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Poland Country Version

Poland Country Version

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Sections

  • Poland
  • Financial Accounting (FI)
  • Taxes (FI-AP/AR)
  • Tax Code
  • VAT Register
  • VAT register
  • General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL)
  • Chart of Accounts
  • Financial Statement Version
  • Document Journal
  • G/L Account Balances and Line Items
  • Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items
  • Material Subledger
  • Accounts Payable (FI-AP)
  • Vendor Master (Control Data)
  • Vendor Master (Payment Transactions)
  • Payments
  • Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency
  • Accounts Receivable (FI-AR)
  • Customer Master (Control Data)
  • Customer Master (Payment Transactions)
  • Customer Balances and Line Items in Local
  • Bank Accounting (FI-BL)
  • Bank Key
  • Bank Account Number
  • Printout of Cash Journal Receipts
  • Asset Accounting (FI-AA)
  • Fixed Asset Ledger
  • Controlling (CO)
  • Cost Element
  • Cost Element Group
  • Materials Management (MM)
  • PKWiU
  • Sales and Distribution (SD)
  • Sales and Billing
  • Tax Invoice
  • Correction Tax Invoice
  • Pricing Procedure
  • Rounding
  • Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting

Country Version Poland

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

HEL P. C AI NT PL

SAP Online Help

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Copyright
© Copyright 2003 SAP AG. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express permission of SAP AG. The information contained herein may be changed without prior notice. Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its distributors contain proprietary software components of other software vendors. Microsoft®, WINDOWS®, NT®, EXCEL®, Word®, PowerPoint® and SQL Server® are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. IBM®, DB2®, DB2 Universal Database, OS/2®, Parallel Sysplex®, MVS/ESA, AIX®, S/390®, AS/400®, OS/390®, OS/400®, iSeries, pSeries, xSeries, zSeries, z/OS, AFP, Intelligent Miner, WebSphere®, Netfinity®, Tivoli®, Informix and Informix® Dynamic ServerTM are trademarks of IBM Corporation in USA and/or other countries. ORACLE® is a registered trademark of ORACLE Corporation. UNIX®, X/Open®, OSF/1®, and Motif® are registered trademarks of the Open Group. Citrix®, the Citrix logo, ICA®, Program Neighborhood®, MetaFrame®, WinFrame®, VideoFrame®, MultiWin® and other Citrix product names referenced herein are trademarks of Citrix Systems, Inc. HTML, DHTML, XML, XHTML are trademarks or registered trademarks of W3C®, World Wide Web Consortium, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. JAVA® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. JAVASCRIPT® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc., used under license for technology invented and implemented by Netscape. MarketSet and Enterprise Buyer are jointly owned trademarks of SAP AG and Commerce One. SAP, SAP Logo, R/2, R/3, mySAP, mySAP.com and other SAP products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries all over the world. All other product and service names mentioned are trademarks of their respective companies.

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SAP Online Help

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP Online Help

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Poland Financial Accounting (FI) Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Tax Code VAT Register General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Chart of Accounts Financial Statement Version Document Journal G/L Account Balances and Line Items Material Subledger Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Vendor Master (Control Data) Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Payments Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Customer Master (Control Data) Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Bank Key Bank Account Number Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Fixed Asset Ledger Controlling (CO) Cost Element Cost Element Group Materials Management (MM) PKWiU Sales and Distribution (SD) Sales and Billing Tax Invoice Correction Tax Invoice Output Pricing Procedure Rounding Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents

6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 4

SP 11 5 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. with some additional features in Logistics as well. As well as the generic SAP R/3 functions. In conjunction with add-on programs. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. you can use the Polish country template in the Country Installation Program [Ext. and a country template [Ext. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. which are described in the rest of the SAP Library. Features Country-Specific Functions Most of the country-specific functions for Poland relate to Financials.]. y y Materials Management (MM) supports the PKWiU material classification system. 6 . Sales and Distribution (SD) allows you to print out tax invoices and correction tax invoices in the approved format. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. At month-end. it comprises functions designed for laws and business practices particular to Poland. and in the cash journal. SP 11 Poland This country version [Ext. This documentation explains how the country-specific functions work and what Customizing settings are made by the country template.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. Country Template To allow you to customize your Polish company codes more quickly. It does not cover the generic functions.] [Ext. For example.] is designed for use by businesses with operations in Poland. At year-end. The main areas are as follows: y The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements.] to help you customize the system according to local requirements.

