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12 UMTS Overview

12 UMTS Overview

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11/24/2012

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Introduction to UMTS

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Reference (1/2)
[1] Wireless and Mobile Network Architectures¡A Y-Bing Lin and Imrich Chlamtac¡A Wiley Computer Publishing¡C [2] The Most Materials of this talk is summarized by the UMTS System Overview course held by the “Informa Telecoms Ltd”¡C [3] GSM, cdmaOne and 3G Systems¡A Raymond Steele, Chin-Chun Lee and Peter Golud¡A John Wiley & Sons, LTD.
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Reference (2/2)
[4] WCDMA for UMTS, Radio Access For Third Generation Mobile Communications¡A Harri Holma and Antti Toskala¡A John Wiley & Sons, LTD.

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Outlines
Introduction System Architecture WCDMA in UMTS UTRA UMTS User Plane vs. Control Plane Mobility Management Summary

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Introduction

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±j½ÕµL½u¹q¤¶-± WCDMA TDD »P IS-41 µ²¦X MSC ¤À³Î¦¨ . Ericsson. ETSI ¨M©w¨Ï¥Î WCDMA °µ¬ UTRS (UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access) ªº air interface. OFDMA. . ¦¨¬° UMTS ªº proposals Âk¯Ç¬°¤-jÃþ proposals ¶i¦æµûô . ETSI ±N³o¨Ç TDMA/CDMA. UMTS TURA (Terrestrial Radio Access) : WCDMA. ΥϨ FDD. CSEM/Pro Telecom »P©Ò¼Ú¬w¤j Æ ¾Ç§¡°Ñ»P¨ä¤ . °µ¬ . ¥]¬A Nokia. ³]¥ß¤F FRAMES (Future Radio Wideband Multiple Access System) project. ¦U¬É¯±N proposals ´£¨ì ªº candidates. §â cdma200 ¬[©ó GSM core network W ¤§ Circuit Switched domain. 3GPP ¦¨¥ß 3GPP. •¨Ì¾Ú ¤@¯ëªº ITU-R IMT 2000 ªº³W®æ . ¹ï . ¦b ACTS ¤§U . ETSI ¹ï¦U •1998 ¦~ 1¤ë . ¦b 1997 ¦~ 7 ¤ë . ETSI ¥ç[¤J 3GPP ¤ 3GPP. ¶i¦æ ®i¶}°ò¦ªº¬ã¨s 3G ¤Wªº¬ã¨s¾úµ{ : 3G RACE I (Research of Advanced Communication Technologies in Europe) program. •1995 ¦~©³ . UTRA. ODMA. §Q¥Î¤F Softswitch ±N Signal »P MSC Server -t³d Signal¡B Media Gateway -t³d Media¡C Packet Switched Domain ¤W´£¨Ñ IP §@Y®É¥B¤j¶q¸ê®Æªº¦s¨ú¡C ºô¸ real-time multi-media •Release 5 ©wªº³¡¤ÀA³æ¯Â¬O-n¦b ¨î ªºA°È¡A¬G±N GPRS ºô¸¥[H-×¥¿¡A§Æ±æ¨ÏoµL½u¤â¾÷¯à°¹ï •Release 6 ¾ã¦X Wireless LAN »P GSM. ¦]¦¹´£¥X¾ãªº§¹ UMTS specification ªº¤u§@ . . Siemens. •©ó 1999 ¦~¥X 3GPP´£¥X²Ä¤@-Ó§¹¾ãªº •2000 ¦~¶}©l-P¤O©ó±N •Release 4 ¨î©wªº³¡¤À«hµÛ-«©ó¶Ç²Î Media ¤Á³Î¡A±N-ì¥ýªº specification: Release-99. ¶i·sªº ¦æ ACTS(Advanced Communication Technologies and Services) -pµe .Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS) 3GPP (the 3rd Generation Partner ship Project) 3rd Generation System RACE I RACE II ACTS/FRAMES ATDMA FMA1: WTDMA Basic studies CODIT FMA2:WCDMA ETSI Decision: ETSI Concept WCDMA for FDD groups operation Release-6 Release-5 1988 1992 1995 1997 1998 1999 3GPP Release-99 Release-4 6 •¥H¤U¼Ú¬w¦b •1988 ¦~ . ±q ETSI ¨ì«áÓªº System (UMTS). FRAMES ±N¨â-Ó proposals: Wideband TDMA (FMA1) »P Wideband CDMA (FMA2) °e UMTS Air Interface ªº«á¿ï¤H . France Telecom. «K¥æµ¹ Universal Mobile Telecommunication . •1996-1997 ¦~ . •³Ìªìºµû¦ô¤U ¨ì ETSI. •©ó 1999 ¦~¥X . ´£¥X §Æ±æ RAS (radio access system) ªº proposal. ¹ï©ó¤@¨Ç³Ñ¾lµLªk¦¨¹ïªº spectrum ¨Ï¥Î TDD ³N ªº§Þ . •1992-1995 ¦~±µÛ¶i¦æ RACE II ¦P®É¹ï CDMA-based CODIT (Code Division Tested) ©M TDMA-based ATDMA (Advanced TDMA Mobile Access) µ¥ air interface proposal ¶i¦æµûô . ¹ï©ó licensed paired bands. §Ú-̱N²Ä¤T¥Nªº¨t²Î³qºÙ¬° . . WTDMA. ETSI.

TI (USA). spec. 1999 ¦~ 3GPP ªº²Õ •Radio Access Network (RAN) TSG: ¨î©w»P radio ¬ÛÃöªº¥\¯à ´£¥X Release-99. ETSI (Europe). ³£¥²¶·¨Ì¾Ú Release-99 UMTS spec. TTA (Korea) and TTC (Japan). µM¦Ó . . -t³d¤£¦Pªº 3G ªº service. UTRA air interface specification. •Core Network TSG »P All IP network ¬ÛÃö •Service and System Aspects TSG: ¨î©w •Terminals TSG: wWæ® ©î¨ ³ºª÷¾â¤ •¨C¤@-Ó TSG ¤U¦³¼Æ-Ó . working group. ¥«³õNªí¦³ GSM Association. UWCC.3GPP Project Coordination Group (PCG) 4 Technical Specification Groups (TSGs): • • • • Radio Access Network (RAN) TSG Core Network TSG Service and System Aspects TSG Terminals TSG 7 •3GPP ]A ¥û-¨¦ºª ¬ ARIB (Japan). ¦U-Ó¥[¤J ´ . CWTS (China). IPv6 Forum. •3GPP B°¬ÙºÓ-@¤Ñ¥§ ¹ºª specification ªº¨î©w«h¬O¥Ñ project coordination group (PCG) ¨ÓºÊ± 3GPP ©³¤U 4 -Ó TSG ¨Ó-t³d : . UMTS Forum.

packet-switched (PS) service domain (i.CS vs. PSTN/ISDN) • Packet-switched (PS) service domain ( i. ¨Ï¥Î .e. Internet. «h¨Ï¥Î circuit-switched (CS) service domain (i. an MS is identified by IMSI and P-TMSI. PS Domains The Core Network (CN) • Circuit-switched (CS) service domain (i.. . IMSI »P TMSI ¨ÓÃѧO IMSI »P P-TMSI O §ÑÃÓ¨ MS. •¤À«Ê¥æ´ªA°È»âì IP). an Mobile Station (MS) is identified by IMSI and TMSI..e. IP). •¦b CS domain ¤ •¦b PS domain ¤ . 8 •Core Network (CN) ]tAì°â»È ¥ § ªÓ-⨠•¹q¸ô¥æ´«ªA°È»âì PSTN/ISDN). In the CS domain. MS.e. In the PS domain..e..

¦ýb¥\¯à¤W¨Ã¤£¬O§¹¥þªº¤@ï .GSM and UMTS Terminologies GSM Mobile Station (MS) Base Station Transceiver (BST) Base Station Controller (BSC) Base Station Subsystem (BSS) Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) UMTS User Equipment (UE) Node B Radio Network Controller (RNC) Radio Network Subsystem (RNS) Universal Subscriber Identity Module (USIM) 9 •³o¬O¤@±i ¤@¹ïÀ³ . GSM »P UMTS ±M¥Î³N»yªº¹ï·Óí .

System Architecture 10 .

UMTS System Architecture Uu Iub USIM Cu ME Node B RNC Node B Iur Node B RNC UE Node B UTRAN (UMTS Terrestrial RAN) Iu-PS Iu-PS Iu-CS Iu-CS Iu 3G MSC/VLR D Gs Gr GMSC D PLMN. HLR Gc Gi 3G SGSN Gn GGSN Internet External Networks Core Network System Architecture of 3GPP Release 99 11 • ³o¬O ¥i¤À¦¨ Release 99 ªº 3 -Ó³¡¥÷ : UMTS ¨t²Î . ©Ò¥H¥i¥H¬Ý¨ì RNC ¶¡¦³s¦bµÛ³sµ² . air interface »P user q±-¶¤ ³¾·ºª •¤W¹Ï¤Åã¥Üªº¬O Release 99 ªº UMTS ¨t²Î¡C³o-Óºô¸¬[ºc»P GPRS Ãþ¦ü¡A ®t§O¬O¦b Release 99 ¤¡A radio network ©M core network °µ¤F¤@-ӫܲM·¡ªº°Ï ¹j¡C Radio network -t³d³B²z©M radio ¬ÛÃöªº¤u§@¡A©Ò¥H±N-쥻 GPRS SGSN ¤ ¤ ³ B² z radio ªº¤u§@¡A®³¨ì RNC ¨Ó³B²z¡C¨Ò¦p handoff »P radio resource management (RMM) Ñ¥ï§ RNC -t³d . ³o ¬O³æ¯Â§â RNC ·í¦¨ BSC ©Ò¬Ý¤£¥X¨Óªº¡C¦]¦¹h¥X RNC ¶¡ªº Iur AD ¡±-¶¤ ¥ -n-t³d soft handoff ªº¤u§@¡C •VLR ¦b CS domain ¤»P MSC Xb_ ¦ ¦ °@¤ .. ISDN. •User Equipment: °µ¬ (°µ interworking). FDD/TDD •Core network: »P¥~¬Éºô¸Û±µ ¥æ´«»P¶°e . ¹Ï¤¥i¬Ý¥X UMTS [cHÀ¤Ï°Ó¨à¯\¥ ¬ º ¥Yradio ¬ÛÃöªº¥\¯à . .. PSTN. •UTRAN (UMTS Terrestrial RAN): ¨î©w»P WCDMA. .. -t³d¹q¸Ü»P¸ê®Æªº . »P SGSN ¬Ûµ²¦X . ¦Ób PS domain.

