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Poland Country Version

Poland Country Version

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Sections

  • Poland
  • Financial Accounting (FI)
  • Taxes (FI-AP/AR)
  • Tax Code
  • VAT Register
  • VAT register
  • General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL)
  • Chart of Accounts
  • Financial Statement Version
  • Document Journal
  • G/L Account Balances and Line Items
  • Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items
  • Material Subledger
  • Accounts Payable (FI-AP)
  • Vendor Master (Control Data)
  • Vendor Master (Payment Transactions)
  • Payments
  • Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency
  • Accounts Receivable (FI-AR)
  • Customer Master (Control Data)
  • Customer Master (Payment Transactions)
  • Customer Balances and Line Items in Local
  • Bank Accounting (FI-BL)
  • Bank Key
  • Bank Account Number
  • Printout of Cash Journal Receipts
  • Asset Accounting (FI-AA)
  • Fixed Asset Ledger
  • Controlling (CO)
  • Cost Element
  • Cost Element Group
  • Materials Management (MM)
  • PKWiU
  • Sales and Distribution (SD)
  • Sales and Billing
  • Tax Invoice
  • Correction Tax Invoice
  • Pricing Procedure
  • Rounding
  • Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting

Country Version Poland

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

HEL P. C AI NT PL

SAP Online Help

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Copyright
© Copyright 2003 SAP AG. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express permission of SAP AG. The information contained herein may be changed without prior notice. Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its distributors contain proprietary software components of other software vendors. Microsoft®, WINDOWS®, NT®, EXCEL®, Word®, PowerPoint® and SQL Server® are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. IBM®, DB2®, DB2 Universal Database, OS/2®, Parallel Sysplex®, MVS/ESA, AIX®, S/390®, AS/400®, OS/390®, OS/400®, iSeries, pSeries, xSeries, zSeries, z/OS, AFP, Intelligent Miner, WebSphere®, Netfinity®, Tivoli®, Informix and Informix® Dynamic ServerTM are trademarks of IBM Corporation in USA and/or other countries. ORACLE® is a registered trademark of ORACLE Corporation. UNIX®, X/Open®, OSF/1®, and Motif® are registered trademarks of the Open Group. Citrix®, the Citrix logo, ICA®, Program Neighborhood®, MetaFrame®, WinFrame®, VideoFrame®, MultiWin® and other Citrix product names referenced herein are trademarks of Citrix Systems, Inc. HTML, DHTML, XML, XHTML are trademarks or registered trademarks of W3C®, World Wide Web Consortium, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. JAVA® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. JAVASCRIPT® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc., used under license for technology invented and implemented by Netscape. MarketSet and Enterprise Buyer are jointly owned trademarks of SAP AG and Commerce One. SAP, SAP Logo, R/2, R/3, mySAP, mySAP.com and other SAP products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries all over the world. All other product and service names mentioned are trademarks of their respective companies.

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP Online Help

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Poland Financial Accounting (FI) Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Tax Code VAT Register General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Chart of Accounts Financial Statement Version Document Journal G/L Account Balances and Line Items Material Subledger Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Vendor Master (Control Data) Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Payments Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Customer Master (Control Data) Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Bank Key Bank Account Number Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Fixed Asset Ledger Controlling (CO) Cost Element Cost Element Group Materials Management (MM) PKWiU Sales and Distribution (SD) Sales and Billing Tax Invoice Correction Tax Invoice Output Pricing Procedure Rounding Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents

6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 4

SP 11 5 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

you can use the Polish country template in the Country Installation Program [Ext. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. This documentation explains how the country-specific functions work and what Customizing settings are made by the country template. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. and in the cash journal. At month-end. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. It does not cover the generic functions. At year-end. which are described in the rest of the SAP Library. y y Materials Management (MM) supports the PKWiU material classification system.] [Ext. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. and a country template [Ext. with some additional features in Logistics as well. 6 . it comprises functions designed for laws and business practices particular to Poland.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Country Template To allow you to customize your Polish company codes more quickly. SP 11 Poland This country version [Ext. In conjunction with add-on programs. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. For example.] is designed for use by businesses with operations in Poland. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. As well as the generic SAP R/3 functions.] to help you customize the system according to local requirements. Sales and Distribution (SD) allows you to print out tax invoices and correction tax invoices in the approved format.]. Features Country-Specific Functions Most of the country-specific functions for Poland relate to Financials. The main areas are as follows: y The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements.

