P. 1
Jacob Boehme

Jacob Boehme

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04/23/2014

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JACOB BOEHME

SIGNATURA RERUM
THE SIGNATURE OF ALL THINGS
CHAPTER I
HOW THAT ALL WHATEVER IS SPOKEN OF GOD WITHOUT THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE
SIGNATURE IS DUMB AND WITHOUT UNDERSTANDING; AND THAT IN THE MIND OF MAN
THE SIGNATURE LIES VERY EXACTLY COMPOSED ACCORDING TO THE ESSENCE OF ALL
ESSENCES 1
1. ALL what!" #$ $%&'() w"#tt() &" ta*+ht &, G&-) w#th&*t th '(&w.-+ &, th
$#+(at*" #$ -*/0 a(- !&#- &, *(-"$ta(-#(+; ,&" #t %"&1-$ &(.2 ,"&/ a( h#$t&"#1a.
1&(31t*") ,"&/ th /&*th &, a(&th") wh"#( th $%#"#t w#th&*t '(&w.-+ #$ -*/0;
0*t #, th $%#"#t &%($ t& h#/ th signature) th( h *(-"$ta(-$ th $%1h &, a(&th";
a(- ,*"th") h *(-"$ta(-$ h&w th $%#"#t ha$ /a(#,$t- a(- "!a.- #t$., 4&*t &, th
$$(1 th"&*+h th %"#(1#%.5 #( th $&*(- w#th th !&#1. F&" th&*+h I $ &( t&
$%a') ta1h) %"a1h) a(- w"#t &, G&-) a(- th&*+h I ha" a(- "a- th $a/) 2t th#$ #$
(&t $*,,#1#(t ,&" / t& *(-"$ta(- h#/; 0*t #, h#$ $&*(- a(- $%#"#t &*t &, h#$ $#+(at*"
a(- $#/#.#t*- (t" #(t& /2 &w( $#/#.#t*-) a(- #/%"#(t h#$ $#/#.#t*- #(t& /#() th( I
/a2 *(-"$ta(- h#/ "a..2 a(- ,*(-a/(ta..2) 0 #t #th" $%&'( &" w"#tt() #, h ha$
th ha//" that 1a( $t"#' /2 0...
6. B2 th#$ w '(&w) that a.. h*/a( %"&%"t#$ %"&1- ,"&/ &(; that th2 a.. ha! 0*t
&( &(.2 "&&t a(- /&th"; &th"w#$ &( /a( 1&*.- (&t *(-"$ta(- a(&th" #( th
$&*(-) ,&" w#th th $&*(- &" $%1h th ,&"/ (&t$ a(- #/%"#(t$ #t$., #(t& th $#/#.#t*-
&, a(&th"; a .#' t&( &" $&*(- 1at1h$ a(- /&!$ a(&th") a(- #( th $&*(- th $%#"#t
#/%"#(t$ #t$ &w( $#/#.#t*-) wh#1h #t ha$ 1&(1#!- #( th $$(1) a(- 0"&*+ht t& ,&"/
#( th %"#(1#%..
%. 17
8. S& that #( th w&"- /a2 0 *(-"$t&&- #( what th $%#"#t ha$ 1&(1#!-) 1 #th" #(
+&&- &" !#.; a(- w#th th#$ $#+(at*" h (t"$ #(t& a(&th" /a(9$ ,&"/) a(- awa'($
a.$& #( th &th" $*1h a ,&"/ #( th $#+(at*"; $& that 0&th ,&"/$ /*t*a..2 a$$#/*.at
t&+th" #( &( ,&"/) a(- th( th" #$ &( 1&/%"h($#&() &( w#..) &( $%#"#t) a(- a.$&
&( *(-"$ta(-#(+.
:. A(- th( $1&(-.2 w *(-"$ta(-) that th $#+(at*" &" ,&"/ #$ (& $%#"#t) 0*t th
"1%ta1.) 1&(ta#(") &" 1a0#(t &, th $%#"#t) wh"#( #t .#$; ,&" th $#+(at*" $ta(-$ #(
th $$(1) a(- #$ a$ a .*t that .#$t $t#..) a(- #$ #(-- a -*/0 th#(+ that #$ (#th"
ha"- &" *(-"$t&&-; 0*t #, #t 0 %.a2- *%&() th( #t$ ,&"/ #$ *(-"$t&&-) #( what ,&"/
a(- t*( #t $ta(-$) a(- a11&"-#(+ t& what (&t #t #$ $t. Th*$ .#'w#$ th $#+(at*" &,
(at*" #( #t$ ,&"/ #$ a -*/0 $$(1; #t #$ a$ a %"%a"- #($t"*/(t &, /*$#1) *%&( wh#1h
th w#..9$ $%#"#t %.a2$; what $t"#(+$ h t&*1h$) th2 $&*(- a11&"-#(+ t& th#" %"&%"t2.
;. I( th h*/a( /#(- th $#+(at*" .#$ /&$t a"t#,#1#a..2 1&/%&$-) a11&"-#(+ t& th
$$(1 &, a.. $$(1$; a(- /a( wa(t$ (&th#(+ 0*t th w#$ /a$t" that 1a( $t"#' h#$
#($t"*/(t) wh#1h #$ th t"* $%#"#t &, th h#+h /#+ht &, t"(#t2; #, that 0 <*#1'(- #(
/a() that #t $t#"$ a(- a1t$ #( th 1(t" &, th /#(-) th( #t %.a2$ &( th #($t"*/(t &, th
h*/a( ,&"/) a(- !( th( th ,&"/ #$ *tt"- 6 w#th th $&*(- #( th w&"-= A$ h#$
#($t"*/(t wa$ $t #( th t#/ &, h#$ #(1a"(at#&() 8 $& #t $&*(-$) a(- $& #$ h#$ '(&w.-+;
th #(wa"- /a(#,$t$ #t$., #( th $&*(- &, th w&"-) ,&" that #$ th /#(-9$ (at*"a.
'(&w.-+ &, #t$.,.
>. Ma( ha$ #(-- a.. th ,&"/$ &, a.. th th" w&".-$ .2#(+ #( h#/; ,&" h #$ a 1&/%.t
#/a+ &, G&-) &" &, th B#(+ &, a.. 0#(+$; &(.2 th &"-" #$ %.a1- #( h#/ at h#$
#(1a"(at#&(; ,&" th" a" th" w&"'?/a$t"$ #( h#/ wh#1h %"%a" h#$ ,&"/ @&"
$#+(at*"A) !#B. th th",&.- ,#at) a11&"-#(+ t& th th" w&".-$; a(- th2 a" #( 1&(t$t
a0&*t th ,&"/) a(- th ,&"/ #$ ,#+*"- a11&"-#(+ t& th 1&(t$t; wh#1h &, th /a$t"$
h&.-$ th %"-&/#(a(t "*.) a(- &0ta#($ #t #( th $$(1) a11&"-#(+ t& that h#$
#($t"*/(t #$ t*(-) a(- th &th" .# h#-) a(- 1&/ 0h#(- w#th th#" $&*(-) a$ #t %.a#(.2
$hw$ #t$.,.
C. S& $&&( a$ /a( #$ 0&"( #(t& th#$ w&".-) h#$ $%#"#t %.a2$ *%&( h#$ #($t"*/(t) $& that h#$
#((at +(*#( ,&"/ @&" $#+(at*"A #( +&&- &" !#. #$ $( 02 h#$ w&"-$ a(-
1&(!"$at#&(; ,&" a$ h#$ #($t"*/(t $&*(-$) a11&"-#(+.2 th $($$ a(- th&*+ht$
%. 11
%"&1- ,"&/ th $$(1 &, th /#(-) a(- $& th Dt"(a. $%#"#t &, th w#.. #$ 1a""#- #(
#t$ 0ha!#&*") a$ #$ t& 0 $( 0&th #( /( a(- 0a$t$; that th" #$ a +"at -#,,"(1 #(
th %"&1"at#&() that &( 0"&th" a(- $#$t" -&$ (&t a$ th &th".
E. F*"th" w a" t& '(&w) that th&*+h &( ,#at th*$ '%$ th *%%" ha(-) a(- ,#+*"$
th ,&"/ a11&"-#(+ t& #t$.,) that 2t th &th" tw& +#! th#" $&*(-) #, th#" #($t"*/(t
0 0*t %.a2- *%&(; a$ #t #$ $( that /a(2 a /a() a(- a.$& /a(2 a 0a$t) th&*+h #t #$
!"2 /*1h #(1.#(- #th" t& +&&- &" !#.) 2t #t #$ /&!- #th" t& !#. &" +&&- 02 a
1&(t"a"2 t*() a(- &,t( .t$ #t$ #(0"- $#+(at*" @&" ,#+*"A ,a..) wh( th 1&(t"a"2 t*(
#$ %.a2- *%&( h#$ h#--( .*t &" ,&"/= A$ w $ that a( !#. /a( #$ &,t( /&!- 02 a
+&&- /a( t& "%(t &, a(- 1a$ ,"&/ h#$ #(#<*#t2) wh( th +&&- /a( t&*1h$ a(-
$t"#'$ h#$ h#--( #($t"*/(t w#th h#$ /' a(- .&!#(+ $%#"#t.
F. A(- th*$ a.$& #t ha%%($ t& th +&&- /a() that wh( th w#1'- /a( $t"#'$ h#$
h#--( #($t"*/(t w#th th $%#"#t &, h#$ w"ath) that th( th ,&"/ &, a(+" #$ $t#""- *%
a.$& #( th +&&- /a() a(- th &( #$ $t a+a#($t th &th") that $& &( /#+ht 0 th 1*"
a(- ha." &, th &th". F&" a$ th !#ta. $#+(at*") that #$) a$ th ,&"/ &, .#, #$ ,#+*"- #(
th t#/ &, th ,#at at th 1&(1%t#&() !( $& #$ #t$ (at*"a. $%#"#t; ,&" #t ta'$ #t$ "#$ &*t
&, th $$(1 &, a.. th th" %"#(1#%.$) a(- $*1h a w#.. #t a1t$ a(- /a(#,$t$ &*t &, #t$
%"&%"t2.
17. B*t (&w th w#.. /a2 0 0"&'(; ,&" wh( a $t"&(+" 1&/$) a(- "a#$$ h#$ #(wa"-
$#+(at*" w#th h#$ #(t"&-*1- $&*(- a(- w#..9$ $%#"#t) th( #t$ *%%" -&/#(#&( .&$$ th
%&w") "#+ht) a(- a*th&"#t2; wh#1h w $ #( th %&w",*. #(,.*(1 &, th $*() h&w that
02 #t$ $t"(+th #t <*a.#,#$ a 0#tt" a(- $&*" ,"*#t) t*"(#(+ #t #(t& a $wt($$ a(-
%.a$a(t($$; #( .#' /a((" h&w a +&&- /a( 1&""*%t$ a/&(+ !#. 1&/%a(2) a(- a.$&
h&w that a +&&- h"0 1a((&t $*,,#1#(t.2 $hw #t$ "a. +(*#( !#"t* #( a 0a- $&#.; ,&" #(
th +&&- /a( th h#--( !#. #($t"*/(t #$ awa'(-) a(- #( th h"0 a 1&(t"a"2 $$(1
#$ "1#!- ,"&/ th a"th; $& that &,t( th +&&- #$ 1ha(+- #(t& a( !#.) a(- th !#.
#(t& a +&&-.
11. A(- (&w &0$"!) a$ #t $ta(-$ #( th %&w" a(- %"-&/#(a(1 &, th <*a.#t2) $& #t #$
$#+(- a(- /a"'- Dt"(a..2 #( #t$ &*twa"- ,&"/) $#+(at*") &" ,#+*"; /a( #( h#$
$%1h) w#..) a(- 0ha!#&*") a.$& w#th th ,&"/ &, th //0"$ wh#1h h ha$) a(- /*$t
*$ t& that $#+(at*") h#$ #(wa"- ,&"/ #$ (&t- #( th ,&"/ &, h#$ ,a1; 1 a(- th*$ a.$& #$ a
0a$t) a( h"0) a(-
%. 16
th t"$; !"2th#(+ a$ #t #$ #(wa"-.2 @#( #t$ #((at !#"t* a(- <*a.#t2A $& #t #$ &*twa"-.2
$#+(-; a(- th&*+h #t ,a..$ &*t) that &,t( a th#(+ #$ 1ha(+- ,"&/ !#. #(t& +&&-) a(-
,"&/ +&&- #(t& !#.) 2t #t ha$ #t$ Dt"(a. 1ha"a1t") that th +&&- &" !#. @that #$) th
1ha(+A /a2 0 '(&w(.
16. F&" /a( #$ '(&w( h"#( 02 h#$ -a#.2 %"a1t#1) a.$& 02 h#$ 1&*"$ a(- -#$1&*"$; ,&"
th *%%" #($t"*/(t) wh#1h #$ /&$t $t"&(+.2 -"aw() #$ a.wa2$ %.a2- *%&(= Th*$ a.$& #t
#$ w#th a 0a$t that #$ w#.-) 0*t wh( #t #$ &!"aw- a(- ta/-) a(- 0"&*+ht t& a(&th"
%"&%"t2) #t -&$ (&t a$#.2 $hw #t$ ,#"$t #((at ,&"/) *(.$$ #t 0 $t#""- *%) a(- th( #t
0"a'$ ,&"th) a(- a%%a"$ a0&! a.. &th" ,&"/$.
18. Th*$ #t #$ .#'w#$ w#th th h"0$ &, th a"th; #, a( h"0 0 t"a($%.a(t- &*t &, a 0a-
$&#. #(t& a +&&-) th( #t $&&( +t$ a $t"&(+" 0&-2) a(- a /&" %.a$a(t $/.. a(- %&w")
a(- $hw$ th #(wa"- $$(1 Dt"(a..2; a(- th" #$ (&th#(+ that #$ 1"at- &" 0&"( #(
(at*") 0*t #t a.$& /a(#,$t$ #t$ #(t"(a. ,&"/ Dt"(a..2) ,&" th #(t"(a. 1&(t#(*a..2
.a0&*"$ &" w&"'$ #t$., ,&"th t& /a(#,$tat#&(= A$ w '(&w #t #( th %&w" a(- ,&"/ &,
th#$ w&".-) h&w th &( &(.2 $$(1 ha$ /a(#,$t- #t$., w#th th Dt"(a. 0#"th #( th
-$#" &, th $#/#.#t*-) h&w #t ha$ /a(#,$t- #t$., #( $& /a(2 ,&"/$ a(- $ha%$)
wh#1h w $ a(- '(&w #( th $ta"$ a(- ./(t$) .#'w#$ #( th .#!#(+ 1"at*"$) a(-
a.$& #( th t"$ a(- h"0$.
1:. Th",&" th +"at$t *(-"$ta(-#(+ .#$ #( th $#+(at*") wh"#( /a( 4!#B. th
#/a+ &, th +"at$t !#"t*5 /a2 (&t &(.2 .a"( t& '(&w h#/$.,) 0*t th"#( a.$& h
/a2 .a"( t& '(&w th $$(1 &, a.. $$(1$; ,&" 02 th Dt"(a. ,&"/ &, a.. 1"at*"$)
02 th#" #($t#+at#&() #(1.#(at#&( a(- -$#") a.$& 02 th#" $&*(-) !&#1) a(- $%1h wh#1h
th2 *tt") th h#--( $%#"#t #$ '(&w(; ,&" (at*" ha$ +#!( t& !"2th#(+ #t$ .a(+*a+
a11&"-#(+ t& #t$ $$(1 a(- ,&"/) ,&" &*t &, th $$(1 th .a(+*a+ &" $&*(- a"#$$)
a(- th ,#at &, that $$(1 ,&"/$ th <*a.#t2 &, th $$(1 #( th !&#1 &" !#"t* wh#1h
#t $(-$ ,&"th) t& th a(#/a.$ #( th $&*(-) a(- t& th $$(t#a.$ 1 #( $/..) !#"t*) a(-
,&"/.
1;. E!"2th#(+ ha$ #t$ /&*th t& /a(#,$tat#&(; a(- th#$ #$ th .a(+*a+ &, (at*")
wh(1 !"2th#(+ $%a'$ &*t &, #t$ %"&%"t2) a(- 1&(t#(*a..2 /a(#,$t$) -1.a"$) a(-
$t$ ,&"th #t$., ,&" what #t #$ +&&- &" %"&,#ta0.; ,&" a1h th#(+ /a(#,$t$ #t$ /&th")
wh#1h th*$ +#!$ th $$(1 a(- th w#.. t& th ,&"/.
Footnotes
F=1 B#(+ &, a.. 0#(+$.
17=1 O") ,&"/- #t$.,; &" &"#+#(a..2 %*t ,&"th #t$.,.
17=6 %"&1-$ ,"&/ th /&*th.
17=8 O" 1&(1%t#&(.
11=1 H#$ .&&') &" %h2$#&+(&/2.
16=1 V+ta0.$.
%. 18
CHAPTER II
OF THE OPPOSITION AND COMBAT IN THE ESSENCE OF ALL ESSENCES) WHEREBY THE
GROUND OF THE ANTIPATHY AND SYMPATHY IN NATURE MAY BE SEEN) AND ALSO THE
CORRUPTION AND CURE OF EACH THING
1. SEEING th( th" a" $& /a(2 a(- -#!"$ ,&"/$) that th &( a.wa2$ %"&-*1$ a(-
a,,&"-$ &*t &, #t$ %"&%"t2 a w#.. -#,,"(t #( &( ,"&/ a(&th") w h"#( *(-"$ta(- th
1&(t"a"#t2 a(- 1&/0at #( th B#(+ &, a.. 0#(+$) h&w that &( -&$ &%%&$) %&#$&()
a(- '#.. a(&th") that #$) &!"1&/ #t$ $$(1) a(- th $%#"#t &, th $$(1) a(-
#(t"&-*1$ #t #(t& a(&th" ,&"/) wh(1 $#1'($$ a(- %a#($ a"#$) wh( &( $$(1
-$t"&2$ a(&th".
6. A(- th( w *(-"$ta(- h"#( th 1*") h&w th &( ha.$ a(&th") a(- 0"#(+$ #t t&
ha.th; a(- #, th#$ w" (&t) th" w" (& (at*") 0*t a( t"(a. $t#..($$) a(- (& w#..;
,&" th 1&(t"a"2 w#.. /a'$ th /&t#&() a(- th &"#+#(a. &, th $'#(+) that th &%%&$#t
$&*(- $'$ th "$t) a(- 2t #( th $'#(+ #t &(.2 .!at$ a(- /&" ('#(-.$ #t$.,.
8. A(- w a" t& *(-"$ta(- h&w th 1*" &, a1h th#(+ 1&($#$t$ #( th a$$#/*.at; ,&" #(
th a$$#/*.at a"#$$ th $at#$,a1t#&( &, th w#..) !#B. #t$ h#+h$t 3&2; ,&" a1h th#(+
-$#"$ a w#.. &, #t$ .#'($$) a(- 02 th 1&(t"a"2 w#.. #t #$ -#$1&/,#t-; 1 0*t #, #t &0ta#($
a w#.. &, #t$ .#'($$) #t "3&#1$ #( th a$$#/*.at) a(- th"#( ,a..$ #(t& "$t) a(- th
(/#t2 #$ t*"(- #(t& 3&2.
:. F&" th t"(a. (at*" ha$ %"&-*1- (&th#(+ #( #t$ -$#") D1%t a .#'($$ &*t &,
#t$.,; a(- #, th" w" (&t a( !".a$t#(+ /#D#(+) th" w&*.- 0 a( t"(a. %a1 #(
(at*") 0*t $& (at*" w&*.- (&t 0 "!a.- a(- /a- /a(#,$t) #( th 1&/0at #t
01&/$ /a(#,$t; $& that a1h th#(+ .!at$ #t$.,) a(- w&*.- +t &*t &, th 1&/0at
#(t& th $t#.. "$t) a(- $& #t "*($ t& a(- ,"&) a(- th"02 &(.2 awa'($ a(- $t#"$ *% th
1&/0at.
;. A(- w ,#(- 1.a".2 #( th .#+ht &, (at*") that th" #$ (& 0tt" h.% a(- "/-2 ,&"
th#$ &%%&$#t#&() a(- that #t ha$ (&)
%. 1:
h#+h" 1*" tha( th .#0"t2) that #$) th .#+ht &, (at*") wh#1h #$ th -$#" &, th $%#"#t.
>. A(- th( w ,#(-) that th $$(1 1a((&t 0 0tt" "/-#- tha( w#th th
a$$#/*.at; ,&" th $$(1 #$ a 0#(+) a(- #t$ -$#" #$ a,t" 0#(+= N&w !"2 ta$t
-$#"$ &(.2 #t$ .#') a(- #, #t &0ta#($ #t) th( #t$ h*(+" #$ $at#$,#-) a%%a$- a(- a$-)
a(- #t 1a$$ t& h*(+") a(- "3&#1$ #( #t$.,) wh"02 th $#1'($$ ,a..$ #(t& a "$t #(
#t$.,; ,&" th h*(+" &, th 1&(t"a"#t2 1a$$ t& w&"'.
C. S#(+ (&w that /a(9$ .#, 1&($#$t$ #( th" %"#(1#%.$) !#B. #( a th",&.- $$(1) a(-
ha$ a.$& a th",&.- $%#"#t &*t &, th %"&%"t2 &, a1h $$(1) !#B. ,#"$t) a11&"-#(+ t& th
t"(a. (at*") a11&"-#(+ t& th ,#"9$ %"&%"t2; a(- $1&(-.2) a11&"-#(+ t& th %"&%"t2
&, th t"(a. .#+ht a(- -#!#( $$(t#a.#t2; a(- th#"-.2) a11&"-#(+ t& th %"&%"t2 &, th
&*twa"- w&".-= Th"*%&( w a" t& 1&($#-" th %"&%"t2 &, th#$ th",&.- $%#"#t) a(-
a.$& &, th#$ th",&.- $$(1 a(- w#..; h&w a1h $%#"#t w#th #t$ $$(1 #(t"&-*1$ #t$.,
#(t& $t"#, a(- $#1'($$) a(- what #t$ 1*" a(- "/-2 #$.
E. W *(-"$ta(- that w#th&*t (at*" th" #$ a( t"(a. $t#..($$ a(- "$t) !#B. th
N&th#(+; a(- th( w *(-"$ta(- that a( t"(a. w#.. a"#$$ #( th (&th#(+) t& #(t"&-*1
th (&th#(+ #(t& $&/th#(+) that th w#.. /#+ht ,#(-) ,.) a(- 0h&.- #t$.,.
F. F&" #( th (&th#(+ th w#.. w&*.- (&t 0 /a(#,$t t& #t$.,) wh",&" w '(&w that
th w#.. $'$ #t$.,) a(- ,#(-$ #t$., #( #t$.,) a(- #t$ $'#(+ #$ a -$#") a(- #t$ ,#(-#(+ #$
th $$(1 &, th -$#") wh"#( th w#.. ,#(-$ #t$.,.
17. It ,#(-$ (&th#(+ D1%t &(.2 th %"&%"t2 &, th h*(+") wh#1h #$ #t$.,) wh#1h #t
-"aw$ #(t& #t$.,) that #$) -"aw$ #t$., #(t& #t$.,) a(- ,#(-$ #t$., #( #t$.,; a(- #t$
att"a1t#&( #(t& #t$., /a'$ a( &!"$ha-&w#(+ &" -a"'($$ #( #t) wh#1h #$ (&t #( th
.#0"t2) !#B. #( th (&th#(+; ,&" th w#.. &, th .#0"t2 &!"$ha-&w$ #t$., w#th th $$(1
&, th -$#") ,&" th -$#" /a'$ $$(1 a(- (&t th w#...
11. N&w that th w#.. /*$t 0 #( -a"'($$ #$ #t$ 1&(t"a"#t2) a(- #t 1&(1#!$ #( #t$.,
a(&th" w#.. t& +& &*t ,"&/ th -a"'($$ a+a#( #(t& th .#0"t2) !#B. #(t& th (&th#(+) a(-
2t #t 1a((&t "a1h th .#0"t2 ,"&/ w#th&*t #t$.,) ,&" th -$#" +&$ &*twa"-$) a(-
1a*$$ $&*"1 a(- -a"'($$; th",&" th w#.. 4*(-"$ta(- th "1&(1#!- w#..5 /*$t
(t" #(wa"-$) a(- 2t th" #$ (& $%a"at#&(.
