(Q.) The grandmother had a divine beauty.

How does the author bring this

(2 Marks) (Ans)

The author brings out the inner beauty of the grandmother by comparing her to a snow covered winter landscape. This comparison shows her calmness and serenity. (Q.) The three stanzas depict three different phases. What are they?
(2 Marks) (Ans)

The three stanzas depict the first phase, i.e. the mother’s childhood, the second phase is the mother’s adulthood and the third phase is the poet’s own adulthood where she is nostalgically remembering her mother who is no longer alive. (Q.) Why was it hard for the author to believe that his grandmother was once young and pretty?
(2 Marks) (Ans)

The author had only seen and known his grandmother as an old woman. It had been the same situation for twenty years. As a child, therefore, he found it hard to believe that she was young and pretty once upon a time. (Q.) What proofs of the friendship between the grandmother and the grandson do you find in the story?
(2 Marks) (Ans)

As a young child, the author was very close to his grandmother. She helped him to dress up, helped to get his bag packed for school. She even went to leave him at the village school. She helped him with his lessons. This friendship became less strong when they were in the city. (Q.) The grandmother was a kind-hearted woman. Give examples in support of your answer.
(2 Marks) (Ans)

The grandmother was very kind hearted and compassionate. She would feed stale chapattis to the village dogs everyday while leaving her grandson to school. In the city, she continues this practice but would feed sparrows with breadcrumbs, in the courtyard of the house. (Q.) ‘That was the turning point in our friendship’. What was the turning point?
(2 Marks) (Ans)

The turning point in the friendship came when they shifted to the city. Life in the city was very difficult from village life and so were the studies. Grandmother could not help him with his studies and could not go to the school with him. Hence the bond started weakening. (Q.) What did the author think was the last physical contact with his grandmother? Was it really so?
(2 Marks) (Ans)

The author was kissed on the forehead by his grandmother as he was going abroad.

He thought this might be the last physical contact with her because she was old and may not be alive when he would return after five years. (Q.) Khushwant Singh’s grandmother was not pretty but was always beautiful. Explain the meaning of this statement
(2 Marks) (Ans)

The author’s grandmother was not a good-looking woman. But despite her unattractive physical appearance, there was a certain calm and serenity surrounding her. She had inner-beauty, spiritual beauty that made her more divine and attractive. (Q.) Which activity did the grandmother find most relaxing when she lived in the city?
(2 Marks) (Ans)

The grandmother would daily feed the sparrows in the verandah of the house. She used to let them perch on her shoulders and would talk to them. She had made it a daily ritual and she found it very relaxing. (Q.) Write a character sketch of grandmother.
(2 Marks) (Ans)

Grandmother was an old woman who was once young and pretty. She was short and fat and slightly bent. She was beautiful at heart. Being very caring, she used to wake upthe author in the morning and get him ready for school. She was very concerned about the author’s education. She would fetch the wooden board which she had already plastered with yellow chalk. She was very kind and would carrystale chapattis for the village dogs. She fed the sparrows with bits of bread. She was benevolent and fond of music. She called the neighbourhood women and beat the drum whenher grandson returned from abroad. She was very attached to him and would spend hours talking to him about his studies. She was deeply distressed at western education and learning of music. She was religious as she was always telling the beads of a rosary and would say a prayer in a sing-song manner. (Q.) Give two instances to show that the author’s grandmother was serious about education.
(2 Marks) (Ans)

The grandmother herself used to clean the author’s slate every evening, pack his bag for school, help him with his homework and drop himat school. She would wait there till he would finish classes and thentakehim back home. In the city also, she tookinterest in what he was learning at school, but was unable to help him with his studies.

(Q. Suzanne was brave enough to write a card.) Why do you think people undertake such adventurous expeditions in spite of the risks involved? (2 Marks) (Ans) People undertake such adventurous expeditions due to two reasons.) How did Jonathan react to the desperate situation they found themselves in on 5th January? (2 Marks) (Ans) Jonathan asked his father if they were all going to die. She had drawn their caricatures and written that she had drawn some . The adults also reacted with a fighting spirit and optimism.) What do you observe about the reaction of the adults and the children when faced with disaster? (2 Marks) (Ans) The children show amazing maturity and resilience in the face of disaster.L-2 (Q. He had spent sixteen years preparing for this brave adventure. They have the passionatethrivefor risk. Despite serious injuries. They also want to do certain things for attaining name. Their undaunted efforts helped them to survive the disaster.) How did the narrator respond to little Jon’s words? What do his actions reveal about his character? (2 Marks) (Ans) The narrator could not find any words to respond to his son’s remark. Sue and himself. (Q. On the father’s reassurance. a caring father who wanted to save his children at all costs. He acquired experience in sailing around the British waters. he was determined to fight the sea with everything he had. as he left his children’s cabin. (Q. fame and recognition. thrill and uncertainty and they push their limits of skill and endurance. mom.) How did Sue try to enliven the gloomy atmosphere? (2 Marks) (Ans) Sue tried to enliven the gloomy atmosphere by trying her hand at making a card for her parents. he said that they were notafraid of dying if they could all be together – his dad. They remain strong and composed. They had tested their boat ‘Wave walker’ in the roughest weather. (Q. (Q. However.) Why did the narrator undertake the round the world voyage? What did he do for this mission? (2 Marks) (Ans) The narrator wanted the achievement of duplicating the round the world voyage made two hundred years earlier by Captain James Cook. This shows his courageous nature and his love for his children. John said that they were not afraid to die if they could all be together. both the children show courage and patience. They seek such adventures for pure joy and exhilaration.

He managed to calculate a new course and his precise calculations brought them safely ot a island. He had worked with diligence and prepared for the trip with great care and attention. She had also injured her arm and had two black eyes.) Who do you think. He was resourceful and quick to improvise. He did not lose hope and remained calm and courageous in the face of difficulties. His presence of mind helped them to overcome troubles. did the narrator call Ile Amsterdam ‘the most beautiful island in the world’? (2 Marks) (Ans) The island was only a bleak piece of volcanic rock with little vegetation – the author called it the most beautiful island in the world because it had given them a ray of hope for survival. He engaged two crew men to assist him and he received full co-operation and help from his family. She had written that she loved both her parents and the card was to say thanks to them and hope for the best. He worked and motivated everyone in the rescue operations. repairing the damaged ship was essential despite his injuries. (Q. (Q.funny people. He had his priorities fixed. They made advance and immediate arrangements to face the violent storms during their voyage. He was level headed and his courage and practical knowledge made him a . who had been so brave all through the ordeal and had not bothered about her head injury. the author did not lose hope. the narrator’s thoughts were full of Larry and Herbie.) How can you say that Suzanne’s injuries were serious? (2 Marks) (Ans) Suzanne’s injuries were serious because she had to undergo six minor surgeries to remove a recurring blood clot betweenher skin and skull. He thought of his wife also. He had dreamt of going on round the world sea voyage since childhood. (Q.) “Optimism and courage help to tide over difficulties”. They could at least anchor there and repair their ship. his crew members who remained cheerful and optimistic throughout the hardships. (Q. (Q. He used his intelligence to estimate the influence of the westerly currents which flowed through that part of the Ocean. who stayed at the wheel for all those crucial hours. He also thought of his daughter. How did the narrator succeed in searching the small island? (2 Marks) (Ans) Despite the lost compass and a faulty compass.) What did the narrator think of on landing at Ile Amsterdam? Why? (2 Marks) (Ans) On landing at Ile Amsterdam. He had a practical approach and he remained alert and strong willed.) What impression do you form about the narrator on the basis of this extract? (10 Marks) (Ans) The narrator was a lover of thrill and adventure. He asked Larry to steer a course of 185 degrees and remained optimistic about spotting the island at about 5 pm.

