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Poland Country Version

Poland Country Version

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Sections

  • Poland
  • Financial Accounting (FI)
  • Taxes (FI-AP/AR)
  • Tax Code
  • VAT Register
  • VAT register
  • General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL)
  • Chart of Accounts
  • Financial Statement Version
  • Document Journal
  • G/L Account Balances and Line Items
  • Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items
  • Material Subledger
  • Accounts Payable (FI-AP)
  • Vendor Master (Control Data)
  • Vendor Master (Payment Transactions)
  • Payments
  • Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency
  • Accounts Receivable (FI-AR)
  • Customer Master (Control Data)
  • Customer Master (Payment Transactions)
  • Customer Balances and Line Items in Local
  • Bank Accounting (FI-BL)
  • Bank Key
  • Bank Account Number
  • Printout of Cash Journal Receipts
  • Asset Accounting (FI-AA)
  • Fixed Asset Ledger
  • Controlling (CO)
  • Cost Element
  • Cost Element Group
  • Materials Management (MM)
  • PKWiU
  • Sales and Distribution (SD)
  • Sales and Billing
  • Tax Invoice
  • Correction Tax Invoice
  • Pricing Procedure
  • Rounding
  • Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting

Country Version Poland

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

HEL P. C AI NT PL

SAP Online Help

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Copyright
© Copyright 2003 SAP AG. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express permission of SAP AG. The information contained herein may be changed without prior notice. Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its distributors contain proprietary software components of other software vendors. Microsoft®, WINDOWS®, NT®, EXCEL®, Word®, PowerPoint® and SQL Server® are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. IBM®, DB2®, DB2 Universal Database, OS/2®, Parallel Sysplex®, MVS/ESA, AIX®, S/390®, AS/400®, OS/390®, OS/400®, iSeries, pSeries, xSeries, zSeries, z/OS, AFP, Intelligent Miner, WebSphere®, Netfinity®, Tivoli®, Informix and Informix® Dynamic ServerTM are trademarks of IBM Corporation in USA and/or other countries. ORACLE® is a registered trademark of ORACLE Corporation. UNIX®, X/Open®, OSF/1®, and Motif® are registered trademarks of the Open Group. Citrix®, the Citrix logo, ICA®, Program Neighborhood®, MetaFrame®, WinFrame®, VideoFrame®, MultiWin® and other Citrix product names referenced herein are trademarks of Citrix Systems, Inc. HTML, DHTML, XML, XHTML are trademarks or registered trademarks of W3C®, World Wide Web Consortium, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. JAVA® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. JAVASCRIPT® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc., used under license for technology invented and implemented by Netscape. MarketSet and Enterprise Buyer are jointly owned trademarks of SAP AG and Commerce One. SAP, SAP Logo, R/2, R/3, mySAP, mySAP.com and other SAP products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries all over the world. All other product and service names mentioned are trademarks of their respective companies.

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SAP Online Help

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP Online Help

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Poland Financial Accounting (FI) Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Tax Code VAT Register General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Chart of Accounts Financial Statement Version Document Journal G/L Account Balances and Line Items Material Subledger Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Vendor Master (Control Data) Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Payments Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Customer Master (Control Data) Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Bank Key Bank Account Number Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Fixed Asset Ledger Controlling (CO) Cost Element Cost Element Group Materials Management (MM) PKWiU Sales and Distribution (SD) Sales and Billing Tax Invoice Correction Tax Invoice Output Pricing Procedure Rounding Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents

6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 4

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 5 .

]. and a country template [Ext.] to help you customize the system according to local requirements. The main areas are as follows: y The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. It does not cover the generic functions. At month-end. This documentation explains how the country-specific functions work and what Customizing settings are made by the country template.] is designed for use by businesses with operations in Poland. with some additional features in Logistics as well. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 6 . it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. which are described in the rest of the SAP Library.] [Ext. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. you can use the Polish country template in the Country Installation Program [Ext. At year-end. y y Materials Management (MM) supports the PKWiU material classification system. SP 11 Poland This country version [Ext. For example. Features Country-Specific Functions Most of the country-specific functions for Poland relate to Financials. it comprises functions designed for laws and business practices particular to Poland. Sales and Distribution (SD) allows you to print out tax invoices and correction tax invoices in the approved format. and in the cash journal. Country Template To allow you to customize your Polish company codes more quickly. As well as the generic SAP R/3 functions. In conjunction with add-on programs.

