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Effect of Facebook on Education

Effect of Facebook on Education

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Table of Contents Chapter 1.0: The Introduction 1.1 The Introduction …………………………………………………………..2 1.2 The Statement of the Research Problem ………………………………….3 1.

3 The Research Objectives ………………………………………………….3 1.4 The Research Questions …………………………………………………..3 1.5 The Research Hypotheses …………………………………………………3 1.6 The Definition of the Terms ………………………………………………4 1.7 The Limitation of the Study ………………………………………………4 Chapter 2.0: The Literature Review 2.1 The discussion on the sub-topics related to the study …………………….5 2.2 The discussion on the previous researchers ………………………………7 Chapter 3.0: The Research Methodology 3.1 The Research Design ……………………………………………………...8 3.2 The method of data collection …………………………………………….8 3.3 Sample and Sampling ……………………………………………………..9 3.4 The methods of data processing …………………………………………..9 The Bibliography .......................................................................................................10

delay of submission of assignments. that there is a connection between students’ grades and their usage of Facebook but researchers are unsure whether it is a good correlation or not. There have been studies done to test and see whether the social networking site. Sites like Friendster.Chapter 1: Introduction 1. no longer practiced in the real world. which leads to the act of procrastination and later. and socializing purposes are believed to be the main reason why students have a Facebook account. The term “social networking site” brings the meaning of a medium in the World Wide Web that connects anyone with the purpose to socialize. The users range from primary school children to even senior citizens of 50 years and above. Throughout the years. Some of these studies are proven true. This way is of course easier and faster and much more interesting. having an account can be useful for education purposes but it can cause a big distraction. catering to health. while others and most of them too. Facebook. it has been proven useful in so many ways. Moreover. not only students use the social networking site. Some of them use for personal reasons. and now even for educational purposes. And as of late. There are lecturers who are known to use Facebook regularly with their students and as . but that is not all Facebook has to offer. Thus. Myspace. other than to socialize. Facebook correlates to students’ grades and performance in their academic achievement. but their lecturers as well. Lecturers and students’ meetings are now held in the virtual world. but the lecturers as well. there has been a growth of social networking sites right before the society’s eyes. have users glued to the computer screen typing away comments and messages to friends and relatives. social. Facebook. use Facebook as a way to connect to their students online. High5 and the latest. It provides users with games to play. it is seen that nowadays. Students can get easily addicted to it. this research not only focuses on the students’ point of view.1 Background of The Study Recently.

Is there a significant improvement in students’ academic achievement when using Facebook regularly? 2.5 The Research Hypotheses . as they are the ones who are responsible in shaping their students to become better and responsible students.4 The Research Questions In order to fulfill the objectives of the research. but addiction to Facebook may lead to unnecessary bad consequences.3 The Research Objectives There are three research objectives that the researcher has come up with. as well as the outcome. How important is this social networking site towards students and lecturers? 1. To know whether Facebook can assist students in improving their academic studies 2. 1. To seek the rate of importance of the social networking site towards the students and lecturers 1. 1. there are questions that are important to find the answers for.educators. and they are: 1. These objectives will help maintain the focus of the study and its main purpose. What are the educational outcomes of the usage of Facebook? 3. To find out whether Facebook provide educational benefits to both students and lecturers 3.2 The Statement of The Research Problem This study will mainly focus on investigating whether there are significant effects of the usage of Facebook on students and lecturers’ performance in the education environment. This research on such issue may seem unimportant. and students and educators need to see this and address this problem before it gets worse. the researcher would like to find out their personal views on this issue. The objectives are: 1.

the result of the research cannot be generalized for other students of other faculties or UiTM campuses or other universities. Selangor only. It may be used but the users must keep in mind of the limited scope of the research. an American computer programmer and entrepreneur. 3. They are: 1. or relationships of beliefs. 1. socializing. financial exchange. Shah Alam. . There are educational outcomes from using Facebook.7 Limitation of the Study This study is limited to the students and lecturers of the Faculty of Education. knowledge or prestige. Campus Section 17. sexual relationships. to prove the validity at the end of the research. kinship. Thus. such as friendship. which are constitutive and operational. their academic achievement. and serves many purposes such as business conferences. Social network: a social structure made of individuals (or organizations) called "nodes. there are also three hypotheses the researcher has come up with. 2.6 The Definition of the Terms There are two categories of definition regarding the research. dislike. Constitutive definitions: Facebook: a social networking site created by Mark Zuckerberg.Like the research objectives and questions. 1. The usage of Facebook does help improve students’ learning habits and thus." which are tied (connected) by one or more specific types of interdependency. It is a must to sign up for the social networking site as it is very important for students and lecturers to use. Operational definitions: Social networking site: A website where everyone can create an account and get to know people from all over the world. and education.