) •PS mode UE: ¬Û·í©ó •CS mode UE: ¥u¯à³s¤W •UMTS ©´ä¤£ GPRS wqºª © ¸ CS ©Î PS connection ¨ä¤ªº@Ø : GPRS ªº GPRS ªº Class A MS. •UMTS UE ©w¸q¤F¤TºØ¾Þ§@¼Ò¦¡ •PS/CS mode UE: ¬Û·í©ó ¤Î PS connection. • CS mode UE can only attach to the CS domain. °õ¦æ»{ÃÒµ¡ Àx¦s»{ÃÒP¥[±K±K½X»P¨ä¥L¸ê°T . •Mobile Equipment (ME) : ¬O-t³d Uu ¤¶-±ªºµL½u¹q²×ºÝ¾÷ •UMTS Subscriber Identity Module (USIM): smart card. . . (MS PΥϨɮ ¦\³¹¤ CS Class C MS. ³z¹L Uu radio interface ¥H WCDMA .User Equipment (UE) UE consists of two parts: • Mobile Equipment (ME) • UMTS Subscriber Identity Module (USIM) Three operation modes : • PS/CS mode UE is equivalent to GPRS Class A MS. (¥u¤ä´© PS connection) CS domain. • PS mode UE is equivalent to GPRS Class C MS. ¥]¬A¨â-Ó³¡¥÷ 3G ¥Î»y ). Class B MS (´ibqΥϨܾï¿Ê°Û¦¡¶É® ¥Ñ¨£ ¦ ¬Y ). MS ªº §Þ³N»P Node B ¬Û³s . 12 •User Equipment (UE.

Iur interface ¬Û³s ATM ºô¸ª¬[ºc¤W •IuCS.e. §Y Base station. -t³d Uu »P Iub ¤§¶¡ L1 ¸ê®ÆªºÂà´« . RRC -t³d . ¨Ã³z¹L . ·|¶Ç°e¨Ó¦Û¤W¼h (MM. (measurement. . ¤u§@¥]¬A channel coding »P interleaving. ¤£¦Pªº ¬O Node B ¤]·|³B²z³¡¥÷ radio resource management. •RNC »P Node B ¨Ï¥Î •¨C¤@-Ó RNC ³z¹L IuPS interface »P¤@-Ó interface »P¤@-Ó MSC ¬Û³s . Ãþ¦ü BTS. Iur interface §¡¹ê²{©ó . cell update). SGSN ¤§¶¡¬Û³s . ¦p inner loop power control. •RNC ¾Ö¦³¥B±¨îäºÞÁÒ½d³ò¤º©Ò¦³ access point ´£¨ÑªA°Èµ¹ RNC ¤~²×î (i. •Note: RRC ©w¸q UE »P UTRAN ¶¡ªº ¶Ç°e«Ø¥ß©ÎÄÀñ L1 ©Î L2 entities ©Ò»Ýªº°Ñ¼Æ CM. Note: GPRS/GSM . message »P procedure.UTRAN RNS (Radio Network Sub-system) • Consists of one RNC and several Node Bs Node B • Converts data flow between Iub and Uu interfaces Radio Network Controller (RNC) • Own and control the radio resources of Node Bs connected to it Iub Node B • Provide service to CN RNC Node B RNS 13 •UTRAN ¥Ñ³\¦h •¨C-Ó RNS «h¥]¬A¤@-Ó RNS (Radio Network Sub-system) ³o¼Ëªº¤lºô¸©Ò²Õ¦¨ RNC »P¨ä¬Û³sªº¼Æ-Ó Iub interface ¬Û³s Node B. RRC (Radio Resource Control) ¨ó©w¨ì ).. SM) T¹¸ °ºª . . IuPS. °µ¬ service Core Network. ¾aºô¸Ýª³Ì«á¤@¯ Node B ªºµL½u¹q¸ê·½ . IuCS •Node B. •¤@-Ó ¤ªº RNC ¥i»P¼Æ-Ó BSCs ©¼¦¹¤§¶¡¨Ã£¬Û³s RNCs ³z¹L . rate adaptation. spreading µ¥ . »P UE ªº mobility ¬ÛÃöªº°Ñ¼Æ handover. Iub.

. ¨Ï¥Î¬Û¦Pªº •´£¨Ñ radio interface ©Ò¦³¬ÛÃö¥\¯à . ¯S§O¬O¤ä´© Radio Resource Management algorithms. •¾¨¥i¯àÅý³B²z PS »P CS domains ªº¸ê®Æ¤è¦¡ air interface protocol stack (Uu) ³s¨ì •¾¨¥i¯àºû«ù»P •¨Ï¥Î ATM °µ¬ GSM jqÊ© ¤Ì³ºª¡¶ ³@¦ UTRAN ¤³Ì¥D-nªº bearer. ¦³Ì¤j¦@³q©Ê Iu ³s¨ì ): WCDMA ªº .Characteristics of UTRAN Support of UTRA and all the related functionality Maximization of the commonalities in the handling of PS and CS data Maximization of the commonalities with GSM Use of the ATM transport as the main transport mechanism in UTRAN 14 •©³¤U¤¶²Ð UTRAN ªº¯S©Ê (¤]´N¬O¦b³]-p UTRAN ¬[ºc®Éªº¥D-n¦Ò¶q soft handover ¤Î . UE. ¬Û¦Pªº CN.

SRNC -n-t³d»P air interface ¶¡ L2 ¸ê®Æªº³B²z . ·|¦³ 0 ©Î¦h-Ó DRNC. -t³d©M CN ¶¡Ç»¼¸ê®ÆP ³B²z RANAP ªº RNC.Logic Role of the RNC Iub Iu Controlling RNC (CRNC) Serving RNC (SRNC) Drift RNC (DRNC) Iu Iub Node B SRNC Node B UE Node B Iur UE DRNC Node B Node B SRNC UE Node B (a) Iu Iub Node B SRNC Node B Iur Node B DRNC Node B (c) 15 (b) Soft handover •RNC ¦³¤TºØ¤£¦Pªº¨¤¦â •CRNC: ·í •-t³d¨äºÞÁÒª °_·sªº³sµ²®É RNC ¦b§êºt±¨î¤@-Ó . . ¸ê ®Æ¬O¦b-ì SRNC °µ combine ªº°Ê§@ . Radio Access Bearer °Ñ¼Æ»P air interface transport channel °Ñ¼Æ¶¡ªºÂà´« . °£¤F SRNC ¥~ . ¹Ï (c) ¬O UE ¦A©¹ ¤U²¾°Ê«á . CRNC. SRNC. ·í-n»P . ¹Ï (b) UE °µ soft handover ¦P®É¨Ï¥Îâ-Ó RNC ªº¸ê·½ . Node B ªº¨¤¦â®É . Iur e °¶Âºª¡ . ³y¦¨»Ý-n¦h-Ó : •·í¤@-Ó UE »P UTRAN «Ø¥ß³s½u«á . handover. ¥²¶·-t³d¦b Iub. •¨C-Ó UE ¥²·|¦³¤@-Ó SRNC. ³£ ºÙ¬° DRNC. ºÙ¬° CRNC. DRNC ¥²¶·-t³d data routing. •DRCN: ¹ï UE ¦Ó¨¥ . DRNC. macro-diversity combining and splitting. »P CN ¬Û³s . SRNC ¤]¬O RRC signaling ªº³Ì«á¤@¯¸ . ¦P®É¤ä´© UE µL½u¹q¸ê·½¨ºÇ RNC. -t³d admission control »P code allocation. •¹Ï¤¬O inter-RNC soft handover ªº¥Ü·N¹Ï . ¦¹®É RNC ¶¡«K¦³¤U-±¨âºØ¤¦ •SRNC: ¦b UE »P UTRAN «Ø¥ß³s½u¤¤ . ¦ý·í UE ¨Ï¥Î³æ¿Wªº transport channel ®É . ¥i¯à¦] ®É¤ä´©µL½u¹q¸ê·½ . UE «Ø¥ß RNC ¦P cells ¶¡ªº load and congestion control. •Note: RNC »P CN ¶¡ªº³sµ²ºÙ¬° RANAP connection. ¥u»P¤@-Ó Node B ¬Û³sªº±¡p . DRNC ¤£³B²z L2 ¼hªº¨Ï¥Î̸ê®Æ . outer loop power control. handover decision. ºÙ¬° SRNC. ¹Ï (a) ¬O¤@¶}©l UE ¥u»P¤@-Ó SRNC ¬Û³sªº±¡p . ·s¥[¤JªºÙ¬° DRNC.

