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Poland Country Version

Poland Country Version

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Sections

  • Poland
  • Financial Accounting (FI)
  • Taxes (FI-AP/AR)
  • Tax Code
  • VAT Register
  • VAT register
  • General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL)
  • Chart of Accounts
  • Financial Statement Version
  • Document Journal
  • G/L Account Balances and Line Items
  • Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items
  • Material Subledger
  • Accounts Payable (FI-AP)
  • Vendor Master (Control Data)
  • Vendor Master (Payment Transactions)
  • Payments
  • Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency
  • Accounts Receivable (FI-AR)
  • Customer Master (Control Data)
  • Customer Master (Payment Transactions)
  • Customer Balances and Line Items in Local
  • Bank Accounting (FI-BL)
  • Bank Key
  • Bank Account Number
  • Printout of Cash Journal Receipts
  • Asset Accounting (FI-AA)
  • Fixed Asset Ledger
  • Controlling (CO)
  • Cost Element
  • Cost Element Group
  • Materials Management (MM)
  • PKWiU
  • Sales and Distribution (SD)
  • Sales and Billing
  • Tax Invoice
  • Correction Tax Invoice
  • Pricing Procedure
  • Rounding
  • Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting

Country Version Poland

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

HEL P. C AI NT PL

SAP Online Help

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Copyright
© Copyright 2003 SAP AG. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express permission of SAP AG. The information contained herein may be changed without prior notice. Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its distributors contain proprietary software components of other software vendors. Microsoft®, WINDOWS®, NT®, EXCEL®, Word®, PowerPoint® and SQL Server® are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. IBM®, DB2®, DB2 Universal Database, OS/2®, Parallel Sysplex®, MVS/ESA, AIX®, S/390®, AS/400®, OS/390®, OS/400®, iSeries, pSeries, xSeries, zSeries, z/OS, AFP, Intelligent Miner, WebSphere®, Netfinity®, Tivoli®, Informix and Informix® Dynamic ServerTM are trademarks of IBM Corporation in USA and/or other countries. ORACLE® is a registered trademark of ORACLE Corporation. UNIX®, X/Open®, OSF/1®, and Motif® are registered trademarks of the Open Group. Citrix®, the Citrix logo, ICA®, Program Neighborhood®, MetaFrame®, WinFrame®, VideoFrame®, MultiWin® and other Citrix product names referenced herein are trademarks of Citrix Systems, Inc. HTML, DHTML, XML, XHTML are trademarks or registered trademarks of W3C®, World Wide Web Consortium, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. JAVA® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. JAVASCRIPT® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc., used under license for technology invented and implemented by Netscape. MarketSet and Enterprise Buyer are jointly owned trademarks of SAP AG and Commerce One. SAP, SAP Logo, R/2, R/3, mySAP, mySAP.com and other SAP products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries all over the world. All other product and service names mentioned are trademarks of their respective companies.

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP Online Help

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Poland Financial Accounting (FI) Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Tax Code VAT Register General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Chart of Accounts Financial Statement Version Document Journal G/L Account Balances and Line Items Material Subledger Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Vendor Master (Control Data) Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Payments Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Customer Master (Control Data) Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Bank Key Bank Account Number Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Fixed Asset Ledger Controlling (CO) Cost Element Cost Element Group Materials Management (MM) PKWiU Sales and Distribution (SD) Sales and Billing Tax Invoice Correction Tax Invoice Output Pricing Procedure Rounding Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents

6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 4

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 5 .

Country Template To allow you to customize your Polish company codes more quickly. Features Country-Specific Functions Most of the country-specific functions for Poland relate to Financials. It does not cover the generic functions. At month-end.]. 6 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. SP 11 Poland This country version [Ext. which are described in the rest of the SAP Library.] [Ext. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. you can use the Polish country template in the Country Installation Program [Ext.] to help you customize the system according to local requirements. As well as the generic SAP R/3 functions. and a country template [Ext. it comprises functions designed for laws and business practices particular to Poland. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. y y Materials Management (MM) supports the PKWiU material classification system. and in the cash journal. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. For example. The main areas are as follows: y The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. with some additional features in Logistics as well. Sales and Distribution (SD) allows you to print out tax invoices and correction tax invoices in the approved format. In conjunction with add-on programs. At year-end. This documentation explains how the country-specific functions work and what Customizing settings are made by the country template.] is designed for use by businesses with operations in Poland. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format.