16. F&" #( #t$., 0,&" th -$#" #$ th .#0"t2) !#B. th
%. 1;
(&th#(+) a(- th w#.. /a2 (&t 0 a (&th#(+) ,&" #t -$#"$ t& /a(#,$t #( th (&th#(+; a(-
2t (& /a(#,$tat#&( 1a( 0 ,,1t-) D1%t &(.2 th"&*+h th $$(1 &, th -$#"; a(-
th /&" th "1&(1#!- w#.. -$#"$ /a(#,$tat#&() th /&" $t"&(+.2 a(- a+".2 th
-$#" -"aw$ #(t& #t$.,) a(- /a'$ #( #t$., th" ,&"/$) !#B. th -$#") wh#1h #$
a$t"#(+(t) a(- /a'$ ha"-($$) ,&" #t #$ a( (1.&$#(+) wh( 1&.-($$ a"#$$) a(- th
att"a1t#&( 1a*$$ 1&/%*(1t#&() 1 a(- $t#""#(+ #( th ha"-($$) a( (/#t2 a+a#($t th
att"a1t- ha"-($$; th att"a1t#&( #$ th $1&(- ,&"/) a(- a 1a*$ &, /&t#&( a(- .#,) a(-
$t#"$ #t$., #( th a$t"#(+(12 a(- ha"-($$) wh#1h th ha"-($$) !#B. th (1.&$#(+) 6
1a((&t (-*") a(- th",&" #t att"a1t$ /&" a+".2 t& h&.- th 1&/%*(1t#&() a(- 2t
th 1&/%*(1t#&( #$ th"02 &(.2 th $t"&(+".
18. Th*$ th 1&/%*(1t#&( w#..th *%wa"-$) a(- wh#".$ 1"&$$wa2$) a(- 2t 1a((&t ,,1t
#t) ,&" th ha"-($$) !#B. th -$#" $ta2$ a(- -ta#($ #t) a(- th",&" #t $ta(-$ .#' a
t"#a(+.) a(- t"a($!"t- &"0) wh#1h 4$#(+ #t 1a((&t "/&! ,"&/ th %.a15 01&/$
wh.#(+) wh(1 a"#$$ th /#Dt*" #( th -$#") !#B. th $$(1) &" /*.t#%.#1#t2 &, th
-$#"; ,&" th t*"(#(+ /a'$ a 1&(t#(*a. 1&(,*$#&( a(- 1&(t"#t#&() wh(1 th a(+*#$h)
!#B. th %a#() th th#"- ,&"/ 4&" $t#(+ &, $($5 a"#$$.
1:. B*t $#(+ th -$#") !#B. th a$t"#(+(12 01&/$ &(.2 th /&" $t"&(+ th"02
4,&" ,"&/ th $t#""#(+ a"#$$ th w"ath a(- (at*") !#B. th /&t#&(5) th ,#"$t w#.. t& th
-$#" #$ /a- wh&..2 a*$t" a(- a h*(+") ,&" #t #$ #( a ha"- 1&/%*(1t#! -"2 $$(1)
a(- a.$& 1a((&t +t "#- a(- <*#t &, #t) ,&" #t$., /a'$ th $$(1) a(- .#'w#$
%&$$$$$ #t) ,&" th*$ #t ,#(-$ #t$., (&w &*t &, (&th#(+ #( th $&/th#(+) 8 a(- th
$&/th#(+ #$ 2t #t$ 1&(t"a"2 w#..) ,&" #t #$ a( *(<*#t($$) a(- th ,"?w#.. #$ a $t#..($$.
1;. Th#$ #$ (&w th &"#+#(a. &, (/#t2) that (at*" &%%&$$ th ,"?w#..) a(- a th#(+ #$ at
(/#t2 #( #t$.,; a(- h" w *(-"$ta(- th 1(t" &, (at*" w#th th" ,&"/$) #( th
&"#+#(a.) !#B. #( th ,#"$t %"#(1#%.) #t #$ S%#"#t; #( th $1&(- #t #$ L&!) a(- #( th th#"-
%"#(1#%. E$$(1; a(- th$ th" ,&"/$ a" 1a..- #( th th#"- %"#(1#%. S*.%h*")
M"1*"2) a(- Sa..
1>. U(-"$ta(- #t th*$= S*. #$ #( th ,#"$t %"#(1#%. th ,"w#..) &" th .*0t #( th
(&th#(+ t& $&/th#(+) #t #$ #( th .#0"t2 w#th&*t (at*"; Ph*" #$ th -$#" &, th ,"
.*0t) a(- /a'$ #( #t$.,) #( th Ph*") !#B. #( th -$#") a( $$(1) a(- th#$
%. 1>
$$(1 #$ a*$t" 02 "a$&( &, th att"a1t#&() a(- #(t"&-*1$ #t$., #(t& th" ,&"/$ 4a$ #$
a0&! /(t#&(-5 a(- $& ,&"wa"- #(t& th ,&*"th ,&"/) !#B. #(t& th ,#"; #( th Ph*" th
&"#+#(a. &, th t"(a. a(- a.$& Dt"(a. (at*" #$ *(-"$t&&-) ,&" th ha"-($$ #$ a
/&th" &, th $ha"%($$ &, a.. $$(1$) a(- a %"$"!" &, a.. $$(1$; &*t &, th S*.)
!#B. &*t &, th .*0t &, th .#0"t2) th -a"' a(+*#$h 01&/$ a $h#(#(+ .#+ht; a(- #( th
th#"- %"#(1#%.) !#B. #( th &*twa"- '#(+-&/) S*. #$ th &#. &, (at*") wh"#( th .#,
0*"($) a(- !"2th#(+ +"&w$.
1C. B*t (&w th Ph*") !#B. th -$#") #$ (&t -#!#-- ,"&/ S*.; #t #$ &( w&"-) &(
&"#+#(a. a.$&) a(- &( $$(1) 0*t #t $!"$ #t$., #(t& tw& %"&%"t#$) !#B. #(t& 3&2 a(-
$&""&w) .#+ht a(- -a"'($$; ,&" #t /a'$ tw& w&".-$) !#B. a -a"' ,#"?w&".- #( th
a*$t"($$) a(- a .#+ht ,#"?w&".- #( th .*0t &, th .#0"t2; ,&" th .*0t &, th .#0"t2
#$ th &(.2 1a*$ that th ,#" $h#($) ,&" th &"#+#(a. ,#" #$ -a"' a(- 0.a1') ,&" #( th
$h#(#(+ &, th ,#" #( th &"#+#(a. th D#t2 #$ *(-"$t&&-) a(- #( th -a"' ,#") !#B. #( th
a(+*#$h?$&*"1) th &"#+#(a. &, (at*" #$ *(-"$t&&-) a(- h"#( w -& ,*"th"
*(-"$ta(- th 1*".
1E. Th $&*"1 #$ th 1*" &, th ," .*0t) !#B. &, th $t#.. t"(#t2; ,&" th $t#..($$ ,#(-$
#t$., a.#! th"#() #t 0"#(+$ #t$., th"&*+h th a(+*#$h?$&*"1 #(t& .#,) !#B. #(t& th
'#(+-&/ &, 3&2) (a/.2 that th (&th#(+ #$ 01&/ a( t"(a. .#,) a(- ha$ ,&*(- #t$.,)
wh#1h 1a((&t 0 #( th $t#..($$.
1F. S1&(-.2) w ,#(- that th S*.) !#B. th .*0t &, th .#0"t2) #$ th 1*"" &, th -$#")
!#B. &, th a(D#&*$ (at*"= ,&" th .*$t" &, th .#0"t2 -&$ a+a#( 4,"&/ th ('#(-.-
,#" &*t &, (at*"5 $h#( #( th -a"' a(+*#$h) a(- ,#..$ &" $at#at$ th a(+*#$h w#th th
.#0"t2) wh"02 th w"ath Dt#(+*#$h$) a(- th t*"(#(+ &"0 $ta(-$ $t#..) a(- #($ta- &,
th t*"(#(+ a $&*(- #$ 1a*$- #( th $$(1.
67. Th#$ #$ (&w th ,&"/ &, th $%#"#t*a. .#,) a(- &, th $$(t#a. .#,; S*. #$ th &"#+#(a.
&, th 3&2,*. .#,) a(- Ph*" #$ th &"#+#(a. &, th $$(t#a. .#,; th .*0t #$ 0,&" a(-
w#th&*t (at*") wh#1h #$ th t"* S*.; a(- th $%#"#t #$ /a- /a(#,$t #( (at*") !#B.
th"&*+h th $&*"1) a(- that #( a tw&,&.- ,&"/) !#B. a11&"-#(+ t& th .*0t &, th .#0"t2
#( a $&*"1 &, 3&2) a(- a11&"-#(+ t& th a(D#&*$ -$#"9$ .*0t; a11&"-#(+ t& th
a$t"#(+(12) 1&/%*(1t#!) 0#tt") a(- (!#&*$ ,"&/ th 1&/%*(1t#&() a(- a11&"-#(+ t&
th a(+*#$h &, th wh. wh&..2 /*"-"&*$ a(- hat,*.; a(- a1h %"&%"t2 -w..$ #(
#t$.,) a(- 2t th2 a" #( &( a(&th"; h"#( G&-9$ .&! a(- a(+" a" *(-"$t&&-) th2
-w.. #( a1h &th"; a(- th &( a%%"h(-$
%. 1C
(&t th &th") a(- 2t th &( #$ th 1*"" &, th &th"; *(-"$ta(- th"&*+h #/a+#(at#&()
,&" th t"(a. #$ /a+#1a..
61. Th $1&(- ,&"/ #( (at*") #( t"(#t2 #$ th O"0 w#th th 1&/%*(1t#! 0#tt"
$$(1$= ,&" th" a"#$$ th $$(1) *(-"$ta(- w#th th %"t*"0at#&(; ,&" th (&th#(+
#$ $t#.. w#th&*t /&t#&() 0*t th %"t*"0at#&( /a'$ th (&th#(+ a1t#!= 0*t #( th th#"-
%"#(1#%.) !#B. #( th -&/#(#&( #( th $$(1) a(- $&*"1 &, th &*twa"- w&".-) th ,&"/
#$ 1a..- M"1*"2) wh#1h #$ &%%&$#t) &-#&*$) a(- %&#$&(,*.) a(- th 1a*$ &, .#, a(-
$t#""#(+) a.$& th 1a*$ &, th $($$= Wh" &( +.a(1 1 /a2 1&(1#! #t$., #( th
#(,#(#t2) a(- th( a.$& #//"$ #t$., #(t& #t) wh" &*t &, &( &(.2 th a02$$a.)
*($a"1ha0.) a(- #(,#(#t /*.t#%.#1#t2 /a2 a"#$.
66. Th#$ ,&"/ #$ th *(<*#t($$) a(- 2t th $'" &, "$t; a(- w#th #t$ $'#(+ #t
1a*$$ *(<*#t($$) #t /a'$ #t$., #t$ &w( (/2; #t$ 1*" #$ tw&,&.-) ,&" #t$ -$#" #$
a.$& tw&,&.-) !#B. a11&"-#(+ t& th .*0t &, th .#0"t2) a11&"-#(+ t& th $t#..($$ a(-
/'($$; a(- th( a.$& #( th h*(+" a11&"-#(+ t& th "#$#(+ &, *(<*#t($$) a(- th
,#(-#(+ &, #t$.,; th "&&t -$#"$ &(.2 3&2 w#th th ,#"$t w#..) a(- 2t #t 1a((&t &0ta#( #t)
D1%t th"&*+h th &%%&$#t $&*"1) ,&" (& 3&2 1a( a"#$ #( th $t#.. (&th#(+; #t /*$t a"#$
&(.2 th"&*+h /&t#&( a(- .!at#&( that th (&th#(+ ,#(-$ #t$.,.
68. N&w that wh#1h #$ ,&*(- -$#"$ t& (t" a+a#( #(t& th w#.. &, th $t#.. (&th#(+) that
#t /a2 ha! %a1 a(- "$t th"#(; a(- th (&th#(+ #$ #t$ 1*"; a(- th w"ath a(- %&#$&(
#$ th "/-2 &, th $'" a(- ,#(-") that #$ th#" .#, wh#1h th2 ,#(-) a( Da/%.
wh"&, w ha! #( th %&#$&(&*$ +a..) wh(1 #( th .#, a"#$$ 3&2 a(- $&""&w)
wh"#( w a.$& *(-"$ta(- a tw&,&.- w#..) !#B. &( t& th w"ath,*. ,#" a(- a(D#&*$
%a#(,*. .#, t& th &"#+#(a. &, (at*") a(- &( t& th .#+ht?.#,) !#B. t& th 3&2 &, (at*";
th#$ ta'$ #t$ &"#+#(a. &*t &, th t"(a. (&th#(+.
6:. Th ,#"$t w#..9$ 1*" #$ th .*0t &, th .#0"t2) #, #t &0ta#($ that) th( #t /a'$
t"#*/%ha(t 3&2 #( #t$.,; a(- th w"ath #( th h*(+"2 -$#" #$ th 1*"" a(- h.%" &, th
&th" w#..) !#B. th w#.. &, (at*"; a(- h"#( G&-9$ .&! a(- a(+" a" *(-"$t&&-) a(-
a.$& h&w !#. a(- +&&- a" #( th 1(t" &, a1h .#,) a(- h&w (& 3&2 1&*.- a"#$ w#th&*t
$&""&w) a(- h&w &( #$ th 1*"" &, th &th".
6;. A(- h" w *(-"$ta(- th th#"- w#.. 4wh#1h ta'$ #t$ &"#+#(a. &*t &, 0&th th$)
!#B. &*t &, $*1h a( $$(1) !#B. &*t
%. 1E
&, th /&th"5) !#B. th $%#"#t) wh#1h ha$ 0&th th$ %"&%"t#$ #( #t) a(- #$ a $&( &, th
%"&%"t#$ a(- a.$& a .&"- &, th $a/; ,&" #( h#/ 1&($#$t$ th %&w") h /a2 awa'(
wh#1h h %.a$$; th %"&%"t#$ .# #( th $$(1) a(- a" a$ a w..?1&($t#t*t- .#,) &"
a$ a( #($t"*/(t w#th /a(2 $t"#(+$) 1 wh#1h $ta(- $t#..; a(- th $%#"#t) !#B. th +"$$ #$
th "a. .#,) h /a2 %.a2 *%&( th #($t"*/(t a$ h %.a$$) #( !#. &" +&&-) a11&"-#(+ t&
.&! &" a(+"; a(- a$ h %.a2$) a(- a$ th #($t"*/(t $&*(-$) $& #$ #t "1#!- &, #t$
1&(t"a?t(&") !#B. &, th a$$#/*.at.
6>. I, th t*( &, .&! 0 %.a2-) !#B. th .#0"t29$ -$#") th( #$ th $&*(- "1#!- &,
th $a/ .#0"t2 a(- .&!?.*0t; ,&" #t #$ #t$ %.a$#(+ ".#$h) a(- a+"a0. t& #t$ w#..9$
-$#"; &( $#/#.a" .*0t ta'$ a(&th".
6C. A(- th*$ .#'w#$ #$ #t t& 0 *(-"$t&&- &, th (/#t2 a(- 1&(t"a"2 w#..; #, th
#($t"*/(t 0 $t"*1' a11&"-#(+ t& th -$#" t& (at*") !#B. #( th w"ath) a(+") a(- 0#tt"
,a.$h&&-) th( th $a/ 1&(t"a"2 $&*(- a(- w"ath,*. -$#" "1#!$ #t; ,&" #t #$ &, #t$
%"&%"t2) a(- a $at#at#(+ &, #t$ h*(+") wh"#( w *(-"$ta(- th -$#" &, th .#+ht)
a(- a.$& &, th -a"' w&".-; a tw&,&.- $&*"1 a(- %"&%"t2.
6E. Th -$#" &, th .#0"t2 #$ /') a$2) a(- %.a$a(t) a(- #t #$ 1a..- +&&-; 6 a(- th
-$#" t& (at*" /a'$ #t$., #( #t$., -a"') -"2) h*(+"2) a(- w"ath,*.) wh#1h #$ 1a..-
G&-9$ a(+") a(- th -a"' w&".-) !#B. th ,#"$t %"#(1#%.; a(- th .#+ht w&".- #$ th $1&(-
%"#(1#%..
6F. A(- w a" t& *(-"$ta(-) that #t #$ (& -#!#-- $$(1) 0*t &( h&.-$ th &th"
h#--( &" 1.&$- *% #( #t) a(- th &( #$ th 0+#((#(+ a(- 1a*$ &, th &th") a.$& #t$
ha.#(+ a(- 1*"; that wh#1h #$ awa'- a(- $t#""- *%) that +t$ -&/#(#&() a(- /a(#,$t$
#t$., Dt"(a..2 w#th #t$ 1ha"a1t") a(- /a'$ a ,&"/ a(- $#+(at*" a11&"-#(+ t& #t$ w#..
#( th Dt"(a. a,t" #t$.,. A $#/#.#t*- wh"&, w $ #( a( ("a+- /a( &" 0a$t;
th&*+h th &*twa"- /a( a(- 0a$t a" (&t #( th #(wa"- w&".-) 2t th &*twa"- (at*"
ha$ !( th $a/ ,&"/$; ,&" #t 8 a"#$$ &"#+#(a..2 ,"&/ th #(wa"-) : a(- $ta(-$ *%&( th
#(wa"- "&&t.
87. Th th#"- ,&"/ #$ th a(D#&*$($$ wh#1h a"#$$ #( (at*" ,"&/ th ,#"$t a(- $1&(-
,&"/) a(- #$ th *%h&.-" &" %"$"!" &, th ,#"$t a(- $1&(-; #t #$ #( #t$., th $ha"% ,#at;
a(- th $1&(- ,&"/ ha$ th V"0*/) !#B. th %"&%"t2 t& th w&"-) a(- #t 1&($#$t$ #(
th" %"&%"t#$) a(- /a'$ &*t &, h"$., w#th th th" th ,&*"th) !#B. th ,#"; #( th
Dt"(a. 0#"th) !#B. #( th th#"- %"#(1#%.) #t #$ 1a..- Sa.) &" $a.t) a11&"-#(+ t& #t$ /att";
%. 1F
0*t #( #t$ $%#"#t #t ha$ /a(2 ,&"/$; ,&" #t #$ th ,#"?"&&t) th +"at a(+*#$h) #t a"#$$
0tw#Dt a(- &*t &, th a$t"#(+(12 a(- 0#tt"($$ #( th a*$t" att"a1t#&(; #t #$ th
$$(t#a.#t2 &, that wh#1h #$ att"a1t-) !#B. th 1&"%&"a.#t2) &" 1&/%"h($#0#.#t2; ,"&/
S*.%h*" #t #$ &, a 0"#/$t&( (at*") a(- ,"&/ M"1*"2 a 0.aB &" ,.a$h; #t #$ #( #t$.,
%a#(,*.) !#B. a $ha"%($$ &, -2#(+) a(- that ,"&/ th $ha"% att"a1t#&( &, th a$t"#(+(12=
It ha$ a tw&,&.- ,#") &( 1&.-) a(&th" h&t; th 1&.- a"#$$ ,"&/ th a$t"#(+(12) ,"&/
th $ha"% att"a1t#&() a(- #$ a -a"' 0.a1' ,#"; a(- th h&t a"#$$ ,"&/ th -"#!#(+ ,&"th th
1&/%*(1t#&( 1 #( th a(+*#$h #( th -$#" a,t" th .#0"t2) a(- th .#0"t2 #$ #t$
('#(-.") a(- th "a+#(+ 1&/%*(1t#&( #$ th 1&.-9$ ,#"9$ awa'(". 6
81. Th$ th" ,&"/$ a" #( &( a(&th" a$ &() a(- 2t th2 a" 0*t &(; 0*t th2 $!"
th/$.!$ th"&*+h th &"#+#(a. #(t& /a(2 ,&"/$) a(- 2t th2 ha! 0*t &( /&th") !#B.
th -$#"#(+ w#.. t& /a(#,$tat#&() wh#1h #$ 1a..- th ,ath" &, (at*") a(- &, th B#(+
&, a.. 0#(+$.
86. N&w w a" t& 1&($#-" th h*(+" &, th a(D#t2) &" th $a.t?$%#"#t) a(- th( a.$& #t$
$at#at#(+ &" ,*.,#..#(+= Th a(+*#$h ha$ #( #t tw& w#..$) ,"&/ th &"#+#(a. &, th ,#"$t w#..
&*t &, th .#0"t2 t& th /a(#,$tat#&( &, #t$.,; !#B. th ,#"$t w#.. #$ t& (at*") a(- th
&th" "1&(1#!- w#.. #$ th $&( &, th ,#"$t) wh#1h +&$ &*t &, th /a(#,$tat#&( a+a#(
#(t& #t$., #(t& th .#0"t2; ,&" #t #$ 01&/ a( t"(a. .#, #( (at*") a(- 2t %&$$$$$ (&t
(at*" $$(t#a..2) 0*t -w..$ #( #t$.,) a(- %(t"at$ (at*" a$ a t"a($%a"(t $h#(#(+)
a(- th ,#"$t w#.. +&$ &*twa"-$) 8 ,&" #t #$ th -$#" &, /a(#,$tat#&(; #t $'$ #t$., &*t
&, #t$.,) a(- 2t a/a$$$ th -$#" #( #t$.,; #t -$#"$ t& -*1 th #(t"(a. &*t &, #t$.,.
88. Th*$ #t ha$ tw& %"&%"t#$; w#th th $'#(+ #( #t$., #t /a'$ th 1(t" &, (at*"=
F&" #t #$ .#' a %&#$&() a w#.. &, -"a-,*. a$%#"#(+) .#' a .#+ht(#(+ a(- th*(-"?1.a%; ,&"
th#$ -$#" -$#"$ &(.2 a(+*#$h) a(- t& 0 h&""#0.) t& ,#(- #t$., #( #t$.,) &*t &, th
(&th#(+ #( th $&/th#(+; a(- th $1&(- ,&"/ %"&1-$ ,&"th a$ a ,.a+"at) &" %"&-*1$
$&*(- &*t &, #t$.,; ,&" #t #$ (&t th -$#" &, th ,#"$t w#.. t& 1&(t#(* #( th h&""#0.
-ath) 0*t &(.2 th*$ t& -*1 #t$., &*t &, th (&th#(+) a(- t& ,#(- #t$.,.
8:. A(- w *(-"$ta(- 02 th 1(t" #( #t$.,) w#th th a$%#"#(+ w"ath,*.($$) w#th th
w"ath,*. w#.. t& (at*") th
%. 67
-a"' w&".-) a(- w#th th +"$$ &*t &, #t$., t& /a(#,$tat#&() th &*twa"- w&".-; a(-
w#th th $1&(- w#.. &*t &, th ,#"$t) wh#1h (t"$ a+a#( #(t& th .#0"t2) w *(-"$ta(-
th .#+ht w&".-) &" th '#(+-&/ &, 3&2) &" th t"* D#t2.
8;. Th -$#" &, th -a"' w&".- #$ a,t" th /a(#,$tat#&() !#B. a,t" th &*twa"- w&".-)
t& att"a1t a(- -"aw th $a/ $$(t#a.#t2 #(t& #t) a(- th"02 t& $at#$,2 #t$ w"ath,*.
h*(+"; a(- th -$#" &, th &*twa"- w&".- #$ a,t" th $$(1 &" .#,) wh#1h a"#$$
,"&/ th %a#( a(- a(+*#$h.
8>. It$ -$#" #( #t$., #$ th w&(-" &, t"(#t2) a /2$t"2) &" /#""&") &" what #$
1&/%"h(-- &, th ,#"$t w#.. t& (at*".
8C. Th &*twa"- w&".-9$ -$#" #$ S*.%h*") M"1*"2) a(- Sa.; ,&" $*1h a( $$(1 #t #$ #(
#t$.,) !#B. a h*(+" a,t" #t$.,) a(- #$ a.$& #t$ &w( $at#$,2#(+; ,&" S*. -$#"$ Ph*") a(-
Ph*" -$#"$ M"1*"2) a(- 0&th th$ -$#" Sa.; ,&" Sa. #$ th#" $&() wh#1h th2 hat1h #(
th#" -$#") a(- a,t"wa"-$ 01&/$ th#" ha0#tat#&() a(- a.$& ,&&-.
8E. Ea1h -$#" -$#"$ &(.2 th $$(t#a.#t2 &, $a.t a11&"-#(+ t& #t$ %"&%"t2; ,&" $a.t #$
-#!"$; &( %a"t #$ $ha"%($$ &, 1&.-) a(- &( %a"t $ha"%($$ &, hat; a.$& &( %a"t
0"#/$t&(; a(- &( %a"t $a.(#t" ,"&/ M"1*"2.