you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. 7 . At month-end.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. For example. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. Features The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. and in the cash journal. At year-end. In conjunction with add-on programs. SP 11 Financial Accounting (FI) Purpose The Financial Accounting (FI) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities.

TAXPL.] . see Taxes (FI-AP/AR) [Ext. SP 11 Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Purpose The Taxes (FI-AP/AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. For generic information about Taxes. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. 8 . using a tax procedure for Poland. The tax procedure works with tax codes for calculating taxes according to Polish requirements. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features The system automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates.

There are also tax codes for tax-exempt goods and services. reduced rate (7%). Separate tax codes are also provided for zero-rated exports.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see Tax Codes [Ext. These tax codes are used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. and which tax code you can use to make corrections. so that you can remit and report the corrected tax amounts separately to the tax authorities (see also Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]). tax-exempt transactions also have to be marked as such. The following tables show which tax codes are provided for which purpose. and for purchases of assets (0%. 7%. Use The country template for Poland comes with tax codes for VAT (value-added tax) at the standard rate (22%). use the separate tax codes provided for these purposes. and zero rate.]. if you need to correct a tax invoice. and 22%). In tax invoices [Page 42]. Examples of the specifications defined under the tax code are: y y y Tax rate Type of tax (input tax or output tax) Calculation method (percentage included or percentage separate) For generic information about tax codes. The tax -exempt tax codes control both of these functions. SP 11 Tax Code Definition A two-digit code that represents the specifications used for calculating and displaying tax. Tax Codes for Output Tax on Goods and Services Code A0 A2 A5 A9 E0 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) 0 (exports) Code for correction C0 C2 C5 C9 E4 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Goods and Services Code F0 F2 F5 F9 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) Code for correction L0 L2 L5 L9 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Assets Code S2 Tax rate (%) 7 Code for correction U2 9 . Finally. which lists tax-exempt transactions separately from others.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 S5 S9 22 0 U5 U9 10 .

If you use Sales and Distribution (SD) for invoicing purposes. If you leave the field empty.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. This information is required for all documents that contain VAT items. It covers all of the VAT registers that you are required to submit each month under the VAT-7 regulation. the system can fill out this field automatically (see Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47]). so enter the reference document number in all accounting documents in Accounts Payable (FI-AP) and Accounts Receivable (FI-AR). on the SAP Easy Access screen. To access the report. y Documents Posted from SD The report covers documents that have been posted from SD. y Document Header Text This field has to contain the billing date. The register only covers documents where all payables are covered by a single vendor item and this item has been cleared. You have also filled out the following fields when posting accounting documents: y Reference Document Number The VAT register shows the reference number from all correspondence with customers and vendors. the system takes the posting date of the accounting document to be the billing date. The contents of this field are also printed in the VAT register. The parameters are as follows:  All Documents Displays all documents posted from SD together with the other documents. choose Enter in order to be able to make an entry in the Document Type for Clrg Doc field. 11 . Features Selection Fill out the fields as follows: y Cleared Vendor Items Only Creates a register of the VAT for vendors operating recognized businesses for people with disabilities. Prerequisites You have maintained the NIP number in all customer master records (see Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26]). If you use Financial Accounting (FI) for invoicing purposes. enter the billing date in each document manually. This is especially important if you want to create a register of correction documents for SD invoices. After selecting this checkbox. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Reporting p Tax Reports p Poland p VAT Register. SP 11 VAT Register Use You use this report to prepare VAT registers in accordance with Polish legal requirements. This field corresponds to the Tax Date field on the VAT Register selection screen.