Features The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 7 . you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. In conjunction with add-on programs. At year-end. and in the cash journal. SP 11 Financial Accounting (FI) Purpose The Financial Accounting (FI) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. At month-end. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. For example. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities.

see Taxes (FI-AP/AR) [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 8 . The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. Features The system automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates.] . SP 11 Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Purpose The Taxes (FI-AP/AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. The tax procedure works with tax codes for calculating taxes according to Polish requirements. For generic information about Taxes. using a tax procedure for Poland. TAXPL. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities.

The tax -exempt tax codes control both of these functions. 7%.]. and 22%). These tax codes are used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. so that you can remit and report the corrected tax amounts separately to the tax authorities (see also Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]). Tax Codes for Output Tax on Goods and Services Code A0 A2 A5 A9 E0 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) 0 (exports) Code for correction C0 C2 C5 C9 E4 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Goods and Services Code F0 F2 F5 F9 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) Code for correction L0 L2 L5 L9 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Assets Code S2 Tax rate (%) 7 Code for correction U2 9 . Finally. see Tax Codes [Ext. There are also tax codes for tax-exempt goods and services. Examples of the specifications defined under the tax code are: y y y Tax rate Type of tax (input tax or output tax) Calculation method (percentage included or percentage separate) For generic information about tax codes. and for purchases of assets (0%. use the separate tax codes provided for these purposes. and zero rate. reduced rate (7%). if you need to correct a tax invoice. In tax invoices [Page 42]. Separate tax codes are also provided for zero-rated exports. SP 11 Tax Code Definition A two-digit code that represents the specifications used for calculating and displaying tax.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and which tax code you can use to make corrections. The following tables show which tax codes are provided for which purpose. Use The country template for Poland comes with tax codes for VAT (value-added tax) at the standard rate (22%). which lists tax-exempt transactions separately from others. tax-exempt transactions also have to be marked as such.

SP 11 S5 S9 22 0 U5 U9 10 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

Features Selection Fill out the fields as follows: y Cleared Vendor Items Only Creates a register of the VAT for vendors operating recognized businesses for people with disabilities. If you use Sales and Distribution (SD) for invoicing purposes. The contents of this field are also printed in the VAT register. SP 11 VAT Register Use You use this report to prepare VAT registers in accordance with Polish legal requirements. To access the report. enter the billing date in each document manually. This information is required for all documents that contain VAT items. Prerequisites You have maintained the NIP number in all customer master records (see Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26]). This field corresponds to the Tax Date field on the VAT Register selection screen.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. If you leave the field empty. After selecting this checkbox. on the SAP Easy Access screen. The parameters are as follows:  All Documents Displays all documents posted from SD together with the other documents. This is especially important if you want to create a register of correction documents for SD invoices. y Documents Posted from SD The report covers documents that have been posted from SD. You have also filled out the following fields when posting accounting documents: y Reference Document Number The VAT register shows the reference number from all correspondence with customers and vendors. 11 . y Document Header Text This field has to contain the billing date. If you use Financial Accounting (FI) for invoicing purposes. It covers all of the VAT registers that you are required to submit each month under the VAT-7 regulation. so enter the reference document number in all accounting documents in Accounts Payable (FI-AP) and Accounts Receivable (FI-AR). The register only covers documents where all payables are covered by a single vendor item and this item has been cleared. choose Enter in order to be able to make an entry in the Document Type for Clrg Doc field. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Reporting p Tax Reports p Poland p VAT Register. the system can fill out this field automatically (see Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47]). the system takes the posting date of the accounting document to be the billing date.

