# TENSION IN A STRING & MOTION OF BODIES CONNECTED BY A STRING

LEARNING OUTCOMES
Students should be able to 1. define tension in a string. 2. understand the motion of bodies connected by a string. 3. derive the formula for acceleration of bodies and tension in a string.

therefore. .TENSION IN A STRING The reactional force exerted by a string when it is subjected to pull. it has same unit as that of force. Unit of tension Since tension is a force.

Motion of bodies connected by a string There are two cases.1J-_~_ri_ct_io_n'7""le=""__ss pulley w Smooth horizontal surface A . fi B R 1--__ T-.

Case I : When The Bodies Move Vertically Assumptions 1) Frictionless Pulley 2) Inextensible string 3) rn. > m2 .

.

Forces on body "A" There are two forces acting on body "A" 1) Weight of Body "W1" 2) Tension in String "T" .

Forces on body "8" There are two forces acting on body "B" 1) Weight of Body "W2" 2) Tension in String "T" - .

+(A 1'V\). a. m19 -A = m-e r) f a (l'l1. - !J (rtll . (rfl..... =For body "A": For body "8": YV} A -m29 = m2a A .rvtL) :::Y'VI L) D ::: I"fJ Itt.To find the acceleration of bodies (do..YYI).{ 0( I (). . 'n1J T rv11. + WI~) = a.

.

Casell : When One Body Moves Vertically and the Other Moves on Smooth Horizontal Surface Assymptions '" "" ~ 1) Frictionless pulley 2) Inextensible string 3) Frictionless horizontal surface .

( Frictionless pulley Smooth horizontal surlace Tv--- A ..

. "tV'" a. - =..t vJ.Forces on Body "A" There are two forces acting on body "A" 1) Weight of Body "W1" 2) Tension in String "T" ~t. .. I 0.'M T:.

Forces on Bod)' "B" There are two forces acting on body"B" ~ 1) Weight of Body "W2" ~ 2) Tension in String "T" 3) Normal Reaction of Surface "R" .

_i~ 'rr\ I J = l"'fI ~ J "YV\ YV\) I (] 0.r/h)....To Find the acceleration of Bodies ~ For body "A": For body "8": m1g -/f ..+YY1t_ . . cA" (J _ h1. a.~ = m18 A = m2a A ).). + Y'III 2. a. (fY1 I 1.

To Find the Tension in the String T = rn-a .I • J .

.

.MCQ 1.8 N 19. If two bodies of masses 4 kg and 6 kg are tied to the ends of a string and string is passed over a frictionless pulley.. then the tension in the string is A) 8) C) D) 9.5 N 47.0 N . .6 N 23.

8 rn/s'') A) 8) C) D) 10 N 9. What will be the magnitude of tension in the string? (Take g= 9. . A person is holding an object of mass 10 kg with the help of a string.8 N 98 N 980 N . .MCQ 2..The weight of the body exerts in the downward directon.

C) gravity. D) surface reaction. . 8) tension. The force that acts along a string is called A) weight.MCQ 3.

V~.AJllh·~ ..-. V-t.-e..~ .

.

PhYsics - .

Sign up to vote on this title