AutoCAD 3D Tutorial

3D Tutorials AutoCAD 2007

Written by Kristen Kurland Copyright © 2007

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial

AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 1 3D Interface

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1.1 Launching AutoCAD 3D
1. 2. Choose Choose Start from the Windows program manager. Programs, Autodesk ,AutoCAD 2007.

Workspaces
AutoCAD workspaces are sets of menus, toolbars and dockable windows (such as the Properties palette, DesignCenter, and the Tool palettes window) that are grouped and organized so that you can work in a custom, task-oriented drawing environment.

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Click

3D Modeling and OK.

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1.2 3D Interface
AutoCAD’s 3D Interface consists of three main areas The dashboard Anchored palettes A 3D workspace

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1. Click to expand dashboard panel -5- . the top control panel contains commands that create and modify 3D solids.3 3D Dashboard The dashboard consists of a set of control panels organized by function.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1. For example. the second control panel contains commands and controls used to navigate 3D models. Click on one of the panels to expand the display to show a slide-out panel that has additional controls.

4 Viewports 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1. 4 Viewports. Viewports. Type -VPORTS at the command prompt. Command: -VPORTS Enter an option [Save/Restore/Delete/Join/SIngle/?/2/3/4] 4: enter Enter a configuration option [Horizontal/Vertical/Above/ Below/Left/Right] <Right>: enter Your screen will look something like the figure below with four views in one AutoCAD drawing. Choose View. -6- . or 2.

5 Preset 3D Viewports 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1. Choose Four: Right as the viewport option. New Viewports Click the dropdown option for Setup and click 3D. 2. -7- . Viewports. Choose View. 3.

and any of the preset 3D views. 3. 3D Views. Tip: You can also choose View. Click NE Isometric. Set Current. Apply. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1. Choose View.6 Named Views 1. Named Views… Click the plus (+) sign beside Preset Views.and OK. -8- .

614.-0. View.0.614. 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1. Command: vpoint Rotate/<Viewpoint><-0. Click Point in the center of the compass is the north pole Middle ring of the compass is the equator Entire outer ring is the south pole Tripod -9- . point 3.500>: (enter) a point on the compass to define the viewing angle. The compass represents a two dimensional globe.7 VPOINT Command (Tripod) Displays a compass and tripod for defining a view rotation. 3D Views. Choose or Type VPOINT at the command prompt. 2.

Type VPOINT at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1. Command: vpoint Rotate/<View point> <-0.8 VPOINT Command (Rotate) Enters a rotation angle at the viewpoint prompt.10 - . 1.-0.500>: R (enter) Enter angle in XY plane from X axis <225>: 225 (enter) Enter angle from XY plane <30>: 15 (enter) .614.614.0.

. Pick a viewing angle in the 2 graphics Left graphic = From X Axis Right graphic = In XY Plane 5.11 - . Viewpoint Preset. or 4. Choose View. Set a viewing angle by typing the From X axis and XY Plane angle. Click OK.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1. Type DDVPOINT at the command prompt. Command: ddvpoint 3. or 2.9 DDVPOINT 1. 3D Views.

World UCS. Plan View the one of the following: Current UCS.10 Plan View 1. 3D Views. Command: plan Enter an option [Current Ucs/Ucs/World] <Current>: World . Type PLAN at the command prompt. Choose View. Named UCS or 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1.12 - .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 2 Thickness and Elevation .13 - .

Viewports. . draw a rectangle using in the LINE command. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 2. The lines will have a 3D “thickness” that can be seen in the 3D view. Command: thickness Enter new value for THICKNESS <0.0000>: 3 6. Type THICKNESS at the command prompt. Begin a new drawing using a 3D Modeling workspace. 4. In the plan view. 3. 2 Viewports. In the left viewport. 5. Press ENTER for the default of two vertical viewports. Choose View. type PLAN and World.14 - .1 Thickness Command 1.

2.15 - .g. Properties…or right click and choose Properties… In the Properties dialog box type a new line thickness.1. Choose Modify. Select the object whose thickness you would like to change (e.2 Change Existing Thickness 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 2. one line of the rectangle you drew in 2. 3. The following result is a new line thickness for the selected object. .

Note that they appear to be “floating” 1 unit above the ground.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 2. Type ELEVATION at the command prompt.3 Elevation Stores the elevation for new objects relative to the current UCS for the current space. .16 - .0000>: 1. 1.00 2. Command: elevation Enter new value for ELEVATION <0. Draw two circles at the new elevation.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 2.000>: 1 2.0000>: 1 Specify new default thickness: <3. . Command: elev Specify new default elevation: <1.17 - . Type ELEV at the command prompt. Draw a new line to see the elevation and thickness settings.4 Elevation Shortcut 1.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 3 Visualizing Your Model .18 - .

Hide.19 - . 2.1 HIDE Command Regenerates a three-dimensional model with hidden lines 1. or 3.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 3. Type HIDE at the command prompt. Command: hide . Choose View. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.

20 - . Choose View. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 3. 2. Visual Styles and one of the following style options. 2D Wireframe 3D Wireframe 3D Hidden Realistic Conceptual . 1.2 Visual Styles A visual style is a collection of settings that control the display of edges and shading in the viewport.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 3.3 Visual Style Manager
The Visual Styles Manager displays sample images of the visual styles available in the drawing. The selected visual style is indicated by a yellow border, and its settings are displayed in the panel below the sample images. 1. 2. 3. Choose View, Visual Styles, Visual Styles Manager… or Type VISUALSTYLES at the command prompt. Command: visualstyles Choose the desired option from one of those available in the drawing for 2D Wireframe, 3D Wireframe, 3D Hidden, Realistic, or Conceptual options.

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 3.4 Adaptive 3D Grid
When you choose a shaded or 3D wireframe visual style, the grid changes from a dotted grid to a rectangular grid. The new grid provides a better sense of a model’s orientation in 3D. The rectangular grid supports perspective, can display major and minor grid lines, provides color options, and can automatically control the grid density when zooming in or out (adaptive grid.) You can change the grid settings using the drafting settings dialog box. 1. Choose View, Visual Styles and one of the following options: 3D Wireframe, 3D Hidden, Realistic, or Conceptual.

Change the adaptive grid settings
1. Choose Tools, Drafting Settings, and the Snap and Grid TAB.

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial

AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 4 Z Coordinates

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4.1 3D Coordinates
Entering 3D Cartesian coordinates (X,Y,Z) is similar to entering 2D coordinates (X,Y). In addition to specifying X and Y values, you specify a Z value.

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Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Type 3DPoly at the command prompt. Command: 3DPOLY Specify start point of polyline: 1,1,0 Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]: 1,2,1 Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]: 2,2,1 Specify endpoint of line or [Close/Undo]: 2,1,0 Specify endpoint of line or [Close/Undo]: 1,1,0

The result will be the following lines that are drawn in 3D:

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4. .2 Track in Z Direction With AutoTrack (polar tracking and object snap tracking). In a 3D view. you can track in the Z direction as well as in the XY plane.25 - . Similarly. 2. 1. 3. Press F11 or click OSnap Tracking on the status bar if it is not already on. issue the LINE command and draw a line in the Z direction using tracking. when Ortho mode is turned on. Press F10 or click Polar Tracking on the status bar if it is not already on. you can lock the cursor to the Z direction.

0. Command: move Select objects: pick object in 3D view Select objects: press enter Specify base point or displacement: Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement>: 0.3 Move in Z Direction 1. before move after move . Open a drawing with 3D objects in it.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4. 2.26 - .1 or use polar tracking to move the object. Type MOVE at the command prompt.

Open a drawing with 3D objects in it. endpoint to filter 2.27 - .XY of pick endpoint to filter (need Z): 1 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <0. 1.xy) Command: circle Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4. 4. 3. 5.4 3D Point Filters Draws in 3D Z direction by filtering X and Y coordinates. Use the CIRCLE command and place it using 3D point filters (. 7. 6.2500>: press enter .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 5 User Coordinate System .28 - .