y Subledger Account Address Data Shows the business address data for each line item. The individual documents are not listed. gross. Docs w Errors in Totals Determines whether you want documents with errors to be included in the totals for each VAT type.SAP Online Help No Correction Documents SAP R/3 Enterprise. y Tolerance for VAT Rounding Determines how the system rounds VAT. and net amounts for each document type. y Display Totals Only Shows the total VAT. and net amounts for each document type are shown at the end of the list. if the net amount plus the VAT equals the gross amount). The Gross and Net columns contain zeros. The total VAT.  Document Type Accounting document type of the documents posted from SD (usually RV). but without correction documents. All the entries in this register are contained in the VAT column.  Correction Documents Only Displays correction documents posted from SD only. The report checks the different amounts in the line items to make sure that they add up correctly (for example. SP 11  Displays only documents posted from SD. Any documents with line items that are incorrect are marked accordingly. as follows:   2: Rounds VAT to two decimal places 1: Rounds VAT to one decimal place You can only run the report for one company code at a time. The report does not check the documents. This field is only available when you select No Correction Documents or Correction Documents Only and choose Enter. y Process Customs Documents Creates a register of customs documents. The list of incorrect documents also shows the cause of the error. broken down by VAT code. 12 . gross. After selecting this checkbox. choose Enter in order to be able to specify the various tax codes. Output The list shows the gross and net amounts and VAT for each document. y Incl.

In other cases. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see General Ledger Accounting (FIGL) [Ext. SP 11 General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Purpose The General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. 13 . Country Template The country template for Poland comes with a sample chart of accounts that reflects local business practice.]. the generic reports have been enhanced to cover Polish legal requirements. G/L Account Balances and Material Subledger. For generic information about FI-GL. where these requirements cannot be met by the generic reports. for example. Features Country-Specific Features Country Version Poland comes with some reports of its own for preparing general purpose financial statements. such as the Document Journal.

and deferrals Revenues and revenue-related expenses Stockholders' equity. Structure The chart of accounts is structured to reflect local business practice. reserves (company pension reserves.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. accounts receivable. It consists of several account classes as follows: Account class 00 01 02 03 04 06 07 08 09 Use Fixed assets Financial resources and other short-term financial assets Settlements and claims (accounts payable. deferred tax). Use Country Version Poland comes with its own chart of accounts. excise duty liabilities) Materials and trading goods Expenses Goods. special funds. SP 11 Chart of Accounts Definition See Chart of Accounts [Ext. and financial results Non-balance sheet accounts 14 .]. CAPL. the system assigns this chart of accounts to it and to the controlling area (also called PL01). accruals. When you create a company code using the country template for Poland (company code PL01).

see Changing a Financial Statement Version [Ext. which you can use to prepare financial statements. Structure The financial statement version is structured according to statutory requirements. It covers all accounts: assets. and profit and loss accounts. BAPL. SP 11 Financial Statement Version Definition See Financial Statement Versions [Ext. liabilities and stockholders' equity.]. 15 . Use Country Version Poland comes with a financial statement version.].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. For information about changing financial statement versions.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The layout of the journal meets Polish legal requirements (see "Output" below). in the Additional Header field. The start of the list is marked with the words "Start of List. The list shows who posted each document. type Accounting Ledger Output When you run the report for a Polish company code. Features Selection Enter data as required. but with the following additions: y y y y The words "Accounting Ledger" are printed at the top of the list." and the end of the list is marked "End of List. The law requires you to prepare a journal for each posting period by the end of the fiscal year at the latest. To access the report. and.1). the system displays an output list as normal. from the SAP Easy Access screen. SP 11 Document Journal Use You use the generic Document Journal report to prepare a general journal as per the Polish Accounting Act (article 13. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Document p General p Document Journal p Document Journal. 16 ." Running totals are printed at the bottom of every page.