y Subledger Account Address Data Shows the business address data for each line item.  Correction Documents Only Displays correction documents posted from SD only. gross. as follows:   2: Rounds VAT to two decimal places 1: Rounds VAT to one decimal place You can only run the report for one company code at a time. 12 . and net amounts for each document type are shown at the end of the list. The individual documents are not listed. y Incl. The list of incorrect documents also shows the cause of the error. Output The list shows the gross and net amounts and VAT for each document. y Process Customs Documents Creates a register of customs documents. After selecting this checkbox. All the entries in this register are contained in the VAT column. choose Enter in order to be able to specify the various tax codes. The Gross and Net columns contain zeros. SP 11  Displays only documents posted from SD. and net amounts for each document type. if the net amount plus the VAT equals the gross amount). gross. Docs w Errors in Totals Determines whether you want documents with errors to be included in the totals for each VAT type. broken down by VAT code. This field is only available when you select No Correction Documents or Correction Documents Only and choose Enter. y Display Totals Only Shows the total VAT.  Document Type Accounting document type of the documents posted from SD (usually RV). The total VAT. The report does not check the documents. y Tolerance for VAT Rounding Determines how the system rounds VAT.SAP Online Help No Correction Documents SAP R/3 Enterprise. The report checks the different amounts in the line items to make sure that they add up correctly (for example. but without correction documents. Any documents with line items that are incorrect are marked accordingly.

SP 11 General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Purpose The General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. the generic reports have been enhanced to cover Polish legal requirements.]. Features Country-Specific Features Country Version Poland comes with some reports of its own for preparing general purpose financial statements.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Country Template The country template for Poland comes with a sample chart of accounts that reflects local business practice. where these requirements cannot be met by the generic reports. for example. In other cases. G/L Account Balances and Material Subledger. see General Ledger Accounting (FIGL) [Ext. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. For generic information about FI-GL. 13 . such as the Document Journal.

accounts receivable. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own chart of accounts. excise duty liabilities) Materials and trading goods Expenses Goods. When you create a company code using the country template for Poland (company code PL01). and financial results Non-balance sheet accounts 14 . CAPL. accruals.]. special funds. Structure The chart of accounts is structured to reflect local business practice. SP 11 Chart of Accounts Definition See Chart of Accounts [Ext. reserves (company pension reserves. deferred tax). It consists of several account classes as follows: Account class 00 01 02 03 04 06 07 08 09 Use Fixed assets Financial resources and other short-term financial assets Settlements and claims (accounts payable. and deferrals Revenues and revenue-related expenses Stockholders' equity.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the system assigns this chart of accounts to it and to the controlling area (also called PL01).

SP 11 Financial Statement Version Definition See Financial Statement Versions [Ext. BAPL. which you can use to prepare financial statements. It covers all accounts: assets. see Changing a Financial Statement Version [Ext. 15 . For information about changing financial statement versions.]. Structure The financial statement version is structured according to statutory requirements. Use Country Version Poland comes with a financial statement version.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. and profit and loss accounts. liabilities and stockholders' equity.

SP 11 Document Journal Use You use the generic Document Journal report to prepare a general journal as per the Polish Accounting Act (article 13. The law requires you to prepare a journal for each posting period by the end of the fiscal year at the latest. The list shows who posted each document. Features Selection Enter data as required." and the end of the list is marked "End of List. type Accounting Ledger Output When you run the report for a Polish company code. but with the following additions: y y y y The words "Accounting Ledger" are printed at the top of the list. the system displays an output list as normal." Running totals are printed at the bottom of every page. To access the report. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Document p General p Document Journal p Document Journal. in the Additional Header field. and. 16 .1).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. from the SAP Easy Access screen. The start of the list is marked with the words "Start of List. The layout of the journal meets Polish legal requirements (see "Output" below).

