History of Printmaking in the Philippines

• San Miguel, Binondo o Francisco Blancas de San Jose and Juan de Vera produce prints in the first workshop 18th century o Golden age of Philippine engraving o Estampas/ estampitas – prints of miraculous and religious images to be distributed to devotees. Estampitas were used as markers in religious books. 19th century o Decline in the quality of engravings, with the exceptions of the works produced by Ysidro Paulino, Bentura Javier, V. Atlas, T. Atlas, C. Borromeo o Late 19th century – the subject became more secular Early 20th century o Handmade printmaking as an art vanished in the early 20th century Re-emergence of Printmaking o After World War II, mainly due to the return of Manuel Rodriguez Sr. and Rodolfo Paras-Perez, who conducted workshops and reeducated people about it • Manuel Rodriguez, Sr. • Regarded as the Father of Philippine Printmaking • Had a very important role in the organization of the Philippine Association of Printmakers (PAP) • Introduced printmaking the Philippine Women’s University

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