(Q. says the narrator. they had lost the main compass but he made discount for magnetic variation in the spare one and then asked Larry to steer a course of 180 degrees. Along with his crew men he double fastened everything. (Q. a few hundred kilometers to the east. His children also proved to be sensible. It was built professionally and had been tested in the roughest weather. He found another electric pump and started it.) How did the narrator and his family mates face the disaster in the form of a huge wave that struck the ‘Wave Walker’? (10 Marks) (Ans) The narrator dropped the storm jib and tied heavy rope attached to the anchor in a loop across the stern. They succeeded in reaching Ile Amsterdam in 4 hours. The first mighty wave seemed to have destroyed everything and in order to remain afloat they had to act fast. He stretched Canvas and fastened water proof hatch covers across the gaping holes in the star board side. How did the narrator equip and test it? (2 Marks) (Ans) The narrator’s boat named ‘Wavewalker’ was 23 metres long. What problems do you think deserved his immediate attention? (2 Marks) (Ans) The problem that deserved immediate attention was the repair of the starboard side which had bashed open and with every wave. He re-checked his calculations.But their chances of sailing to those islands were slim because the wind and sea did not seem to abate. The narrator checked the charts and found that there were two small islands.) Give a brief description of the narrator’s boat. (Q. 30 ton wooden boat. . it was letting water enter the boat. If he did not make some repairs.good captain. The narrator handed over the wheel to Mary. the boat would have surely sunk and they would have drowned. mature and resilient in the face of adversity. The author had spent months in fitting it out.) “I had no time to worry about bumped heads”. As the two pumps got blocked and the electric pump short circuited.

L-3 (Q. ‘King Tut is…….Niether the strongestforce could move the mummynor the burning sun could loosen the remains of the king. Howard Carter. the British archaeologist discovered Tut’s tomb in 1922. an anatomy Professor X-Rayed the mummy only to find a few of its bones missing and broken. He had brought about a few changes during his brief rule. How far do you agree with the assertion and why? (10 Marks) (Ans) The Pharaohs of Egypt. the assertion that in death as in life. The pride of place went to King Tut. (Q.) Why was King Tut’s body subjected to repeated scrutiny? (2 Marks) .) Why is January 5. in 1968. The Egyptian Mummy Project which began in late 2003 has so far recorded 600 and is still continuing.) A. In death. A lot of findings were brought to light when it was dug out. over the years have fascinated the historians.Tutankhamun.) Which questions still linger about Tut? (2 Marks) (Ans) The two biggest questions that still linger about Tut are –how did he die and how old was he at the time of his death? He was the last of his family’s line.R Williams says. whose mummy was the first to undergo C. his dead body has been a centre of scientific examination. is the boyish king. (Q.) Why did Carter have to chisel away the solidified resins to raise the king’s remains? (1 Mark) (Ans) Carter found that the ritual resin that was used as a polish hashardened. 2005 significant in Tutankhamun’s Saga? (2 Marks) (Ans) January 5. Public curiosity remained alive as to the causes and modes of his death as well as his exact age at the time of his death. The result was that the mummy was cemented to the bottom of the solid gold coffin. After his death. He had died 3300 years ago when he was in teens and had ruled for only nine years. the world’s most famous mummy glided head first into a C. (Q. These changes were significant because they marked restoration of the old ways of worship of Amun. Hence. and his funeral was the death rattle of a dynasty but the particulars of his passing away and its aftermath are unclear. 2005 is a significant date in Tutankhamun’s saga because on this day. (Q. as in life moving regally ahead of his countrymen’.T machine began on 5th January 2005.T scanner in order to probe the lingering medical mysteries around the young ruler who had died 3300 years ago. The next phase of C. Later.T scanning with a portable C.T scan. archaeologists and public but the Geatest marvel ever. King Tut moved regally ahead of his countrymen.

) Why was Howard Carter’s investigation resented? (2 Marks) (Ans) Howard Carter’s investigation was resented because he used unscientific methods to cut the body away from the wooden base also he focused more on the discovery of gold than on thefascinating details of Tut's life and the mysteries of his death. (Q.R Williams were the thoughts of the visitors who stood silently near Tut’s Grave? (2 Marks) (Ans) Others stood silently perhaps pondering Tut’s untimely death. (Q. What was the reason? (2 Marks) (Ans) Tutankhamun means ‘Living image of Amun’. he saw that the ritual resins had hardened. Some visitors read from guidebooks in a whisper. It was difficult to remove it. Q.) What problem did Carter face when he reached the mummy? How did he find a way out? (2 Marks) (Ans) Carter.) How did the visitors to Tut’s grave pay their respects to him? (2 Marks) (Ans) The visitors to Tut’s grave gazed at the murals on the walls of the burial chamber and peered at Tut’s gilded face.(Ans) King Tut’s body has been subjected to repeated scrutiny for the riches it was buried with.) “The Landscape is an inner one. (Q. There has also been a lot of speculation about the manner of his death and the time of his death. (Q. He had to chisel away the consolidated material from beneath the limbs and trunk. opened the three nested coffins. a spiritual and conceptual space”. King Amennotep smashed the images of Amun and closed his temples.T scan can prove more effective than X-Rays because it produces hundreds of XRays in cross section which are put together like slices of bread to create a three dimensional virtual body.) The boy king changed his name from Tutankhaten to Tutankhamun. Discuss. When he finally reached the mummy. . Tut oversaw a restoration of the old ways. on investigating.T scan prove more effective than X-Rays? (2 Marks) (Ans) C. cementing Tut to the bottom of his solid gold coffin. (Q.) How can C. (Q. he also changed his name to express his belief on Amun.) What according to A. He was a majorgod in ancient Egypt. Perhaps they wondered if the pharaoh’s curse – death or misfortune falling on those who disturbed him – was really true.