In conjunction with add-on programs. 7 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and in the cash journal. At month-end. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. At year-end. Features The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. For example. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. SP 11 Financial Accounting (FI) Purpose The Financial Accounting (FI) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format.

The tax procedure works with tax codes for calculating taxes according to Polish requirements.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.] . see Taxes (FI-AP/AR) [Ext. 8 . TAXPL. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. Features The system automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. For generic information about Taxes. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. SP 11 Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Purpose The Taxes (FI-AP/AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. using a tax procedure for Poland.

].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and zero rate. tax-exempt transactions also have to be marked as such. Examples of the specifications defined under the tax code are: y y y Tax rate Type of tax (input tax or output tax) Calculation method (percentage included or percentage separate) For generic information about tax codes. if you need to correct a tax invoice. reduced rate (7%). use the separate tax codes provided for these purposes. Separate tax codes are also provided for zero-rated exports. There are also tax codes for tax-exempt goods and services. which lists tax-exempt transactions separately from others. The tax -exempt tax codes control both of these functions. In tax invoices [Page 42]. Finally. so that you can remit and report the corrected tax amounts separately to the tax authorities (see also Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]). Tax Codes for Output Tax on Goods and Services Code A0 A2 A5 A9 E0 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) 0 (exports) Code for correction C0 C2 C5 C9 E4 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Goods and Services Code F0 F2 F5 F9 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) Code for correction L0 L2 L5 L9 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Assets Code S2 Tax rate (%) 7 Code for correction U2 9 . see Tax Codes [Ext. These tax codes are used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. and 22%). and which tax code you can use to make corrections. Use The country template for Poland comes with tax codes for VAT (value-added tax) at the standard rate (22%). 7%. The following tables show which tax codes are provided for which purpose. and for purchases of assets (0%. SP 11 Tax Code Definition A two-digit code that represents the specifications used for calculating and displaying tax.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 S5 S9 22 0 U5 U9 10 .

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. y Document Header Text This field has to contain the billing date. the system takes the posting date of the accounting document to be the billing date. It covers all of the VAT registers that you are required to submit each month under the VAT-7 regulation. If you use Financial Accounting (FI) for invoicing purposes. This is especially important if you want to create a register of correction documents for SD invoices. This field corresponds to the Tax Date field on the VAT Register selection screen. This information is required for all documents that contain VAT items. choose Enter in order to be able to make an entry in the Document Type for Clrg Doc field. If you leave the field empty. The parameters are as follows:  All Documents Displays all documents posted from SD together with the other documents. on the SAP Easy Access screen. Features Selection Fill out the fields as follows: y Cleared Vendor Items Only Creates a register of the VAT for vendors operating recognized businesses for people with disabilities. If you use Sales and Distribution (SD) for invoicing purposes. the system can fill out this field automatically (see Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47]). You have also filled out the following fields when posting accounting documents: y Reference Document Number The VAT register shows the reference number from all correspondence with customers and vendors. To access the report. The contents of this field are also printed in the VAT register. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Reporting p Tax Reports p Poland p VAT Register. enter the billing date in each document manually. SP 11 VAT Register Use You use this report to prepare VAT registers in accordance with Polish legal requirements. 11 . The register only covers documents where all payables are covered by a single vendor item and this item has been cleared. so enter the reference document number in all accounting documents in Accounts Payable (FI-AP) and Accounts Receivable (FI-AR). After selecting this checkbox. Prerequisites You have maintained the NIP number in all customer master records (see Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26]). y Documents Posted from SD The report covers documents that have been posted from SD.