For example. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. Features The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. 7 . and in the cash journal. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. At year-end. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. SP 11 Financial Accounting (FI) Purpose The Financial Accounting (FI) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. In conjunction with add-on programs. At month-end.

] .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. For generic information about Taxes. TAXPL. 8 . The tax procedure works with tax codes for calculating taxes according to Polish requirements. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. using a tax procedure for Poland. Features The system automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Purpose The Taxes (FI-AP/AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. see Taxes (FI-AP/AR) [Ext.

see Tax Codes [Ext. and 22%). use the separate tax codes provided for these purposes. The following tables show which tax codes are provided for which purpose. if you need to correct a tax invoice. Examples of the specifications defined under the tax code are: y y y Tax rate Type of tax (input tax or output tax) Calculation method (percentage included or percentage separate) For generic information about tax codes. Finally. In tax invoices [Page 42]. SP 11 Tax Code Definition A two-digit code that represents the specifications used for calculating and displaying tax. Separate tax codes are also provided for zero-rated exports. There are also tax codes for tax-exempt goods and services. which lists tax-exempt transactions separately from others. These tax codes are used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. Tax Codes for Output Tax on Goods and Services Code A0 A2 A5 A9 E0 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) 0 (exports) Code for correction C0 C2 C5 C9 E4 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Goods and Services Code F0 F2 F5 F9 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) Code for correction L0 L2 L5 L9 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Assets Code S2 Tax rate (%) 7 Code for correction U2 9 . and zero rate. reduced rate (7%). The tax -exempt tax codes control both of these functions. 7%.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and which tax code you can use to make corrections. tax-exempt transactions also have to be marked as such. so that you can remit and report the corrected tax amounts separately to the tax authorities (see also Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]). Use The country template for Poland comes with tax codes for VAT (value-added tax) at the standard rate (22%).]. and for purchases of assets (0%.

SP 11 S5 S9 22 0 U5 U9 10 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

y Document Header Text This field has to contain the billing date. SP 11 VAT Register Use You use this report to prepare VAT registers in accordance with Polish legal requirements. The contents of this field are also printed in the VAT register. This information is required for all documents that contain VAT items. If you leave the field empty. It covers all of the VAT registers that you are required to submit each month under the VAT-7 regulation. the system takes the posting date of the accounting document to be the billing date. This field corresponds to the Tax Date field on the VAT Register selection screen. Features Selection Fill out the fields as follows: y Cleared Vendor Items Only Creates a register of the VAT for vendors operating recognized businesses for people with disabilities.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The register only covers documents where all payables are covered by a single vendor item and this item has been cleared. y Documents Posted from SD The report covers documents that have been posted from SD. You have also filled out the following fields when posting accounting documents: y Reference Document Number The VAT register shows the reference number from all correspondence with customers and vendors. on the SAP Easy Access screen. Prerequisites You have maintained the NIP number in all customer master records (see Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26]). This is especially important if you want to create a register of correction documents for SD invoices. enter the billing date in each document manually. The parameters are as follows:  All Documents Displays all documents posted from SD together with the other documents. so enter the reference document number in all accounting documents in Accounts Payable (FI-AP) and Accounts Receivable (FI-AR). After selecting this checkbox. If you use Sales and Distribution (SD) for invoicing purposes. the system can fill out this field automatically (see Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47]). choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Reporting p Tax Reports p Poland p VAT Register. choose Enter in order to be able to make an entry in the Document Type for Clrg Doc field. 11 . To access the report. If you use Financial Accounting (FI) for invoicing purposes.

