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Handbook of Interior Lighting Design

Handbook of Interior Lighting Design

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Published by mita60
book on design guidelines
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Published by: mita60 on Jul 14, 2011
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12/01/2011

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Luminairescanberecessedintoconcrete
ceilingsorsuspendedceilings;themodeof
recessing depends essentially on the
specific ceiling type.

For recessed mounting into concrete
ceilingstheluminaireaperturesarecreated
when the ceiling is cast.One method for
providingtheaperturesistofixpolystyrene
blocksintheformoftherequiredspace
ontotheconcreteshuttering;whenthe
ceiling has been cast the blocks are re-
moved,providingaperturesoftherequired
size. Another possibility is to install pre-
fabricatedhousings,whicharealsoattached
onto the concrete shuttering and remain
in the ceiling. It is essential to check that
theplannedlightinglayoutiscompatible
withthestructureoftheceiling, whether
specific installation locations must be
avoided, for example, due to concealed
joists orwhether the reinforcement of the
ceiling should be coordinated with the
lighting layout.

Shapedconcreteceilings,e.g.moulded
coffer ceilings,can be used as effective
lighting elements.This may be to produce
indirect lighting componentsandglare-free
lighting, and will inevitably accentuate
theceilingstructure.Theluminairescanbe
installedinthecofferstoillluminate
the sides of the coffers; the more conven-
tionalmethodistoinstalltheluminaire
inthecofferasapendantfitting,providing
directlightinginthespaceandindirect
lightingthroughtheilluminationofthe
ceiling coffer.

152

Mounting recessed
luminaires using a
concrete housing (left),
with a polystyrene
block and a substruc-
tion(right).

the luminaire and
building surfaces b
there must be at least
25 mm. In the case
of luminaires with an
Tmark no gap is
required between the
upper surface and
the building surface.

Installation of recessed
luminaires according
to the European stan-
dard (EN 60598):
the minimum distance
a between the sides
of the luminaires and
building surfaces must
be 50–75 mm. Between
the upper surface of

Methods of mounting
recessed luminaires
(from the top down-
wards): mounting into
plaster ceilings using
aplasterring,mounting
into dry ceilings with
luminaire attachment,
mountingfromabove
with mounting ring.

Semi-recessed moun-
ting using a spacer
ring(above),orsurface-
mounted luminaires
using a mountingring
(below).

Mounting recessed
luminaires in inclined
ceilings: tiltable
double-focus down-
light (above), recessed
directional spotlight
(centre) and downlight
with special accesso-
ries (below).

3.3 Practical planning
3.3.5 Installation

The recessed mounting of luminaires
intosuspendedceilingsvariesdepending
on the type of ceiling system.
In the case of flat suspended ceilings,
e.g.plasterboardceilings,theluminaires
canalmostalwaysbearrangedirrespective
of the suspended ceiling grid.The lumi-
nairesarefixedfirmly in theceilingaper-
turesprovided;ifnecessary,theweightof
the luminaire mustbecarriedbyadditional
suspensions fixed onto or in close proxi-
mitytotheluminaire.Iftheceilingistobe
plastered, plaster rings are required for
the luminaire apertures.
Therearevariousversionsofsuspended
ceilingsavailablemadeofindividual
panels.Theyvaryaccordingtothematerial,
griddimensionsandload-bearing
capacity.Theceilinggridwillautomatically
determine the possible layout, which is
tobetakenintoaccountwhenpositioning
the luminaires.

Smallerluminaires,suchasdown-
lights, can be installed in ceiling panels,
following the same mounting instructions
asforflatceilings.Largerluminaires,es-
peciallylouvredluminaires,canbeinstalled
inplaceofindividualceilingpanels;
differentmodesofinstallationarerequired
formountingintodifferentceilingtypes.
Metalplankceilingspresentaspecialcase:
luminairesarenotonlyinstalledbetween
theceilingpanels,butalsofromthecarrier
system. Suspended ceilings made of in-
dividualpanelsmayrequiretheluminaires
to have additional brackets to take the
weight of the luminaires.
Foropengridceilingsandhoney-
comb-gridceilingstherearerecessed
cassettes available complete with suitable
apertures for the recessed mounting of
downlights.Thecassettesaredimensioned
to suit the respective ceiling grids. They
can replace a ceiling panel or allow the
installationofluminairesbetweenceiling
panels which would otherwise not be
suitable to take the static load.

Semi-recessed mounting of luminaires is
similar to recessed mounting, with the
recessed depth naturally being shallower.
Some luminaire types are specifically
designedforsemi-recessedmounting.With
speciallydevelopedrecessaccessories,
luminairesforbothrecessedandsurface
mounting can be adapted for semi-
recessed mounting.

Pendant mounting can be effected in
a variety of ways.Light-weight luminaires
areusuallysuspendedbytheconnecting
cable.Heavierluminairesrequirea sepa-
ratesuspensiondevice.Thismaytake
theformofastrandedwirecableorapen-
danttube,whichgenerallycontainsthe
connecting cable.

153

Pendant mounting
of louvred luminaires:
with two suspension
points, four suspension
points, two and four
suspension cables
connected to one
ceiling mounting plate.

Recessed mounting of
louvred luminaires into
various ceiling systems
(from the top down-
wards):
recessed mounting
into ceilings with
exposed and concealed
profiles, recessed
mounting into flat,
suspended ceilings and
panelled ceilings.

3.3 Practical planning
3.3.6 Calculations

3.3.5.2Wall and floor mounting

Luminairescanbemountedontowall
surfacesorrecessedintothewall.The
lattercanbeineitherconcrete or hollow
walls. Installation of floor-mounted lu-
minairescanonlyberecessed.Theluminaire
cover must be robust and provide pro-
tectionagainsttheingressofmoisture.

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