8F. Th$ %"&%"t#$ a" #( &( a(&th" a$ &() 0*t th2 $!" th/$.!$) a1h -w..#(+
#( #t$.,; ,&" th2 a" &, a -#,,"(t $$(1) a(- wh( &( (t"$ #(t& a(&th") th( th"
#$ (/#t2) a(- a ,.a+"at. A $#/#.#t*- wh"&, w /a2 a%%"h(- #( th*(-" a(-
.#+ht(#(+) wh#1h 1&/$ t& %a$$ wh( th +"at A(+*#$h) !#B. th /&th" &, a.. $a.t$)
*(-"$ta(- th th#"- ,&"/ &, (at*") #/%"$$$ #t$.,; wh#1h 1&/$ t& %a$$ ,"&/ th
a$%1t &, th $*() wh#1h $t#"$ *% th h&t ,#"9$ ,&"/) $& that #t #$ %(t"at#!) a$ th
%"&%"t2 &, th ,#" #$; a(- wh( #t "a1h$ th $a.(#t") th( #t ('#(-.$ #t$.,; a(- th
$a.(#t" #$ #( #t$., th +"at ,.a+"at #( M"1*"2) !#B. th ,.a$h) &" 1&/%*(1t#&() wh#1h
(t"$ #(t& th 1&.-($$) $& a.$& #(t& th 1&.- $ha"%($$ &, th $a.t?$%#"#t; th#$ 1&.-($$ #$
D1-#(+.2 -#$/a2- at th ,.a$h &, th ,#") a(- #( a t"#1 w"a%$ &" ,&.-$ *% #t$., #(
#t$.,) wh(1 a"#$$ th th*(-"?1.a% 4&" th t/%$t*&*$ ,.a$h) wh#1h +#!$ a $t"&' #(
th ,.a+"at5 a(- th ,.a+"at +&$ -&w(wa"-$) ,&" #t #$ ha!2 02 "a$&( &, th 1&.-($$)
a(- th $a.?(#t"&*$ $%#"#t #$ .#+ht 02 "a$&( &, th ,#") wh#1h @$%#"#tA 1a""#$ th th*(-"
&" $&*(- $#-wa2$) a$ #$ t& 0 ha"- #( t/%$t$ a(- th*(-"; %"$(t.2 th"*%&( 1&/$
th w#(- &" $%#"#t &*t &, a.. th ,&*" ,&"/$ &( a+a#($t a(&th") ,&" th2 a" a.. ,&*"
('#(-.- #( th %(t"at#(+ ,.a+"at; wh"*%&( ,&..&w$ ha#. a(- "a#(; th
%. 61
ha#. ,&.-$ #t$., t&+th" #( th 1&.-($$) #( th %"&%"t2 &, th 1&.- $a.t?$%#"#t; ,&" th
w"ath att"a1t$ t& #t$.,) a(- t*"($ th wat" t& #1) a(- th wat" a"#$$ ,"&/ th
/'($$) !#B. ,"&/ th -$#" &, th .#+ht) ,&" #t #$ th $$(t#a.#t2 &, th /'($$; th#$
th 1&.- $a.t?$%#"#t 1&(+a.$ #(t& -"&%$) a(- -#$t#.$ #t *%&( th a"th) ,&" 0,&" th
1&(+.at#&( #t #$ &(.2 a$ a /#$t) &" $ta/) &" a$ a !a%&*") &" -a/%.
:7. Th*$ w $ th#$ +"&*(- !"2 Da1t.2 a(- %"&%".2 #( th*(-" a(- .#+ht(#(+; ,&" th
,.a$h) &" .#+ht(#(+) &" th"a. 0.aB) +&$ a.wa2$ 0,&") ,&" #t #$ th ('#(-.- $a.(#t";
th"*%&( ,&..&w$ th $t"&' #( th ,.a+"at &, th 1&.-($$; a$ 2&* $) a$ $&&( a$ th
$t"&' #$ +#!( th a$t"#(+(t 1ha/0" #$ &%(-) a(- a 1&&. w#(- ,&..&w$) a(-
&,t(t#/$ wh#".#(+ a(- wh.#(+; ,&" th ,&"/$ &, (at*" a" awa'(-) a(- a" a$ a
t*"(#(+ wh.) a(- $& th2 1a""2 th#" $%#"#t th w#(-.
Footnotes
18=1 Ma- $#1'.
1;=1 O" $t#(+.
1;=6 C&(t"a1t#&() &" 1&($t"#(+(12.
1;=8 L&! a(- a(+") ,ath" a(- $&(.
1C=1 Th&*+ht &" $%a"'. &, th w#...
1E=1 O" !&#1$.
1E=6 O" G&-.
1E=8 Nat*".
1E=: W&".-.
1F=1 O" $t#(+ &, #($t#+at#&(.
1F=6 Ra#$") ('#(-.") &" #(,.a/".
1F=8 O" &*t &, #t$.,.
%. 66
CHAPTER III
OF THE GRAND MYSTERY OF ALL BEINGS
1. COURTEOUS "a-") &0$"! th /a(#(+ "#+ht; w *(-"$ta(- (&t 02 th#$ -$1"#%t#&(
a 0+#((#(+ &, th D#t2) 0*t w $hw 2&* th /a(#,$tat#&( &, th D#t2 th"&*+h
(at*"; ,&" G&- #$ w#th&*t 0+#((#(+) a(- ha$ a( t"(a. 0+#((#(+) a(- a( t"(a. (-)
wh#1h h #$ h#/$.,) a(- th (at*" &, th #(wa"- w&".- #$ #( th .#' $$(1 ,"&/
t"(#t2.
6. W +#! 2&* t& *(-"$ta(- th#$ &, th -#!#( $$(1; w#th&*t (at*" G&- #$ a
/2$t"2) 1 *(-"$ta(- #( th (&th#(+) ,&" w#th&*t (at*" #$ th (&th#(+) wh#1h #$ a( 2
&, t"(#t2) a( a02$$a. 2) that $ta(-$ &" $$ #( th (&th#(+) ,&" #t #$ th a02$$; a(- th#$
$a/ 2 #$ a w#..) *(-"$ta(- a .&(+#(+ a,t" /a(#,$tat#&() t& ,#(- th (&th#(+; 0*t
(&w th" #$ (&th#(+ 0,&" th w#..) wh" #t /#+ht ,#(- $&/th#(+) wh" #t /#+ht ha!
a %.a1 t& "$t) th",&" #t (t"$ #(t& #t$.,) a(- ,#(-$ #t$., th"&*+h (at*".
8. A(- w *(-"$ta(- #( th /2$t"2 w#th&*t (at*" #( th ,#"$t w#.. tw& ,&"/$; &( t&
(at*") t& th /a(#,$tat#&( &, th w&(-"?2; a(- th $1&(- ,&"/ #$ %"&-*1- &*t &,
th ,#"$t) wh#1h #$ a -$#" a,t" !#"t* a(- %&w") a(- #$ th ,#"$t w#..9$ $&() #t$ -$#" &,
3&2,*.($$. A(- *(-"$ta(- *$ th*$; th -$#" #$ +"$$#!) a(- that wh#1h %"&1-$ #$
th $%#"#t &, th w#.. a(- -$#") ,&" #t #$ a /&!#(+) a(- th -$#" /a'$ a ,&"/ 6 #( th
$%#"#t) !#B. ,&"/#(+$ &, th #(,#(#t2 &, th /2$t"2.
:. A(- th#$ ,&"/ @&" .#'($$A #$ th t"(a. w#$-&/ &, th D#t2; a(- w *(-"$ta(-
h"#( th T"#(#t2 &, th &(.2 D#t2) wh&$ +"&*(- w /*$t (&t '(&w) h&w th ,#"$t w#..
a"#$$ #( th a02$$ ,"&/ t"(#t2) wh#1h #$ 1a..- Fath"; &(.2 w '(&w th t"(a. 0#"th)
a(- -#$t#(+*#$h th D#t2) !#B. what %*".2 a(- /".2 1&(1"($ th D#t2) &" th +&&-)
,"&/ (at*") a(- $hw 2&* th a"1a(*/ &, th +"at$t $1"t /2$t"2; (a/.2) h&w th
a02$$) &" th D#t2) /a(#,$t$ #t$., w#th th#$ t"(a. +("at#&(; ,&" G&- #$ a $%#"#t) a(-
a$ $*0t. a$ a th&*+ht &" w#..) a(- (at*" #$ h#$ 1&"%&"a. $$(1) *(-"$ta(- th t"(a.
(at*"; a(- th &*twa"- (at*" &, th#$ !#$#0. 1&/%"h($#0. 8 w&".- #$ a /a(#,$tat#&(
&" Dt"(a. 0#"th &, th #(wa"- $%#"#t
%. 68
a(- $$(1 #( !#. a(- +&&-) that #$) a "%"$(tat#&() "$/0.a(1) a(- t2%#1a.
$#/#.#t*- &, th -a"' ,#" a(- .#+ht w&".-.
;. A(- a$ w ha! $hw( 2&* 1&(1"(#(+ th &"#+#(a. &, th*(-" a(- .#+ht(#(+ w#th th
t/%$t*&*$ $t"&'; $& .#'w#$ th #(wa"- (at*" &, th #(wa"- w&".- #$) a(- $ta(-$ #(
th +("at#&(= F&" th &*twa"- 0#"th ta'$ #t$ &"#+#(a. ,"&/ th #(wa"-; th #(wa"- 0#"th
#$ *(a%%"h($#0. t& th 1"at*") 0*t th &*twa"- #$ a%%"h($#0. t& #t; 2t a1h
%"&%"t2 a%%"h(-$ #t$ /&th" ,"&/ wh(1 #t #$ 0"&*+ht ,&"th.
>. A$ th $&*. 1&/%"h(-$ th #(wa"- t"(a. (at*") a(- th $%#"#t &, th $&*.) !#B. th
%"1#&*$ #/a+ a11&"-#(+ t& G&-) 1&/%"h(-$ 1 th 0#"th &, th a(+.#1a. .#+ht?w&".-)
a(- th $#-"a. a(- ./(ta. $%#"#t 1&/%"h(-$ th 0#"th a(- %"&%"t2 &, th $ta"$ a(-
./(t$; !"2 2 $$ #(t& #t$ /&th" ,"&/ wh(1 #t wa$ 0"&*+ht ,&"th.
C. Th",&" w w#.. $t -&w( th +("at#&( &, a.. $$(1$ &*t &, a.. /&th"$ a(-
0+#((#(+$) h&w &( +("at#&( %"&1-$ ,"&/ a(&th") a(- h&w &( #$ th 1a*$ &,
a(&th") a(- th#$ w w#.. -& ,"&/ th 2$#+ht &, a.. th th" /&th"$.
E. Lt (&( a11&*(t #t #/%&$$#0.) $#(+ /a( #$ a .#'($$ a11&"-#(+ t& a(- #( G&-) a(
#/a+ &, th B#(+ &, a.. 0#(+$; a(- 2t #t $ta(-$ (&t #( th %&w" &, th 1"at*") 0*t
#( th /#+ht &, G&-; ,&" th $#+ht a(- $1#(1 &, a.. $$(1$ 1&($#$t a.&( #( th 1.a"$t
.#+ht.
F. W ha! /a- /(t#&( 0,&" h&w th Dt"(a. 0#"th) !#B. th $$(1 &, th#$ w&".-)
1&($#$t$ #( th" th#(+$) !#B. #( S*.%h*") M"1*"2) a(- Sa.= N&w w /*$t $t -&w( a(-
-1.a" what #t #$) $#(+ that a.. th#(+$ a"#$ ,"&/ &( &"#+#(a.) a(- th( h&w #t$ #(wa"-
$%a"at#&( #$ ,,1t-) that &*t &, &( 0+#((#(+ /a(2 0+#((#(+$ a" %"&-*1-; th#$ #$
(&w t& 0 *(-"$t&&-) a$ #$ 0,&" /(t#&(-) 1&(1"(#(+ th 1(t" &, a.. $$(1$.
17. F&" S*.%h*" #( th t"(a. 0+#((#(+ 1&($#$t$ #( tw& ,&"/$) a(- $& a.$& #( th
&*twa"- 0+#((#(+ &, th#$ w&".-= !#B. #( th #(t"(a. th ,#"$t ,&"/) !#B. th S*. 1&($#$t$ 6
#( th t"(a. .#0"t2; #t #$ th .*0t &, th t"(a. a02$$) !#B. a w#.. &" a( &"#+#(a. t& th
-$#"; a(- th &th" &"#+#(a. #$ th -$#") wh#1h #$ th ,#"$t /&t#&() !#B. a( h*(+" t&
th $&/th#(+; a(- #( th#$ $a/ h*(+" #$ th t"(a. 0+#((#(+ t& th %"+(a(t (at*") 8
a(- #t #$ 1a..- S*.%h*") !#B. a 1&(1%t#&( &, th .#0"t2) !#B. &, th +&&-) a(- a
1&(1%t#&( &" 1&/%"h($#&( &, th -$#") !#B. &, th a*$t" att"a1t#&( #( th -$#".
%. 6:
11. S*. #( th #(t"(a. #$ G&-) a(- Ph*" #$ th (at*"; ,&" #t /a'$ a $%#"#t &, th (at*"
&, 0"#/$t&() a$ #$ t& 0 $( Dt"(a..2 #( th %"&%"t2 &, 0"#/$t&(; ,&" #t$ $*0$ta(1 #$
a -"2 1&($t"#(+(t /att") a(- #$ &, a %a#(,*. a(D#&*$ ,#"2 %"&%"t2) ,&"1#(+ #t$., ,&"th;
#t att"a1t$ a+".2 a(- ha"-.2 #(t& #t$.,) a(- %a"1h$ *% a$ a -"2 h*(+") a(- #t$ %a#(,*.
%"&%"t2 -&$ a+".2 a(- a(D#&*$.2 ,&"1 #t$., ,&"th= Th 1a*$ a(- &"#+#(a. #$ th#$)
01a*$ #t $ta(-$ #( tw& 0+#((#(+$) !#B. #( th %"&%"t2 &, th -$#") wh#1h #$ a(
att"a1t#&(; a(- #( th %"&%"t2 &, th .#+ht &" .#0"t2) wh#1h #$ -"#!#(+ ,&"th) &" %"$$#(+
t& th /a(#,$tat#&( th"&*+h th -$#" &, (at*".
16. Th -$#") !#B. th att"a1t#&( /a'$ ha"-($$) a(- #$ th 1a*$ &, th ,#") a(- th
.*0t #$ a 1a*$ &, th .*$t" &" .#+ht &, th ,#"= S*. #$ .#+ht) a(- Ph*" /a'$ ,#") 2t #t
1a((&t 0 "-*1- a.&( #( S*.%h*" t& ,#" a(- .#+ht) 0*t #( M"1*"2) a(- at .a$t #( Sa.)
wh#1h #$ th "a. 0&-2) 0*t (&t &, th 0"#/$t&() 0*t &, th $$(1 a(- wat"= A(- $&
*(-"$ta(-) that #( th ,#"$t -$#") wh#1h a"#$$ #( th .*0t &, th .#0"t2) a.. th#(+$ a")
a(- a" /a- $*0$ta(t#a. a(- $$(t#a.) ,"&/ wh(1 th 1"at#&( &, th#$ w&".- #$
%"&1--; a(- w ,#(- h"#( th %"&%"t2 &, th a"th) $& .#'w#$ &, a.. /ta.$ a(-
$t&($) a(- a.$& &, th a$t"*/) 1 a(- th &"#+#(a. &, th ./(t$) a.. &*t &, &( &(.2
/&th") wh#1h #$ th .*0t a(- th -$#") ,"&/ wh(1 a.. th#(+$ %"&1-- a(- $t#..
%"&1-.
18. F&" M"1*"2 #$ +("at- #( S*.%h*"= It #$ th $!"#(+) !#B. &, .#+ht a(- -a"'($$
,"&/ &( a(&th") th 0"a'#(+ wh.) a(- 1a*$ &, th !a"#&*$ -#!#$#&( &" /*.t#%.#1#t2=
#t $%a"at$ th -a"' $$(t#a.#t2 ,"&/ th $$(t#a.#t2 &, th .#+ht) !#B. th /ta.$ ,"&/
th +"&$$) a$t"#(+(t) -a"') $t&(2) a(- a"th.2 %"&%"t2; ,&" th %"&%"t2 &, th -$#"
+#!$ a(- /a'$ -a"' $$(1) a(- th %"&%"t2 &, th ," .*0t /a'$ .#+ht $$(1)
!#B. /ta.$) a(- a.. &, th $a/ '#(- a(- "$/0.a(1.
1:. M"1*"2 ha$ #( th 0+#((#(+ &, h#$ 0#"th th" %"&%"t#$) !#B. th trembling #( th
a*$t"($$) a(- anguish ,"&/ th ha"- #/%"$$#(+ &, th a$t"#(+(t ha"- -$#") a(- th
expulsion &, th /*.t#%.#1#t2) !#B. th $$(t#a. .#,; ,&" th -$#" att"a1t$ !"2 ha"- t&
#t$.,) a(- th att"a1t#&( /a'$ th /&t#&() &" $t#(+ &, t"/0.#(+ @&" h&""#0.
1&/%*(1t#&(A) a(- that wh#1h #$ #/%"$$- #$ th a(+*#$h; 0*t #, th .#0"t2 0 th"#(
1&/%"h(--) #t ",*$$ #t) a(- th" a"#$$ th &"#+#(a. &, (/#t2) a(- th $!"#(+)
that &( ,&"/ $%a"at$ ,"&/ a(&th") a(- a tw&,&.- w#.. a"#$$.
%. 6;
1;. F&" th .*0t &, th .#0"t2 -&$ a+a#( $t #t$ -$#" #(t& th $t#..($$) !#B. #(t& th
(&th#(+) a(- ,&"1$ a+a#( &*t &, th -a"'($$ &, th -$#"9$ a*$t"($$ #(t& #t$.,) !#B.
#(t& th .#0"t2) w#th&*t th w"ath &, th (/#t2; a(- $& #t ha$ &(.2 $ha"%(- #t$., #(
th a*$t" #/%"$$#&( #( M"1*"2) that #t #$ a /&!#(+ ,.#(+ .#,) a(- that #t$ .#0"t2 #$
$ha"%(- $& that #t 01&/$ a .*$t") wh#1h #$) a(- 1a*$$ a '#(+-&/ &, 3&2 #( th
.#0"t2; a(- $& *(-"$ta(- *$) that th $%#"#t9$ -&/#(#&() !#B. th $%#"#t a(- th $$(1 1
-& th*$ $%a"at.
1>. Th $$(1 "/a#($ #( th #/%"$$#&() a(- 01&/$ /at"#a.; that #$ (&t G&-) 0*t
+&.-) &" a(2 &th" /ta.) a11&"-#(+ t& th %"&%"t2 &, th ,#"$t 1&(1%t#&( #( th S*.%h*")
&" $t&() &" a"th) &*t &, th -$#"9$ &w( %1*.#a" %"&%"t2) a.. a11&"-#(+ t& th ,#"$t
$*- 6 &" $th#(+ #( M"1*"2; ,&" (& /ta. 1a( 0 +("at- w#th&*t $a.(#t") wh#1h #$
th ,.a+"at #( M"1*"2; wh#1h a.$& 01&/$ /at"#a. #( th a$t"#(+(t #/%"$$#&() a(-
-#!#-$ #t$., #( th $%a"at#&() &( %a"t #(t& 0"#/$t&() a(&th" #(t& $a.(#t") a(- a th#"-
#(t& a $a.t $ha"%($$; wh"a$ 2t th" 1a((&t 0 a(2 1&"%&"a. $$(1 #( a.. th$) 0*t
&(.2 th $%#"#t &, th $$(1; th $$(1 %"&1-$ wh&..2 &*t &, th -ath th"&*+h
/&"t#,#1at#&() wh#1h #$ ,,1t- #( th +"at a(+*#$h &, th #/%"$$*") wh" th" #$ a
-2#(+ $&*"1) wh#1h #$ th /"1*"#a. .#,) wh" th $a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at a"#$$ a$ a( &%(#(+)
-#$%.a2#(+ ,.a$h= F&" th .#0"t2) !#B. th %"&%"t2 &, th t"(a. .*0t) -&$ th"
$%a"at #t$.,) 8 a(- 2t th att"a1t- $$(1 &*t &, th .*0t &, th .#0"t2 1&(t#(*$ a..
a.&(+ #( th 1&/%"h($#&( &, th att"a1t#&( #( th a$t"#(+(t a*$t" -a"' a(+*#$h= N&w
#, th w"ath (t"$ $& !h/(t.2 #(t& #t$., a$ t& "a#$ *% th $a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at) th( #t
a%%"h(-$ th $$(t#a.#t2 &, th ," .*0t #( #t$.,) ,"&/ wh(1 a"#$$ th ,.a+"at; ,&"
th w"ath th" a%%"h(-$ th /'($$) wh#1h #$ !( a$ #, wat" w" %&*"- #(t&
,#") wh#1h +#!$ a ,.a+"at; a(- th( th w"ath &, th +"at a(+*#$h -#$) a(- w#th th
,.a+"at th 3&2 a$1(-$) a(- th ,.a+"at #$ &*t &, /"1*"2) &" &*t &, th a(+*#$h &, -ath)
a(- 01&/$ a.$& /at"#a.) 0*t 02 "a$&( &, th .#0"t2 #t 1ha(+$ #t$., #(t& wh#t)
wh#1h #$ $a.(#t"= N&w #, th ,#") !#B. th h&""#0. a(D#&*$ $ha"%($$) -&$ a+a#( 1&/
#(t& #t) th( th $a.(#t" #$ -#$/a2-) a(- +#!$ a "%*.$; : ,&" th ,#"$t %"&%"t2 @wh#1h
wa$A 0,&" th -ath #$ a+a#( ('#(-.- w#th th 0"#/$t&( $%#"#t; a $*,,#1#(t
"$/0.a(1 &,
%. 6>
wh#1h 2&* ha! #( +*(%&w-") wh#1h #$ th /att" &, th$ %"&%"t#$.
1C. F*"th") w a" t& '(&w th -2#(+ w#th th ('#(-.#(+ &, th ,#") a.. wh#1h #$ -&(
#( th ,.a+"at; ,&" #t #$ a ,.a+"at t& -ath) a(- t& .#,; &( %a"t #//"$$ #t$., #(t& th
%"&%"t2 &, -ath) !#B. #(t& th w"ath &, th a*$t" -$#"; a(- th &th" %a"t) wh#1h #$
,"&/ th .*0t &" .&!?$$(t#a.#t2) a"#$$ *% #( th '#(+-&/ &, 3&2= B*t $#(+ th"
ha%%($ a.$& a /&"t#,2#(+ #( th ," /at"#a 4th&*+h #t #$ (& /&"t#,2#(+) 0*t a
"-/#(+ ,"&/ th w"ath) ,&" th /at"#a &, th .#0"t2 w#.. 0 ," ,"&/ th w"ath5)
th"*%&( th#$ /at"#a ,a..$ 1 -&w(wa"-$) wh#1h #$ wat"; a(- #t #$ (&t &, th %"&%"t2 &,
th w"ath) 0*t th w"ath h&.-$ #t 1a%t#! #( #t$.,; 0*t th2 a" $%a"at- ,"&/ &(
a(&th" #( th $$(1 a(- $&*"1; th w"ath9$ $$(1 +#!$ a"th a(- $t&($) a(- th
$$(1 &, th .#0"t2 #$ wat") wh#1h a"#$$ w#th th ('#(-.#(+ &, th ,#" th"&*+h th
/&"t#,#1at#&( &*t &, th /'($$ &, th .#+ht.
1E. B*t $#(+ th#$ wat" -&$ a.$& $%a"at #t$., #( th $a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at) a(- 0,&" th
$a.(#t" wa$ a.. /*t*a..2 (w"a%t t&+th") th"*%&( #t &0ta#($ -#,,"(t %"&%"t#$ #(
th $%a"at#&() a(- th" #$ a -#!"$#t2 &, wat"; a(- th#$ !a"#&*$ -#!"$#t2 &, %"&%"t#$
+#!$ #( a1h %"&%"t2 a.$& a 0&-#.2 &" 1&"%&"a. $$(1) a.. a11&"-#(+ t& th ,#"$t
$%a"at#&( &, /"1*"2 #( $*.%h*") ,&" #( th /&"t#,#1at#&( #( th $a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at tw&
th#(+$ a" ,,1t- a(- 1&/ ,&"th) !#B. a .#,) a(- a 0&-2 &, th .#,; *(-"$ta(- a(
$$(t#a.) a(- a .#,.$$ $($.$$ 0&-2) wh&$ /at"#a #$ /&"t#,#- #( th ,.a+"at= Th*$
th" #$ a -#!"$#t2 &, wat") a(- a -#!"$#t2 &, th .#,) a(- a -#!"$#t2 &, th 0&-2) 6 &"
&, th /at"#a; a$ a1h 0&-2 #$) $& #$ a.$& #t$ $$(t#a. $%#"#t.
