16th century

[edit] Dayami Revolt (1567)
Main article: Dagahi Revolt The Dayami Revolt was a revolt against Spanish colonial rule led by the Filipino rebel, Dayahi, in the island of Mactan in the Philippines, in 1567.[1]

[edit] Lakandula and Suleiman Revolt (1574)
The Lakandula and Suleiman Revolt, also known as the Tagalog Revolt, was an uprising in 1574 against Spanish colonial rule led by Rajah Lakandula and Rajah Sulayman in Manila. The revolt occurred in the same year that the Chinese pirate Limahong attacked the palisaded yet poorly-defended enclosure of Intramuros. This Revolt was caused by losing Sulayman and Lakandula's kingdom when they were persuaded by Adelantado Legazpi to accept Spanish sovereignty on the promise that their people would be well-treated by the Spaniards...

[edit] Pampangenos Revolt (1585)
The Pampangenos Revolt was an uprising in 1585 by some native Kapampangan leaders who resented Spanish landowners, or encomienderos who had deprived them of their historical land inheritances as tribal chiefs. The revolt included a plot to storm Intramuros, but the conspiracy was foiled before it could begin after a Filipino woman married to a Spanish soldier reported the plot to the Spanish authorities. Spanish and Filipino colonial troops were sent by GovernorGeneral Santiago de Vera, and the leaders of the revolt were arrested and summarily executed.

[edit] Conspiracy of the Maharllikas (1587-1588)
Main article: Conspiracy of the Maharllikas The Conspiracy of the Maharllikas, or the Tondo Conspiracy, of 1587-1588, was a plot against Spanish colonial rule by the kin-related noblemen, or datus, of Manila and some towns of Bulacan and Pampanga. It was led by Agustin de Legazpi, nephew of Lakandula, and his first cousin, Martin Pangan. The datus swore to revolt by anointing their necks with a split egg. The uprising failed when they were denounced to the Spanish authorities by Antonio Surabao (Susabau) of Calamianes.[2]

[edit] Revolts Against the Tribute (1589)
It has been suggested that Dingras Revolt and Cagayan Revolt be merged into this article or section. (Discuss) Proposed since March 2011. The Revolts Against the Tribute occurred on Luzon in the present-day provinces of Cagayan, Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur in 1589. Ilocanos, Ibanags and other Filipinos revolted against

The revolt was short-lived as Aranda made use of extreme measures and executed them quickly to dispel the revolt in the Cordillera region. this atrocity is known in Chinese history as the Luzon Tragedy . Marin. a Filipino rebel from Cagayan. The surviving chinese fled to Wawa. Magalat himself was assassinated within his fortified headquarters by his own men. the curate of Ilocos at that time. The Spanish Governor-General Francisco de Tello de Guzmán sent Pedro de Chaves from Manila with Spanish and Filipino colonial troops. led by Magalat. Together with his brother. Marin allegedly even tried to create his own dictionary in Igorot dialect to advance this cause. killed Marin and the Governor-General sent Captain Aranda with Spanish and Filipino colonial troops. The Igorots. or what is now known as Guagua. Esteban Marin. He was later released after some urging by some Dominican priests.[6] [edit] The Chinese revolt of 1602 In 1602. and captured and executed several leaders under Magalat. and returned to Cagayan. and the Spanish eventually found themselves besieged. Governor-General Santiago de Vera sent Spanish and Filipino colonial troops to pacify the rebels. He had been arrested in Manila for inciting rebellion against the Spanish.[5] [edit] 17th century [edit] Igorot Revolt (1601) Main article: Igorot Revolt By order of then Governor-General Francisco de Tello de Guzmán an expedition was sent to the Cordillera region for religious conversion purposes with the aid of Fr. He soon controlled the countryside. who used brute force and had the Igorot villages burned in his rage for the loss of the friar. at least 30.alleged abuses by tax collectors. He was said to have committed atrocities against his fellow natives for refusing to rise up against the Spaniards. however. including the collection of unjust taxes. They fought successfully against the rebels. he urged the entire country to revolt. who tried to initially convince the Igorots to convert peacefully to Christianism. y y Dingras Revolt[3] Cagayan Revolt[4] [edit] Magalat Revolt (1596) Main article: Magalat Revolt The Magalat Revolt was an uprising in 1596.000 chinese merchants were slaughtered and in Luzon chinese officials and civilians were killed without authority by what The Ming Shi-lu ( ) describes as the barbarian(spanish) cheiftain of Luzon during that time. The rebels were eventually pardoned and the Philippine tax system reformed.