Output The list shows the gross and net amounts and VAT for each document.  Correction Documents Only Displays correction documents posted from SD only. gross.SAP Online Help No Correction Documents SAP R/3 Enterprise. Any documents with line items that are incorrect are marked accordingly. This field is only available when you select No Correction Documents or Correction Documents Only and choose Enter. 12 .  Document Type Accounting document type of the documents posted from SD (usually RV). The total VAT. The report does not check the documents. y Incl. After selecting this checkbox. if the net amount plus the VAT equals the gross amount). as follows:   2: Rounds VAT to two decimal places 1: Rounds VAT to one decimal place You can only run the report for one company code at a time. The list of incorrect documents also shows the cause of the error. The individual documents are not listed. The report checks the different amounts in the line items to make sure that they add up correctly (for example. and net amounts for each document type are shown at the end of the list. gross. Docs w Errors in Totals Determines whether you want documents with errors to be included in the totals for each VAT type. SP 11  Displays only documents posted from SD. All the entries in this register are contained in the VAT column. y Process Customs Documents Creates a register of customs documents. The Gross and Net columns contain zeros. and net amounts for each document type. but without correction documents. y Subledger Account Address Data Shows the business address data for each line item. choose Enter in order to be able to specify the various tax codes. y Display Totals Only Shows the total VAT. y Tolerance for VAT Rounding Determines how the system rounds VAT. broken down by VAT code.

G/L Account Balances and Material Subledger. SP 11 General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Purpose The General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. 13 . such as the Document Journal.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. In other cases. For generic information about FI-GL. the generic reports have been enhanced to cover Polish legal requirements.]. see General Ledger Accounting (FIGL) [Ext. for example. Country Template The country template for Poland comes with a sample chart of accounts that reflects local business practice. where these requirements cannot be met by the generic reports. Features Country-Specific Features Country Version Poland comes with some reports of its own for preparing general purpose financial statements.

SP 11 Chart of Accounts Definition See Chart of Accounts [Ext. It consists of several account classes as follows: Account class 00 01 02 03 04 06 07 08 09 Use Fixed assets Financial resources and other short-term financial assets Settlements and claims (accounts payable. and deferrals Revenues and revenue-related expenses Stockholders' equity. accounts receivable. CAPL. Structure The chart of accounts is structured to reflect local business practice. excise duty liabilities) Materials and trading goods Expenses Goods. reserves (company pension reserves. and financial results Non-balance sheet accounts 14 . When you create a company code using the country template for Poland (company code PL01). Use Country Version Poland comes with its own chart of accounts. accruals.].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. deferred tax). special funds. the system assigns this chart of accounts to it and to the controlling area (also called PL01).

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. BAPL. Structure The financial statement version is structured according to statutory requirements. It covers all accounts: assets.]. For information about changing financial statement versions. Use Country Version Poland comes with a financial statement version.]. SP 11 Financial Statement Version Definition See Financial Statement Versions [Ext. which you can use to prepare financial statements. and profit and loss accounts. 15 . liabilities and stockholders' equity. see Changing a Financial Statement Version [Ext.

Features Selection Enter data as required. and. the system displays an output list as normal. 16 . from the SAP Easy Access screen. in the Additional Header field." and the end of the list is marked "End of List. The layout of the journal meets Polish legal requirements (see "Output" below). The start of the list is marked with the words "Start of List." Running totals are printed at the bottom of every page. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Document p General p Document Journal p Document Journal.1). type Accounting Ledger Output When you run the report for a Polish company code. but with the following additions: y y y y The words "Accounting Ledger" are printed at the top of the list. The law requires you to prepare a journal for each posting period by the end of the fiscal year at the latest. To access the report. The list shows who posted each document.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Document Journal Use You use the generic Document Journal report to prepare a general journal as per the Polish Accounting Act (article 13.