and 77 percent had a profile on a social networking site. The researchers asked the students questions about their Internet activity especially the online forum. from 13 urban high schools in the Midwest in the US and the data were collected over six months. and audio and video capabilities. The outcome of using a social networking site is that “students develop a positive attitude towards using technology systems. 2. Some of them are retrieved from online journals as well as articles. being open to new or diverse views. having an account at a social networking site online does give a lot of benefits to oneself. The study had found that 94 percent of students used the Internet. that provides users with email.1 The discussion on the sub-topics related to the study As mentioned in the introduction. According to the researchers at the University of Minnesota. MySpace which is the most frequent site they go to.Chapter 2: The Literature Review The researcher has done some research and readings on relevant articles and other researchers’ studies that are related to this research. The samples for this study ranged from students of 16 to 18 years of age. web communities. Based on their answers. the researchers from the University of Minnesota did a follow-up and randomly selected a subset. 82 percent go online at home. and thinking about online . the researchers had found that students who use social networking sites “are actually practicing the kinds of 21 st century skills we want them to develop to be successful today. a learning technologies researcher in the University's College of Education and Human Development and principal investigator of the study. editing and customizing content." says Christine Greenhow. The students listed technology skills as the top lesson. and communication skills when asked what they had learned from using social networking sites. After the study was conducted. they have found that social networking sites such as MySpace and Facebook do give educational benefits to its users. followed by creativity.

The study was conducted on three different groups. connected. She also said that “now that we know what skills students are learning and what experiences they're being exposed to. they also share their creative original work like poetry and film. who now have a vast opportunity to support what students are learning on the Web sites." From the study’s results. Educators should see this as an opportunity to work with students and their experiences on social networking sites. Greenhow also added that they have implications for educators.design and layout.” Educators would always want to know where their students are coming from and what they are interested in so they can build on that in their teaching. The Websites offer tremendous educational potential. a study done by researchers in Ohio State University has concluded that there is no evident “relationship between use of the popular social networking site and diminished grades. associate professor of communication studies at Northwestern University and a fellow this year at Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet and Society said that they have not found any evidence that Facebook use correlates with lower academic achievement. we can help foster and extend those skills." However. not only does it prove that social networking sites offer more than social fulfillment or potential job contacts. Chicago.000 undergraduates from the University of Illinois. and meaningful to kids. and practicing safe and responsible use of information and technology. Others might think that the social networking sites are just for socializing purposes only and not more than that.” Besides that. we can help make schools even more relevant. only a few students were aware of the academic and professional networking opportunities that the Web sites provide. Greenhow said that “by understanding how students may be positively using these networking technologies in their daily lives and where the as-yetunrecognized educational opportunities are. To strengthen the argument that social networking sites are useful and beneficial for students.” Eszter Hargittai. a nationally representative cross . which were a sample of more than 1.

Nevertheless. but also with social networking sites.2 The discussion on the previous researches The social networking site. and a nationally representative longitudinal panel of American youth aged 14. Students’ performance will decrease either way. not only because of Facebook. “the integration of computers in education has been discussed widely and much attention has been devoted to the role of computers in the classroom especially in finding a better way to implement effective ways to incorporate computers in the classroom.sectional sample of 14. Students must know how to limit themselves when using the social networking site or else. the researcher has found some other researches that may be useful in guiding the process of this research.” From what is stated above. not only does the technology restrict its usage to only using CD-ROMs or watching slideshows. it can be implied that technology of using computers is helpful to help students learn in class. But it is just the same as spending excessive time on another activity. he added that they need to “do more research with more nuanced data to better understand how social networking site usage may relate to academic performance. the integration of computers in the classroom may be difficult by some and may not be found effective in teaching and learning when introduced within the traditional curriculum setting (JulesVan Belle and Soetaert. Because of this. They were unable to detect a “significant negative relationship between grade point averages and Facebook use.to 22-year-olds. It is not impossible for .” Nonetheless. 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg. As stated in a research done by Nadzrah Abu Bakar. not that many research has been done on the topic and also because educators had never thought of Facebook being a medium for students and lecturers or teachers until now.to 23. But nowadays. their performance in class might deteriorate. Technology in the classroom is widely believed to help teachers promote a constructive class environment and it is viewed by many researchers to have an influential effect on the teaching and learning process (Muir-Herzig. said Hargittai. However. the Co-Founder of Facebook. However. 2004). using Facebook excessively does not necessarily bring good outcomes on academic performance." 2. Facebook was created rather recently which was on February 4th. 2001).