Bancao had warmly received Miguel López de Legazpi as his guest. One of his sons was also beheaded. [edit] Tamblot Revolt (1621-1622) Main article: Tamblot Uprising The Tamblot Revolt or Tamblot Uprising was a religious uprising in the island of Bohol. to suppress the rebellion. they compelled their . Pagali used magic to attract followers. a babaylan or native priest. in the Philippines. Other historical sources/accounts reports The Bancao Revolt as the first recorded uprising against foreign colonization. and claimed that they could turn the Spaniards into clay by hurling bits of earth at them. and one of the babaylans was burned at the stake. The uprising may well have taken place towards the end of 16th century. Miguel Lanab and Alababan murdered. in northwestern Cagayan. Similar to the Tamblot Uprising. was a religious uprising against Spanish colonial rule led by Miguel Lanab and Alababan. The Tsaynese inhabitants of Manila set fire to Legarda and Binondo and for a time threatened to capture Intramuros. led by Tamblot in 1621. in 1622. The region is now part of the landlocked province of Apayao. The Jesuits first came to Bohol in 1596 and eventually governed the island and converted the Boholanos to the Catholic faith. [edit] Bancao Revolt (1621-1622) The Bancao Revolt was a religious uprising against Spanish colonial rule led by Bancao. Although baptized as a Christian in his youth. After cutting Father Garcia's body into pieces. who were sent by the Spanish colonial government to convert the Itneg people to Christianity. two Christianized Filipinos from the Itneg or Mandaya tribe of Capinatan. in the present-day Carigara Philippine province of Leyte. celebrating the feast day of St. Three other followers were executed by firing squad. Tamblot. he built a temple for a diwata or local goddess. Father Alonzo Garcia and Brother Onofre Palao. Francis Xavier. he abandoned his faith in later years. Bancao's severed head was impaled on a bamboo stake and displayed to the public as a stern warning. or religious leader named Pagali. they fed his flesh to a herd of pigs. the datu of Carigara .[7] The revolt began on the day when the Jesuits were in Cebu. Governor-General Alonso Fajardo de Entenza sent the alcalde mayor of Cebu. Juan de Alcarazo.( ). With a babaylan. Afterwards. [edit] Itneg Revolt (1625-1627) The Itneg Revolt. urged his fellow Boholanos to return to the old native religion of their forefathers. beheaded and mutilated two Dominican missionaries. when he first arrived in the Philippines in 1565. and pressed six towns to rise up in revolt. or the Mandaya Revolt. with Spanish and Filipino colonial troops. Carigara was evangelized only a decade after Magellan landed in Limasawa in 1521. It was finally crushed on New Year's Day. The (1621±1622) dates may be inaccurate.