Choose View. Always displays the UCS at the lower left corner.0 origin of the current UCS. Changes the display properties of the UCS icons(s). Command: ucsicon Enter an option [ON/OFF/All/Noorigin/ORigin/Properties] <ON>: ON OFF All Noorigin Origin Properties Displays the UCS icon.1 UCS Icon The UCS icon represents the orientation of the user coordinate system (UCS) axes and the location of the current UCS origin.29 - .0. Shows the UCS at the 0. It also represents the current viewing direction relative to the XY plane. . 2. AutoCAD displays the UCS icon differently for 2D. UCS Icon.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5. Affects the display of the UCSICON in all viewports. 3D and Paper Space environments. or Type UCSICON at the command prompt. Turns off the display of the UCSICON. 3D UCS icons 2D UCSIcon Pspace UCSICON 1. Display.

UCS Icon. Display. Properties. Command: ucsicon Enter an option [ON/OFF/All/Noorigin/ORigin/Properties] <ON>: P . Choose View.30 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial UCS Icon Properties 1. 2. or Type UCSICON at the command prompt.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5.2 UCS Overview
The user coordinate system provides an alternate movable coordinate system for coordinate entry, planes of operation, and viewing. Most AutoCAD geometric editing commands are dependent on the location and orientation of the UCS. There are a variety of ways to set the User Coordinate System using the UCS command.

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Type UCS at the command prompt. Command: ucs Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/ Save/Del/Apply/?/World] <World>: New Defines a new coordinate system by one of six methods: Origin, Z Axis, 3 Point, Object, Face, View X, Y, Z Defines a new UCS by shifting the origin of the current UCS, leaving the direction of the X,Y, and Z axes unchanged. Allows you to define a new origin. Specifies a UCS by its origin and a point on the positive X and Y axes. Lets you define a new UCS by pointing at an object. Aligns the UCS to the selected face of a solid object. Establishes a new UCS whose XY plane is perpendicular to your viewing direction (e.g. parallel to your screen). Rotates the ucs around a specified axis

Origin

ZAxis 3 Point Object Face View

X/Y/Z

UCS Toolbars

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5.3 3 Point UCS
The 3 Point option is one of the easiest ways to define a new UCS on a given 3D object. 1. 2. Open a drawing with a simple 3D object (e.g. 3D box) Type UCS at the command prompt. Command: ucs Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/ Save/Del/Apply/?/World] <World>: N Specify origin of new UCS or [ZAxis/3point/OBject/ Face/View/X/Y/Z] <0,0,0>: 3 Specify new origin point <0,0,0>: pick origin Specify point on positive portion of X-axis <3.53,7.73,0.00>: pick point for X direction Specify point on positive-Y portion of the UCS XY plane <2.53,8.73,0.00>: pick point for Y direction

Positive Y

New 0,0,0 origin

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial
New UCS

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5.4 Plan UCS
To work in the plan view of your new UCS, use the PLAN command with the current UCS option. New entities that you draw will be in relation to this current UCS.

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Type PLAN at the command prompt. Command: plan Enter an option [Current ucs/Ucs/World] <Current>: press enter

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This is the UCS you should use when creating Wblocks and inserting Wblocks.5 World UCS The World UCS is the only UCS guaranteed to be the same in all AutoCAD drawings and can be used to set the UCS back to its original state. Command: ucs Current ucs name: *NO NAME* Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/ Save/Del/Apply/?/World] <World> W . Type UCS at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5.35 - . 1.

Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. parallel to your screen) 1. Command: hide .6 View UCS Establishes a new coordinate system whose XY plane is perpendicular to your viewing direction (i.36 - . or 2. Choose View.X XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Regenerates a three-dimensional model with hidden lines 1.e.0.0>: vOrigin/ZAxis/3point/ OBject/View/X/Y/Z/Prev/Restore/Save/Del/?/<World>:V X. Type HIDE at the command prompt. 3. Command: ucs Current ucs name: *NO NAME* Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/ Save/Del/Apply/?/World] <World>: N Specify origin of new UCS or [ZAxis/3point/OBject/ Face/View/X/Y/Z] <0. Type UCS at the command prompt. Hide.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5.

and drawing tools. 1. 4.7 Dynamic UCS You can use the dynamic UCS to create objects on a planar face of a 3D solid without manually changing the UCS orientation. . Click the DUCS icon Type any draw command.37 - . Command: circle on the status bar or press CTRL +D. such as polar tracking and the grid. are all relative to the temporary UCS established by the dynamic UCS. the dynamic UCS temporarily aligns the XY plane of the UCS with a planar face of a 3D solid when you move the cursor over the face. 3. During a command. specified points. 1. 2. Move the cursor to the face of the 3D object that you would like to draw on.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5. When the dynamic UCS is active. Click to begin drawing your new object.

Command: UCS Specify origin of UCS or [Face/NAmed/OBject/Previous/View/World/X/Y/Z/ZAxis] <World>: NA Enter an option [Restore/Save/Delete/?]: S Enter name to save current UCS or [?]: LeftSide .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5. 1.8 Naming and Saving a UCS User coordinate systems can sometimes be complicated and it is often useful to name and save them so you can quickly recall them. Type UCS at the command prompt.38 - .

Type UCS at the command prompt. Command: UCS Specify origin of UCS or [Face/NAmed/OBject/Previous/View/World/X/Y/Z/ZAxis] <World>: NA Enter an option [Restore/Save/Delete/?]: R Enter name to save current UCS or [?]: LeftSide . 1.9 Restoring a UCS A named and saved UCS can be restored at any time.39 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5.

restores named and orthographic UCSs. and specifies UCS icon and UCS settings for viewports via a dialog box. Named UCS.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5. Command: ucsman . Type UCSMAN at the command prompt.40 - .10 UCS Dialog Box Displays and modifies defined and unnamed user coordinate systems. or 2. 1. Chose Tools.

41 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 6 3D Orbit .

moves around the target. from the user's point of view. .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6. 1. 2. Command: 3DOrbit 4. Constrained Orbit. Orbit. When 3DORBIT is active. the target of the view stays stationary and the camera location. or point of view. You can view your entire drawing or select one or more objects before starting the command. In this way. Click and drag to move your object in 3D.1 Constrained 3D Orbit 3DORBIT activates a 3D Orbit view in the current viewport. it appears as if the 3D model is turning as the mouse cursor is dragged. or 3.42 - . Open a drawing with 3D objects. Type 3D Orbit at the command prompt. However. Choose View. you can specify any view of the model.

Zoom to a new area of the 3D drawing. Choose Zoom Previous or Zoom Extents from the pop-up menu. 7. Choose Zoom Window from the pop-up menu. 4. Pan to a new area of the drawing. 5.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6. 2. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. 6. 4. 2. 5.2 Zoom and Pan in 3D Orbit Zoom 1. Choose Other Navigation Modes from the pop-up menu. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. 3. Choose Other Navigation Modes from the pop-up menu. 3. Choose Constrained Orbit to set the mode back to orbit.43 - . Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. . Pan 1. Choose Pan. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command.

Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6. Objects appear to recede into the distance. Parallel view displays objects so that two parallel lines in a drawing never con verge at a single point. The shapes are some what distorted when the object is very close. and parts of the objects appear larger and closer to you. Perspective View Parallel View . The shapes in your drawing always remain the same and do not appear distorted when they are closer. 2.44 - . This view correlates more closely to what your eye sees. Perspective view displays objects in perspective so that all parallel lines converge at one point. Choose Perspective.3 Projection Mode 1.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6. 3D Wireframe.45 - .4 Visual Styles Displays your objects in one of the following selected styles: 1. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. 3. Conceptual or Realistic. 3D Hidden 3D Wireframe Conceptual Realistic . Choose Visual Styles from the pop-up menu. 2. Choose 3D Hidden.

