.7
512.0
623.2

445.7
43.5
36.7
557.9
515.4
626.3

427.6
42.1
27.8
543.4
520.6
631.2

447.6
43.2
27.1
555.3
521.0
627.4

448.3
43.3
29.4
554.4
522.0
628.4

449.0
43.5
29.9
555.5
522.6
629.2

0.7
0.2
0.5
1.1
0.6
0.8

Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

555.3

549.6

551.5

554.7

551.7

551.4

551.1

551.5

0.4

Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Publishing industries, except Internet. . . . . . . . . . .
Motion picture and sound recording
industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Broadcasting, except Internet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Telecommunications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data processing, hosting and related
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other information services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,713
760.3

2,681
755.1

2,689
753.0

2,698
758.0

2,701
760.5

2,684
756.7

2,686
755.9

2,686
756.2

0
0.3

377.7
293.1
897.8

367.3
294.1
868.5

377.6
293.6
866.2

378.6
295.8
866.6

365.8
293.6
898.3

365.2
296.0
873.1

368.5
295.6
870.3

367.8
295.9
869.9

-0.7
0.3
-0.4

242.4
141.9

242.5
153.4

242.8
155.8

241.9
157.5

241.7
141.0

239.8
153.3

240.6
155.0

240.3
155.7

-0.3
0.7

Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finance and insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monetary authorities - central bank. . . . . . . . . . .
Credit intermediation and related
activities1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Depository credit intermediation1 . . . . . . . . . .
Commercial banking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Securities, commodity contracts,
investments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Insurance carriers and related activities. . . . . .
Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles. . .
Real estate and rental and leasing. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Real estate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rental and leasing services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets. . . . .

7,672
5,699.2
20.6

7,583
5,656.5
21.0

7,618
5,667.3
21.2

7,661
5,683.1
21.3

7,628
5,689.4
20.6

7,612
5,666.5
21.0

7,626
5,675.6
21.2

7,611
5,666.9
21.2

-15
-8.7
0.0

2,542.4
1,733.6
1,307.6

2,532.4
1,746.4
1,318.4

2,543.2
1,755.1
1,326.2

2,549.7
1,760.3
1,327.6

2,540.9
1,732.2
1,306.0

2,538.0
1,750.1
1,321.2

2,547.8
1,757.3
1,328.0

2,542.4
1,755.4
1,324.6

-5.4
-1.9
-3.4

804.7
2,244.4
87.1
1,972.4
1,410.2
537.3
24.9

806.3
2,210.2
86.6
1,926.8
1,391.7
509.5
25.6

805.6
2,211.1
86.2
1,950.5
1,409.4
515.4
25.7

811.7
2,214.7
85.7
1,977.6
1,421.2
530.6
25.8

801.8
2,238.8
87.3
1,938.9
1,393.2
520.9
24.8

808.5
2,212.3
86.7
1,945.4
1,402.8
516.9
25.7

808.6
2,211.5
86.5
1,950.2
1,409.9
514.5
25.8

810.9
2,206.8
85.6
1,944.0
1,405.2
513.0
25.8

2.3
-4.7
-0.9
-6.2
-4.7
-1.5
0.0

16,772
7,365.8
1,123.1
810.6
1,284.6

17,109
7,654.0
1,106.7
1,013.2
1,285.7

17,159
7,552.2
1,108.5
875.9
1,294.2

17,319
7,630.7
1,122.6
870.2
1,313.0

16,683
7,408.5
1,109.7
881.8
1,274.0

17,111
7,581.4
1,111.2
911.5
1,294.2

17,156
7,623.9
1,111.4
931.0
1,296.3

17,168
7,648.1
1,108.8
933.2
1,296.5

12
24.2
-2.6
2.2
0.2

1,429.8

1,490.7

1,497.4

1,504.9

1,436.3

1,492.7

1,501.2

1,506.9

5.7

991.3
1,875.7
7,530.6

1,026.4
1,868.3
7,586.6

1,034.4
1,881.5
7,725.4

1,043.5
1,893.5
7,794.6

991.6
1,863.9
7,410.9

1,032.4
1,877.3
7,651.9

1,037.7
1,883.0
7,648.7

1,038.9
1,882.6
7,637.6

1.2
-0.4
-11.1

Industry

Retail trade - Continued

Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and technical services1 . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accounting and bookkeeping services. . . . . . .
Architectural and engineering services. . . . . . .
Computer systems design and related
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management and technical consulting
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Management of companies and enterprises. . . .
Administrative and waste services. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See footnotes at end of table.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
— Continued
[In thousands]
Not seasonally adjusted