1F. N&w w /*$t 1&($#-" th#$ ,"&/ th ,#"$t &"#+#(a.; a$ 415 ,"&/ th .*0t &, th
.#0"t2; a(- 465 ,"&/ th -$#" t& (at*") &" th /a(#,$tat#&( &, th a02$$.
67. F#"$t) #( th $a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at th" #$ %"&-*1- th"&*+h th a(D#&*$ /&"t#,#1at#&( a
$*.%h*"&*$ wat" ,"&/ th a(+*#$h) wh#1h a,,&"-$ a 0"#/$t&() a$ w %.a#(.2 $) a(-
a.. what!" #$ &, th .#' $&"t a(- "$/0.a(1.
61. S1&(-.2) th" #$ +("at- ,"&/ th a$t"#(+(t) a*$t") att"a1t#! %"&%"t2) wh#1h
-"aw$ #( t& #t$.,) a $a.t wat"; #t$ /at"#a #$ $a.t; #, #t 0 a+a#( #/%"$$- th"&*+h th ,#"
&" hat) th( #t t*"($ #(t& $a.t; a(- a.. what!" #$ $ha"% a(- att"a1t#!) 0 #t #th" #(
h"0$ &" t"$) %"&1-$ ,"&/ th(1; ,&" th" #$
%. 6C
a$ /*1h -#!"$#t2 &, 0"#/$t&( a(- $a.t) a$ th" #$ !a"#t2 &, ta$t a(- ,#" t& 0 ,&*(-
#( a.. 1"at*"$) h"0$) a(- t"$; a.$& a.. what!" .#!$ a(- +"&w$ ha$ 0"#/$t&( a(-
$a.t; ,&" th $a.t#$h %"&%"t2 att"a1t$) a(- %"$"!$ th 0&-2; 1 a(- th 0"#/$t&( ha$ #(
#t th &#. &" .#+ht) wh"#( th ," .*0t t& /a(#,$tat#&( 1&($#$t$) wh(1 th +"&wth
a"#$$.
66. Th#"-.2) th" #$ 0"&*+ht ,&"th th"&*+h th $a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at &*t &, th %"&%"t2 &, th
0#tt" 1&/%*(1t#! att"a1t#&() #( th ,#"$t #/%"$$#&( #( th $%#"#t) a( a"th.2 %"&%"t2 &,
wat"; #t$ /at"#a #$ a"th; ,&" th $a/ a"#$$ ,"&/ th -a"' $$(t#a.#t2) wh" th
-a"'($$ #/%"$$$ #t$., #( th ,#"$t -$#") wh"#( th -a"'($$ a"#$$) a$ #$ 0,&"
/(t#&(-= Th*$ #t 0+t$ &*t &, #t$ %"&%"t2 #( th #/%"$$#&( a /#$t) $/&a'2 $ta/) &"
!a%&*") wh#1h th ,.a+"at #( th $a.(#t" a%%"h(-$) a(- #t$ $$(1 #$ -#$/a2- &" -#$)
a(- ,a..$ -&w(wa"-$; th#$ #$ th /at"#a &, th a"th) th&*+h th a"th #$ (&t &, &( &(.2
$&"t) 0*t ha$ #( #t a.. what!" 01a/ 1&"%&"a. #( th ,.a+"at) a.. wh#1h $%"#(+$ th"&*+h
th -ath &, th a"th) a11&"-#(+ a$ #t wa$ w"a%t a(- -"#!( t&+th" #( th 1"at#&( #(t&
a .*/%) a$ w %.a#(.2 $.
68. F*"th") w a" t& 1&($#-" &, th h#+h$t a"1a(*/) !#B. &, th ha!(.2 $$(t#a.#t2)
a(- th( &, th %"1#&*$ $t&($ a(- /ta.$) ,"&/ wh(1 th2 a.. ta' th#" "#$ a(-
&"#+#(a.; $#(+ that a.. th#(+$ 1&/ &*t &, &( /&th") wh#1h #$ th .*0t a(- -$#" &,
t"(#t2 t& #t$ &w( /a(#,$tat#&(.
6:. N&w 1&(1"(#(+ th #(1&""*%t#0. $$(1 &, 1&"%&"a.#t2) th $a/ a"#$$ a.$& #( th
,#"$t -$#" t& (at*") 2t #( th #/%"$$#&( &, th ," .*0t) a(- +&$ a.. a.&(+ th"&*+h
a.. th ,&"/$ !( #(t& th h#+h$t $ha"%($$) wh" #t "t#"$ a+a#( #(t& #t$.,) a$ a .#,
&*t &, th ,#"= Th t"(a. ,#" #$ /a+#1a.) a(- a $%#"#t) a(- -#$ (&t; th .#0"t2 #$ #t$
('#(-.") 0*t th t"(a. (at*" #$ #t$ $ha"%($$; th#$ $a/ $$(1 .&$$ th w"ath9$
%"&%"t2 #( th .#+ht; #t #$ #( th $a/ ,#" a$ a -2#(+) 2t th" #$ (& -2#(+) 0*t a(
(t"a(1 #(t& a(&th" $&*"1) !#B. &*t &, a %a#(,*. -$#" #(t& a .&!?-$#"; #t 2#.-$ a.$&
$%#"#t a(- $$(1 ,"&/ th ,#"?$%#"#t) a(- th $$(1 &, /'($$ ,"&/ th .#+ht.
6;. F&" that wh#1h -#$ t& th ,#") &" $#('$ th"&*+h -ath) that #$ -#!#( $$(1; a(- #t #$
,,1t- .#'w#$ th"&*+h th $a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at &, th -#!#( 3&2,*.($$) wh" th
%"&%"t2 t"/0.$ #( th 3&2 &, /'($$) a(- #//"$$ #t$., th"&*+h th -ath &, th
,#") wh#1h #$ 1a..- G&-9$ a(+") a(- <*(1h$ #t)
%. 6E
$& that G&- -w..$ #( a /' .#+ht; a(- th ,#"$t %"&%"t2 t& th ('#(-.#(+ &, th .#+ht #$
,#") a(- w"ath &, th t"(a. (at*") a(- /a'$ 1 th -a"' w&".-.
6>. Th %"&%"t#$ &, th ,#"$t /&th" #( th .*0t a(- -$#" -& a.$& -#!#- th/$.!$
#( th $a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at &, 3&2,*.($$ #(t& -#$t#(1t %a"t$) a$ #$ t& 0 $( #( th#$ &*twa"-
w&".-; #t 2#.-$ a.$& wat") 0*t &, a !"2 $&!"#+( $$(1) a(- #t "$/0.$ &(.2 a $%#"#t
&, a %.a$a(t .&!.2 -$#"= Th#$ #$ th wat" &, wh#1h Ch"#$t t&.- *$ that h w&*.- G+#!
*$ t& -"#(')G a(- Gwh&$&!" $h&*.- -"#(' th $a/) #t $h&*.- $%"#(+ *% #( h#/ t& a
,&*(ta#( &, t"(a. .#,.G
6C. It "ta#($ a.$& #( th ,.a+"at &, th -#$1.&$*" th ,#"2 %"&%"t2 wh#1h #$ 1a..-
ha!() #( wh#1h th w&(-"$ &, th -#!#( '#(+-&/ &, 3&2 a" '(&w( a(- /a(#,$t;
a(- #( th wat"2 %"&%"t2 @#t "ta#($A th %.a$a(t $%"#(+) &" %a"a-#$; ,&" #( th ,#"2
@%"&%"t2A th t"(a. ./(t a"#$$) a(- #t #$ th "a. $$(1 &, th -#!#( 1&"%&"a.#t2)
wh"#( 1&($#$t$ a.. what!" /a2 0 '(&w( #( G&-) a$ #$ $*,,#1#(t.2 a(- #( &"-"
1.a"- at .a"+ #( &*" &th" w"#t#(+$ &, th Divine revelation) t"at#(+ &, th Divine
wisdom) a(- &, th Divine eternal abyssal birth: A(- (&w w w#.. t*"( *$ t& th $$(1
&, th &*twa"- w&".-) !#B. t& th /a(#,$tat#&( &, th t"(a.) !#B. t& /ta.$) h"0$) a(-
t"$; $& a.$& t& /( a(- 0a$t$.
6E. W $ that th /ta.$ ha! a(&th" /a((" &, 0&-2 tha( th .#!#(+ 1"at*"$) &" a"
&th"w#$ tha( th a"th a(- $t&($ a"= N&w "a$&( a$'$) H&w #$ th &"#+#(a. &,
!"2th#(+) $#(+ that #( th 0+#((#(+ a.. a"&$ &*t &, &( /&th") a(- 2t th t"(#t2
ha$ (& t/%&"a. 0+#((#(+H H" w /*$t a+a#( 1&($#-" th /&th" &, th ,#"$t
%"+(at"#D) wh") a(- h&w &( $$(1 $%a"at$ #t$., ,"&/ a(&th") !#B. th #(1h&at#!
,"&/ th t"(a.) t#/ ,"&/ t"(#t2) a(- 2t th2 $ta(- /*t*a..2 #( a1h &th") 0*t a"
$!"- #(t& tw& %"#(1#%.$) !#B. #(t& th '#(+-&/ &, G&-) a(- &, th#$ w&".-; a(- 2t a..
#$ G&-9$= B*t $#(+ Ch"#$t 1a..$ th -!#. Ga %"#(1 &, th#$ w&".-)G a(- w a.$& a" a0.
t& -1.a" h&w ,a") a(- #( what h #$ a %"#(1) a(- that th#$ w&".- #$ (&t h#$ &w() 6 0*t h
#$ th %&&"$t 1"at*" #( th#$ w&".-) a(- a.$& (&t at a.. #( th#$ w&".-; (&w th",&" .&&'
*%&( th ,#"$t +"&*(-) *%&( th /&th" wh#1h ha$ th*$ +("at- a.. 1"at*"$.
6F. S& a.$& a$ t& th a"th) $t&($) a(- a.. /ta.$) th a"th9$ %"&%"t2) 1&($#$t$ #( a
$%#"#t*a. S*.%h*") M"1*"2) a(- Sa.) a(- a.. what!" ha$ ha- 0+#((#(+ #$ a"#$( #( a(-
&*t &, h"
%. 6F
#/%"$$#&() a(- #(1h&at#!.2 th"*%&( #t 1a/ ,&"th w#th th ,#"$t ,&"/ &, th /&th")
!#B. w#th th a$t"#(+(t att"a1t#&() th"&*+h th ,#at #(t& a 1"at*"a. 0#(+) a(- a,,&"-$ a
-#!"$#t2 &, $$(1 a(- $%#"#t) a11&"-#(+ t& th ,#"$t %"&%"t2 &, th $%a"at#&(.
87. A$ ,#"$t) th h#+h $%#"#t$) wh#1h w" 1"at- &*t &, th ," .*0t #( th -$#") #( th
,#"9$ %"&%"t2) !#B. &*t &, th 1(t" &, a.. $$(1$) ha- #( th/ th %"&%"t#$ &, 0&th
th t"(a. w&".-$; 0*t th&$ wh#1h a,t" th#" 1&"%&"#$#(+ @&" 0#(+ /a- 1"at*".2A
"/a#(- w#th th#" -$#" #( th %"&%"t2 &, th ," .*0t) a(- #(t"&-*1- th#" w#.. &*t
&, th ,#" #(t& th .#+ht) th2 01a/ a(+.$; a(- th &th") wh#1h #(t"&-*1- th#"
-$#" a+a#( #(t& th 1(t" 4!#B. #(t& th a*$t" %"&%"t#$5) 01a/ -!#.$) !#B. &*t1a$t$
,"&/ th ," .*0t &*t &, th .#+ht) a$ #$ /(t#&(- #( &th" w"#t#(+$.
81. Th",&" th -!#.$ ha! (#th" th '#(+-&/ &, G&-) (&" th '#(+-&/ &, th#$
w&".- #( %&$$$$#&(; ,&" #( th 0+#((#(+ &, th 1"at#&( th#$ w&".- wa$ 1"at- &*t &,
0&th th #(wa"- %"&%"t#$) wh"*%&( th -!#. ha$ (&w &(.2 th w"ath9$ %a"t #(
%&$$$$#&() th &th" %"&,#t$ h#/ (&th#(+; a(- th*$ h #$ #( th w&".-) a(- a.$& (&t #( th
w&".-) ,&" h ha$ 0*t &( %a"t th"&, #( %&$$$$#&() ,"&/ th &th" h #$ 1a$t &*t.
86. A,t" th 1"at#&( &, th h#+h$t $%#"#t$) G&- 1"at- th#$ !#$#0. w&".- w#th th $ta"$
a(- ./(t$ a$ a( Dt"(a. 0#"th &*t &, th /&th" &, a.. $$(1$; a.. wh#1h %"&1--
&*t &, th t"(a. 0+#((#(+) a(- t&&' a t/%&"a. 0+#((#(+= F&" h" w a" t&
1&($#-") that th t"(a. %"+(at"#D /&!- #t$.,) a(- ('#(-.- #t$ &w( ,&"/ @&"
$#/#.#t*-A) wh" th( th &( 01a/ 1&"%&"a. #( th &th"; 0*t a,t"wa"-$ G&-
1"at- th a"th) wh#1h w a" th*$ t& 1&($#-" &,.
88. Th ,#"$t -$#" t& (at*" #/%"$$$ #t$.,) a(- #(t"&-*1$ #t$., w#th th #/%"$$#&(
#(t& th" ,&"/$) !#B. #(t& S*.%h*") M"1*"2) a(- Sa.) a(- #( th #/%"$$#&( a.. 01&/
"#$#(+ a(- /&!#(+) wh#1h #$ (&t #( th $t#.. (&th#(+) a(- $& ,&"1$ #t$., #(t& th h#+h$t
a(+*#$h) !( t& 1 th $a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at) wh" th( #$ th &"#+#(a. &, th ,#"= Th*$ th
$&*"1 wh#".$ #( #t$.,) a$ a 0&#.#(+ &, wat" *%&( th ,#"= ,&" th a*$t" -$#" #$
att"a1t#!) a(- th ,#"2 #$ D%*.$#!) wh#1h #$ a $*.%h*"; a(- th a$t"#(+(t att"a1t#&( #$ a
w"ath,*. $t#(+ @&" 1&/%*(1t#&(A) !#B. a 1&(t"#t#&(; a(- 2t #t #$ h.- 02 th a*$t"($$)
that #t 1a((&t /&! awa2) wh"*%&( #t #$ %a#(,*.) a(- 1a*$$ %a#() a$ #, #t w"
$th#(+) wh#1h 2t #$ &(.2 $%#"#t w#th&*t $$(1)
%. 87
wh#1h 1&/$ t& %a$$ #( M"1*"2) a(- #$ M"1*"29$ &w( ,&"/.
8:. A(- th" #$ th $%a"at#&( &, tw& w#..$) !#B. &( "/a#($) a(- #$ th !"2 a(D#&*$
$$(1) $#(+ #t &"#+#(a..2 a"#$$ ,"&/ th -$#"; th &th") wh#1h a"#$$ &*t &, th
.*0t &, th .#0"t2) "t#"$ 0a1' a+a#( #(t& #t$., #(t& th .#0"t2) a(- 2t th" #$ (&
%a"t#(+ &" -#!#-#(+ ,"&/ &( a(&th") 0*t th*$ #t +&$ &( w#th a(&th" a.. a.&(+ th"&*+h
th ('#(-.#(+ &, th ,#" th"&*+h th $a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at) wh" w#th th ('#(-.#(+ &, th
,#" th -ath #$ ,,1t- #( th w"ath &, th ,#") wh" th $&*"1 -#$) a(- 2t th" #$
(& -ath) 0*t a .#'($$ &, -ath; a(- 2t th "a.) t"(a.) a(- t/%&"a. -ath #$ #( that
/a((") !( wh" th .#0"t2 a%%"h(-$ #t$., #( #t$.,) a(- th -ath &" ,.a+"at ,a..$
-&w( #(t& th .#0"t2 a$ #/%&t(t) a(- ,".2 "$#+($ #t$.,; a(- th $%#"#t) !#B. th $&*"1
4*(-"$ta(- th !"2 $ha"%) ,#"2) a(D#&*$ $&*"15) 01&/$ /at"#a.) a(- "ta#($ &(.2 a(
$$(t#a. w&"'#(+) .#' t& a( #/%&t(t -$#"; a(- #( th ('#(-.#(+ &, th ,#" #( th
$a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at a1h %"&%"t2 $%a"at$ #t$., #( #t$.,) a(- th wh&. /at"#a #$
%a"t#1*.a"#$-) !#B. t& /ta.$) $t&($) a(- a"th.
8;. Th h#+h$t /ta.) 1 a$ +&.-) a"#$$ ,"&/ th .#0"t2) wh#1h #$ 1&/%"#$- a.. a.&(+ #(
th ,.a+"at #( th a$t"#(+(t #/%"$$#&(; a(- #t #$ (&t ," ,"&/ th /at"#a &, th "$t) ,&"
a.. #$ 1&/%"#$- &" w"a%t *% t&+th"; 0*t $#(+ th .#0"t2 w#th th S*.) &" .#+ht9$
%"&%"t2) #$ 1&/%"#$- &" 1&/%"h(-- th"#( a.$&) th"*%&( S*. #$ D%*.$#! t& th
/a(#,$tat#&( &, #t$.,) a$ #t #$ th %"&%"t2 &, th .#0"t2 $& t& 0= H(1 #t 1&/$ that
/ta.$ +"&w) a(- (&t th +"&$$ ha"- $t&($) wh#1h a" t&& ha"- 1&/%"#$- #( th
#/%"$$#&( &*t &, th w"ath,*. $$(t#a.#t2) a(- ha! t&& .#tt. S*. #( th/.
8>. B*t 1&(1"(#(+ th %"1#&*$ $t&($) w#th th#" "a-#a(t .*$t" a(- +"at !#"t*) th
$a/ ha! th#" &"#+#(a. #( th ,.a$h &, th ,#") wh" .#, a(- -ath $%a"at; a$ wh(
&( %a"t 02 "a$&( &, th -a"' $$(t#a.#t2 -$1(-$) a(- th &th" 02 "a$&( &, th
.#0"t2 a$1(-$) a(- 2t a.. #$ 0"&*+ht #(t& $$(1 #( th ,.a+"at; $& that th $a/ ,.a$h
&" +.a(1 01&/$ a.$& /at"#a. #( th ,.a+"at; a(- th",&" th2 a" ha"-) a(- &, a
0.#('#(+ +.a(1) .#' a( 2; ,&" $& a.$& #$ th &"#+#(a. &, th 2 &" $#+ht #( th w&/0) 6
wh( th .#, ('#(-.$; a.. a11&"-#(+ t& th "#+ht &, t"(#t2.
8C. A(- th",&" th2 a" &, $& +"at %&w") ,,#1a12) a(- !#"t*) #( that th2 a" $&
(#+h t& th D#t2) a(- 0a" th
%. 81
#(1&"%&"at- (a/$ &, th -#!#( %&w" #( th/; a$ a.$& +&.- #$ (#+h t& th -#!#(
$$(t#a.#t2) &" ha!(.2 1&"%&"a.#t2= I, /a( 1&*.- &%( @&" -#$1.&$A th -a- 0&-2) a(-
"-*1 #t t& a ,.2#(+ 1 /&!#(+ $%#"#t) wh#1h &(.2 1a( 0 ,,1t- th"&*+h th -#!#(
/&t#&() th( #t $h&*.- 0 $( what #t 1&*.- 0) wh#1h (& "a$&( 0.#!$ &" *(-"$ta(-$
w#th&*t -#!#( $#+ht @&" !#$#&(A.
8E. F*"th") w a" a.$& t& 1&($#-" &, th &th" /ta.$ a(- /#("a.$) wh#1h #( .#'
/a((" -& th*$ ta' th#" &"#+#(a.; 0*t #( th $a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at a1h %"&%"t2 #$ $%a"at-;
a$ w $ that th %"&%"t2 &, th ,#" a(- .#+ht #$ -#,,"(t) a(- a.. ,"&/ th ,#"$t
#/%"$$#&(; wh" 0,&" th #/%"$$#&( th .*0t a(- -$#" &, th .#0"t2 $ta(-
/*t*a..2 #( a1h &th") a$ a chaos) a 1&/%.D#&( &, +"at w&(-"$) wh" a.. 1&.&*"$)
%&w"$) a(- !#"t*$ a" 1&(ta#(- #( th#$ &(.2 CHAOS) &" w&(-"?2; wh#1h CHAOS #$
G&- h#/$.,) !#B. th B#(+ &, a.. 0#(+$) wh& th*$ /a(#,$t$ h#/$., #( %a"t#1*.a"
0#(+$ w#th th 2$ &, t"(#t2; a1h /at"#a #$ a( $$(1 a11&"-#(+ t& th $%#"#t ,"&/
wh(1 #t wa$ +("at-; a(- #, #t 0 ('#(-.- #( th ,#") #t 2#.-$ .#'w#$ $*1h a .#+ht
a$ th $%#"#t #$ #( th $$(1.
8F. A(- th*$ a.$& w a" t& 1&($#-" &, th /ta.$; what '#(- &, $%#"#t a1h &, th/ ha$)
$*1h a +.a(1 a(- .*$t" #t 2#.-$) a(- a.$& $*1h a 0&-2 6 #t ha$.
:7. A$ th /#(- a1t$ a(- /&!$ th th&*+ht$ a(- $($$ ,"&/ th h#+h$t t& th .&w$t)
a(- 1&/%"h(-$ a(- 1&//a(-$ 02 th th&*+ht$ ,"&/ th h#+h$t t& th .&w$t; $& th
t"(a. /#(- ha$ /a(#,$t- #t$., ,"&/ th h#+h$t /a3$t2) !( t& th .&w$t
@/a($t) &" &*t"/&$t th#(+A) !#B. t& th +"at$t -a"'($$; a(- th#$ w&".-) w#th th $*()
$ta"$) a(- ./(t$) a(- w#th !"2 1"at*".2 0#(+) #$ (&th#(+ .$ 0*t a /a(#,$tat#&(
&, th t"(#t2 &, th t"(a. w#.. a(- /#(-; a(- a$ #t wa$ #( th 0+#((#(+) $& #t $t#..
$ta(-$ #( #t$ $th#(+ a(- !+tat#&() 8 a(- $& #t $t#.. %*t$ ,&"wa"- t& .#+ht a(- -a"'($$)
t& !#. a(- +&&-. A(- a.. th#(+$ 1&($#$t #( th$ ,#"$t th" ,&"/$) !#B. #( S*.%h*")
M"1*"2) a(- Sa.) a$ &( -+" #( &"-" a,t" a(&th"; ,&" $& .#'w#$ a" th <*#"$ &,
th $%#"#t$) a$ a.$& &, th $ta"$) t"$) h"0$) a(- &, a.. '#(-$ what!" wh#1h ha! 0()
a(- a"; $& a.$& a" th #(wa"- ha!(.2 <*#"$ w#th th#" -#$t#(1t#&(.
Footnotes
66=1 M2$t"#*/.
66=6 S#/#.#t*-) .#'($$) &" $#+(at*".
66=8 Pa.%a0..
68=1 O" a%%"h(-$) &" 1&(1#!$.
68=6 O" $ta(-$.
68=8 O" t& th (at*" &, th %"+(at"#D.
6:=1 Sta"$.
6;=1 O" $*0$ta(1.
6;=6 B&#.#(+.
6;=8 O" $%a"at$ #t$., #( #t$.,.
6;=: R%&"t) 1.a$h.
6>=1 S#('$.
6>=6 C&"%*$.
6C=1 C&"%*$.
6E=1 G#!$) &" a,,&"-$.
6E=6 O" %"&%"#t2.
6F=1 O" *(t#..
87=1 O" th h#+h$t &" 1h#,$t &, th /ta.$.
87=6 B&-2.
81=1 L#<*#-.
81=6 C&"%*$.
81=8 B&#.#(+) +"&w#(+) a(- waD#(+.