Any documents with line items that are incorrect are marked accordingly. as follows:   2: Rounds VAT to two decimal places 1: Rounds VAT to one decimal place You can only run the report for one company code at a time. The Gross and Net columns contain zeros.SAP Online Help No Correction Documents SAP R/3 Enterprise. y Subledger Account Address Data Shows the business address data for each line item. Docs w Errors in Totals Determines whether you want documents with errors to be included in the totals for each VAT type. After selecting this checkbox. The report checks the different amounts in the line items to make sure that they add up correctly (for example. SP 11  Displays only documents posted from SD. y Incl. y Display Totals Only Shows the total VAT. gross. The report does not check the documents. All the entries in this register are contained in the VAT column. y Process Customs Documents Creates a register of customs documents. if the net amount plus the VAT equals the gross amount). and net amounts for each document type.  Document Type Accounting document type of the documents posted from SD (usually RV). but without correction documents. and net amounts for each document type are shown at the end of the list. choose Enter in order to be able to specify the various tax codes. broken down by VAT code. This field is only available when you select No Correction Documents or Correction Documents Only and choose Enter. The individual documents are not listed. The total VAT. The list of incorrect documents also shows the cause of the error. Output The list shows the gross and net amounts and VAT for each document.  Correction Documents Only Displays correction documents posted from SD only. 12 . y Tolerance for VAT Rounding Determines how the system rounds VAT. gross.

]. SP 11 General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Purpose The General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. 13 . where these requirements cannot be met by the generic reports. such as the Document Journal. For generic information about FI-GL.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Country Template The country template for Poland comes with a sample chart of accounts that reflects local business practice. for example. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. see General Ledger Accounting (FIGL) [Ext. G/L Account Balances and Material Subledger. the generic reports have been enhanced to cover Polish legal requirements. In other cases. Features Country-Specific Features Country Version Poland comes with some reports of its own for preparing general purpose financial statements.

excise duty liabilities) Materials and trading goods Expenses Goods. accruals. deferred tax). special funds. SP 11 Chart of Accounts Definition See Chart of Accounts [Ext. accounts receivable. the system assigns this chart of accounts to it and to the controlling area (also called PL01). Structure The chart of accounts is structured to reflect local business practice. reserves (company pension reserves. It consists of several account classes as follows: Account class 00 01 02 03 04 06 07 08 09 Use Fixed assets Financial resources and other short-term financial assets Settlements and claims (accounts payable. and deferrals Revenues and revenue-related expenses Stockholders' equity. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own chart of accounts. and financial results Non-balance sheet accounts 14 . When you create a company code using the country template for Poland (company code PL01).]. CAPL.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

liabilities and stockholders' equity. which you can use to prepare financial statements. 15 . It covers all accounts: assets. see Changing a Financial Statement Version [Ext.]. For information about changing financial statement versions. BAPL. Structure The financial statement version is structured according to statutory requirements.]. SP 11 Financial Statement Version Definition See Financial Statement Versions [Ext. Use Country Version Poland comes with a financial statement version.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and profit and loss accounts.

1). from the SAP Easy Access screen. The layout of the journal meets Polish legal requirements (see "Output" below). The start of the list is marked with the words "Start of List. The list shows who posted each document.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise." Running totals are printed at the bottom of every page." and the end of the list is marked "End of List. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Document p General p Document Journal p Document Journal. Features Selection Enter data as required. but with the following additions: y y y y The words "Accounting Ledger" are printed at the top of the list. the system displays an output list as normal. To access the report. SP 11 Document Journal Use You use the generic Document Journal report to prepare a general journal as per the Polish Accounting Act (article 13. 16 . and. The law requires you to prepare a journal for each posting period by the end of the fiscal year at the latest. in the Additional Header field. type Accounting Ledger Output When you run the report for a Polish company code.

