POLLUTION

Pollution is an undesirable change in the chemical, physical, or biological characteristics of nature.

Pollutant
• Substance that is present in an excessive amount in the environment asa result at human activities. Pollutants have damaging effects on health. They are also harmful to other living organisms.

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Types of pollution
• • • • Air pollution. Water pollution. Thermal pollution. Noise pollution

AIR POLLUTION • Air pollution occurs when pollutants including smoke,dirt,dust and poisonous gases are released into the air endengering humans” lives and other living organisms.

THE SOURCES AND EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTANS

Effects of Air Pollution .
Building and property • Sulphur dioxide,oxides of nitrogen,nitrogen dioxide causes acid rain, corrode and weaken buildings. Dust, smoke, fumes dirty building. Oxides of nitrogen cause fading of colours.

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Agriculture • • • • Toxic gases lowers plant resistance towards diseases. Destroys plant tissue Failure to produce chlorophyll(chlorosis) Acd rain lowers soil acidity,makes soil unsuitable for farming.

Effects of air pollution on weather • • • Sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, oxides of nitrogen cause acid rain. Smoke and haze cause high temperature and unclear vision. Carbon dioxide raises Earth”s temperature,causes greenhouse-effect and polar ice melts causing floods.

WATER POLLUTION
• Disharging industrial wastes,agriculture waste,dosmetik wastes and sewage into rivers contribute to water pollution. Thus,causing the water to be unsafe for human’s can consumption as well as endangering the lives of aquatik organisms.

THE EFFECT OF WATER POLLUTION TO LIFE • DOEMESTIC WASTE DISCHARGED INTO SEWERAGE SYSTEM BREEDS HARMFUL BACTERIAL TO LIFE. INDUSTRIAL WASTE SUCH AS MERCURY, ARSENIC AND CADMIUM ARE HARMFUL TO HUMAN HEALTH WATER POLLUTION KILLS AQUATIC PLANT. AQUATIC ANIMALS THAT FEED ON AQUATIC PLANT WILL GRADUALLY EXTINCT.

OIL SPILLAGE AND RUBBISH FLOATING ON TOP OF WATER REDUCE OXYGEN AND SUN RAYS PENETRATION TO AQUATIC PLANT AND ANIMALS AND BADLY AFFECTED THEIR SURVIVAL

• EUTROFICATION :
DISCHARGE OF AGRICULTURAL WASTE INTO THE WATER SYSTEM INCRESAES ALGAE PLANT. DECOMPOSITION OF ALGAE TAKES A LARGE AMOUNT OF OXYGEN. THE B.O.D. THEN INCREASES AND BADLY AFFECTED AQUATIC LIFE.

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