in a leisurely movement. Acquisition of wealth. This participation is physical as well as mental. we can understand true essence of a painting. an artist has a spiritual insight into the nature of things. An emperor is also powerful enough to obtain the services of an artist.) Explain the concept of Shanshui? (2 Marks) (Ans) Shanshui literally ‘means mountain water. that is. The Chinese artist creates a path for our eyes to travel up and down and then back again. An artist’s vision helps the emperor understand and attainthe goal of life. The mountain is 'yang' reaching vertically towards heaven stable. Q. These two elements mountain and water represent two complimentary poles of the universe. An emperor may commission a painting and appreciate its outer appearance. objects and materialistic space. It is only the artist who knows the way within the territory that the emperor has conquered.(10 Marks) (Ans) Nathalie explains to the readers that a classical Chinese landscape is not meant to reproduce an actual view as would a Western figurative painting. but an artist is spiritual and beyond any material appearance. power and objects doesn’t make him superior to the artist. It is because of this that we can say that his landscape is an inner one --a spiritual and conceptual space. Thus the emperor may rule territories. These paintings require the active participation of the viewer. but only the artist knows the way within. moist and cool. spiritual space. If we understand the ideals that motivate the painter. On the other hand. but the artists reveals to him the true meaning of his work. . (Q. Hence we can view his landscape from various angles and enter and travel in it from any point. authority and will. He does not choose a single view point.) The emperor may rule over the territory he has conquered. The way means both the path or the method andthe mysterious work of the Universe. (Q. The European painter aims at creating an illusionary likeness while the Asian artists make an attempt to capture the essence of inner life and spirit. An artist achievesthe perfect essence of inner life and spirit. His wish becomes a command and his command rules his territory. We are required to enter the mind of the painter as well to see and admire the painting. A Chinese painter does not feel that a landscape is a real one. Discuss. (10 Marks) (Ans) An emperor represents power. The interaction of Yin the receptive feminine aspect of universal energy and its counter part Yang active and masculine part is the concept of Shanshui.Yang & Yin. warm and dry in the sun while the water is 'yin' horizontal ‘resting on the earth fluid.) Which is the ‘third element’ where the interaction between Yang and Yin takes place? How is it essential in Daoism? (2 Marks) (Ans) The ‘third element’ is the middle void where the interaction between Yang and Yin . His paintings are deeply revealing of the spirit that constitutes his art.

In the twentieth century. we have borrowed it from our children. (Q. Their productivity is being damaged. They supply us food and raw materials for industry. Discuss. (Q. The European painter wants you to borrow his eyes and look at a particular landscape exactly as he saw it from a specific angle. namely fisheries. The growth of world population is another factor distorting the future of our children. these systems are reaching unsustainable levels. (2 Marks) (Ans) The author has depicted the planet earth as someone who is suffering from a disease. (Q.) We have not inherited this earth from our forefathers. grasslands and croplands. there has been a revolutionary change in human perception. Now many industrialists. Development is not possible if population increases in this era of responsibility towards our future generation.) Contrast the Chinese view of art with the European view with examples? (2 Marks) (Ans) The Chinese view of art is not meant to reproduce an actual view and doesn’t choose a single view point. There are four biological systems. They form the foundation of the global economic system. (Q. What is required is sustainable development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the destiny of future generation. We are mere custodians. In larger areas of the world. It is essential in Daoism as it is the fundamental notion of Daoism. forests. population must be controlled. The style of raw art refers to works that are in their raw stable as regards cultural and artistic influences anything and everything from a tin to a sink to a broken down car could be material for a work of art. The green movement takes a holistic view of the situation and seeks to maintain and conserve the environment and maintain it. The European paintings reproduce and actual view of a real object. (10 Marks) (Ans) Earth’s resources are limited and will not last for ever.) What do you understand by the term ‘Outsider art’ and ‘art brut’ or ‘raw art’? (2 Marks) (Ans) Outsider art is described as the art of those who have no right to be artists as they have received no formal training yet show talent and artistic insight. We have to take a holistic view of the very basis of our existence. The artist creaks a path from your eyes to travel up and down. It has its own metabolic needs to stay alive and must be respected and preserved for the future generation. The earth is a living organism of which we are parts. His landscape is not a real one and you can interact with it from any point. Industries must become environmental friendly.takes place. politicians and writers have realized their responsibility in preserving the non renewable natural resources for the future generation. . We cannot take the planet for granted.) Justify the title of the essay. It is like the Yogic practice of ‘pranayama’ where meditation occurs.

The resources worldwide are under a lot of stress and pressure. . forests. fisheries collapse. The second billion was added in just another 100 years and the twentieth century has added 3. Hence.(Q. deserts follow’.) How has the growth of world population affected the environment? Support your answer with suitable arguments? (10 Marks) (Ans) The author Nani Palkhivala enumerates some alarming statistics to suggest how the growth of world population has tremendously affected the environment. (Q.) What are the four principal biological systems that the author refers to? (2 Marks) (Ans) The author refers to fisheries.7 billion. (Q.) What are the unusually alarming statistics about the population that the author talks about? (2 Marks) (Ans) The author says that the population explosion has distorted the future of human society. Every four days the population increases by one million. Man is responsible for this and his own survival is threatened. The present population is over 5. fisheries.) Explain the statement ‘forests precede mankind. forests disappear. Man is destroying himself by destroying forests. The human demands on these systems are increasing at a rapid speed. (Q. natural or man made. sustainability and productivity are both hampered.7 million. forests.7 billion more. The population which took a million years to reach the first billion took just another hundred years to reach the second billion. They provide raw materials for industry.e. Zambia? Signify. The need of the hour is to become sensitive towards the needs of the environment to get affected.) What does the notice ‘The World’s most dangerous animal’ at a cage in the zoo at Lusaka. Another century passed it and reached the alarming figure of 3. When this happens. grasslands become wastelands and croplands deteriorate. (Q. Mankind took a million years to reach the first billion. grasslands and croplands as they form the foundation of the global economic system. we will leave behind nothing but an ailing planet for our future generations. (2 Marks) (Ans) Forests have helped to nurture mankind from times immemorial but man has destroyed these forests ruthlessly and deserts have taken their place. (2 Marks) (Ans) The notice signifies that there is depletion of resources and deterioration of environment. grasslands and croplands which form the foundation of the global economic system and provide raw materials to the industry are facing a lot of stress. Presently it is over 6 million and there is a huge demand on resources. The four principal biological systems i.

The manner in which Taplow imitates his teacher’s voice. He feels relieved only when Mrs. Frank suggest Taplow to do because Mr. Their reactions are quite funny.) Does Frank seem to encourage Taplow’s comments on Crocker Harris? (2 Marks) . Crocker Harris was indifferent and was like a nut. Being quite busy in organizing his own affairs.(Q. (Q. mannerisms and diction. Taplow’s reluctance to leave the place and his fears of consequences of his master’s return seem amusing. Crocker Harris if he were a sadist. Crocker Harris in the midst of an imitation of joke surprises Frank and makes Taplow nervous.Crocker-Harris gave no benefit to his students for being good boys in taking up extra work. (Q. Crocker Harris. (Q.) What is Taplow’s attitude towards Mr. Crocker Harris even though the latter is not a sadist? (2 Marks) (Ans) A sadist is a person who gets pleasure while inflicting pain on others. Harris is leaving the school for good the next day. Frank? (2 Marks) (Ans) Mr. Taplow says that he would not be so frightened of Mr.) What does Mr. (Q. he has not yet arrived there. He would at least show his feelings. Frank. The interaction between Frank and Taplow is quite amusing and entertaining. (Q. He gave marks as per the performance and not for doing anyextra work. Frank encourages Taplow to comment on Crocker Harris.) Why would Taplow not get any ‘comfort’ as mentioned by Mr. Mr. All the comments on the eccentricities of the characters of the play evoke humour in the play. Mr. Taplow fears about adverse remarks on his results. Crocker Harris and likes him even though he is afraid of him and dare not cut the extra work even on the last day of the term. Harris offers to take the blame. Mr. Crocker Harris may follow him home or do something else. a young science teacher finds 16 year old Taplow waiting for his senior teacher Mr. The sudden arrival of Mrs.) The humourous piece is an extract from a play. Crocker Harris is ten minutes late? (2 Marks) (Ans) Frank asked Taplow not to wait for Mr. Crocker Harris? (2 Marks) (Ans) Taplow is respectful towards Mr. is a source of humour. Crocker Harris andplay golf but Taplow is really shocked and is afraid that Mr.) Who is a sadist? Why is Taplow afraid of Mr. The lower fifth form students have been asked to do extra assignments on the last day of the term. What according to you makes the play humourous? (10 Marks) (Ans) The play ‘The Browning Version’ depicts an extraordinary and interesting situation. This makes us smile.