Seasonally adjusted

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

Change
from:
May2011 June2011p

Administrative and support services1 . . . . . . . .
Employment services1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temporary help services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Business support services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services to buildings and dwellings. . . . . . . .
Waste management and remediation
services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7,168.0
2,737.1
2,085.1
792.2
1,853.3

7,229.0
2,855.0
2,196.9
800.7
1,768.0

7,362.3
2,913.1
2,249.6
795.6
1,839.1

7,425.7
2,925.5
2,247.6
789.0
1,884.3

7,052.8
2,728.9
2,076.1
805.1
1,741.1

7,290.2
2,907.4
2,242.2
803.2
1,767.6

7,285.9
2,904.1
2,240.5
802.5
1,766.0

7,275.3
2,894.6
2,228.5
800.1
1,765.5

-10.6
-9.5
-12.0
-2.4
-0.5

362.6

357.6

363.1

368.9

358.1

361.7

362.8

362.3

-0.5

Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Educational services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health care and social assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Health care3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ambulatory health care services1 . . . . . . . . .
Offices of physicians. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outpatient care centers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Home health care services. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hospitals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nursing and residential care facilities1 . . . .
Nursing care facilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Social assistance1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Child day care services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19,357
2,958.1
16,398.9
13,790.4
5,971.4
2,311.6
598.6
1,077.8
4,687.1
3,131.9
1,662.0
2,608.5
836.1

20,084
3,381.1
16,703.1
14,008.6
6,105.0
2,342.0
618.2
1,118.6
4,729.3
3,174.3
1,677.4
2,694.5
882.3

19,992
3,249.2
16,742.8
14,029.0
6,114.3
2,346.0
620.1
1,117.1
4,732.8
3,181.9
1,680.0
2,713.8
887.9

19,741
2,976.6
16,764.8
14,086.7
6,142.9
2,359.6
620.6
1,122.1
4,749.5
3,194.3
1,687.9
2,678.1
846.4

19,535
3,147.0
16,388.1
13,769.8
5,961.8
2,312.7
598.6
1,074.6
4,682.5
3,125.5
1,659.1
2,618.3
850.5

19,905
3,209.3
16,696.0
14,025.6
6,107.0
2,347.5
617.2
1,116.1
4,738.2
3,180.4
1,681.2
2,670.4
860.3

19,923
3,198.9
16,724.0
14,043.6
6,116.7
2,350.8
620.1
1,116.5
4,742.0
3,184.9
1,681.7
2,680.4
862.7

19,923
3,181.5
16,741.4
14,057.1
6,133.2
2,355.8
620.3
1,121.8
4,738.0
3,185.9
1,684.7
2,684.3
860.1

0
-17.4
17.4
13.5
16.5
5.0
0.2
5.3
-4.0
1.0
3.0
3.9
-2.6

Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Arts, entertainment, and recreation. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Performing arts and spectator sports. . . . . . . . .
Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks. . .
Amusements, gambling, and recreation. . . . . .
Accommodation and food services. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accommodation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food services and drinking places. . . . . . . . . . .

13,592
2,168.6
435.0
139.9
1,593.7
11,423.4
1,852.7
9,570.7

13,127
1,864.6
416.5
130.2
1,317.9
11,262.0
1,745.4
9,516.6

13,416
1,958.7
419.6
134.7
1,404.4
11,457.3
1,785.5
9,671.8

13,817
2,159.2
427.1
143.6
1,588.5
11,658.1
1,885.9
9,772.2

13,018
1,920.9
412.7
127.6
1,380.6
11,097.5
1,768.2
9,329.3

13,200
1,905.5
410.6
131.5
1,363.4
11,294.6
1,789.0
9,505.6

13,176
1,881.1
398.7
129.2
1,353.2
11,294.4
1,788.8
9,505.6

13,210
1,900.3
403.7
130.2
1,366.4
11,309.2
1,794.9
9,514.3

34
19.2
5.0
1.0
13.2
14.8
6.1
8.7

Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Repair and maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Personal and laundry services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Membership associations and organizations. . . .