VLR ¤Î GGSN ( ¯S§O¬O . ). .Core Network HLR (Home Location Register) MSC/VLR (Mobile Services Switching Center/ Visitor Location Register) GMSC (Gateway MSC) SGSN (Serving GPRS Support Node) GGSN (Gateway GPRS Support Node) 16 •Core Network ¥]¬A¤U-±³o¨Ç¤¸¥ó ¤¸¥ó¼¦C¦b¤W-± : •HLR •MSC/VLR ´£¨Ñ •GMSC ´£¨Ñ •SGSN Ãþ¦ü •GGSN Ãþ¦ü •±q GPRS tiì¨ º¶ . SGSN »P MSC ³£»Ý-n§@-×ï UMTS. core network ¤ªº •SGSN »P MS ï§×-·¶²¥£³ MM »P PDP Context ¤Î¬ÛÃöµ{§Ç •¨ä¥¦ core network ¸`ÂI¦p HLR (¯S§O¬O HLR ªº packet domain subscription date). . ÁÙ¦³¤@¨Ç´£Ñ Intelligent network ¥\¯àªº circuit-switched (CS) ªA°È UMTS PLMN ±q CS domain ³s¨ì¥~¬Éºô¸ªæ´«¾÷ MSC/VLR. circuit-switched (PS) domain ªA°È PS domain ªA°È (¯S§O¬O . PDP contexts) °ò¥»¤W³£¬O¤@¼Ë . . ´£¨Ñ . . ´£¨Ñ GMSC.

.Main Open Interface Cu: USIM ↔ ME Uu: UE ↔ Node B Iub: Node B ↔ RNC Iur: RNC ↔ RNC Iu: UTRAN ↔ CS 17 •UMTS wqFUoǨ © ¸ ¤ ¤³© ³ •Cu: USIM ↔ ME •Uu: UE ↔ Node B •Iub: Node B ↔ RNC •Iur: RNC ↔ RNC •Iu: UTRAN ↔ CS interface.

variable bit rate. »P²Ä¤T¥N¨t²Î¶¡¦b . •²Ä¤G¥N¨t²Î¥D-n¬O´£¨Ñ»y-µªºA°È ·|¦³¯à¤O´£¨Ñ·sªºA°È WCDMA ªº¯S©Ê 2G/3G ¶¡ªº®t²§ . ¥Î©ó»¡ú .0 MHz 10 msec frame Variable bit rate user High bit rate user 18 Time •¦b³o-Ó³¡¥÷ .= Codes with different spreading. code »P power µ¥·§©À . . . ¦]¦¹§Ú-̱N¥ý¤¶²ÐÄT¥N¨t²Îªº»Ý¨D . giving 8-384 kbps Wideband CDMA. ¦A¤¶²Ð . GSM »P IS-95. §Ú-̱N²³æ¯-z²Ä¤G¥N¨t²Î air interface ¤Wªº®t²§ . ¤~ •¤W-±ªº¹ÏN¦b«á-±»¡©ú WCDMA ªº¯S©Ê®É bandwidth. ¦A¨Ó¬Ý power control »P softer/soft handover. Code Division Multiple Access Power Frequency 4. §Ú-Ì·|¥ý¤¶²Ð .4 – 5. ¦Ó²Ä¤T¥N¨t²Î¥¶·¹F¨ì¯S©wªº»Ý¨D . frame length.

Requirements of 3G Systems (1/2) Bit rate up to 2 Mbps Variable bit rate to offer bandwidth on demand Multiplexing of services with different quality requirements on a single connection Delay requirements from delay-sensitive realtime traffic to flexible best-effort packet data Quality requirements from 10% frame error to 10-6 bit error rate 19 .

Requirements of 3G Systems (2/2) Coexistence of 2G and 3G systems and intersystem handovers for coverage enhancements and load balancing Support of asymmetric uplink and downlink traffic High spectrum efficiency Coexistence of FDD and TDD modes 20 .

84 Mcps 10 msec Asynchronous operation Multiple services with different quality of service requirements multiplexed on one connection Variable spreading factor and multi-code Coherent using pilot symbols or common pilot Supported by the standard.25 MHz. ¹³ IS-95 ¨Ï¥Î .Main WCDMA Parameters Multiple access method Duplex method Chip rate Frame length Base station frequency Service multiplexing DS-CDMA (Direct-Sequence . . ºô¸Ý·|§Æ±æ¹F¨ì³ÌΪº . ¦p smart antenna. ª½±µ¦b 5 MHz WeWi}¶ À ¼ ¤ ® . carriers ¶¡ªº interference.4 MHz . ¦ý´«¨ì¤U¤@-Ó throughput. ¨Ï¥ÎªÌº¸ê®Æ¶Ç¿é³t²v¬O©T©wªº data rate. ¨Ó¼W¥[ CDMA ±µ¨ü¾¹ªºÆ[©À capacity »P coverage. •¹ï WCDMA ¦Ó¨¥ . IS-95 ¥Î GPS ҦѰºª¡¶É®¬µ IMT2000 µL . ¦U-Ó°ò¦a¥x¤£»Ý¹³ ¤£»Ý-n¦P¨B . optional in21 the implementation Multi-rate concept Detection Multi-user detection. ¬Û¹ï©ó IS-95 ¥u¦³°»´ú downlink.CDMA) FDD / TDD 3. ¨Ó³sÄò°»´ú (coherent detection) uplink »P downlink °T¸¹ . 4. ¨Ï¥ÎªÌº¸ê®Æ-¼¤W¥Ñ CDMA spreading code ©Ò§Î¦¨ªº quasi-random bits (ºÙ¬° chips. •¼eÀW¥Nªí§ó¤jªº¸ê®Æ¶Ç¿éq •¨Ì¾Ú¦U-Ó ¤§¶¡ •WCDMA ¤ä´© frame. °ò¦a¥x . •¦bºô¸Ý . ©Ò¥H¹ï«Ç¤º©Î·L²Ó-M°ò¦a¥xªº«Ø¥ß·|¬Û¹ï¤ñ¸û®e©ö •WCDMA §Q¥Î pilot symbol ©Î common pilot. ¥i¥H¨Ï¥Îý¶iªº multiuser detection. . . ®i¶}ªºÀW¼e·|¦b . ³q±`·|ºÙ¬° narrowband CDMA tβ ¨ .5 MHz FDD (uplink/downlink ¦U 5 MHz) »P TDD (¥Î©ó ) ¨âºØ¼Ò¦¡ .84Mchips per second). •¦pªG DS-CDMA tWeb ¨ ÀºªÎ¥Ï¨Ò© ² ¼ ¦ 1 MHz ¥ªk 1. ¦b³o¬q´Á¶¡¤º «K¥i¥H¨Ì»ÝD§ïÅÜ §Ö³tªº¤À°tµL½u¹q¸ê·½ •WCDMA ´£¨Ñ ªk¦¨¹ïªºÀW¹D¤W . ´« ¨¥¤§ . 3. Bandwidth on Demand (BoD) ªº·§©À . ¦Ó³®Ä¥B frame. WCDMA ¥i¥H¼W ¶i uplink ªº capacity »P coverage. ¼W¥[ multipath diversity. ¨C 10 msec ºÙ¬°¤@-Ó . smart antennas •¥H¤U¬O WCDMA nSx -« Ǩ@¤ºª ¯ ¼ : •WCDMA ±Ä¥Î wideband Direct-Sequence Code Division Multiple Access.

´N¥iÁÙ-즨Ӫº user µ°Æ®ê¸ºª . §Ú-Ì»¡ spreading factor = 8. ±N¦¬¨ìªº°T¸¹»P data. bit -¼¤W¤@-Ó spreading code (i.. summation. §â¨C¤@µ§ . ¤@°_°e¥X¥h . hG³¦ « ª²µº á«Ì³ •·í receiver ¦¬¤U¨Ó«á spreading code °µ •¹ï BS ¦Ó¨¥ .e. ¨C¤@-Ó bits. despreading. ¨Ì¾Ú¬Û¤ÏªºBÆJ¶i¦æ equivalence. sequence of 8 chip rate =8R. (ºÙ¬° chips)). •¦b spreading ªº¹Lµ{¤ . .Spreading and Despreading 22 •¨Ï¥ÎªÌº¸ê®Æ°²³]¨Ï¥Î BPSK. bit sequence rate R.