Choose Visual Aids from the pop-up menu. or UCS Icon.46 - .5 Visual Aids 1. 3. Grid. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. Compass Grid UCS Icon .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6. 2. Choose Compass.

.6 Preset Views Sets the 3D view while in the orbit command 1. Choose one of the following standard 3D views.47 - . 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6. 3. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. Choose Preset Views from the pop-up menu.

Orbit.7 Free Orbit 1. Outside the Arcball . Click on one of the 3D Orbit arcball locations to move the display of your object(s). Choose View.Rotates around the “X” axis through the center.Allows movement in any direction Inside one of the small circles to the top/bottom . 2. The 3D Orbit Arcball appears. Free Orbit. .Moves View about an axis that extends through the center (acts like twist) Inside one of the small circles to the left/right .48 - . Inside the Arcball .Rotates around the “Y” axis through the center.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6. Continuous Orbit. . 3. Choose View. Orbit. Press ESC on the keyboard to stop the orbit. Click and drag to define the direction and speed of a continuous orbit for your object(s). 2.8 Continuous Orbit 1.49 - .

by dynamically controlling the location and target of the camera. Works like the Adjust Distance option.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6. Changes the cursor to a magnifying glass with plus (+) and minus (-) sign and simulates moving the camera closer to an object or farther away. Changes the cursor to a plus sign and enables you to "walk through" a model at a fixed height above the XY plane.9 Other Navigational Modes 1. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. Swivel (5) Walk (6) Fly (7) Zoom (8) . See 3DFLY. Choose Other Navigational Modes from the pop-up menu. 2. Changes the cursor to an arched arrow and simulates the effect of swiveling the camera. See 3DZOOM. Choose one of the following modes. 3. See 3DSWIVEL. Adjust Distance (4) Simulates moving the camera closer to the object or farther away. See 3DWALK.50 - . Changes the cursor to a plus sign and enables you to "fly through" a model without being restricted to a fixed height above the XY plane.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 7 3D Navigation .51 - .

Command: camera Current camera settings: Height=5.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7.xy of (need Z): 7 Specify target location: endp Enter an option [?/Name/LOcation/Height/Target/LEns/Clipping/View/eXit]<eXit>: X Camera location using .52 - . 1.1 Creating a Camera Sets a camera and target location to create and save a 3D perspective view of objects.0000 mm Specify camera location: .0000 Lens Length=50. Create Camera.XY filter and Z height of 7 Camera target . 2. Open a drawing with 3D objects. Choose View. or 3. Type CAMERA at the command prompt.

it becomes a named view in the drawing and can be viewed using the Named View Manager. Click the plus (+) sign beside Model Views. Choose View. Named Views. You can also view the camera using the view option when creating the camera. 3D Views. and OK. Click Camera1.53 - . View from Camera . Southwest Isometric to be sure you are not in an existing camera view. Apply. 2. 1. 3.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7.2 Viewing a Camera Once a camera is created. 4. Choose View. Set Current.

You can change the Visual style of this preview to 3DHidden. 3DWireframe.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. 3D Views. Choose View. Conceptual. 3. or Realistic. 2. Southwest Isometric to be sure you are not in an existing camera view. Click once on a camera in your view. .54 - . 1.3 Camera Preview Camera preview is a quick and easy way to see the properties of a camera before viewing from the camera. Zoom out until you see the camera in your 3D view. The Camera Preview dialog box will show the view from the chosen camera.

55 - . double click a camera.4 Camera Properties 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. . In a 3D isometric view.

Double-click a camera.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. Camera section. Display. If cameras are not already displayed in the drawing. click Yes or No. Display. . In the Properties palette. Cameras.56 - . Choose View.5 Displaying and Plotting a Camera Displaying a Camera 1. click View. Plotting a Camera 1. Plot option. 3. Cameras. 2.

Apply.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7.6 Adjusting Camera Distances and Swiveling a Camera Adjust Camera Distance 1.Camera. Adjust Distance. 4. Camera. Choose View. 2. Click and drag to zoom in or out about the camera. 2. Click Camera1. Swivel a Camera 1. Choose View. and OK. 3. Swivel. Set Current. Named Views. Click and drag to swivel the camera. . 5. Click the plus (+) sign beside Model Views. Choose View.57 - .

XY of (need Z): 7 Enter option [CAmera/TArget/Distance/POints/PAn/Zoom/TWist/CLip/Hide/Off/U ndo]: D Specify new camera-target distance <8. Type DVIEW at the command prompt.2436.2567.58 - . Camera location using . Command: dview Select objects or <use DVIEWBLOCK>: pick objects Enter option [CAmera/TArget/Distance/POints/PAn/Zoom/TWist/CLip/Hide/Off/U ndo]: PO Specify target point <3.0405. -3.3538>: .7 DView Command Defines parallel projection or perspective views by using a camera and target. 4. 7.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7.3066>: click and drag new zoom Enter option [CAmera/TArget/Distance/POints/PAn/Zoom/TWist/CLip/Hide/Off/U ndo]: Regenerating model.XY filter and Z height of 7 Camera target . 1.0520.2994>: pick target Specify camera point <-4. 14.

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. Choose View. Briefly look at the navigation keys. you travel along the XY plane. Create a camera anywhere in the drawing and set the view to that camera.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. you are not constrained by the XY plane. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. then choose close. The following walk and fly navigation mapping settings appear. and Walk. Walk and Fly. 3. When you walk through a model.60 - . Command: 3Dwalk 5. so you appear to “fly” over an area in a model. or 4. 2. The following mappings are available for walking: Up arrow / W key Down arrow / S key Left arrow / A key Right arrow / D key Drag mouse F key Toggle Move forward Move backward Move left Move right Look around & turn Fly mode 1.8 Walk and Fly You can simulate walking and flying through a 3D drawing. Type 3DWalk or 3DFky at the command prompt. When you fly through a model.

and Right keys on the keyboard to see how the camera location moves in the drawing and Position Locator dialog box. Close the Position Locator dialog box and try walking and flying using only the keys on the keyboard and mouse. Press the Up. . Click and drag your mouse to “fly” through the drawing.61 - . Down.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial The following Position Locator dialog box will appear that you can use to navigate your drawing. Left. Move the camera and target in the Position Locator dialog box.

Choose one of the following settings from the Walk and Fly dialog box.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. be sure to set your drawing units to a large number. If you are working in a drawing with a large architectural scale. or 2.9 Walk and Fly Settings 1. similar to the scale of the drawing. Command: walkflysettings 3. Choose View. Walk and Hide. Type WALKFLYSETTINGS at the command prompt. . Walk and Hide Settings.62 - .

. Command: anipath 4. Click OK to the default path name.63 - . Click OK to the default path name. 6.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7.10 Animation Paths 1. 5. Type ANIPATH at the command prompt. Choose View. Click Select Path under the Link target to: option and click on the line or polyline path. 7. resolution. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view and line or polyline representing a path for an animation 2. Motion Path Animations. or 3. etc. 8. Click Select Path under the Link camera to: option and click on the line or polyline path. duration. Change other animation settings such as the frames per second.

64 - . 11. Play your animation in a Windows or MacIntosh video review application. 10. Close the animation preview and click OK to create an animation file. .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9. Choose the Preview…button to preview your animation.

65 - . Command: dashboard . Palettes.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. Choose Tools. Type DASHBOARD at the command prompt. or 2.11 3D Navigation Using the Dashboard Regenerates a three-dimensional model with hidden lines 1. Dashboard.