1998. with a variety of computer-based activities. Gunderson and Anderson. Facebook can easily be used without having any concrete activity of the usage. the method of data collection. 3. in the research. thus classifying it under survey research. 2004). Other than using it as a medium to teach. 1998).1 The Research Design This study will use the research design of experimental and survey research. for his or her students.2 The Method of Data Collection There will be two ways of collecting the data for this research. Chapter 3: The Research Methodology This chapter will discuss on the research design. Furthermore. it is stated that from educators’ perspectives. thus making it experimental and the ways on finding out the results will be done through interviews and observation.lecturers to use the service of Facebook too. and the methods of data processing. many findings concluded that letting the students use computers in the classroom without any concrete activities that relate to language learning and without any understanding of the conditions of using computers in the classroom may hinder the total utilization of them (Bromley. 3. They are through interviews and observations.1 In-depth Interviews The method of interviews will be conducted on three chosen lecturers who are known among .2. MuirHerzig. Hartschuh. 3. thus lecturers need to think of ways on how they can incorporate such medium in the classroom. the lecturers can use Facebook as a way to help assist students’ in their learning by having forums and such on Facebook. 1999. Nonetheless. The reason for this is because this research would like to focus on the conditions of students and lecturers when using Facebook and the aftermath. sample and sampling. 1999. it can help facilitate students’ needs and challenge their learning practices (Warschauer and Healey.

3. their purpose of going online and their test results. such as the duration of going online in Facebook. They are required to report their daily usage of the social network site.the students to use Facebook regularly for classroom purposes. Furthermore. sleeping habits. Campus Section 17. However. the researcher will compile and evaluate the answers or responds from students and lecturers and the results will be compared and summarized in order to answer the three research questions. The reason why students from the specific semesters are chosen is because it is believed that during these stages or semesters that the students are starting to or not already well-equipped with how the education system or ways in the faculty operate. students of Semester 7 and 8 are not chosen as they are considered ‘seniors’ and are engaged with practicum and their thesis. There are some aspects that will be examined during the observation. For the interviews of the lecturers. their answers will be analyzed and compared.4 The Method of Data Processing There are several methods in gathering the data as there are two ways in collecting the data. Shah Alam. On the other hand. not all students will participate in this research. 5 and 6. 3.2 Participant Observation This method will be conducted on four chosen students who use Facebook on a regular basis. From these two methods. The respondents that will be chosen are from Semester 3. their personal opinions and what they think are the outcomes of using Facebook for academic purposes.3 Sample and Sampling The samples for the research will be the students of ED220 program in Faculty of Education. Among the questions that will be asked are on their views on the social networking site. their learning habits. 3. The researcher . 4. they have gain more experience than students of Semester 1 and 2.2.

my/474/1/Nadzrah_Abu_Bakar. University of Minnesota (2008.fsktm. Retrieved October 11th.com/samples/dissertation_proposal_us. Zakaria Kasa. Mohd Rizal Mohd Khanafie.edu. May 8).my/5402/1/9.will try to find the similarities as well as the differences of each lecturer’s answers and come up with findings and conclusions. Facebook Use Not Found To Correlate Negatively With College Grades. Nadzrah (2007). 2009 from http://myais. 2009 from http://www1. Mohd Zul. Azizan Asmuni. Abu Bakar. 2009 from http://www.edu. The results of the observation of the three students will be compared but it is believed that it cannot be generalized to all. English Language Activities In Computer-Based Learning Environment: A Case Study In ESL Malaysian Classroom.html 4. Mohd Yusoff. The Bibliography 1.pdf . KESEDIAAN PELAJAR INSTITUT PENGAJIAN TINGGI MENGGUNAKAN KOMPUTER DALAM PEMBELAJARAN.pdf 2. Hasmah AbdulWahab. Retrieved October 18th. New Study Shows. it can be expected that not all of the three students’ results are the same. Suhaimi Napis.sciencedaily. Retrieved October 10th.um. Northwestern University (2009.pdf 5. Aida Suraya Md Yunus.fsktm. but this is what makes the research more interesting. Sayid Mohamad Nazari Sayid Ismail (2005). Retrieved October 19th. Bahaman Abu Samah.edu/umnnews/Feature_Stories2/Educational_benefits_of_social_netwo rking_sites. 2009 from http://dissertationblog. 2009 from http://myais. Retrieved October 18th.um. As for the observation. July 10).com/releases/2009/05/090507164403.htm 3.umn.

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