(4 Marks) (Ans) a) ‘She’ is the poet’s mother. c) The death of the poet’s mother brings a sense of grief within her and she has no words to express her grief. a) How long do you think has she been dead? b) What does ‘this circumstance’ refer to? What does the poet say about it? c) Explain ‘its silence silences’. And of this circumstance There is nothing to say at all.) Some twenty – thirty –years later. Frank from the play? (2 Marks) (Ans) Mr. (Q. Both wry With her laboured ease of loss. b) The circumstance is the death of the mother and the poet’s loss. The photograph was of the mother when she was twelve years old. (Q. It is final. He appreciated Taplow’s imitation of Mr. (Q. One is helpless before it.) Now she’s been dead nearly as many years As that girl lived. (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The poet’s mother it seems has been dead for twelve years. He feels envious of Crocker Harris because Taplow likes him.) How does the poet ‘Shirley Toulson’ remember her mother? (4 Marks) (Ans) Shirley Toulson looks at the photograph of her mother and her mother’s cousins. she’d say. Frank is a young science teacher. Its silence silences. The sea holiday Was her past. “and look how they Dressed us for the beach”.(Ans) Frank does encourage Taplow to comment on Mr. “See Betty And Dolly”. She’d laugh at the snapshot. . a) Who is ‘she’? When would she laugh and why? b) Which event does she refer to? c) What does the poet compare ‘her laughter’ to and why? d) Explain “Both wry with the laboured ease of loss’. She would laugh when she would look at the snapshot years later. Shirley remembered how her mother used to laugh joyfully when she would look at the photograph and remember the beach holiday. Crocker Harris by cleverly asking Taplow several questions. Shirley remembers and misses her dead mother while looking at the photograph. The death’s silence silences. He does not like the subject he teaches. (Q.) What do you gather about Mr. He also admits that he tells the result to the students beforeit is officially announced by the head master. Crocker Harris and also asks him to repeat it. mine is her laughter.

It is with a sense of loss that she remembers her mother and the expression on the face is that of grief and helplessness.) The cardboard shows me how it was. bubbly girl of twelve who had been excited about her beach holiday. The sea does not change but the human life is transient. (2 Marks) . b) What does the ‘cardboard show’? What occasion does it portray? c) Who was the ‘big girl’? What do you learn about her? (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The poem is ‘A Photograph’ and the poet is Shirley Toulson. The occasion was when they had gone for a beach holiday. c) The sea is referred to by the poet because the sea has not changed but change comes in the lives of people. the poet’s mother and her two cousins Betty and Dolly. d) Both. Washed their terrible transient feet. My mother’s. c) The poet compares ‘her laughter’ to her own past when she remembers her mother’s laughter. d) The ever changing imprints of feet on the seashore. b) They stood still and smiled because they were posing together for a photograph clicked by the uncle from his camera. Betty and Dolly. We learn that she was a joyful. Each one holding one of my mother’s hands. a) Who were the ‘three’? b) Why did they stand still and smile? c) Why has the poet referred to the sea? d) What do you understand by ‘terribly transient feet’? (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The three were.) All three stood still to smile through their hair At the uncle with the camera. Mother’s sea holiday was her past and the poet’s past is the mother’s holiday. b) The ‘cardboard’ shows the picture of three girls. And she the big girl – some twelve years or so. A sweet face. a) Name the poem and the poet.) Explain ‘Its silence silences’. And the sea. For the mother it is the holiday while for the poet it is her mother’s laughter. c) The ‘big girl’ was the poet’s mother. (Q. which appears to have changed less.Her uncle had taken a photograph. that was before I was born. the mother and daughter remember some pleasant incident of the past. (Q.b) She would refer to the incident of the beach holiday when she had gone with her cousins. When the two girl cousins went paddling. (Q. the poet’s mother and her two cousins Betty and Dolly.

a) Name the poem and the poet. and a machine starts up Of chitterings and a tremor of wings. There is absolute stillness and no noise. (Q. and trilling The whole tree trembles and thrills. c) What is the mood in these lines? d) Pick out the words that create the mood. ‘yellowing leaves’. She enters the thickness. (Q. The word has been used to depict the old fashioned. inexpensive frame used as the border of the photograph. and alert and abrupt. b) Describe the laburnum tree.) What is the meaning of the line ‘Both wry with the laboured ease of loss’? (2 Marks) (Ans) The poet and her mother seemed to have lost a significant thing or person. happiness and joy. calm. ‘still’. a) Who is ‘she’ in the first line? Where does she enter? b) What is the ‘machine’ referred to in line 2? c) Explain the meaning of the last line.) What does the word ‘cardboard’ denote in the poem? Why has this word been used? (2 Marks) (Ans) The word ‘cardboard’ is the frame of the photograph showing the poet’s mother in her childhood. (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The name of the poem is ‘ The Laburnum Top’ and the poet is Ted Hughes. It has leaves that are yellowing and seeds have fallen. she does not have to express her grief in words. b) The tree is silent and still. In the mother’s case it might be a near and dear one and in the poet’s case it is her mother’s laughter.) Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow: 1. quite still In the afternoon yellow September sunlight. (Q. (4 Marks) . all its seeds fallen. The silence of the circumstance (loss of mother) makes her silent. quiet and silent. The laburnum top is silent. (Q.) Then sleek as a lizard.) What does ‘this circumstance’ refer to? (2 Marks) (Ans) ‘This circumstance’ refers to the loneliness and the sense of loss that the poet suffers as she remembers her mother who is no more. d) The words that create the mood are ‘silent’. (Q.(Ans) The poet feels that the loss of her mother is so great and irreparable that when she looks at her mother’s photograph and remembers her. ‘fallen seeds’. c) The mood is of peace. A few leaves yellowing.