if your posting periods are longer than a month. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items. from the SAP Easy Access screen. The law requires you to prepare the report at the end of each posting period. the balance carried forward from the previous year is not included here or in any of the following information. To access the report. except for between your user name and the company code. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. Output For each G/L account. company code (4). Features The report is similar to the generic G/L Account Balances report (see Account Balances [Ext. the output list shows the information in two lines. you must prepare the report at the end of each calendar month as well. The features specific to Poland are as follows: y Reporting Period You can either run the report by posting period or calendar month (see ³Use´ above). The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator.]). Selection On the selection screen. Line 1 contains the following information: y y The balance carried forward from the previous year The balance at the start of the period (debit or credit) This means the balance of any postings from previous periods this year. y Total credits and total debits posted to this account during the period Line 2 shows this information: y y Balance of debits and credits posted to this account during the period Total credit and debit balances at the end of the period (all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) 17 . the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. RFIDPL15001. time (6).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 G/L Account Balances and Line Items Use You use this report to prepare a list of G/L account balances and line items according to Polish legal requirements. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. enter data as required. user name (12). but. but offers a number of features specific to Poland. date (8 characters). G/L account number (10) There are no spaces in the line.

SP 11 y Balance of total credits and debits at the end of the period (balance of all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) Line 3 shows the line items. In addition. the list also shows: y y The words "Start of List" and "End of List" at the beginning and end of the list Running totals at the bottom of each page 18 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. if you selected that option.

Prerequisites You have not archived any of the accounting documents covered by the report. with subtotals for each plant. for VAT. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p Material Subledger. select Totals Only. y y The total debit and credit amounts posted to it during the period The closing balance The list shows running totals at the foot of each page. SP 11 Material Subledger Use You use this report to print a list of all line items relating to materials. in accordance with Polish legal requirements. It shows all of the line items posted to each G/L account. the output list shows the G/L accounts containing line items for materials.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Output By default. Features Selection To hide the line items from the output list (see below) and show the totals per G/L account and plant only. it also covers related items. It does not include any postings from previous years. from the SAP Easy Access screen. the output list shows: y The beginning balance The beginning balance is the balance of all amounts posted in the current fiscal year up until the first date of the report. To access the report. For each G/L account and plant. and finished materials themselves. As well as line items for raw. for example. 19 . semifinished.

The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. 20 . For generic information about FI-AP. SP 11 Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Purpose The Accounts Payable (FI-AP) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. and enter their bank details in the format required.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the vendor master allows you to record your vendors¶ NIP numbers. Features Country-Specific Functions In Country Version Poland. the country template for Poland comes with settings that enable you to make electronic payments in various file formats. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of vendor balances in local currency and open customer items. Country Template In conjunction with add-on programs.]. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext.

] in the Tax Number 1 field. Use On the Control Data sreen. enter each vendor¶s NIP number [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. See also: Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 22] 21 . choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. SP 11 Vendor Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record general information about a vendor. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes.]. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. from the SAP Easy Access screen. To access the vendor master. as required by law.

SP 11 Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record a vendor¶s bank details. enter the vendor¶s bank number as described in Bank Account Number [Page 31]. Use On the Payment Transactions screen.]. from the SAP Easy Access screen. To access the vendor master. See also: Vendor Master (Control Data) [Page 21] 22 . see Vendor Master Data [Ext. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

or you can make the payments electronically. and one of the appropriate forms listed above. SP 11 Payments Use SAP R/3.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SAP R/3 supports the electronic file formats used by the following banks: y y y y Bre Bank¶s BRESOK system Citibank¶s PLI format ING¶s and ABN-AMRO¶s versions of the ELIXIR format published by National Clearing House Co. To create electronic payment files (payment method E). use the print program J_1P0042 See also: Country-Specific Payment Methods [Ext. the document type KA. comes with all the settings you need to make bank transfer payments. (KIR SA) ING¶s ING format Prerequisites You have: y y Installed the print program J_1P0042 Installed the SAPscript forms for printing the payment slips   J_1P_PRZELEW_4X4: Full payment slip (4 copies) J_1P_PRZELEW_ISO: Shortened payment slip (2 short copies and 2 long copies) J_1P_PRZELEW02: Payment slip for payments to tax offices (special fields used)  For more information. see SAP Note 153630.] 23 . Activities To create payment slips (payment method P). in conjunction with add-on programs. You can either print out the payment instructions on payment slips. use the print program RFFOD__U. by creating a file with the payment instructions.