-1. §â³o¤K-Ó code °µ despreading.-1.1. ¹ï²Ä¤@-Ó 1 ¥[°_¨Ó .1.-1. ·|¦b depreading «á±o¨ì¬°÷ªº data bit ¦Ó¨¥ . ¹ï¸Ñ¶} data bit ¦Ó¨¥ 0 ¤W¤W¤U¤U . ´N±o¨ì¯à¶q 0.Principle of the CDMA Correlation Receiver 23 •³o±i¹Ï»¡©ú ¨ì«Ü¤pªº ¯à¶qªí¥Ü MS oT¹¸ ³ï¹ °Ópower. . §¹¥þ¨S¦³¼vÅT . ´N±o¨ì³Ìªº despreading. ¥Î¦Û¤vªº BS ¶Çµ¹¦Û¤vªº . ¯à¶q´N±q BS µ¹¦Û¤vªº¸ê®Æ 8-Ó³s 1.-1. ¦A-¼¤W 1/8. «h·|±o signal. ¥u¦³ 1 or –1. . •¤W¥b³¡¬O¥Î¿½Tªº Äòªº 1.1. ±o¨ì 1. ¯à¶q´N±q 0 ¤É¨ì •¤W¥b³¡¬O¥t¤@-Ó MS ½Tªº ¿¥£¤Î code °µ . ¤£¦Pªº code °µ despreading. ¹ï²Ä¤@-Ó . ¦A-¼¤W 1/8. ±o¨ì 8. ³Ì«á .1. §â³o¤K-Ó¯à¶q¥[°_¨Ó ±o¨ì 0.

fast power control path ªº¶ZÂ÷-è¦n®t¥b-Óªi . «H¸¹±j«×Kµo¥Í§Ö³tªºÅÜ¤Æ fading. ¨Ï¥Î¦h-Ó . interleaving. time .84Mcps). ¨Ï¥Î Rake receiver ¤Î Rake fingers (correlation strong coding and interleaving and retransmission protocol. signal cancellation. ¨Ï¥Î 3. ¯à¶q¤S®t¤£¦h . : delay position. µo°e¥X¨Óªº«H¸¹ . ´N·|²£¥Í¤U-±ªº effects: . (ex: GSM . °»´ú¨Ã¦b³o¨Ç¯S®íªº receivers) ±N¤À´²ªº¯à¶q¦X¨Ö°_¨Ó 2. «K-è¦n©è®ø . ¹J¨ì»Ùꫦӧé®g¦^¨ÓªºC¤@±ø¸ô®|ªµu¤£@ delay ¤]¤£¬Û¦P .26 υs (for 3. ºÙ¬° slow fading. ©Ò¥HºÙ¬° fast 1. »·¤ñ IS-95 -n 300m ÄY-« . ¦b WCDMA ¨C-Ó 78m ¥H¤W . ¹J¨ìªº»Ù . ¦]¦¹·í¤â¾÷²°Ê®É 900 MHz.33m) ªº¶ZÂ÷ . 24 retransmission • ¥Ñ©ó¶g¾D»Ù꫺¼vÅT (reflection). ³Ì«á©è¹F¤â¾÷ªº®É¶¡»P¯à¶q³£¤¦P chip ¦û 0. ¨ä .26us. . ©Ò¥H±µ¦¬ªº°T¸¹¥\²v·Ç¦ì|¥-½w§ïÅÜ 2. ¤]³\¤]·|¦³ . ¨C¥b-Óªiªø • WCDMA ªº¹ï§Ü¬Fµ¦ 1. -Y¨â±ø . ¥H¼W¥[ redundancy ¤Î time diversity. µL½u¹qªi®g¨ì¤£¦Pªº»Ùë¤S¤Ï³]¦^¨Ó light of sight.Multipath Propagation Rake fingers Rake receiver Strong coding. ªiªø 0. unø±â¨ ¥ path ªºø«×®t delay «K¶W¹L 0. §Y©Ò¿× ªø Fast fading. ¦]¦b¤â¾÷²°Ê®É ê«·|ºCºC§ïÅÜ .

. . ³Ì«á¦A¥[¦b¤@°_ •³o¼Ëªº¹Lµ{ºÙ¬° 3 -Ó Rake finger °lÂܤ£¦P®É¶¡¦¬¨ìªº«H¸¹ . •WCDMA ¨Ï¥Î¤wª¾º phase rotator. ¥HÁÙ-ì³Ì©lªº«H¸¹ maximal ratio combining (MRC).Maximal Ratio Combining Transmitted symbol Received signal at each time delay Finger #1 Finger #2 Finger #3 25 Combined symbol Modified with the channel estimate •³o±i¹Ï»¡©ú Rake receiver ¨Ï¥Î ¥]¬A phase »P amplitude). °µ ( pilot symbols °µ¬ò·Ç . ¥Î¨Ó-׿äL¦¬¨ì«H¸¹ªº .

•Code generator »P Correlator ¥Î©ó •Combiner ±N¨Ó¦Û¤£P •Matched filter ¥Î©ó¨M©w¥Ø«e³o-Ó finger ªº°T¸¹¥[¦b¤@°_ .CDMA Rake Receiver Input signal from RF I Correlator Code generators Q Channel estimator Phase rotator Delay Equalizer ΣI I Q ΣQ Finger 1 Finger 2 Finger 3 Combiner Timing (Finger allocation) Matched filter 26 •³o¬O¤@-Ó •§Q¥Î CDMA Rake receiver ªº phase rotator ±N delay ²¾°£ . . block diagram. channel ªº multipath delay profile. despreading and integration ¨Ï¥ÎªÌ¸ê®Æ .

UE1 ªº°T¸¹«K·|³Q UE2 ªº°T¸¹»\L . nMoDýÅ·¶²¥ . ¤~±o¥H¸Ñ¨M°ÝÃD . ¤]¦] ªº«H¸¹ . ¬O§Q¥Î¤â¾÷-pºâ downlink beacon signal ªº¥-§¡È . ¦b cell Ãä½t Rayleigh fading ¦Ó§Æ±æ BS ¯à¼W±j·L®z •³Ì«á¥u¦³ . ±` •Note: power ¼W°ª·|¤zÂZ¨ìÁ{ªñº closed-loop power control ¤]¥Î©ó ªº UE ¨üì©P¾D©Ò¦³ BS ªº¤zÂZ . ¹ï©ó uplink. BS ©R¥O©Ò¦³ UE -°§C power.Close-loop Power Control P1 P2 BS UE2 27 UE1 •¦b WCDMA ¤ÄYÂÔ¦Ó§Ö³tªº ªº power control. ©Ò¥H uplink/downlink ªº fast fading ªº§ÎA¬O¤£¬ÛÃöªº . ¨Ó±o¨ì¤j·§ªº path loss. ¨Ã»P target SIR ¤ñ¸û . UE1 •Open-loop power control ªº¾÷¨î (¥u¦³æV ). -Y¬O measured SIR > target SIR. . BS ¸g (1. -Y¬O measured SIR < target SIR. downlink. Fast closed-loop power control ¤~¯à¸Ñ¨M¦¹°ÝÃD .5kHz) -n¦ô-p±µ¦¬¨ìªº Signal-to-Interference Ratio (SIR).¨Ñ¸ ³ ÃÝ°ºªË¼ BS ¦¬¨ì©Ò³¤â¾÷ªº°T¸¹¬O¤@¼Ëjªº . -Y¨S¦³ ·|¨Ï¾ã-Ó cell µLªk°Ê§@ power control ¬O³Ì-«nªº·§©À uplink power control. ¤@äâ¾÷µo°e¤Ójªº¯à¤O (block). -ì¦]¬O¦]¬° WCDMA uplink »P downlink ¨Ï¥ÎªºÀW¹DÂ÷ ¤Ó»· . ´N •¹Ï¤ UE1 »P UE2 ¨Ï¥Î¬Û¦PªºÀW²v . •¬Û¦Pªº cell. ³o¼Ëªº±¨îÀW²v¤ñÄY -«ªº path loss ©Î fast Reyleigh fading ¨Ó±oÀWÁc . ¦]¦¹ open-loop power control ¥u¯à¥Î©ó·í UE ¶}©l-n»P¨t²Î«Ø¥ß³sµ²®É°Ê¤ªº power setting. -Y UE1 ¦b cell ªºÃä½t¥¿¬° path loss Wo -Ò© ´ . ¦Ó UE2 ¾aªñ BS. BS ©R¥O©Ò¦³ UE ´£°ª power. MMwºª÷¾â¤ µ ¨Ó È-¹¦Î¥Y © µo°e¥\²v¤Ó£ºë½T . °²¨Ï »P UE2 ¨S¦³°µ power control. ¦b downlink. ºÙ¬° near-far problem of CDMA. ¯S§O¬O uplink . ¥Î¬Û¦Pªº power ¨Ó¶Ç°e . ¥u¦³§Q¥Î¤£¦Pªº spreading code ¨Ó°Ï§O ¥¦-Ì .

BS ±N frame ªº CRC check ·í°µ frame reliability indicator. ¥i¥H³]©w¨ä uplink ªº frame error rate bit error rate (BER) µ¥ªA°È«~½è . ÀHµÛ¤â¾÷ªº²°Ê³t . ¥²¶·¦b soft handover combining ¤§«á . ¹J¨ì¤£¦Pªº multipath profile ©ÎÀR¤î®É . -n¨D¤â¾÷¼W¥[©Î´î¤Ö power. BS Âǥѳ]©w target SIR setpoint . ©Î¬O ·í°µòÇ ¬O·í¤â¾÷§Ö³t²¾°Ê ¦Pªº¯S©Ê «×¨Ó§ïÅÜ target SIR setpoint. -pºâ CRC check. ·í¤â¾÷£°Ê®É <1%). ¦ý¬O target SIR ¤£À³¬O¤@-Ó©w-È . RNC ³qª¾ BS ¼W¥[ target SIR setpoint. radio link connection. ¬O¦b©ó¦pªG¤â¾÷¥¿¦b handoff. •Outer loop power control ³q±`³£¬O°µ¦b RNC ºÝ . . ¦ý¤Sº¡¨¬ FER (ex: •¦p¤W¹Ï . -ì¦] . ¥u-nÀH®É²Å¦X³Ì§Cªº³q°T«~½è (FER) §Y¥i .Outer Loop Power Control Frame reliability information SIR target adjustment commands UE1 SIR target RNC Node B Time UE stands still 28 •¥Î©ó³]©w •¹ï©ó¦U§Oªº (FER). ³£·|¨Ïs½u¦³¤£ . ©Ò¥H§Ú-ÌÀH®É³]©w target SIR setpoint (power). target SIR ¥i¥H³]ªº«Ü¤p . °eµ¹ RNC §PÂ_¶Ç¿éªº«~½è¬O§_¤U-° . . ¦pªG¤U -°ªº¸Ü . ³Ì«á¨M©wÅv·|°µ¦b RNC ªº-ì ¦] .

