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Mgnrega Works Draft Manual12

Mgnrega Works Draft Manual12

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MGNREGA WORKS FIELD MANUAL

Nodal Expert G.N.SHARMA, Irrigation & Soil Conservation Expert, U.N.D.P., Consultant (works), MGNREGA Division, MORD, GOI, (E-mail)-gnsharma123@yahoo.com; gn.sharma@undp.org, (M)-09810825069,

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CONTENTS
Chapter /Content

Page number 4 5 6-8 9-12

1. 2.

Introduction List of works, allowed in their order of priority, under the Act 2.1 Activities which can be carried out under different type of works permitted under MGNREGA

3. 4.

Strategy of Mahatma Gandhi MGNREGA works Mahatma Gandhi MGNREGA Works/ Activity/ Not to do / to do 4. (i). water Conservation & water harvesting; 4. (i).1. -water conservation 4. (i).1.1 -water conservation in arable area 4. (i).1.2 -water conservation in non arable area 4. (i).2. -Water Harvesting 4. (i) .2.1 -Water Harvesting by constructing Check Dams 4. (i) .2.2 -Water Harvesting by constructing Talab/ Village Ponds 4. (ii). drought proofing (including afforestation and tree plantation); 4. (ii).1 -Afforestation 4. (ii).2 -Tree Plantation 4. (iii). irrigation canals including micro & minor irrigation works; 4. (iii).1 -Irrigation Canal 4. (iii).2 - Minor Irrigation 4. (iv). provision of irrigation facility, horticulture plantation and land development facilities to land owned by households belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes or below poverty line families or to beneficiaries of land reforms or to the beneficiaries under the Indira Awas Yojana of the Government of India or that of the small farmers or marginal

13 13-16 17-18

19-26 27-29 30-36 37-39

40-45 46

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farmers as defined in the Agriculture Debt Waiver 17and Debt Relief Scheme, 2008; 4. (iv).1 Irrigation Facility on Individual Land 4. (iv).1.1 -Dug Well / Farm Pond/ Renovation of Dug well/ Farm Pond 4. (iv).2 Horticulture Plantation on Individual Land 4. (iv).3 Land Development on Individual land 4. (v) renovation of traditional water bodies including desilting of Tanks; 4. (vi) land development; 4. (vii) flood control and protection work including drainage in water logged areas; 4. (vii).1 -Flood Control 4. (vii).2 -Protection Work 4. (vii).3 -Drainage in Water Logged Area 4. (viii). rural connectivity to provide all weather access; 4.(ix). Bharat Nirman Rajeev Gandhi Seva Kendra;

47-52 53-55 55-58 59-62 62-64 65 65-66 66-68 68-73 73-84 85 86-91

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5. Works not permitted under MGNREGA & being carried out. ANNEXURE: Annexure-1: Institutional arrangements in ongoing programmes of rain fed area Annexure-2: A typical exercise for convergence of MGNREGS and IWMP of DoLR, RRR of water bodies & Dug well recharge scheme of MoWR for integrated development of rain fed area. Annexure-3: Objective, funding, subsidy, unit cost, norms, area coverage, institutional framework etc. under MGNREGS and the different programmes of MoWR. Annexure-4: A typical exercise for convergence of MGNREGS and different schemes of MoWR for integrated development of command area.

93-97

98-102

103-106

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i) Activities which can be carried out under different type of works permitted under MGNREGA. layout. 1. layout. execution and maintenance of works with live illustrations and activity wise observations/ not to do and suggestions/solutions/ to do. 4 . planning. 200 districts in its first phase and 330 additional districts in second phase. 2005. the basic input required in selection of work site. execution and maintenance of works are found missing.1 The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (Mahatma Gandhi NREGA) notified on September 7.2 As per the MGNREGA. ii) The basic input required in selection of work site. INTRODUCTION: 1. The Act covered all 619 rural districts of the country (up to 2009-10). mainly following aspects have been covered.CHAPTER-1. designing. 1. All the remaining rural districts were notified with effect from 1st April 2008 marking Phase iii of the Act. Therefore. aims at enhancing livelihood security of households in rural areas of the country by providing at least one hundred days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult member’s volunteers to do unskilled manual work.3 During field visits it has been observed that the field staff is not clear about the activities which can be carried out under different type of works permitted under MGNREGA.4 In this manual. in this manual all these aspects have been covered with live illustrations and activity wise observations/ not to do and suggestions/ to do. designing. 1. creation of durable assets and strengthening of livelihood resource base of the rural poor is an important objective of the scheme. In most of the cases. planning.

(vi) Land development. (iii) Irrigation canals including micro and minor irrigation works. 2008. (vii) Flood control and protection works including drainage in water logged areas. iv) How convergence of MGNREGS with other ongoing schemes in rain fed areas and command areas can be made for gap filling and value addition with convergence made easy formats. (iv) Provision of irrigation facility. CHAPTER-2.iii) Works not permitted under MGNREGA & being carried out at many places. 5 . The focus of the scheme shall be on the following works in their order of priority:(i) Water conservation and water harvesting. ALLOWED IN THEIR ORDER OF PRIORITY. it is mentioned that 1. horticulture plantation and land development facilities to land owned by households belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes or below poverty line families or to beneficiaries of land reforms or to the beneficiaries under the Indira Awas Yojana of the Government of India or that of the small farmers or marginal farmers as defined in the Agriculture Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme. LIST OF WORKS. (ii) Drought proofing (including afforestation and tree plantation). and (ix) Any other work which may be notified by the Central Government in consultation with the State Government. (viii) Rural connectivity to provide all-weather access.I of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005. UNDER THE ACT: In Schedule . (v) Renovation of traditional water bodies including desilting of tanks. Creation of durable assets and strengthening the livelihood resource base of the rural poor shall be an important objective of the Scheme.

ACTIVITIES WHICH CAN BE CARRIED OUT UNDER DIFFERENT TYPE OF WORKS PERMITTED UNDER MGNREGA S. 2. As far as practicable. Provision of regular inspection and supervision of works taken up under the scheme shall be made to ensure proper quality of work as well as to ensure that the total wages paid for the completion of the work is commensurate with the quality and quantity of work done.1. gully plugs.measures like bunding. (i) WORKS PERMITTED UNDER MGNREGA water conservation and water harvesting. Water conservation . No. implementing and monitoring authorities.The works taken up under the scheme shall be in rural areas. box trenches. b) water harvesting: 6 . check dams.by construction of small scale engineering structures like sunken ponds. The cost of material component of projects including the wages of the skilled and semi-skilled workers taken up under the scheme shall not exceed forty percent of the total project costs. The Gram Sabha must monitor the execution of projects and conduct social audit of all projects executed within its territorial jurisdiction. ACTIVITIES WHICH CAN BE CARRIED OUT UNDER THE WORKS PERMITTED UNDER MGNREGA a) water conservation: In situ water conservation . The scheme shall be subject to appropriate arrangements as may be laid down by the State Government under the rules issued by it for proper maintenance of the public assets created under the scheme. contour trenches/ furrows. a task funded under the scheme shall be performed by using manual labor and not machines. and vegetative barriers etc. staggered trenches. Panchayat Raj Institutions are principal planning. bench terracing. The Scheme shall not permit engaging any contractor for implementation of the projects under it. percolation tanks etc.

Lift irrigation. development of waste/ fallow land. tank cum well. construction of drainage channels. Dug well. . plantation). afforestation b) Afforestation. (iii) (iv) Provision of irrigation facility. road/ rail/ canal plantation. anicut. land leveling & shaping. b)Minor irrigation works . & Tree plantation proofing Eco restoration of forest. Diggi. a)Irrigation canals . small dam. reclamation of saline/ alkaline land. horticulture plantation and nursery raising.including ponds. Artificial recharge of well through sand filter. Tank cum dug well. Reforestation. tanks.Community well irrigation under conjunctive use c) Community micro irrigation system a) Irrigation facility: Construction/ lining of water courses/ Field channel. soil cover on waste land by transporting silt from nearby tank. b) Horticulture plantation: all activities related to horticulture including sericulture (land development and mulberry plantation).Correction of water conveyance system. c) Grass land development & silvipasture. Farm pond.Lining of canals . d) Watershed development works on watershed approach. block (including plantation & avenue plantation. full package of On Farm Development (OFD). khet talab. distributory & minor. Check dam.(ii) Water harvesting structures. system deficiencies above outlet up to distributaries. micro irrigation and other works of irrigation facility measurable and popular in the area as irrigation facility. Irrigation canals including micro and minor irrigation works. horticulture plantation and land development facilities to land owned by households belonging to the SC and ST or Below Poverty Line families or to beneficiaries of land reforms or to the beneficiaries under the IAY of the GOI or that of the SF or MF as defined in the Agriculture 7 .Community well irrigation/ lift irrigation . Drought a) Eco-restoration of forest. c) Land development: Construction of contour/ graded bund. Tanka. floriculture.Construction of canal.to cover degraded forest & barren land under and tree afforestation.

b) Peripheral bunding. talab. and Any other work Bharat Nirman Rajeev Gandhi Seva kendra which may be notified by the central Government in consultation with the state Government. d) Construction of intermediate and link drains. weirs and control structures. check dam. Renovation of traditional water bodies including desilting of tanks. Rural connectivity to provide all – weather access. e) Spurs and torrent control measures f) Bio-drainage. 2008. Land development a) Desilting of tanks. existing irrigation tanks. b) Land leveling of common land for production measures. c) Drainage in water logged areas. a) Diversion channel. Renovation and Restoration of traditional water bodies. a) Reclamation of salt affected common land for production measures like tree plantation/ Silvipasture. Gravel road/ WBM road (vii) (viii ) (ix) Flood control and protection works including drainage in water logged areas. d) Development of common waste land. talab and ponds and other traditional water bodies.(v) (vi) Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme. b) Repair. c) Full package of OFD works on common land. ponds. escape. 8 .

(i). 3. 3. Therefore. (v). Sheet or Watershed Atlas of the area by enlarging or reducing the scale of the maps to bring on similar scale for superimposition.3. which is an important objective of the Scheme. to achieve the objective of the scheme and optimum utilization of MGNREGA funds in rain fed area. increasing the productivity of the land. Watershed should be delineated/ marked on this superimposed map.1 RAIN FED AREA: 3.1.1. (iv).no.3 While planning for rain fed area.1 The works permitted under Mahatma Gandhi NREGA at sl. STRATEGY OF MAHATMA GANDHI NREGA WORKS: Creation of durable assets and strengthening the livelihood resource base of the rural poor. For planning of works the revenue map of the village should be superimposed on the G. area treatment from ridge to valley on watershed approach is the only solution for natural resource conservation.T. the projects are to be prepared on watershed approach with ridge to valley concept. (vi) & (viii) are such that all the rain fed area can be developed to bring the area under production or and to increase the productivity. can be achieved in rain fed as well as irrigated/ command areas with the range of works permitted under MGNREGA. (ii). bringing additional area under agriculture. Thereafter planning of works on watershed approach with ridge to valley concept and water 9 .CHAPTER. 3.1.2 It has been recommended by different high level Technical Committee and established by implementation of different Integrated Watershed programmes in last many years that for integrated development of rain fed area and drought proofing. the sub/ micro watershed area covering a Gram Panchayat or a village can be a unit for planning. employment generation and social upliftment of beneficiaries living in the rural area.

budgeting should be made. Once, the planning is completed the execution of works should start from ridge to valley. 3.2 CONVERGENCE OF MGNREGS WITH OTHER ONGOING SCHEMES IN RAIN FED AREA THAT IS IWMP OF MORD RECHARGE SCHEME OF MOWR: 3.2.1 As per operational guidelines 2008, 3rd edition, Para 4, Development plan and District perspective plan to facilitate advance planning and to provide a development perspective for the district is to be prepared. These plans in the district are to be coordinated by the District Programme Coordinator i.e. collector. The District Planning Committee, whose chairman is District collector, has also to approve the perspective and annual action plan relating to Watershed projects in the district (Institutional arrangements in ongoing programmes of rain fed area at Annexure-1). Therefore, at the stage of preparing/ approving perspective and annual action plan relating to MGNREGS and IWMP, the District Collector should coordinate in such a way that with the convergence of ongoing schemes in the area a comprehensive project of village / watershed, incorporating/ integrating all the works/ activities required for the integrated development of the village on watershed approach is prepared. 3.2.2 For integrated development of rain fed area on watershed approach, it is necessary that the project/ perspective plan of a village is prepared on Watershed approach integrating all the activities into a whole project. In this project, the works permitted under MGNREGA is planned / covered under MGNREGA and work not permitted under MGNREGA is covered under ongoing IWMP of DoLR (MoRD)/ RKVY, NHM of MoA and RRR and Dug well recharge scheme of MoWR. For illustration works on individual land other than SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/ Beneficiary of Land Reform and IAY cannot be carried out under MGNREGA. Therefore such remaining area can be covered under IWMP/ RKVY/ NHM/ RRR/ Dug Well Recharge scheme being implemented in the area. Identify all the works/ activities to be covered under MGNREGS and under ongoing different schemes, separately with size RRR & DUG WELL

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of area/ work, estimated cost and the year in which proposed. A typical format/ exercise on convergence of MGNREGS with IWMP, RKVY, NHM, RRR, and Dug Well recharge scheme in rain fed area are at Annexure-2.

3.3 COMMAND AREA: The works permitted under Mahatma Gandhi MGNREGA at sl.no. iii) to viii) are such that the command area can also be developed to bring the command area under production and to increase the productivity. 3.4 CONVERGENCE OF MGNREGS WITH OTHER ONGOING SCHEMES IN COMMAND AREA: 3.4.1 There is a gap between the irrigation potential created and that utilized. Many of the irrigation projects in the country have also been under operation below their potential due to inadequate maintenance, which is one of the important factors for reduced irrigation efficiency at project level. This has resulted in the problem of low efficiency of water usage and low productivity. Increasing trend of water logging, salinity and alkalinity is offsetting the advantages of irrigation by rendering the affected areas unproductive or underproductive. The process of reclamation is far exceeded by an additional area becoming water logged and saline/alkaline. Therefore, for integrated development of command area, the convergence of MGNREGS with schemes of MoWR and schemes of MOA for gap filling and value addition should be made. Convergence between MGNREGA and Programmes of MoWR is mutually beneficial. 3.4.2 There are seven programme of MoWR being implemented in the country with works similar or complementary to MGNREGA works. Objective, funding, subsidy, unit cost, norms, area coverage, institutional framework etc. under MGNREGS and the different programmes of water resource department have been detailed at Annexure-3. Since the DPC/ District Collector / CEO Zila Parishad is coordinator of the programmes at district level related to

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MoWR and MoA, therefore, DPC should converge all these programmes starting from planning to monitoring, for integrated development of the area. 3.4.3 For integrated development of irrigated area, it is necessary that the project of a village is prepared on Command Area Development approach, integrating all the activities into a project. In this project, the activities permitted and to be covered under MGNREGS and those to be covered under schemes of MoWR may be clearly indicated in terms of the size of area/ work, estimated cost, so as to ensure that all the required works/activities have been proposed and there is no duplicity. A typical exercise is given at Annexure-4. The works in rain fed/ command area proposed for development under MGNREGS and the works proposed under ongoing programmes in the area have to be incorporated in the projects separately. However, with every project report, a statement showing different works/activities proposed under different programmes be attached, so that it is ensured that all the required works/activities have been proposed and also there is no duplicity.

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1. WATER CONSERVATION & WATER HARVESTING: 4.2. (i). (i). WATER CONSERVATION: In rain fed area for water conservation/ harvesting. has been elaborated in detail in the Watershed Works Manual –produced by Samaj Pragati Sahayog for MORD. WATER CONSERVATIONMeasures like bunding.2 Water Harvesting by constructing Talab/ Village Ponds 4. (i).2. stop dam etc. Treatments required are4. treatment required are BUNDING (contour bunding/ graded bunding) and bench terracing depending on rainfall and general slope of the area to 13 . (i). 4. only than it will be durable and effective. (i). (i).1 Water Conservation in Arable Area 4. the work should be planned on watershed approach i. GOI (In Hindi and English and chapter wise booklets) and available on Mahatma Gandhi NREGA website nrega. contour trenches/ furrows/ staggered trenches. small dam. (i).1.in.1 Water conservation in Arable area. stop dam etc.e.2.1 Water Harvesting by constructing check dam. (i). How to do detailed planning. Work should start from ridge. planning and treating the area on ridge to valley concept.CHAPTER. Non arable land and Forest land. 4.1. Rain fed area generally consists of Arable land. anicut. bench Terracing.nic. tanks.Arable area consist of area under cultivation and the be treated. anicut. design and execution of works on catchment area. 4.1. WATER HARVESTINGWorks like ponds.2 Water Conservation in Non Arable Area 4.1. (i).4. 4. box trenches etc.

e) Side slope of bunds as recommended for different type of soil (based on angle of repose) should be provided for the e) Side slope of the bunds are not provided durability of bunds. the seepage line will pass out from the bunds(Photo-4). pass out from the bunds and bunds will not be f) In planning and record keeping for durable (Photo No.the basic principles like leaving berm between bund and the d) In execution. so that the bunds constructed are durable. 3 & 4).-1. c) For safe disposal of excess water. with the result. putting earth in 15 to being followed i. a) The required survey. & 3 ).-1. d) In execution. dressing and dressing with designed side slope is with designed side slop and level top. compaction without leaving berm. level. breaking clods.-1. The bunds and soil erosion (Photo-2). portion/ bund from where excess runoff is passing out. Bunding/ Terracing is the key for Natural Resource management in arable area for benefitting rural poor by creating durable assets and strengthening the livelihood resource base of the rural poor. b) The layout should be given with the b) The layouts are also not given with the help of design plan or instrument like design plan or survey instruments like Dumpy Dumpy level/ A-frame. layer. planning and design should be made before execution. the basic principals are not trench excavated. the length of run of runoff water simultaneously to check breaching of increases which increase soil erosion. planning & design to work out the location of bunds on the field boundaries falling near / along the contour are not being made. identification and verification of work the beneficiaries detail with khasra number 14 . These bunds should as per angle of repose of the type of soil also be strengthened by grass sodding available.e. c) No provision of Waste Weir for the safe waste weir of designed size at suitable disposal of excess runoff made. the seepage line will available locally. breaking clods. with the necessary for the durability of the result. economical and productive. bunds and bunds will not be durable (Photo No. 3 & 4).BUNDING: ACTIVITY WISE OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO It has been observed that at most of the places: a) The required topographical survey. there is formation of Gully (Photo No. with the locations should be constructed result. bunds constructed are 22 cm.