towards the infinite And the laburnum subsides to empty. She seems to be wearing a striped mask. (Q. a) Why has the word ‘engine’ been used to describe her family? b) Who is ‘she’? How does she stroke the engine? c) What does the bird look like? (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The word ‘engine’ has been used to describe her family because just as the engine of the machine starts up and there is noise. a startlement. movement and energy is induced i. a) Who has been described in the first line? b) What impression is created by the description? c) What effect does the last line create? (4 Marks) (Ans) a)The goldfinch has been described in the first line. all its seeds fallen Till the goldfinch comes. The reference is to the sounds that the bird makes. (Q. then flirts out to a branch end Showing her barred face identity mask.e. c)The last line shows the contrast between the liveliness of the tree and the silent tree. (Q. c)The tree was silent earlier but as the mother goldfinch comes to her nest. Which animal is that? (4 Marks) (Ans) a) It is the month of September. the bird feeds her young ones. b) ‘She’ is the goldfinch who has her nest on the top of the laburnum tree. The tree comes to life now. b) The ‘machine’ refers to the young ones of the goldfinch. They suddenly start twittering and chirruping as their mother comes to the nest to feed them. c) The face which was earlier hidden in the thickness of the tree’s branches is now revealed as she comes outat the end of the branch. b) The chirruping of the birds is delicate.) It is the engine of her family. excitement at the arrival of mother. She strokes it full. The movement and the sounds produced are in contrast to the silence. soft andgentle like whispering. there is a lot of noise made by her young ones.(Ans) a) ‘She’ is the goldfinch and she enters the thickness of the trees. at a branch end. The tree becomes silent and empty when the bird flies away.) A few leaves yellowing. a) What has happened to the tree? b) How does the mood change on the arrival of the goldfinch? c) There is a comparison of the goldfinch with an animal.) Then with eerie delicate whistle-chirrup whisperings She launches away. autumn and the leaves of the tree have turned . with a twitching chirrup A suddenness. Just as the stoker feeds coal to the engine.

After having fed her young ones and having made the tree active and full of life. abrupt and alert movements of a lizard.) ‘She launches away. (Q. Its seeds have fallen and there is a silence prevailing over the tree. She stokes it full means that she has fed the young ones who now have the energy to become active and make noise. The basis of the comparison is the sleek. issuing from its birth-place. (Q. (Q. b) The tree which was earlier silent has become active. (2 Marks) (Ans) The leaves of the laburnum topare turning yellow due to the autumn. a) Why are the last lines put within brackets? . (Q. towards the infinite’.yellow and its seeds have also fallen. her arrival in the nest has suddenly started up the silent machine i. Just as the engine starts up the machine. This is like a mask which identifies the bird as it comes out of the thickness of the branches of the tree. the goldfinch flies away towards the infinite vast sky.) Describe the laburnum top. noisy and full of life. (Q.e.) What happened when the goldfinch came to the laburnum tree? (2 Marks) (Ans) The arrival of the goldfinch brought about a sudden change in the tree.) What does the phrase ‘her barred face identity mask’ mean? (2 Marks) (Ans) The goldfinch has dark stripes on her face. (Q. The young ones started twittering and there was a lot of noise. she strokes it full.) (For song. duly with love returns). Explain the given line. c) The goldfinch has been comparedto a lizard. after fulfillment. as the goldfinch has come to feed her young ones. the young ones have started chittering and making noise. There is no movement at all. sleek and abrupt in its movements. (2 Marks) (Ans) ‘She’ stands for the goldfinch whose arrival on the tree has suddenly transformed it into a noisy place. wandering Reck’d or unreck’d. commotion and movement on the tree. (2 Marks) (Ans) The goldfinch has been called the engine of her family. The same kinds of movements are observed when the goldfinch arrives on the laburnum tree. (Q.) ‘It is the engine of her family.’ Explain the significance of these lines.) To what is the movement of the goldfinch compared? What is the basis for the comparison? (2 Marks) (Ans) The goldfinch’s movement is compared to that of a lizard.

Atomies. c) The song returns to the place of its origin i.e. d) Issuing (Q. And all that in them without me were seeds Only. what does this phrase mean? c) Where does the song return? d) Which word in the lines means ‘originating’? (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The last lines are put in brackets because they do not form the voice of the rain or the poet. by day and night. unborn a) With what purpose does the rain descend from the sky? b) How does the rain help the seeds? c) Give the meanings of the words from the given lines: i) come down ii) to wash d) What is latent and unborn and why? (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The rain drops fall from the sky in order to give life to the dry areas and wash the famine stricken lands. d) i) forever ii) origin (Q. I give Back life to my own origin. a) In what manner does the rain help its own origin? b) Why has the poet given the life cycle of the song? c) What is made ‘pure’? d) Which words in the given lines mean i) eternal ii) source (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The rain helps its own origin by watering the land and quenching the thirst of drought stricken areas.layers of the globe. (Q. b) The rain helps the seeds to germinate and grow into a new life. latent.) And forever. And make pure and beautify it.b) ‘Reck’d or unreck’d’. dust. c) i) descend ii) lave d) The seeds are dormant and unborn because of lack of water which is needed for them to germinate and form a new plant.) I descend to lave the droughts. . They only certain a general observation by the poet about the course of a song. comes back to the poet.) Eternal I rise impalpable out of the land And the bottomless sea. b) The poet has compared the life cycle of the rain drops to that of the song saying that they both return to their origin after fulfilling their tasks. b) Reck’d or unreck’d means whether cared for or not cared for. c) The earth on which rain falls is made ‘pure’.

c) In the sky.) There are two voices in the poem.) And who art thou? Said I to the soft falling shower. and yet the same a) From where does the rain originate? b) How does it originate? c) What happens to the rain in the sky? d) Name the poem and the poet. b) Who does ‘I’ refer to in the first and third line of this extract? c) What do you understand by the phrase ‘Strange to tell’? d) How has the answer been conveyed to us and what is it? (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The poem is ‘The Voice of the Rain’ and the name of the poet is ‘Walt Whitman’. the rain drops form the rain.. (Q. This.vapour which rises up in the atmosphere. said the voice of the rain a) Name the poem and the poet. Their form has changed but the essence has remained the same. (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The rain originates from the land and the bottomless (deep sea) in the form of water vapour. as here Translated: I am the poem of Earth. b) ‘I’ in the first line is referred to the poet asking a question.” and ‘I am the poem of Earth’. the water evaporates from the sea or land and forms water. d) The poet has personified the rain drop and it is answering the poet’s question by saying that it is the ‘poem of the Earth’. b) With the heat of the sun. d) The poem is ‘The Voice of the Rain’ and the poet is Walt Whitman. (Q. Which words indicate this? Explain the similarity between the two? (2 Marks) . (Q. ‘I’ in the third line is the rain drop. strange to tell. whence. (Q. c) ‘Strange to tell’ means that it is an unusual and extraordinary answer given by the raindrops to the poet who asked who ‘it’ was. vaguely form’d altogether Changed. The lines are “And who art thou? Said I …….) There is a parallel drawn between rain and music.) What does the phrase ‘strange to tell’ mean? (2 Marks) (Ans) The phrase ‘strange to tell’ means that it is an unusual and extraordinary answer given by the rain drops to the poet who asked who ‘it was’.Upwards to heaven. gave me an answer. Who do they belong to? Which lines indicate this? (2 Marks) (Ans) The two voices in the poem are the voice of the rain and the voice of the poet.