66 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 8 3D Model Objects .

this type of modeling can be the most time-consuming. With AutoCAD you can create wireframe models by positioning 2D objects anywhere in 3D space. such as 3D polylines (that can only have a CONTINUOUS linetype) and splines. and curves that describe the edges of the object.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 8. lines. There are no surfaces in a wireframe model. AutoCAD also provides some 3D wireframe objects.1 Wireframes A wireframe model is a skeletal description of a 3D object. Because each object that makes up a wireframe model must be independently drawn and positioned. Wireframe lines in 3D .67 - . it consists only of points.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 8. . The AutoCAD surface modeler defines faceted surfaces using a polygonal mesh. but also its surfaces.68 - . the mesh can only approximate curved surfaces. Because the faces of the mesh are planar.2 Surfaces Surface modeling is more sophisticated than wireframe modeling in that it defines not only the edges of a 3D object.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 8. and tori (do.nuts). you can make 3D objects by creating basic 3D shapes: boxes. cylinders. wedges.3 Solids Solid modeling is the easiest type of 3D modeling to use. cones.69 - . You can then combine these shapes to create more complex solids by joining or subtracting them or finding their intersecting (over.lapping) volume. spheres. . With the AutoCAD solid modeler. You can also create solids by sweeping a 2D object along a path or revolving it about an axis.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 9 2D Solids and 3D Faces .70 - .

1 2D Solid Creates solid-filled triangles and quadrilaterals.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9. Type SOLID at the command prompt.71 - . Command: solid First point: P1 Second point: P2 Third point: P3 Fourth point: P4 Third point: enter . 1.

Command: 3dface First point: pick Second point: pick Third point: pick Fourth point: pick Third point: enter 3D Wireframe Lines 3D Face . You can specify different Z coordinates for each corner point of a 3D face.or four-sided surface that is parallel to the current UCS and can be extruded.72 - . 3DFACE differs from SOLID. which creates a three. 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9. Type 3DFACE at the command prompt.2 3D Faces 3DFACE creates a three or four sided surface anywhere in 3D space.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9.3 3D Face Invisible Edge
With 3DFACE, you control which edges of a 3D face are visible, allowing accurate modeling of objects with holes. Entering i or invisible before the first point of an edge makes the edge invisible.Type 3DFACE at the command prompt. 1. Type 3DFACE at the command prompt. Command: 3Dface First point: P1 Second point: P2 Third point: i P3 Fourth point: P4 Third point: i P5 Fourth point: P6 Third point: P7 Fourth point: P8 Third point: enter NOTE: You must enter an “i” for invisible before the face is chosen.

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9.4 Edge Command
1. Type EDGE at the command prompt. Command: edge Specify edge of 3dface to toggle visibility or [Display]: pick edge

Pick edge

Specify edge of 3dface to toggle visibility or [Display]: d Enter selection method for display of hidden edges [Select/All] <All>: a ** Regenerating 3DFACE objects...done. Specify edge of 3dface to toggle visibility or [Display]: press enter

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9.5 PFace
Creates a three-dimensional polyface mesh vertex by vertex

1.

Type PFACE at the command prompt. Command: pface Specify location for vertex 1: pick point 1 Specify location for vertex 2 or <define faces>: pick point 2 Specify location for vertex 3 or <define faces>: pick point 3 Specify location for vertex 4 or <define faces>: pick point 4 Specify location for vertex 5 or <define faces>: pick point 5 Specify location for vertex 6 or <define faces>: pick point 6 Specify location for vertex 7 or <define faces>: pick point 7 Specify location for vertex 8 or <define faces>: enter Face 1, vertex 1: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer]: type 1 Face 1, vertex 2: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 2 Face 1, vertex 3: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 6 Face 1, vertex 4: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 7 Face 1, vertex 5: enter Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: Face 2, vertex 1: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer]: type 2 Face 2, vertex 2: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 3 Face 2, vertex 3: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 4 Face 2, vertex 4:

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial
Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 6 Face 2, vertex 5: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: Face 3, vertex 1: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer]: type 4 Face 3, vertex 2:

Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 5 Face 3, vertex 3: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 6 Face 3, vertex 4: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: Face 4, vertex 1: enter Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer]:

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 10 Basic 3D Surfaces .77 - .

Corner of box: pick point Specify length of box: 4 Specify width of box or [Cube]: 2 Specify height of box: 2 Specify rotation angle of box about the Z axis [Reference]: 0 or .78 - ..1 Box 1. Type AI_BOX at the command prompt. Command: ai_box Initializing.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10.. 3D Objects loaded.

2 Pyramid 1.79 - . Type AI_PYRAMID at the command prompt. Command: ai_pyramid Specify first corner point for base of pyramid: pick point Specify second corner point for base of pyramid: <Ortho on> 4 Specify third corner point for base of pyramid: 4 Specify fourth corner point for base of pyramid or [Tetrahedron]: 4 Specify apex point of tetrahedron or [Top]: .xy of pick (need Z): 4 .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10.

Type AI_WEDGE at the command prompt. Command: ai_wedge Specify corner point of wedge: pick point Specify length of wedge: 4 Specify width of wedge: 2 Specify height of wedge: 2 Specify rotation angle of wedge about the Z axis: 0 .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10.80 - .3 Wedge 1.

81 - . Type AI_DOME at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10. Command: ai_dome Specify center point of dome: pick point Specify radius of dome or [Diameter]: 3 Enter number of longitudinal segments for surface of dome <16>: 20 Enter number of latitudinal segments for surface of dome <8>: 10 .4 Dome 1.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10. Command: ai_sphere Specify center point of sphere: pick point Specify radius of sphere or [Diameter]: 3 Enter number of longitudinal segments for surface of sphere <16>: 25 Enter number of latitudinal segments for surface of sphere <16>: 25 .5 Sphere 1.82 - . Type AI_SPHERE at the command prompt.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10. Command: ai_cone Specify center point for base of cone: pick point Specify radius for base of cone or [Diameter]: 2 Specify radius for top of cone or [Diameter] <0>: 5 Specify height of cone: 3 Enter number of segments for surface of cone <16>: enter . Type AI_CONE at the command prompt.6 Cone 1.83 - .

84 - . Command: ai_torus Specify center point of torus: pick point Specify radius of torus or [Diameter]: 6 Specify radius of tube or [Diameter]: 1 Enter number of segments around tube circumference <16>: enter Enter number of segments around torus circumference <16>: enter .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10.7 Torus 1. Type AI_TORUS at the command prompt.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10.8 Dish 1.85 - . Command: ai_dish Specify center point of dish: pick point Specify radius of dish or [Diameter]: 3 Enter number of longitudinal segments for surface of dish <16>: 20 Enter number of latitudinal segments for surface of dish <8>: 15 . Type AI_DISH at the command prompt.

1 Enter mesh size in the M direction: 20 Enter mesh size in the N direction: 10 .4. Command: ai_mesh Initializing. Type ai_mesh at the command prompt..1 Specify third corner point of mesh: 4.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10.1 Specify second corner point of mesh: 4.1.9 Mesh 1.1.86 - . 3D Objects loaded.4..2 Specify fourth corner point of mesh: 1. Specify first corner point of mesh: 1.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 11 Complex Surfaces .87 - .

1 Revolved Surfaces Regenerates a three-dimensional model with hidden lines 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 11. Command: revsurf Current wire frame density: SURFTAB1=6 SURFTAB2=6 Select object to revolve: pick path curve Select object that defines the axis of revolution: pick line Specify start angle <0>: enter Specify included angle (+=ccw. Type Revsurf at the command prompt.88 - . -=cw) <360>: enter .