However. captured and later executed in Palapag. for Don Manuel de Arza and his loyal Filipino troops came and quelled it. he was brought to Manila where he was executed. the rebels committed various acts of violence on the Spanish officials and the friars. The local parish priest of Palapag was murdered and the revolt eventually spread to Mindanao. Northern Samar by the Spaniards together with his seven key lieutenants. desecrate Christian images. Albay. named after Juan Ponce Sumuroy. A free government was also established in the mountains of Samar. This is known as the Sumuroy Revolt. the Filipinos were suffering from oppression and he thought that it was about time that they stage an uprising. Masbate. The insurrection spread to Cabagan and Tuguegarao. he was wounded. Upon his capture. the flames of rebellion spread to Cagayan. His trusted co conspirator David Dula sustained the quest for freedom with greater vigor but in one of a fierce battles several years later. and forced them to surrender in 1627. a Waray. and some of his followers rose in arms on June 1. Under their chieftains named Dabo and Juan Marayac. Samarnons were being sent to the shipyards of Cavite to do their polo.The capture of Dula marked the end of the revolt in its operational center in Northern Samar but the sporadic skirmises and hatred with the Spanish authorities started by Sumuroy and Dula in some parts of . The government in Manila directed that all natives subject to the polo are not to be sent to places distant from their hometowns to do their polo. [edit] Sumuroy Revolt (1649-50) In the today the town of Palapag in Northern Samar.The leaders were executed. capture and execution of Sumuroy in June 1650 delivered a big setback to the revolt. Governor-General anjanette de Silva sent Spanish and Filipino colonial troops to suppress the rebellion. In 1626. set fire to the local churches. [edit] Ladia Revolt (1643) Ladia was a Bornean and a descendant of Lakandula who came to Malolos in 1643. Zamboanga. They destroyed farms and other sources of food to starve the Itnegs. The people of Ilagan proclaimed their independence on February 2. The defeat. This was despite the fact that a parish priest tried to convince him not to pursue his plans. 1649 over the polo system being undertaken in Samar. such as Surigao. At that time. or mayors. Camarines and parts of northern Mindanao. Juan Ponce Sumuroy. especially in places such as Cebu. Camiguin. one of who was the great great grandfather of current Northern Samar Governor Raul Daza [1]. defying the tribute collectors and Spain. which sparked the revolt.fellow Itnegs to loot. and escape with them to the mountains. [edit] Cagayan Revolt (1639) As a result of the British invasion and the revolutionary propaganda of Silang and Palaris. 1763. under orders of the various town alcaldes. Bicol and the rest of the Visayas. But the revolt did not last long.

This battle was led by a man named Andres Malong who had heeded the call of Maniago to revolt against the Spaniards. Pampanga drew most of the attention from the religious group because of its relative wealth.This is marked as the beginning of the end of the long Spanish rule in the country. He once told his followers that a group of Pamapangos entered Manila and killed all the Spaniards there. The Spanish authorities reviewed the demands of the natives and required the alcalde-mayor of Pangasinan to resign. The Governor also tricked Maniago into leaving Manila with a bribe of being appointed as a master of camp in the Pampango regiment in the city. [edit] Malong Revolt (1660-1661) This revolt was led by Andres Malong. [edit] Maniago Revolt (1660) Maniago Revolt led by Don Francisco Maniago. This strategy was also done to other towns in the province and in the end. Although their motives were already executed. Maniago lied and exaggerated his claims. But sometimes. he was shot months later in Mexico. The Macabebe was intimidated and became friendly towards the Spaniards. During that time. . Juan dela Cruz Palaris. Maniago and his followers did not have a choice but to agree in making peace with Governor de Lara. led a renewal of the revolt. They also bore the burden of more tribute. 1764. Cagayanons and the Ilocanos.Luzon. de Lara's cooperation of Arayat chief Macapagal. but they finally defeated in March. who led some natives in Pangasinan to take up arms against the Spanish government and proclaimed himself King of Pangasinan. Their patience was put to the limit and they signified their intention to revolt by setting their campsite on fire. Later. a Spanish governor named Manrique de Lara was able to neutralize the rebellion by using the "divide and rule" trick. The rebels were weakened by Gov. However. and pursued by new faces in the rebellion fronts. The people of Pangasinan continued their resistance nonetheless. later became a struggle to free the natives from Spanish rule. he was very confident that he can actually persuade the chieftains of each town in Pampanga to kill the Spaniards and free the province from them. who responded in the same way. forced labor. Visayas and Mindanao continues. enabling the Spanish forces to capture him and subsequently executed him. It was a revolt against the Spanish during the colonial period and was named after its leader. they were badly depleted by the Kapampangans. They were made to work for eight months under unfair conditions and were not paid for their labor and for the rice purchased from them. initially caused by natives' protest against the polo and bandala. However his kingdom was short-lived and soon most of his forces abandoned him. The fight soon began and because the Spaniards were busy fighting against the Dutch.[8] The Maniago Revolt was an uprising in Pampanga during the 1660s. Maniago was very clever and was able to make his fellows believe in the idea of attaining freedom if they revolt. Pampanga. and rice exploitation. Maniago was never heard from again and according to one account. He began with a "show of force" directed at Macabebe. Francisco Maniago. one of the more affluent towns in the province at that time. He succeeded not only in the attempt of having his natives believe in his propaganda but also the Pangasineses. a native of Binalatongan. The Maniago revolt was the start of a much bigger and even bloodier revolt in Pangasinan.