if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. time (6). y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. date (8 characters). enter data as required. The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 24 . vendor (10) There are no spaces in the line. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Reporting p Poland p Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. G/L account number (10). y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. SP 11 Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts payable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. except for between your user name and the company code. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). RFIDPL10001. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. company code (4). Output For each vendor. The report is a localized version of the generic Vendor Balances in Local Currency report To access the report.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features Selection On the selection screen. user name (12). which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. from the SAP Easy Access screen.

Features In Country Version Poland. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of customer balances in local currency and open customer items. 25 . SP 11 Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Purpose The Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. and enter their bank details in the format required.]. the customer master allows you to record your customers¶ NIP numbers. For generic information about FI-AR.

SP 11 Customer Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record general information about a customer.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. on the SAP Easy Access screen. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes. See also: Customer Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 27] 26 . see Customer Master Data [Ext.]. as required by law. Use On the Control Data tab.] in the Tax Number 1 field. enter the customer¶s NIP number [Ext. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. To access the customer master.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see Customer Master Data [Ext. To access the customer master. enter the customer¶s bank number as described under ³Master Data´ in Bank Account Number [Page 31].]. from the SAP Easy Access screen. Use On the Payment Transactions tab. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. See also: Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26] 27 . SP 11 Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record a customer¶s bank details.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. enter data as required. date (8 characters). The report is a localized version of the generic Customer Balances in Local Currency report. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. To access the report. user name (12). G/L account number (10). y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). from the SAP Easy Access screen. SP 11 Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts receivable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 28 . Features Selection On the selection screen. time (6). RFIDPL10001. company code (4). y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Reporting p Poland p Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. Output For each customer. customer (10) There are no spaces in the line. except for between your user name and the company code.

so that you can printing cash receipts in the required format. see Bank Accounting (FI-BL) [Ext. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. There are also special procedures that you have to follow for maintaining bank numbers. SP 11 Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Purpose The Bank Accounting (FI-BL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. Features Country Version Poland comes with its own program for use with the cash journal.]. For generic information about FI-BL. 29 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

enter 1 (bank number).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. SP 11 Bank Key Definition A key that identifies a bank within SAP R/3. Use In Poland. Customizing In Customizing for Global Settings. define the bank number as the bank key by choosing Set Countries p Set Country-Specific Checks. use the bank number as the bank key. In the Bank Key field. 30 . you must use the bank number as the bank key in SAP R/3 so that you can enter the bank number in the correct format. Master Data When you create a bank master record [Ext.

and enter it in the Alternatively. proceed as follows. To enter any bank account number in the old format. or your customersµ or vendorsµ account numbers (in their master records). bank account numbers in Poland can be either 18 or 34 digits long. Structure In the old format. In the IBAN format. to enter a customer¶s bank account number 12345678 -12345678-1234-12345-1231234 in its master record. choose dialog box that appears. SP 11 Bank Account Number Definition A unique identification key for a bank account. and Reference Details fields respectively. split the number into three parts and enter them in the Bank Key. For example. For information about the formats. Bank Account. followed by a two-digit check digit. Use When you enter your own bank account numbers (in your house bank details). Note that the old bank account number format is being phased out and will be replaced by the IBAN bank account number format. 1042956). The bank account number consists of several components which are separated by a hyphen ( ). see ³Structure´ below. The first part of the account number is the bank number (in the example. enter it as follows: y y y Bank Key: 12345678 Bank Account: -12345678-1234Reference Details: 12345-123-1234 . for example 12401994-1042956-2700-00001.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the eight-digit bank number. to enter the bank number in the IBAN format. and the 16-digit bank account number. bank account numbers start with PL (for Poland). 31 .