5,409
1,144.3
1,279.3
2,985.2

5,439
1,154.5
1,283.1
3,001.5

5,465
1,161.6
1,295.2
3,008.0

5,516
1,165.7
1,300.4
3,049.5

5,343
1,134.3
1,262.8
2,946.0

5,442
1,149.6
1,279.1
3,012.8

5,444
1,151.7
1,280.2
3,012.3

5,449
1,151.9
1,283.3
3,013.5

5
0.2
3.1
1.2

Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Federal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Federal, except U.S. Postal Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. Postal Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
State government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
State government education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
State government, excluding education. . . . . . . . . . .
Local government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local government education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local government, excluding education. . . . . . . . . . .

22,730
3,204.0
2,551.1
653.1
4,922.0
2,134.3
2,787.7
14,604.0
8,077.9
6,525.9

22,594
2,846.0
2,211.2
634.9
5,255.0
2,541.3
2,714.0
14,493.0
8,289.5
6,203.0

22,506
2,844.0
2,217.0
626.5
5,133.0
2,416.8
2,716.0
14,529.0
8,269.5
6,259.6

22,042
2,849.0
2,226.8
622.3
4,867.0
2,140.5
2,726.2
14,326.0
7,893.2
6,432.7

22,723
3,184.0
2,527.8
656.5
5,134.0
2,369.5
2,764.4
14,405.0
8,039.0
6,366.1

22,151
2,846.0
2,214.2
632.2
5,109.0
2,391.9
2,717.5
14,196.0
7,919.1
6,277.0

22,103
2,844.0
2,214.2
630.1
5,098.0
2,384.9
2,712.8
14,161.0
7,892.4
6,268.7

22,064
2,830.0
2,204.0
626.4
5,091.0
2,384.3
2,706.7
14,143.0
7,879.8
6,262.8

-39
-14.0
-10.2
-3.7
-7.0
-0.6
-6.1
-18.0
-12.6
-5.9

Industry

Administrative and waste services - Continued

1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry
sector, seasonally adjusted
June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
Total private............................................................................. .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................................................. .
Nondurable goods.............................................................. .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade...................................................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities........................................................................... .
Information......................................................................... .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services..................................................................... .

34.1
39.5
43.3
37.7
40.1
40.4
39.7
33.0
34.2
38.1
31.3
38.3
41.1
36.6
37.1
35.2
32.8
25.7
31.7

34.4
39.9
44.0
38.2
40.4
40.8
39.8
33.3
34.6
38.6
31.6
38.8
42.0
36.5
37.1
35.7
32.8
25.9
31.8

34.4
40.1
44.6
38.4
40.6
40.9
40.0
33.2
34.5
38.7
31.4
38.8
42.4
36.6
36.9
35.7
32.8
25.9
31.8

34.3
39.9
44.5
38.3
40.3
40.6
39.8
33.2
34.4
38.6
31.3
38.7
41.6
36.6
37.1
35.7
32.8
25.8
31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS
Manufacturing........................................................................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods................................................................... .

3.0
2.9
3.1

3.2
3.2
3.3

3.2
3.2
3.2

3.1
3.1
3.2

Industry

p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry
sector, seasonally adjusted
Average hourly earnings

Average weekly earnings

Industry

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

Total private................................................ .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade......................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities.............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Information............................................ .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services........................................ .