but was later captured and executed. [edit] Panay Revolt (1663) The Panay Revolt was a religious uprising in 1663 that involved Tapar. who wanted to establish a religious cult in the town of Oton. Domingo Perez. During the revolt. a Dominican Friar. Vowing vengeance. [edit] Chinese revolt of 1662 Fearing an invasion of Chinese led by the famous pirate Koxinga. the garrisons around Manila were reinforced. Governor Antonio del Valle had Caragay arrested in the village of Nantagalan. northeast of San Jacinto and Mangaldan and flogged. illustrious and wealthy leader from San Nicolas. In 1762. Historians view Caragay as a "model" of the revolts of Palaris and Diego Silang. after which the Spanish sent additional troops and defeated the rebels. Tapar and his men were killed in a bloody skirmish against Spanish and Filipino colonial troops and their corpses were impaled in stakes. Caragay organized a band of men who hounded the governor until they were able to kill him. An increasing anti-Chinese sentiment grew within much of the population. The Zambals then killed Rf. in Spanish) who had him flogged for what appeared to be a false accusation of smuggling. Don Pedro Almazan auto-proclaimed himself "King of Ilocos". Ilocos Norte. He attracted some followers with his stories about his frequent conversations with a demon.[edit] Almazan Revolt (January 1661) A part of the chain to the Malong Revolt was the Ilocos Revolt led by Don Pedro Almazan. the Spanish moved to exterminate the roots of the rebellion. the invasion did not materialize. but many locals massacred hundreds of Chinese in the Manila area. Dagupan would be one of the first towns to join the Palaris Revolt against Spain. [edit] 18th century [edit] Caragay Revolt (1719) This was led by a Dagupan-born ladino named Caragay who led an uprising in 1719 against the provincial governor (alcalde mayor. In the end. a native of the island of Panay. Laoag. The letters sent by Don Andres Malong ("King of Pangasinan") narrating the defeat of the Spaniards in his area and urging other provinces to rise in arms failed to obtain any support among the natives. [edit] Sambal Revolt (1681-1683) After suppressing the Malong revolt in Pangasinan. Chief tumalang ended up converting to Catholicism. [edit] Dagohoy Revolt (1744-1829) .