and falling over drought stricken earth. wanders here and there. ability to gain an identity of one’s own.) Why are the last two lines put within brackets? (2 Marks) (Ans) The last two lines are put within brackets because they do not form the voice of the rain or the poet.) What according to the poem. the rain is also everlasting and has an unbreakable chain of life cycle. What exactly does the poem convey to the reader? (2 Marks) (Ans) The poem conveys that like a poem.) How is the cyclic movement of rain brought out in the poem? (2 Marks) (Ans) The poet explains that the rain drops in the form of water vapour rise up from land and sea and then descend again on the earth. power to rationalize etc. the poem hides a deep meaning’. (Q. (Q. (2 Marks) (Ans) The opposite pairs found in the poem are i) day and night ii) reck’d or unreck’d (Q. The gains of growing up are the understanding. They only contain a general observation made by the poet about the course of a song. (Q. dry land in order to wash it down and hence comes back to its origin. issuing from its birth place After fulfillment.) How does the rain justify its claim ‘I am the Poem of Earth’? (2 Marks) (Ans) The rain calls itself the poem of earth because. (Q.) Identify the stanza that talks of each of the following: i) Individuality ii) Rationalism . comes back to it. wandering. The song also issues from its birth place. has the task of bringing joy. duly with love returns. They both return to the place of their origin after fulfilling their tasks. happiness. This is the cyclic movement explained by the poet.(Ans) I am the poem of Earth’ ‘For song. an individual has to lose his childhood. is involved in the process of growing up? (1 Mark) (Ans) The poet feels that in order to grow up.) ‘Behind the apparent simplicity.) List the pairs of opposites found in the poem. It rises from the earth. whether heeded to or not. In the manner. brings new life to the land as it also returns to its origin just like the rain drops. reck’d orUnreck’d. the poem rendered by a poet. life to its readers. (Q. (Q. the rain drops. returns with love to its own origin.

Producing thoughts that were not those of other people But my own.) When did my childhood go? Was it when I found my mind was really mine. c) How does the poet react towards the loss of childhood? (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The poet is no longer worried about when he lost his childhood.) Which. He only understands this much. (Q.) Where did my childhood go? It went to some forgotten place That’s hidden in an infant’s face. c) The poet does not seem to worry about having lost his childhood. He has developed his mind. do you think are the most poetic lines? Why? (2 Marks) (Ans) The lines that appear to be most poetic are ‘It went to some forgotten place That’s hidden in an infant’s face. b) The speaker says his childhood went away to some forgotten place that is hidden in an infant’s face. his ability to think rationally and has gained his own individuality.) What is the poet’s feeling towards childhood? (2 Marks) (Ans) The poet does not appear to feel sad or upset at the loss of his childhood. He only seems to be puzzled at the disappearance of childhood and the arrival of adulthood. He thus indicates that childhood is a stage of innocence that comes before adolescence.iii) Hypocrisy (2 Marks) (Ans) The third stanza talks about individuality. and mine alone Was that the day! . (Q. The first stanza talks about rationalism and the second stanza talks about hypocrisy. That’s all I know These lines sum up beautifully the process of growth and the disappearance of aparticular stage of life. That’s all I know a) What shift of thought do you notice in this stanza? b) Explain ‘That’s all I know’. (Q. Perhaps the childhood also lies hidden somewhere in the child’s consciousness. To use whichever way I choose. These lines express metaphorically that an infant’s innocent face hides many things behind its smiles. He expresses his confusion when he asks the questions ‘When’ and ‘Where did my childhood go’? (Q. He is more concerned about where it disappeared.

Was it the time I realized that Hell and Heaven Could not be found in Geography . c) It shows the identity or individuality of the poet. . b) The speaker lost his childhood when he ceased to be eleven. They talked of love but never showed any affection. He could use it the way he liked. b) He noticed the contradictions in the behaviour of the adults that they preached something else and practise something different. But did not act so lovingly.a) Name the poem and the poet ?b) When did the speaker lose his childhood c) What did the speaker realize about Hell and Heaven? (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The poem is ‘Childhood’ and the poet is Marcus Natten. Hence. (Q.And therefore could not be !Was that the day . Was that the day? a) What did the speaker realize and when? b) What contradictions did he notice in the behaviour of the adults? c) How would you describe the adults? (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The speaker realized that the adults were not actually as they appeared to be on the surface. b) On this day. (Q.a) Which day does the poet refer to? b) What did he realize on that particular day? c) Which trait of the poet is hinted at in these lines? (4 Marks) (Ans) a) The poet refers to the day when he lost his childhood. (Q. c) The adults have double-standards and they arehypocrites. c) The speaker realized that Hell and Heaven are two places that are not seen in any Geography books and hence could not be found to be existing.) When did my childhood go? Was it the time I realized that adults were not All they seemed to be They talked of love and preached of love. he realized that he was the master of his own mind.) How did the realization of being the master of his own mind helped him? (2 Marks) (Ans) The realization of being the master of his own mind helped him when he could now . When did my childhood go? Was it the day I ceased to be eleven.) 1. He could control his own thoughts and not be governed by others. they have double standards.

(Q. As a young lad he upheld the family customs and traditions. hid it and then went for horse riding early in the morning at 4:00 am along with hisnine year old cousin Aram. stronger and well mannered. he would have sworn that the horse belonged to him. No member of this family could be a thief.) What traits of the Garoghlanian family are highlighted in the story? (2 Marks) (Ans) The Garoghlanian family though now poor was famous for their honesty even when they were wealthy.) What were the peculiarities in uncle? (2 Marks) (Ans) Uncle Khosrove’s crazy streak was famous. He could not resist the temptation to ride a horse and broke away from his honesty when he stole a horse from John Byro.) Why had Mourad and Aram taken the horse? Why did they return it? (2 Marks) . his conscience pricked him and he returned the horse. “It is no harm pay no attention to it”.) Discuss the character sketch of Mourad. He was a big man with a powerful head of black hair and very large moustache. Mourad realized his mistake. the rightful owner admitted that the horse had become better tempered. It was not easy to tame a strange horse and get it to behave nicely. (7 Marks) (Ans) Mourad. He justified his act by saying that it wasn’t stealing because they had no intention of selling it for money. How do you think had Mourad developed an understanding with the horse? (2 Marks) (Ans) Mourad had been quite sensitive tender and affectionate towards the horse. He was quite furious in temper.choose to use his mind whichever way he wanted. He would put his arms around it. (Q. He was confident about his riding abilities and said that he had a way with a horse. Mourad was crazy and fun loving. he sang loudly and joyfully. had no money and lived in an acute form of poverty. (Q. None of them would take advantage of anybody in the world. They would not steal.He could produce thoughts that were his own and not governed by other people. Press his nose into the horse’s nose and pat it. (Q. It was only when John Byro touched his conscience when he declared that if he had not trusted the honesty of their tribe. He belonged to a tribe that was poor. The fun loving boy had had his fun and then his honesty urged him to uphold his family values and traditions.) “I have a way with a horse”. He would stop anyone from talking by roaring his pet phrase. They were proud first. Even John Byro. very irritable and impatient. While riding the horse. He had a crazy streak in him which he had inherited from his family. the central character in the story ‘The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse’ is depicted as a young boy. He believed in all the values that his tribe and family had tried to inculcate in him. who enjoyed being alive and having fun. honest next and after that they believed in right and wrong. (Q.