To access the report.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. date (8 characters). enter data as required.]). RFIDPL15001. Features The report is similar to the generic G/L Account Balances report (see Account Balances [Ext. time (6). but. company code (4). SP 11 G/L Account Balances and Line Items Use You use this report to prepare a list of G/L account balances and line items according to Polish legal requirements. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). if your posting periods are longer than a month. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items. but offers a number of features specific to Poland. Output For each G/L account. the balance carried forward from the previous year is not included here or in any of the following information. G/L account number (10) There are no spaces in the line. you must prepare the report at the end of each calendar month as well. user name (12). Line 1 contains the following information: y y The balance carried forward from the previous year The balance at the start of the period (debit or credit) This means the balance of any postings from previous periods this year. except for between your user name and the company code. The law requires you to prepare the report at the end of each posting period. y Total credits and total debits posted to this account during the period Line 2 shows this information: y y Balance of debits and credits posted to this account during the period Total credit and debit balances at the end of the period (all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) 17 . Selection On the selection screen. the output list shows the information in two lines. The features specific to Poland are as follows: y Reporting Period You can either run the report by posting period or calendar month (see ³Use´ above). the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. from the SAP Easy Access screen. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances.

if you selected that option.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the list also shows: y y The words "Start of List" and "End of List" at the beginning and end of the list Running totals at the bottom of each page 18 . In addition. SP 11 y Balance of total credits and debits at the end of the period (balance of all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) Line 3 shows the line items.

with subtotals for each plant. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p Material Subledger. To access the report. Prerequisites You have not archived any of the accounting documents covered by the report. Features Selection To hide the line items from the output list (see below) and show the totals per G/L account and plant only. and finished materials themselves. the output list shows the G/L accounts containing line items for materials. select Totals Only. for VAT. in accordance with Polish legal requirements. the output list shows: y The beginning balance The beginning balance is the balance of all amounts posted in the current fiscal year up until the first date of the report.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. As well as line items for raw. Output By default. 19 . for example. semifinished. It shows all of the line items posted to each G/L account. y y The total debit and credit amounts posted to it during the period The closing balance The list shows running totals at the foot of each page. For each G/L account and plant. It does not include any postings from previous years. it also covers related items. from the SAP Easy Access screen. SP 11 Material Subledger Use You use this report to print a list of all line items relating to materials.

Country Template In conjunction with add-on programs. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. the vendor master allows you to record your vendors¶ NIP numbers.]. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features Country-Specific Functions In Country Version Poland. the country template for Poland comes with settings that enable you to make electronic payments in various file formats. and enter their bank details in the format required. SP 11 Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Purpose The Accounts Payable (FI-AP) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. For generic information about FI-AP. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of vendor balances in local currency and open customer items. 20 .

from the SAP Easy Access screen. SP 11 Vendor Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record general information about a vendor. enter each vendor¶s NIP number [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. See also: Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 22] 21 . as required by law.].] in the Tax Number 1 field. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. Use On the Control Data sreen. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes. To access the vendor master.

]. Use On the Payment Transactions screen. See also: Vendor Master (Control Data) [Page 21] 22 . To access the vendor master. SP 11 Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record a vendor¶s bank details. from the SAP Easy Access screen. enter the vendor¶s bank number as described in Bank Account Number [Page 31]. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

use the print program J_1P0042 See also: Country-Specific Payment Methods [Ext.] 23 . Activities To create payment slips (payment method P). SAP R/3 supports the electronic file formats used by the following banks: y y y y Bre Bank¶s BRESOK system Citibank¶s PLI format ING¶s and ABN-AMRO¶s versions of the ELIXIR format published by National Clearing House Co. by creating a file with the payment instructions.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. comes with all the settings you need to make bank transfer payments. in conjunction with add-on programs. use the print program RFFOD__U. see SAP Note 153630. the document type KA. To create electronic payment files (payment method E). SP 11 Payments Use SAP R/3. You can either print out the payment instructions on payment slips. or you can make the payments electronically. (KIR SA) ING¶s ING format Prerequisites You have: y y Installed the print program J_1P0042 Installed the SAPscript forms for printing the payment slips   J_1P_PRZELEW_4X4: Full payment slip (4 copies) J_1P_PRZELEW_ISO: Shortened payment slip (2 short copies and 2 long copies) J_1P_PRZELEW02: Payment slip for payments to tax offices (special fields used)  For more information. and one of the appropriate forms listed above.