°e¨ì (maximal ratio combining) ¦b¤@°_ . ¦Ó¤zÂZ¨ì¬ÛÁ{ªº cells (¨S¦³°µ power control). -Y¤£°µ soft/softer handover. Sector 1 UE1 Sector 2 RNC Node B 29 •·í¤â¾÷¦b¦P¤@-Ó ´N·|°µ BS ªº¨â-Ó softer handover. •Uplink ¤]¬O¤À§O¨«¤£¦Pªº air path. ¦]¦¹ soft/softer handover ¬O WCDMA znu ¤Ö ²Â -« Ü Z ¤ºª ¨ã . ¤â¾÷¦¬¨ì«áA¥Î ratio combining) Rake processing ¦X¨Ö¦b¤@°_ .Softer Handovers The same signal is sent from both sectors to UE1. . sectors ªº-«Å|°Ïì¤ (¨Ï¥Î¬Û¦Pªº frequency). ¬°¤FÅý¤â¾÷¥i¥H°Ï§O³o¨â-Ó ¤£¦Pªº°T¸¹¨Ó·½ . ¥²»Ý¨ÏΤ£¦Pªº spreading code. ¤â¾÷·|¦]¶Ç°e ¤Ójªº power (¸ò¦Û¤vªº BS ¦³ power control). •-n¶i¦æ soft/softer handover ªº-ì¦]»P»Ý-n°µ closed-loop power control ªº-ì¦] ¬Û¦ü . •¦¹®É¤â¾÷·|»P¨t²Î³z¹L¨â-Ó air interface ³q°T . BS ªº (maximal baseband Rake receiver ¦X¨Ö power control. ¥u¦³¤@-Ó path ·|°µ 5-15% ¬O softer handover. ´N·|²£¥Í near-far scenarios. •¦b°µ •¤j¬ù¦³ softer handover ®É .

BS ªº-«Å|°Ïì¤ (¨Ï¥Î¬Û¦Pªº frequency). ¬°¤FÅý¤â¾÷¥i¥H°Ï§O³o¨â-Ó ¤£¦Pªº°T¸¹¨Ó·½ . ³o-Ó¹Lµ{¬ù¶· 10-80ms (¦]¬°-n¥ý°µ interleaving). ¥²»Ý¦Ò¶q¤U¦CÃB¥~ªº¸ê·½ transmission links : 20-40% ¬O softer handover. ¦¹¥~ handover ªº . ´N·|°µ soft •¦¹®É¤â¾÷·|»P¨t²Î³z¹L¨â-Ó air interface ³q°T .Soft Handovers The same signal is sent from both BSs to UE1 except for the power control commands. •¨â-Ó •¤j¬ù¦³ •¬°¤F-n°µ¨ì path ³£·|°µ power control. Rake receiver channels. soft ©M softer handover ®t«Ü¦h . ¤â¾÷¦¬¨ì«áA¥Î (maximal ratio combining) Rake processing ¦X¨Ö¦b¤@°_ . CPICH (common pilot channel) ¨Ó´ú¶q despreading. ©M softer handover ´X¥G¤@¼Ë . ¥²»Ý¨ÏΤ£¦Pªº spreading code. 1st Node B UE1 RNC 2nd Node B 30 •·í¤â¾÷¦b¨â-Ó handover. soft handover. ¨t²Î¦b³W¹º®É •¦b Node B »Ý-nÃB¥~ªº •¦b RNC »P Node B ¤§¶¡»Ý-nÃB¥~ªº •¦b UE »Ý-nÃB¥~ªº •UTRA FDD ·|±q Rake finger. •Uplink ®É . . ¨â-Ó uplink signal ·|¤À§O°e¨ì RNC ¤~¦X¨Ö . •Received Signal Code Power (RSCP): ¥Nªí±µ¦¬«á° CPICH ³æ¤@ signal code ªº°T¸¹±j«× •Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI): NeWT ¥ ¼Ó-ã¾ì¨¬¦µ±íª À °ºª ¸¹±j«× •UTRS FDD ¥Î Ec/No: RSCP/RSSI ¨Ó°µ¬§PÂ_¬O§_ spec ¤]¦³´£¨ì operator ¥i¥H¥Î power control ·|´ú¶qªº handover ªº¨Ì¾Ú SIR °µ¬ . RNC ·|§Q¥Î frame reliability indicator (¥Î©ó outer power control) ¿ï¥X ¸û¦nªº frame.

Handovers in WCDMA Softer handover Soft handover Inter-frequency hard handover Inter-system hard handover 31 •-n¶i¦æ soft/softer handover ªº-ì¦]»P»Ý-n°µ closed-loop power control ªº-ì¦] ¬Û¦ü . ¤â¾÷·|¦]¶Ç°e ¤Ójªº power (¸ò¦Û¤vªº BS ¦³ power control). ¤~·|¦b¦P¤@°Ïì¬[ºc³\¦h¨Ï¥Î¤£¦P frequency ªº Hard handoff ´N¤£»Ý¦p¦P soft handoff -n°µ timing measurement. WCDMA tUغ⨱¥ ¤³¦~¥ handovers: BSs. ¦Ó¤zÂZ¨ì¬ÛÁ{ªº cells (¨S¦³°µ power control). •°£¤F soft/softer handover ¥~ . •Inter-system hard handover ¥Î©ó¸¶V WCDMA FDD tP ¨ »Î² ©Î GSM. Ltp ¥ä¨Î© ¨ ¦Î² Multi-carrier CDMA ΥϨɮ . •Inter-frequency hard handover ¥Î©ó¨â-Ó BS ¨Ï¥Î¤£¦PªºÀW¹D . ¦]¦¹ soft/softer handover ¬O WCDMA znu ¤Ö ²Â -« Ü Z ¤ºª ¨ã . WCDMA TDD. ³q±`¬O¦]¬°-n ¼W¥[¨t²Îªº capacity. ´N·|²£¥Í near-far scenarios. -Y¤£°µ soft/softer handover. .

WCDMA vs. ³o¼Ëªº platform ¥[¤W . GSM Air Interface WCDMA Carrier spacing Frequency reuse factor Power control frequency Quality control Frequency diversity Packet data Downlink transmit diversity 5 MHz 1 1500 Hz Radio resource management algorithms 5 MHz bandwidth gives multipath diversity with Rake receiver Load-based packet scheduling Supported for improving downlink capacity GSM 200 kHz 1-18 2 Hz or lower Network planning (frequency planning) Frequency hopping Time slot based scheduling with GPRS No supported by 32 standard •-즳 GSM ¨t²Î¥]¬A core network »P service ªº·§©À WCDMA air interface. «K¥i¥H´£¨Ñ·sªºA°È . •¦ý GSM tβ ¨ .

measurements with slotted mode Yes. but measurement method not specified Not needed for speech only network Packet data transmitted as short circuit switched calls No supported by standard 33 5 MHz 3.84 Mcps 1500 Hz. IS-95 Air Interface WCDMA Carrier spacing Chip rate Power control frequency Base station frequency Inter-frequency handovers Efficient radio resource management algorithm IS-95 1.2288 Mcps Uplink: 800 Hz.25 MHz 1.WCDMA v. typically obtained via GPS Possible. both uplink and downlink Not needed Yes. downlink: slow power control Yes. provides required quality of service Load-based packet scheduling Supported for improving downlink capacity Packet data Downlink transmit diversity .

Universal Terrestrial Radio interface (UTRA) 34 •-ì¨Ó¦b ETSI ¤ . . UTRA ¥Nªíº¬O UMTS Terrestrial Radio.

• For higher data rate. •FDD is better suited to covering wide areas with lower transmission rate. .Duplex Modes UTRA FDD (Frequency Division Duplex) Mode • Paired separate frequency bands • Duplex separation is 190 MHz • For low data rate. wide cell area UTRA TDD (Time Division Duplex) Mode • Uplink and downlink in the same frequency band • Guard period is needed. ¦ý©³¤U¤¶²Ð³£¬O¥H FDD D . ¥°¬ IMT2000 µL •FDD (Frequency Division Duplex): •A “DUPLEX SEPERATION” of 190 MHz is used to avoid interference between the two signals. a “GUARD PERIOD” is allocated. small cell area 35 •WCDMA ´£¨Ñ ªk¦¨¹ïªºÀW¹D¤W FDD (uplink/downlink ¦U 5 MHz) »P TDD (¥Î©ó ) ¨âºØ¼Ò¦¡ . •TDD (Time Division Duplex): •To avoid overlap between uplink and downlink from propagation delays. •TDD is suitable for small cell areas where higher data rates can be provided.

Iub ªº NBAP. «h¥]¬A Control plane. ¨C¤@-Ó independent. Iur ªº RASAP. ¥u¦³ ¥u-n¬O¤@¯ëªº³q°T¼Ð·Ç . Transport Network User Plane.General Protocol Model for UTRAN Terrestrial Interfaces Radio Network Layer Transport Network Layer Control Plane Application Protocol Transport Network Control Plane Transport Network Control Plane User Plane Data Stream(s) Transport Network User Plane Data ALCAP(s) Signaling Bearer (s) Signaling Bearer (s) Physical Layer Data Bearer (s) Transpor channel Physical channel 36 •³]-p UTRAN terrestrial interfaces ªº¨ó©wµ²ºc®É ¨ó©w¼Ò«¬ . ¤U¼hªº ªº¸ê®Æ . Transport Network Layer . •¦¹¼Ò«¬¥]§t¨â-Ó¥D-nªº Layer. ·|¨Ì¾Ú¤W¹Ï³o-Ó¤@¯ë©Êªº layer ¤§¶¡³£-n layers: Radio Network Layer »P Transport Network Radio Network Layer »P UTRAN ¦³Ãö . µL»Ý¦] UTRAN ¦Ó§ïÅÜ . Transport Network Control Plane. . User Plane. ¦¹ model ªº-ì«h¦b¨C¤@-Ó plane. ¦bÀ³¥Î¨ó©w¤W¥]¬A Signaling bearer ¥Î©ó¶Ç°e Iu ¤ªº AP . •Control Plane ¥Î©ó¶Ç°e UMTS SwH¹¸ ¯ © «î¨± ºª RANAP. •±q¥t¤@-Ó¨«×¬Ý¦¹¼Ò .