$22.57
23.99
27.35
25.13
23.26
24.72
20.90
22.23
19.64
26.11
15.55
20.94
32.48
30.42
27.18
27.24
22.92
13.07
20.19

$22.93
24.34
28.28
25.39
23.60
25.09
21.10
22.59
19.95
26.29
15.73
21.54
33.73
31.58
27.66
27.58
23.39
13.21
20.35

$23.00
24.41
28.39
25.36
23.69
25.20
21.16
22.66
19.98
26.32
15.70
21.60
33.92
31.62
27.64
27.65
23.54
13.24
20.37

$22.99
24.41
28.38
25.36
23.69
25.21
21.13
22.65
19.96
26.32
15.67
21.61
34.01
31.44
27.68
27.70
23.48
13.18
20.42

p Preliminary

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

$ 769.64 $ 788.79 $ 791.20 $ 788.56
947.61
971.17
978.84
973.96
1,184.26 1,244.32 1,266.19 1,262.91
947.40
969.90
973.82
971.29
932.73
953.44
961.81
954.71
998.69 1,023.67 1,030.68 1,023.53
829.73
839.78
846.40
840.97
733.59
752.25
752.31
751.98
671.69
690.27
689.31
686.62
994.79 1,014.79 1,018.58 1,015.95
486.72
497.07
492.98
490.47
802.00
835.75
838.08
836.31
1,334.93 1,416.66 1,438.21 1,414.82
1,113.37 1,152.67 1,157.29 1,150.70
1,008.38 1,026.19 1,019.92 1,026.93
958.85
984.61
987.11
988.89
751.78
767.19
772.11
770.14
335.90
342.14
342.92
340.04
640.02
647.13
647.77
649.36

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by
industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Index of aggregate weekly hours1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls2

Industry

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

Percent
change
from:
May
2011 June
2011p

Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction................................. .
Manufacturing............................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade.......................... .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . .
Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services...... .
Education and health services. . . . ........ .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

91.7
79.9
95.8
71.6
83.3
80.5
88.6
94.9
91.4
90.6
91.6
91.5
98.1
90.3
93.3
92.4
104.3
95.5
93.8

93.8
81.8
106.5
72.7
85.1
83.3
88.4
97.1
93.5
93.1
93.3
94.4
100.2
89.5
93.1
96.1
106.3
97.5
95.9

93.9
82.2
109.2
73.1
85.5
83.7
88.6
96.9
93.3
93.5
92.7
94.7
101.1
89.8
92.7
96.3
106.4
97.4
95.9

93.6
81.9
109.9
72.8
84.9
83.2
87.9
97.0
93.1
93.4
92.4
94.5
99.2
89.8
93.0
96.4
106.4
97.2
96.0

-0.3
-0.4
0.6
-0.4
-0.7
-0.6
-0.8
0.1
-0.2
-0.1
-0.3
-0.2
-1.9
0.0
0.3
0.1
0.0
-0.2
0.1

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

Percent
change
from:
May
2011 June
2011p

98.7
86.7
105.2
78.2
90.1
88.4
93.9
102.2
96.6
98.7
94.2
97.3
105.3
97.8
98.9
101.9
112.0
100.7
107.5

102.6
90.0
120.9
80.3
93.3
92.8
94.6
106.3
100.4
102.2
97.0
103.2
111.6
100.6
100.5
107.4
116.4
104.0
110.7

103.0
90.7
124.4
80.5
94.2
93.6
95.1
106.4
100.3
102.7
96.2
103.8
113.3
101.1
100.0
107.9
117.3
104.0
110.9

102.7
90.3
125.2
80.2
93.5
93.2
94.3
106.4
100.0
102.6
95.7
103.7
111.5
100.5
100.5
108.2
117.0
103.4
111.3

-0.3
-0.4
0.6
-0.4
-0.7
-0.4
-0.8
0.0
-0.3
-0.1
-0.5
-0.1
-1.6
-0.6
0.5
0.3
-0.3
-0.6
0.4

1 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual
average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
2 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding
2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly
hours, and employment.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Women employees (in thousands)

Percent of all employees

Industry

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

Total nonfarm.............. . . . . . . . . . . . ..................... .
Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing..................................... .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing...................................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities................................. .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality............................ .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

64,742
51,814
4,099
97
724
3,278
1,732
1,546
47,715
10,001
1,636.2
7,224.5
1,000.7
139.2
1,101
4,493
7,429
15,068
6,791
2,832
12,928

64,907
52,311
4,069
104
711
3,254
1,723
1,531
48,242
10,022
1,661.6
7,220.5
1,004.9
134.8
1,092
4,446
7,616
15,299
6,897
2,870
12,596