date (8 characters). The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 24 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. enter data as required. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. user name (12). The report is a localized version of the generic Vendor Balances in Local Currency report To access the report. vendor (10) There are no spaces in the line. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. SP 11 Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts payable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. time (6). if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. Features Selection On the selection screen. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. Output For each vendor. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Reporting p Poland p Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. from the SAP Easy Access screen. except for between your user name and the company code. RFIDPL10001. company code (4). G/L account number (10). The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters).

see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. 25 . For generic information about FI-AR. the customer master allows you to record your customers¶ NIP numbers. SP 11 Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Purpose The Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of customer balances in local currency and open customer items. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. Features In Country Version Poland. and enter their bank details in the format required.

see Customer Master Data [Ext.] in the Tax Number 1 field. SP 11 Customer Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record general information about a customer. Use On the Control Data tab. on the SAP Easy Access screen. enter the customer¶s NIP number [Ext. To access the customer master. as required by law. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. See also: Customer Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 27] 26 .].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

See also: Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26] 27 . Use On the Payment Transactions tab. see Customer Master Data [Ext. SP 11 Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record a customer¶s bank details.]. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. enter the customer¶s bank number as described under ³Master Data´ in Bank Account Number [Page 31]. To access the customer master.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. from the SAP Easy Access screen.

enter data as required. Output For each customer. G/L account number (10). The report is a localized version of the generic Customer Balances in Local Currency report. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. except for between your user name and the company code. Features Selection On the selection screen. SP 11 Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts receivable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. time (6). y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. company code (4). the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. To access the report. date (8 characters). Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Reporting p Poland p Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. RFIDPL10001. from the SAP Easy Access screen. customer (10) There are no spaces in the line. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 28 . the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. user name (12). The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters).

SP 11 Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Purpose The Bank Accounting (FI-BL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.]. 29 . For generic information about FI-BL.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. see Bank Accounting (FI-BL) [Ext. There are also special procedures that you have to follow for maintaining bank numbers. so that you can printing cash receipts in the required format. Features Country Version Poland comes with its own program for use with the cash journal.

you must use the bank number as the bank key in SAP R/3 so that you can enter the bank number in the correct format. SP 11 Bank Key Definition A key that identifies a bank within SAP R/3. Use In Poland. define the bank number as the bank key by choosing Set Countries p Set Country-Specific Checks. Customizing In Customizing for Global Settings.]. use the bank number as the bank key. Master Data When you create a bank master record [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. enter 1 (bank number). In the Bank Key field. 30 .

enter it as follows: y y y Bank Key: 12345678 Bank Account: -12345678-1234Reference Details: 12345-123-1234 . In the IBAN format. see ³Structure´ below. 1042956). To enter any bank account number in the old format. Note that the old bank account number format is being phased out and will be replaced by the IBAN bank account number format. bank account numbers start with PL (for Poland). for example 12401994-1042956-2700-00001. and the 16-digit bank account number. Bank Account. The bank account number consists of several components which are separated by a hyphen ( ). Use When you enter your own bank account numbers (in your house bank details). choose dialog box that appears. proceed as follows. followed by a two-digit check digit. SP 11 Bank Account Number Definition A unique identification key for a bank account. bank account numbers in Poland can be either 18 or 34 digits long. to enter the bank number in the IBAN format. the eight-digit bank number. and enter it in the Alternatively. and Reference Details fields respectively. or your customersµ or vendorsµ account numbers (in their master records). split the number into three parts and enter them in the Bank Key. For example. to enter a customer¶s bank account number 12345678 -12345678-1234-12345-1231234 in its master record.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Structure In the old format. 31 . The first part of the account number is the bank number (in the example. For information about the formats.