the output list shows the information in two lines. time (6). but offers a number of features specific to Poland. you must prepare the report at the end of each calendar month as well. To access the report. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items. enter data as required. Selection On the selection screen. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. from the SAP Easy Access screen. user name (12). the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. the balance carried forward from the previous year is not included here or in any of the following information. date (8 characters). except for between your user name and the company code. RFIDPL15001. Features The report is similar to the generic G/L Account Balances report (see Account Balances [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). Output For each G/L account. The features specific to Poland are as follows: y Reporting Period You can either run the report by posting period or calendar month (see ³Use´ above). The law requires you to prepare the report at the end of each posting period. if your posting periods are longer than a month.]). y Total credits and total debits posted to this account during the period Line 2 shows this information: y y Balance of debits and credits posted to this account during the period Total credit and debit balances at the end of the period (all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) 17 . G/L account number (10) There are no spaces in the line. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. Line 1 contains the following information: y y The balance carried forward from the previous year The balance at the start of the period (debit or credit) This means the balance of any postings from previous periods this year. but. company code (4). SP 11 G/L Account Balances and Line Items Use You use this report to prepare a list of G/L account balances and line items according to Polish legal requirements.

In addition. SP 11 y Balance of total credits and debits at the end of the period (balance of all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) Line 3 shows the line items. if you selected that option. the list also shows: y y The words "Start of List" and "End of List" at the beginning and end of the list Running totals at the bottom of each page 18 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Material Subledger Use You use this report to print a list of all line items relating to materials. As well as line items for raw. the output list shows the G/L accounts containing line items for materials. Prerequisites You have not archived any of the accounting documents covered by the report. 19 . It does not include any postings from previous years. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p Material Subledger. semifinished. Output By default. for example. the output list shows: y The beginning balance The beginning balance is the balance of all amounts posted in the current fiscal year up until the first date of the report. y y The total debit and credit amounts posted to it during the period The closing balance The list shows running totals at the foot of each page. and finished materials themselves. in accordance with Polish legal requirements. For each G/L account and plant. Features Selection To hide the line items from the output list (see below) and show the totals per G/L account and plant only. select Totals Only. it also covers related items. for VAT. To access the report. from the SAP Easy Access screen. with subtotals for each plant. It shows all of the line items posted to each G/L account.

For generic information about FI-AP. SP 11 Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Purpose The Accounts Payable (FI-AP) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. the country template for Poland comes with settings that enable you to make electronic payments in various file formats. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 20 . It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of vendor balances in local currency and open customer items. the vendor master allows you to record your vendors¶ NIP numbers. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. Country Template In conjunction with add-on programs.]. and enter their bank details in the format required. Features Country-Specific Functions In Country Version Poland.

]. Use On the Control Data sreen. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. To access the vendor master. enter each vendor¶s NIP number [Ext. See also: Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 22] 21 .] in the Tax Number 1 field. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. from the SAP Easy Access screen. as required by law. SP 11 Vendor Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record general information about a vendor.

]. from the SAP Easy Access screen.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Use On the Payment Transactions screen. See also: Vendor Master (Control Data) [Page 21] 22 . choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. SP 11 Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record a vendor¶s bank details. enter the vendor¶s bank number as described in Bank Account Number [Page 31]. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. To access the vendor master.

To create electronic payment files (payment method E). SAP R/3 supports the electronic file formats used by the following banks: y y y y Bre Bank¶s BRESOK system Citibank¶s PLI format ING¶s and ABN-AMRO¶s versions of the ELIXIR format published by National Clearing House Co. or you can make the payments electronically.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. You can either print out the payment instructions on payment slips. comes with all the settings you need to make bank transfer payments. see SAP Note 153630.] 23 . and one of the appropriate forms listed above. in conjunction with add-on programs. (KIR SA) ING¶s ING format Prerequisites You have: y y Installed the print program J_1P0042 Installed the SAPscript forms for printing the payment slips   J_1P_PRZELEW_4X4: Full payment slip (4 copies) J_1P_PRZELEW_ISO: Shortened payment slip (2 short copies and 2 long copies) J_1P_PRZELEW02: Payment slip for payments to tax offices (special fields used)  For more information. use the print program J_1P0042 See also: Country-Specific Payment Methods [Ext. the document type KA. by creating a file with the payment instructions. use the print program RFFOD__U. SP 11 Payments Use SAP R/3. Activities To create payment slips (payment method P).