For these purposes. Use the print program originally intended for the Czech Republic and Slovakia. you print out cash journal receipts (for cash receipts and disbursements) in the approved format.] in the documentation for the Czech Republic.] 32 . See also: Cash Journal [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. you use a different program and a different SAPscript form from most other countries. see Printout of Cash Journal Receipts [Ext. SP 11 Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Use In Poland. For more information.

Features Country-Specific Functions Country Version Poland comes with a report that allows you to prepare a list of assets. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. 33 . as required by law. For generic information about FI-AA. It also comes with a changeover method (6) that switches from the declining-balance to the straight-line method of depreciation. but not until the year after the straight-line method first yields more depreciation than the declining-balance method (see Changeover Method [Ext. SP 11 Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Purpose The Asset Accounting (FI-AA) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.]. see Asset Accounting (FI-AA) [Ext.]).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

34 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. on the SAP Easy Access screen. To access the report. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Preparations for Closing p Country-Specifics p Poland p Fixed Asset Ledger. The report calculates the values using the same methods as the Depreciation and Interest [Ext. SP 11 Fixed Asset Ledger Use You use this report to prepare a list of assets in accordance with Polish legal requirements. You may therefore not be able to calculate the book value of the asset. Features Output The list shows the following: y y y y y y The total acquisition and production costs in the report year up to the report date The accumulated acquisition and production costs at the start of the report year The accumulated depreciation at the start of the report year The book value of each asset at the start of the report year The depreciation planned for the report year to the report date The value of the asset as at the report date The list does not show the total amount of depreciation in the report year. which you access under Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Cost Accounting p Depreciation and Interest.] report.

see Controlling (CO) [Ext. Features The country template for Poland comes with cost elements and cost element groups that reflect local business practice. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. For generic information about CO.]. 35 . SP 11 Controlling (CO) Purpose The Controlling (CO) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.

SP 11 Cost Element Definition See Cost Elements [Ext. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own set of cost elements. You can use them as the basis for creating cost elements of your own.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. These cost elements match the sample chart of accounts. which are assigned to controlling area PL01. The country version also comes with sample secondary cost elements for the purposes of cost allocation. It provides primary cost elements for the G/L accounts for expenses and revenues (account classes 4 and 7 respectively). CAPL. 36 .]. They are contained in account class 9.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Structure CAPL consists of the following subgroups: Subgroup CAPL-1 CAPL-2 CAPL-3 CAPL-4 CAPL-5 Description Material expense and purchased services Personnel cost planning Other costs Secondary costs Revenues 37 . SP 11 Cost Element Group Definition See Cost Element Groups [Ext. CAPL.]. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own cost element group.

SP 11 Materials Management (MM) Purpose The Materials Management (MM) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. Features Country Version Poland supports the use of the PKWiU material classification.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. 38 .

SP 11 PKWiU Definition A number used in Poland to classify materials according to the Polish Classification of Goods and Services. It has replaced the Systematic List of Products (see SWW [Ext. You can then assign each of your materials a PKWiU. in the Control Code field. Master Data You assign a PKWiU to each of your material master records. by choosing Material Master p Material IDs p Maintain PKWiUs. When you create a tax invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD).]). on the SAP Easy Access screen. and other business documents. you define the PKWiUs in Customizing. The law requires you to print the PKWiU of any of the items are taxed below the standard rate (see Tax Invoice [Page 42]). reports. 39 . Customizing You enter the PKWiUs in Customizing for Logistics ± General.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and print the material¶s PKWiU in correspondence. Use In SAP R/3. To access the material master. Day-to-Day Activities You can print the PKWiU in any correspondence and in any statutory reports. The system is used by the Central Statistics Office to prepare manufacturing statistics. and by the finance ministry to categorize materials for the purposes of taxation. choose Logistics p Materials Management p Material Master p Material p « You enter the PKWiU on the Foreign Trade: Import Data tab. the invoice itemizes the materials that you have sold.