Use the print program originally intended for the Czech Republic and Slovakia.] in the documentation for the Czech Republic. you use a different program and a different SAPscript form from most other countries.] 32 . For more information. see Printout of Cash Journal Receipts [Ext. you print out cash journal receipts (for cash receipts and disbursements) in the approved format. See also: Cash Journal [Ext. SP 11 Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Use In Poland. For these purposes.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

SP 11 Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Purpose The Asset Accounting (FI-AA) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. as required by law.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. For generic information about FI-AA. It also comes with a changeover method (6) that switches from the declining-balance to the straight-line method of depreciation. see Asset Accounting (FI-AA) [Ext.]). 33 . Features Country-Specific Functions Country Version Poland comes with a report that allows you to prepare a list of assets. but not until the year after the straight-line method first yields more depreciation than the declining-balance method (see Changeover Method [Ext.]. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.

on the SAP Easy Access screen.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 34 . which you access under Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Cost Accounting p Depreciation and Interest. You may therefore not be able to calculate the book value of the asset.] report. Features Output The list shows the following: y y y y y y The total acquisition and production costs in the report year up to the report date The accumulated acquisition and production costs at the start of the report year The accumulated depreciation at the start of the report year The book value of each asset at the start of the report year The depreciation planned for the report year to the report date The value of the asset as at the report date The list does not show the total amount of depreciation in the report year. SP 11 Fixed Asset Ledger Use You use this report to prepare a list of assets in accordance with Polish legal requirements. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Preparations for Closing p Country-Specifics p Poland p Fixed Asset Ledger. To access the report. The report calculates the values using the same methods as the Depreciation and Interest [Ext.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. 35 . see Controlling (CO) [Ext. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. Features The country template for Poland comes with cost elements and cost element groups that reflect local business practice. SP 11 Controlling (CO) Purpose The Controlling (CO) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. For generic information about CO.

It provides primary cost elements for the G/L accounts for expenses and revenues (account classes 4 and 7 respectively). which are assigned to controlling area PL01. SP 11 Cost Element Definition See Cost Elements [Ext. These cost elements match the sample chart of accounts.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. CAPL. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own set of cost elements. 36 . They are contained in account class 9. The country version also comes with sample secondary cost elements for the purposes of cost allocation. You can use them as the basis for creating cost elements of your own.].

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own cost element group. SP 11 Cost Element Group Definition See Cost Element Groups [Ext. CAPL. Structure CAPL consists of the following subgroups: Subgroup CAPL-1 CAPL-2 CAPL-3 CAPL-4 CAPL-5 Description Material expense and purchased services Personnel cost planning Other costs Secondary costs Revenues 37 .].

The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. Features Country Version Poland supports the use of the PKWiU material classification. 38 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Materials Management (MM) Purpose The Materials Management (MM) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.

by choosing Material Master p Material IDs p Maintain PKWiUs. Master Data You assign a PKWiU to each of your material master records. 39 .]). Use In SAP R/3. you define the PKWiUs in Customizing. SP 11 PKWiU Definition A number used in Poland to classify materials according to the Polish Classification of Goods and Services. and other business documents. reports. and print the material¶s PKWiU in correspondence. choose Logistics p Materials Management p Material Master p Material p « You enter the PKWiU on the Foreign Trade: Import Data tab. Day-to-Day Activities You can print the PKWiU in any correspondence and in any statutory reports. and by the finance ministry to categorize materials for the purposes of taxation. The system is used by the Central Statistics Office to prepare manufacturing statistics. The law requires you to print the PKWiU of any of the items are taxed below the standard rate (see Tax Invoice [Page 42]). To access the material master. You can then assign each of your materials a PKWiU. When you create a tax invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). in the Control Code field. It has replaced the Systematic List of Products (see SWW [Ext. on the SAP Easy Access screen.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the invoice itemizes the materials that you have sold. Customizing You enter the PKWiUs in Customizing for Logistics ± General.