PHOTO-1: BUNDING on the land of Shri lalli S/O Shri Bhaggi.. providing proper side slope. level top and waste weir etc. with year wise phasing after reconnaissance survey and PRA. whereas.P.in. clodd breaking. Block-Bhander. not covered under bunding is very much visible in the districts visited and found the crop. No planning has been done and no layout has been given.Datia (M. FOR MORE DETAILS REFER WATERSHED WORKS MANUAL PRODUCED BY SPS FOR MORD.5) should be maintained. which will give good income to the farmers and will strengthen the bunds.nic.f) In planning and record keeping with the name of the beneficiary. g) Growing crop like Arhar on the bunds can be carried out to get income. g) In Madhya Pradesh found that the Arhar (Tur) pulse sowing was done on all the bunds constructed. clodd breaking. i) Integrated project should be prepared for bunding work on individual lands of a village on area/ watershed approach. living proper berm. AVAILABLE ON MGNREGA WEBSITE.) constructed by Gram Panchayat under MGNREGS. are all missing. the maintenance after harvest and before next rainy season is required for durability of the bunds. for identification and verification the khasra number is necessary. dressings. dressing. because of rain water conservation and check on soil erosion. nrega. PHOTO-2: TYPICAL WORK OF BUNDING with living proper berm. providing proper side slope. level top and waste weir etc. have been provided for durability of the bunds. (Photo No. However. The comparison of the area covered under bunding and the area. Village-Deguwa Gujjar. 15 . the Khasra number found missing. The required physical norms/ specification and as prescribed by the State i. h) The construction of bunding has given very good results even in first year.Distt.e.

no dressing and no provision for safe disposal of runoff water. breaking of clods. Village & G.-Maliwara. Bunding has been carried out. Side slope not as per design. found missing. G. VillageKuchwahi. PHOTO -5: BUNDING in the field of Shri Chhabey s/o Shri Dhan Singh. PHOTO-4: GOOD CONTOUR BUNDING WORK with proper planning. Berm. breaking of clods. which will adversely affect the durability of the bunds. with the result bunds constructed will be durable and effective. dressing with designed side slope.). Umaria (M.PHOTO-3:CONSTRUCTION OF BUNDS: In the field of Shri Mohan Singh S/O Shri Sahaiya.P. 16 . Distt.P. leaving berm. level top and construction of waste weir. no clod breaking. Tur crop on the bunds.P. therefore it will be very effective and economical.Manpur. but will need maintainance for durability of bunds.-Mandla (M.) constructed by Gram Panchayat. no compaction. on an area approach.P. dressing with designed side slope and level top of bunds and construction of waste weir. -Gurwahi -Janpad. JanpadNainpur. Tur crop on the bunds will strenthen the bunds in addition to additional area under crop. from ridge to valley.

4. (i).1.2 WATER CONSERVATION IN NON- ARABLE AREA, consist of areas not under cultivation and it is waste land, forest land, and common land. Treatments required are contour trenches, staggered trenches, box trenches and vegetative barrier etc. suggestions CONTOUR TRENCHES: ACTIVITY WISE OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWSOBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO a) At many places in forest areas, it has been observed that only single activity of contour trenches planed; proposed, sanctioned and executed under MGNREGS. SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) In non arable area/ forest area, for soil and water conservation full package of soil and water conservation with scientific survey, planning, design and layout should be taken, so that the works carried out are durable, economical and productive. b) Contour trenches are effective only if constructed on contour; otherwise instead benefitting it will be harmful by increasing length of run and soil erosion. Therefore, the layout should be given on contour with the help of design plan and A- Frame. (Photo-7 &9) c) In execution- the basic principles like leaving berm between bund and the trench, breaking clods and dressing with designed side slope is necessary for the durability of the work (Photo-9). FOR MORE DETAILS REFER WATERSHED WORKS MANUAL PRODUCED BY SPS FOR MORD AND AVAILABLE ON MGNREGA WEBSITE, nrega.nic.in.

b) At many places observed, that the contour trenches constructed are not on the contours. Suggested to use A-frame to give layout of trenches on contours (Photo-6 &8).

c) The excavated earth from contour trench are placed on the downstream side without leaving berm, breaking clods and dressing with required side slope, with the result, the bunds will not be durable and trenches will be silted up (Photo-6&8).

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PHOTO-6: CONSTRUCTION OF STAGGERED CONTOUR TRENCHES in Forest Area: (VillageBishampur, G.P.–Molandighi, Block-Kanksa, Distt.Burdwan, W.B.) by Forest Department. Contour trenches are not on contours. Single activity of contour trenches has been carried out, whereas, full package of soil & water Conservation work should have been taken.

PHOTO-7: CONSTRUCTION OF STAGGERED CONTOUR TRENCHES on rolling topography with A-frame will conserve soil, rain water, check soil erosion and better growth of seeding/ plantation. Full package of soil & water Conservation work i.e. seeding on the D/S of trenches, check dams etc. have been taken.

PHOTO-8: CONSTRUCTION OF CONTINUES CONTOUR TRENCHES in Forest Area: (VillageBishampur, G.P.–Molandighi, Block-Kanksa, Distt. Burdwan, W.B.) by Forest Department. Excavated earth not placed after leaving berm, breaking of clods and dressing with required side slope not done.

PHOTO-9: CONSTRUCTION OF CONTINUES CONTOUR TRENCHES on rolling Topography with A-frame conserve soil and water. Placed the excavated earth, after leaving berm of 2-3ft. width and has done breaking of clods and dressing of bund with required side slope, with the result, the work is durable and affective.

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4. (i).2. WATER HARVESTING: 4. (i).2.1-WATER HARVESTING BY CONSTRUCTING CHECK DAMS: Drainage line, i.e. starting from gully to drain outlet formed by runoff water and treatment required are different type of Check Dam starting from brush check Dam to the Pucca Check Dam i.e. Earthen Check Dam and Pucca Check Dam, Stop Dam, Anicut etc., EARTHEN CHECK DAM/ WATER HARVESTING TANK: ACTIVITY WISE OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) In most of the States it has been observed that no survey is being carried out for Longitudinal Section of Nala to work out location of the structure so that the structure constructed can store optimum quantity of water and is economical and productive (Photo- 10& 11). b) It has been observed at few places that because no survey was carried out for Longitudinal Section of Nala, therefore, the earthen structure of the Water Harvesting Tank constructed has come under submergence of the water stored in the structure existing in the downstream side of the Tank Seepage line coming from the downstream side because of submergence will cross the seepage line going from upstream side, resulting failure of structure (Photo-12 &13).. c) It has also been observed at most of the places that Hydrologic, Hydraulic and structural design w.r.t. catchment, topography and rainfall of the area are not being made, resulting the structure are overdesigned or under designed. a) For proper location of Check Dam, longitudinal section of nala at least up to 1Km. upstream and 1Km. downstream of the proposed site should be carried out to work out proper location of the Check Dam. Location of check dam should be such that there is maximum storage of water and nala opening is minimum, so that the construction cost per unit of water stored is minimal. b) It should also be checked that there is no submergence of proposed check dam from downstream side structure and no submergence of upstream side structure, because of proposed check dam.

c) Hydrological design i.e. peak discharge should be worked out from catchment area of the Check Dam, rainfall pattern of the area and topography of the catchment. Thereafter, Hydraulic design i.e. size of waste weir should be worked out for safe disposal of peak discharge. The height, side slope, bottom width and top width should be worked out so that the seepage line does not pass out from the earthen structure. FOR MORE DETAILS REFER WATERSHED WORKS MANUAL PRODUCED BY SPS FOR

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Chikhaldhara.Amravati (Maharashtra) it is a good structure.nic. Distt.Salona.e. Taluka.MORD ALSO AVAILABLE ON MGNREGA WEBSITE. because of narrow opening available. with less cost more storage would have been possible. PHOTO-10: STORAGE TANK ACROSS THE NALA AS CHECK DAM at Village Salona. Suggested that looking to the site. Suggested that looking to the site. because of narrow opening available. with less cost more storage would have been possible. because of 20 .e. It is a good structure.. the location of structure in the downstream side would have been more economical i. PHOTO-11: STORAGE TANK ACROSS THE NALA AS CHECK DAM at Village. . If it would have been constructed slightly down stream side than the cost of the Dam would have reduced & the structure would have been economical. Distt. Taluka. nrega.in.e.Amravati (Maharashtra) Suggested that looking to the site. the location of structure in the downstream side would have been more economical i.Chikhaldhara. with less cost more storage would have been possible. the location of structure in the downstream side would have been more economical i.

Distt.narrow opening available. PHOTO-13: WATER HARVESTING TANK ACROSS THE NALA AS CHECK DAM: (Village & G. Janpad-kerkali. Therefore.P. Survey for L-Section to select proper site where maximum storage. –Khalay Kethai.) constructed by Soil Conservation Department without survey for LSection.-Umaria. minimum opening. minimum opening.-Umaria. –Khalay Kethai.P. Distt.P.) constructed by Soil Conservation Department without survey for LSection. the earthen structure has come under submergence of the WHS existing in the downstream side and will affect adversely to the safety of the structure. M. Therefore. Survey for L-Section to select proper site where maximum storage.P. Janpad-kerkali. should be carried out. sufficient bank height and no submergence from downstream side structure and no submergence of upstream side structure is there. M. the earthen structure has come under submergence of the WHS existing in the downstream side and will affect adversely to the safety 21 . should be carried out. PHOTO-12: WATER HARVESTING TANK ACROSS THE NALA AS CHECK DAM: (Village & G. sufficient bank height and no submergence from downstream side structure and no submergence of upstream side structure is there.

peak discharge should be worked out from catchment c) It has also been observed at most of the area of the Check Dam.14 to design for Pucca Check Dam. workmanship (Photo-19 &23).r. no design. catchment. the Dam / Culvert/ road existing in upstream side durability and capacity of Check Dam is of the Check Dam has come under affected. ANICUT: ACTIVITY WISE OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWSOBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) In most of the states. poor quality of workmanship should be of good quality. STOP DAM.t. it has been observed a) For proper location of Check Dam. PUCCA CHECK DAM. or within a year or two after completion. so that the structure constructed the proposed site should be carried out to can store optimum quantity of water and is work out a proper location of the Check economical and productive (Photo. Dam. Hydraulic and the area and topography of the catchment. c) Hydrological design i. rainfall pattern of places that Hydrologic.14 to 23). where maximum storage of water and minimum construction cost is possible b) It has been observed at few places that for optimum utilization of resources and to because no survey was carried for check that there is no submergence from Longitudinal Section of Nala. downstream of structure. topography Thereafter.e. structural design w. to work out 23).in. For more details refer WATERSHED WORKS MANUAL produced by SPS for MORD also available on MGNREGA website nrega. upstream and 1Km. that no survey is carried out for Longitudinal longitudinal section of nala at least up to Section of Nala to work out location of the 1Km. the downstream side structure and to Check Dam constructed has come under upstream side structure. leaking from all the side. uplift. construction material used and poor only than the water will be stored in the structure. waste weir should be worked out for safe resulting the check dam constructed are disposal of peak discharge. the height. bottom width and top width should be made so that the d) At few places found the Check Dam structure is safe with respect to sliding. submergence because of newly constructed Check Dam. Hydraulic design i. undermining and overturning. side slope. submergence of the Check Dam existing in the downstream side of the Tank or Check b) Because of this submergence. Structural overdesigned or under designed(Photo. 22 .nic. therefore.e. just after completion piping. size of and rainfall of the area are not being made.of the structure. because of no proper selection of site with the d) The quality of building material and help of L-Section.

G. ii) Hydrological. . with the result.-Umaria.i) Survey for L-Section to select proper site of maximum storage and minimum expenditure should be carried out. Janpad. M. hydraulic and structural design. before it is filled up. rainfall and topography should be made so that the structure is safe and economical. hydraulic and structural design.P.P.Manpur.Gadriya Tola.Tikuri. M. Distt.P.) constructed by RES Department without survey for L-Section and hydrological. with respect to the catchment.Tikuri.P. with the result. location and size is not suitable/proper and the water stored will be very meager. .-Umaria. Janpad. PHOTO-14: CONSTRUCTION OF STOP DAM: (Village. 23 . so that the structure is safe and constructed in reasonable cost.Manpur Distt. Structural design should have been made with respect to the height of bank available. PHOTO-15: CONSTRUCTION OF STOP DAM: (Village. G.) constructed by RES Department The height of head wall of the structure is higher than the banks of Nala. water will pass through the sides.Gadriya Tola.

ii) Suggested to construct length wise toe wall on the Left part of the apron. M. which will result in damage of Apron. Janpad-Manpur. water is not retained on the apron and the kinetic energy of falling water will not be dissipated. Distt.P.-Umaria.-Umaria. so that water is retained on the apron.Raksha.i) Survey for L-Section to select proper site of maximum storage and minimum expenditure should be carried out. If survey for L-section would have been carried out and used than the location of structure would have been better and constructed with lesser cost.Raksha. Distt. If survey for L-section would have been carried out and used. M. therefore. PHOTO-16: Bichhlouha WATER STORAGE WEIR (Village. without survey for L-Section.) Constructed by Water Resource Department. PHOTO-17: Bichhlouha WATER STORAGE WEIR (Village. than the location of structure would have been in lower reaches where storage of water would have been more with lesser cost of construction.) constructed by Water Resource Department without survey for L-Section. Left part of the apron is without toe wall.P. 24 . to dissipate kinetic energy of falling water. Janpad-Manpur.

P. otherwise structure may fail. the head over crest is 1.0 meter. with the result. Jhunjhunu • 4 dried well have recharged.-Bella Bhaila.P.41 meter. whereas on the site it has been kept only 1.Suggested to check the design and provide head over crest as per design. it is safe durable.S. PHOTO-18: CONSTRUCTION OF PUCCA CHECK DAM G.) Observation: As per design. Toe wall on apron to dissipate kinetic energy of falling water constructed.Rahi. but now water is available throughout the year. 25 . Kethri. • 5’-25’ increase in water table of 6 wells • 3 new wells constructed • Well dried in Nov or Dec.Rae Bareli. Block. PHOTODesign of check dam found missing. (U. District. resulting under scouring & erosion of form both end of the check dam. economical and productive.P. Kankaria Anicut. 19: the not soil PHOTO-20: Pucca check dam (Anicut) constructed with required survey and design.

to dissipate kinetic energy of the water jet falling on it. Proper selection of site with the help of L-Section.Aodi. P.6 lakh) in G.-Jhansi.).P. Apron has been constructed in the upstream side also. Secondly the length of the apron constructed in the downstream side is also more than required. U. the structure is overdesigned. 26 .Sonbhadra (U.P. because of no proper selection of site with the help of L-Section. PHOTO-23: CONSTRUCTION OF CHECK DAM (costing 11. Apron is constructed in the downstream side of the structure. required design. bad quality material used and poor workmanship. in this structure.P. no design. . Distt. good quality of building material and workmanship is must for the durability of Check Dam. Distt.. Whereas.PHOTO-21: CONSTRUCTION OF PUCCA CHECK DAM in Village.. by G. it is safe durable. The check dam found leaking from all the side & it is a failure structure. economical and productive.Budhai.. PHOTO-22: PUCCA CHECK DAM (Anicut) constructed with required survey and design. Block -Myorpur. with the result.