¥H¤ä´© •Physical layer ªº¤u§@¦b©ó´£¨Ñ¦UºØ bandwidth-on-demand ªºA°È (connection) ¤ . transport channel. ¤W¼hªº¸ê®Æ·|¥Ñ¤U¼hªº Physical layer.Physical Layer To support variable bit rate transport channels to offer bandwidth-on-demand service To multiplex several service to one connection 37 •¦b UTRA ¤ channel ¦A¹ïÀ³¨ì . ¦A±N³o³\¦h¤£¦PªºA°È©ñ¤J¦P¤@-Ó³sµ² . Transport physical channel ¶Ç°e . bit rate ªº . ¨Ï¥Î¤£¦Pªº transport channel ¨Ó¸ü°e .

Transmitter Transport Channels vs. •¦b Receiver ºÝ . Physical Channels Receiver Transport Ch. 1 Transport Format Indicator Transport Block Transport Block TFI Transport Format Combination Indicator TFCI Coding & Multiplexing TFCI Decoding & Demultiplexing Physical Control Channel Physical Data Channel Physical Control Channel Physical Data 38 Channel •¨C¤@-ÓW¼hªº Transport channel ³£·|¦¤@-Ó TFI (Transport Format Indicator) »¡©ú¨ä¥Øªº¦a . ³z¹L physical control channel °e¥X .2 Transport Block Transport Block Transport Ch. •¨C¤@-Ó Transport channel ªº¸ê®Æ³¡¥÷ physical data channel °e¥X . ³o¨Ç TFI °e¨ì physical layer «á·|¦X¨Ö©ó TFCI (Transport Format Combination Indicator). 2 Transport Block TFI Transport Block TFI Transport Ch. «h¸g¹L coding »P multiplexing. ¤À°eµ¹¦U-Ó . 1 Transport Block Transport Block TFI Transport Ch. . ³z¹L Decoding »P demultiplexing. «h¥H¬Û¤Ïªºè¦V°µ transport channel.

•Common transport channels ¬Oµ¹©Ò¦³ users ɨ@¦ .Transport Channel Dedicated transport channel • Dedicated channel (DCH) Service data (e. ®t²§¦b©ó¦b common channel ¤W·|¶Ç°e ¦b downlink shared channel ¤W¤]·|¶Ç°e packet data.g. iHBe ¥¥ ¹ ° data ¦p speech frame. ¦@³¤»ºØ type. •Common channel ¤£-t³d handover. ¨C¤@-Ó frame ¥i¥H¦³¤£Pªº data rate. : Dedicated transport channels »P common user ¨Ï¥Î . ©Ò¥H¤£»Ý-n¹³ GSM ¤À¦¨ traffic channel (TCH). packet data. Swºª ¯Î¥Ï¨ © code.g.. •¦b WCDMA ¤ . . •©M GSM th ® ¦£¤ .. measurement report. ¦ý¶Ç°e fast power control. •Dedicated transport channels ¬O«O¯dµ¹¤@¯S©w •©³¤U¥u¦³¤@ºØ dedicate channel (DCH). Associated control channel (ACCH). speech frame) and higher layer control frame (e. ¥H¤Î higher layer control information ¦p handover commands. handover commands and measurement reports) Common transport channel • 6 types • Difference between 2G and 3G Transmission of packet data Downlink shared channel for transmitting packet data Fast power control 39 •Transport channel ¤À¦¨âjÃþ transport channels.

speech call. •RACH ¤]-n¬O low data rate. RACH ³q±`¥u¦³ 1-2 frames. page. «h¥i¥Î¨äL FACH ¶Ç°e±¨î¸ê°T¦p . •¬°¤FÅý³Ì»· . ¦³ connection. ©Ò¦³ . . Common transport channels ¤ . ¦Ó UPCH ¥i¯à¦³h-Ó RACH ¶Ç°e¸ê®Æ«á . ®É RACH ªº©µ¦ù . FACH »P PCH ¤@©w-n¦³ . high power. °ò¦a¥x´N-n³z¹L power control. ¦pªGºô¸-n³qª¾¤â÷¦³@q •Paging Channel (PCH): ¶Ç°e»P area ¤Uªº cells ³£-n page ¤â¾÷ •PCH ªº³]-p·|¼vÅT¤â¾÷ªº¯Ó¹q¶q ¥HÀˬd¬O§_¦³¨Ó¹q ¸ô . ¦pªG¦³¨ä¥L¸ê®Æ-nµ¹ FACH -n¥Î low bit rate. collision detection ¾÷¨î frames. BCH ¥²¶·±ÄÎ . access low and fixed data rate. ¨Ï¥Î physical layer ªº CPCH status monitoring procedure. variable bit rate. •CPCH ©M RACH ¤£¦Pªº¦a¤è¬O UPCH °µ fast power control. •¦Ü¤Ö-n¦³¤@-Ó ¤â¾÷ . ¦p¦¹ cell ¤¥iÀò±oªº random access codes. ©Î transmit diversity method ªº«¬¦¡ . inband •Forward Access Channel (FACH): ·í¤â¾÷W¥Î identification information µ¹¤â¾÷ . ¥D°Ê«Ø¥ß BCH. ¶V¦hªº . ¤W¶Ç¸ê®Æµ¹ºô location receiver •Random Access Channel (RACH): Åý¤â¾÷¦b¦^À³ . ³Ì low-end ªº¤â¾÷¥i¥HŪ¨ú paging procedure ¬ÛÃö¸ê°T . ·í¤â¾÷¦b paging ·|¯Ó¹q standby ®É . •-Y-nºû«ù³Ì°ò¥»ªô¸¹B§@ option. ¦bºô¸µo°e paging ¸ê°Tªº®É¶¡¥²»ÝÂର .Common transport channel Broadcast Channel (BCH) (downlink) Paging Channel (PCH) (downlink) Random Access Channel (RACH) (uplink) Uplink Common Packet Channel (CPCH) (uplink) Forward Access Channel (FACH) (downlink) Downlink Shared Channel (DSCH) (downlink) 40 •Broadcast Channel (BCH): ¶Ç°e»P cell ©Î UTRAN ¬ÛÃöªº°ò¥»¸êT slots. ¤£°µ high bit rate ªº FACH ¨Ó¶Ç°e DSCH °µ •Downlink Shared Channel (DSCH): ¶Ç°e¯S©wªº •DSCH ©M FACH ¤£¦Pªº¦a¤è¬O ¥H±µ¦¬¨ì°T®§ . ½T«Oºô¸Ý¥i¥HÅ¥À´¤â¾÷¶Ç¨Óªº°T®§ •Uplink Common Packet Channel (CPCH): °µ¬ based user data «h³z¹L FACH ¶Ç°e ). ¦Ó DSCH »P CPCH ¬O . ½T«O©Ò¦³¤â¾÷-n¦¬±o¨ì . DSCH ¥u-nÅý¯S©wªº¤â¾÷¥i RACH. initial system access. control information. ¶Ç°e¤W¦æªº packet-based user data (¬Û¹ïªº¤U¦æ packet. user data ¤Î fast power control.

DPDCH ¬O variable rate. ¨C-Ó radio frame ¦û random access procedure. AICH wn³¦ ©@¤ •CSICH. •DCH ¹ïÀ³¨ìâ-Ó physical channels. DPCCH ¬O fixed rate. 10 msec. ¬°¤F-n¥¿½T±µ¦¬¤â¾÷¸ê®Æ system frame. µM¦Ó¹ï©ó . Oe §À¤ °Ç¶ physical layer control information »P data. ¥i¥Hµo²{¤j³¡¥÷ªº ¶Ç°e .Transport-channel to Physicalchannel Mapping Transport Channels BCH FACH PCH RACH DCH DSCH CPCH Physical Channels Primary Common Control Physical Channel (PCCPCH) Secondary Common Control Physical Channel (SCCPCH) Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH) Dedicated Physical Data Channel (DPDCH) Dedicated Physical Control Channel (DPCCH) Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) Physical Common Packet Channel (PCPCH) Synchronization Channel (SCH) Common Pilot Channel (CPICH) Acquisition Indication Channel (AICH) Paging Indication Channel (PICH) CPCH Status Indication Channel (CSICH) Collision Detection/Channel Assignment Indicator Channel (CD/CA-ICH) 41 •³o±i§ë¼v¤ù»¡©ú À³ . transport channel »P physical layer ªº physical channels ªº¹ï transport channel ³£¦¯S©wªº physical channel ¨ÓÀ°¦£ •SCH. ¤~¨Ï¥Î . CD/CA-ICH ¬O·í CPCH ¦³¥Î¨ì®É . ¨Ï¥Î¤j©ó paging procedure ©Î 10 msec ªº . •¦b physical layer. CPICH.

downlink ªº°ò¦a¥x users ªº³sµ² DPDCH ©M DPCCH. ¤]-n°µ channelization code) ¤§«á . ¦A°µ •Scrambling code ¬O-n¤À§O •Downlink: °Ï§O¦P¤@-Ó •Uplink: °Ï§O¨Ó¦ÛP¤@-Óâ¾÷ªº scrambling. ¶Ç°eºÝ°µ§¹ spreading (¨Ï¥Î scrambling (¨Ï¥Î scrambling code) . . uplink ªº¦U-Ó¤â¾÷»P¤À§O cells ¤ªºµ¹£¦P •Spreading/Channelization code ªº§@¥Î¦b©ó .Spreading and Scrambling Spreading Usage Uplink: Separation of DPDCH and DPCCH from the same terminal Downlink: Separation of downlink connections to different users within one cell channelization code Scrambling Uplink: Separation of terminal Downlink: Separation of sectors (cells) scrambling code Data Bit rate Chip rate To transmit Chip rate 42 •¤â¾÷°£¤F-n°µ spreading.