The features specific to Poland are as follows: y Reporting Period You can either run the report by posting period or calendar month (see ³Use´ above). Selection On the selection screen. G/L account number (10) There are no spaces in the line. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. but offers a number of features specific to Poland. The law requires you to prepare the report at the end of each posting period. y Total credits and total debits posted to this account during the period Line 2 shows this information: y y Balance of debits and credits posted to this account during the period Total credit and debit balances at the end of the period (all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) 17 . y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. except for between your user name and the company code. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). company code (4). RFIDPL15001. the output list shows the information in two lines. enter data as required. date (8 characters). Features The report is similar to the generic G/L Account Balances report (see Account Balances [Ext.]). user name (12). if your posting periods are longer than a month. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items. but. Output For each G/L account. SP 11 G/L Account Balances and Line Items Use You use this report to prepare a list of G/L account balances and line items according to Polish legal requirements. To access the report. Line 1 contains the following information: y y The balance carried forward from the previous year The balance at the start of the period (debit or credit) This means the balance of any postings from previous periods this year. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. you must prepare the report at the end of each calendar month as well. from the SAP Easy Access screen. time (6). the balance carried forward from the previous year is not included here or in any of the following information.

In addition. the list also shows: y y The words "Start of List" and "End of List" at the beginning and end of the list Running totals at the bottom of each page 18 . if you selected that option.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 y Balance of total credits and debits at the end of the period (balance of all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) Line 3 shows the line items.

the output list shows the G/L accounts containing line items for materials. To access the report. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p Material Subledger. for VAT. Features Selection To hide the line items from the output list (see below) and show the totals per G/L account and plant only. the output list shows: y The beginning balance The beginning balance is the balance of all amounts posted in the current fiscal year up until the first date of the report. Prerequisites You have not archived any of the accounting documents covered by the report. from the SAP Easy Access screen. semifinished. select Totals Only. and finished materials themselves. in accordance with Polish legal requirements. 19 . As well as line items for raw. for example. Output By default. SP 11 Material Subledger Use You use this report to print a list of all line items relating to materials. It shows all of the line items posted to each G/L account. it also covers related items. It does not include any postings from previous years. y y The total debit and credit amounts posted to it during the period The closing balance The list shows running totals at the foot of each page.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. with subtotals for each plant. For each G/L account and plant.

see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. the vendor master allows you to record your vendors¶ NIP numbers. 20 . Country Template In conjunction with add-on programs.]. Features Country-Specific Functions In Country Version Poland. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of vendor balances in local currency and open customer items. the country template for Poland comes with settings that enable you to make electronic payments in various file formats.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Purpose The Accounts Payable (FI-AP) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. For generic information about FI-AP. and enter their bank details in the format required. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. enter each vendor¶s NIP number [Ext. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. To access the vendor master.] in the Tax Number 1 field. from the SAP Easy Access screen. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes. SP 11 Vendor Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record general information about a vendor. as required by law. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. Use On the Control Data sreen.]. See also: Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 22] 21 .

].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Use On the Payment Transactions screen. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. enter the vendor¶s bank number as described in Bank Account Number [Page 31]. from the SAP Easy Access screen. To access the vendor master. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. SP 11 Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record a vendor¶s bank details. See also: Vendor Master (Control Data) [Page 21] 22 .

] 23 . SP 11 Payments Use SAP R/3.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. in conjunction with add-on programs. (KIR SA) ING¶s ING format Prerequisites You have: y y Installed the print program J_1P0042 Installed the SAPscript forms for printing the payment slips   J_1P_PRZELEW_4X4: Full payment slip (4 copies) J_1P_PRZELEW_ISO: Shortened payment slip (2 short copies and 2 long copies) J_1P_PRZELEW02: Payment slip for payments to tax offices (special fields used)  For more information. To create electronic payment files (payment method E). see SAP Note 153630. by creating a file with the payment instructions. the document type KA. Activities To create payment slips (payment method P). comes with all the settings you need to make bank transfer payments. You can either print out the payment instructions on payment slips. use the print program J_1P0042 See also: Country-Specific Payment Methods [Ext. SAP R/3 supports the electronic file formats used by the following banks: y y y y Bre Bank¶s BRESOK system Citibank¶s PLI format ING¶s and ABN-AMRO¶s versions of the ELIXIR format published by National Clearing House Co. use the print program RFFOD__U. and one of the appropriate forms listed above. or you can make the payments electronically.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. from the SAP Easy Access screen. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. Output For each vendor. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. SP 11 Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts payable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). enter data as required. G/L account number (10). Features Selection On the selection screen. vendor (10) There are no spaces in the line. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. date (8 characters). user name (12). Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. except for between your user name and the company code. time (6). The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 24 . choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Reporting p Poland p Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. RFIDPL10001. The report is a localized version of the generic Vendor Balances in Local Currency report To access the report. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. company code (4).