goodtaste and very amiable nature. He wanted the writer to remember him not through spoken recitations of memory and friendship but through the written words. Amitav Ghosh pays him glowing tributes in this extract. He could not think of anything to say. There wasnever an evening when there wasn’t a party in his living room.Shahid was full of life. They returned the horse because they became conscious of their reputation of honesty and realized their mistake. He had to search for the words to convey his promise.Mourad was only thirteen years old and was not mature enough to resist the temptation. He knew himself that he was dying and lived each moment with enthusiasm. (Q. The narrator describes his family in these words.) What impression of Shahid do you gather from this extract? (7 Marks) (Ans) This extract is set in New York where the narrator struck friendship with Agha Shahid Ali. The talk with John Byro and the need to safeguard the family reputation made them return the horse.) What did Shahid ask the writer to do after his death? (2 Marks) (Ans) Shahid asked the writer to write something about him after his death. They loved riding but since they were not thieves. After moving to America in 1975 Shahid continued to visit his parents in Srinagar. Shahid spoke to the author about his death and wanted him to write something about him. Shahid was a poet. Shahid had a recurrent dream that all the Pandits had vanished from the valley of Kashmir and their food had become extinct. Even the most trivial exchanges with him had a special energy and urgency. In spite of being a cancer patient. (Q.) “We had been famous for our honesty for something like eleven centuries”. they had no desire to sell it.Shahid had a special ability to transmute the mundane into the magical. This was a nightmare that haunted him.) “You must write about me”. (Q. He was a first hand witness to the mounting violence that seized the region from the late 1980s onwards. He feels amazed that such a brieffriendship had resulted in so vast a void. What was the impact of these words on the writer? (2 Marks) (Ans) The writer took it as a very important thing which would have to be obeyed. a man of fine sensibilities. (Q. He worked poetry into his answers. Their intention was to return the horse.(Ans) They had taken the horse with the intention of riding it and also they were too poor to buy it. He was a poet who had achieved greatness. Do you think Mourad and Aram were honest too? Give examples to prove your point. (2 Marks) (Ans) Mourad and Aram were also very honest. They took the horse with the only intention of riding it and could not afford to buy one of their own. He was giving Amitav Ghosh a specific responsibility. had a clear mind and loved to spend time with friends. . He had a prophetic vision.

arrogant and dominating members each of whom treat her like a servant. On the other hand. Fitzgerald are totally opposite to each other in their attitudes. This nightmare haunted him. She succeeds in the end. Shahid began to experiment with strict metrical patterns and verse forms.B Priestley brings out a sharp contrast in the characters of the two main protagonists. (7 Marks) (Ans) The play ‘Mother’s Day’ by J. Shahid was not a political poet yet he created his finest work in writing about Kashmir.) Which nightmare haunted Shahid? (2 Marks) (Ans) Shahid had a recurrent dream in which all the Pandits had disappeared from the valley of Kashmir and their food became extinct. She refuses to do any work. She exchanges her personality with Pearson with the help of magic and then tackles her family members one by one. domineering. frank and outspoken.) Bring out the humour of the play? (7 Marks) (Ans) The dramatist has combined a serious theme with some comical concept of the magic trick which ensures that the theme of the play is effective in a very humorous manner. Fitzgerald is the one . All this was done to make them realize their mistakes and make then love and respect their mother. She demands respect and takes pride in the fact that no one can take her for a ride. In his poem 'I Dream I am at the Ghat of the Only World'.Mrs.) Mrs. on the other hand is strong. He returned to it again and again in his conversation and his poetry. In time it became one of the central subjects of his work. She is instrumental in bringing about a transformation in the family members of the Pearson family. (Q. smokes and drinks. Fitzgerald. She openly insults. Pearson and Mrs.) How did James Merill influence Shahid's poetry? (2 Marks) (Ans) Shahid's meeting with James Merrill. She was an identity of her own. Show the difference between their personalities.(Q. ordering her about and talking rudely in the process hurting her sentiments and feelings. Fitzgerald. never retaliates all because she wants to avoid any kind of unpleasantness. a poet at one of his parties in Arizona resulted in a radical alteration of his style of poetry. Mrs. his concluding words were for James Merrill. submissive woman who thinks it to be her prime duty to serve her family. Despite being a sinister and aggressive character Mrs. Pearson is shown as a quiet.) How did Shahid respond to the steady deterioration of the political situation in Kashmir? (2 Marks) (Ans) The violence and counter violence in Kashmir had a powerful effect on him. Annie Pearson and Mrs. Pearson suffers quietly. (Q. Mrs. (Q. (Q. Mrs. never speaks her mind. humiliates and offends them. her family consists of rude. speaks her mind and asserts herself.

The classroom had no place for individual aspirations brilliance or aptitude. Pearson’s form and challenges the children with sarcasm and bitter jest. The teacher seems to recognize Albert’s rare intellectual genius and his aptitude for maths.) What is the main idea of the play? Has the writer brought it out effectively? (1 Mark) (Ans) The writer has very effictively brought out the main idea of the play. He was expelled from school for his views which did not match the existing pattern. the two rude and demanding children areforced to mend their ways. (Q. (Q. care. His “unthinking honesty” is seen as a refusal to confirm to the education and not the learning of facts.) What was Einstein’s view on Education? . All in all the deeper meaning of the play has been displayed through humour making it not only moralistic but entertaining as well.During her conversation with George Pearson she is harsh and offensive towards him. When she assumes Mrs.) How does the end of the play justify the title? (2 Marks) (Ans) Mrs. It discouraged Albert’s genius and originality. The mother who is the central focus of any family should be given proper love. The family learnt its lesson in the end and the play has a happy ending. But in the end she winds when Mrs. It is amusing in the way she reprimands a grown man. He loved music and played his violin regularly. Pearson being a weak person was taken for granted by her family. He had a thirst for information and he liked to study books on science. ideas and enquiry were more important than facts or dates. (Q. He said. For him. He did not compromise and adjust to the system of education which encouraged learning without understanding.Her clever remarks and indignant out burst provide an element of humour throughout the play.) Discuss the character of Albert Einstein as revealed in this extract? (10 Marks) (Ans) Albert Einstein showed the sparks of genius even at a young age. She has her day. His miserable years at school revealed how a talented creative mind feels trapped and cloistered in the rigid system of education. Fitzgerald takes over for sometime and is able to get the respect that Mrs Pearsondeserves. respect and understanding. Albert was humble and unassuming and he was uncomfortable with the excessive praise.Albert has an enquiring mind and a curious nature. Albert had a frank and honest temperament and was quite sensitive and emotional. Albert’s defiance is misunderstood by his teacher’s. His maths teacher had a high opinion of him. He was considered a rebel by most of his teachers.that evokes maximum laughter. They dominated her a lot and did not care for her feelings. (Q. It is even more amusing as she points out character flawsin each of the family members. “I can’t teach you more and probably you’ll soon be able to teach me’. The way in which she scolds rebukes and mocks at each family member is an effective source of laughter.