BS •¥Ñ©ó WCDMA ¨Ï¥Î ´N¤£¦A»Ý-n¦P¨B .84 MHz) •Number of code: ¦³¼ÆʸUºØ •Code family: 10 ms ªº •Scrambling ¤£·|§ïÅÜ spreading ªº¥\Î . ¤]¯à¥Î downlink ªº°ò¦a¥x scrambling ¤À¿ë¥X¨Ó . it is not necessary to be synchronous between BSs. ´N¬O¤@¦ê«D±` binary number. ¬Û¤Ïªº synchronization. 43 •Scrambling code ¬O-n¤À§O ¥H§Y¨Ï¦h¤äâ¾÷³£¥ÎF¬Û¦Pªº •Scrambling code ·|¨Ï¥Î uplink ªº¦U-Ó¤â¾÷»P¤À§O spreading code. chip rate.Scrambling Codes The scrambling codes differentiate signals from different sources. HU ¥Ò© ¦ scrambling code. Since UTRA uses different scrambling codes to separate users from cells. ©Ò . IS-95 S³¦ ¨ó©Ñ¥ Spreading code ¨Ó°Ï§O : chip rate ¤´¬° 512 downlink codes cell ªº¤£¦P user. ¦Ó¥u¦³ Gold code signal bandwidth. Generated by using Pseudo-Random number sequences known as a PN sequence. ¤]´N¬O¨S¦³ . • A sequence of binary numbers which appears to be random. uplink code. ¦U BS ¥²»Ý°µ¨ì users. random ªº Pseudo-Random sequence. scrambling ¨Ó¤À§O¨Ó¦Û¤£P . ¨Ï¥Î •Scrambling code ¦³©¤U³o¨Ç¯S¼x •Length: 10ms frame ¨Ï¥Î 38400 chips (©Hºªá«Ì³ ¥Ò 38400/10^-2 = 3.

¤£¦P user ¦b®iÀW®É¥i¥H¨Ï¥Î¤£¦P spreading factor. orthogonal codes ³£¬O¥Ñ : 4-512 chips (°w¹ï¤@-Ó 10 RNC ¨ÓºÞ²z . users ªº³sµ² DPDCH ©M DPCCH. BS µ¹¤£¦P . •Channelization code ¦³©¤U³o¨Ç¯S¼x •Length: uplink ¬° ms frame) 4-256 chips. downlink ¬° •Number of code under one scrambiling code = spreading factor •Code family: channelization codes ¬O¨Ì¾Ú Spreading Factor (OVSF) ªº§Þ³N .g. Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factor (OVSF) N ³Þ§ºª . users. .84 Mcps. •³Ì«áªº •¦U-Ó Node B ªº chip rate ¤´µM¬O Downlink ªº cells ¤ªºµ¹£¦P (¦p¦P¤@ . The Spreading Factor (SF) can be changed (e. ´N¬O®i¶}ªº-¿²v spreading code ©¼¦¹¶¡¤´µM 3. for variable bit-rate services) The generations of channelisation codes are based on the OVSF codes.Channelization Codes Transmissions from a single source are separated by chanelization codes. ¨äªø«×ºÙ¬° •OVSF codes ªº¯S©Ê´N¬O³o¨Ç¤£¦Pªø«×º ºû«ù orthogonal. spreading ªº¥\Î Orthogonal Variable .. •Channelization code ¦³ bandwidth..e. i. ·|¼W¥[ transmission . • OVSF (Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factor) Spreading factor defines the number of channelization codes per scrambling code 44 •Channelization code ªº§@¥Î¦b©ó°Ï§O¨Ó¦ÛP¤@¨Ó·½ ©Î¦P¤@â¾÷W¶Çªº¤£¦P¸ê®Æ ) ªº¶Ç¿é³sµ² •Downlink: °Ï§O¦P¤@-Ó •Uplink: °Ï§O¨Ó¦ÛP¤@-Óâ¾÷ªº •Spreading code ¨Ï¥Î •Spreading factor ¥i¥H¦Û¥Ñ§ïÅÜ ªø«×º spreading code.

-c=1010.84Mbps/256 = 15 kpbs . Á|¨ÒÓ»¡ ªº children ¬° (c. (c.-c 0 0101 01 0110 Chip length SF=1 SF=4 data 0 1 code 0110 0110 SF=8 data 0 code 0110 1001 SF=2 SF=4 00 0011 0000 00000000 00001111 00110011 00111100 01010101 01011010 01100110 01101001 SF=8 45 •OVSF code ·|§Î¦¨¤@-Ó tree. children ¤À§O¬O (c. hie « ¥° 2 bits.c) =01100110. 3. ¦p¦P¼Ë¦³ -Y SF=8.c c c. ªø«×¬° 2SF. hieÓ-@¤ « ¥° bit.-c).84Mbps. ±q .c) . ¦p¤W¹Ï . •Example: ¨Ï¥ÎªÌC¦¸¤W¶Ç¸ê®ÆÉ OVSF code) ©ñ±¨î°T¸¹ DPDCH (SF ±q 4 ¨ì . c code (ex: 0110) ³Q¨Ï¥Î .OVSF Code Tree c. total bit rate ¬° spreading code ¶V SF=4.-c)= 01101010. «K¥i¶Ç°e¶V¦hªº¸ê®Æ . ªø«×¬° SF. ¨Ï¥Îªº . HbPºª ¥Ò© ¦ ¦Û¬ µu . total bit rate ¬° •SF=256. ³£·|¥]¬A¤@±ø (¦p TFCI »P DPDCH ªº 256) ¨Ó©ñ¸ê®Æ . ¦pªG parent ¬O code c. ¨ä¤ –c ¥Nªí complement. 01) ³£¤¥i³Q¨Ï¥Î ªº code ³£¤¥i¬°¥L¤H©Ò¥Î (ex: 01101001). •¦b¤À°t channelization code ¦³¤@¨Ç-î : ¤@¥¹-Ó ¦¹ code ¨ì root ¶¡ªº codes (ex: 0. •SF=4. ¦Ó¥B±q¥¦¤§«áªº branch DPCCH (¨Ï¥Î rate) »P¼Æ-Ó¤£¦P . -Y SF=256 ªº bit rate ªº •²£¥Íªº¤è¦¡ . 8 -Ó period ¶¡ chips ªº±¡p •-n¨Ï chip rate=3.84Mbps/4 = 960 kpbs 3. c=0110. «h¨äâ-Ó »P (c.

666 us. TFCI (Transport Format Combination Indicator) ©ñ±¨î¸ê°T . »¡©ú¨ä¬[ºc . -Y¥H³Ì¤j¶Ç¿éq-pºâ . •pilot Åý±µ¦¬ºÝ° channel estimation. pGOÎ¥ ¦ ª ¬ coding. frame ·|¤Á¦¨ slot ¤Á¦¨¥|¶ô 15 -Ó slots. TPC (Transmission Power Control) «h¬O°eµ¹ BS °µ¤U¦æªº power control commands. TFCI. FBI (Feedback Information) °µ¬ BS ¤U¦æ®É closed loop transmission diversity ¤§¥Î . •¦b DPCCH ªº . CÓ¨ . «h¨C¤@-Ó slot ©ñ 640 bits. slot ´N¦³¤»ºØ . DPDCH ¬°¨Ò .Uplink Dedicated Channel Frame Structure 2560 chips DPDCH Data TPC 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 DPCCH PILOT TFCI FBI slot 0 1 2 3 4 5 10msec 46 •§Ú-Ì¥H ¦üªº®æ¡ •¨C-Ó Uplink ªº DPCCH. ½ . ¨äªø«×¤]·|ÅÜ •DPDCH Æ®ê¸ÌªÎ¥Ï¨ñ©ó . ¦pªG¨Ï¥Î SF=4 ªº spreading code. »P GSM 577 us ±µªñ •DPCCH ªº pilot. total bit rate ¬° 960 kpbs. ½Ð°Ñ¦Ò [3]. FBI. ¨ä¥Lªº channel ¤]¦³Ãþ . ¤À§O¬O slot ¬ù . «h¬ù° 480 kbps data rate. ¥u¦³ pilot »P TPC ¤@©w¦³ . TPC.

Mobility Management 47 •½Ð°Ñ¦Ò •³o¸Ì¥u²³æªº¤¶Ð GPRS_UMTS_MM.ppt UMTS ªº location tracking. .