Command: revsurf Current wire frame density: SURFTAB1=30 SURFTAB2=30 Select object to revolve: pick path curve Select object that defines the axis of revolution: pick line Specify start angle <0>: enter Specify included angle (+=ccw.2 Surftab Variables Sets the number of tabulations for both directions to be generated for RULESURF and TABSURF.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 11. . 3. Command: surftab1 Enter new value for SURFTAB1 <6>: 30 Type Surftab2 at the command prompt. Type Surftab1 at the command prompt. Also sets the mesh density in ROTATE3D the M direction for REVSURF and EDGESURF commands.89 - . 1. -=cw) <360>: enter 2. Command: surftab2 Enter new value for SURFTAB2 <6>: 30 Type Revsurf at the command prompt.

Command: tabsurf Select object for path curve: Select object for direction vector: .90 - .3 Tabulated Surfaces 1. Type TABSURF at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 11.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 11.91 - . Type RULESURF at the command prompt.4 Ruled Surfaces 1. Command: rulesurf Current wire frame density: SURFTAB1=6 Select first defining curve: P1 Select second defining curve: P2 .

5 Edge Surfaces Regenerates a three-dimensional model with hidden lines 1. Type EDGESURF at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 11. Command: edgesurf Current wire frame density: SURFTAB1=20 SURFTAB2=10 Select object 1 for surface edge: P1 Select object 2 for surface edge: P2 Select object 3 for surface edge: P3 Select object 4 for surface edge: P4 .92 - .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 12 Creating Solids .93 - .

. Choose the solid primitive from AutoCAD’s Dashboard.1 Solid Primitives Solid primitives can easily be drawn from both the Draw pulldown menu and from Autodesk’s dashboard. and one of the following solid primitives. 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12.94 - . Choose Draw. or 2. Modeling.

Command: polysolid Specify start point or [Object/Height/Width/Justify] <Object>: h Specify height <0'-4">: 10' Specify start point or [Object/Height/Width/Justify] <Object>: o Select object: Pick polygon . Polysolid. but the profile is always rectangular by default. Type POLYSOLID at the command prompt. 1. or 3. Choose Draw. 2D polyline. Modeling. Open a drawing with a closed 2D polyline and display in a 3D view.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12. you can convert an existing line. or circle to a solid with a rectangular profile.95 - .2 Polysolid Command With the POLYSOLID command. A polysolid can have curved segments. arc. 2.

Type HELIX at the command prompt. Command: helix Number of turns = 3. 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12.0000>: enter or drag and pick .0000>: enter or drag and pick Specify top radius or [Diameter] <11. Begin a new drawing. Helix.0000 Twist=CCW Specify center point of base: pick point Specify base radius or [Diameter] <1.0776>: enter or drag and pick Specify helix height or [Axis endpoint/Turns/turn Height/tWist] <1. or 3.96 - . Choose Draw. 2.3 Helix Creates a 2D or 3D spiral.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12. Type EXTRUDE at the command prompt.97 - . You can extrude multiple objects with EXTRUDE.4 Extrude Creates unique solid primitives by extruding existing two-dimensional objects. Command: extrude Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects: pick objects Select objects: enter Specify height of extrusion or [Direction/Path/Taper angle]: 2 Lines with a Thickness of 2” Lines Extruded 2” . 1.

9509>: T Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>: 15 Specify height of extrusion or [Direction/Path/Taper angle] <8. Modeling. Choose Draw. Extrude. Type EXTRUDE at the command prompt. Command: extrude Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects to extrude: pick object to extrude Select objects to extrude: enter Specify height of extrusion or [Direction/Path/Taper angle] <8.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12. or 2.98 - .9509>: 4 .5 Extrude with Taper 1.

Extrude. Type EXTRUDE at the command prompt.6 Extrude with Path 1. Choose Draw.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12.99 - . Modeling.0000>: p Select extrusion path or [Taper angle]: pick P2 Circle Extruded Along a Path Hidden Line Removal of Extruded Circle . or 2. Command: extrude Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects to extrude: 1 found Select objects to extrude: pick circle (P1) Specify height of extrusion or [Direction/Path/Taper angle] <4.

100 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12. Choose Draw. Type REVOLVE at the command prompt. 2. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Revolve. Or 3. Command: revolve Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects: pick profile Select objects: enter Specify start point for axis of revolution or define axis by [Object/X (axis)/Y (axis)]: o Select an object: pick axis Specify angle of revolution <360>: enter . Modeling.7 Revolve Command 1.

2.101 - . Open a drawing with 2D objects to sweep and display in a 3D view. Type SWEEP at the command prompt. Modeling. Sweep. Choose Draw. or 3.8 Sweep Command 1. Command: sweep Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects to sweep: pick arc Select objects to sweep: Select sweep path or [Alignment/Base point/Scale/Twist]: pick path .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12.

Loft.9 Loft Command 1. 2. . Modeling.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12. Choose Draw. Type LOFT at the command prompt. Command: loft Select cross-sections in lofting order: pick circles Specify opposite corner: 5 found Select cross-sections in lofting order: Enter an option [Guides/Path/Cross-sections only] <Cross-sections only>: enter Click OK.102 - . or 3. Open a drawing with 2D objects to sweep and display in a 3D view.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial .103 - .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 13 3D Edits .104 - .

Command: convtosolid Select objects: pick circle or polyline 1 found Select objects: press enter .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13. Convert to Solid. zero-width polylines with thickness Circles with thickness Note You cannot use CONVTOSOLID with polylines that contain vertices with 0 width or that contain segments of variable width 1. Choose Modify. Open a drawing with 2D polylines or circles with thicknesses and display in a 3D view. or 3. you can convert the following objects into extruded 3D solids: Uniform-width wide polylines with thickness Closed.105 - . 3D Operation. 2. With the CONVTOSOLID command. Type CONVTSOLID at the command prompt.1 Convert to Solid Converts polylines and circles with thickness to 3D solids.

Type CONVTSURFACE at the command prompt.2 Convert to Surface Converts polylines and circles with thickness to surfaces. Open a drawing with 2D polylines or circles with thicknesses and display in a 3D view. Command: convtosurface Select objects: 1 found Select objects: .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13. Choose Modify.106 - . or 3. 1. Convert to Surface. 2. 3D Operation.

or 3. Choose Modify. 2. 1. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.3 3D Move Displays the move grip tool in a 3D view and moves objects a specified distance.0000.0000>: 0. Type 3DMOVE at the command prompt.107 - .0. 3DMove. Command: 3Dmove Select objects: pick object to move 1 found Select objects: enter Specify base point or [Displacement] <Displacement>: D Specify displacement <0. 3D Operations.0000. 0. 0.2 .

Command: 3DROTATE Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0 Select objects: pick object and press enter Specify base point: pick point Pick a rotation axis: select X axis Specify angle start point: -90 . 3DRotate. Type 3DROTATE at the command prompt.4 3D Rotate 1. Choose Modify. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.108 - . 2. or 3. 3D Operations.