The country template for Poland comes with a range of objects that allow with a pricing procedure for calculating sales prices according to Polish requirements. Features Country Version Poland allows you to handle the sales and billing processes so that you create tax invoices and correction tax invoices. It also includes an output type and a SAPscript form for printing tax invoices and correction tax invoices.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Sales and Distribution (SD) Purpose The Sales and Distribution (SD) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. 40 . The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.

b. follow the procedure described below.]. The tax invoice shows all the information required. Creates a debit memo (L2). and prints out a correction tax invoice. The shipping clerk creates a delivery.] b. Creates an invoice correction request (RK) with reference to the original invoice. following the standard procedure [Ext. The billing clerk creates an invoice from the delivery. and prints out a correction tax invoice 41 . 1. 6. The billing clerk creates a credit memo request (in the standard system. Creates a credit memo (CR). the billing clerk: a. 4. which the law requires you to prepare. If you discover that the invoice is for too little. SP 11 Sales and Billing Purpose The sales and billing procedure in Poland differs slightly from the standard. The system calculates the prices using the pricing procedure RVAAPL. following the standard procedure [Ext..]. you have set up the Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47] function.]. following the standard procedure [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext. and prints out a tax invoice. the billing clerk: a. again. The system automatically creates: y y Tax invoices for all invoices involving VAT (value-added tax) Correction tax invoices for any credit memos or debit memos that you create In order for the system to create the correction tax invoices correctly. Process Flow . Prerequisites You have customized the pricing procedure [Page 45] (which contains information required by the tax invoice) and the output [Page 44] (which generates the tax invoices and correction tax invoices). following the standard procedure [Ext. The sales clerk creates a sales order. The billing clerk creates a credit memo (G2). following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext. If you discover that there is something else wrong with the invoice. 2.].]. The shipping clerk creates a delivery. 3. and prints out a correction tax invoice. Creates a debit memo request (DR) with reference to the original invoice.]. document type CR) with reference to the original invoice. 5. If you want to use the VAT Register [Page 11].] b.. to take into account the creation of tax invoices [Page 42] (and correction tax invoices). If the customer discovers something wrong with the goods: a.]. c.

you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. and total gross amount Total amount receivable (including VAT). Tax invoices are thus used to substantiate tax returns. Structure The tax invoice header contains the following information: y y y y Names. When you have created a billing document. and NIP numbers [Ext. the total net amount. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . Use The law requires you to create a tax invoice within seven days of a sale. addresses. SP 11 Tax Invoice Definition A document that shows a value-added tax item and which is recognized by the tax authorities as evidence that a VAT transaction occurred.] of the buyer and seller Sale date Tax invoice issue date and number Words ³VAT invoice´ (in Polish. total VAT.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Faktura VAT) It must show the following information for each item: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. and to show all the information listed under ³Structure´ below. net price per unit.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the tax invoice 42 . and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount The tax invoice must also show the following: y y y For all items taxed at the same rate. create a Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43].´ If you need to correct a tax invoice.

SP 11 Correction Tax Invoice Definition A document that serves to correct a tax invoice [Page 42] that you have already issued.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. if it contains an error in any of the prices. you issue another correction tax invoice. for example.´ If you have to correct a correction tax invoice. tax amounts. gross values.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. quantities. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . it shows: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. with subtotals for all items that are taxed at the same rate Total amount receivable (preceded by the words ³Do zwrotu´). For each line item. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount It also shows: y y y Total change in the net and gross prices and in the VAT. Correction tax invoices are used to substantiate tax returns. for example: y y y To grant a customer a discount or rebate or increase the price of goods or services To correct a tax invoice. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. or total amount payable (³Do zap aty´). or units of measure When a customer returns some goods to you When you have created a billing document. Use You are required to create a correction tax invoice whenever you need to correct a tax invoice. Structure A correction tax invoice shows the information as it was printed on the original tax invoice and as it should be. net price per unit. both including VAT and both in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the correction tax invoice 43 . net values. tax rates.