He thought that if he had a nervous breakdown and the doctor certified that it was bad for him to go to school. She wanted to leave the memories of her mother and the war behind. what is it? (2 Marks) (Ans) The statement tells us that the narrator and her family at one time lived in that area and secondly. She could get no solace or comfort from them. He did not see any point in learning the dates of battles but in learning why the soldiers were trying to kill each other. I thought that no one had come back.) ‘The Address’ is a story of human predicament (situation) that follows war. Comment. The human predicament that follows was is amply illustrated through the experience of the narrator. (Q. She resolved to forget the address. (Q. She went to 46. Dorling was a true opportunist who had used the narrator’s mother’s belongings on the pretext of storing them for safekeeping. The presence of her mother’s possessions in a strange atmosphere hurted her.) Why did Albert feel miserable when he left school that day? (2 Marks) (Ans) Albert felt miserable because he hated the school and would have to return there the next day as well. the clue that the war has brought about a lot of destruction and it . He felt as he was wasting his father’s money and everyone’s time. (7 Marks) (Ans) The war creates many difficult and traumatic situations for human beings. She had lost her dear mother. Secondly. The war had caused many physical difficulties as well as emotional sufferings to her.She decided to move on. The narrator gets another chance to visit the house. Marconi Street to see her mother’s valuable possessions. Albert knew that he must get away from there. (Q. (Q.) What sudden idea did Albert hit upon to get away from School? (2 Marks) (Ans) Albert was convinced that he did not want to continue school. the idea of going back to his lodgings and atmosphere of domestic violence which prevailed theredid not cheer him up.” Does this statement give some clue about the story? If yes. Civilian life faces tremendous upheaval due to war.(2 Marks) (Ans) For Einstein ideas were important. She refuses to recognize the narrator and does not even let her in.) What did Albert conclude after six months alone in Munich? (2 Marks) (Ans) After six months alone in Munich. Now these valuables had lost all their importance for her as they had been separated from her mother. he could easily get away from it.) “Have you come back? Said the woman. (Q. Facts did not matter as they could be looked up in books. Mrs.

(Q.) What impression do you form of the narrator? (2 Marks) (Ans) The narrator was a very loving. “I was in a room I knew and did not know”? (2 Marks) (Ans) The things belonging to the narrator’s mother were displayed in a most tasteless manner in an unaesthetic way. Hence she behaved in a rude and cold manner. (Q. She was rather cold in her behaviour because she understood the reason for her visit. S’s belongings.) Character sketch of the narrator. She was practical and logical and seeing her belongings kept distastefully. Marconi Street was important because her mother had given her valuables to Mrs. (Q. Although the narrator found the address. Dorling who lived at that address. Dorling. the mother and the narrator lived a comfortable life of luxury. Dorling’s house and twice went there to retrieve her mother’s belongings. S’s daughter to the house of Mrs. the narrator was probably living alone as others were dead. (2 Marks) (Ans) “The Address” is a very apt title as it brings out the pain and anguish inflicted on the narrator and her mother by the war. immediately decided to forgo everything and return with only her mother’s good memories with her. Dorling was not expecting anyone to return to her house to claim the belongings. (Q.) Could Mrs. “The Address”.seems that Mrs. Having wanted to fulfill her mother’s wishes she attempted to locate Mrs. (Q. S’s daughter get back to her old life after she came back to the city where she lived before the war? (2 Marks) (Ans) Before the war. S’s daughter a warm welcome. She decided to leave her belongings and forget the address. She knew the things so well but got put off by the way they were kept in the house of Mrs. (Q. Hence. (10 Marks) (Ans) . She led a different life altogether. She had fear and felt insecure. Dorling did not give Mrs. She had no intention of returning Mrs.) Describe the first visit of Mrs. The address 46. After the war. They had beautiful and expensive antiques and silver cutlery. she didn’t take her belongings as they were kept in an ugly setting.) Justify the title of the story. (2 Marks) (Ans) Mrs. and did not even open the door for her. Dorling. caring and obedient daughter. She ate dark and tasteless bread.) Why does the narrator say. the address plays an important role in the story.

This he does in order to rouse Ranga’s desire for the unattainable. He is passionately in love with his village and the villagers and rambles incessantly while describing it. Ratna stopped singing when she saw Ranga watching her.) What arrangements did the narrator make with Shastri. Ranga felt guilty that his arrival had made her stop singing. He acted accordingly. However.Shyama. He feels it is disgraceful to use English words in the native tongue. mere words! The fellow said he would leave but he did not make a move.) Who was Ranga? What was special about him? (2 Marks) (Ans) Ranga was the village accountant’s son who had gone to Bangalore to study. (Q. He also arranges a meeting with Shastri whom he had tutored thoroughly. the narrator of the story ‘Ranga’s Marriage’ is also the central character. People thought that city education would change him but they were wrong. He is conservative at heart and feels unhappy at Ranga’s decision to remain single. The flowers are a feast to behold and the leaves can be used to serve afternoon meals. There is also a creeper growing in the ever-so-fine water of the village pond. He means well and his intentions are good. How can one expect words to match actions in these days of Kaliyuga?” Who said these words and in what context? (2 Marks) (Ans) The narrator said these words when Ranga came to his house only to find Ratna singing beautifully. He still showed respect towards elders in the village andwore the sacred thread.According to him. (Q. He is an elderly gentleman and refers to himself as a dark piece of oil cake. He schemes to get Ranga married. He had decided that Ratna would be a suitable bride for him. He is a keen observer of his surroundings and uses a colourful style of narration. a man should marry a girl whom he admires. His style of narration evokes a lot of humour in the story. He is a good judge of people and regards Ranga as a generous and considerate fellow. . (Q. (Q. It was then that the narrator spoke these words.) What were Ranga’s views on marriage? (2 Marks) (Ans) Ranga was of the view that one should not marry a very young girl.A person should mary a girl who is mature. the astrologer? (2 Marks) (Ans) The astrologer had been briefed by Shyama about what to say. He calls Ranga when Ratna was singing. his views on marriage had changed.) “Words. (Q.) What are the special features of Hosahalli and in what respect are they so? (2 Marks) (Ans) In the village of Hosahalli the mango trees produce sour mangoes whose sourness goes straight to the skull bones. He is a shrewd contriver as he tells Ranga that Ratna was married.

He was the first person in the village to have done so.Hefinally got them married. Ranga was alsotaken in by his manipulations.) How did the narrator carry out his resolve to get Ranga married to Ratna? (2 Marks) (Ans) The narrator felt that Ranga and Ratna were a suitable match for each other. He told her that he could possibly marry the girl he was thinking of marrying. His homecoming was a delight for the villagers and they all thronged to his house to see if city education had changed him or not. He arranged a meeting inwhichRanga could meetRatna and get impressed with her quality of singing. (Q.) Why does the narrator compare himself to a he-goat and Ranga to a lion? (2 Marks) (Ans) The narrator referred to a story in which a clever he-goat was able to scare away a lion. At that time. . the village accountant’s son was the first one to be sent to Bangalore to study.) Why was Ranga’s homecoming a great event? (2 Marks) (Ans) Ranga’s homecoming was a great event because he had gone to Bangalore to study.He manipulated things in a clever way and made Ranga fall in love with her. Q. he compares himself tothe shrewd goat who has laid a plot for Ranga’s marriage.) What exactly had happened ten years ago? (2 Marks) (Ans) Ten years ago. not many in the village knew English and no English words were usedwhile talking inthe native language. Here. (Q.Ranga was already interested in Ratna. (Q. Just as the lion was unable to escape the clever moves of the goat.

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