P. 1
Aashto

Aashto

4.5

|Views: 3,159|Likes:
Published by jong

More info:

Published by: jong on Sep 13, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/20/2013

pdf

text

original

Adding or improving paved shouldersoften can be the best way to ac-
commodate bicyclists in rural areas and benefit motor vehicle traffic.
Paved shoulders can extend the service life of the road surface since
edge deterioration will be significantly reduced. Paved shoulders also
provideabreak-downareaformotorvehicles.Wherefundingislimited,
addingor improvingshoulderson uphill sectionswill giveslow-moving
bicyclists needed maneuvering space and will decrease conflicts with
faster moving motor vehicle traffic.

Paved shouldersshould beat least 1.2 m (4 feet)wideto accommodate
bicycle travel. However, where 1.2-m (4-foot) widths cannot be
achieved, any additional shoulder width isbetter than none at all. The
measurementofusableshoulderwidthshouldnotincludethewidthofa
gutter pan, unless the pan width is 1.2 m (4 feet) or greater. Shoulder
width of 1.5 m (5 feet)isrecommended from thefaceof guardrail, curb
or other roadside barriers. It isdesirable to increase the width of shoul-
derswherehigher bicycleusageisexpected. Additional shoulder width
isalsodesirableifmotorvehiclespeedsexceed80km/h(50mph),orthe
percentage of trucks, busesand recreational vehiclesishigh, or if static
obstructions exist at the right side of the roadway.

In general, AASHTO’s recommendations for shoulder width (as de-
scribedinAPolicyonGeometricDesignofHighwaysandStreets(Green
Book1

))arethebest guidefor bicyclesaswell, sincewider shouldersare
recommended on heavily traveled and high-speed roadsand thosecar-
rying large numbers of trucks. However, in order to be usable by
bicyclists the shoulder must be paved.

Design

Shared Roadways

16

guide for the development of bicycle facilities

Figure 2. Example of a Shared Use Roadway

Rumblestripsorraisedpavementmarkers,whereinstalledtodiscourage
or warn motorists they are driving on the shoulder, are not recom-
mended where shoulders are used by bicyclists unless there is a
minimum clear path of 0.3 m (1 foot) from the rumble strip to the trav-
eled way, 1.2 m (4 feet) from the rumble strip to the outside edge of
paved shoulder, or 1.5 m (5 feet)to adjacent guardrail, curb or other ob-
stacle. If existingconditionsprecludeachievingtheminimum desirable
clearance, the width of the rumble strip may be decreased or other ap-
propriate alternative solutions should be considered.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->