With the result. nreg. (i). 26 to 28). FOR MORE DETAILS REFER. rainfall pattern of the area and topography of the catchment. b) Provision for inlet & outlet: Most of the places. 27 and 28). breaking clods & dressing with designed side slope: The earth excavated from the pond is being dumped on the banks without leaving berm. talab being constructed are over designed or under designed (Photo-24. with the result. ALSO AVAILABLE ON MGNREGA WEBSITE. RKVY etc. “WATERSHED WORKS MANUAL” PRODUCED BY SPS FOR MORD AND “IMPLEMENTING INTEGRATED NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PROJECTS UNDER THE NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT 2005” A RESOURCE BOOK PRODUCED BY PRADAN. c) Berm. inlet and outlet of ponds w.r. b) Provision of inlet and outlet is must for safe and silt free inflow of water and safe out flow of excess runoff water.t. bottom width and top width of the bund should be worked out so that the seepage line does not pass out from the bunds. catchment.e. d) Convergence with other ongoing schemes like Fisheries.e.t. 26 and 28). peak discharge and total quantity of available water for storage should be worked out from catchment area of the Talab/ pond.1.WATER HARVESTING BY CONSTRUCTING TALAB/ TANKS/ PONDS: Ponds and talab on community land are being constructed to harvest rain water for community use and recharge ground water. Under this work only excavation of earth is being done that too without any Hydrologic and Hydraulic design for size of pond. breaking clods. The height. dressing with required side slope. size of inlet and outlet should be worked out. Hydraulic design i. but not with project approach and systematically. Thereafter. a) Hydrological design i. dressing with required side slope. for gap filling & value addition: Reported that convergence with Fisheries programme is being done. RKVY etc should be made. so that the earth from the bunds are not eroded and the pond and bunds are durable. resulting siltation of Talab and the erosion of inlet and outlet of Talab effecting durability of Talab (Photo-24. the earth comes back in the talab and work are not durable Photo-24. rainfall & topography: Most of the works being carried out for water harvesting are excavation of talab on Common/ individual lands by Gram Panchayat. c) The earth excavated from the pond should be placed on the banks with leaving proper berm. breaking clods.in 27 . CONSTRUCTION OF TALAB: ACTIVITY WISE OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWSOBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) Design for size of talab. side slope. inlet & outlet w. catchment.r. there is no provision in the estimate for construction of Inlet and Outlet. d) For value addition and gap filling.nic.2. rainfall & topography. convergence with ongoing schemes like Fisheries.4. with result the rain water inflow will carry silt.

r.-Jamuari. so that it is not over designed or under designed. breaking clods.t.P. G.Dih.t.) There is no design for the capacity of talab. District. topography and rainfall of the area.) No design for the capacity of talab. inlet and outlet w. District. inlet and outlet should be worked out with respect to catchment area of the pond. PHOTO-24: CONSTRUCTION OF FISH POND.r. rainfall pattern of the area and topography of the catchment. Block.. PHOTO-26: Construction of Fish Pond. 28 .P.Mau. G. compaction and dressing of the bund with designed side slope. so that it is not over designed or under designed. inlet and outlet w.Rae Bareli (U. breaking clods.P. rainfall pattern of the area and topography of the catchment. inlet and outlet should be worked out with respect to catchment area of the pond. The excavated earth should be placed for construction of bund with leaving 2 to 3 feet berm. catchment and rainfall of the area has been made. The excavated earth being dumped for bund without leaving berm. Block.Musafirkhana. Photo-25: The size of pond.P.Sultanpur (U. and dressing with required side slope. catchment. The size of pond.

59. Used excavated earth in constructing bunds without required side slope. inlet and outlet of the pond.North Boytamari. The excavated earth should be placed for construction of bund with leaving 2 to 3 feet berm. . Constructed in year 2006.e. breaking clods. In the district this work is common but no convergence with Fishery department made with the result not being brought under fish production scientifically.38 lakh. 29 . by leaving berm.Dewangaon Gomath..P. (A. costing Rs. The quality is so poor that the soil excavated and constructed bund is coming back in the tank and silting it. rainfall pattern of the area and topography of the catchment. breaking clods. dressing of bund with designed side slope and level top for the durability of the bund and tank.Pandraprolu. G. This work should have been converged with the schemes of Fishery department for bringing the asset under scientific production of fish. berm.P.P.The excavated earth from the tank should have been used properly in construction bund i.-Bongaigaon. with the result it will not be durable. . G. Group should have been formed and the tank brought under fish production in time. The size of pond and waste weir should be worked out with respect to catchment area of the pond.-East Godavari. Distt. Mandal-Gangavaram. Distt. No group formed and the tank has not been brought under fish production so far and lying without use for the last three years.) No design made for the size of pond. PHOTO-28: CONSTRUCTION OF POND at villageBarrimamidi. PHOTO -27: CONSTRUCTION OF FISHERY TANK at Village. Dantol. (Assam). breaking of clods and dressing. compaction and dressing of the bund with designed side slope.

vegetative check dam. (ii) DROUGHT PROOFING (INCLUDING AFFORESTATION AND TREE PLANTATION) ACTIVITIES WHICH CAN BE CARRIED OUT: Eco-restoration of forests. the side slope in the trench/ ditch should be kept as per the angle of repose of the type of soil. designed side slope and dressing for the durability of the bund and the trench. Neem and over all other variety of plantation and only Karonda etc. the side banks of the trench/ ditch are collapsed and the trench/ ditch is silted. as per b) At many places found that no Soil and water requirement should be the part of the conservation measures like staggered trenches/ plantation work and carried out furrows have been constructed as a part of simultaneously. It has been observed that in the trench/ditch. the mixed sowing of Prosophis c) In such cases. With the result. growth of plantation is good. species grows fully without affecting each 30 .1 AFFORESTATION: I) Eco-restoration of forest & Reforestation . taking sowing of Subabul. therefore. in number of rows. it will not serve the purpose of fencing nor durable. Reforestation. The bund constructed from the excavated earth are without leaving berm in between trench and bund.RESTORATION OF FOREST. The bund constructed from the excavated earth should be with leaving 2-3 feet berm in between trench and bund. The Prosophis Juliflora as much as required. so that the survivality and plantation (Photo-31 &34). therefore. staggered trenches. (Photo-35) c) At few places. III) Grass land development & silvipasture. Deshi babul. grows fast and in bush form.to cover degraded forest & barren land under afforestation. earthen check dam etc. breaking clods. Subabul and Karonda was made on the boundary for fencing. so that all the there is Prosophis Juliflora in plenty in the area. block plantation & avenue plantation. designed side slope and dressing (Photo-29 &30). found that under fuel wood plantation. Tree plantation and Afforestation4.Eco restoration of forest. Prosophis Juliflora should be made only on Sisam. Inside the area. if required sowing of Juliflora (Vilayti babul). breaking clods. Neem. (ii). II) Afforestation. b) Soil and water conservation measures like staggered trenches/ furrows. a) For durability and to serve the purpose of fencing. should be made separately on prosophis Juliflora will grow. AND REFORESTATION (BLOCK PLANTATION): ACTIVITY WISE OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) Fencing of forest area for plantation/ protection is made by constructing Cattle Proof Trench (CPT)/ Ditch cum Bund (DCB) fencing.4. ECO. Deshi babul. side slopes as per angle of repose of the type of soil is not kept. Secondly. already different staggered trenches.

and survivality of the seeding/ plantation and with the result.Dachka. the maintenance should be the part of the estimate for plantation. nrega. / DITH CUM BUND FOR FENCING at Village. Therefore.therefore. one year missed. which is not justified (Photo – 31 &34).T. Dehradun. for the durability of CPT. d) The plant to plant spacing should be as d) At one place. the spacing plant to plant kept is only 1 meter. till the plant grow to a height of the estimate/ plan. clod breaking and dressing with side slope (as per angle of repose of the soil available) and level top. the plant to plant spacing in per the recommended norms for the species Jatropha kept is 2 meter and in between being planted for satisfactory growth of the Jatropha. (Photo-32 &36).nic. there was no need of sowing Juliflora other. Gujarat by Forest Department.in. The watch and ward in the beyond the reach of cattle is necessary for plantation areas found poor. f) The watch and ward and maintenance in f) At many areas maintenance is not made part first few years. i) Side slope in the trench as per the type of soil in the strata should be provided for durability of the trench.P. Observation: i) No designed side slope provided. planting of Teak has been done. Therefore. Distt. ii) Bund should be constructed with leaving berm of at least 2 feet . “FOREST WORKS MANUAL” PRODUCED BY Forest Research Institute. e) The seeding and plantation should be made in time with respect to the rainfall e) At few places found that the grass sowing in pattern in the area for better germination targeted area not made in time/ year planned. plantation (Photo-33 &35). otherwise the expenditure made on plantation will be of no use. ii) Bund constructed without leaving berm. ALSO AVAILABLE ON MGNREGA WEBSITE. PHOTO-29: CONSTRUCTION OF C. one rainy season missed means save time/year.Sabarkantha. the growth of the plantation. FOR MORE DETAILS REFER. clod breaking and 31 .

which will affect adversely on the durability of CPT. i) Required side slope in the trench is missing. for the durability of CPT.) Soil and water conservation works are missing & plant to plant spacing is only 1mx1m.P. PHOTO. resulting poor growth of the plantation.31: PLANTATION by Forest Dep’t. Construction of CPT: (Compartment No. Distt.P. PHOTO-30: REHABILATION OF DEGRADED FOREST. G. clod breaking and dressing with side slope and level top.) Constructed by Forest Department. Janpad-Mandla. is must for successful plantation. i) Side slope in the trench as per the soil in the strata should be provided for durability of the trench. Janpad-Manpur. with the result. P34.dressing with side slope and level top. M. ii) Bund constructed without leaving berm.-Mohpani. 32 . clod breaking and dressing with side slope (as per angle of repose of the soil available) and level top.P. Soil and water conservation works & plant to plant spacing as per norms/ recommendation for the different species.-Umaria. in Compartment no. it is collapsed and the trench constructed is silted. ii) Bund should be constructed with leaving berm of at least 2 feet . Forest land.-Mandla (M. 862/B. Distt.

by planting 39. was made on staggered trenches in 2007-08. Block. in compartment P-71.Lohardaga. taken over all other variety of plantations. 33 . Jamun and Anwla etc. Neem.PHOTO -32: AFFORESTATION by Forest Department under MGNREGA. Deshi babul. area.). PHOTO. Sisam. at Maithana Pahuj. (costing Rs. PHOTO-34: PLANTATION ON COMMUNITY LAND (Haryali). (M. by Panchayat.) mixed sowing of Prosophis Juliflora (Vilayti babul).5 lakh) in Block. land shaping and soil & water conservation works has not been carried out. land shaping and soil & water conservation should be carried out to check soil erosion and moisture conservation. but i) Before plantation. There should not be mix of Prosophis Juliflora with other varieties.-Datia. there is severe soil erosion and no moisture PHOTO-35: i) Before plantation. with the result.000 plants of Acacia. Datia. ii) The plant to plant spacing should be as per norms /technical norms with respect to the type/ variety of plant should be followed. village-Sersa. Distt. (M. The land has been developed by removing Prosophis Juliflora. therefore. Subabul and Karonda mixed.P. Distt. District. The Prosophis Juliflora grows fast and in bush form. 12.Kuru.33: SUCCESSFUL BLOCK PLANTATION by Forest Department in 39 ha. kathal.Bhander.P. (Jharkhand).

Andal. ii) Prosophis Juliflora seeding should be done on the fencing. and Gram Panchayat. (Photo -37).Allahabad.Kajora. The SGSY group “DIGANTA” kajora has been engaged to run the project.Manda. b) SHG members should have been involved since inception of the project. Similarly. ii) Prosophis Juliflora seeding done on the bunds of trenches with other seeds has taken over other seeds. (W.) Trenches constructed are not on contour for conservation of rain water. Sericulture project carried out in village & G.B. to avoid complications on distribution of benefits and owner ship. G.-Burdwan. b) SHG members were not involved in the Before proposing such works. PHOTO-36: BLOCK PLANTATION.. no MOU has been executed among Easter Coal Field Ltd. (U.) by the Gram Panchayat under MGNREGA with technical support & advice of Sericulture Department in year 2007-08. check soil erosion and better growth of seeding/ plantation.. check soil erosion and better growth of seeding/ plantation. District. Block.P. MOU among all the stake holders should be made. ii) The plant to plant spacing/ technical norms are also missing. instead inside on the bunds of trenches with seeds of other varieties.conservation. Gram Panchayat and SHG.P. i) Trenches should be constructed on contour with A-Frame for better conservation of rain water. Block.-Uchdeeh. SERICULTURE (BLOCK PLANTATION): ACTIVITY WISE OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) In 12 Acre land of Easter Coal Field Ltd.P. The land belongs to the Easter Coal Field Ltd. so 34 . Distt. but no MOU has been executed between Easter Coal Field Ltd.

small earthen check dams to conserve rain water and rainfall. gap filling and maintenance etc.–Kajora. 35 . Sufficient provision should also be made for life saving irrigation in 1st year. ii) In first year.5 lakh was made in first year which survived only for a year.37: SERICULTURE PROJECT at Village & G. (W. the SHG was involved. c) At the place of bamboo fencing of block plantation. soil adopted. Block-Andal. soil and water conservation works. to save plantation from drought.P. i) At the place of bamboo fencing. get involved and own the project. Only after infrastructure development. plantation. small earthen check dams to conserve rain water and check soil erosion.e. i) Bamboo fencing costing Rs. sufficient provision should have been made for irrigation and should have constructed Soil Conservation works like contour trenches. d) 50% plants in this 12 acre sericulture d) In first year soil and water conservation plantation died due to lack of irrigation and poor works like contour trenches. with year wise phasing for execution. that they get wages as worker. work. fencing. which is durable. 1. 1. Distt. PHOTO. e) The estimates prepared and T. which is durable. conserve rain water and can be utilized for boundary/ fencing plantation.S. Ditch cum Bund fencing should be made. Ditch cum bund fencing should have been made. No project approach estimation for all the activities i. c) Bamboo fencing costing Rs.5 lakh of this 12 acre land for Sericulture was made in first year. conserve rain water and can be utilized for boundary/ fencing plantation also. check soil erosion should be made. which survived for a year only (Photo-37).B.project since beginning.) by Gram Panchayat.-Burdwan. issued in e) There should be a project approach with peaces activity wise.

before executing the work. Distt.B. issued by the Ministry (GOI) and also available on MGNREGA web site.nic.. In the PHOTO-39: AGRO FORESTRY IN Distt. nrega. maintenance and given for the number of beneficiaries distribution of benefits among beneficiaries should and distribution of benefits among them/ be worked out with MOU among the beneficiaries MOU among beneficiaries. Block-Khandoghosh.Burdwan. no detailing has been number of beneficiaries. may be referred.–Sankari II. Good work. 36 . because of moisture regime available (Photo -38).in. FOREST WORKS MANUAL & SCHEDULE OF RATES FOR FORESTRY RELATED WORKS UNDER MGNREGA. b) If plantation is carried out on the land owned by number of beneficiaries. (W.) by Gram Panchayat. PLANTATION ON LAND OWNED BY NUMBER OF BENEFICIARIES: ACTIVITY WISE OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) Plantation on the banks of water harvesting structure owned by number of beneficiaries found with good survivality.S. than details regarding b) In the estimate. For detailed technical aspect for this work. .P.-Churu (Rajasthan) under IWMP P.ii) 50% plants died due to lack of irrigation and poor rainfall.-Ghanghu. PHOTO-38: PLANTATION of Nua Pukur at Village & G. a) Plantation on the banks of water harvesting structure or where water source is available should be preferred for good survivality and growth.

Distt. is available than instead brick tree guard the tree guard of local available material should be preferred. carried out by Janpad Sarangarh. no detailing has been given for the number of beneficiaries and distribution of benefits among them. material intensive and not durable because people take it way/ theft (Photo-40. Block-Monteswar. b) Grafted mango plantation. (Photo -41) d) The tree guard should be made of local d) The tree guard made of bamboo by Gram available material but with sufficient strength Panchayat. should not be planted on the road side. Hardly 10% plants were surviving. without guard.least for 7 years or till the plants grow to a Burdwan. therefore. Whereas. in VillageDurgapali.– and quality. needs more strength and height beyond the reach of cattle’s/ to sustain better quality (Photo-42). where c) The road side plantation of Deshi Mango ever the climate and soil are suitable for in Block-Monteswar. (W. Distt. . 4. 43 &44). made under MGNREGS. . e) If local available low cost material like bamboo and brushes etc.B) particular horticulture seeded plants. (ii). The durability of too road side has to be strong enough and fencing is doubtful (Photo-45). road side plantation should be made of forestry trees which are hardy and of utility. e) It was observed that the brick tree guards are very costly. Jatropha in not a tree. (Photo -40) SUSUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO Road side plantation: a) Jatropha is a shrub not tree. G. 2 TREE PLANTATION: ACTIVITY WISE OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO a) Road side plantation of Jatropha carried out by the Forest Department in Raigarh (Chhattisgarh). f) Energy block plantation with block fencing f) The fencing in energy block plantation that on road side has been done. that too in very bad condition.Basantpur. therefore.estimate.B. requirement of different species of the plants should be the part of the estimate for 37 . can be by the Forest Department is satisfactory.-Raigarh (Chhattisgarh). c) The road side horticulture plantation. W. so that the tree guard survives at Bhagra Mulgram. in Village.P. is delicate and need more care as compared to seeded mango plants. durable.Burdwan. g) The provision of maintenance found g) The provision for maintenance as per the missing at number of places. G. b) Road side plantation of grafted Mango. not of Jatropha.P.-Godihara Distt.