5 3DAlign 1. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Command: _3dalign Select objects: pick and press enter Specify source plane and orientation .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.. 3D Operations. 2... Specify first destination point: Specify second destination point or [eXit] <X>: Specify third destination point or [eXit] <X>: .. Specify base point or [Copy]: Specify second point or [Continue] <C>: Specify third point or [Continue] <C>: Specify destination plane and orientation . or 3. Type 3DALIGN at the command prompt. Choose Modify. 3DAlign.109 - .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.6 3D Mirror
1. 2. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Choose Modify, 3D Operations, 3DMirror. or 3. Type MIRROR3D at the command prompt. Command: mirror3D Select objects: pick the circle Select objects: enter Specify first point of mirror plane (3 points) or [Object/Last/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>: P1 Specify second point on mirror plane: P2 Specify third point on mirror plane: P3 Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>: enter

Circle Mirrored around 3 Points

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.7 3D Rectangular Array
1. 2. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Choose Modify, 3D Operations, 3DArray. or 3. Type 3DARRAY at the command prompt. Command: 3darray Select objects: pick object and press enter Enter the type of array [Rectangular/Polar] <R>: R Enter the number of rows (---) <1>: 3 Enter the number of columns (|||) <1>: 4 Enter the number of levels (...) <1>: 2 Specify the distance between rows (---): 5 Specify the distance between columns (|||): 4 Specify the distance between levels (...): 8

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.8 3D Polar Array
1. 2. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Choose Modify, 3D Operations, 3DArray. or 3. Type 3DARRAY at the command prompt. Command: 3darray Select objects: pick cube Select objects: enter Enter the type of array [Rectangular/Polar] <R>: P Enter the number of items in the array: 5 Specify the angle to fill (+=ccw, -=cw) <360>: enter Rotate arrayed objects? [Yes/No] <Y>: enter Specify center point of array: mid of axis line Specify second point on axis of rotation: pick

Arrayed Objects Around a Line

Arrayed Objects in Plan View

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.9 Extract Edges
1. 2. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Choose Modify, 3D Operations, Extract Edges. or 3. Type XEDGES at the command prompt. Command: _xedges Select objects: pick object Select objects: enter

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1 Facetres=10 .10 Facetres Adjusts the smoothness of shaded and rendered objects and objects with hidden lines removed. Command: FACETRES Enter new value for FACETRES <0. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Type FACETRES at the command prompt.5000>: 10 Facetres=.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.01 to 10. 1.114 - . Valid values are from 0. 2.0.

11 Isolines 1. .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.115 - . Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Type ISOLINES at the command prompt. 2. Command: isolines Enter new value for ISOLINES <4>: 20 Command: regen REGEN Regenerating model.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 14 Solid Composites .116 - .

Choose Modify. Command: union Select objects: pick objects to union Select objects: enter Solid Objects Unioned Together . Solids Editing. Union. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Type UNION at the command prompt.117 - . or 3.1 Union 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 14. 2.

... Type SUBTRACT at the command prompt. Command: subtract SUBTRACT Select solids and regions to subtract from. 2.. Choose Modify. Solids Editing.118 - . Subtract. Select objects: pick the cylinder Select objects: enter Objects Subtracted from Box .2 Subtract 1. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. or 3. Select objects: pick the box Select objects: (press enter) Select solids and regions to subtract.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 14.

119 - . Choose Modify. Intersect or 2. Solids Editing. Command: intersect Select objects: pick objects Select objects: enter Intersection of Cylinder and Box .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 14. Type INTERSECT at the command prompt.3 Intersect 1.

1. Command: thicken Select surfaces to thicken: 1 found Select surfaces to thicken: Specify thickness <0. Choose Modify.4 Thicken Creates a 3D solid by thickening a surface. Open a drawing with 3D surface and display in a 3D view.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 14. 2. or 3.120 - . Type THICKEN at the command prompt. Thicken. 3D Operation.0000>: 1 .

Choose Modify. Interference Checking.121 - . Type INTERFERE at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 14. 3D Operations. 1.5 Interference Checking Highlights 3D solids that overlap. 2. Command: interfere Select first set of objects or [Nested selection/Settings]: pick objects and press enter. Open a drawing with 3D objects that overlap and display in a 3D view. or 3. . Select second set of objects or [Nested selection/checK first set] <checK>: pick rectangle and press enter Solids that interfere will highlight in red.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial The following dialog box allows you to change the zoom and display of the drawing to better see the interfering objects.122 - . You can also choose to retain the interference objects by turning the check box off for “Delete interference objects created on Close” .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 15 Modifying Solid Faces .123 - .

25 Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>: 45 Select Face Extruded Face . Press ENTER. Choose a face to extrude. hold the SHIFT key to deselect unwanted faces. Choose Modify. Solid Editing. Extrude face. NOTE: Must be a solid to extrude the face. 5. Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15.1 Extrude Face 1. 4.124 - . 3. 2. If you choose more than one face.

Before Taper After Taper .125 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15. Press ENTER. 3. Specify the base point: pick the back left corner Specify another point along the axis of tapering: pick point Specify the taper angle: 45 Solid validation started. hold the SHIFT key to deselect unwanted faces. Solid Editing. 5. 4. 2.2 Taper Face 1. Choose Modify. Choose a face(s) to taper. 6. If you choose more than one face. Solid validation completed. Taper face.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15. 3. Solid Editing. Choose a face to delete. Choose Modify. 4. Delete face.3 Delete Face 1.126 - . Press ENTER. hold the SHIFT key to deselect unwanted faces. If you choose more than one face. . Choose the face to delete. 2.

Choose a face to copy . Solid Editing.127 - . . 5.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15. 3.4 Copy Face 1. 4. 2. Press ENTER. Choose Modify. hold the SHIFT key to deselect unwanted faces. If you choose more than one face. Pick a new location. Copy face. Pick the solid face to copy.

3. 2. Choose Modify. Press ENTER.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15.128 - . Choose a color to change the face to.5 Color Face 1. If you choose more than one face. Choose a face to change the color of. Color face. . hold the SHIFT key to deselect unwanted faces. 4. Solid Editing.

Change the UCS and draw an object on a face of one of the walls. 4. walls) to create a solid object. 3. Choose Modify. Select a 3D solid: pick solid Select an object to imprint: pick circle Delete the source object <N>: Y . ellipses. regions. Solid Editing. 6.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15. lines. Imprint. Imprinting is limited to the following objects: arcs. 2.129 - . 2D and 3D polylines. circles. Extrude objects (i. 5. and 3D solids 1.e. The object to be imprinted must intersect one or more faces on the selected solid in order for imprinting to be successful. bodies. splines.6 Imprint Imprints an object on the selected solid.

Select the circle that was imprinted in 15. Choose Modify.6. 2. Type -8 as the height of extrusion (or desired height).7 Extrude Imprint 1.130 - . 3. . Solid Editing.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15. Deselect any unwanted faces. 4. Extrude Faces.

2.5 . Shell. AutoCAD treats continuously tangent faces as single faces when offsetting. Choose Modify. AutoCAD creates new faces by offsetting existing ones inside or outside their original positions. Select a 3D solid: pick solid Remove faces or [Undo/Add/ALL]: enter Enter the shell offset distance: .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15.9 Shell You can create a shell or a hollow thin wall with a specified thickness from your 3D solid object. 1.131 - . Solid Editing.

132 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 16 Editing Solids .

2. toggle to other subobjects within the solid.1 Select and Manipulate Subobjects You can select one subobject.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 16. Your selection set can also include more than one type of subobject. While holding CTRL. . Open a drawing with 3D solid object and display in a 3D view. Hold the CTRL key and select the solid.133 - . 4. Once selected. click and drag to modify the solid. 3. 1. or create a selection set of more than one subobject on any number of solids.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 16. There are two types of grip tools: o Move (3DMOVE command) o Rotate (3DROTATE command 1. click and drag to modify the solid using the grip tool. 2.134 - . Once selected. 3. 4. . toggle to other subobjects within the solid. Open a drawing with 3D solid object and display in a 3D view. Hold the CTRL key and select the solid.2 Use Grip Tools Grip tools are icons that you use in a 3D view to easily constrain the movement or rotation of a selection set of objects to an axis or a plane. While holding CTRL.

3 Press or Pull Bounded Areas You can press or pull bounded areas by pressing and holding CTRL + ALT. 2. The area must be bounded by coplanar lines or edges. Hold the CTRL and ALT keys and select the imprinted object or solid face to manipulate it. Click and drag to a new location.135 - . or by clicking the Presspull button on the dashboard and then picking the bounded area. .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 16. Open a drawing with a 3D object and imprinted object and display in a 3D view. 3. 1.