%. 86
CHAPTER IV
OF THE BIRTH OF THE STARS) AND FOUR ELEMENTS IN THE METALLINE AND
CREATURELY PROPERTY
1. AS #t #$ 0,&" /(t#&(-) a.. th#(+$ %"&1- &*t &, &( &(.2 /&th") a(- $%a"at
th/$.!$ #(t& tw& $$(1$) a11&"-#(+ t& th "#+ht &, t"(#t2) !#B. #(t& a /&"ta. a(- a(
#//&"ta.) #(t& .#, a(- -ath) #(t& $%#"#t a(- 0&-2; th $%#"#t #$ th .#,) a(- th 0&-2 #$
th -ath) !#B. a h&*$ &, th $%#"#t= A$ th h&.2 T"#(#t2 $ta(-$ #( th 0#"th) $& a.$& #$ th
Dt"(a. 0#"th= Th" #$ .#'w#$ $$(1 a(- $%#"#t #( ha!(; a ,#+*" &, wh#1h w $
#( th#$ &*twa"- w&".-) wh" th" a" ,&*" ./(t$) a(- 2t th" #$ 0*t &( &(.2
./(t) wh#1h $%a"at$ #t$., #(t& ,&*" %"&%"t#$) !#B. #(t& ,#") a#") wat") a(- a"th)
a$ #$ a0&! /(t#&(-.
6. F&" $& w a" t& 1&($#-" &, th 1"at#&( &, th#$ w&".-) that th wh&. $$(1 &,
t"(#t2 ha$ /&!- #t$., #( th %.a1 1 &, th#$ w&".-) a(- th wh&. ,&"/ wa$ ('#(-.-
a(- $t#""-) a(- that #( th -$#" t& /a(#,$tat#&(; a(- th" th +("at#&( -#!#--
#t$., #( th ,.a+"at &, th ('#(-.- ,#" #(t& ,&*" %a"t$) !#B. #(t& ,#") wat") a(- a"th)
a(- th a#" #$ #t$ /&!#(+ +"$$#! 6 $%#"#t; a$ #$ t& 0 1&($#-"- #( S*.%h*") wh#1h
1&($#$t$ #( th$ ,&*" th#(+$.
8. I( .#' /a((" a.$& th a$t"*/ #$ th*$ +("at- &*t &, th ,#"$t /&th"; a(- a.. %*t
t&+th" #$ &(.2 &( 0&-2) a(- #t a.. ta'$ #t$ "#$ ,"&/ th #(wa"- $%#"#t; a$ a ha(- &"
,&&t +"&w$ ,&"th ,"&/ th #(wa"- 1(t") a(- ha$ a."a-2 #t$ ,&"/ #( th 1(t") !#B. #(
th ,#"$t &%"at#&() a(- $& &(.2 +"&w$ #(t& a ,&"/ a$ th $%#"#t #$.
:. Th ,#"$t /&th" &, a.. th#(+$) !#B. th .*0t w#th th -$#") -&$ $%1#a..2 #(t"&-*1
#t$., #(t& $!( ,&"/$) a(- 2t 1&(t#(*$ $ta-,a$t #( th" &(.2) 0*t /a(#,$t$ #t$., #(
$!( ,&"/$. 8
;. Th ,#"$t ,&"/ #$ a$t"#(+(t) !#B. a( a*$t" att"a1t#&() wh#1h #$ a 1a*$ &, 1&.-($$
a(- $a.t) a(- a.. 1&"%&"a.#t2.
%. 88
>. Th $1&(- ,&"/ #$ th 1&/%*(1t#&() 1 !#B. th -"aw#(+ &" /&t#&() a(- 1a*$$ th
,.#(+) a.$& %"#1'#(+) a'#(+) t&"/(t#(+; th a,,1t#&( 6 &, 0#tt"($$) (/#t2 a(-
,"#(-.#($$) 3&2 a(- $&""&w.
C. Th th#"- ,&"/ #$ th +"at a(+*#$h #( th #/%"$$#&() wh#1h 1a*$$ tw& w#..$) !#B.
&( t& th ,#") wh" th w#.. &, th ," .*0t ,a..$ -&w( t& th w"ath #( th ,#") a(-
a+a#( +&$ #(t& #t$.,) a(- /a'$ a .*$t" #( th ,#"9$ $ha"%($$.
E. N&w th ,&*"th ,&"/ #$ th ,#" #t$.,) !#B. th ,#"$t %"#(1#%. #( th .#,) w#th wh#1h th
-a"' a(- .#+ht w&".- -& $%a"at; a.$& #( th#$ ,.a+"at a.. /at"#a. $%a"at#&($ a" ,,1t-)
a(- th 1&"%&"a.#t2 a(- /*.t#%.#1at#&( 0+#( a11&"-#(+ t& th %"&%"t2 &, th ,#"$t t"(a.
/#(-) !#B. a11&"-#(+ t& th $$(t#a.#t2 a /&"ta. @($A) a(- a11&"-#(+ t& th ," $&*"1 a
.#!#(+ @ensA.
F. Th ,#,th ,&"/ #$ (&w th $1&(- -$#") wh#1h #$ ,,1t- a,t" th $%a"at#&() a(-
that a11&"-#(+ t& tw& %"&%"t#$; !#B. &( a11&"-#(+ t& th .*0t &, th .#0"t2 &*t &, th
.#+ht) wh#1h #$ th h#+h$t .&!?-$#"; a(- th &th" a11&"-#(+ t& th ,#"9$ .*0t) wh#1h
.a-$ #t$ .#, &, #t$ $$(1 #( th .&! #( th .#+ht) ,"&/ wh(1 th 3&2,*.($$ a(- !"2
t"* .#, a"#$$.
17. Th .&! +#!$ $$(1; ,&" #t #$ D%"$$#!) a(- 2#.-#(+) !#B. #t$.,; ,&" G&- +#!$
h#/$., t& !"2 $$(1; a(- th ,#" #$ "1%t#!; ,&" #t (-$ $$(1 #( #t$ w"ath,*.
h*(+") .$ #t Dt#(+*#$h$; a(- th( th .*$t" &, th .#+ht w&*.- +& &*t) a(- th -$#"
&, .&! w&*.- 1a$) ,&" th ,#" /a'$ th .#+ht -$#"#(+) !#B. &, th 3&2,*.($$; ,&" #,
th ,#" -#$) th .#+ht waD$ -a"') a(- .&! t*"($ #(t& a(+*#$h) a$ /a2 0 1&(1#!- &,
#( th -!#.$.
11. Th $#Dth ,&"/ a"#$$ ,"&/ th t*"(#(+ wh. 0,&" th ,#") wh" th
/*.t#%.#1at#&( &, th $$(1 a"#$$ &*t &, th %"&%"t2 &, M"1*"#*$ #( th $a.(#t"a.
,.a+"at; w#th th ('#(-.#(+ &, th ,#" &( ,&"/ #$ #(t"&-*1- #(t& a(&th"; a(- #, (&w
th .&!?-$#" %(t"at$ a.. th ,&"/$) th( a.. th ,&"/$ +"&w !"2 -$#"&*$ th &(
a,t" th &th") ,&" th -a" .&!.2 1h#.- V(*$ #$ #( a...
16. H" 0+#( th ta$t) $/..) ha"#(+) $#(+) ,.#(+) a(- $%a'#(+; ,&" th .#+ht
&%($ a(&th" %"#(1#%. &, a(&th" $&*"1) a(- ,#..$ a..; a(- h" $%"#(+$ *% th .#, #(
-ath) !#B. th .&! #( th a(+") a(- th .#+ht $h#($ #( th -a"'($$; h" th
0"#-+"&&/ /0"a1$ h#$ 0"#-) a(- G&- h#/$., "$#$t$ h#$ a(+") !#B. th w"ath &,
(at*"; a(- #( th#$ ,&"/ a.. $%1h$) *(-"$ta(-#(+) a(- $($$ a"#$) a(- th t"* "a.
.#, &, a..
%. 8:
1"at*"$; $& a.$& th .#, #( th !+ta0.$) !#B. t"$ a(- h"0$) #( a1h th#(+ a11&"-#(+
t& #t$ %"&%"t2.
18. Th $!(th ,&"/ a"#$$ ,"&/ a.. th &th") a(- #$ th 0&-2) /a($#&(?h&*$) &" ,&&-
&, th &th") a(- #t #$ th*$ ,,1t-; wh( th &th" ,&"/$ ta$t a1h &th" #( th#" /*t*a.
%(t"at#&( #( th .&!?-$#") th( #( a1h ,&"/ th" #$ a( h*(+" &" -$#" a,t" th
.&!) !#B. a,t" th .#+ht; (&w a1h h*(+" &" -$#" #$ "a1h#(+ ,&"th a,t" th th#(+ #t
-$#"$) a(- a+".2 att"a1t$ th %"&%"t2 &, th th#(+ -$#"-; a(- th*$ &*t &, tw& &(
$$(1 #$ /a-) !#B. &*t &, th h*(+") a(- that wh#1h th h*(+" -$#"$; ,&" th#$
h*(+" -&$ (&t $ta(- #( -ath) #t -&$ (&t a(2 /&" (1.&$ #t$., *% #( -ath) *(.$$ #t
0 t&& +"at) a(- th #/a+#(at#&( #( th h*(+" 0 t&& +"at) a(- th h*(+" 1a((&t
&0ta#( that $a/ th#(+) th( #t 1h&a'$; a$ /a(2 t#/$ a 1h#.- #$ $& 1h&a'- &" $/&th"-
#( th /&th"9$ w&/0) #, th#$ ,&"/ 0 ('#(-.- #( a(&th" ,&"/ t& at &, $&/ Dt"(a.
th#(+) wh"*%&( th /&th" +"&w$ $& a"-(t #( .&(+#(+) a(- #, $h 1a((&t +t #t) th
1h#.- a.$& 1a((&t +t #t; (&w #t 1h&a'$ #( th h*(+") &" .$ a //0" #$ $%&#.-) ,"&/
wh(1 th h*(+" a"&$.
1:. Th ,#"$t h*(+" #( th 1(t" 0,&" th ,#" #$ a $%#"#t*a. h*(+") wh#1h /a'$ th
-a"' w&".-; a(- th h*(+" &, th ," .*0t /a'$ th .#+ht w&".-; 0&th wh#1h a" &(.2
$%#"#t) t#.. th2 %a$$ 0&th t&+th" th"&*+h th ('#(-.#(+ &, th ,#") wh" th( th2 a"
/&"t#,#- t& th $%#"#t) a(- a" a .#'($$ &, th ,#"$t $%#"#t) !#B. a /a(#,$tat#&( &, th
#(1&/%"h($#0. $%#"#t) wh#1h #$ 1a..- G&- #( .&! a(- a(+") #( a tw&,&.- $&*"1=
Th*$ a1h $ta(-$ *(-#!#-- #( #t$.,) !#B. G&- #( th t#/) a(- th t#/ #( G&-) a(- th
&( #$ (&t th &th") 0*t th2 1&/ ,"&/ &( t"(a. &"#+#(a.; th*$ th t/%&"a. $%#"#t9$
h*(+" +#!$ a t/%&"a. 0&-2) a(- th t"(a. $%#"#t9$ h*(+" a,,&"-$ a( t"(a. 0&-2)
a(- a" 0&th /*t*a..2 #( a1h &th") a(- 2t a" -#$t#(1t. 1
1;. Th $!( ,&"/$ /a' th/ a 0&-2 a11&"-#(+ t& th#" h*(+" &*t &, th#" &w(
%"&%"t2; th",&" a.. what!" th $%#"#t ha$ #( a.. %"&%"t#$ .#$ #( th 0&-2.
1>. F*"th" w a" t& '(&w) that th" #$ a $%a"at#&( /a- #( th 1"at#&( &, th#$ w&".-;
,&" th#$ #$ t& 0 $( #( th $*( a(- $ta"$; $& .#'w#$ #( a.. 1"at*"$; a.$& #( /ta.$)
$t&($) a(- a"th$; ,&" th#$ $a/ #$ th /a(#,$tat#&( &, G&-.
1C. W $ #( th ,#"/a/(t $!( %.a(t$) a(- #( th a"th $!( /ta.$ wh#1h a"
,#D-) a(- a.$& $!( %.a(t$ &(.2 wh#1h
%. 8;
a" ,#D- #( th#" %"&%"t2; th "$t a" /#("a.$) a(- $& &, th $ta"$= A(- a$ th %.a(ta"2
&"0 ha$ #t$ %"-&/#(a(t $ta/% &" #(,.*(1) $& #$ a.$& th 0#"th &, a1h th#(+.
1E. A$ th D#t2) !#B. th -#!#( .#+ht) #$ th 1(t" &, a.. .#,; $& a.$& #( th
/a(#,$tat#&( &, G&-) !#B. #( th ,#+*") th $*( #$ th 1(t" &, a.. .#,; #( th h#+h$t
.#, th h#+h$t th#(+$ ha! ta'( th#" 0+#((#(+) a(- $& ,&"wa"- $*11$$#!.2 &( ,"&/
a(&th" t& th .&w$t= I( !"2 Dt"(a. th#(+ th" a" tw& %"&%"t#$; &( ,"&/ t#/)
th &th" ,"&/ t"(#t2; th ,#"$t %"&%"t2 &, t#/ #$ /a(#,$t; a(- th &th" #$ h#--() 2t
#t $t$ ,&"th a .#'($$ a,t" #t$., #( a1h th#(+.
1F. What!" ha$ #t$ 0+#((#(+ &*t &, th .*0t &, th .#0"t2 $ta(-$ w#th th "&&t #( a(
ha!(.2 %"&%"t2) a(- w#th th 0&-2 #( a( a"th.2; 0*t th t"(a. $ta(-$ #( t#/) a(-
/a(#,$t$ #t$., w#th t#/.
67. S*.%h*" #$ &( &( %a"t #( th #(t"(a. ha!(.2) a(- a$ t& th 0&-2 a"th.2) 2t %*t$
,&"th a( ha!(.2 .#'($$ a11&"-#(+ t& th t"(a. &*t &, #t$.,) wh#1h #$ ,#D- a(-
$t-,a$t; a$ #$ t& 0 $( #( +&.-) a(- #$ /*1h /&" t& 0 *(-"$t&&- #( th h*/a( 0&-2)
#, #t w" (&t 1&""*%t- #( th -$#" #( M"1*"2; ,&" th $%#"#t*a. &" ha!(.2 /a(
1&($#$t$ #( S*.%h*") a(- #( M"1*"2 th 1&"%&"a.) !#B. th $#/#.#t*- &, th -#!#(
@/a(A; $& a.$& th /ta..#( %"&%"t2 #( S*.%h*" #$ th (&0.$t) /&$t D1..(t) a(-
h#+h$t) ,&" #t #$ th h#+h$t $%#"#t.
61. U(-"$ta(- #t th*$= I( th ha!(.2 0#(+ th" #$ a.$& a %"&%"t2 &, a $th#(+) 1
wh( th .#0"t2 #$ a%%"h(-- a(- ('#(-.- #( th h#+h$t -$#") wh"#( th
3&2,*.($$ a"#$$; th#$ #$ ,,1t- #( th ha!(.2 S*.%h*") wh" #t #$ /a- $$(t#a. #(
th ha!(.2 M"1*"2) !#B. #( th t"(a. w&"-) wh#1h #$ a $%#"#t*a. $$(1.
66. B*t #, th $a/ $%#"#t*a.#t2 .&(+$ t& /a(#,$t #t$., #( a $#/#.#t*-) 0&th a11&"-#(+ t&
th %"&%"t2 &, th $%#"#t) a(- th $$(t#a.#t2 t&&) a11&"-#(+ t& th T"#(#t2 &, th D#t2)
a11&"-#(+ t& th /&"ta. a(- #//&"ta. $$(1) th( that #/a+ #$ "%"$(t- #( th $ta"$
a(- ./(t$; a(- .a$t.2 #t #$ $t ,&"th #( /a() wh& #$ a .#!.2 #/a+ &, th wh&.
$$(1 a11&"-#(+ t& th -#!#( a(- &*twa"- w&".-; a.$& th #(wa"- a(- &*twa"- w&".-$
a" "%"$(t- w#th th /ta.$ #( a /&"ta. #/a+) a$ a "$/0.a(1 a(- $#/#.#t*- &,
th .#!#(+ ha!(.2 $$(t#a.#t2.
68. Th 0+#((#(+ #$ #( S*.%h*"; ,&" S*. #$ th .*0t &, th .#+ht) &" th .#0"t2) wh#1h
.&(+$ t& /a(#,$tat#&() a(- #t 1a((&t &th"w#$ 0 ,,1t- 0*t th"&*+h ,#"= I( Ph*"
a"#$$ th -$#")
%. 8>
!#B. a( a*$t" att"a1t#&() wh#1h /a'$ th -a"' a"th.2 %"&%"t2) a(- th a*$t"($$ &,
th $%#"#t) !#B. th ,#"2 $$(1= I( th#$ a*$t"($$ a"#$$ Sat*"() wh#1h #$ th th#(+
#/%"$$-; a(- M"1*"2 #$ th -$#" &, th h*(+") a(- th "a+") "a!") a(- 0"a'";
a(- Ma"$ #$ th w"ath #( th h*(+") a 1a*$ &, a(+"; th$ th" a" th %"&%"t2 &,
Ph*") !#B. &, th ," .*0t9$ -$#".
6:. Th ," .*0t9$ %"&%"t2 0+t$ th $$(1 #( th th" ,&"?/(t#&(- ,&"/$) !#B.
#( Sat*"() M"1*"2) a(- Ma"$; ,&" #t +#!$ #t$., #( t& a1h %"&%"t2) a(- th %"&%"t2 #(
th h*(+" &, M"1*"2 /a'$ #t a 1&"%&"a. ,&"/; 0*t #, th ," .*0t t*"($ a.$& t& a(
h*(+" #( th a*$t" -$#"#(+) th( #t /a'$ a.$& th" ,&"/$ a11&"-#(+ t& #t$.,) !#B.
I*%#t") wh& #$ th *(-"$ta(-#(+ &, th .*0t; a(- V(*$) wh#1h #$ th -$#" &, th
.*0t; a(- L*(a) wh#1h #$ th 0&-2 &, th .*0t; a(- a11&"-#(+ t& th %"&%"t2 &, th
.#+ht #t /a'$ S&.; a.. th#$ #$ $%#"#t; 0*t (&w #( !"2 $%#"#t9$ h*(+" th" #$ a.$& a(
$$(1) 0&th a11&"-#(+ t& th /&"ta. a(- #//&"ta. ($) a ,#D-) a(- *(,#D-; a ,#+*"
a11&"-#(+ t& th ha!(.2) a(- a ,#+*" a11&"-#(+ t& th a"th.2 @0#(+) &" %"&%"t2A.
6;. I( th $at*"(#( %"&%"t2 th -$#" &, th ," .*0t /a'$ 4a11&"-#(+ t& Sat*"(9$
&w( %"&%"t25 .a-) a(- a11&"-#(+ t& th wat"2 @%"&%"t2A #( Sat*"() $a.t; a(-
a11&"-#(+ t& th /&"ta. a(- a"th.2 @%"&%"t2A #( Sat*"() $t&($) a(- a"th) a(- a..
what!" #$ &, that $&"t a(- $/0.a(1.
6>. B*t a11&"-#(+ t& th .#0"t2) &" a11&"-#(+ t& th ," -$#"9$ &w( %"&%"t2 4#( that #t
2#.-$ *% #t$., t& Sat*"() !#B. t& th -$#"5) #t /a'$ #( Sat*"( +&.-) a11&"-#(+ t& th
-$#" &, th .#+ht) wh" th $%#"#t a(- 0&-2 $%a"at; th $%#"#t &, #t$ -$#" #$ S&.) a(-
th 0&-2 #$ +&.-) *(-"$ta(-) th +&.-( 0&-2 #$ #( Sat*"( a11&"-#(+ t& th %"&%"t2 &,
th ," -$#") a(- (&t a11&"-#(+ t& Sat*"(9$ %"&%"t2; h#$ %"&%"t2 #( h#/$., #$ .a-)
$a.t) a(- a"th; 0*t h '%$ th +&.-( 1h#.- $h*t *% #( h#/$., a$ a 0.a1' "a!() (&t #(
h#$ +"a2 ,&"/) 0*t #( a -a"'#$h 1a$t= H #$ a +"at .&"-) 0*t h#$ -&/#(#&() 02 "a$&( &,
th +&.-( 1h#.- wh#1h h ha$ #( h#$ 0&w.$) $ta(-$ (&t #( h#$ &w( %&w"= H #$ (&t
,ath" &, th 1h#.-) 0*t M"1*"2 #$ h wh#1h ,&"/$ 1 th 1h#.-; 0*t h %*t$ h#$ /&"(#(+
/a(t. *%&( #t) that h 1a( ha! (& 3&2 w#th th +&.-( 1h#.-; h 1&"%&"#$$ th ,a#"
1h#.-; ,&" h #$ #t$ ,#at &" 1"at&") a(- h#-$ a(- 1&!"$ #t 1.&$ *(-" h#$ /a(t.= H
1a((&t +#! #t th 0&-2 ,"&/ h#$ &w( %"&%"t2) ,&" #t 4*(-"$ta(- th +&.-( 0&-25 #$ th
$$(1 &,
%. 8C
th ," -$#" #( th h#+h$t -+" &, 1&"%&"a.#t2 #( th ,#D- -ath) wh" 2t th" #$
(& -ath) 0*t a( (1.&$#(+) a(- #( th $#/#.#t*- a "%"$(tat#&( &, th -#!#( ha!(.2
$$(t#a.#t2.
6C. M"1*"#*$ #$ th /a$t"?w&"'/a( 1 &, th#$ 1h#.-) wh#1h Sat*"( h#-$; wh( h +t$ #t
#(t& h#$ h*(+") h 1a$t$ &,, h#$ 0.a1' 1.&a') a(- "3&#1$ #( #t; 0*t h #$ t&& /a.#+(a(t #(
h#$ ,#"?w"ath) 6 h -!&*"$ th 1h#.-) a(- t*"($ #t wh&..2 t& h#$ &w( %"&%"t2= Wh( h
#$ /&$t $ha"%.2 h*(+"2 #( th ,#") th( S&. /*$t 0 +#!( h#/ 4#t #$ h#$ w#,5 that h#$
h*(+" /a2 0 a%%a$-; a(- th( wh( h #$ $at#$,#-) h .a0&*"$ #( th /at"#a &, th
1h#.- w#th h#$ &w( h*(+" &" ,#") 8 a(- ,#..$ *% h#$ $*,,#1- -$#" &*t &, S&.9$ %"&%"t2)
wh#1h h 0,&" ha- at() a(- (&*"#$h$ th 1h#.- t#.. #t +t$ *%&( #t a.. th ,&*"
./(t$ w#th th 1&($t..at#&() a(- h +"&w$ D1-#(+ %"+(a(t w#th th 1h#.-) a(-
th( #t 0.&(+$ @&" #$ ,#t ,&"A a $t"a(+ ,#") a(- 2t (&t $t"a(+) a( a"($t ,#"; a(- th(
th ,ath" +#!$ #t th $&*.) !#B. th ,#"?$%#"#t; a(- #t$ ,#"$t /&th") wh#1h M"1*"2 -#-
at -&w( #( #t$ h*(+") wh#1h wa$ ,#D- a(- %",1t) @+#!$A th $&*.9$?$%#"#t) !#B. th
.#+ht?.#,= Th( th -ath : a"#$$) a(- th 1h#.- #$ 0&"() a(- 01&/$ a,t"wa"-$ #t$ &w()
a(- a 1h#.- &, th .#0"t2) a(- 1a"$ (& /&" ,&" #t$ w&"'?/a$t"= It #$ 0tt" tha( #t$
,ath") 0*t (&t 0tt" tha( #t$ /&th") #( wh&$ $- #t .a2) 0,&" th ,ath" w"&*+ht #(
#t; #t 0"*#$$ th ha- &, #t$ ,ath"9$ ,#"2 $$(1) !#B. &, th $"%(t) a(- %a$$$ ,".2
th"&*+h -ath #( th ,#"= D&$t th&* *(-"$ta(- (&th#(+ h"H Th( th&* a"t (&t 0&"( t&
th h#+h$t '(&w.-+ &, th $%a+#"#1a. $1#(1.
6E. F*"th") w a" t& 1&($#-" &, th -+"$) what th .#0"t2) !#B. th t"(a. .*0t)
+#!$ t& th h*(+" &, th &th" ,&"/$ #( S*.%h*") #( th %"&%"t2 &, th &th" %.a(t$;
th ,&"/ &, th 0#"th #$ a$ a t*"(#(+ wh.) ; wh#1h M"1*"2 1a*$$ #( th S*.%h*".