B. Block-Monteswar. PHOTO-41: ROAD SIDE MANGO PLANTATION by Gram Panchayat at Village.Basantpur. G. Good work. PHOTO-42: ROAD SIDE MANGO PLANTATION) by Gram Panchayat (Village.Basantpur. Distt.–Bhagra Mulgram. therefore the maintenance should be made part of the estimate. but no provision kept for maintenance. i) The tree guard made of bamboo needs more strength and better quality.plantation.P.Burdwan.–Bhagra 38 . (W. i) The provision for maintenance for first 3 to 4 years is necessary for fruits plants.P. G. .).

watering. (W.P. Suggested for proper protection. There was no survivality of plants and tree guard made of bricks also found broken. Distt. Suggested to repair the tree guards and do gap filling in coming monsoon.Burdwan.P.44: ROAD SIDE PLANTATION WITH BRICK TREE GUARD. .e. Rawatpur Chaudhariyan. 39 .) The bamboo tree guards used are of poor strength and quality. Block-Monteswar. The maintenance i.Kanpur. . hoeing and weeding should be assigned to some job card holder and made part of estimate with year wise phasing.B.Mulgram. watch & ward and maintenance.P. by G. Distt. PHOTO. (U.) by the G.

).Well irrigation under conjunctive use III) Micro irrigation I) Irrigation canals Under this work. b) It has been observed that in the canal/ minor. system deficiencies above outlet up to distributaries. lining of canal and renovation of canal are being carried out under MGNREGA. generally the activity of construction of canal. b) Construction of pucca profile at every chain/ 30 meter should be part of the estimate and constructed simultaneously. .P.Chhatapatpa. distributory & minor. II) Minor irrigation works .Well irrigation. 40 . as the side slope are much steeper than the design side slope and siltation or scouring take place as the bed slope are flatter or steeper than designed (Photo-46 to 49). . 4. side slope and bed slope should be maintained as per the original design of the canal. Distt. BlockJaithari.P.-Annupur (M.PHOTO-45: ROAD SIDE ENERGY PLANTATION from Khutotala to Chhatapatpa. desilting of canal. . so that it works as guide for desilting and maintenance of side slope and bed slope.Desilting of canal . Good work. .Renovation/ correction of water conveyance system. (iii). The side collapse. . IRRIGATION CANALS INCLUDING MICRO & MINOR IRRIGATION WORKS: ACTIVITIES WHICH CAN BE CARRIED OUT: I) Irrigation canals -Construction of canal. DESILTING OF CANAL: ACTIVITY WISE OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO a) It has been observed that the side slope and the bed slope of the canal/ minor after repair/ desilting are not as per the design. G. there is dead water even after repair and desilting of canal/ minor carried out under MGNREGA. SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) While doing desilting of canal/ minor.Lining of canals. because of bed slope not as per design (Photo-47 to 49).

R. PHOTO-46: RENOVATION OF LIFT CANAL system.P. The estimation and execution has been carried out without carrying out longitudinal survey of the canal and design for the bed slope. Kanpur (U. Block-Monteswar. so that cleaning/ desilting of canal in future is as per designed side slope and bed slope and made easy.) by D. In desilting. (W. and side slope. in village Purwameer.O.W.-Burdwan. The estimation and execution should be carried out after carrying out longitudinal survey of the Canal or as per original design of the bed slope. Distt.P.–Bhagra Mulgram. & G. 41 .B.) by Gram Panchayat. the side slope and bed slope being kept just with an idea. without required survey or giving layout with respect to original design of the canal..Suggested to construct pucca designed section/ profile of the canal at every chain as per designed side slope and bed slope. the system has again silted up and the expenditure made is wasteful. with the result. side slope etc. PHOTO-47: RE-EXCAVATION OF CHHOTO CANAL at Bhagra V.

without required survey and layout.49: SILT CLEARANCE of Hawakhandu Distributory from K.Allahabad. so that the desilting in current year and coming years is better and easy.5:1.) by Water Resources Department. (U.4 to 36. the side slope and bed slope kept just with an idea.Suggested to construct pucca profile at every chain with designed bed slope and side slope. To formulate project to renovate the complete system and converge MGNREGS with MOWR schemes. 19. whereas. Block. with the result. District. PHOTO-48: DESILTING OF CANAL.Karchhana. on the site it was hardly 0. To do lining of vulnerable reaches.M. Distt. there is dead 42 .-Kanpur.) Designed side slope is 1:1. In silt clearance. (U. Suggested to construct pucca section/ profile at every chain.P. PHOTO No.P.

c) It has been observed at few places that Section of lining constructed under MGNREGA is rectangular with bottom unlined. that also should have been priority. Part of lining already constructed under other scheme is trapezoidal with unlined bottom. be done simultaneously. section (Photo-50). that with expenditure of this much rupees and completion of proposed g) For Improvement of minor irrigation project.water more than it should be. to strengthen side walls and to work as guide for desilting. this much irrigation efficiency will The estimate/ TS were found without survey increase and the Benefit Cost ratio will sheet and detailing of what exist and what is be this much. work. it should be mentioned efficiency may increase. proposed (Photo-53). In unlined bottom. pucca bed wall at some interval/ after every chain should be constructed with respect to designed bed slope. it is mentioned that after under MGNREGA. only than lining should be made so that there are no cracks formed. construction of sanctioned and carried out. (Photo-52) e) Project for repair and renovation of e) In most of the cases. for optimum utilization of irrigation water. single activity of particular minor with all the activities desilting under repair and renovation is required. venerable. there are cracks minor should be made at optimum in cement concrete lining made in trapezoidal moisture content for required density. b) Observed that some part near culvert has b) Lining near culvert should be given been left unlined. therefore trapezoidal section should be preferred over rectangular.and Lining of water courses should also 52). lining of venerable work carried out are not affective as envisaged. completion of the proposed works. g) The estimate/ TS should be with 43 . with the result the pucca profiles. at designed bed slope. whereas. LINING OF CANALACTIVITY WISE OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) Compaction of earth section of minor is not a) Compaction of earth section of the up to the mark with the result. should be prepared by the concerned department and only than implemented f) In the proposal. out let and water course etc. like desilting. as the reach near culvert is more lined. (Photo-51) d) The outlet from minor and water courses in d) Outlet from minor should be repaired most of the places found in bad shape (Photo. c) Trapezoidal section for lining of bigger section is economical and durable than rectangular. the irrigation f) In the proposal. reaches.

44 . PHOTO-50: LINING OF KUNWARPURA TANK MINOR. Section of lining constructed under MGNREGA is rectangular with unlined bottom.P. (Rajasthan). to strengthen side walls and to work as guide for desilting should be constructed. ii) To do lining in trapezoidal section. PHOTO-51: LINING OF MANSAROVAR CANAL.-Sarguja. G. (Chhattisgarh). Part of lining already constructed under other scheme is trapezoidal.Allapur (Khandar).-Sawai Madhopur. Good work. need better compaction of the side earthen banks for durability of lining. whereas. Distt. Suggested for i) Pucca bed wall at some interval in rectangular unlined bottom.survey sheet and detailing of what exist and what is proposed. Distt.

Good work. PHOTO-53: IMPROVEMENT OF MINOR IRRIGATION PROJECT. Suggested that survey of existing system should have been carried out before preparing proposal for improvement. 45 . (Orissa) by W. The estimate prepared for improvement should have been supported with survey sheet of the existing system with detailing of what exist and what is required.Mayurbhanj. water courses also with renovation of lift canal and to do convergence of MGNREGS with MOWR schemes.e. & Pani Panchayat. The estimate/ TS without survey sheet and detailing of what exist and what is proposed. Village-Chitraposi.O.W. Distt. Block-Kananjia. water courses not proposed nor taken up under the renovation of lift canal system. Dep’t. Kanpur (U.P. Renovation of distribution system i. PHOTO .) by D.R.52: RENOVATION OF LIFT CANAL SYSTEM.e.RENOVATION OF CANAL: Suggested to renovate water distribution system in the field i.R. in village Purwameer.

II) Minor irrigation works Under this work. G. maintenance and sharing of water. CONSTRUCTION OF COMMUNITY WELL: ACTIVITY WISE OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) Before preparing proposal and execution.Allahabad. generally the activity of construction of community well is being carried out under MGNREGA. well excavated/ constructed on community land found dry (Photo-54). District. beneficiaries.-Baghora Khawasan. PHOTO-54: CONSTRUCTION OF DUG WELL ON GRAM SAMAJ LAND.P. BlockManda. report from concerned Ground Water Department should be taken for availability of water and well to well spacing. report from the concerned Ground Department should be collected for the availability of sufficient water and well to well distance to be maintained. GP is prepared.P.) The dug well was found dry and no MOU among beneficiaries and Gram Panchayat executed 46 . with the result. report from the concerned Ground Department for the availability of sufficient water and well to well distance to be maintained was not collected. a) Before preparing proposal and execution. with project approach for Minor Irrigation. The well constructed on common land should be with the detail of beneficiaries and MOU among beneficiaries.P. Suggested that before sanctioning construction of well. (U. G. b) Proposal for well on community land should contain the detail of beneficiaries and MOU among beneficiaries and land b) No detail of beneficiaries and MOU among owner regarding operation.

CONSTRUCTION OF DUG WELL: OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) At many places found that the proposal for construction of Dug well does not contain certificate of the category of household owning the land i. a) For transparency. (iv) Provision of irrigation facility. for safe inflow of clear water from water bearing strata in to the well. the proposal should contain certificate of the category of household owning the land i.d) Pucca recharge structure should be the 55 & 57).e. Tank cum dug well. (iv). 2008. Farm pond. 4. horticulture plantation and land development facilities to land owned by households belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes or below poverty line families or to beneficiaries of land reforms or to the beneficiaries under the Indira Awas Yojana of the Government of India or that of the small farmers or marginal farmers as defined in the Agriculture Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme. and safety of well. Therefore. c) If peep holes with Grit and sand are not provided than the sufficient inflow of water from the water bearing strata will not be there. as soon as well construction is 47 . c) In most of the cases found that no provision of filling Murram/ sand around lining made of brick masonry/ stone masonry/ RCC in water bearing strata with peep holes are made for clear inflow of water into the well (Photo-55).1 IRRIGATION FACILITY ON INDIVIDUAL LAND: Activities which can be carried out under provision of irrigation facility. SC/ ST/ BPL/ SF/ MF etc and Khashra Map showing the proposed location of well. peep holes with Grit and sand at desired interval should be d) In most of the cases found that no provision provided. nor constructed (Photo. of Recharge Structure has been made in the estimate of dug well. b) To avoid failure of wells and optimum utilization of expenditure made. before sanctioning the work.e. and the safety of the well is also adversely affected.Dug well.4. b) In almost all the cases found that certificate from concerned Ground Water Department for the availability of ground water and well to well distance to be maintained has not been taken (Photo-55). certificate from concerned Ground Water Department for the availability of water and well to well distance to be maintained should be taken. part of the well estimate and should be constructed at least 5 feet away from the well. SC/ ST/ BPL/ SF/ MF etc and Khashra Map showing the proposed location of well. Field channel Conjunctive use.

thereafter grit and on f) In many cases found that the Lining of well the top sand. the boulders are on the top e) The recharge structure should be with (Photo-57). Janpad-Kerkali. Khalay Kathai. on the field of Shri Govind S/O Shri Nandi Yadav . nor constructed. Constructed by G. when the soil all masonry than it should be of designed around the well gets saturated (Photo-57 & thickness and in mortar not dry masonry.e) The recharge structure not constructed with complete. Construction of recharge structure not planned. PHOTO-55: CONSTRUCTION OF WELL. ii) Peep holes packed with Grit should be constructed/ provided to ease outside pressure and entry of clean water in to the well. pucca chamber and for filter. f) Lining of well if made of stone/ brick especially in rainy season. 48 .6 lakh. pucca chamber and the filter provided is also not proper.P. to ease outside pressure and inflow of water into the well. are made with dry masonry. There is no provision of Peep Holes in the estimate. Distt. iii) Recharge structure should be the part of estimate & constructed Simultaneously. for 58). the durability of well. Village & G. the boulders should be in bottom. No advice taken from concerned Ground Water Department for availability of water and well to well spacing. i) Dug well should be sanctioned and constructed with the advice of concerned Ground Water Department for the availability of water and well to well spacing. affecting adversely on the safety and durability of well.P.) costing Rs.-Umaria (M. P.1.

costing Rs. The boulders should be in the bottom. villageBanari.-Datia (M. Distt.27 lakh. Lining with dry masonry will not be durable. the boulders should be in bottom. Block-Bishanpur. Distt.). iii) Recharge structure should be part of the estimate & constructed Simultaneously.The recharge structure not constructed with pucca chamber and the filter provided is also not proper. for the durability of well. ii) Lining of well above water bearing strata should be in cement mortar or lime mortar. PHOTO-56: DUG WELL RECHARGE STRUCTURE.P. as per availability of material. thereafter grit and on the top sand. 1.The recharge structure should be with pucca chamber and for filter. 49 . thereafter grit and on the top sand. i) Dug well should be sanctioned and constructed with the advice of concerned Ground Water Department for availability of water and well to well spacing. PHOTO-57: CONSTRUCTION OF WELL with Dry masonry lining. in the field of Shri Kishore lakra.-Gumla (Jharkhand).

The bund should not be constructed all along the four side of the pond.Suggested to construct wall (lining) of well with masonry in cement mortar. before constructing pond. In very sloppy areas. b) The bund constructed from excavated earth is without leaving berm. with designed waste-weir/ spill way/ pitching on both ends. Village. breaking clods. BlockLATEHAR. in the field of Shri Ram Nandan Singh. PanchâyatHETHPOCHRA. compaction and dressing with designed side slope for the durability of bund and pond. so that the optimum water is stored behind the bund and excess water is safely disposed through waste-weir/ spill way/ pitching on both the side of bunds (Photo-60). a) In very sloppy land. after the hard strata. Bund should be constructed on the downstream side of the pond. with the result. Photo-58: CONSTRCUTION OF DUG WELL with estimated cost Rs. for the durability of the well. priority should be given to the treatment of catchment area under MGNREGA. on contour. breaking clods and dressing of bund.-Latehar (Jharkhand). Distt. after the hard strata. resulting severe erosion (Photo-59). Doing dry masonry. 50 . 2. there is severe erosion in the space left for inlet and outlet (Photo-59). CONSTRUCTION OF FARM POND: OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) At many places observed that the Farm Ponds are constructed on the very sloppy land without treating upper land and constructing designed inlet and outlet.LAL GARHI.06 lakh. instead dry masonry. b) The bund constructed from excavated earth should be with leaving proper berm.

000 to 50. –Akola (Maharashtra).e. inlet & outlet w.Telhara.e. and top width of the bund should be worked out w.Umari. PHOTO-60: Bund has been constructed on the downstream side of the pond area on contour. nor dressing of bund.P.t. so that the water is stored behind the bund also. Hydrologic and Hydraulic design for the size of size of inlet and outlet should be worked pond. rainfall & topography: Most of the and total quantity of available water for works being carried out for water harvesting are storage should be worked out from the excavation of talab on individual lands by Gram catchment area of the talab/ pond. with the result. The height. on the contrary enhanced erosion. No water stored. Under this work only excavation of pattern of the area and topography of the earth is carried out that too without any catchment. side slope.t. Thereafter. Treatment of catchment area should have been done before constructing pond in such areas. Taluka. which will result optimum storage of water. 20. Hydraulic design i. resulting severe erosion. peak discharge catchment. a) Hydrological design i. out.t. bottom width catchment. rainfall Panchayat. inlet and outlet of the pond w. so that seepage line does not pass out from the bunds (Photo- 51 .r. rainfall & topography (Photo-61). Distt.Pond (Rs.r.000) in Bundi District PHOTO-59: CONSTRUCTION OF FARM POND in the field of Shrimati Padmatai Tayade W/O Shri Mahadev G. optimum storage of water behind the bund is there.r. clods not broken. Inlet & Outlet not constructed simultaneously. Bund should have been constructed on the downstream side of the pond on contour. type of soil. . CONSTRUCTION OF TALAB: OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) Design for size.

dressing with required side slope as per angle of repose of soil of the bund. c) The earth excavated from the pond should be placed on the banks with leaving berm. dressing with required side slope. rainfall & topography 52 . “IMPLEMENTING INTEGRATED NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PROJECTS UNDER THE NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT 2005” A RESOURCE BOOK PRODUCED BY PRADAN. G. inlet and outlet of pond w.b) Provision for inlet & outlet: At many places there is no provision in the estimate for construction of Inlet and Outlet. with the result.Bahera. catchment. the earth comes back in the talab and work is not be durable (Photo-61).t. the rain water inflow into talab will carry silt. affecting durability of Talab (Photo-61) c) Berm. d) Convergence with other schemes: At few MORE DETAILS REFER. breaking clods. b) Provision of inlet and outlet with proper design should be made in the estimate and constructed simultaneously for safe and silt free inflow of water into talab and safe disposal of excess water. places.P. convergence with ongoing schemes like Fisheries. Village. ALSO AVAILABLE ON MGNREGA WEBSITE. breaking clods. RKVY etc should be made.nic. d) For value addition and gap filling. with the result.in PHOTO-61: CONSTRUCTION OF TALAB in the field of Shri Shiv Orwan. breaking clods & dressing with designed side slope: The earth excavated from the pond is dumped on the banks without leaving berm. so that the earth from the bunds are not slide and the bunds are durable (Photo-62). nrega.-Banari PHOTO-62: i) Design for the size of pond.r. convergence with Fisheries programme FOR WORKS MANUAL” is being done but not with project approach and “WATERSHED PRODUCED BY SPS FOR MORD AND systematically. resulting siltation of talab and erosion of inlet and outlet portion of talab. 62).