40 . Features Country Version Poland allows you to handle the sales and billing processes so that you create tax invoices and correction tax invoices.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. The country template for Poland comes with a range of objects that allow with a pricing procedure for calculating sales prices according to Polish requirements. It also includes an output type and a SAPscript form for printing tax invoices and correction tax invoices. SP 11 Sales and Distribution (SD) Purpose The Sales and Distribution (SD) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.

Process Flow . If you discover that the invoice is for too little. SP 11 Sales and Billing Purpose The sales and billing procedure in Poland differs slightly from the standard. The shipping clerk creates a delivery.]. If you want to use the VAT Register [Page 11]. following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext. document type CR) with reference to the original invoice. again. the billing clerk: a. following the standard procedure [Ext. The sales clerk creates a sales order. 2. which the law requires you to prepare. following the standard procedure [Ext.].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.. Prerequisites You have customized the pricing procedure [Page 45] (which contains information required by the tax invoice) and the output [Page 44] (which generates the tax invoices and correction tax invoices). the billing clerk: a.] b. The system automatically creates: y y Tax invoices for all invoices involving VAT (value-added tax) Correction tax invoices for any credit memos or debit memos that you create In order for the system to create the correction tax invoices correctly. following the standard procedure [Ext. and prints out a correction tax invoice 41 . follow the procedure described below. 5.]. c.. The billing clerk creates an invoice from the delivery.]. Creates a debit memo (L2). Creates an invoice correction request (RK) with reference to the original invoice. you have set up the Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47] function.]. following the standard procedure [Ext.] b. The billing clerk creates a credit memo (G2). If the customer discovers something wrong with the goods: a. 6. Creates a credit memo (CR). to take into account the creation of tax invoices [Page 42] (and correction tax invoices).]. following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext. The billing clerk creates a credit memo request (in the standard system. 1. and prints out a tax invoice. b.]. 4. The shipping clerk creates a delivery. following the standard procedure [Ext. 3. If you discover that there is something else wrong with the invoice. Creates a debit memo request (DR) with reference to the original invoice. The system calculates the prices using the pricing procedure RVAAPL. The tax invoice shows all the information required. and prints out a correction tax invoice. and prints out a correction tax invoice.

and to show all the information listed under ³Structure´ below. addresses. the total net amount. net price per unit. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. SP 11 Tax Invoice Definition A document that shows a value-added tax item and which is recognized by the tax authorities as evidence that a VAT transaction occurred.] of the buyer and seller Sale date Tax invoice issue date and number Words ³VAT invoice´ (in Polish.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. When you have created a billing document. Structure The tax invoice header contains the following information: y y y y Names. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount The tax invoice must also show the following: y y y For all items taxed at the same rate. in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the tax invoice 42 .´ If you need to correct a tax invoice. and NIP numbers [Ext. total VAT. create a Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. and total gross amount Total amount receivable (including VAT). You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . Use The law requires you to create a tax invoice within seven days of a sale.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. Tax invoices are thus used to substantiate tax returns. Faktura VAT) It must show the following information for each item: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure.

and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount It also shows: y y y Total change in the net and gross prices and in the VAT. net values. quantities. tax rates. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . gross values. you issue another correction tax invoice. with subtotals for all items that are taxed at the same rate Total amount receivable (preceded by the words ³Do zwrotu´). or units of measure When a customer returns some goods to you When you have created a billing document.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. tax amounts. for example. Correction tax invoices are used to substantiate tax returns.´ If you have to correct a correction tax invoice. it shows: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. For each line item. or total amount payable (³Do zap aty´). Structure A correction tax invoice shows the information as it was printed on the original tax invoice and as it should be. for example: y y y To grant a customer a discount or rebate or increase the price of goods or services To correct a tax invoice.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Use You are required to create a correction tax invoice whenever you need to correct a tax invoice. if it contains an error in any of the prices. both including VAT and both in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the correction tax invoice 43 . SP 11 Correction Tax Invoice Definition A document that serves to correct a tax invoice [Page 42] that you have already issued. net price per unit.