•¦b SCCP ³»ºÝª Radio Access Network Application Part (RANAP) protocol. ¤ä´©¶ó MS »P CN ¤§¶¡ªº¦æ°ÊÞ²z«H¸¹¶Ç°e . RANAP ¤]-t³d serving RNC ª º . ³£¬O¨Ï¥Î GPRS Mobility Management (GMM) . MS »P SGSN ¤§¶¡¥i¾aªº³s½u¬O¥Ñ LLC ©Ò«OÃÒ . •GPRS ¤ . radio access bearer (RAB) management µ¥ . ¦Ó UTRAN ¨Ã¤£·| ³B²z³o¨Ç°T¸¹ . Signaling Connection Control Part (SCCP) htd « -³ UTRAN »P SGSN ¤§¶¡ªº¥i¾a³s½u . •¦b GPRS »P UMTS ¤ protocol ¤ä´©¦æ°ÊºÞ²z¥\¯à . SGSN ¤]¤£¦A-t³d¥ô¦ó»P radio ¬ÛÃöªº¨Æ°È . ¦ýb UMTS ¤¨Ã ¨S¦³ LLC layer. ¦b UMTS ªº GMM ¤]ºÙ¬° UMTS MM (UMM).Control Planes for UMTS and GPRS GMM Relay RRC RRC RLC Lower layer protocols Un MS GMM LLC Relay RLC RLC Lower layer protocols Um MS BSS Lower layer protocols BSSGP Lower layer protocols Gb SGSN Lower layer protocols BSSGP GMM RANAP RANAP SCCP Lower layer protocols RNS LuPS SCCP Lower layer protocols SGSN GMM LLC RLC Lower layer protocols (a) Control plane for UMTS Mobility Management (b) Control Plane for GPRS Mobility Management 48 •UMTS »P GPRS ªº Control Planes ªº¤ñ¸û .«¸ m relocation. . UMTS ¤Á¦¨âÂ_ : Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol -t³d MS »P UTRAN ¤§¶¡ªº¥i¾a³s ½u(¥]§t©Ò¦³ radio resource ªºÞ²z ).

¥i¯à·| lost ±¼ User data ª º « Ê¥ ] . PPP Relay GTP-U UDP/IP AAL5 ATM Iu-PS PDCP RLC MAC L1 GTP-U UDP/IP AAL5 ATM GTP-U UDP/IP L2 L1 Gn GTP-U UDP/IP L2 L1 Gi (a) User plane for UMTS MS Application IP UTRAN 3G-SGSN 3G-GGSN IP Relay SNDCP LLC Relay SNDCP LLC GTP-U GTP-U UDP IP L2 L1 Gn (b) User Plane for GPRS UDP BSSGP Network Service L1bis Gb IP L2 L1 RLC MAC GSM RF RLC MAC GSM RF Um BSSGP Network Service L1bis 49 Gi MS BSS SGSN GGSN •»P¨Ï¥ÎªÌ¸ê®Æ¶Ç°e¦³Ãöªº¨ó©w©w¸q©ó GPRS ¤Wªº user plane.g. . SubNetwork Dependent Convergence Protocol (SNDCP) ¦b MS »P SGSN ºª¡¶§¤ LLC ¼hªº³»Ý . UMTS »P •¦b GPRS. IP. -t³d¶Ç°e NPDUs (Network Packet Data Units). •·í°õ¦æ MM signaling procedures ®É . IP.g. -t³d¶Ç°e MS »P UTRAN ¤§¶¡ªº packet. ¦b MS »P UTRAN ªº RLC ¼h¤W¤èªº Packet Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP). •µM¦Ób UMTS ¤ ..User Planes for UMTS and GPRS Application E. UTRAN »P CN ¶¡«h¥Ñ GTP-U (GTP for the user plane protocol) «h-t³d«Ø¥ß ¦b UDP/IP link (Iu link). PPP Relay PDCP RLC MAC L1 Uu E. ³o±i¹Ï»¡©ú User Planes..

. GGSN) 50 •Mobility Management (MM) Messaging ªº¥æ´«¬O¸g¥Ñ¤U¦Cªº¤¶-±¦b UMTS Ie Â`¸ °Ç¶¡ §¤ •MS »P SGSN ¤§¶¡ . VLR. •SGSN »P Core Networks Nodes (HLR. GGSN) ¤§¶¡ GPRS »P .Mobility Management (MM) Messaging The mobility management (MM) messages are exchanged among GPRS/UMTS nodes through various interfaces described in two aspects: • Between the MS and the SGSN • Between the SGSN and Core Network Nodes (HLR. VLR.

• In UMTS. 51 •GPRS ¤ . MM message transmission is performed through the Iu and Uu interfaces. signaling . In UMTS. and an Iu connection (“ one RANAP instance”) between the UTRAN and the SGSN. MM messages ¬O¦b •¨ãÅé¦Ó¨¥ .MM Messaging between MS and SGSN In GPRS. MM message ªº¶Ç°e¬O¦b Gb ¤Î Um interface ¤§¶¡»¼°e MS »P SGSN »P MS ¤§¶¡ªº Iu »P Uu interface ¤§¶¡i¦æ . MM messages are delivered through the Gb and the Um interfaces. the signaling connection consists of an RRC connection between the MS and UTRAN. • An LLC link provides signaling connection between the MS and the SGSN in GPRS. •UMTS ªº signaling connection ¥]§t¤@±ø connection ¥H¤Î UTRAN »P SGSN ¤§¶¡ªº@±ø “RANAP instance”). LLC link ´£¨Ñ¤F connection. MS »P UTRAN ¤§¶¡ªº RRC Iu connection (¤]¬O¤@-Ó . •UMTS ¤ .

¨â-Ó GPRS ¸`ÂI¤§¶¡«Ø¥ß GTP tunnel ¥H¶Ç°e«Ê¥] . HLR ªº Gr »P MSC/VLR ªº Application Protocol +). ©Ò¥H UMTS SjTï§×-ºª ¨Ã ¤µ°³¦ ´ . •SGSNs »P GGSN ¨Ï¥Î interface ·¾³q . ¤@-Ó IP address » P ¤ @. GSM Mobile Application Part (MAP) is used to interface SGSN and the GSM nodes. 52 •¦b GPRS »P UMTS ¤ . SGSN »P BSS Gs (BSSAP+ protocol ©Î Gn GPRS Tunneling Protocol (GTP) ¸g¥Ñ •¨ãÅé¦Ó¨¥ . tunnel ¥Ñ¤@-Ó tunnel endpoint identifier (TEID) .MM Messaging between SGSN and Other CN Nodes In both GPRS and UMTS. GSM Mobile Application Part (MAP) W½d ³ó©Î¥ GSM I±-¶¤ºª¡§ Â`¸ .Ó UDP port number ¨Ó¿ë»{ . . •Á|¨Ò¦Ó¥ .

MS bºª ¦Ò© radio link. RA ¤ªº UTRAN ¥i¥H°lÂÜ cells (BTSs/Node Bs) Q¨¦Î³À¤ ³ cells ·|-t³d©I¥s MS ¥H«Ø¥ß MS ©Ò¦b location areas (LAs). ¬°¤F¶Ç°eªA°È¨ì MS. ¤@-Ó MS ©Ò¦bªº RA. cells ³Q°Ï¤À¦¨ ªº LA. •¦b PS domain ¤W .Location Tracking In UMTS. SGSN ¥i°lÂÜ •UMTS ¤ . cells ³Q°Ï¤À¦¨ LA ªº¤l¶°¦X . The URA and the cell of an MS are tracked by the UTRAN. . RA ¨å«¬¤W¬O¤@-Ó cells iiB¨¦À¤Ï° ¥ ¶ ¨@¤ URA ¥H¤Î MS ©Ò¦bªº RAs (URAs). UTRAN ¤Wªº cell. URA cell cell cell cell LA URA RA URA RA URA URA RA URA URA URA 53 small cell URA: UTRAN RA RA: register area LA: location area big •¬°¤F¯à°lÂÜ MS. the cells in an RA are further partitioned into UTRAN RAs (URAs). •¦b CS domain ¤W . VLR ¥i°lÂÜ routing areas (RA). GPRS/UMTS Aºª¤ì°ÏÈ ª ¼Æ-Ó groups.

cell. SGSN. URA.Areas Tracked by the Network Nodes The areas controlled by VLR. TA ). GPRS. SGSN ¤Î UTRAN ¤À§O¦b (i.e.. GSM. RA. UMTS µ¥¨t²Î . ¯à±¨îªº°Ïì MSC/VLR. and UTRAN are listed below: MSC/VLR GSM Cell URA RA LA no yes GPRS no no yes UMTS no no no yes SGSN GPRS yes yes no UMTS no no yes no UTRAN UMTS yes yes no no 54 •ªí¤¦C¥X ¤ .

GPRS and UMTS MM In both GPRS and UMTS. UTRAN ¤£·|¦b MS »P CN ¤§¶¡¨ó¦P radio resources Ob ¬ ¦ MM procedures ªº³B . •¦p¦P ²z . user Identity. UMTS Radio network parameters and radio resources are managed in the UTRAN. IMSI is used as the common user Identity. Unlike GPRS. 55 •GPRS »P UMTS ΥϨ¡§ IMSI ºªÎ¥@¦°¬§ §¡¥i¨Ï¥Î¦@ªº MAP signaling. and common MAP signaling is applied to both systems as well as GSM. UMTS Radio network parameters ¤Î UTRAN ¤§@ºÞ²z . ¥B ¤]¦p¦P GSM ¤@¼Ë •¦³§O©ó GPRS. the UTRAN does not coordinate MM procedures that are logically between the MS and CN. GPRS BSS. Link GPRS BSS.

Summary 56 .

Summary UMTS Architecture Wireless CDMA in UMTS User Plane Control Plane Mobility Management 57 .

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