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Otherwise known as the RIZAL LAW.  It mandates the teaching of the life, works, and writings of Rizal in all schools in the country.

He sponsored the said law. He stated that Rizal was the founder of Filipino nationality and the architect of the Filipino nation, there is a need to know and imbibe the great ideals and principles for which he died.

 To

rededicate the lives of the youth to the ideals of freedom and nationalism, for which our heroes lived and died.  To pay tribute to our national hero for devoting his life and works in shaping the Filipino character.  To gain an inspiring source of patriotism thru the study of Rizal’s life, works, and writings.

 To develop an understanding and appreciation of the qualities. teachings.  To apply Rizal’s ideas in the solution of dayto-day situations and problems in contemporary life. citizenship and vocational efficiency among the Filipino youth.  To foster the development of moral character. and life values to present conditions in the community. To recognize the relevance of Rizal’s ideals. behavior and character of Rizal. . personal discipline. thoughts.

 Resolved that: Rizal subject should be abolished.  Resolved that Andres Bonifacio should be our national and not Jose Rizal. .




considering that he led the revolution of 1896 against Spain? chose Rizal to be our country’s national hero? is Rizal our greatest national hero?  Why  Who  Why . In the Philippines our national hero. not Bonifacio. Jose Rizal was not a man of war but a man of peace.

Understanding the concept of “HERO” .

A A . (Webster Dictionary) person of distinguished valor or enterprise in danger. or fortitude in suffering. because of exceptional service to mankind. man honored after death by public worship.A prominent or central personage taking an admirable part in any remarkable action or event.

Bonifacio. contenders for the title then as National Hero were: Rizal. Mabini. TAFT COMMISSION of 1901 stated that.  The  The . not the Filipino people chose Rizal to become our country’s national hero. CONSTANTINO (1969) claims that Rizal was an American-sponsored hero. Aguinaldo.

The decision to sponsor Rizal was implemented with the enactment of the following legislations by the Philippine Commission:  ACT # 137 – which organized a politico-military district and named it as the province of Rizal in honor of the most illustrious Filipino. ACT # 243 – which authorized a public subscription for the erection of a monument in honr of Rizal at Luneta. ACT # 345 – which set aside the anniversary of Rizal’s death as a day of observance.   .

which was the American Policy then in the Philippines. AGONCILLO (1986) – pointed out that Rizal was acceptable as a national hero to the Americans because he was a symbol of assimilation. .

his own people. and that the maker or manufacturer in this case were the Americans.  Rizal . Unfortunately. there are still some Filipinos who entertain the belief that our Rizal is a “made-to-order” national hero. particularly Civil Governor William Howard Taft. himself. and the foreigners all together contributed to make him the greatest hero & martyr of his people.

No embarrassing anti-American quotations could ever be attributed to Rizal. . which contributed to Rizal’s acceptability as the official hero of the Philippines:    Rizal was already dead at the time the Americans began their aggression in the Philippines. Rizal’s dramatic martyrdom had already made him the symbol of Spanish oppression.CONSTANTINO said that there were other factors.

.  He served the Filipino people by consciously articulating the unconscious course of events.In the words of CONSTANTINO (1969) – Rizal is a hero in the sense that:  He was able to see the problems generated by historical forces. and take an active part in meeting these needs. discern the new social needs created by the historical development of new social relationships.

they have given their worship to a man who gave up all comforts and pleasures of peace for their sake. . a number of conclusions can be drawn:  Since the Filipinos love peace.  Because Filipinos are lovers of freedom and justice. they have chosen to magnify a man of peace above the men of war. and sacrifice above success.GUERRERO (1998) – asserts that it is the Filipinos who have chosen Rizal to be the symbol of our nationalism as a people even before he died. In choosing Rizal as our Filipino national hero.  Filipinos prize virtue more than victory.

because: It was Rizal who first called the Philippines his fatherland.  He was the first to work towards the unification of the Philippine archipelago into a compact and homogenous body based on common interests and mutual protection.To GUERRERO (1998) – Rizal was the first Filipino. Filipinos who were members of the Filipino nation.  .  It was he who taught his countrymen that they could be something else.


 Rizal was born in the decade when other nationalist leaders of Asia were born: MOHANDAS GANDHI. DE OCAMPO (1969) . RABINDARANATH TAGORE. According to COATES (1968) – all the four challenged the West.said that Rizal was the first exponent of Asian nationalism since he was the source of inspiration for the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution of 1896.    . and SUN YAT-SEN. Of the four. Rizal was the most remarkable because his ideas matured at an early age.

         The worth and dignity of the individual. Belief in social progress through freedom. Popular sovereignty as the basis of all political authority. The rights of the masses to public education. The necessity for constitutional government. The innate equality of all men and races. Due process of law. Faith in human reason and enlightenment. . The inviolability of human rights.

. was through Rizal that the basic tenets of modern and social democracy were given a major voice in Asia for the first time. Rizal was the first Asian leader to assert that the aforementioned ideas and principles be established in Asia for the benefit of the Asians. Rizal deserves to be called the FIRST ASIAN NATIONALIST LEADER.  It  Thus.


 This was the period when the young Rizal learned how to read. .  It was a period when the following values and virtues were developed in him. CREATIVENESS instead of UNPRODUCTIVENESS. RATIONALITY instead of BLIND ACCEPTANCE. such as: INDUSTRIOUSNESS instead of IDLENESS. write and listen to stories that triggered imaginative and critical thinking on his part. DIGNITY instead of SERVILITY.

and Zamora were unjustly executed by the Spanish government.  It . Burgos. He was 11 years and was enrolled at Ateneo Municipal. was the period when Fathers Gomez. This was the first turning point in the life of Rizal. despite the objection of his mother.

 Conception of the Philippines as his fatherland.  Envisioning the Philippines receiving light thru education.  Cultivation of the drive toward excellence.  Perception of the intimate between religion and education. . Strengthening of his religious foundation.

Rizal was always an observer and a student. This was the second major turning point in the life of Rizal. went to Europe and everywhere he went. and heard. It was this time that Rizal decided to leave the Philippines to escape persecution.  He . read. learning from everything he saw.

 He urged the Filipino colony in Spain to prove that Filipinos can compete with the Europeans in intellect and talent. based in Europe. this period. Rizal took part in the Propaganda Movement.  During .

 This was the last turning point in the life of our national hero. where Rizal demonstrated what an individual can do and accomplish within a short period of time.  Rizal . was exiled in Dapitan. before his martyrdom on December 30. 1896. It was here in Dapitan. It was here where he detached his connection with politics and devoted more of his time in practical service and usefulness to the community.