-Gumla. the survivality of the plants is doubtful (PHOTO. rainfall & topography. e)Planting after removing puwal/ plythene bag wrapped around the root system of the plant: Found that the plants are planted without removing puwal wrapped around the earthen ball holding roots of the plant. in the field it is nearly 6 meter (PHOTO. valley lines have been converted to gullies due to soil erosion in rainy season (PHOTO67). Constructed without design for the size of pond. 4.(Bishunpur) Distt. In such cases. c) Designed size of pits & plant to plant spacing: For the proper growth of the plants and yield the designed size of pit and plant to plant spacing in necessary. the earth is falling back in the Talab and work is not durable.64 & 66).B. in the field temporary fencing of Puwal with bamboo is being made which is not durable. slope. (Costing Rs. whereas. Not leaving berm. g) Training and supervision: Training to the 53 . ii) The earth excavated from the pond have been placed on the banks with leaving berm. whereas. which will adversely affect the growth of the plant and attract termite.65). ditch cum bund / cattle proof trench fencing should be made. W. The size of pit and plant to plant spacing vary from species to species (PHOTO. with the result. catchment. there is provision of 3 ft x 3 ft x 3 ft size pits. pit size excavated by the beneficiary is 2 ft x 2 ft x 2 ft. soil and water contour trenches.65).t. breaking clods. and plant to plant spacing in the estimate is 10 meter. which is durable. f) Timely plantation: At few places found that SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) Land development/ conservation works: like plowing across the conservation of rain water erosion (PHOTO-64). c) Designed size of pits & plant to plant spacing: In some cases observed that in the estimate. resulting and checking soil b) Fencing: In block plantation. whereas. the bunds are durable. (iv). In the estimate.2 HORTICULTURE PLANTATION ON INDIVIDUAL LAND OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO a) Land development/ soil & water conservation works: Observed that before taking a block for block plantation not properly developed for soil and water conservation. b) Fencing: Found that. dressing with required side slope. f) Timely plantation: Timely plantation is very important for the survivality and proper growth of the plants. 18.19 lakh). inlet and outlet w. breaking clods. dressing with required side slope. d) The mainline of drip irrigation system lay down in the valley portion. therefore. e) Planting after removing puwal: Plants should be planted after removing puwal/ polythene bag or any other material wrapped around the earthen ball holding roots of the plant. d) The mainline of drip irrigation system should be laid down away from the valley portion to avoid erosion of the valley line. for the survivality/ proper growth and safety from termite. with the result there is no conservation of rain water and soil erosion continues (PHOTO. conserve rain water and can be utilized for boundary plantation. there is provision of cattle proof trench fencing. is the basis for construction. instead bamboo fencing or other fencing.63). with the result.r.

resulting conservation of rain water and checking soil erosion.28 lakh). The size of PHOTO-66: i) The size of pits and plant to plant spacing is as per the recommendations for that 54 .the plantation not completed in the month beneficiary before plantation with supervision and guidance on the field is very necessary recommended for. under MGNREGA. plowing across the slope.-Gumla (Jharkhand). Plantation provided with Pot irrigation. BISHUNPUR. Distt. PHOTO-65: MANGO PLANTATION in the field of Madwari Orawn: (costing Rs. PHOTO-64: Soil and water conservation works like contour trenches. Soil and water conservation works found missing. found missing. PHOTO-63: Mango plantation in the Field of shri Pandabuchanadora s/o shri Bapannadora. Compost pit and Fertilizer etc. village-HALTA. g) Training and supervision: Training to the for successful plantation.1. beneficiaries on horticulture plantation and thereafter supervision and guidance on the field.

with the result there are very much chances of termite attack and poor growth. ii) The Puwal or the plastic bag used for holding the roots of the plant has been removed before plantation. Virgin land has come under production. plant to plant spacing and fencing of the block made are not as per the estimate.T. Puram S. particular plant species planted. Tirupati.V. -Treatment of saline/ alkaline package -waste land development 55 . the PUWAL wrapped to hold the soil all around the roots of the plant. has not been removed. A. (iv). valley lines have been converted to gullies due to soil erosion in rainy season. with the result. Distt. Colony. Good Plantation. In planting the plant. L.pit excavated. PHOTO -67: HORTICULTURE PLANTATION (convergence with RIDF & MIP).3 LAND DEVELOPMENT ON INDIVIDUAL LAND ACTIVITIES WHICH CAN BE CARRIED OUT: -Land leveling & Shaping.-Chittoor. The mainline of drip irrigation system lay down in the valley portion. The mainline of drip irrigation system should be laid down away from the valley portion to avoid erosion of the valley line.P. 4.

Work has been carried out without overall planning of the salt affected area on area approach. the excavated earth should be used for constructing bunds with breaking clods and dressing with designed side slope.68). affecting cost and durability. which affect the durability of work done. As per SOR. otherwise. 56 . d) Drainage in salt effected area should start d) Drainage in salt affected areas done at from outlet towards ridge. will affect adversely the work carried out. the treatment should be planned on area approach on an integrated/ watershed approach with full package of development for surface drainage and land development. excess water (Photo-68). b) For durability of bunds constructed and work done. c) To provide proper outlet in every field for washing of the salts and safe disposal of excess rain water. a) In salt affected and water logged area. because there is no vertical infiltration. the field random. designed and located at suitable constructed waste-weirs for safe disposal of place. without outlet to ridge approach which located in lower reaches will be affected adversely. b) The excavated earth placed for construction of field bunds found without breaking clods and dressing with designed side slope. LAND LEVELING IN SALT AFFECTED LAND: OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) Observed that the land is severely salt affected and water logged.-Full package of On Farm Development (OFD). but it is not done (PHOTO. rate for excavation of earth include clod breaking and dressing. waste weirs should be c) Neither provision in the estimate nor planned.

-Kherhari Paharganj. bunds should be 57 . but for the durability of the work and optimum utilization of funds. ii) The excavated earth should be placed on the bunds with breaking clods and dressing with designed side slope. iii) For safe disposal of excess runoff/ waste water after washing. With this work his field has been leveled by cutting soil from higher patches for constructing bund. when his field was without this work.P. because of bunding he is taking Paddy and expect double yield what he had last year. Block.Rae Bareli (U. G. a) The beneficiary was very happy with the work of bunding. with Khashra map of the field to be treated should be the part of the proposal. b) With the file. the certificate of the treated and showing the proposed location of category in which the beneficiary is falling bunds found missing. Now. District. The excavated earth dumped for bund without breaking clods and dressing with designed side slope.i) In such salt affected areas work should be planned on area approach. CONSTRUCTION OF BUNDS IN PADDY FIELDS: OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) It was found that the bunds constructed in paddy fields have given good results. waste weir should be provided. c) For durability. certificate of BPL for the beneficiary and Khashra Map of the field to be b) For transparency.) work has been carried out without overall planning of the salt affected area on area. following aspect found missing. PHOTO-68: LAND LEVELING in the field of Shri Ratilal.Salon.P.

M.22 lakh (Village. ii) Provision of waste weir for safe disposal of water is must for safe disposal of excess water. Proper berm should be left with breaking of clods and dressing with designed side slope and level top of bunds.P.-Umaria. Work should start from upper reach so that the runoff coming from upper reach do not damage the work carried out in downstream side. after Reconnaissance survey and PRA should be prepared and get it approved and prioritized by the Gram Sabha. e) Integrated project of bunding work on individual lands with year wise phasing at G. Provision of waste weir in the estimate and also construction. found missing. so that the bunds constructed are durable and effective. so that there is no breach of bunds and soil erosion. it will not be durable. 58 . Distt. It is a very useful work. d) For safe disposal of excess water. with the result. will exaggerate soil erosion. level. dressing with designed side slope and level top. waste d) No provision has been kept in the estimate weir should be the part of estimate and for waste weir. it is must to check soil constructed simultaneously. Breaking of clods and dressing with designed side slope. it will erosion and safe disposal of excess runoff affect adversely by eroding the bund portion from where excess water will pass out and water.P. G.P. whereas.Khalay Kathai. level top found missing. costing Rs. The work has been carried out in scattered manner. Khalay Kathai -Janpad-Kerkali.c) Found that the bunds have been constructed with breaking clods and dressing constructed without breaking clods and with designed side slope and level top.) constructed by Gram Panchayat. 0. otherwise. i) PHOTO-69: CONSTRUCTION OF BUNDS in the paddy field of Shri Kedar Nath S/O Shri Batti lal Yadav.

it will come under paddy cultivation (production).-----------DO---------------------------------------------------------- PHOTO-70: CONSTRUCTION OF BUNDS in paddy field of Shri Vaidhay Chandra Shekhar. area approach. However. measuring 1.It is a good work. weirs.7528 lakh by GP. II) Repair. VillageJambhor (Mohadi) Distt. costing Rs. allotted land was lying vacant for want of development. III) Repair of related structures like check dam. breaking of clods.3 hectare. dressing with designed side slope for durability of bunds is missing. bunds. existing irrigation tanks and control structures.-Bhandara(Maharashtra) . DESILTING OF TANKS: OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO 59 . 4. Renovation and Restoration of traditional water bodies.0. Now.5 RENOVATION OF TRADITIONAL WATER BODIES INCLUDING DESILTING OF TANKS ACTIVITIES WHICH CAN BE CARRIED OUT: I) Desilting of tanks. .

a) It has been observed in almost all the cases that in desilting/ re excavation. f) Instead desilting in river bed.t. g) In the estimate. the language used is not as per the SOR and it is not for the excavation of a) In desilting/ re excavation. Hydraulic and Structural design for the Inlet. c) The earth excavated should be placed on the bund after leaving berm of at least 2-3 feet. c) In most of the cases found that the earth excavated are placed without leaving berm. so that the maximum possible water is stored along the bund also. maintaining required side slope and dressing (PHOTO-71&72). catchment area of the Talab should be worked out with the help of G. Hydrologic. catchment.T. no design are made for the size of the pond. catchment. outlet/ escape/ waste weir should be made for safe disposal of excess runoff. f) Desilting of check dam in river bed is of no use because it will be silted back in one rainy season and there will be no extra storage of rain water also (PHOTO-74). breaking clod. Inlet and Outlet w. For proper design. With this soil. With inflow of water. existing stop dam should have been repaired and gabion structure in the upstream should have been constructed to arrest sand and conserve rain water. d) In most of the cases found that the earth excavated are dumped on the bank of the tank in such way that excavated earth is not used for storing water (PHOTO-71). the size of talab should have been increased by putting excavated soil on the bunds and accordingly should have designed the inlet and outlet. topography and rainfall (PHOTO-71& 72).r. e) The excavated soil from the ponding area of the talab dumped and hipped there itself. clod breaking. b) While desilting/ renovating the existing tank.Sheet and reconnaissance survey. 60 .t. Topographical survey of storage area and LSection of the existing bund should be carried out to work out the existing capacity of storing water of the tank and the possible increase in the capacity of storing water with respect to total runoff available. in the estimate no provisions are made for construction of Inlet and Outlet nor constructed (Photo-71). Inlet and Outlet w.r. e) The excavated soil from the ponding area of the talab should not be dumped and hipped there itself. design for the size of the pond. b) In many cases. topography and rainfall should be made to ensure that looking to the availability of water. the excavated soil will come back in the pits and will silt up the pits excavated (PHOTO-73). up to what size of tank should be excavated and whether size of inlet and outlet to be increased. maintaining required side slope and dressing for the durability of the bunds. provision for constructing/ renovating the inlet and outlet should be made for safe and silt free inflow of water and safe outflow/ disposal of excess water. d) Excavated earth should be placed on the contour in such a way.

Distt. field staff.pond with all the required activities like lead. Inlet and Outlet should be provided for silt free inflow of water and safe disposal of excess water.B. W. but not being complied in most of followed at field level and the supervising staff should ensure by capacity building of the places. clod breaking.r. with the result. The earth excavated was found being placed without leaving berm. lead.) by Gram Panchayat.t. G.. No design has been made for the size of the pond. Design should be made for the size of the pond. maintaining required side slope and dressing. Block-Monteswar. breaking clods and dressing. lift. earth from buds sliding back in to the pond and the asset created will not be durable. PHOTO-71: RE-EXCAVATION OF KAMAL GORE PUKUR (Village.P. for excavation only. breaking clods and dressing etc. clod breaking. h) Many of the States issued instruction for compaction and constructing profile with the help of Pegs and Rope for proper side slope h) Instruction issued by the States should be and section. In the estimate no provision has been made for Inlet and Outlet nor constructed. lift. Inlet and Outlet w. it is only g) In the estimate. maintaining required side slope and dressing. topography and rainfall. The earth excavated should be placed with leaving berm. catchment. the language used should be as per SOR which include excavation.Basantpur.-Burdwan. 61 . Inlet and Outlet.–Bhagra Mulgram.

Pratapgarh.G. With this soil.t. topography and rainfall of the area before planning of the work.P. Constructed without design for the capacity of talab.r. U. 62 . 16. catchment. The size of talab. inlet and outlet. Lokhund . the size of talab should have been increased by putting excavated soil on the bunds and accordingly should have designed the inlet and outlet.Tawasi. rainfall and topography. inlet and outlet w.Bihar. inlet and outlet should be worked out w. .0 lakh) Village. The location of Talab is not suitable as one side bund will have water storage both the side. there is no possibility in increasing the size of talab than the excavated soil should be utilized in putting it in the agriculture fields to increase productivity of the agriculture fields.P.Suggested to include the existing talab also located by the side under the new talab being excavated.-Chulad. The excavated soil from the ponding area of the talab dumped and hipped there itself.P. resulting melting of the bund. Block Tumsur. If looking to the catchment.Bhandara (Maharashtra). catchment. PHOTO-73: DESILTING OF TAWASI TALAB. PHOTO-72: EXCAVATION OF TALAB. (Rs. The excavated soil from the ponding area of the talab should not be dumped and hipped there itself. Distt.r. District. topography and rainfall of the area. With inflow of water the excavated soil will come back in the pits and will silt up the pits excavated. Block.Mahmudpur.t. by Irrigation Dep’t. There is no planning and design for the size of talab. G.

Expenditure of Rs. a) In land leveling. excavation of earth will be increased with respect to lead. (vi). topographical survey of the land should be 63 . LAND LEVELING/DEVELOPMENT OF COMMON/ PASTURE LAND: OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) In the estimate. PHOTO No.-Bhilwara.P. Rajasthan: Looking to the catchment area & storage capacity of the Anicut.-4: EARTH WORK ON DHOLI DANT ANICUT. LAND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES WHICH CAN BE CARRIED OUT: I) Land leveling of common land for production measures. there was no need to do earth work to divert water from nearby catchment. II) Reclamation of salt affected common land for production measures like tree plantation/ Silvipasture. cutting and filling both has been taken as cutting. therefore the estimate prepared and sanctioned was exaggerated (Photo-75). the excavated earth is to be carried and deposited up to a prescribed lead without extra cost for carrying up to prescribed lead and depositing. If carried beyond the prescribed lead. only than the rate per cft. earth work to divert water from nearby catchment should not have been done. G.-Gurla. In preparing proposal for land leveling. as per SOR. 10 lakh on this work is a wasteful expenditure. 4. Distt.Looking to the catchment area & storage capacity of the Anicut.

with the result the activities to be carried out in executing the work are not clear to the executor/ supervisor. In construction of land development works. ridge to valley weaken the structure (Photo-76). earth should be taken from upstream side and at least 3-4 feet away from foot of the bund. what steps/activity are required to be carried out. husbandry than the best way to develop is by without any planning for crop husbandry. carried out before planning and executing ridge to valley approach. productive and durable. approach. In construction of bunds and earthen check dams. There is no watershed approach i. d) No required topographical survey was carried out before planning and executing d) Required topographical survey should be works. constructing contour bunds to conserve rain water and soil which is economical. which will watershed approach i.carried out at required Grid interval and thereafter design for land leveling should be made with 50% cutting and 50% filling. complete language of SOR should be used. The measurement and quality of land leveling work is also possible only if grid survey has been carried out before execution and after execution. only than the extra cost for excess lead will be worked out. b) In preparing estimate for a work. Land development bunds and earthen check dams. The costing of the earth will be only for cutting and if lead is beyond the maximum lead prescribed in SOR. SOR language are not used. c) Observed that Land leveling work on Gram c) If common land is not used for crop Panchayat pasture land has been carried out. b) In many cases observed that in preparing estimate.e.e. so that the executor/ supervisor are clear that in executing the work. 64 . earth is being work should be planned and carried out on taken from downstream side also.