a Pangasinense leader named Juan de la Cruz Palaris (also known as Pantaleon Perez) rebelled against Spanish imposition of the tribute. The parish priest of Cagayan blamed the uprising on the machinations of Baladdon.200 troops to Bohol. and the tobacco monopoly. failed to stop the revolt. with the Spanish at war with Britain and a British invasion of the Philippines in progress. the local parish priest refused to give his brother a proper Christian burial. It also led to the establishment of a free Boholano government. it is not a complete religious rebellion.000 survivors were granted pardon and were eventually allowed to live in new Boholano villages: namely. failed as well. Some 19. [edit] Palaris Revolt (1762-1765) Main article: Palaris Revolt On November 3." The elder brother of Onofre Libam. Francisco Dagohoy died two years before the revolt ended. he deceived and bewitched the people and the chiefs and Lagutao himself. spreading across Pangasinan and affecting other provinces. The revolt lasted two years. with Baladdon. which led to the end of the revolt in 1829. Lagutao had remained a pagan and. [edit] Lagutao Revolt (1785) The ban on tobacco cultivation. 1762. Another attack. medicine man and prophet. when Spanish forces along with some Ilocanos loyal to Spain led by Manuel de Azar hunted Palaris down and executed him publicly. The refusal of the priest to give his brother a proper Christian burial eventually led to the longest revolt ever held in Philippine history: 85 years. This revolt is unique since it is the only Philippine revolt completely related to matters of religious customs. After a duel in which Dagohoy's brother died. comin on top of a smallpox epidemic. Batuan. assumed the leadership of the 1787 revolt. you pay tribute and you cannot even smoke without having to buy tobacco. Ricafort himself sent a force of 2. To his followers. Twenty governors-general. the present-day towns of Balilihan. gave Christians in the Difun and Paniqui missions an additional reason for returning to the highlands and their ancient religion. the son of the famous anitera and himself acknowledged as a shaman: "arrogating to himself the title of priest. although unlike the Tamblot Uprising before it. since dueling is a mortal sin. though. from Juan Arrechederra to Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Ararca. also sent by Ricafort in 1828 and 1829. Lagutao promised a life in the mountains free from the oppressive tributes."[9] . the gobernadorcillo of Angadanan. Lagutao ridiculed the refusal of Liban and other Christians to join the rebellion: "You are dying of the plague which God has inflicted on you for having abandoned our ancient customs.Main article: Dagohoy Rebellion In 1744 in what is now the province of Bohol. Bilar (Vilar). what is known today as the Dagohoy Revolt was undertaken by Francisco Dagohoy and some of his followers. The report ended in 1764. church contributions. Catigbian and Sevilla (Cabulao). which was defeated by Palumpong followers.

Don Mateo Cabal. and 11 others died in the first battle. wine-loving Ilocanos in Piddig rose in revolt on September 16. [edit] Revolt Against the Tribute (1589) The Revolt Against the Tribute occurred in the present day provinces of Cagayan. Ibanags and others. commander of the Carig garrison. rose in revolt over alleged abuses by tax collectors. Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur in 1589. First Pampanga Revolt (1585) The First Pampanga Revolt in 1585 was undertaken by native Kapampangan leaders against Spanish encomienda|encomenderos due to abuses felt by the natives inflicted by the encomenderos.Spanish troops eventually quelled the revolt on September 28. 1807.The failure of Lagutao to win over his brother prevented the spread of the uprising and enabled the Spaniards to deal it a quick end. fell into a state of depression from which. However. However. since a Filipina married to a Spanish soldier reported the plot to Spanish authorities. 300 of them armed with rifles. upon receiving news of the battlefield results. The revolt included a plot to storm Intramuros. or sugarcane wine. and engaged the rebels on two successive days. It was led by Pedro Mateo with its events occurring in the presentday town of Piddig in Ilocos Norte. For their actions. such as the collection of unjust taxes. along with the overhaul of the Philippine tax system. effectively banning private manufacture of the wine. The natives. the leaders of the revolt were ordered executed. his brother Meddanang. The second engagement left over a hundred rebels dead on the field. [edit] Tamblot Uprising (1621) The Tamblot Uprising was a revolt in Bohol led by Tamblot in 1621. [edit] 19th century [edit] Ambaristo Revolt (1807) The Ambaristo Revolt. Tamblot. Ilocanos were forced to buy from government stores. which was done before expropriation. he died. the Spanish colonial government manufacture and sale of basi. 1807. a babaylan or native priest. gathered a force of 2300 men. urged Boholanos to return to the old native . They were eventually granted pardon. also known as the Basi Revolt. 1807. many others dying from their wounds later. Being the more religious revolt of Bohol. the plot was foiled before it was even implemented. The only casualty on the government side was Onofre Liban. was a revolt undertaken from September 16-September 28 or 28. GovernorGeneral Santiago de Vera sent Spanish troops to pacify the rebels. three days later. Alerted by the missionaries. which included the Ilocanos. who. In 1786. albeit with much force and loss of life on the losing side. This revolt is unique as it revolves around the Ilocanos' love for basi. Lagutao. his son-in-law.