y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. Output For each vendor. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. user name (12). The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). G/L account number (10). enter data as required. except for between your user name and the company code. from the SAP Easy Access screen. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. date (8 characters). the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Reporting p Poland p Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. vendor (10) There are no spaces in the line. company code (4). The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 24 . RFIDPL10001. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. SP 11 Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts payable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. The report is a localized version of the generic Vendor Balances in Local Currency report To access the report. time (6). Features Selection On the selection screen.

The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Purpose The Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. the customer master allows you to record your customers¶ NIP numbers.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. and enter their bank details in the format required. Features In Country Version Poland.]. 25 . For generic information about FI-AR. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of customer balances in local currency and open customer items.

To access the customer master.] in the Tax Number 1 field. See also: Customer Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 27] 26 . enter the customer¶s NIP number [Ext.]. on the SAP Easy Access screen. SP 11 Customer Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record general information about a customer. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. see Customer Master Data [Ext. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. as required by law. Use On the Control Data tab.

choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. Use On the Payment Transactions tab.]. from the SAP Easy Access screen. see Customer Master Data [Ext. See also: Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26] 27 . enter the customer¶s bank number as described under ³Master Data´ in Bank Account Number [Page 31]. To access the customer master. SP 11 Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record a customer¶s bank details.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

company code (4). The report is a localized version of the generic Customer Balances in Local Currency report. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). customer (10) There are no spaces in the line. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. except for between your user name and the company code. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. RFIDPL10001. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts receivable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. time (6). date (8 characters). Features Selection On the selection screen. enter data as required. user name (12). choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Reporting p Poland p Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. Output For each customer. from the SAP Easy Access screen. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. G/L account number (10). To access the report. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 28 . the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page.

29 . so that you can printing cash receipts in the required format. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. For generic information about FI-BL. see Bank Accounting (FI-BL) [Ext. SP 11 Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Purpose The Bank Accounting (FI-BL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. There are also special procedures that you have to follow for maintaining bank numbers.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features Country Version Poland comes with its own program for use with the cash journal.].

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Bank Key Definition A key that identifies a bank within SAP R/3. enter 1 (bank number).]. In the Bank Key field. you must use the bank number as the bank key in SAP R/3 so that you can enter the bank number in the correct format. Use In Poland. 30 . define the bank number as the bank key by choosing Set Countries p Set Country-Specific Checks. Master Data When you create a bank master record [Ext. use the bank number as the bank key. Customizing In Customizing for Global Settings.

Use When you enter your own bank account numbers (in your house bank details). proceed as follows. Structure In the old format. the eight-digit bank number. SP 11 Bank Account Number Definition A unique identification key for a bank account. split the number into three parts and enter them in the Bank Key. For example. In the IBAN format. see ³Structure´ below. bank account numbers start with PL (for Poland). and Reference Details fields respectively. The first part of the account number is the bank number (in the example. choose dialog box that appears. bank account numbers in Poland can be either 18 or 34 digits long. Bank Account.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. followed by a two-digit check digit. and the 16-digit bank account number. and enter it in the Alternatively. For information about the formats. Note that the old bank account number format is being phased out and will be replaced by the IBAN bank account number format. to enter the bank number in the IBAN format. 31 . to enter a customer¶s bank account number 12345678 -12345678-1234-12345-1231234 in its master record. The bank account number consists of several components which are separated by a hyphen ( ). 1042956). for example 12401994-1042956-2700-00001. To enter any bank account number in the old format. or your customersµ or vendorsµ account numbers (in their master records). enter it as follows: y y y Bank Key: 12345678 Bank Account: -12345678-1234Reference Details: 12345-123-1234 .