Block. Block.-Burdwan (W. excavation of earth will be filling both has been counted for costing.e.B.). There is no watershed approach i. which is economical. lead without extra cost and if carried beyond 80 feet lead only than the rate per cft. ridge to valley approach.-Silodhi Kalan.–Molandighi.P. excavation of earth will be increased with respect to lead only. which will weaken the 65 .Bishampur. it should be done by contour bunding. G. whereas. earth is being taken from downstream side also. by Gram Panchayat. productive and durable.Meja.Land Development of pasture common land by leveling is not required. Therefore the estimate prepared and sanctioned is exaggerated. In the estimate cutting and per cft.P.cost also up to 80 feet lead and if Kanksa Distt.Allahabad (U. G.) No required topographical survey was carried out before planning and executing works. and costing Rs. PHOTO-76: LAND DEVELOPMENT OF COMMON LAND: by Soil Conservation department.P. 6.5 beyond 80 feet lead only than the rate lakh. earth excavated is to be carried and deposited up to 80 feet increased with respect to lead only. In construction of bunds and earthen check dams. In preparing estimate of land leveling only quantity of earth cutting is to be considered for estimation not the filling as the cost of cutting includes filling PHOTO-75: LAND DEVELOPMENT OF PASTURE LAND (Village. District.

even costing more than 1 crore for erosion protection & flood control measures are being executed by the GP under the supervision of Junior. river bank if constructed. V) Spurs/ Deflectors VI) Bio-drainage. 4. the survey of the river to work out the size of stream. and working out cost benefit ratio. The execution is being carried out by the Junior Engineer of the Block office. should be supported durablity is doubtful (Photo-77).e. c) Bigger size works for erosion protection & flood control measures should be converged with Flood Management Programme of MOWR and execution should be done by the concerned line department i. 4. the TS for construction of erosion protection & flood control measures including cross drainage are being issued by the Water Resources Department without any survey. by deflectors (spurs). III) Drainage in water logged areas. WR Dep’t. The authority issuing TS should also visit work site to ensure that the selection of work site and execution is as per the TS. Assam. II) Peripheral bunding.structure. For construction of erosion protection & flood control measures. b) Deflectors (spurs) are more important than b) Constructing bunds on the river bank the bunds on the river bank. (vii). direction of stream should be worked out and accordingly design for the measures should be made. (vii) FLOOD CONTROL AND PROTECTION WORK INCLUDING DRAINAGE IN WATER LOGGED AREAS ACTIVITIES WHICH CAN BE CARRIED OUT: I) Drainage/ Diversion channel.1 FLOOD CONTROL: CONSTRUCTION OF EROSION PROTECTION & FLOOD CONTROL MEASURES: OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO a) It has been observed that in Assam. this work is being taken up on large scale with high cost but not technically sound. with the result. c) Bigger size works. IV) Construction of intermediate and link drains. 66 . SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) The authority issuing TS should ensure that the required survey and design has been made and is in order. In district Bongaigaon. design. with the result will not be durable/ successful as envisaged (Photo-77). Bunds on the without deflectors (spurs).

En. In this case instead pitching of the river bank.G. (vii). Water Resources. Need for convergence with Flood Management Programme of MOWR and execution by WR Dep’t. issuing authority should ensure the measures required to tackle the problem. En. T. 67 . (Assam) by. and working out need & cost benefit ratio.77 crore. planning and design with respect to stream size.S. for technical soundness. this work is being taken up on large scale but not technically sound. In the district. of Block office and not as per drawing attached with the file nor technically sound. design. Distt. 4. stream direction and longitudinal section of the river in the reach to be treated. The execution is by J.PHOTO -77: CONSTRUCTION OF EROSION PROTECTION & FLOOD CONTROL. design. Most of the work has washed away in normal flow of the river (Photo-78). Such work should be carried out after proper survey.S.issued by the Director. Deflectors (spurs) should have been constructed. The execution is by J. through Survey. INCLUDING CROSS DRAINAGE at village– Popragaon. T. with the result it will not be successful as envisaged.S. without any Survey and design. T.P.Bongaigaon. and working out need & cost benefit ratio. of Block office and not as per technical norms. Rs 1.2 PROTECTION WORK: BOULDER PITCHING OF RIVER BANK: OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO Observed that for boulder pitching of river bank. with estimated cost. issued by the line department without any Survey.

R.En. Pitching of the river bank if carried out. from Chitranjan Das house to south side. Pitching of the river bank has been done. such type of work should be planned and executed by the Water Resource by J. and b) Looking to the size and technicality working out cost benefit ratio. issued by the Joint Director. size of spurs. 68 .G. of Block. SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) Before planning and construction.S.S. with estimated cost. The execution is by J. The execution is involved. T. (Assam). by. Distt. Whereas. 5 spurs costing 1. number of spurs and angle of the spurs with respect to the bank of the river should be worked out. stream direction and longitudinal section of the river in the reach to be treated.1 crore have been constructed. CONSTRUCTION OF SPUR: OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO a) Observed that before construction of spurs no survey to work out the direction of stream was carried out and accordingly the angle of the spur with respect to the bank of the river was not worked out. Department. design. should be supported by deflectors (spurs). planning and design with respect to stream size.Such work should be carried out after proper survey. survey to work out the direction of stream and size of stream should be carried out and accordingly the location of spurs.00 lakh. Most of the pitching work has washed away in normal flow of river. issued without any Survey.P.-Barpeta.En. Rs 23. more number may be required (Photo-79). of Block office. b) T. PHOTO -78: BOULDER PITCHING at Pahumari River. Deflectors (spurs) are more important than the pitching of the river bank.D. without any Survey and design.

stream size and longitudinal section of the river reach to be treated should be carried out and accordingly the angle and size of the spur should be worked out.) by Gram Panchayat. planned and designed.79: CONSTRUCTION OF SPUR (VillageKalinagar. Block-Kanksa. survey to work out the direction of stream. The bed slope of the drainage channel should also be worked out so that the velocity in the drain is non erosive and non -silting. b) On area approach. survey to work out the direction of stream has not been carried out and accordingly the angle of the spur with respect to the bank of the river has not been worked out. Burdwan.r. rainfall and topography. c) For durability of work.B.–Molandighi. type of soil. (W.3 DRAINAGE IN WATER LOGGED AREAS: RESECTIONING OF EXISTING DRAIN /NALA SARLIKARAN / SILT CLEARANCE / CLEANING / DESILTING OF DRAIN: OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) In most of the cases found that the deepening of existing drains are being done without proper survey for L-Section and design for the size of drainage channel w.1 crore. Estimated cost. the catchment area. the excavated earth 69 . Work started from head of the drainage system (PHOTO – 80). The side slope and bed slopes are also not designed w. so that the velocity of water flow in the drainage channel is nonerosive and non. 4. PHOTO.Before planning. G.silting (PHOTO – 80 to 86). Before planning. Distt. b) It was also observed that the deepening of drain is planned and executed in peaces/ part.t. Year wise phasing of work should be done and work should be started from outlet of the drainage system.r. Rs 1.t. so that the technical sanction can be issued at lower level. complete system of drainage should be surveyed. (vii). a) The existing drainage channel should be deepened/ renovated after doing survey for LSection of the existing drain and design the size of drainage channel with respect to the catchment. rainfall and topography/ out flow of the dam to be channelized.P.

c) Observed that the excavated earth from drain are placed on both the side/ bank without leaving berm.e. g) Constructed pucca guard walls all along both the side of Nala. the assets created are not durable. breaking clods. properly designed inlet should be provided for safe disposal of water and check siltation of drains. e) At number of places it has been observed that silt clearance/ cleaning of drain are not required even that it has been done to give employment. not permitted under MGNREGA nor has any utility in this case (Photo-88). repairs of road on the bank of river has been taken under repair of Bandh. with the result. 70 . dressing of bund with designed side slope. with the result. d) For safe disposal of rain water from the catchment on both the side of drain. so that desilting in coming years is better and easy. dressing of bund with designed side slope. At 30 meter interval pucca profile of the drain as per designed section and bed slope should be constructed. f) Observed that only part work i.87). Therefore. which is material intensive. peripheral earthen bund with proper design should have been constructed. h) Suggested to construct pucca profile at every chain with designed bed slope and side slope. costly.80 to 86) d) Observed that for safe disposal of rain water from the catchment on both the side of drain. 82 and 86). No project approach to treat/ repair complete reach by constructing deflectors/ spurs etc. Resectioning of Nala. so that the excavated earth does not fall back in the drain and bunds are durable.e. no inlet provided. by constructing spurs and providing required side slope of the bunds with gabion/ pitching or sodding etc. bunds are damaged and earth falls in the drain/ silting the drain (PHOTO – 80 to 86). f) Suggested to repair the bund in totality i. g) Instead pucca guard walls. whether it is required or not is being taken up just to give employment that too without required technical input. was made (Photo. breaking clods. as per design and availability of material. productive and will not strengthen the livelihood resource base of the rural poor (Photo – 81. from drain should be placed on both the side/ bank with leaving proper berm. the excavated earth was falling back in the drain. e) Silt clearance/ cleaning of drain should be carried out only when it is required and after doing proper survey and design. (PHOTO. so that in coming years the silt clearance/ cleaning of drain become easy and of quality.

with the result. Excavation started from inlet/ upstream side.-Sabarkantha (Gujarat) . the thumb rules i.Before planning. clod breaking. If required. only than Nala Sarlikaran should be carried out. survey to work out the existing longitudinal section of the existing drain and design for the required size of drain and bed slope with respect to the peak discharge of water to be passed through the resection drain should be worked out. There is no provision for safe disposal of rain water from catchment/ outside area in the Nala. design and estimate for the complete work. Leaving berm. the bunds will breach and Nala will again be silted. it should have been started from outlet of the drain.by Gram Panchayat. dressing of bund with side slope is also missing. for safe disposal of runoff water in the Nala. PHOTO-80: RESECTIONING OF DRAIN at VillageBhempur. Without working out the need of resectioning. In execution. Work for resectioning of drain should start from outlet. Leaving berm. Distt. 4.94 lakh). Work for Nala sarlikaran should start from outlet of Nala. Mohadi. clod breaking. In execution. In-between two bunds one bund has been constructed which will be of no use. the thumb rules i. PHOTO-81: NALA SARLIKARAN Village-Pardi. it has been carried out. Design for bed slope and size of Nala is missing. Before planning. whereas.by GP.-Bhandara (Maharashtra) . Work is being executed without required survey. with proper inlets to Nala from both the side of Nala. dressing of bund with design side slope should be followed for durability of the Nala. 71 .e. should be worked out. TalukaBhempur. (costing Rs. Distt.e. survey to work out the existing longitudinal section of the existing Nala and design for the required size and bed slope of Nala with respect to the peak discharge of water to be passed through the Nala.

PHOTO-82: SILT CLEARANCE of Siya Drain. Design for bed slope and size of Nala is missing. this work was not required nor was any impact of this work visible.P. District. PHOTO-83: CLEANING OF DRAIN. Block.In execution. Leaving berm. the thumb rules i. the thumb rules i.e.P. There is no provision for safe disposal of rain water from catchment/ outside area in the Nala. Leaving berm.e. Pucca profile at every chain with designed bed slope and side slope should be constructed so that cleaning become better and easy. clod breaking.-Sarainaharai. Leaving berm. clod breaking. Design for bed slope and size of Nala is missing. only than desilting should be carried out. If required.Pratapgarh (U.Pratapgarh (U.P.Bihar. clod breaking. 72 . Block. dressing of bund with design side slope should be followed for durability of the Nala. dressing of bund with side slope is also missing. dressing of bund with design side slope should be followed for durability of the Nala.Mahmudpur. survey to work out the existing longitudinal section of the existing drain and design for the required size and bed slope of drain with respect to the peak discharge of water to be passed through the drain should be worked out. In execution. District. the thumb rules i. In execution. clod breaking. In execution.Mandhata. G.).e. G.) Cleaning of drain from Devaria to Damgarh was done in year 200809. As per the site condition.P. Before planning. the thumb rules i. There is no provision for safe disposal of rain water from catchment/ outside area in the Nala. Suggested to construct pucca profile at each chain and maintain designed side slope. dressing of bund with side slope is also missing. Leaving berm.e.

5:1. There is no provision for safe disposal of rain water from catchment/ outside area in the Nala. dressing of bund with side slope is also missing.007 KM to 7. PHOTO-84: DESILTING OF SEHRA DRAIN. In execution. the thumb rules i.silting and non erosive velocity in the drain. so that desilting in coming years will is better and easy.00 KM. Leaving berm. In execution. Suggested to plan and make a part of estimate the construction of pucca profile at every chain with designed bed slope and side slope. clod breaking. Leaving berm.Allahabad.e.). Suggested to construct pucca profile at every chain with designed bed slope and side slope. There is no provision for safe disposal of rain water from catchment/ outside area in the Nala. BlockKarchhana. Design for bed slope and size of Nala is missing. on the site it was hardly 0. Leaving berm. by DoWR. Design for bed slope and size of Nala is missing. dressing of bund with design side slope should be followed for durability of the Nala. District.In execution.e. Should maintain the designed side slope and bed slope.e. Leaving berm. (U. the thumb rules i. clod breaking. so that there is non. clod breaking. with that desilting in current year and coming years will be better and easy. whereas. the thumb rules i.) from 0. Kanpur (U. PHOTO-85: EARTH WORK IN DOMANPUR DRAIN FOR DESILTING. 73 .P. Designed side slope is 1:1. In execution. dressing of bund with design side slope should be followed for durability of the Nala. dressing of bund with side slope is also missing. clod breaking.P.

as per design and availability of material.P. PHOTO-87: REPAIR OF JARI GUIDE BANDH at Village Resulpur. 91 to 94). section of the land strip should be carried out.Jajpur (Orissa) by W. to work b) In preparing proposal/ estimate of an out the height of the embankment at every 30 individual road. repairs of road constructed on the bank of river. b) No survey for longitudinal section of the land strip proposed for road is carried out. It is only part work i. Dep’t. a five year plan should be prepared. (viii) RURAL CONNECTIVITY TO PROVIDE ALL WEATHER ACCESS ACTIVITIES WHICH CAN BE CARRIED OUT: Gravel Road/ Water Bound Macadam (WBM) Road OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO a) In constructing roads under MGNREGA.e. to work out the height of the embankment at every 30 meter length. made.88 to 89. weather access should be prepared Gram Panchayat wise. In this project all the required/ possible proposal of Rural connectivity in G. by constructing spurs and providing required side slope of the bunds with gabion/ pitching or sodding etc. No project approach to treat/ repair complete reach by constructing deflectors/ spurs etc.e. 4.R. 74 . District. the survey for longitudinal meter length (Photo. a) Project for Rural Connectivity to provide all there is no project approach.Suggested to repair the bund in totality i. should be included and after prioritization in the Gram Sabha.

designs and drawings and other details with the proposal/ d) Proposal for Technical Sanction to be prepared by the concerned Junior Engineer/ Technical sanction of roads. Design and drawing for cross drainage and side drains and Detailed Estimate. as these roads are muddy in rainy season. 91 to 94 and 96 to 99. estimate for watering and compaction/ rolling of earthen embankment. g) Cross drainage with proper design should be the part of the estimate and constructed simultaneously for the durability of the road 75 . Technical Assistant and TS issued should carryTechnical Note. which are for all weather access are permitted under MGNREGA and f) In most of the states. no planning. which are not for all weather access. e) Earthen Road and Mitti Murram Road are being constructed in many States. not durable and not permitted under MGNREGA (Photo-89 to 91. 91 to 94). Every 15 to 20 cm. depending on the type of roller used for the durability of road is necessary. 104 to 106). e) Earthen Road and Mitti Murram Road should not be constructed under MGNREGA. laterite boulder and f) Compaction of earthen embankment in Murram. design and provision browser (Photo-97). but at most of the places. where construction of road is proposed. for side and cross sprinkling water with trailer mounted water drainage. it is not layers of 15 to 20 cm at optimum moisture being done (Photo-88 to 89. Geometric design standards should be followed as specified in Guidelines for Convergence between MGNREGS and PMGSY. Drawing of cross section of road. Gravel Road and Water Bound Macadam (WBM) Road. 93 to 96). issued by the Ministry and available on MGNREGA web site. content. are being made. (Photo-88 to 89.88 to 94). d) There are no layout map. land for the proposed road should be made by the concerned Tehsildar/ Patwari/ Amin and boundary pillar fixed at 15-30 meter interval at the time of demarcation. demarcation on the and fixing boundary pillars (Photo. Longitudinal Section sheet of the land strip. dusty in summer.c) The construction of road is without proper demarcation by the Patwari/ Amin concerned c) Before survey for road. being executed. thick earthen embankment should be compacted with Static smooth-wheeled roller of 80 to 100 Kn static weight or equivalent for prescribed density at optimum moisture content by g) In most of the states. provision is kept in the should be constructed (Photo-95).

Road and pucca drain should have terminated at the nearby pucca road and culvert. i) For cross drainage proper planning and design should be made. durability. but no cross drainage planned and provided to drain out water in to the pucca drain constructed on other side of the road. just after nearly 100 meter. j) No required survey. copping should have been done. there is pucca road with culvert (Photo-100). and all weather access (Photo-97). in such a way. The earth for earthen embankment should be excavated from both the side of road. design for the size and avoided by giving proper layout with the help of bed slope of drain should be made. design for the size and bed slope was made. i) Observed that for cross drainage no planning and design has been made. h) Cross drainage with required design should be planned and constructed to drain out water in pucca drain constructed on other side of the road. whereas. There are number of turns which could have been j) Required survey. On side walls plaster is not pipe in the cross drainage have been provided required. plaster was not required. therefore should be planned and constructed simultaneously. 76 . so that it is durable and safe disposal of water takes place. In execution. simply pipe has been laid that too without working out the level at which required to be placed. On top of k) Side walls of the culvert should not be with the wall. pointing is sufficient. For the durability of road planning. Location of culvert constructed is not proper.h) One side of road is waterlogged. with dry masonry and plastered to hide dry masonry. it has started sinking in first rain and clogged (Photo-101). The dry masonry. Road and pucca drain terminates in the habitation. and should be constructed after giving proper layout with side walls. the proper location of culvert would have saved land. Whereas. The size of pipe in the cross drainage should be worked out based on hydrologic and hydraulic design. so that the pits after excavation of earth are joined with each other and side drains are formed (Photo-97). pointing would have been sufficient. copping should be done for the (Photo-103). Layout for location of culvert should be given in such revenue official (Photo-102). if earth is suitable for road. design and construction of side and cross drainage is necessary. On top of the without any Hydrologic and hydraulic design wall. With the result. way so that there is minimum turn and no k) Found that the side walls of the culvert are wastage of land. It has been laid even at lower level than the field level and without constructing side walls.