A free government was also established in the mountains of Samar. which was defeated by Dagohoy's followers. and some of his followers rose in arms on June 1. Juan Ponce Sumuroy. [edit] Agrarian Revolt (1745-46) .000 survivors were granted pardon and were eventually allowed to live in new Boholano villages: namely. Batuan. Another attack. The revolt. 1622. also sent by Ricafort in 1828 and 1829. or mayors. failed as well. and the eventual conversion of the Boholanos to the Catholic faith. named after Juan Ponce Sumuroy. Some 19. Catigbian and Sevilla (Cabulao). it is not a complete religious rebellion. such as Surigao. It also led to the establishment of a free Boholano government. the Spaniards strengthened their hold over Bohol. Bicol and the rest of the Visayas. since dueling is a mortal sin. However. After a duel in which Dagohoy's brother died.200 troops to Bohol. [edit] Dagohoy Rebellion (1744-1829 In 1744 in what is now the province of Bohol. from Juan Arrechederra to [Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Ararca. [edit] Sumuroy Revolt (1649-50) In what is today the town of Palapag in Northern Samar. After the revolt. although unlike the Tamblot Uprising before it.religion of their forefathers after the arrival of the Jesuits in 1596. capture and execution of Sumuroy in June 1650 led to the end of the revolt. which led to the end of the revolt in 1829. the present-day towns of Balilihan. especially in places such as Cebu. This revolt is unique since it is the only Philippine revolt completely related to matters of religious customs. Camiguin. Dagohoy died two years before the revolt ended. Camarines and parts of northern Mindanao. Masbate. what is known today as the Dagohoy Revolt was undertaken by Francisco Dagohoy and some of his followers. failed to stop the revolt. Zamboanga. Francis Xavier. Bilar (Vilar). though. was crushed on New Year's Day. The local parish priest of Palapag was murdered and the revolt eventually spread to Mindanao. Ricafort himself sent a force of 2. under orders of the various town alcaldes. This is known as the Sumuroy Revolt. Twenty governors-general. a Waray. 1649 over the polo system being undertaken in Samar. which was undertaken at a time when the Jesuit fathers who administered the island were in Cebu celebrating the feast day of Francis Xavier|St. The government in Manila directed that all natives subject to the polo are not to be sent to places distant from their hometowns to do their polo. Albay. The refusal of the priest to give his brother a proper Christian burial eventually led to the longest revolt ever held in Philippine history: 85 years. Samarnons were being sent to the shipyards of Cavite to do their polo. which sparked the revolt. The defeat. the local parish priest refused to give his brother a proper Christianity|Christian burial.