136 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 17 Sections from 3D Models .

you can move and manipulate it to finetune the sectional view you want. or 3. Sectionplane.137 - . Command: sectionplane Select face or any point to locate section line or [Draw section/Orthographic]: O Align section to: [Front/bAck/Top/Bottom/Left/Right] <Front>: enter . Choose Draw. Once you create a section object. 1. Open a drawing with 3D solid objects and display in a plan and 3D view. Type SECTIONPLANE at the command prompt. Modeling.1 Sectionplane Command The SECTIONPLANE command creates a section object that exposes the interior details of a model created with 3D objects. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17.

moves between the three states .moves the entire section object Directional arrow grip – changes the cutting plane direction Segment end grip .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17.2 Manipulate Section Using Grips 1. 2. segment end grip base grip section line menu grip directional arrow grip Base grip . Click on a section line created using the SECTIONPLANE command. Click on one of the grips to manipulate the section.rotates the section object around the base grip Menu grip .138 - .

2.139 - . Click the various section options. Right-click on a section line to see the following section options.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17.3 Section Shortcut Commands 1. .

. Click an insertion point and scale for the 2D section block. Right-click on a section line. 5.4 Generate 2D and 3D Sections 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17. Choose 2D Section and Create. 4.140 - . 3. Click Generate 2D/3D section… From the following dialog box. 2. click the down arrow to see all of the section options.

Command: section Select objects: pick solid and press enter Specify first point on Section plane by [Object/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>: XY Specify a point on the XY-plane <0.0>: MID of .141 - .5 Section Command Uses the intersection of a plane and solids to create a region 1.0. 2. Type SECTION at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.

2.0>: MID of Specify a point on desired side or [keep Both sides] <Both>: .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17.6 Slice Command 1. or 3. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.142 - . Command: slice Select objects to slice: 1 found Specify start point of slicing plane or [planar Object/Surface/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>: YZ Specify a point on the YZ-plane <0. Type SLICE at the command prompt. Choose Modify.0. 3D Operation. Slice.

Double-click Ansi_c.. 4. New. 3. Double-click MODEL from the Status Bar and note the change to Paper Space. Choose “Use a Template” from the startup dialog.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17.7 Solview 1. 2. 5. This creates a new drawing with a border and one floating Model Space.. Choose File.143 - . . Double-click PAPER from the Status Bar to toggle back to Model Space.dwt as the template file to start from.

144 - .. .DWG to insert. Choose the drawing called 3DBOTTLE. 7. Block. 8.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial Drawing with a Model Space View 6. Choose Insert. Insert the block anywhere in the Model Space view at a scale of 1 and rotation 0..

1XP at the command prompt. 11.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9.145 - . 10. Double-click MODEL at the Status Bar and resize the Model Space view port in Paper Space. Model Space View Resized Model Space View Scaled 1XP . Type ZOOM. Double-click PAPER at the Status Bar to return to Model Space.

Setup. Command: solview Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section/<eXit>: O Pick side of viewport to project: P1 View center: P2 Clip first corner: P3 Clip other corner: P4 View name: front Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section/<eXit>: . Modeling. Type SOLVIEW at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17. or 2.8 Create an Orthogonal View 1.146 - . View. Choose Draw.

147 - .9 Soldraw Generates profiles and sections in viewports created with SOLVIEW. SOLDRAW can only prepare viewports that have been created with SOLVIEW. Drawing. you need to first explode it so it becomes a solid.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17. NOTE: If your object was an inserted block. Type SOLDRAW at the command prompt Command: soldraw Select viewports to draw: P1 Select objects: 1 found Select objects: enter 3 solids selected. 1. Setup. Resultant Section and Solid . Choose Draw. Modeling. or 2.

Command: ucscs Origin/ZAxis/3point/OBject/View/X/Y/Z/ Prev/Restore/Save/Del/?/<World>: save ?/Desired UCS name: 3dview 5.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17... Solids. 3D Viewport. Type UCS at the command prompt. We now need to save this ucs. Type UCS at the command prompt.148 - . Click PSPACE at the command prompt. Choose View. 2. Command: ucs Origin/ZAxis/3point/OBject/View/X/Y/Z/ Prev/Restore/Save/Del/?/<World>: view This sets the current UCS parallel to the screen. Setup.0000>: enter View center: pick View center: pick .10 Create 3D View UCS 1. 3. Choose Draw. 6. View Command: solview Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section/<eXit>: u Named/World/?/<Current>: n Name of UCS to restore: 3dview Enter view scale<1. 4. SW Isometric. Click MSPACE and the plan view of the 3D Bottle.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 3D Model View .149 - .

3. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17.11 Solprof 1. Command: solprof Select objects: pick solids Select objects: enter Display hidden profile lines on separate layer? <Y>: enter Project profile lines onto a plane? <Y>: enter Delete tangential edges? <Y>: enter 3 solids selected. or Type SOLPROF at the command prompt. Setup. Double-click MODEL to return to Model Space. Choose Draw. Modeling. Profile.150 - . .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 18 Introduction to Rendering .151 - .

Type RENDER at the command prompt.. Command: render The following render window is the result of default rendering . or 3. 2.1 Render Command Creates a photorealistic or realistically shaded image of a threedimensional wireframe or solid model. 1.152 - . Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18. Render. Choose View. Render..

Close the render preferences and render your objects to the viewport. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Two options are the render window and viewport. Render. Advanced Render Settings.. or 3..AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18. Click the dropdown option for destination and choose Viewport. 5. 1. . Command: rpref 4.153 - .2 Render Destination You are able to determine the output site that the renderer uses to display the rendered image. Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render. 2. Choose View.

or 3. Choose View. lights. materials. Command: rpref 4. Advanced Render Settings. Note: Depending on the objects. Click the dropdown option for the render quality and choose Presentation. Render. rendering in presentation mode might take a long time. Close the render preferences and render your view.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18. ..154 - . in your model. 5. Type RPREF at the command prompt. etc. Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render. 2..3 Render Quality 1.

1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18.. Command: rpref 4. and Selected. Advanced Render Settings.155 - . 5. Close the render preferences and render your selected objects. Choose View. Render. .. Type RPREF at the command prompt. 2. Click the dropdown option for Procedure and choose Selected. or 3. The render procedure has three settings: View. Crop. Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render.4 Render Selection Controls the parts of the model that gets processed during rendering.

156 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial This result is a selected object in the drawing that is rendered. .

Type RPREF at the command prompt. Advanced Render Settings. or 3. . 5.5 Render Cropped Window 1. Render. Click the dropdown option for Procedure and choose Crop..AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18. Close the render preferences and render your objects.157 - . Command: rpref 4.. 2. Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render. Choose View.

158 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial The result is a cropped portion of the drawing that is rendered. .

or 3. 5. Advanced Render Settings. 2. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Choose a location. Render. Choose View.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18.. format.159 - .. and file name for your rendered objects. Command: rpref 4. Click the option for Output file name.6 Render to File 1. Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render. .

The result is a rendered image to a file that you can copy . Close the render preferences and render your objects. or manipulate in any imaging software application. . Adjust the image quality and click OK. 7.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6.160 - . print.

161 - ..7 Turn Off Render to File 1. Choose View. Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render. or 3. Command: rpref 4. Render. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Advanced Render Settings. 2..AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18. Click the small disk beside the title for “Render Content”. You will notice that the Output file name option will be grayed out. .

162 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 19 Materials .

Materials.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19. 4..163 - . 5. 3. Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to add materials to. Choose View. 2. Type a name and description for the new material. Click the Select… button under the Diffuse Map section of the Material Editor.. . or Type MATERIALS at the command prompt. Command: materials Click the Create New Material Button under the Available Materials in Drawing section. Render.1 Adding Material to a Drawing 1. 6.

Navigate to a location where material textures are located. The material will be added to your drawing in the current material slot. .164 - . and click Open.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. select a material image to add.

Command: materials Click the Apply Material to Objects button under the Available Materials in Drawing section.2 Applying Materials by Attach 1.. Choose View. Materials.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19.. 4.165 - . or Type MATERIALS at the command prompt. Render. 3. Use the pick box to select an object to apply the material to. 2. .