25 . the customer master allows you to record your customers¶ NIP numbers. Features In Country Version Poland. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of customer balances in local currency and open customer items. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. and enter their bank details in the format required. For generic information about FI-AR.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext.]. SP 11 Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Purpose The Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.

choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master.]. See also: Customer Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 27] 26 . To access the customer master. enter the customer¶s NIP number [Ext.] in the Tax Number 1 field. see Customer Master Data [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. on the SAP Easy Access screen. SP 11 Customer Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record general information about a customer. Use On the Control Data tab. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes. as required by law.

See also: Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26] 27 . To access the customer master. enter the customer¶s bank number as described under ³Master Data´ in Bank Account Number [Page 31]. SP 11 Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record a customer¶s bank details.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. from the SAP Easy Access screen. see Customer Master Data [Ext. Use On the Payment Transactions tab.

user name (12). the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). To access the report. SP 11 Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts receivable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. The report is a localized version of the generic Customer Balances in Local Currency report. customer (10) There are no spaces in the line. RFIDPL10001. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. G/L account number (10). except for between your user name and the company code.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. date (8 characters). The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 28 . which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. time (6). the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. from the SAP Easy Access screen. Features Selection On the selection screen. Output For each customer. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Reporting p Poland p Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. company code (4). enter data as required.

For generic information about FI-BL. SP 11 Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Purpose The Bank Accounting (FI-BL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. 29 . see Bank Accounting (FI-BL) [Ext. There are also special procedures that you have to follow for maintaining bank numbers. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. so that you can printing cash receipts in the required format. Features Country Version Poland comes with its own program for use with the cash journal.

use the bank number as the bank key. define the bank number as the bank key by choosing Set Countries p Set Country-Specific Checks. SP 11 Bank Key Definition A key that identifies a bank within SAP R/3. you must use the bank number as the bank key in SAP R/3 so that you can enter the bank number in the correct format. Master Data When you create a bank master record [Ext. In the Bank Key field. Customizing In Customizing for Global Settings. Use In Poland.]. enter 1 (bank number).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 30 .

followed by a two-digit check digit. For information about the formats. and enter it in the Alternatively. to enter the bank number in the IBAN format. The bank account number consists of several components which are separated by a hyphen ( ). see ³Structure´ below. Structure In the old format. To enter any bank account number in the old format. 31 . and Reference Details fields respectively. bank account numbers start with PL (for Poland). to enter a customer¶s bank account number 12345678 -12345678-1234-12345-1231234 in its master record. proceed as follows. enter it as follows: y y y Bank Key: 12345678 Bank Account: -12345678-1234Reference Details: 12345-123-1234 . split the number into three parts and enter them in the Bank Key. For example. for example 12401994-1042956-2700-00001. Use When you enter your own bank account numbers (in your house bank details). Note that the old bank account number format is being phased out and will be replaced by the IBAN bank account number format. bank account numbers in Poland can be either 18 or 34 digits long.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Bank Account Number Definition A unique identification key for a bank account. The first part of the account number is the bank number (in the example. the eight-digit bank number. and the 16-digit bank account number. In the IBAN format. choose dialog box that appears. or your customersµ or vendorsµ account numbers (in their master records). Bank Account. 1042956).