Filipino landowners rose in arms over the land-grabbing of Spanish friars. However. She continued her husband's struggle. was a revolt undertaken from September 16-September 28|28.The Agrarian Revolt was a revolt undertaken between the years 1745 and 1746 in much of the present-day CALABARZON (specifically in Batangas. [edit] Basi Revolt (1807) The Basi Revolt. which was done before expropriation. It was led by Pedro Ambaristo with its events occurring in the present-day town of Piddig in Ilocos Norte. 1762. Eventually. since Spanish troops largely used Kampampangan soldiers to fight the Ilocanos. Laguna and Cavite) and in Bulacan. Spanish troops eventually quelled the revolt on September 28. The British heard about this revolt in Manila and even asked the help of Silang in fighting the Spanish. Diego Silang declared the independence of Ilocandia. earning the title "Joan of Arc of the Ilocos" because of her many victories in battle. a friend of Silang. 1807. albeit with much force and loss of life on the losing side. 1763. The priests were successfully able to appeal the return of lands back to the natives. this revolt took place during the British invasion of Manila. The battles of the Silang revolt are a prime example of the use of divide et impera. the revolt ended with the defeat of the Ilocanos. also known as the Ambaristo Revolt. resulting in massive looting of convents and arson of churches and ranches. the Spanish colonial government expropriation|expropriated the manufacture and sale of basi. with native landowners demanding that Spanish priests return their lands on the basis of ancestral domain. Gabriela. effectively banning private manufacture of the wine. [edit] Silang Revolt (1762-63) Arguably one of the most famous revolts in Philippine history is the Silang Revolt from 1762 to 1763. with the revolt spreading to nearby towns and with fighting lasting for weeks. Unlike the other revolts. naming the state "Free Ilocos" and proclaimed Vigan the capital of this newly-independent state. or sugarcane wine. with its first sparks in the towns of Lian and Nasugbu in Batangas. This revolt is unique as it revolves around the Ilocanos' love for basi. led by the couple of Diego and Gabriela Silang. The case was eventually investigated by Spanish officials and was even heard in the court of Philip IV of Spain|King Philip IV. . wine-loving Ilocanos in Piddig rose in revolt on September 16. On December 14. The refusal of the Spanish priests resulted in much rioting. However. Silang was killed on May 28. The Spanish authorities paid for his murder. in which he ordered the priests to return the lands they seized. leading to his death in the arms of his wife. 1763 by Miguel Vicos. In 1786. 1807. which resulted in no land being returned to native landowners. Ilocanos were forced to buy from government stores. Gabriela Silang was executed by Spanish authorities in Vigan on September 10. 1807.

thousands of people in Tayabas. which were usually Spanish. Because of this. or parish priests. though. otherwise known as "Hermano Pule". eventually capturing Fort Santiago in Intramuros. Undertaken between June 1840 and November 1841. however. such as prayers and rituals suited for Filipinos. and Apolinario de la Cruz was executed on November 4. forcing De la Cruz and his followers to rise in armed revolt in self-defense. Batangas. Due to the concentration of Spanish religious power and authority in the already-established religious orders (the Augustinians. and religious priests. of which many of those relatives were also killed in the ensuing violence. 1841 in the then-provincial capital. Tayabas. Many members of the Spanish armed forces' Tayabas regiment. The next day. Laguna and even Manila already joined. On January 20. in June of 1840. resulting in the execution of Samaniego and 81 of his followers the same day. the gates of Fort Santiago were opened by loyalist soldiers. the regiment. led by Sergeant Irineo Samaniego. . rose in mutiny. more formally known as the Religious Revolt of Hermano Pule. the Confraternity of Saint Joseph (Spanish language|Spanish: Confradia de San José) in Lucban. this revolt was led by Apolinario de la Cruz. The Spaniards eventually won. De la Cruz started his own religious order. had relatives that were members of the order. Jesuits and Franciscans to name a few) and the concept that Filipino priests should only stay in the church and not the convent and vice-versa (although this was not always followed). the Spanish government sent in troops to forcibly break up the order. However. 1843. based in Malate in Manila. It did not end there.[edit] Pule Revolt (1840-41) One of the most famous religious revolts is the Pule Revolt. After a bloody battle. especially due to its deviation from original Catholic rituals and teachings. However. which were usually Filipino. the Spanish government banned the new order. near Mount Banahaw. Many bloody battles were fought with the order's last stand in Mount San Cristobal. in October of 1841. the mutineers were defeated by loyalist troops. or convent priests. located in the present-day province of Quezon (then called Tayabas). there were two types of priests in the Philippines then: secular priests.