6F. Th 0#"th &, th h#+h$t -+" t*"($ "&*(- 4!#B. th -$#"5) ,&" th#$ w&".- #$ "&*(-)
$& a.$& th 0#"th; wh( th .#0"t2 ha$ +#!( #t$ h#+h$t .*0t 4a$ a +&.-( h*(+"5 t&
Sat*"() a(- %.a1- M"1*"2 ,&" w&"'?/a$t") th( #t 0ta'$ #t$., #(t& #t$.,) #(t& #t$
-$#") a11&"-#(+ t& th %"&%"t2 &, /'($$; ,&" th ,#"$t 1&(1%t#&( t& th +&.-(
1h#.- #$ ,,1t- a11&"-#(+ t&
%. 8E
th %"&%"t2 &, 3&2,*.($$; 0*t th#$ &*t &, +&&-($$ a(- /'($$ "$#+($ #t$., t& L*(a;
,&" #t #$ a %.a$a(t -/#$$#&( 02 "a$&( &, th /'($$) wh#1h M"1*"2 a%%"h(-$ a(-
w&"'$ th"#( a.$&; th#$ 0&-2 #$ $#.!") a(- 1&/$ ,"&/ th ,#"$t #/%"$$#&() wh" th
2..&w a(- wh#t $%a"at #( th ,#") !#B. th 1&.&*"$ &, th !#"t*; th( L*(a a"#$$ &*t
&, th 2..&w a(- t*"($ #(t& wh#t) 02 "a$&( &, th -#!#( /'($$; a(- 01a*$ #t$
&"#+#(a. #$ ,"&/ S&.9$ 1&.&*") th",&" #t ha$ a %"%t*a. h*(+" a,t" S&.) a(- "1#!$
th $*(9$ .*$t" #(t& #t) %*t$ #t &( 1 a(- $h#($ w#th #t.
87. N&w a$ th $*%"#&" #$) $& #$ .#'w#$ th #(,"#&" 4(a/.2 /ta.$5) th",&" $#.!" #$
th (Dt -+" t& +&.-; a(- a$ +&.- #$ +("at-) $& #$ a.$& $#.!"= V(*$ 1.&th$ #t)
wh#1h M"1*"2 1a((&t (-*") $#(+ h #$ th /a$t"?w&"'") a(- h +#!$ h#$ +a"/(t
a.$&; 0*t th $#.!" ha$ (#th" th %"&%"t2 &, V(*$ (&" M"1*"2) ,&" #t "ta#($ th
%"&%"t2 &, #t$ /&th") !#B. th /'($$ #( th .#0"t2) a(- #$ hat1h-) a$ th +&.- 02
"a$&( &, th $*(= Th /&&( ha$ a( ha!(.2 %"&%"t2) 0*t #( ","(1 t& #t$ &w(
%"&%" ,&"/ ,"&/ th %"&%"t2 &, th -$#") #t #$ &, a !"2 a"th.2 %"&%"t2) #t #$ a
1a0#(t a(- '%" &, th a"th.2 a(- ha!(.2 $$(1= I( .#' /a((" a$ th &*twa"-
0&-2 &, /a() wh#1h 0,&" th Fa.. #( A-a/ wa$ 1&/%a"a0. t& $#.!") 0*t wh( h -#-
#( th .*0t th( th a"th.2 %"&%"t2 &(.2 .#!- #( h#/) a(- th",&" h 1&(t#(*a..2
h*(+"$ a,t" S&.9$ +.a(1 @a(- +.&"2A) h w&*.- ,a#( ta' a+a#( h#$ $%.(-&*" w#th L*(a
,"&/ th $*() 0*t h +t$ &(.2 a( a"th.2 .*(a" .*$t") wh"#( h a1t$ a(- D"1#$$
%"#-) *(.$$ h 0 0&"( a+a#( &*t &, S&.9$ $%.(-&*") that #$) &*t &, G&-9$ %&w" #( th
ha!(.2 M"1*"#*$; a(- $& h 01&/$ a+a#( th +&.-( $#.!"?1h#.- #( -#!#(
$$(t#a.#t2) &(.2 1&!"- a(- 1.&th- th#$ .#,?t#/ w#th th a"th.2 /&&() that #$) w#th
a"th.2 ,.$h.
81. Sat*"( a.$& #$ th h&*$ &, $#.!") h #$ .#'w#$ th 1a*$ &, th ,#"$t 1&(1%t#&() 0*t
h t*"($ h#$ -$#" &(.2 *%&( th +&.-( 1h#.-) a(- .a!$ th $#.!" #t$ +a"/(t) a(-
ta'$ #t #(t& h#$ $t&(2 a"th.2 %"&%"t2) a(- .t$ M"1*"2 hat1h #t.
86. Th -$#" &, th ," .*0t #$ ,#D- a(- $ta-,a$t) a$ 1&(1"(#(+ th %"&%"t2 &, th
-$#" &(.2) wh#1h 0"#(+$ #t$ w#.. a+a#( ,"&/ th 0&-2 #(t& th 1&/0at #( th $($$) a(-
/a'$ I*%#t") that #$ &( th &"0 6 *%wa"-$ *(-" Sat*"( *(-" th $at*"(#( %&w"; #t$
/ta. #$ t#() a(- #t #$ th th#"- -+"; ,&" th .*0t &, th .#0"t2 #( th -$#" %"&1-$
,&"th #(t& th -$#" &, th a*$t"($$) a(- $& #t +#!$ #t$., #(t& th ,#at.
%. 8F
88. W /*$t *(-"$ta(- #t th*$; th .*0t &, th .#0"t2 +&$ ,&"th &*t &, #t$.,) a$ a
%.a(t) a(- /a'$ &( -+" a,t" a(&th" #( &"-") 0*t M"1*"2 /a'$ th $%h") ,&"
h #$ th w&"'?/a$t"= A(- a$ th t"(a. 0#"th #$ #( #t$., #( th ha!(.2 M"1*"2) !#B.
#( th t"(a. w&"- #( th Fath"9$ +("at#&(; $& .#'w#$ w#th th /&t#&( &, th Fath"
#t 1a/ #(t& a 1"at*".2 0#(+) a(- $& %"&1-$ #( #t$ &"-") a$ /a2 0 $( #( th wh.
&, th %.a(t$; ,&" th &"-" #$ 3*$t $& %.a1- a$ /a( #$ #( h#$ &"-".
8:. F#"$t th" #$ #( h#/ th t"* +&.-( -#!#( /a() wh#1h #$ th .#'($$ &, G&-= NDt
th" #$ #( h#/ th /a( &, ha!(.2 $$(t#a.#t2) !#B. th #(wa"- h&.2 0&-2) +("at-
,"&/ th ,#" a(- .#+ht #( th t#(1t*") wh#1h #$ .#' t& th %*" $#.!" #, #t w" (&t
1&""*%t-. Th#"-.2) th" #$ #( h#/ th ./(ta. /a( ,"&/ th %*" ./(t "$/0.#(+
I*%#t". F&*"th.2) th /"1*"#a.) wh#1h #$ th +"&w#(+ &" %a"a-#$#1a. @/a(A. F#,th.2) th
/a"t#a.) ,"&/ th ,#") !#B. th $&*.#$h @/a(A) a11&"-#(+ t& th Fath"9$ %"&%"t2. S#Dth.2)
th !("#( @/a(A) a11&"-#(+ t& th &*twa"- -$#") a(- th wat"9$ %"&%"t2.
S!(th.2) th $&.a") a11&"-#(+ t& th $*(9$ %"&%"t2) !#B. a11&"-#(+ t& th &*twa"-
w&".-) a$ a $" a(- '(&w" &, th w&(-"$ &, G&-= A(- 2t #t #$ 0*t th &( &(.2 /a(;
2t #$ 0&th #( th #(wa"- a(- &*twa"- w&".-. Th*$ .#'w#$ #$ th $#/#.#t*- @&" ,&"/A &,
th $!( /ta.$; w#th &( %"&%"t2 a11&"-#(+ t& th #(wa"- w&".-) a(- w#th a(&th"
!#$#0. a(- %a.%a0. %"&%"t2 a11&"-#(+ t& th &*twa"- w&".-.
8;. F"&/ I*%#t" th $%h" t*"($ "&*(-) a(- &*t &, th $%a"at#&( M"1*"2 %"&1-$
,&"th w#th a 0"&'( /ta.) a11&"-#(+ t& h#$ $%#"#t9$ %"&%"t2; Dt"(a..2 <*#1'$#.!") a(-
#(t"(a..2 h #$ a %a"a-#$#1a. w&"'#(+; h #$ #( h#$ $%#"#t*a. %"&%"t2 th -#$t#(+*#$h" 4&"
a"t#1*.at&"5 &, th w&"-$) !&#1$) a(- $%1h$. It #$ w"#tt() GG&- hath /a- a.. th#(+$
02 h#$ w&"-= GTh ha!(.2 t"(a. M"1*"#*$ #$ h#$ w&"-) wh#1h th Fath" D%"$$$ #(
th ('#(-.#(+ &, h#$ .#+ht) a(- th D%"$$- #$ h#$ w#$-&/; a(- th w&"- #$ th w&"'")
,"a/") a(- /a'" &, th ,&"/#(+$ #( th D%"$$- w#$-&/. N&w what th #(wa"-
M"1*"#*$ -&$ #(t"(a..2 #( G&-9$ %&w") that .#'w#$ th &*twa"- M"1*"#*$ ,,1t$
#( th &*twa"- %&w" #( th 1"at- $$(1= H #$ G&-9$ #($t"*/(t) wh"w#th h
w&"'$ Dt"#($#1a..2 t& -ath a(- t& .#,; #( a1h th#(+ a11&"-#(+ t& #t$ %"&%"t2 h 0*#.-$)
a(- 0"a'$ -&w(.
8>. A11&"-#(+ t& Sat*"(9$ %"&%"t2 h 0*#.-$) a(- a11&"-#(+ t& h#$ &w( %"&%"t2 h
-#$t#(+*#$h$ a(- -#$$#%at$ 1 th ha"-($$
%. :7
#( Sat*"() !#B. th (1.&$-) a(- &%($ #t t& .#,= H &%($ th 1&.&*"$) a(- /a'$ ,&"/$
a(- $ha%$) a(- 1a""#$ #( h#/ a( ha!(.2) a(- a.$& a( a"th.2 %"&%"t2; #( th a"th.2
h 1a""#$ &*t &, th ,#"$t -$#" t& (at*") !#B. &*t &, Sat*"() Ma"$) !#B. th w"ath,*.($$
&, th #/%"$$#&(; ,&" h #$ h#$ $&*.) wh"#( M"1*"2 .#!$; h +#!$ h#/ th ,#"2
$$(1) a(- $ta(-$ *(-" I*%#t" #( th &"-" *%wa"-$ &( th $%h"; ,&" h 1a""#$ th
,#"?$%#"#t #( S*.%h*" #(t& a.. %.a(t$) a(- ,&"/$ a(- +#!$ t& a1h th#(+ #t$ $&*"1) a(-
t"* $%#"#t &, .#,.
8C. Ma"$ #( th ,#"$t #/%"$$#&( #$ th +"at a(+*#$h) a(- 1a*$$ th .&!?w#.. &, th
.#0"t2 t& $%a"at ,"&/ h#/; a(- that wh#1h #$ $%a"at- #$ 1a..- G&-; a(- th a(+*#$h)
&" ,#"?$&*"1) #$ 1a..- G&-9$ a(+") !#B. th w"ath &, th t"(a. (at*"= A(- a$
#(t"(a..2 G&-9$ .&! $%a"at$ ,"&/ G&-9$ a(+") that #$) ,"&/ th w"ath,*. %"&%"t2 &,
th t"(a. (at*") !#B. ha!( ,"&/ h..) G&- ,"&/ th -!#.; $& a.$& #t #$ ,,1t- #( th
0#"th &, th &*twa"- (at*".
8E. L&! %"&1-$ &*t &, th w"ath) a(- #$ a( h*/#.#t2) &" $*0/#$$#&(= Th*$ .#'w#$ #t
1a/ #( th 1"at#&( #(t& &"-"; th",&" V(*$ $ta(-$ #( th $%h" &( th .#( &, Ma"$
*(-" th $*() ,&" $& #$ th $%a"at#&( #( (at*"; a(- $& &( %"&1-$ ,&"th ,"&/ a(&th"=
It$ /ta. #$ 1&%%") th &( ,#(a. wh"&, #$ th#$) that th .&! #$ a -$#") a(- -$#"$ &(.2
.#+ht a(- 3&2; ,&" th /at"#a #$ /a- &*t &, th -$#"9$ %"&%"t2= B*t #, th .&!?-$#"
$ha.. 1&/ t& 0 1&"%&"a. #( th #/%"$$#&() th( #t /*$t "$#+( #t$., t& th w"ath,*.
,#at) !#B. t& th -$#" &, Ma"$ #( th ,#") &" #( th ,#"2 %"&%"t2; ,&" th $at*"(#(
%"&%"t2 ta'$ a.. #(t& #t$ /#+ht) a(- /a'$ #t 1&"%&"a..
8F. Th",&" th /ta. &, V(*$ #$ $& (a".2 ".at- t& +&.-) 02 "a$&( &, h" &w(
%"&%"t2 ,"&/ th .#0"t2) 0*t Ma"$ /a'$ #t t&& w"ath,*.; a(- 01a*$ #t $%a"at$ #t$.,
&*t &, Ma"$9$ ,#") #t "ta#($ a +"at %a"t &, th %"&%"t2 &, Ma"$ #( #t.
:7. Ma"$9$ /ta. #$ #"&() ,&" h #$ th w"ath #( S*.%h*") #( wh#1h th ,#" ('#(-.$) a(-
a"#$$; h#$ &"#+#(a. w#th th /at"#a #$ #( th a*$t"($$ &, th -$#"= 1&%%" $%a"at$
#t$., #( th +("at#&( &*t &, #"&() ,&" #t a"#$$ ,"&/ th w#.. &, V(*$) a(- th2 -#,," a$
0&-2 a(- $&*.; ,&" Ma"$ #$ th ,#"?$&*. &, V(*$) a(- /a'$ V(*$ 1&"%&"a.;
&th"w#$ V(*$) a$ t& h" &w( %"&%"t2) +#!$ &(.2 wat" #( th /&"t#,#1at#&( #( th
$a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at; ,&" h" ,#" #$ &(.2 a %.a$a(t $h#(#(+) $/#.) &" .&!?,#") a$ $h #$ a.&(
!&#- &, &th" /#Dt*"; a(- th",&" $h 1a((&t %"&-*1 a(2 1&"%&"a. $$(1 ,"&/ h"
&w( %&w" a(- a0#.#t2) wh#1h #$ ha"- a(- t&*+h; $h #$ &(.2 th
%. :1
/&th" 1 t& h" 1h#.- w#th&*t a 1"at*".2 $&*.; Ma"$ #$ h" $&*.) a(- Sat*"( /a'$ h"
0&-2.
:1. Th $%#"#t &, S&. /a2 t#(1t*" Ma"$ a(- V(*$) a(- 1ha(+ th/ #(t& th h#+h$t
/ta..#( %",1t#&() !#B. #(t& +&.-; wh#1h 1a((&t $& a$#.2 0 ,,1t- #( $#.!") *(.$$ #t
0 "-*1- #(t& th ,#"$t /at"#a) wh" Sat*"() Ma"$) a(- M"1*"2 a" t&+th" #( th
S*.%h*") a(- th( #t 1a( 0 -&(= V(*$ "1#!$ #t$ t&*+h($$ ,"&/ Sat*"() a(- #t$
"-($$ ,"&/ Ma"$ a$ th ,#".
:6. N&w th -$#" &, V(*$ #$ &(.2 a+") a(- .&(+#(+ a,t" S&.) a$ a,t" h" ,#"$t
/&th") ,"&/ wh(1 $h $%"#(+$ ,&"th #( h" 0#"th #( th ,#"$t &"#+#(a.; ,&" th .&!
1&/$ ,&"th &"#+#(a..2 ,"&/ G&-) a(- $& #t #$ .#'w#$ #( th Dt"(a. 0#"th #( th ,#+*"=
Th -$#" &, V(*$ +&$ #(t& S&.) #(t& th $*() a(- "1#!$ #( #t$ -$#" th %"&%"t2 &,
th $*() a(- $h#($ ,"&/ S&.; $h ha$ a !"2 %1*.#a" $h#(#(+ a(- .*$t" a0&! a.. th
%.a(t$ a(- $ta"$) wh#1h $h "1#!$ ,"&/ h" /&th"; a(- #( h" /&th"9$ %&w"
1&($#$t$ h" 3&2) !#B. th %.a$a(t tw#('.#(+ $/#.#(+ a$%1t wh#1h $h ha$ #( h"; $h #$
#( h" &w( %"&%"t2 4a$ $h #$ %*".2 a.&( w#th&*t th %"&%"t2 &, th &th" %.a(t$5 a
"a. -a*+ht" &, th $*( 4*(-"$ta(- #( S*.%h*") wh" a.. #$ w"a%t t&+th"5) th",&"
$h $ta(-$ (Dt *(-" th $*() a$ a 1h#.- &, th $*(; (&t that th $*( -#- +("at that
$ta") ,&" h #$ .#'w#$ 1"at- w#th h") 0*t #( th S*.%h*" w#th&*t th 1"at#&() /".2
#( th +("at#&() #t #$ $&) 0&th #( th ha!(.2 a(- a"th.2 @0#(+) &" %"#(1#%.A.
:8. F&" G&- th Fath" +("at$ th .&! th"&*+h h#$ ha"t; (&w th $*() 02 wa2 &,
$#/#.#t*-) 0t&'($ h#$ ha"t; ,&" #t #$ a ,#+*" #( th &*twa"- w&".- a11&"-#(+ t& th
t"(a. ha"t &, G&-) wh#1h +#!$ $t"(+th a(- !#"t* t& !"2 .#, a(- $$(1.
::. A(- *(-"$ta(- #t "#+ht; a.. th#(+$ %"&1- ,"&/ th w&"- a(- ha"t &, G&- 4wh#1h #$
th -#!#( S*.%h*"5 #( th 0#"th &, th H&.2 T"#(#t2) a(- /a(#,$t th/$.!$ #( a(-
th"&*+h th %"&1-- 4&" +"$$-5 $$(1) wh#1h #$ G&-9$ w#$-&/; a(- th2 a+a#( -&
a+".2 ,&"1 a(- %"$$ &*t &, th +"$$) #( a(- t&wa"-$ h#$ ha"t a(- %&w") a(-
!h/(t.2 .&(+ a,t" #t) a$ Pa*. $a#th) a.. 1"at*"$ +"&a( a(- %a(t w#th *$ t& 0
-.#!"- ,"&/ !a(#t2.
:;. S& a.$& -&$ th &*twa"- $$(1 #( th &*twa"- 0#"th &, /ta.$) %.a(t$) $ta"$) a(-
1"at*"$; a1h th#(+ .&(+$ a,t" #t$ 1(t") !#B. a,t" #t$ ,#"$t /&th") wh(1 #t
%"&1--) !#B. a,t" th $*( #( S*.%h*") ,&" #t #$ th t#(1t*" &, a.. $$(1$= What!"
th ,#"$t -$#" w#th th #/%"$$#&( #( Sat*"( /a'$ !#.
%. :6
#( th w"ath &, Ma"$) that th $*( t*"($ a+a#( #(t& +&&-. A$ th -#!#( $*( t#(1t*"$ th
a(+" &" w"ath &, G&-) $& that th w"ath,*. %"&%"t2 &, G&-9$ a(+" #$ 1ha(+- #(t& a
3&2,*.($$; $& .#'w#$ th &*twa"- $*( t#(1t*"$ th &*twa"- S*.%h*") !#B. Sat*"( a(-
Ma"$) that th" #$ a %.a$a(t t/%"at*") !#B. a +"&wth) $%"#(+#(+) a(- 0.&&/#(+ #( a..
/ta.$ a(- 1"at*"$; th",&" th $*( #$ th 1(t") wh#1h "a$&( w#.. (&t 0.#!;
*(-"$ta(-) #( th %.a(ta"2 &"0) a(- #( a.. !+ta0.$ a(- a(#/a.$.
Footnotes
86=1 L&1&.
86=6 O*t+&#(+) 0"ath#(+.
86=8 O" #( a $!(,&.- ,&"/.
88=1 O" $t#(+.
88=6 St#""#(+ *%) &" /&!#(+.
8:=1 Th &( #$ (&t th &th".
8;=1 B&#.#(+) &" -1&1t#&(.
8>=1 O" ,a$h#&($.
8C=1 O" ,a0".
8C=6 I( a $t"a(+ ,#") a(- 2t (&t $t"a(+; wh( th 1.&a' #$ .a#- a$#-) #t (-$ &(.2 #t$
&w( ,#".
8C=8 H" /*$t 0 #t$ &w( ,#" &(.2 ,"&/ w#th#( a(- ,"&/ w#th&*t.
8C=: A(- #t #$ th t#(1t*" wh#1h t#(1t*"$ th 0&-2.
8C=; O" "&tat#&(.
8E=1 D"aw$ #t t& #t$.,.
8E=6 Wh.) &" $%h".
8F=1 Att(*at$) -$t"&2$.
:1=1 W&/a() w#,.
%. :8
CHAPTER V
OF THE SULPHUREAN DEATH) AND HOW THE DEAD BODY IS REVIVED) AND REPLACED
INTO ITS FIRST GLORY
1. ALL .#, a(- /&t#&() w#th *(-"$ta(-#(+) "a$&() a(- $($$) 0&th #( a(#/a.$ a(-
!+ta0.$) 1&($#$t &"#+#(a..2 #( S*.%h*") !#B. #( (at*"9$ -$#") a(- #( th .*0t9$ -$#"
&, th .#0"t2)
6. I( (at*"9$ -$#" a"#$$ th -ath a(- (1.&$#(+) a(- #( th -$#" &, th .#0"t2 a"#$$
th &%(#(+ a(- th .#,; ,&" th .#0"t29$ -$#" t#(1t*"$ th -$#" &, th -a"' (at*") $&
that th w"ath,*. /&th" ,&"+&$ h" &w( "#+ht) a(- ,".2 "$#+($ t& th .#0"t29$
-$#") a(- $& th .#, +"&w$ #( -ath) ,&" th" #$ (& .#, w#th&*t .#+ht; 0*t #, th .#+ht
+&$ &*t #( th $$(1 &, th S*.%h*") th( #t #$ a( t"(a. -ath) wh#1h (& /a( 1a(
"!#!) *(.$$ G&- /&!$ h#/$., #( th .*0t?-$#" #( th $a/ -ath; ,&" -ath 1a(
"1#! (& .#, #(t& #t) *(.$$ th ,#"$t -$#") !#B. th ," .*0t9$ -$#") /a(#,$t$ #t$.,
#( th -$#" t& (at*") wh"#( th (1.&$#(+ a(- -ath a" +("at-.
8. Th",&" wh( /a( -#- #( th S*.%h*") (&( 1&*.- ha! /a- h#/ a.#! a+a#()
*(.$$ th ," .*0t) !#B. th -$#" t& th t"(a. .#, -#- a+a#( (t" #(t& h#$ Ph*") !#B.
#(t& th 0#"th &, th (at*" &, th h*/a( %"&%"t2) a(- /&!- th (1.&$- -ath) !#B.
th 1(t" &, (at*") a(- +a! #t$., a+a#( #(t& th 1(t") !#B. #(t& th $&*.?.#' %"&%"t2)
a(- #(t& th $&*.9$ $$(t#a.#t2 a(- 1&"%&"a.#t2; a(- th#$ wa$ $& 0"&*+ht t& %a$$.
:. W '(&w that th "#+ht S*.%h*" #$ a +("at#&( &, a.. $%#"#t*a.#t2 a(- 1&"%&"a.#t2; $&
,a" a$ 1&(1"($ #t$ ,#"$t &"#+#(a.) wh" #t #$ ha!(.2) #t #$ th +("at#&( &, th $$(1
&, a.. $$(1$= F&" a..) what!" t"(#t2 a(- t#/ #$ #( #t$.,) ha$) a(- #$ a0. t& ,,1t)
.#$ #( th#$ 0#"th= B*t (&w a$ t& th '#(+-&/ &, th#$ w&".- #t #$ a"th.2) !#B. a ,#+*" &,
th t"(a.; ,&" #( #t th t#/ a(- 1"at*" 1&($#$t) a(- a.. what!" #$ !#$#0. a(-
#(!#$#0..
;. N&w /a() a(- !"2 .#, a.$&) a$ t& th '#(+-&/ &, th#$ w&".-) wa$ 1"at- a(-
+("at- &*t &, th &*twa"- S*.%h*"; /a( &*t &, th #(wa"- a(- &*twa"- @S*.%h*"A)
a(- th &*twa"- 1"at*" &(.2 &*t &, th &*twa"-; ,&" /a( #$ a( #/a+ a(- .#'($$ &,
G&-) a(- th &th" 1"at*"$ a" a$ a $#/#.#t*-
%. ::
a11&"-#(+ t& th ,#+*"at#&( #( th #(t"(a. +("at#&( #( G&-9$ w#$-&/) !#B. #( th
D%"$$- &" %"&1"at- ha!(.2 $$(1) a11&"-#(+ t& 0&th t"(a. %"#(1#%.$.