For these purposes. Use the print program originally intended for the Czech Republic and Slovakia. you print out cash journal receipts (for cash receipts and disbursements) in the approved format. see Printout of Cash Journal Receipts [Ext. See also: Cash Journal [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. For more information.] 32 .] in the documentation for the Czech Republic. SP 11 Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Use In Poland. you use a different program and a different SAPscript form from most other countries.

but not until the year after the straight-line method first yields more depreciation than the declining-balance method (see Changeover Method [Ext. It also comes with a changeover method (6) that switches from the declining-balance to the straight-line method of depreciation. For generic information about FI-AA. Features Country-Specific Functions Country Version Poland comes with a report that allows you to prepare a list of assets.]). The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. as required by law. SP 11 Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Purpose The Asset Accounting (FI-AA) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. see Asset Accounting (FI-AA) [Ext. 33 .

SP 11 Fixed Asset Ledger Use You use this report to prepare a list of assets in accordance with Polish legal requirements.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. on the SAP Easy Access screen. 34 . The report calculates the values using the same methods as the Depreciation and Interest [Ext. which you access under Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Cost Accounting p Depreciation and Interest. You may therefore not be able to calculate the book value of the asset. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Preparations for Closing p Country-Specifics p Poland p Fixed Asset Ledger. To access the report. Features Output The list shows the following: y y y y y y The total acquisition and production costs in the report year up to the report date The accumulated acquisition and production costs at the start of the report year The accumulated depreciation at the start of the report year The book value of each asset at the start of the report year The depreciation planned for the report year to the report date The value of the asset as at the report date The list does not show the total amount of depreciation in the report year.] report.

For generic information about CO. 35 . Features The country template for Poland comes with cost elements and cost element groups that reflect local business practice.]. see Controlling (CO) [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 Controlling (CO) Purpose The Controlling (CO) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.

The country version also comes with sample secondary cost elements for the purposes of cost allocation. These cost elements match the sample chart of accounts. SP 11 Cost Element Definition See Cost Elements [Ext. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own set of cost elements. They are contained in account class 9. You can use them as the basis for creating cost elements of your own.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. CAPL. 36 .]. It provides primary cost elements for the G/L accounts for expenses and revenues (account classes 4 and 7 respectively). which are assigned to controlling area PL01.

SP 11 Cost Element Group Definition See Cost Element Groups [Ext. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own cost element group.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Structure CAPL consists of the following subgroups: Subgroup CAPL-1 CAPL-2 CAPL-3 CAPL-4 CAPL-5 Description Material expense and purchased services Personnel cost planning Other costs Secondary costs Revenues 37 . CAPL.].

38 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 Materials Management (MM) Purpose The Materials Management (MM) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. Features Country Version Poland supports the use of the PKWiU material classification.

To access the material master. When you create a tax invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). The system is used by the Central Statistics Office to prepare manufacturing statistics. Use In SAP R/3. Customizing You enter the PKWiUs in Customizing for Logistics ± General. on the SAP Easy Access screen. You can then assign each of your materials a PKWiU. in the Control Code field. and print the material¶s PKWiU in correspondence. Master Data You assign a PKWiU to each of your material master records. 39 . by choosing Material Master p Material IDs p Maintain PKWiUs. It has replaced the Systematic List of Products (see SWW [Ext. SP 11 PKWiU Definition A number used in Poland to classify materials according to the Polish Classification of Goods and Services.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and other business documents. you define the PKWiUs in Customizing. and by the finance ministry to categorize materials for the purposes of taxation. Day-to-Day Activities You can print the PKWiU in any correspondence and in any statutory reports. choose Logistics p Materials Management p Material Master p Material p « You enter the PKWiU on the Foreign Trade: Import Data tab. the invoice itemizes the materials that you have sold. reports.]). The law requires you to print the PKWiU of any of the items are taxed below the standard rate (see Tax Invoice [Page 42]).