PHOTO-88: EARTHEN ROAD at VillagePrathamakhandi. Bandhara (Maharashtra) . No survey. compaction by roller. villageNandugaidhanchya. and laying of gravel. compaction with roller. District-Jajpur. dressing with designed 77 . PHOTO-89: PANDAN ROAD CONNECTING AGRICULTURE FIELDS. side slope in the trenches excavated for soil and drainage. Block-Rasulpur. compaction and improve by making it Gravel Road with proper cross drainage. survey for longitudinal section of the road.Should do demarcation. compaction by roller. design and construction of cross Drainage are missing. planning. (Mohadi). breaking of clods. it is muddy in rainy season and will be dusty in summer. (Orissa) by G. layout. by GP. Should do breaking of clods.P.It is not all weather road. dressing with designed side slope. Demarcation with boundary pillar.

side slope in the trenches excavated for soil and drainage. Should use roller for compaction of earthen embankment at optimum moisture content and lay proper gravel material for durability. PHOTO-91: CONSTRUCTION OF ROAD at G. DRC bhawan to Koilari: Village. Distt. design and construction of cross Drainage are missing. Distt. Janpad. . Assam.P. planning.P. with the result. it will not be durable.side slope made.-North Boytamari. M. No layout given with the help of Patwari and no boundary pillars fixed. Should have given layout with the help of patwari and boundary pillars fixed and used proper gravel material for durability. but a Miiti Mooram road. Dantol.Koilari. hence not durable.Kerkali. PHOTO-90: CONSTRUCTION OF 2ND CLASS ROAD. It is mitti road without Demarcation with boundary pillar. compaction with roller.. It is not a 2nd class road.Bongaigaon. constructed by PWD Department. –Umaria. 78 . survey for longitudinal section of the road.

Should plan and estimate the cross drainage work and to do compaction with roller and follow PMGSY specifications. Distt. Amravati. it will be muddy in rainy season and dusty in summer. No provision of laying gravel and 79 . compaction by roller. breaking of clods. It is not all weather road. PHOTO-93: CONSTRUCTION OF EARTHEN/MURRAM ROAD by PWD. layout. PHOTO-92: CONSTRUCTION OF ROAD at G. No survey. before carrying out the work. Maharashtra. village.Vihigaon. by PWD. dressing with designed side slope and murram layer laid. Taluka.P. Distt.Adyal (Pauni). Should have planned and constructed gravel or WBM road. –Aurangabad (Maharashtra). No Cross Drainage constructed nor planned and estimated.Chikhaldara. No demarcation by putting boundary pillars and survey for longitudinal section was done.

-94: MITTI MURRAM ROAD. There are no designs and drawings with the estimate. Should follow norms and specification as per the Joint convergence guidelines MGNREGS and PMGSY issued by the Ministry and available on the MGNREGA website www. from Posaiya to Dugdugia. with the result it will erode and slide.) by PWD. it will not be durable. side drains. The pit excavated for the earth is very deep which may result with an accident. not permitted under MGNREGA.-Barudih. side slope. Proper layout. compaction. 3.-Sabarkantha. Block.Khunti. especially in rainy season. cross drainage and other required technical input are missing.P. Mitti Murram Road is not all weather road as it is muddy in rainy season and dusty in summer and nor durable. compaction. 1. It will not be durable.325 lakh in village – Posaiya G.P. District – Khunti.construction of cross drainage made in the estimate. It is a good road. costs Rs. No breaking of clods and compaction. PHOTO. nor provided designed width and side slope.7 km. with the result. survey. 80 . It is all weather and durable road and constructed with proper layout. (Jharkhand) being constructed by the Block office.nrega. long. Gujarat by Gram Panchayat. Annupur (M. survey.in PHOTO-96: CONSTRUCTION OF ROAD at VillageBoga. PHOTO-95: CONSTRUCTION OF WATER BOUND MACADAM (WBM) ROAD from Jariyari to khuntatala road. therefore. Distt.nic. cross drainage and other required technical input in labor: material ratio 60:40.

. for cross drainage no planning and design has been made. drainage system and compaction by Roller. hence will not be durable. with the result. there is water logging by the side of road. which will affect the durability of road adversely. No demarcation.Noniya Barely. Rajasthan.P. . 81 . Sawai Madhopur. JanpadUdaipura.P.nic. M. The quality of road constructed is very poor. boundary pillar. survey for L-section.-Raisen. Should follow norms and specification as per the Joint convergence guidelines MGNREGS and PMGSY issued by the Ministry and available on the MGNREGA website www.nrega. PHOTO-98: GRAVEL ROAD NONIYA BARELI TO KADHAILY: Village & G.-Balariya. Distt. Use proper quality and size of gravel and to do compaction by Roller.PHOTO-97: CONSTRUCTION OF GRAVEL ROAD at G.P.in For cross drainage proper planning and design should be made with required survey. Should do demarcation with boundary pillars.

but no cross drainage planned and provided to drain out water in to the pucca drain constructed on other side of the road. PHOTO-99: GRAVEL ROAD Ghatiawali to Arnia. whereas.P. design and construct drainage system for the durability of road. Distt. . Distt. P. which will affect the durability of road adversely. One side of road was found waterlogged.Should plan. Road and pucca drain should terminate at the nearby pucca road and culvert.Khandar. Cross drainage with required design should be planned and constructed to drain out water in pucca drain constructed on other side of road.P. Rajasthan. there is pucca road with culvert. G. with the result. . 82 . Ghatiawli.-Chittorgarh (Rajasthan) for cross drainage no planning and design has been made. just after nearly 100 meter. there is water logging by the side of road. PHOTO-100: CONSTRUCTION OF PUCCA DRAIN at G.S.SawaiMadhopur. Road and pucca drain terminates in the habitation.-Bahranvda Khurd.

-Raisen. No required survey.P. Distt. PHOTO-102: CONSTRUCTION OF PUCCA DRAIN from Sukumar Ghosh house to Dohar (VillageRakshitpur.P. W.) by Gram Panchayat. PHOTO-101: GRAVEL ROAD Noniya Bareli to Kadhaily: Village & G. M. Layout for location of culvert should have been given in such way.P. With the result. 83 . Distt. G. so that it is durable and safe disposal of water takes place.Burdwan. the proper location of culvert would have saved land. and should be constructed after giving proper layout with side walls. design for the size and bed slope of drain should have been made. JanpadUdaipura. design for the size and bed slope was made. so that there is minimum turn and no wastage of land. Block-Kanksa.For cross drainage proper planning and design should be made. Location of culvert constructed is not proper. For cross drainage no planning and design has been made. . There are number of turns which could have been avoided by giving proper layout with the help of revenue official. it has started sinking in first rain and clogged. it has been laid even at lower level than the field level and without constructing side walls.B. simply pipe has been laid that too without working out the level at which required to be placed.Noniya Barely. Required survey..–Molandighi.

On top of the wall. found that the side walls of the culvert are with dry masonry and plastered to hide dry masonry.-Chittorgarh (Rajasthan). Suggested that side walls of the culvert should not be with dry masonry.P. Whereas. Therefore. For the durability of road side drain and cross drainage is necessary. Amarpura. G. pointing is sufficient. copping should be done for the durability. The size of pipe in the cross drainage should be worked out based on hydrologic and hydraulic design.P. In the estimate. with the result road will not be durable. plaster was not required. On top of the wall. – Soniyana.PHOTO -103: CONSTRUCTION OF CULVERT on Gravel road Damar to Biharipura via Hathipura. copping should have been done. G. On side walls plaster is not required. pointing would have been sufficient. construction of road with drain is there but drain has not been constructed. PHOTO -104: CONSTRUCTION OF PATTI PATHAR ROAD. 84 . (Rajasthan). Distt. The pipe in the cross drainage have been provided without any Hydrologic and hydraulic design. detailed design and drawing of side drain and cross drainage should be the part of the estimate and constructed simultaneously. Distt-Chittorgarh.

85 . Camber and proper side drain should be provided for the durability of Khandaja. No camber has been provided in the Khadanja. Tons. Constructed in year 2007-08. (U. Drain is also missing.S. P.P.------------------do---------------------- PHOTO. with the result. where as it is constructed dry. G.P. and broken because of poor quality and no drainage system.) by G.105: CONSTRUCTION OF PATTI PATHAR ROAD from Lirdikheda School to Village. Chittorgarh (Rajasthan).P.-Kanpur.106: REPAIR OF KHANDAJA from the house of Radhey Shyam to the house of Vijay Narayan Uttam.-Sadas. The edging of khadanja should be with mortar masonry. In the estimate edging of khadanja is with masonry. Distt. it will not be durable. PHOTO.

whereas. PHOTO-107: RAJEEV GANDHI SEWA KENDRA 86 . boundary pillar: Informed that the land on which RGSK is being constructed has been donated by an individual. Systems to ensure un interrupted power supply under the scheme of Ministry of Non Observed that no planning/ provision made Conventional and Renewable Energy. should collect the map of the land and prepare layout map of the building with offsets on all the four sides of the building. steel. sand etc. roof was not available on the work site. the concerned staff informed that the land on which RGSK is being constructed is Design for RCC roof: The RCC design of government land. This activity can be carried out under MGNREGS as a separate work also.keep provision and install Solar Photo Voltaic 107). bricks. next day.e. layout with the help of Amin. as per the roof area. the roof should be done and made available Design for RCC roof: With the plan map of to the concerned at work site and get the the building. cement. Financial norms in purchasing material: Should do tendering as per financial rules and approve the rates block wise. for convergence for Solar Energy and Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting: Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting: Should keep provision for roof top rain water harvesting system by constructing pucca storage tank of the size. even costing more than a lakh. steel frame was Convergence for Solar Energy: Should under preparation on the worksite (Photo.4. after shuttering. boundary pillar: Before sanctioning/ starting construction of RGSK. no tendering was done. GOI. (ix) BHARAT NIRMAN RAJEEV GANDHI SEVA KENDRA OBSERVATIONS MADE DURING FIELD VISIT/ WHAT NOT TO DO AND SOLUTIONS/ WHAT TO DO ARE AS FOLLOWS: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ SOLUTIONS/ TO DO Financial norms in purchasing material: Observed that for purchasing building material i. On asking for the concerned document of donation. layout with the help of Amin. rainfall of the area. All the material purchased from open market. Layout map. The demarcation of the land with the help of concerned Amin and boundary pillars should be made before constructing RGSK. Layout map. the RCC design for columns and work done accordingly.

ii) Construction of boundary wall. 5.t.1: CONSTRUCTION OF MODEL TALAB WITH BOUNDARY WALL.P. topography and rainfall of the area. Construction of fencing is over designed.(costing Rs. constructed boundary wall. iii) Such model talab should not be constructed as it is not creating/ strengthening livelihood nor permitted under the Act PHOTO-108: CONSTRUCTION OF MODEL TALAB. catchment. Distt. U.-Gumla (Jharkhand) CHAPTER-5 5. BENCHES AND BORING: (being constructed in Uttar Pradesh on large scale) OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ TO DO i) Construction of talab under the act is for the purpose of water harvesting. (ix). 87 . With model talab. There is no design for the capacity of talab. 21 lakh) at G. gate. inlet and outlet w.r.-Malakaraj. G. gate benches and well boring are not covered under the Act. District. All these activities are not permitted under the Act. benches for sitting and boring for filling water in the talab. not for storing water for recreation purpose. Block. it has been observed that the following works not permitted under the MGNREGA and not enhancing livelihood of the rural poor are being taken up.P.Kunda.Kudra (Sisai).P.Pratapgarh. (ix) WORKS NOT PERMITTED AND BEING CARRIED OUT UNDER MGNREGA: During visit to different districts of the States to oversee/ review the implementation of the Mahatma Gandhi MGNREGA. .

Distt. this well is being used for drinking purpose only not for irrigation. in this case it is desilting of river bed not the tank.P. because of Bajri This work should not be carried out under MGNREGA. Renovation of traditional water bodies including desilting of tanks are permitted in the Act. these pits in the river bed. 88 .Amethi. whereas. whereas. it is not covered under the Act.5. Gabion structure in the upstream should have been constructed to arrest sand and conserve rain water. as per Act the well can be constructed / repaired for irrigation facility.P.Nareni. (ix). Therefore. The well has been repaired and decorated by constructing platform. U. 2: REPAIR OF WELL IN THE RESIDENTIAL AREA FOR DRINKING PURPOSE: (being repaired in Uttar Pradesh on large scale) OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ TO DO PHOTO-109: WELL REPAIR of Shri Ramjas. this activity is not covered under the Act. (ix). instead this work. District. pillars and nali etc without increasing the water availability in the well. Secondly. Secondly.Sultanpur.–Sabarkantha (Gujarat) by G. G. 5. Therefore. the construction of Dug well can be taken up under the provision of irrigation facility to land owned by the households belonging to the SC/ST/BPL/Beneficiary of IAY/Land reform/SF and MF. Block. bathing place. 3: DEEPENING OF RIVER BED UNDER DEEPENING OF CHECK DAM: (being done in many places in Gujarat) OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ TO DO PHOTO-110: DESILTING OF CHECK DAM at VillageOdha (Krusmpura). As per the schedule I of the Act. therefore. staircase.P. this work should not have been carried out under MGNREGS.

(ix). Earthen road all alone is not permitted under MGNREGA.C. As per the schedule I of the MGNREGA. ) 89 . 5. the road constructed should be gravel road or WBM road which is durable and provide all weather access.P.Khandaghosh. rural connectivity to provide all weather access is permitted. PHOTO-112: CONSTRUCTION OF CEMENT CONCRETE ROAD (Village & G. Kanpur (U. Chhattisgarh and Orissa etc.B. therefore should not be constructed under MGNREGS. (ix). Block. W.P. Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan etc. Madhya Pradesh.. therefore there will be no all weather access. Nivada Ujagar.) It will be muddy in rainy season and dusty in summer. ROAD: (being constructed in the state like Uttar Pradesh.) OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ TO DO It is not permitted under Mahatma Gandhi NREGS.) OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ TO DO PHOTO -111: EARTHEN ROAD constructed in G. nor it is labor intensive.(coarse sand) will get filled up/ silted in one rain/ one rainy season. – Sankari/ Sankari II. 5: CONSTRUCTION OF C. Jharkhand.Burdwan.P. 5. therefore.Distt. 4: CONSTRUCTION OF EARTHEN/ MITTI MURRAM ROAD: (being constructed in the states like Uttar Pradesh.

Therefore should not be constructed under MGNREGA. therefore should not be constructed under MGNREGA. PHOTO114: CONSTRUCTION OF PUCCA BOUNDARY WALL and plantation with brick tree guard in the school. (ix). blocks are laid on cement concrete. Distt. road and more material intensive as C. G. . (ix). Construction of pucca wall is not permitted under MGNREGA. 7: CONSTRUCTION OF SCHOOL BOUNDARY WALL: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ TO DO This work is not permitted under the Act.P. In Uttar Pradesh construction of school boundary is being taken up under Mahatma Gandhi 90 .P.Kanpur (U.).C. 5. 6: CONSTRUCTION OF INTERLOCKING/ APEX ROAD :( being constructed in few State like Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan etc. Kanpur (U.P.C. PHOTO.P.constructed by Gram Panchayat.113: CONSTRUCTION OF INTERLOCKING/ APEX ROAD in G. road is not permitted under MGNREGA and Interlocking/ Apex road is also C. Constructed on existing brick Khandaja.C. Nivada Ujagar.Rawatpur Chaudhariyan.) OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ TO DO Construction of C.) by the G. 5.P. .

Janpad-Tamnar. platform with Moorum 91 .P. should not be constructed. strengthen the livelihood base of the rural poor. work of school ground leveling is being taken up on large scale. 5. Village & G. under the nor will it resource Therefore PHOTO-115: SCHOOL GROUND LEVELING. PHOTO-116: CONSTRUCTION OF GOTHAN in Distt. 9: CONSTRUCTION OF GOTHAN: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ TO DO This activity is not covered under MGNREGA.-Raigarh. Chhatisgarh (common in Chhatisgarh). Chhattisgarh. In Chhattisgarh.NREGA on large scale. However. (ix). only after submitting proper case to the Central Government and issue of Notification by the Central Government. this work may be a durable asset and strengthen the livelihood resource base of the rural poor by protecting their cattle’s from disease of rainy season. 8: SCHOOL GROUND LEVELLING: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ TO DO This work is not permitted Mahatma Gandhi NREGA. This activity should have been carried out under MGNREGA. 5.-Devgarh. (ix). Under this activity. Distt. – Raigarh and Sarguja.