you use a different program and a different SAPscript form from most other countries. For more information. see Printout of Cash Journal Receipts [Ext. you print out cash journal receipts (for cash receipts and disbursements) in the approved format.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.] 32 . SP 11 Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Use In Poland.] in the documentation for the Czech Republic. See also: Cash Journal [Ext. For these purposes. Use the print program originally intended for the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. For generic information about FI-AA.]). The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. Features Country-Specific Functions Country Version Poland comes with a report that allows you to prepare a list of assets. but not until the year after the straight-line method first yields more depreciation than the declining-balance method (see Changeover Method [Ext. SP 11 Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Purpose The Asset Accounting (FI-AA) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. as required by law. It also comes with a changeover method (6) that switches from the declining-balance to the straight-line method of depreciation. see Asset Accounting (FI-AA) [Ext.]. 33 .

You may therefore not be able to calculate the book value of the asset.] report. Features Output The list shows the following: y y y y y y The total acquisition and production costs in the report year up to the report date The accumulated acquisition and production costs at the start of the report year The accumulated depreciation at the start of the report year The book value of each asset at the start of the report year The depreciation planned for the report year to the report date The value of the asset as at the report date The list does not show the total amount of depreciation in the report year.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Fixed Asset Ledger Use You use this report to prepare a list of assets in accordance with Polish legal requirements. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Preparations for Closing p Country-Specifics p Poland p Fixed Asset Ledger. To access the report. The report calculates the values using the same methods as the Depreciation and Interest [Ext. 34 . which you access under Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Cost Accounting p Depreciation and Interest. on the SAP Easy Access screen.

35 . Features The country template for Poland comes with cost elements and cost element groups that reflect local business practice. SP 11 Controlling (CO) Purpose The Controlling (CO) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. For generic information about CO. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.]. see Controlling (CO) [Ext.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 36 . CAPL.]. They are contained in account class 9. SP 11 Cost Element Definition See Cost Elements [Ext. You can use them as the basis for creating cost elements of your own. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own set of cost elements. The country version also comes with sample secondary cost elements for the purposes of cost allocation. which are assigned to controlling area PL01. These cost elements match the sample chart of accounts. It provides primary cost elements for the G/L accounts for expenses and revenues (account classes 4 and 7 respectively).

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own cost element group. Structure CAPL consists of the following subgroups: Subgroup CAPL-1 CAPL-2 CAPL-3 CAPL-4 CAPL-5 Description Material expense and purchased services Personnel cost planning Other costs Secondary costs Revenues 37 .]. SP 11 Cost Element Group Definition See Cost Element Groups [Ext. CAPL.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 Materials Management (MM) Purpose The Materials Management (MM) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. Features Country Version Poland supports the use of the PKWiU material classification. 38 .

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. reports. the invoice itemizes the materials that you have sold. choose Logistics p Materials Management p Material Master p Material p « You enter the PKWiU on the Foreign Trade: Import Data tab. in the Control Code field. you define the PKWiUs in Customizing. It has replaced the Systematic List of Products (see SWW [Ext. and print the material¶s PKWiU in correspondence. Master Data You assign a PKWiU to each of your material master records. To access the material master. and by the finance ministry to categorize materials for the purposes of taxation. SP 11 PKWiU Definition A number used in Poland to classify materials according to the Polish Classification of Goods and Services. Customizing You enter the PKWiUs in Customizing for Logistics ± General. The system is used by the Central Statistics Office to prepare manufacturing statistics. and other business documents. You can then assign each of your materials a PKWiU. 39 .]). Day-to-Day Activities You can print the PKWiU in any correspondence and in any statutory reports. Use In SAP R/3. on the SAP Easy Access screen. When you create a tax invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). by choosing Material Master p Material IDs p Maintain PKWiUs. The law requires you to print the PKWiU of any of the items are taxed below the standard rate (see Tax Invoice [Page 42]).