40 . It also includes an output type and a SAPscript form for printing tax invoices and correction tax invoices. The country template for Poland comes with a range of objects that allow with a pricing procedure for calculating sales prices according to Polish requirements. Features Country Version Poland allows you to handle the sales and billing processes so that you create tax invoices and correction tax invoices.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Sales and Distribution (SD) Purpose The Sales and Distribution (SD) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.

you have set up the Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47] function. 6. again. following the standard procedure [Ext. and prints out a correction tax invoice.]. the billing clerk: a. If the customer discovers something wrong with the goods: a. following the standard procedure [Ext. 2. c..] b.]. Creates a debit memo (L2). The shipping clerk creates a delivery. to take into account the creation of tax invoices [Page 42] (and correction tax invoices). The tax invoice shows all the information required. The billing clerk creates an invoice from the delivery. following the standard procedure [Ext. and prints out a tax invoice.]. Creates a credit memo (CR). If you want to use the VAT Register [Page 11]. document type CR) with reference to the original invoice. If you discover that there is something else wrong with the invoice. 3. follow the procedure described below. and prints out a correction tax invoice. Prerequisites You have customized the pricing procedure [Page 45] (which contains information required by the tax invoice) and the output [Page 44] (which generates the tax invoices and correction tax invoices). Process Flow . If you discover that the invoice is for too little. The shipping clerk creates a delivery. Creates an invoice correction request (RK) with reference to the original invoice. following the standard procedure [Ext. b. the billing clerk: a.]. following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext. The billing clerk creates a credit memo (G2). The sales clerk creates a sales order.. following the standard procedure [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. following the standard procedure [Ext. Creates a debit memo request (DR) with reference to the original invoice. 5. which the law requires you to prepare. 1. The system automatically creates: y y Tax invoices for all invoices involving VAT (value-added tax) Correction tax invoices for any credit memos or debit memos that you create In order for the system to create the correction tax invoices correctly. and prints out a correction tax invoice 41 . The system calculates the prices using the pricing procedure RVAAPL.]. SP 11 Sales and Billing Purpose The sales and billing procedure in Poland differs slightly from the standard.]. following the standard procedure [Ext. The billing clerk creates a credit memo request (in the standard system. 4.].] b.

and to show all the information listed under ³Structure´ below. total VAT. in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the tax invoice 42 . and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount The tax invoice must also show the following: y y y For all items taxed at the same rate.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. Structure The tax invoice header contains the following information: y y y y Names.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Faktura VAT) It must show the following information for each item: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. When you have created a billing document. Use The law requires you to create a tax invoice within seven days of a sale. net price per unit.] of the buyer and seller Sale date Tax invoice issue date and number Words ³VAT invoice´ (in Polish. and NIP numbers [Ext. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . Tax invoices are thus used to substantiate tax returns. the total net amount. and total gross amount Total amount receivable (including VAT).´ If you need to correct a tax invoice. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. addresses. SP 11 Tax Invoice Definition A document that shows a value-added tax item and which is recognized by the tax authorities as evidence that a VAT transaction occurred. create a Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43].

both including VAT and both in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the correction tax invoice 43 . net values. tax amounts. gross values. quantities. for example: y y y To grant a customer a discount or rebate or increase the price of goods or services To correct a tax invoice. net price per unit. if it contains an error in any of the prices. or total amount payable (³Do zap aty´).´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. SP 11 Correction Tax Invoice Definition A document that serves to correct a tax invoice [Page 42] that you have already issued. For each line item. or units of measure When a customer returns some goods to you When you have created a billing document. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount It also shows: y y y Total change in the net and gross prices and in the VAT. Correction tax invoices are used to substantiate tax returns. Use You are required to create a correction tax invoice whenever you need to correct a tax invoice.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. you issue another correction tax invoice. with subtotals for all items that are taxed at the same rate Total amount receivable (preceded by the words ³Do zwrotu´). you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function.´ If you have to correct a correction tax invoice. for example. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . it shows: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. Structure A correction tax invoice shows the information as it was printed on the original tax invoice and as it should be. tax rates.