>. B*t (&w /a( wa$ 1"at- +&&- a(- %",1t) a11&"-#(+ t& a(- &*t &, a.. th th"
w&".-$) a$ a( #/a+ &, th D#t2) #( wh&/ G&- -w..-; a(- h wa$ !( that $$(1
what G&- #$) a11&"-#(+ t& t"(#t2 a(- t#/ #( a.. th th" w&".-$; 0*t h wa$ a 1"at*"
w#th a 0+#((#(+) a$ t& th 1"at*") a(- -#- th"&*+h th .*0t 1 a$ t& th ha!(.2 a(-
-#!#( $$(1= F&" th #(wa"- .*0t) wh#1h wa$ +("at- #( th 1(t") !#B. #( th ,#")
wh"#( $t&&- th .#, #( th -#!#( $$(t#a.#t2) that #$) that wh#1h ('#(-.- th $$(1
&, th -#!#( /'($$) wh"#( th 3&2,*.($$ &" th a(+.#1a. ,&"/ 1&($#$t$; that 4I
$a25 t*"(- #t$., ,"&/ th #(wa"- .*0t &, th .#0"t2 a(- t"(#t2 #(t& th t#/) !#B. #(t&
th Dt"(a. 0#"th) #(t& th %.a(ta"2 %"&%"t2) @#t -%a"t-A &*t &, th %*" -#!#(
./(t #(t& th ,&*" ./(t$= Th*$ th #(wa"- -#!#( $$(t#a.#t2) &" #(wa"-
1&"%&"a.#t2 -#- (& .&(+" "ta#( a(2 .a-" &" .#,= A(- th#$ wa$ th -ath; ,&" th $&*.9$
,#" %"&1-#(+ ,"&/ th Fath"9$ %"&%"t2 t*"(- #t$., awa2 ,"&/ th S&(9$ %"&%"t2) #(
wh#1h a.&( th -#!#( .#, 1&($#$t$.
C. Th*$ th %"&%"t2 &, th $&*. "/a#(- (a'- &(.2 w#th #t$ w#.. #( th &*twa"-
S*.%h*") a(- th #(wa"- -#$a%%a"-) a(- 1&(t#(*- $ta-,a$t #( th t"(a.
*(1ha(+a0.($$) 6 a$ #( a( t"(a. (&th#(+) wh"#( th" wa$ (& /&" a(2 ,,1t#(+
@&" w&"'#(+ ,,#1a12 t& 0"#(+ t& %a$$A.
E. Th*$ /a( w#th h#$ &*twa"- 0&-2 .#!- 0a".2 a(- /".2 t& th t#/; th %"1#&*$
+&.- &, th ha!(.2 1&"%&"a.#t2) wh#1h t#(1t*"- th &*twa"- 0&-2) wa$ -#$a%%a"-)
a(- $& th &*twa"- 0&-2 $t&&- 0a".2 a(- a.&( #( th .#, &, (at*"9$ -$#") !#B. #( th
$&*.9$ ,#"2 %"&%"t2; *(-"$ta(- #( th ,&"/ a(- %"&%"t2 &, Ma"$) !#B. #( th w"ath &,
G&-) wh#1h #$ th w"ath #( S*.%h*") !#B. th %"&%"t2 &, G&-9$ a(+" a(- th -a"' w&".-=
B*t $#(+ th &*twa"- 0&-2 wa$ 1"at- &*t &, th t#/) th",&" th t#/) !#B. th
1&($t..at#&( w#th th ,&*" ./(t$) %"$(t.2 &0ta#(- th -&/#(#&( #( h#/; a(- th
-#!#( %"&%"t2) !#B. th -$#" &, th D#t2 4wh#1h "*.- a(- t#(1t*"- t#/) $& that
th" wa$ a h&.2 .#, #( th 1"at*" &*t &, th t#/5) wa$ !a(#$h-; #t$ &w( %1*.#a" .&!
#( th -#!#( -$#" wa$ t*"(- t& wat") a(- #t 01a/ 0.#(- a(- -a- #( th w#.. a(-
-$#" &, G&-; a(- th $&*. /*$t h.% #t$., w#th th $*(9$ .#+ht.
%. :;
F. B*t $#(+ that t#/ ha$ 0+#((#(+ a(- (-) a(- th w#.. w#th th -$#" ha$ +#!( *%
#t$., t& th t/%&"a. .a-") th",&" th -&/#(#&( &, t#/ -$t"&2$ #t$ &w( 1&(t"#!-
$%#"#t) a(- $& th 0&-2 a.$& -#$ a(- %a$$$ awa2; a(- th#$ #$ that wh#1h G&- $a#- t&
A-a/) that Gh $h&*.- (&t at &, th t") &" %.a(t) &, th '(&w.-+ &, +&&- a(- !#.)G
&, 0&th %"&%"t#$) .$t h -#-; 1 a$ #t a.$& 1a/ t& %a$$) h -#- #( th S*.%h*"; th S*.
#( th '#(+-&/ &, G&-) !#B. th .*0t &, th -#!#( .#0"t2) &*t &, wh#1h th .#+ht &, G&-
$h#($) a(- #( wh#1h th -#!#( .&!) !#B. th .&!?,#" 0*"($ @-#$a%%a"- a(- w#th-"w
,"&/ h#/A.
17. N&w th" wa$ (& "/-2 ,&" h#/) *(.$$ G&-9$ -$#" (t"- a+a#( #(t& h#$ -a-
S*.%h*") that #$) #(t& h#$ S*.) wh#1h wa$ -a-) !#B. #(t& th -a- @&" /&"t#,#-A
$$(t#a.#t2) a(- a+a#( ('#(-.- #t w#th th .&!?,#"; wh#1h 1a/ t& %a$$ #( Ch"#$t= A(-
th" th ha!(.2 0&-2) wh"#( G&-9$ .#+ht $h#($) -#- a+a#( a"#$. B*t #, th#$ /*$t 0
,,1t-) th( th .&!?-$#" /*$t a+a#( (t" #(t& th -$#" &, th ('#(-.- a(+")
a(- <*(1h a(- &!"1&/ th a(+" w#th th .&!; th -#!#( wat" /*$t (t" a+a#(
#(t& th $&*.9$ 0*"(#(+ ,#") a(- <*(1h th w"ath,*. -ath #( th a$t"#(+(t ,#at) !#B. #(
th -$#" t& (at*") that th .&!?-$#") wh#1h -$#"$ G&-) /#+ht 0 a+a#( ('#(-.- #(
th $&*..
11. F&" /a(9$ ha%%#($$ 6 1&($#$t$ #( th#$) that h ha$ #( h#/ a t"* -$#" 8 a,t" G&-) ,&"
&*t &, th -$#" $%"#(+$ ,&"th th .&!; that #$) wh( th -$#" "1#!$ th /'($$ &,
G&- #(t& #t$.,) th( th -$#" #//"$$ #t$., #( th /'($$) a(- 01&/$ $$(t#a.;
a(- th#$ #$ th ha!(.2 &" -#!#( $$(t#a.#t2) &" 1&"%&"a.#t2; a(- th"#( th $&*.9$ $%#"#t
4wh#1h .a2 $h*t *% #( th a(+") !#B. #( -ath5 -&$ a+a#( a"#$ #( th .&! &, G&-; ,&"
th .&! t#(1t*"$ th -ath a(- -a"'($$) that #t #$ a+a#( 1a%a0. &, th -#!#( $*($h#(.
16. A(- a$ th#$ #$ -&( #( /a() $& .#'w#$ #t #$ #( th t"a($/*tat#&( &, /ta.$= Th
S*.%h*" #$ $h*t *% #( Sat*"() !#B. #( th -ath) a(- 2t th" #$ (& -ath) 0*t a !+tat#!
.#,; a(- th &*twa"- M"1*"2 #$ th .#, th"&,. : N&w #, th /ta..#( 0&-2 $ha.. 1&/
t& th h#+h$t %",1t#&() th( #t /*$t -# *(t& th Dt"(a. -&/#(at&") ; !#B. t& th
./(t$) a(- 1&/ a+a#( #(t& $*1h a S*.%h*" a$ #t wa$) wh( a$ 2t #t ha- (&t th ,&*"
./(t$ &( #t) 0*t .a2 &(.2 #( th ./(t #( *(#t2. >
%. :>
18. B*t (&w (&( 1a( "-*1 #t #(t& $*1h a 0&-2) 0*t h &(.2 wh& ha$ +("at-; h that
ha$ +#!( #t th ,&*" ./(t$) h a.&( 1a( ta' th/ awa2; a(- h that at ,#"$t /a- #t
1&"%&"a.) h /*$t 0"#(+ #t t& h#/$.,) a(- t"a($1ha(+ #t #( h#/$., #(t& a(&th" 0&-2;
a(- th#$ #$ th S*.%h*") wh#1h ha$ M"1*"#*$ a$ #t$ 1h#, ,a0" #( #t$.,. H /*$t a+a#(
ta' #t &*t &, -a"' Sat*"(9$ 0&w.$ #( th ,#at) a(- #(t"&-*1 #t #(t& h#$ &w() a(- w#th h#$
&w( ,#" $%a"at th ,&*" ./(t$ ,"&/ #t) a(- "-*1 #t #(t& &(; a$ G&- at th .a$t -a2
w#.. #( th ('#(-.#(+ &, h#$ &w( ,#" $%a"at th $$(1 &, th ,&*" ./(t$ ,"&/ th
%*" ./(t) that th t"(a. 1&"%&"a.#t2 #( th %*" ./(t /a2 a"#$ 1 a(- $%"#(+
,&"th= A(- a$ #( th -ath &, /a( th ,&*" ./(t$ $%a"at ,"&/ th t"* /a( 4wh& #$
th ./(t &, G&-5 a(- th ha!(.2 0&-2 "/a#($ &(.2 #( #t$.,; $& #t +&$ #( th
t"a($/*tat#&( &, /ta.$.
PROCESS
1:. Th 0&-2 .#$ $h*t *% #( a -#$$t/- ,&"/ #( Sat*"() (&t wh&..2 #( Sat*"(9$
%"&%"t2) #( a -a"' 1&.&*") /a"'- w#th M"1*"#*$ #t$ ,ath") a(- S&. #t$ /&th") 1.&th-
w#th Sat*"() a(- /a(#,$t w#th th .#, &, Ma"$; 0*t #t$ /&th" #$ (&t &*twa"-.2 /a(#,$t
a(- '(&w( &( #t) *(.$$ #t$ ,a0" 0 ("a+- w#th #t$ &w( #(#<*#t2; wh#1h 2t 1a((&t 0)
*(.$$ a( a.#(at 0 a%%.#-) wh"02 #t$ %"&%"#at #$ ("a+-; a(- th( 4#, h#$ a(+" 0
$t &( a ,#" &" ,*"25 h 01&/$ $& !"2 h*(+"2 a(- th#"$t2) a(- 2t 1a( ,#(- (&
","$h/(t #( #t$.,; th( #t $#B$ &( #t$ ,a0" wh& ha$ /a- #t) a(- ,#+ht$ a+a#($t #t$
1"at&") a$ th a"th.2 w#1'- /a( -&$ a+a#($t G&-) $& .&(+ t#.. h -!&*"$ a(-
1&($*/$ h#/$.,) a$ a ,#"2 @%$t#.(tA %&#$&( 1&($*/$ th 0&-2) *(.$$ 2&* "/-2)
$ta2) a(- a..a2 #t$ h*(+"; 2t th" #$ (&( that 1a( $t#.. th#$ h&""#0. h*(+") 0*t G&-
h#/$., wh& ha$ /a- h#/; a(- #, h a$$#$t$ (&t #( -* t#/) th( th h*(+" #( th
w"ath 1&($*/$ th 0&-2) a(- %*t$ #t #(t& th t"(a. -a"'($$.
1;. Th#$ h*(+" -$#"$ (&th#(+ 0*t th /"12 &, G&-) that h /#+ht 0 ,"- ,"&/ th
a(+*#$h &, h..; 0*t th#$ h 1a((&t &0ta#( &, h#/$.,) ,&" h #$ $h*t *% #( th a(+" &,
G&-; a(- h#$ -a" /&th") wh#1h (*"$- h#/ #( th 0+#((#(+) #$ a.$& $h*t *% #( -ath=
B*t #, G&- $hw$ h#$ +"a1) a(- +#!$ h#/ a+a#( &, h#$ .&!) th( th a(+" #$ -#$/a2-
at th .&!; 6 a(- th#$ #$ a ,.a+"at &, +"at 3&2= F&" h a+a#( ta$t$ th $wt($$
%. :C
&, h#$ -a" /&th") a(- th( h '(&w$ ,*.. w.. that h ha$ 0( $& !#. a(- w#1'-) a(-
"%(t$ &, h#$ #(#<*#t2) a(- w#.. t*"( a(- /&"t#,2 th &.- A-a/) a(- 1a$t #t awa2 ,"&/
h#/.
1>. S& th a"t#$t ta'$ h#/ %"$(t.2 awa2 w#th th &.- A-a/ ,"&/ th $t"a(+ a(+")
a(- .a2$ h#/ #( a $&,t 0-; ,&" th &.- A-a/ #$ $#1') a(- w#.. -#; a(- th( h#$ &w( ,a0"
#( th &.- A-a/ #$ #( th .&! &, G&-) 1 wh#1h -$t"&2- th a(+") a(- w#.. /a' a
2&*(+ 1h#.-) a(- "3&#1$ #( th 1h#.-; a(- th &.- A-a/ +"&w$ $#1') a(- wa') wh&..2
-a"') a(- $wa"th#$h) a(- -#$; a(- th ,&*" ./(t$ +& &*t 6 ,"&/ h#/ w#th th#"
1&.&*"$= S& th ,a0" +#!$ h#/ !( .a! t& +&) a(- 1&(t#(*a..2 .a0&*"$ &( th (w
0&-2) wh#1h $ha.. a"#$ ,"&/ -ath; a(- (&( $$ h#$ .a0&*") ,&" h w&"'$ #( th -a"'.
1C. B*t th a"t#$t ta'$ (& 1a" a0&*t th w&"') 8 0*t +#!$ th ,a0" h#$ &w( ,&&-) t#.. h
$$ that a !+tat#! .#, a%%a"$ #( th -a"' -ath w#th a (w 1&.&*" &*t &, th 0.a1';
a(- th() wh( th (w /a( #$ "a-2) th a"t#$t 1&/$) a(- 0"#(+$ th $&*.) a(- +#!$ #t
th ,a0"; at wh#1h th ,a0" #$ -#$/a2- that a(&th" .#, 1&/$ #(t& h#/; a(- h %*t$
th $&*. #(t& th (w 0&-2) a(- #t +&$ #(wa"-.2 #( th a(+"= Th*$ th (w /a( a"#$$
#( +"at %&w" a(- +.&"2 ,"&/ -ath) a(- 0"*#$$ th ha- &, th &.- $"%(t #( th a(+"
&, G&-) a(- %a$$$ th"&*+h th a(+") a(- th a(+" 1a( -& h#/ (& ha"/ at a...
Whoe’er thou art, that to this work art born,
A chosen work thou hast, howe’er the world may scorn.
Footnotes
::=1 L*$t.
::=6 O" #//&0#.#t2.
:;=1 O" h $h&*.- -#.
:;=6 Sa.!at#&(.
:;=8 A( *%"#+ht) ,*..) a(- *(,#+(- -$#".
:;=: O" th"#(.
:;=; La-".
:;=> I( &(.
:>=1 B+#(.
:>=6 O" #( th -#!#( .&!.
:C=1 O" *%&( th .&! &, G&-.
:C=6 D%a"t.
:C=8 La0&*".
%. :E
CHAPTER VI
HOW A WATER AND OIL ARE GENERATED) AND OF THE DIFFERENCE OF THE WATER
AND OIL) AND OF THE VEGETABLE LIFE AND GROWTH
1. ALL .#,) +"&wth) a(- #($t#+at#&( 1&($#$t #( tw& th#(+$) !#B. #( th .*0t) a(- th( #(
th -$#"; th .*0t #$ a ," w#..) a(- a$ a (&th#(+ #( 1&/%a"#$&( t& (at*"; 0*t th
-$#" #$ a$ a h*(+"= I( th -$#" a"#$$ th /&!#(+ $%#"#t) !#B. th (at*"a.) a(- #( th
.*0t th $*%"(at*"a.) wh#1h 2t #$ (at*"9$) 1 0*t (&t &*t &, #t$ &w( %"&%"t2) 0*t &*t &,
@&" ,"&/A th %"&%"t2 &, th -$#".
6. Th -$#" #$ th #($t#+at#&( &, th $$(1) !#B. a( h*(+") a(- th .*0t #$ th
h*(+"9$ $$(1) 6 wh#1h #t ta'$ #(t& #t$.,; ,&" th -$#" #$ &(.2 a( h*(+"2 w#..) a(- #t
#$ th (at*"a. $%#"#t #( #t$ ,&"/$; 0*t th .*0t #$ &*t &, th .#0"t2= F&" G&- #$ w#th&*t
-$#" a$ 1&(1"(#(+ h#$ &w( $$(1) #(a$/*1h a$ h #$ 1a..- G&-; ,&" h (-$
(&th#(+. A.. #$ h#$) a(- h h#/$., #$ a...
8. B*t h ha$ a .*0t?w#..) a(- h h#/$., #$ th w#..) t& /a(#,$t h#/$., #( th .*0t; 2t
#( th .*0t wh#1h #$ ,") w#th&*t a,,1t#&() (& /a(#,$tat#&( 1a( 0 ,,1t-) ,&" #t #$
!&#- &, -$#"; #t #$ a$ #, #t w" (&th#(+ #( "$%1t &, (at*") a(- 2t #t #$ a..; 0*t (&t
a11&"-#(+ t& th -$#") !#B. a11&"-#(+ t& (at*") 0*t a11&"-#(+ t& th $at#$,2#(+ &,
(at*" #t #$ th $at#$,2#(+ &, th h*(+"2 -$#") !#B. &, (at*"; #t ,".2 a(- w#..#(+.2
+#!$ #t$., #(t& th h*(+" &, (at*"; ,&" #t #$ a $%#"#t w#th&*t $$(1 a(- -$#") wh&..2
," a$ a (&th#(+; 0*t th -$#" /a'$ #t $$(t#a. @&" /at"#a.#$$A #( #t$.,) a(- that
a11&"-#(+ t& tw& %"&%"t#$) !#B. &( a11&"-#(+ t& th t"(a. .#0"t2) wh#1h #$ ," ,"&/
th $&*"1; a(- th &th" a11&"-#(+ t& th -$#") wh#1h +#!$ a !+tat#! .#,) !#B. a
+"&w#(+) &" a +#!#(+ ,&"th &, #t$.,.
:. Th ," $$(1 #$) a(- +#!$ a( &#.) a(- th -$#"9$ %"&%"t2 +#!$ a .#, &, th &#.;
th &#. #$ a .#+ht) a(- th -$#"9$ %"&%"t2 +#!$ t& th .#+ht th $$(1) !#B. th ,#"2
%"&%"t2) $& that th .#+ht $h#($) a$ #$ t& 0 $( #( th ,#" a(- .#+ht)
%. :F
a(- th ," .*0t "/a#($ 2t a ," w#.. #( #t$.,) 0*t +#!$ #t$ /'($$) !#B. a ,"
"$#+(at#&( #(t& th -$#") that #t 1&/$ t& $$(1 a(- .*$t"= It$ w#.. #$ &(.2 +&&-) #t
ha$ (& &th" -$#" 0*t &(.2 t& 0 +&&-) /') a(- %.a$a(t; th" #$ a.$& (& &th"
%&$$#0#.#t2 th"#(; ,&" #t 1 #$ a$ a (&th#(+) wh"#( (& -#$t*"0a(1 &" $&*"1 1a( 0) 0*t
#t #$ th /'($$ #t$.,.
;. B*t $#(+ #t 1a((&t 0 a (&th#(+) 02 "a$&( that #t #$ a 1a*$ a(- 0+#((#(+ &, th
-$#") th",&" #t +#!$ #t$., ,".2) a$ th $*($h#( ,".2 +#!$ #t$., #(t& !"2
%"&%"t2; a(- th -$#" 1&(1#!$ @&" ta'$A th#$ ," .*0t) !#B. th .*$t" &" $h#(#(+ &,
th a02$$ &, t"(#t2 #(t& #t$.,) a(- /a'$ #t #( #t$., #(t& $$(1 a11&"-#(+ t& #t$
%"&%"t2; $& /*1h %"&%"t2 a$ #$ #( th -$#") $& /*1h a.$& th" #$ &, $$(1= A(- w
a" t& 1&($#-") that wh( th ," .*0t +#!$ #( #t$., #(t& th h*(+" &, th -$#") that
th -$#" th( /a'$ &*t &, th ," .*0t9$ %"&%"t2 a $#/#.#t*- a11&"-#(+ t& th
.#0"t2) wh#1h #$ a$ #, #t w" (&th#(+) a(- 2t #$; th#$ #$ a wat" a(- &#..
>. B*t $#(+ th -$#") that #$) th h*(+") #$ ,#..- w#th th ," .*0t) #t /a'$ #t$ &w(
%"&%"t2 #( th $$(1 &, th .#0"t2 a.$& #(t& $$(1; #t$ $$(1 #$ wat") a(- th
$$(1 &, th ," .*0t #$ a( &#.. Th*$ a tw&,&.- %"&%"t2 a"#$$ #( &( &(.2 $%#"#t) !#B.
a ,#"2 @%"&%"t2A a11&"-#(+ t& th %"&%"t2 &, th -$#") a(- a 3&2,*. &" .*1#- %"&%"t2
a11&"-#(+ t& th .#0"t2.
C. Th ,#"2 +#!$ 6 #( #t$ $$(1) !#B. #( #t$ wat" a $ha"%($$ ,"&/ th a*$t" -$#")
wh#1h #$ $a.t#$h) &" a $a.t; a(- ,"&/ th ,#"2 a(+*#$h a 0"#/$t&() ,"&/ wh(1 #( th
impression a(- 1"at#&( &, th w&".-) a" /a- $t&($) a"th) a(- /ta.$; $& a.$& th
./(t$ a(- $ta"$) a.. a11&"-#(+ t& th ,&"/$ #( th -$#"; a(- th &.&*$ %"&%"t2
+#!$ #t$ /'($$) !#B. a .&!?.*0t) wh"#( th ,#"2 #$ #/%"$$- w#th th -$#") a(-
/a'$ 1&"%&"a.#t2= A(- th &.&*$ +#!$ #t$., &*t #( #t$ /'($$) a(- /a'$ th
!+ta0. .#,) !#B. a $%"#(+#(+ a(- +"&w#(+ #( th ,#"2 #/%"$$#&() wh"#(t& th ,#"
/*$t +#! #t$ $$(1 a(- #($t#+at#&() !#B. th !h/(t 1&/%*(1t#&( 8 #( th att"a1t#&(
&, th -$#") wh#1h #$ th $%a"at&" #( th 1&"%&"a.#t2) !#B. th -#$t#(+*#$h") 1a"!") a(-
1a*$ &, th $$(1 a(- /*.t#%.#1#t2 @&" !a"#t2A.
E. Ph#.&$&%h"$ ha! 1a..- th#$ ,&"/ M"1*"#*$) ,"&/ th a(D#&*$ #(1#t#(+ $%h")
wh#1h #$ th 1a*$ &, a.. .#, a(- /&t#&() a(- a ,a0" #( th &#.2 a(- wat"2 %"&%"t2.
%. ;7
F. Th*$ w a" t& $a"1h a(- ,#(- &*t th +"at /2$t"2) h&w th" #$ a( &#.) 0"#/$t&()
a(- $a.t #( !"2th#(+) a(- h&w th2 a"#$; ,&" G&- ha$ /a- a.. th#(+$ &*t &, (&th#(+)
a(- that $a/ (&th#(+ #$ h#/$.,) !#B. a .&!?.*0t -w..#(+ #( #t$.,) wh"#( th" #$ (&
a,,1t#&(= B*t (&w th .&!?.*0t w&*.- (&t 0 /a(#,$t) #, #t "/a#(- &( #( th
$t#..($$ w#th&*t $$(1) a(- th" w&*.- 0 (& 3&2 &" /&!#(+ th"#() 0*t a( t"(a.
$t#..($$.