Jharkhand. 10: CONSTRUCTION OF GUARD WALL: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ TO DO Guard wall is not permitted under MGNREGA nor has any utility. 5.filling are constructed for the cattle’s. so that in rainy season the platform are not slippery and cattle’s are comfortable.Sadar. (ix). Block.Sadar. 14. Suggested that instead pucca guard wall. constructed by the Block office in Village-Navadi. Jharkhand. District.11 lakh has been constructed by the Soil Conservation Department in Village-Navadi. DistrictHazaribagh.118: BATHING GHAT. 11: CONSTRUCTION OF BATHING GHAT: OBSERVATONS/ NOT TO DO SUGGESTIONS/ TO DO Bathing Ghat is not covered under MGNREGA nor strengthen livelihood resource base of the rural poor. therefore should not be constructed under MGNREGS. Block. costing Rs. 92 . (ix). 5. Bathing Ghat is not permitted under MGNREGA nor will it strengthen the livelihood resource base of the rural poor. PHOTO. PHOTO-117: GUARD WALL on both the bank of Nala (costing Rs.Hazaribagh.33 lakh). earthen peripheral bunds with proper design and survey should have been constructed. 5.

93 . WORK OTHER THAN PERMITTED UNDER THE ACT CAN BE TAKEN UP ONLY AFTER THE APPROVAL AND NOTIFICATION BY THE MINISTRY.IT IS THEREFORE TO ENSURE THAT SUCH TYPES OF WORKS NOT PERMITTED UNDER THE ACT ARE NOT TAKEN UP UNDER MAHATMA GANDHI NREGA.

WDT.R.(Optional) resources. (for the Chaired by District committee coordinator area<25000 ha). Gram Water user association 94 . collector (DLIMC) under the MGNREGA District Collector is head chairmanship of of District Planning District collector. to disburse and Guarantee credit the fund. Council State State State Level Nodal Agency State technical State level Employment Advisory committee steering Guarantee Committee. Renovation scheme of MOWR of MORD and Restoration of water bodies directly linked to agriculture of (b) (c) (d) MOWR (f) (e) National Central National Level Nodal Ministry of water MoWR. SHG. Committee and approves the perspective and annual action plan relating to watershed Intermediat e Panchayat Panchayat/ Project Intermediate Panchayat PIA. and monitoring Programme D. Collector is District programme coordinator MGNREGA and also head DLIC and DLIMC of Water resources Schemes. Remark (g) District Collector is head of District Planning Committee and approves the perspective and annual action plan relating to watershed. Council District District Panchayat District Watershed District level District level Collector is Development unit (formed Implementation implementation District for the area>25000 ha)/ Committee (DLIC). UG Panchayat.A.D.ANNEXURE. NABARD Employment Agency. Village PIA.1: INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS IN ONGOING PROGRAMMES OF RAINFED AREA Level MGNREGS of Integrated Watershed National project for Dug well recharge MORD Management Programme Repair.

ANNEXURE-2: A typical exercise to identify works/ activities to be covered under MGNREGA and under IWMP (Integrated watershed development programme) / other similar programme of MoWR separately. Area of Watershed: ---500 ha.3 MGNREGA Y Y 1. Name of Panchayat/Block/District: -------S. VALUE ADDITION AND INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT OF WATERSHED AREA. ary of LR/IAY 2. with the size of area/ work. Name of Watershed: ------------. --------. Work/Activity Kind of Area Size of area /work Estima ted Cost (lakh) Programme Under which Proposed Year in which Proposed 20112012201312 13 14 201415 i) Water conservation/ Harvesting a) CATCHMENT AREA TREAYMENT Arable Area Contour/Graded Bunding/ Bench Terracing Contour/Graded Bunding/ Bench Terracing Individual land of 100 SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/benefici ha. Community/ Forest land b) CHECK DAM Drainage Line Treatment 1) Brush wood check dam Individual land of 20 0. THEREFORE. AS REFERRED ABOVE.0 MGNREGA Y Y Individual land of other 300 than SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/ ha beneficiary of LR/IAY 6.level Sabha SINCE DISTRICT COLLECTOR IS HEADING ALL THE FOUR PROGRAMMES RELATED TO RAINFED AREA.0 IWMP Y Y Non Arable Area Individual land of SC/ST/ 20 Contour/ Staggered/ Box BPL/SF/MF/beneficiary of ha trenches/ furrows LR/IAY. No. DISTRICT COLLECTOR SHOULD ENSURE CONVERGENCE OF ALL THESE PROGRAMMES FOR GAP FILLING.0 95 .Name of Village: ----------------. estimated cost and the year in which proposed.

MGNREGA MGNREGA MGNREGA MGNREGA IWMP Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Individual land of other than SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/benefici ary of LR/IAY Common / Forest land Individual land SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/ beneficiary of LR/IAY Common / Forest land Individual land of other than SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/benefici ary of LR/IAY of 10 No.2)Earthen check dam 3)loose stone/Rock check dam 4) Gabion check dam SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/benefici fill ary of LR/IAY Common / Forest land 5)Pucca check dam/ Anicut / Drop spillway/ Stop dam/ Stop dam cum causeway 6) Subsurface water harvesting structure in coastal area 1) Brush wood check dam 2)Earthen check dam 3)loose stone/Rock fill check dam 4) Gabion check dam c) PONDS 1) Dugout sunken pond 2) Village pond 3) Water storage pond 4) Percolation tank 5) Conversion of low land for water harvesting. 15 No.0 No. 1. 1) Dugout sunken pond 2) Water storage pond 3) Percolation tank 4) Conversion of low land to aquaculture tanks.2 No.5 25 6. 0. d)ANY OTHER STRUCTURE 1) Khadin 2) Khet Talab 1.2 IWMP Y Y Y MGNREGA IWMP Y Y MGNREGA Individual land of SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/benefici ary of LR/IAY Y Y 96 . 5 No.

3)Farm pond 4) Artificial recharge of well Common land/ Forest land through sand filter 5) Tank cum well 1) Khadin Individual land of other 2) Khet Talab than 3)Farm pond SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/benefici ary of LR/IAY 4) Artificial recharge of well through sand filter -------------do-------------5) Tank cum well ---------do---------(ii) Drought Proofing a)AFFORESTATION 1) Root stock regeneration 2)Tree plantation/Block plantation 3) Silvipasture 4)Avenue Plantation 5)Fencing and watch and ward of Avenue plantation b) TREE PLANTATION 1) Boundary plantation 2) Agro forestry 1) Boundary plantation 2) Agro forestry Common land/ Forest land IWMP Y Y Dug well recharge scheme of MoWR/ NADP (RKVY) MGNREGA Y -----------do--------Individual land of SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/ beneficiary of LR/IAY Individual land of other than SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/benefici ary of LR/IAY Watershed Programme MGNREGA Y Y Watershed Programme Y c) HORTICULTURE PLANTATION Individual land of 1) Block plantation SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/benefici 2)Agro horticulture ary of LR/IAY Y MGNREGA 97 .

MGNREGA Watershed 98 b)RENOVATION b)RENOVATION Individual land of SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/ beneficiary of LR/IAY Individual land of other .(iii) (iv) plantation 1) Block plantation Individual land of other 2)Agro horticulture than plantation SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/benefici ary of LR/IAY Irrigation facility a) Dug well with recharge Individual land of pit. SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/ beneficiary of LR/IAY b) Field Channel Individual land of SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/ beneficiary of LR/IAY c)Raised and Sunken bed Individual land of system SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/ beneficiary of LR/IAY Renovation of traditional water bodies/ Desilting a)DESILTING Common land/ forest land/ Individual land of SC/ST/BPL/ SF/MF/beneficiary of LR/IAY a)DESILTING Individual land of other than SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/ beneficiary of LR/IAY b)RENOVATION Common land/ forest land Watershed Programme Y MGNREGA Y MGNREGA Y MGNREGA Y MGNREGA Y Watershed Programme RRR of WB Y of water resource Dep’t.

than SC/ST/BPL/ SF/MF/beneficiary of LR/IAY (v) Land Development a)LAND LEVELLING Individual land of SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/ beneficiary of LR/IAY B)RECLAMATION OF Individual land of SALT AFFECTED LAND SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/ beneficiary of LR/IAY B)RECLAMATION OF Individual land of other SALT AFFECTED LAND than SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/ beneficiary of LR/IAY Flood control and protection work including drainage in water logged a)Flood control Individual land of SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/benefici ary of LR/IAY Common land/ Forest land b)Protection work Individual land of SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/benefici ary of LR/IAY Common land/ Forest land c)Drainage in water logged Individual land of area SC/ST/BPL/SF/MF/benefici ary of LR/IAY Common land/ Forest land Rural connectivity Common land/ forest land Programme MGNREGA Y MGNREGA Y Watershed Programme Y (vi) MGNREGA Y MGNREGA Y MGNREGA Y (vii) MGNREGA Y 99 .

(AIBP) Programme (CADWM) Scheme. NORMS.. Dug well Ground Flood Accelerated Farmer’s . (D) (F) (G) (H) (I) (J) (B) (C) (E) (A) To restore and To To To take up Major. FUNDING. and demonstratio ve enhance ground e the manageme minor n of created storage livelihood capacities of water efficacy of nt works in irrigation technologies security in irrigation water bodies. (FPARP). Field 1. Regulation nt Works. AREA COVERAGE. and also to recharge & integrated Extension. Objecti i) To Efficient utilization of augment recharge demonstrat flood medium. n of major enhance guaranteed and potential and medium yield wage income per employment irrigation projects. SUBSIDY. INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK ETC. drop of in a water. UNIT COST. Renovation & institutes at least 100 will days of extend their harvesting modernizatio which lost irrigation techniques.ANNEXURE-3: OBJECTIVE. UNDER NREGS AND THE DIFFERENT PROGRAMMES OF WATER RESOURCE DEPARTMENT ARE AS FOLLOWS-S. by the by providing recover and rain water manner. Content MGNREGS Programmes under Water Resource Department NO Command Repair. Area Recharge water Control and Irrigation participation Renovation Developmen and Scheme manageme River Benefits Action t & Water Restoration of nt and manageme Programme Research Management Water Bodies. artificial an projects and developed rural areas potential. financial year to every household whose adult members 100 .

101 . Special Category States90:10 between centre and states.2. State share include 10 % contribution by the beneficiary. 50% subsidy to other farmers. Funding pattern of 50: 50 between centre and states. i) 100% on unskilled labor and ii) 75 % of the Cost of material and wages for skilled and semiskilled workers. 25% to Non-special category states. Funding pattern of 25: 75 between centre and states for water bodies under domestic support for non-special category states and 90:10 for special category states as well as naxal affected/ drought prone/ tribal 100% subsidy to Marginal & Small farmers. Expenditure incurred above the approved cost will be borne by the Institutes themselves. On software activities subsidy 100 to75%. 100% funding from MoWR. 100% funding from Central Governmen t. drought prone area. Other States75:25 between centre and states. For restoration of damaged flood manageme nt works90:10 Central grant 90% to special category states (NorthEastern States. Fundin g/Subsi dy volunteer to do unskilled manual work? ii) Creation of durable assets and strengtheni ng the livelihood resource base of the rural poor. tribal area & flood prone area).

above Outlet 5700. i) Correction Rs. Central funding in form of grant to the State. cost Rs. up to varying distributaries from state of 150 cusec to state capacity – between centre and states. to Rs. 75% is loan taken from the world bank and passed on to the concerned states on back to back basis and is to be repaid by the states. 50. Unit Cost/ Cost norms Nil areas. The balance 25% is taken as liability of GOI which is also taken as loan from the World bank. 3600 requirement deficiencies hectare.000/on or the and approved cost per demonstratio n whichever is less. For externally aided programmes (EAP).3.40000Unit cost As per local of system 45000 per Rs.S.R. limited to 102 . As per local project requirement based design B.

Submountainou s/ hilly areas. Up to 2000 hectare will be considered under externally aided programme. 5000 per ha.4.P. Technical Rs. i)State Level i)State level i) State i)State Level Technical TAC. urban areas showing steep decline in GW. Area Entire coverag country. 4000 per ha. For scheme under domestic support. Karnataka . Maharash tra. the proposals will be for irrigation as well as for non irrigation tanks. Instituti onal Water bodies having original irrigation culturable command area of 20 ha. Command areas of Major & Medium Irrigation Project in Plane areas and Minor irrigation Project also in Hilly areas. 100 demonstratio n per institute. Drought prone &water scarcity area. To Field Drains---Rs.. e 5. Projects on Command eligibility areas criteria from Entire country. Madhya Pradesh. State Committee 103 . Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. Entire Overcountry exploited/ Critical blocks. i)Central i) State Level i) State Employment Committee. Private owned water bodies not covered. Costal areas. Hard rock areas in the states of A. Gujarat. Areas with geogenic contaminati on of GW.

Integration and convergenc e to such schemes for holistic Issues on convergence of the project with related activities under other schemes should be achieved and this aspect should be brought out The work would be implemente d as per guidelines framed under NREGS by the MORD. 104 . Chaired by District collector. Chaired by District collector. Coordinatio n Committee( SLTCC) ii)Local Technical Coordinatio n Committee (LTCC) Chaired by District collector Flood control Board. gram sabha District Collector is the District Programme coordinator MGNREGA Convergenc e of MGNREGA funds with funds from other sources for the creation of durable assets is permissible ii)Water Users Association Advisory committee.framework Guarantee Council ii)State employment Guarantee Council iii)District Panchayat iv) Intermediate Panchayat v) Village Panchayat. Steering Committe e (SLSC) ii) District level Implement ation Committe e. iii) Water Users Association. Earth works like Desilting of canal etc. Conver gence The drafted schemes henceforth should provide clear Linkages. ii) District level Implementatio n Committee. ii)Water Resources Department 6.

t. land a) Renovation and de-silting of existing Common land /Govt. programme under which proposed and the year in which proposed for convergence. AIBP. Name of Panchayat/Block/District: S.developmen clearly. irrigation tanks and control structures land within the irrigated Commands (earth work) MGNREGA MGNREGA 105 . Area of the Command -----------.N Work/Activity Kind of Area Size Esti Programme Year in which Proposed o. irrigation tanks (earth work). ANNEXURE-4: A typical exercise on the identification of the works/ activities to be covered under MGNREGS. estimated cost. Dug Well Recharge and Ground Water Management and Regulation Scheme.Name of Village: ----------------. Name of Command area: ------------. separately with the size of area/ work. Flood Management Programme. of mate Under which 201 201 2013 201 area d Proposed 4-15 1-12 2-13 -14 /work Cost (lakh ) (i) Renovation of traditional water bodies/ Desilting a) Renovation and de-silting of existing Common land /Govt. FPARP and RRR of water bodies of Water Resource Department. CADWM.

Medium. (Earth work) e) Correction of system deficiencies above outlet up to distributaries of 4. (other than earth work) Irrigation facility a)Survey. for desilting). and Extension.25 cumec (150 cusec) capacity. Planning and designing of OFD works b)Construction of field channels ------do----- RRR of water bodies/ CADWM Programme AIBP MGNREGA/ AIBP MGNREGA/ AIBP MGNREGA -----do----- CADWM Programme (iii) b)Construction of field channels Complete Command Area Individual land of SC/ST/ BPL/beneficiary of LR/IAY &SF/MF Individual land of other than SC/ST/ BPL/beneficiary of CADWM Programme MGNREGA CADWM Programme 106 . c)Minor Irrigation Schemes d) Correction of system deficiencies above outlet up to distributaries of 4. Renovation & Modernization irrigation projects (Earth work and desilting).25 cumec (150 cusec) capacity. Medium. construction.a) Renovation and de-silting of existing Common land irrigation tanks and control structures /Government land within the irrigated Commands (other than earth work). Renovation & Modernization irrigation Land acquired by projects (other than earth work and the Govt. (ii) Irrigation canals including minor irrigation a) Major. and Extension. b) Major.

land leveling/ shaping a) Full package OFD Works including Field channels.W. mgt & Regulation (v) Land Development a) Full package On. c)Reclamation of waterlogged areas/ MGNREGA All land works requiring Flood Management Programme/ MGNREGA MGNREGA MGNREGA/ 107 -----do---------do------ . realignment of field boundaries. (Costing up to 1 crore) b) Construction of drains. anti erosion works drainage development and flood proofing. land leveling/ shaping MGNREGA CADWM programme b)Land leveling and shaping MGNREGA (vi) c) Land Development Flood Control/ Drainage in water logged a) Flood Management Works like construction/ raising and strengthening of embankments. etc. realignment of field boundaries.Farm Development (OFD) Works including Field channels.(iv) Ground Water recharge a)Artificial recharge through Dug well LR/IAY &SF/MF Individual land of SC/ST/ BPL/beneficiary of LR/IAY &SF/MF Individual land of other than SC/ST/ BPL/beneficiary of LR/IAY &SF/MF Individual land of SC/ST/BPL/ beneficiary of LR/IAY &SF/MF Individual land of other than SC/ST/BPL/benefici ary of LR/IAY & SF/MF Individual land of SC/ST/BPL/ beneficiary of LR/IAY & SF/MF Common land MGNREGA Dug well Recharge/ G.

drainage d)Bio-drainage ------do----- d) Conjunctive use Individual land of SC/ST/BPL/ beneficiary of LR/ IAY & SF/MF Common land /Govt. CADWM programme MGNREGA/ CADWM programme MGNREGA (vii) Plantation Canal Plantation Popularization of New Technological for efficient use of water a)Demonstration b) In situ moisture conservation works MGNREGA (viii ) FPARP Command area MGNREGA/ FPARP MGNREGA MGNREGA (ix) Rural connectivity ----do------Common land/ forest land/Canal Road 108 .

109 .

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