The SAPscript form uses information provided by the pricing procedure RVAAPL. you can print out the tax invoice or correction tax invoice in the approved format using the generic output [Ext. For more information. Features Country Version Poland comes with a SAPscript form that is specifically for output in Poland.] of your own and assign it to the SAPscript form RVINVOICEPL and the standard printing program RVADIN01. when you create a credit or debit memo. you can print out a correction tax invoice. It meets Polish business and legal requirements as described in Tax Invoice [Page 42] and Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. Similarly. The same form is used for tax invoices and correction tax invoices. by choosing Basic Functions p Output Control p Output Determination p Output Determination Using the Condition Technique p Maintain Output Determination for Billing Documents p Maintain Output Types. SP 11 Output Use Once you have created a billing document [Ext.] in the system.]. You must create an output type [Ext. When you create an invoice in Billing.]. To print the output from the billing document. You create output types in Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). 44 . you can print out a tax invoice from it. you can print out the tax invoice from the billing document in SD.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see Output Processing [Ext. Activities Customizing Set up the output control so that you can print the tax invoices from billing documents. Day-to-Day Activities When you create a billing document [Ext.] functions. request output of the type that you have created.

see Pricing Procedures [Ext. Step 905 calculates the total output tax per tax code. Use Country Version Poland comes with a pricing procedure of its own. taxes. 45 . you include a reference to these fields. Customizing In Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). the system calculates the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. it also provides the tax invoice with some information. The system does not post any tax from this step (since it is posted in step 905). This pricing procedure includes the following features: y y y Steps 720 and 725 round up or down any differences arising from sales discounts (see Rounding [Page 46]). SP 11 Pricing Procedure Definition A system object that defines the conditions permitted for a document and the sequence in which the system takes these conditions into account during pricing. However.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Step 906 calculates the output tax per line item. when you print a tax invoice. the tax invoice shows the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. For generic information about pricing procedures. you check the pricing procedure by choosing Basic Functions p Pricing p Pricing Control p Define and Assign Pricing Procedures p Maintain Pricing Procedures. RVAAPL. and posts this to the appropriate G/L account. In the SAPscript form that you use to print out tax invoices.]. Then. Day-to-Day Activities When a clerk creates a sales document or a billing document using this pricing procedure. delivery costs and so on. the system needs to know how much output tax there is on each item so that it can print it on the tax invoice. As well as calculating the prices.

rounded to four decimal places (PLN 701.02.00 50.10 (before tax): 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10.10 0.10 751. the price per pipe section is PLN 10.30. Example A customer places a sales order for 70 sections of pipe at PLN 10. the price per item has to be rounded to the nearest groszy. When you post the invoice to Financial Accounting (FI). That means that the customer has to pay PLN 701.00 751.043.73 Less discount Less discount Total: Total: 751.10 50. it therefore looks like this: Account Accounts receivable Sales discounts Sales revenues Gains and losses on rounding Debit 701.10 ÷ 70). SP 11 Rounding Use When you give a customer a discount. That makes a difference per section of approximately PLN 0.00 701.73 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10. PLN 10.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.73 each. which gives a total difference of PLN 0.0157. you give it a discount of PLN 50. The system does this automatically. The system automatically rounds this amount up to the nearest groszy.10 701. Since the customer often buys from you. after the discount.30 Credit 46 . and posts the rounding differences to a profit and loss account.10 However.40 50.

Reporting When you run the VAT Register for a given period. the system copies the billing date into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document. you enter the first and last dates of that period in the Tax Date field. 47 .]). Day-to-Day Activities When a sales clerk create a billing document in SD. This information is then used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. 1. create a function module for the user exit EXIT_SAPLV60B_001 that reads the billing date and copies it into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document (see Creating Customer-Specific Function Modules [Ext. The report then only covers the invoices whose billing date falls within this period. 2. Activities Customizing . Create a project for the enhancement SDVFX001 (see Creating an Add-On Project [Ext.]). the system transfers the billing date to the Document Header Text field in the corresponding accounting document. SP 11 Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents Use When you create an invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise... Within this project.

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