64,845
52,271
4,059
104
706
3,249
1,722
1,527
48,212
10,000
1,662.1
7,197.2
1,006.1
134.6
1,092
4,455
7,629
15,293
6,871
2,872
12,574

64,854
52,301
4,062
105
706
3,251
1,728
1,523
48,239
10,008
1,661.8
7,204.3
1,006.6
135.1
1,090
4,448
7,644
15,306
6,872
2,871
12,553

49.8
48.3
23.1
13.8
13.1
28.4
24.5
34.6
53.3
40.7
30.0
50.1
24.0
25.2
40.8
58.9
44.5
77.1
52.2
53.0
56.9

49.6
48.1
22.6
13.5
12.9
27.8
23.8
34.4
53.1
40.3
30.0
49.7
23.6
24.4
40.7
58.4
44.5
76.9
52.3
52.7
56.9

49.5
48.0
22.5
13.4
12.8
27.8
23.7
34.4
53.0
40.2
30.0
49.5
23.6
24.4
40.7
58.4
44.5
76.8
52.1
52.8
56.9

49.5
48.0
22.6
13.4
12.8
27.8
23.7
34.4
53.0
40.2
30.0
49.6
23.6
24.5
40.6
58.4
44.5
76.8
52.0
52.7
56.9

p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry
sector, seasonally adjusted1
[In thousands]
Industry

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing....... . . . . . . . . . . . ..................................................... .
Mining and logging.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction.......................................................................... .
Manufacturing........................................................................ .
Durable goods..................................................................... .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities................................................. .
Wholesale trade................................................................... .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing................................................ .
Utilities.............................................................................. .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ .
Professional and business services............................................... .
Education and health services..................................................... .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............... .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

88,409
12,787
526
4,158
8,103
4,849
3,254
75,622
20,844
4,380.6
12,401.5
3,618.9
443.0
2,169
5,887
13,660
17,121
11,477
4,464

89,689
12,971
581
4,178
8,212
4,968
3,244
76,718
21,057
4,430.1
12,521.8
3,664.5
440.6
2,158
5,830
14,047
17,438
11,635
4,553

89,742
12,967
585
4,174
8,208
4,974
3,234
76,775
21,058
4,437.9
12,508.6
3,671.0
440.3
2,159
5,835
14,100
17,443
11,625
4,555

89,779
12,968
590
4,174
8,204
4,980
3,224
76,811
21,090
4,446.8
12,522.4
3,681.1
439.9
2,158
5,820
14,087
17,451
11,651
4,554

1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees
in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private
nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted1
June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
Total private............................................................................. .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................................................. .
Nondurable goods.............................................................. .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade...................................................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities........................................................................... .
Information......................................................................... .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services..................................................................... .

33.4
40.3
44.7
38.3
41.0
41.3
40.5
32.2
33.2
37.8
30.1
37.2
42.1
36.5
36.3
35.0
32.2
24.7
30.7

33.6
40.8
46.6
38.8
41.4
41.7
40.9
32.4
33.7
38.5
30.5
38.0
42.8
36.4
36.3
35.2
32.2
24.9
30.7

33.6
41.0
46.7
39.1
41.5
41.9
40.9
32.3
33.6
38.6
30.3
37.8
42.7
36.3
36.2
35.1
32.2
24.8
30.7

33.6
40.9
47.0
39.0
41.4
41.8
40.8
32.4
33.8
38.6
30.5
38.1
42.2
36.3
36.2
35.2
32.1
24.8
30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS
Manufacturing........................................................................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods................................................................... .

3.8
3.8
3.8

4.2
4.2
4.1

4.1
4.2
4.0

4.1
4.3
3.9

Industry

1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees
in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private
nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted1
Average hourly earnings

Average weekly earnings

Industry

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

Total private................................................ .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade......................................... .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities.............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................. .
Information............................................ .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education and health services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services........................................ .