Type RENDER at the command prompt to see the new material applied in the drawing. Press enter.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5.166 - . . 6.

. Materials. The follow section shows how to adjust the scale of materials. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19. .. Command: materials Click the Adjust Button under the Diffuse Map section of the Material Editor. or Type MATERIALS at the command prompt.167 - . 1. 3.3 Adjust Material Scale Materials such as hard wood might not map properly to objects at different scales. Render. Choose View.

. Render the drawing to see the newly mapped material.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4. Click the Adjust Button under the Diffuse Map section of the Material Editor.168 - . Click Fit to object under the Bitmap Scale option and click Close. 5. 6.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial .169 - .

Type MATERIALATTACH at the command prompt. Click and drag the material onto the desired layer. Adjust the material to the object and render to see the results.4 Applying Materials by Layer You can attach a material to an entire layer using the Material Attach command. Create a new material.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19.170 - . 1. 4. . 2. Command: materialattach 3.

2. Tool Palettes.5 Applying Materials from Tool Palette 1. .171 - . Palettes. load them from the materials section on the Dashboard. Note: If materials are not shown on the Tool Palette. Click and drag a material on to an object. Click Tools.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19.

Render. Choose View. 2. Command: materials Click the Create New Material button and create a material called Glass for the bottle. From the Template dropdown.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19. or Type MATERIALS at the command prompt. . click Glass .. 5. Materials.6 New Material 1. 3.172 - .. 6. Adjust other glass properties as desired and apply the material to the bottle.Clear. 4. Click the Checkered Underlay option to see the glass properties.

173 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial .

. Render.. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19. or Type MATERIALS at the command prompt. 3. Materials. Click Select…beside Opacity and choose the opacity material. 4. Apply the material to an object and render.7 Opacity Materials 1.174 - . Choose View. 5. Command: materials Click the Create New Material button and create a material called Opacity Material. .

. Choose View. Apply the material to an object and render.8 Bump Map Materials 1. 5. Click Select…beside Bump Map and choose the opacity material. Materials..175 - . or Type MATERIALS at the command prompt. Command: materials Click the Create New Material button and create a material called Bump Material. 3.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19.. 2. Render. 4.

2.. Choose View.. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render. Click the small disk beside the title for “Render Content”. Command: rpref 5. Render. You will notice that the Output file name option will be grayed out. or 3.9 Removing Materials 1. Advanced Render Settings.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19. .176 - .

177 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 20 Lights .

Command: pointlight 4. Click Yes to the following viewport lighting prompt: Specify source location <0. Choose View.178 - . Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.XY of pick center of bottle (need Z): 10 Enter an option to change [Name/Intensity/Status/shadoW/Attenuation/Color/eXit] <eXit>: enter 5. Render. .1 Point Light A point light radiates light in all directions from its location. Type POINTLIGHT at the command prompt. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20.0>: .0. or 3. Render the current viewport. New Point Light. 1. Light.

179 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial View rendered using a point light .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20. New Spot Light.180 - . Light. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.-10>: P2 Enter an option to change [Name/Intensity/Status/Hotspot/Falloff/shadoW/Attenuation/Color/e Xit] <eXit>: enter P1 P2 4. Choose View. Type SPOTLIGHT at the command prompt. Render the current viewport.2 Spot Light A spotlight emits a directional cone of light. Command: spotlight Specify source location <0. or 3. 1. Render. .0.0>: P1 Specify target location <0. 2.0.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial View rendered using a point and spotlight .181 - .

1. Choose View. Render. Command: lightlist . Type LIGHTLIST at the command prompt. This includes turning lights off. deleting lights.3 Light List The lightlist command allows you to modify lights in a drawing. Light. or 3. Lightlist. 2.182 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20. Open a drawing with lights. or changing the properties of one or more lights.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4. .183 - . Double-click one of the lights in the drawing to modify its properties.

1. Type DISTANTLIGHT at the command prompt.0.4 Distant Light A distant light emits uniform parallel light rays in one direction only. Choose View. New Distant Light. Light. Command: distantlight Specify light direction FROM <0. or 3. Render.0> or [Vector]: . You specify a FROM point and a TO point anywhere in the viewport to define the direction of the light.184 - . Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. There is no light glyph to represent a distant light in your drawing. 1.1>: . 2.XY of MID P2 of (need Z): 5 Enter an option to change [Name/Intensity/Status/shadoW/Color/eXit] <eXit>: enter P2 P1 .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20.XY of MID P1 of (need Z): 5 Specify light direction TO <1.

185 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial View rendered using a point and spotlight .

Choose View. 1. Type GEOGRAPHICLOCATION at the command prompt. . Pick the desired geographic location for your model and click OK. Light. 2. Command: geographiclocation 4.186 - . Geographic Location.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20.5 Geographic Locations Specifies the latitude and longitude of a location for the sunlight. Render. Open a drawing with lights. or 3.

Type SUNPROPERTIES at the command prompt. 2007 (income tax due date. Open a drawing with a geographic location identified. 2. Command: sunproperties 4.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20.) Change other properties as desired and render the model. 6. .6 Sun Properties 1. Render. click the Status dropdown and click ON. or 3. Change the date to April 15. From the Sun Properties dialog box. Light. Choose View.187 - . 5. Sun Properties.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial US Capitol Building rendered on April 15 US Capitol Building rendered on October 15 .188 - .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 21 Advanced Render Commands .189 - .

Command: rpref . Advanced Render Settings.190 - ..AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 21. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Choose View. Render. 2. 1. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. or 3..1 Sampling Controls how the renderer performs sampling.

Command: rpref . Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Render. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 21.2 Shadows Contains settings that affect how shadows appear in the rendered image.. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Choose View. Advanced Render Settings.. or 3.191 - . 1.

Choose View. or 3. Advanced Render Settings.3 Ray Tracing Contains settings that affect the shading of a rendered image. 2. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Render.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 21.. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Command: rpref . 1.192 - ..

Type RPREF at the command prompt. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.193 - .. Render.. Command: rpref . 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 21. Choose View.4 Illumination Affects how your scene is illuminated. or 3. Advanced Render Settings. 2.

194 - .5 Diagnostic Helps you understand why the renderer is behaving in a certain way. Advanced Render Settings. Choose View. 1. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Type RPREF at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 21. 2.. or 3.. Render. Command: rpref .

or 3.195 - . 2.. Command: rpref .6 Processing 1.. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 21. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Render. Advanced Render Settings. Choose View.

196 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 22 Render Environments and Background .

Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 22. 2.. Type RENDERENVIRONMENT at the command prompt. 1. or 3. Render. Advanced Render Environment..1 Render Environment You can use environmental features to set up atmospheric effects or background images. Choose View.197 - . Command: renderenvironment .

7.198 - . 6. or 3. 5. 2.2 Solid Background A background is a backdrop that displays behind your model. Command: view 4. Click the check box beside background.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 22. 1. Choose a color for your solid background. Named Views. Type VIEW at the command prompt. Backgrounds can be a single color. a multi-color gradient. . Choose View. Choose New… Type a name for your new view. or a bitmap image. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.

Choose colors for your gradient background. Choose View. or 3. Command: view 4. 2. Choose New… Type a name for your new view.3 Gradient Environment 1.199 - . 6. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. 8. Named Views. . Click the check box beside background. 7.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 22. Type VIEW at the command prompt. 5. Choose the dropdown option for background type and choose gradient.

Command: view 4. 7. Type VIEW at the command prompt. Choose New… Type a name for your new view.200 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 22.4 Image Background 1. Choose View. or 3. Choose the dropdown option for background type and choose image. 5. 2. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Named Views. Click the Browse button and choose an image for your background. Click the check box beside background. . 8. 6.

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