The country template for Poland comes with a range of objects that allow with a pricing procedure for calculating sales prices according to Polish requirements. Features Country Version Poland allows you to handle the sales and billing processes so that you create tax invoices and correction tax invoices. It also includes an output type and a SAPscript form for printing tax invoices and correction tax invoices. 40 . SP 11 Sales and Distribution (SD) Purpose The Sales and Distribution (SD) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.

Process Flow .] b. following the standard procedure [Ext. Creates a debit memo (L2). 6. 4. which the law requires you to prepare.]. Prerequisites You have customized the pricing procedure [Page 45] (which contains information required by the tax invoice) and the output [Page 44] (which generates the tax invoices and correction tax invoices). follow the procedure described below. following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. document type CR) with reference to the original invoice. Creates an invoice correction request (RK) with reference to the original invoice. SP 11 Sales and Billing Purpose The sales and billing procedure in Poland differs slightly from the standard. again. The system calculates the prices using the pricing procedure RVAAPL. following the standard procedure [Ext.. If you want to use the VAT Register [Page 11]. following the standard procedure [Ext. and prints out a correction tax invoice 41 . 1. the billing clerk: a. the billing clerk: a. If you discover that the invoice is for too little. 2. b. The billing clerk creates a credit memo request (in the standard system. you have set up the Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47] function. and prints out a tax invoice.]. The tax invoice shows all the information required. The system automatically creates: y y Tax invoices for all invoices involving VAT (value-added tax) Correction tax invoices for any credit memos or debit memos that you create In order for the system to create the correction tax invoices correctly. following the standard procedure [Ext.]. The shipping clerk creates a delivery.]. following the standard procedure [Ext.]. The billing clerk creates an invoice from the delivery. The shipping clerk creates a delivery..]. If you discover that there is something else wrong with the invoice. c. and prints out a correction tax invoice. following the standard procedure [Ext.] b. to take into account the creation of tax invoices [Page 42] (and correction tax invoices). and prints out a correction tax invoice. following the standard procedure [Ext. The billing clerk creates a credit memo (G2).]. Creates a debit memo request (DR) with reference to the original invoice. Creates a credit memo (CR). 5. 3. The sales clerk creates a sales order. If the customer discovers something wrong with the goods: a.

the total net amount.´ If you need to correct a tax invoice. net price per unit. Faktura VAT) It must show the following information for each item: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure.] of the buyer and seller Sale date Tax invoice issue date and number Words ³VAT invoice´ (in Polish.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. When you have created a billing document. Tax invoices are thus used to substantiate tax returns. and total gross amount Total amount receivable (including VAT). in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the tax invoice 42 . Use The law requires you to create a tax invoice within seven days of a sale. and to show all the information listed under ³Structure´ below. Structure The tax invoice header contains the following information: y y y y Names. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . create a Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount The tax invoice must also show the following: y y y For all items taxed at the same rate. and NIP numbers [Ext. total VAT. SP 11 Tax Invoice Definition A document that shows a value-added tax item and which is recognized by the tax authorities as evidence that a VAT transaction occurred. addresses.

For each line item. or total amount payable (³Do zap aty´). Correction tax invoices are used to substantiate tax returns. if it contains an error in any of the prices. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. quantities. tax amounts. with subtotals for all items that are taxed at the same rate Total amount receivable (preceded by the words ³Do zwrotu´). for example: y y y To grant a customer a discount or rebate or increase the price of goods or services To correct a tax invoice.´ If you have to correct a correction tax invoice. gross values. Use You are required to create a correction tax invoice whenever you need to correct a tax invoice. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount It also shows: y y y Total change in the net and gross prices and in the VAT. for example. net price per unit. you issue another correction tax invoice. tax rates. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . net values.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. both including VAT and both in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the correction tax invoice 43 . Structure A correction tax invoice shows the information as it was printed on the original tax invoice and as it should be. it shows: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. SP 11 Correction Tax Invoice Definition A document that serves to correct a tax invoice [Page 42] that you have already issued.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. or units of measure When a customer returns some goods to you When you have created a billing document.

