RESPIRATION -AEROBIC RESPIRATION OCCURS IN CELLS WHEN OXYGEN IS AVAILABLE! -DURING AEROBIC RESPIRATION, CHEMICAL REACTIONS OCCUR.

THESE ARE CONTROLLED BY ENZYMES WHICH USE GLUCOSE AND OXYGEN, RELEASE ENERGY AND PRODUCE CARBON DIOXIDE AND WATER! -THIS PROCESS IS IMPORTANT TO ALL CELLS, PLANT AND ANIMAL! -EVERY LIVING THING USES RESPIRATION TO MAKE ENERGY ALL THE TIME! -ENGERY IS NEEDED FOR ALL CHEMICAL REACTIONS IN THE BODY! -RESPIRATION TAKES PLACE IN THE MITOCHONDRIA IN THE CELL CYTOPLASM! -WHEN THERE IS AN ABSENCE OF OXYGEN, ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION MAY OCCUR. THIS IS LESS EFFICIENT THAN AEROBIC RESPIRATION. IN HUMANS ENERGY IS REASLED FROM GLUCOSE AND LACTIC AID IS PRODUCED. AN OXYGEN DEBT MAY OCCUR! AEROBIC RESPIRATION: GLUCOSE+OXYGEN=CARBON DIOXIDE+WATER+ENERGY ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION: GLUCOSE=ENGERGY+LACTIC ACID RESPIRATION: GLUCOSE+OXYGEN=CARBON DIOXIDE+WATER PHOTOSYNTHESIS: CARBON DIOXIDE+WATER=GLUCOSE+OXYGEN

ENERGY MADE DURING RESPIRATION IS USED FOR: -MAKING MUSLCES WORK -ABSORBING MOLECULES AGAINST CONCENTRATION GRADIENT (ACTIVE TRANSPORT) -CHEMICAL REACTIONS -GROWTH AND REPAIR OF CELLS -MAKING UP LARGER MOLECULES FROM SMALLER ONES LIKE PROTEINS FROM AMINO ACIDS -MAINTAINING BODY TEMPERATURE IN WARM BLOODED ANIMALS

AEROBIC RESPIRATION Aerobic means with air and respiration needs oxygen. The word equation for respiration is glucose+oxygen=carbon dioxide+water carbon dioxide and water are waste products, removed from body via the lungs , skin and kidneys.

ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION Respiration without oxygen is called anaerobic respiration. It produces a lot less energy and doesn t break down glucose completely. The word equation is glucose=energy+lactic acid. lactic acid builds up in muscles and causes them to ache and develop muscle cramps. fast deep breathing supplies the body with enough oxygen to combine with the lactic acid to make carbon dioxide and water. The amount of oxygen needed to remove lactic acid is oxygen debt.

WHICH STOPS THE LEVEL OF CARBON DIOXIDE INCREASING IN THE ATMOSPHERE! .-PLANTS CARRY OUT BOTH REPSIRATION AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS! -ANIMALS USE GLUCOSE AND OXYGEN WHICH THE PLANTS PRODUSE TO CARRY OUT RESPIRATION -THERE IS LESS CARBON DIOXIDE PRODUCED IN THE DAY BECAUSE PLANTS USE IT UP. BUT AT NIGHT THERE IS A RISE IN CARBON DIOXIDE LEVELS DUE TO THE ANIMALS AND PLANTS REPSIRING! -OVERALL. PLANTS USE UP MORE CARBON DIOXIDE THAN THEY PRODUCE.

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