17. B*t $#(+ 1 h #(t"&-*1$ h#/$., #(t& $$(1 th"&*+h th -$#") h#$ t"(a.
$t#..($$ 01&/$ a( $$(1 a(- w&"'#(+ %&w") a(- that w#th tw& %"&%"t#$) !#B. #( a(
&#.) #( wh#1h th w&"'#(+ %&w" #$ a +&&- $%#"#t a11&"-#(+ t& th %"&%"t2 &, th .&!?
.*0t) wh#1h "$#$t$ th -$#"9$ w"ath #( th 0"#/$t&() $a.t) a(- %&#$&(,*. M"1*"2) a(-
a%%a$$ a(- ha.$ h#$ %&#$&(,*. h*(+" w#th th %.a$a(t /'($$; that wh#1h
M"1*"2 -$t"&2$ w#th th "a+#(+ $%h" 6 &, h#$ &w( %"&%"t2) that th .*0t &, th
.&!?&#. -&$ a+a#( ha.= A(- th*$ th" #$ +&&- a(- !#. #( a1h .#,) a(- 2t th" #$ (&
!#. #( a(2th#(+) *(.$$ th +&&-) !#B. th .&!?&#. ,a/#$h$ #( #t$ &w( .*0t) wh#1h ,a..$
&*t #( th ,&"/$ &, th #/%"$$#&( &, th h*(+" &, th -$#".
11. That #$) #, th h*(+"?$%#"#t -&$ #( #t$ &w( ,&"/$ t&& /*1h #/%"$$ #t$., @.&(+) &"
#/a+#(A a,t" #t$.,) a(- t&& a+".2 h*(+" a,t" #t$ &w( /a(#,$tat#&() #t 1a((&t ta'
th ," .*0t) wh#1h a%%a$$ #t$ h*(+") #(t& #t$.,; ,&" (at*"9$ %"&%"t2 /*$t 0
$#(1".2 0(t a(- #(1.#(- t& th ," .*0t9$ %"&%"t2) !#B. t& G&-9$ .&!?ens) a(-
wh&..2 -#"1t #t$ h*(+" a,t" .&!; a(- th( th h*(+" "1#!$ th .&! #(t& #t$.,) a(-
/a'$ th $a/ $$(t#a. #( #t$.,) a(- #$ (& .&(+" a ,a/#$h- -a"' h*(+") wh#1h "a+$
#( #t$.,) a(- "a!$ a$ a %&#$&(,*. M"1*"2; 0*t th h*(+" 01&/$ a .&!?-$#") wh#1h
#$ 1a..- G&-9$ (at*") a(- th h*(+"2 ,#"2 @-$#"A #$ 1a..- G&-9$ a(+"; a(- #( th
&*twa"- (at*" #t #$ 1a..- a ,#") 0*t #( th #(wa"- w&".-9$ %"&%"t2) wh" th -$#"
-&$ a1t w#th ("+2 #( th %"&%"t2 &, th ," .*0t) th#$ -$#" #$ 1a..- th -#!#(
-$#") wh"#( th ,#"2 .&! 0*"($) a(- ,"&/ wh(1 th 3&2,*.($$ %"&1-$; ,&" th
," .*0t -&$ th",&" +#! #t$., #(t& th a*$t" -$#") that #t /a2 0"#(+ ,&"th a ,#"2
.&!) !#B. a 3&2,*.($$) wh#1h 1&*.- (&t 0 #( th $t#.. .*0t; ,&" wh" th" #$ a $t#..($$
th" #$ (& 3&2) &" /&t#&(.
16. N&w th ," .*0t) !#B. G&-9$ %"&%"t2) /a(#,$t$ #t$., th"&*+h th ,#"2 %"&%"t2)
a(- th ,#"2 %"&%"t2 /a'$ th ," .*0t9$ $$(1) !#B. th &#. wh#1h a"#$$ #( th
#/%"$$#&(
%. ;1
&, th -$#" #(t& a .#+ht &" .*$t"; ,&" th a*$t" -$#" +#!$ th a(D#&*$ -a"t#(+ ,.a$h)
!#B. a $*.%h*"&*$ $%#"#t) a(- th /'($$ &, th &#. +#!$ #t$ .&! #(t& #t) a(- -#$%.$
that wh#1h wa$ -"aw( #(t& #t) !#B. th -a"'($$) a(- /a(#,$t$ th t"(a. .#0"t2) !#B. th
(&th#(+) a(- th#$ #$ (&w th $#(+.
18. F&" wh( th ,#"?$%.(-&*" ta$t$ th $wt($$ &, th .#+ht) th( th ,#"9$ -$#"
"a1h$ a,t" th /'($$) a(- th /'($$ &, th ," .*0t #$ a$ a (&th#(+ wh&..2
#(1&/%"h($#0.= N&w th h*(+" &, th -$#" 1&/%"h(-$ #t$ &w( $$(1 a(-
-!&*"$ #t) a(- /a'$ #t t& (&th#(+; th#$ #$ th -a"'($$) wh#1h #$ th h*(+"9$ $$(1)
wh#1h th ,#"2 h*(+" -!&*"$ th"&*+h th %"&%"t2 &, th .#+ht) &" ," .*0t= A$ w
$) that a$ $&&( a$ th .#+ht $h#($ #t -%"#!$ th -a"'($$ &, #t$ %&w"; th",&" G&-
#$ a L&"- &!" a.. 0#(+$) ,&" h #$ th t"(a. P&w" a(- L#+ht= A $#/#.#t*- wh"&, w
$ #( th $*() that #t #$ .&"- &, th -a"'($$ a(- &, a.. $$(1$) a(- "*.$ what!"
+"&w$) .#!$) a(- /&!$ #( th#$ w&".-.
1:. F*"th") w a" t& 1&($#-" &, th /a(#,&.- $a.t$) h&w th2 ta' th#" "#$ #( th
&"#+#(a.) a(- $%a"at #(t& /a(2 %"&%"t#$. I( th &"#+#(a. &, th #/%"$$#&() !#B. #( th
!"0*/ ,#at) a tw&,&.- $a.t -&$ a"#$= Th ,#"$t #$ $%#"#t*a.) a(- +#!$ th $ha"%($$ #(
th $$(1 &, th ," .*0t; #t #$ a $!"#$#(+) &" a $ha"%($$ &, th %&w"$= Th &th"
$a.t #$ th $ha"%($$ &, th #/%"$$#&() a11&"-#(+ t& th %"&%"t2 &, th a$t"#(+(t
a*$t"#t2 wh#1h #$ th a(+*#$h #( th #/%"$$#&() that #$) 0"#/$t&() a(- th $$(t#a.
%"&%"t2 #$ wat".
1;. Th wat" #$ th $($.$$ /&"ta. %"&%"t2 &, th $a.t; a(- th $*.%h*"&*$) wh#1h #$
,"&/ th a(+*#$h) #$ th %"&%"t2 &, th <*#1' $a.t; ,&" #t ha$ th $t#(+ &, /&t#&() !#B. th
M"1*"2 #( #t) wh#1h /a'$ .#,9$ ,&"/) a(- 2t th 0"#/$t&( #$ (&t th $a.t) 0*t #t #$ th
a(+*#$h #( th #/%"$$#&() wh#1h a.$& 1&/$ t& 0 1&"%&"a..
1>. Th $a.t #$ th $ha"%($$ #( 0"#/$t&( a$ t& th a$t"#(+(12; th $a.t 1a*$$ th
a(+*#$h t& 0 1&"%&"a.; a(- $& $a.t -w..$ #( th 0"#/$t&() a(- #$ th 0"#/$t&(9$
$ha"%($$) a(- %"$"!$ th 0"#/$t&( #( th 1&"%&"a. $$(1) a(- a.$& th $%#"#t &,
th 0"#/$t&() that #t ,a..$ (&t t& -*$t= Th $a.t #/%"$$$ th %&w"$ &, th a(+*#$h) a(-
th #/%"$$- .#, #$ th /"1*"#a. .#,; th $a/ #$ th .#, &, th a(+*#$h) !#B. &, th
0"#/$t&() a(- $%a"at$ th /at"#a a11&"-#(+ t& th ,&"/$ t& (at*") a(- th /at"#a &,
th ," .*0t #(t& tw& $$(1$) !#B. #(t& a wat"2 a(- &#.2) a(- th( #(t& a 1&"%&"a..
1C. Th 1&"%&"a. #$ tw&,&.-; 0&th a11&"-#(+ t& th -a"'($$
%. ;6
a(- th .#+ht= A11&"-#(+ t& th %"&%"t2 &, th a*$t" -$#" #t /a'$ #( th wat"2
@%"&%"t2A a $a(-) &" $t&(2 (at*") ,"&/ wh(1 th $t&($ ha! th#" &"#+#(a.;
*(-"$ta(- &*t &, th $*.%h*"&*$) !#B. &*t &, th 0"#/$t&(9$ wat".
1E. Th &th" %"&%"t2) a$ t& 1 th /&"t#,#1at#&( #( th $a.(#t"a. ,.a+"at) #$ th 1&//&(
"*((#(+ wat"; th &th" 1&"%&"a. @wat"A #$ th /ta..#( 0&-2 ,"&/ th ," .*0t9$
%"&%"t2 #( th #/%"$$- ,&"/; a(- ,"&/ th wat"2 %"&%"t2 4wh" th 0"#/$t&( #$ #(
th wat"5 #t %"&-*1$ t"$) h"0$) a(- a.. what!" +"&w$ #( th a"th.2 %"&%"t2) !#B.
#( th /&"t#,#- &" -a- $*0$ta(t#a.#t2) wh#1h 2t ha$ a .#, w#th&*t $($) 6 !#B. a
!+tat#!.
1F. Th &#.2 %"&%"t2 #$ a.$& tw&,&.- a11&"-#(+ t& th #/%"$$#&(; !#B. &( %a"t ,&"1$
a+a#( #(t& th .#0"t2 t& 0 ," ,"&/ th w"ath &, th #/%"$$#&() wh#1h #$ th +&&-
$%#"#t) !#B. th .#+ht #( th &#.; th &th" %a"t 2#.-$ #t$., #(t& th a(+*#$h &, th
0"#/$t&() a(- "/a#($ #( th 1&"%&"a.#t2) a(- *(#t$ a(- a%%.#$ #t$., #( a1h th#(+)
a11&"-#(+ t& th $a.t?%"&%"t2 &, th th#(+; a$ #( a ,#"2 $a.t) #t #$ ,#"2; #( a 0#tt" $a.t) #t
#$ 0#tt"; #( a( a$t"#(+(t) a$t"#(+(t) t1.
67. Th ,#"$t %"&%"t2 a11&"-#(+ t& th .#+ht #$ $wt #( a.. th#(+$) a(- th &th" %"&%"t2
&, th &#. #$ a11&"-#(+ t& th ,&"/) !#B. th ta$t &, th th#(+) .t #t 0 #th" $wt) $&*")
a$t"#(+(t) $ha"%) &" 0#tt") &" h&w #t w#..; a$ #t #$ t& 0 ,&*(- &*t a(- '(&w( #( h"0$= I(
$&/ #t #$ a 0#tt" %&#$&() a(- #( $&/ a+a#( a ha.#(+ &, th %&#$&(; 0*t #, th %&#$&(,*.
%"&%"t2 0 0"&'( 02 M"1*"2 #( th &#. &, /'($$) th( th .&! &, th .#+ht #(1.#($
#t$., a.$& #(t& th &#.) ,&" th &"#+#(a. &, 0&th #$ ,"&/ &( w#..) 0*t #t #$ a.t"- #( th
#/%"$$#&(= A$ th -!#.) wh( h wa$ a( a(+.) 1ha(+- h#/$., #(t& a %&#$&(&*$
-!#.#$h %"&%"t2) a(- A-a/ &*t &, a( ha!(.2 #(t& a( a"th.2 @%"&%"t2A.
61. What!" +"&w$) .#!$) a(- /&!$ #( th#$ w&".-) 1&($#$t$ #( S*.%h*") a(- M"1*"2 #$
th .#, #( S*.%h*") a(- th $a.t #$ th 1&"%&"a. 0#(+ &, M"1*"29$ h*(+") th&*+h th
0&-2 #$ /a(#,&.-; a11&"-#(+ a$ th %"&%"t2 &, th 0"#/$t&( a(- $a.t #$) a11&"-#(+ t&
th $a/ %"&%"t2 #$ a.$& th #(+"a,t- &#.) wh#1h $%"#(+$ *% a.. a.&(+ #( th %&w"; ,&"
th &#. /a'$ th %&w" @&" !#"t*a. #(,.*(1A #( a1h th#(+. I( th &#. &, th #/%"$$#&()
!#B. #( th #/%"$$- &#.) #$ th &th" &#.) !#B. th $%#"#t*a.) wh#1h +#!$ *$ .#+ht) 0*t #t
ha$ a(&th" %"#(1#%.; #t "1#!$ (& &th" $&*"1 #(t& #t 0*t th .*0t &, .&!; #t #$ -#!#(
$$(t#a.#t2= Th",&" G&-9$ &w( $$(1 #$ (#+h *(t& a.. th#(+$) 0*t (&t
%. ;8
$$(t#a..2 #( a.. th#(+$; #t ha$ a(&th" %"#(1#%.) a(- 2t #(1.#($ #t$., t& a.. th#(+$; a$
,a" a$ th th#(+ ha$ a(2th#(+ &, th -#!#( %"&%"t2 #( #t) #t "1#!$ !#"t* ,"&/ th
-#!#( %"&%"t2) 0 #t #th" a !+ta0. &" a(#/a.; ,&" th" a" h"0$ a(- t"$) a(- a.$&
1"at*"$ t& 0 ,&*(-) #( wh#1h $&/th#(+ &, th -#!#( %&w" #$ 1&*1h-) w#th wh#1h #(
th /a+#1a. 1*" th ,a.$ /a+#1) !#B. th 1&""*%t !#. &#. 1a( 0 "$#$t-) a(- 1ha(+-
#(t& a +&&- &#..
66. A.. $ha"%($$ &, ta$t #$ $a.t) .t #t 0 what!" #t w#.. #( th#$ w&".-) (&th#(+
D1%t-; a(- a.. $/.. %"&1-$ ,"&/ th 0"#/$t&() a(- M"1*"2 #$ th -#$t#(+*#$h" #(
a.. /&t#&( @&" a,,1t#&(A) 0&th #( th $/..) %&w") a(- ta$t; 0*t I *(-"$ta(- 02 /2
M"1*"2 th $%h" &, th 0#"th &, a.. $$(1$) a$ #$ 0,&" /(t#&(-; (&t a -a-
M"1*"2) 0*t a .#!#(+ &() !#B. th $t"&(+$t) a11&"-#(+ t& th %"&%"t2 &, th -"2 %&#$&()
t1.
68. N&w #t 0h&!$ th a"t#$t a(- %h2$#1#a( t& '(&w th$ th#(+$) .$ h 1a((&t 1*"
a(2 $#1'($$ &" -#$a$) *(.$$ h h#t$ &( #t 02 1ha(1) #, h '(&w$ (&t wh"w#th th &#.
#$ %&#$&(- #( th 0&-2) a(- what '#(- &, h*(+" M"1*"2 ha$ #( th $#1'($$) a(- a,t"
what h h*(+"$; ,&" #, h /a2 &0ta#( 1 th $a.t a11&"-#(+ t& th %"&%"t2 &, h#$ h*(+"
4a,t" wh#1h h #$ -$#"&*$5 w#th $*1h a( &#. a$ h ,a#( w&*.- ha!) th( #$ th $#1'($$
&!" !"2 $&&(; ,&" h t*"($ h#$ &#. a+a#( #(t& th %"&%"t2 &, th .&! &, th .#+ht)
wh"*%&( th .#, 0+#($ a+a#( t& $h#( 0"#+ht.
6:. F&" !"2 -#$a$ #( th 0&-2 #$ (&th#(+ .$ 0*t a 1&""*%t#&( &" %&#$&(#(+ &, th &#.)
,"&/ wh#1h th .#,9$?.#+ht 0*"($ &" $h#($; ,&" wh( th .#+ht &, th .#, $h#($ &" 0*"($
1.a" #( th &#.) #t D%.$ a(- -"#!$ awa2 a.. %&#$&(,*. #(,.*(1$ a(- &%"at#&($) a$ th
-a2 D%.$ th (#+ht.
6;. F&" #, th &#.) &*t &, wh#1h th .#, 0*"($) 0 #(,1t- @&" #(,.a/-A w#th a %&#$&(,*.
M"1*"2 &" $a.t) .t #t 0 -&( #th" ,"&/ th 1&($t..at#&() &" $a.t &, /at) !#B. ,"&/ a
1&(t"a"2 $&*"1) wh"02 a .&ath#(+ @&" (a*$&*$ -t$tat#&(A a"#$$ #( th &#.) wh#1h th
&#. w&*.- a.wa2$ $%w &*t) wh#1h M"1*"2 h.%$; th( M"1*"2 a+".2 t"&*0.$ a(-
%"%.D$ #t$., #( th $*.%h*"&*$ ,#" /&" a(- /&") a(- 1&(t#(*a..2 .a0&*"$ t& -"#!
,&"th th a0&/#(at) 0*t -&$ &(.2 #(,.a/ #t$., #( #t$., #( th#$ a*$t" (-a!&*") a(-
/&" a(- /&" ('#(-.$ #t$ #(wa"- ,&"/) wh"*%&( th &#. +"&w$ /&" -a"' a(-
%&#$&(,*.) *(t#. at .a$t th &#. 01&/$ wh&..2 wat"#$h a(- a"th.2) a(- th( th .#+ht)
a(- a.$& th ,#") Dt#(+*#$h$) a(- M"1*"2
%. ;:
w#th th $*.%h*"&*$ $%#"#t -%a"t$ ,"&/ #t) a$ wh( a 1a(-. #$ %*t &*t; th*$ M"1*"2
%a$$$ &*t w#th th $*.%h*"&*$ $%#"#t #( -ath9$ 0a(,*. $ta/) 1 *(t#. h a.$& 0
,a/#$h-; ,&" a t#/ h /a2 h.% h#/$., #( th $#-"a. 0&-2) wh#1h %a$$$ a.&(+ w#th
#t; 0*t wh( M"1*"2 #( th $%#"#t &, th +"at w&".- ha$ 1&($*/- a(- $ta"!- #t$
%"&%"t2) th( #$ th t/%&"a. .#, wh&..2 +&(; ,&" a$ $&&( a$ th .#+ht &, th !#ta. &#.
Dt#(+*#$h$) th ./(ta. 0&-2 ,a..$ -&w( #(t& %*t",a1t#&() !#B. #(t& th ,#at) ,"&/
wh(1 #t 1a/ t& 0; a(- th( th#$ t#/ (-$ #( th 1"at*") wh#1h #$ th -ath) -2#(+)
&" -%a"t*"; a(- ,"&/ th(1 th" #$ (& -.#!"a(1 &" "t*"() *(.$$ th ha!(.2
-#!#( M"1*"2 -&$ &(1 /&" /&! #t$., #( h#/) wh#1h 2t 1a((&t 0) D1%t th"
ha$ 0( a +&&- %"&%"t2 &, th &#. #( h#/) !#B. ,"&/ th -#!#( $$(t#a.#t2= I( th#$
%"&%"t2) wh#1h #$ 1a%a0. &, 9th -#!#( $$(t#a.#t2) th .#+ht -&$ &(.2 ('#(-. #t$.,
a+a#(.
6>. F&" th -#!#( $$(t#a.#t2) &" th#$ ha!(.2 M"1*"2) 1ha(+$ th -a- &#. a+a#( #(t&
h#$) a(- 01&/$ #t$ .#,; ,&" th &*twa"- M"1*"2) wh#1h ha$ "*.- th .#,) "t*"($ (&t
a+a#() #t ha$ &(.2 0( ,&" a t#/ a /#""&" &, th t"(a.) 0*t h #$ 1ha(+- #(t& a(&th"
$&*"1; ,&" 0#(+ $*,,&1at-) h %a$$$ a+a#( #(t& th /2$t"2) ,"&/ wh(1 h at ,#"$t
%"&1-- #( th 1"at#&( &, th w&".-) a(- th 0&-2 a.$& +&$ #(t& th $a/ /2$t"2.
6C. Th*$ #t "/a#($) a(- 0.&(+$ 2t t& a(&th" /&t#&( &, th D#t2) !#B. t& a $%a"at#(+)
wh" th !#.) wh"#( th -ath wa$) $ha.. 0 $%a"at- ,"&/ th +&&-) a(- th !"0*/
,#at $ha.. "$t&" a(- 0"#(+ ,&"th that wh#1h ha$ ,a..( #(t& #t #( -ath.
6E. Th %h2$#1#a( #$ t& '(&w) that #( th $t"&(+$t M"1*"2) wh#1h #$ /&$t %&#$&(,*.) th
h#+h$t t#(1t*" .#$) 0*t (&t #( M"1*"29$ &w( %"&%"t2) wh#1h /*$t 0 0"&'(; 6 ,&" h#$
&w( %"&%"t2) !( ,"&/ th 1(t") #$ th a(D#&*$ %&#$&(,*. .#,= B*t h ha$ a(&th"
%"&%"t2 #( h#/) !#B. a( &#. ,"&/ th .#+ht) wh"02 h #$ $& $t"&(+ a(- %&t(t) wh#1h #$
h#$ ,&&- a(- %"$"!at#&(; #, th#$ /a2 0 $%a"at- ,"&/ h#/) #t 01&/$ a t#(1t*"#(+
a(- /#+ht2 ('#(-.#(+ &, a.. &0$1*"- .#!$) !#B. &, a.. -#$a$$ a(- $#1'($$$; ,&" #(
th#$ &#. .#$ th 3&2,*. .#,) a(- #t #$ a( h*(+" a,t" .#,) !#B. that #t /#+ht ('#(-. th
wa') a(- .#,t #t *% &( h#+h.
6F. I( a t&a-) !#%") &" a--") &" th .#' %&#$&(,*. 0a$t$) w&"/$) &" #($1t$) th h#+h$t
t#(1t*" #$ t& 0 ,&*(-) #, th2 a" "-*1- #(t& a( &#.2 $*0$ta(1) a(- th w"ath &,
M"1*"2
%. ;;
$%a"at- ,"&/ th/; ,&" a.. .#,) 0&th Dt"(a. a(- #(t"(a.) 1&($#$t$ #( %&#$&( a(- .#+ht)
a$ w *(-"$ta(-) that th w"ath a(- a(+"?,#" &, G&- #$ a 1a*$ &, th -#!#(
3&2,*.($$= Th .#' a.$& w a" t& '(&w #$ Dt"(a..2; ,&" a.. .#, that #$ !&#- &, th
%&#$&(,*. M"1*"2 #$ /&"t) a(- a( a0&/#(at) 1 a(- a11&*(t- a$ -a-.
87. N&w M"1*"2 #$ a( ('#(-." &, th ,#") a(- !"2 /&!#(+ .#, 1&($#$t$ #( th ,#";
a(- th&*+h $&/ 1"at*"$ -w.. #( th wat") 2t ,#" #$ th#" .#,) !#B. th %&#$&(?+a..)
wh"#( M"1*"2 /a(a+$ th .#,; 0*t th wat" #( th +a.. #$ a %&#$&() wh"#( a( &#. #$
h#-) #( wh#1h th .#, #( M"1*"2 -&$ 0*"( a(- $h#(; &, wh#1h th&* ha$t a $#/#.#t*-= I,
#( a 1"at*" th" 0 a $t"&(+ %&#$&(,*. M"1*"2) &, a -"2 <*a.#t2) that 1"at*" #$
$t"&(+) 0&.-) 1&*"a+&*$) a(- %&t(t) wh#1h ha$ a.$& a 1.a" &#. #( #t; ,&" th ,#"2
%"&%"t2 &, th M"1*"2 1&($*/$ th wat"#$h) 0*t #, #t$ ,at 0 ('#(-.-) #t 2#.-$ a
1.a" .#+ht; /*1h /&" w&*.- #t 0) #, th wat"2 %"&%"t2 w" $%a"at- ,"&/ th
&.&*$.
Footnotes
:E=1 O, &" 0.&(+#(+ t& (at*".
:E=6 B#(+) /at"#a) &" ,&&-.
:F=1 U(-"$ta(- th ," w#...
:F=6 A,,&"-$) %"&-*1$) &" /a'$.
:F=8 O" "a+#(+ $t#(+.
;7=1 O" wh(.
;7=6 O" ,*"#&*$ wh..
;6=1 A11&"-#(+ t&) &" a,t".
;6=6 D*/0.
;8=1 Ca( 0*t +t.
;:=1 St#(+.
;:=6 O" ta'( ,"&/ h#/.
;;=1 O" .&ath$&/($$.

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%. 11

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