] of your own and assign it to the SAPscript form RVINVOICEPL and the standard printing program RVADIN01. The SAPscript form uses information provided by the pricing procedure RVAAPL. When you create an invoice in Billing. you can print out a tax invoice from it. Day-to-Day Activities When you create a billing document [Ext. Features Country Version Poland comes with a SAPscript form that is specifically for output in Poland. you can print out a correction tax invoice.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. see Output Processing [Ext. request output of the type that you have created. The same form is used for tax invoices and correction tax invoices. 44 . For more information. You must create an output type [Ext.]. by choosing Basic Functions p Output Control p Output Determination p Output Determination Using the Condition Technique p Maintain Output Determination for Billing Documents p Maintain Output Types. You create output types in Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). It meets Polish business and legal requirements as described in Tax Invoice [Page 42] and Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. you can print out the tax invoice from the billing document in SD. you can print out the tax invoice or correction tax invoice in the approved format using the generic output [Ext.] functions. SP 11 Output Use Once you have created a billing document [Ext. Similarly. Activities Customizing Set up the output control so that you can print the tax invoices from billing documents. when you create a credit or debit memo. To print the output from the billing document.] in the system.

it also provides the tax invoice with some information. Use Country Version Poland comes with a pricing procedure of its own. 45 . taxes. In the SAPscript form that you use to print out tax invoices. you check the pricing procedure by choosing Basic Functions p Pricing p Pricing Control p Define and Assign Pricing Procedures p Maintain Pricing Procedures. see Pricing Procedures [Ext. This pricing procedure includes the following features: y y y Steps 720 and 725 round up or down any differences arising from sales discounts (see Rounding [Page 46]). delivery costs and so on. SP 11 Pricing Procedure Definition A system object that defines the conditions permitted for a document and the sequence in which the system takes these conditions into account during pricing. RVAAPL. As well as calculating the prices. Then. you include a reference to these fields. The system does not post any tax from this step (since it is posted in step 905). However. the system calculates the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. Step 906 calculates the output tax per line item. and posts this to the appropriate G/L account. Day-to-Day Activities When a clerk creates a sales document or a billing document using this pricing procedure. Customizing In Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). Step 905 calculates the total output tax per tax code.]. the system needs to know how much output tax there is on each item so that it can print it on the tax invoice. the tax invoice shows the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. For generic information about pricing procedures. when you print a tax invoice.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

10 However.10 ÷ 70). which gives a total difference of PLN 0. after the discount. the price per item has to be rounded to the nearest groszy.0157.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.73 each.10 751.00 50. That means that the customer has to pay PLN 701.10 701. Example A customer places a sales order for 70 sections of pipe at PLN 10.02. The system does this automatically.10 0. That makes a difference per section of approximately PLN 0. Since the customer often buys from you.30.00 751. SP 11 Rounding Use When you give a customer a discount. PLN 10.043. and posts the rounding differences to a profit and loss account.10 50.10 (before tax): 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10. you give it a discount of PLN 50.73 Less discount Less discount Total: Total: 751.00 701. it therefore looks like this: Account Accounts receivable Sales discounts Sales revenues Gains and losses on rounding Debit 701. rounded to four decimal places (PLN 701.73 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10. the price per pipe section is PLN 10.40 50. The system automatically rounds this amount up to the nearest groszy.30 Credit 46 . When you post the invoice to Financial Accounting (FI).

Within this project. the system transfers the billing date to the Document Header Text field in the corresponding accounting document. Create a project for the enhancement SDVFX001 (see Creating an Add-On Project [Ext. the system copies the billing date into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document... Day-to-Day Activities When a sales clerk create a billing document in SD.]). 2. Activities Customizing . The report then only covers the invoices whose billing date falls within this period.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents Use When you create an invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). you enter the first and last dates of that period in the Tax Date field. Reporting When you run the VAT Register for a given period.]). 47 . create a function module for the user exit EXIT_SAPLV60B_001 that reads the billing date and copies it into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document (see Creating Customer-Specific Function Modules [Ext. 1. This information is then used by the VAT Register [Page 11].

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