] in the system. you can print out the tax invoice from the billing document in SD. see Output Processing [Ext. you can print out a tax invoice from it. For more information. you can print out the tax invoice or correction tax invoice in the approved format using the generic output [Ext. When you create an invoice in Billing. you can print out a correction tax invoice. request output of the type that you have created.] functions. You must create an output type [Ext.] of your own and assign it to the SAPscript form RVINVOICEPL and the standard printing program RVADIN01. The SAPscript form uses information provided by the pricing procedure RVAAPL. The same form is used for tax invoices and correction tax invoices. Features Country Version Poland comes with a SAPscript form that is specifically for output in Poland. by choosing Basic Functions p Output Control p Output Determination p Output Determination Using the Condition Technique p Maintain Output Determination for Billing Documents p Maintain Output Types.]. when you create a credit or debit memo. 44 .]. SP 11 Output Use Once you have created a billing document [Ext. Similarly. It meets Polish business and legal requirements as described in Tax Invoice [Page 42] and Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. You create output types in Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). Activities Customizing Set up the output control so that you can print the tax invoices from billing documents. Day-to-Day Activities When you create a billing document [Ext. To print the output from the billing document.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

it also provides the tax invoice with some information. For generic information about pricing procedures. you check the pricing procedure by choosing Basic Functions p Pricing p Pricing Control p Define and Assign Pricing Procedures p Maintain Pricing Procedures. Customizing In Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). when you print a tax invoice.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the system calculates the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. SP 11 Pricing Procedure Definition A system object that defines the conditions permitted for a document and the sequence in which the system takes these conditions into account during pricing. see Pricing Procedures [Ext. RVAAPL. and posts this to the appropriate G/L account. Step 906 calculates the output tax per line item.]. you include a reference to these fields. This pricing procedure includes the following features: y y y Steps 720 and 725 round up or down any differences arising from sales discounts (see Rounding [Page 46]). The system does not post any tax from this step (since it is posted in step 905). delivery costs and so on. 45 . However. Day-to-Day Activities When a clerk creates a sales document or a billing document using this pricing procedure. the system needs to know how much output tax there is on each item so that it can print it on the tax invoice. Then. In the SAPscript form that you use to print out tax invoices. the tax invoice shows the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. taxes. Use Country Version Poland comes with a pricing procedure of its own. As well as calculating the prices. Step 905 calculates the total output tax per tax code.

10 However.30. The system does this automatically. PLN 10.10 0.73 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10.10 751. which gives a total difference of PLN 0. rounded to four decimal places (PLN 701.73 each.40 50.73 Less discount Less discount Total: Total: 751. you give it a discount of PLN 50.00 751.043.00 701.10 (before tax): 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10. That means that the customer has to pay PLN 701.30 Credit 46 .10 50. the price per item has to be rounded to the nearest groszy. after the discount.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.10 701.0157. Since the customer often buys from you. The system automatically rounds this amount up to the nearest groszy. That makes a difference per section of approximately PLN 0.02. the price per pipe section is PLN 10. SP 11 Rounding Use When you give a customer a discount. and posts the rounding differences to a profit and loss account.10 ÷ 70). Example A customer places a sales order for 70 sections of pipe at PLN 10.00 50. it therefore looks like this: Account Accounts receivable Sales discounts Sales revenues Gains and losses on rounding Debit 701. When you post the invoice to Financial Accounting (FI).

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 1.. Reporting When you run the VAT Register for a given period. 2. Create a project for the enhancement SDVFX001 (see Creating an Add-On Project [Ext. the system transfers the billing date to the Document Header Text field in the corresponding accounting document. Within this project. create a function module for the user exit EXIT_SAPLV60B_001 that reads the billing date and copies it into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document (see Creating Customer-Specific Function Modules [Ext. The report then only covers the invoices whose billing date falls within this period.]). Activities Customizing . 47 . This information is then used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. the system copies the billing date into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document.]). Day-to-Day Activities When a sales clerk create a billing document in SD. SP 11 Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents Use When you create an invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). you enter the first and last dates of that period in the Tax Date field..

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