]. Similarly. you can print out a correction tax invoice. For more information. you can print out the tax invoice or correction tax invoice in the approved format using the generic output [Ext. The SAPscript form uses information provided by the pricing procedure RVAAPL. you can print out a tax invoice from it. see Output Processing [Ext. SP 11 Output Use Once you have created a billing document [Ext.] functions. You must create an output type [Ext. 44 . You create output types in Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). When you create an invoice in Billing. by choosing Basic Functions p Output Control p Output Determination p Output Determination Using the Condition Technique p Maintain Output Determination for Billing Documents p Maintain Output Types. request output of the type that you have created. The same form is used for tax invoices and correction tax invoices.]. It meets Polish business and legal requirements as described in Tax Invoice [Page 42] and Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. when you create a credit or debit memo.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Day-to-Day Activities When you create a billing document [Ext. Features Country Version Poland comes with a SAPscript form that is specifically for output in Poland.] in the system.] of your own and assign it to the SAPscript form RVINVOICEPL and the standard printing program RVADIN01. To print the output from the billing document. you can print out the tax invoice from the billing document in SD. Activities Customizing Set up the output control so that you can print the tax invoices from billing documents.

Customizing In Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). The system does not post any tax from this step (since it is posted in step 905). Step 905 calculates the total output tax per tax code. taxes. RVAAPL. and posts this to the appropriate G/L account. the system calculates the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. Use Country Version Poland comes with a pricing procedure of its own. SP 11 Pricing Procedure Definition A system object that defines the conditions permitted for a document and the sequence in which the system takes these conditions into account during pricing. As well as calculating the prices. when you print a tax invoice. This pricing procedure includes the following features: y y y Steps 720 and 725 round up or down any differences arising from sales discounts (see Rounding [Page 46]). In the SAPscript form that you use to print out tax invoices. Day-to-Day Activities When a clerk creates a sales document or a billing document using this pricing procedure. Then. it also provides the tax invoice with some information. delivery costs and so on. you include a reference to these fields. see Pricing Procedures [Ext. Step 906 calculates the output tax per line item. 45 . you check the pricing procedure by choosing Basic Functions p Pricing p Pricing Control p Define and Assign Pricing Procedures p Maintain Pricing Procedures. the tax invoice shows the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. the system needs to know how much output tax there is on each item so that it can print it on the tax invoice. However.].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. For generic information about pricing procedures.

Example A customer places a sales order for 70 sections of pipe at PLN 10. That means that the customer has to pay PLN 701.30 Credit 46 . it therefore looks like this: Account Accounts receivable Sales discounts Sales revenues Gains and losses on rounding Debit 701. the price per pipe section is PLN 10.10 ÷ 70).10 However. That makes a difference per section of approximately PLN 0. after the discount. which gives a total difference of PLN 0.10 0.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.73 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10.10 (before tax): 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10. The system automatically rounds this amount up to the nearest groszy.10 701. rounded to four decimal places (PLN 701.02.73 Less discount Less discount Total: Total: 751.30. the price per item has to be rounded to the nearest groszy.043. you give it a discount of PLN 50. When you post the invoice to Financial Accounting (FI).10 50.00 701.10 751.00 50.0157.40 50. SP 11 Rounding Use When you give a customer a discount.00 751. PLN 10. Since the customer often buys from you.73 each. and posts the rounding differences to a profit and loss account. The system does this automatically.

SP 11 Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents Use When you create an invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). Create a project for the enhancement SDVFX001 (see Creating an Add-On Project [Ext. The report then only covers the invoices whose billing date falls within this period. create a function module for the user exit EXIT_SAPLV60B_001 that reads the billing date and copies it into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document (see Creating Customer-Specific Function Modules [Ext. 47 . Reporting When you run the VAT Register for a given period. 1. Within this project. the system transfers the billing date to the Document Header Text field in the corresponding accounting document. Day-to-Day Activities When a sales clerk create a billing document in SD. the system copies the billing date into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]). you enter the first and last dates of that period in the Tax Date field.. 2. Activities Customizing .. This information is then used by the VAT Register [Page 11].]).

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