$19.05
20.24
23.86
23.16
18.59
19.76
16.81
18.80
16.81
21.51
13.22
19.12
30.12
25.78
21.47
22.78
20.08
11.34
17.10

$19.37
20.60
23.99
23.56
18.91
20.13
17.01
19.11
17.11
21.94
13.43
19.37
31.08
26.68
21.79
23.09
20.49
11.43
17.20

$19.42
20.62
24.33
23.55
18.92
20.12
17.04
19.16
17.15
21.99
13.41
19.51
30.98
26.60
21.74
23.12
20.61
11.50
17.21

$19.41
20.62
24.37
23.55
18.91
20.08
17.06
19.15
17.13
22.05
13.39
19.44
30.96
26.40
21.77
23.22
20.58
11.48
17.23

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

$ 636.27 $ 650.83 $ 652.51 $ 652.18
815.67
840.48
845.42
843.36
1,066.54 1,117.93 1,136.21 1,145.39
887.03
914.13
920.81
918.45
762.19
782.87
785.18
782.87
816.09
839.42
843.03
839.34
680.81
695.71
696.94
696.05
605.36
619.16
618.87
620.46
558.09
576.61
576.24
578.99
813.08
844.69
848.81
851.13
397.92
409.62
406.32
408.40
711.26
736.06
737.48
740.66
1,268.05 1,330.22 1,322.85 1,306.51
940.97
971.15
965.58
958.32
779.36
790.98
786.99
788.07
797.30
812.77
811.51
817.34
646.58
659.78
663.64
660.62
280.10
284.61
285.20
284.70
524.97
528.04
528.35
528.96

1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees
in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
p Preliminary

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on
private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted1
[2002=100]
Index of aggregate weekly hours2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls3

Industry

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

Percent
change
from:
May
2011 June
2011p

Total private. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods-producing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mining and logging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction................................. .
Manufacturing............................... .
Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Private service-providing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trade, transportation, and utilities. . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade.......................... .
Retail trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation and warehousing. . . . . . .
Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Professional and business services...... .
Education and health services. . . . ........ .
Leisure and hospitality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

98.7
78.7
124.9
79.7
76.2
75.2
77.6
104.1
96.5
97.5
94.5
101.3
95.4
90.4
102.3
107.1
118.9
103.9
96.1

100.7
80.9
143.9
81.2
78.0
77.8
78.2
106.3
98.9
100.4
96.7
104.8
96.5
89.7
101.3
110.8
121.1
106.2
98.1

100.7
81.2
145.2
81.7
78.2
78.3
77.9
106.0
98.6
100.9
95.9
104.5
96.2
89.5
101.1
110.9
121.2
105.7
98.1

100.8
81.1
147.4
81.5
78.0
78.2
77.5
106.4
99.4
101.1
96.7
105.6
95.0
89.4
100.8
111.1
120.8
105.9
98.1

0.1
-0.1
1.5
-0.2
-0.3
-0.1
-0.5
0.4
0.8
0.2
0.8
1.1
-1.2
-0.1
-0.3
0.2
-0.3
0.2
0.0

June
2010

Apr.
2011

May
2011p

June
2011p

Percent
change
from:
May
2011 June
2011p

125.6
97.6
173.4
99.7
92.7
92.8
92.2
134.2
115.7
123.6
107.1
122.9
119.9
115.3
135.8
145.2
157.0
133.8
119.8

130.3
102.0
200.7
103.3
96.5
97.8
94.0
139.3
120.7
129.8
111.3
128.8
125.1
118.4
136.4
152.3
163.2
137.8
122.9

130.7
102.6
205.4
103.9
96.7
98.4
93.8
139.3
120.7
130.7
110.3
129.3
124.4
117.8
135.9
152.6
164.2
138.0
123.0

130.7
102.3
208.9
103.6
96.4
98.0
93.4
139.7
121.4
131.3
111.0
130.2
122.7
116.9
135.7
153.5
163.5
138.1
123.1

0.0
-0.3
1.7
-0.3
-0.3
-0.4
-0.4
0.3
0.6
0.5
0.6
0.7
-1.4
-0.8
-0.1
0.6
-0.4
0.1
0.1

1 Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees
in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
2 The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual
average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
3 The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding
2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly
hours, and employment.
p Preliminary